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Charles I - volume 273: August 1634

Pages 177-201

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1634-5. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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August 1634

Aug. 1.
Bristol.
1. John Barker, alderman of Bristol, to Nicholas. The molestation which the merchants of that city have sustained within these five last years has been so great by ungrounded informations, and pretended bills in Star Chamber at the suit of the Attorney General, unwonted and vexatious commissions, false informations of the officers of the customs there, and insolence of his Majesty's messengers and common informers, as they cannot longer forbear to complain, and to crave redress; all being done under pretence of his Majesty's service, whereas in truth the consequence has been altogether contrary. The writer's ancient acquaintance with Nicholas, and experience of his worth, dictates his sincere affection to his Majesty's real service and the welfare of their native country, which Nicholas knows much to consist in the free course of commerce and traffic. He therefore remonstrates to Nicholas their grievances and craves his assistance in their relief,—1. The King having granted licences for transport of some commodities prohibited by law, and the officers having received money for customs and licence, they have afterwards conspired with informers to molest the merchants for the same. 2. The officers conspiring with the King's messengers have informed the Attorney General, whereupon messengers have been sent for many to appear. Nothing could be proved, but they were compelled to give large fees to the messengers before their discharge 3. Twenty merchants have been served with subpœnas out of the Star Chamber at the suit of the Attorney General, and some of them appearing, no bill has been put in against them, yet they have been compelled to give largely for dismission, not knowing their accuser or offence. 4. Commissions have been issued to examine seamen touching payment of customs and imposts, and they have been tempted to accuse the merchants by whom they live, and threatened for not doing so. 6. A commission is now on foot, concerning short entries in time of reprisals, and merchants examined albeit they formerly paid all duties justly. Such vexatious suits have cost the merchants in five years more than 1,000l., besides their reputations wounded. Understanding from Mr. Colston that Nicholas resents these strange courses, the writer craves his advice and offers further information. [2 pp.]
Aug. 1. 2. Copy of the same. [3 pp.]
Aug. 1.
Welbeck.
3. Endymion Porter to his wife Olive Porter at his house in the Strand over against Durham House gate. Wrote her a letter by this gentleman, which it seems she takes unkindly. As he hopes for salvation knows no cause for it, but sure she is apt to mistake him, and is fearful that he should oblige her overmuch to esteem him, wherein though she shows but little love, yet it is a sign of a good conscience. God continue it in her, and send the writer grace to mend his life, as he will his manners, for he will trouble her with no more of his letters, nor with any design of retiring, yet he will not despair of her as she does of him, for he hopes that age and good considerations will make her know he is her best friend.—P.S. Wishes to be commended to the children and sends an inclosed note to Davenant. [1 p.]
Aug. 1.
Olney.
Francis Castell to John Philipot, Somerset, and William Ryley, Bluemantle. Their session and the writer's occasions suiting ill together, invited him to crave their respectuatur until the next term in London, when he will attend to give them satisfaction. The writer's coat and pedigree are in a friend's custody, left when some few years past there was use thereof. [Copy. Vol. cclxxi., No. 80, fol. 16. ½ p.]
Aug. 1. Promise of James Wilson, of Broughton, Bucks, to appear 10th November next, at the Office of Arms, to make proof of his arms. [Ibid. fol 18., ¼ p.]
Aug. 1. 4–5. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
Aug. 2.
Chester.
6. William Earl of Derby to the Council. According to their letters of 20th July concerning a decree in the Court of Exchequer at Chester, between Sir Randolph Crewe and his undertenant, plaintiffs, against Viscount Cholmondeley, defendant. The writer and his vice-chamberlain find that the proceedings in the said cause were in such manner as in his certificate sent is mentioned. Has taken order that Sir Randolph Crewe shall be "responsall" for such benefit as he has by virtue of the said decree. [¾ p.] Inclosed,
6. i. William Earl of Derby to the Council. Certificate above mentioned. It recites the contents of the bill exhibited by Sir Randolph Crewe, the answer of Lord Cholmondeley, a royal letter of reference of 4th October 1632, proceedings of the referees and their decree for the plaintiff, with subsequent royal letter of 30th March 1634, which had been by the Earl annexed to the decree. [3 pp.]
Aug. 2. John Philipot, Somerset, and William Ryley, Bluemantle, to the Bailiff of Buckingham. By virtue of the King's commission request him to warn all knights, gentlemen, esquires of name or of arms, resident within his liberties, to appear before the writers at the sign of the Cock in Buckingham on the 4th inst. at eight o'clock in the forenoon, to make proof of their gentry, and that the bailiff bring the arms, ancient seals and badges of his corporation. [Copy. See Vol. cclxxi., No. 80, fol. 21. ¾ p.]
Aug. 3.
Walton.
Bartholomew Beal to John Philipot, Somerset. Was warned to be before Philipot at Newport on Friday last, at which time the writer was out of the country. Assures Philipot that in Michaelmas term he will be with him at his office. [Ibid., fol. 18. ½ p.]
Aug. 4.
Bulwick.
7. [Sir Thomas Roe] to Archbishop Laud. Gives him an account of Durie's proceedings. In general the divines of Hamburgh, Lubeck, and Bremen have promised their co-operation, and being at the Diet, Durie is encouraged to present to the States a proposition which has been approved privately by most of the divines there, the acceptation whereof will lead to a right judgment of their success. But the great author of sedition will never suffer an easy passage to the conclusion of any peace. In opposition whereof, there is spread in Germany a libel, supposed to be written by Dr. Hoe, and directed to the Elector of Saxe, a copy whereof Roe incloses. It is the perfect dialect of Rabshakeh, without learning or proof, but by bitter invectives and railing presumptions, the question being always begged and then concluded. This lightning was shot out to blast our endeavours, but the ambassadors of that prince disavow it at Frankfort, and all the divines cry it down as unreasonable and malicious, and it is believed it will much advance the work, by making the moderate more unite, and stirring up many who were neutrals to declare themselves against so much uncharitableness; which discovers that he is either corrupted by the imperial party or by the Landgrave of Darmstadt and his chancellor Wolf, the only two that may lose by unity. Sir Thomas's judgment is that it is made by compact between the Elector and Hoe purposely to colour his false intentions to an untimely peace under the veil of conscience and religion, and being resolved to quit the cause, he would take this occasion from his confessor to do that which both reason of state and honour would forbid. This is Sir Thomas's opinion, but Durie desiring that it should receive some modest answer and animadversion, and believing it unworthy the pains of any of our divines, Sir Thomas has a strong temptation to venture upon this Philistine, and to fling a stone at him, that may hit him right where he is unarmed. Not to controvert the points extra provinciam but in a State way, by an address of insinuation to his prince, to let him see the dishonour of so dishonest a pamphlet, countenanced by his name. Sir Thomas will suppose it to be a slander of the enemy, or a firebrand cast by them, and show him how the author mistakes the question, for there is no purpose to maintain Calvin against Luther, nor any man's doctrine as absolute; they were both famous lights, but stars that had no light in themselves, both worthy men, but not evangelists. That we seek to suppress all controversies and denominations of sects, and to grow into one body by the bonds of Christian charity of orthodox and catholic Christians, yet by the way, the writer would not omit to confute the falsities of his calumnious asseverations of former leagues between the reformed of Germany. Having leisure enough in this forced retirement, the writer is thus provoked, but it is yet but a hot thought, and having vowed himself to his Grace's government he beseeches his directions. [Copy. 2 pp.]
Aug. 4.
Whitehall.
8. Lords of the Admiralty to Sir John Pennington. Have received his letter of 25th July, and his dispatches concerning Capt. Anthony White and Capt. Prevost. Like well his diligence in apprehending these Biscayners, and have sent his letters and papers to Sir Henry Marten, to cause legal proceedings to be taken against them. Concerning his carriage towards Biscayners, while the King of Spain has wars with the Hollanders it is probable he will meet divers, as well Biscayners as others, set forth with commission from the said King, but so long as they do no injury to his Majesty's subjects, Sir John is to permit them to pass quietly, without staying them upon causeless suspicion, for that it is no more offence to be a Biscayner than of any other nation. They expected to have received an account from him of the condition of the Charles wherein he now serves, she having never before been to sea. Having before his last return to the Downs had sufficient trial of her, they much marvel that he has neglected to write of a business so much importing him to advertise and them to be truly informed in. [Seal of the Commissioners of the Admiralty. 2 pp.]
Aug. 4. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cclxiv., fol. 34a. ¾ p.]
Aug. 4.
Whitehall.
The same to [Horace Lord Vere]. Sir William Courteen and John Hill, owners of the Hester of London, of 120 tons, desire to furnish the same with eighteen pieces of cast-iron ordnance. He is to give order that they may purchase the same out of the founder's store in East Smithfield. [Ibid., fol. 35. ½ p.]
Aug. 4.
Portsmouth.
9. John Goodwin to Nicholas. The man who keeps the Pewet Island has misinformed Sir William Uvedale, and wronged their men, in saying that they drew their knives at him, which is no such matter. He appointed Sir William's steward, and the man that keeps the island, to come the last of July to the mustering of the men to have him show the men that offered to draw their knives at him, and they promised to be at the muster, but came not. The fellow that keeps the island was in the town, but would not come to the muster. About 4 o'clock in the afternoon the steward came to the writer, and then they appointed for the next muster to have them come. Has examined some of them that were that day upon the island, and by them he finds that they came not near the man that keeps the island by a bow shot, and went away as soon as he called unto them; there were ten men and boys that were there, and amongst them all they had not above 8 or 10 birds; but some calkers and oakum boys were ashore a day or two before, and, as far as Goodwin can gather, they did the wrong. Thinks Sir William has been satisfied by his steward, who has spoken with him who kept the island seven years together, and they never drew the island but three times a year, and this year they have drawn it five times, and drawn above a hundred dozen. Sir William has the more birds for the ships riding so near the island, for they keep all boats from the island in the night; before Sir William had it, if they had 50 or 60 dozen it was a great year. The writer has set up in writing aboard every ship, that none of the men should go a-gunning, nor come near the island, nor discharge the watch with musket shot, nor in the night shoot off muskets, during the breeding time. Would gladly hear what the Lords' answer is concerning their minister which they desire to have. Have great want of one for their youth. When the next muster is past, and he that keepeth the island has been, the writer will give an account how the business is. [Seal with arms. 1½ p.]
Aug. 4.
Bristol.
10. Nicholas Meredith to Nicholas. Doubting that Mr Trumbull has not found the certificate for the city of Bristol concerning shipping and mariners, the writer has procured another. Nicholas knows where the fault lies. [½ p.]
Aug. 4.
Portsmouth Dock.
11. John Brooke to the same. Understands that Nicholas is determined to come that way very shortly to see that place, beseeches him to accept such poor entertainment as the dock will afford. [Seal with crest. ¾ p.]
Aug. 4.
Doctors' Commons, London.
12. Dr. Thomas Rives to Theophilus Earl of Suffolk. The papers received from Mr. Moore by the Earl's command contain matters of great importance; for first, a subject of England, in case he has received wrong from the Dunkirkers, to sue to a foreign state for right, by way of reprisal, is an offence of a high nature in itself; but for an ambassador here residing, to grant letters of reprisal to a subject of this State, is a usurpation of regal authority fit to be made known to the Council. If it might appear that Witherings has attempted anything upon the sea under colour of this letter from the ambassador, the writer should offer it to the Earl's consideration to move the Lords whether this be not open piracy, as an act felonious committed upon the sea, without authority. He finds that Witherings' hope was to set upon ships coming out of Dover freighted with good store of silver coin. Inquiry should be made whether there were any such coin transported or no, for this will be a good service to the State and a benefit to the Earl. Lastly, he conceives his lordship will do well to thank Mr. Eaton for his care herein, but withall to require him and the rest there that they meddle not with such examinations concerning the Admiralty, but in the presence of the registrar of that court, otherwise as it is a wrong to the registrar in his place, so it will breed a confusion in the jurisdiction. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Aug. 4.
Brampt[on].
13. John Browne to Dr. [John] Stoughton, preacher of God's Word in Aldermanbury. Condoles with him on the loss of his wife. The Earl of Holland sat lately Justice in Eyre at Gloucester, assisted by two judges, and raised great fines on those that destroyed the woods in the Forest of Dean, amounting to about 100,000l. The Vicar-General has likewise returned and has gathered a good sum for procurations and licences, &c. He pressed the use of the ceremonies, standing up at the Epistles and Gospel, bowing at the name of Jesus, &c. At Charminster Mr. Dyke, the minister of the place, told the people that the right reverend father in God, Sir Nathaniel Brent, had given a strict charge that they should all bow at the name of Jesus, and that there was more reason that they should bow at the name of Jesus than the name of Christ, because there were false Christs spoken of, but no false Jesus. A fearful murder of a maid discovered these assizes. The culprit condemned to be hanged in chains at Poole, where the fact was done. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 4. 14. See "Returns of Justices of the Peace."
Aug. 4. 15. See "Papers relating to Appointments in the Navy."
Aug. 5. 16. Henry Teage and six others, soldiers of St. Mawes' Castle, to the Commissioners for survey of that castle. The Castle of St. Mawes is much decayed since the coming thither of Sir Robert Le Grys and the cashiering of Capt. Bonithon by Sir Robert, who for his firewood burnt up the higher plot within the castle, with the flagstaff, and the great blocks which covered the chimneys, and by taking away for firewood the carriages and wheels of such iron ordnance as lay thereon caused a leak in the leads which decays the whole house. Of the other platforms also many planks are burnt, the house within much ruined, and many of the ordnance dismounted. Some Irish beams ordained for reparations were disposed of by Sir Robert, the stone shot thrown over the walls and many broken, a brass demi-culverin crazed, there being no lock or key to the main gate of the castle these four months, nor any porter since Sir Robert came thither. [1 p.]
Aug. 5. 17. See "Papers relating to Appointments in the Navy."
Aug. 6. 18. Thomas Witherings to Sec. Coke. On Monday night he called at Tottenham upon Coke's lady, who is very well. At seven o'clock the writer delivered Lord Cottington's letter. This morning at nine o'clock he received a letter inclosed by the ordinary of Flanders. Sir William Becher the writer expects this night. Hopes by the next to give an account of the answer of Lord Arundel's steward. The letters of Italy are not this week come. It is doubted they are taken again by the French. States what official letters have been received by this ordinary. [1 p.]
Aug. 7/17.
Angers.
19. Thomas Windebank to his cousin [Robert] Reade. Three days ago Mons. de la Rammée who was the writer's host at Orleans, apprised him that he had received for the writer a box out of England. Imagines they are the things which he was impudent enough to write for and thanks him accordingly. French. [1 p.]
Aug. 8. 20. Petition of Roger Gregory [the younger], late of Stockwith, but now prisoner in the Castle of Lincoln, to the Council. Petitioner presented a petition to his Majesty wherein he laid open a most injurious action commenced against petitioner in the name of John Bradley of Louth, gent., upon a supposed debt of 200l. and execution thereupon obtained, whereupon petitioner was taken away like a thief to the Castle of Lincoln, wherein he has endured for the space of two years. Whereupon his Majesty gave reference to divers gentlemen to convent Bradley before them, which was accordingly done, and upon examination had of Bradley he utterly disclaimed it, nor doth he claim anything from the petitioner as by certificate appears. Prays order that Bradley shall give his release to the Sheriff of co. Lincoln. [1 p.] Annexed,
20. i. Certificate of John Bradley. He was called before referees touching an execution against Roger Gregory, prosecuted in his name as executor of Sir Peter Chapman. Declares that he neither was privy to any action brought against Gregory, nor does he claim any satisfaction from him. Lincoln. August 8th, 1634. [¼ p.]
Aug. 8.
Nottingham.
21. James Duke of Lennox to [Sec. Windebank], whom he addresses as "Noble Protector." Is glad he has a warrant to relieve him against the ill success of this attempt to pay Windebank his vows in so mean an expression as this poor tribute. Received that night Windebank's letters to Porter and to the King. The latter directed the writer to return to the Lord Treasurer and Windebank that he had read their packet, with this addition, to tell the Turkey Company that if they would secure to Sir Sackville Crow as good an allowance as any ambassador had really had, and make it appear so to the King, he would command Sir Sackville to accept it. [1¾ p.]
Aug. 8. 22. John Wells to Nicholas. Thanks Nicholas for expediting the writer's cause, and for his instigation of the Officers [of the Navy] to make answer to Wells's petition. The particulars for an answer were concluded by Sir William Russell and the rest on Wednesday was month, and the care of dispatching it left to those that stayed there when Sir William went into the country, and yet nothing done. Thought to have petitioned the Lords again for redress, but it has pleased God to take away his chiefest earthly felicity, which has caused him to neglect his own affairs for a while. Nicholas's query may quicken them, if not he presumes the purpose is to delay the writer till the King return to Windsor, in which case he will crave his further advice.—P.S. If there be any motion to convert the King's storehouses to private uses, begs to be called before any warrant be granted. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Aug. 8. 23–4. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
Aug 9
Ratcuff.
25. Masters of the Trinity House to Sec. Coke. Being informed that his Majesty is minded to build a great ship of these dimensions, viz.: 124 feet by the keel, in breadth 46, and for draught in water 22 feet; these strange dimensions gave them cause to fall into discourse, and in their discourse on these particulars,—that a ship of these proportions cannot be of use, for these reasons: there is no port within the kingdom that can in safety harbour this ship, so that she must be in continual danger, exposed to all tempests. For example,— the Prince in her voyage to Spain for his Majesty, in foul weather, when all the fleet harboured in Plymouth, the Prince could not; the wild sea must be her port, her anchors and cables her safety, if either fail the ship must perish, four or five hundred men must die, and the King must lose his jewel. Could she be made to draw less water, yet anchors and cables must hold proportion, and will not be manageable, the strength of men cannot wield them; and if they could the writers doubt whether cables and anchors can hold a ship of this bulk in a great storm; and if either of these fail, all is lost, ship, provisions, men, and perhaps some great and noble peer. The force of such a ship would not hold proportion to her bulk. The ports of the lower tier in every gale of wind must be shut in, or else the ship must be in great danger, or sink as did the Mary Rose in Henry VIII.'s time. The art or wit of man cannot build a ship fit for service with three tier of ordnance. If it be force that his Majesty desires, he will do well to build two ships of five or six hundred tons apiece, with 40 pieces of ordnance, which shall beat the great ship, back and side. [Seal with arms. 2 pp.]
Aug. 9.
Deptford.
26. Kenrick Edisbury to Nicholas. Sends copies of the certifificates, together with the certificates themselves, but desires to have the latter back. Prays Nicholas to mind the journey to Portsmouth, and to send Mr. Harbord and the writer notice of the day he will set forth. It will be indifferent for them to go by Farnham or Guilford. If Nicholas can get that receipt for a rupture with directions how to apply it, Edisbury will satisfy the woman thankfully. [½ p.]
Aug. 9.
Deptford.
27. Officers of the Navy to Nicholas. They acquainted the Lords in April last, that the Masters Attendant required cables of greater scantling, viz., one inch increase in the cables of 14, 15, and 16 inches than is set down in the books of propositions made by the late Commissioners of the Navy, whereupon the Lords called two of the said masters to examine the reasons of such increase, and required some of the elder brethren of the Trinity House to certify their opinions. Of both parties it was alleged to the Lords, that the ships built since those propositions, though of the same rank, are of greater burthens than at the settling of those rules. Send him copy of these demands and reasons, desiring him to move the Lords for a resolution, because mooring time must be at the end of this month. [¾ p.] Inclosed,
27. i. Copies attested by Kenrick Edisbury of the certificate of the Masters above mentioned, and dated 23rd July1633, and also of that of the elder brethren of the Trinity House, dated 14th January 1633–4. [2 pp.]
Aug. 9. 28. Ellen Hedley, wife of Henry Hedley, with the rest of the Wives of the Crew of the Great Seahorse, to Nicholas. Entreat him to make a list of the names of the men that were in Capt. Quaile's ship. Sir Henry Marten can do nothing towards their relief until he has it. [½ p.]
Aug. 9. 29. See "Papers relating to Appointments in the Navy."
Aug. 10.
The Temple.
30. John Selden to Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh. Spent so much time in expecting his return to England, that he had none to write to him, lest another hand might receive it. If his goodness still vouchsafe favours to his friends, he must hasten hither. There be many of them (and Selden the meanest of all) that extremely desire to see him. In earnest, the place and time since he went are so much without a principal part, that Selden is never without the want of it. The last time Selden heard from him was out of Scotland, with favourable tokens of some wit of the clime. The news is nothing, or nothing for Selden to write of, unless that that night about one o'clock at Brainford [Brentford], Mr. Attorney General died. The speech of his successor is various. Selden abstains from naming any. He has seen as strange imputations as the anagram of a name for a crime, if it express one, and therefore names no parties even for fear of their anagrams, the use of them being now, too, so frequent. Has some books by him for Lord Conway, according to his note left. There is little or nothing to tell of such matters till he return thither. This Selden thinks will be presented by Mr. Harecourt, a chaplain, he hopes, of the Lord Deputy's. If it be, Selden shall be a suitor to Lord Conway to vouchsafe him a favourable regard. The doctor is the doctor still, and is now at Wrest, whither Selden goes on Tuesday to stay till the term and his time of appearance, which, after the former way, is still upon him, and he cannot see a probability to the contrary that it will ever be otherwise.— P.S. Selden knows they mean their services to Lord Conway at Wrest. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 11.
New College, Oxford.
31. Thomas Reade to his uncle Sec. Windebank. In the midst of Windebank's felicity he wants one thing which they enjoy, the alternation of leisure and care. They enjoy the fruit of his cares: the public peace is preserved by his labour. [¾ p.]
Aug. 11/21.
St. Sebastian.
32. Prestwick Eaton to George Wellingham. Robert Sergeant will deliver to Wellingham what the writer's eighth part comes to of the ship. [Seal with merchant's mark. 1 p.]
Aug. 11.
Our lodging at the Star, in Oxford.
[John Philipot, Somerset, and William Ryley, Bluemantle,] to the Vice-Chancellor of Oxford. Find in Oxford divers that are said to be privileged by the University, with whom they are to question about their arms and titles, by virtue of their commission. Pray him to appoint one of his officers that uses to give summons to assist the writers. Desire to know what the Vice-Chancellor resolves to do in the University for the matter of their visitation. Their appointments for meeting the gentlemen in the country will cause their departure within a day or two. [Copy. Vol. cclxxi., No. 80, p. 22. ¾ p.]
Aug. [11 ?].
Wood Eaton.
Francis Bradshaw to John Philipot and William Ryley. Sent to Wickham [Wycombe] to know what his brother had done, but had had no answer. Has sent their fees, 37s. 6d. The descent of his family is this: there were four brothers of the Bradshaws of the Hay. Sir Roger, Ralph, these died without issue male; William and Thomas. William had issue, else the inheritance had come to Thomas, the writer's grandfather and father, and to the writer being the eldest in that line. [Copy. Ibid., fol. 25. 1 p.]
Aug. 11.
Oxford.
John Philipot, Somerset, and William Ryley, Bluemantle, to [Francis Bradshaw]. The privileges of generous blood are more to be cared for than heretofore, since his Majesty has appointed the Lord Marshal to keep his court, and judicially to punish such as offer injury to gentlemen in any kind. The person addressed has most ingenuously informed them of his descent, and they doubt not but he will consider that they that are sworn officers of honour and arms, and will have care to proceed uprightly. It remains that the person addressed insert a crescent for his difference in the monument, as they have done in their books, where his arms and pedigrees will ever be found. Acknowledge the receipt of the King-of-arm's fee. [Copy. Vol. cclxxi., No. 80, fol. 27. ¾ p.]
Aug. 11.
Croydon.
33. Statement of Robert Seale. About Shrove Sunday last he saw a church gathered together, and there was a pulpit and cloth laid, but no one to minister, whereupon the people with the writer wept, and looking up to Heaven, there came a hand down as if it were newly struck off, having two stones. Then a still voice cryed, that the paile [pale] stone signified death, and made deponent swear by Him that was the corner stone, that he would tell the Metropolitan at Lambeth that the pale stone signified death.—P.S. Being minded to go on his journey to the Archbishop's palace, deponent certified per prayer unto the Lord God that he had no means for the journey, but He willed the writer to trust in Him who never failed those who only depended on him, and accordingly in the highway he found a shilling which was sufficient for his charges. [Indorsed "Robert Seale, of St. Alban's, his vision about not preaching the Word, &c." ½ p.]
Aug. 12. 34. Petition of James Maxwell to the King. Sets forth the inconveniences which arise from there being no mode of compelling English seamen employed in foreign parts, but not in his Majesty's service, to return to England for the service and defence of the realm; and also the want of sufficient provision to discover the names of persons who transport iron ordnance out of the realm under pretence of defence of their ships, and then sell the same abroad. Proposes the establishment of an office of registry which shall remedy the above inconveniences and prays a grant thereof for thirty-one years. [Copy by Nicholas, with a memorandum underwritten that his Majesty this day at Tutbury referred the petition to the consideration of the Lords of the Admiralty. The petition was received by Nicholas to be laid before the Lords of the Admiralty on the 29th October 1634. 5 pp.]
Aug. 12. 35. Commissioners of Sewers for Norfolk to the Council. In duty to their letters touching the reparation of Blakeney Quay, they state that the commission of the writers extends to the Fens in Norfolk, lying on the River Ouse, Brandon River, and Stoke River. Blakeney is seated far north-east, without the extent of their commission. Have nevertheless entrusted sundry persons of good quality, resident there nigh, and not interested in the work, in the care of a particular survey, who answer as follows:—They conceive that the charge of repairing the quay, mending the way, and digging the channel, will amount to 600l., and that there are about 300 communicants in Blakeney, and not above 210l. of annual revenue, which considered, the writers cannot suppose any course so proper for the inhabitants of Blakeney as to become suitors to his Majesty for letters patent to ask relief of certain counties. [Seal with arms. 2 pp.]
Aug. 12.
Whitehall.
Lords of the Admiralty to [Horace Lord Vere]. Thomas Slaughter, Nicholas Warren, and John Webb, owners of the Sea-trade of London, of 180 tons, desire for the same twenty pieces of iron ordnance. He is to give order that they may purchase the same out of the founder's store in East Smithfield. [Copy. Vol. cclxiv., fol. 35 a. ⅓ p.]
Aug. 12. 36. George Gage, governor of the Corporation of Soapboilers, to [Henry Earl of Manchester ?] William Lightfoot, of Kingston-uponHull, has entered into bond not to sell any but the white soap made by the corporation. Desires his release from the messenger. [½ p.]
[Aug. 12 ?] John Philipot, Somerset, and William Ryley, Bluemantle, to Samuel Rawlins. Forasmuch as, to the great contempt of his Majesty's commission, he has abused Peter Fige of Winslow as he was coming to make proof of his gentry and conform himself to the said commission, the writers require Rawlins, and in his Majesty's name charge and command him, to appear before the Earl of Arundel and Surrey, the Earl Marshal, on the 22nd of October next, to answer his disobedience and contempt under a penalty of 20l. [Copy. See Vol. cclxxi., No. 80, fol. 23. ¾ p.]
[Aug. 12 ?] The same to the Mayor of Woodstock. Being authorized to visit all corporations in co. Oxford, and to register them, and peruse their seals and badges, that nothing may be permitted to be borne that is contrary to the Law of Arms, they intend to visit Woodstock on the 15th inst., and to sit at the sign of the Bull. The mayor is to return to them the names of all who bear the titles of esquires and gentlemen resident within his corporation, and to warn them to bring with them their arms and crests. [Copy. See Vol. cclxxi., No. 80, fol. 29. ¾ p.]
Aug. 12. 37. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
Aug. 13.
London.
38. Thomas Witherings to [Edmund Taverner ?] Incloses letters received by the ordinary this day for himself and his lord [the Earl of Pembroke ?] [¾ p.]
Aug. 13.
London.
39. The same to Sec. Coke. By the last ordinary received several packets which he sent by way of Newark. By the ordinary which arrived this day received the inclosed. Sir Robert Naunton, Master of the Wards, is well recovered. Sir William Becher came to town yesterday, and is in hand with the writer's order. He hopes to have his patents re-assigned and to depart towards France on Saturday next.—P.S. Enumerates the particular packets received for this State by this ordinary. [1 p.]
Aug. 13.
Little Ambry [Almonry], Westminster.
40. John Castle to Nicholas. Mr. Dickenson before his departure towards Berkshire imparted to the writer the reason that has retarded the dispatch of the commission touching the pirates who molest the coast near Milford Haven. Dickenson told him that it was [by] Sec. Windebank's advice that Nicholas prepared a new warrant to be signed by three of the Lords who are commissioners by the old commission, and that he was to send it away to court with the first opportunity. The writer needs not press Nicholas with the importance of the business, nor with any other arguments to hasten dispatch. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Aug. 13. 41. George Gage, governor of the Corporation of Soapboilers, to [Henry Earl of Manchester ?] John Clifford has entered into bond to sell no other soap than that made by the corporation. Prays his discharge from the messenger. [¼ p.]
Aug. 13. 42. Sentence of the Court of Admiralty of the Cinque Ports, held at St. James's Church in Dover, before Dr. Thomas Rives, the King's Advocate, in the matter of a vessel found on the Long Sands by John Pickenden, who brought the same into the Isle of Thanet. The ship and cargo were adjudged derelict, and to belong to the King. Latin. [1¼ p.]
Aug. 14.
Penryn.
43. Commissioners for Survey of St. Mawes' Castle to the Lords of the Admiralty. According to their letters of the 3d July last [see before, p. 130.] they met at the Castle of St. Mawes, and caused John Stanbury to surrender to Capt. Hannibal Bonithon the charge of the said castle, together with the keys thereof, but the key of the great outer gate Stanbury said he could not deliver, for there had not been any lock and key to the said gate in three months before. The writers likewise having taken a survey of the ordnance and ammunition, and of the decays within the castle and bulwarks, inclose certificate thereof with estimate for repairs. [Seal with arms. 1 p.] Inclosed,
43. i. Inventory and survey above mentioned. The cost of necessary repairs is estimated at 534l. 10s. [5 pp.]
Aug. 14/24.
Nimigam. [Nimiguen.]
44. Philip Warwick to [Robert Reade]. He can say no more but that he, like the wandering pilgrim, runs up and down with as much inconstancy as the pilgrim does with superstition, and changes as many trades as some gallants do suits. Now instead of a pen the writer has a long pike, but he assures Reade if they will not come closer to their work, he will come home again, and they shall want his service. Reade may well know how great a loss it will be. They lie there at Nimiguen and talk big, say they shall have this week 4,000 Swedish horse to join with theirs; that they shall block up Gueldres or Breda, or march into Little Brabant. Thus many speak as if they should do somewhat, but the writer tells Reade he fears they shall do nothing. If he be knocked in the head, he advises Reade to get his reversion, if he be not wishes Reade to love him that truly loves Reade. If the army move, he will write Sec. [Windebank] word. Knows not where their young master is. [1 p.]
Aug. 15.
Westminster.
45. The King to the Sheriff of Essex. Writ to cause to come together all the foresters and regarders of the Forest of Waltham to make a regard in the same forest, before the coming of the Earl of Holland, Warden and Chief Justice and Justice in Eyre of all the forests on this side Trent, or his deputies, into the said forest. There are to be twelve regarders in every regard, and the foresters are to swear that they will lead the twelve knights through the whole forest to see all the transgressions there which are expressed in a script of chapters inclosed in these presents, and the knights are to swear that they will make the regard as it ought to be and has been accustomed to be made, and that they will go as the foresters shall lead, and that if the foresters are ignorant or unwilling to lead them, or wish to conceal any forfeiture, the knights will not omit to see the same for themselves. [Slip of parchment.] Annexed,
45. i. Script of Chapters of heads of inquiry of which mention is above made. The regarders were to inspect assarts, purprestures, and wastes made since the beginning of the second year after the first coronation of Henry III., with various other encroachments on forest rights which are specially enumerated in these Capitula. [Roll of parchment, written on one side.]
Aug. 16.
Whitehall.
Order of Lords of the Admiralty on petition of John Essex to Sec. Windebank. Petitioner stated that he was employed as steward to the Straits in the Royal Exchange of London, whereof William Browne went master, and he complained of unmerciful usage received from Browne. Petitioner not being able to right himself by law, prayed that Browne might be sent for by a messenger. The petition was referred to Sir Henry Marten. [Copy. Vol. cclxiv., fol. 35 a. ⅓ p.]
Aug. 16.
Deptford.
46. Officers of the Navy to Lords of the Admiralty. Lord Wimbledon giving notice of the inconvenience which certain decayed houses, heretofore used for victualling will be to his proceedings in fortifying Portsmouth, the writers apply for direction. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Aug. 16.
Richmond.
Nicholas to John Barker, of Bristol. Has received his letter of the 1st inst. [see No. 1 in this volume], and is sorry to understand he has so much cause of complaint. Nicholas will not fail to do what befits him to recommend if Barker is so well assured of the truth as to write to the Lords of the Admiralty for so much of that complaint as concerns them. For the rest the Lord Treasurer will redress the same, and punish those who are the cause thereof, if so good a man as Barker appear in it in a fair and respectful way. [Copy. Nicholas's Letter Book, Dom., James I., Vol. ccxix., fol. 105. ¾ p.]
Aug. 16. 47. Certificate of John Herne, justice of peace for Middlesex, that Richard Courtney, of Lincoln's Inn, had taken the Oath of Allegiance before him. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Aug. 16. 48. Receipt of Richard Baylie for 300l. paid by Bishop Bancroft, of Oxford, on account of Archbishop Laud's buildings at St. John's College, Oxford. [½ p.]
Aug. 17.
Whitehall.
Order of the Lords of the Admiralty on the petition of Dorothy Giles to Sec. Windebank. Petitioner stated that her husband, John Giles, mariner, went to the Straits in the Royal Exchange of London, whereof William Browne was master, whose merciless tyranny compelled her husband to expose himself to the fortune of the Island of Merida, and to this day cannot be heard of. Petitioner prayed that Browne might be sent for by messenger. The Lords referred the petition to Sir Henry Marten. [Copy. Vol. cclxiv., fol. 35a. ½ p.]
Aug. 17.
The Charles, Plymouth Sound.
49. Sir John Pennington to Lords of the Admiralty. The 30th of July he got up as high as the Lizard, where he has lain, off and on, till this present. The 2d inst. he met with five sail of Turks men-of-war standing in for the Channel. So soon as they made out what Pennington's fleet was, they packed on all the sail they could and fled. He pursued till the night made him lose them. It was but little wind, and they clean, nimble, light vessels; but if it had blown a strong gale Pennington should surely have had some of them, if not all; but howsoever he frightened them so that they never since appeared, neither can he hear any news of them. It was happy for those parts Pennington s fleet was there. If it had not been, they would have done a great deal of spoil and made many a poor soul captive. For other picaroons, Sir John can neither find nor learn that there is any within his commands or limits. Since his coming in thither he has received the Lords' letter of the 4th. For Biscayners, all nations are alike to him in the way of his command, and the name of Biscayner is as pleasing to him as any other nation except his own; but if a Biscayner, or any other, rob the King's subjects, and bring themselves within compass of his instructions, he hopes the Lords will not be offended if he make stay of them. The Lords blame him for not giving them an account of the qualities of this ship. He had done it sooner, but that he thought he should be taxed for dealing partially therein, as he was lately before the Lords, which to prevent, he had sent it herewith under the hands of the principal officers of the ship. And that the Lords may see that he did not deal partially in the other, he has also sent certificate of the Unicorn's defects, which he took before he acquainted the Lords with her defects, which are set down too sparingly. If he had brought her out to sea, he believes he should never have returned her; but that is the misery of poor men that are employed abroad. They are suffered to be blasted by every viperous tongue. The 9th inst. he met a great Holland ship, the White Greyhound of Rotterdam, which came from St. Christopher's laden with tobacco and cotton, and bound for Holland, yet he had 28 English men aboard (planters), and two-thirds of his lading belonged to them; in regard whereof, the writer sent him into Plymouth by one of the Whelps to Sir James Bagg and the customer, wherein Sir John hopes he has not done amiss, though his warrant for that business does not stretch to the Dutch; howsoever, he is sure it will be at least 1,000l. in the King's purse. Is presently returning to his guard in the mouth of the Channel, where he purposes to continue till towards Michaelmas, that all the Newfoundland ships are come home. By that time they shall not need to fear the coming of any more Turks this year; and then he intends to return for the Downs. [Seal with arms. 1 p.] Incloses,
49. i. Peter White and ten others, master and other officers of the Unicorn, to Sir John Pennington, captain of the same ship. Certificate of her unfitness to be employed as a man-of-war. 7th May 1634. [1 p.]
49. ii. Peter White and ten others, master and other officers of the Charles, to the same. Certificate of the state and quality of the same ship. She is declared to sail, steer, and work well, and if kept down with ballast and victuals to a certain stated depth in the water, will bear more sail than the topmasts will endure. 14th August 1634. [1 p.]
Aug. 17.
The Charles, Plymouth Sound.
50. Sir John Pennington to Nicholas. Since his coming from the Downs has continually kept the sea so that he has heard nothing. Hopes he has given satisfaction to the Lords wherefore he did not give them a more timely account of the qualities of that ship, as also that the name of a Biscayner is as pleasing to him as any other, though he much wonders at the Lords writing in that manner. He has not given any cause why they should conceive that he does not love a Biscayner, for those are the first he ever made stay of. Neither had he meddled with those if the whole country had not cried out of them, and all the vessels which he met. Besides, if the Lords remember, they gave Sir John a touch of them before he came into these parts, how that they committed many outrages there, and indeed there is no crying out of any other there but them; but if it be the Lords' pleasure that he shall let them alone, he will willingly do it, for Sir John gets nothing by them, but he sees all that he does is misconstrued. He has no tie upon any nation, neither does he respect one more than another, his endeavours being only to look to his charge, and to see that there be no spoil committed; but for Sir John's part, he wishes they would employ anybody else that would give them better content, for he gets nothing but illwill on every side, and is suffered to be traduced for acquainting them with the truth, that is all the reward he has. He presently returns to his guard in the Channel's mouth, where he purposes to remain till towards Michaelmas. By that time he thinks they shall not need to fear the coming of any more Turks. Can hear nothing of Sir Richard Plumleigh, but hears the Whelp was this fair time at King Road by Bristol. Prays Nicholas that the inclosed letter to the Lord Marquis may be safely delivered. The complaint of that ship is unjust in many things. If she be kept down she is as stout to bear sail as most of the King's ships, but it is true she is but half a ship, in regard her lower tier, which is the greatest strength, lies so near the water that there is no use of them but in fair weather and smooth water, otherwise she is well qualified, but there is neither of the three as they should be. He believes the fourth upon trial will not prove much better; indeed the King's ships are not built as they should be, nor like the merchant ships. [2 pp.]
Aug. 17. 51. Certificate of William Griffith that John Bulkley, of Burgett, [Burgate?] had taken the Oath of Allegiance, being about to travel into France. [¾ p.]
Aug. 17.
His lodging.
52. George Machell to —. In reply to some observations on equivocation and mental reservation contained in a book of the person addressed lately published. [23 pp.]
Aug. 18.
Mellifont.
53. Henry Lord Moore to Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh. Was lately at Drogheda where Lord Conway's servant coming from Dublin and going into the river to wash Lord Conway's bay horse, went in too far, and the man was drowned and the horse sorely strained in the fetlock joint, and seized on by the serjeant's officer for a deodand, but the writer has got the horse to Mellifont, and when thoroughly well he shall be sent to Lisneygarvey. This accident would have wrought much on the writer, but that there is now with him Lord Cromwell, Nicholas Barnwell, [and] M. Darcey drinking Lord Conway's health, as if his man had never been drowned. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 18.
His house, High Holborn.
54. Memorandum of Thomas Sheppard, that John Horsey, son and heir of Sir John Horsey, of Clifton, co. Dorset, had taken the Oath of Allegiance. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Aug. 18. 55–7. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
Aug. 20.
London.
58. Thomas Witherings to Sec. Coke. Sends letters received that day for him. Four days past he procured his order to be drawn up by Sir William Becher, which he showed Mr. March, the Earl Marshal's steward, who went with Witherings to Mr. Recorder, whose opinion was that the order not only cleared Frizell in law and equity, but all others. Yet March would have a covenant to save them harmless, which Witherings agreed to, notwithstanding he deferred the conclusion until of necessity March was to pay 1,000l. to Mr. Petty, who this day has departed towards Italy; so that yesternight, upon condition that the writer should pay 10l. for use of the money since it was deposited, the patents were signed over to Witherings accordingly. He has procured the French Ambassador's letters for settling the stages in France, and to-morrow he begins his journey. At his coming to Paris he will write Coke of all that passeth. His letters by way of Antwerp he has now brought to rights again.—P.S. States what letters had been received by this ordinary. [1 p.]
Aug. 20. Minute of a pass for John Bulkley, of Burgett, Hants, to travel for three years beyond seas, but not to go to Rome without licence from his Majesty. [See this present Vol., No. 47. ½ p.]
[Aug. 20] Minute of similar pass for Richard Courtney, gent. [Ibid. 3 lines.]
Aug. 21.
St. Mawes Castle.
59. Capt. Hannibal Bonithon to Lords of the Admiralty. The gentlemen appointed by the Lords to survey the Castle of St. Mawes have returned a certificate. The writer sends a certificate of the number and quality of such soldiers as he found there upon delivery of the castle into his keeping, not daring to intermeddle with the placing or displacing of any without the Lords' further order. Implores a speedy supply for his Majesty's honour and the safety of the place, and will endeavour that his care therein shall extend to repair the discontent of the subject. [1 p.]
Aug. 21.
St. Mawes Castle.
60. The same to Nicholas. The messenger came so suddenly that Bonithon had not leisure to write but thus hastily and cursorily. Entreats to hear what may be expected for relief of that place. Believes he can do nothing without another London journey, which if Nicholas think expedient he will hasten. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Aug. 21. 61. Certificate of Peter Heywood, Justice of Peace for Westminster, that John Creswell, of Purston, co. Northampton, and Lisle Stotesbury of Evenly, in the same county, had taken the Oath of Allegiance. [½ p.]
Aug. 21. 62. See "Papers relating to Appointments in the Navy."
Aug. 22.
Dolgelly, Merionethshire.
63. Sir Peter Mutton and Timothy Tourneur to Sec. Windebank. They have carefully observed the directions received from his Majesty and himself for circumspect administration of justice upon the indictment for poisoning Sir Richard Bulkeley, and have done their utmost to sift out the truth. After nine hours spent in the evidence, whereof eight were on the King's part, and twelve hours' consideration taken by the jury, both defendants were found Not Guilty, yet because Chedle had used some undue practices to hinder the course of proceeding they bound him to good behaviour. The writers allege that the prosecutor produced evidence to make it probable that Sir Richard died of poison though not infallibly to convince. State the effect of the evidence produced for the defence, which was in some degree supported by divers of the King's witnesses, who stated, that one Prythergh, a servant of Sir Richard Bulkeley, that "used to prepare tobacco for him," reported before he was dead that he poisoned him, with some glances of procurement in the defendants. The jury was made up and sworn to the content of both parties, and they were left to their consciences and judgments without distraction. If more be required of the writers they shall be ready to do what may be further commanded. [½ p.]
Aug. 22. 64. Lord Treasurer Portland to [Sir Henry Vane,] comptroller of the household. The writer will be now out of all their debts, and will not have a letter to answer when they meet. Only he is to tell Henry Percy, if he quarrel with the writer, he will know whether Percy be not engaged. The principal end of this letter is to bring the writer, from Vane, the certainty of his Majesty's resolution where they shall meet him. There is some opinion the smallpox will keep the King from Windsor; but the writer beseeches Vane, to remember the writer's humble duty to the King, and to tell him the writer never longed more to wait upon him than now. His public and private affairs require it, and that the writer observes the rule his Majesty gave him long since, to believe nothing of those things which may seem of importance and are brought to him, till he speaks with his Majesty.—P. S. Begs Vane to let him know when and where the King expects him [that] he may provide accordingly. [1 p.]
Aug. 23.
Poole.
65. Mayor and others of Poole to the Council. John Harwood, being mayor of that town when the Lords sent the first commission for contributions towards repair of St. Paul's, did his best with the rest of the Commissioners to collect the most they could towards that pious work, which was 10l. 10s. 10d., and made return thereof to the Chamber of London. The writers conceived of none other collection to be expected from that town than that which was made on the first commission. Pray them to consider that that town is very small and very poor, being much decayed by the late times of hostility and the deaths of divers of the chiefest of the inhabitants, the greatest part whereof are mariners, now at Newfoundland, gone to sea before receiving the last commission, and used not to return before Michaelmas, with whom the writers purpose to endeavour with their best persuasions, as they have begun with those inhabitants that are in the town, to induce them to conformity; albeit the writers find their charities colder on this second than on the first commission. They will strive to certify from time to time in Easter term yearly, according to the desire of the Lords. [1 p.]
Aug. 23./Sept. 2.
Angers.
66. Thomas Windebank to his cousin [Robert] Reade. Has received the box which his departure from Orleans occasioned him not to receive before. Thanks him for it, and begs him to create some occasion when the writer may perform some service in return. —P.S. Shall put himself on the road for Spain in two or three weeks. [1 p.]
Aug. 24.
The Savoy, in the Strand.
67. Nicholas Kendall to Sec. Windebank. Windebank's affability made the writer acquaint him with the project of freebooters. He made no mercenary contract, yet hoped that Windebank would have dealt with the State to have given the writer some thankful testimony for his information, or at least not have suffered another to enjoy the fruits of his labours, as the State has done by employing John Taylor, who has nothing but language to help himself. The chiefest of the negotiation no man can understand but by the writer's discovery. Kendall was the more ambitious of the employment, because his ancestor John Kendall, (being Grand Prior for the Knights of the Rhodes for England,) was the chief commissioner for the peace betwixt Henry VII. and Philip Duke of Burgundy, which peace was called Intercursus Magnus, and the treaty was so solid, as the writer never read the like, and when, by his means, Don Carlos de Coloma got a copy thereof, he carried it beyond seas, saying it was the greatest jewel he found in England. Urges that he ha deserved a better return, and, after explaining his own want of money offers when Windebank comes to town to communicate to him something else which has not been spoken to any man. [Indorsed by Windebank "Delivered by Sir Francis Kenneston [Kynaston] at Oatlands, 31st August." 2 pp.]
Aug. 24.
Frankfort.
68. John Durie to Sir Thomas Roe. That which concerns the public has been, since the taking of Ratisbon, very uncertain. Now the army of the anti-imperialists begins to stand again. Donawert is taken, and Nordlingen beseiged, and the multitude of the Imperialist horse have in Franconia and some parts of Wurtemburg brought a great terror, but since the other side have begun to gathetroops together, and some of the roving cavalry have been cut off, the enemy is more quiet. Further statements of military movements. Of Durie's own business knows not yet what to say. It is in serious agitation. Since the proposition was given into the Diet, Durie has not ceased to insist in season and out of season, so he hopes well, for he finds a good beginning and appearance. After he had given in another memorial, they appointed a deputation to hear him. He addressed them in Latin, and afterwards delivered in writing the same of what he had spoken. Finds the hearers well inclined to take the business to heart. Labours to move them to call a meeting, and invite the strangers to it that have declared their consent. The Lutherans of all sides, except Saxony, give him satisfaction. These have separate counsels from all the rest. They are not like to agree upon the point of satisfaction which the crown of Sweden demands, for the chancellor demands Pomerania, besides the charges of levies defrayed, and a perpetual league betwixt Sweden and Germany. The first point will not be agreed to, and the others they are inclined to put off till another meeting, and, for the present necessity, to settle a joint cause to help one another; which if they do, Durie will think the better of his business. Appeals to Roe's continued help for means to subsist and proceed. [Seal with armsp.]
Aug. 25. 69. Lord Treasurer Portland to Sec. Windebank. The writer's man brought an inclosed letter from Court with some others to the Lord Treasurer, which make him desire Windebank (if he remembers the discourse the Lord Treasurer had with him by the water-side, of Sir John Bankes,) to forbear to speak of it again till the writer sees him; not but that things are the same, and his resolution the same, but he will give Windebank good reason. His Majesty comes not to Windsor, which he believes Windebank will know by these letters. [Indorsed by Windebank, "Rec[eived] at H[aines] Hill, 26th, by an express." [½ p.]
Aug. 25.
Croydon.
70. Archbishop Laud to Sir Thomas Roe. Has received Sir Thomas's letters well fouled and worn. They bear date August 4th, and came to his hands the 23d. He has had a little leisure, (and but a little,) for these three weeks past, and now that his Majesty is upon his return he must fall to grinding again. About three weeks since he received letters out of Germany from the Lord Ambassador and from Mr. Durie who gave an account of all which Sir Thomas wrote, and sent a copy of that worthy work which goes under the name of Dr. Hoe. He found time to read over that speech, and all the charity that is in it, which he might soon do, but Hoe's uncharitableness not so soon. He has, in his time, read much bitterness, but hardly seen more gall drop from any man's pen. If it please God so much good may come of it as Sir Thomas mentions it will be God's great blessing, but no thanks to Hoe, whom the writer will hardly hereafter judge to be either learned or honest. Having formerly received this libel, (if Sir Thomas will,) the main thing in Sir Thomas's letter is the last clause, by which it seems Sir Thomas had a good mind in this leisure of his to give it an answer. Truly, for the writer's part, he thinks neither the man nor the thing deserves an answer by any sober pen; Hoe should write on for the writer until some carter cried "Hoe!" Besides, till his Majesty be pleased to avow these proceedings, the Archbishop cannot think it fit for any subject of his to undertake the quarrel, and least of all for Sir Thomas, who has been publicly employed in those parts. Lastly, the writer is not clear in his judgment that any answer can be given to it without prejudice to the cause. Such a fiery spirit will not be quenched by any answer. There will be reply upon reply, till moderate men themselves be overheated, and all hopes lost. He writes not this to bind Sir Thomas's thoughts, but leaves him free to take what course he thinks fittest, if his judgment differs. [1 p.]
Aug. 26.
Hampden.
71. John Hampden to Sir Henry Vane. If Sir Henry's letter had come soon enough for the writer to have waited on him by the time appointed, yet the sad affliction lately fallen upon Hampden's family would have pleaded his just excuse. He had one meeting with Mr House and Mr. Chadborne since the receipt of Sir Henry's last letters; but their demands, (the lowest being above eight years' purchase,) seemed so high, that he made them no certain offer at that time. Since, he had written a letter to draw on a second meeting, but it pleased God, by the death of the writer's wife, to prevent his farther proceeding in that service for which he begs pardon. [Seal with crest. 1 p.]
Aug. 27.
Spelmonden.
72. John Brown, founder of iron ordnance, to Sec. Coke. Prays to understand whether Coke has presented the writer's petition to his Majesty, and whether there be present occasions to attend about that business. Is now casting brass pieces for his Majesty, and it was but within these ten days he began, by reason he could not be furnished with moneys sooner, and now he would follow it whilst fair weather lasts, that he may deliver them before wet and cold weather comes, which he hopes to do in reasonable time, if he be not again hindered for want of moneys. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 31. The King to Sir Henry Hungate. Licence to transport out of Wales and co. Monmouth, 3,000 barrels of butter yearly, for twentyone years, paying to the King the sum of 2s. per barrel, with a proviso for revoking this licence when the King or the Privy Council shall think fit, and with such clauses as are contained in letters patent granted by the late King in the 16th year of his reign to Richard Williams and David Lewis, for such transportation when butter should not exceed 3d. per pound in the summer season and 4d. in the winter, and which letters patent are to be surrendered before this new grant passes. [Docquet.]
Aug. 31. The same to Mountjoy Earl of Newport. Grant of the office of Master of the Ordnance during his life, the letters patent to Horace Lord Vere being surrendered before this new grant pass. [Docquet.]
Aug. 31. Warrant to pay William Smithesbie, one of the grooms of the privy chamber, the arrear of 100l. due to him for five years' wages ended March last, as also the wages of 20l. per annum quarterly during his life, with a proviso that a former warrant for payment be made void, in regard the cofferer of the household has forborne to pay the same because it was not included in the King's book. [Docquet.]
[Aug ?] 73. Petition of John More, his Majesty's servant, to the Council. In July last his Majesty signified his pleasure that his then Attorney General should certify whether, in the execution of the Star Chamber sentence touching the demolition of petitioner's buildings, the sheriff had exceeded the true intention thereof, to the end that his Majesty's grace might be extended according to the intercession of this Board. The Attorney being sick, expressed his willingness to certify, but died re infectâ, meanwhile the sheriff demolished not only to the uttermost extent of the sentence, but 50l. per annum more than is comprised in the sentence and much more than is in the intent thereof. Part of the buildings, comprised in the sentence by mistake, is also occupied with petitioner's mansion, and for want thereof his family is extremely incommodated. Petitioner prays, on behalf of himself and one other of his Majesty's ancient servants, and many other families suffering in this calamity, for permission to rebuild the said small part in such manner as the Officers of Works shall approve, and that in convenient time further consideration may be had of the rest, there being forty buildings and back-buildings more, for an awful example yet remaining. [¾ p.] Annexed,
73. i. Petition of John Dickenson and John More to the King. The King, on the petition of petitioners, gave answer that he was pleased, now that the 1,000l. was paid into the Exchequer, to remit the 1,000l. for forfeiture for not demolishing before Easter, and that discharges should be given of the sentence if it appear that the demolition is executed. On the motion of Sec. Windebank, by direction of the Council, the King gave the like answer. In executing the sentence the sheriff over-executed in some places and under-executed in others, and, since the direction of the Lords to Sec. Windebank, had demolished to the value of 500l. more, and therein still proceeded. Petitioners pray discharge of the sentence, and that the recent defacings of the sheriff may be repaired. [Copy. ½ p.] Underwritten,
73, i. i. Direction of the Council to Sec. Windebank to move the King for discharge of the sentence. Whitehall, 11th July, 1634. [¼ p.]
73. i. ii. Order of the King for discharging the sentence, as suggested by the Council, and that the Attorney General should certify whether in execution of the sentence the sheriff had exceeded the intention thereof. Grimsthorpe, 23d July, 1634. [¼ p.]
[Aug. ?] 74. Petition of William Clifton and James Gascoyne, vintners in Covent Garden, to the Council. In obedience to the order of the Lords have given the suppressed vintners 191l. 18s. 4d., and taken off their wines at an appraisement, amounting to 380l. 9s. 6d., by raising which sums petitioners are deeply in debt. Complain that William Long keeps a third tavern in Covent Garden without warrant from that Board, and although he receives equal benefit with petitioners, refuses to contribute to their aforesaid disbursements. Also that James Pattyson, one of the vintners who has received great part of those moneys, has begun to furnish a house for a tavern in Covent Garden, and there is another tavern about to be set up on that side of Covent Garden next Long Acre. All which tends to petitioners' utter ruin. Pray order for Long to pay his rateable proportion, and for the justices of peace not to allow any other tavern without approbation of the Board. [¾ p.]
[Aug. ?] 75. Petition of Thomas Potter, one of the messengers in ordinary, to the Council. Petitioner being employed in July last for the apprehension of Ralph Rainham and Philip Falcon of Sudbury for selling tobacco contrary to the proclamation, in the execution thereof was much abused by Mr. Andrews, then Mayor of that town, who committed petitioner to a very loathsome prison for two days, forbidding any one to come to him with relief or sustenance. For this commitment the said Andrews has been committed to Newgate and since discharged. Prays them to order that Andrews may give petitioner satisfaction for his disgrace and charges. [1 p.]
[Aug. ?] 76. Petition of Philip Warde and Thomas Cooke, his Majesty's servants in the Navy, to the same. Petitioners having been sent for by warrant, pray hearing and discharge. [1 p.]
[Aug. ?] 77. Petition of William Norris to the same. Mr. Fleming pretends he cannot make an account, but by examination of witnesses in the country. Mr. Fleming has received sufficient out of the estate of Sir William Norris to pay his debts, and the examination of accounts, which Mr. Fleming would have, would only prove an overplus. Petitioner prays that the assurance directed by the Earl of Derby and the other referees may be perfected, and that Mr. Fleming may avoid possession at the four years end, which will be the 23d October next. [¾ p.]
Aug 78. Petition of Patrick Craford to the Lords of the Admiralty. Recites, as in his petition calendared 14th July 1634, his grant to be Clerk of the Passes and Commissions, to administer the Oath of Allegiance to passengers beyond the seas from South and North Wales and in Chester and other places, but that by the disobedience of owners and masters of ships his Majesty's service is neglected, and that owners and masters say they will transport passengers beyond seas in despite of any whatsoever. Prays warrant to bind owners and masters of ships in 50l. a piece, before they receive their cockets, not to transport beyond seas any passengers without pass, and that they shall send their boats to petitioner or his deputies to make search in their ships to discover the frauds of the unlicensed passengers. Further to bind all inn-keepers in 10l. a piece not to receive any lodgers in their houses to go beyond seas, or that shall land, but that they bring their names to the clerk of the passes within 24 hours, as the same is in like manner performed in the Cinque Ports, and that petitioner may keep the office of the Clerk of the Passes at Neston or where it may be convenient [Indorsed by Nicholas as Patrick Craford's second petition. ¾ p.]
[Aug. ?] 79. Officers of the Navy to John Wells. Request him to answer them more exactly on some particulars contained in his petition to the Lords of the Admiralty respecting his disputes with Edward Falkener, the clerk of the check at Deptford. [¾ p.]
[Aug ?] 80. The same to Edward Falkener. Similar request in reference to particulars complained of by John Wells in his petition abovementioned. [1 p.]
[Aug. ?] 81. Statement by John Wells in illustration of the mistakes committed by Edward Falkener, in making out the bills for goods received for the Navy, and which mistakes made John Wells responsible as storekeeper for larger quantities than he actually received. [4 pp.]
[Aug. ?] 82. George Viscount Chaworth to Sec. Coke. Has returned the papers which came from Sir John Byron to the Earl of Rutland and by him to Sec. Coke. The writer addressed himself to give a particular answer to the points therein, but he finds them so contrary in themselves, and so very false and scandalous, as he holds them not worthy. He has only scribbled an answer to the first, by which the secretary may judge of the truth of the rest. For the alliances' sake the writer has with the Secretary, for the affection the writer has ever borne him, and for his own honour, he is confident the Secretary will not suffer these accusations to prevail with him, especially to the stay of common justice, but will set free the judgment in law against Fenton. [Seal with arms. 1 p.] Inclosed,
82. i. Answer by Sir John Byron to a petition of John Chaworth, son of Lord Chaworth, lately exhibited to his Majesty. Sir John insists that Lord Chaworth's manor of Ansley [Annesley?] is within Sherwood Forest, the officers of which have at all times hunted and rechased the King's deer out of Ansley, both when the forest was under Sir John's ancestors and since. Denies that Fenton ever entered Sir John's hounds in Lord Chaworth's woods, nor have any unseasonable deer been killed by him, which is a fault peculiar to Lord Chaworth and his son, as appears by the inclosed list. Asserts that Lord Chaworth has no deer but what bows and guns and greyhounds and deerstealers have provided him with. The verdict against Fenton has been surreptitiuosly obtained, to the ruin of the poor man unless the King relieve him. [2 pp.] Inclosed,
82. i. i. List of presentments and convictions against Lord Chaworth in the Forest Court of Sherwood for hunting and killing the King's deer. [2 pp.]
82. ii. Answer by Lord Chaworth to one of the charges in the preceding paper. He insists that Ansley, where Fenton hunted, is not within the Forest of Sherwood, and states that hunting there has at all times been stopped or forbidden. "Nay, it will be proved that old Sir John Byron with the Long Beard, when he was lieutenant of the forest under the Earl of Rutland, was taken up for hunting there by a person yet living, and he was neither sued nor convicted for it, as is now the new fashion." Desires to be excused answering the informer's saying that the forest was under the command of his ancestors until he names them. [1¼ p.]
82. iii. Declaration by Lord Chaworth "touching the schedule of particular convictions and presentments." He never shot at any deer in the forest, nor ever slipped a dog there, which is more than Sir John Byron can say. Any presentments will be answered by them they concern. A much longer score of presentments will be made good against Sir John and his servants. [¼ p.]
[Aug. ?] 83. Olive Porter to her husband Endymion Porter. Her brother tells her that Endymion is very angry with her. Did not think he could have been so cruel to have stayed so long away, and not to forgive that which he knows was spoken in passion. Knows not how to beg his pardon, because she has broken word with him before, but she hopes his good nature will forgive her and that he will come home. [1 p.]
[Aug. ?] Names of the bailiff and under-bailiff, with the twelve principal burgesses, knights, esquires, and gentlemen living within the town and parish of [Buckingham]. The two Sir Richard Ingoldsbys, the elder and younger, Francis Ingoldsby, brother of the elder Sir Richard, John Nicholls, a previous bailiff and deputy to Francis Earl of Bedford, who was the high steward, and Richard Tomlins, were among the residents. The last named disclaimed arms and gentry. [See Vol. cclxxi., No. 80, fol. 20. 1 p.]
[Aug.] 84. Form of indenture of lease (engrossed with blanks for the names of the lessee, and amount of the rent) intended to be granted by Francis Earl of Bedford, William Earl of Salisbury, Sir Edward Wardour and Sir Oliver Nicholas, of one watercourse of spring water coming and arising from a place called "Sohowe," running in one small branch or pipe of lead through one small cock of brass stamped with the common mark of the lessors, and placed in the dwelling place of the lessee. To hold from Michaelmas next for the term of ten years. There are covenants by the lessee to keep the same in repair by the known plumber of the waterworks of the lessors; and by the lessors that the said branch shall every day, except on the Sabbath day, be stored with water from six o'clock in the forenoon till five in the afternoon; and that if the water shall not continue to bear soap fit for washing clothes by the space of one whole year the lessee may surrender his lease. [One skin of parchment, damaged.]
[Aug.] 85. Another similar form of lease engrossed in blank as the preceding, and also damaged. [One skin of parchment.]