Charles I - volume 409: January 1-23, 1639

Pages 286-356

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1638-9. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1871.

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January 1-23, 1639

Jan. 1.
Leicester Abbey.
1. William Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant of co. Derby, to the Council. On receipt of letters of the Council of 18th November he gave order for a muster of the trained bands of co. Derby in December following, on several days at three places, the season of the year and quality of the county making it very inconvenient to assemble in one place. Encloses a note of the state of the forces, both trained and private. Has given orders for training thrice more in January, February, and March next. The few whose arms are defective are to supply them by the training in February, and the petty constables are not to suffer any trained soldier of his constabulary to depart from his habitation further than to be ready at a day's warning to march towards the rendezvous, without cause approved by a deputy lieutenant. Has sent a list of the names of all the men who are able and fit for the wars, amounting to 17,308 (see the list in Vol. ccccv., No. 2). Has ordered the county magazine to be replenished at Hull by the 1st February next. Is not informed that there were ever any beacons in that county. Has appointed Richard Harrison provost-marshal. [Seal with crest. 2¾ pp.] Enclosed,
1. i. View of the forces and arms of co. Derby, taken in December 1638. Totals of trained soldiers: foot, 400; private arms, 442; clergy, foot, 51; horse cuirassiers, 34; dragoons, 38. [1 p.]
Jan. 1. 2. Statement of circumstances and probable reasons showing that Mr. Bacon had a hand to have George Plowright pressed for a soldier. Both the parties were of Burton Latimer. Plowright had prosecuted Mr. Bacon in the Star Chamber, and thereupon Bacon threatened to rid the town of him. When Plowright attended the sheriff at Northampton, to have the assessment of the ship-money approved, Bacon procured the bailiff of the town to take Plowright's horse for a post-horse, although the town was full of other horses, and Plowright came on his Majesty's service. The horse was lamed. Plowright was ordered to attend Mr. Attorney-General in the cause in the Star Chamber, about five days before he was pressed and sent away to York. Bacon formerly practised the like against one Shrive, clerk of the church of Burton Latimer, against whom he had taken offence; Bacon, in a muster for Count Mansfeldt, caused him to be brought by the constables to Oundle, and there would have had him sent away. [1 p.] Annexed,
2. i. Certificate of Dr. Robert Sibthorpe. George Plowright is a man of honest life and conversation, and by reason of his ability has for nine years successively borne the offices of overseer, sidesman, and churchwarden, and lastly of constable. He has been a dutiful and careful promoter of his Majesty's and the church's service, and has done much good in the time aforesaid. 1st January 1638-9. [Signed by Dr. Sibthorpe and 24 others, of whom seven were clergymen. 1 p.]
Jan. [1?].
Lime [Lyme ?].
3. Jasper Sprak to his cousin Richard Harvey. The writer reminds Harvey that he is a son of his father's sister, Harvey's aunt, Mary Sprak, and mentions various circumstances which prove that his relationship was recognized by Harvey's father and brother. He states that he has seven children, all of whom (he praises God) can read, and three of his daughters could knit and make lace as well as most maids. He had bought a house in Lime, but, by some loss he had, was constrained to mortgage it. Solicits Harvey that he may find a friend in him, and begs him to send an answer by the bearer, Thomas Jarvis. [1 p.]
Jan. 2. 4. Thomas Atkin, late Sheriff of Middlesex, to Nicholas. I understand by the present sheriff of Middlesex that order is given from the Lords to give the last sheriff power to collect the ship-money arrears for last year, which is set down at 1,152l. 7s. 9d., and we are commanded to be before the Lords the second Sunday of next term. In regard we are behind but 616l. 17s. be pleased to acquaint the Lords that the rest of the 1,152l. 7s. 9d., which is 535l. 10s. 9d., must be received from Westminster and the Tower liberty, they having already paid in part of it, for the whole charge was 5,000l. [Underwritten is an account which shows how the 616l. 17s. above mentioned was made out. 1 p.]
Jan. 2. 5. Thomas Kynnaston to Richard Harvey. Mr. Courteen and the writer intend to wait on Mr. Porter tomorrow by 8 o'clock, on the business of the ship called the Sun. Prays Harvey to send Mr. Nicholas word of it. [½ p.]
Jan. 2. 6. Receipt of Capt. Francis Trafford for 40l. paid him by Sir Henry Vane, Comptroller of the Household, by his Majesty's special command. [¼ p.]
Jan. 2. 7. Fragments of a list signed by Deputy Lieutenants of Kent of all the trained bands of that county, with certificate that the number of able men, between 16 and 60 years of age, not enrolled in the trained bands, was 20,276. [Two strips of parchment.]
Jan. 3.
8. Sir Richard Tichborne, Sir William Uvedale, and Sir Thomas Jervoise, Deputy Lieutenants of Hants, together with Thomas Wroth, Mayor of Southampton, to the Council. According to your letter of the 7th December, we had a meeting at Southampton on the 3rd inst., where the mayor, with his brethren, expressed all readiness to do his Majesty service, and are willing to take into their charge six lasts of powder, which we conceive will be a fit proportion. They will provide a storehouse, and have nominated Thomas Mason alderman of that town, to receive and issue the same, and to give account thereof. Upon debate with the merchants, it was conceived that a penny in the pound would be the least allowance to defray the charges in selling it by retail, yet they are willing to make a trial of it. If no man may undersell his Majesty's price, it will be much to the advancement of this service. We beseech you that this powder may be sent to us with speed, for the country is wholly unfurnished. [Seal with crest and motto. 1 p.]
Jan. 3. 9. Petition of William Brooking, a poor tailor, of Plympton, to Sir John Lambe. Thomas Avent, a rich man, having much oppressed petitioner, and foully defamed him and his wife, petitioner was enforced to prosecute a suit in the Archdeacon's Court of Plympton, for clearing his wife's credit, where sentence passed for petitioner, from which Avent appealed to the Chancellor's Court at Exeter, and there likewise sentence passed for petitioner, from which also Avent appealed to the Arches, and there, by the apparitors neglecting the manner of serving a process, Avent is likely to recover some costs against petitioner, which petitioner is not able to pay until he be allowed his costs for the two several sentences aforesaid. Hereupon, referring to a certificate annexed, petitioner prays that Avent's costs may be stayed until petitioner may have his costs on the two sentences, or until the appeal be ended in the Arches, and that in the meantime Sir Richard Strode, recorder of Plympton, or some such indifferent man, may mediate an end, or certify in whom the fault is. [¾ p.] Annexed,
9. i. Certificate of John Blake, mayor of Plympton, and two others, that William Brooking was a quiet and peaceable man, and free from any suits in law, but only by the vexation of Thomas Avent. 3rd January 1638[–9]. [½ p.]
Jan. 3.
10. Petition of 41 persons, whose names are subscribed, being many of the leading persons of Cornwall, to Francis Godolphin, sheriff of that county. There has been of late a view taken by the captains of companies within Cornwall, whereat a general defect of powder was found. Pray him to present this grievance to the Lord Lieutenant of the county and the rest of the Council, that petitioners may be supplied with powder at the King's price. [1 p.]
Jan. 3.
Durham House.
11. Lord Keeper Coventry to Sec. Windebank. I send you the papers concerning Mr. Harvie's [Harby's ?] cause, but when you speak with his Majesty of the business, put him in mind that when he was at Greenwich last summer, upon the petition of Mr. Langham, his Majesty was pleased that Langham, who excepted to Mr. Harvie's case, should add such things thereunto as he had and were material in the way of merchants, and that the same should be referred to the like number of merchants named in Langham's petition, as upon Harvie's suit had considered of his case and certified for him. Various other proceedings, which are here minutely described, were taken in consequence of alterations in this direction subsequently made by the King, and the result was a delay, which the Lord Keeper desires that the King should understand was not occasioned by him. [1 p.]
Jan. 3. 12. Account of the receipt of imposts in the port of London, from Michaelmas 1637 to Michaelmas 1638. Total 19,238l. 0s. 3d., out of which there had been made various payments, amounting to 17,361l. 15s. [1 p.]
Jan. 4. 13. Book of notes made by Nicholas of proceedings of the Council, principally at meetings held during this month. The days on which there were meetings, which are here noticed, were this day, and the 6th, 9th, 11th, 13th, 16th, 18th, 22nd, 23rd, 25th, 27th, 29th, and 30th inst. There are besides notes of proceedings on various references. [92 pp., of which 34 are blank.]
Jan. 4. 14. Book containing the names of all members of the Council present at various sittings of the Council during the present month, beginning with this day. The King was present on the 6th, 18th, 22nd, and 27th. [14 pp., of which 2 are blank.]
Jan. 4. 15. Order of Council. The petition of the poor hammer workmen to the Company of Pewterers of London being by his Majesty referred to the Council, it was ordered that Sir Ralph Freeman, Sir Paul Pindar, and Sir Job Harby take the said petition into their consideration, and return certificate of the true state of the business, and what they conceive fit to be done therein. [Copy. 1 p.]
Jan. 4. 16. Similar order. Humphrey Jones by petition showed that Richard Mostyn, having exhibited to the Board a scandalous petition and articles against petitioner, and upon allegation that his witnesses to prove the offences laid to petitioner's charge lived in Wales, obtained letters to divers gentlemen, his near kinsmen, to examine the particulars; they had done so, and returned a certificate to the Board. Petitioner being much scandalized by Mostyn, prayed that he might have a copy of the said certificate, and that a day might be appointed for a hearing. It was ordered that a copy of the certificate should be delivered to petitioner, and the Lords appointed to hear the said difference on the 20th February next. [Draft. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 4. 17. Similar order. Matthew Bellinrock and James le Ouste, of London, merchants, by petition showed that at the complaint of Thomas Bushell, farmer of his Majesty's mines royal in Wales, his Majesty being present in Council, it was ordered on 15th October 1637 that no ore of any metal as it is drawn shall be transported unwrought, of which order petitioner not knowing anything, in May last bought three tons of Derbyshire lead ore (out of which it is well known that never any one gained by taking silver) to be delivered at Hull, which was brought thither in 36 firkins, to be transported beyond seas, the customs and duties being first paid. The customers never acquainting petitioner's assignees with the restraint, accepted the entry, and the lead being laden is unladen again to petitioner's great loss; therefore prays permission to transport the said 36 firkins. It is ordered that the mayor of Hull and Sir John Lister, having examined the truth of what is alleged, should certify how they find the same. [Draft. 1⅓ p.]
Jan. 4. 18. Petition of Henry Coghill to the Council. The Lords, on petition of Alice Malby, wife of Thomas Malby, ordered petitioner to pay to her certain arrearages of 20l. per annum, for non-payment whereof, and for non-performance of an order respecting the same, made by the Lord Keeper, petitioner stands in contempt. Petitioner has delivered to Sir William Becher, one of the clerks of the Council, 80l., being the said arrearages, and is ready to perform the order of the Lord Keeper, and therefore prays to be discharged of his contempt. Prays also that the Lords will consider the state of the case hereunto annexed, and permit him to make his defence by counsel, and whatsoever they shall order he will perform. [½ p.] Annexed,
18. i. Petition of Henry Coghill [to the Council]. States the particulars of various money transactions between himself, Thomas Malby, and Alice, his wife; also of an arrangement made between them for the purchase by petitioner from them of the manor of Chalkewell and other lands. This arrangement had been frustrated, and the annuity to Alice had been withheld in consequence of her refusal to complete her part of the agreement, and of her abandonment of her blind and aged husband, leaving him destitute. Petitioner claimed a debt due from Malby of 996l. 12s., with interest, and having now paid the arrears of Alice's annuity, and being ready to secure her for the future, he prayed that she might join in such assurance as counsel should devise for securing the payment of his money. [¾ p.]
Jan. 4.
19. Order of Council. Recites order of 29th November last, whereby Henry Coghill was ordered to pay the 80l. above mentioned, secure the future payments of the annuity to Alice Malby, and submit himself prisoner in the Fleet, upon performance whereof the Lords prayed the Lord Keeper to consider what was fit in justice to be further done by Coghill in the cause between him and the said Alice. The Lords now understanding the payment of the annuity, and that the Lord Keeper had appointed to hear the said difference before next term, it was ordered that Sir William Becher should pay the 80l. to Alice Malby, and that Coghill should be allowed no interest for the moneys pretended to be due to him from the date of the Lords' order, whereby he was required to bring his action concerning the same moneys, but neglected the same. The Lords again prayed the Lord Keeper to consider what further was fit in justice to be done, and directed Coghill to remain prisoner in the Fleet until, upon the Lord Keeper's report, they should give further order. [Draft. 1½ p.]
Jan. 4. 20. Minute of a warrant from the Council to commit Matthew Ball to the Fleet prison. [2 lines.]
Jan. 4. 21. Minute of the like to Simon Wilmot, messenger, to bring before the Board Thomas Beale, John Peabody, and Richard Beale, of Little Ashby, [Gilbert] Morehead [Morewood ?], of Seale, and [Robert] Hudson, of Melton Mowbray, defaulters at musters in co. Leicester; but as many of them as shall give satisfaction to the Lord Lieutenant are to be discharged. [½ p.]
Jan. 4. Minute of a warrant from the Council to William Faldoe to bring before the Lords Mr. Borrey, of Southmorfield, William Greeor, of Somerby, John Morton, of Silebey, Daniel Shuttlewood, of Walthamon-the-Wolds, and John Imyn, of Ibstock, defaulters at musters in co. Leicester. [Written on the same sheet of paper as the above. ½ p.]
Jan. 4.
22. Committee of the Council of War to Sir Robert Pye. To draw an order for issuing to Sir John Heydon 391l. 18s. 3d. upon account for emptions expressed in an estimate of the Officers of the Ordnance of 13th September last, for carriages, powder, &c., to be delivered to the Duke of Lenox by virtue of his Majesty's warrants, dated 19th July and 10th September 1638, and to be reckoned as part of the privy seal for 200,000l. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Jan. 4. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 50. 2/3 p.]
Jan. 4.
Serjeants' Inn.
23. Lord Chief Justice Bramston to [the Council]. Report concerning the imprisonment of Katherine De Luke. Mr. Peare, recorder of Romsey, in May last, procured my warrant against her and her husband, to apprehend them for misdemeanours certified by the mayor and aldermen of that town, for which former warrants had been made by the justices of assize. Katherine was apprehended in Middlesex in last summer vacation, and being unable to find sureties to appear at the next assizes for Hants, was committed to the New prison in Middlesex by Mr. Long. About Michaelmas last, being informed by Mr. Long that she was exceeding poor, and lived at the charge of the house, I directed Mr. Peare to remove her to Romsey at the town charge, and to maintain her in prison, else I would deliver her. Before she was removed I received his Majesty's command, upon Sir Edward Powell's petition, to examine her concerning a scandal and practise by her against Sir Edward. I did so, but before she had fully finished her examination I received his Majesty's command to forbear further proceedings, and to attend the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Keeper, Lord Privy Seal, and Sec. Coke, to whom his Majesty had referred the same. I attended their Lordships, and was commanded to send her to the Fleet, where she now is. Since that time no person has appeared to prosecute against her. [1½ p.]
Jan. 4.
24. Sir Jacob Astley to Sec. Windebank. Upon Saturday last, 29th December, I came to York, and found that the Vice-President had ordained a general muster, and the meetings to be on the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th of January in several places. Hereupon I took occasion to see and train four foot companies close by the city. I found the men good, and enrolled them all, but many of the arms not serviceable; both musketeers and pikemen were imperfect in the several postures of their arms. The next days following I have been at Bramham Moor, and saw and trained 160 horse, being the Vice-President's company. The men and horse were good, and many of them well armed, but some part very ill. We enrolled all that company. Pray recommend to the Lords to inform his Majesty that I finding the defects so great in arms, both for horse and foot, have given order to Capt. Legge to send hither certain proportions of arms [set down in the margin], that the country may be furnished for their money. The VicePresident and the Lord Mayor of York both assure me that here are no workmen that can make, or so much as mend, arms, therefore it were requisite that some such were sent down from London to set up that trade in York and other towns, for otherwise there are none but tinkers can mend any such utensils of war. These tradesmen planted now here will be of most necessary use for his Majesty's service, and if authorized by the Lords must have their warrants not to be molested by the corporations, because they be not freemen of the towns. I find great neglect in many finding arms altogether unserviceable, though warned to provide sufficient arms at the next meetings, which will not be remedied unless you send down messengers with blanks to the Vice-President or me, that such persons best able and most faulty may be put to the charge to answer their neglect before the Lords. Sir Thomas Morton, Capt. Gibson, Capt. Waytes, and Capt. Ballard are all out at this time to see the trained bands exercised. To-morrow I go to Lord Clifford, and on Sunday next I purpose to be at Hull, and stay there until Wednesday. Quarles, the merchant of Rotterdam, is not yet come thither. On Thursday, the 10th January, I purpose to be here again at York, because the Vice-President has against that day assembled all the deputy lieutenants to meet to determine of a general muster, so as Sir Thomas Morton and myself may see all the regiments and put them in order. I purpose to frame every regiment into sortable colours, that they, being 12 in Yorkshire, may be distinguished afar off, which I have begun with my Lord Deputy's regiment. Also I have written to the Lord Deputy to choose for all the regiments such gentlemen as he thinks most fitting to be lieutenant-colonels and sergeant-majors, which in a formal disciplining of war cannot be wanting. After the meeting on Thursday I shall be better able to give you account of what shall be proposed among them. After the meeting I purpose to set forward to Newcastle. The Lord Mayor of York and the Vice-President tell me that the county is well stored with powder, match, and ball. The country is also well stored with corn, grain, and victuals. Prays him to recommend that 50 complete arms for horse as cuirassiers be sent down to York which will be bought by the country. There are above 20 wanting in the troop of horse which I have this day seen; also 40 partisans for lieutenants, and 100 halberts for sergeants, for no officers of that kind have any such weapons. It was not my good hap to meet with the Marquis Hamilton in his passing by. P.S.—I find such men as are recusants sending their servants unarmed, because their arms are taken from them. By this means there will be a considerable number of men coming to exercise and at the rendezvous unarmed. This I thought good to speak of. [Nicholas has written in the margin, "The King to be acquainted." 3 pp.]
Jan. 4.
25. Capt. William Legge to Sec. Windebank. I thank you for your favours and that you granted me leave for coming to London. I desired that only to inform you of all the particulars, and let Sir Jacob Astley know before his departure from Court all things that I had observed in these parts. Now he is arrived here I shall follow his directions. I have received order from him to issue into the country all sorts of arms that shall be desired. This I obey, but seeing I am by my instructions from you to sell none of those provisions without further order from his Majesty or the Master of the Ordnance, I desire I may have some order for it, as likewise a warrant from the Lord Treasurer for delivery of such moneys as I shall receive into what hands his Lordship pleases. I hope Sir Jacob shall find no fault in me in the performance of my duty; I shall assist and obey him in everything, and shall be most glad to receive your commands. [1 p.]
Jan. 4. Account by the Officers of Ordnance of ironwork weighed at Hammersmith for binding ten pair of wheels for pieces of 3 lb. bullet. The particulars are very minutely stated. [See Vol. cccxcviii, No. 58. 1 p.]
Jan. 4. 26. Thomas Gay to his brother John Gay. Upon Friday last the mayor and Mr. Pearce Edgcom came to the fort [at Plymouth], and dispossessing Capt. George Bagg, possessed me of the command, the which (God willing) shall be so carefully looked unto, that Sir Jacob [Astley] shall have no cause of complaint. The mayor since is fallen sick, and entreated me to send up the list of the soldiers to Mr. Nicholas and pray him to send down the moneys for half a year's pay. I think 248l. will pay all for half a year; 1 mean the 35 men remaining now in the fort and island. The new soldiers that were entertained the 1st September expect their pay from the new governor, or out of the old governor's means. The new governor has no reason to pay what the old governor received from the King, and did not pay but in broken numbers, as 5s., 10s., and 20s. at a time, so that few of the soldiers know what is due to them, and the paymaster refuses to produce his accounts before the mayor unless commanded thereto by the Council, and therefore the mayor entreated Mr. Nicholas to procure the Lords' letter to him to call Mr. Bull, the paymaster, before him to give up all the soldiers' accounts, and if Mr. Nicholas cannot return down the moneys, to procure his letter to the mayor and Nicholas Opie, the customer, to pay the moneys here. Be earnest, that we may have an answer by the next post, for the soldiers are in great misery, and those that have families are like to starve with their families. [2 pp.] Enclosed,
26. i. List of the soldiers in the fort and island near Plymouth, with their annual wages. The writer of the above letter was lieutenant-governor at 30l. per annum. Thomas Roche was lieutenant of St. Nicholas island, also at 30l. per annum. Polydore Roche was master-gunner at 20l. per annum. There were 30 others at 12l. per annum (among them Ferdinando Paleologus), and one, Athanasius Reepe, at 1l. per annum, which is doubtless a mistake for 12l. [1½ p.]
Jan. 4. 27. Robert Typper to Endymion Porter. A gentleman was with the writer yesterday from Porter, a Mr. Phelips, with whom the writer came to an entire agreement, and he doubts not that they will conclude the business to each other's content. [1 p.]
Jan. 5. Warrant to the Master of the Great Wardrobe for payment of a livery of 4l. 13s. 4d. per annum to David Powell, his Majesty's fletcher, in place of John Powell, deceased. [Docquet.]
Jan. 5. Warrant to the Treasurer of the Chamber for payment of 20d. per diem as wages and 16l. 2s. 6d. as livery to Simon Nan, one of his Majesty's musicians for the violins in ordinary, in room of John Hayden, deceased. [Docquet.]
Jan. 5. Petition of Sir Alexander Hume to the King. Stephen Talmage, mariner, and Edward Harris, merchant, having the ship Anne and Sarah, of London, and being bound in her for Virginia, in July was 12 months, became bound to the King in 1,000l. to return to London, and there unlade their freight of tobacco. Contrary to the said bond, the ship arrived in Holland, and has there unladed her freight. Prays the King to grant petitioner the benefit of the said bond, petitioner prosecuting the same at his own charge. [Copy. Vol. cccciii., p. 20. ½ p.] Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Attorney-General to prepare a bill for his Majesty's signature, containing either a grant of the said bond to such person as petitioner shall nominate, or a discharge to the parties in case petitioner shall compound with them. Whitehall, 5th January 1638-9. [Copy. Ibid. ¼ p.]
Jan. 5. Henry Earl of Holland, Chief Justice and Justice in Eyre of the Forests on this side Trent, to Anthony Holland, one of the yeomen huntsmen in ordinary to the King. Two brace of stags have been lately taken out of his Majesty's park at Theobalds, and put into the park of Sir Francis Leight, at Addington, Kent, to be kept there for his Majesty's disport in the next summer. The said stags having since broken out from thence, now lie in the fields adjoining, where they may be subject to many casualties. You are to take care of the said deer, and for their preservation are to walk from time to time the enclosures of Greenwich, Woolwich, Eltham, Lewisham, Deptford, Sydenham, Beckenham, Bromley, and Dulwich, where the said deer shall happen to feed, and intimate his Majesty's commandment to the inhabitants of the said towns that they forbear to hunt them; and in case you find any persons offending herein, you are to take from them their dogs, guns, cross-bows, or other engines, and to certify their names to me. [Copy. Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 42. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 5. 28. Statement of Francis Raworth, town clerk of Dover, that at a meeting at Maidstone, the 6th December 1637, Sir Thomas Henley then sheriff of Kent, there was assessed upon Dover and the members thereof 330l. for ship-money, which sum was paid, viz., by Dover 275l., and by Faversham 55l., as by acquittances of Sir William Russell appears. [½ p.]
Jan. 5. 29. Account by Robert Reade, secretary to Sec. Windebank, of moneys received and paid for Sec. Windebank from the 1st May 1638 to this date. The receipts consist of fees paid to the Secretary for grants procured from the King through him. They amounted to 1,277l. 11s. 5¼d. The disbursements were generally of a private nature; household expenses of the Secretary, gratuities to servants bringing gifts, allowances to his children, and so forth. The following are extracts. Mr. Bellamy, for two picture frames, 1l. 15s.; the porters, for whipping the footman, 5s.; the smith, for a key of "Marrowbone Park," 2s. 6d.; the man that brought it, 2s.; the smith that made a treble key of Greenwich, 10s.; Joan, the cook maid, when my aunt [Reade was Sec. Windebank's nephew] was abroad, 20l.; 15 chaldron of coals, 13l. 3s. 3d.; for carriage and wharfage, 1l. 16s. 9d.; the apothecary's man, 2s.; the footman, for drinking-money, 2s. 6d.; the barber at Greenwich, 5s.; the corn cutter, 10s.; a coach horse, 13l.; to the grooms that sold him, 10s.; freight of the virginals, 2l.; to my aunt, 100l.; crossing to Lambeth and back, 1s.; two maps, 1l. 7s.; for rolling them, 4s.; for bringing them home, 1s.; ribbon for shoe strings, 9s. 6d.; a pair of silk stockings, 1l. 14s.; Lord Newburgh's man that brought trees, 5s.; Dr. Reade's man that brought pheasants, 2s. 6d.; Lord Cottington's man that brought venison, 10s.; my Lady of Arundel's two men, 2l.; my Lord of Huntingdon's man, 2l.; the man that brought sweet waters, 10s.; Sir Edmund Lenthall's man, 2s. 6d.; your honour, for offering-money, 10s.; a pair of gloves, 9s.; to the poor boys at Christmas, 1s.; new year's gifts, 33l. 7s. 6d.; total disbursements, 1,167l. 6s. 3d.; leaving a balance of 110l. 5s. 2¼d., of which the Secretary notes that on the 2nd May 1639 he took out 100l. to put into the town chest. [7 pp.]
Jan. 5. 30. Account of Sir William Russell of ship-money for 1637; received, 164,044l. 18s. 11d.; remained, 32,369l. 8s. 9d. [1 p.]
Jan. 5. 31. Account of ship-money levied and remaining in the hands of the sheriffs. Total, 1,930l., which, with the sum mentioned as received above, makes the total amount collected 165,974l., which was 19,041l. less than was paid on 6th January 1637. [1 p.]
Jan. 6.
32. Order of the King in Council. Upon complaint of Sir Humphrey Mildmay, sheriff of Essex in 1635, the deputy of Brightlingsea was, by order of the Board of 30th November last, either to pay to the Treasurer of the Navy the ship-money assessed upon that town in 1635, or otherwise to attend the Board the first Sunday in this month. Forasmuch as there was this day shown to the Board under the hand of Richard Selwyn, mayor of Sandwich, Kent, in 1635, a certificate, dated 12th October 1635, that 23l. was by him received of William Hatt, deputy for that year of Brightlingsea, for the service of shipping, the said town being a member of Sandwich, with which it always used to be rated, it was ordered that Brightlingsea should for that year's ship-money be freed from payment with Essex, and the deputy of Brightlingsea to be discharged. But henceforth the said town is to pay with Essex. [Draft. This and the following paper, although dated 6th December, are endorsed 6th January 1638, i.e., 1638–9. There is no reason to believe that there was any meeting of the Council on the 6th December, but it is clear from other papers of the 6th January, that there was one at which the King was present on that day, and in Nicholas's Note Book of the proceedings of the Council, calendared under 4th January inst., No. 13, there is mention of this and the succeeding order having been made at the meeting on the 6th inst. 1 p.]
Jan. 6.
33. Order of the King in Council. Upon complaint made to his Majesty by Capt. John Fisher, muster-master of London, of dues refused to be paid to him for his service, it was ordered that the Earl Marshal, the Lord Chamberlain, the Lord Privy Seal, and Sec. Windebank should send for Mr. Recorder and some of the aldermen of that city and the said Capt. Fisher, and upon hearing them to accommodate their differences, or otherwise certify the true state of their differences and what they conceive fit to be established. [Draft. Endorsed is a list of the members of the Council present at the meeting held this day. 2/3 p.]
Jan. 6.
34. Similar order. That the Attorney-General put into the commission lately given to Sir Jacob Astley the counties of Chester and Lancaster, formerly omitted. [Draft. ¼ p.]
Jan. 6. The like. Capt.—Farrar, a prisoner in Newgate, being accused to have counterfeited his Majesty's hand and privy signet, it is ordered that the Attorney-General cause the said Farrar to be proceeded against. [Written on the same paper as the preceding. ⅓ p.]
Jan. 6.
Commissioners for Gunpowder to Montjoy Earl of Newport. To deliver 8 barrels of gunpowder at 18d. per pound, for replenishing the magazine of the western division of co. Northampton. [Minute. See Vol. ccclv., No. 60, p. 8. ¼ p.]
Jan. 6. Henry Earl of Holland to the Keeper and Under-Keepers of Grafton Park. I am informed that Pond Coppice within the said park, appointed for sale this year, and consisting chiefly of thorn, will be in danger upon the first shooting thereof to be destroyed, through the multitude of conies maintained in the said park contrary to the laws of the forest, and with danger to his Majesty's person in the time of his hunting there. You are to cause the said conies to be destroyed and their holes stopped up. [Copy. Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 45. ¾ p.]
Jan. 7. Grant to John Embree of the office of sergeant plumber to his Majesty, void by the death of Hugh Justice, with the fee of 12d. by the day and an annual livery or 40s. in money for the same at Christmas. [Docquet.]
Jan. 7. 35. Minutes of thirteen warrants from the Council to George Carter, Robert Tavernor, Edmund Davenport, Henry Kyme, Edward Stockdell, Thomas Waterworth, Edmund Barker, William Brooks, David Stott, John Lisney, James Naylor, William Faldoe, and Matthew Pigeon, messengers, for bringing before the Lords defaulters, upwards of 70 in number, at the musters in Devon, but as many as should submit to conform for the future were to be discharged, paying fees. [1½ p.]
Jan. 7. Note of a close warrant for Sir Francis Popham. [Written on the same paper as the above. 1 line.]
Jan. 7. Minute of a warrant to Nicholas Pye, messenger, to bring Arthur Winwood, porter in the castle of Ludlow, before the Lords. [Ibid. ¼ p.]
Jan. 7.
36. Sir John Curzon, late Sheriff of co. Derby, to Nicholas. I have received a letter of 30th November, requiring from me an arrear for ship-money of 192l., unpaid of 3,500l., upon co. Derby and the borough towns. I frequently called upon the borough towns to pay in their money, which they promised they would. By this sum I perceive that Chesterfield is still the whole charge unpaid, being 50l., and Derby 55l., which latter sum they assure me is abated by the Council. As for the remainder of 80l. and odd in the county, I shall be diligent where I can meet with any distress, and pay it in with all speed. I am likewise required, for non-payment of the whole sum by the beginning of Candlemas term, to appear at the Council board on the second Sunday in that term to give an account. I fear I shall not get into London by that time, in regard of his Majesty's employment here, the training of soldiers, which I am likewise required to attend, being a deputy lieutenant, but within four days after I will, though I have no other occasion to the town. [Seal with arms. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 8. Commission to Sir Francis Wyat to be governor of the colony and plantation in Virginia, with the powers granted to Sir John Harvey in 1636, with this enlargement, that upon death or discontinuance of any of his Majesty's Council there, the governor and Council may choose others, whose names are to be certified to his Majesty or to the Commissioners for Plantations, for allowance. [Docquet.]
Jan. 8. Grant to Colonel George Goring of the office of keeper and captain of the castle, town, and island of Portsmouth, and of captain of 20 soldiers in the said castle. Likewise of the office of constable of the castle of Porchester, and lieutenant of the forest of Southbear, Hants, as the same were enjoyed by the late Viscount Wimbledon. [Docquet.]
Jan. 8.
37. Nicholas to the Mayor of Plymouth. Sir Jacob Astley left order with me to pay to such person as you should appoint the money due to 35 soldiers and officers belonging to his Majesty's fort at Plymouth and Island of St. Nicholas, for half a year to end at Christmas last, and I understand by a letter from Mr. Gay that about 150l. will pay the same. If you will signify to me to whom I shall pay the money, and how much it will amount to, I will not fail to deliver it, and at the next sitting of the Council I will procure an order to Mr. Ball, paymaster of the said fort, to make an account of what is due to the company of the said fort and island. [Copy.] Underwritten,
37. i. Memorandum by Nicholas. "I wrote to Mr. Mayor for an account whether he had received the 130l. odd from Mr. Opie, of Plymouth, and had paid the soldiers. My letter was dated 12th February 1638" [-9]. [1 p.]
Jan. 8. Another copy of the above. [See Domestic James I., Vol. ccxix., p. 174.]
Jan. 9. 38. Order of Council. Henry Lee and company of merchants trading to Spain by petition presented that having last year obtained licence to transport to the Spanish islands several quantities of shaken cask and hoops, for their accommodation for that vintage, all which were since returned with wines, to the great advantage of his Majesty's customs. It being objected that cask could not be spared out of this kingdom, petitioners have provided cask staves in Ireland, and besought licence to transport about 100l. worth of hoops for the said cask stands setting up. It was ordered that the Lord Admiral, calling before him the Victualler of the Navy and others, should examine the truth of these allegations, and whether it will not be prejudicial to his Majesty's marine employments to permit the proportion of hoops desired to be exported, and to return certificate with his opinion. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 9. 39. Similar order. The weavers of Canterbury complaining against the weavers of London for procuring a proclamation inhibiting worsted to be wrought into stuff with Turkey yarn, though the one be warp, the other woof, nor any thread to be wrought with silk, nor thread with Turkey grogran yarn, whereby many good stuffs will be put down here and the manufacture transferred to the Low Countries, to the prejudice of trade and his Majesty's customs, the undoing of many families, and the exposing hundreds of poor children to beggary. It was ordered that the commissioners appointed for examining abuses in the manufactures of the kingdom should examine the importance of the particulars mentioned, and thereupon certify the same with their opinions. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 9.
40. The like. Upon consideration of petition of Robert Grosse, clerk, against Dr. Fuller, dean of Ely, the Lords declared that they hold the same to be merely clamorous, and in no sort to be credited against so reverend a person, whose integrity is in so good esteem with the Lords, as the aspersions endeavoured to be cast on him weigh nothing at all with the Board. It is ordered that Grosse's petition be rejected, and the business be left to the Court of High Commission. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Jan. 9. 41. Order of Council. The difference between the Earl of Exeter and Sir William Killigrew, about the possession of certain severals in Revesby, co. Lincoln, was 9th February 1637-8 referred to the two Lords Chief Justices and the Lord Chief Baron; they having heard counsel on both sides, made a report dated 15th December last. (See Vol. 404, No. 77.) The Lords concurring with the judges, for a final end of the said difference do ratify and confirm the same report. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 9. 42. Similar order. The Lords having been informed that upon Tuesday last a great riot was committed near Temple Bar, upon occasion of an arrest made about Chancery Lane, and calling to mind that disorders of that kind have grown to be very frequent, ordered the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench strictly to examine who were the principal actors, and to take a course for punishing them in such manner as may deter others; and of his proceedings herein he is to send an account to the Board. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 9.
43. The Council to the Vice-President and Council at York. We have sent you a petition presented to us in the name of Robert Dixon, Thomas Rawson, and other inhabitants of Roos, Burton Pidsea, Burstwick, Skeckling, Riall [Ryhill], Camerton, Elstronwick, Lelley, and other towns and villages in Holderness, co. York, concerning a clowe erected by order of sessions in 1617, and ordered to be repaired and maintained by Sir Henry Constable, Viscount Dunbar, and his heirs. As a business of this nature may be best understood in the county where the proofs may be produced, we pray you to call before you Viscount Dunbar and petitioners, and to settle an indifferent end, or certify to us the true state of the business and your opinion. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 9. 44. The Council to Algernon Earl of Northumberland. It is his Majesty's pleasure, that one of his ships and two pinnaces shall be this year employed for guard of the Irish Seas. We pray you to give order that the same be forthwith prepared upon the charge of his Majesty's revenue in that kingdom for so many months' service as you, with the advice of the Lord Deputy and Council there, shall think requisite. [Draft. ½ p.]
Jan. [9 ?] 45. The same to Robert Earl of Leicester, ambassador extraordinary in France. By the petition and examination enclosed, presented by William Rande, master of the Unity, of London, you will perceive what misery the company belonging to that ship have suffered from the French, and what loss has been sustained by petitioner and the owners. It may be agreeable to the laws of nations for one prince to make use of such shipping of another's as he finds in his ports for his particular, but to deal with them as appears by the said examination we conceive not suitable to any treaty or justice, which we pray you to represent on that side, and to use your endeavour that petitioner and his partners may receive restitution of their ship and goods, or full satisfaction. P.S.—The examination above mentioned will be presented to you by the bearer, under the seal of the Admiralty. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 9. 46. Minute for entry on the Council Register that Sir Francis Popham having been sent for as a defaulter at the last musters at Church Tawton, co. Devon, was freed from further attendance, having promised conformity for the future, as signified by the Earl of Bedford, the Lord Lieutenant. [1/5 p.]
Jan. 9. Similar minute that John Fountain and forty-nine others who are here enumerated, being similar defaulters in Devon, upon promise of future conformity were discharged. [Written on the same paper as the preceding article. ⅓ p.]
Jan. 9. The like of the discharge of Ann Thornton alias Barnadiston and Thomas Pitcher, defaulters at musters in co. Cambridge. [Ibid. 2 lines.]
Jan. 9.
Order of Archbishop Laud, the Lord Keeper, Lord Treasurer, Lord Privy Seal, and Lord Cottington, referees. Upon hearing Sir Robert Carr and his lady and their counsel, it was ordered that there be a covenant entered into the assurance to be drawn up for settling a yearly maintenance for the said lady and her children, that if Sir Robert shall see cause to remove any of his children from his lady, for education, there shall be out of the 1,000l. per annum allowed by him for maintenance of his lady and children an abatement of 100l. per annum for the education of every child that Sir Robert shall so remove, unless good cause be shown by his lady to the Lords. [Ibid. ⅓ p.]
Jan. 9. 47. Minute of warrant from the Council to Simon Wilmot to bring before the Lords Thomas Tyrer, of the Halfshire hundred, and John Jakeman, of Pendock, co. Worcester. [7 lines.]
Jan. 9. Similar minute of warrant to Thomas Welch to bring Thomas Wood, now or late constable of the lowy of Tunbridge, — Joade, constable of East Malling, Joseph Cock, one of the collectors of the hundred of Blackheath, Robert Petty, and Charles Sandford, now or late constables of Codsheath, Kent. [Written on the same paper as the preceding. 5 lines.]
Jan. 9. The like to Nicholas Goldsborough to bring John Burrell, late constable of the hundred of Bircholt, with the now or late constables of Ashford and the hundreds of Chart, Longbridge, and Marden, and Edmund Thomas, constable of the hundred of Westerham, Kent. [Ibid. ¼ p.]
Jan. 9. The like of a close warrant to Mr. Peare, Recorder of Romsey. [Ibid. 2 lines.]
Jan. 9. The like to Mr. Barkham and William Duckeren, his servant. [Ibid. 2 lines.]
Jan. 9. 48. Minute of the appearance before the Council of Richard Knighton, of Artleborough [Irthlingborough], co. Northampton. He is to remain in the messenger's custody. [4 lines.]
Jan. 9. 49. The like of a pass from the Council for William Rande, late master of the Unity, taken by the French King's subjects, and Peter Geldie, to repair into France to solicit the restitution of the said ship and goods. [½ p.]
Jan. 9. 50. Bishop Wren, of Ely, to the Council. Report on the case of Edward Powell alias Anderson, prisoner in Newgate. Powell was apprehended on the 5th June 1638, upon the riot then committed by an assembly of 200 persons, which they termed Anderson's Camp, but is not imprisoned on that account, but for other misdemeanours and foul speeches before and at the time of his apprehension. Since his imprisonment in Newgate he has written divers letters into the country, whereof two are annexed, by which it appears that he was a mover and abettor of the riot, though, perhaps, not present at it. When his Majesty was at Newmarket in Lent last, Powell gave the crier of Ely 2d. to make proclamation through Ely that all that would should meet the next morning to go to the King with a petition about their fens, for the losing of the fens would be the losing of their livelihoods. Upon notice thereof Mr. John Goodrick, one of the justices of peace, called Powell before him, who denied that he caused the crier to make such proclamation, and said, "If I deny it, the crier's evidence, being but one man, is no evidence, and if I confess it, what harm ? For what was he [Mr. Goodrick] and the rest of the justices? They were but bishop's justices, and not the King's." The next day, about five in the morning, Mr. Goodrick went into the market-place, and there found about 60 persons, with cudgels in their hands, and Powell with them. Mr. Goodrick asked him what he did there. He asked Mr. Goodrick if it were not lawful to be in the King's market-place, and so went to his company. Mr. Goodrick required the company to be gone, whereupon Powell, standing at the head of them, before Mr. Goodrick, with a great cudgel in his hand, said, "I was yesterday in your hands, and heard what you would say; now you shall hear what I have to say. I will complain of you to the King, for the King, my master, bade me tell him of any that hinder me in my petitioning of him, and you now hinder me, and the King shall know it. Cannot you keep [at] home and take no notice of what we do?" Among the poor people he hears and reports himself as one having ordinary access and speech with the King. They are told that the King at Newmarket leaned on his shoulder, and wept when he heard his relation. One of his letters says also that they may wonder he is so long in prison after the King's coming to London. The statements in his examination, calendared in our last Volume, p. 504, are also here repeated, and it is added that he said to Mr. March, one of the justices of peace for the Isle of Ely, that if the King did not grant their petition it would cause a great deal of blood to be spilt, and when Mr. March came to give evidence of this speech, Powell called out to him openly, " Mr. March, before you take your oath, answer me to this: were you never forsworn in all your life?" These are the misdemeanours for which he was fined (200l.) and imprisoned, and lies in execution for the same. Since his removal from the prison at Ely to Newgate the poor people are very quiet and in good order. [1¾ p.] Annexed,
50. i. Edward Powell "to his worthye and much esteemed and assured good friend Mr. Hitch, preacher and deliverer of the divine misteries in the cittie of Ely." Such is the direction, but the letter is addressed "Loving friends and good neighbours of the city of Ely and others." You may think it strange that I am this long detained in prison. The truth is, that I might forthwith have been delivered after the King's coming to London, had I not regarded your welfare more than mine, for the only cause of my detention is that I will not give up your names, to be fined and imprisoned as I am, although I am daily urged thereunto, fair offers and large promises being annexed thereunto; that not prevailing, then threatening language, terrible speech, with protestation of perpetual imprisonment is vowed unto me. But neither these large promises, threatenings, or mine own misery (although greater cannot be, as well in body as mind) could as yet move or shake my fidelity to you, and although I should endure all the miseries in the world, yet would I never be enforced thereunto, may I be dealt withal accordingly by you. The truth is, I can be freed for a matter of 20l., which, underhand, must be given to such as are both able and willing to procure the same, which sum I am a humble suitor to you all to collect amongst you, otherwise my condition is so lamentable, as my aged mother in great want, my harmless children much distressed, both my wife and self bitterly ruinated, besides the loathsome gaol, in which we are accompanied with noisome stinks, cold, lowsy lodging, and almost all other miseries. I am amongst a labyrinth of grievous afflictions, which I cannot possibly longer endure, so that I must be constrained to give up your names if we cannot be relieved by you. But I am confident that you will either perform my request (which is a small matter amongst you all), or otherwise allow us a weekly maintenance that we may not utterly perish. P.S.— Wishes Mr. Hitch to read this letter, first to the inhabitants of Trinity parish, and then send it to St. Mary's. [1 p.]
50. ii. The same (but not in the same handwriting) to the same. Is not able to "concesse" any longer, but only for their answer to his last letter. Is "salesed daily by my very good friends" [originally written "by my Lord of Bedford"] to reveal all their names. Will forbear but till the next return of the waggoner. Newgate, London, 29th November 1638. [¾ p.]
Jan. 9. Commissioners for Gunpowder to Montjoy Earl of Newport. To deliver one last of gunpowder at 18d. per pound to Godwyn Awdry, of Melksham, for replenishing the magazines in Wilts, Somerset, Dorset, Gloucester, and Hants. [Minute. See Vol. ccclv., No. 61, p. 8. ¼ p.]
Jan. 9.
51. Sir James Douglas to Sec. Windebank. Please receive an index of all the acts of assembly holden at Glasgow; except this one, I know not any publicly at large. These factious people are very busy distributing pikes and muskets amongst their tenants and servants. For the Merse and Teviotdale, all the tenants are very unwilling to receive any, much less to pay for them, repining to pay dear rents and buy armour, and dare not to say if his Majesty proclaim them easy of the rent they will serve the King. Thus for the borders; I think elsewhere the same discourse goes. Assure yourself the actors in this, their estates are not such as can maintain much war, if there be any kind of debarring them from taking from neighbours, who I hope will be unwilling to part from their own. Some time ago the Bishop of Gal[lo]way sent to a friend here to take a house for him against the 4th inst. Some Puritans hearing of it, supposed he would present himself to their communion on Sunday the 6th, murmuring they would seclude him if so were, he being excommunicate by the assembly. Hearing of it, I sent to speak with Master Dourie, requiring what he would do if such accident befell, [and] withal told him he was not ignorant of the unlawfulness of the assembly. He replied he would not debar him. The bishop did present himself to their communion, coming here upon the Friday. The second minister, one Master Bennet, went to Master Dourie, demanded what he intended, for he perceived the bishop, who was excommunicate, intended to communicate with them. The other replied he acknowledged no lawful excommunication, so went on. If our Scots people had received advertisement that upon their excommunication the bishop had been debarred within England, it would have given them occasion to insult, and there is some forty in this town disappointed in this. Do not take it amiss that I importune you with the question I have with the town of Berwick, for the grounds they withhold from me unjustly. In place of answering his Majesty's letter they have made an unjust petition, whereof please you to receive the double. In respect they make a common practice in their oppressions to put every one here to suits in law, thinking the party will rather quit a part of his right before he undergoes the charges that he must do before he recover remedy, my petition to his Majesty is, that he will give them to understand that they should sue me and put me from it by the due course of law. I am in possession, and all enjoyed these lands before me as their introduction to this claim fell to them being tenants to the Earl of Suffolk. At the present the town has not a beast going there except my tenants'. [3 pp.] Enclosed,
51. i. An index of the principal Acts of the Assembly at Glasgow, held in November 1638, with copy of the sentence of deprivation and excommunication against John Spottiswood, pretended Archbishop of St. Andrew's, and five others of the Scottish bishops, also notes of similar sentences against six others of them. [2 pp.]
Jan. 9.
52. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure that Lord Treasurer Juxon and Lord Cottington consider again the business which was referred to them upon the petition of Viscount Rochford, and inform his Majesty what, upon hearing both parts, they conceive to be just. [¼ p.] Underwritten,
52. i. Lord Treasurer Juxon and Francis Lord Cottington to the King. In November last we made your Majesty a true state of this business, and how Mr. Howson had put an information in the Exchequer to prove that the hamlets of Clifton and Braithwell were no parcels of the manor of Conisborough, co. York, granted to the Earl of Dover's father; and how Viscount Rochford (who pretended the same included in the former grant) had notwithstanding submitted his tithe to composition. Upon the above reference we again called both parties before us, and then Lord Rochford desired to compound, and Mr. Howson seemed not to withstand it, but until we receive your Majesty's pleasure we would make no further proceedings in it. 19th January 1638[–9]. [⅓ p.]
Jan. 9. Petition of Robert Wilks to Henry Earl of Holland. Petitioner was presented by the regard of Battle's bailiwick, the 18th September 1637, for felling upon his copyhold lands in Warfield, in the forest of Windsor, twenty elms, worth 3s. a piece, contrary to the laws of the Forest, surrendered and estated on him by Humphry Weston, who had a licence for him and his assigns from his Lordship for felling the said trees, by warrant dated 20th April 1636. Petitioner prays that he may have the fine taken off. [Copy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 43. 1 p.] Underwritten,
i. Affidavit of petitioner Robert Wilks. The twenty elms in the above petition mentioned were standing upon lands lately purchased by him of Humphrey Weston, and for felling which elms Weston had a licence, 9th January 1638[–9]. [Ibid. ⅓ p.]
ii. Answer of Lord Holland. Direction to Mr. Keeling that petitioner should be discharged of his fine upon producing the licence above mentioned. [Ibid. 3 lines.]
Jan. 10. Grant to Archbishop Laud, Lord Keeper Coventry, Lord Treasurer Juxon, and others, to be his Majesty's commissioners for laying out proportions of ground and for compounding with the occupiers and owners thereof, for the aqueduct undertaken by Sir Edward Stradling, Sir Walter Roberts, and William Newce, to be brought from springs near Hoddesdon to London and Westminster, by a vault of brick or stone; and for earth for making brick, and for ways for workmen, carts and carriages, to and from the same, and to certify such as shall be found refractory or impugners of the work. [Docquet.]
Jan. 10. Grant of an almsroom in the cathedral of Worcester to Nathaniel Giles, the same being void by the expulsion of Thomas Jones. [Docquet.]
Jan. 10. Presentation of Jeremy Nelson, clerk, M.A., to the rectory of Ingoldsby, co. Lincoln. [Docquet.]
Jan. 10.
Manor at York.
53. Sir Arthur Ingram, Sir William Savile, Sir John Hotham, Sir Edward Osborne, and 17 others, deputy lieutenants and colonels of co. York, to the King. Having considered divers propositions made unto us by Sir Jacob Astley, sergeant-major general of the field, and Colonel Sir Thomas Morton, conducing to the defence of the kingdom, and more particularly of these northern parts, we profess that, in case your Majesty shall find cause to command our service, we in our own persons, together with the trained bands of this county, being double of our ancient number, will be ready to march with the arms charged upon us to such place of rendezvous as you shall assign, there to enter into pay according to your Majesty's instructions to Sir Jacob Astley. Nevertheless we beseech your Majesty to consider in what state our country, fortunes, wives, and children will be then left, when those forces shall be drawn from us, which, as we conceive, are, and always have been, settled amongst us for our defence at home, and for anything that we have ever heard or can find to the contrary, even in times of greatest hostility, were never all at once employed out of our county, nor can we but expect many disorders from forces raised out of other parts for securing ours during our absence, as may appear by experience of some former times. All which we submit to your wisdom, being confident that as your most vigilant eye of providence ever watches over all your kingdoms, so you will take us and our country into consideration. [Endorsed by the King, "A letter from the Deputie Lieutenant of Yorkeshire," to which Windebank has added, "delivered to me by his Majesty, 16th January, in Council." 1 p.]
Jan. 10. Henry Earl of Holland to John Keeling. I have been informed of some circumstances which induce me to reduce a fine mentioned in an extract from a swainmote roll here quoted to 13s. 4d. [Copy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 45. 4 lines.] Written above this direction,
i. Extract from a roll of a swainmote held 27th September, 14th Car. I., [1638]. The jurors found that Sir Anthony Thomas, of Chobham, had cut down and sold 20 oaks lately growing upon a piece of land called Inholmes, near Valley Wood, within the perambulation of Windlesham and the bailiwick and forest of Windsor, of the value of 40s., without view of the forester. [Copy. Latin. Ibid. p. 44. ½ p.]
Jan. 10.
54. Sir Thomas Wise, late sheriff of co. Devon, to Nicholas. I demanded a warrant of assistance to be given to the head constable of every hundred, and the petty constables of each parish, to collect money in arrear, which the now sheriff imagined that he could not grant, and therefore I am disabled to collect the arrearages so speedily as to pay the same at the beginning of next term, which I beseech you to express to the Lords, as also to desire them to give new orders and afford me further time, otherwise I will not fail (according to their commands) to wait on them the 3rd February, concerning which I entreat your endeavour that I may save such a journey, and gain freedom to speed this employment. There is about 600l. due from the corporations. I will be earnest with the mayors. Some money being in constables' and collectors' hands, I have employed my under-sheriff to call upon them, and in case of delay I shall certify their names and beg the Lords' assistance. I have desired George Buller to attend you herein. [Seal with crest. 1½ p.]
Jan. 10.
55. Lord George Digby to [Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh]. My brother going to London to tender his service to my Lord of Northumberland, I thought fit to accompany him with mine to you; so unuseful a creature as I am cannot but need a reviving in your memory. The bearer will assure you how ambitious I am of a place there, and in return I must do him the like in letting you know the great desire he has to be owned for a friend and a servant of yours. If you allow of the relation, both he and I have obtained one of our chiefest pretensions. I send you here a catalogue of such Spanish books as are thought the best by one well versed in the several authors of that language. Many of them I think to be pamphlets, but you may range them among your volumes of "Balletts." At least they will let you see my care to obey your commands even in trifles. [1 p.]
Jan. 10. 56. Modern copy of the same, in the handwriting of Mr. Thomas Crotton Croker. [1 p.]
Jan. 10. 57. List of an addition of 39 horse for the trained bands of Devon, imposed this day at Exeter. The names of the persons upon whom this addition was imposed in every hundred are stated. [1 p.]
Jan. 11.
Proclamation for fixing the price of the several kinds of wine then in use. For one year next following Canary wines and "Allegants" were to be sold in gross at 19l. the pipe, Muscadels in gross at 19l. the butt, and at 14d. the quart by retail, Sacks and "Mallagoes" at 17l. the butt in gross, and at 12d. the quart by retail, the best Gascoigne and French wines at 19l. the tun, and the Rochelle wines and other small and thin wines at 16l. the tun in gross, and at 7d. the quart by retail. [Imperfect. See Coll. Procs., Car. I., No. 220. 1 p.]
Jan. 11. Grant of the office of Treasurer of the Navy to Sir William Russell and Henry Vane, Esquire, with all such fees as Sir William Russell had by a former patent, which he has now surrendered; which fees are to be paid out of the Treasury of the Navy by retainer in their own hands out of the moneys there remaining, and in default of moneys there, they are to be paid out of the Exchequer. [Docquet.]
Jan. 11.
58. The King to Bishop Morton, of Durham. We are informed that the late Dean of Durham has suffered both his houses, especially that in the country (from which by reason of infirmity he had been absent many years), to fall into great decay, and that he is dead, of a mean estate and in debt, so that we have cause to doubt his successor will hardly get satisfaction for those great dilapidations. We are further informed that the Dean, by the custom of that church, is to have the profits of his place for a year after his death, which is to go to his executors, who if the estate be so mean will hardly be brought, if they once get the money into their hands, to pay back any sufficient part towards the aforesaid dilapidations. We require the sub-dean and the prebends to lay up that money, and not to pay any part thereof till we have named a successor, and he shall have taken order to secure the dilapidations. [Copy. ¾ p.]
Jan. 11. Docquet of the same.
Jan. 11. 59. The King to the Lieutenants and Deputy Lieutenants of cos. York, Lancaster, Chester, Stafford, Leicester, Derby, Rutland, Lincoln, Nottingham, Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmoreland, Durham, and of the cos. and towns of Hull and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and to Sir Jacob Astley. We are called upon by an extraordinary occasion to prepare the forces and places of strength of our kingdom, to prevent such disorders as may otherwise fall upon the same, if we should be taken unprovided. Having lately given directions for mustering the trained bands in all our counties, we have thought good, for better performance of that service, to send Sir Jacob Astley, whom we appoint sergeant-major general of the field, and whose advice our pleasure is that you observe for arming, training, and exercising the troops of your cos. and give credit to him in such things as he hath in charge. And in case of any sudden invasion, we further authorize Sir Jacob Astley to raise forces and draw them together, and to dispose them as occasions shall require; wherein as we intend nothing but the safety of our subjects, so we expect that Sir Jacob Astley, and those who are employed herein, shall receive encouragement by the cheerful observance that shall be given them, and we charge all justices of peace, and all our officers and subjects, that to the said Sir Jacob Astley they be assistant and obedient in all things. [Copy of the signed bill for the said commission. =6 pp.]
Jan. 11. Another copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 54. =3 pp.]
Jan. 11. Petition of Leonard Welsted, son of Leonard Welsted, deceased, late comptroller of his Majesty's office for gold and silver wire, to the King. Petitioner's father having lately petitioned his Majesty to grant the place of comptroller of the said office to him, with the fee of 80l. per annum, his Majesty referred the said petition to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington, to certify their opinions who have therein fulfilled his Majesty's pleasure, as by the said petition and certificate may more at large appear. In regard petitioner has been trained up in the said place of comptroller, he prays a grant of the said office with the fee of 80l. per annum, and that the Attorney-General may prepare a bill accordingly. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 25. ½ p.] Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Lord Treasurer, Lord Cottington, and Mr. Attorney-General, to certify whether they hold the petitioner fit for this office. Whitehall, 11th January 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid. ¼ p.]
ii. Report of the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington. In their late report, in the lifetime of petitioner's father, they gave account how necessary this office was, and that they conceived the 80l. per annum was to be paid by the sealers, and not by his Majesty. Of this opinion they still continue. They conceive petitioner very fit to succeed his father. 19th January 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid., p. 26. ¼ p.]
iii. Reference to the Attorney-General to prepare a bill in accordance with the above report. Whitehall, — January 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid. ¼ p.]
Jan. 11.
60. The Council to the Justices of Assize for Dorset. At the suit of Thomas Devonish, late keeper of the gaol of Dorchester, we by letter of 9th December required you to hear the difference between him and W. Lawrence before the beginning of next term. Forasmuch as Lawrence has by petition alleged that you, according to our direction in September last, had appointed to hear the same at the next assizes, and that many of the chief of the county being interested therein, it would be a great charge to bring fifty or sixty of them up hither, we require you to proceed in that business at the next assizes, as directed by our letter of the 24th September last. [Draft. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 11. 61. The same to William Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant of co. Derby. We received your letter of the 1st inst. with an account of your performance of the direction of this Board touching the musters in that county. We express to you our thanks for your particular pains and care in a business so much importing the service of his Majesty and kingdom; and as we have held it requisite to signify thus much to you, for your encouragement at your entrance into that charge, so we shall not fail to acquaint his Majesty therewith. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 11. 62. Order of Council. Having on 9th inst. heard the Viscountess Falkland's counsel touching her complaint against Philip Burlamachi, as to moneys claimed to be due to her from Burlamachi, and likewise a certificate made by two of the clerks of the council in that business, the Lords then appointed Mr. Binion, whom the said Lady challenged to have dealt very hardly with her touching the taking of 1,000l. for 500l. principal, to attend this day to answer the same. Forasmuch as there was nothing made appear against Burlamachi worthy the Lords' further trouble, nor against Mr. Binion, who affirmed that he was 200l. or 300l. a loser by Viscount Falkland, notwithstanding he received the said 1,000l., it was ordered that the said business should be dismissed, and that the Board be no further troubled thereby. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 11. 63. Minute of a pass from the Council for William Crofts, her Majesty's servant, to repair into France with four servants. [½ p.]
Jan. 11. Minute of a warrant to Edward Stockdell, messenger, to bring up Edward Alpe, of Framlingham, Robert Artue, of Che[di]ston, Arthur Jenny, of Knatshall [Knettishall ?], Thomas Golding, of Dorshall [Darsham], and — Jackson, of St. Peters, returned as defaulters at musters in Suffolk. [Written on the same paper as the above. ¼ p.]
Jan. 11. Similar minute of warrant to William Faldoe, messenger, to bring up Thomas Carver, of Stratbrooke [Stradbroke], Thomas Browning, of Freshingfeild [Fressingfield], John Pennington, of Wilby, Richard Ward, of Metfield, William Dusgate, of Eye, and Henry Starling, of Occold. [Ibid. 4 lines.]
Jan. 11. The like to James Naylor, messenger, for Sir John Prescot, of Hon[ing]ton, Sir Thurstane Smith, Lady Ford, of Butley, William Hurrell, of Bruisyard, returned defaulters at musters in Suffolk. [Ibid. 4 lines.]
Jan. 11. The like to [William] Brookes, messenger, for Roger Trosse, clerk, returned for default of arms for his temporal living in Knowstone, Devon. [Ibid. 4 lines.]
Jan. 11.
64. William Heles, Mayor of Plymouth, to the Council. I have received your letter of the 8th inst., and notice that you desire to pay the money due to the soldiers of the fort and the island of St. Nicholas for one half year to "Chriestyde" last. I have spoken with Mr. Gay, and enclose the account for the said half-year, being 234l. 13s. 4d.; this they say was their promise made them by Sir James Bagg, their late governor, which sum if you will pay to John Hayes, secretary to Lord Goring, and receive his note payable to me here by Nicholas Opye, I will give them payment accordingly. [¾ p.]
64. i. Account above alluded to, similar to that enclosed in letter of Thomas Gay of the 4th inst., save that the amounts are stated at 8d. per diem instead of 12l. per annum, and the mistake in the case of Athanasius Reepe is rectified. [1 p.]
Jan. 11.
York, 12 o'clock at night.
65. Sir Jacob Astley to Sec. Windebank. The 5th he went to Lord Clifford, and the 6th to Hull, where he stayed the 7th and 8th. Two ships were there, newly arrived out of the Netherlands with arms. The particulars of them he has sent, those he received from Quarles, to Mr. Comptroller, and since he hears there is another shiplading of arms arrived there. Hull is situate so as to be made very strong. Explains what Capt. Legge and himself think necessary to be done for that purpose. By the Humber it can be relieved out of Lincolnshire with all provisions, without hindrance. A thousand men are sufficient to maintain the place against any siege. There are 240 men of the trained bands in the town belonging to the Lord Deputy's regiment, and the town has always artificers and sailors, 200 men, that may be armed from the King's stores. Two companies also may be called in from the regiments that lie in Holderness, and two others from Sir John Hotham's regiment that lies about Beverley. The people are inclinable to do all things for his Majesty's service, being now making the gates, and intend when the weather serves to cleanse the ditch of the town. In time of need Capt. Legge would make a fit governor. He is of good judgment, quick and industrious, and stands in good opinion of the mayor and inhabitants, but Sir John Hotham would fain be governor. By guessing, I suppose that 1,500l. would well fortify this town. The town complains of poverty and hinderances, envying the country about them which makes great gains by trading to and from their port. They show a way to cess a groat or 3d. upon every ton of goods that is laden in and out from their port. The 9th from Hull he went to see a horse company trained, being Capt. Butler's. The men and horse very good, but arms wanting. Suggests the sending 60 arms for cuirassiers to Hull. There are four gunsmiths at Hull; one of them makes very good fire-locks. The 10th and 11th Sir Thomas Morton and the writer were very earnest with the Deputy Lieutenants and Colonels at York that their trained bands might be better armed, provided with officers, and exercised to the use of their arms, also their regiments supplied with trumpets and drummers, all which they promised, and fixed the 6th and 16th March for Sir Thomas Morton and the writer to view them. In the Assembly Sir Jacob was two days before he could get all the Deputy Lieutenants that are Colonels to declare absolutely their willingness to march to any rendezvous that his Majesty should appoint them. They stood upon such points as that their country was charged with a double number of men, that their families, by their removal out of their own country, were left to casualties, and other suppositions. In the end they all protested their willing endeavours, and a letter to his Majesty to that effect is signed by them all. No trained bands established in Northumberland. The ordering belongs to the Earl Marshal, the Lord Admiral, the Earls of Clifford and Cumberland, and Lord Maltravers. They should send orders to their Deputy Lieutenants. Lord Clifford has given Sir Jacob a letter to Sir John Fenwick, one of the Deputy Lieutenants, a very able man. Colonel Trafford is come to the writer, who intends to take him along with him. There is but 300l. received for arms at Hull, and Mr. Pinckney is to have 100l. of it, to make post-waggons or other things committed to him. [3½ pp.]
Jan. 11.
66. Sir Thomas Morton to Sec. Windebank. He has employed Capt. Thelwell for Lancashire and Cheshire, and Capt. Waytes for Westmorland and Cumberland. Repeats much of the information already calendared in Sir Jacob Astley's letters, respecting the inspection of the Yorkshire troops and the general meeting of the Deputy Lieutenants. Among the things debated in that meeting was the advancing the numbers of the trained bands from 1,000 to 1,500, of which, although it had been pressed, he conceived little likelihood of effecting it. Because Sir Jacob and himself had heard that the train-bands would not march out of their own counties, being for their defence, and such like idle prating, they thought good to put the question in this assembly, and found upon it many various minds and divers niceties, which being "refelled," in conclusion it was agreed that they would refer all to his Majesty, and serve him where and whensoever he pleased to command them. The writer is persuaded that their hearts go along with their words, and they have agreed to confirm it by a letter to his Majesty. The writer purposes to-morrow to take his journey into the bishoprick of Durham. Has written to the Bishop and the sheriff, Sir William Bellasis, and finds from both that there is a want of arms, from the same reason with the counties here, that they cannot get them for money, nor repair them when needful. Enlarges upon the arms sent to Newcastle, especially on there being no corslets but such as are without tasses. As for horsemen's arms there is great want, in regard that his Majesty has ordered that they being cuirassiers should be turned into light horse. He has treated with Capt. Legge about arms for these light horse, which Legge has at Hull, but has order not to issue any without special warrant. Beseeches that an order be given to him to send such arms to Newcastle. [2 pp.]
Jan. 11.
Manor at York.
67. Sir William Savile and 14 others, Deputy Lieutenants of co. York, to Sec. Coke. We were this day made acquainted with a letter sent from you concerning a former letter of ours addressed to the Council, for abating the price of powder to this county. We give you thanks for your care of us, in regard you think some passages in our said letter might be ill taken, which we can no otherwise interpret than done out of good affection to us all. But for the business itself, we wrote it as we conceive upon good and just grounds, and the expressions such as discover nothing but the truth and disability of our county to support that charge, there being not any day of training our 12,000 foot, besides horse, but stands the county in near 1,000l. We therefore request that our letter may be presented to the Lords, who we doubt not will take an honourable consideration both of our charge and the inconvenience that may happen to his Majesty's service thereby. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 11.
68. Henry Lord Clifford to Sec. Windebank. Your letter came to my hands the 6th inst., and that very night, before I slept, I wrote to Sir Philip Musgrave and Sir George Dalston, justices of peace in Westmorland, to send for the witnesses and take their examinations upon oath. All of them dwell in that county, and not above a dozen miles from their habitations, and they are very busy about their muster and training, yet to lose no time I have written likewise to Mancer, my father's under-sheriff, to attend their time and pleasure therein. They are so remote as I fear their answers will be something long in coming, in regard they are out of the road, and far from any post, yet I have furnished them with such instructions as I make no doubt the business will be exactly performed. I have largely related the business of those northern parts at this time to my Lord Marshal. Sir Jacob Astley and Sir Thomas Morton have been with me this week, who have kept my hand and head busily employed in writing despatches into those northern shires, which I hope I have done to their liking. [1¾ p.]
Jan. 11. 69. Petition of Frances, wife of Robert Solloway, to Sir John Lambe. There is a suit commenced against petitioner by Joseph Abraham and Mary Ferrett (widow, as she says,) for certain pretended words of defamation, and petitioner and her husband being very miserably poor, having nothing but what they get by hard labour, are not able to contend in law. Prays to be admitted to answer in forma pauperis, or else to put the complainants to their purgation by their neighbours, and further as in justice you shall think fit. [½ p.] Underwritten,
69. i. Certificate of rector, churchwardens, and five others of St. Ethelburga, London, that petitioner and her husband are very poor, and during the time they have lived in the said parish have behaved themselves honestly and justly. 11th January 1638[–9]. [1 p.]
Jan. 11. 70. Affidavit of Thomas Ashfield. In July or August last, presently after the death of Dame Elizabeth Darell, deponent, being in the dwelling house of the deceased lady at Hunterscombe, co. Buckingham, and at the earnest desire of the said lady on her death-bed, having promised to have a care of her children's welfare, he finding a practice on foot to steal away Mary Darell, her second daughter, then being in the house with deponent's wife, deponent examined the truth thereof, which the said [Mary] Darell confessed, and thereupon deponent advised her to be wary how she wronged herself in such a way, and told her that if she had a mind to settle herself with any other friend for her good, he would send her to such friend in a coach, and with fitting attendants. Further, that at Lady Darell's funeral deponent offered Ann Darell, the said lady's eldest daughter, that if she would undertake the keeping of the house and the care of her younger brothers and sisters, he would procure her mother's executor to let her have the house, furnished with provisions, for doing thereof, which she refused. Deponent never denied any of the friends of the said Mary Darell to have access to her save once, which arose thus: Mrs. Clarke, half-sister of Lady Darell, having drawn Mary Darell to go abroad almost a whole day without the licence of deponent or his wife, and being a person against whose carriage and behaviour Christopher Hampden, deceased, Lady Darell's father, the said Lady, and Sir John Sedley, deceased, had declared themselves, the next day after Mary Darell's being so abroad, Lady Sedley and Ann Darell coming to deponent's house to Mary Darell, deponent believing that Mrs. Clarke was with them, refused to admit them. [1½ p.]
Jan. 11. 71. Affidavit of Matthew Pilcher, of St. Clement Danes, linendraper. Thomas Ashfield has upon the Sabbath day brought Mary Darell in a coach to deponent's house, accompanied with others, and has importuned deponent to go with her to St. Clement's church to prayer and sermon, and to provide her a pew, which he has performed. Last Sunday, Mary Darell came in Mr. Ashfield's coach to deponent's house, and at her desire he went with her to St. Clement's church to prayer and sermon, and also to the sacrament of the Lord's supper. [½ p.]
Jan. 12.
72. Jo[hn] Goodrick to Mr. [Thomas] Livingstone, at his house in the Strand, at the sign of the Crown. I am not ignorant that you make profession of arms, as well as of other arts, which moves me, being likewise myself entered into the same list, to desire your opinion in the choice and price of a compleat armour for a captain of a foot company. This is my request to you as you are a soldier, and for the fitting them to my body, none can do it better than yourself. As for the other things which my mother mentioned in her letter to you, I leave the ordering of them to your own discretion, which cannot err in making them handsome and fashionable. Yet thus far let me advise you, that as you tender the honour of your military profession, you send them down against the 12th February next, and together with them the price of the arms. [Endorsed by Robert Reade, Sec. Windebank's secretary. 1 p.]
Jan. 12. 73. Edward Cressett to his brother—. Asks his sister various medical questions. Wishes to know the particulars of the sum paid for my Lord's coat, stockings, and cap. Conceives there was more money laid out for buttons, silk, and "love lace" than the writer gave Tom. [Endorsed by Robert Reade, Sec. Windebank's secretary. 1 p.]
Jan. 12. 74. Edward Fenn to Nicholas. Since the last certificate of the 5th inst. there has been received of the country money but 260l., viz., of the late sheriff of co. Hereford 200l.; the like of co. Worcester, 60l. [⅓ p.]
Jan. 12. 75. Certificate of Lawrence Whitaker, justice of peace for Middlesex, that Ralph Coningsby had taken the oath of allegiance before him. [¼ p.]
Jan. 12. 76. Reasons presented by the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Company of Coopers against the transportation of hoops. 1. If any quantity be exported, brewers and coopers would not subsist. 2. Hoops are dearer by half than they were seven years ago, by reason of cutting down wood so fast about this city, and making many hop-poles. 3. His Majesty's service will be prejudiced if hoops be exported, and the prices of them be very much increased. 4. If licence be granted for exportation of small quantities of hoops, pipestaves, or clapboards, as much more will be sent over. 5. There has not arrived in the Thames three ships with pipe-staves out of Ireland this year, whereas at least 20 ships have been laden thence into Spain, which causes great increase of price. [Signed by ten persons. 1 p.]
Jan. 13. 77. Minute of a pass by the Council for Ralph Coningsby to travel into parts beyond seas. [¼ p.]
Jan. 14. Warrant to pass the Privy Seal appointing Sir Robert Pointz, K.B., and Edward Rudge, alderman of London, for the just carriage and managing of the lottery authorized by the King for the use of the aqueduct undertaken by Sir Edward Stradling, Sir Walter Roberts, and others. [Docquet.]
Jan. 14. Warrant to pay Sir Richard Wynn, treasurer to the Queen, 475l. 15s. 6d., for provision of a barge for her Majesty. [Docquet.]
Jan. 14. Petition of Emanuel Langford to the King. Being a late defendant in the Star Chamber at the suit of Henry Carey and others, petitioner was, in Michaelmas term 1637, sentenced to pay a fine, which is installed in the Exchequer, and the first payment thereof paid, and 100l. costs was also taxed to be paid, which petitioner has paid; petitioner was also then sentenced to stand upon the pillory at the next assizes at Launceston, which plaintiffs then waived, but last Michaelmas term they moved the Court to have the said corporal punishment the next Lent Assizes, which was ordered accordingly. In respect petitioner is a gentleman of an ancient family, and is near fourscore years of age, and a sickly man, he prays your Majesty, for his innocent posterity's sake, to pardon that part of the sentence. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 21. ½ p.] Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Attorney-General to prepare a bill granting petitioner his desire. [Copy. Ibid., 4 lines.]
Jan. 14. Petition of Giles Rawlins, his Majesty's servant, to the same. The manor of Langton, co. Lincoln, worth per annum 4l. 16s. 11d., was leased to William Harrison about the 5th year of King James, in which lease there is about nine years unexpired, which manor is not worth above 50l. per annum, over and above the rent paid to your Majesty. There belong to the said manor commons, which are now enjoyed by strangers, out of which there may some improvement be raised to your Majesty with charge and pains. Petitioner prays a lease of the said manor for 31 years in reversion of the present estate, under the rent now paid for the same, as also to grant petitioner a lease for 31 years of such improvements as shall be made at his charge out of the said commons under the rent of 6d. per acre. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 54. ½ p.] Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington to certify their opinions, with the value of the manor desired. Whitehall, 14th January 1638-9. [Copy. Ibid., p. 55 ¼ p.]
ii. Reference by the Lord Treasurer to Mr. Surveyor-General to certify the value of the lands petitioned for, and what else he thinks fit. London House, 5th February1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid. 1/6 p.]
iii. Sir Charles Harbord, the Surveyor-General, to Lord Treasurer Juxon. The manor of Langton, above-mentioned, is worth 80l. per annum above the rent. A lease of 21 years in reversion is worth 320l., and a lease of 31 years is worth 480l. In any new lease it will be fit to reserve the present rent of 42l. 16s. 11¼d., and 30s. more. 7th March 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid. ½ p.]
iv. Report of Lord Treasurer Juxon and Lord Cottington. Can advise no more, but that the fine of 480l. be paid before the new grant pass the seals. 14th March 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid. ¼ p.]
v. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure to grant the solicited lease at the old rent, with 30s. de incremento, with power to improve the wastes at 6d. the acre rent, and Mr. AttorneyGeneral is to prepare a bill accordingly. Whitehall, 23rd March 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid., p. 56. ¼ p.]
Jan. 14.
78. Order of the Committee of the Council of War. The Lords, upon conference with some of the corporation of gunmakers touching the prices of muskets, understanding by them that the Lord Deputy of Ireland has lately given them for 1,000 muskets after the rate of 16s. 6d. for every musket furnished, ordered that the Master and Officers of the Ordnance should treat with the gunmakers concerning a proportion of muskets for the same price, if they may not be drawn to a lower. The Officers of the Ordnance are in like manner to treat with the armourers, bandoleer-makers, and pike-makers of London, and to see at what rates they will serve his Majesty with a proportion of good and sufficient arms, both for horse and foot, as also with pikes and bandoleers, and to certify the same to the Council. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 14. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 57.p.]
Jan. 14. Similar order. That some of the principal saddlers of London attend the Earl of Essex, who is to treat with them touching the furnishing a proportion of good saddles with bits, straps, and other appurtenances, according to a pattern brought out of the Low Countries, which was sent to the Earl by Mr. Comptroller, and to know at what prices they will furnish the same, and how many a month, whereof the Earl is to make certificate. [Written on No. 78. Draft. ½ p.]
Jan. 14. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 58. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 14.
79. The Council to Archbishop Laud. The Deputy Lieutenants of Devon have returned a certificate to the Earl of Bedford, Lord Lieutenant of that county, and his Lordship to the Board, of divers defaulters in arms in the said county, and among others, Mr. Pyne, clerk of Beerferris, Mr. Burnall, parson of High Bickington, Mr. Strode, of Dittisham, and the parsons of Woulsworthe [Woolfardisworthy], Puddington, Washford, East Buckland, Bondleigh, Clanaborough, and Bittadon, for their spiritual livings, which ill example may prove very prejudicial to the service. We pray you to send to the Bishop of the diocese to call the parties before him, and give direction to them to conform themselves, and forthwith provide such arms as by the Bishop shall be set upon them; which if they refuse to do after notice, then to require them to give their personal attendance upon the Board some day in Easter term next. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 14. 80. Minute of a pass from the Council for Fulke Grevill, son of Sir Fulke Grevill, and James Forbes, his tutor, to travel into foreign parts for three years, with one servant. [½ p.]
Jan. 14. 81. The like for Thomas Shelton to go into the Low Countries to serve in Colonel Goring's regiment. [½ p.]
Jan. 14. Commissioners for Gunpowder to Montjoy Earl of Newport, to deliver two barrels of gunpowder at 18d. per pound for the use of Lord Cottington. [Minute. See Vol. ccclv., No. 61, p. 8. 5 lines.]
Jan. 14.
82. Sec. Coke to Attorney-General Bankes. Some direction has been lately sent you to stop the scire facias against Mr. Ward's patent, for which you had former order by me from his Majesty. Notice being thereof given me by his Majesty's command, I thereupon attended him, and when he understood there was nothing done thereby to hinder any legal proceeding in the Exchequer, he declared again his pleasure that both the said scire facias, and the reference made concerning the same against the patent of Watkins, should proceed. [Copy. ½ p.]
Jan. 14.
83. John Acland [?] to [the Council]. There was this day presented to me by William Faldoe, messenger of the chamber, Dr. Parry, represented as a defaulter by the captain of the horse. The doctor has undertaken to appear at the Board in Hilary term next. [½ p.]
Jan. 14.
84. John Marlay to James Marquis of Hamilton. Since your being at Newcastle, John Fenwick, merchant, and one Bittlestone, a tanner, both of our town, have been to Scotland and subscribed the covenant; they carried with them the names of divers more who will do the like, and it is probable, for I know they are men of that temper. Bittlestone being before me upon other business, I asked what news in Scotland; he confessed he was there, but said, craving debts. I am persuaded that if they and some others were strictly examined upon oath the truth might be bolted forth, for we have too many of that garb; and some have carried themselves so insolently of late, to the ill example of others, that they had not escaped unpunished, but that I know if I had been more forward than others, without particular directions, I should have been blamed. In regard of my affection to his Majesty's service, and respect to your honour, I thought fit, by way of private intelligence, to let you know thus much, leaving it to you to make use of it as you please. [Endorsed by Sec. Windebank, "Delivered to me by his Majesty [the] 19th, at Whitehall, and a letter thereupon written by his Majesty's command to Sir Jacob Astley." 1 p.]
Jan. 14. 85. [—Goodrick] to [Thomas] Livingstone. Her husband is to have a suit made, and her son has made the enclosed bill for many things, which must be at Ribston on Tuesday the 12th of February, because, within two or three days after there is a muster, where he is one of those that must appear before his colonel, Lord Fairfax. For her husband's suit there is not such great haste, for if that be down within six weeks it will serve; but the buff coat and things for her son must be down within this month. Has sent him 30l. by the judge's servant, whereof 9l. was owing. "I received your letters and your good news, for which I thank you; but the foot-post was the first some 12 hours, who is gone into Scotland. My son there hath no mind to return from that happy place of learning, but, alas ! there is no certainty of settling things in good course in this life. He must come, and I am sorry he hath put it off till this deep of winter. Mr. Anderson will have a care, I hope, to bring him, upon which now I only rely for my son; but things, methinks, mend not, for which I am sorry with all my heart." The letter concludes with various directions respecting the fit of the clothes. [This letter seems to have been intercepted. The lady's hand is not a very clear one, and Robert Reade, Sec. Windebank's secretary, has copied out, on the back of the original letter, part of the passage which we have printed above within inverted commas, and has underscored the same in the original. Reade's attention was probably directed to this passage by the mention in it of Scotland, and his own misreading, at first, of the description of that country as a "happy place of liberty." He subsequently corrected his mistake by altering "liberty" into "learning." = 2 pp.]
Jan. 15. 86. The Council to Mr. Ball, paymaster of the garrison of the fort at Plymouth and island of St. Nicholas. It is necessary that there be a true state made of the pay due to the soldiers belonging to the aforesaid fort and island. You are to make up such an account, as well of what was due to the Midsummer before the death of Sir James Bagg, as what is due to them from that time to St. Thomas's day last. Be careful that you cast not in any pay for persons not duly admitted as officers, gunners, or soldiers in the said fort and island, or that did not actually serve in the same. Send the account to the Lord Treasurer. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 15.
Queen Street.
87. Algernon Earl of Northumberland to Sir John Pennington. It is his Majesty's pleasure to accommodate Mons. Monsigot, secretary to the Queen Mother, with a ship for his transportation to Dunkirk or Ostend, and back to England. You are to appoint for that service such one of his Majesty's vessels as you shall think fit, giving the captain order to repair to Dover to receive aboard Mons. Monsigot and his retinue, provided his Majesty's vessel be not cumbered in case of fight; the captain is to waft him to one of the above-named ports, and there to stay for his return; he is in like manner to reembark him for England, and having landed him at such of his Majesty's ports as he shall desire, he is to return to you again and observe your further directions. Since mine of the 4th I have received yours of the 10th, wherein there is nothing requiring answer, only that about the staying of Flanders goods in Dover, which I conceive is a thing not fit to be done. [Seal of the Earl as Lord High Admiral. 1½ p.]
Jan. 15.
88. Henry Earl of Huntingdon, Lord Lieutenant of co. Leicester, to Nicholas. John Bish, messenger, was, by the Council, sent with warrant to certain delinquents [at the musters] in co. Leicester, which he has performed. John Morton, Daniel Shuttlewood, William Green, Mr. Barry, and John Iming, promise amendment for the future. P.S.—Thomas Beale, Richard Beale, John Paybody [Peabody], Gilbert Morewood, and Robert Hudson, have all likewise submitted. Endorsed by Nicholas: "Discharge to be entered." [¾ p.]
Jan. 15. 89. John Acland to [Francis Earl of Bedford], Lord Lieutenant of Devon. This day William Faldoe came before me with Joan Jordan, widow, formerly certified as defective in arms. She has promised conformity. [¾ p.]
Jan. 15. 90. Certificate of Daniel Featley, D.D., Justice of Peace for Surrey, that John Gofton and George Ayscue, of Lambeth, intending to travel to France, have taken the oath of allegiance, and are conformable to the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Jan. 15. 91. Henry Ayshford, Deputy Lieutenant of Devon, and colonel of a regiment of the eastern division of that county, to the Council. Certifies that Edward Saffyn, John Saffyn, Christopher Dabbinett, of Cullompton, and John Dunn, of Willand, refractory at musters, have conformed and paid messengers' fees. [½ p.]
Jan. 15.
92. Sir Anthony Irby, late Sheriff of co. Lincoln, to Nicholas. I wrote to you on the 24th December, wherein I requested you to desire longer time for me in gathering up the remainder of the ship-money (see that date in this Calendar, No. 120). Not hearing from you, I solicit you again for the reasons then expressed, as also for the unexpected musters, wherein many of the officers have been employed ever since New Year's Day, and will not end until Tuesday next at Lincoln, where we all meet to perfect everything according to the Lords' letters. For my part, I shall not fail to do my uttermost for procuring it. I sent my under-sheriff to all the late sessions to speak with the chief constables and other officers for speeding it, and do myself, upon every occasion, both write to them and solicit for their diligence. [Seal with arms. Addressed to Nicholas "at his house in King's Street, at the sign of the Cony and Shofe." ¾ p.]
Jan. 15. 93. Petition of Frances Young, a poor distressed woman, to Archbishop Laud. Edward Neltropp, about two years since, commenced a suit against petitioner in the Ecclesiastical Court at Lincoln, for defamatory words, in defence whereof petitioner commenced her suit against Neltropp, and proved the words by two witnesses. Petitioner travelling alone to Lincoln to prosecute her cause (being great with child) was overtaken on the way by Neltropp, who abused petitioner with such barbarous violence and threatenings as she was forced to return to her house, and immediately miscarried of her child; lay sick from Lammas to Lent, and hardly escaped with her life. By which absence from her cause, and her proctors mistaking the nomination of the place in the libel, Neltropp got sentence against petitioner in both suits, and recovered 9l. costs, which she being unable to pay, stood a good while excommunicated for the same, and her husband, herself, and children (she being dismissed the court at Lincoln) are forced to fly to his Grace for refuge, being utterly undone by the oppression of Neltropp. Beseeches to be admitted in the Court of Arches, in forma pauperis, to prove the said words and seek relief, also that the Archbishop would assign Dr. Duck for her counsel, and Mr. Fish for her proctor. [¾ p.] Underwritten,
93. i. Reference to Sir John Lambe to give an account what he conceives of the suggestions, that such course may be taken as shall be agreeable to justice. 15th January 1638-9. [1/6 p.]
Jan. 16. Presentation of Alexander Grosse, clerk, to the rectory of Bridford, Devon, void by death of the last incumbent, and in his Majesty's gift, by reason of the minority of Simon Leach, his Majesty's ward. [Docquet.]
Jan. 16. Warrant to pass the privy seal, appointing that a duty of 16d. per pack payable by merchant strangers going out and coming in at Dover Harbour, towards repair of the said harbour, and which was by privy seal, in the 13th year of the reign, directed to be received by Capt. Percival for repair of Archcliff Bulwark, shall be continued, and that the same be paid over for repair of Sandown Castle to John Paperill, his Majesty's chief engineer, who is to take care of the work till the same be performed. [Docquet.]
Jan. 16. Grant of the office of chief master of his Majesty's bears, bulls, and mastiffs to Thomas Manley and James Davis, with the fees of 10d. per diem for themselves, and 4d. per diem for their deputy, payable by the Treasurer of the Chamber, and is done upon surrender of the same office to [by ?] Machell Fitch and James Caldwall. [Docquet.]
Jan. 16. 94. Order of Council. The certificate by Sir W[illiam] B[echer] and Lawrence Whitaker, upon complaint of John Webb, John Worsop, Richard Braham, and Ralph Darnell, against Thomas Havergill, late mayor of Windsor, being delivered to the Board, it was ordered that a copy of the said certificate should be given to Havergill, and he be required upon Wednesday next to make his answer in writing. [Draft. ½ p.]
Jan. 16. 95. Similar order. Francis Dye, vintner in St. Martin's, by petition showed that James Gascoyne, vintner in Covent Garden, pretending petitioner's house to be within the precincts of Covent Garden, petitioned the Lords that he might be suppressed. Dye besought that it might be referred to some justices of the peace to certify the truth. It was ordered that Sir Gregory Fenner, Sir William Ashton, and Lawrence Whitaker should view Dye's house and return certificate how they find the same. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 16. 96. The like. John Betton, of Shrewsbury, draper, undertook, with others, to employ all the poor children of the said town, and to find them with meat, drink, lodging, and apparel for seven years, but the other undertakers dying, Betton desired to be relieved therein, whereupon the Lords referred the same to the mayor and others of the town, whose report is calendared under the date of the 8th December last (see Vol. cccciv., No. 39), wherein it is stated that Simon Weston, one of the aldermen of that town, had offered to carry on the work on certain terms. The Lords very much commended Simon Weston's forwardness in so pious, charitable, and laudable a work, wherein they shall be ready to assist him with the power of the Board. They confirmed the said report, and ordered that John Betton shall make good the stock collected for that employment, there being allowed him such moneys for buildings, &c. as shall be thought fit. [Draft. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 16. The Council to Algernon Earl of Northumberland. It is his Majesty's pleasure that twelve ships of his own shall be this year set forth for guard of the seas, over and above the ship that is required by his Majesty's writ to be set forth by the city of London. We pray you to take order for setting forth such twelve ships as you think fittest for eight months' service at sea, to be ready to put to sea by the 10th April next. [Draft. See this Vol., No. 44. ½ p.]
Jan. 16. 97. Entry of appearance before the Council of Joseph Cock, collector of ship-money for Eltham, Kent; he was to remain in the messenger's custody until discharged. [Draft. ¼ p.]
Jan. 16. 98. The Council to the Mayor and Aldermen of Chester. There is yet 20l. in arrear of ship-money charged upon that town by writ of 1637. In his Majesty's name, and by his express command, we require you to pay in to the Treasurer of the Navy the said 20l., being the remainder of 260l., by the 20th February next at the farthest, or that you repair hither to answer your neglect the Sunday after. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Jan. 16. 99. Minute of a pass from the Council for George Ayscue, of Hamhaw, Surrey, and Jo[hn] Gofton, of Stockwell, Surrey, to travel three years with two servants. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 16. 100. Names of persons "to be added to the former committee" for the north. These comprise the Duke of Lenox and Lord Treasurer [added as if by afterthought], the Marquis of Hamilton, the Lord Chamberlain, and eleven others of the Council. It is added, "or to any five of them," with these further directions, that in those counties where there are fewest of the trained bands, there the levies to be the greater. The messengers [to attend] every morning at 8, to begin to-morrow. Mr. Nicholas to attend. [2/3 p.]
Jan. 16. Copy of the above list of names only. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 59.]
Jan. 16.
101. John Acland to [the Council]. Edward Cotton, presented unto me by William Faldoe, messenger, as a defaulter at musters, has undertaken to appear before the Lords in Hilary term next. [¾ p.]
Jan. 16.
102. Sir Philip Musgrave and Sir George Dalston to Henry Lord Clifford. According to your letter, and a letter from Sec. Windebank, we have taken the examinations of the witnesses brought unto us, and have convented the informer and witnesses face to face, upon which we find further matter against Moore, spoken by one Harling, who came not before us, in which we desire your further directions, trusting to hear from you before our next meeting at Appleby this day fortnight with Capt. Waytes, who is now employed in Cumberland. P.S.—After the examinations we inquired whether there were any occasions of malice betwixt the informer and Moore, and we hear there have been some bargains and mortgages which were the occasion of some suits betwixt them. [Damaged. Seal with arms. 1 p.] Enclosed,
102. i. Separate examinations of John Bailiff, William Ward Thomas Baynes, John Moore, Richard Foster, and William Bayly, all of Middleton, Westmorland. All these witnesses depose to a conversation in April 1636, in the course of which Roger Moore, who had lately come out of the Low Countries, said that he thought people might lawfully take arms against their prince in matters of conscience or religion; but that when asked what he would do in case our King should command his subjects to change their religion, he was silent. [3½ pp.] Annexed,
102. ii. Paper which contains the words of the original accusation against Roger Moore, in which it was added to the words above mentioned, that in the case supposed, subjects might kill their King. 4th April 1636. [¼ p.]
Jan. 16.
103. Robert Bewick, late Sheriff of Northumberland, to Nicholas. The letters of the Council of 30th November last I received, and shall, by the assistance of the present sheriff, endeavour to collect the remainder of the ship-money. The whole assessed being 2,100l., is proportioned—700l. for Newcastle, 20l. for Berwick-upon-Tweed, and the remainder, 1,380l., for the county, of which I have paid 1,200l. Newcastle and Berwick challenge immunity from my power, averring that writs were directed to themselves. For the remainder, I shall make present payment of what I possibly can receive in this dangerous time, the pestilence raging in divers parts of the county, the poverty of which is not unknown to you. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 16.
104. Sir William Pelham to Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh. I thank you for your letter by my brother Roger. I should be glad to hear the Scots would express that wisdom to give leave we might employ our little wealth in more pleasing commodities than gunpowder; but we yet hear not, but that they persist in their wonted way, and at this time many entertain several thoughts upon Lord Lindsey's sudden calling to Court. Capt. Bradshaw and myself have this day viewed many able bodies. For the arms, we cannot say much in commendation of them, but hope a little charge to a good armourer will make them more serviceable. I have seen a list of many officers more than you write of, and I cannot say that I am sorry I find not your name; I hope you are reserved for a better and more pleasing employment. The notice I received from you, that I might adventure to come to London, without fear of being acquainted with Mr. Attorney by a Star Chamber suit, came so late that I had made my Christmas provisions to welcome my neighbours, and therefore could make no benefit of it; but in good earnest I desire much to undertake a London journey, and principally to wait on you, but for the present I must attend to despatch commands in the country; and I hope, after much expense, the next month, to receive the land for which I have adventured in our Level, for the 19th February is the day appointed for the commissioners to judge of the sufficiency of the work. [Seal with Pelham buckle. 2 pp.]
Jan. 16.
105. Frances Lady Pelham to her brother Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh. By accident I had an opportunity offered to furnish me with fruit trees as you advise me. Mr. Owfield, that has purchased an estate in these parts, the son of a merchant, and finely seated near London, visiting us at Newstead, offered to procure trees for us from the same gardener that has dealt faithfully with him; but an ill accident, I doubt, will hazard mine, for the carrier was come half a day's journey out of London before the trees came thither, and I must expect them by another return. This winter has been more favourable to these parts than ever any before it, the weather being far more constantly fair than in London, so that the want of rain will, I doubt, make the commissioners defer their declaring the drained works effected, which they are to view the 19th February next, and I hope we shall have leisure to plough the cars this summer, though my Lord of Lindsey has commanded his deputy lieutenants to have a strict care of the men, horse, and arms for war, which begins to work a fear that they must fight; and the sudden command that came to fetch his Lordship from the musters at Louth yesterday, to go to the Court, increases that doubt. Capt. Bradshaw came hither yesterday; to-day Mr. Pelham and he are gone to Caistor, and to-morrow to view in another sessions. I hear your sons have a good tutor, therefore they learn French well in England, and you have time enough to send them into France. My sons are with their schoolmaster, about 14 miles from hence. Your command to me will put you to a long task in reading all my children's names, whom I will name as God has given them to me,— Ann, Francis, Dorothy, Edward, William, Charles, Eleanor, Elizabeth, Katherine, Margaret, and George,—who I hope will be all faithful and humble servants to you and all yours. The bearer, my brother Roger, begins his journey to-morrow to London. [Seal with arms. 2 pp.]
Jan. 17. Grant to Bevill Wimberley of 200 acres of marsh ground, called Sutton Marsh, near Sutton, co. Lincoln, next to Gives Marsh alias Littlehall Marsh, towards the west, and the new sea-bank towards the south. To be held of his Majesty in free socage by fealty, and not in capite or knights' service, under the yearly rents of 10s. to the Exchequer, and other 10s. to the Duchy of Lancaster. [Docquet.]
Jan. 17. Grant of a prebend's place in the cathedral church of Christ in Oxford to Robert Payne, clerk, void by the death of Dr. John King. [Docquet.]
Jan. 17. Warrant to Sir Henry Hungate for preservation of his Majesty's game of roe-deer broken out of Half Moon Park, Wimbledon, and now lying in the woods adjoining thereto, and to take care that no person hunt, course, or use any net or gin within four miles of the said park. [Docquet.]
Jan. 17. 106. Minutes of proceedings of the Committee for the North. Sec. Windebank delivered his Majesty's pleasure that the Earl of Essex, General of the Horse, and the Earl of Newport, Master of the Ordnance, be added to this committee. Auditor Bingley ordered to bring to-morrow the state of an army delivered to him by Sir Jacob Astley. [This paragraph was afterwards cancelled.] Earl of Newport to bring to-morrow the establishment of an army made by the Council of War when forces were sent to the Palatinate. It is advertised that for certain there are lately provided in Scotland new arms for 18,000 men, besides what were in that kingdom before, either for the trained bands there, or in the hands of private persons. Resolved, that there shall be provided an army of 30,000, comprising 24,000 foot and 6,000 horse, ready to repair to York. The foot to be all taken out of the trained bands of every county by equal proportions, but where any trained man shall bring an able person to serve in his place, it shall be left to the discretion of the Lord Lieutenants and Deputy Lieutenants to accept of him. It shall be left to the Lord Lieutenants whether to take entire companies, or that the men shall be selected. The soldiers shall be brought by their own commanders, and at the charge of the counties, to the rendezvous, and it shall be left to the choice of the captains to serve with their companies or to leave the same when brought to the rendezvous. The Lords think fit to advise with the King how his journey to York shall be published, and that when that shall be done his Majesty will write his letters to Lords and private persons of quality signifying his resolution to move to York, and intimating the reasons and necessities thereof, and inviting them to send forces to attend him. It was told the Lords by Mr. Comptroller that there will be, within a few days, arms at Hull for 2,000 horse, to serve with carbines and pistols. [Draft by Nicholas. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 17. Copy of the above without the cancelled paragraph mentioned in the above. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 60. 2 pp.]
Jan. 17. 107. Notes by Lord Cottington of business transacted this day by the Committee for the North. Sec. Coke [stated] that the King had not positively resolved on his journey to York, but willed us to debate as if the affirmative were determined. After various notes of matters more fully stated in the preceding article, we find— 5. The raising of horse to be consulted with his Majesty. [Margin by Sec. Windebank, "Those that are to attend his Majesty to come provided with horse."] 6. Hull to be fortified according to [Sir] Jacob Astley's advice and project for the charge. 7. Gunsmiths to be sent to York. 8. Newcastle to be fortified against a surprise, my Lord Marquis [of Hamilton] declaring that the Scots intend to take it if they can. [½ p.]
Jan. 17. 108. Council of War to Montjoy Earl of Newport. Sir Jacob Astley has advertised that it is requisite there should be sent to Hull a proportion of arms for cuirassiers and a good number of partisans and halberts, which with some other arms he desires may be, by Capt. Legge or such as shall have charge thereof at Hull, sent to York to be sold to such persons as shall desire to buy the same. We pray you to send to Hull 2,000 cuirasses, 100 partisans, and 200 halberts, and to give order to Capt. Legge and others before mentioned to send to York such arms as Sir Jacob Astley shall direct, and to deliver the same to such persons as the VicePresident of York shall appoint to sell the same for the use of the country. [Draft. 1⅓ p.]
Jan. 17. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 62. ½ p.]
Jan. 17.
109. Council of War to Montjoy Earl of Newport. It is his Majesty's pleasure that the arms that came out of the Low Countries, with 60 lasts of gunpowder, and other munition appointed to be sent to Hull, be transported thither with all convenient expedition. We pray you to take order accordingly. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 17. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 62. ½ p.]
Jan. 17. 110. Thomas Horth to Nicholas. Mr. Bromwell and — Beale, complained of for nonconformity in paying his Majesty's duty of 12d. per chaldron on coals, have given security for the same. I entreat you to move for their enlargement. [¼ p.]
Jan. 17.
111. Sir William Widdrington, late Sheriff of Northumberland, to Nicholas. I send you an account of my proceedings for assessing and levying ship-money last year, which I had done long before if I could have got the collectors to have perfected their accounts. I am commanded by the Lords to pay in an arrear of 700l. upon the writ of last year before the beginning of Candlemas term next, or else to attend his Majesty and the Board the first Sunday of the term. The 700l. was assessed upon Newcastle, and by consent of the sheriff of the said town in the absence of the mayor, the mayor and sheriff having only power to levy the said arrear, Newcastle being a county in itself. Yet, in obedience to the Lords' letters, I have lately called upon the mayor of Newcastle for paying in the said arrear, whose answer is that they have already sent to satisfy the Board, with which answer and the enclosed account I desire you will acquaint the Lords. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 17.
112. Sir Thomas Morton to Sec. Windebank. I wrote to you on Saturday last from York (see No. 66), and arrived here two days since. I have this day had conference with the Bishop together with Sir William Bellasis, the sheriff, and some of the Deputy Lieutenants. I find that the trained bands here will be in some disorder, chiefly in their arms, which the defective men excused for that they could get none for money, and those corslets also are wholly without tasses, so that we must allow them as they are, or stay a long time for supply of that defect. [Margin by Nicholas, "Must take such arms as they are."] As for the troop of horse I understand that the horse are so small (and better not to be gotten) that most of them are not fit for cuirass, and therefore the resolution being taken to convert them to carabines, they are altogether unfurnished. [Margin by Nicholas, "Order is given to deliver whatsoever Sir Jacob Astley shall direct."] I hope Capt. Legge may have order to send a quantity of such from Hull. Concerning advancing the numbers from 1,000 to 1,500 I doubt it will hardly be feasible, although the Bishop and all the rest are very willing and my Lord [William Howard] most fervent in it, but he wants power, he says, to punish the refractory, of which he will speedily write to the Council. On the 24th, 25th, and 26th inst. we shall view the arms of foot and horse, and when the defects are seen some time must be given for supplying them, and then we shall see them all on the same day in one body. States the contents of the magazine in Durham, adding, but this place is of no strength, nor any way tenable against great shot, the hills commanding it round about; but Hartlepool is (as I hear) an excellent place to make a magazine with some charge, which I purpose to view, and take the engineer at Newcastle with me. This county is not able to feed any more than their own people with corn, and the transportation of butter is so much cried out upon, that many protest the price is more than doubled. [2 pp.]
Jan. 17.
My house at Larkham.
113. Certificate of Lieutenant-Col. John Seymour, that John Wood and John Fountayn, in Devon, being attached by Edmund Davenport, messenger, for default at musters, had submitted and promised conformity for the future. [½ p.]
Jan. 17. 114. Bond of Richard Knighton, of Artleborough [Irthlingborough], co. Northampton, in 40l. to the King, conditioned to pay to Sir Robert Banaster, late sheriff of co. Northampton, all such sums as the said Richard Knighton, received for ship-money of the constables of Denford, Addington Magna, Addington Parva, and Barnwell, as also between 4l. 13s. 4d. and 5l. assessed upon him for the lands he held in Arlingbury [Irthlingborough ?] [¾ p.]
Jan. 18. Petition of John Van Harsdonck, gent., to the King. His Majesty for satisfaction of 21,320l. 0s. 4d. due from him to the late Earl of Carlisle, by letters patent dated the 10th April 1636 at suit of the said Earl, granted petitioner 10,000 acres of marshland, at 20s. fine per acre, and 4d. per acre rent, lying in cos. Norfolk, Suffolk, Flint, and Chester, with a covenant that if after embanking there should be found more than 10,000 acres, that then Van Harsdonck should pay for such surplusage 30s. fine and 4d. rent per acre, part thereof being salt-marshes and lying open to overflowing. Petitioner has embanked some part thereof, hoping to have enjoyed the same, yet the former possessors withhold the same and take the profits as formerly, although petitioner has endeavoured to evict them. Having little hopes to obtain the same marshes by law or otherwise, unless he may be enabled by commission from his Majesty, to persons of quality in those counties, to treat with the pretended owners for a proportion of this land to be set out for his Majesty, and so under his Majesty's title for petitioner to recompense his Majesty's interest in the soil and petitioner's charge in embanking the land for the good of the kingdom and of the parties interested. Prays order that such commission may be granted, and that his Majesty will appoint petitioner to be drainer of salt-marshes to the number of 10,000 acres. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 21. 4/5 p.] Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Attorney-General to certify the true state of the business, with his opinion. Whitehall, 18th January 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid., p. 22. 1/5 p.]
Jan. 18.
115. Order of Committee for the North. That the Earl Marshal, Earl of Essex, and Earl of Newport should call the Officers of the Ordnance, Auditor Bingley, and such others as they shall think good, and prepare a state of a complete army of 24,000 foot and 600 horse, and set down the charges thereof, with a train of artillery and all other necessaries requisite for 6 months and for 12 months, and send the same to the Council. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 66. 2/3 p.]
Jan. 18.
116. Order of the King in Council. The Lord Privy Seal and Sec. Windebank are to peruse the precedents of letters written in the time of Henry VIII. and Queen Elizabeth, and form a minute of letters for his Majesty's signature, to be sent to all noblemen, bishops, principal gentlemen, and some of the chief corporations, to acquaint them with the King's intention to go to York with an army, and to declare the reasons and necessities thereof, and to invite them to show their affections to his Majesty upon this occasion. Mr. Nicholas is to attend about this minute, which is to be prepared against Monday next. [Draft. 2/3 p.]
Jan. 18. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 67. 1 p.]
Jan. 18.
117. Order of Council. Upon hearing Mr. Horth and others owners and masters of ships of Ipswich, Aldborough, and Woodbridge, and the rest of the corporation trading to Newcastle for coals, and also the woodmongers of London, concerning the prices of coals, the Lords ordered that the owners of ships should sell their coals after 1st February next until the 1st August at a price not exceeding 17s. the chaldron, and from August till the last of January at a rate not exceeding 19s. the chaldron, according to the order of the 2nd May last; and that the woodmongers should at those rates take off all such coals as the ships shall import, which if they refuse to do, leave shall be given to the masters and owners to make a magazine of their coals by themselves, and to sell them by retail at 12d. profit upon a chaldron at the wharf, and at 6d. a chaldron profit from the ship's side. It is likewise ordered that the woodmongers shall from 1st February next sell their coals at the wharf at not above 12d. profit upon a chaldron, and for 6d. profit at the ship's side. Lastly, that the woodmongers shall forthwith take off all coals now aboard the ships at 24s. the chaldron, and that the owners shall sell them at that rate to the woodmongers, to the end they may forthwith proceed on their voyage, and the woodmongers are to sell the same at not above 23s. the chaldron. [Draft. 12/5 p.]
Jan. 18. 118. Similar order. John Johnson, of London, fisherman, complained by petition that being in the haven of Cullevo [Culla Voe] in Yetland [Yell Island], one of the islands of Scotland, there came about 36 armed men out of a ship of Dunkirk and took petitioner's ship, the Fortune, of London, wherein was all his money and goods. It was ordered that Johnson should make proof thereof in the Court of Admiralty, whereupon the Lords will direct letters to Sir Balthazar Gerbier, resident for his Majesty at Brussels, to assist the said Johnson in obtaining satisfaction. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. 119. Similar order. Peter Cape and John Rew by petition showed that having a lease of a farm in Devon called Sowden, containing about 200 acres, taken of Richard Culme, or his father, deceased, for years determinable upon three lives, all yet living, and having paid Culme 1,200l. for rent, they became indebted to divers persons, as also to Culme, for about 120l. more, in whom having special trust, being their landlord, they entreated him to take the trust of their goods to satisfy the said 120l., and to pay such other debts as petitioners should appoint, which he consenting unto, their goods with the lease were delivered into Culme's hands (the goods being worth 300l.) in trust as aforesaid. Whereof being possessed, he took possession of the farm, worth 1,500l. more, and keeps all petitioners' corn, whereby it is miserably devoured by vermin, and all their goods, whereby the other creditors are utterly defeated of their debts. It was ordered that the Judges of Assize for the Western Circuit should call Culme and petitioners before them, and settle the business, if they can, or otherwise return certificate in whom the fault is, with their opinions what is fit to be done. [Draft. 12/3 p.]
Jan. 18. 120. Order of Council. Capt. James Duppa representing to the Board that there had been much beer sent aboard his Majesty's ships by agreement with Mr. Crane, victualler of the navy, from a brew-house wherein Duppa is interested one third part, and that there being 200l. due unto him, Crane defers payment in regard of pretences feared to be made by creditors for former debts owing by Thomas Clee, interested also in the said brew-house. This difference being upon the 4th inst. referred to Sir William Russell and Sir John Wolstenholme, they upon the 11th inst. certified that Clee consented that Duppa should receive the money, whereupon the Lords ordered the same to be paid by Crane, but that Duppa should be responsible to the creditors of Clee for the 200l., in case a commission of bankruptcy be taken out against Clee. [Draft. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 18.
Whitehall, afternoon.
121. Order of the Committee of the North, the King being present. Taking into consideration how the 6,000 horse should be levied, it was ordered that as many as may be shall be levied out of the trained bands of horse in the counties most remote, excepting the thirteen counties expressed in Sir John Astley's commission; the rest to be provided at the King's charge; and the Earl Marshal and the Earl of Essex are to consider of the most effectual means for raising the same, and to certify their opinions with an estimate of the charge to this committee, with all speed. [¾ p.]
Jan. 18. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 68. ½ p.]
Jan. 18. 122. Order of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Treasurer, and Lord Privy Seal, referees. Richard Hart, LL.D., and Diana his wife, by petition complained that Thomas Levingstone, of the Inner Temple, had not, according to the order of the Lords referees of the 26th October last, brought in the bonds committed to his custody, nor had Sir Gervase and Adrian Scrope paid the money in their hands due to petitioner, but refuse to do the same. It was ordered that the petition should be showed to Mr. Levingstone and Mr. Scrope, who are required to perform the order of the referees, or attend them with their answer in writing on Friday next. [Draft. 2/3 p.]
Jan. 18. 123. Order of Council. Joseph Cock, of Eltham, Kent, being called before the Board, confessed that he had in his hands 24l. 17s. 0d. ship-money which he had collected, and that there were other moneys uncollected. It was ordered that Cock should without delay make payment of the said 24l. 17s. 0d. to Sir Thomas Hendley, late sheriff of Kent, and should give his assistance to the bailiffs appointed to collect the remainder, and so he was to be discharged. [Draft. ½ p.]
Jan. 18. 124. Similar order. William Courteen, John Dike, Humphry Oneby, Thomas Briggs, George Henley, the executrix of Thomas Ferrers, deceased, and other merchants, by their petition complained of many impediments given to their factors in withdrawing their estates from the coast of Barbary, insomuch as they can neither receive their estates from thence, nor any letters from their factors. It was ordered that a copy of the petition should be given to Mr. Blake, employed there by his Majesty, and lately returned, and he is to attend the Board with his answer upon Wednesday next, at which time petitioners are also to attend to make good their complaint. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. 125. Similar order. Divers young merchants brought up in the trade of Barbary complained by petition that their parents having given great sums of money to breed them merchants, and they having served their apprenticeships with Barbary merchants of London, they are now barred of their trade by a patent lately granted to a few merchants and tradesmen of the city for three years, to their utter undoing, the hinderance of trade, and great loss of his Majesty's customs. It was ordered that a copy of the petition should be given to the new company of Barbary merchants, and they be required to make their answer to the same on Friday next at the Council. [Draft, 2/3 p.]
Jan. 18. 126. The like. The haberdashers of London complain that it was ordered that if the beaver-makers should find any deceitful or corrupt beaver-hats, the said hats should be seized and carried to Guildhall, London, there to be tried by jury. Yet nevertheless, Roger Gibson and John Wilkinson have in the houses of petitioners seized and carried away hats allowed to be sold by proclamation, and have appropriated the same to their own use, without carrying them to Guildhall to pass their trial. It was ordered that the petition should be sent to the Lord Mayor, and he be required to examine the truth of the complaint, and how both companies have behaved themselves in performance of the proclamation and orders of the Board, and either to end the difference, or certify the Board what he thinks fit to be done. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. 127. Order of Council. The company of merchants trading to Spain having desired licence to transport to the Spanish Islands about 100l. worth of hoops for setting up cask staves provided in Ireland, the Lords on the 9th inst. prayed the Lord Admiral to certify thereon. The Lord Admiral having presented what the company of coopers and others allege why the said merchants should not be permitted to transport the same. It was ordered that the said merchants should be permitted to transport the hoops, putting in security not to transport more than 100l. worth. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Jan. 18. 128. The Company of Merchants trading to Spain to the Council. Reply to the allegations of the Company of Coopers. (See this Volume, No. 76.) 1. The employment desired is not a considerable sum, and the hoops we desire to ship are pipe-hoops, which among brewers and coopers are of little use. 2. Hoops are now as cheap as in former years, and wood cut for hop-poles are not for our use, but only to make great vessels for brewers and dyers. 3. Of late years permission has been given for far greater quantities, yet his Majesty's service has not suffered, for the hoops will pay 2,000l. in customs and impost. 4. We will give security not to exceed the 100l. worth, and will not ship either clapboard or pipe-staves. 5. The coopers may have pipe-staves enough from Ireland if they will pay his Majesty's price; and for the allegation that 20 ships have gone from Ireland for Spain, there has not gone one fourth part; they aggravate the business by reason they are put from the buying and selling of wines, which they formerly intruded upon. [1 p.]
Jan. 18. 129. The Committee for the North to Sir Jacob Astley. Upon consideration of the importance of Newcastle, we put you in mind to repair thither, and upon view thereof to fortify that town against a surprise, for which purpose you have already sufficient power. If, when upon the place, you find it requisite that any further direction be sent, we shall take speedy order therein, and we wish you to be the more careful in strengthening that town, in regard of its vicinity to Scotland, and that they have an eye to lay hold on it in the first place, if they shall stir. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 69. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. 130. The same to the same. Have considered his letter of the 4th inst. to Sec. Windebank. (See No. 24.) Recapitulate the several points thereof and state what they have done in reference to them. They have given directions to the Master of the Ordnance to give warrant to Capt. Legge to send to York from Hull arms and munition as Sir Jacob shall give him direction. Concerning the stores of powder, match, and shot, they pray him to view the same, and to certify what further proportion he conceives requisite, and what proportion may be had thereabout, if there shall be occasion. They will provide concerning the sending of armourers into those parts, with all convenient expedition. They have given warrant to the bearer, a messenger of the chamber, to attend Sir Jacob and the Vice-President, and to bring before the Board defaulters in arms, but they pray him and the Vice-President to cause to be returned only such as shall be faulty in finding arms according to the ancient establishment of the musters of that county, and not upon new or extraordinary levies, and that they will send with the defaulters the particulars of their default. [Draft. 2 pp.]
Jan. 18. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 70. 2 pp.]
Jan. 18. 131. The Council to Montjoy Earl of Newport. We understand by letters from Sir Jacob Astley that a great cause of the defect of the arms of the trained bands of co. York is that there are not there any armourers that know how to make or mend arms. We pray you to send to York six able armourers, and to allow them money to bear the charges of their journey. Order shall be taken that they shall be permitted as freely to work there as any freeman of that city. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 63. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. 132. The same to [Sir Edward Osborne], the Vice-President of York. We have given order to those that have charge of his Majesty's arms at Hull to send to York such arms as Sir Jacob Astley shall require, and that the same shall be delivered to such persons as you shall appoint to sell the same for the use of that county. We pray you to appoint some such fit person as you will be responsible for. Upon advertisement from Sir Jacob that there are in the county divers defaulters of arms, we have sent one of the messengers with a warrant to bring them before the Board, unless they shall, within [blank] days after being served, give satisfaction that they will conform for the future. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 64. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 18. 133. The same to Edmund Barker, messenger. To repair to York, and addressing himself to Sir Jacob Astley and the VicePresident, take into custody such defaulters in arms as they shall appoint, and to charge them to make repair hither to answer the same. As many of them as shall within six days after being served with this warrant submit to conform for the future you are to discharge, they paying fees. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 65. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. 134. The Committee of the Council of War to Sir Robert Pye. To draw an order for issuing to Sir John Heydon 1,100l. for 1,000 carbines with snaphaunce locks, and 417l. 6s. 8d. for hire of labourers for landing and bringing into the Tower arms brought out of the Low Countries, and for double cask for 60 lasts of gunpowder, also for carriage of powder and arms to Hull, all which is expressed in an estimate of the Officers of the Ordnance of 21st December 1638. The said sums to be reckoned as part of 200,000l. ordered to be issued by privy seal of 26th July last. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 18. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 68. ¾ p.]
Jan. 18. 135. The Council to Sir John Bramston, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench. Katherine De Luke was by you committed prisoner to the Fleet. We pray you, taking common bail for her appearance, to cause her to be set at liberty. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Jan. 18.
136. Minute by Sec. Windebank of his Majesty's pleasure that a business, not particularly specified, shall be determined in the Exchequer, where it now depends, and that the Attorney-General shall make stay of any scire facias against the petitioners warranted by any former reference. [= ½ p.]
Jan. 18. 137. Draft entry of the appearance before the Council of Thomas Wood, one of the late constables of the lowey of Tunbridge, Kent. He is to remain in custody of the messenger until discharged. [4 lines.]
Jan. 18. Similar entry of the appearance of Robert Petty, late constable of the hundred of Codsheath, Kent, who was discharged. [Written on the same paper as the preceding. 4 lines.]
Jan. 18. The like of appearance and discharge of Charles Sandford, late constable of Synock [Sevenoaks], Kent. [Ibid. 3 lines.]
Jan. 18. The like of appearance of Simon Smith the younger, a delinquent in the business of scap, who was to remain in custody of the messenger until discharged. [Ibid. 4 lines.]
Jan. 18. The like of Robert Barkham, sent for by close warrant, who was to give attendance until discharged. [Ibid. 3 lines.]
Jan. 18. 138. Petition of Samuel Newton, of Ashby-de-la-Zouch, co. Leicester, mercer, to the Council. Upon complaint of one Hurd, an ironmonger, of London, and patentee for retail of tobacco in Ashby, petitioner was lately sent for by warrant from the Commissioners for Tobacco, for selling the same there, and about a month since was brought up 100 miles on foot, and some part of the way from constable to constable, like a vagrant, by Knowles' (the messenger's) man, he not suffering petitioner to bring with him either horse, convenient clothes, or money, or to speak with his friends, but kept the doors with pistols, offering him much ill usage, and threatening that if he should kill petitioner he need not answer for it. Petitioner offered security for his appearance, which Knowles refusing, he would have come peaceably along with him. The reason why petitioner sold tobacco was, that he bought tobacco of Hurd's deputy there, and had leave by him to sell the same, but after the deputy's leaving the town, petitioner desired to take the licence, and to that purpose sent to Hurd to compound for the same, and is now ready to do so accordingly. Prays he may be released of the fine of 20l. which the commissioners have imposed upon him, and may be discharged. [1 p.] Annexed,
138. i. Affidavit of the above petitioner that on the 21st December last George Lee, servant to Tobias Knowles, messenger, assaulted petitioner by thrusting him down on the floor and pulling him by the hair of the head, and the next morning threatened him with drawing at a horse tail, and said that if he should kill him be need not answer for him. 18th January 1638[-9]. [¾ p.]
Jan. 18. 139. Petition of Mary, wife of William Atmore, goldsmith, to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner has been married two years, during which time her husband has most cruelly used her, and has often beaten her in most inhuman manner, by reason whereof she has been in great fear of her life, and at present stands in danger thereof, and is almost famished for want of maintenance, being now with child. Her husband has a good estate, and intends very suddenly to convey himself beyond the seas, and to leave suppliant destitute, she having no friends to depend on, and having brought her husband a good portion. Prays an attachment for her husband to appear and afford her relief. [½ p.] Underwritten,
139. i. Reference to Sir John Lambe to arrange this difference if he can, or else take order that the husband answer it in the High Commission Court. 18th January 1638-9. [¾ p.]
Jan. 18.
140. Capt. Thomas Ballard to Sec. Windebank. Since Sir Jacob Astley left me here at Hull, two ships [laden with arms] have arrived from Rotterdam, the particular of which I have sent to Sir Henry Vane, and have assisted in stowing them in the magazine. I shall inform you of all things concerning the service. [½ p.]
Jan. 18.
141. Capt. William Legge to the same. I presume Sir Jacob Astley has given his Majesty an account of Hull, and what he thinks fit to add to the fortification. I acquainted him with some discourse I had with the magistrates about the decay of the town trade, which indeed is grown very low, by reason that most of the merchants have their residence at York, Leeds, and other towns upon the rivers Trent and Ouse, so that this place has all the charge of the port, and not a fifth part of the trade; wherefore it is for the most part inhabited by sailors, lightermen, and porters, who are not able to contribute to the charge of so good a port. These things considered, I intended to prefer it to you, whether it might not be reasonable that those who do not reside at Hull, but only use the shipping for their own advantage, should pay some contribution towards the charge of the port, by which they grow rich. Since my return from Sir Jacob at York I have moved this again, but now find them somewhat cold, yet I believe it would be of great advantage to the port, and bring his Majesty some revenue. [Nicholas has written against this proposal, in the margin, "respited."] It was considered by Sir Jacob what number of men would be necessary for manning the town, and those to be drawn in of the companies that lie nearest the place. Divers colonels pretend their regiments to be fittest, but I pray God we may never have occasion of their help, lest a place so considerable should be endangered by the guard of officers and men who are very unknowing in a duty of that nature. Here are three ships arrived from Holland since Christmas with arms and fourteen pieces of artillery. Capt. Ballard is here to give account of those, and I am appointed to furnish the country with what they require, which I find a troublesome work, by reason I must furnish by pieces, dismembering arms that were complete. For directions in this I have written to Mr. Comptroller, and I beseech you that I may have directions what to answer Sir Thomas Morton, from whom I have a letter for sending 100 horse-arms to Newcastle for furnishing the bishopric of Durham. [Endorsed by Nicholas, "Read the 24th, the King present." 2 pp.]
Jan. 18.
142. Henry Palmer to Sec. Windebank. According to your command I wrote to you from Plymouth the 3rd inst., and since have been at sea, I am [now] well arrived at Bellbwe [Bilboa], and shall not be long ere I come to Madrid. There is no news worth the writing. P.S.—If my wife shall come to you, be pleased to give order that she may have 10l. [¾ p.]
Jan. 18. 143. Bond of Edmund Thomas, constable of Westerham hundred, Kent, for 50l., conditioned for payment of 28l. 11s. 8d. ship-money in his hands to the late sheriff of the county, within one month after date, and for assisting the officers in collecting the residue of the money due from that hundred. [¾ p.]
Jan. 18. 144. Similar bond of Richard Joade, late constable of West Malling, for 40l., conditioned for payment of 12l. ship-money to Sir Thomas Hendley, late sheriff of Kent, within one month after date. [¾ p.]
Jan. 18. 145. Sir Timothy Fetherstonhaugh, Sheriff of Cumberland, to Nicholas. Returns the ship[-money] writs and the letters of the Council, which money he conceives, with much difficulty, would have been levied, by reason the writs were under the Great Seal, seconded by the Council's letters under their hands. Conceives he should have some discharge. States the case of John Pattenson's riotous entry into the King's manor of Dacre in Cumberland under pretence of old entails, and how he beat and lamed some of the inhabitants, drove away their goods, starved them to death, and "perjuriously" indicted some of the King's tenants, [See Vol. cccc., No. 128, and Vol. ccccii., No. 89.] Various proceedings had taken place, and ultimately the judges of assize had bound Pattenson to appear before the Council. The bearer attended for the King's tenants, but other occasions did not admit audience then, and the matter is not to be heard until next term. Pattenson reports that he has been discharged of his attendance, and threatens the rest of the King's tenants. The writer enforces the great grievance of these proceedings "without law or leave," and the ill effects likely to ensue if the King's tenants did not receive satisfaction from Pattenson and his accomplices. [1 p.]
Jan. 19. Grant of a prebend's place in the church of Windsor to William Brough, D.D., one of his Majesty's chaplains in ordinary, void by death of Dr. John King. [Docquet.]
Jan. 19. Restitution of the temporalities of the bishopric of Peterborough to John Towres, D.D., late dean of Peterborough, and now bishop of that see. [Docquet.]
Jan. 19. Warrant to pay 20s. by the week quarterly to "Meckle John" or his assigns; the first payment to be made at Lady Day next. [Docquet.]
Jan. 19.
146. The King to John Pulford. We are informed that our revenue by recusants in the southern parts is not answerable to that of the northern, and the rather that there wanted a special agent to be employed in that service for quickening recusants to compositions with our commissioners. We authorize you to be our special agent for following the said business, and our further pleasure is that our commissioners give you such considerable allowance for the execution thereof as to them shall seem meet. [Copy. ¾ p.]
Jan. 19. 147. The same to Lord Treasurer Juxon and Francis Lord Cottington. By our letters patent of 9th inst. we appointed Col. George Goring, son and heir of George Lord Goring, to be captain of Portsmouth, and granted him for that service 10s. per diem for himself, and for 20 soldiers under him 8s. per diem. And whereas there has been entertained in Portsmouth one master-gunner at 10d. a day, 15 gunners at 8d. a day, 14 gunners at 6d. a day, one ensign, one armourer, one sergeant, one drum and one fife, and 100 soldiers, each of them receiving 8d. a day, we thinking it requisite to retain all the said companies, command you to cause payment to be made to Col. Goring of the said wages, except upon muster there be certified any lack of the said numbers; the same to begin from Michaelmas last, being the quarter day before the death of Viscount Wimbledon, the late captain, which was the 15th November last. Underwritten,
147. i. Direction to the Clerk of the Signet to prepare a bill for his Majesty's signature to this effect. Whitehall, 19th January, 1638[-9]. [4 pp.]
Jan. 19. Petition of Katherine Cartwright, wife of John Cartwright, of Aynho, co. Northampton, to the King. Petitioner was bestowed in marriage about seven years since by her deceased father, William Noy, late Attorney-General, who paid her husband for her marriage portion 3,000l. in money, and 1,000l. in plate and jewels. She cohabited with her husband two years, and in that time bore him a son, who still lives. At the end of that time her husband, for reasons unknown to her, removed her from cohabitation to the house of a gentleman of that country, his friend, distant from him 30 miles, where she sojourned for two years until the death of her husband's father, when she moved her husband, who had pretended want of means of housekeeping, to cohabit with him, his father having left him lands of near 2,000l. per annum (deducting about 600l. per annum, his mother's jointure), and given him personal estate of above 20,000l., and petitioner then declared to him that if he would not admit her to cohabitation she would sue him for the same. He thereupon removed her to a farm of his own, where he promised to cohabit with her, but continued still dwelling with his mother, and petitioner was so sordidly attended and used, that it drove her into sickness, being kept as a prisoner, and he terrifying the women, her neighbours, with his power of justice of the peace, that they durst not visit her in her sickness and distress. Having remained in this perplexity about a quarter of a year, she made her case known to her friends, who procured a warrant from the Archbishop of Canterbury to remove her, that she might have freedom to make her complaint. Since which her husband has refused all maintenance, and for twelve months she has lived on the allowance of her friends. Besides which her husband has removed her child from her ever since its birth. Prays the King to take the cause into his own determination, fearing that the publicness of a court of justice will occasion many to reflect on her father's services and memory. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 22. 1¼ p.] Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Earl Marshal, the Earl of Dorset, and Sec. Windebank, to take order for relief of petitioner. Whitehall, 19th January, 1638[-9]. [Ibid., p. 23. 1/6 p.]
Jan. 19. Petition of Matthew Wren, Bishop of Ely, and Dean of the Royal Chapel, to the King. Elizabeth Brownrigg, your Majesty's ward, in the custody of her grandfather, Thomas Cull [?], of Ipswich, and of her mother, now petitioner's wife, has accomplished the age of 15 years, but petitioner and her guardians can noways advance her in marriage, because not only the lands whereof she is tenant in tail stand charged with her mother's jointure and other incumbrances, which are much more than the whole yearly revenue, leaving nothing for a present maintenance, but also because there is debt of near 1,000l. due to petitioner for moneys disbursed by him for preserving that inheritance from forfeitures and for other expenses on the said Elizabeth's behalf, and if Elizabeth should die under 21, not only the inheritance would be lost, but petitioner would also lose his said debt, being a great share of what he has to leave among half a score of his own children. For avoiding whereof petitioner's wife is willing to have her jointure sold, and Elizabeth Brownrigg and her grandfather and nearest friends are all desirous that sale should be made, as appears by a petition annexed, but the justices of the Court of Common Pleas without your Majesty's warrant will not permit Elizabeth to suffer a common recovery, by reason of her being yet under the age of 21 years. Prays direction to the justices of the Common Pleas to admit Elizabeth Brownrigg by her guardians to suffer a recovery of the manor of Tattingstone alias Tateston, and the advowson of the church of Tattingstone, with other messuages and tenements in Tattingstone, Wherstead, Holbrook, Woolverstone, Chelmondiston, Bentley, Copdock, Holton, Stutton, Brantham, East Bergholt, Capell, Stoke, and Ipswich, all in Suffolk, and that the Attorney-General may prepare a bill. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 24. 1¼ p.] Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Attorney-General to prepare a bill accordingly. Whitehall, 19th January 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid., p. 25. 1/6 p.]
Jan. 19.
148. Order of the Committee of the North. His Majesty and the Lords taking into consideration in what counties and in what proportion the 24,000 foot might be best raised, spared those 13 northern counties which are in Sir Jacob Astley's commission, he having power to levy in those counties such numbers of the trained bands as upon any sudden occasion he shall see cause. It was likewise held fit that the men of those shires (being nearest to Scotland) should be reserved for a second army, if there should be occasion. The forces and trained bands of the Cinque Ports and their members were likewise held fit to be spared, they being especially obliged to be ready at all times for guard of that coast. The 24,000 foot was upon consideration of the list of all the trained bands in England and Wales ordered to be raised out of each county respectively as is expressed in a list following. [Draft. 1 p.] Annexed,
148. i. List of counties above mentioned. The number of the whole trained bands and the number to be now raised out of them is expressed, as also the number of horse in certain counties. [2¾ pp.]
Jan. 19. Copy of the above order. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 72. 11/5 p.]
Jan. 19. 149. Sec. Windebank to Sir Jacob Astley. His Majesty has commanded me to give you notice of an information that John Fenwick, a merchant, and Bittleston, a tanner, both of Newcastle, have lately been in Scotland, and subscribed the covenant, and carried with them the names of divers who will do the like. This being a most notorious and base treachery, especially in any English subject, and of most pernicious consequence if it should spread further, his Majesty recommends the strict examination of it, and commands that if these find you not at Newcastle, you immediately repair thither, and advise with Mr. Marlay of that town what course is fittest to be taken. You are likewise to call to your assistance Sir William Bellasis, a very honourable gentleman and of exceeding good affection to his Majesty's service; and if upon examination you find Fenwick and Bittleston guilty, you are to commit them to prison, to remain close until his Majesty's pleasure be further known. You are further to examine what names they carried with them into Scotland, and what others there are in that town affected that way, and what intelligence they hold with the covenanters, and to certify me with all speed what you find, that this dangerous correspondence may be discovered, and that place secured, upon which the covenanters have a special eye, and in the preservation whereof consists the safety of all those northern parts. You see what diligence this business requires, and I doubt not but you will govern yourself accordingly. The Lords of the Committee have been made acquainted with your despatches, and you are to receive herewith answers to all that you have desired. The enclosed is from Mr. Comptroller. P.S.—The greatest danger, we conceive, of the northern parts is Newcastle, and therefore it is expected that you endeavour by all means possible to strengthen that place, and to secure it from surprise, seeing likewise upon the safety of that depends the security of those parts which are furnished with fuel from thence. You will give an account of this business of Fenwick and Bittleston as soon as you may, for so his Majesty expects, and to that purpose you may keep this messenger until the examinations be taken, and then send them expressly by him. [Draft. 2 pp.]
Jan. 19. 150. He[nry] Champernowne to the Council. Christopher Saverie, defaulter at musters in Devon, has submitted himself and promised future conformity. [¼ p.]
Jan. 19. 151. The same to the same. Carro Saverie, represented to the Lords as a delinquent at musters in Devon, was mistaken in the representation, and the messenger discharged him without fees. [½ p.]
Jan. 19. 152. Henry Ashford, Deputy Lieutenant of Devon, to the same. John Blagdon, Peter Atkins, and William Marks, of Tiverton, defaulters at musters, had conformed themselves and paid the messenger's fees. [½ p.]
Jan. 19.
153. The same to the same. Robert Hart, of Clanger [Clayhanger], and William Gill, of Up Exe, returned for defaulters at musters, were not owners of arms, but servants for the owners, and are unable to pay fees. [½ p.]
Jan. 19.
154. Undertaking by Robert Trelawny for the future to provide such arms as shall be enjoined him by the deputy lieutenants of Devon. For the five men's arms he is already enjoined to provide, he always has ten men's arms in readiness. He is now returned by mistake of the tithingman that gave not his right answer. Underwritten,
154. i. Note of John Seymour, that he believes Trelawny will be conformable for the time to come. [¾ p.]
Jan. 19.
155. Certificate of John Seymour, Deputy Lieutenant of Devon, that Henry Pollexfen, William Cholwich, Allen Belfield, and Richard Lapp, all of co. Devon, had promised to find such arms as should be enjoined them. [½ p.]
Jan. 19.
156. Nicholas Marten to Richard Harvey. For your money from John Cocke, Robert Hill, and Noah Griffen, I can get never a penny, neither from any of the rest. I desire to hear if I shall do anything in it. P.S.—As for Robert Hill he tells me he has spoken with you, and will not pay without a suit. [1 p.]
Jan. 20. 157. Certificate of Henry Ayshford, Deputy Lieutenant of Devon, that Arthur Dowdney, defaulter at musters, had promised conformity. [½ p.]
Jan. 20. Commissioners for Gunpowder to Master of the Ordnance. To deliver 80 barrels of gunpowder for supply of ships belonging to the East India Company. [Minute. Book of Warrants for Gunpowder. See Vol. ccclv., No. 61, p. 8. 4 lines.]
Jan. 20.
Ludlow Castle.
158. Sir Thomas Milward to Sec. Coke. I recommend to you this gentleman, Arthur Winwood, chief porter of Ludlow Castle. He is summoned by messenger to attend the Council, and thinks it is by reason of some oath that Mr. Clayton, the vicar of Stoughton Lacy, has made against him. Albeit Mr. Clayton calls himself a doctor, yet he is a man of that behaviour, that I have seldom known his fellow, and if credit shall be given to his oath, every man that he beareth malice unto will be utterly undone. When I came first to Ludlow he was in the porter's lodge for divers misdemeanours, and this last term he was fined again, and stands committed for the like offences. I beseech you to be informed of Clayton's credit before you give any allowance of his oath. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Jan. 20. 159. Henry Champernowne to the Council. James Roope, certified as a defaulter at musters in Devon, has promised conformity. [½ p.]
Jan. 20. 160. The same to the same. Similar certificate of conformity of John Frowd. [½ p.]
Jan. 20. 161. Certificate of George Long, justice of peace for Middlesex, that Sir Bennett Tufton had taken the oath of allegiance before him. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Jan. 21.
162. Minutes of proceedings of the Committee of the North. His Majesty's pleasure was signified by the Earl Marshal that the Earl of Lindsey, Lord Great Chamberlain, should be added to this committee. Also his Majesty sitting with the committee, and taking into consideration that the business will be better prepared by several sub-committees, ordered that the Marquis of Hamilton, the Lord Chamberlain, Mr. Comptroller, and Sec. Coke should meet every morning in the Lord Great Chamberlain's lodging in Court, and there debate things requisite for his Majesty's journey to York. That the Earl Marshal, the Lord Chamberlain, and the Lord Admiral, with the Earls of Essex and Newport, should meet every morning in the Lord Marshal's chamber in Whitehall to consider the military part necessary for his Majesty's journey. That the Lord Privy Seal, Earl of Dorset, the Vice-Chamberlain, and Sec. Windebank should meet every morning at the Earl of Dorset's chamber in Whitehall to consider what commission is fit to be given to the Lords that are to attend the King, in regard the Lord Keeper stays behind, and what is to be settled before his Majesty's going to York for government here in his Majesty's absence, as also what is to be settled for the Queen and Prince and the rest of their Majesties' children. Also, that the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington shall be of any of the said sub-committees whensoever they shall think fit, or any of the sub-committees shall desire their Lordships to be present. The sub-committees are to set down in writing whatsoever they shall conceive requisite to be done; and on Thursday next, and so every Thursday and Saturday, they are to present to this grand committee at the Council table in Whitehall what they shall have prepared for consideration of this committee. [Draft. 2 pp.]
Jan. 21. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 74. 2 pp.]
Jan. 21. Order of the same Committee, his Majesty being present. Lord Cottington and the Secretaries of State should prepare the draft of the letters to be written to all noblemen and others, signifying his Majesty's resolution to go to York, mentioned before under date of the 17th and 18th inst. The persons addressed were to be invited to show their duty to his Majesty by waiting on him, or sending horse to guard his person, who is so solicitous to preserve the kingdom from invasion. [Draft. Ibid. ¾ p.]
Jan. 21. Copy of the same. [Ibid., p. 76. ½ p.]
Jan. 21. 163. Roger Vaughan, late Sheriff of co. Hereford, to the Council. By your letters of 30th November last, I am required to pay to Sir William Russell 14l. 13s. ship-money unpaid in the time of my shrievalty; 13l. and more of this money is assessed upon persons inhabiting within the city of Hereford for lands in Hampton and Holmer adjoining the city, and part lying within the liberties of the same. The citizens allege for their exemption from this payment the words of the writ, saying they are to pay only in the city The inhabitants in the out-parishes, on the other side, allege that those lands were always rated in the county. States various proceedings taken for the determination of this difference (as to which see papers, Vol. ccclxi., No. 74, and Vol. ccclxxi., No. 87), and craves directions whether he shall go to the city and levy these arrears there, or make a new assessment and levy the same upon the inhabitants of the outlying parishes. [Seal with arms. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 21.
164. Alexander Davison, Mayor of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Thomas Riddell, Recorder, and 10 others of the same place, to the Earl Marshal, the Lord High Admiral, and Lord Maltravers, Lord Lieutenants of the said town. Sir Jacob Astley has viewed our trained bands, consisting of four companies, each company having 80 musketeers and 40 corslets, of whose sufficiency we hope Sir Jacob will give you satisfaction. We send you enclosed a copy of such instructions as Sir Jacob upon conference with ourselves has resolved for the safety of the town. For what concerns ourselves we shall not fail to perform the same; and for what other things therein contained, which we have craved the assistance of the Council, we pray that you will commend our suit to them. As duty binds us we shall be always most ready to adventure our lives and fortunes for the advancement of his Majesty's service in the defence of our ancient town and liberties. [Seal of the town. 1 p.]
164. i. The instructions above referred to. They suggest the erection of a drawbridge at the south end of Tyne Bridge, and in the middle of the bridge of "a Freese rooter," formerly made to be opened by day and shut during the night. Arrangement of artillery and garrison. Supply of arms and ammunition. Gunsmiths and armourers to be sent from London. [3 pp.]
Jan. 21.
Thorp Langton.
165. Sir Richard Roberts, late Sheriff of co. Leicester, to Sec. Coke. I have paid to Sir William Russell for ship-money 3,900l., and now I have collected 100l. more, which makes up 4,000l., which 100l. will be paid in this term. The residue uncollected I will endeavour with all possible speed to collect; but divers persons are unwilling to pay, and some threaten to bring their actions against me for distraining. I beseech you to consider the trouble and vexation I have had about this collection, and that, considering my age, I may not be sent for before the Lords touching this business. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Jan. 21. Nicholas to Mrs. Careis [Cary]. The King understanding that there are in your hands some MSS. of your father's which may be of good use for his Majesty's service, and particularly one great book containing letters of the Council, done in and before the time that he was clerk of the Council, the originals whereof were burnt when the old banqueting house in Whitehall was fired, his Majesty has commanded me to desire you to send to one of the Secs. of State, or to me, this book with others of that nature. [Copy. Nicholas's Letter Book, Dom. James I., Vol. ccxix., p. 177.]
Jan. 21.
166. Sir John Hanbury, late Sheriff of co. Northampton, to Nicholas. I have received a letter requiring me to attend the Council Board the second Sunday of the next term, to give account why I have paid in no more [ship] money. Last term I made suit to his Majesty that by reason of my age and infirmities he would spare my personal attendance until Easter term, which suit his Majesty did not deny. I have paid to Sir William Russell above 4,000l., which I have received with great opposition and danger, and many menaces of suits for distresses; but I still do his Majesty the best service I can, and will pay in what I can receive. The corporation of Brackley have paid in no part of the 50l. their writ was for. I have often sent to the mayor for it, but cannot get him to pay any. I sent to him to make speedy distress; he then demanded of my man who should save him harmless from suits; so that unless he will pay it upon a letter from the Lords it is not like to be paid. The writ sent to Northampton was for 200l., which by reason of the plague I could not get, neither can I get any money in other towns without distraining, and into many towns my men dare not enter to distrain for fear of being killed; some of my best bailiffs have forsaken me and will not meddle any more in that service. If you think fit, I pray you acquaint his Majesty and the Board with these impediments. I entreat you to procure me to be excused for this winter journey, which would much hazard my life. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 21.
167. Madam Ann Merrick to fair Mrs. Lydall. Probably a presumed letter from a fashionable lady. Prays Mrs. Lydall to entreat "her Ladyship" to come up to town "in Hyde Park time." The fear of war with the Scots does not a little trouble her lest all the young gallants should go for soldiers, and the ladies should want servants to accompany them to that place of pleasure which "both of us so zealously affect." Longs to see "those French ladies Madam Mornay and Madam Darcy," and "the new stars of the English Court Mrs. Harrison and Mrs. Vaughan." Enquires whether sleeves are worn to the wrists still, the mode brought in by the Duchess of Chevreuse, and whether they wear their necks up, a fashion in which the writer does not love herself, nor does she hold any one worthy of a fair neck or any other good part that is not free to show it. Wishes her correspondent to purchase for her half a dozen white night coifs which tie under the chin, and as many white hoods to wear over them a-days. Wishes she were with her friend to see the Alchymist, which she hears is revived, and the new play a friend of the writer's sent to Sir John Suckling and Tom Carew to correct. For want of these recreations she must content herself with the study of Shakespeare and the History of Women—all her country library. They have lately had a ball at Lady More's, and the writer wished to have given one in return at Wrest, but it was put off till Mrs. Lydall could crown the meeting with her presence. [2 pp.]
Jan. 21. 168. Modern copy of the same in the handwriting of Mr. Thomas Crofton Croker. [1½ p.]
Jan. 21.
169. William Symontoun to "Daniel Butler, vintner and citizen in London, living in Cannon Street, on the north side of the street, beside London Stone, at the sign of the Hart." I have shipped in William Brown's ship, of Kirkcaldy, called the John, 4 bags containing 16 pieces of ticking comprising 759 ells, which are minutely described. [1 p.]
Jan. 21. 170. Instructions to be delivered to Nicholas from [Robert] Balam, late Sheriff of cos. Cambridge and Huntingdon, by way of excuse for his not personally attending the Council to account for the non-payment of 78l. arrears of ship-money. He alleges sickness, that he paid in all the amount save 1,000l., and that as directed he turned over that to Sir Ludovic Dyer, his successor. He has been told by Sir Ludovic's deputy that he had collected the whole except 20l. from Thorney in the Isle [of Ely], a place inaccessible in winter time, and 10l. for the lands of Sir E: B: whereon was no distress. [¾ p.]
Jan. 21. Certificate of Clement Waldron, constable of the hundred of Hemyock, Devon, that Jasper Heiley, messenger, searched the town of Hemyock for Thomas Goddard, but could not find him, and that all the rest in Heiley's warrant were poor soldiers never charged in that hundred to find arms. [See this Vol., No. 157. ⅓ p.]
Jan. 22. Pardon to Edward Broughton, Esquire, who with others was lately indicted of murder, for that they were abetting when William Ward, clerk, was slain without Temple Bar, the 30th October last, by a man unknown; and is done upon the petition of Lady Broughton, and the certificate of the Lord Chief Justice, Justice Jones, Baron Trevor, and the Recorder of London. [Docquet.]
Jan. 22. Warrant to settle an assignment for payment of 38,106l. 3s. monthly, in manner following; viz., John Crane, surveyor of marine victuals, 11,301l. 15s. 1d.; Sir William Russell and Henry Vane, Treasurers of the Navy, 26,804l. 7s. 11d. for the ordinary expense of the navy and for repair of ships in harbour, wherein is included wages and victuals for one year, to commence the 1st January 1638-9 and to end 31st December 1639. [Docquet.]
Jan. 22. Grant to Sir William Russell and Henry Vane, now joint patentees in the office of Treasurer of the Navy, of an allowance of 3d. upon the pound as poundage for moneys by them issued for marine causes; the same to be equally divided between them, and to be from time to time defalked upon their accounts concerning the said office; with a proviso that a former seal for payment of a like sum to Sir William Russell be void. [Docquet.]
Jan. 22. A safe-conduct in Latin for Nicholas Van Hooren. [Docquet.]
Jan. 22. Warrant to Lord Treasurer Juxon, to give order to the officers of the ports to permit Mons. du Champ to transport several parcels of plate into the Low Countries for his own private use. [Docquet.]
Jan. 22.
171. The King to Montjoy Earl of Newport. To send to Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1,500 more arms for foot, whereof two parts to be muskets and a third part pikes, with munition proportionable, to be sold by the mayor and storekeeper there for furnishing the country thereabouts. [Draft. 1 p.]
July 22. Copy of the same with a slight alteration. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 80. ½ p.]
Jan. 22,
172. The King to the Governors of St. Thomas's Hospital, in Southwark. We understand that Lawrence Low, surgeon, has by agreement with Enoch Bostock procured from him a resignation of the reversion of a surgeon's place which Bostock had in our said hospital. Taking into consideration the faithful service done in our navy by Lawrence Low, and having received sufficient testimonies of his abilities, we recommend him unto you, not doubting that you will confirm to him the said reversion. [Copy. ½ p.]
Jan. 22.
173. Order of the King in Council. His Majesty last term, upon petition of Lord Morley for raising 6,000l. to pay his debts, gave warrant that the son of Lord Morley, being an infant, should suffer a recovery of certain entailed lands. Lady Morley, wife of Lord Morley, has complained that, under pretence of raising the 6,000l., Lord Morley had caused the infant to suffer a recovery of 1,600l. per annum, by which means there would be nothing left to descend to the infant, saving 800l. per annum. His Majesty ordered that only so much of the entailed lands which are to descend upon the infant be sold as may raise the said 6,000l., his Majesty having at first given way for the sale of no more, and will not give way for sale of any more to the prejudice of the heir of that house. All proceedings thereupon are to be stayed until a survey be made of the improved value upon the rack of the lands to be sold, such lands being set forth where they may best be spared, and Hallingbury House to be no part thereof. [1⅓ p.]
Jan. 22. 174. Draft of the same. [1⅓ p.]
Jan. 22.
175. Similar order. The differences concerning tithes between the parsons of London and the citizens have been by all parties submitted to his Majesty's award, and having been heard, order was given for stay of all suits for increase of tithes till his Majesty's award should be made, yet allowing the clergy to sue for such tithes as were formerly paid, in case any should refuse to pay the same. Since which time, orders have been made, as well for valuations of houses and other things titheable in each parish, as also for accommodation of matters between the said parties amongst themselves, that so the matter might be the better prepared for his Majesty's final judgment; which not producing such effect as was desired, the clergy complaining that by the long dependence of the said cause, submitted about five years since, they have been deprived of all opportunity of improvement, and that some of their parishioners withdraw tithes formerly paid, which, as the case now stands, the clergy cannot without much labour and charge recover. It was ordered that until his Majesty's more weighty affairs permit him to make a final end in that business, which he purposes to do in convenient time, the clergy of London may lawfully sue either in courts ecclesiastical or in temporal courts, for all tithes of the rents of the several parishes according to a decree for payment of tithes in that case provided. But his Majesty reserves to himself the full power to alter the said tithes, and to settle the same in such manner as he shall think fit. [Draft. 1¾ p.]
Jan. 22.
176. Minutes of proceedings of the Committee for the North appointed to consider of the government in London during the King's absence at York. Resolved: 1. That his Majesty order Archbishop Laud that divine service be celebrated every Sunday at Whitehall, or wheresoever the Queen shall be in person out of London, the Council being to attend her Majesty every Sunday. 2. That the Council keep their usual meetings twice every week, and keep their residences in London during his Majesty's absence, and that he be advertised of all occurrents, and of the results of all these meetings. 3. To represent to both their Majesties whether the Queen with the Prince and the rest of the Royal children shall not remain together. [4.] That all courts of justice keep their usual times of sitting, and that all things concerning government continue as his Majesty shall leave them, unless some accident give occasion of alteration. [5.] That the judges after their return from circuit, especially the two chief justices, be commanded to reside in town, for better suppressing any insolency. [6.] That the aldermen and other prime officers of London, who usually forsake town in summer, be commanded to keep their residence here, and that the Lord Mayor take care that the city be furnished with fuel and victuals at reasonable rates. [7.] That the like care be taken for the suburbs, and that a weekly account be given by the magistrates to the Council of what they shall do herein. [8.] That every Sunday an account be taken by the Council of the ship-money. [9.] That consideration and care be taken of the forces of the adjacent counties [Margin: Tower, Cinque Ports, and other ports and castles] and that the Lord-Lieutenants make certificate to the Board how those counties are furnished with arms and ammunition. [Draft. 2½ pp.]
Jan. 22.
The Earl Marshal's Chamber [Whitehall].
177. Similar minutes of proceedings of the Committee for the North for military affairs, with marginal notes by Nicholas. Order to be taken that the borders be furnished with arms. [Margin by Nicholas, being the King's observations: Fit.] That 1,000 carbines be sent to Newcastle. [Margin: Fit.] That 900 muskets and 600 pikes, already at Newcastle, be disposed of amongst the borderers, and that Sir Jacob Astley be written to, to use the best means for disposing of them. [Margin: Fit.] To arm presently, seeing the covenanters draw near the borders, and make all strong there. [Margin: Fit.] To write to Lord William Howard and the Deputy Lieutenants, to take care for the safe conveying of arms, that they be not surprised in the carriage. [Margin: Fit.] That the muskets to be bought for use of the foot, as well as carbines for the horse, to come with all expedition. [Margin: Fit.] That Capt. Legge's advertisements by letter to the Earl of Newport be presented to his Majesty, with our opinions that 100 men be received into pay who may serve both for pioneers and soldiers. [Margin : Fit.] That his Majesty be moved for order to send down armourers and gun-makers forthwith, and that they be received into towns corporate and be kindly entertained and encouraged. [Margin: Fit.] That 20 rust-waggons, 250 wheelbarrows, some good proportion of hurdles to mend ways for passing ordnance and carriages, basket-makers for canon and muskets, three wax-chandlers, [and] six harness-makers be sent down and have liberty to work in any corporate town. [Margin: Order for this to Master of Ordnance.] That Sir Jacob Astley consider of fit places for the rendezvous for the horse and foot, and for keeping victual. [Margin: Fit. For a royal [army] of 30,000 men.] That 2,000 or 1,000 horse at least be forthwith raised, and that commissions be sent forth to that purpose. [Margin: The King will give order for it when he sees in what time they may be raised.] That Sir Jacob Astley be advised what places will be fittest to quarter the horse in, as near (and on this side) York as may be, and to spare those places where his Majesty is to lodge with the army. [Margin: Fit.] [1½ p.]
Jan. 22.
178. Order of the King in Council. His Majesty understanding that divers of the nobility and others of the northern parts who have lands there are now abiding about London, and in other southern parts of this kingdom, and holding it most necessary that, according to the ancient laws in time of danger, they should at this time be required to reside upon their lands, it was ordered that the Attorney-General should cause writs to be sent to all peers who have mansion houses and lands in the northern parts to repair to the same, so as they be there resident with their families and retinue well arrayed with sufficient arms for defence of those parts, by the 1st March next, and there to continue during his Majesty's pleasure. And the Attorney-General is further to prepare a proclamation to command all the gentry and others to repair likewise in person as before stated. [Subsequently added: None of the said peers or gentry to be excepted from repairing to the northern parts accordingly, but only such officers and others who are necessarily to attend his Majesty's person and other special services.] [Copy. 1⅓ p.] Underwritten,
178. i. Attorney-General Bankes to Nicholas. I send you the draft of the order with some alterations, which I pray you observe unto the Lords, and then return unto me the first draft. P.S.—You may further know of the Lords whether there shall not be an exception of officers and others who are to attend his Majesty and other special services. 23rd January, 1638. [⅓ p.]
Jan. 22. 179. First draft of the above order with alterations by AttorneyGeneral Bankes, but without the exceptional clause above suggested. [1 p.]
Jan. 22. Copy of the same order, with the exceptional clause. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 85. 1½ p.]
Jan. 22. 180. The Council to the Vice-President and Deputy Lieutenants of co. York. We have considered your letters touching the price of gunpowder, and marvel to find you singular in your exceptions to it, for the counties where they have wanted powder for their magazine have sent for it out of his Majesty's store at 18d. the pound, without exception, and truly as good powder cannot be had at easier rates, considering the scarcity of saltpetre and the other materials. And however you crave a liberty to furnish your county from foreign parts, we let you know that the King is offered a much higher rate than 18d. the pound, if he will sell to merchants here who will export. This is such a truth, as none of us but know it, and therefore can make no other judgment of your demand to furnish your county from beyond seas than that it must be with far worse powder than his Majesty's. Lastly, we are from his Majesty to signify that he is informed that powder has in that county been sold at 2s., 2s. 6d., and 3s. a pound, and marvels very much that at this time, when your own safety is so much imported, you only should be refractory in this service, and insist so earnestly to have it cheaper than any other part of the kingdom, especially since you cannot but know his Majesty's extraordinary occasions to use money; however, he will hereafter take it into his care to ease your county in some other way, but will not by any means yield to abate the price of his powder. [Draft. 1½ p.]
Jan. 22. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 81. 12/5 p.]
Jan. 22. 181. The same to the Vice-President and Council of York. His Majesty taking into consideration what great prejudice it is to the kingdom that so great numbers of horse be suffered to be carried out of the same, heretofore laid a round imposition upon horses exported. Finding that there are still so many horses carried out of the kingdom as renders them very scarce, he has commanded us to signify to you, that you take special care that no horses be permitted to be carried into Scotland or any part beyond the seas without his order. [Draft, with underwritten note that similar letters were sent to the Lord Lieutenants of Northumberland, Westmorland, and Cumberland, and [the Bishop of] Durham. ¾ p.]
Jan. 22. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., pp. 80 and 81. 1 p.]
Jan. 22.
182. The Council to Montjoy Earl of Newport. The Bishop of Durham has desired that there may be arms sent for 100 horse in that county. We pray you that 100 complete arms for arquebusiers be sent from Hull to York, to be sold as the bishop shall direct. [Draft. ½ p.]
Jan. 22. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 76. ½ p.]
Jan. 22. 183. The Council to the Warden of the Fleet. To set at liberty Edward Fryer. [Draft minute. ⅓ p.]
Jan. 22. 184. Entry of the appearance of William Edrington, Mayor of Beverley, sent for on the complaint of the Lord Great Chamberlain. Upon his humble submission, he was discharged from further attendance. [Draft. ¼ p.]
Jan. 22. 185. Pass from the Council for Sir Bennet Tufton to travel into foreign parts for three years. [Draft minute. ½ p.]
Jan. 22. 186. [Sec. Windebank] to Lord Treasurer Juxon, Lord Cottington, the Lord Chief Baron, and other Barons of the Exchequer. There is a cause depending in the Exchequer, ready for hearing, between the Duke of Lenox, his Majesty's alnager, collector, and farmer of the old and new draperies, and the corporation of feltmakers of London, upon a branch of that office for sealing beavers and felts, which is of great consequence in the advancement of his Majesty's revenue, as also for reformation of abuses and deceits in that manufacture, as you will perceive by the brief enclosed, which has been presented to his Majesty. His Majesty has commanded me to recommend the cause to your consideration, and requires that the same be heard this term, and that the alnager may find all lawful favour. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 22. 187. Petition of Francis Dye, Vintner, to the Council. According to an order of the Council of the 16th inst., for which see the calendar of that date, No. 95, the referees therein mentioned have made their certificate, which is annexed. Prays the Lords to order that he may peaceably use his tavern without further molestation. [½ p.] Annexed,
187. i. Sir Gregory Fenner, Sir William Ashton, and Lawrence Whitaker to the Council. We have viewed the house of Francis Dye, vintner, and upon conference with the curate of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, and divers ancient inhabitants of the same, find that howsoever the said house, together with the greatest part of the east side of St. Martin's Lane, has been anciently and before the building of any houses there reputed part of the old Covent Garden, yet that the place where the said new erected tavern now stands is at least 100 feet without that wall, which for these 28 years last past and more has bounded the ground in these later times called Covent Garden. The tavern is none of those houses, [the inhabitants of] which repair to the new consecrated chapel as their parish church, but is distant from the said wall by the breadth of five dwelling houses, and of a small street called Bedford Bury, [the inhabitants of] which repair to the old parish church of St. Martin's and not to Covent Garden Chapel. 22nd January, 1638-9. [1 p.]
Jan. 22.
188. Thomas Havergill to Nicholas. I have sent my son with the answer to the Lords concerning the report of Sir William Becher and [Lawrence] Whitaker, and if the Lords will not accept of this, I desire you to move that every particular man may be examined whom I received the money of, and to whom I have disbursed it; and if it please the Lords to make choice of Sir Edmund Sawyer, Edmund Eyres, Mr. Francklin, or Mr. Bateman, or of the mayor and company of the said town. If I had not been lame, I should have been glad to have attended the Lords myself. [1 p.]
Jan. 22.
Newcastle [-upon-Tyne].
189. Sir Jacob Astley to Sec. Windebank. The 14th inst. Sir Thomas Morton and himself parted from York, by way of Thornton Bridge and Topcliffe Bridge. He points out the facilities afforded by certain roads in that country for bringing up the troops of Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, and Nottinghamshire, to the defence of Newcastle, crossing the Tees at Yarum. "So far," he says, "the river ebbs and flows, and ships of 60 tons come into this river, many at a time, that bring corn from Dantzic and other parts, which is a great help to the bishopric and the adjacent parts of Yorkshire." He finds no place safe for a magazine, but is to send Sir Thomas Morton to Hartlepool, who will inform them respecting it. If it be convenient to be fortified, it will be wondrous commodious; if not, Sir Jacob must be forced to have the magazines in ships on the Tees and Wear. The troops of Yorkshire he proposes to divide, sending one half (6,120 foot and 100 horse) to the protection of Newcastle, and the other may be conducted towards Carlisle or farther. Wishes the Lords to consider whether in case of action all the train-bands of the northern counties should be joined in one body, and the difficulty in that case of the country sustaining them with victuals. On the 17th inst. he viewed the "scirquet" round Newcastle, and found the place noways possible to be made defensible against a siege by any fortification, the hills on every side commanding it. Suggests some contrivances for partial defence. On the 18th he viewed the four companies of the Newcastle trained bands, and speaks very highly of their efficiency. The town takes pride in their well doing; better companies he has not seen in any of those parts. On the 19th three of the aldermen went with him to Tynemouth Castle. They find no means for fortifying it as against a siege. Wishes considerable stores to be sent to Newcastle, which will be bought away very fast, and used to good purpose in time of need; for that town is to be defended by many hands until his Majesty may send an army to relieve it. Encloses a card of the town as he has ordained the pieces to be planted. The Bishop of Durham consents to make a drawbridge over the river. Recommends that the King should appoint some special person of honour to be governor of that town, to direct all military actions, for there is no knowing person that "waies," and the place imports much, and is far from Court to receive instructions. The 22nd he is going to Sir William Fenwick's, and on the 23rd at Alnwick is to meet all the Deputy Lieutenants of Northumberland, and the Lieutenant of Holy Island, to settle all things in the best way he can. P.S.— This place wants musket-makers and armourers as much as York and all these parts. There is no person who can mend any of these things. [3 pp.] Enclosed,
189. i. Outline map or card which shows the walls, gates, and bastions of Newcastle, and the course of the river below the town. The guns are placed as suggested by Sir Jacob Astley, in the way most effectually to hinder the approach of an enemy. [= 2 pp.]
Jan. 22.
190. Sir Jacob Astley to Sec. Windebank. I suppose I have forgotten in my despatch to give an account of the ammunition Newcastle has in store. For their 14 small iron pieces that are to be placed upon the top of the turrets of the wall they have powder, and will provide bullets for each, 50 rounds with match and all other things. For their four companies, being 320 musketeers, I have calculated with them that they have sufficient for a long time. They have 80 barrels of powder, besides every burgher is to have in his own house three or four pounds to furnish the soldiers upon a sudden alarm to go to the walls. If the Scotch should attempt anything against this town, with those within and those out of the country that would come in for refuge, there will be above 3,000 men to maintain the town. [1 p.]
Jan. 22. 191. Robert Balam, formerly Sheriff of cos. Cambridge and Huntingdon, to Nicholas. Sets forth his excuses for not attending the Council in person, to account for non-payment of the arrears of ship-money in the year of his shrievalty. The grounds assigned for his non-attendance agree with those stated in his paper of instructions already calendared under the date of the 21st inst., No. 170. [Seal with arms. 2/3 p.]
Jan. 22. 192. Certificate of Henry Ayshford, Deputy Lieutenant of Devon, that Alexander Walker, of B[r]aunton, defaulter at musters, had conformed himself and paid the messenger's fees. [½ p.]
Jan. 22. 193. Similar certificate of the conformity of William Chane, of Uplowman. [¾ p.]
Jan. 23.
194. Order of Council. Recites writs for setting forth 18 ships for safeguard of the seas and defence of the realm. His Majesty lends ships to counties which cannot of themselves find them for the service required. It is ordered that the AttorneyGeneral shall prepare a warrant to the Lord High Admiral to order the Officers of the Navy to furnish so many ships as the Council shall direct in aid of the said counties, and to the Master of the Ordnance to arm them in warlike manner, and further to authorize the sheriffs to pay the money for such ships to Sir William Russell and Henry Vane, Treasurers of the Navy, upon such tripartite acquittances as are here directed to be given, so much of the said money being paid over by the Treasurers of the Navy to the Victualler and the Lieutenant of the Ordnance as shall be appointed, and all provisions, wages, and other necessaries being paid thereout. [Draft. 32/3 pp.]
Jan. 23.
195. Order of Council. The burgesses and assistants of the Duchy Liberty in the Strand by petition showed that having for a long time maintained a provost-marshal, one Abraham Wright, by virtue of a warrant of the deputy lieutenants of Middlesex at 4l. per annum, there is now another warrant directed from the deputy lieutenants to the high-constable, who has thereupon rated the said liberty at 12l. 6s. 8d. per annum for another provost-marshal (the whole liberty consisting but of part of one street from Temple Bar to Salisbury House). Petitioners besought that in regard Wright sufficiently discharges the office that he might be continued. It was ordered that Lord Newburgh, Chancellor of the Duchy, should take order for the continuance of Wright, and for the future should provide that the said place be effectually executed, the extent of the liberty being so small as one man may with ease execute that charge. [Draft. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 23. 196. Similar order. John Wilkinson, feltmaker, authorized by his Majesty to search any ship, cellar, or other place for hats, caps, or demi-castors wherein beaver is mixed, complained that he had been much opposed by divers persons, some of them officers, who in contemptuous manner broke the seal of his letters patent, and gave notice to the parties whose houses were to be searched. It was ordered that the said petition should be sent to the Lord Marquis [of Hamilton], to whom the petition of the haberdashers [of] London was formerly referred; and he is to take some present order for reforming the said abuse, or otherwise to certify the Board what he considers fit to be done. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 23. 197. Similar order. A difference depending between Edward Stockdale on behalf of himself and the children of George Weale, deceased, and Godfrey Austinson, scrivener, concerning a house in King Street, Westminster, was formerly referred to Peter Heywood and Henry Lide. The Lords perceiving that there is matter of law fit to be considered of in that business, it was ordered that Mr. Glyn Steward, of Westminster, should be added to the former referees, who are to settle the same if it may be, or otherwise to certify their opinions of what is fit to be done. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 23. 198. The like. George Bampfield, captain of his Majesty's castle of Sandsfoot, co. Dorset by petition represented that the said castle is very much out of repair, that the ordnance is dismounted, and that there is a great want of ammunition and arms. It is ordered that the Earl of Newport be prayed to certify what supply he conceives fit for the said castle. [Draft. ½ p.]
Jan. 23. 199. The like. The poulterers of London complaining that the artisan-skinners, under pretence of a privilege to be the sole sellers of English furs to the Eastland merchants, &c., have lately combined not to buy any furs of petitioners, but what shall be brought to a common bank, where they set rates for buying and selling, to the great prejudice of petitioners. It is ordered that the petition and paper annexed shall be given to the artisan-skinners, and they to attend the Board with their answer upon the 30th inst. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 23. 200. Order of Council on petition of Francis Dye, vintner, calendared under date of the 22nd inst., No. 187. The Lords approving the certificate of Sir Gregory Fenner, Sir William Ashton, and Lawrence Whitaker, and seeing no just cause why Dye should not continue his tavern erected without the extent of Covent Garden, confirmed the report and ordered that the said tavern should so remain without molestation. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 23. 201. The like. The Lords having called before them Sir William Killigrew and Robert Barkham, and having heard the complaint of Sir William about Barkham's disturbing him this last summer in possession of certain lands in co. Lincoln, and the Lords calling to mind that upon a former hearing of the said parties they ordered Barkham to conform to the decrees of the Commissioners of Sewers, for his contempt whereof he was formerly committed to the Fleet, they did this day order that he shall again stand committed to the Fleet, till he shall have conformed himself to all the said decrees, which direction the Warden of the Fleet is to take notice of and see performed. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Jan. 23.
202. The like. The Bailiffs and Wardens of the Company of Weavers of London shewed that there are divers strangers weavers who refuse to pay his Majesty's duties, and are so averse to the good orders of the company that unless some present order be taken they will not be able to subsist. It is ordered that all persons exercising that trade who are refractory, as well strangers as natives, shall be required to conform to the orders of the company and pay all duties to his Majesty, or in case they refuse, then upon certificate of the said bailiffs and wardens the Attorney-General is to proceed against them for contempt. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Jan. 23. 203. Memorandum signed by sixteen strangers weavers that they conform to pay the duty imposed upon silk stuffs made by them, according to a contract made between his Majesty and the Company of Weavers of London. [Endorsed, "To be discharged." ½ p.]
Jan. 23. 204. Order of Council. The answer of Thomas Havergill to the certificate of Sir William Becher and Lawrence Whitaker, upon the complaint made against him by Mr. Worsop, Mr. Webb, Mr. Breame, [Braham] and others, concerning ship-money, being read, the Lords not being satisfied either with the receipt or disposing of the said moneys so collected, ordered that Sir Edward Sawyer should cast up the accounts of Havergill, and certify how he finds the same, with his opinion what is fit to be done therein. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Jan. 23. 205. The Council to the Keeper of the Marshalsea. To receive into his custody Capt. Walter Stewart, and keep him safe prisoner according to a warrant of execution out of the Court of Admiralty. [Underwritten is a memorandum that a warrant was delivered to Edward Stockdale, John Bish, Simon Wilmot, and William Brooks, messengers. 1 p.]
Jan. 23.
Mincing Lane.
206. Officers of the Navy to the Council. We received from you a letter presented to you from the Justices of Peace for Kent, wherein they certify the carriage of 200 tons of timber from Lullingston Park to Woolwich, but for the 200 loads to be brought from Warnham, Sussex, to Kingston-upon-Thames, they desire that their county may be excused, in regard they never had the assistance of any other, and that it is a thing unknown to them to go out of their county into any other to carry timber. Finding Sussex has been much burthened in former years, both for carriage of timber in their own county and in being assistant to Hampshire and Surrey, and that Kent has been freed from that service, except the hundreds of Cray and Aylesford, [hund. of Ruxley and lathe of Aylesford?] which were not specified in your letters, our request is, that the eastern parts of Kent, in this time of so great necessity, may have warrant for the speedy performance thereof. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 23.
Commissioners for Saltpetre and Gunpowder to Nathaniel Snape and William Gibbs, Justices of Peace for [Middlesex.] We understand that you have committed to Newgate Robert Davies, who by making gunpowder has fired a neighbour's house. As it is prohibited for any person but his Majesty's powder-maker to make gunpowder in England, we desire to be informed of the proceedings of the said Davies. We pray you to re-examine him, how long, by whose encouragement he has used to make powder; whether he has any sharers; who set him at work; where and of whom he bought his saltpetre; and to whom he sold his powder. Of all which we pray you to certify us; and to cause all his utensils for making powder to be seized, and kept in safe custody. [Copy. See Vol. ccxcii., p. 89. 1 p.]
Jan. 23.
Meldon 12 miles from Newcastle.
207. Sir Jacob Astley to Sec. Windebank. His letters, with two from the Lords, dated the 18th, came yester-night to Sir Jacob's hands, he being here with Sir John and Sir William Fenwick. Desires 1,000 snaphances may be sent to Newcastle, which those of Northumberland and the borders desire much to have, wishing more to serve with them, than to be dragooners; also more arms and ammunition, for those formerly sent are much of them bought away, and now his Majesty gives order to sell more to those of his party in Scotland. Sir Jacob has made arrangements with Sir Thomas Morton to have the trained bands at Durham ready to march, but so to prepare them as no bruit or noise be made of it, but that in case of any sudden invasion Sir Thomas may proceed at once to the relief of Newcastle. Sir Jacob's plans in such an emergency are here detailed, and he points out what want there would be of money and victuals, and especially of some noble persons of honour to direct his Majesty's counsels. Desires to be dispensed with in the examination of Fenwick and Bittleston, having sent the Sec.'s letter to the mayor and aldermen of Newcastle to do it, and written to Sir Thomas Morton at Durham that Sir William Bellowes [Belasys] for that purpose will go thither with all speed. Believes there are false villains in the town who hold intelligence with the Covenanters. Thinks he shall do his Majesty better service for the present to keep himself betwixt Berwick and the Holy Island, or betwixt both and Newcastle, to have information of the proceedings of the Scotch. To that end, and having Mr. Roger Widdrington in his company, he sent two espials to go beyond the borders, and take news of all their doings, and in 30 hours he is promised advertisement of them. There is no news of their stirring. He shall this day employ some others to go amongst them, so that he may have intelligence timely to repair to Newcastle, and set in order all things there. They cannot fly, and a great troop to do harm must have leisure to march, and it is winter. This following night he shall lodge at Alnwick, and so go to the Holy Island and see Berwick, but not proceed to Carlisle until further order. On this occasion Sir Thomas Morton and himself cannot be at the musters in Yorkshire as they appointed. Sir William Douglas, a great Covenanter, being Sheriff of Teviotdale, came to the sessions at Malbeth [Morpeth ?], amongst all the gentlemen in Northumberland, some 14 days past. It is thought it was only to learn some intelligence of the state of the country. [2 pp.]
Jan. 23.
208. Sir William Belasys and John Marlay to Sec. Windebank. We received your letter the 22nd inst. at eight at night, and forthwith made inquiry for Sir John Bohannan [Buchanan]. We understand that he remained in Newcastle about a month at one Anthony Allon's house, an attorney, who will be at London this term. Sir John took journey from this town on Saturday the 18th inst., as is reported, for Scotland. Finding Sir John to be gone, we, according to your directions, forbore to proceed further, either against Mr. Middleton or any others, until we shall receive further order. [P.S. by John Marlay.] This present Thursday morning I am informed by a private and trusty friend that Sir John Bohannan went upon Saturday to a place in Northumberland called Rock, some five miles from Alnwick, where one Mr. Saukeild [Salkeld] lives, a very hot puritan. It is thought he is there yet. If you will have any thing done I will be ready to follow your directions. [Endorsed by Windebank, "ans[wered] 28th, with command to pursue and apprehend Sir John Bohannan." 1 p.]
Jan. 23.
209. Henry Lord Clifford to Sec. Windebank. Last night I received the enclosed from Sir Philip Musgrave and Sir George Dalston, [probably the letter calendared under date of the 16th inst., No. 102,] and by the same messenger desired them to examine William Smith the younger, and likewise Harling. The way is long and foul from Westmorland to this house, and they have no convenience of sending but by ordinary footmen, which makes despatches longer upon their way, but there wants no diligence in the gentlemen employed in his Majesty's service in those parts, and especially in these two, which is well known to my Lord Marshal. [Endorsed by Windebank's secretary, "the Lord Clifford concerning More." 1 p.]
Jan. 23. 210. Francis Lord Cottington to Attorney-General Bankes. There was a commission granted to Henry Garway, alderman of London, and others, concerning the reformation of the abuses of the drapery of this kingdom. His Majesty is pleased that the said commission be renewed, with the addition of Sir John Brooke, George Mynne, Anthony Withers, and Lawrence Halstead. [Copy. ¾ p.]
Jan. 23. 211. Sir Richard Reynell, Deputy-Lieutenant of Devon, to the Council. Thomas Collard, of Buckfastleigh, defaulter at musters, had conformed and paid messenger's fees. [¾ p.]
Jan. 23. 212. Certificate of Henry Ayshforde, deputy-lieutenant of Devon, that Katherine Chane, of Burlescombe, defaulter at musters, had conformed and paid messenger's fees. [⅓ p.]
Jan. 23. 213. Similar certificate of the same that Edith Locke, of Sampford Peverell, widow, had conformed. [2/5 p.]
Jan. 23. 214. The like, that John Batting and Richard Gill, of Clayhidon, Amias Horwood, and Thomas Horwood had conformed. [2/5 p.]
Jan. 23. 215. Return of the messenger sent into Suffolk to bring before the Council the persons reported as defaulters in arms. Thomas Browning and Thomas Carver "in contempt"; Robert Artes [Artue?] not found; Thomas Golding of Darsham, no such man there; Edward Alpe gone from home; Henry Sternold, [Starling ?] discharged of arms, and unable to pay fees. [¼ p.]
Jan. 23. Note of discharge of attendance of the following persons, all of Suffolk, on their promise of conformity, viz., John Penning, William Dusgate, Sir John Prescot, Sir Thurstane Smith, Lady Ford, William Hurrell, Henry Jackson, and Thomas Golding. [Written on the same paper as the last article. ¼ p.]
Jan. 23. 216. Answer of the Deputy-Lieutenants of Cumberland to the propositions made by Capt. Henry Waytes, by virtue of his Majesty's commission read before them at Carlisle. State that their magazine is settled at Carlisle, and money collected for providing a supply. They will muster the trained bands, but they cannot do it so frequently as in other parts, by reason of the remoteness, and that they live in a stormy and mountainous country. Their arms are good, but the number being only 250 it is not to be expected that it should be made up into a regiment. For making of wagons and carts they have no such workmen. They have given order for every soldier to have his knapsack, and every company to have two great leather bags, one for powder, the other for bullets. The soldiers are enrolled, and if they desert shall be severely punished. Their county cannot furnish an army, for they cannot supply themselves without the help of Newcastle for corn, and Yorkshire for butter and cheese. How an army may be drawn together they leave to Capt. Waytes. For gunsmiths they have very few, and for armourers, not any. They have ordered that the beacons should be in good repair, and be provided and watched. [=2 pp.]