Charles I - volume 412: February 1-15, 1639

Pages 411-470

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1638-9. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1871.

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February 1-15, 1639

Feb. 1. Petition of the Company of Beaver-makers of London to the King. That the haberdashers of London have obtained an order from the Board upon misinformation, whereby Roger Gibson and John Wilkinson are appointed to seize to the King's use all such hats as are prohibited by proclamation. That the Lord Mayor has referred the said business to a committee of aldermen, the most of them being haberdashers; that the endeavour of the haberdashers is only to maintain demi-castors, which was totally disliked by the Lords, and which are prohibited to be sold by retail. There is a new invented ruff called otter-ruff, put in use, whereby to confound the discovery of the beaver-ruff, and as much to the prejudice of the subject as demicastors are. Under colour of the liberty contained in the proclamation that demi-castors should be for transportation only, the haberdashers cause the same to be made in as great abundance as ever they were, and the greater part are made of coney wool, which, if prohibited, would be very beneficial to the subject, it being altogether unprofitable. Pray his Majesty to discharge the late reference to the Lord Mayor, and to refer the same to such as have formerly examined the said business, that they may take into consideration the fitness of coney wool and these new invented ruffs, and that they may be discharged; also, that the making of demicastors may be totally prohibited, and that no beaver may be wrought but by the said company, they being enjoined to work nothing else. Underwritten,
i. His Majesty disliking that proceeding of the Lord Mayor in referring the business to a committee of aldermen, chiefly haberdashers, is pleased that Sec. Windebank and the Attorney-General shall consider of every particular in the petition mentioned, and order it for the relief of petitioners as they shall find fit. Whitehall, 1st February 1638-9. [Copy. See Book of Petitions, Vol. cccciii., p. 26. 1 p.]
Feb. 1.
Sergeant's Inn.
1. Sir John Bramston, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, to the King. According to your command, to certify what discovery has been made by Capt. John Allen, now residing beyond the seas, of malefactors and robberies upon the highway, and what service he has done by that means, I certify that he has discovered divers great robberies committed upon the highway in many several counties by divers persons, of whom Robert Adams, Humphrey Crowder, Edward Hitchcock, John Powell, and John Chancy have been since apprehended, tryed, and executed, and confessed the robberies he accused them of. He also accused others, who fled thereupon, and are not yet taken. By which means the company that did commonly rob in Essex, Kent, Middlesex, Hants, Surrey, Oxford, Buckingham, Bedford, Cambridge, and Hertford, (in which several shires the same company did commit several robberies,) have been discovered, and the counties in quiet ever since, until now of late some that fled have returned again, and cannot yet be apprehended. [3/5 p.]
Feb. 1. 2. Petition of Philip Kinder to the same. Petitioner, about seven years ago, at the command of the Attorney-General and in his name, but at petitioner's own charge, did prosecute at the Star Chamber against Henry Viscount Newark and three of his servants, for a most exorbitant assault by them made upon petitioner, with an intent to murder him, within Westminster Abbey, in the time of divine service, upon the feast of Ascension. In six years' prosecution it was brought to a ripeness, and set down for a hearing, in which time petitioner has spent above 300l., and run himself in debt at least 300l. more. That your Majesty, being informed by Viscount Newark that his Lordship had made petitioner satisfaction, as well for the injury as petitioner's expenses, granted his Lordship a special pardon; whereas, in truth, his Lordship neither then had nor now intends to make petitioner any satisfaction at all. Your Majesty, upon a former petition, was pleased to enjoin Sec. Windebank to treat effectually with Lord Newark for petitioner's satisfaction, but his Lordship having obtained his said pardon now neglects his Majesty's reference, and refuses to make petitioner any satisfaction. In regard he did not voluntarily undertake the said suit, but was thereunto commanded, and seeing your Majesty has been extraordinarily gracious to Lord Newark, petitioner beseeches your Majesty to require the Council to convent Lord Newark, and compel him to make petitioner satisfaction. Underwritten,
2. i. Reference to the Council to call before them the parties interested, and to take order for petitioner's relief. Whitehall, 1st February 1638[-9.] ["Nil" has been written beneath the reference. 1 p.]
Feb. 1.
3. Abraham Biggs, Deputy Vice-admiral of Devon, to Robert Read, secretary to Sec. Windebank. Yours of the 22nd past, signed by Sec. Windebank, together with a great packet directed to Lord Ambassador Hopton [Aston ?] I received this se'nnight, at which time an apt conveyance for it was presented to me by the St. Andrew, bound for Bilboa, Baldwin Colomb, master, whose care will be great for the speedy and safe conveyance of it to Madrid. I bless God that my endeavours in this part of his Majesty's service have so prospered, as that not any of those despatches conveyed by me have miscarried. [Seal with device. ½ p.]
Feb. 1. 4. Petition of Jonas Viney, sometime of Lyme Regis, co. Dorset, to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner's poor and distressed estate, chiefly occasioned by too much trust given in his minority to John Geare, vicar of Lyme Regis, a puritanical professor, or rather an atheistical practitioner, of vicious life, a factious and turbulent spirit, who, through breach of his faith, cunningly injured petitioner in his estate, credit, and good name, which wrongs he has suffered these many years, to his utter undoing, being driven out of his estate by suits of law whereunto he was constrained by Geare. The loss thereby he and his kindred have received amounts to 3,000l., whereof, above 1,000l. particularly to petitioner's own account. Hereof he has heretofore informed his Grace upon occasion of a suit then depending in the Court of High Commission, long since commenced against Geare for notorious offences, which, by neglect of prosecution and secret underminings, are still unpunished. But since petitioner made supplication to his Grace by reason of suits at law and want of means to prosecute Geare, and for peace sake he made agreement with Geare to accept 400l. or thereabouts in satisfaction of all demands, whereof petitioner has received 200l., but the residue, nearly 200l. more, Geare refuses to pay. Desires by audience to show his grievances by word of mouth, or that he may be suffered to declare it to his Grace by writing more at large, or by any other way his Grace may think fit. [2⅓ p.] Written in the margin of the first page,
4. i. "This seems to me rather an invective than a petition; however, I desire Sir John Lambe to consider of the merits of this cause, and give me an account; that further order may be taken, if there shall be reason for it. W. Cant." February 1, 1638-9. [3 lines.]
Feb. 1. 5. List by Sir William Becher of petitions [and other papers] left to be despatched this day. They number in all 36. [1 p.]
Feb. 1. 6. Account by the Officers of the Ordnance of the Gunpowder that had been brought into his Majesty's store, delivered for his Majesty's service, and sold to the subject, from the 1st November last to this date. Totals: issued and sold, 44 lasts 23 cwts. 90 lbs.; received for the said powder, 2,595l.; in store, 276 lasts 19 cwt. 36 lbs. [2 pp.]
Feb. 2. Confirmation to the Wardens and Society of Blacksmiths of London of their ancient charters, with these additions and alterations: that persons using the trade of a blacksmith or farrier within London or four miles thereof are now made members of this company; that the quarteridges of 6d. for a householder and 3d. for a journeyman, established by their former ordinances, are hereby appointed to be assessed and taken for the use of the company; they are licensed to purchase lands of the yearly value of 30l. above a former value of 30l. they were formerly enabled to purchase; that all persons within the said limits, being either of the said trades, do set his proper mark upon his work, and register his mark at Blacksmiths' Hall; with other additions. There is reserved to his Majesty a fee-farm rent of 40s. per annum. [Docquet.]
Feb. 2. 7. Petition of Henry Jermyn to the King. His Majesty granted to petitioner certain improved grounds lately made out of the wastes and commons lying within the soke of Somersham, co. Hunts, in fee farm, under the rent of 20l. per annum, payable to the crown, which improvements he has sold to purchasers, who desire, for clearing future questions, the same should be freed from all parks, forests, and chases, though it lies not within any known forest or chase. Prays warrant to the Attorney-General for passing the said grant to such as petitioner shall nominate, with liberty to enclose the same. Underwritten,
7. i. Reference to the Attorney and Surveyor-General, who are to consider thereof, and certify whether they find these lands to be within any of his Majesty's forests, parks, or chases, whereupon his Majesty will signify his further pleasure. Whitehall, 2nd February 1638[-9. 1 p.] Endorsed,
7. ii. Attorney-General Bankes and Sir Charles Harbord to the King. Upon view of divers records, we find that the Bishop of Ely had a free chase within the soke of Somersham, and we conceive that the lands mentioned in the petition do lye within the bounds of the forest of Huntingdon, mentioned in those records. But we do not find any disafforestation of that forest or chase, although the said soke and chase came to the Crown in the time of the late Queen Elizabeth. The said forest has not been in use for a long time past. 8th March 1638[-9. ½ p.]
Feb. 2. Copy of the above petition and reference. [See Vol. cccciii., p. 35. 1 p.]
Feb. 2. Petition of Francis Rodolphin [Godolphin ?] to the King. Whereas in the year 29 Henry VIII. the prior of Bodmin granted a lease of some lands known by the name of Rialton, for term of 96 years, to Elizabeth Prideaux and others, under the yearly rent of 60l., of which, in 42 Elizabeth, Thomas Mundy took a lease of 30 years in reversion of the former, paying 240l. fine and 60l. rent as formerly, of all which time there is now 26 years to come. Prays, as well in regard the said lands lie near and convenient for him as for that he conceives it a good bargain for your Majesty, that you would grant him a lease of 30 years in reversion, he paying the double rent of 120l., as well for the 26 years of the old lease as for the time desired. Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington, who are to certify their opinions, whereupon his Majesty will signify his further pleasure. Whitehall, 2nd February 1638-9. [Copy. See Book of Petitions, Vol. cccciii., p. 36. 1 p.]
Feb. 2. Petition of John Smith and John Awcocke to the same. Sir Henry Cleere, about 16 years since, conveyed to Sir Henry Bedingfield and others divers manors and lands in co. Norfolk, to make sale of the same for payment of his debts and advancement of his lady and daughter; but the same not being vendible by reason of several annuities and incumbrances, the parties interested obtained a decree in Chancery for sale to be made by the feoffees, and after several years endeavour, petitioner, with Smith, Mr. Holl, and Awcocke, came in to be purchasers for 4,000l., relying upon that conveyance and decree, and paid as much, if not more, than the said manors and lands were then worth. Lately the ceasing of the annuities having made it a bargain of some advantage, as is conceived, an office has been found within a year last past to entitle your Majesty to a third of the said land, and though the daughter of Sir Henry Cleere be above 16 years of age, and so ought to sue livery, yet the office being found a few months before she came of age, upon pretence of privilege in that court, an information is there exhibited against petitioners, because the said ward was no party to the suit in Chancery, though her mother and grandmother were, would not only question whether the lands were sold at an under value, which petitioner now declined, but also question the validity of the said decree, whether the lands were well decreed to be sold at all, and to have the advantage of the casualties of the said bargain, which petitioners have since undergone, to which point petitioners plead the former proceedings in Chancery, but the same is disallowed. Petitioners not aiming to divert any benefit that may thereby justly accrue to your Majesty, nor willing to be the instrument to make a question between the said courts, being purchasers under a conveyance and decree in Chancery, but desirous, without expense of money or time, to submit to such course as may stand with the ordinary rules of justice, petitioner Smith being above 73 years of age, and unfit for suit, pray reference to the Lord Keeper, who made the said decree, and to the Attorney of the Court of Wards, to mediate and finally determine the said business. Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Lord Keeper and Lord Cottington, who, with the assistance of the Attorney of the Court of Wards, are to hear and determine the differences in such manner as they shall find fit. [Copy. See Book of Petitions, Vol. cccciii., p. 37. 1¼ p.]
Feb. 2. 8. Council of War to Attorney-General Bankes. To prepare for his Majesty's signature a commission to pass the great seal, directed to the Earl Marshal, to be Lord General of his Majesty's army now intended to be forthwith raised, and therein to give his Lordship such power and authority as have been heretofore given to former Lord Generals commanding an army royal. [Draft. ⅓ p.]
Feb. 2. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 101. ½ p.]
Feb. 2. Minute of a similar letter for a commission to Robert Earl of Essex to be Lieutenant-General of his Majesty's army. [Draft. See this Vol., No. 8. 2 lines.]
Feb. 2. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 102. 1/5 p.]
Feb. 2. The like, for a commission to Henry Earl of Holland to be General of the Horse in his Majesty's army. [Draft. See this Vol., No. 8. 4 lines.]
Feb. 2. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 102. 1/5 p.]
Feb. 2.
9. Deputy-Lieutenants of co. Stafford to the Lord Lieutenant. According to the Council's letter of the 18th November last, we agreed to send warrants to the constables of every hundred, commanding them to require the trained horse and foot to appear before us in several parts of the county in December last, and having respect to the season of the year, we only for that time viewed the men, horses, and arms, and ordered defects to be mended; and for those gentlemen who failed to send their horses and arms at the time appointed, we were content (in respect divers of them lived out of the county) to give them time to appear at the quarter sessions next after Christmas. Upon receipt of his Majesty's letter by Capt. Erneley we commanded the trained bands to meet at Stafford, where, the 31st January last, they were viewed and trained, Capt. Erneley being then present, who is able to give an account in what state we stand, having taken a list of the foot and of such horses as did then appear before us; and for such as have made default, after many warnings, we enclose their names. We have caused a list to be made of all able persons between the ages of 16 and 60, and as soon as with convenience we may, will return a copy thereof. We have moved gentlemen of quality and others of ability to provide arms. We have in magazine a competency of powder, match, and bullet, and desire we may not be pressed to take any great quantities, in respect of the excessive dearness it has now grown to, and that it is a perishable commodity. We have made choice of a provost marshal, and have caused all our beacons to be repaired, and ordered that they be speedily watched. We entreat you to move the Council that Archbishop Laud may be put in mind to give order to the bishop of this diocese to give in a list of the arms of the clergy, that so we may charge a convenient number more of the abler sort of laity, in case our trained forces, the strength of our country, shall have occasion to attend upon his Majesty's person, we may not be unprovided for the defence of the same. We have given order to the officers that all things may be done according to Capt. Erneley's written instructions, and also that carts be in readiness. And whereas his Majesty recommends to your care the increasing of the number of the trained bands, we must be suitors to you to make known to his Majesty the poor and weak estate of this county, how much it troubled us, and what time was spent in adding 20 or thereabouts, which had been long wanting to this number of 400 trained foot, and how great our care has been and yet is to increase the troop of horse from 70 to 100, to which number we are now in hope to raise it. [3 pp.]
9. i. List of persons absent at the musters above referred to; they were as follows: Sir Henry Griffith, Brome Whorwood, John Whorwood, and Lady Ursula Bart[o]n. [¼ p.]
Feb. 2.
10. Alexander Davyson, Mayor of Newcastle, Sir Jacob Astley, Sir William Belasys, and John Marlay, to Sec. Windebank. As yet, John Fenwick has not returned to this town, neither can we learn where he is; but since the certificate of our proceedings in that business concerning the said Fenwick and Thomas Bitleston, we have examined Giles Bitleston, who is a man so obstinate and contumacious as that he will not give any direct answer to questions propounded to him, as you will perceive by his examination enclosed, neither will he subscribe his hand to the same, alleging he knoweth not what ill use may be made thereof. At Sir Jacob Astley's return we acquainted him with the examination, who re-examined Giles Bitleston, who showed himself more obstinate and uncivil than before, so that we have thought good to commit him as well as Thomas Bitleston to the custody of a sworn officer, where they will both remain till your further pleasure be known. Upon search of what papers were in the house of Giles Bitleston, amongst many other papers we found these three letters, which we likewise enclose. We have also taken notes of several sermons written by Giles Bitleston, which we have delivered to Mr. Alvey, vicar of this town, to peruse, and to let us understand his opinion thereof. [Bad impression of the town seal. 1 p.] Enclosed,
10. i. Examination of Giles Bitleston, tanner, taken the 28th January 1638[-9]. He never was in Scotland in his life, but about Michaelmas last he intended to have gone with Thomas Bitleston to have bought skins, but fearing in respect of these times he should not have got them away, he went not. Thomas Bitleston told the examinant that he had been to Scotland. Upon the question whether, if he should be commanded to serve his Majesty with musket or pike against those people that oppose his Majesty in Scotland, called Covenanters, whether he would go or no, he saith that he desires to take time to advise of it before he gives answer. Upon the question whether he knows of any man that allows of those actions done by the Covenanters against the King or countenances the same, he says that he is not willing to accuse any. On Thomas Bitleston's return from Scotland, the examinant only asked him whether he had bought skins, or how one might buy. Knows not where John Fenwick is. Desires to be excused to subscribe to this examination. [1½ p.] Annexed,
10. i. i. Further examination of Giles Bitleston, the 30th January 1638[-9]. Being asked if any, and who by name, do meet upon Sundays in the afternoon, at his house, and if they meet, to what purpose, he says that upon Sunday afternoons, after sermon time, sometimes people come to his house to hear the repetition of the sermon; but [to the question] who they are by name his answer is, if any can accuse them, let them, for he knows no hurt by them. When he repeats the sermons he does not hinder any that will come, for God forbid that he should hinder any to hear the repetitions of his notes of sermons. Knows not by what authority we examine him. Refuses to tell whose sermons he takes notes of. Desires to be excused to set his hand to this examination. [¾ p.]
10. ii. Edward Hall to Giles Bitleston. Business matters. Things grow worse and worse concerning the pure worship of God; they will have now the ministers to preach in the surplice all the time, by this hellish plot of Anti-Christ. There is, as we hear, in one diocese where newly a wicked bishop has come, five ministers put by that will not preach with the surplice on, and many fear they will take the same order throughout the whole land. Truly, God is not pleased with a sinful nation ! The plague is breaking out in London again. London, 11th April [1638. 1 p.]
10. ii. i. — to Thomas Cheasman or Edward Winshop, in New Town, New England. I entreat your kindness on behalf of my brother William, both in regard to spiritual and temporal directions, for times are so evil that we are in no certainty of getting away next spring; we may fear we [shall] have [to] sit our time, and bless God for those that he has plucked like firebrands from the burning. Love to all I write to, which is Thomas Cheasman, William Cutter, Edward Winshop, and Guy Bainbridge. 1st September 1638. [1 p.]
10. iii. Information of Ralph Cock of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, merchant and alderman, taken 31st January 1638[-9]. That Mr. Fransham, steward to Lord Grey, told the informant that John Fenwick was gone into Scotland to seal the covenant. A justice of peace of Northumberland told Cock so. [½ p.]
10. iv. William Morley to his cousin Giles Bitleston. Hears they have the plague again. Desires to be remembered to persons mentioned. York, 26th January 1638–9. [1 p.]
Feb. 2.
11. John Lord Hunsdon to Robert Read, "attendant on Sec. Windebank." The three letters of his Majesty's to my master the Earl of Derby, Lord Strange, and Lord Savage, (whose Christian name was mistaken, Thomas for John,) came to my hands yesterday about 10 o'clock in the morning. Mr. Owen, to whom you did direct them, was gone with Lord Conway to Holyhead, and his deputy brought them to me. I instantly went to the Earl of Derby, and delivered his Majesty's letter, and read it to him, being in bed and weak, whose direction was, I should presently send it to his son Lord Strange. This I did within an hour, and with it, by a special messenger, the other two letters to Lord Strange and Lord Savage, to whom I dare say they were delivered yesternight; and if you do not receive the tickets thereof by this return, for my messenger would not yet come back, you shall have them by the next. [Seal with arms. 2 pp.] Enclosed,
11. i. Receipt of the Earl of Derby for the above letter from his Majesty, dated Westminster 26th January 1638[-9.] 1st February 1638[-9. ¼ p.]
Feb. 2.
12. Philip Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery to Robert Long, Gentleman of the Chamber. It has pleased his Majesty to resolve upon a royal journey to York, and there to be attended upon by all his sworn servants, of whom you being one, I am to signify to you that, all occasions set apart, in person you be in readiness by the 1st April next at York, with a horse and russet arms, with gilded nails or studs, after the fashion of a cuirassier, for yourself, and white arms, as an arquebusier, for your servant or servants that you shall bring with you, there to act and do such duties as shall be required of you. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 2.
The Strand.
13. John Malet, late Sheriff of Somerset, to Nicholas. I have received sundry times letters from the Council, commanding [Henry] Hodges, my predecessor, and myself, to collect the ship-moneys which were in arrear in his time. And having many times desired him to contribute his endeavour towards the more speedy dispatch of this important affair, I have reaped no other fruit than peremptory refusals. Hodges was sheriff about one year and a half, and I succeeded him, and was in office little above half the year. His account was so imperfect, as will appear by the false and injurious returns he made to me of what was behind in several hundreds, that during my time he never perfected it; and more, the hundreds were so grieved at his rate that many complained to the Council for relief, and I being made a referee, with the bishop of Bath and Wells, for the discovery of the inequality of Hodges's proceedings, gave my attendance continually in the service, by which means the time I should have employed in the collection was for the most part spent in hearing the complaints of the country, and certifying them to the Council. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Feb. 2. 14. Deposition of Robert Rich, Under-sheriff to John Malet, Sheriff of Somerset. Several letters have been sent from the Council to Henry Hodges, sheriff of Somerset in 1635, and to John Malet, his successor, to collect the arrear of ship-money imposed by Hodges, in obedience whereunto, Malet and the deponent have collected and paid to Sir William Russell, 2,200l. Deponent maketh oath that, notwithstanding Hodges was acquainted with the said letters, and promised his endeavour therein, yet Hodges has not paid in one penny of the said arrear to Sir William, and when deponent divers times desired Hodges to take the returns in the parts of the county where Hodges lived, he utterly refused to receive them, or to join in collecting thereof. [2/3 p.]
Feb. 2. 15. Sir William Calley to Richard Harvey. I have received yours of the 24th ultimo, with two weeks occurrents, and the book of the King's proclamations and other things concerning Scotland. I am glad to hear Mr. Long has come home, for now I hope we shall hear Sir William Parkhurst's answer to my letter. Requests Harvey to send him linen, canvas, and other articles for himself and his son William. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 2. 16. Statement by the Sheriff of Middlesex concerning the shipmoney payable by writs issued in 1637. Totals levied, 5,000l.; received, 3,088l. 19s. 7d.; uncollected, 579l. 0s. 5d. [1 p.]
Feb. 2. 17. Account of Sir William Russell of ship-money for 1636. Total received, 189,255l. 0s. 8d.; unpaid, 7,359l. 7s. [=2 pp.]
Feb. 2. 18. Similar account for 1637. Total received, 167,636l. 0s. 7d.; unpaid, 28,778l. 7s. 1d. A memorandum at the foot states that 288l. had been received since the making of the account. [= 2 pp.]
Feb. 2. 19. Account for ship-money for 1637, levied and remaining in the hands of the sheriffs. Total, 1,218l.; which makes the total collected 168,854l. [1 p.]
Feb. 3.
20. Commission to Algernon Earl of Northumberland, Lord Admiral. Whereas writs were issued to the sheriffs and others for providing eighteen ships and pinnaces for the guard of the Narrow Seas, these are to authorise you to furnish the same upon payment of the sums assigned. [Duplicate. 1 skin of parchment.]
Feb. 3.
21. Philip Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery to Edward Windham, Gentleman of the Chamber. I am to signify to you his Majesty's pleasure, that, all occasions set apart, in person, you be in readiness by the 1st April next at York, with a horse and russet arms, with gilded nails or studs, after the fashion of a cuirassier, for yourself, and white arms as an arquebusier for your servant or servants, there to do such duties as may be expected from you. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Feb. 3. 22. List of the carriages appointed this day [by the Council of War] for the Officers of the Army, besides those for the carriage of the tents for the foot and likewise for the train of artillery. Total 481 waggons, of which 451 to have three horses each, and the 30 for the Lord General to have six. The total cost was 119l. 4s. 8d. per diem. [2 pp.]
Feb. 3. 23. Another similar list. [2¼ pp.]
Feb. 3. 24. Mem. that Sir James Perrott, Deputy Vice-Admiral of cos. Pembroke, Carmarthen, and Cardigan, by virtue of warrants from the late Duke of Buckingham and the late Earl of P[embroke], grounded on an order from the Council, seized a French bark about the first embargo betwixt England and France, within the port of Milford, co. Pembroke. The goods of this bark were restored to certain merchants of Exeter, who claimed the same, by sentence of the Admiral[ty] Court, but the bark and furniture were prized at so high a rate, that no one would buy them, so that the bark lies there ever since perishing. Warrant is desired from the King's commissioners to make sale thereof, so that something may be answered for it. A bark was cast away at Llanelly, co. Carmarthen, last year, laden with brown bastard wines and figs, alledged to be Dunkirkers' goods, and sentenced in the Court of Admiralty to belong to the then Lord Admiral, for the answering of which commissions have been taken out, but little has been done, and most of the wines and other goods are wasted, little remaining, being under the custody of Walter Vaughan. It is desired that some strict course may be taken in the Admiralty Court for accompt to be made of the said ship and goods, lest it be in manner all lost. Sir James Perrott proposes to the King's commissioners that whilst he fills the post of Deputy Vice-Admiral, they will think fit to intrust him with the charge of the ships designed to be employed on those coasts under such as shall have the chief command there, and he will have as his servant there Lieutenant John Price, a man who has served both by sea and land, to take charge of the same. That Capt. Thomas Butler may have the command under Sir James Perrott. [Much damaged by damp. 1 p.]
Feb. 3. 25. Certificate of Sir John Croke, Sheriff of co. Dorset, of the refractory conduct of certain constables named, in altering the rates for ship-money, or refusing to pay in the money collected when required by the sheriff. James Gould, late mayor of Dorchester, is in arrear of ship-money, 5l. 6s.; and the mayor of Weymouth, 10l. In the margin against the last entry is written by Nicholas: Orders to be sent that they [the mayors of Dorchester and Weymouth] pay the money by the 25th of March, or attend the Board. [1 p.]
Feb. 4. 26. Royal Commission to Anthony Abdey, Alderman of London, Edward Misselden, William Page, Robert Lewes, John Hodges, and Matthew Colborne. Whereas upon hearing of a certain matter before us depending in the Court of Chancery between Christopher Blower, executor of the will of Edward Blower, deceased, complainant; and Sir William Russell, knight and baronet, Sir John Wolstenholme, knight, Robert Fenne, Elizabeth Lady Hunt and Elizabeth Cherry, widows, defendants, concerning certain several debts in which Edward Blower stood engaged for Robert Cherry, deceased, being son of the said Lady Hunt, and of which the complainant prayed to be discharged. It appeared to the court that divers houses, lands, &c. were conveyed to the said Lady Hunt, in trust, first, for the payment of an annuity of 80l. to Francis Cherry, and also for payment of 1,000l., together with damages which was owing to the said Lady Hunt by Robert Cherry, and after satisfaction of the same then for payment of the debts of the said Robert, in performance of which trust Lady Hunt sold the premises to Sir William Russell, Sir John Wolstenholme, and Rob[ert Fen]ne, by them to be disposed according to the trust aforesaid; whereupon, amongst other things, it was ordered, that a commission of inquiry should be awarded out of the court, as by order of 13th November 1637 appears, but before the issuing of the same Christopher Blower died, making Richard Blower his executor, who exhibited this suit in Chancery against Sir William Russell and the other defendants named above, to revive the matter aforesaid: we do therefore invest you, the commissioners named above, with full power diligently to inquire into the application of the said estate, and for that purpose to call the parties and other witnesses before you. [Copy much damaged by damp. 12/3 p.] Annexed,
26. i. Particulars to be inquired of by the commissioners relative to the above case. Opposite to the first five articles of inquiry is written in the margin, "These all fall away by the Lady Hunt's death before Michaelmas 1638." [1 p.]
Feb 4. Warrant to pay Frances Turvile, widow, the relict of Frederick Turvile, deceased, 583l. 6s. 8d., as his Majesty's free gift. [Docquet.]
Feb. 4. Warrant to pay 100l. to Michael Fitch, as his Majesty's free gift. [Docquet.]
Feb. 4. Presentation of John Smith, clerk, to the rectory of Ditton, in the diocese of Rochester, void by the death of the last incumbent, and in his Majesty's gift (pro hac vice) by reason of the minority of William Prewe, his Majesty's ward. [Docquet.]
Feb. 4. 27. Petition of the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London to the King. By his Majesty's letters lately signified, we were required to enrol the charters of the distillers, and to give them and their apprentices such admittance into the freedom of the city, with all privileges, as are usually conferred on other corporations. We find that the distillers newly incorporated by his Majesty are all, or most, members of other several companies, who upon all occasions help to support the public charges of the city, and the enrolling them as a free company of the city, whereby they will be enabled to bind other apprentices to them as distillers, will much weaken the succession of those other companies, which we find by other cases of the like nature, and complaint has been often made to us of it. Besides, we find that some companies, as, namely, the vintners, with the wine merchants, barber surgeons and apothecaries, pretend a liberty belonging to them for the distilling of hote [hot] waters and making vinegar, which they allege will be taken from them by this company. We beseech his Majesty to refer the consideration hereof to such as he shall appoint, to the end petitioners may be further heard therein, and his Majesty fully informed of the state of the business, and the consequence of it to the city, and in the meantime to dispense with petitioners touching his Majesty's commands signified by his said letters. Underwritten,
27. i. Note of his Majesty's pleasure, signified by Sec. Windebank. His Majesty is not satisfied with the reasons above stated against the enrolling of the corporation of distillers, and therefore, if the petitioners do not speedily give more considerable reasons, they are forthwith to cause the said charter to be enrolled. Whitehall, 4th February 1638-[9. Copy. 1 p.]
Feb. 4. Petition of William Courteen to the King. Petitioner's father being treasurer to the Earl of Pembroke's association for fishing, besides paying 100l. per annum for seven years as his stock in that enterprise, advanced upwards of 3,000l., on the faith of the other participators paying in their subscriptions, which moneys were spent for making provision of half cask, nets, busses, &c. for to fish in the lochs at the Isle of Lewis. Petitioner, coming to require repayment thereof, is assigned on the persons named in a schedule annexed, who refuse to make any satisfaction to petitioner. Prays that the persons intended may be required to attend the Lords at such time as your Majesty shall be present, petitioner having been these two years kept without his moneys, to his great damage. Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Lords of the Council to take order for petitioner's relief. Whitehall, 4th February 1638-9. [Copy. See Book of Petitions, Vol. cccciii., p. 38. 2/3 p.]
Feb. 4. 28. Thomas Wigmore, late Sheriff of co. Hereford, to the Council. Your letters to the present sheriff directed, commanded him to grant me his warrant for collecting the moneys in arrear, for the first payment of ship-money which warrant came not to my hands until the 6th January last, since which I have endeavoured to the uttermost to accomplish your commands; but the brevity of time, together with the deepness and extreme foulness of the ways in that part where the moneys are to be levied, would not admit that expedition your letter required, being impossible to make good any distress. Nevertheless, that my case may appear, I have discovered in whose hands the whole money unpaid remains, which the inclosed schedule will demonstrate to you. A great part whereof is most contemptuously detained by some officers who were employed in that service, and whose names I have formerly presented to the Board, beseeching a messenger might be sent for them, to answer their neglect and contempt. But seeing that was not granted, I was advised to exhibit an information before the Council of the Marches of Wales, where they will be ordered not only to pay the money they have already received, but also punished for their misdemeanour therein. For the rest, I beseech you to command a messenger, or grant me further respite. Underwritten,
28. i. Memorandum that it was ordered [by the Council] that answer should be returned approving the way Thomas Wigmore had taken by the Council of the Marches. For the rest, in regard of the reasons alleged, the Lords give him respite until Easter term for levying by distress and paying the same to the Treasurer of the Navy. 10th February 1638[-9]. [1 p.]
Feb. 4. Council of War to Montjoy Earl of Newport. His Majesty's pleasure is that you give order for sending 300 [suits of] arms for horse, viz., back, breast, and pot, with carbine and pistols, from Hull to Newcastle, to be delivered into the storekeeper's charge, there to be sold for the use of the country thereabout, or disposed of as shall be directed by Sir Jacob Astley. [Draft. See Vol. ccccx., No. 110, January 31st. ½ p.]
Feb. 4. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 102. ½ p.]
Feb. 4. 29. Petition of Elizabeth Abram to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner's husband, dwelling at the Blue Anchor, Whitechapel, left in time of sickness and much distress in 1638, not allowing her one farthing maintenance, in which time it cost her 20l., and he has since got a harlot, the wife of one Walworth, of Bawton, a tailor. The creditors have arrested petitioner's husband, and laid him in the Marshalsea, but he will neither pay them nor yield petitioner any relief, but says he will go to sea, although he has means at Bawton worth 800l. Prays that either her husband may allow her present maintenance, or else to stand to such order as to the Archbishop shall seem meet. Underwritten,
29. i. Reference to Sir John Lambe to call the party complained of before him, and take order for petitioner's maintenance, or else let him stand to answer it in the High Commission Court. February 4th, 1638[-9]. [1 p.]
Feb. 4. 30. Giles Widdowes to Endymion Porter. The parsonage of Islip is void by the death of Mr. Atkinson, of St. John's College. The King is now the immediate patron of Westminster, by reason the dean is suspended. I pray you tell his Majesty that Bishop Williams did take from me Walgrave rectory, in Northamptonshire, which you begged for me of King James. I may speed, if you beg heartily and acquaint the Archbishop of Canterbury herewith. [¾ p.]
Feb. 4.
New College, Oxford.
31. John Windebank to his father Sec. Windebank. Owing to Sir Francis's distinguished position, favours are showered upon him at Oxford, as lately in London. Thanks for his innumerable benefits, and amongst others for the new and potent philosophy which Sir Francis had struck out for them. [Lat. 1 p.]
Feb. 4.
Commissioners for Gunpowder to Sir Edward Harrington, Sir Guy Palmer, Sir Francis Bodenham, Thomas Hatcher, and the aldermen of Stamford. Complaint made by divers workmen employed by Mr. Pinkney for making saltpetre in cos. Huntingdon, Rutland, &c., that there is money due to them for their labour in the said works. Also it appears by a petition to Sir Edward Harrington that there is money due to divers in co. Rutland for carriage of saltpetre. Upon hearing some of those poor men who came hither to complain, we have given order to Pinkney to deliver to them 20s. apiece, to bear their charge into the country, and have taken order that Pinkney shall be fully paid for all the saltpetre he has delivered into his Majesty's store; also, that all overseers, workmen, and owners of carts shall be paid such moneys as you or any two of you shall find due to them; you are to call before you the said Pinkney, with those employed by him, mentioned in the papers enclosed, and those to whom money is due, and having set down what is due to each, to deliver the same to Pinkney, who has undertaken to cause payment to be made accordingly. [Copy. See Vol. ccxcii., p. 92. 1½ p.]
Feb. 4. 32. E. Cressett to his brother[-in-law], Thomas Levingston. Details his religious experiences. Desires to be remembered to several persons named. P.S.—Particulars of things sent to Cressett by the carrier. Prays him to send Mr. Fenwick's letter as soon as he can. [2 pp.]
Feb. 5. Warrant to the Sheriff of Surrey and the Keeper of the gaol of White Lion, Southwark, to deliver to William Flemmen of London, gent., the bodies of Francis Osborne, alias Stillinge, Alice Williams, and five others condemned prisoners in the said gaol, to be transported to Virginia, with proviso that if they remain here above 20 days after their enlargement, or return without licence, then to be executed. [Docquet.]
Feb. 5. Grant of denization to Peter La Dore, William Dunker, William Wheeler, Anne de Bocke, wife of John Halsey of London, merchant, Cornelius de Ricke, alias Riche, and William Eaton, born in foreign parts, and are part of the number which his Majesty granted to David Alexander. [Docquet.]
Feb. 5. Warrant to the Treasurer of the Chamber to pay to Edward Johnson, one of his Majesty's trumpeters in ordinary, 16d. per diem, to be paid quarterly from the death of Thomas Lloyd, for and during his life. [Docquet.]
Feb. 5. Similar warrant to pay to Thomas Creswell, one of his Majesty's trumpeters in ordinary, the fee of half wages of 8d. per diem from the day of the relinquishment thereof by Edward Johnson, lately admitted to whole pay. [Docquet.]
Feb. 5. The like, to the Master of the Great Wardrobe, for a livery for Thomas Creswell aforesaid, by order from the Lord Chamberlain. [Docquet.]
Feb. 5. The like, to the Exchequer, for payment of 3,069l. 12s. 6d. to the Countess of Dorset, governess to Prince Charles and the Duke of York, for wares sold and delivered by divers artificers for the service of the said children, according to a bill subscribed by the said Countess. [Docquet.]
Feb. 5. The like, to the Lord Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer, recommending to their care that they suffer not the cause betwixt Sir Francis Popham and others, plaintiffs, and Gregory Hockham and others, defendants, to be deferred from hearing on the day appointed. [Docquet.]
Feb. 5. Grant to Gilbert Yard and his heirs to keep a Wednesday's market weekly at Newton-Abbot, co. Devon, and three fairs there yearly, with all benefits belonging thereunto, together with a grant of the market-house and stables there, and with a release to Walter Yard and John Sugar of the mean profits of the premises heretofore taken by them. There is reserved a yearly rent of 20s. to the Crown for ever. [Docquet.]
Feb. 5. Warrant to the Exchequer to pay 600l. to George Kirk, gent, of his Majesty's robes, for provision of apparel for his Majesty for his journey to York; the same to be taken without account. [Docquet.]
Feb. 5. 33. Petition of Thomas Smith to the King. About two years and a half since, petitioner was granted the ballasting of ships in the Thames, with other things incident thereunto, for 31 [21 ?] years, paying his Majesty 466l. 13s. 4d. per annum for the five first years, and 666l. 13s. 4d. for the residue thereof. Having run himself and friends into many engagements in prosecution of the same, and intending to free them by the said business, in July last, in consideration of money paid him by Raleigh Saunderson, he granted his interest to him in the engines and materials belonging to the said ballast business, and articles were then made between them, granting the said business, so as Saunderson did, by All Saints' day, put in security to pay his Majesty's rent and other rents issuing thereout, together with 750l. per annum to petitioner, and Saunderson presently regranted the same to petitioner, under condition that if Saunderson performed all articles and agreements, then the re-grant to be void, otherwise to remain absolute to petitioner. Saunderson never gave security, only tendered some persons' names for security, whereof some were not fit, and others were not able to secure such payments, and left petitioner to pay the rents, which he has paid accordingly. Nevertheless, the said Saunderson, Humphrey Saunderson, his brother, and Humphrey Street, who claim a fourth part of the said business, do practise together to get possession of the said business and materials, and do daily disturb the same, whereby his Majesty's service is neglected, petitioner disabled to pay the rents, and destroyed in his credit. Prays a reference of the business to the Council, that the possession of the petitioner be not interrupted, nor his profit hindered, until security be given for the rents and profits before mentioned. Underwritten,
33. i. Reference to Lord Keeper Coventry, Lord Treasurer Juxon. the Earl Marshal, Lord Admiral, Lord Cottington, and Sec. Coke, to hear both parties, and compose the differences, if they can; otherwise, in the meantime, to provide that the possession of the patent be not alienated or interrupted till sufficient security be given to answer the rents and duties, and to perform the covenants with the said patentee. Whitehall, 5th February 1638[-9. 1 p.] Endorsed,
33. ii. Note signed by the above referees, appointing to hear this business on Friday next at the Council Board, when all parties interested therein are to attend accordingly. Whitehall, 24th February 1638[-9. 2/5 p.]
Feb. 5. 34. Sir Henry Marten's report on the petition of Sir Lionel Tollemache, already calendared under date 1st December 1638. [See Vol. cccciv., No. 3. ½ p.]
Feb. 5.
Wardour Castle.
35. Cecil Lord Baltimore to Sec. Windebank. It is true, that upon a letter, by which and otherwise those persons (who transmit this to you) do, with much zeal to his Majesty's service, stir up all their friends to express their affection and duty to his Majesty in this troublesome time. I signified to them that I should most gladly lay hold on all occasions, and particularly on this, to do his Majesty the best service I could therein, both by myself and such others as I could excite thereunto; and I am now much more encouraged to do so by your letter of the 2nd inst., and do profess that I shall be ready to sacrifice my poor fortune, and life too, if there be need, in this or any other service his Majesty shall command, which words I shall make good when I shall understand what his Majesty expects from me. In the meantime I shall encourage as many as I can of those who are of my profession in religion to do the same. But whereas the late proclamation commands all persons who have any houses or lands in the northern parts to repair to them with their families by the 1st March next, and there to continue, I desire you to procure me a dispensation for my not complying therein, because my wife has not, I protest to you, stirred out of her chamber these three months last past, through sickness, and I have little hope that she can be able to make any such journey as into Yorkshire, where my land is, by the 1st of next month. Nor, indeed, am I any way provided to live there with a family, where I never resided in my life, nor have indeed so much as seen my land there these 10 years, it being all let out, together with my house, to tenants. I hope you will obtain the dispensation, and that you will give me notice thereof, for my better security, before I incur the danger of a breach of the proclamation. [2½ pp.]
Feb. [5.]
Suffolk House.
36. Theophilus Earl of Suffolk to Sec. Windebank. Upon receipt of his Majesty's letter to attend his person at York, I presented to his Majesty, by Lord Dorset, my willingness and readiness for the advancement of his service. And for that I conceived it would stand with my duty to repair to Dover, and there, according to the duty of my place, to be careful and watchful to serve his Majesty. In my stead of attendance on his Majesty's person, I, having the command of many able men within my royalties in the borders upon Scotland, I offered my son [James Lord Howard] to be there amongst them, and both he and they to be ready upon all commands as his Majesty should think fit; and upon this my son has been presented to his Majesty, and accepted accordingly, as I am given to understand. Besides this, I am so devoted to his Majesty's service that he shall attend his Majesty at York, with 20 horse and men, well armed, to receive his Majesty's further commands. Be pleased to move his Majesty for a letter of discharge for my personal attendance at York, if it so stand with his Majesty's pleasure. [Seal with crest and garter. ¾ p.]
Feb. [5.] 37. George Bingley to Nicholas. I have perused those states of war and lists which I received from Sir Jacob Astley, and I find that by the list for the horse the pay of an ordinary horseman, for himself and his horse, is 3l. for a month of 42 days, which is 17d. per diem and 6d. over in 42 days. The pay of an ordinary foot soldier, according to the English list, is 8d. per diem; but what it is per diem according to the Netherland pay I cannot fully satisfy the Lords. I have no list that expresses the monthly pay of either captain, lieutenant, ensign, or any officer or soldier in particular, but only that the colonel's company of 200 men comes to 261l. 3s. 6d. per mensem of 42 days; the lieutenant-colonel's company of 150 men to 201l. 7s. 6d.; and the rest of the companies of 120 men apiece to 165l. 9s. 7d. each company for the month of 42 days; but I conceive that the ordinary pay of an ordinary foot soldier is about 6d. per diem, according to the Netherland list. [¾ p.]
Feb. 5. 38. Edmond Barker, messenger, to the same. I have received a list from the Vice-President and Deputy-Lieutenants of 22 names for defects in horse and arms, and I am now abroad on the service. I have dispatched eight of them, and have received your fees and reasonable content for myself; but I have yet above 300 miles of most tedious ways to ride within co. York, and then to give an account to the Vice-President of my proceedings at York, and so to receive further directions from him concerning the foot arms. I will be a faithful steward for you in this business, and will give you a just account at my return, which I believe will not be until the middle of March, but I will give you intelligence how I prosper in my business once in 14 days, if I can get conveyance for my letters. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 5. 39. Thomas Earl of Cleveland to Sir John Lambe. Excuse me, I cannot keep my hour with you; I have a summons to be at my Lord of Kent's at 2 o'clock. Our deputy-lieutenants of co. Bedford have come up on purpose to give us an account of some business concerning the King's affairs. Any hour in the morning I shall wait on you. Meanwhile, I have sent you enclosed a note under my steward's hands, that it may something help to shorten our business when we meet. But for that proposition you spoke of yesterday for assuring my household stuff, I desire to hear no more of it, for I will be at liberty. [1 p.]
Feb. 5. 40. Petition of John Jane, Mayor, and Burgesses of St. Mawes, to Francis Godolphin, Sheriff of Cornwall. When the Council's directions were declared to us at the assembly of all the mayors within this county in your presence, at Truro, the 3rd January, for assessing upon our borough of St. Mawes 4l. towards the ship-money, which the sheriff then commended to the consideration of the said mayors to lessen, if they thought fit, and to set such assessment upon other towns fit to be assessed more than the Council by that direction had thought fit to lay upon them. Now, whereas we, the said mayor and burgesses of St. Mawes, and some other of the poorest corporations, have entreated the wealthiest to bear some part of our assessment, in regard the Lords were not well advertised of the state of our and other the weakest towns; but the other mayors, conceiving their own assessments to be already beyond their ability, would not consent to lessen ours, though they held it very considerable. Whereupon, we, having taken an exact view of our town, humbly offer to your consideration this certificate, for assisting of poor fishermen. Our town is so weak that we have not a man or woman worth in real or personal estate above 20l., and those [most ?] not above 6l., the rest being poor widows, hireling sailors, or fishermen, not able to pay anything, neither has our town in lands, rents, or profits belonging to the corporation the value of one denier per annum, yet that his Majesty may be informed that we are most willing beyond our strength to manifest our readiness in the service, we have sent you 1l. 10s., which we pray you to accept in full of our assessment. Underwritten,
40. i. Certificate by John Jane, mayor, that having made a rate for raising of the 1l. 10s., an assessment of 5s. was made upon Nicholas Thomas, merchant, for a house and cellars held by him on lease, of the value of 16l. per annum, but he refuses to pay, and willed the mayor to inform the sheriff that he would not pay anything for the said house, and cannot be compelled by distress, as he dwells not in the borough, but keeps the said house in his hands without inhabitant for saving of fish in the pilchard season, he being reputed to be worth 2,000l., and therefore the mayor cannot pay more than 25s. of the said 30s. [1 p.]
Feb. 5. 41. Certificate of Sir George Chudleigh and Henry Ayshford, that John Hussey, vicar of Okehampton, was never warned to find arms for his temporality in Cullompton; and for any arms to be charged upon the same, it is to be discharged by his tenant, Henry Norman. We therefore conceive Hussey to be free of the said imposition. [¾ p.]
Feb. 5. 42. Certificate of Thomas Grantham, Sheriff of co. Lincoln, that James Swift, constable of the wapentake of Aveland, Randolph Wright, petty constable of Harrington, John Nicholls and Robert Walls, nominated assessors of the said town, do refuse to make assessments of ship-money imposed upon the said places. [1 p.]
Feb. 5. 43. Milliners' bill, headed "Mrs. Paker, her daughter's bill;" total 2l. 0s. 7d. [½ p.]
Feb. 6. 44. Minutes, by Nicholas, of business in which the King is to be moved. To write his letters to Lord Clifford to appoint his Lordship to repair to Newcastle, and to continue there for ordering the forces, and, as one of the lord lieutenants of Northumberland, to command whatsoever shall be requisite for securing that place, and, as there shall be occasion, to require the trained bands to draw near and assist for the better defence of the said town. That 10,000l. may be instantly sent to York, with directions to the Treasurer of the Army to issue some part thereof as there shall be cause, either to Newcastle or any other part, as Sir Jacob Astley (in the absence of the Lord General) shall direct. To give warrant forthwith to the Lord General to give orders to the master or officers of the Ordnance for issuing ordnance, arms, and munition as his Lordship shall think fit, till such time as his Lordship's patent be passed the great seal. [¾ p.]
Feb. 6
45. Archbishop Neile of York to the King. Fearing that I have heretofore presumed too much on your patience in presenting to you narrations of the certificates received from my brethren, the bishops of this province, I now endeavour to make amends for that error by a more compendious way, yet not omitting anything of substance which they have certified, whereof I make this summary account, that they present "omnia bene," and almost in "eisdem terminis" with their certificates of the former year. [½ p.] Subjoined,
45. i. The several certificates of the Bishops of Sodor and Man, Carlisle, Chester, Durham, and the Archbishop of York, particularising the manner of the execution of his Majesty's instructions and commands within the several diocesses for the year 1638. In the certificate for York, the archbishop replies to the 12th article of the instructions:—"I do not find in my diocess any inclination to innovation in anything which concerns either the doctrine or the discipline of the Church of England; only I find that too many of your Majesty's subjects inhabiting in these parts of Yorkshire are gone into New England, among which there is one Rogers, that had a benefice well worth 240l. per annum, gone, whom I have laboured by the space of two years in sundry conferences to reclaim, and refused to suffer him to resign; but at the last, he going on shipboard for New England, wrote his letter to me, acknowledged that I had given him good counsel, but in vain, and prayed me to accept his resignation, for gone he was for New England." Against which is written in the margin, in the King's hand, "An honnester man must bee put in place." Endorsed: Received 11 Feb. 1638-9. [6½ pp.]
[Feb. 6.] 46. Petition of Sir John Price of Newtown, co. Montgomery, to the Council. By reason of the violent prosecution and misinformation of Frances Steele and her husband Richard Steele, as well to his Majesty as the Council, petitioner has been for these three years last past often molested with pursuivants, to his great charge. That Sir Thomas Milward, chief justice of Chester, has made two reports, by virtue of several references from the Lords, the latter of which is now presented to the Council. Prays that as it will be a great charge to him to produce his witnesses, being above 140 miles, the said Steele may be commanded to conform, and that the Lords be no further troubled. [¾ p.]
[Feb. 6.] 47. Petition of Katherine Walker, wife of George Walker, clerk, prisoner in the Gatehouse, to the same. Her husband, having been close prisoner above 15 weeks, suspended from his ministry and means of maintenance, is now, especially since his removing to this cold unwholesome prison, grown very sickly, and full of continual distempers, to the danger of his life, as his physicians testify. Prays that upon the testimony of his neighbouring ministers in and about the city of London, as to his honesty of life and faithfulness in his calling, he may be enlarged upon bail. [½ p.]
Feb. 6. 48. Charles Earl of Nottingham to Sec. Windebank. In answer to his Majesty's letter for me to attend at York, with men and horses, I am forced, with grief of heart, to desire you to make my case known to my Sovereign. I protest that the duty and loyalty of my heart is as true and loyal to do his Majesty any service while my life lasts, as any subject; but when his Majesty understands by you what state I am in, I hope he will excuse me of this service. First, the state of my body is such, that ever since my last great sickness I have not as yet recovered my strength, so that I am [not] able to endure any service, if my life should rely upon it. Secondly, my estate is so poor and mean, that I am hardly able to maintain myself, my wife, and poor family, being not 400l. per annum. It makes my heart bleed to see that I am called to do his Majesty service, and that I am neither able of body nor means to perform that duty I am bound unto, which I would so willingly perform. Be pleased to let me know what his Majesty's pleasure is. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 6.
49. Alexander Davison, Mayor of Newcastle, Sir Jacob Astley, Sir William Belasys, and John Marlay, to Sec. Windebank. We intended this day to have examined those whom we justly suspect to be of the faction with John Fenwick, but are credibly informed that Mr. Morton, the preacher mentioned in your letter, took his journey from hence southward, resolving, as it is said, to come here no more; and these other men, his constant followers and associates, have, for his farewell, set [escorted] him out of town; but, as soon as they return hither, we will not fail to pursue your directions in the further discovery of these practices. For committing Bitleston, or others, to some safe prison out of the town, there is not any within these liberties, and therefore, considering the poverty of the man, till your further pleasure be known, we shall take care for his safe custody in the place where he is. For John Fenwick, we are informed that he was, this last week, in Scotland, where we suppose he is yet remaining. [Seal with arms. 1p.]
Feb. 6. Commissioners for Gunpowder to Montjoy Earl of Newport. To issue one barrel of powder, at 18d. per pound, for replenishing of the magazine at Maidstone, Kent, to be delivered to Sir Francis Barnham. [Minute. See Vol. ccclv., No. 61., p. 8. 6 lines.]
Feb. 6.
The same, to Samuel Cordewell, his Majesty's gunpowder-maker. It has been represented to us by Sir Francis Barnham, that there are seven barrels of defective powder in the magazine of Maidstone, Kent, which he prays may be amended. Request him to receive the powder, and re-deliver it serviceable, the cost thereof being first defrayed by such as Sir Francis Barnham shall direct. [Copy. See Vol. ccxcii., p. 94. ½ p.]
Feb. 6. Minute of a warrant to Robert Smith, messenger, to bring Edward Lole, of St. Katherine's, woodmonger, before the commissioners. [Copy. Ibid, p. 95. 3 lines.]
Feb. 6. 50. Petition of Mary Poulter, of Thames Ditton, Surrey, widow, to Archbishop Laud. Mr. Harford, of Thames Ditton, who has lived there four years last past, is a very unconformable man, and never weareth the surplice at the administration of the sacraments, or standeth up at the Belief, or at the reading of the Holy Gospel, or boweth at the name of Jesus, nor christeneth children, burieth the dead, or visiteth the sick at convenient times, when he is requested thereunto, and denies to officiate any divine offices as he ought, according to the Book of Common Prayer. The Sunday after Easter, 1636, he repelled petitioner and Alice More from the Communion, and had [not] nor gave any reason for the same, and never since will admit [them] thereunto, to their grief; and, upon petitioner's complaint, she cannot get the same presented. Beseeches order to the ordinary, Dr. Mason, chancellor to the Bishop of Winchester, for speedy redress, and admission of the petitioner to the Communion. Underwritten,
50. i. Reference by Archbishop Laud to Dr. Mason, to see the matters complained of remedied, or else to give the archbishop an account. February 6th, 1638–9. [¾ p.]
Feb. 6. 51. Certificate of William Fry, Captain of Sir Henry Rosewell's regiment, of the East Division of Devon, to the Council, that Thomas Vincent, of Yarcombe, and John Cogin, of Kilmington, defaulters at musters, had conformed themselves, and paid their fees to John Lisney, messenger. [¾ p.]
Feb. 6. 52. Similar certificate, that the returning of William Drew and Robert White, of Kilmington, as defaulters at musters, was a mistake on the part of the clerk. [½ p.]
Feb. 6.
Office of Ordance.
53. Estimate by the Officers of the Ordnance of the charge of fieldcarriages and other provisions to be brought into his Majesty's store of this office, and from thence to be sent to Hull for his Majesty's service; total 2,267l. 3s. 4d. [2 pp.]
Feb. 6.
Office of Ordance.
54. Similar estimate of roust waggons and other provisions to be brought into store, and from thence sent to Hull, &c.; total, 542l. 16s. 8d. [1 p.]
Feb. 6. 55. Statement of Andrew Burrell's receipts from the 1st July 1628 to this day; total, 789l. [¾ p.]
Feb. 7.
Durham Castle.
56. Bishop Morton, of Durham, to the King. Upon receipt of your letter to the chapter of Durham, on behalf of the future dean, for the staying of such moneys as might accrue to the benefit of the last dean, these are to signify, that as much as was in their power they have reserved for the reparations of the dean's houses, as commanded, to the value of 109l. They have caused a copy of his Majesty's letter to be kept in their register. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 7.
57. Sir Thomas Morton to Sec. Windebank. Since my last, I have had little occasion to trouble you with my letters, having since resided here, for the most part, preparing the trained bands of that county, the best I could, which order came to me from Sir Jacob Astley, the 23rd January, who thought, at that time, we might have occasion to march within a few days after, which was the cause I deferred viewing Hartlepool as I intended. Now I can give you some account thereof, having viewed it on Monday last, when Sir Jacob Astley was also there, and we set to work three engineers to take a perfect plot thereof, which I have herewith sent. The town and walls are very ruinous, and will require a great charge, and a great time to repair, both which, I suppose, will not be agreeable to the present service; yet the cutting of 60 yards of ground makes it a perfect island, and no access to it but at low water. In the town are sufficient granaries for corn, and now, for the most part, well stored. The country adjacent is fruitful in corn and grass, and fit for quartering an army, if not too far remote. Those of the corporation affirm, that with six weeks warning they can provide corn for an army, and the like for butter and cheese, if there be an inhibition for carrying them out. This is all the account I can give you of that place. For the ability of the country hereabouts to make bread for an army, if need be, the bishop has taken a course to be speedily informed thereof. The trained bands begin to be well improved, which were in much disorder before, and are established into a regiment with officers, of which they never had any before. The troop of horse has yet no other arms than what they formerly had, and most of their pistols are of no use; the horses are all too little for cuirassiers, but for carbineers, serviceable enough. Sir Jacob Astley, having now order for it, has sent to Hull for what is wanting of such arms and pistols, and when they come I doubt not the trained bands will soon be furnished; in the interim, they are often exercised, and have officers appointed, of which they had none before, save only a captain. For advancing the number of foot, I see no likelihood thereof, and the bishop will now give you an account of it; but the horse he hopes to raise to 100, which were formerly but 60. [Seal. 1¾ p.] Enclosed,
57. i. Plan of Hartlepool above referred to.
Feb. 7
58. Bishop Morton, of Durham, to Sec. Windebank. I should have sent Mr. Smart up, according to the King's command, he being in the pursuivant's hand, but that his horse-litter is not yet ready, he being not able to go up without it, no nor yet, as some suppose, with it, such is his infirmity at this time, notwithstanding I have sent up Mr. Lapthorne forthwith, the rather for the relation which he has to me, yet not as a chaplain, but as a preacher in the diocese, of whom I crave leave to say something, but for whom, if a delinquent, nothing but luat. Fourteen years ago he was commended to me, then Bishop of Litchfield, by the then Earl of Pembroke, Lord Steward, and, after I had reduced him to conformity, I placed him at Cank [Cannock], the most prophane and barbarous parish within that diocese, who took therein such pains that he brought them to be as religious and orderly as any others. Now three years since, he having been sentenced in the High Commission at Lambeth, came into these parts, in presumption that, owing to the experience I had of his former pains, I would compassionate his exigence, as accordingly I did, yet not before that he had showed me how he was allowed, after the censure by the said commission, to preach anywhere, excepting in or about London, whom, therefore, I placed in the most barbarous place within Northumberland, where there had been almost no preaching for 40 years before, allowing him 40l. yearly from myself, wherein also he has not been unprofitable, and that I did for the good of souls, upon necessity, not knowing any that would be more laborious than he, and that the people there are so heathenish that one who was churchwarden, as my archdeacon relates to me, could not repeat to him the Lord's Prayer. Thus much touching myself. Now two words touching the cause in hand. Some few days before I received your letters concerning Mr. Smart, I heard a whispering report, but yet only a report, without any informer or accuser, of a jealousy that Mr. Lapthorne was had in as being entangled in the Scottish business. Presently, therefore, by virtue of the High Commission here, I sent an attachment to apprehend them both. When Mr. Lapthorne came to me, I examined him, before ever I received your letters, in as strict a manner as I could conceive, having no knowledge of any circumstance of offence, the purport whereof I have sent to you, as that which, if he shall be found to contradict himself in any point upon his further examination, may be matter of conviction to him. Now, Mr. Secretary, forasmuch as I, receiving his Majesty's command from yourself, have addressed these lines to you, before any other, I desire you, upon the mutual love and friendship between us, that, after my dutiful observance to his Majesty premised, you will acquaint him both with these letters and the examination enclosed. [Seal with arms. 2 pp.] Enclosed,
58. i. Examination of Anthony Lapthorne, clerk, taken before the Bishop of Durham. 18th January 1638–9. [2 pp.] Underwritten,
58. ii. P.S. by the Bishop of Durham:—Mr. Lapthorne is at this time upon certain articles here, and was to receive his sentence the next commission day, and censure also, if he had been convicted, but before that I could not exempt him. [6 lines.]
Feb. 7. 59. Henry Lord Abergavenny to Sec. Windebank. I protest that there is no man living that would more willingly lay his life and estate at his Majesty's feet than myself. But it is heaven's will to make me decrepit, both in my limbs and fortune, for I am so far from being able to follow the steps of my ancestors or of his Majesty's other subjects as God knows with what difficulty and perplexity I am fain to maintain myself and poor family. For, besides the land which I have sold to pay a great debt of my son, deceased, I have been forced to set out of my estate 1,000l. a year for the rest of my debts, and this has continued for these 10 years, and will not expire for these three years. There are divers of my friends of your rank who know this, and can testify that there is none of my birth and condition who ever suffered more than I do, however I carry myself in the view of the world, which I hope will never be ignobly. Therefore, I beseech you to let his Majesty understand that it is not want of fidelity or loyal affection, but calamity, which heaven has laid upon me, which disables me to do his service. [Seal with arms. 1p.]
[Feb. 7.] 60. Francis Lord Willoughby, of Parham, to the same. The sudden warning, the shortness of time, and the weakness of my estate, by reason of many engagements which press upon me, do so much straiten me as I fear I shall not be able to attend the King with such equipage as my affection to serve him doth desire to do, but I will endeavour to fit myself according to my ability to wait upon his Majesty. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Feb. 7.
Fleet Street.
61. Sir Francis Barnham to Sec. Windebank. A letter written by his Majesty to Lord Dacre, requiring his attendance at York, was lately delivered to me, as the committee of his wardship, and a signification made by the messenger, that brought it, that the answer thereto should be addressed to you. I therefore offer to your consideration; that Lord Dacre, being his Majesty's ward, his lands are in his Majesty's hands; that out of a small estate he has paid into the Court of Wards and must pay within the time of his minority 5,000l. at least, in yearly rent, besides 4,000 marks for the composition for his marriage; and that, as I am informed by my counsel, the law of this land does free and the precedents of all times have ever freed his Majesty's wards from all the duties and charges of knight's service during their nonage. All which reasons will, I hope, acquit Lord Dacre from the service required of him. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Feb. 7.
62. Sir Jacob Astley to the same. I esteem myself very happy in giving the Lords contentment, and as duty binds me with true faith and zeal I shall endeavour to continue by all labours to gain their good opinions and serve his Majesty with industrious fidelity. The Lords were pleased to command me to deliver my opinion concerning a convenient train of artillery to the armies, divided as I wrote before. I conceive it very fit that there be always abiding 6, 8, or 10 light pieces, such as may be drawn upon these highways, at York, which will be the centre in gathering the armies together of those counties included in my commission. Especially I desire the Lords so to order several commissions or "potentes" to all the several shires in my commission, that, as occasion serves, posts or messengers may be sent to them, to rise and march to some appointed rendezvous above York, as at Topcliffe bridge or Thornton bridge, from whence they may divide either to Carlisle or Newcastle, or to both, as the Lords shall find best fitting. Upon Mr. Vice-President's assembling the colonels, the troops in Yorkshire will soon be got together, and "potentes" for the rest of the counties should be left in readiness with the vice-president at York. As concerning this place [Newcastle], which will be the centre of the war, here must be a train of artillery. I have sent for the brass pieces in the cellar at Tynemouth to be brought here, according to the Lords' order, being six, shooting a bullet of six in the pound and three of three in the pound, and have already bespoken timber and workmen to mount them on carriages. Here are already six iron pieces, shooting a bullet of nine in the pound. They are not so fit for the field, but can be used upon several occasions. I conceive Sir Thos. Morton a very fit man to govern in this place, if occasion presents, but he can abide at Durham until time requires. I am negotiating with the mayor to continue and increase the supply of grain in this town, and with the richest and best minded of the citizens to provide for their families all manner of grain and victuals, also that the meal may be ready ground, and the town mills repaired. [In the margin, in Nicholas's hand, is written, "approved."] I have been with the Bishop of Durham and Sir William Bellowes [Belasys], sheriff of the bishopric. Sir Thos. Morton will press them to mark the state of the county as what grain every man has in his house, and to keep a sufficient store in every house, that there may be sufficient for the inhabitants, and for troops passing by them, as also to find out bakers upon the road. Of Hartlepool, and all these things, Sir Thomas Morton will give the Lords a very due account, as he is very careful and laborious therein. I have sent to Capt. Legge, to send all these things specified in the inclosed note with all possible speed to Newcastle in a ship: 2,500 arms, as half pikes and half musquets, are to arm the men of the town for defence of the walls; the rest are to furnish the adjacent counties. Here is left a great proportion of armes in the store, as also some 11½ last of powder. I found no posts laid at Carlisle when I was there as I would have made use of, and when time grows a little further on it were convenient that the posts were laid from Carlisle to this town. I can think of no more certain place for letters to be left for me at York than with Mr. VicePresident, to be sent up hither. With these the Lords will receive the account what we have done about the Puritans of this place. Now their private meetings will be excluded them, for their combination is dissolved, and we shall have an eye upon them all, who I find to be poor in estate and but simple in judgment, their consciences serving to borrow, and not pay, being most "bancroftes;" and if a fat Puritan could be laid hold of it were good to punish him, but for these lean ones, to punish any of them in an extreme way, will but cause them to clamour against persecution, which is their common course to have popularity in their "sex." I pray you to recommend to the Lords how fit it is that the Border men were armed, as there were 1,000 harquebusses bespoken for them, with snaphances, and to cause the same to be sent with all expedition. [In margin: There is order taken for snaphances to be sent with all speed.] There is Mr. Roger Widdrington, the fittest man to be employed in these parts, who is able, and faithful in his Majesty's services, and one who knows the people and these parts. As by my last journey it is so laid, that I have daily advertisements by him and Sir Francis Howard from the Scotch borders; and Mr. Roger Widdrington and his son, married in Scotland, are both going thither, and write to me that there shall be nothing stirring there but I shall timely know of it. If his Majesty employs troops in these parts as it will be found convenient, Colonel Trafford is an able man to command "dragoneres," and well knows all these parts. [In margin: Colonel Trafford shall be sent away within a few days for this purpose.] Sir John Fenwick writes to me, that about the next week all the trained bands will be stated in Northumberland, and ready to be armed. The Bishop of Durham has ordered that all his tenants in Northumberland shall be armed, and put under the lieutenancy of Northumberland, and I hope they will number above 100. I have inquired what arms the Scotch borderers are armed with. They have all muskets and pikes, so as our bordering men must be so likewise, and think no more of bows, spears, jacks, and skull-caps. It continues still as I wrote, that the Scots determine to lay 6,000 men in their borders, which news is confirmed by three several letters. There is no doubt but by this means they will seek to prevent his Majesty from possessing Berwick and Carlisle, or at least to make both those places theirs. When I was in those parts all the gentlemen there were doubtful of their estates, seeing the Scots armed themselves, but assuring them that his Majesty intended to raise a royal army to defend them as need should require, they are resolved, being many puissant families of brave races, and less in fear than others further from the danger, and in my judgment they were fittest to be employed, if needs should be, being guides of the country. I know not how his Majesty's advertisements may be from Scotland, but if they intend thus to defend their borders I should think the King had great reason, with a flying army, to guard his borders, and assuredly men might be cheaper raised here than in the southern parts, and here will be found good hardy men. Although I count thus to prevent the worst, I protest sincerely, I heartily pray that all may return to peace. I pray the Lords to pardon my rude style and less judgment, and commit all to their wisdoms. [Endorsed by Windebank: 7 Feb. 1638–9. Sir Jacob Ashley from Newcastle, received 11 Feb., and answered the 12th. [22/3 pp.]
Feb. 7. 63. Lewis Pollard to [the Council]. Certifies that Anthony Dennis, of Arley, returned by the deputy lieutenants of Devon for his defects in arms, had submitted, and promised conformity. [¾ p.]
Feb. 7. 64. The same to the same. Similar certificate of the conformity of Thomas Sheere, of Ashwater. [¾ p.]
Feb. 7. 65. Return by William Faldoe, a messenger, of the sums assessed on certain persons named in [co. Devon], for default at musters. [¾ p.]
Feb. 7.
66. Philip Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery to Sir John Pennington. His Majesty has resolved upon a journey to York, and there to have all his sworn servants of the chamber to attend him, of which you being one, I am to signify to you his Majesty's pleasure that you be in readiness in your own person by 1st April next at York as a cuirassier, with your servant or servants as arquibusiers, in good equipage. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Feb. 8. 67. Francis Viscount Montague to the King. In obedience to your command of the 26th January last, I have endeavoured to procure such an equipage to attend you in your intended journey to York as might correspond with my devotion and zeal to your person and service; but being altogether unfurnished with arms (by reason of such as did belong to my family, and were suitable to the quality thereof, having been, by command, seized and taken from my late father), and finding a great difficulty to provide them here in so short a time, I beseech you to excuse my provision of that kind, and likewise to accept from me a supply of 1,000l. towards your Majesty's occasions in this service, to be paid at such time and to such person as you shall appoint. And as this offer proceeds from a heart most faithfully devoted to your Majesty's service in all occasions, so in this present I should most willingly wait upon you in person (although it be not directly prescribed by you, as I conceive), but that my want of health, and the difficulty to be provided according to my duty and quality, shall, I hope, excuse me. [1 p.]
Feb. 8. Minute that Edward Lole this day appeared before the Commissioners for Gunpowder and Saltpetre. [See Vol. ccxcii., p. 95. 1 line.]
Feb. 8.
My house at Bishopthorpe.
68. Archbishop Neile, of York, to Sec. Windebank. I pray you to present this my certificate to his Majesty at your own conveniency, and to make my excuse for the coming thereof so long after the time prefixed. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
[Feb. 8. ?] 69. Edward Lord Howard [of Escrick], to the same. In answer to his Majesty's letter of the 26th January, I shall be ready to wait upon his Majesty, both in that equipage and manner as the shortness of the time and the abilities of my fortune can permit me for so importunate a service. [Seal with crest. 1 p.]
Feb. 8.
70. John Ashburnham to Nicholas. Detailed account of his interview with Lady Beauchamp's officer, concerning Nicholas's offer for her estate in All Cannings. [Seals with arms and crest. 1p.]
Feb. 8. 71. Thomas Barnard to the Officers of the Ordnance. I have received command from my Lord [Newport] to write to you to make an estimate of the charge of casting 15 whole culverins, 15 sackers, and 20 demi-culverins of iron of 10 feet in length. Also an estimate for six bridge boats more, with their necessary accommodation. P.S.—If the 500 grenadoes be not included in any of the estimates already made up, you may insert them in this. [1 p.]
Feb. 8. 72. Statement by the Sheriff of co. Lancaster of the arrears of ship-money for the last year. In the beginning of this term there was remaining of last year's ship-money 472l. 10s., whereof 200l. was paid in to Sir W. Russell on the 5th instant, and 100l. more will be paid on Tuesday next; leaving a remainder of about 172l. 10s., of which there is 60l. collected in the hands of John Claiton, late high constable for the hundred of Blackburn, but he absents himself out of the county, so that Roger Kirkby, the late sheriff, who stands charged with the collection of the arrears, cannot apprehend him, and therefore prays that a pursuivant may be sent for him. There is, besides, remaining in the hands of the bailiffs of the borough of Clitheroe, 7l. 10s., for which there was a particular writ, also in the hands of the bailiffs of Wigan 20l., and in those of the constables of other townships, whose inhabitants refused to pay till they were constrained by distress and imprisonment 50l., for which Sheriff Kirkby prays time till Easter term; the remaining 20l. was assessed either on poor people or on those whose lands were in ward, and consequently cannot be collected. [1 p.]
Feb. 8. 73. Estimate by the Officers of the Ordnance of the charge of six bridge boats, together with the necessary accommodation for six other boats formerly provided. Total, 117l. [1 p.]
Feb. 9.
74. The King to Thomas Earl of Arundel and Surrey, Earl Marshal. We have appointed you general of the land forces of England, and have to that purpose given order for drawing up a commission to pass the great seal. As there will be many things necessary to be forthwith ordered by you, as well for levying the foot and horse we have given order for, as for the present issuing of ordnance, arms, and munition to be sent forthwith into the northern parts. We require you to give order, not only for the present levying and raising, by press or otherwise, within England, 1,000 horse and 6,000 foot, with all things incident thereto, but also for issuing out of the Office of Ordnance, either in London, Hull, or elsewhere, such ordnance, arms, munition, and train of artillery, as you shall from time to time think fit. And our will is that all officers of the army, lords lieutenants, the master and other officers of the Ordnance, treasurer of our army, and others, be herein obedient to you, and use their best diligence in performing your directions on this behalf, for which this shall be your warrant, until the said commission of general be passed. [Draft by Nicholas. 1 p.]
Feb. 9. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 105, 1 p.]
Feb. 9. Docquet of the same.
Feb. 9. Warrant to the Justices of the Sessions of co. Chester, to admit George Lord Talbot, son and heir apparent to the Earl of Shrewsbury, being under age, to suffer a recovery of such of the Earl's lands lying in the said county as are to be settled according to an agreement between the said Earl and Sir Percy Herbert. [Docquet.]
Feb. 9. Similar warrant to the Judges of the Common Pleas, to admit the said Lord Talbot to suffer a recovery of other lands in several counties, according to the beforesaid agreement. [Docquet.]
Feb. 9. Grant, whereby his Majesty, in consideration of 800l., payable into the Exchequer by Moses Tryon, does disafforest the manors, lordships, and parishes of Harringworth and Bulwick, co. Northampton, except the lands and grounds called Dibbins, Ediwoods, and Shortlease. And grants to him and his heirs free warren within the manors and premises so disafforested, with liberty to enclose a park within part thereof. Together with his Majesty's pardon for all offences against his Majesty's forest laws in the premises hereby disafforested formerly committed. [Docquet.]
Feb. [9 ?] 75. The King to Henry Lord Clifford. Upon consideration of the great preparations made in Scotland, without order or warrant from us, by the instigation of some persons ill affected to monarchical government, we have held it necessary to provide for the defence of our kingdom of England, and in the first place of such towns in the same as being near the frontiers, and of most importance, may run the greatest danger of being surprised. And having caused a good proportion of ordnance, arms, and ammunition to be sent to Newcastle for the better fortifying the same, as being a place of great consequence, we hold it necessary that some person of quality and trust reside there, and to that purpose have made choice of you, requiring you to repair to the said town, and to command, as one of the Lords Lieutenants in Northumberland, all the forces in or belonging to the same, and to direct whatsoever you shall find requisite for the better securing of that place, and, further, to command all the trained bands (appointed to be ready to assist for the defence of the said town) to be drawn near the same, as there shall be occasion, and so to dispose of them as you may deem necessary for the preservation thereof from any surprise or attempt. You are to continue in this charge until you shall receive further order from us or our general. [Draft. 1½ p.]
Feb. [9 ?] Copy of preceding. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 106. 1 p.]
Feb. [9 ?] 76. The King to Montjoy Earl of Newport. To give order that ten small pieces of ordnance, together with a train of artillery proportionable, be with all diligence sent from Hull to York, to be there delivered to such persons as Sir Jacob Astley, or in his absence the Vice-President [of the Council in the North], shall appoint. And because we know now how sudden occasion may be given in the northern parts for the use of more pieces of ordnance, and likewise of arms and munition for the defence of that country, the care whereof we have for the present committed to Sir Jacob Astley, our will is, that you give order that all such ordnance, arms, powder, and munition as the said Sir Jacob shall give directions for be sent as he shall appoint from Hull to York or Newcastle. [Draft. 1 p.]
Feb. 9. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 104. 1 p.]
Feb. 9. Petition of Peter La Dore to the King. His Majesty granted him letters of denization, which are now ready to pass the Great Seal, but forasmuch as petitioner must take both the oaths of allegiance and supremacy before the said grant can pass, which he being a Roman Catholic may not, prays your Majesty to dispense with the oath of supremacy, and to signify your pleasure to the Lord Keeper that petitioner taking the oath of allegiance his grant may pass. Underwritten,
i. Ordered as prayed. Whitehall, 9 Feb. 1638-9. [Copy. See Book of Petitions, Vol. cccciii., p. 39. ½ p.]
Feb. 9.
My house at Haqueney. [Hackney.]
77. Edward Lord Herbert, of Chirbury, to Sec. Windebank. Having attended (since my return from France in 1624) some recompense through his Majesty's goodness for extraordinary expenses of about 5,300l. upon occasion of my embassage there, 2,500l. whereof rest due to me upon my privy seal (as I made it appear to the late Lord Treasurer, and am ready to show to this), you may easily collect how much I have suffered these many years, without presuming to trouble his Majesty with any large complaint, as hoping, indeed, his Majesty would, before this time, have bestowed on me such honorable place as my predecessors in that employment have enjoyed, which I desire may be represented to his Majesty, not forgetting to inform him how much this reflects upon my reputation. Besides which, my charges for writing the expedition to the Isle of Rhé in Latin and English, as also my keeping scholars and clerks for copying records and making transcripts of the history of Henry VIII. having caused for these last seven years divers new expenses, and finally having paid the debts of an unthrifty son, you see how many ways I am disabled from bringing that equipage I desire to the rendezvous at York. Howbeit, such is my zeal to his Majesty's service, that I shall prepare myself to attend his Majesty in the best manner I can, only as I doubt not to advance his service more by undertaking some command than any other way, I shall, by your mediation, beseech his Majesty to give me some employment convenable to my experience, former charge, and present quality, and this I desire may be returned by way of my answer to his Majesty's letter of 26th January. In the meantime, if I cannot take order that my law suits and businesses which are many and great both in England and Ireland may receive no detriment by my absence, I must have recourse to his Majesty's favour, concerning which I intend to speak with you hereafter. [Seal with arms. 1¾ p.]
Feb. 9.
Drury Lane.
78. Henry Lord Abergavenny to Sec. Windebank. According to his Majesty's command, I present these lines to your consideration. Although my age and infirmities will, I hope, excuse my personal attendance upon his Majesty, yet I will be most glad to show my affection and loyalty in what I may, wishing that I were able to follow the steps of my ancestors or his Majesty's other subjects of my quality. But God has laid many crosses upon me by the payment of a great debt of my own and [of that of] my deceased son. I will endeavour to send my son, who is of a fit age and ability, to attend his Majesty in as fit an equipage as my poor estate will permit, not doubting you will assure his Majesty that my life and estate shall be laid at his feet to do him service. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 9.
Chester, 12 at noon.
79. William Owen to the same. In my absence last week, being at Holyhead with Lord Conway, Alderman Edwards opened your letters directed to me, and sent his Majesty's letters to the Earl of Derby, Lord Strange, and Lord Savage, which were received by their Lordships the 1st inst., and letters addressed to their agents at London were immediately despatched, requiring them to repair to you to acknowledge the receipt of the same. The other to Lord Gerard I received from Mr. Ravenscroft the 7th inst., and 20s. with it, and according to the enclosed took post and rode to Ashton, which is within two miles from Lancaster, and delivered his Majesty's letter to Lord Gerard's hands at 1 o'clock in the morning the next day, as appears by his Lordship's receipt enclosed. I am but now returned, and was glad to ride all night to recover the post, thereby to give an account of my duty. It cost me 30s., besides the 20s. sent me, which I hope Mr. Stockdale and Mr. Wilmot will see me satisfied. Lord Strange and Lord Savage purpose to be in London very suddenly, and have summoned their tenants to be in readiness. [Seal with device. 1 p.]
Feb. 9. Minute of a warrant of the Commissioners for Saltpetre to commit Edward Lole, woodmonger, to the Marshalsea. [See Vol. ccxcii., p. 95. 4 lines.]
Feb. 9. Account of foreign saltpetre delivered to Mr. Evelyn, also specifying of whom his Majesty bought it, and by whom the same was refined, since November 1629. The whole of it appears to have been bought of the East India Company; it amounted to 76 lasts, 7 cwt., 0 qrs., 25 lbs. Underwritten,
i. Direction of the Commissioners for Saltpetre requiring the Officers of the Ordnance to examine whether Evelyn did return into his Majesty's magazine gunpowder proportionable for the said saltpetre, and whether he has answered to his Majesty 3l. 3s. 4d. due for the said saltpetre. Whitehall, 9th February 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid., p. 96. ¾ p.]
Feb. 9.
Order of the Commissioners for Saltpetre. All the saltpetre made in the kingdom is not enough by above 40 lasts to make the proportion of gunpowder which his Majesty's gunpowder maker is by contract obliged to make yearly for his Majesty's service, insomuch as there is necessarily to be every year bought a great quantity of foreign saltpetre. The Lords, taking care that a just account may be henceforth kept of all such foreign saltpetre as shall be hereafter bought for his Majesty's service, and delivered to his gunpowder maker, did this day order that on every contract made for any foreign saltpetre notice shall be given to the Office of Ordnance, how much is contracted for, of whom, at what rate, and who is appointed to refine the same, and at what rate, to the end entry may be made in the said office accordingly, to remain upon register as a charge for the said gunpowder maker's account. And likewise that Mr. Poole, who keeps account of all the home made saltpetre, shall be hereby requested to keep a distinct register of the product of each parcel of foreign saltpetre that shall be delivered to his Majesty's gunpowder maker. [Copy. Ibid., p. 97. 1 p.]
Feb. 9.
80. J. Burnett to his brother Robert Burnett. By my former letter you will have understood before now of the doleful estate of our tenants, and now, also, some more misery, the Lady Dumbeath is earnestly insisting in her action upon her investment, so that I think she shall get a decree this session, for I have nobody to defend. You have left your affairs so backward that I have nobody to write to in anything till now that Mr. Robert is gone over. To my knowledge, this voyage will be a discredit to you in the north parts, as all men say you left the country for fear; wherefore, brother, you will do well to haste home, both for your own business cause, and that men may see they were deceived when you come home before matters settle, which, I hope, shall be at a good point before Whitsunday, for all your fears. I know your intelligence there is but silly, I will get surer from Court here in Blackhills than you will amongst your weavers, especially in Scottish matters; and so long as my Lady Marshal is in Edinburgh, and my Lord Roxburgh and Mr. Mald at Court, I think my intelligence as good as any man's. Therefore, seeing there is no appearance, for all the preparation that is making here, but of peace, you will do best to make a fair retreat before the King comes down to York, where he will be before Easter, and that in very peaceable manner, where all things are to be pleaded legally, and not otherwise, I will not trouble myself to write anything more of these matters to you, knowing that you still get intelligence by your brother Archibald. If you were swayed by my council you would be at home, leg and and all, before "fastings even." I assure you all our fear here is of the Highland men, who, if there be not a speedy course taken, will oppress and spoil all this north country, for there passes not a night but some mishief is done. I was obliged to send my son again to Drymmer [Drymen ?], else there would neither man nor boy stay there, but I assure you he stays at great hazard of his life. If there be not order taken I will let it lie, and not regard it till God send better times. [2 pp.]
Feb. 9. 81. Copy of the preceding. [1¾ p.]
Feb. 9. 82. Account of Sir William Russell of ship-money for 1637. Total received 168,179l. 15s. 7d.; unpaid 28,234l. 12s. 1d. [1 p.]
Feb. 9. 83. Account of ship-money for 1637 levied and remaining in the hands of the sheriffs. Total 930l., which makes the total collected 169,109l. It is stated that there had been paid no part of the arrears due by writs issued in 1635 and 1636. [¾ p.]
Feb. 9. 84. Memorandum that information had been given by Edward Lole, of St. Katherine's, woodmonger, that Mr. Harris, master of the saltpetre-house in Rosemary Lane, London, has had this winter such store of coals, that he has sold at 8d. the bushel great store since Michaelmas last. [½ p.]
Feb. 10.
85. Capt. Roger Bradshaw to Sec. Windebank. As soon as I had viewed the forces of Lincolnshire, according to my command I wrote to Lord Lindsey to desire him to give you an account in respect he was present at the view of some of the forces till his Majesty's pleasure was to send for him. I mustered by roll 2,750, officers included, and likewise the horse 166. The foot, many defective in their arms; and some of the horse, arms and pistols defective, which they have promised with all speed to see made complete. For the magazine, they are preparing, with that proportion that they have, to make it three lasts of [gun]powder, three tons of lead, and three tons of match, with other materials thereunto belonging, so, presuming you have been satisfied already of all things, I cease to trouble you further. I have viewed in Nottinghamshire by roll 1,033 foot, besides officers. The arms of the pikemen were passable, but for musketeers I have "defected" a great number by reason of the weight and length, some weighing 18 or 20 lbs., for no man is able to do service with them The horse, likewise, I have viewed by roll, the number is 61; the horse and arms all good, saving some few pistols, which I have defected. The magazine is 2½ lasts of powder, 2½ tons of match, and 2½ tons of lead, and they have promised to certify my Lord of Newcastle to give you an account thereof, that all things shall be mended with speed. As soon as I came to York, I wrote to Sir Jacob Astley to make known to him that in these counties the forces are not yet made into regiments, and the arms disproportionable, also that the commanders are generally no soldiers. The soldiers will not be serviceable to have the use of their arms without help, and that no one man is able to exercise and train the companies to make things complete, the county being so large, therefore I wrote to him to desire officers to assist me if [I] must return to those parts, for it will be necessary that what I have begun should be followed up with all speed, or else they will be found defective both in their arms and in the use thereof. We have taken great pains both in viewing the arms and riding in these shires to divers quarters to our great charge, and now remain at York with no instructions what we shall do further; our money being spent we [are] destitute of friends or acquaintance; we have given our attendance about 13 weeks, and have received two months entertainment towards our charge, which we think fit to make known to you, to know his Majesty's pleasure. [Seal. 2 pp.]
Feb. 10.
Commissioners for Gunpowder to Montjoy Earl of Newport. To deliver two barrels of powder at 18d. per pound to Sir William Savile, for the use of the Archbishop of York. [Copy. See Vol. ccclv., No. 61, p. 9. 5 lines.]
Feb. 10. The same to Nathaniel Snape and William Gibbs, Justices of Peace for Middlesex. We have received the examination taken by you of Robert Davies, prisoner in Newgate, touching his making of gunpowder, and if there be no other cause of his being now detained there for making powder, you may give order for his release, upon security that he shall never attempt either to make or amend any more powder. [Copy. See Vol. ccxcii., p. 94. ½ p.]
Feb. 10. Minute of a warrant to Robert Smith, for apprehending and bringing James Peacock, furrier, dwelling near the Mouth Tavern, Aldersgate Street, London, before the Commissioners for Saltpetre and Gunpowder, with a clause to enter into the said Peacock's cellar, and there to seize and make stay of all such gunpowder as shall be found. [Copy. Ibid., p. 95. ⅓ p.]
Feb. 11. 86. Petition of Thomas Infield, vicar of Irthlingborough, to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner being instituted by his Grace to the vicarage of Irthlingborough, had his Grace's mandate for his induction, but was resisted at the said church, possession being kept against him, and he hindered from doing his office there, by William Crane and George Draughton, who, in their answer to articles in the High Commission Court, have confessed the said misdemeanor. Prays his cause may be heard on Thursday next (being upon articles and answers), unless the said defendants will give in any defence, and prove it, this Lent vacation. [1 p.] Endorsed,
86. i. Memorandum by Sir John Lambe:—"11th February 1638[-9], at Lambeth, his Grace gave me order that the next Thursday it should be heard upon the articles and answers, unless the defendants would put in any defence, and prove it this Lent vacation." [7 lines.]
Feb. 11. 87. John Lord Robartes to Sec. Windebank. Being required, by his Majesty's letter, to signify unto you what assistance of horse his Majesty should expect from me at York, the 1st April next, I intend to provide six horses, to attend at the time and place mentioned. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Feb. 11.
Covent Garden.
88. William Lord Maynard to the same. On Candlemas day last I waited upon the Archbishop of Canterbury, and acquainted him with the receipt of his Majesty's letter, requiring my personal attendance at York, which, as I told his Grace, I shall most willingly perform, with as good an equipage of horse as my estate and fortune will possibly support. His Grace told me that he conceived that his Majesty would spare my attendance upon him there, in respect of the place wherein I serve him in Essex, and that therefore he would move his Majesty to accept of some money from me instead of my horses. I answered his Grace that I could not possibly serve his Majesty in Essex, in my own person, without a good proportion of horses and men, with a good provision of arms upon all unexpected occasions for his Majesty's service, and that I was, within a few days after, to certify unto one of his Majesty's Secretaries of State what assistance I could give; whereupon, his Grace wished me to address myself to you from him, telling me that he would confer with you about it, and move the King in it. I went immediately from his Grace to your lodgings at Whitehall, to give you an account of that discourse, and to request your further directions therein, but not finding you there, I purposed to have attended you the next day; but it pleased God to visit me that night with sickness, so that I have almost ever since kept my bed. The 15 days wherein his Majesty required an answer expiring, I have, according to his Grace's instructions, addressed myself to you, requesting that you would acquaint his Grace with the effect of this letter, and receive his Majesty's pleasure herein. I will not allege how that his Majesty has had of me, within these three years, 900l., in extraordinary ways, which few others of his subjects have felt besides myself, for all which I pay interest to this day, much less will I pretend 28 years' service at a continual yearly charge, without any other expectation of reward than the discharge of my own conscience and his Majesty's acceptation. But I shall be bold to affirm that, considering the condition and state of Essex, and the great trust his Majesty reposes in me in the government of that county, I do verily believe that it would be less chargeable to me to attend his Majesty at York, with as many horses as others of my quality will do, than to serve his Majesty at home in such manner as I must and intend to do. But although my fortunes be far less than haply they may be esteemed, and I have four daughters to provide for wholly out of that fortune, yet such is my devotion to his Majesty's service, as that I am resolved never to show myself backward in so just and necessary a business; and so much I shall desire you to assure his Majesty from me, if occasion serve. P.S.—I crave pardon in that my want of health would not permit me to write so largely with mine own hand. [1¾ p.]
Feb. 11.
89. Francis Botwright to Patrick Batey. To fulfil my promise, I have here sent you a letter wherein to show my love to you. I know your desire is to know the news here in Scotland. It is this, that the Lords here have made a book of divine services, as it was in the old time, the which they have all taken their oathes to maintain with their lives and estates, with the King's leave, wherein they show that there was never any bishops in the old time before, neither will they have any now, for they [have] banished them all out of Scotland, and swear that they shall never come in more, for, if they do, the women will beat out their brains with stones; indeed, if it had not been for the Lords, they had pulled them all to pieces. They were driven to take all the soldiers in the town to guard them out of the ports, for there was a whole army of women about them. If the King would let them have this service book to be read in their churches, they would look for no more. And, for any preparation of war, here is no more than you have in England, and they do pray as heartily that there may never be any wars betwixt us, as they do for their own souls' health, for they think verily that you will come against them, for the speech is here that you are making all the preparation that may be, which makes them very much afraid of you. I dare not write what I know, because they say that all the letters that come betwixt England and Scotland are opened. I pray let me hear from you next week. [Endorsed by Sec. Windebank. 1 p.]
Feb. 11.
90. The same, to Ferdinando Jones, whom he addresses "good landlord." I know you do desire to know all the news here in Scotland. To tell you the truth, here is none but fair, that is, the Scots are afraid you should come upon them, and they are not able to subsist against you. But because they have taken an oath within themselves for their religion, with the King's leave, that there shall never come bishop into Scotland again, and that the King will be pleased that they may keep their service book which they have at this present, they would be content to anything that the King will command them, wherein they will show themselves as true subjects as any are in the world. For their preparations for war, here is but little; all that they do is to exercise their soldiers once a day; and they are more afraid of you than you are of them, and pray as heartily that there may never be any wars between England and Scotland. States, as above, his reason for not writing all he knows. The best things that I can find here are wine and oysters. For handsome women here are none that I can find in Scotland; therefore, I would I had some of your and Mr. Batey's acquaintance here, and that you had some of our Scotch lasses there in their places. [1 p.] Annexed,
90. i. P.S.—Send me word whether they have fetched my trunk from your house or not; and if they have left anything for me, pray keep it till I come. [¼ p.]
90. ii. Slip of paper, on which Windebank has written "37 informations, 4 Acts of Assembly, 4 protestations of 18th December."
Feb. 11. 91. List of arms sent for to Hull by Sir Jacob Astley, that Capt. Legg may send them to Newcastle-upon-Tyne. [2/3 p.]
Feb. 11. Minute of the appearance of James Peacock, of London, skinner, this day, before the Commissioners of Saltpetre. [See Vol. ccxcii., p. 95. 2 lines.]
Feb. 12. Petition of James Wemys, Master-Gunner of England, to the King. Petitioner's predecessors had, heretofore, allowance of four barrels of powder every month from the Tower, with bullets and all things proportionable, which was for instructing of cannoniers belonging to armies, navies, castles, and forts of England, in all points belonging to that art, which extends itself infinitely to the knowledge of the elevations or ranges of all the natures of ordnance, from degree to degree of the quadrant, the use of the mortar-piece and all kinds of fireworks, until composition was made with some of petitioner's late predecessors to receive 72l. yearly in lieu of the aforesaid proportion. The reason of this disproportion petitioner knows not, except it were conceived too great a charge in a peaceable time; withal, a barrel of powder at that time stood petitioner's predecessors little above 2l. 10s.; but since your Majesty's taking it into your own hands, petitioner cannot have a barrel under 7l. 10s., at which rate, 72l., together with all petitioner's personal allowance, will never buy the quantity of powder the services require. Petitioner regrets to say that there are few gunners in your kingdom, at this time, who understand the several ranges of ordnance or use of the mortar, which, in effect, are the special points belonging to a gunner, and impossible to attain unto without a great and continual practice. Prays order for the same proportion of annuities which his predecessors formerly had, and a place where to practise the elevations with great ordnance and use of the mortar. Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Commissioners for Saltpetre and Gunpowder, who are to consider of this petition, and certify his Majesty, who will thereupon signify his further pleasure. Whitehall, 12th February 1638-9. [Copy. See Book of Petitions, Vol. cccciii., p. 39. 1 p.]
Feb. 12. Petition of John Crane, Surveyor-General of Marine Victuals, to the King. In March last, having to victual the fleet for the year 1638, I made known to the Lords of the Admiralty the dearness of all kind of victuals, and intreated them to move your Majesty to grant me some increase of price for the victuals I was then to provide; whereupon, the Lords referred the examination of the prices to the Officers of the Navy, who returned a certificate of the rates, and the Lords then advised me to forbear to petition your Majesty for any increase until the end of the year. Prays reference to the Lord Admiral or any other of the Council to make such allowance towards the losses sustained as the equity of the cause shall deserve, for that I lost, the last year, in the victualling of every 100 men for six months, about 100l. Underwritten,
i. Reference to such Lords of the Council as were formerly commissioners for the Admiralty, who, with the Lord Admiral, are to certify their opinions, whereupon his Majesty will signify his further pleasure. Whitehall, 12th February 1638-9. [Ibid., p. 40. 1 p.]
Feb. 12.
Council of War to Sir Robert Pye. To draw an order by virtue of a privy seal of the 26th July last, for issuing to Sir John Heydon, Lieutenant of the Ordnance, 2,200l. upon account, for the charge of providing such carriages for ordnance and other munition for the magazines at Hull and Newcastle as the Master of the Ordnance shall direct. The said sum to be reckoned as part of the 200,000l., which, by virtue of the said privy seal, is to be issued. [Copy. See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 108. ½ p.]
Feb. 12.
92. The same to Sir Jacob Astley. We have seen your letter of the 24th January to Sec. Windebank, and like very well your resolution principally to have a care to secure Newcastle, which is a place of most importance, and lies in most danger of any thereabouts. There is warrant given to the Earl of Newport for sending from Hull to York or Newcastle such ordnance and ammunition as you shall from time to time direct, and particularly to send, with all diligence, 10 small pieces of ordnance (together with a train of artillery proportionable) to the city of York, to be there delivered to such persons as you or the vice-president shall appoint. His Majesty has given order for the present raising of 6,000 foot and 1,000 horse (by press) to begin withal, and has ordered that the said foot shall be formed into four regiments, each to consist of 1,500 men, whereof you are to have one regiment [see this present Volume, under date Feb. 9]; and, therefore, we pray you to send hither him whom you intend shall be lieutenant-colonel of your regiment, with instructions for raising the same, and to intimate by him where you desire to have them raised. You shall do well to send up what under-officers in the list you think fit to be put upon the trained bands in those parts, and then the Lord General will appoint such of them as he shall think fit. The King has written to Lord Clifford touching the security of Newcastle [see this present Volume under date Feb. 9.] We like well that you carry a vigilant eye upon the preparations and motions in Scotland, which care we desire you to continue. We intend to move the King for the sending of money to York, from whence the Treasurer of the army's servants may send of it to Newcastle, or any other parts. The Lord Marshal and Lord Admiral will presently give advice to Lord Clifford for appointing officers for the trained bands in Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmorland, and direct what colours they shall have. We have moved his Majesty to take order for some arms and ammunition to be sent to Carlisle, and to give the mayor there warrant to form a company of 100 trained men for better defence of the same, as they desire, and his Majesty has directed Sec. Windebank to answer the mayor's letter to that purpose. Thanks for the account they received by his letter of the 30th January last to Sec. Windebank, touching Berwick, Carlisle, the Holy Island, and other places on the Borders. We pray you appoint some able man to assist and command at present in the fort [in the Holy Island], where we think fit that Capt. Rugg shall continue his place as lieutenant, but he whom you employ shall have the place and entertainment of captain. We pray you and Sir Thomas Morton to keep the day prefixed by yourselves, or such as you shall appoint, for the musters in Yorkshire, &c., and the rather in regard his Majesty has appointed Lord Clifford presently to take charge of the forces at Newcastle, whom we desire you to assist on all occasions. Concerning the patents which, by your letter of the 7th inst. to Sec. Windebank, you advise should be given to the several shires mentioned in your commission, that as there shall be occasion they may be sent to those counties to rise and march, upon sight thereof, to some place of rendezvous. We pray you send us the form of such patents as you desire, and to whom you would have them sent; also to signify to what place of rendezvous each county were best to be ordered to repair on all occasions. We like very well of your care in taking order that there be good store of grain and victuals for an army provided in Newcastle, Durham, and other places, and pray you to continue your diligence therein. There is order taken for snaphances, which shall be sent to Newcastle as fast as they can be made. We will, in a few days, despatch Colonel Trafford for the employment you advise. His Majesty has written to the Bishop of Durham to establish Sir Thomas Morton colonel of the regiment of all the trained bands in co. Durham [see next calendar notice], a copy whereof we send you inclosed, to the end you may therein assist. [Draft. 3⅓ pp.]
Feb. 12. Copy of the preceding. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 109. 3 pp.]
[Feb. 12.]
93. The King to Bishop Morton of Durham. To the end our forces of co. Durham be put in better order, and be the more ready upon all occasions, our will is, that upon receipt hereof you establish Sir Thomas Morton colonel of all the foot within the said county, and that you give him order to "form" officers, and to make of the said foot a complete regiment, which is to be weekly exercised, and kept in such readiness that upon twelve hours warning they may be ready to march according to such order as shall be given by Sir Jacob Astley. Our command is, that all the officers belonging to the said regiment be paid by you and that county so long as they continue in that shire; but if upon occasion they shall be commanded out of that county for our service, then, as well the officers as common soldiers, shall be paid by us in the same manner as the rest of our army. [Draft. 1½ p.]
[Feb. 12 ?] Copy of the preceding. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 112. 1⅓ p.]
Feb. 12.
The Court, Whitehall.
94. Sec. Windebank to Sir Henry Marten. His Majesty having lately made known to the society of Doctors' Commons his purpose of going to York for the defence of this kingdom, and for the suppressing of such insolencies as the disorders of some traitorously affected persons in Scotland do threaten, and having intimated to the said society that he expects such assistance from them as this common danger requires, is likewise pleased by my hand to give you the like intimation, holding it fit in his princely respect to you, though you are of the same society, to consider you as a person of another capacity and more eminency, and as a judge of his Court of Admiralty, and to put a difference between you and them, by taking you thus apart. You are therefore, by his Majesty's command, to take notice of this estate of his affairs, and to think upon some considerable assistance to be forthwith contributed by you to this great action, which his Majesty expects shall be equal and proportionable to the high place you hold, and to your estate, the judges of other his Majesty's Courts of Justice having done the like, and your own private interest being nearly concerned in that of the public; you are also forthwith to return me your answer herein, which I doubt not but shall be agreeable to his Majesty's expectation and your good affection to his service. [Draft. 1 p.]
Feb. 12. 95. William Lord Maynard to Sec. Windebank. I have received his Majesty's letter requiring my attendance upon him at York with some forces of horse. Since that time, I have understood that his Majesty will dispense with my personal attendance, in respect of my service in Essex, as one of his lieutenants there. Now for that it may happily fall out that I may have extraordinary occasion there for the employment of my horses, men, and arms in his Majesty's service, with no small charge unto me, I am bold to become a humble suitor to his Majesty that he would accept of 400l. of me in lieu of my horses, which, although I acknowledge to be a very small sum in respect of the occasion, yet if his Majesty will reflect his eye upon me, his most humble servant and true hearted subject, who most cheerfully makes tender thereof, not out of my abundance, but great want, who must take it up all at interest, and neither have, or ever had, any possibility of means of addition to my fortune, who live at the height of my estate, and have four daughters to provide for, and from whom his Majesty has already had within these three years, without the least repining, 900l. in extraordinary ways, which hardly any one other of his subjects has undergone, and who is and hath been these 28 years at a continual great expense in his Majesty's service in the country, without any expectation of reward, other than his gracious acceptance and the discharge of my own conscience and duty. I trust his Majesty will accept thereof in good part, as of the widow's poor mite, God being my witness that if I found my estate any ways able to support it, without infinite prejudice to my wife and children, I would with much more willingness and alacrity have tendered far more in this service than what I now do. [¾ p.]
Feb. 12.
Great St. Bartholomew's.
96. Charles Earl of Anglesea to Sec. Windebank. For that my son does not wait upon the King to York, I hope will be excused, he being but a child. And for that he sends the King no assistance, I hope likewise will be excused, he having no estate but what the King out of his goodness is pleased to allow him by way of pension. [Seal with crest. 1 p.]
Feb. 12. 97. Henry Earl of Kent to the same. I am preparing to attend his Majesty and his royal standard, and will have with me ten horse at the time and place mentioned in his Majesty's letter, directed to me, of the 26th January last. [Seal with arms. 2/3 p.]
Feb. 12. 98. Thomas Earl of Cleveland to the same. I purpose to attend his Majesty at the time and place in his letter mentioned, and to continue my attendance so long as his royal person shall be in the army, and to have with me during the same time ten horse ready furnished for service in the wars, and also accompanied by some of my friends and with my own retinue and servants. [Seal with arms. 2/3 p.]
Feb. 12.
99. Archbishop Laud to Sir John Lambe. I have been credibly informed that there are at present divers causes brought into the High Commission Court which are very unfit for the cognizance thereof, whereby many inconveniences do arise, to the just grievance of the subject and dishonour of the court. These are therefore to require you, taking unto you some commissioners, to examine the bill of causes, and all such as you find not fit to be retained upon perusal of the articles you are totally to dismiss or remit to the ordinary, as you shall see just cause. And of this let me have an account by Wednesday come sevennight, which day I have appointed for mitigations, whereof I desire you to give present notice. P.S.—Sir Robert Coke informs me that Blaxton, who surreptitiously got a superinstitution from me, continues still to trouble and vex the incumbent, and has served divers poor men who were assistant to him in his Vi laicâ amovenda to be served with subpoenas into the Star Chamber. I pray have an eye to him, and see that he slip not out of the court until such time as he bring in his superinstitution, and have answered other misdemeanours laid to his charge. [1 p.]
Feb. 12.
My house in St. Martin's-in-the-fields.
100. Montjoy Earl of Newport to the Officers of the Ordnance. I desire you to draw up an estimate of the charge of casting 15 culverins, 20 demi-culverins, and 15 sackers of cast-iron ordnance, each to be in length 10 feet. [¾ p.]
Feb. 12. 101. Edmund Rossingham to [Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh]. The Lord Admiral has written to your Lordship this week, and has sent the letter to Mr. Railton to be inclosed in my Lord Deputy's packet. I pray you to present my duly to my Lord Deputy, who was pleased to pass over my offences, which I will no way go about to extenuate, that his Lordship's goodness in remitting them may have its full virtue; this duty has been long due, but till now I have not had the opportunity to perform it. Lady Salisbury jeers all of us who wished Lady Dorothy to be Countess of Devonshire, for last Thursday, with much adoe, God wots, the Lord of Devonshire declares himself a suitor to Lady Elizabeth. The old Countess, his mother, weeps and takes on, that the world might believe she was against it; but she may weep her eyes out before any reasonable creature will believe so much ill of her son as his undutifulness to his mother in the business of his matrimony, which she has so much laid to heart. I do not hear he has been yet to Salisbury House, his woeing hitherto has been, like himself, a great prince, by proxy. God give them much joy. [1 p.]
Feb. 12.
102. Alexander Erskine to Thomas Earl of Kelly. I apologize for not seeing your Lordship the day of my parting, for I was [so] oppressed with business that I knew not what I was doing, and I hope you will forgive me. From this I can write but little that would be pleasing. Zeal of religion transports men beyond themselves, and they think that all which they have done is for the good of religion, and pray that his Majesty may think so, for they pretend that all their actions are warranted by the laws of this church and country. For me, I can say nothing, being so great a stranger both to the laws and their proceeding, but pray to God for one happy event, and that all may turn to the glory of God, the honour of the King, and the good of this nation. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 12.
103. M. R. Craig to Francis [Lord] Stewart, eldest lawful son to Francis sometime Earl of Bothwell. Details legal proceedings against his Lordship, as debtor to one Sleigh. There [is] such a distance betwixt the King and this country, that I am afraid that it will not be a fit time for doing of your Lordship's business. I have sent you a little information lastly set forth. They are busy at the press with the acts of the General Assembly. We are busy here preaching, praying, and drilling, and [if] his Majesty and his subjects in England come hither, they will find a harder welcome now than before, unless that we be made quit of the bishops. I dare write no further. P.S.—The bond of 2,000 marks which I gave to Patrick Wood for you at your last home-coming is gone to the registrar. God knows if that it comes in good season to me, and your Lordship is not careful of my relief. [1 p.]
Feb. 12.
104. The same to his brother. Business matters. I was sorry to hear that you ventured yourself in public discourse, disallowing our most just cause, and taxing us of so great folly to contest without power. I think there be not many Scotchmen born more ignorant of our country than you are, and I hope that the same God that strengthened the arm of the land of Sweden against Germany will strengthen us against England, at least that part of it that will contest without offence given them for a number of scurvy priests. They may consider that war may well begin here, but like a pestilence it will spread over all this isle. Soldiers will get nothing here but strokes, and many of them, but they will be desirous to fight where they may get plundering without blows. Both the King and England are rending that they will never knit again, and it shall be seen hereafter that it is to their great prejudice. Knox, Welch, and your old master Dr. Liddell, and many others foretold this storm, and assured us that Christ would again be crucified in this country, but joyful and glorious should his resurrection be here, to the confusion of our opposites. If any would consider the beginning and progress of this action [they] would see clearly God's great hand in it, for nothing done by the King, by letters of treason, new covenants, public meetings at the assembly, but all goes a greater pace for confirming of this people's heart for opposing the bishops more [than] was expected. So that I am confident that Merchingston's prophecy upon the 14 cap. of Revelations, that in the 39th year shall begin the full abolishing of all the superfluous ceremonies of the church and of all the Romish dregs of superstition. I have sent you this little book for a testimony of our innocency. [1¾ p.]
Feb. 12. 105. Account of Christopher Vernon, one of the trustees of Sir Allen Apsley, deceased, of such lands as by the direction of Sir John St. John, Peter Apsley, Oliver St. John, and Edward Stafford, other trustees of the said Sir Allen, together with the said Christopher Vernon, were sold by William White and other patentees of the said Sir Allen, after his death, towards the raising of an annuity of 150l. for 15 years, for the maintenance and education of his younger children by Lady Lucy Apsley, his wife, and for payment of certain bequests to Anthony Lowe, Christopher Vernon, and others who had taken pains in his affairs, as also for what sums the said lands were sold, and how the money was disposed of, and what part of the lands as yet remain unsold. This account was made by Christopher Vernon upon oath, and delivered to Messrs. Worfield and Bingley, the auditors, according to an order of Council of 23rd November 1638. Total of receipts, 1,575l. 3s. 4d.; total of disbursements, 1,602l. 10s. 8d.; so that the surplusage of disbursements by Vernon were 27l. 7s. 4d. [6 pp.]
Feb. 12.
106. Ja[mes] Boswall to Henry Warde, in the Old Exchange. Please receive an information of our intentions in this great business, whereby you may perceive the false aspersions which are laid upon this our nation. [½ p.]
Feb. 12.
107. The same to Ronald Graham, woollen draper, Watling Street, at the Blue Anchor. Similar to the above. [½ p.]
Feb. 12.
108. The same to William Thompsone, merchant, Oxford Court, near London Stone. Business matters. Receive here enclosed two of our informations for England, that ye may see the estate of this greater business, which, by wrong information, is likely to draw to a great height; but He who seeth in secret will reward openly. [¾ p.]
Feb. 12.
109. James Boswall to Lawrence Town, over against the Exchange, Cornhill, London. Business matters. Encloses the information mentioned in the above letter. [1 p.]
Feb. 12.
110. A. Thomson to Daniel Butler, vintner, at the sign of the Hart, in Cannon Street, near London Stone. Encloses the information above alluded to. [Seal with merchants' mark. ⅓ p.]
Feb. 13. 111. Petition of Sir Robert Hodshon [Hodgson ?] to the King. His Majesty, by proclamation of the 29th January last, commanded the repair of all the nobility, gentry, and others to their houses and lands within co. York, and other counties therein specified, before the 1st March next. Petitioner is most ready to repair into the bishopric of Durham, where he has house and land, though by reason of his great debts they be out of his hands, in lease for divers years yet to come, but he and his wife, having been in a course of physic in the last fall of the leaf, are to continue [their treatment] this next spring, without which they will run imminent danger never to recover their health, if not to lose their lives, as appears by the certificate of their physicians. Prays licence for himself and his wife to remain in or about London until the beginning of May next, to perfect their course of physic, and that done, they will go into the said bishopric, he having, in the meantime, given order for his horse and arms to be in readiness for his Majesty's service. [¾ p.] Annexed,
111. i. Certificate of Dr. Simon Baskerville and Dr. John More, that Sir Robert Hodshon and his lady are in very ill state of health, for the recovery whereof they entered into a course of physic the last fall of the leaf, and without the continuance thereof until the spring of the year probably will be in great danger. 13th February 1638[–9]. [1 p.]
Feb. 13. 112. Petition of William Drewry, of Kettering, co. Northampton, to the Council. Petitioner was employed last year by Sir John Hanbury, late sheriff of co. Northampton, and, by virtue of a warrant to him and one William Carter, directed by the said sheriff, he distrained the goods of one Francis Sawyer, of Kettering; whereupon. Sawyer, his wife, and three other persons did, by force, take from petitioner the distress, and, in a most outrageous manner, did beat and dangerously wound petitioner and the said Carter. Further, he and Carter, to their great charge, in Michaelmas term last, were sent for by warrant from the Attorney-General to inform against the said Sawyer, who was formerly sent for by the Board to answer the premises. The premises considered, and for that petitioner has been lately arrested by the said Sawyer, and has as yet had no satisfaction for his wounding and damage herein, he prays the Lords' order. Underwritten,
112. i. Reference to Attorney-General Bankes to take order for the petitioner's relief, or otherwise to inform the Board how this business stands. Star Chamber, 13th February 1638-[9]. [1 p.]
Feb. 13. 113. Henry Earl of Bath to Sec. Windebank. In answer to his Majesty's letter concerning his resolution to repair to the northern parts, and requiring me to attend his person, I thought fit to certify you that, having considered both my duty and affection to his Majesty's service, and my own estate very lately come to me with much encumbrance, I have resolved to attend his Majesty at the place appointed in my own person, with such a retinue of horse as I shall be able to provide, desiring his Majesty's pardon if, by reason of the remoteness of my habitation and estate, my attendance be not altogether so soon as the day prefixed. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Feb. 13. 114. Henry Lord Morley and Monteagle to the same. Acknowledges receipt of his Majesty's letter of the 20th January. I beseech you that these may give assurance that, although by my misfortunes I am at this instant extremely indebted, as is not unknown to his Majesty or yourself, yet, in all obedience, I will not fail to wait in person with four horses, wishing it were in my power to give further testimony of my loyalty and readiness to attend his Majesty with a far greater number, that might be more acceptable to his Highness, and more suitable to my heart's desire, who is, and ever will be, most ready to offer up both life and fortune in his Majesty's service. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Feb. 13.
115. Edward Lord Herbert [of Chirbury] to the same. In obedience to his Majesty's letter to the now Lord Petre, but sent unto me, I can confidently affirm that, were he of years and power, he would show a heart no less devoted to his Majesty's service than his ancestors have done before him. But now that his lands are already in his Majesty's hands, his arms in the custody of the Earl of Warwick, and he but little above 12 years old, I submit that, by your means, to his Majesty's consideration, and am confident that, upon so reasonable an excuse, his Majesty will pardon him. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Feb. 13.
116. Edward Lord Vaux of Harrowden, to the same. In answer to his Majesty's letter, I present unto you these few lines, true witnesses of my ready and forward heart, to lay down my life and fortune at his sacred feet, and am only sorry that the poverty of my estate affords me not ability to attend on his Majesty in such manner as I heartily desire. But I will wait upon him in person with eight or ten horse, furnished in the fittest and best equipage I can, beseeching you that by your favourable report his Majesty will accept of what my mean estate and ability will permit, not measuring my faithful mind to do him service by the weakness of my powers. [1 p.]
Feb. 13.
117. Henry Earl of Worcester to the same. In answer to his Majesty's letter of the 26th January last, you may well believe that to a man, wholly out of his element in military affairs and raising of forces, the time limited is very short to pitch upon any certointy of number in trust to others, as in this little time I have already experienced. That, together with the loss of all authority in the commonwealth, and not held worthy to keep any arms, the hearts and good wills of most of those that made fair semblance of love and respect towards me and my house are in this necessity discovered to be alienated and disaffected, which I write not as my excuse for my personal attendance at the time and place according to his Majesty's command, but if I be not so well furnished as I desire it may not be imputable to me. But if his Majesty will reflect upon the weakness that years and infirmities have brought me unto, I will, to satisfy my obligation at this time, make proffer of my son and heir, whose years and strength of body are more suitable to the employment, with 20 horse furnished, and discharge their pay during the time that his Majesty and the army shall continue in the field, which I submit to his Majesty, and desire pardon for my tenderness in not undertaking more than I am sure to perform, and from you I desire the intimation of his Majesty's acceptance and further pleasure. [Copy, attested by Nicholas, who has endorsed the following note:— 'The original was by Mr. Sec. Windebank's direction, delivered back again, because the said Earl had agreed to give his Majesty 1,500l. in lieu of the said 20 horse." 1 p.]
Feb. 13.
Durham Castle.
118. Bishop Morton, of Durham, to Sec. Windebank. The great danger of shortening the days of the bearer, Mr. Smart, by reason of his great infirmity, would not suffer me to hasten his journey up, especially having him all the while in hold; but now that he has provided himself a horse-litter, I have challenged him to obey his Majesty's command. As for taking bonds for "enlawing" himself to the King's Bench, he has entered already bonds of two or three thousand pounds, his sureties being Dr. Oxenbridge, a physician, and the other a Mr. Downs, in Northamptonshire, a divine of sufficient estate. I have, for my part, taken bonds to his Majesty's use, for the conveyance of him to yourself. My servant, Mitford, delivered me your respectful commendations, and your reason why I should not expect your letters unto me. I pray God give us more prosperous winds than yet blow from all coasts, but the most pernicious a nostro aquilone, yet the longer your letters shall be deferred the more greedy I shall be of them. [Endorsed,—"Received by Mr. Smart, 28th February." Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 13.
119. Sir Jacob Astley to the same. Yesterday I received the enclosed letter from the Mayor of Carlisle, and in regard that I know Lord Johnston is stirring in these parts, being a great partial Covenanter, lying within 10 miles of Carlisle, and has been a good time past in the town in all parts to view it, I have excused the sending of these arms to the mayor until I may have further order from the Lords, because the arming of 100 men in the town, which they proffer, has not been formerly usual. I have considered whether this now their doing, may not cause the Scots to question this particular, and so upon a sudden seize upon the town. It is sufficient that his Majesty sees their zeal and fidelity to his service, and certainly has them at all times at his devotion. I pray you to move the Lords herein, that I may know his Majesty's pleasure, for I have answered their letter (as enclosed) to delay them. The appointed number of trained men, in Northumberland, are now almost all stated, for a very great number of them come hither daily and buy arms. I forgot, in my last despatch, to inform the Lords how, by the way, as I passed Hixcom [Hexham], Corbridge is broken down, lying two miles from the town, over the Tyne, and there is no other passage over the river to pass to Carlisle, and, although the country has a daily prejudice thereby, it mends it not. If his Majesty shall employ arms in that part, there will be a great want if the bridge be not speedily made up, for when the water rises upon the fall of the rain, sometimes, for 10 days, there is no passing with carriages that way. There have been divers disputes concerning the mending of this bridge, amongst the Deputy-Lieutenants of Northumberland, but it remains still undone. I have furnished the Holy Island with all its wants, particulars whereof I enclose. I have sent to Hull for arms, according as I sent you the particular, and for the better expedition to have them I have sent an express to Capt. Legge, to let them come by shipping, and if the wind serves not that the ship with the arms tides it out to this place. I wrote, in my former despatches, for direction whether to stay here or return to York, for the viewing of the regiments there, which is appointed by the Vice-President to begin the 19th inst. I have sent to Capt. Bradshaw, Capt. Ernely, and Capt. Ballard, that they address themselves to Mr. Vice-President and Sir Robert Farrer, muster-master, to receive their directions to perform therein what was appointed for me, or to do anything else therein that they shall be commanded, for this place is of special consequence to have one resident here; and Sir Thomas Morton has done the like to those officers he has at York. I am preparing to furnish the walls with small cannon; the nine brass pieces came yesterday from Tynemouth, and I am agreeing with smiths and carpenters to have them mounted upon carriages fit for the field with all possible speed. We are still inquisitive after the faction of the Puritans, to dissolve their private meetings. P.S.—Roger Widderington and his son are not as yet returned out of Scotland. I hope the officers that Sir Thomas Morton and I have sent forth into the several counties for the viewing of the trained bands have given the Lords an account of how they found them, and also I pray you to procure an order for the payment of their allowances. I hope Lord Newport will speedily send the 1,000 carabines for the Bordering men, with snaphances. [3 pp.] Enclosed,
119. i. John Aglionby, Mayor, and the Aldermen of Carlisle, to Sir Jacob Astley. Having prepared the number of men according to our particular engagement made to you at your late being at Carlisle, it now remains that armour and weapons should be provided for them, and to that purpose we have entreated the bearer hereof, John Cape, to make choice of and to buy so many pikes and muskets with their furniture as we now stand in need of. We, therefore pray you afford him such helps and directions as may further him, as well for the choice of such armour as is allowable as also that they may be had at the King's price. We have given charge that the one hundred men appointed for the defence of the city should be furnished and fit for training within twenty days now next coming. It may be, we shall meet with some obstinate persons that will not provide such armour as we have appointed them, and we desire to know, in case of finding such, what penalty may be inflicted upon them for their disobedience, that by the punishment of some the rest may be made more regular. We are informed that our neighbours the Scots about Annan, some twelve miles from this town, have their daily trainings, and are in readiness to put their designs in execution as they shall see occasion. This town, as you know, is very weakly manned, and we are uncertain how suddenly it may be surprised, in regard whereof we entreat you would vouchsafe to be a means that his Majesty may be emplored for settling a garrison in the same, for the better defence thereof, being the nearest frontier and port town unto the Scots in these parts, and therefore in greatest danger. Carlisle, Feb. 11, 1638-9. [12/3 p.] Underwritten,
119. ii. Sir Jacob Astley to John Aglionby, Mayor, and the Aldermen of Carlisle. I thank you for your information concerning the carriage of the Scots, and desire you upon all occasions to certify me thereof from time to time. It concerns you to keep good watches upon your town for your own safety, and must needs commend your care in providing arms for your defence. But, considering the arms you require cannot without some danger of surprisal be convoyed unto you, I have advised with the bearer to forbare for a time in sending them. And in regard the training indiscreet persons begets discontent, I think it not amiss that you forbare therein until further order I shall certify the Lords of your zeal in the service. Newcastle, 13th February, 1638-9. [Copy in Sir Jacob's handwriting. ⅓ p.]
[Feb. 13.]
120. Archbishop Laud to Sir John Lambe. I desire you to take care that it be ordered to-morrow in the High Commission that Weale may be sent by a messenger to Exeter College, and that Lugg may be sent by another messenger to his father at Exeter. P.S.— Charge the messenger to deliver up Weale to the rector of Exeter College, Dr. Prideaux, to have a special care of him, and Lugg to his father, to look to him well. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Feb. 13. 121. Petition of Richard Bagnall to the Commissioners of Saltpetre and Gunpowder. The loss and charges the petitioner has sustained by Edward Lole, first for the petitioner's coming twice to London about the coals, for his travel and expenses, 8l.; for paying his servants wages when they lay still for want of coals, 5l.; paid to four bargemen hired to carry coals in the country who were disappointed of their lading, 4l.; for a 100 chaldrons of coal, 35l.; all which amounts to 52l. Refers the same to the Commissioners consideration. [¾ p.]
Feb. 13. Minute of a warrant of Commissioners of Saltpetre and Gunpowder for the discharge of Edward Lole from the Marshalsea. [See Vol. ccxcii., p. 95. 3 lines]
Feb. 13. 122. Ezekiel Wallis, Mayor of Bristol, and John Dowell, to [the Commissioners of Gunpowder and Saltpetre]. In obedience to your letters for the finding out of such as make or retail gunpowder within this city, we certify that we have called before us such persons as are known to do the same. We find William Baber only to be a maker of powder in a very poor manner, with a horse-mill, and that not above half a hundred in a week or fortnight, and he sells it at eighteen pence per lb. to several shopkeepers in the city. Baber, by his own confession, has received his saltpetre from Jasper Selwyn, of London. William Lissett, a retailer of powder, was furnished by Symon Austen, of London, about a year since, and retails it at 1s. 8d. and 1s. 10d. per lb. Humphrey Corslett, goldsmith, furnished from London, sometimes joined by one Parker out of Dorset and Somerset, retails it at 1s. 10d. and 2s., but that which comes from Parker sells 6d. per lb. dearer. Job Willoughby, of this city, likewise retails powder at 1s. 8d. and 1s. 10d., and has been furnished by Robert Davis, of Bishopsgate Street, London, and Godwin Adwry, of Melksham, near Devizes, and has had from each of them four or five barrels within this year and a half. But whether this or other powder has been brought hither as issued out of his Majesty's stores we cannot learn. Lastly, we conceive that for mending or refining powder, if not for making within this city, is a thing worthy of your consideration, and would much conduce to his Majesty's service, and tend to the ease and common good of all these western parts, in regard we find a general complaint here, not only of the want thereof, but of some considerable quantity that needs repair, and will be utterly lost if not amended in convenient time. [1 p.]
Feb. 13.
Office of Ordnance.
123. Estimate by Officers of the Ordnance of the charge of 50 pieces of cast-iron ordnance to be made and brought into the stores of this office, by warrant of Montjoy, Earl of Newport, Master of the Ordnance; total 1,235l. [1 p.]
Feb. 14. Warrant to the Exchequer to pay 609l. to Christopher Harris, Captain of the Phoenix, due to him for victualling the said ship about 13 years since, according to a certificate under the hand of the Lord Treasurer. [Docquet.]
Feb. 14. Similar warrant to pay to Francis Wetherid, Surveyor of his Majesty's Stables, for building a new stable, and for moneys by him disbursed for repairing the stables at the Mews and [at] Sheen and otherwise, from 12th September 1637 to 12th December 1638, allowed by the master of his Majesty's horse. [Docquet.]
Feb. 14. Warrant to the Lord Treasurer to cause allowance to be made to the Earl of Huntingdon of 509l. 4s. 0½d., arrears of fees to him due as master of the hart-hounds and other inferior officers. [Docquet.]
Feb. 14. Grant, at the nomination of Sir Alexander Hume, to Thomas Young, of London, gent., of the benefit of a port bond of 1,000l. entered into by Stephen Talmage and Edward Harris, supposed to be forfeited to his Majesty. [Docquet.]
Feb. 14.
Drayton [House].
124. John Earl of Peterborough to Sec. Windebank. I received a letter from his Majesty the 4th inst., wherein I am required to attend his royal person at York by the 1st April next. The warning was so short, and I altogether so ill provided both of horse and arms, that I am afraid eight horse, which I intend to bring, will not prove so serviceable as I desire, by reason they are undressed. The lowness of my number proceeds through the want of three parts of my estate which is not yet come into my hands, but if my ability were according to my desire none should exceed me. If you will inform me of any other way wherein I may better serve my master, I shall take it for a favour. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 14.
Covent Garden.
125. Henry Earl of Huntingdon to the same. I received a letter from his Majesty the 29th January last, according to which I mean to wait upon him with ten horses fit for service, and in such equipage as my fortune will give me leave. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Feb. 14. 126. Thomas Lord Fauconberg to the same. I received his Majesty's letter of the 6th inst., concerning his coming in person to York, where he requires my attendance. I shall at the time appointed attend his Majesty, furnished, I hope, with 10 horse and 20 foot arms at least. And this I will superadd, that the King has not a subject more forward to draw his sword and spend his best blood in his Majesty's defence than I am. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 14.
127. William Lord Eure to the same, whom he styles his kinsman. I have received his Majesty's letter. For my estate, you partly know how it is made exemplary, having 32,000l. taken out of it, whereby my ability is made far unable to show that obedient duty which I owe to his Majesty's service, and as the justness and fitness of this cause requires. Therefore I dare not presume to offer particulars of myself unto my sovereign, considering all that I am or have is his Majesty's due. Therefore I freely offer my estate, house, and life to serve and be commanded by his Majesty. And seeing it has pleased God to call me by a lameness in my right side and leg, that I have not stirred these four months, nor am suddenly like to move, if ever, I beseech you, if you think fit, to send for my second son by this my letter enclosed, my eldest being a prisoner, and let him repair down with his Majesty's commands by your directions, who may supply my present inability. And I will prepare, setting all aside, [to obey] my sovereign's command, to the uttermost of my estate, friends, and endeavours. [Seal. 1 p.] Enclosed,
127. i. William Lord Eure to his son William Eure. I received a letter from his Majesty to attend his person at York with horse and arms. The weakness of my estate to perform my duty no person knows better than you, but to make that an excuse totally were inexcusable, and would show ill affection to his Majesty. Therefore, I desire Sec. Windebank would send for you, and that you might receive his Majesty's commands, and according thereunto attend his Majesty's person in my place at York. If there be doubt of invasion, I will dispose of estate, power, and friends to serve his Majesty. If it be a constant charge, all the estate left is but little, and I submit the proportion to Mr. Secretary and your care for the whole estate. P.S.—For horse arms, as yet there are none at York, so if you provide any at London send me present knowledge, and I will send you money, otherwise the Vice-President will furnish me as soon as store comes down. Malton, 14th February 1638[–9. 1. p.]
Feb. 14.
128. Ulick Earl of St. Albans and Marquis of Clanricard to Sec. Windebank. With all ready and willing obedience to his Majesty's commands, I do certainly intend to wait upon him at York at the time prefixed, and bring along with me 20 horse well appointed and fitted for service, and if my estate and ability in this kingdom were agreeable to my true and loyal affection I should in a much better manner be ready to discharge, not only my public duty to my prince and country, but the particular obligations to his Majesty for many great favours conferred upon me. The condition of my present fortune is so well known that I hope his Majesty will pardon the defect of my power, if it does not answer what belongs to a duty so much obliged, and I shall offer my life and fortune to be employed in his service in all ways that I am or may be capable of. Be pleased to represent these humble offers and endeavours to his Majesty, that I may have timely notice to prepare myself either for what I have here expressed, or in any other kind or place where my zeal or ability may be of more advantage to his service. [1¾ p.]
Feb. 14. 129. Mary Countess [Baroness ?] of Teynham to the same. I have received a letter from his Majesty directed to Lord Teynham, my son, for his attendance on his Majesty at York, in obedience whereunto I beseech you to present to his Majesty that my son is his Majesty's ward; that he is young, and through his infirmities of body unfit for service in the wars; that his arms have been taken away, whereby he is wholly unfurnished; that his estate is weak and small, and that there are many debts and portions lie upon it, which reasons, if they seem allowable for my son's absence, it shall ever oblige me. [½ p.]
Feb. [14 ?] 130. Petition of William Bagworth, Postmaster of Andover, co. Southampton, to the same. That George Savage has preferred a petition to Sec. Coke, setting forth that he had lent to Sir Robert Oxenbridge and petitioner two several sums of 100l., upon their bonds, and praying leave to take a legal course against petitioner, which were granted if the debt were due as was alleged, as by the copy of the petition and his answer hereunto annexed appears. It is true that petitioner being then menial servant to Sir Robert, at his command became bound in the said bonds, being thereby added to the number and not to the strength of the security, he being a poor man of no estate at all, having no means but his service. George Savage exhibited his bill in chancery against Edward Oxenbridge, Esq., executor to Sir Robert, for the said several debts, and the executor in his answer upon oath alleges that the said debts were long since satisfied in the lifetime of Sir Robert, and professes himself ready and willing to satisfy all the debts of Sir Robert to the utmost of the estate, which shall appear to be just and true debts. Forasmuch as the examination of the truth and justness of the said debts now depends in chancery, and that the executor has sufficient assets and a plentiful estate, and will be compelled to pay the same if the demands shall appear to be just, and if petitioner be arrested for so great a sum he is utterly ruined and undone, being not able to pay the hundredth part thereof, wherewith petitioner would have acquainted Sec. Coke, only he was gone out of town before petitioner came up; prays Windebank to take the consideration of petitioner's miserable case into his breast, and to recall the warrant and leave formerly signed, and that all leave to trouble and arrest petitioner may be respited until the said cause be cleared and determined in chancery where it now depends. [1 p.] Annexed,
130. i. Petition of George Savage to Sec. Coke. That in June 1630 and in May 1631 petitioner lent to Sir Robert Oxenbridge, Henry Oxenbridge, and William Bagworth two several sums of 100l., upon bond for repayment within six months, and consideration for forbearance thereof. The said money was continued at interest until, of late, petitioner having occasion to use the same, called for the two sums, but Sir Robert and Henry Oxenbridge being both dead, and their executors and administrators absenting themselves, so that petitioner cannot tell how to recover his debts against them. Bagworth pretending himself to be his Majesty's servant, being a postmaster in Andover, refuses to pay the said money, knowing that petitioner cannot take any legal course against him without leave first obtained. Prays leave to take a legal course either by arrest or otherwise against Bagworth. Underwritten,
130. ii. Direction by Sec. Coke for the petition to be showed to William Bagworth, who, if the debt be due as is alleged, is to satify the same within one month after this notice given him, or otherwise petitioner has leave to take his course by law. Whitehall, 14 Feb. 1638-9. [Copy. 1 p.]
Feb. 14. 131. Petition of Philip Ingram to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner, a poor man, with a wife and seven children, being a constable dwelling in co. Glamorgan within the principality of Wales, a warrant from "this Court" was delivered to him by Sir William Lewis, commanding him to apprehend Thomas Williams, which he accordingly did, whereupon, the prisoner not being able to give security for his appearance, petitioner was compelled to keep the said prisoner in his custody, and to bring him up hither at the petitioner's charge. Prays a speedy discharge from the said prisoner, and also a consideration for the great trouble and charge he has been at with the prisoner this month or upwards. Underwritten,
131. i. Reference to Sir John Lambe to consider of this petition, and to take order for dismissing the poor men, and with good costs, if the rest of my colleagues see just cause so to do. February 14th, 1638–9. [1 p.]
Feb. 14.
Drayton [House].
132. Sir Rowland St. John to Thomas Earl of Arundel and Surrey. Being desired by Lord Peterborough to certify you the state of the business concerning the three bailiffs who took a mare of his upon pretence of distraining for ship-money: You may understand that after I had taken due information of several particulars alleged against them, and perceiving, by their own confessions and examinations, that they were guilty of very rude and unseemly behaviour towards his Lordship, I told them (waiving the charge of felony laid against them), that either they must enter into recognizance for their appearance at the next assizes, or stand committed till then, unless they should acknowledge such recognizance. They denying to be bound, warrant of commitment was made, and they sent with it to the sheriff, to whom I likewise wrote a particular letter, intimating their carriage, and leaving them to his further disposing, the sickness being very dangerous at Norton [Northampton], where the gaol was kept. Since which I have not meddled about it, for Lord Peterborough being not resolved how to proceed, and having since told me that he was commanded by his Majesty to desist, I forbore to take recognizance of any man for prosecution against them, so that, although the mittimus may produce appearance, yet I do not know of anything that will be objected against them more than for my discharge, if there be occasion, in general to acquaint the judges that they were committed for misdemeanour towards Lord Peterborough, which his lordship is pleased to remit without further prosecution. This is briefly the true state of that business as it now stands. [1 p.] [Enclosed?]
132. i. Statement of the Earl of Peterborough's conduct in the business above referred to. [1 p.]
[Feb. 14?] 133. Mem., that you would be pleased to move that William Preston may be discharged of his attendance at the Council table concerning the distress of a mare of the Earl of Peterborough's by Sir Robert Bannister's servants. The parties are not bound to the assizes as was suggested, neither will the Earl, nor any for him, prosecute them at all. [½ p.]
Feb. 14.
Queen Street.
134. Thomas Smith to Sir John Pennington. Acknowledges receipt of letters. Concerning the convoy money, I have received bills only for 800l., and have not received 400l. of the money, the cause arising from the long days of assignment. The truth is, here is a sense of war already, and trading begins to grow dead, wherefore in mine of the 8th, I advised you to get as much in specie as you could, so it were in pieces of eight, or such other money as wherein there were no loss, and let your master bring it up in your ship to Chatham. The King's journey holds to York, for the defraying of which his Majesty has written to all the noblemen, judges, Inns of Court, and Inns of Chancery, the first to attend him in person, all the rest to lend him what money they think fit. Many of the Lords have absolutely refused either person or purse. Lord Say and Lord Bolingbrook and others have returned in their letters to the King that they find no law for it, and therefore they cannot in conscience do it, and advise the King to take a parliamentary way. The clergy are assessed high, every dean and chapter at 200 marks, and the rest of the clergy at 3s. 6d. in the pound. The bishops are left to a voluntary contribution. What you write concerning the French preparation we hear from divers other hands, and yet we are as secure as if we were obliged to put our trust in princes. I play my part daily, and my Lord is very sensible of the danger, but he cannot prevail with the King as yet to make any addition to the fleet, though it concerns him most, for he will have the greatest loss. [Seal with arms. 2 pp.]
Feb. 14. 135. Warrant of Thomas Earl of Arundel and Surrey. Upon the petition of Edward Freshwater, of Malden, grocer, to the Council, against Christopher Barrett, William Nicholls, and others, for relief of divers oppressions by the petitioner affirmed to be committed against his goods and lands, whereupon the Council recommended the further consideration of the said petition to me, to take such order therein as I should find cause. Now for that I am informed by Sir Henry Spiller and Mr. Whitaker, who were desired by me to compose the differences, that for want of evidence they could not proceed therein, and because I am further informed that divers court rolls and other evidence which conduce much to petitioner's relief are in the hands of divers persons, I hereby desire all such as have the custody of any court books or rolls which concern petitioner's estate to suffer the bearer William Beare to have access to the same, and to take copies thereof. As petitioner is unable to undergo a long suit, I admonish all who have possessed themselves of any part of petitioner's estate to show the said Beare, appointed to take care of the business, by what title and under what pretences they keep the possession of his estate. [1 p.]
Feb. 14. 136. Note of sums of money to be issued before June next for his Majesty's army [in the North]. Total, 385,627l. 16s. 11d. [2¼ pp.]
Feb. 15. Warrant to the Lord Treasurer and other Officers of the Exchequer to allow to the late sheriffs of London and county of Middlesex in their accounts 18l. 5s. per annum, for six successive years, which they paid to John Vaughan, late sergeant-at-arms for the city of London, as fees incident to that place, amounting in the whole to 109l. 10s. [Docquet.]
Feb. 15. Warrant to the Exchequer to pay 800l. to Sir Richard Wynn, to be by him employed for the use of the Queen. [Docquet.]
Feb. 15. 137. James Earl of Marlborough to the King. According to your letter of the 26th January, I should most willingly provide myself according to my ability to attend your Majesty in your intended journey to York, but my father being lately dead, has left me a minor, your Majesty's ward, my composition for which is not yet entirely perfected. Besides, my estate is so small and so incumbered with my father's debts, as appeared to Lord Cottington and the rest of the officers at the time of my composition, that I am no way able to attend your Majesty in such an equipage as is fit for my quality, and suitable to my devotion to your Majesty's service. [1 p.]
Feb. 15. 138. Jerome Earl of Portland to Sec. Windebank. Upon the receipt of his Majesty's letter to attend him at York, I waited on his Majesty to know his pleasure therein. He told me, those letters being general, I could not be omitted without wrong, but that it was more necessary for me to attend my charge in the Isle of Wight, which I shall accordingly do, and employ that small strength I am able to make for his Majesty's service there with less shame to myself, and I hope more use to his Majesty, as being much more suitable to the meanness of my fortune than the height of my desires. [¾ p.]
Feb. 15. 139. John Earl of Thanet to the same. In answer to his Majesty's letter concerning my attendance in person. In what condition of health I stand I am certain Dr. More hath satisfied you. For what number of horses I shall send, I find the scarceness both of horses and arms such that I shall not be able to send either such number or in such good equipage as is answerable to my desire. Therefore, if his Majesty will accept of 1,000l for the performance of this my service in this action it shall be ready. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 15.
140. William Earl of Denbigh to the same. In obedience to his Majesty's command, I give you notice that I will be ready to attend his Majesty at the time and place appointed, in the best equipage I can. [Seal with crest. ½ p.]
Feb. 15.
141. Thomas Lord Brudenell to the same. In obedience to his Majesty's letter, I present the state of my power and affection to his person and my country, and though not only long peace has made the general much unprovided for such action, as I am sorry to hear of, but my particular more disabled than most men of my rank, by reason, I, in the time of his Majesty's father, was not only disarmed, by act of State from the Council, of all arms and military furniture, both for horse and foot, but have had a jealous eye [kept] upon me in point of horses, with continual reproachful false rumours daily raised of my disaffection and sinister use thereof, and not long since discouraged from better provision as well in not keeping what I might provide as not capable of mine own [arms being] restored which formerly were taken away. Yet so doth duty and affection bind me, as if I may be furnished at my charge out of his Majesty's magazine, or that unarmed men and horse be acceptable; or considering, I am informed, the nation cannot, in so short a time, accommodate men according to their hearts and readiness, I will send immediately, upon his Majesty's pleasure being known, and by your signification to this messenger address a man for Flanders, where I am made believe such munition may be had. For here to buy unserviceable arms, as most men's are that will spare any, can neither satisfy nor serve his Majesty, nor comply with the three obligations his Majesty's letters put me in mind of. And though former ages valued not my family but at three horses in this kind of duty, yet love and an obliged heart shall carry me much further, though honour and estate rise not together, and therewith I will in person attend at the time and place appointed in the best way I can. But, inevitable defects lying in affection's way, and the time being so exceedingly short, I implore his Majesty's further will [direction] therein, being ignorant of the way that best may please him. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Feb. 15.
142. Mildmay Earl of Westmoreland to Sec. Windebank. Acknowledges receipt of the King's letter by the hand of Mr. Tott [Stott ?], messenger. I must entreat so much favour of you, having my share of these sickly times with the most of my family as Tott can assure you, whereby I am debarred, as I desired, to tender my service at this time in person, as to assure his Majesty that as well as the shortness of the time will permit I will not fail either in person or substance at the time and place of rendezvous, and then and there most willingly receive to my power what commands his Majesty shall deem me worthy of, for I am of nothing more ambitious than of a place in his favour. [1 p.]
Feb. 15.
Winchester College.
143. Dr. Edward Stanley to the same. That sudden and unexpected failure in my business, when I had overcome the greatest difficulty, as I thought, in getting my Lord's Grace to give way to it, sent me home in haste a sad and a disconsolate man; yet, looking back, I cannot give it over as a lost game, if it shall please you to pursue your first intentions, and procure his Majesty's letters for me. My 12 years' labour in a public collegiate school where his Lordship is visitor, and where he finds yearly respects from us in his particular requests; as also my attendance on his Majesty as often as he comes into these parts, where I have preached eight or nine several sermons, together with the putting him in mind of my unhappy competition for the wardency, will I doubt not make his Majesty effect the business, especially as the Archbishop is prepared in it. Whereas if it be given over in this manner, I have not only lost my hope, but exasperated the Bishop to no purpose, and may be charged with a lie to his Grace for telling him by Mr. Dell that you had promised me to undertake the business, which also, if it were res integra, I would not despair of compassing another way. As it is, I doubt not but you may if you please give life to it again, and go through with it. Or if you are not willing to be seen, it may be as well if you please to employ some other friend to whom I shall be civil, as I should have been to you for the acknowledgment of this favour. That it is no strange thing for his Majesty to intercede in this manner Dr. Lewis can tell, who had a living from my Lord of York the same way, and when this living falls his Lordship will have another to pleasure his friends, whereof the same incumbent is possessed, besides that he has within this half year given two livings, either of them much better than this I desire. I know I neither have nor can deserve this kindness from you; yet if you delight, as Heaven does, in making creatures, you have yet the opportunity. P.S.—I beseech you to let this bearer my brother know your resolution in it. [1 p.]
Feb. 15.
144. Capt. Henry Waite to Sec. Windebank. I have been lately employed with a commission and instructions by the King and Council into Cumberland and Westmorland to take a view of all the horse, foot, and arms that the country was charged with, viz., 50 horse and 250 foot for each county, half the latter being pikes and half muskets. According to my instructions I used my best means to persuade the Deputy Lieutenants to make up their number into a complete regiment, consisting of 1,500 or 1,000 at the least, but could obtain no other answer than that their country was so poor that they had much ado for to furnish those men with armes that the country was already charged withal. I therefore hastened them to set down their time and place of muster, that I might view their compleat number of horse and foot. The Deputy Lieutenants of Cumberland appointed Cockermouth as their first place, where I should view the half both of their horse and foot, but instead of 25 horse only 18 presented themselves, and two of these without any arms. Excuses offered by the Deputy Lieutenants, and ignorance of the men in the use of their arms. Want of able and sufficient officers for the training and exercising of their men. I hope the Council of War will take this into their considerations, that some able officers may be sent down to them. As for their foot, there were not there 100 in all, which should have been 125, and most of them defective in their arms. There were many suitors to the Deputy Lieutenants that they might have their arms for the moneys which they had given out, some of them ten years ago, some eight, some less. The muster of the other half of their men was at Carlisle, where there were present but 17 horse, four of which were Lord William Howard's, which were well compleat; of their foot there were 100 instead of 125, and many of these defective in arms. There was no magazine, but they intended to have one in Carlisle, which will be the fittest place for it. When I came into Westmorland I viewed all their horse and foot at one time and in one place; there were in all 30 horse, most whereof were very poor ones; for their arms, they have rightly expressed them in their answer to my instructions. Excuses of the Deputy Lieutenants touching the defects, which they promise to supply. There were 200 foot, half pikes and half musketeers, very able men, willing and apt to learn the use of their arms. They had two magazines, one at Appleby and the other at Kendal, well stored with ammunition, which they had provided three years ago out of the Low Countries. If they have the same order at Newcastle as they have at Hull, I doubt the King's army, which consists of trained bands in England, will never be compleatly fixed with their arms unless they may be furnished with those particular wants they shall have occasion to use. At Hull the King's magazine is so ordered, that none can have a pike, or a head piece, or any particular, unless he have all the whole compleat arms, nor a rest unless he has the musket and bandoleers. I thought it not amiss to give you notice of this. whereby such order may be taken as the King and Council of War shall think fitting. Reasons given by Captain Legg, the chief officer in trust for the King's magazine at Hull. [5 pp.]
Feb. 15. 145. Acknowledgment of James Rawson, of Milton Abbas, Dorset, clerk. That the complaints of oppressions and grievances made by him against John Tregonwell, the elder, and John Tregonwell, the younger, in his two petitions to the King (see Vol. ccclxxxix., No. 14, and Vol. cccxcvii., No. 88) are scandalous and untrue, and he therefore entreats them to forgive the said false and unworthy complaints. [Nicholas signs as witness to Rawson's signature. 1¼ p.]
Feb. 15.
146. William Hele, mayor of Plymouth, to Nicholas. Yours of the 17th January and 12th inst. I have received. In your former the order to Mr. Opy for the payment of 234l. 13s. 4d. for satisfying the officers and soldiers of the fort and island, which is received and paid to them accordingly, as by enclosed receipts will appear. Your letter with the order to Mr. Opy was long coming, which was the cause I could not sooner send you the receipts, which I hope will give both you and Sir Jacob Astley content. I would have written to Sir Jacob if I knew he were in London. ["Pears Edgcumbe" has also signed this letter, but his signature appears to have been afterwards cancelled. Seal with arms. 1 p.] Enclosed,
146. i. Receipts of the officers and soldiers above referred to. It is for one half year ending 24th December 1638. The number of officers is 3, and soldiers 32. Total, 234l. 13s. 4d. [3 pp.]
Feb. 15. 147. Petition of Thomas Fletcher, priest, M.A. and vicar of St. Martha in Surrey, to Archbishop Laud and Lord Keeper Coventry. Upon a late reference obtained from his Majesty concerning the settling of petitioner into the said vicarage, you were then pleased to effect it, and (upon the proffer of Sir Morgan Randall) ordered that petitioner should take all the tithes, paying 40s. per annum unto the impropriator. Now so it is, that he has let the parsonage to another, and refuses to pay petitioner tithe hops, though most justly due, until you have determined whether hops be tithable to the vicar or no. The far greater part of the tithes consist in hops, and unless they may go to petitioner the vicarage will not be worth his pains, for albeit the last enjoyed the place a year and a half, yet has he not received above 9l. for all his dues. Petitioner has been at above 60l. charges to bring it to this effect. Prays them to determine whether petitioner shall have tithe hops since the time of his institution. Underwritten,
147. i. Memorandum that the Lords' order that this petition should be shewed to Sir Morgan Randall, and that he be required to attend the Board on Wednesday afternoon next at the Inner Star Chamber, to answer the same. Whitehall, 15th February 1638[–9. 1 p.]
Feb. 15. 148. Certificate of Anthony Upphill, that there had been past from London, under Capt. Ralph Babthorpe, 41 men by virtue of the warrant for 1,000 men for the service of the King of Spain. [Endorsed, "Recruits transported for Flanders." ¼ p.]
Feb. 15. 149. Account of receipts and payments of the Revenue since the 8th inst., when 23,837l. 11s. 4d. remained on hand. Total received 10,639l. 3s. 1½d. Paid 22,113l. 7s. 6d.; remained on hand this day 12,363l. 6s. 11½d. The following are among the payments made:— "Mons. Luc, Knight, upon the allowance of 100l. per diem for the Queen Mother, 2,800l."; Cornelius Holland in part of 25,000l. for the expense of the Prince, &c., 500l.; Thomas Baldwin for reparations at Bushy and "Mary-bone" parks, 71l. 9s. 10d. [1 p.]