Charles I - volume 428: September 1-20, 1639

Pages 471-513

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1639. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1873.

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September 1-20, 1639

Sept. 1. 1. Order of the King in Council. The sheriff of Salop being this day convented at the Board for his negligence in levying the ship-money, he was ordered to bring in the remainder of the ship-money for 1638 by the first day of next term, or else to attend the Board the Sunday following, to answer his neglect therein. [Draft. ½ p.]
Sept. 1. 2. Order of the King in Council upon the petition of the haberdashers [of] London, wherein they not only complained of many abuses and indirect proceedings committed against them by the beaver-makers, contrary to an order of the Board of the 31st March 1638, and the intentions of the proclamation of the 6th May following, but also besought the Board that the new proclamation desired by the said beaver-makers, tending as the petitioners alleged to the prejudice of many tradesmen and artificers, might not pass until they were heard. Ordered, that the haberdashers and the beaver-makers shall be heard with their counsel in October at the [beginning of next term], and that in the meantime the new proclamation shall be respited. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Sept. 1. 3. Certificate of Sir Robert Rich that Thomas Cave, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, had this day taken the oath of allegiance before him. [¼ p.]
Sept. 1. 4. Book of notes by Nicholas, of proceedings of the Council at the several meetings during this month. The meetings here noticed, were this day, 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th. There are likewise notes of proceedings on various references. [56 pages, of which 29 are blank.]
Sept. 1. 5. Lists of Councillors present at the several sittings of the Council on the days specified in the preceding calendar notice. [5½ pp.]
Sept. 1. 6. The Council to Theophilus, Earl of Suffolk, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. We herein send you a complaint made to his Majesty and this Board by William Petit, a French merchant, which by his Majesty's command you are to cause to be speedily examined by the judge of the Admiralty of the Cinque Ports or his surrogate, who is to report thereon to the Lords that further order may be taken. [Draft. ½ p.]
Sept. 1.
7. Minute of a warrant to Matthew Francis, sergeant-at-arms, [to bring before the Lords] Philip Holman, sheriff of co. Northampton. [½ p.]
Sept. 1. 8. Minute of warrants addressed to the six corporations in cos. Stafford and Northampton, viz., the mayor of Lichfield, the chief officer of Wolverhampton, the mayor of Newcastle-under-Line, the mayor of Northampton, the bailiff of Daventry, and the mayor of Higham Ferrers. To the same purport, viz., [for returns of shipmoney] as those sent to the four corporations in Berks. [2/3 p.]
Sept. 2. Petition of Henry Wentworth and Thomas Meautys, your Majesty's servants, to the King. That heretofore sundry provisions have been made by Acts of Parliament, proclamations, ordinances of the city of London and otherwise, for the cleansing and avoiding of the most insufferable and pestilent annoyances occasioned by the slaughter of cattle near the city, and an office was instituted by your royal predecessors for the cleansing of all slaughter-houses within the city, with such fee as was then anciently paid by the butchers of London, for the cleansing and carrying away of their offal, which is still continued by the butchers of Eastcheap and St. Nicholas' shambles only, who pay for the nightly carrying away thereof. Notwithstanding all the said former provisions, the mischief has of late increased, in regard very many slaughter-houses are erected upon and near divers common sewers, and in many streets and lanes of frequent passage in the city and suburbs. The water of the Thames is likewise exceedingly annoyed, the current stopt, and the air infected by the usual [practice of] casting into the sewers both the entrails and garbage of slaughtered beasts, as also by the keeping of swine within the city and suburbs contrary to the laws and ordinances thereof, so that your subjects are very much offended and endangered in their health by infection of the air. Pray a grant for 31 years of a like office for the cleansing and carrying away of all offal, as well in London and the suburbs, as in Southwark, Westminster, and other places adjacent with a convenient fee to be paid by the butchers, proportionable to that now paid by the butchers of Eastcheap. Underwritten,
i. His Majesty is pleased that the two Lords Chief Justices with the assistance of the Attorney and Solicitor-General, and the Recorder of the City, shall further consider of the particulars of this petition, and certify their opinions to his Majesty, whereupon he will signify his further pleasure. Whitehall, 2 Sept. 1639. [Copy. See Book of Petitions, vol. cccciii., p. 83. 1½ p.]
Sept. 2. Petition of Sir James Thynne, your Majesty's servant, to the King. Your Majesty for prevention of any unkindnesses between petitioner, his mother-in-law, Lady Thynne, and his youngest brother Henry Frederick Thynne, was pleased to order that the evidences of their father's lands should at certain days and places by two counsel, one of each party, be viewed and sorted towards a disposal thereof amongst them according to their several claims. Petitioner's counsel long attended at his father's house in Westminster, in order to begin the appointed search, but by default of the other parties all the times for execution of the said order in every point are now expired without anything done therein. Petitioner has cause to fear that whilst the evidences are kept from him under the key of the Lord Keeper, his interests may be prejudiced by the access enjoyed by his mother and brother to the evidences at Westminster. Prays that the above-named order may be totally discharged, together with all former references, and that all such differences as shall arise may be left to proceedings at law, as there shall be cause. Underwritten: Ordered, as prayed, that all parties be left to a legal proceeding, as there shall be occasion. Whitehall, 2 Sept. 1639. [Copy. Ibid, p. 84. 12/3 p.]
Sept. 2. 9. John Nicholas to his son Edward Nicholas at his house at Thorpe, near Staines. I hope you came well to your journey's end, though I received no letter from you. I have been much worse of my gouty infirmity since your being here. I heartily thank you for your pains in taking such a journey to see me; so doth your mother, and we both commend our love to you and your wife, whom we hope to hear is recovered of her weakness. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Sept. 2.
10. The Prebends of Winchester to Archbishop Laud. To the message received from you by the dean, that we should consider and agree of a proportion to be allowed to the dean and the officers, instead of the reversions of the copyholds which they were wont to have, we return this answer. The inconvenience which our church received from that usurped custom, whereof we find no footsteps, not so much as in any act of chapter, has been by some of our body heretofore represented to you. As for the proportion which the dean desires to have settled upon him, we refer ourselves to our statutes, which allow the dean 200l. a year for our one and thirty, besides 10l. for going the progress, and a double part in all dividends, which is as much as the revenue of our church is able to defray. The rewards of the officers indeed are short, their attendance long, and their burdens great, which we offer to your consideration. But the dean's proportions are already as high as our church can bear, or as any statute doth appoint. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Sept. 2.
11. Sir James Douglas to [Sec. Windebank.] I received a letter from Mr. Wilson dated the 21st August, wherein he lets me understand that two of mine had not come to his hands. I do not trouble myself that mine to him miscarried, but I am unwilling one from me to you should go astray. We have no news, but all goes straight with the Covenanters; while their opponents are much dejected, and must be quiet. Please send this other [letter] to Mr. Wilson. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Sept. 2.
St. James.
12. Roger Harvey to his Brother Richard Harvey. Since writing the enclosed, my mother has been very dangerously sick, and doth yet so remain. She has devised all the goods to her daughter Jane, and her husband, so secretly that I only obtained knowledge of it through our minister, Mr. Godwin. But I conceive there is a trust imposed that Snowe shall not be able to sell. Mary Carvainell can prove the making of a will, the contents whereof, if you will hereafter have anything to do in it, I will fully certify you. But for the main you were made joint executor then in hand with my mother, and at her decease fully are, and wholly to be possessed of all. The inventory of the goods came to 7l. odd. The goods of my late uncle are all devised away. [Seal. 1¼ p.]
Sept. 3.
13. The Council to the Governor, Assistants, and Commonalty of the Society of Soapmakers of London, authorizing them, upon the petition of the merchants of York and Hull, to erect in York a workshop for the manufacture of soap, and to appoint one or more of their Company to make and vend the same at the prices already set by his Majesty. [Draft. 2 pp.]
Sept. 3. 14. The same to the Officers of the Navy. There is now in his Majesty's storehouse, at Tower Hill, and in the Bridge House, a great quantity of biscuit which was provided for the northern expedition, and is remaining upon his Majesty's hands, there being no further use for the same, many of his Majesty's ships being called in and the others completely victualled for the time they are to stay abroad. We therefore command you to desire the Master and others of the Trinity House to make a valuation of the said biscuit, leaving the rates so fixed with Mr. Crane, Surveyor of Marine Victual, or his deputy. You are further to require the master, wardens, and assessors of the Trinity House to give knowledge to all owners and masters of shipping that they are to repair to his Majesty's Surveyor or his deputy, and to take part of the said biscuits for furnishing their ships for the next voyages they are to make; and if any shall be so refractory as to refuse to obey, you are to give notice thereof to the Marshal of the Admiralty, and to require him to make stay of their ships, according to such warrant as he has received from this Board for that purpose, and not to suffer them to depart until further order from us. [Draft. 1⅓ p.]
Sept. 3. The same to the Marshal of the Admiralty or his deputy. These are by his Majesty's command to require you to use your best care forthwith, and from time to time to give notice to all shipowners and masters trading as well to Newcastle as elsewhere, to make some considerable part of their provision of biscuit out of his Majesty's stores at Tower Hill and the Bridge House, and not to suffer any ship, which is not already fully victualled, to pass out of the river until the master or owners thereof bring you certificate from Mr. Crane, Surveyor of Marine Victual, or his deputy, that he has made part of his provision of biscuit out of the said stores. And to the end that Mr. Crane may the better know what ships and vessels are outward bound, you are from time to time, until all his Majesty's said biscuit be taken off, to give notice in writing to him or his deputy of the names of all such ships and vessels, together with their burthern and number of men. If any should refuse, you are to make stay of their ships until the masters and owners of them do repair unto us to answer their contempt, and that you shall thereupon receive further order from us. [Draft. Written on the same paper as the above. 1½ p.]
Sept. 3. 15. The Council to [Thomas Greaves], sheriff of co. Worcester. His Majesty being acquainted that you have sent up 200l., and that you have promised to levy and bring up with you at the end of Michaelmas term the remainder of the ship-money payable by that county by writs of 1638, is pleased to dispense with your present attendance on the Board, and has commanded us to signify to you that he expects that you henceforth so employ your care and diligence in that service, as that without any further excuse the full sum charged on that county be entirely paid in by that time, whereof if you shall fail you will so aggravate your former neglect, as that this further time which is now given in your favour will increase the weight of your fault. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Sept. 3. 16. The Council to [Sir Edward] Dingley, late sheriff of co. Worcester. We understand from the present sheriff of co. Worcester, that the great arrear of ship-money payable in the time of your sheriffalty and your neglect in executing such warrants as you have received for levying the same, have very much retarded the payment of shipmoney for this present year. Wherefore, by his Majesty's command, we require you to use more diligence in the levying of your arrears, and to let you know, that if you make no better use of the favour that has been shown you, by giving you so much time for levying the same, you must expect to be called to a strict account for your neglect. We shall expect by the first week in next term to receive from you better effects of your proceedings herein than we have of late. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Sept. 3. 17. The Council to the Sheriff of co. Stafford. Your letter of the 27th of last month has been received at the Board, his Majesty being present in Council, but neither his Majesty nor any of us have received thereby any satisfaction of your proceedings in the business of shipping, which is of such importance as you must not think it enough to give warrant to the constables to levy the same, but where they are either negligent or inactive you are by yourself, or such bailiffs and others as you shall find fit and more ready, to levy the assessments for that service, for so you are required by his Majesty's writ, and the instructions of this Board. As for Coles and Chetwin, who you say refuse to pay the rates set on them for the said service, you are to execute his Majesty's writ upon them, either by yourself in person or such other as you think fit, and not to expect this Board to do the service required of you. His Majesty further expects that you fail not to levy and pay in the remainder of the ship-money by the first day of the next term at the furthest, and that you must not think that a return of the names of such as are refractory in payment towards this service will either be any discharge to you, or give any satisfaction to his Majesty or the Board. As concerning the corporations in your county, there shall be letters written to quicken them. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 3. 18. The Council to Sir Robert Whitney, sheriff of co. Hereford. We have seen your letter of the 19th August, addressed to Mr. Nicholas [see that date, No. 68], and are by his Majesty's command, in whose presence the same was read to the Board, to let you know that he expected better effects of your endeavours in a service of this importance, and howsoever he is graciously pleased at your request and upon the reasons you have alleged, to spare your attendance here in person for the present, yet his command is that you fail not by the first day of next term to levy and pay in all the ship-money payable by writ of 1638, whereof if you shall fail you must expect no further favour, this being a service not to be so trifled with and neglected as hitherto it has been by you more than by any other sheriff in the whole kingdom. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 3. 19. Minute of a pass for Thomas Cave, of Trinity College, Cambridge, to travel into foreign parts for three years, attended by one servant, with proviso not to go to Rome. [½ p.]
Sept. 3.
20. Archbishop Laud of Canterbury to Sec. Windebank. You are by his Majesty's express command to send a messenger for a party named in the enclosed [Simon Pettiward] and to send such a messenger as you can trust and will be able to bring him safe. And when he comes up you must be sure to lay him safe till his Majesty's pleasure be further known. [Endorsed, "concerning Pettyward." Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Sept. 3.
21. William Hele, mayor of Plymouth, to the Council. There arrived here yesterday eight merchant ships of London, William Brown being master of one of them, bound for Dunkirk, with 1,800 Spanish soldiers aboard them. They came out of the Groyne on Wednesday last in company of the Spanish fleet, consisting of 70 sail or thereabouts, bound for Flanders, as it was there generally reported. This morning there arrived here a ship of Southampton, William Wislade master, which last night met a great fleet off the Start, supposed to be the said Spanish fleet. [Seals with arms. 1 p.] Enclosed,
21. i. Examination of William Brown, master of the ship, Royal Exchange, of London, taken the 3rd Sept. before Wm. Hele, mayor of Plymouth. On Wednesday last he came out of the Groyne in company with seven other merchant ships, aboard which there are 1,800 Spanish soldiers or thereabouts to be transported for Dunkirk, and saith that there then came out of the Groyne 70 sail of Spanish men-of-war, all warlike ships and well provided, having aboard 12,000 land soldiers, under the command of Don Anthonio De O'Kendo, General of the King of Spain's Armada Royal, and that there is likewise the Admiral of Portugal, the Admiral of Dunkirk, and the Admiral of Naples in the said fleet. Before they came out of the Groyne, the general report there was that they were all bound for Flanders. After they had been about half a day at sea, the Spanish fleet bore into the Bay of Biscay, but the examinant, with the rest of the English, stood directly for England; whereupon the General of the Spanish fleet sent to require them to follow the Spanish fleet, which examinant and the rest of the English refused to do, they being bound by their charter-party to go directly for Dunkirk, and to take advice at the next port of England where the Holland fleet lay. The next morning he saw the whole Spanish fleet altering their course and standing after the examinant and the rest of the English fleet, make all sail after them, but they could not fetch them up, and so examinant lost sight of them the same day, and knows not what has become of them since. [½ p.]
ii. Similar examination of William Wislade, of Seaton, Devon, master of the Hopewell, of Southampton. Yesterday he came out of Dartmouth, and about 6 o'clock at night off the Start he saw about 70 sail, whereof 40 or more were very great ships, and that the Admiral was a very great and warlike ship, but what colours she wore he knows not, it being dark before he came up with her, and knows not what they were, but that they stood towards the east, and examinant stood towards the west, and came into Plymouth. When he met the fleet the wind was W.S.W., and, about 9 o'clock at night, the wind came up to the E., so that he believes the fleet could get no further than Torbay. [1¾ p.]
Sept. 3. 22. Sir Philiberto Vernatti to [Sec. Windebank ?] The enclosed is my petition to his Majesty, which I entreat you to peruse. The contents may haply induce you to think that this poor petitioner deserves some better fortune than utter destruction—too unfortunate a recompense for eleven years' labour and 100,000l. cost, bestowed with reasonable good success upon the recovering of so much waste and lost land, as in time will be worth to King and country a million pounds per annum for ever. I justly expected in regard of my hazard, trouble, and charge a treble return for my disbursements, and an honourable reward from his Majesty for my constant endeavours and zeal in the pursuance of these incomparable improvements, in lieu whereof, by reason that our gracious King has not proceeded hitherto to the performance of his undertaking, and my unspeakable losses, resulting from these unlucky delays, I am reduced to beg protection for my preservation, not as a bankrupt to defraud, but as divested for a while by his Majesty of such an estate as upon return to me will prove over sufficient to pay all my debts, with interest and damages. To grant this to an oppressed and distressed well-deserving servant will be an act of justice as well as of grace, and no dishonour to his Majesty, whose royal hand having struck almost to destruction, may justly annoint again to preservation, the only means to shelter him from ruin, and enable him to give entire and infallible satisfaction to all his creditors; to refuse it will do clean contrary operation. Wherefore I beseech you to continue your noble favours, the loss or change whereof may desperately destroy him, who, as he ought in duty, would willingly first by some really thankful act give an infallible testimony that he is your humble servant. [1 p.]
Sept. 3.
23. Patent of Richard Williamson, Public Notary of the Court of Arches, nominating William Heaward and Thomas Winford his substitutes. [Latin. Strip of parchment.]
Sept. 4.
24. The King to Dr. Cumber, Dean of Carlisle and Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. We have lately been informed, both at our being in the North and since, that our cathedral church at Carlisle is fallen exceedingly into decay, and indeed so far that if there be not present care taken for the repair thereof it cannot be long upheld. The government of this place is by us committed to you and the chapter there, and we doubt your long continued absence together with some negligence of your predecessors, have hastened this fabric, which should have been upheld both by your charge and care, toward the ruin in which it is now like to fall without speedy supply. And, though St. Paul's in London has found very good assistance and large contribution from our subjects in general, yet you must not think that the charge of repairing other inferior cathedrals can be put off from yourselves upon the State. These are therefore to require you by yourself or your vice-dean and chapter to take present care for the yearly repair of such parts of that church as are most faulty, that so every year somewhat may be done according to the proportion of your means there, till the whole church shall be sufficiently repaired. And of this we charge you and the chapter not to fail. We further require you, that these our letters be registered, that in them "succession" may read our care and their duty in this behalf. We have likewise commanded one of our Principal Secretaries of State to write to the bishop of that see to require him to take care that these our commands be obeyed, and to inform us from time to time if they be not. [Draft in the handwriting of William Dell, with corrections by Sec. Windebank. 1 p.]
Sept. 4.
The Court, Whitehall.
25. Sec. Windebank to Bishop Potter of Carlisle. I send you a copy of his Majesty's letter to the dean and chapter of Carlisle [see preceding entry], whereby you will perceive his Majesty's care for the reparation of the cathedral church there. And withal his Majesty has commanded me to signify his pleasure to you that you have a special eye upon that work, and see that his Majesty's commands in the said letter be thoroughly obeyed, and that you give an account to his Majesty from time to time of the proceedings of the dean and chapter therein, to the end that if they shall be found slow or negligent in the performance of those his Majesty's directions, tending so much to the good of the church, his Majesty may take such course with them as in his wisdom shall be thought fit. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 4.
Dr[ury] Lane.
26. Sec. Windebank to Bishop Morton of Durham. I have acquainted his Majesty with your letter of the 28th Aug., together with the examinations concerning James Bowey which came with them [see that date, No. 96]. His Majesty has commanded me to thank you in his name for your care and diligence in this service. And for the delinquent, though he scorn the baseness of his language, yet, considering that if in these licentious times so high an insolency should be passed by without punishment, it might encourage others to the like boldness, his Majesty is resolved to make him an example, and to lay upon him the severest punishment that by the laws can be inflicted upon him. Therefore if these examinations be evidence sufficient to convince [convict] him his Majesty's pleasure is that he shall be indicted at the next assizes of high treason, and proceeded with as in such cases is usual, to which purpose you are to advise with the judges of assize when they shall next repair into those parts, and in the meantime by further strict examination, both of the delinquent himself and of any other that can give evidence herein, discover what you can more concerning the nature of his offence, that so he may be exemplarily punished according to his demerits. [Copy. 1 p.]
Sept. 4.
27. Sec. Windebank to Archbishop Neile of York. His Majesty has received information from some in Newcastle whom he has reason to trust, that there is apprehension that Dr. Jennison's return thither will too much countenance the factious party in and about that town, and you well understand the course of that country and with what eye they look upon that great town of trade and the government thereof. His Majesty has therefore cause to think it will be no small encouragement to such as are factiously inclined, and perchance they are apt enough to it, to hold intelligence with the Scottish party by reason of the vicinity and nearness of the place. Besides, his Majesty conceives you remember that at his late being in the North, when you gave his Majesty information of Jennison's subscription and obedience to the Church, his Majesty returned answer by the Clerk of the Closet, that, notwithstanding this conformity of his, you should not re-admit him but with great caution and as a probationer only, till you should see what performance he would make. This his Majesty doubts not but you have carefully observed, and yet upon the late information given his Majesty is jealous lest he that hath done so much harm in that place already may do more, being so well acquainted with all occasions and advantages, on which he may there lay hold. His Majesty's pleasure therefore is, that you look carefully to Jennison and charge the Bishop of Durham in his Majesty's name to do the like, to which purpose your Grace is to send his Lordship a copy of these letters, and further that you so order the business that between yourself and the Bishop of Durham, Jennison may within a twelvemonth be provided for elsewhere, and some grave and discreet person placed in his room to help serve that great and populous cure. [Copy in the handwriting of William Dell. It was originally intended for the King's signature, but upon Archbishop Laud's endorsed suggestion, "I think this were better in your own name, by his Majesty's command," Windebank appears to have altered it accordingly. 1 p.]
Sept. 4.
28. Sec. Windebank to the Mayor and Aldermen of Newcastle-uponTyne. His Majesty having a special care of the good of that great and populous town, and desiring to preserve the same free from faction, which is always a hindrance to good and quiet government, and finding that the discreet choice of a mayor there will be a principle means to keep the town in that good order wherein for the present it stands, hath commanded me to signify his express pleasure to you that you be very careful in choosing the mayor of that town for this next succeeding year, and that by no means you admit of any factious or seditiously affected person to that place, and the rather because of what condition soever he be, he is ex officio a deputy-lieutenant, which may also be as great a prejudice to his Majesty's service as an inconvenience to the town. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 4. 29. The same to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London. His Majesty having been again moved on behalf of the Distillers of London for enrolling their charter of incorporation lately granted, is much displeased that after so many letters and commands, both under his own hand and otherwise, he rests yet unobeyed therein, and has therefore once more commanded me to signify his express pleasure to you, that without further return or delay, you cause the said charter to be enrolled, that his Majesty may be freed from further importunity in that business. This his Majesty has been contented to do for this time only, rather than to take any compulsory course; but he is resolved, if his commands shall be yet neglected, to use some coercive way for despatch of the business, and by that means to vindicate his own honour, and also to give satisfaction to his subjects, who have received no small prejudice by these long and unreasonable delays. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 4.
30. The same to William Moysey, bailiff of Ipswich. The Archbishop of Canterbury having acquainted his Majesty with the account you have given concerning your proceedings with Symon Pettiward, clerk, [see p. 476, No. 20], his Majesty is pleased to approve of your diligence and discreet carriage in that business, and has commanded me to signify that you forthwith deliver Pettiward into the custody of the bearer, Edward Stockdale, one of the messengers of the Chamber, to be by him brought hither and disposed of as his Majesty shall further please to direct. [Copy. 1 p.]
Sept. 4. 31. The King to Archbishop Laud and others. Warrant to exempt William Thorold, of Arborfield, Berks, and Frances, his wife, from the penalty of the laws against Recusants. [Copy. 1 p.]
Sept. 4. 32. Certificate of the deputy-lieutenants of co. Huntingdon of the trained bands mustered before them this day. Total, 200 corslets, 200 muskets, and 50 light horse. [Parchment. 1 p.]
Sept. 6. Grant, whereby his Majesty in consideration of 400l. payable into the Exchequer by Thomas Lord Brudenell, and 50l. by John Norton, disafforests sundry of their manors and lands lying in the forest of Rockingham, co. Northampton, also further grants to Lord Brudenell free warren within his manor with liberty to enclose 1,000 acres thereof as a park, and free warren to Mr. Norton, together with a pardon for all offences formerly committed against the forest laws in all the lands hereby disafforested. [Docquet.]
Sept. 6. Indenture between his Majesty on the one part, and Sir Edward Stradling, Sir Walter Roberts, Carew Raleigh, and William Newce on the other part, whereby they undertake to bring to London and Westminster within five years next, in an aqueduct of stone or brick from a spring near Hoddesdon, so much water as shall be sufficient to raise 4,000l. rent per annum and more, which is to be paid to his Majesty yearly at Michaelmas and Lady Day within one year after the finishing of the works. The 7,000l. raised by the lottery has been already paid to these undertakers, and 5,000l. more is ready to be paid them when the 7,000l. is expended, and upon such security as the Lord Treasurer and Under-Treasurer shall approve of. The residue of 25,000l. is to be paid them as it shall be raised by the lottery, upon security to be given for the same, with divers other covenants on each part for advancement of the work and perfecting the same. [Docquet.]
Sept. 6. Pardon to David Williams, groom of the Chamber, for the manslaughter of Francis Marbury, with a pardon of the forfeiture of his goods accrued to his Majesty by the said fact, and a dispensation of the statute for his good behaviour. [Docquet.]
Sept. 6. Grant, whereby his Majesty erects an office of Auditor of his revenue arising by Recusants throughout England to take the yearly accounts of the particular receivers of that revenue, and all others chargeable for the same. His Majesty further grants the same to Henry Stanley and Philip Darrell during their lives, and the longer liver of them, with a fee of 20 marks per annum to be paid out of the said revenue. [Docquet.]
Sept. 6. License to William Paston, gent., son of William Paston, of Appleton, Norfolk, to travel into foreign parts for three years, with two servants and 50l. in money. [Docquet.]
Sept. 6. A commission of review directed to Archbishop Laud, Henry, Earl of Manchester; Edward, Earl of Dorset, and Sec. Windebank, or any three of them, to review, hear, and determine a cause lately depending in Chancery between Daniel Harvey, plaintiff, and John Langham, defendant. [Docquet.]
Sept. 6. Pardon granted to Robert Stone, mariner, convicted in March last before Sir Henry Marten, judge of the Admiralty, for sodomy, for which he received judgment to die, but was reprieved by his Majesty before his journey to the North. [Docquet.]
Sept. 6. Pardon granted to Richard Seawell, mariner, for the like offence. [Docquet.]
Sept. 6. Grant of an alms-room in the cathedral church of Winchester, for William Trawley during his life, the same being void by the death of Thomas Kettlewell. [Docquet.]
Sept. 6.
The Court, Whitehall.
33. Sec. Windebank to the clerk, registrar, and other officers of the Court of Star Chamber and to the warden of the Fleet. In a suit depending in the Star Chamber between Capt. Francis Wrenham, plaintiff, and William Wise and five others, defendants. Upon hearing of the cause in Trinity term last sentence was given against the defendants. His Majesty having been now moved in behalf of Wise, who has undertaken to perform a great service to his Majesty, and having taken into consideration Wise's petition, whereby he submits himself to the said sentence, and has promised satisfaction for his equal proportion of the damages, is upon these considerations pleased to suspend execution of the sentence so far as concerns Wise until his further pleasure be signified. If any process be already gone forth, the execution and return thereof to be stayed till further order. You are to take special notice hereof, and obey his Majesty's commands accordingly. [Copy. 1 p.]
Sept. 6.
34. William Moysey, bailiff of Ipswich, to Sec. Windebank. According to his Majesty's command, [see p. 476, No. 20.] I have delivered Simon Petteward, clerk, to your messenger, and do now enclose his examination, wherein he has confessed the presentation of the book to his Majesty. [¾ p.] Enclosed,
34. i. Examination of Simon Petteward, of Ipswich, taken 21st July 1639. During the time that the King was at York, and soon after Easter he presented a book to the King, part whereof was manuscript but the greater part printed, which book contained a sermon by Robert Bolton, B.D., deceased, in the margin of which divers notes were written. But the manuscript epistle prefixed was written by the examinant who subscribed his name thereto: the title was to the King's most Excellent Majesty. [1 p.]
Sept. 6. Petition of William Newton to the King. Your Majesty, at the instance of the Queen, lately granted to petitioner license to build upon part of the fields near Lincoln's Inn, viz., Pursfield, Cupfields, and Ficketfield in nooks and angles thereof where the same lay irregular, which buildings when perfected will become an ornament to the said fields and parts adjoining, and be fit habitations for the better rank of people. There is a parcel of ground chiefly in Ficketfield, about 300 feet from the house of the Society of Lincoln's Inn, which, being held in capite, would if built upon benefit your Majesty and secure the passage over the said fields. These houses being built with a beautiful front would adorn and make the fields much more complete. Prays license to build 14 dwellinghouses upon the said fields with back and outhouses, and to ascend with steps into them, with liberty of altering footways, and making a sewer to run into the Thames. Underwritten,
i. His Majesty is pleased to grant license to petitioner for building the houses mentioned in the certificate annexed, according to his desire; and the Attorney or SolicitorGeneral to prepare a bill accordingly. Whitehall, 6 Sept. 1639. [Copy. See Book of Petitions, Vol. cccciii., p. 88. 1 p.]
Sept. 6. Petition of William Hussey, clerk, to the King. Petitioner at his great cost prosecuted in the King's name a suit against the governors of Wimborne Minster, co. Dorset, for abusing their trust committed to them by Queen Elizabeth expecting to have obtained the profits of his labour, he holding a warrant for a grant from his Majesty. When the governors saw that they were not able to defend themselves, they made means to purchase pardon from his Majesty, and have paid into the Exchequer 1,000l. Petitioner has done your Majesty good service, but he is utterly undone except your Majesty be pleased to afford him some relief. Prays order for the Archbishop of Canterbury to allot him some living in the King's gift that may be some way an answerable recompense for his charge and loss of time. Underwritten,
i. The Archbishop to put his Majesty in mind, when any living shall fall that his Grace shall find fit for petitioner, having respect to the services he has performed. Whitehall, 6 Sept. 1639. [Copy. Ibid, p. 89. 1 p].
Sept. 6.
Cawood Castle.
35. Archbishop Neile of York to Sec. Windebank. This morning I received your letters of the 4th inst. from Whitehall, to which it may please you to receive this answer, and to present the same to his Majesty. Upon receipt of the Dean of Chichester's letter, containing his Majesty's directions concerning Dr. Jenison, I sent for the doctor, and made known to him how much he was bound unto his Majesty, who so graciously accepted of his submission, and was contented to permit his return to Newcastle, upon the conditions proposed by his Majesty. To recite the particulars would be too much, but I send you a copy of the Dean of Chichester's letters. I read the particulars to the doctor, and exhorted him to embrace the conditions humbly and dutifully, if he had a will to perform what he had promised in his submission. He refused divers particulars, as, (1) to undergo the duty of co-adjutor in officiating the cure, (2) to preach in his hood and surplice, (3) to read in his hood and surplice the second service at the communion table. I was contented to spare him the reading of the whole service when he preached, so as he would perform the rest of his Majesty's directions for his preaching and reading the second service; permitting the singing of a psalm after the Nicene Creed, that he might have time to come from the communion table to the pulpit, and the singing of a psalm after the sermon, that he might have time to go from the pulpit to the communion table, there to end the service with the blessing. I likewise offered him a convenient time for the performance thereof, and certifying accordingly, but he refused, whereupon I suspended him, meaning to proceed hereafter further with him, both for the inconformities which he has confessed, and also for other things which I presume will be proved against him, which he has denied upon his oath; as of conventicles and correspondence with the Scottish faction. I did not hold it fit to detain him as a restrained man till the next term, but was contented to take security for his appearing the first court day of next term, and I then dismissed him in these terms: "Dr. Jenison, I do not by virtue of this commission, either set you at liberty to go to Newcastle, or prohibit your going thither. Had you submitted yourself to his Majesty's directions, you might have gone thither, but as you refuse, I think his Majesty will not be pleased with it, and remember that you stand suspended," since which time I have not heard of him. I will send a copy of your letters to my Lord of Durham, to whom heretofore doubting that Dr. Jenison might abuse him by some mis-information, I sent copies of his Majesty's directions, Dr. Jenison's submission, and likewise his answer to the articles in which he has confessed his inconformity in his ministry, wishing, if Dr. Jenison came to him, that he would give him good advice. And this is the account that I am for the present able to give his Majesty of my proceedings with Dr. Jenison. I am persuaded that his being at Newcastle may do hurt, and but little good can be expected of it; yet how to deny a man to live at his own habitation where his wife and children are I know not, only concerning those that are in authority to observe how he there behaves himself. And for his being elsewhere provided for, he himself has lately endeavoured to be permitted to go and dwell at Hull, where I doubt he will do as he has already done at Newcastle. I fear I trouble you with too tedious a discourse. [1¾ p.]
Sept. 6. 36. Title of Confession of Faith and Covenant as subscribed in 1639 by Ordinance of Council and Act of the General Assembly. Underwritten,
36. i. The Commissioner [Traquair's] declaration subjoined to the [copy of the] Covenant subscribed by him. Seeing this Assembly according to the laudable form and custom heretofore kept in the like cases, having in an humble and dutiful way supplicated to us his Majesty's Commissioner and Lords of his Majesty's Honourable Privy Council that the Covenant with the explanation of this Assembly may be subjoined, and to that effect all the subjects of the kingdom required by Act of Council to do the same; and therein for vindicating of themselves from all suspicion of disloyalty or desire of derogating by so many deceipts from the sovereign power, greatness, and authority due to his Majesty, have herewith added the clause by which the bond of this Covenant is declared one in substance with that which was subscribed by his Majesty's father in 1590. Therefore upon the provision contained in my declaration subjoined to the Act of this Assembly, anent the abolishing episcopacy, dated at Edinburgh, 17 August 1639, and registered in the books of the Assembly for full satisfaction of the subjects, and for settling of the present distractions and a perfect peace in time coming in this kingdom, I do allow and consent that the said Covenant be subscribed by all his Majesty's subjects within this kingdom. In witness whereof we have subscribed these presents at Edinburgh, the 6th of September 1639. [¾ p.]
Sept. 7. Petition of Margaret Kirby, widow of Jeffery Kirby, on behalf of herself and children and the creditors and legatees of her late husband, to the King. A prosecution having been instituted in your Majesty's name touching Sutton Marsh she long since submitted her title to 3,500 acres thereof, and your Majesty has had judgment for the whole, being above 8,000 acres. That proportion of 3,500 acres was the recompense agreed upon by the townsmen of Sutton for the improvement of the whole before it was undertaken. Great disbursement was made upon the confidence of your Majesty's late father's letters patents and his grants under the Great Seal. By this disbursement the Crown has already reaped a greater profit than land of this nature is daily sold for by your Majesty to others or than any of the like kind has yielded, and upon this truth petitioner will submit her whole right. The whole of her late husband's estate, and that of others entrusted to his care, is exhausted on this project, and his name now exposed to obliquy, and his family to want. In the proceedings against the townsmen of Sutton for recovery of his Majesty's title petitioner had ever been given to understand that as to her interest all justice and favour should be extended, but upon her late application to the Council not receiving that relief which she was bold to assure herself both the King and Lords upon hearing of her cause will find she ought in justice to receive by reason of an express warrant from your Majesty then produced for passing of a new patent of the whole marsh to the Duke of Lennox. Prays that your Majesty will give order for petitioner's relief, either immediately from your own royal goodness, to which she appeals, or by reference to such as you shall authorise in that behalf. Underwritten,
i. Reference to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington with the aid of the Attorney-General and Sir Charles Harbord, his Majesty's Surveyor, who are to examine what equity there may be in petitioner's demands containing themselves within those rules and limits of equity which his Majesty has formerly prescribed, and to certify their opinions how far in conscience they hold it fit to relieve the petitioner, whereupon his Majesty will signify his further pleasure. Whitehall, 7th Sept. 1639. [Copy, See Book of Petitions, vol. cccciii., p. 90. 1½ p.]
Sept. 7. Petition of the Company of Beavermakers of the city of London to the King. Your Majesty formerly gave directions to prepare a proclamation prohibiting the mixture of any materials with beaver in the making of hats, and against making of demi-castors, for stay whereof the haberdashers on Sunday last preferred a petition upon fair suggestions for stay thereof. The haberdashers, under pretence of having demi-castors made for foreign vent, have caused the same to be made in more abundance than ever, and have filled the country therewith, although by the proclamation after May last they were not to be worn by any your Majesty's subjects and not to be sold by retail in six months before. The aim of the haberdashers is to continue mixture with beaver, by which they are the sole gainers, as your petitioners the felt-makers and the most part of the castor-makers have shown in their former petitions, and so to beat petitioners out of their trade and to fill the country with such prohibited hats, the great fairs and marts being now at hand, whereby your Majesty will be at a great loss in your duty payable from petitioners. Pray that a speedy day may be appointed for hearing this business, which will be a great advantage to you and your subjects. Underwritten,
i. Ordered that this business betwixt the haberdashers and beavermakers be heard at the board on Sunday the 15th, when his Majesty will be present in person, and his Majesty's further pleasure is that the governor and some other of the Muscovy Company be also present there. Whitehall, 7th Sept. 1639. [Copy. Ibid, p. 92. 1 p.]
Sept. 7.
37. William Stowell to Sec. Windebank. Mr. Helyar is now gone for London, and some strange reports are let fall here in Exeter of some informations he intends to make to his Grace against the Dean of Exeter, touching the affairs of the business of Staverton. To my knowledge none of the body of the chapter is so earnest to give his Grace content as the dean is. I know he strives by all means to do it, and values not the loss of anything that belongs or shall accrue unto him in this business in regard of his Grace's favour. You may please to understand that the manor is worth, upon the improved rental, near 4,000l. per annum. The leasehold will produce 1,400l. per annum constant revenue to the purchaser. Now, to pass this estate for 2,000l. or 3,000l. is but a third part of the value. It seems his Grace has asked the opinion of some other Lords. It is apparent that Mr. St. Hill and Mr. Ball, Mr. Helyar's only friends, have much interest in the Lord Keeper, and may possess his Lordship amiss in regard of their great obligations to Mr. Helyar. I will not further trouble you, but in this only particular, that the Dean of Exeter is the man that beats down the price, and there can be none other end but to give a large testimony of his great and unlimited respect to his Grace. [Seal with device and motto. 1 p.]
Sept. 7.
Aboard the Henrietta Maria, The Ness, N.N.E. 3 leagues.
38. Sir Henry Mainwaring to Sir John Pennington. I suppose the notice of the Spanish fleet's arrival in these parts is of importance for you to take knowledge of, with divers passages concerning the Hollanders and them, also what passed betwixt them and us. To relate the particulars in writing would be too long and hinder the expedition of this intelligence. I have consequently sent my pinnace with my lieutenant, who can relate to you all the passages, and deliver the certificate under the hands of all the captains and masters concerning their opinions of what was done, hoping you will like it well. P.S.—I intend to-morrow to be betwixt Fowlstone [Folkestone] and Dover to expect my pinnace, and to stand off and on during the time limited. [¾ p.]
Sept. 7.
My house, High Holborn.
39. Certificate of Thomas Sheppard, justice of peace for Middlesex, that Robert Brook, of Nucton [Nowton], Suffolk, and his son Robert did both this day voluntarily take the oath of allegiance before him. [Endorsed "Note for a pass for Robert Brook, &c." Seal with arms. ½ p.]
Sept. 7. 40. Account by Henry Vane of ship-money for 1638. Total received, 38,210l. 19s. 9d., in arrear, 31,539l. 0s. 3d. Mem. underwritten, that the sheriff of co. Brecknock has 200l. in town, which will be paid in next week, and the sheriff of co. Cambridge has paid in 300l. since the making of this certificate. [1 p.]
Sept. 7. 41. Account of ship-money for 1638, levied and in the hands of the sheriffs, total, 2,951l.; making, with the 38,210l. paid to the Treasurer of the Navy, 41,161l. No arrears had this week been paid on account of the writs of 1635, 1636, and 1637. The arrears at this period stood as follows: 1635, 4,536l.; 1636, 7,181l.; 1637, 20,924l.; 1638, 29,539l. [1 p.]
Sept. 8. 42. Order in Council. Upon complaint of Mrs. Malby Henry Coghill was, by order of the Board of the 9th August last, required to attend upon the Lord Keeper, to whom by an order of the 26th July last the matter in difference between them was referred, or in case he made default to be re-committed to the Fleet, from whence he had been released. The Lords being certified that Coghill was absent in Oxfordshire when the last order was delivered at his house, but hearing thereof presently returned, intending to yield all obedience, have been pleased to order that the warden of the Fleet shall forbear the remanding of Coghill to prison, he promising to give his attendance upon the Lord Keeper within six days after a note to that effect shall be left at his house, whereof if he fail he is then to stand committed to the Fleet, according to former orders, and the warden is hereby required to take notice and see the same performed accordingly. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 8. 43. Order in Council. Upon the complaint of the haberdashers of London against the beaver-makers. His Majesty present in Council, was pleased by an order of the Board of the 1st inst. to appoint to hear the said complaint and difference between them upon the 11th October next. His Majesty did this day appoint to hear both parties and also the felt-makers' petition against the beaver-makers upon the 15th inst. at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, whereof all parties interested are hereby required to take notice, and to give their attendance. In the meantime the draft of the proclamation complained of is to continue respited, according to the order of the 1st inst. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 8.
44. Order in Council, upon the petition presented by the clothiers of Suffolk and Essex, showing that by reason of the late restraint of carrying fullers' earth by water, much cloth in their hands is likely to be spoiled, and praying license for shipping the parcel of fullers' earth, about 300 chaldrons, now lying ready dry near Maidstone in Kent, to Manningtree and Malden in Essex. Ordered, that the Merchant Adventurers of England be hereby authorised to take care for the transporting of the said fullers' earth as desired; the same to be distributed to the clothiers of Suffolk and Essex, who are to give security that they will take off all the fullers' earth in convenient time and at reasonable prices, and that none of the same shall be transported into foreign parts. It is his Majesty's command that the Merchant Adventurers shall take no more for the said earth than so much as may reimburse them for their necessary charges, without making any gain to themselves. His Majesty is pleased to declare, that howsoever he has been pleased to vouchsafe this license for supply of the present need of the clothiers, yet he will not permit any more fullers' earth to be water-borne. [Draft. 1¾ p.]
Sept. 8. 45. The Merchant Adventurers of England to the Council, in answer to the petition of the clothiers of Suffolk and Essex. That the said clothiers at present stand in so great want of fullers' earth may be very true, yet the Fellowship believe that if an account were taken of the quantity of earth which this last year has been delivered at Rochester, and pretended to be carried into those counties, it would appear much more than they could have spent in their manufactures, so that the surplus must have been issued somewhere else. Notwithstanding your order of the 17th July, for these clothiers' consultation with the Company for their supply by land carriage, the clothiers altogether decline this way, and are so much possessed of the impossibility thereof, that they will not entertain any discourse thereupon. Nevertheless, the Merchant Adventurers cannot think that the clothiers have any bad end therein, but only are driven to press this liberty through their great necessity of earth for their present occasion, yet it could be wished that they would debate the whole business, and compare the present charge which they so much fear, and the impossibility which they so confidently propound unto themselves by the land carriage, with that which other countries three times as far from the pits as they, who yet fetch the same by land, do undergo to furnish themselves with this commodity. And likewise consider that if the water carriage should be made free again, besides the gap which will presently be set open to all former attempts, the many conditions which they themselves propound for security unto the State, for the landing of such earth as they have use of, within two towns only of their counties respectively, and the distribution thereof again throughout the country, will beget far more trouble than the carriage by land, and yet not much abate the charge, in respect of the several offices arising from the same, together with a necessity of some after charge of land carriage proportionable to the distance of every man from the said towns. As the clothiers still suppose there is no other earth nearer than that in Kent, they must again put them in mind that at Vborne [Woburn], co. Bedford, is the best in all men's judgment in England; and it may well be feared that some illaffected to this business, working upon the present necessity and having set before them the apparent increase of charge, and possessed them with the difficulty of the bad ways to have the same by land, have made them so much the more averse from making trial of this course, although they confess themselves, that usually in June, July, and August they furnish themselves with earth for the year following, in which months being the dryest, you may well take notice what great difference there can be in the ways thereabouts from others in England. Yet the Fellowship cannot but confess, that if there were no hope after some entrance upon this land carriage, that the charge might be much abated, two shillings upon every cloth is a very considerable matter, especially in this present deadness of their trade, as they allege, but hereof indeed there has been no greater cause than the former secret conveyances of this earth into the Eastland countries where most of their cloth is vended, and not 200 cloths a year exported by the Fellowship, by which means the strangers there have set up the manufacture themselves, so that there is no better course to recover this trade, if they would so understand it, than by this restraint. There is no doubt but when the merchant shall find the trade revive, he, for the common good, will be content to bear the most part of this charge himself in the price of his cloth. Nevertheless the Fellowship submit it to the Lords' wisdom, what liberty may be fit to be afforded to these clothiers of Suffolk and Essex, in respect of their necessity and weak state of their trade, without disannulling the proclamation, and afterwards there will be time to examine whether the land or water carriage is most convenient. But as the Lords have conceived it the best remedy against all evil practices, for conveying of this commodity out of the land to restrain the water bearing thereof, the Fellowship will not be so bold as to think there can be any more safe way propounded. [2¼ pp.]
Sept. 8.
46. Order in Council on the petition of the Deputy Assistants and Fellowship of the Merchant Adventurers of England, showing that the court of their Fellowship residing in Hamburgh has chosen Humphry Burre, a brother of the Company now dwelling in London, to be deputy in Rotterdam; that he is a very able man for that charge, but having married a wife born beyond seas (her father an Englishman, but her mother a Dutch woman) is, by the letter of their charter, not capable of that charge, and that therefore they have declined to accept his nomination without the approbation of the Board. Ordered, that the deputy and Fellowship shall forthwith cause Burre's election to be annulled, and another chosen to be deputy in his room, who may hold the said place without infringing the letter of their charter. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 8. 47. The Council to the Justices of Peace for co. Gloucester. We are credibly informed that John Hill, of Wover, co. Gloucester, did many years serve in the wars of Queen Elizabeth, and received divers hurts in her service, yet while he had means to maintain himself, or was able to work, he never received any relief from that county. Being now grown aged, and by reason of his wounds very infirm, he has been a suitor to this Board to recommend him to you, that he may have the pension formerly allowed by the county to Robert Hughes, lately dead; which petition of his we conceive to be reasonable, if his deserts be, as he alleges, well known to divers gentlemen of good fashion in that county. We pray you to consider of him, and as you shall find his services to have merited, to take order at your next general sessions that he may be forthwith allowed a competent pension for his relief and maintenance during his life, according to the statute on that behalf. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 8. 48. The Council to Bishop Goodman of Gloucester. His Majesty understands that Mr. Whinnell, a curate in the city of Gloucester, has lately taken a degree in a Scotch university, and that he holds correspondence with persons there ill-affected to his Majesty's government. By his Majesty's special command, we are to require you, calling to your assistance some one or more of the justices of the peace of that city or county, forthwith to call before you the said Whinnell, and to search all his papers and writings, and examine him touching the reason, causes, and manner of his taking his degree in Scotland, what oath or oaths he took, and particularly whether he took any oath of subscription to the Covenant or Church in Scotland, also anything else to that or the like purpose. And hereof your Lordship is to send a certificate in writing under your hand, and of such justice or justices of the peace as shall assist you herein. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 8. 49. Minute of a pass for Mrs. Jane Harrington, Maid of Honour to the Queen of Bohemia, to return to her Majesty in the Low Countries under the state of the United Provinces, and to take with her two men servants, three maid servants, and one foot[man]. [½ p.]
Sept. 8. 50. Minute of a pass for Robert Brook, of Nucton [Nowton], Suffolk, and Robert Brook, his son [see p. 487, No. 39], to go into foreign parts for three years, taking with them two servants. [½ p.]
Sept. 8. 51. Minute of a warrant to John Powell, sergeant-at-arms, for taking into custody Sir Alexander Denton, late sheriff of Bucks, and to attend him from place to place while he collects the arrears of ship-money. [½ p.]
Sept. 8.
Dover Castle.
52. Sir John Manwood to [Theophilus, Earl of Suffolk, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports]. I sent a packet to you yesterday, wherein I certified that we here did suppose that the Dunkirkers' fleet that came out of Spain was upon our coast, and that the Hollanders' fleet was not far from them, of which we should see more by night. Presently after that opinion was changed, supposing they had been all Hollanders, whose men-of-war lay to the windward to secure their fleet that was going for France to the vintage; but at the shutting in of the evening, we found that those ships which lay in the wind were Holland men-of-war, who shot many great ordnance off all day long, to give notice to the rest of their fleet that lay dispersed in the Channel, and towards night we saw many ships from the eastward make towards these fleets. The Dunkirkers' fleet lay off upon the Ness Point, and the Hollanders more into the sea to the south-west. This morning, between 1 and 2 o'clock, there began a most terrible fight, and so continues still, being now in sight not half seas over between Dover and the high white cliffs opposite. I am very confident Sir John Pennington will give advice of the sequel of this sea fight; in the interim I thought fit to let you know how it is at this present, and if there be any memorable accident I will let you know it. P.S.—The Dunkirkers' fleet of men-of-war and merchant ships consists of 140 or thereabouts, and the Holland fleet between 30 and 40, and I believe the Spanish fleet consists of as many men-of-war, besides their merchantmen. [Endorsed by Sec. Windebank. 2 pp.]
Sept. 8. 53. Copy of the same. [1 p.]
Sept. 8. 54. Statement by Thomas Atkin, late sheriff of Middlesex, respecting the 5,000l. ship-money assessed upon the said county in 1637. Of this amount Westminster proportioned 1,180l., was behind about 270l.; the Tower Liberty proportioned 142l., was behind 40l.; the Minories was proportioned 10l. This left 3,668l. to be collected in [other parts of] Middlesex, of which latter sum 3,126l. 4s. had been paid to the Treasurer of the Navy before the 24th July last, leaving 541l. 15s. which cannot be recovered. [1 p.]
Sept. 8/18.
55. Christopher Windebank to his father Sec. Windebank. I fear lest my often writing may be tedious to you, engaged in more weighty business. I have engaged a master to assist me in the study of the language. My headache, which had left me in other countries, has returned here, and would have caused me to have quitted, did I not consider that it is hereditary. I desire to be remembered to my mother and family. [Italian. 1 p.]
Sept. 9.
56. Katherine Duchess Dowager of Buckingham to Sec. Windebank. I desire you to let Sir John Beaumont's letter be signed according as you bad me assure the Queen it should be done; for the King promised her Majesty it should be done by you, for freeing Sir John from pursuivants. I entreat that it may be done as fully as any whatsoever; he is a particular friend of mine, and I shall account it a great favour done to me. [1 p.]
Sept. 9. 57. Sir Thomas Penyston, late sheriff of co. Oxford, to Nicholas. I received a letter from the Board in July last, whereby I was required to gather up all the ship-money in arrear due in co. Oxford for the last year, or else attend the Lords on the third Sunday in September to give an account of what I had done therein. Now, because I have been much hindered in this service by the sickness of those I employed for gathering thereof, being a work of much difficulty, I desire leave until the second Sunday in November, and what I can possibly collect in that time shall be then brought up, or if I can receive before any considerable sum I will send it up before that time. And although I much fear I shall not be able to clear all the account, yet I will endeavour to clear myself from all suspicion of neglect of his Majesty's service, which I ever have carefully intended. Be pleased to add this favour to many others I have in this business received from you. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Sept 9. 58. Petition of William Kempe to Henry Earl of Manchester, Lord Privy Seal, and one of the commissioners concerning encroachments and purprestures within Westminster Palace. Petitioner lately living in a house built over the common sewer in the Palace as tenant at will to John Baker, at the yearly rent of 6l., which tenement Baker affirmed to be his own; but the Attorney-General in Easter term 12th Car. I. commenced suit against Baker, and likewise against petitioner, who, being served with a subpœna, desired Baker to maintain his title and petitioner's possession, which Baker refused to do. Petitioner being warned out of the said house by Sir Humphrey Styles on his Majesty's behalf, and not defended by Baker, prepared to leave the tenement and forbore to pay rent since he was served with a subpœna, after which order was given for the pulling down of the said tenement, it being a parcel of the Palace. Details the way in which he has been persecuted by Baker through law suits, to his utter ruin, and for no other cause than above declared. Prays relief from so great oppression and that his Lordship will discharge the costs and dismiss the suit now pending. Underwritten,
58. i. Reference to Dedall Harlow to look into the plaintiff's bill and defendant's answer, and if he find the case to be of that nature as is herein set forth, the costs are to be discharged and the bill dismissed. 9th Sept. 1639. [1 p.]
Sept. 9. 59. Certificate of Bishop Bancroft of Oxford that Richard Jackson, clerk, his Lordship's curate, desires to travel to Holland, where, by the death of some of his friends he is like to suffer much in his estate if he make not speedy repair thither. This his Lordship knows to be the only cause of his desire and therefore wishes he may have a quick despatch. Underwritten,
59. i. Memorandum by Sir John Lenthall, justice of peace for Surrey, that Richard Jackson had this day taken the oath of allegiance before him. 13th Sept. 1639. [¾ p.]
Sept. 10. 60. Minute of Council. Warrant to Thomas Waterworth, messenger, for [the apprehension] of Richard Joad, constable of West Malling; Augustine Skinner; William Lane, of Keston; Jasper Lane, petty constable of Orpington; and Robert Petty, of Otford, Kent. [¼ p.]
Sept. 10. Similar minute to James Naylor, messenger, for Richard Over, late bailiff of the three hundreds of Cottesloe; Richard Harrison, bailiff of the three hundreds of Newport; William Heyburne, now bailiff of the three hundreds of Cottesloe; and Samuel Triplet, bailiff of the three hundreds of Chilterne. [Written on the same paper as the preceding. ¼ p.]
Sept. 10. The like to William Brooks, messenger, for William Harlow, William Roberts, Peter Dennis, and Francis Derrick, senior, of Brightlingsea, Essex. [Ibid. ¼ p.]
Sept. 10. The like to John Bish, messenger, for Gates Naylor and William Foukes, of Brightlingsea; John Webb and Robert Parker, of Chich St. Osyth, Essex. [Ibid. ¼ p.]
Sept. 10. The like to William Faldoe, messenger, for John Knight and Edward Palfryman, chief constables of Bolingbroke Soke; Robert Clay, late chief constable of Candleshoe; and John Osborne, chief constable of Ness Wapentake. [Ibid. ½ p.]
Sept. 10.
61. Algernon Earl of Northumberland to Sir John Pennington. Lord Conway being desirous upon this occasion to see what passes betwixt the Spanish and Holland fleets, is resolved to spend some days at sea amongst the Hollanders. If he need either boats or other vessel to carry him aboard unto the Holland Admiral, I pray give order that he be furnished with some of those under your command, for the doing whereof this shall be your warrant. P.S.—This morning I received yours which was written last night, and by this time I doubt not but mine of the same date is come to your hands. I am confident the Hollanders will be so "respective" to the King our master as not to offer violence to the Spaniards whilst they are under his Majesty's protection in the Downs. [Admiralty seal with coronet. Damaged by damp. 1 p.]
Sept. 10. 62. Copy of the same. [1 p.]
Sept. 10.
63. Sir Roger Jaques, lord mayor of York, to the Council. According to your letter of the 26th July last, I have caused George Watson, a vintner in this city, to deliver this order concerning all the vintners of the same into my hands, and have here enclosed sent it to you as required. [Seal with arms. ⅓ p.]
Sept. 11. 64. Samuel Ward to Sir Francis Harris at Mr. Parrie's lodging, Purpool [Portpool] Lane, near Gray's Inn. Haste, I confess, formerly made waste. I have now deliberately and verbatim transcribed the copy, only one phrase varied, which also was through haste, the matter for substance remaining. The free and constant affection of that worthy knight is, under God, the only anchor of my hope. My study shall be to answer it with my heartiest and daily prayers for all welfare to him and his, and to find out some way of expression that may be without exception and may find acceptation. Be pleased to write a word whether his daughter's marriage be consummated. If Sir Francis repent of any pains spent or interest improved in my behalf, let these witness against me. [Endorsed by Sir John Lambe "Mr. Ward to Sir Fra. Herris. 11th Sept. 1639." Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Sept. 12. 65. The Council to the Lord-Lieutenants of Essex, Kent, Suffolk, Sussex, Hants, and Dorset. His Majesty understanding that a great fleet of the King of Spain's ships, carrying aboard a great proportion of land soldiers, is now in the Downs, out of his care as well for the safety of his coast and subjects as for the maintenance and defence of his interest and prerogative in his seas, has commanded us hereby to require you to take order that the trained bands of your county be forthwith put into such readiness that they may be fit for service whensoever and wheresoever they shall be summoned to meet, and that you take order that all the beacons and seaguards of that county be kept and watched with all safety and diligence. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 12.
66. Algernon Earl of Northumberland to Sir John Pennington. Since my last to you I have received yours of the 9th and 10th, and do very well approve of your discretion and care in the business touching the Spaniards and Hollanders now in the Downs. I desire you still to have a watchful eye upon them, and to give me advertisement from time to time of all that shall occur in this affair. His Majesty, whom I have acquainted with all particulars that have passed therein, is very well satisfied, as with your deportment so with the Hollanders' civility at this time, and doubts not but that they will continue their fair respects to his Majesty in the place where they now are, so that I believe there will not as yet be any occasion of further directions to you concerning the present business. My sister Leicester is not like to go towards France yet these eight days, before which time I hope those two fleets in the Downs will have left the place; but if it should so fall out that she should come to Dover before their departure, then in regard you cannot conveniently go yourself, I would have you appoint some other good ship of the fleet to transport her over, as I have formerly directed. P.S.—As I was going to make up this I received from Sec. Windebank an intimation of his Majesty's pleasure that the Spaniards performing the accustomed respect due to his Majesty should be used civilly, and according to the treaties between the two Crowns, wherein I having lately given you order, I shall not need to say any more concerning that subject, but that you acquaint the bearer hereof therewith, because he is sent to me on purpose with Mr. Secretary's letter, and is now coming to the Downs. [2 pp.]
Sept. 12. 67. Copy of the same. [1½ p.]
Sept. 13. 68. Sergeant Matthew Francis to Nicholas. In obedience to [your commands I] here give you some account of my journey and pains with [Philip Holman], sheriff of Northampton. I have attended him with two men and three horses from place to place since my commands from the Board, as he desired me (ad terrorem) to the common people and officers; but it has brought no money into his purse. Neither the high constables nor petty constables have done their duties in making their warrants or assessments, nor has the sheriff punished their defaults, and now thinks it too late for him to do so. Others have done that, but left the execution to the sheriff, who has not distrained any, nor desires so to do, I may consequently stay with him ad infinitum. Nor does he take care for my fees and charge, but saith plainly it is his Majesty's service, and his Majesty will pay me. If you please to move the Board for Mr. Sheriff and myself to come up at the month's end to give an account of his present labours, it will stir him forwards. P.S.— Fearing to trouble you, I am thus short, but this bearer has some instructions for some officers, defaulters, which it concerns Mr. Sheriff to have entreated you for, but he is remiss therein. Purposing to answer altogether, I submit it to your judgment. [Endorsed by Nicholas "To be read." Seal with arms. 1 p.]
[Sept. 13.] 69. Petition of Sergeant [Matthew] Francis to the King. Forasmuch as [Philip] Holman, sheriff of co. Northampton, was called before the [Council] board in August last to give an account of ship-money and was then found to have been very negligent therein, a warrant was granted to the petitioner to take the sheriff into his custody and attend him in the said service, in which petitioner expended 10l. besides his loss of time at home for six weeks together. Prays the Lords' order to insert into the sheriff's discharge the usual words, viz., "Paying the sergeant's fees," without which petitioner is not likely to get anything of him. [¾ p.]
Sept. 14.
Stamford Bedehouse.
70. Lionel Lambe to [Sir John Lambe ?]. I hope the multitude of your great employments have not made you altogether unmindful of your kind promise to do our almshouse in Stamford a favour in the renewing of our statutes, for which purpose, when you were in the country last year, I sent by Mr. Armin, of Ketton, a copy of our charter and statutes, as you wished, though I have heard nothing since from you about that business. I think your leisure will now give you leave to do something in it. I once again put you in mind of the same, and withal have sent certain scruples, which I find by our ancient visitations in our almshouse have been made against some of the said statutes, that taking them into your wise consideration you may more speedily refine them, as also the form of service which we use for the present, in lieu of the former statutes, which were superstitious, and which, if you shall think fit, may pass as formerly, at least with little alteration, as also a copy of a letter which was drawn by Mr. Balgue, our steward, upon my information, and sent by our visitors, the dean of Stamford, Dr. Walker, and the vicar of All Saints, Stamford, Mr. Holt, to the warden, Mr. Hotchkin, to reform certain abuses by him and the bailiff committed, to the prejudice of the said house, to which the said warden as yet hath given no satisfaction, as the letter to him required, neither is like, unless some further course be taken. The visitors of themselves have sufficient authority to set him straight, as by the 23rd statute appears, but since your worship is interested in the business I think they will do nothing till they have directions from yourself. If I may but know when your leisure will give me leave to wait upon you I will more fully acquaint you with these particulars vivâ voce than these silent papers can do. In the interim these may make some way, though our statute cannot be confirmed and made authentic till you come to London and have the Archbishop of Canterbury's approbation; yet I hope in the interim some course may be taken to reform the abuses committed by the said warden, either by immediate authority from yourself, or, which, as I conceive will be better taken, by a letter from yourself to the visitors, to stir them up to do but what they may, which I suppose they gladly would but rather desire to be put upon it. I have sent a poor token of my many thanks for your great love toward me. P.S.—I hear nothing from my Lord of Exeter, who is now at Wothorpe, but that Mr. Corney, his bailiff, has stayed above these two years about 3l. per annum, which is a composition for Burghley and Wothorpe and a pension which their hospital is to pay me, upon what warrant I know not, but he will not pay me till my Lord and I be agreed. I purpose to bring to you once again a copy of our charter and statutes for your better satisfaction, lest they be left at London, as also the warden's yearly accounts and sundry other particulars which may better inform you of the state of our house, and that so soon as this messenger returns, if I may hear that you are at home and at leisure. [1 p.] Enclosed,
70. i. Notes of statutes appertaining to the almshouse at Stamford. [1 p.]
70. ii. Form of daily prayer used by the poor men in the almshouse instead of the ancient form prescribed by the 15th statute, superseded as being superstitious. [¾ p.]
Sept. 14.
71. Thomas Butler to his master Endymion Porter, at his house in the Strand, over against the New Exchange. You have sent down Mr. Phillips and Mr. Harvey to take up my accounts, which they have done, but are very hardly to be persuaded that your corn yielded so little: because when I was in London last my lady demanded what corn and stock you then had at Somercotes, and as near as I can remember, I told her that they were worth 600l. or thereabouts, but for my rash judgment I am now like to suffer, if your goodness be not better to me than my rash judgment. My lady also demanded what yearly revenue the land might yield at the present, and likewise for future time, to which I answered that the upper 500 acres would yield 300l. a year, and that the lower 500 acres were let to John Cutteris for 200l. for five years. It was likewise demanded what the whole 1,000 acres might yield in time to come, to which I replied it would yield 1,000l. a year. But I know it is vain for me to speak in my own cause, because that those eyes that look upon me, to see what evil they can find against me, are so blinded with it that they will not look upon anything that is good towards me. Hopes all faults will not be imputed to him. Complains of the course taken by Mr. Marall and others being attributed to him. Arguments touching the grain produced from certain lands under his charge, designed to show that the same did not realise more than he has accounted for. "They have thrust me out of your service and also taken care to pay every man but myself. I rely upon your commiseration, and shall wait with patience for your good answer, for you will find by my account that there is 88l. 10s. 8d. due to me at Midsummer, which if you do not let me have speedily I am not able to subsist or keep my family." [2¾ pp.]
Sept. 14.
72. Thomas Butler to Mrs. [Endymion] Porter. If he could have prevented the cause of her anger it should have been done before this, but it was not in his power, because she will blame him for saying that her corn and stock were worth 600l., which rash and unadvised words he regrets, and also that it ever was his fortune to come into this country to have such ill success, and likewise such infamy laid upon him as now is. Intended nothing but good towards her, and is utterly undone if she has not mercy on him, for although last year's crop did not fall out according to his rash judgment, yet he has raised a better this year, but is now thrust out of her service just when he had got the harvest in. He owes 40l., due at Michaelmas, the which if she is not good to him for, he will not be able to subsist. Is in a strange country, far from all kindred and friends, and if she forsake him he is undone for ever, for he has not so much as a horse to ride to London or money to bear his charges, else would he have waited upon her suddenly. [The writer ends, "Your poor kinsman, &c." 1 p.]
Sept. 14. 73. Account by Sir William Russell of ship-money for 1638. Total received, 39,543l. 9s. 9d., in arrear, 30,206l. 10s. 3d. Memorandum.—Received since the making out of the above, 100l. from the sheriff of Brecon. Also, on account of the arrears of preceding years, 80l. of the late sheriff of co. Warwick, and 84l. 11s. 5d. from the late sheriff of co. Hereford. [1 p.]
Sept. 14. 74. Account of ship-money for 1638, levied and in the hands of the sheriffs. Total, 2,051l.; making, with the 39,543l. paid to the Treasurer of the Navy, 41,594l. It is further stated that 164l. of the 1637 arrears had been paid, to which is added that the arrears of 1635, 4,536l.; 1636, 7,181l.; 1637, 20,760l.; 1638, 28,206l. [1 p.]
Sept. 14.
Henry Earl of Holland to the Officers of his Majesty's forest of Essex. To suffer William Hopkins to enclose two acres near Wood Grange gate within the said forest, and also to give him licence to erect a dwelling-house thereon. [Copy. Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 64. 1 p.]
Sept. 15. 75. Petition of Robert Jenison, D.D., and preacher of God's word in Newcastle-[upon-Tyne], to the King. His Majesty was pleased upon the petitioner's submission to his Majesty's clemency, and to the High Commission Court at York, to signify his pleasure concerning sending petitioner to Newcastle, there to exercise his ministry again, for which he confesses himself thankful, and hopes that his promise made in that submission of his future care in observing the orders of the Church now established by law, according to the statutes, &c. has been accepted by his Majesty as satisfactory and agreeable, without imposing upon him any new thing not enjoined by public order of the Church. His suit is, that if this his submission and promise of conformity be as he hopes it may be, according to his Majesty's meaning and good liking, his Majesty would signify his pleasure to the Archbishop of York or to the Court there for his release from his present suspension, and for his dismission thence and sending to Newcastle, which is also his native home, now, after 25 weeks' restraint from thence there to enjoy his ministry again. Underwritten,
75. i. Reference to Archbishop Laud and Bishop Juxon of London, to examine how the case stands with the petitioner, and to make report thereof to his Majesty, with their opinions what may conveniently be done touching petitioner's request. Whitehall, 15th Sept. 1639. [1 p.]
Sept. 15.
76. Order of the King in Council on the petitions as well of the Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Commonalty of the Company of Pin-makers of London, as of James Lidsey, merchant, complaining of many disturbances which they have received in their trade by occasion of Capt. Butler and others, and desiring that they might proceed, according to an order of the Board of the 7th August last, and Lidsey further desiring that an agreement might be made with him for about 6,000l. worth of foreign wire which lies on his hands. It was ordered, that the Lord Treasurer, with the aid of the AttorneyGeneral, should, in accordance with the said order, settle and determine all particulars concerning that business and the Company of Pin-makers. Likewise, upon hearing Mr. Halsted and Mr. Lidsey, to order the price of the foreign wire now in the hands of Lidsey, and so to settle all matters concerning that business and trade, as that the said work may go on without further disturbance or distraction, and his Majesty's revenue out of that commodity may be no longer hindered. [Draft. 1½ p.]
Sept. 15.
77. Order of the King in Council, upon hearing the several petitions of the Haberdashers, Beaver-makers, and Felt-makers of London. It was ordered in the first place, that the beaver-makers and felt-makers being now distinct corporations shall so remain, the former having the sole making of beaver hats and the latter of felt hats. That they shall not in any sort intrude upon each other's trade, the right of search and trial being open to them severally as well as to the haberdashers. That there shall not be henceforth any demi-castors or other false hats of beaver or of wool made by any beaver-maker, felt-maker, or other person whatsoever, neither mixture of beaver with any other material for the making of hats, also that no ruff called otter-ruff be used or wrought under the brim of any hat, nor any such hats to be worn by any of his Majesty's subjects, but when found to be seized and burnt. If any such hats be already made they are to be brought within one week to the common hall or meeting place of the beaver-makers called Lorimers' Hall, Shoe Lane, London, there to be marked with the letter d, and upon security given to Sir David Cunningham for transportation thereof within two months then next following the same shall be delivered back to the owners. Sir David Cunningham to retain all hats seized until trial thereof be made, which shall be by information in the Court of Exchequer, or by jury at Guildhall, and if they be found as aforesaid then the same shall be burnt. That the haberdashers, beaver-makers, and felt-makers shall employ none in making search but only able men, and such as they will be answerable for. Lastly, it is ordered that special care be taken not only that all hats be good and merchantable, but that they be sold at reasonable prices, and that all such beaver, wool, and other materials for the making of hats as shall be found and seized as forfeited, the one half shall be for his Majesty and the other half for such as shall seize the same. To the end his Majesty's pleasure herein may be better known the Attorney-General is hereby required to prepare a proclamation for this purpose, with such penalties and forfeitures as he shall think fit for his Majesty's service herein, requiring all such whom it may concern to observe his Majesty's command herein. [Underwritten, "His Majesty has seen this draught, and allows of the contents thereof. Francis Windebank." 2 pp.]
Sept. 15. 78. Copy of the same. [2 pp.]
Sept. 15. 79. Another copy. [1¾ p.]
Sept. 15. 80. First draft of the preceding order, but containing only parts of the same. [1 p.]
Sept. 15. 81. Paper of notes concerning the above order. Endorsed by Sec. Windebank "This note was seen and allowed by his Majesty." [1 p.]
Sept. 15. 82. Order in Council. Whereas John Burge, late high constable of the hundred of Chewton, Somerset, was sent for by a warrant directed to a messenger of the Chamber, and bound over by William Bassett, late sheriff of Somerset, to appear before the Lords on the 8th inst., for refusing to pay 62l. 19s. 6d. by him collected for the service of shipping by virtue of writs issued in 1636. Forasmuch as Burge has failed to appear, it was ordered that his bond should be sent to the Attorney-General, who is to cause the same to be turned over to the Exchequer, and there put in suit for his Majesty's best advantage. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Sept. 15. 83. Order in Council. William Heyborn, of Lurgeshall [Ludgershall], Bucks, bailiff, was sent for by warrant from the board at the complaint of Sir A[lexander] D[enton], late sheriff of that county, for detaining 16l. or thereabouts ship-money levied by him by virtue of the writ issued in 1637. Being this day convented before the Board, he alleged that Bartholomew Heyborn, his brother, detains 5l. upon an acquittance, and that Anthony Rye, of Aylesbury, has 5l. more, part of the said 16l. Ordered that Sir Alexr. Denton should send for Bartholomew Heyborn and Anthony Rye and confront them with William Heyborn, when, if it shall appear that 10l. or any part thereof levied for the shipping business is detained by them, he is to require them forthwith either to pay the same to him or to attend the Board. Likewise Sir Anthony is to certify what he finds to be the truth concerning William Heyborn's allegations, who in the meantime is to pay the remaining 6l. In regard Heyborn pretends that he has levied upon the writ 500l. of ship-money and taken much pains in that service, he is to be dismissed for the present. If it shall appear that the 10l. is owing by Bartholomew Heyborn and Rye and that William Heyborn has levied upon the writ so much money as he affirms, then the fees due to the messenger are to be paid by the sheriff who made a causeless complaint against him. [Draft. 1½ p.]
Sept. 15.
84. Order in Council. Several presentments made by the constables and headboroughs of Wapping, Whitechapel, and the liberties of East Smithfield concerning buildings and houses erected, as well within the city of London as in several suburbs of the same, since the 1st March last, contrary to his Majesty's proclamation on this behalf, were this day presented to the Board by the Lord Keeper upon consideration of the great abuse and inconveniences arising by such buildings. It was ordered that the said presentments should be signed by the clerk of the Council attendant and put into the hands of his Majesty's Commissioners for Buildings, who are hereby prayed to call the owners of such buildings before them, and upon hearing what they can allege in defence or excuse for the same, and upon view of the said buildings, to return certificate to the board what they find, that such further cause may thereupon be taken by the Lords for punishing the offenders as to them shall seem fitting. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Sept. 15. 85. The Council to Henry Lingen, late sheriff of co. Hereford. Your letter of the 31st August [see that date, No. 105,] was read at the board this day. We must tell you, that had your affection been but answerable to the importance of this business and the duty you owe to his Majesty's commands, the business could not but have gone on with far better success and expedition; for though you had been sick, you might have employed some one in your room to have despatched the service in all this time, and therefore by his Majesty's express command we are now to let you know that, unless you redeem your great neglect by more than ordinary care and diligence in causing all the arrear, which by your own confession is 1,200l., to be paid to the Treasurer of the Navy by the end of the first week of this next term, his Majesty is resolved to call you to strict account for the same. [Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 15. 86. The Council to James Wilford. To pay the 25l. ship-money received by him in Beaksbourne by virtue of the writ of 1637 to Sir Thomas Hendley, late sheriff of Kent, by the first day of next term, or to attend the board on the 13th October next. [Draft. ¾ p.]
Sept. 15.
87. The Council to the Justices of Peace for Middlesex. We understand that since the publication of the proclamation, whereby the letters patents concerning brick and tile [making] are revoked, there have been and are very great abuses committed, as well in making bricks and tiles as in raising the prices of the same. We therefore require you to take care that the said proclamation be forthwith duly put into execution by all those whom it may concern, and that you take order for the speedy reforming of all abuses in the making or selling of bricks and tiles, and if you find cause to have any assistance from this board, we shall upon notice thereof from you be ready to give it. [Similar letters appear to have been sent to the justices of peace for Surrey and liberties of Westminster. Draft. 1 p.]
Sept. 15. 88. Minute that Roger Petty, late constable of the hundred of Codsheath, Kent, being sent for by warrant from the Council at the complaint of Sir Thomas Hendley, late sheriff of that county, for non-payment of ship-money and for hindering that service, was this day discharged upon his submission and promise of conformity. [¾ p.]
Sept. 15. Minute that Mr. Hodges being sent for upon the complaint of the sheriff of co. Gloucester for arresting and suing William Kemet, whom the said sheriff affirms to have employed in the levying of ship-money, being this day heard, upon his submission and promise to withdraw his action brought against Kemet, was discharged from further attendance upon paying fees. [Written on the same paper as the preceding. ⅓ p.]
Sept. 15. 89. Minute that Richard Harrison, of Newport Pagnell, co. Buckingham, bailiff, having been sent for by the board at the complaint of Sir Alexander Denton, late sheriff of the said county, for having detained 13l. 13s. 4d. ship-money levied by virtue of the writs of 1637, upon promise to pay the said sum to Sir Alexander within one week after the date hereof, was discharged from his further attendance, he first paying fees. [½ p.]
Sept. 15.
90. Minute of a pass for Richard Jackson, clerk, to go to Holland upon some important occasions, with the usual clauses. [¼ p.]
Sept. 15.
The Close, Salisbury.
91. Dr. Matthew Nicholas to his brother Edward Nicholas. I received yours of the 13th inst., and, as directed, have endeavoured to procure leave to put off my parsonage of West Dean to one of our prebendaries of Bristol, but have received a flat denial. Whether it be that Sir John Evelyn thinks that I am in necessity of voyding it, or that he has made a promise to a kinsman of his name, as I rather imagine, to succeed me, I cannot tell, but his answer is only that the contentment of his lineage [at Deane] will depend much on the society of the parson, and therefore he is unwilling to make a change but of his own choice. This adds to the unhappiness for Berkeley, in the exchange whereof I have tendered to divers the loss of 40, yea, 50 pounds yearly, and cannot be accepted. I think that I may prevail for Wherwell at the last, but the vicar himself valued that at 80l. by the year, and I know there are three cures to it, which, when they are served and paid, the remainder will be very small. The thing I would gladly move for is, that I might have Oldston [Olveston], which is lately fallen into our g[ift], that will afford me six months more liberty, and if I cannot prevail for an exchange in that time, it is seven miles nearer to my parsonage of Dean than Berkeley and of better accommodation to my deanery, which may be some more reasonable motive to claim a dispensation, at least for a few years, in case I cannot effect in the six months a convenient change. If this might be effected, I would contentedly confer Berkeley as the chapter shall think fit. I have in the enclosed made suit unto his Grace to that effect, but I am doubtful whether it may not give offence, and therefore have adventured it by your hand, desiring your favour to dispose of it as you conceive best for my advantage. [1 p.] Enclosed,
91. i. Dr. Matthew Nicholas to Archbishop Laud. I am more unsuccessful in my endeavour for the exchange of the parsonage I possess than of the vicarage whereto I have got a presentation; this will not be had at any hand as that but on terms of such disadvantage as will yield me no considerable benefit; yet there remains a remedy in your favour. The vicarage of Oldston [Olveston], lately fallen into the gift of our church of Bristol, is seven miles nearer and of much better accommodation to the deanery than that of Berkeley. My suit is that, with your favour, I may be dispensed with at least for a few years, to hold Oldstone with the parsonage I have, and return my presentation to Berkeley into the chapter's hand, or to endeavour to dispose of it to any one of my brethren as you shall command. If there be immodesty in this, after so great a portion as I have lately received of free and undeserved grace, I crave your pardon and lay all I have at your feet, to be disposed of in any way which may give the best assurance that I am ever at your service. The Close, Salisbury, Sept. 15th, 1639. [Seal with crest. 1 p.]
Sept. 15. 92. Submission of Samuel Ward, clerk. I acknowledge to have been convented and questioned before the High Commission Court, for sundry speeches uttered in the pulpit, of which being pronounced guilty I was suspended and sentenced. I do freely and truly acknowledge, whatever my speeches and meanings were, that as things stand testified and witnessed in court against me, the proceedings of the said court, as also the sentence concluded against me, were just, and I am heartily sorry that my speeches should have given offence. I am one who studies and prays for the peace of the Church of England, my true mother in Christ, and will ever to the uttermost of my power procure and promote the same, avoiding and staying what in me shall lie whatsoever may anyways tend to the disturbance thereof. [Attested copy, endorsed by Sir John Lambe. Sent up to his Grace, 15th Sept. 1639. 1 p.]
Sept. 16.
Queen Street.
93. Algernon Earl of Northumberland to Sir John Pennington. Yours of the 13th and 14th inst. are come to my hands, and I do here send you a resolution to the particulars therein mentioned. First, concerning the English bringing soldiers from Spain for Flanders. If you look upon my letter concerning the Hollanders visiting our ships, you will find there that the King promises he will keep his subjects from transporting soldiers for the service of any foreign prince or state, provided that the Hollanders will do the like by theirs. This offer his Majesty was also pleased to make unto the States' Ambassador here, but to this proposition there is yet no answer returned, and so consequently no command yet given to that purpose, therefore not anything done contrary to what is mentioned in that letter of mine. Besides, it was impossible for these ships so soon to have received notice of the King's dislike of their undertaking to bring soldiers for Flanders. For the eight English ships now come into the Downs, his Majesty's pleasure is, that either they shall put the 2,000 men on board the Spanish ships, or else that they proceed upon their own peril, for his Majesty will neither protect nor countenance them in this their undertaking. And thus much you will do well to make known to the Holland Admiral; but the King inclines rather to advise them to put the 2,000 soldiers aboard some ships of the Spanish fleet, than to proceed on their voyage to Dunkirk. As for the three demands made by the Spanish Admiral, you have done well to delay giving them an answer, the first being granted only to merchant ships and other small vessels chased in by freebooters, but it was never known to be demanded by nor granted to any great fleets; the second for a convoy is not to be expected, as being a thing that will be extremely offensive both to the French and Hollander, and whereunto his Majesty is no way obliged, and lastly for the powder he desires, it is very well known, that men-of-war at the latter end of the year are not so well stored with that kind of ammunition that they can spare any of it, especially upon such an occasion as this, and therefore he must hold you excused. According to your desire, I have given order for a speedy supply of victuals for those ships that were to come in, that they may stay longer with you for your assistance. And for your better strength, in case of necessity, I have here inclosed sent you a warrant to make stay of all English shipping inward or outward bound, that are now or shall come into the Downs, and them to employ for his Majesty's service. You have done well in not permitting them to wear their flag, which is not to be allowed to any, as you very well know, and therefore I shall not need to give you any further instructions concerning that subject. A complaint has been made unto the King, that before the fourteen sail of Spaniards stole away, the Holland Admiral would have placed some ships towards the North Foreland, to prevent the Spaniards going away in the night, but that you refused to suffer him, engaging your word to him that none of the Spanish fleet should slip away by night. To this I was only able to say, that I did not believe you would pass your word in a thing so difficult for you to perform. I pray let me know by your next whether anything to this purpose passed between you and the Holland Admiral, and I would gladly be informed whether the Spanish soldiers be armed or not. The Greyhound I intend shall continue out this winter instead of the Roebuck, and therefore you may send her in before the ending of her victuals. My sister Leicester will be upon Wednesday next at my Lady Strangford's house, near Canterbury, and the day following at Dover, where the ship that you shall appoint must be ready to attend her. P.S.—For an addition of force to those few ships that are now with you, the King has given command to have some instantly made ready, but how soon they will be fitted I know not, for late last night I received this Order. I pray commend my service to Lord Conway, and let him know that I think to see him in the Downs very shortly. [4 pp.] Enclosed,
93. i. Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, to Sir John Pennington, on board the Unicorn in the Downs. Instructions. —There are now in the Downs two great fleets, one of the Spaniards, another of the Hollanders, and a third of the French expected to come shortly, who though they be all his Majesty's loving friends and allies, yet it were improvident not to be in some measure prepared, at leastwise as well as the shortness of the occasion will give leave, for all attempts. These are therefore to require you to make stay of all English shipping inward or outward bound that are now in the Downs, or shall come thither during the present occasion, and them to employ in warlike manner against any that shall presume to affront his Majesty, or derogate from his sovereignty in these parts, as to your good direction shall seem requisite for the service, wherein I am confident the masters and owners of such vessels will proceed cheerfully to the uttermost of their power, in regard it concerns the public whereof they are members. These are therefore to charge all masters and owners of such ships to readily obey and speedily put in execution all such orders as you shall give them for his Majesty's service, as they will answer to the contrary at their utmost peril. Whitehall, 15th Sept. 1639. [Impression of seal attached. 2 pp.]
Sept. 16. 94. Examination of Edward Dominey, of Dover, master of the Philip, of Dover, taken this day before Thomas Day, mayor, and the jurats of Dover. On Thursday, about nine in the morning, there arrived under the fort at Dunkirk 15 sail of Spanish ships, being part of the Spanish fleet now in the Downs, laden with soldiers. At examinant's coming thence on yesterday morning these Spanish ships were still lying there, and that only some few of their officers went ashore, the officers of the town not suffering any common soldiers to be landed there, they having no order therein. Underwritten,
94. i. Similar examination of John Bennett, master of the Gift of God, of Dover. Annexed,
94. ii. The like of Thomas Cowell, master of the Sea-flower, of London. [Copies. 1⅓ p.]
Sept. 16. 95. Other copies of the above examinations. [2¾ pp.]
Sept. 17.
My house, Drury Lane.
96. Sec. Windebank to the Keeper of the Gatehouse. To set at liberty John Goodman a prisoner in his custody. [¾ p.]
Sept. 17. 97. List of merchant ships stayed in the Downs for his Majesty's service, together with the number of men and ordnance and quantity of ammunition belonging to each. Total number of ships detained, 10. [¾ p.]
Sept. 18. 98. Petition of Henry de Vic to the King. There are some lands in Guernsey, particularly in a country called Le Bray du Valle, which time out of mind have been overflowed by the sea without any endeavour used for their recovery, whereby the island is not only diminished of that part, but like to be of a greater, without timely remedy for preventing the daily encroachment of the sea upon it. Prays his Majesty to grant letters to two of the justices there for the viewing of those parts, and to inform his Majesty what is his Majesty's right to the same, and how far the same extends, and then to make petitioner a grant of all or so much of them as he can recover. Underwritten,
98. i. Reference to one of the Secretaries of State to give order for a letter to be prepared as desired, that his Majesty may be certified of the said particulars, whereupon his Majesty will further show his pleasure. The Court, Theobalds, 18th Sept. 1639. [1 p.]
Sept. 18.
Office of Ordnance.
99. Officers of the Ordnance to the Council. According to your order of the 17th July last, we have caused the 7 cwt. 1 qr. 19 lbs. of un-refined saltpetre belonging to Robert Davies, to be refined by Alexander Harris, deputy saltpetreman, who certifies that the said saltpetre, by reason of its badness, produces only 4 cwt. 13 lbs., which, valued at 3l. 3s. 4d. the cwt., the price of his Majesty's commission saltpetre, amounts to 13l. 0s 9 2/7d. [Seal with device. 1 p.]
Sept. 18.
100. Sir Michael Ernle to Sec. Windebank As soon as I came to Berwick, which was upon the 12th inst., I enquired what number of men had died since this garrison had been last settled, and though a pestilent fever reigns here very much, and a great number are sick, yet there has not yet died above 30 soldiers. We are in great want of a large house, where we might send such men as have any infectious disease, that they might be kept apart from the rest. I know no news here worth your information. My Lord Governor will I believe be shortly at London. What shall happen here I will not fail to inform you of. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Sept. 18.
101. Robert Earl of Lindsey to Sec. Windebank. I have lately received your letters of the 3rd and 9th inst. His Majesty's directions signified in the former are already performed, for Sir Michael Ernle stands fully possessed of the places of major and captain, and order is given to the paymaster to make payment to him for both places from the day of the death of Sir Humphry Sydenham. To your latter letter I give this satisfaction, that however his Majesty has been informed that there is a dangerous disease at Berwick, whereof some considerable number of soldiers and others daily die, it is more than we here do find, for had there been any such thing, I should have given his Majesty present notice thereof. True it is that divers soldiers have died, but the number of them from the 24th June to this very day, amounts not, upon a strict reckoning, to above 50. It appears to me that there are 80 or more soldiers at this instant sick, not of any contagious sickness as we hope, but so as, if we might have the help of a physician in pay, which we have great need of, they may be most of them recovered. Now for keeping the garrison complete, there has been such care taken from time to time as upon the death or removal of any soldier there has been presently a supply raised, though with some difficulty, so that the places have not been vacant any considerable time, as appears upon our last muster of the 6th inst., where the companies were found to be all full, as Sir Robert Jackson our muster-master must needs witness with us; and herein that which we thought our trouble was our help, for many soldiers of the army left here sick, who being now recovered, are held our best and soundest soldiers, were here ready to supply the places of such as died or were otherwise removed. I should hope that his Majesty reposes more trust in me, than that I should sit here as an idle looker on and see the garrison and magazine, which you say is of consequence, and I believe to be so, without such an able guard as the forces allowed to this place will bear, or that I should be so careless of his Majesty's purse as to let his moneys be weekly paid out, if there were not men correspondent to perform the duty. For my own particular, I have in this sickness of the soldiers suffered indisposition myself, and have been troubled with some tumors, which, if strength of nature had not expelled, might have brought some dangerous sickness upon me, in which respect as also for the despatch of some business which nearly concerns me, I am desirous, having now settled things in as good order as I can, to retire southward for some certain time, at which I hope his Majesty will not be displeased, since he said at his departure from Berwick that I might take time to follow my own business as occasion required. Pardon the length of my letter, it is because I desire to declare myself fully unto you. P.S.—Finding the extreme necessity we have of a physician, I have entertained Dr. Broad, a man held very able, not doubting but his Majesty will make him [compensation] for the time we have occasion to use him. [3 pp.]
Sept. 18. 102. John Nicolls to Sec. Windebank. In conformity to your advice, I have duly weighed the difficulties you moved on the suit I desired, when I last waited on you, might be presented to his Majesty in my behalf, which though I must acknowledge to be grounded on much judgment and solidity, yet I am so confident of your inclination in my favour, as to hope you will admit of what I conceive may be alleged, if not wholly to remove, at least, in some sort, to extenuate these difficulties; it is this. My Lord of Holland, when I sued for the reversion of the French Secretary's place in Mons. de Beaulieu's time, objected no manner of impediment therein, but only that I spoke too late, it being already bestowed on Mr. de Vic, who was accordingly invested thereof, as the Earl of Danby afterwards wrote to me, as well by virtue of a former promise, as by way of legacy from his brother-in-law Mons. de Beaulieu, whereupon I was induced to petition for the reversion of the bailiff's place in Jersey, which though his Majesty could not then grant me, he nevertheless promised, as Sir Thomas Aylesbury witnessed to Mr. Comptroller, I should have it when it fell void, but for that I may wait long enough. Sir Philip Carteret, who engaged himself to Lord Dorchester to resign it to me, as may appear by his own letters and other certificates, having got three lives therein to be conferred on his house. Lord Dorchester becoming suitor to his Majesty when Mr. Warwick obtained a reversion of the signet, that it might rather be bestowed on me, was denied it, upon this ground, as his Lordship reported from his Majesty's own mouth, that none but such a young man as Mr. Warwick could live to enjoy it. Being afterwards suitor for a filazer's place in the Court of Common Pleas, I was likewise refused, though since five or six of them have been bestowed upon others; so as having failed of all that ever I sued for, and never reaped one penny allowance for the burden I bore 16 years together of his Majesty's public service under Lord Dorchester, which is without example for all others that were then and since in the like employments have been considered, it is not to be wondered, if, being poor and needy, I am forced to implore your mediation with his Majesty for some consideration, and that, if it may stand with his Majesty's pleasure, through his grant of any one of the suits following. Either of the reversion of Mr. Davies' place, or of that of assistant to the master of the ceremonies lately bestowed on Sir Balthazar Gerbier, and if of neither of these, then, unless it be too great presumption in me, of a clerk's place of the Council, or in case none of the above be thought practicable, that somewhat may be allowed me either in one entire sum or yearly for the intelligence I shall send you from foreign parts, or at least, and that my necessities do chiefly require, that a blank I have under his Majesty's signature for a baronet may be filled. These particulars, though peradventure not very plausible, I am bold to offer, to be either entertained or smothered according as best shall seem to your great wisdom. P.S.—If you hold none of the suits before mentioned feasible, my desire is that you will move his Majesty to grant me, or the persons I shall nominate, the reversion of two or three such filazers or exigenters' places as shall fall void in the Common Pleas next after those already passed to others. [2 pp.]
Sept. 18. 103. Certificate of John Havers. According to the direction of Sec. Windebank, I am contented that Henry Stanley may have a Habeas corpus to go into the country for one month, provided it does not prejudice my execution which I have against him, and that the Warden of the Fleet be secured for his true imprisonment at the month's end. [1 p.]
Sept. 18.
104. Bishop Duppa of Chichester to [Mr. Windham ?]. Your letters are as welcome to me out of the west as they were out of the north, and something more, because your climate yields no news but of obedience and peace, things, it seems, that grow not beyond Berwick. The last news that we heard from thence is, that their Parliament began the 2nd September, but goes not on at all as yet by reason of a difference raised between the nobility and the gentry concerning the choice of the Lords of the Articles, as they call them, the gentry beginning at last to suspect that the nobility would draw the government into their own hands, and as they have shut out the King at one door, so they would shut them out at another. But I fear they will at last do as Herod and Pilate did and join hands to do mischief. The Prince, as he has great reason, very affectionately remembers his nurse. He hastens apace out of his childhood, and is likely to be a man betimes, and an excellent man if my presage deceives me not, and flattery and humoring him, the bane of Princes, do not spoil him. But I will hope the best and do my best as long as I am here. It will not be long, I believe now, before the winter drives you this way, where your lady will be most welcome to the Prince, and I shall heartily joy in your safe return. P.S.—My wife will not be left out in presenting her best respects to Mrs. Windham and yourself. [1 p.]
Sept. 18.
St. Stephen's.
105. Dorothy Countess of Leicester to Sec. Windebank. I am now at Canterbury, and will be at Dover on Saturday, where I desire to find a ship ready to carry me to Bolen [Boulogne], and though I am unknown to you, yet I profess to be your friend and servant. [Seal with crest. 1 p.]
Sept. 18. 106. Minute of a warrant from the Council to [Edmund] Davenport, messenger, to bring before their Lordships John Hannis, of Bishop's Wood, co. Gloucester, George Williams, founder of the said Bishop's Wood furnace, William Shingleton, of Gloucester, and William Little of Lidgeate. [½ p.]
Sept. 18. 107. Statement by John Eyton, sheriff of co. Flint, as to the persons through whom he had paid to Sir William Russell 216l. ship-money levied upon the county in 1638. This appears to have been delivered by John Mostyn with 6l. being the balance of the said 216l. [¾ p.]
Sept. 19. Grant to James Lord Strange and Sir Roger Palmer, of the custody of the body and marriage of Anne Cottington, sole daughter and heir of Lord Cottington, in case he shall die during her minority, and the custody of all lands, tenements, and hereditaments which may come to his Majesty by reason of his Lordship's death during her minority. To have the said wardship for the use and benefit of Lord Cottington and his executors without account, or rendering anything to his Majesty for the same. [Docquet.]
Sept. 19. Warrant to pay to Sir William Russell and Henry Vane, Treasurers of the Navy, 1,826l. upon account, for making two wharfs next the waterside at Chatham Dock, and for repair of the said dock, with all materials and workmanship incident thereunto. The charge whereof will amount to so much as appears by an estimate of the officers of the navy. [Docquet.]
Sept. 19. Grant to Henry Lord Maltravers for 21 years for making and issuing farthing tokens for the use of his Majesty's subjects of England, Wales, and Ireland, with the like distinction of brass, stamps and inscriptions as were mentioned in former letters patents to Lord Maltravers and Sir Francis Crane, deceased, which are now surrendered. There is reserved the yearly rent of 80l. payable at Xmas and Midsummer, and for default of payment, within 40 days after, the grant is to be void. The patentee is to transport or import these tokens to or from England, Ireland, and Wales without payment of any custom or other duty. He is to deliver 21s. in tokens for 20s. sterling money, and to repay 20s. in money for 21s. in farthings for all such tokens of copper distinguished with brass only as by virtue, either of the former or of this present grant have been or shall be made, with other clauses as were inserted in the former letters patents. [Docquet.]
Sept. 19. Warrant appointing Sir Cornelius Vermuyden to be his Majesty's agent for draining Deeping Fen, the Great Level, and other lands and marshes mentioned in the decree at Huntingdon, undertaken by his Majesty, and to hire such artists and workmen with all materials as shall be needful for this business, upon such rates and prices as shall be given in those places. [Docquet.]
Sept. 19. Grant of a dispensation to Nicholas Page, D.D., to hold, together with the rectory of Nutfield, Surrey, the rectory of Wem, Salop, for one year only. [Docquet.]
Sept. 19.
Dover Castle.
108. Sir John Manwood to Sec. Windebank. I have made stay of about four score barrels of powder which belong to merchants, and so might be transported, therefore I beseech you to let me know whether I shall continue the staying of them, or of any other ammunition or provisions that are in the ports or may come in these times. To let you know in what condition the castles are in, I have done it so often, that I need not any more do it. At this present I have but eleven barrels of powder, and for the other castles I believe they have scarce one barrel apiece, but to be a suitor for powder before the cannon be mounted and the castles repaired, especially the platforms, is to no purpose. There is daily a great store of Spanish people ashore and some Hollanders. I sent to prohibit their landing, unless they be people of quality, or upon extraordinary necessities, for there is neither a guard sufficient to keep the peace, nor are the castles in a condition to give assistance. My Lord Warden has commanded me in his absence now to make my address to you, and so, according to your commands, I shall govern myself. [Endorsed by Windebank, 19th Sept. 1639. Sir John Manwood. Rec[eived] the same day and answered the 22nd. 1 p.]
Sept. 19. 109. Copy of the same. [1 p.]
Sept. 19.
110. Sir Anthony Irby, late sheriff of co. Lincoln, to Nicholas. I hope through the example [made] of these men, the residue will be more careful of their service. Their neglect has been [so] great, that though I have often solicited and told them that I must be forced to complain, and that I could not perfect my account without their returns, or else money, yet I could procure neither the one nor the other which I hope they will not deny. Two chief constables are dead, and are much money behind. I cannot get any accouut from their executors, but it is verily thought that they had collected much money within their divisions. I desire that some course may be taken that I may have account from them, or they be enjoined to collect the [ship]money. I would be glad when I come up to bring things perfect, but cannot until I hear from the collectors who are behind and who have paid, which I could never as yet get in particular but only in general. I hope the Lords will enjoin these men to give me an immediate particular account, or to collect the remainder in their divisions, and the others I hope by their example will do the like, rather than run the same course these have done. P.S.—Nathaniel Cony, of Burton, late deceased, and Henry Cony, his executor, Henry Seagrave, lately dead, and Richard Seagrave, of Newton, his executor. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Sept. 19.
Queen Street.
111. Thomas Smith to Sir John Pennington. I am sorry to hear by yours of the 16th that the Spaniards have no money, and now I could wish them in Spain again or in Holland, for I apprehend the danger of their being here, what it may be though, I know not, what it will be. If the French come with " bruslarts" they will set us all in a combustion, for I believe they will not strike, and then we must strike them, though peradventure to our own prejudice, but that punctilio of honour will one day cause more blood to be drawn than ere it will bring profit or honour to our King. The strength of his Majesty's ships is already with you, and what we shall bring with us you know very well what it is, but what strength you have in the Downs by merchant ships I know not. I conceive it would be worth your labour to send my Lord [Admiral] a list of these ships with their burdens and guns, also which are laden and which not. As for their men I know they are much short for a fight, and we can supply them with none, for of the 2,000 men we labour to get for the ten ships which we bring along with us, we have not been able to procure as yet above 300, notwithstanding all possible industry and abundance of letters written from my Lord [of Northumberland] to the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs of London, and to the Vice-Admirals and Deputy-Lieutenants of Essex, Kent, Sussex, Hampshire and to the Lord Warden, so that we are much troubled. 'Tis said that the ships will be ready by this day se'nnight, and then my Lord Admiral intends to come towards you, but whether by land or sea I am ignorant. I conceive likewise that it were worth your labour if, before my Lord came down, you did consider how our fleet, I mean all the English shipping, might suddenly be cast into squadrons, that the work might be quickly done when we come; as also what will be our best advantages of fight, as well for place of riding, or whether at anchor or not, as for form of battalion, and how the Spaniards may assist, and how the forts on shore in case the French should give occasion. It were likewise not unworthy your consideration how the Spaniards may without blows, or with blows from us, be put away out of the Downs in case the King have a mind "to pull down his neighbour's house rather than have his own burnt," or would "thrust out the fox that defiles the badger's nest." This I make bold to put you in mind of, though I doubt not but you have more and better considerations in your present contemplations at this serious time. Concerning your pay, I will store myself with precedents, and then I will give another onset. [Capt.] Povey has received his 15s. per diem. My Lord Deputy [of Ireland] is arrived, but not in London; they still say he will be Lord Treasurer. Lord Newport told me this morning that the King had permitted 500 barrels of powder to go down to the Spanish fleet, but they have it not gratis. You see underwritten the names of the merchant ships which I promised you, and though we have none of your own captains in them, yet they say we have gotten pretty stout fellows, and such as we may want for the present occasion. P.S.—The London, 500 tons, 200 men, James Stevens, captain; the Experience, 400 tons, 160 men, Thomas Davis, captain; the Mary, 400 tons, 160 men, Roger Martin, captain; the Margaret, 400 tons, 160 men, — Brown, captain. [3¾ pp.]
Sept. 19.
Office of Ordnance.
112. Estimate by the Officers of the Ordnance, of the charge of powder, shot, and other munition for furnishing his Majesty's ships the James, the St. Andrew, the Victory, the Vanguard, the Garland, and the Leopard, appointed to the seas by the Lord Admiral's warrant dated the 16th inst. Total, 8,814l. 5s. 10d. [1¾ pp.]
Sept. 20.
113. The King to Montjoy Earl of Newport, Master-General of the Ordnance. By our former commission to you for the sale of gunpowder, you are restrained from delivering any quantity thereof without receiving ready money for the same. We being informed by you that some merchants of London would provide for the use of the King of Spain five hundred barrels of powder at the rate of two shillings the pound, and give their security for payment of the money, upon its delivery in the Downs to that King's Admiral riding with a fleet there, which offer we being well satisfied with, do authorise you to receive their security accordingly. [Attested copy. ½ p.]
Sept. 20.
114. Certificate of Pentecost Doddridge, late mayor of Barnstaple, Devon, to the Council. He received an order from their Lordships dated the 18th August last, requiring the payment of 3l. 10s. by Richard Delbridge; 10s. by Julian Peard, widow; 15s. by Martin Blake, vicar, for arrears of ship-money; in obedience to which order, he has caused notice to be given to the parties either to pay the sums named or to appear before the Lords. Their several answers are as follow:—Delbridge refuses to pay, and will make answer to the same; Peard says she will pay none; and Blake says he will appear, according to order, before the Bishop of Exeter, and render the reasons of his refusal. [1 p.]
Sept. 20.
My house, Drury Lane.
115. Sec. Windebank to Robert Reade, his secretary. These are to require you to make your repair to the house late of Sir Thomas Edmonds, and there to seal up such studies, closets, and also such trunks, chests, or cabinets in the said house as you shall find or believe to contain any despatches or papers of State, which are so to remain till I shall have received his Majesty's pleasure how to dispose of them. [Impression of seal attached. 1 p.]
Sept. 20.
Dover Castle.
116. Sir John Manwood to Sec. Windebank. This night a Spanish colonel, Don Simon Marcarenai, was conducted to me by the officers of St. Peter's, in Thanet, who brought me his letters, which I gave him again, and dismissed him with all the civil respect I could. He told me he would go aboard the Spanish General this night, and tomorrow morning to London, having his addresses thither. He arrived in a sloop from Dunkirk last night, and came ashore this day. I presume he will come to you as soon as he arrives in town. [1 p.]
Sept. 20. 117. Copy of the same. [½ p.]