Charles I - volume 491: July 1642

Pages 348-365

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1641-3. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1887.

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July 1642

July 1. 50. Warrant, signed by the Earl of Manchester and others [Commissioners for the Treasury], to James Kirle, Deputy Constable of the Forest of Dean, William Jones and Thomas Morgan. In obedience to an order of the House of Commons of 21 March you are hereby required to deliver to John Browne, his Majesty's gunfounder, in part payment of the debt of 8,000l. due to him, and payable out of the rent owing by Sir John Wintour, late farmer of woods and lands in Deane Forest, the felled timber remaining unsaleable for ship or house building to be by him converted into cordwood, and spent in the ironworks. We have likewise thought fit that Cannop and Lydbrook furnaces and forge, late in the possession of Sir John Wintour, with their utensils, should be delivered to John Browne, to be employed for converting the said cordwood into charcoal, or for melting the iron ore, during the space of two years and three months. [2 pp.]
July 2,
Aboard H.M.S. The James.
51. Robert Earl of Warwick, Admiral of the fleet in the Narrow Seas, to Sir John Mennes, captain of the Victory. I have sent my Secretary of purpose to you, with a copy of the ordinance of Parliament which I have received since the King's letter came to my hands, which I would have you peruse, and then I doubt not but you will repair aboard of me, as the rest of the captains have done; and I would you likewise to suffer him to read the said ordinance at the mast to all the men of your ship. [2/3 p.]
July 4,
Court at York.
52. Directions from the King to the Judges going on circuit. We call to mind that in former times the constant custom was, by the mouth of the Lord Keeper at the Court of Star Chamber in the end of Trinity Term, to put the Judges of Assize, shortly to depart on their circuits, in mind of such things as were then thought necessary for the good government of the kingdom. This course we so well approve, that although we want the opportunity formerly offered of communicating our thoughts to our Judges for the good of our people, yet we still retain the same care for the safety and prosperity of our good subjects. And much more by how much the distemper and distractions of the present times unhappily fallen have given us more occasion. We have therefore thought fit to supply this defect by these our letters; wherein, besides the general care of our justice committed to us by God, and delegated to you our Judges, we recommend to you in your circuits severally these particulars following:— 1. That you take care for suppressing Popery in the counties by putting the laws in due execution, and stop the over-hasty growth of Anabaptism and other scisms as far as by the laws you may, and to punish the delinquents with an equal hand, especially all exciters of others to disobedience to us and our government. In your charges you shall assure our good subjects, in our name, and on the word of a King, that we are constantly resolved to maintain the true Protestant religion established by law in the Church of England in its purity, without declining either to the right hand or the left, as we found it at our accession, and as it was maintained in the happy times of Queen Elizabeth and King James, and therein [we are resolved] both to live and die.
2nd. You shall let our people of those counties know that, according to our kingly duty and oath, we are resolved to maintain and govern by the laws, and not by any arbitrary power, whatsoever those ill affected to our person or government shall suggest to the contrary. We shall also maintain the just privileges of Parliament as far as ever any of our predecessors have done, and as far as may stand with the justice which we owe to our Crown and the honor thereof; but that we may not nor will admit of any such unwarranted power in either or both Houses of Parliament as in some things has been lately usurped, not only without but against our royal assent and command; and we require you, as occasion shall offer, in a legal way to take care to preserve our just right in those cases.
3rd. We charge you, as having a principal part in the government under us, that you take care for the suppressing of all insurrections, riots, and unlawful assemblies, and that you let those who transgress know that they must expect punishment; and herein we shall look for a due account at your hands.
4th. Because the distempers of these times, stirred up and fomented by some under specious but unjust pretences, are probable to stir up loose and ungoverned persons, under hope of impunity, as far as they dare, to make a prey of our good subjects, we command you to take the best order you can in those counties, and to see that rogues and other disorderly people may be apprehended and punished, whereby the good and quiet may be secured. We command you to give it in charge to all the counties whither you are sent by our commissions that watches and ward be strictly kept in all convenient places.
5th. You shall let the people of those counties know from us, that if they prefer to us, or to you in our stead, anything wherein they hold themselves grieved in a humble and fitting way, and shall desire a just reformation and relief, we shall give a gracious ear to them, and return them such an answer as shall give them cause to thank us for our justice and favour. When you shall have published our clear intentions to our people in these things, in order that they may more fully apprehend our sense therein, you shall deliver a copy of these our letters to the foreman of the Grand Jury and others desiring them. To the end that our services in your circuit may not suffer through the absence of our learned counsel, our will is that you assign in every place of your sessions some of the ablest lawyers who ride that circuit to be counsel for us, to assist in such pleas of the Crown as may be most necessary in the examination and punishment of notorious delinquents. Of all these things we shall expect a good account from you and our other Judges, of whose fidelity and good affections we are confident. Dorso: Two notes in shorthand and the word "Nil." [Copy. 12/3 p.]
July 4,
Aboard H.M.S. The James.
53. Robert Earl of Warwick to Sir John Mennes. I have received an ordinance from both Houses for to command in chief all the ships of the fleet in the Narrow Seas, and to be Admiral with authority to appoint and displace all commanders and officers serving in the same fleet, as I shall see occasion. Forasmuch as you, Sir John Mennes, Captain of the Victory, have contemned my order in not attending a general council held by me, the 2nd of July, on board the James, being summoned thereto, I do, by the authority given me as aforesaid, discharge you of your command of the Victory. [Signed and sealed. 2/3 p.]
July 4. 54. Certificate that John Essington, the King's wood-ward of co. Wilts, has brought in his accounts of the issues and profits of his office, for which process has issued forth for his not accompting, and has passed and cleared the same upon oath before Sir Thomas Trevor and Sir Richard Weston, Barons of Exchequer, seen and allowed of by Sir John Culpepper, Chancellor of the Exchequer. Total remaining in the wood-ward's hands, 244l. 9s. 4d. [1 p.]
July 5. 55. Order of the Lords in Parliament to the Sheriff of co. Stafford, and to Burton Goodwin, gaoler of the prison for that county, that information having been given to that House that Thos, Richards, servant of the Lord Du[nsan]y, had been arrested and imprisoned contrary to the privilege of Parliament, he shall be forthwith set at liberty. [Attested copy, damaged. 1 p.]
July 6,
56. Sir Edward Nicholas to Sir Thomas Roe. The King likes exceedingly well of your defence to the French Ambassador's complaint, and your manner of address. He also takes notice of your hint that the Prince Elector Palatine may happily find better means to compass his ends, in case the Electors shall separate from the Emperor, than now; in which case the King is confident you will use your best industry to make use of any change for the Prince's best advantage. [2/3 p.]
July 7. 57. Bond of Thomas Lenthall, of St. George's parish, Southwark, and Henry Gilbourne, of Woolwich, in 200l. to the King, conditioned that if they or either of them pay the King 127l. 12s. 4d. due to his Majesty from Sir John Lenthall, out of the manor of Lewisham, Kent, by October 30 next, this bond shall be void. Dorso: Liberated by Wm. Collins, the 24th Feb. 1645. [Two seals with devices. Latin and English. 1 p.]
July 7. 58. Warrant for payment to William Wheeler, M.P., the sum of 1,257l. 2s. 11d. out of the four subsidies levied by Act of Parliament for relief of his Majesty's army, in the northern parts, and the garrison of Carlisle. [Damaged by damp. 2 pp.]
July 9,
59. Sir John Bankes and Sir Robert Heath to Sir Robert Foster, one of the Judges of Common Pleas and Justice of Assize at Winchester. We send you a copy of a letter [see 4 July, No. 52] we this day received from the King from Beverley, where his Majesty now is. The reading of it will fully inform you what the King's pleasure is. We shall observe it carefully for our parts, not being able to think of a better way in this strait of time than that the King himself propounds; and we recommend it to you in like manner as his Majesty has directed us. [Seal with arms. [2/3 p.]
July 10,
60. Warrant of Lord Chancellor Littleton and Sir John Culpepper, Chancellor of the Exchequer, to Sir John Wintour, or any of the farmers of the profits of Dean Forest, to pay to Edward Tyringham, for one half year's pension due from his Majesty, 150l. out of the rents and profits of the Forest of Dean; a former order for payment of those monies to the Earl of Salisbury, towards the satisfaction of a debt due to the Earl from his Majesty, notwithstanding. [1 p.]
July 10,
61. Sec. Nicholas to Lawrence Squibb. I pray convey this inclosed to Lord Cottington by the ordinary, or some other speedy way. The money which all the Lords and others have subscribed to pay is to be paid to Mr. Comptroller, and you best know how to send it to him. I have told him you will pay it him. The sum for 20 horse, at 2s. 6d. per diem for one month of 30 days, is 75l.; and so much I have paid for the like number. If you send the money to Mr. Comptroller he will conceal my Lord's name. I do not believe that the Earl of Leicester shall be displaced, but I thank you, however, for Mr. Warde, my friend. [Seal with arms and crest. 1 p.]
July 11. 62. Report of Francis Phelips, William Kingscote, and Richard Kynnesman, concerning the accounts of Sir John Wintour [feefarmer of his Majesty's lands in the Forest of Dean]. Difficulties in obtaining correct data on which to base their estimates. The survey taken in January 1638 mentions 105,557 trees to be growing in the forest at that time, upon which his Majesty's contract with Sir John Wintour was grounded, and the wood and timber was valued at 120,261l. 2s. 2d. [2 pp.]
July 11. 63. Notes relative to the conditions under which [Henry] Lord Spencer holds his lands, and the powers he possesses for disposition of the same. By an indenture dated 27 June, 15 Car., power is given him to make leases of all his manors and lands, except Wormleighton house and his lady's jointure for life, &c. By a power given him by force of a proviso contained in an indenture 30 June, 18 Car., he demises to the Earls of Southampton and Leicester, and others, the manors here specified. By a writing under his hand, 11 July 1642, Lord Spencer declares the trustees should pay out of the profits of his land the sums following:—To Lady Lucy Sydney, 1,000l.; to his Lady, 3,000l.; to Dorothy, his daughter, at her marriage, 10,000l.; to his child en ventre sa mère, 7,000l. Inquiry is to be made,—1st, what yearly rents for lands within the lease made to the Earls of Southampton and Leicester and others, usually let to tenants for seven years before 27 June 1639, were payable and answered at that date: 2nd, what was the true yearly value of the demesne lands within the said lease which at that date, or seven years before, had not been usually let out to tenants. Note.—The lands in jointure to both the Lady Spencers, and all lands which were in lease for lives, 27 June 1639, are not within the lease made to the Earls of Southampton and Leicester, and so not to be comprised within the above values. [Dorso: References to Burnet's works in a later hand. 2 pp.]
July 12. 64. Richard Jay to his cousin Endymion Porter. Thanks him for soliciting his brother's suit at Court so successfully. I left 300l. with James Hanam to be delivered to Tom. Jay when he should say the business trusted to him was done. [1 p.] Annexed,
64. i. Thomas Jay to [William Jay ?]. This paper concerns Mr. Murrey as it does you. I have made your cause against Carew worthy the cognizance of the Court. It is to be heard next Thursday. You should get the King, to speak to Mr. Attorney that your cause being, his Majesty's, may be heard first. You must be careful to send the money for the counsel's fees, and be present to instruct counsel. Gives a note of the legal expenses of thé suit, which amount to 23l. 4s. [1p.]
[July 12.] 65. Abstract of the Commission from both Houses of Parliament, appointing the Earl of Essex [Captain General of the Parliamentary forces, &c.] The Earl shall have power to raise forces, &c. of all kinds meet for the war in all counties, and to lead them against all enemies, traitors, and rebels, and to employ the same for preserving the safety of his Majesty's person, defence of the Parliament, and conservation of this realm and the subjects thereof in peace from all unlawful violence, oppression, and force, howsoever countenanced by any pretended commission or authority from his Majesty or otherwise. He shall have power to assign, &c., and shall be assisted by a provost-marshal for the execution of his commands according to this ordinance, also to command all forts, castles, and ships, and to give instructions for the punishment of all mutinies, tumults, and misdemeanours according to the customs of war. The Earl, commanders, and officers in the execution of the premises shall be saved harmless, and defended by the power and authority of both Houses of Parliament. [Endorsed: "Earl of Essex' Commission; perfect abstract. 1 p.]
[July 12.] 66. Another copy of the same. [1 p.]
[July 13.] 67. Petition of the 40 yeomen warders of the Tower to the House of Commons. That they are tied to extraordinary services night and day, and are now behind and unpaid their wages 2¼ years ended at Midsummer last, whereby they are forced to take up provisions on trust at excessive dear rates. Pray for payment of arrears and some reward for their extraordinary services. Underwritten,
67. i. Ordered. That this petition be specially recommended to the Commissioners of the Treasury, who are requested to take it into their particular consideration and appoint a speedy redress. H. Elsynge, Clerk of the Commons. [1 p.]
July 14. 68. Warrant signed by the Earl of Manchester, Viscount Say and Sele, and Lord Newburgh [Commissioners of the Treasury], to Sir Charles Harbord, Surveyor-General, or his deputy, with Auditors Phillips and Kynnesman. Whereas the depositions taken relative to the profits accruing out of Deane Forest, by virtue of a grant to Sir John Wintour, are an insufficient charge against him, and prejudicial to his Majesty's interest, and the said Sir John Wintour has undertaken to charge himself upon oath with the correctness of his estimates; these are to require you to take the account of Sir John Wintour being delivered in upon oath as aforesaid, and to prepare the same to be declared before us by the 9th of Aug. next. [1 p.] Dorso,
68. i. Minute of an order to make out a lease for 21 years of certain premises at the yearly rent of 6s. 8d., payable to the housekeeper of Whitehall. [¼ p.]
July 14. 69. Copy of the same. [1 p.]
[July 14.] 70. Order for a Commission to be issued under the Great Seal to Sir Chas. Harbord, James Kyrle, Deputy Constable of Deane Forest, Charles Bridgman, Thos. Morgan, and Auditors Phillips and Kynnesman, to take the account of Sir John Wintour touching the Forest of Dean upon oath, and to take examinations upon oath for testing his account, and to return the commission, examinations, and account the first return of Michaelmas Term next. [Minute. ½ p.]
July 15. 71. Order of the Commons. Mr. Cromwell having sent down arms into co. Cambridge for defence of that county, Sir Dudley North is to pay him the 100l. he received from Mr. Crane, late high sheriff, and which remained in Mr. Crane's hands for coat and conduct money. [Printed in the Commons' Journals, ii., 674. ½ p.] Dorso,
71. i. Memorandum by Oliver Cromwell. That he has received the above 100l. from Sir Dudley North in satisfaction of arms sent by him to Mr. Blackly of Cambridge, a high constable for the county, to be disposed of by Lord North, Lord Lieutenant of the said county. July 19, 1642. [½ p.]
71. ii. The account of Sir Dudley North for 100l. which he received June 13, 1642, of Wm. Crane, gent., of East Smithfield, by the appointment of John Crane of Cambridge, Esq. That he paid it all to Oliver Cromwell, Esq., one of the members of the House of Commons, as is expressed by the above acquittance; the said payment being directed by Order of the Commons, dated 15 July, 1642. [½ p.]
71. iii. Certificate by James Gregorie and Lawr. Brinley. That on the 22nd April 1645 Sir Dudley North delivered this account upon oath. [3 lines.]
July 15. 72. Certificate of John Worfield and George Bingley that the accounts of Sir William Uvedale, Treasurer of his Majesty's Chamber for the years ending Michaelmas 1636, 1637, 1638, are delivered to the auditors, and are ready to be declared; and his account for the year 1639 is lately delivered to the auditors and is now in examination. [¼ p.]
July 16,
The Court at Lincoln.
73. The King to [Edward Heron], high sheriff of county Lincoln. Upon the motion of Lord Willoughby of Eresby we granted a warrant for issuing 500 arms out of our magazine of Hull, to be distributed amongst those of your county whose arms miscarried in the northern expedition. Finding that the county has not received the benefit of that intended grace, but that they have been otherwise applied and are now concealed; also that the magazine of powder and bullet and the recusants' arms are scattered in many private hands, useless for the service of the country upon any pressing occasion; these are to require you to make search wherever there shall be any suspicion of any such concealment, and to certify us of such arms as are found, and to see that they are forthcoming until you receive our further pleasure. You are likewise to possess yourself of all the country's magazine and recusants' arms within the county, and to cause the same to be brought to Lincoln, there to be disposed of as Lord Willoughby and the rest of the Commissioners of Array shall direct. [Attested copy. ¾ p.]
July 17. 74. Bond of John Simpson, clerk, of London, in 1,000l., to John Hunt, sergeant-at-arms, conditioned that whereas John Simpson, now prisoner in Ely House, was committed to the custody of the sergeant-at-arms, but upon suit to the Committee of Examinations is to be discharged upon bail for his appearance before the House of Commons or the said Committee within six days after summons, when this obligation to be void. [Three seals with devices. Latin and English. 1 p.]
July 18,
75. Sir John Danvers to [Sir Thos. Roe]. The Diurnals of the House of Commons and the passages of the Northern parts in print, delivering much news to believe or reject, might be well imitated if one should write the various news by reports and letters from confident wisemen in some opinions. The speeches and declarations upon the King's being at Newark and Lincoln will show you the great hopes in those countrymen for the defence of his Majesty's person and rights. Whilst it is said that Lord Strange has, by a kind of wile insinuating his passage through Manchester, seized the arms and chief opposers to his Commission of Array, and so holds that town under command with a mighty concurrence of that whole shire. At a conference this afternoon news from Sir John Hotham was delivered, that a late new attempt was [made] upon Hull to have been performed by a signal which Sir John made use of to draw the Cavaliers within reach of their soldiers in the night time, and as soon [as they approached] made shot with artillery, when, after[wards it] was found that some hurt had been done, but not known upon what persons.
Lord Mandeville, being speaker of the Lords, declared their resolution to live and die in defence of the Parliament's proceeding for general preservation.
The Earl of Holland by indisposition seems to have been retarded on his way to York. Whether it makes his business with the two Committees of the Commons more acceptable or no is not yet understood. And as some may suppose it possible that lord's person may make the business somewhat less acceptable through his Majesty's supposed distaste of the man, so may the Earl of Bristol's endeavours with concurrence of Court lords, though likely to be real in his intention for his own best interest, be nevertheless retarded by jealousies. I have received as yet no letters out of Scotland.
I suppose Sir John Hamilton with his wife and children will proceed on their way to-morrow, in conduct of Marquis Hamilton's daughter into Scotland, that is to marry the Marquis of Argyle's son.
The Swedes have had so double and treble victories in Germany, that at Piccolomini's seeking to rally the dispersed broken troops, which he drew to about 8,000 men, he was overthrown and wholly routed, and at least 3,000 carriages were taken by the Swedes, with 40 cannon.
The French have had a naval victory over the Spanish galleys, and that King coming to Lyons now has taken his brother into favour and protection, who was of the late great party with M. le Grand, &c., which is strictly under examination though diffusive in its combination. God send you a happy journey and return. [3 pp.]
July 18. 76. Petition of the Grand Jury attending the Assizes in the county of Southampton, to the King. We your most loyal subjects, being hereunto encouraged and emboldened by your gracious expressions in your letters to the Judges of Assize of 4 July 1642, the copy whereof by your royal command was imparted to us, do in all humility beseech you to take into your commiseration the distracted condition which we and the rest of your faithful subjects are under by reason that the proceedings in Parliament, your highest and safest Council, and our sanctuary and refuge, on which we relied for redress of our insupportable grievances, have been beyond all expectation retarded; besides our fears and grief are in a high measure augmented for that many of those worthy, faithful, and able gentlemen in our county who were in commission for the peace, and on whom the eyes of us all were fixed for relief in our miseries, support for our religion and laws, and maintenance of our peace, are now displaced, by which means our hopes which were tottering before are now much more shaken and weakened. Vouchsafe, dread Sovereign, to regard your petitioners, who are all with bleeding hearts prostrate at your royal feet, imploring your clemency to revive our withered and dying hopes by affording to your Parliament the influence of your gracious favour, presence, and happy concurrence, for we are most assured that there is not greater need of the bright beams of the sun to ripen the corn and other fruits of the earth at this present than of your Majesty's presence and assistance to perfect and bring to maturity the ardently desired harvest after the so long-continued, indefatigable, and faithful pains of your great and wisest Council. Suffer us not in the depth of our fears to be destitute of the comfort we reaped by the countenance, justice, and assistance of those religious and able gentlemen, who are thus disenabled to preserve the peace and security of your faithful subjects in this county, and discourage the wicked and licentious, who, by the law and your special charge, are to be suppressed with condign punishment. Subscribed by 15 signatures. [1 p.]
July 18. 77. The humble remonstrance and declaration of the High Sheriff, Justices of the Peace, and gentlemen of the Grand Jury of Essex assembled at Chelmsford, to the King. We being fully assured of your Majesty's pious and real intention expressed in your several declarations, and in the late letter directed to Sir Thos. Mallet, judge of assize for this county, and by him published to us, manifesting your zealous resolution to maintain the true Protestant religion in its purity against the practices of Papists and insolencies of Sectaries, to uphold the laws and to maintain the privileges of Parliament and the liberties of your subjects, and not to infringe any Act, consented unto by your Majesty this Parliament; in full and assured confidence of your just observation thereof, we do promise to assist your Majesty with our persons lives, and fortunes whensoever you shall command us for safety of your royal person and posterity, and defence of your rights and just prerogatives, according to our faith, allegiance, and late protestation. [Copy. ¾ p.]
July 17,19,
78. Informations and examinations taken the 17th and 19th July, before William Longland, mayor of Winchester, and Edward White, J.P. of that city, touching the supposed poisoning of Prince Henry, King James, and the Duke of Lennox. Richard Mumford deposed that on the 16th July he heard one Richard Robertson affirm that King Charles had a hand in the poisoning of these three. On his examination, on the same day, Richard Robertson said that his words were, "King Charles knew of his father's being poisoned." Subjoined,
78. i. Information of Thomas Ridley to the same effect, taken on the 19th July. On his second examination Richard Robertson said that at the time these words were supposed to be spoken [he was excited with drink]. He further said that about 22 years ago he was serving as a volunteer in the Palatinate. [1½ pp.]
July 19. 79. Daniel Baynham to Thomas Hallam, at the Lord Keeper's lodgings at the Court at York or Beverley. To the effect that he is leading a jolly life in town, but money is scarce, "the Lady Pecunia" having gone out of town, and much moan is made for her absence. [1 p.]
July 20. Impeachment preferred by the Commons this day, at the Bar of the Upper House, against [the nine Peers who went to York], viz., Spencer Earl of Northampton, Wm. Earl of Devonshire, Henry Earl of Dover, Henry Earl of Monmouth, Charles Lord Howard of Charleton, Robert Lord Rich, Charles Lord Grey of Ruthyn, Thos. Lord Coventry, and Arthur Lord Capell. Their impeachment was inaugurated in the House of Commons the 16th June, and carried up to the Lords 20 July, at which time, the Lords being in their robes, Lord Kimbolton, Speaker pro tem., pronounced the sentence against the nine lords as here recited. Judgment was given against them that they should not sit nor vote in the Lords' House during this Parliament; that they should not enjoy the privileges of Parliament as members of the same; that they should stand committed to the Tower during the pleasure of this House. [The sentence is printed in Lords' Journals, vol. v., p. 223. See Interregnum, G. 113, p. 727. Copy. 2 pp.]
[July 20.] 80. Order of the House of Commons. That the judges and justices of assize be required in their several circuits to publish, at the next assizes to be held throughout England and Wales, that the Lords and Commons in Parliament have resolved that the Commissions of Array [lately issued by the King] are against law and the liberty and property of the subject, and that all who assist in putting the same in execution shall be esteemed disturbers of the peace of the kingdom and betrayers of the liberty of the subject. [Printed in Commons' Journals, ii., 682. Damaged by damp. 1 p.]
July 20. 81. Order of the Lords and Commons. That the treasurers at London for the contribution for Ireland shall pay 200l. to Lord Theodore Docwra for his sufferings by the cruelty of the rebels in Ireland, and in consideration of the worth of Henry Lord Docwra, his father, deceased, and his great services to the Crown of England. [Printed in Lords' Journals, v., 224. 1½ pp.] Underwritten,
81. i. Receipt by Lord Theodore Docwra for 200l. from the treasurers in London for the contribution for Ireland, August 1, 1642. [¼ p.]
81. ii. Memorandum written on fly-leaf by John Pym. I shall take it as a favour if the treasurers will be pleased forthwith to pay Lord Docwray, and I likewise assure myself it will be very acceptable to both Houses of Parliament.— Jo. Pym, July 1642. [¼ p.]
81. iii. I am content that the Lord Docwra be paid this order. —Nicholas Loftus. [2 lines.]
July 20. 82. The like. To pay Lady Elizabeth Gray [or Grey] 200l., the cruelty of the rebels in Ireland having brought her to great extremity. [Printed in the Lords' Journals, v., 225. 1¼ pp.] Underwritten,
82. i. W. Wheler to Mr. Booker. I pray despatch the party that brings this order on the behalf of my Lady Gray, being a deserving lord's mother, and for charity's sake. 26 July 1642. [3 lines.]
82. ii. Sir Henry Mildmay to the same. This lady is of great birth and quality, mother to [Henry] Earl of Stamford, and grandmother to Lord [Tho.] Gray, a lord dear to the House of Commons, I pray you give her respect according to her worth, and pay her the money which the Parliament hath given her, or else it will be very ill taken, what note soever is before her. August 5. [½ p.]
82. iii. Receipt by Lady Elizabeth Gray [widow of Sir John Grey, of Groby] for the above 200l., 9 August 1642. [6 lines.]
July 20. 83. The like. To pay 50l. to Roger Hodges, a poor distressed minister, lately driven out of Ireland, by the rebels there, from all his means and fortunes. [Printed in the Lords' Journals, v., 225. 1 p.] Annexed,
83. i. Receipt by Roger Hodges for 50l. received from the treasurers at London for the contribution for Ireland, August 2, 1642. [½ p.]
July 20,
84. Sec. Nicholas to Sir Thomas Roe. The county of Lincoln has shewed itself beyond all expectation affectionate and ready to serve the King, in token whereof they will levy and defray 400 horse and horsemen, to be commanded as the King shall direct. They are upon raising of them, and the King has appointed four captains over them, gentlemen of the same county and estated therein.
At Beverley, on Saturday last, the Earl of Holland delivered a petition in the name, of both Houses to the King, carrying more show of accommodation than all the former. The answer thereto was given this day. By my next I shall send you both printed. This day the King has gone towards Leicester to settle well that county and the parts thereabouts, and returns on Wednesday next. The University of Oxford has voluntarily sent in 10,000l. to the King, and that of Cambridge a fair proportion also.
I have received your last despatch of the 22nd past, and seen your letter to the Prince Elector, by which gathering that you will be on the way back, I pray for your good return.
P.S.—By fresh letters from Dublin I hear that Lord Inchiquin, son-in-law to the President of Munster deceased, set lately upon 4,000 rebels in their trenches, routed them, and killed 700, being but 500 strong in all of ours; also that the Earl of Cork's sons do daily good service in their circles. [1 p.]
July 21,
85. Sir John Danvers to Sir Robert Foster, Justice of Assize for the Western Circuit. I forgot to tell you in my last that a letter from one of the Secretaries, familiarly to Mr. Selden, seemed to marvel at that reason which should or did invite his concurrence in the vote of the illegality of the Commission of Array, which, as it is said, produced the point scored by Mr. Selden in the printed copy, and wondering how those that understood Latin did not find it, which seems to have checked the great lawyers' judgment at York, and, as is also said, is like to procure a new Commission more legal as for appearance at the Musters, as you can tell better than I what is meant. The treaty for entertainment of the Scots in Ireland being finished in Parliament, the King sent [it] back with interlinings not to allow the Parliament to determine their continuance for time and number, but to reserve it so to his own pleasure as, in consequence, may render that charge a perpetual imposition; which gives pause to their Commissioners till they receive direction what to do, or whether a contract only with their paymasters may be sufficient security to go on and off.
This day letters came from the Earl of Holland intimating the reception of the petition by the King, who, speaking some words against the comprehending scope as not being drawn into particulars, and thence taking time to make answer in a short time, which my Lord and his fellow Committees seem to attend on the place; some overtures by the way made by Lord Holland's letters, declaring the great court and application made to the King in the Northern parts may seem under censure, but hoped all may grow to a settlement of peace, for I do not see but that weapons may be deposited on all hands, and then the best men will carry the business. Now I hear that Lord Holland, &c. were received Saturday night after supper, and the matter referred to the morrow's Council, and so trained on till Monday and after, with at least a possibility the King may first perform his progress into Lancashire and two other counties before answer [be given].
In the meantime the Navy keeps united under the Earl of Warwick. Sir John Hotham has taken in two vessels laden one with corn, the other with wine, whereby he succours himself and prevents his opposers.
It is certain that the Duchess of Chevreux, who durst not stay in England, and likes not to stay in Flanders, nor longer in the dry expectation of the Spaniards, has been a great discoverer of the French plot as also joined with the inconstancy of Monsieur; by which there is a certain preparation for a very great execution of the great prime men in the conspiracy, to be effected at a great meeting of the Chancellor and Judges at a town towards Avignon. [Seal with arms and crest. 2 pp.]
July 22,
86. Lawrence Squibb to Sir John Wintour. The Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, upon consideration of the letter you sent me, together with the information of Sir Bainham Throckmorton and partners, how you slighted their Lordships' warrant, gave me order to let you know how ill they take it at your hands you should refuse to do that which so much concerns his Majesty's service, and no inconvenience or prejudice to yourself; and therefore they require you to attend them at the Painted Chamber at 2 o'clock on Friday next to give account of your refusal.
Concerning John Browne's business I only give you intimation, as from myself, that he complains that you refuse to deliver him those forges or furnaces for the spending the wood he has bought, which you yourself did consent to, and which is alleged you make no use of; and this they take to be a great disservice to his Majesty on your part, and have given Mr. Browne order to inform the House of Commons therewith. I shall persuade Mr. Browne what I can to forbear until I hear from you, hoping that this may be composed without coming to that place, which cannot but be inconvenient to you. If my poor advice might be taken, I should persuade you rather to yield a little in this, though to your loss, than to risk the displeasure of the Lords [of the Treasury], which perhaps you may feel upon the making up and allowing of your accounts. [1 p.]
July 25,
87. John Lord Poulett to Sir Robert Foster, Judge of Assize for county Somerset. There is a suit between my tenants of Kingston Seymour, co. Somerset, and their parson concerning the payment of tithes, to be heard before you at the assizes at Bath. They have so far prevailed with me as to get these in their behalf to desire you to hear the cause, which I know you would do without my motion. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
July 25. 88. Petition of the Grand Jury for county Somerset, at the Assizes holden at Bath, to the King. It pleased you to declare to your loving subjects, by several expresses and printed declarations, and by your letter now published to us, that your resolution is to maintain the laws, and not to govern by any arbitrary power, and that you are most careful and tender of the peace of the kingdom ; and it is your royal pleasure that if the people shall hold themselves grieved, they shall have liberty, in an humble manner, to present their petitions to your Majesty. They protest that the Commission of Array is illegally issued for their county, and pray that his Majesty will speedily recall the same ; also that he will remove nearer to the Parliament, to advise with them for the speedy relief and reduction of Ireland, the composing of all divisions, and redress of all remaining grievances; and we, as duty obliges us, will continually pray for your long and prosperous reign over us. Subscribed by 15 signatures. [=2 pp.]
July 25,
89. Innocent Rashe to Thomas Legh, at Edward Brooke's house in the Old Bailey. My master begs you to send him Lord Holland's petition to the King, and the King's answer and the Parliament's resolution. Lord Brooke has made great preparation for his castle. He has great store of men in it, and they say he gives to divers men 4s. 8d. a week; but how this money is to be paid few do know, but supposed by the country, which they can very ill spare, when there is no need of that unnecessary charge; but jealousies and fears in these days arise when there is none or very little reason for them. His Lordship would have had the armour which the country brought to one Tibbot's shop in Warwick to be dressed, but the man told his Lordship that if he or any other of his company took any away he would kill them, though he were hanged within an hour after; and Sir [Edward] Peyto would have had the fellow committed to prison, but his Lordship let him alone, and he was sent for to the castle, but went not. [Seal with arms and crest. 1 p.]
July 27,
90. Sec. Nicholas to Sir Thomas Roe. My last to you was from York this day se'nnight. You will now receive enclosed the petition delivered here by the Earl of Holland, and the King's answer he carried back to London, which we understand is not at all relished, as we hoped it might have been, and that thereupon the preparations there for war are eagerly pursued. You may then judge how small cause the King has to slacken the necessary provisions for his own security.
The King is this afternoon returned hither from Leicestershire. He was last week gladsomly received by above 10,000 of the gentry and better sort of inhabitants of that county, all cheerfully submitting to his obedience, as they had before done to his Commission of Array.
Dr. Bastwick, Sir Henry Ludlow's son, and two other famous firebrands of this State, who had attended the Parliament Committee there, and were stealing away secretly after them, provided of buffcoats and long pistols, were there discovered, laid fast, and ordered to be brought safe to York Castle. The magazine, awhile since conveyed from Leicester by the Earl of Stamford to his house, was delivered up to the King on Monday, and then distributed into confidential hands.
A petition was there tendered to the King from the High Sheriff and others of the county of Essex [see No. 77], placing themselves and their fortunes at his service and disposal. Likewise a subscription of the county of Leicester to raise and maintain at their own charge sixscore horse and horsemen, and sixscore more will be added by such gentlemen and others well-affected to his Majesty as could not be present at Leicester during his short stay; which horse are to be continued together in pay for the King, and to be commanded by his directions. There is order taken for present issuing of money towards satisfaction of arrears due to the King's foreign ministers, and I hope your agent will at London have his proportion thereof for your use. The Earl of Leicester is now on his way going for Ireland, with 50,000l. for payment of the army there. [1¾ pp.]
July 28,
91. Wm. Marquis of Hertforde to Sir Robert Foster, Judge of the Western Assizes. The bearer, John Slye, whom I find very affectionate to the King's service, fell into a misfortune April last was twelvemonth, for which his desire is to pass his trial this assizes, and not to be bound over to the next. I pray you afford him all the lawful favour you may. [Two seals with arms and coronet. 1 p.]
July 28,
Court at Beverley.
92. Receipt by the King for 500l., lent by Inigo Jones, Surveyor of Works, which he promises to satisfy again. [Copy. ¼ p.]
July 28. 93. Warrant of the Committee of Lords and Commons for the safety of the kingdom to the Treasurers of money and plate for raising of horse and horsemen for the defence of King and Parliament. Whereas it is ordered that the several captains, lieutenants, cornets, and quartermasters of each troop shall receive the sum of 280l., to be divided amongst them according to these proportions, viz., to every captain 140l., every lieutenant 60l., every cornet 50l., and every quartermaster 30l., for the instant preparing and furnishing themselves with horse, furniture, arms, and whatsoever else is necessary, according to their several places and offices which they hold in the troop ; and these moneys to issue out of the 10,000l. appointed to be paid out by the Treasurers of money and plate brought into the Guildhall, London, for the raising of horse, horsemen, and arms for the defence of the King, Parliament, and kingdom. It is therefore now further ordered that the said Treasurers do upon sight hereof deliver the sum of 280l. to Captain Thomas Lydcott, one of the captains appointed for this service, for furnishing himself and the officers of his troop as above specified. [Copy. 1 p.]
[July 28.] 94. Petition of the workmasters for themselves and the workmen employed under them in his Majesty's works in the Great Level of the Fens in the Isle of Ely, to the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. Petitioners are informed that the sum of 24,000l. was issued to John Latch, Expenditor-General for the said works, for which they contracted with Sir Cornelius Vermuyden, and have now drained about 150,000 acres. The said Latch having in his hands 7,000l. of the King's money but neglecting to make payment, petitioners are brought to great distress. Pray that the sums of money now due to them, which amount to 3,500l., may be paid. Underwritten,
94. i. Let [Sir Charles Harbord,] Surveyor-General, and Mr. Auditor Gwynn certify us what is due to these petitioners. [1 p.] Annexed,
94. ii. Certificate that it is not possible without fuller accounts to know what really remains still unpaid to the petitioners ; but according to Vermuyden's books there remains still due by the King 4,469l. 6s. 4d. We do not find how any present money can be raised of Mr. Latch's lands or estate towards payment of the debt of 7,573l. 13s. 1d., charged upon him by his accompt, except by his lands within the Great Level. Signed, C. Harbord, Wm. Gwynn, 28 July 1642.
July 28,
Deputation from Henry Earl of Holland, Chief Justice of Forests, &c., to Thos. Earl of Southampton, Sir Wm. Uvedale, and ten others named, to execute in his stead the office of justice within the New Forest, co. Southampton, with authority to hear and determine all pleas and causes of the forest, parks, and warrens, and to do all things pertaining to the preservation of the said forest. [See Vol. ccclxxxiv., pp. 130–2. Copy = 1½ pp.]
July 30,/Aug. 9,
95. Richard Brown to Sir Thomas Roe. The cause of my late silence has been a journey which by the King's command I suddenly took to the French Court, in Bas Languedoc, purposely to vindicate his Majesty and clear you from the false accusation exhibited to the Upper House by the French ambassador in England, and in the King's name to demand reparation and satisfaction for his error committed as well in the matter itself as in the manner of his proceeding. I have, concerning this business, had two audiences from M. de Chavigny, and one, a very long one, with the King, the brief account whereof is that they will not believe but that you have made the overture, &c., nor will they give further satisfaction for the ambassador's carriage than only to say that he communicated the affair to some of his friends of the Parliament-house, but without intention it should so prematurely be divulged. I have concerning this business written two long despatches to Secretary Nicholas, whereof I would willingly send you copies were I assured what way you take, and where they might find you, being now upon your return for England, where I doubt not but that Mr. Secretary will communicate them to you.
Concerning the restitution of the Palatinate, they here think they do us great service and contribute much thereunto in continuing the war with the House of Austria, and sure I am we are very little beholding to them for this courtesy, for we know too well whose interest keeps this war on foot; and give me leave to tell you that if the French once take Perpignan, as they are now in a fair way unto it, to my seeming a peace must not be thought of a long time, or else must be upon most hard if not shameful conditions on the Spaniards' side. So that, doubtless, were we once united at home, there might yet be a very fair game dealt us for the recovery of the Palatinate.
All that I can learn concerning the assembly at Mentz is that they who offered nothing beyond protection would now accept of neutrality, which I believe you may have better discovered on that side.
You are like to find Mr. Percy in Holland. Sir Francis Windebank is with his family retired from Paris to Aubigny, so that I have not this great while seen him. [3 pp.]
July 30,
96. Nicholas Crisp to Sir Robert Foster, justice of assize for Devon. Myself and some of my fellow partners, the King's late Farmers of the Customs, are, as we have just cause to believe, undeservedly prosecuted in law by one William Blackhall for a pretended promise, or rather a free gift; and though we never had conference with him but at London, yet it seems we are enforced to defend ourselves as far as Exeter, and to that end have sent down the bearer, Mr. Butts. And understanding that your Lordship rides that circuit, I have presumed to desire nothing but your lawful and just favour for his despatch, leaving the cause to your grave consideration according to its merit. [Seal with arms. ½ p.]
July 30. 97. Order of the House of Commons. Foster being now the sole judge of assize for the Western circuit, he is directed to proceed against Lewis Larder and Henry Browne of Bridport, Dorset, at the next assizes, for having uttered scandalous words against this House, the proceedings thereof, and divers members of the same. [Damaged by damp. 1¼ p.]