Charles I - volume 497: February 1643

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1641-3. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1887.

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'Charles I - volume 497: February 1643', in Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1641-3, (London, 1887) pp. 441-447. British History Online [accessed 20 April 2024]


February 1643

Feb. 1. 20. Bond for repayment of 5l. advanced by William Lawson, gent., of Warwickshire, to Robert Lord Brooke upon security of an ordinance of Parliament authorising the Lord Lieutenants and Committee of Parliament for cos. Stafford and Warwick to assess the inhabitants towards the maintenance of the garrisons, officers, and soldiers to be raised in those counties for defence of the King, Parliament, and kingdom. The 5l. to be repaid out of the first money so levied. Endorsed: Lent to the Lord Brook. [1 p.]
Feb. 4,
Warwick House.
21. [Robert Earl of Warwick] to all captains, lieutenants, and other officers attending at the courts of guard at Ring Cross and Kingsland. Complaint hath been made to me by my tenants of my lands at Highbury that some disorderly soldiers under the command of the captains that attend at the courts of guard at Ring Cross and Kingsland make great spoil of my woods and fences thereabouts. These are to require you to give strict order to all private soldiers under your command to carry themselves more orderly than heretofore, and not commit any more such spoil in my woods and fences; that I may not have just cause to take such further course therein as will not be pleasing to them. [Draft. 1p.]
Feb. 5,
Treasury Chamber, Westminster.
22. Commission and instructions from the Committee for the Navy, signed by Northumberland, Warwick, and Holland, for Thomas Rabnet, captain and master in his Majesty's pinnace the Henrietta, employed for guard of the rivers Thames and Medway. He is to ply between Tilbury Hope and the river's mouth; to take special care to stay all powder, shot, and munition he has cause to think is embezzled from the stores of his Majesty's Navy; to take care the fishermen use no trawls, contrary to the King's proclamation; to suffer no picaroons or petty men of war of any country to disturb the trade of his Majesty's subjects; to apprehend all privateers and sea-rovers, &c. [Damaged by damp. 3 pp.]
Feb. 6. Order signed by George Lord Chandos and 13 others, chief inhabitants of the county of Gloucester, to the High Constables of the hundred of Westminster in the same county. Whereas his Majesty's army, under the command of Prince Rupert, having advanced into this country and subdued the town of Cirencester, his Majesty intends to settle garrisons therein for preservation of the peace and reducing the county to his obedience; in furtherance of this object the Prince has called before him the greater part of the chief inhabitants, and demanded 3,000l. for raising forces to put in garrison, and 4,000l. per month for maintenance of the same, whereby to save the soldiers from being necessitated to break out upon the country. We, the said inhabitants, being convinced of the necessity of these measures for the preservation of the peace of the county and for avoiding of the calamities of war, have resolved and agreed for the good of the country to use our endeavours to raise these sums upon the country and the county of the city of Gloucester, to be paid proportionably to the said garrisons; we, therefore, not doubting that the inhabitants of your hundred will be careful of their own goods, do will and require you that on sight hereof you assemble the inhabitants, and exhort them, for their own good, to pay the sums here underwritten when you have divided and distributed the same, which you are to collect and pay over in two separate payments, the first moiety within 10 days after the date hereof and the other 10 days later, the money to be delivered to the persons at the several garrisons authorised by the Prince to receive the same. And hereof you are not to fail. Underwritten,
i. It is agreed for ease of the country that if any shall desire to pay in provisions in lieu of the money assessed upon them, they shall be admitted to the extent of the moiety of 4,000l., to pay in the one half of the sums assessed upon them after the following rates:—wheat 5s., barley 2s. 6d., oats 1s. 8d., pulse 2s., malt 2s. 10d. per bushel, beefd., muttond., bacon 5d., butter 5d., cheesed. per lb. It is also agreed that rack-renters are to lay down the moneys rated on the lands by them rented, the same to be allowed by their landlords at the next rent day.
ii. Table of the particular rates of the townships in Westminster hundred. [Copy. 1 p. See Interregnum, 736, p. 987.]
Feb. 11. 23. Order of the House of Commons. That the members of this House do forthwith bring in the names of all persons that have been appointed to receive any sum or sums of money for the raising of horse, horsemen, and arms for defence of the King, Parliament, and kingdom in the several counties, to the Clerk of the House, who shall deliver the said notes to some of the Committee of Lords and Commons for advance of money for the army, which Committee shall require the said treasurers and receivers to repair to them and pass their several accounts. [Printed in Commons' Journals, ii., 962. Broadside damaged.]
Feb. 14. 24. Ordinance of Parliament for raising money upon Papists, delinquents, and such as have been in actual war or contributed to the war against the Parliament, for maintaining the forces raised in Lincolnshire. [Printed in Commons' Journals, ii., 964. ½ p.]
Feb. 15. 25. The like for repayment by Sir Gilbert Gerard, treasurer for the army, of the 4,000l. with interest at 8 per cent. taken up upon the security of Sir William Waller, Serjeant-Major General of co. Gloucester and adjacent cos., and Messrs. Stephens, Hodges, Genner, and Ashe, M.P.s for the advance and furnishing out of the forces to be employed in co. Gloucester. [Printed, Ibid. ½ p.]
Feb. 15. 26. Account of beer and ale delivered to Francis Lord Cottington at Broad Street, from Jan. 11, 1641–2, to Dec. 30, 1642, by Mr. Waller, brewer. Total 26l. 9s. [1 p.] Subjoined,
26. i. Receipt by John Waller for 21l. 10s. from Francis Lord Cottington in full of the above account. February 15, 1642–3. [¼ p.]
Feb. 16. 27. Order of the Committee for the Safety of the Kingdom. Requiring the justices of the peace of the Isle of Jersey to apprehend Sir Philip Carteret, Knt., Lieutenant-Governor of the island, and to bring him to the Parliament to answer such crimes as shall be objected against him; also to seize all money, plate, jewels, arms, and ammunition, and cause the money, plate, and jewels to be carefully inventoried and kept safe to the use of Sir Philip till he receive his judgment in Parliament, and the arms and ammunition to be employed for defence of the island. The said justices are likewise to have power, with consent and counsel of the inhabitants, by force of arms to suppress all tumults raised in aid of the said Sir Philip Carteret, or in opposing this order and authority of Parliament, or otherwise; and to suspend from their commands all persons who have confederated with Sir Philip in the conspirations and crimes afore mentioned, or who shall any way oppose the justices in the execution of this order, and to arrest them if they see cause. It is further ordered that the deputy bailiff of Sir Philip, with the jurats, captains, and other officers, and all his Majesty's loving subjects in the island, upon notice of this order, do forbear to obey the authority of Sir Philip, and be aiding the above justices and such other well-affected inhabitants as shall join with them in the execution of this order; and the above-said justices and all others who shall herein assist shall for so doing be protected by the power and authority of Parliament. Signed by the Earl of Manchester, W. Lord Saye and Seale, Sir Philip Stapleton, John Pym, and John Hampden. [Copy. 1 p.]
[Feb. 17.] 28. Resolutions agreed on by both Houses of Parliament concerning the treaty with the King. 1. A speedy disbanding of both armies. 2. A present cessation of arms, and a treaty before the disbanding of both armies. 3. A treaty upon the propositions before the disbanding, with this limitation, that so much of his Majesty's proposition as concerneth the magazines, forts, and ships, and the proposition of both Houses for the disbanding of the armies, shall be first treated of and concluded before proceeding to treat upon any of the other propositions. 4. The treaty shall not exceed 20 days from its beginning. 5. The treaty shall begin the 4th of March, or sooner if it may be. 6. The remote armies shall be disbanded by the last of March or sooner if it may be. 7. The King's army under the Earl of Forth, and the army under the Earl of Essex raised by the Parliament, shall be disbanded by the 10th of April, or sooner if it may be. 8. There shall be a cessation of all hostilities in order to the treaty upon the Propositions, and that the manner and limitations be referred to the Lord General for his advice; that thereupon the House may take further order therein. The Lords ordered concerning the 8th particular, that concerning the cessation, all things be continued in the same state without any further intercourse or free passage than at this present; and that a letter should be sent by the Lord Speaker to the Lord General to acquaint him of their vote therein, and to desire his advice. [Greater part printed in Commons' Journals, ii., 969. 1 p.]
Feb. 18. 29. Ordinance of Parliament, that whereas diverse desperate and ill-disposed persons in co. Lincoln and city of Lincoln are in rebellion against the Parliament and kingdom, or have voluntarily contributed towards the sustaining of this unnatural war: it is ordered that the Committee nominated by both Houses for the said county shall have authority to sequester all rents, money, horses, arms, goods, and plate belonging to all such persons, and employ the same for the public service of the Parliament, rendering an account only to such as shall be appointed; and that the tenants of such persons shall pay their rents into the hands of the Committee, both Houses securing their indemnity against any proceedings at law or otherwise. [Printed in Commons' Journals, ii., p. 967. Copy. 1½ p.]
Feb. 18. 30. Answer by the King to the petition of the University [of Oxford]. His Majesty hath received so many and ample assurances of the loyal affections of petitioners to his person and service, that as he shall ever study the good of this so flourishing University, so he cannot be willingly induced to do any act tending to its prejudice or the discouragement of learning. Therefore he is pleased to assure them it is his royal purpose that from henceforth no scholar intending to make benefit of his degree shall have any recommendation from him, or if recommended shall not thereby have any honour or benefit of any degree unless he be found capable of the same by the statutes of the University, give caution to perform his exercises, and pay all usual fees. But this is not to extend to Wm. Bayly, Bachelor in Divinity, whom his Majesty formerly recommended for the degree of Doctor, and desires [he] may be admitted at the next creation accordingly. [Draft in Sec. Nicholas's hand. Endorsed: Reference on the University Petition, 18 Feb. 1642–3. ½ p.]
Feb. 20. 31. Order by the Committee of Lords and Commons for the Safety of the Kingdom, that Sir Gilbert Gerard, Treasurer of the Army, shall forthwith send to his Excellency, the Lord General, 10,000l. towards payment of the army. Signed by Pym, Hampden, Evelyn, and three others. [1 p.]
Feb. 23,
32. John Warren to his godfather, Mr. Anderton. Our Lord hath bestowed many temporal blessings on you, that by using them according to His good pleasure you may purchase therewith future blessings in the land of the living. P.S.—Prays him to entertain the bearer for our blessed Lord's sake; he is an old servant of a good knight and friend of yours and mine. While England is in civil broils we have greater hopes here of quietness than hath been for many years. Desires him to read Sir Thomas More's book "Of Comfort against Tribulation." My cousin Esketh's son is gone to live with my cousin James Anderton's friend at Exeter; here he was oppressed with a continual pain in his head, occasioned it may be by the sharpness of the air, it being a seatown. Both his captain and mine wrote in commendation of him; he was encouraged the more to go thither because he understood that the captain of them had a great care of his soldiers, and that they were much exercised in warlike discipline. [1½ pp.]
[Feb. 23.] [Thomas Lord Saville to Lady Temple, wife of Sir Peter Temple.] Madam, yours of 29 Oct. I received 20 Nov., so it had a slow passage. All letters are now opened, so I am glad to disguise my hand, neither with superscription nor subscription. The bearer will know to whom to deliver it, and you will easily guess from whom it comes. You desire to know what my aims and intentions are, that my friends may do me service. I answer, the same as ever, since you let in my Lord London. I would not have the King trample on the Parliament, nor the Parliament lessen him so much as to make a way for the people to rule us all. I hate Papists so much that I would not have the King necessitated to use them for his defence nor owe them any obligation. I love religion so well that I would not have it put to the hazard of a battle. I love liberty so much that I would not trust it in the hands of a conqueror. For as much as I love the King, I should not be glad he beat the Parliament, though they were in the wrong. I would do all good offices I could for the Parliament, and methinks I could do many, without losing either my conscience or my master, if they would give me leave. And if I might upon those fair and Christian terms, I would be glad to come to my house at London, where I should be able to enlarge further than I now dare, where nothing can pass without search. You see, I speak freely as I ever did, not biased nor inclined by the Parliament's success; for we here are assured the King is prosperous at this time near London; that the Queen last night landed at Newcastle [Bridlington ?] with great supplies from Denmark. My Lord of Newcastle and we here have almost 10,000 men together, and yet my desires are still the same, to have no conquests of either side, nor shall I ever desire to live to see the ruin of an English Parliament. I say it once again, if I may safely and honourably come to London I doubt not but they shall find their worst friend is not come.
Since first writing to you, Mr. Hotham, by command as he saith from the Parliament, has seized on my house and all I have to the value of 1,300l. in money and goods, and yet threatens to deface the carcase of Howley [Hall]. Whether I have deserved this usage God will one day determine, and how just it is the authors will feel. I am infinitely glad for all this that my Cleopatra is recovered, and that all yours are well, and would be mighty glad to see both my cousin Carrs. [Printed in Camden Miscellany, 1883, p. 6, ed. J. J. Cartwright. Addressed: For Lady Te[mple]. Lincoln's Inn Fields. See Interregnum, G. 179, p. 217. Copy=2 pp.]
Feb. 27. 33. Ordinance of Parliament. That the Treasurers for the subscriptions in London do any Monday night pay to Sir Gilbert Gerard, Treasurer-at-Wars, 1,500l., to be by him paid to Sir Wm. Lewis, to satisfy the arrears of Portsmouth garrison. [Printed in Commons' Journals, ii., p. 980. ½ p.] Subjoined,
33. i. Receipt of Wm. Jessop for 800l. in part payment of the 1,500l. 28th March 1643. [⅓ p.]
Feb. 28. 34. Warrant of the Committee for Safety of the Kingdom to Sir Gilbert Gerard, Treasurer of the Army, to pay 180l. to John Pickering, employed by both Houses into Scotland, for so much expended by him in the service of the Parliament. [1 p.] Annexed,
34. i. Order of the House of Commons that the 100l. already ordered by the Committee for John Pickering be forthwith paid by the Treasurers upon the subscriptions to the Treasurer-at-Wars, and that an additional 180l. be by the said Treasurer paid to John Pickering for so much expended by him. [½ p.]
[Feb.] 35. Petition of many inhabitants of London, Westminster, Middlesex, Southwark, &c., to the House of Commons, for an order to Mr. Corbet, chairman of the Committee for Grievances, to bring up a report on the petition referred to them, touching farthing tokens, so that reparation may be made, and that the office in the meantime may be sequestered, and the engines and instruments seized, and all tokens rechanged. The office of farthing tokens has for a long time and still is a greater oppression to many of them than all the projects or monopolies in England, and for redress thereof they about two years since presented a petition and remonstrance to the House, which was several times heard and debated before Mr. Corbett and the Committee for Grievances, and the same has long since been ready for report. The office is now seized upon for the service of the State, or Prince Elector, whereby the petitioners, instead of being relieved, are more oppressed and disabled to pay their weekly assessments, and will be forced to refuse the taking of tokens unless they have relief, as many of them suffer more by the grievance of farthings than by their weekly assessments and other taxations. Petitioners hope that so insupportable a grievance will never be maintained by any authority of the House, although it be represented otherwise by some inferior persons who to work their own ends have indirectly set it on foot, more for their individual gain than any public good. [1 p.]
[Feb.] 36. Note by John Reinoldes, curate to Dr. [Richd.] Holdesworth [Archdeacon of Huntingdon]. Informing him of insolencies in some of their parishioners; such as saying they would not be curbed "by any journeyman priest," refusing to come up to the communion table or to obey anything Dr. Holdesworth told them. [Endorsed by Sir John Lambe: "Dr. Reinoldes' note sent to Dr. Holdesworth." 1 p.]
Feb. 37. Note by William Hunter, one of the clerks of Mr. Henry Elsyng, [clerk of the Parliaments], of such letters and papers dated from 1641 to Feb. 1642–3, as he delivered to the honourable Committee sitting in the Queen's Court, where Lord Grey has the chair. [4 pp.]
[Feb.] 38. Account by Paul Pyndar and John Kendrick, appointed treasurers under an ordinance of Parliament of 30 Jany. 1642–3, of 34l. 17s. 4d. received of Wm. Atkinson and Edmond Laurence, churchwardens of the parish of St. Giles'-in-the-Fields, co. Middlesex, the same contributed by the inhabitants whose names are entered in this list as a free and voluntary subscription towards the new loan and contribution for relief of Ireland. This is followed by accounts of money received by the churchwardens of St. Giles'in-the-Fields for the following purposes: Relief of Coleraine in Ireland, relief of Brentford, plundered ministers, transporting of children into New England, and for maimed soldiers, during the months of December, January, and February. [12 pp., of which 4 blank.]