Charles I - volume 498: December 1643

Pages 502-517

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1641-3. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1887.

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December 1643

Dec. 4. 66. Receipt by Leonard Dykes, Treasurer for the forces of co. Cumberland, for 20l., lent by Thos. Allyson for advancement of his Majesty's services by direction of Sir Thos. Glemham. Commander-in-Chief of the forces in cos. Cumberland, Westmoreland, Northumberland, and the bishopric of Durham, for his Majesty's service, to be repaid as soon as the country is assessed. [¼ p.]
Dec. 5,
Court at Oxford.
Letters of Privy Seal to the Treasurer and Under-Treasurer of the Exchequer. To pay to Thos. Smithesby, the King's saddler, 317l. 6s. for goods delivered into the royal stables, which sum was directed, by warrant dated 4 May 1642, to be paid by the Commissioners of the Treasury to the late Wm. Earl of Denbigh, Master of the Great Wardrobe, and by him to be paid over to Smithesby, but, by reason of the Earl's decease, that warrant had become obsolete, and is therefore superseded by the present. [Copy. 1¼ p. See Sept. 11. Vol. 498, No. 8, pp. 14–15.]
Dec. 6,
67. Sec. Nicholas to Sir Thomas Rowe at Woodford, Essex. I shall make as much haste with the letters of credence as I can possibly and the pressing affairs of his Majesty will permit, though I am advertised that the meeting at Munster is not likely to hold. There is, doubtless, a very gracious inclination in both their Majesties to peace, but we hear nothing of any such desires in those at London. I have shown his Majesty your letter tendering your service towards an accommodation, which is that which all good men desire; but the perverse men will not hearken to any moderation,—which will in the end be their destruction. If the City of London will in an humble way seek their peace, I am very confident they may have it on as good and gracious terms as may be wished, but then they must totally abandon the rebellious faction. The printed paper will tell you the news of these parts. Mr. Comptroller died yesterday here, and his lady lies dangerously sick. [1 p.]
Dec. 7. 68. Portions of two letters, the one from Mrs. Susannah Dicken. Relating the death of [Philip] Lord Lisle at Warrington, Lancashire, on his return from Ireland. This country is all on a flame; the Parliament forces have seized all my master your brother's means here at Hodnett. If you can, procure somewhat from the Earl of Essex to stop their proceeding. The chief men with us of the Committee are Colonel Mitton, Mr. Mackworth, Mr. Lloyd, and Mr. Hunt. I beseech you send after my master into France to make speedy return, and to consider his estate here. [Portions of letters cut out = ½ p.]
Dec. 9. 69. Order of the House of Commons. That the treasurers at Guildhall shall pay the 500l. taken at the Court of Guard appointed by an ordinance of both Houses to be paid to Col. Aldrich and others, according to the direction of that ordinance. [½p.]
Dec. 9,
70. Capt. Mark Dixwell, and two other officers, to Sir Edw. Scott, K.C.B. The charge is great that we are at in payment of our soldiers, and the money which Capt. Dixwell had is most part expended; therefore we desire you to deliver to the bearer 300l. The Committee here think fit that Capt. Scott's troop be in readiness to advance upon summons, but not until then, and that especial care be had that they be completely armed, for that the time draws near for him to advance for the relief of Capt. Westerowe. [Seal with arms broken. 1 p.]
Dec. 13,
Court at Oxford.
Letters of Privy Seal to the Treasurer and Under-Treasurer of the Exchequer. George Mynne has, for the supply of our urgent occasions, furnished us with 393 tons 18 cwt. of iron, which, by agreement with the late Commissioners of the Treasury, amounts to 6,000l.; which price we are pleased to ratify, and to require you to pay, together with the interest after the rate of 8l. per cent. per annum, to be reckoned from the 14th Sept. last, being the time of the delivery of the iron. And to the end that Mynne may be the better secured, you are to cause several tallies to be stricken for payment of the same, viz., upon the tenths of the clergy of the dioc. of Canterbury 700l., on the dioc. of London 600l., on the dioc. of Lincoln 600l., on the dioc. of York 600l., on the dioc. of Chichester 500l., for the year to end at Christmas 1645; also that you cause to be stricken several tallies upon the Clerk of the Hanaper for 3,000l. for the years 1644, 1645, and 1646; all which sums amount to 6,000l., and for the interest of the same to be certified under the hands of either of the Auditors of our Imprests. Our pleasure is that it shall be paid by the Clerk of the Hanaper, for which you are to give order for striking of tallies accordingly. In case our revenue from the sources named should so fail that these tallies cannot be fully discharged, our will is that, upon the request of Mynne, you cause others to be stricken upon any other part of our revenue in lieu thereof. The Auditors of our Imprests, and all others whom it may concern, are to take notice of the said tallies, and to give allowance thereof upon their several and respective accounts accordingly. The 6,000l., together with the interest, to be taken by Mynne without accompt, interest, or other charge. [Copy. 2 pp. See Sept. 11, Vol. 498, No. 8, pp. 15–16.]
[Dec.] 14. 71. Note of the order of procession at the funeral of John Pym, M.P., who was buried in Westminster Abbey by order of the Commons' House [see Journals, iii., p. 336, and that the Speaker and the whole House do accompany the interment]. The mourners who followed after the body were Mr. Anthony Rous, supporter; Mr. Alexander Pym, chief mourner; Mr. Charles Pym, supporter; Mr. Symons and Mr. Nicholls; Mr. Askew; Mrs. Symons and Mrs. Katherine Pym, and other ladies and gentlewomen; then the Lords; then the Speaker of the House of Commons. [1 p.]
Dec. 14,
Court at Oxford.
Letters of Privy Seal to the Treasurer and Under-Treasurer of the Exchequer. To pay to Capt. Robert Slingsby 100l. for a journey to be performed by him for our secret service. [Copy. ⅓ p. See Sept. 11, Vol. 498, No. 8, p. 17.]
Dec. 16. 72. Order of the Lords and Commons. That the Committee at Haberdashers' Hall shall make provision for repayment to Wm. Danvers of the 1,000l. to be advanced by him for buying arms and ammunition for Lord Gray, for the present defence of Leicester and other counties within his association. [Printed in Lords' Journals, vi., p. 341, 1 p.] Subjoined,
72. i. Assignment of the 1,000l. to Mr. Henry Badland. 18 Dec. 1643. [¼ p.]
72. ii. Power of attorney by Henry Badland, authorising Wm. Carter to receive the 1,000l. 12 Aug. 1644. [¼ p.]
72. iii. Receipts by Wm. Carter for two several sums of 269l. 5s. and 730l. 15s., making up the 1,000l. 28 March 1645. [½ p.]
Dec. 16. 73. Warrant, signed by Sir John Maynard, M.P., and John Goodwin, to the high constables of the hundreds of Brixton and Wallington, Surrey. Several warrants have been issued to you from the Committee of Safety for Surrey to impress a proportionate number of soldiers, arms, and money upon those hundreds. These are to imperatively require you to bring to Kingston, on Thursday next, the remainder of the full number of soldiers with which the said hundred stands charged, also 4s. 8d. per week for a month's pay, with arms, according to the former warrants. If the petty constables be remiss they are to be sent to Farnham to answer their neglect before Sir Wm. Waller. [Copy. ¾ p.]
Dec. 18,
Court at Oxford.
Warrant to the Exchequer. We are pleased to command Richd. Fanshaw, Remembrancer of the Court of Exchequer, to transport himself into Denmark to act as our envoy, and have allowed for his diet and entertainment in that service 3l. per diem, which we require you to pay out of the Exchequer, beginning from Michaelmas last, and to continue until the day of his return to our presence inclusively. Also to advance to him by way of imprest 500l., to be afterwards defalked out of his entertainment, besides such sums as he shall expend for his transportation, posting charges, &c. [Copy. 2/3 p. See Vol. 498, No. 8, pp. 17–18.]
Dec. 19. 74. Christopher Vernon to Mr. Vernon [at Paris]. To confirm my professions with action, I persevere in writing, hoping that some of my letters may bring you those informations you have so much passion for. I make use of all occasions, and shall rather hazard my letters by unlikely means of conveyance than leave any way unattempted to satisfy you. You will be pleased to hear of the health of all this family. I hope you will receive my letter of the 14th present, which will represent us to you in a very troublesome condition. Your brother is come within 12 miles of us and if it may be with his security we shall see him here. [1 p.]
Dec. 23. 75. Ordinance of the Lords and Commons directing that all revenues due to the King, Queen, or Prince, chargeable upon any manors, lands, or other property sequestered by ordinance of 21 Sept. last, shall be paid to the several receivers appointed by that ordinance to receive them, "for the use of his Majesty and the Commonwealth." [Printed in Lords' Journals, vi. 352. Broadside, printed in Black letter for John Wright in the Old Bailey, 28 Dec. 1643.]
Dec. 23,
76. Mr. Brunelle, a friar, signing himself J. M., to the reverend Capuchin Father Robert de Ventelet at Paris. I think some one told you by the last ordinary of a supposed great defeat given to Chevalier [Sir Wm.] Waller, but I have waited till to-day to tell you the truth of it. Last Tuesday week Lord Crafford [Earl of Crawford], a Royalist, sent a messenger to Farnham to Waller, praying him to send a runlet of Spanish wine, and that in exchange he would send him a fat ox. Waller sent him the wine, demanding the ox. Crawford sent him word that he wished him to come and take it. Waller, seeing Crawford had mocked him, did not fail, when night came on, to go in search of his ox; and instead of one beast, he took 565 of them prisoners; 15 were killed on the spot, having been all surprised asleep, besides those who took refuge in flight, of whom Crawford was one. This is all that passed in that quarter. [Ralph] Lord Hopton is very powerful, and has taken all those places I named in my last. Nothing hinders him from entering Kent but the bad roads. The report is current that he has taken Rye. Plymouth is not yet taken, and expects not to be, for Prince Maurice had taken all the suburbs of the town, even to a vessel which commands the town; but the Prince having gone with his officers two miles from the place to consult whether they should storm it or summon it to surrender, those of the town made a sortie at that very time, retook all their suburbs and the vessel, and so frustrated the poor Prince in that design. Last Saturday evening two great vessels laden with Malaga sack were burnt by accident near Wapping, half a mile from the Tower, and also a house near. The sailors, being drunk, let a candle fall among the powder, so that the men were burnt and the wine destroyed. Mr. Pym has been buried with great ceremony; his body was carried by six of the Lower House, and the hearse-cloth by four Lords. He is interred amongst the old Kings of England. The Scots are still in their own country, waiting for spring and more money. There is more talk of the Earl of Newcastle than ever; they say he has taken Derby and many other places, and is very powerful. The prisoners taken by Waller were yesterday brought in triumph into this town by 3,000 of the auxiliary militia of the City. They numbered 440, the rest having taken service under Waller. The report goes that 6,000 of the militia of Kent have joined Waller, that Prince Maurice has taken Plymouth, and that Prince Robert [Rupert] has come with 7,000 horse to join my Lord Hopton. The Prince d'Arcour [Count de Harcourt] will not go for Oxford till after Christmas. P.S. Basingstoke is still in our power as I told you. [Endorsed: Mr. Brunelle, a friar, to Father de Ventelet. London, 23 December 1643. French. 2 pp.]
Dec. 24. 77. Bond of Laurence Sanders of Blackwell Hall, factor, William Walwin, merchant, and Samuel Eames, citizen and clothworker, of London, to John Hunt, Sergeant-at-Arms, in 200l. Sanders was committed to the Fleet by the Committee [for Examinations], and is released on giving the above bond not to print or publish the book entitled "The Fulness of God's Love," unless licensed by authority of Parliament. [Latin and English. 3 seals with devices, 1 p.]
Dec. 25. 78. Order of the Lords and Commons. Absolutely discharging from their places all officers of the Courts of Record at Westminster, that have assisted the King against the two Houses. [Printed in Lords' Journals, vi., 355. 1 p.]
Dec. 25. 79. Bond of Elizabeth Hutchinson, of Witney, co. Oxon, widow, Rich. Kilvert, Esq., and John Felton, cutler, of St. Martins-in-theFields, to John Hunt, Sergeant-at-Arms, in 200l. Hutchinson having been committed to Hunt's custody by the Committee for Examinations, is released on giving the above bond to go to her lodging at Witney, and not to return without a justifiable pass. [Three seals with devices; Latin and English. ¾ p.]
Dec. 26. 80. Information by John Frodsham, citizen and dyer of London. I being present at a conference betwixt Mr. Humphry Allington and a gentleman, who, though a stranger, desired I would take notice of what passed between them, which I have noted as followeth. Allington acknowledged the receipt of some moneys from Capt. Evelin, which he was to disburse to some gentleman of the King's party then in town, and accordingly performed the same. He further said within these 10 days he had conference with Capt. Evelin, and told the gentleman how he might likewise come to speak with him. The said Capt. Evelin was employed as agent from the King to London. Underwritten,
80. i. Certificate of Lieutenant George Cheesman. Of the truth of the above.
80. ii. Certificate of Humphry Barrowe. Being present at the above conference he heard Allington say he received a bag of money in the dark or twilight, and disbursed it as above; but he did not know what he had disbursed till he had looked upon his cash. Dorso,
80. iv. Subscription by Cheesman and Frodsham to Barrowe's statement as to Allington's having said he received the money in the dark or twilight. [1¼ pp.]
Dec. 27,
81. Sec. Nicholas to Sir Thomas Rowe. His Majesty will not receive the King of Poland's letter, and leaves you to do with it what you judge fit. My Lord Ambassador Goring and Sir Wm. Boswell will each of them, as his Majesty hath required them, observe the changes and pulses of the French and States, to see how the defeat of Guebriant will operate for or against the Prince Elector Palatine's interests. His Majesty hath made Lord Hatton Comptroller, and caused the Earl of Lindsey to be sworn of the Privy Council. Arms and powder are arrived at Dartmouth for his Majesty. The Cheshire forces go on successfully. We hear Grafton House is lost, and Sir John Digby taken prisoner, though he refused quarter, being deserted by his men. P.S.— Your letter to Prince Rupert I presented myself. [Seal with arms and crest. 1 p.]
Dec. 27,
At our Court at Oxford.
82. The King to William Lord Maynard. By our proclamation, which we send you herewith, you shall see our resolution to advise with the members of both our Houses of Parliament for restoring this kingdom to its former peace and happiness; at least, we doubt not it will appear to all the world and to posterity that there hath not been such a concurrence in bringing all these miseries upon it, or in completing them by the invitation of this foreign invasion, as is imagined. We therefore desire you will by no means fail of giving your attendance at the [Parliament summoned to Oxford at the] time and place accordingly, which, in respect of the high concernment of our service and the good of the whole kingdom, we shall not doubt of. [Signed and sealed, and countersigned by Sir Edw. Nicholas. 1 p.]
Dec. 28,
At our Court at Oxford.
83. The King to James Earl of Suffolk. To the same effect as the above to Lord Maynard. [Signed, sealed, and countersigned by Sec. Nicholas. 1 p.]
Dec. 28,
84. W[illiam] R[ailton] to Mr. Vernon, at the Fleur de Lys, Rue de Seine, Paris. Sir Wm. V[ernon?] and Lady Griffin are not in town. I have received yours of the 22nd inst., with one enclosed to Lady Cra[ven], which I sent her. The passages are still stopped, but sometimes there is occasion of messengers between the country and D[o]r[set?] House. As soon as your letters come I enquire how to send. There is constantly either the porter or some other at Sir W. V[ernon's] house, and as soon as can be yours are conveyed to them. [Seal with device, broken. ½ p.]
Dec. 28. 85. Mr. Harrison to John Bradley, at the College of Tournay, Paris. Mr. Webster is no better. Our country makes as much haste as it can towards the miserable state of Germany, contrary parties having been all this winter in many counties still acting hostilities against one another, to the undoing of the inhabitants that are forced to stand to the courtesy of both. Lords Capel and Byron—quondam Sir John Byron—with the help of the English, come out of Ireland, are in a good way to bring Sir William Brereton, Sir Thomas Middleton, and their adherents in Cheshire, to subjection. General Hastings and [Lieut.-General James] King, chief over part of Newcastle's army, are said to have straitened Derby, and to be in a fair likelihood to reduce Derby and Leicestershire; but meantime Sir Thos. Fairfax, with some Hull men, are said to have taken Gainsborough, with many of the King's soldiers in it, and to be embroiling Lincolnshire again. About Tossiter [Uttoxeter] and Grafton, in Northamptonshire, we hear of some skirmishes of late, and that Sir John Digby was taken amongst others at Grafton by the Earl of Essex's soldiers, that have been this good while quartered at Newport Pagnell, the Earl himself being at St. Albans. Sir William Waller was soundly beaten from Basing [House] six weeks ago, with the loss of the best part of 1,000 men and the diminution of his credit with the citizens; but since it hath been his fortune—he being 4,000 or 5,000 strong, and the other weak for number—to surprise, and, after some fight, with the slaughter of more of his side, to take 200 or 300 of my Lord Crawford's men, who were brought to this town in triumph about a week ago from South Hastings in Sussex, which hath revived much of Sir William's credit. He is said to be now before Arundel Castle, and the citizens say likely to carry it, being strong by an addition of Kentish, Surrey, and Sussex men. But, notwithstanding all their brags, Lord Hopton, who is now said to be before Southampton, meaneth to try for Kent ere long; Prince Robert [Rupert] and Lord Wilmot, or at least the latter, being come already to Winchester, strong in horse, to join with him. The Parliament will have it still that the Scots will come in; but, do what they can, the bordering counties Westmorland, Cumberland, Northumberland, and the Bishopric are ready to attend them, Sir Thomas Glemham being Governor of Newcastle, Sir William Savile Governor of York, and the Marquis of Newcastle being still in the North himself. If you know what Count de Harcourt doth here, pray send us word, for here nothing of his actions is apparent. He hath been seven or eight weeks in town, and this day sets out for Oxford, it is said. We hear the French agent in Scotland hath proposed an exchange of Mr. Montague, out of the Tower, for Lord Lowden [Lothian?], detained by the King prisoner in Bristol. Marquis or Duke Hamilton, with three other Scottish Lords, are lately come to Oxford. P.S.—Is the immortality of the soul yet demonstrated ? [Seal with crest. 1½ pp.]
Dec. 29,
86. Intelligence from London. My Lord General [the Earl of Essex] has taken Grafton, in Northamptonshire, a place that hath much offended that shire, where Sir John Digby is taken with more officers, some horse and foot, and very good plunder. Sir William Waller will certainly have Arundel, where he has been these 10 days with so considerable a force. I do not think the King's whole army can remove him; he hath more than 10,000 horse and foot. The King's army is quiet; I hear nothing of it. Some Irish are come with their arms and colours to Masye [Maxey], and in the North the Earl of Newcastle is not prosperous. The Scots will certainly keep their day; some of their horse are already in England. Their army is very great, 20,000 foot and 3,000 horse, with 9,000 pioneers. All this I think true. Some sentences in cipher. The French Ambassador goes to Oxford this day, returns hither, and so into France. When I remember my letters never come to you, I can go no further. [1½ pp.]
Dec. 29. 87. Edward Earl of Manchester to Wm. Dowsing. You are hereby required to bring before me all such heads of colleges, deans or sub-deans of cathedral churches and chapels, and churchwardens, as shall refuse to level the steps of the chapels or chancels situated within the associated counties of Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Herts, Cambridge, Hunts, and Lincoln, according to an Ordinance of Parliament in that behalf; you are likewise to bring before me all persons opposing or contemning your orders in the execution of this Ordinance, or who shall utter disgraceful speeches against any member of Parliament. [2/3 p.]
Dec. 30,
88. Henry Lord Jermyn to Mr. Sandys. This bearer is despatched with something that concerns the King's service, whereof he will give you knowledge; you are to give him all the assistance you can, and be very private in what he shall impart to you. The passages are so uncertain that it hath not been possible for me to write. [Seal with crest. 1 p.]
Dec. 31,
St. Albans.
89. Robert Earl of Essex to Lieut.-Col. Ferrars, with the forces near Northampton marching for Gloucester. Although I have already recommended you to the care of the Committee of Northampton and Coventry, yet that you might not want all assistance that may be afforded you for the safe conduct of the forces and ammunition under your charge, I have written to them again to whom I would have you apply for advice touching the time and way that is best for your march. [Seal broken. 2/3 p.]
90. [George Lord Digby to James Duke of Lennox and Richmond.] I congratulate your safe arrival at Paris, where I hope you are come very seasonably to co-operate in producing good effects to the negotiation of Mons. [Count] Harcourt here, which is likely now to depend wholly upon the frankness of France to engage itself vigorously in our assistance, since we are already at an end of all hopes of an accommodation through his means, since the Parliament manifestly seeks only two things,—the one delays, the other to gain, if it were possible, an avowed address to them, either from his Majesty or from him as an Ambassador, from whence any might draw an acknowledgment of what they so much aspire to, of being a public body;—a thing which cannot be allowed by his Majesty, especially at this time, when his chief counsels aim principally to remove from the people that idol of the name of a Parliament at Westminster, and to erect, if it be possible, the same here at Oxford, yet without violation of the Act of Perpetuity. If this can be done, as it is in a very fair way [to be], we shall have gone a great step in the King's business. The declaration of the Scots intending to invade England this month, may happily produce as much good by union among ourselves as danger from their army, which it is believed will receive a considerable weakening by the Earl of Lothian's detaining here; and some are so bold as to say as much or more of my Lord Duke Hamilton's imprisonment, who stands accused of things of a very high nature by four persons of great quality in Scotland, namely, Lords Montrose, Nithsdale, Aboyne, and Ogleby [Ogilvie]. [Not signed, but in Lord Digby's hand, and endorsed: "Ld. Digby to D. of Richmond." 1½ pp.]
Dec. 91. The Committee for Safety of the Kingdom to Anthony Allin, collector, or his deputies, Charles Guest and Walter Blithe. It has been ordered by both Houses that the rents of bishops and deans and chapters shall be sequestered and received to the use of the Parliament for defence of the King and kingdom. It is now thought fit, in pursuance of that order, that you receive the rents and profits due to the Bishop and Dean and Chapter of Worcester for this halfyear now ending; and it is further declared that the tenants who will forthwith advance the next half-year's rent shall have the third part of their rent abated for this their good service. [1 p.]
[1643 ?] 92. Petition of Heinrick Reck, master of the ship Neptune, of Hamburg, to Prince Rupert.; The said ship being driven by stormy weather into the Severn, and coming into Hung-road, was seized by some of Sir John Pennington's officers, and stayed a month, to petitioner's great damage. It was bound for Hamburg only, and the money and goods therein belong to merchants of Hamburg and Lubec, as by his letters, bills-of-lading, and other writings will appear, and as he and those with him are ready to aver on oath. Conceiving his Majesty of Great Britain intends to continue his wonted protection to all foreigners trading in this manner, petitioner beseeches your Highness to interpose for release of his ship, money, and goods. [1 p.]
93. Petition of Thomas Hart, Henry Hubbard, and Robert Warner, with the rest of the inhabitants of Winfarthing, Norfolk, to the House of Lords. Mr. Philip Flight, their late parson, whose life and doctrine were much distasteful to petitioners, and a great hindrance to Christianity, is deceased, and the parsonage vacant, and in the donation of Lord Mowbray. Petitioners being most desirous to enjoy some godly minister, will not be their own choosers, but request you to present one to them, whose known judgments are manifested in many particulars of a like nature, to the great comfort of petitioners. [1 p.]
94. Petition of the Society of Merchants of the Staple of England to the House of Commons. Whereas some imputation is conceived against them as though they had carried themselves in some kind of monopolizing employment in obtaining their patent, and a proclamation lately delivered into this House. They hope to make it appear they have been special instruments to overthrow the greatest monopoly ever plotted by the clothiers to the damage of the wool growers; and the patent remaining with you is not the patent of the penalties whereupon the informations were entered in the Exchequer and other Courts, but that patent rests with the projectors, and a proclamation accompanying it. Pray for a time to be assigned them to be heard by their counsel, and that all objections may be delivered them in writing, which they will clear as far as truth will give leave. [1 p.]
[1643 ?] 95. Petition of the tobacco-pipe makers of London and Westminster to the same. Before the late Act of Parliament for laying a duty on tobacco-pipes [Dec. 7, 1643, see Commons' Journals, iii. 333] near 1,000 poor people in London and Westminster lived by tobacco-pipe making, who now, for want of such employment, are become beggars. Several thousands of other tobacco-pipe makers throughout England and Wales are in like manner ready to starve for want of employment, not much more than the fifth part of the tobacco-pipes made before the imposing of the said duty being now made, foul pipes being oftener burnt than formerly, and the sea trade almost lost by reason of the said imposition. The poorness of the manufacture, the great numbers of people ruined, and the inconsiderableness of the income to his Majesty, and the great charge of collecting it being considered, petitioners implore you to take off the said imposition on tobacco-pipes. [Broadside.]
[1643 ?] 95A. Bishop [Brownrigg ?] of Exeter to the Commons. Gentlemen, for God's sake be wise in your well-meant zeal. Why do you argue away precious time that never can be revoked or repaired ? Whilst we dispute our friends perish, and we must follow them; where are we if we break ? and I tremble to think we cannot but break if we be too stiff. Our liberties and proprieties are sufficiently declared to be sure and legal; our remedies are clear and irrefragible; what do we fear ? Every subject now sees the way chalked out for future justice, and who dares from henceforth tread beside it ? Certainly whilst the Parliament live we never fear the like violations of our freedom and rights. May we be but where the loan found us, we shall sufficiently enjoy ourselves and ours; it is no season to reach for more. O let us not, whilst we over rigidly plead for an higher strain of safety, put ourselves into a necessity of ruin and utter despair of redress; let us not be in the suspicion of evil that may cast ourselves into a present confusion. If you love yourselves and your country remit something of your own terms; and sure the substance is yielded by your noble compatriots. Stand not rigorously upon points of circumstance; fear not to trust a good King, who after the strict laws must be trusted with the execution. Think that your country, nay that Christendom, lies at the mercy of your present resolutions. Relent, or farewell welfare. [Endorsed: "Bishop of Exeter to the Parliament" Copy. 2/3 p.]
1643. 96. A collection of obligations or bonds extending from 22 March 1642–3 to 9 Nov. 1643, by which the persons therein named stand bound to John Hunt, Esq., Sergeant-at-Arms of the Commons' House, in the sums specified, having been committed by order of the Committee of Lords and Commons for the Safety of the Kingdom or the Committee for Examinations. The particulars of the several bonds are as follow:—1. 22 March. Thos. Cade, clerk, of Littleton, Middlesex, in 500l. He was taken at Farnham Castle by the Parliament's forces and committed to the Fleet by the Committee for Safety. His cause was subsequently referred to the Committee for Examinations, by whom he was ordered to give bail for his appearance before the Committee for Examinations or the House whenever he should be sent for. 2. 22 March. The like of Thos. Hulme, of Gray's Inn, and William Jones, of Gray's Inn Lane, the sureties for Thos. Cade. 3. 5 April. William Watts, of St. Sepulchre's, London, vintner, in 40l. The Committee for Examinations committed Thos. Edgerley, son of Michael Edgerley, of Beaconsfield, Bucks, innkeeper, to the prison of the Compter in Wood Street, London. The condition of this obligation is that Thos. Edgerley shall make his appearance before the Commons' House or this Committee when required by notice left at Wm. Watts' house in Green Arbour, in the Old Bailey, and shall not at any time hereafter, upon any pretence whatsoever, go to Oxford or other quarters of the army now raised against the Parliament to convey letters or messages that may be prejudicial to the Parliament or their proceedings without leave, that then this obligation to be void. 4. 13 June. William Carter, goldwire-drawer, Gabriel Benyon, waxchandler, and George Carter, vintner, all of London, in 500l. The Committee for Examinations ordered that the gold and silver fringe, gold lace, and other things seized at the Court of Guard by Hyde Park Corner by the officers of Captain Mainwaring, and belonging to Wm. Carter, of London, should be restored to Carter, he first giving security to the Serjeant-at-Arms with condition to pay back 60l. to the use of the State, if upon report of the business to the House of Commons the House shall order the same as by order of the Committee for Examinations of the 8th of June appeareth. If, therefore, William Carter and the above bounden Gabriel Benyon and George Carter shall pay the sum of 60l. to the use of the State, if upon report the Commons' House shall so order the same, then this obligation to be void. 5. 20 June. Peter Cole of London, stationer, in 1,000l. By an order of the Committee for Examinations of the 17th June, it was ordered that the keys of the room where the printing presses and materials of Peter Cole now are shall be restored to him, he entering bond in 1,000l. not to remove the said presses or dispose of them without first acquainting this Committee and the Master and Wardens of the Company of Stationers, and have their consent thereto. And that hereafter he do not presume to print with the said presses any book, pamphlet or paper not licensed according to the Ordinance of Parliament of the 14th of this present June, then this obligation to be void. 17 August. Alexander and George Bonniman, both of Pleshey, Essex, and George Williamson of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, in 500l. The Committee for Examinations committed the said Alexander Bonniman or Bonyman, clerk, to the custody of the Sergeant-atArms, but upon his petition have directed him to be discharged of his imprisonment upon security being given for his appearance before this Committee or the Commons' House when required, as by order of this Committee of the 16th August appeareth, when this obligation to be void. 29 August. Richard Perry, gentleman, Francis Bushopp, cowkeeper, and Christopher Lane, joiner, all of St. Giles', Cripplegate, London, in 500l., conditioned that whereas the Committee for Examinations committed Richard Perry to the prison of Wood Street Compter, they have upon his suit to this Committee since ordered that he be discharged upon giving bail for his appearance before this Committee when required by notice to be left at his house as by order of this Committee bearing date with these presents appeareth, when this obligation to be void. 16 September. William Clerke, of Graveley, Herts, gentleman, James Love, of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, tailor, and Hatton Ander, citizen and merchant-tailor, of London, in 500l. Whereas William Clerke stands committed to the prison of Peter-house in Aldersgate, London, the Committee for Examinations have upon his suit ordered his discharge upon bail to appear before this Committee on the 27th present, and in the mean time to pay the 70l. assessed on him, or else to bring certificate that before the Committee at Hertford he has given satisfaction for the same, as by order of this Committee of the 13th present appears, when this obligation to be void. 3 October. Alexander Brocket, of Antwerp, merchant, Walter Tomlin, mariner, and John Worsley, merchant, both of St. Dunstan'sin-the-East, in 1,000l. Whereas the Committee for Examinations committed Alexander Brocket to the prison of the Compter in Southwark, they have since upon his suit ordered him to be discharged, first entering into bond in 1,000l. to the Sergeant-atArms, with condition forthwith to depart this kingdom and to send certificate by Tomlin of his arrival beyond seas, and not to return without license of the Governor of Dover Castle as by order of this Committee of the 26th September last appeareth, when this obligation to be void. 10 October. Sir Henry Compton, K.B., of Brambletye House, near Grinstead, Sussex, William Pinsent, of Watling Street, woollen-draper, and William Hancock, of St. Bride's, vintner, in 4,000l. Whereas upon petition of Sir Henry Compton, late prisoner in the Tower of London, it was ordered by the Commons' House that he should be permitted upon good bail to go anywhere into the country for recovery of his health within ten miles of London, excepting cos. Sussex, Surrey, Hants, and Kent, as by order of the Commons' House of 2nd October appeareth, when this obligation to be void. 30 October. John Martin, of London, gentleman, Walter Tomlin, of St. Dunstan's-in-the-East, mariner, and Philip Page, of Old Fish Street, merchant-tailor, in 500l. Whereas the Committee for Examinations committed John Martin to the New prison at Clerkenwell, they have since ordered that he be discharged of his imprisonment upon bail of 500l. to the Sergeant-at-Arms, with condition that he depart this kingdom and send certificate by Tomlin of his arrival beyond seas, and not to return without license of the Governor of Dover Castle, as by order of this Committee of 27th October appeareth, when this obligation to be void. 31 October. Sir Richard Conquest, of Houghton Conquest, co. Beds, Lewis Conquest, of the same place, gentleman, and Robert Wharton, of Walbrook, London, gentleman, in 500l. Whereas Sir Richard Conquest, knt., stands committed to the custody of John Hunt, Esq., Sergeant-at-Arms, by the Committee for Examinations, the said Committee have ordered that he be discharged from further restraint upon bail that he will appear before this Committee or the House of Commons within three days after warning left at his house in Houghton Conquest as by order of this Committee of 13th October appeareth, then this obligation to be void. 9 November. Richard Dennys, of South Molton, co. Devon, gentleman, Thomas Wilberd, of Westminster, gentleman, and William Teyler or Taylor, of Westminster, gentleman, in 500l. Whereas the Committee for Examinations committed Richard Dennys to the prison of the Poultry Compter, London, they have ordered that he be discharged of his imprisonment upon bail with condition not to go to Oxford without warrant of Parliament, nor to bear arms against the Parliament, and to be ready to appear before this Committee when required as by order of this Committee of 4th November appeareth, when this obligation to be void. [Latin and English, seals with arms, crests, or devices. 27 pp., of which 13 blank.]
[1643 ?] 97. Petition of John Lemesley, Robert Messeley, and Jacob Hodson, masters of the ships Truelove of Bridlington, Anne of Hull, and George of Whitby, to the Committee for the Navy. Petitioners have adventured lives and fortunes with their ships to bring Scotch coal for the use of London; they have remained long upon the Thames, and cannot without a warrant pass into Scotland, it being their only intent to pass and repass with the like provision for London. Pray warrant for their passage into Scotland. [1 p.]
[1643 ?] 98. Petition of the purser and six seamen of the ship London, who were taken prisoners at Scarborough, to the same. Petitioners being sent ashore about the ship's occasions at Scarborough were surprised by Captain Gee, and imprisoned in York Castle from August 3 last to the 12th of December following, because they were servants to the King and Parliament. They were divers times moved by the contrary party to serve his Majesty against the Parliament as cannoneers, and might thereby have been released above four months before they were, and cleared of all charges, but being servants to the King and Parliament they would never agree to the same; and since then they have been most barbarously used, and are like to suffer their undoings, unless you consider their conditions, it having cost them much money for their victuals and other charges, as may appear by the accounts annexed, they being exchanged the said 12th of December [1642] by Sir John Hotham's means, the purser for a corporal of Lord Cumberland's troop of horse, and the other seamen for soldiers. Petitioners pray they may not suffer to their undoing for their fidelity to the King and Parliament, and that you would order their charges and wages from the time of their first being taken prisoners to be paid them. [½ p.] Annexed,
98. i. Account of money disbursed by petitioners for their lodging, victuals, fees, &c., during their imprisonment; and of the wages due to them. Total, 80l. 19s. 10d. [1 p.]
[1643 ?] 99. [Sir] Wm. F[aunt] to Sir Edward Hyde. I am constrained to let you understand of my ill-welcome home by most of my country gentlemen, because I did nominate so many of the most sufficient of them as were well able to lend his Majesty the sum proportioned upon them for the loan, for which service I am daily maliciously threatened to have my house, gardens, stables, barns, mills, and mill weirs pulled down, notwithstanding the enemy is not within 50 miles of us. Prays his favour in this distress. [Draft. 1 p.]
[1643 ?] 100. Edward Pryme to John Stanope. After I had made up this letter for you, the King sent me here a letter for her Majesty covered with cloth of gold; the trenchman of the King told me from the King that I should be merry, for that here I should be as if I were in the Court of England. Pray remember me to her Majesty that she may know I am here, and do carry myself with some port, as doth appertain to the servant of so great a prince. [½ p.]
[1643.] 101. Note of money received for the Queen's jewels. For jewels pawned at Brussels, 100,698 florins; at Antwerp, 95,000 florins; total, 195,698 florins. Note by Sir Henry Vane, Senr., that this amounts to 19,680l., and that this money is lent upon the jewels at 12 per cent. [French. 1 p.]
1643. 102. Statement of James Croft's case. In 1643 the King, having taken Bristol, Mr. Croft intending to withdraw his estate from thence, shipped in the Tiger, of Amsterdam, six kilderkins of tin and 20 bales of calveskins for Marseilles, which ship was taken by the Parliament's ships and brought in as prize. Mr. John Holworthy, Croft's brother-in-law, claimed them in the Admiralty Court, and for that cause they were not condemned as prize, but sold by the collectors of prize goods for 303l. 11s. 9d., of which sum he therefore prays restitution. Underwritten,
102. i. Note of the respective values of the tin and calveskins.
102. ii. Note of various papers relating to this case. [1 p.] Annexed,
102. iii. Sentence delivered by Dr. William Sames, acting judge of the High Court of Admiralty, concerning the goods taken in the Tiger by the Truelove, and claimed as prize. [Copy. Latin. 1½ pp.] Underwritten,
102. iv. Note of the goods claimed by John Holworthy, and excepted from the above sentence. [½ p.]
[1643.] 103. Paper containing the names of "those that have been most active against the King and Parliament in co. Northumberland, and such as we conceive fit to be exempted from any favour or pardon of King and Parliament." William Earl of Newcastle comes first of a list of six. It is our desire that Papists and delinquents may not have voices in choosing knights and burgesses within this county, and that Samuel Lively, gent., may be commended for clerk of the peace, who is well reported of for an able man and religious. Then follow the names of such as are thought fit to be justices of the peace in Northumberland, and "these following have been of the commission of peace, but of late have been named Commissioners of Array or Committeemen, but not active." [1¼ pp.]
[1643?] 104. Note of money paid to various officers for the pay of their men, headed "A brief of Lib. No. 2." The references are to pages, probably in some paymaster's book. [6 pp.]
105. Notes by Nicholas, being a list of "able captains" and of "able men of the reduced captains; also able men of the Irish." Amongst others named are Sir Thos. Moreton and Sir Francis Willoughby, described as "now captains," the former proposed to be colonel and the latter lieutenant-colonel. [1½ pp.]
106. Paper endorsed "Demands made to the Commissioners [for the Navy], which they would not allow." Amongst other items are imprest money for drums and trumpets, provisions for sick men, clothes, powder, muskets, and other stores for furnishing a ship. The marginal notes and references are as to the articles required, and how those allowed are to be obtained. [2/3 p.]
1643. 107. Table of precedents endorsed "A few, among 500, instances of commanders of ships paid only from their entrance into sea-pay between the years 1630–1643. Not one appearing to the contrary till about the Dutch War." The points specified are the year, and the names of the captains and their ships. [This paper was drawn out temp. Charles II., but relates to the years 1635–43. 1 p.]
[1643 ?] 108. Note of assessments of the 20th parts on various persons named in cos. Hereford, Gloucester, and Worcester; with the amounts of the fines imposed in the opposite column. [2/3 p.]
109. Accounts by Isaac le Gay and Daniel Farvack for the years 1642 and 1643. The account of Spanish money is "debitor and contra is creditor." The first page, or debit account, is money paid for porterage, town dues, tobacco, coinage of silver, cochineal, and other charges; total, 6,300l. 19s. 8d. The second page is silver received in 1642 for the accounts of Ignatio de Handola and Marcus de la Rombido; total, 6,038l. 16s. [= 1½ pp.]
[1643?] 110. Latin elegiacs in commendation of Martin Dallison [clerk to the Committee for Advance of Money], principally founded on an anagram of his name Latinized, "Da nullis Martis onus." The lines begin:—
"Qui genus ingenii Genii dignissime vestri Nesciet,"
[Latin. 24 lines.]
[1643?] 111. Notes of a sermon preached in St. Sepulchre's, near Newgate. The minister took for his text Numbers i., and showed from it how to raise, provision, and pay an army; urging his hearers to help the Parliament raise the army required. [French. 2 pp.]
1643. 112. Minutes of confirmations of patents and leases of offices, lands, and coal mines within the bishopric of Durham, made in the time of Bishops Howson and Moreton, between 1627 and 1643. [5½ pp.]