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Charles I - volume 513: March 1646

Pages 361-396

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1645-7. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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March 1646

March 2. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Mr. Barker to be dismissed upon his own bond.
[Interregnum, 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 11.]
Derby to send the number of horse that were appointed to Wolverhampton.
[Ibid., p. 28.]
The letters to Col. Morgan and Col. Birch approved of, as also letters to Major Sadascue, &c.
[Ibid., p. 81.]
Papers brought in by Sir Wm. Waller to be reported.
[Ibid., p. 115.]
Papers of the Commissioners of Scotland to be reported.
[Ibid., p., 115.]
To report for ammunition for Col. Birch.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
The Committee for the West to take care of the City regiment of horse [dated 2 Feb. by mistake].
[Ibid., p. 161.]
March 2.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Col. Birch. We are informed that Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley] continues upon the borders of Herefordshire daily plundering and raising contribution upon the country, whereby he supports himself and hinders the supply that otherwise would come to your garrison. We have designed several forces under the command of Col. Morgan to endeavour the breaking of those [Royalist] forces, and desire you to send to his rendezvous by the 16th inst. 500 or 600 horse and foot, or more if you can spare them, to receive his orders for this service. Take care that the country may not be oppressed or disaffected by free quarter or other disorders. The Parliament has ordered a considerable sum for distribution amongst the forces designed for this service when they be come to the rendezvous and their musters taken, which Col. Morgan is to return to us with all speed. Sent by Mr. Lechmere, [Interregnum 22 E., pp. 249, 250. Copy = 1 p.]
March 2.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Morgan. We are informed that Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley] with a body of [Royalist] horse and foot continues upon the borders of Hereford and Worcester shires plundering and spoiling those parts, and if these forces be not dissipated they may likely give beginning this spring to another army. For the timely breaking up of this force we have written to the Governors of Evesham and Hereford that each of them should send to such rendezvous as you should appoint, before the 13th inst., what forces they can spare to join with your own horse and foot, and to receive your orders for that service; the management whereof we recommend to your care, and desire you to improve these forces for the breaking up of Ashley's party, or at least to hinder their levies and conjunction with any of the King's forces from other parts. We have likewise appointed 500 horse and foot of those designed for some service in Staffordshire to join with you for that same service, and desire to hold correspondence with the rest of the forces in Staffordshire to prevent the enemy from interrupting that design. Take all possible care that the country be not oppressed or disaffected by free quarter or other disorderly carriage of your soldiers, which the better to prevent the House [of Commons] hath already ordered a considerable sum, and when we understand from you the actual numbers that shall come to the rendezvous, care shall be taken for the proportioning thereof. Improve all opportunities that may be offered [by the enemy] either for breaking up their forces or reducing any of the enemy's garrisons of Worcestershire to the obedience of the Parliament. Sent by Mr. Lechmere. [Ibid., pp. 250, 251. Copy = 1¼ pp.]
March 2.
Derby House.
The same to Major Sadascue. You are to be at Reading with [Ireton's] regiment of horse under your command on the 6th inst. to convoy the recruits assembled there for Sir Thos. Fairfax's army. Take special care that they straggle not away, return back home, or spoil the country, and disaffect the people by their disorders. Sent by Mr. Craven. [Ibid., p. 251. Copy. ½ p.]
March 2.
Derby House.
The same to Cols. Fleetwood and Whalley. We have thought fit to intimate to you that Major Sadascue has orders to convoy the recruits from Reading to Fairfax's army, in order that he be not expected for other service. Keep out your scouts or parties [of horse] in order that you may not fail of intelligence in case any of the enemy's horse shall march after the convoy towards the west, and in that case we desire you to send such a strength of horse after the enemy that they may not be able to offer any affront to the convoy, or commit any spoil and plunder in the country. Sent by Mr. Jennings. [Ibid., p. 252. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 2.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee at Evesham. We have designed several forces for a service wherein the safety and quiet of your country is much concerned, which are to be commanded by Col. Morgan. We desire you to send to such rendezvous as he shall appoint by the 16th inst. 500 horse and foot, to receive orders from him for this service. We have desired him to take care that the country be not oppressed by free quarter or other disorders, and for the better suppressing of this the Parliament has ordered some money for the maintenance and encouragement of these forces. The horse which were appointed to come to Wolverhampton are ordered to be returned to you. Sent by Mr. Lechmere. [Ibid., pp. 252, 253. Copy = ½ p.]
March 2.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee at Derby. We wrote to you on the 10th of Feby. that, upon the reducing of Chester, you were required to send 300 of your horse to be at the rendezvous at Wolverhampton on the 18th ult., where they would receive further orders. We are informed that they are not yet come up, and therefore require that they be sent forthwith to Wolverhampton, where we will give them further orders. [Ibid., p. 254. Copy. ½ p.]
March 2.
Nottingham.
57. The Committee of Accounts in Notts. to the Committee for taking the Accounts of the whole kingdom. In yours of the 5th Jany. you tax us with tardy proceedings in the business of accounts. It is true that at first we anticipated a facile and quick proceeding in this work, yet we find the event quite the contrary. The principal reasons are the following:—1. From the beginning of the war our county has been chiefly in the enemy's power, so that we could not send out our warrants to summon in the countrymen, nor receive their informations for the charging of accountants. 2. The country is very malignant, so that we have but little power in it until it be reduced. 3. Those who are employed in public offices and places of great trust have not disposed their accounts into such order as is fit, though frequently required by us to do so. The last, and not least, reason is the want of money for providing present necessaries for this service, and payment of rent and salaries to our registrar, clerks and others. We crave you to procure us a speedy supply of money out of the Chamber of London by this bearer for payment of our officers, and an order directed to our own Treasurer enabling him to disburse money for other necessary things, which will encourage us to a sedulous diligence in our employment. This bearer has directions to propose certain queries of things doubtful to us, and receive your resolutions thereon. [Seal with arms broken. 1 p.]
March 2. 58. Petition of Thos. Greene, saltpetreman, to the Committee for co. Warwick. Petitioner, upon undertaking the making of gunpowder in this city, was promised by Col. Barker to have his vessels renewed, and his sets of tubs to be supplied at the State's charge. In consideration that he has saved this Committee 10s. per week allowed to Mr. Clarke for the use of his vessels, prays that he may have a new set of tubs provided, so that he may go on with the work, his present ones being so broken that they cannot hold the liquor. Underwritten,
58. Order of the Committee for Mr. Basnett to pay Thos. Greene 25s. towards his tubs. [1 p.]
March 3. Richard Stelfox's accounts of such money as he hath received belonging to the State, and disbursed by him for incident charges to officers for intelligences, for messengers with letters and orders for rendezvousing the forces of cos. Cheshire, Stafford, Salop, Warwick, Derby, Hereford, Worcester, and Gloucester under the command of Sir Wm. Brereton in the expedition and design against Sir Jacob [Lord] Astley, and pursuing the enemy both before and after the battle of Stowe, and in Sir Wm. Brereton's march with the said Associated forces after the battle at Stowe to Worcester, and during the leaguers at Lichfield, Tutbury, and Dudley Castles, &c., from 3 March to 4 Aug. 1646. [Annexed to the Lichfield Accounts, see 16 Feb., p. 345, No. 41. 27 pp.]
March 3. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Sir Thos. Fairfax to send a convoy for the recruits.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 40.]
Petition of Col. John Ogle to be recommended.
[Ibid., p. 115.]
Paper of the Scots' Commissioners.
[Ibid., p. 115.]
To report for provisions for the Isle of Wight.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
To report for ammunition for Calshot Castle, Hants.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
To report to the House [of Commons] the forces appointed for Lichfield.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
A letter to the Committee of Salop concerning Mr. [Francis] Newport's man.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
Desire [of the gentlemen] of the Isle of Wight for a squadron of ships.
[Ibid., p. 161.]
March 3.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to the Committee of Salop. We are informed that Mr. [Francis] Newport's servant, being sent down into your country to bring up a particular of his master's estate to the Committee at Goldsmiths' Hall, is by you detained. If there be nothing done by him since his coming down that deserves his restraint, we desire that you set him at liberty for the prosecution of his business. Sent by Mr. Cousins. [Interregnum 22 E., p. 255. Copy. ½ p.]
March 3.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Thos. Fairfax. The party of recruits from Reading is to start on Friday convoyed by the regiment of Commissary Ireton; we therefore desire you to order a convoy from your army to meet them about Blandford, so that Ireton's regiment may return into these parts. This is desirable, the rather for that there are some forces with Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley] which are endeavouring to effect a junction with those with the King, which we desire by all means to prevent, and doubt not by the forces we now have in these parts, whereof Ireton's regiment is a part, to be able to do it. For this reason we desire that regiment may not march too far westward with the convoy. Sent by the post. [Ibid., pp. 255, 256. Copy=2/3 p.]
March 4.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Major Sadascue. We formerly appointed your regiment to convoy the recruits [from Reading] toward [Fairfax's] army, but now have, upon some considerations, thought fit to commit that service to Col. Betsworth with 300 of his horse. We desire you to lie with your regiment at or about Newbury, so as you may best preserve Hants. and Wilts. from the incursions of the enemy's forces, and prevent the enemy from sending any forces after the convoy that might endanger or affront it. You are forthwith to march to Newbury, or such place thereabouts as may be best for these services. Sent by Craven. [Interregnum 22 E., p. 256. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 4.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Betsworth. You are to be at Reading with 300 of your horse upon Friday to convoy the recruits assembled there for Fairfax's army so far as Blandford, where you are to deliver them over to such as shall be appointed by Sir Thomas to receive them. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid., p. 257. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 4.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Morgan. You have a mortar piece at Gloucester which will be needed for the service against Banbury. We desire you that it may be sent with its equipage, and such a proportion of shells as shall be necessary, to Banbury for that service. Sent by Lord Saye's care. [Ibid., pp. 257, 258. Copy = ½ p.]
March 4.
Derby House.
The same to Cols. Fleetwood and Whalley. That Col. Betsworth is appointed to convoy the recruits for Fairfax's army, and Major Sadascue to lie with his regiment about Newbury to preserve Hants. and Wilts. from the incursions of the enemy, and to take care that none of their forces follow or distract the convoy. We thought fit to signify these orders to you that you may know what he is designed unto, and desire he may not be called off but upon extraordinary occasions. Sent as above. [Ibid., p. 259. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 4.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Bridges. We understand you can spare 100 foot more for the service against Banbury, which are very much needed. Send these 100 men thither with what speed you can. Sent as above. [Ibid., p. 259. Copy. ½ p.]
March 4. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Col. Betsworth to convoy the recruits to Blandford.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 12.]
Col. Bridges to send 100 men to Banbury.
[Ibid.]
Don Charles to be at liberty.
[Ibid., p. 28.]
To inform Cols. Fleetwood and Whalley that Ireton's regiment is not to go with the recruits.
[Ibid., p. 40.]
To let Lord Inchiquin know that his paper is reported.
[Ibid., p. 65.]
Col. Morgan to send the mortar picco to Banbury.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
Major Sadascue to march with his regiment to Newbury.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
March 5.
London.
59. J. Bland to Mr. Auditor Searle, alias Sherley, or his deputy, near the Mews at Charing Cross. I send you the particulars of the rents received for the King's account out of co. York, the which you may order your clerk to go on perfecting, and to-morrow I will get ready the particulars for the Queen's and Prince's revenues, with the collector's receipts now come to hand, which being perfected I shall discharge myself for the payments I have made. [½ p.]
March 5. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
The Committee for the Admiralty to send directions to Capt. Rich.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 1.]
To acquaint Sir Thos. Fairfax of Col. Ireton's regiment not having come up.
[Ibid., p. 40.]
The commander of Ireton's regiment to assist the Hampshire Committee with horse.
[Ibid., p. 65.]
To report for money for the service of North Wales.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
March 5.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Sir Thos. Fairfax. We have changed our resolution as to the convoy for the recruits from Reading for your army. For that Commissary Ireton's regiment cannot well be spared for this service, we have appointed 300 of the Hauts. horse of Col. Betsworth's regiment to convoy them as far as Blandford, but they cannot go any further, therefore send a convoy of horse from your army thither to bring them up to the army. Sent by Mr. Crips. [Interregnum 22 E., pp. 259, 260. Copy = ¾ p.]
March 5.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Hardress Waller. To the same effect as the preceding. We thought fit to intimate this to you so that, if you have any horse there, you may send a convoy to Blandford for that service as being nearer than Fairfax's army now is, and in that case give notice to Sir Thos. Fairfax. Sent as above. [Ibid., pp. 260, 261. Copy = ¾ p.]
March 6.
Bodmin.
Sir Thos. Fairfax to Wm. Lenthall, Speaker. I cannot but inform you of the good success of our western proceedings, which have been exceedingly furthered by the seasonable overtures made to Col. Edgecumbe, who having embraced them in that fitness of opportunity of our advance into this county, hath, by the prosperous endeavours of himself, Wm. Scawen, Esq., his lieut.-col., and Richard Edgecumbe, his major, gentlemen of interest in these parts, so prevailed, by the detaining of the forces under his command from joining with the Lord Hopton's strength, that we have hereby reaped much fruit, and are much more enabled to encounter that power so weakened by the disappointment of such an addition. I conceive this to be a service so timely that I desire you should look on it with a more than ordinary eye, it having given such a progress to your affairs in these parts as nothing could have advanced them more. I have promised them your effectual favour, and make it my request that you would not let me come short in obtaining for them what so seasonable and effectual a service may desire from you. [Interregnum 199 G., p. 415. 1 p.]
[March 6.] Sir Thos. Fairfax to the same. In another letter I gave you an account of the advantage of the seasonable submission of Col. Edgecumbe and his officers. I recommend Major Nicholas Sawle as an officer of the same regiment, and doubt not of the like respect to him as to his Colonel; his concurrence with him in his compliance with your wishes deserves it. [Interregnum 199 G., p. 427. ½ p.]
March 6. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Sir Wm. Brercton to command the party about Wolverhampton.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 12.]
To acquaint the Committee of the Army of the stop of the recruits.
[Ibid., p. 19.]
Sir Thos. Fairfax's letter from Launceston to be sent to the Committee of the Admiralty.
[Ibid., p. 40.]
Foote appointed to go to Sir Thos. Fairfax to stay till further order.
[Ibid., p. 40.]
To let Sir Thos. Fairfax know of the stay of the recruits.
[Ibid., p. 41.]
Letters to [be written to the Committees of] Salop and Cheshire to send forces to Wolverhampton.
[Ibid., p. 81.]
Letters to be written to Cols. Morgan and Birch, and to [the Committee at] Evesholme [Evesham], to hasten their forces to their rendezvous.
[Ibid., p. 81.]
The recruits which have come to Reading how disposed of.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
Major Sadascue to obey Col. Fleetwood's directions.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
Col. Sanderson's desires to be reported [to the Commons].
[Ibid., p. 137.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to [Col. Sanderson] commanding the regiment of Reformadoes. We have appointed your regiment of Reformadoes to join with the party ordered to come to a rendezvous at Wolverhampton, to which therefore you are to march up, or to such place as Sir Wm. Brereton shall appoint in order to this service, whose orders you are to follow herein. Sent by Mr. Pidcock. [Interregnum 22 E., p. 261. Copy. ½ p.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of Surrey. You have in your custody a mortar piece which was at Farnham, send it with its equipage, and some shells, to London, that it may be forwarded to Banbury, where it is required to be used against the castle. Sent to Sir Richd. Onslow. [Ibid., p. 262. Copy. ½ p.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Thos. Fairfax. Upon consideration of intelligence communicated by yours of the 28th ult., we have given order for stopping the march westward of the recruits of foot [for your army] until further order. We have recommended to the Committee for the Admiralty your desire concerning the sending westward as much of the fleet as may be spared. [Ibid. Copy. ½ p.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The same to Cols. Morgan and Birch, and the Governor of Evesham. We before wrote to you for 500 horse and foot to come to a rendezvous on the 18th inst., in order to pursue the forces with Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley]. Now for that we are informed that his forces are in the field endeavouring a conjunction with the King, we therefore desire you to come [in] to the field with all possible expedition, observing the directions of our former letters. Given to Mr. Lechmere. [Ibid., p. 263. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Betsworth. Upon advertisements received we have determined to defer sending the recruits to [Fairfax's] army, so you may still employ your horse for the service of your county [a convoy not being required for some time]. [Ibid. Copy. ½ p.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The same to the officers with the recruits at Reading. We have determined, upon some special consideration, to defer sending the recruits up to the army, so keep them together there till we give you further order. Sent by Mr. Faukeard. [Ibid., p. 264. Copy. ½ p.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Wm. Brereton. The House of Commons being informed that the forces of the enemy under Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley] are drawing into the field, and will endeavour a conjunction with the forces at Oxford, and so attempt to raise recruits and make a beginning for an army, have ordered that those forces which were formerly ordered to come to Wolverhampton on the 18th shall forthwith draw together into a body and attend the motions of Ashley's forces in the field. Let the Cheshire forces appointed for this service march up to the others and hasten the march of the Shropshire forces, which we hear are not yet come up. We desire you to march up to those forces and take that party into your charge, and so endeavour to prevent the junction of Ashley's party with the rest of the enemy's forces, to hinder their recruits, and preserve the country from their plunderings and spoil. We have appointed the regiment of Reformadoes under Col. Sanderson to come up for the same service, to whom we desire you to give orders accordingly. You are also to keep correspondence with Cols. Fleetwood and Whalley for better hindering the conjunction of the enemy's forces. Sent by Mr. Pidcock. [Ibid., pp. 264, 265. Copy. 1½ pp.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of Salop. We are informed that the 200 horse and 300 foot which you were directed to send to Wolverhampton by the 18th ult. are not yet come up. Causo them to march forthwith up to the other forces, and receive orders from Sir William Brereton, to whom the command of that party is committed. [Ibid., p. 266. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The same to Major Sadascue. We have received yours, signifying that Col. Whalley had sent you orders to march to Banbury with your regiment. We desire you to obey such directions as you shall receive from Cols. Fleetwood and Whalley, or either of them. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid., p. 266. Copy. ⅓ p.]
March 6.
Derby House.
The same to Cols. Fleetwood and Whalley. Major Sadascue having written to us that he had received orders from Col. Whalley to march to Banbury in regard Sir Jacob Ashley is upon his march from Worcester to Oxford with 1,500 horse and foot, we have appointed him to obey such orders as he shall receive from you or either of you. Sent by Mr. Durand. [Ibid., p. 267. Copy. ½ p.]
March 7. Ordered by the Lords and Commons,—That Sir William Brereton shall for three months have the command of the forces appointed to be now drawn together [in margin: The forces of cos. Cheshire, Stafford, Salop, Derby, Warwick, Leicester, Worcester, Gloucester, and Hereford] for following the enemy in the field. Dorso, Three months ending May 29, 1646. [Written on the same paper as two former orders, one to continue Brereton in command for 4 months and the other for 40 days. See 25 Sept. 1645. Copy. ⅓ p.]
March 7. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Carteret Zouch to be committed prisoner to Winchester.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 19.]
To let Sir Thos. Fairfax know what is done with the recruits.
[Ibid., p. 41.]
The horse of Henley and Abingdon to convoy the recruits.
[Ibid., p. 58.]
Monsr. Montercul's pass and engagement.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
Mr. Frost to signify this to Monsr. Montereul.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
Petition of Thos. Baxter of Manchester to be recommended to the Commissioners in Ulster.
[Ibid., p. 115.]
Major Sadascue to observe Col. Fleetwood's orders.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
A letter to be written to the Committee of Sussex.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
March 9. 60. Ordinance of both Houses for the continuance of the weekly assessment for relief of the British army in Ireland for six months longer, to commence from 1 May. Printed by order of the Lords in pamphlet form for John Wright, at the King's Head in the Old Bailey, 1646. [It is also printed in Lords' Journals viii., p. 205. 4 pp.]
March 9. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
To inform Cols. Fleetwood and Whalley of the stay of Sadascue.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 41.]
The Henley horse to receive orders from Col. Rainsborough.
[Ibid., p. 59.]
Col. Rainsborough to dispose of the recruits.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
To report for commission for martial law.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
Report for the surrendering of a garrison of the King's.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
Major Sadascue to march to Reading.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
Col. Venn to come back with the recruits from Farnham to Reading.
[Ibid., p. 149.]
March 9.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Col. Venn. We understand that you are marched with some of the recruits [for Fairfax's army] to Farnham. We desire you forthwith to march back with them to Reading, where Col. Rainsborough is to meet with them, and from him they shall receive further orders. We desire you to do this with all expedition. Sent by Mr. Priestley. [Interregnum 22 E., p. 267. Copy. ½ p.]
March 9.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Temple. We have given order to Col. Rainsborough to march with all the recruits [assembled at Reading] to Abingdon, for the convoy of whom, besides other horse, you are to assist with the horse belonging to your garrison, which service will not exceed three or four days. March to-morrow night towards Reading with your horse to receive orders for this service from Col. Rainsborough. Sent by Mr. Jennings at 9 p.m. [Ibid., p. 268. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 9.
Derby House.
The same to Cols. Fleetwood and Walley. We have given order to Major Sadascue, who was upon his march toward you, upon your order, to return to Reading for the convoy of the recruits to Abingdon, which will hinder their coming up to you for three or four days. Of this we thought fit to give you intimation that you [might] know the reason they come not so speedily up. Sent by Mr. Craven at 9 p.m. [Ibid., pp. 268, 269. Copy = 2/3 p.]
March 9.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Rainsborough. We desire you to repair forthwith to Reading. You are to dispose of the recruits there come up, in the following manner, viz., 200 of them to be left at Reading for the defence of that place, 1,000 under the captains now with them are to march to Abingdon, where they are to continue till further order, and all the rest are also to march thither to be put into your own regiment, which being thus reinforced, you are to employ to the best advantage for the public service. Given to himself. [Ibid., p. 269. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 9.
Derby House.
The same to Major Sadascue. We understand that you are this night at Amersham upon your march to Col. Whalley upon his orders. We desire you to march to Reading, where you will meet with Col. Rainsborough, from whom you will receive further orders. We desire you to do this notwithstanding any order from Col. Whalley, the business which occasions it being of very great importance. Sent by Mr. Arnold at 9 p.m. [Ibid., p. 270. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 10. Protection signed by Sir Thos. Fairfax requiring all officers and soldiers under his command to forbear to prejudice Sir Peter Courtney, of Trethruffe in Cornwall, either by plundering his house or goods or taking away his horses, sheep, or cattle, provided he be obedient to all orders and Ordinances of Parliament. [Interregnum 207 G., p. 551.]
March 10. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
The mortar pieces at Farnham to be sent to Reading.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 41.]
The Hampshire gentlemen to be spoken with about the mortar piece.
[Ibid., p. 59.]
Mr. Newbury to send back the mortar pieces [which he took away].
[Ibid., p. 100.]
The recruits at Winchester to march to Reading.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
March 11.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Col. Mytton. We have received yours from Ruthin of the 23rd, and two from Chester of the 26th ult. As for the numbers of forces that shall be fittest to be employed upon that service, we leave to you to call to your assistance such and so many of those appointed for that service of North Wales as you shall judge necessary for the effecting thereof. That there may be no impediment to hinder their march, we have again reported to the House of Commons, that the money assigned upon the Excise for that service may be forthwith taken up. As for yours of the 26th ult. concerning Anglesey, we conceive it a design of very great consequence, and which being effected would much facilitate the reduction of the rest of those parts, and hinder the bringing in of any Irish into the north-west. But we conceive this design very subject to danger, and that wherein you may easily suffer an affront, if not the loss of the forces you land, if there should not be any real intentions in him [to deliver up Beaumaris Castle]. We therefore recommend it to your especial care to proceed with wariness therein. The better to oblige him to be clear, fair, and real in his performance, you have hereby power to promise him, or any other by whom the design may be effected, 1,000l. when accomplished, and that this Committee will endeavour to procure his reconcilement to the Parliament and to represent this his service as acceptable. Within two or three days directions will be sent to Capt. Rich about the ship your letter mentions in the manner you desire. In the meantime you are to make preparation of all things necessary, so that when the time is fit it may be effectually put in execution. Sent by Mr. Arnold. [Interregnum 22 E., pp. 270–272. Copy = 2 pp.]
March 11.
Derby House.
The same to Mr. Newbury. We are informed that upon an order of the Committee of Surrey for the delivery of a mortar piece belonging to Hants., you have taken away two mortar pieces with their shells belonging to the train of Sir Thos. Fairfax, which we had appointed for other service. If these pieces be so taken away, you are forthwith to send them with the shells to Reading. The piece which belongs to Hants. being the least of them, about 11 inches in diameter, you may retain and send away the other with the shells belonging to it, to Winchester, that it may be brought away with the recruits and the convoy that are to come from Winchester to Reading. [Interregnum 23 E., p. 1. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 11.
Derby House.
The same to the officers with the recruits at Winchester. We are informed that there are 500 recruits for Fairfax's army now at Winchester. The state of affairs in the west being such that it is not necessary to send those recruits thither for the present, we have appointed them to come to Reading, where they will receive further orders. We have appointed the horse of Hants. to convoy them from Winchester to Reading, and we desire you to see that they march thither accordingly. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid., pp. 1, 2. Copy = 2/3 p.]
March 11.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Betsworth. There are 500 recruits at Winchester for Fairfax's army, which we have appointed to come to Reading to receive further orders. We desire you, with your regiment of horse, to conduct them thither. There were also lately at Farnham some mortar pieces and shells belonging to Fairfax's train, being left there by Lieut.-Genl. Cromwell, which are by mistake carried by Mr. Newbury to Portsmouth as belonging to Hants. We have given order to Mr. Newbury to return them, and desire you that they may be brought back with your convoy and the recruits to Reading. If the mortar pieces be still at Farnham, march that way and take them along with you to Reading. That one which belongs to Hants. is the least, being 11 inches in diameter, and may be left behind as belonging to them. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid., p. 2. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 12. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Sir Wm. Brereton to assist Col. Morgan in a design.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 12.]
A letter to be written to Col. Betsworth.
[Ibid., p. 12.]
Col. Morgan to have the command.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
A letter to be written to Col. [Thomas] Mitton concerning Beaumaris Castle.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
Proposition brought in by Sergeant Wilde.
[Ibid., p. 115.]
Pass for Monsr. Montereul to be passed.
[Ibid., p. 115.]
To report to the House [of Commons] for 6,000l. for the forces for Lichfield.
[Ibid., p. 127.]
March 12.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Col. Rainsborough. We have received your two letters, and as to the party of the enemy you mention we are informed that they are fallen down to Basingstoke, where they have kept themselves very close, and in all likelihood have a design upon the money that is going to the army, and which went this day from Godalming. You are to get together all the horse you can for this service, including those of Major Sadascue [which are] with you, and the regiments of the General and of Col. Fleetwood, to whom you are to send [requesting them] to come up. With these forces you are to attend that party of the enemy so as to prevent their surprising the money, and to intercept their return if possible. Having given you this intimation we leave it to your care to do what may be best for the public service. Sent by his messenger. [Interregnum 23 E., p. 3. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 12.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Fleetwood. We have received information that the party [of the enemy's] horse which went from Oxford marched toward Farringdon and thence to Newbury, and were this day at Basingstoke. We conceive that they have a design upon the money going to [Fairfax's] army, which left Godalming this morning. We have therefore given order to Col. Rainsborough, with what horse he can get together, including your and the General's regiments, to wait upon that party of the enemy, and so prevent their seizing upon the money and to intercept their return. We desire you to march up to him with those horse for that service. If Col. Rainsborough should not be in the way we desire you, with the horse with you, to attend on that service. Sent by Col. Rainsborough's man. [Ibid., pp. 3, 4. Copy=2/3 p.]
March 12.
Derby House.
The same to the officer in command of the convoy with the money [for Fairfax's army]. We are informed that a strong party of the King's horse are abroad and were this day at Basingstoke, where they lie close, in all likelihood having a design upon the money under your conduct. Take all care that the money be put into safety, the way we leave to you to determine, who are upon the spot, but we recommend this to your especial care. Sent by Bulmer. [Ibid., p. 4. Copy. ½ p.]
March 12.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Morgan. We have considered that design which was communicated to you by the Governor of Evesham, and do approve the same. We desire you according as the design is laid to put it in execution. We have written to Sir Wm. Brereton to afford you what forces he can spare from his other designs, with whom we desire you to hold correspondence for that purpose. Sent by the Governor of Evesham. [Ibid., p. 5 Copy. ½ p.]
March 12.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Wm. Brereton. There is a design to be put in execution by Col. Morgan, which is of very great consequence. for the effecting whereof he may stand in need of more forces than those formerly appointed to come to a rendezvous for another service under his command. Give him such assistance as you can spare from your other design of attending upon the movements of Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley], so as to hinder his recruits and his junction with the rest of the King's forces. Sent as above. [Ibid., Copy. ½ p.]
March 13.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Sir Thos. Fairfax. In regard you are at present so far westward, and the public affairs so well advanced, we have retained the recruits intended for your army in these parts. For the present we have appointed 200 of them to be left at Reading and 1,000 to be sent to Abingdon, and for their present conduct we desire you to send up two field officers from the army, and the Committee of the Army will provide captains and sergeants for them, to exercise them till your army march this way, or that there be occasion to send them up to you, in which event they will be distributed as recruits, and the captains be dismissed. The rest of the recruits will be embodied in Col. Rainsborough's regiment, from which supernumeraries can be drafted into your army. These foot and your horse in these parts, with such as we can add to them, will be employed in these midland parts against such forces as the enemy may endeavour to bring together. We have also appointed 1,500 horse and foot of the forces of cos. Gloucester, Worcester, and Hereford under the command of Col. Morgan to attend the [Royalist] forces with Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley]. There are likewise about Lichfield 3,000 horse and foot which were engaged in the siege of that place, and a sufficient number with Col. Mytton for carrying on the work which remains in North Wales. Sent by Mr. Hanbury. [Interregnum 23 E., pp. 6, 7. Copy. 1⅓ pp.]
March 16. Order of the Commons that Mr. Salloway, junr., do bring in an Ordinance for charging and paying out of the receipts of the Excise 6,000l., formerly charged by order of the 16th Feb. last to be employed for the forces appointed to be drawn together under the command of Sir Wm. Brereton for following the forces of the enemy, under Sir Jacob [Lord] Astley in the field. [Printed under date March 6 in Commons' Journals iv., p. 466. Written on same paper as 16th Feb., Vol. 513, No. 40. Copy. ½ p.]
March 16. 61. Warrant of Sir Thos. Fairfax to Sir John Wollaston and the rest of the Treasurers-at-Wars. You are requested to pay to MajorGenl. Skippon 588l. 16s. 4d., being 14 days' pay for the officers and soldiers in his regiment of foot, according to a muster taken 16 Feb. Underwritten,
61. i. Receipt by Major Samuel Clarke for the above-named sum received of Sir John Wollaston and the rest of the Treasurersat-Wars from the hands of Capt. John Blackwell. [2/3 p.]
March 16. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day. Col. John Booth to be here on Wednesday.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 12.]
Letter of the Commissioners from Lincoln of the 7th inst. and petition to be reported.
[Ibid., p. 19.]
Lord Herbert to have leave to send to his son.
[Ibid., p. 59.]
A messenger from Archbishop [Williams] of York to be here.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
Mr. [Francis] Newport to propound concerning High Ercall.
[Ibid., p. 100.]
Paper of the Scots' Commissioners to be reported.
[Ibid., p. 115.]
A letter [to be written] to Capt. Potter concerning the recruits.
[Ibid., p. 115.
To report to the House [of Commons] for the 15,000l. for the Scots' army.
[Ibid., p. 128.]
March 16.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to the city of Lincoln. We considered your letter desiring to be excused from collecting and paying the assessment upon the Ordinance of Oct. 1644, for the relief of the British armies in Ireland; but it is neither in our power to give a dispensation against an Ordinance of Parliament, nor will the exigency of the affair admit of it, that service having been very much prejudiced by the delay that has been used already. The necessities of the armies there are so great and cry so loud as we suppose none can be insensible of them. The supplies already sent which by contract were before this time to be paid remain unsatisfied for, and greater supplies must be forthwith despatched away for the prosecution of the rebels there, which, if neglected, they are like in great numbers to infest us at home and lengthen out our troubles which otherwise are in a hopeful way of a good and speedy end. We desire that so necessary a work may effectually proceed, especially as the assessment itself is so light that unless yourselves make it burdensome to some particular persons by a disproportionable distribution none can have reason to complain. Let the money be collected and paid in with all expedition and if any man give obstruction we desire to be certified of it by you, that the Parliament may take such course therein as such a public disservice shall require. Sent by Mrs. Leman. [Interregnum 23 E., pp. 7, 8. Copy = 1¼ pp.]
March 16.
Derby House.
The same to cos. Leicester and Warwick. We are informed that the assessments upon the Ordinance of October 1644 for the relief of the British armies in Ireland have long been made in your counties, but no money yet collected, or at least not paid in. The assessment being very light none ought to have reason of complaint except through a disproportionable distribution. The necessities of the soldiers there are so great and cry so loud that all must be sensible of it. Let this work be put in execution with the same good affection with which you have hitherto served the public upon all occasions. If any should give obstruction to it, notify this speedily to us that we may inform the Parliament. Sent as above. [Ibid., pp. 8, 9. Copy=1 p.]
March 16. The like to Lincolnshire. [Ibid. Minute.]
March 18. 62. Warrant by the Committee at Lewes, co. Sussex, to Richd. Burdett and William Clagett of Lewes, appointing them Treasurers for the tax to be raised within that rape for the armies under Sir Thomas Fairfax, the Earl of Leven, and the British army in Ireland, according to the list hereunto annexed. You are to dispose of the money you shall so receive only according to such orders and directions as you shall receive from this Committee, rendering an account for the same to us when required. P.S.—An allowance of 1d. in the £ to be made to the assessors and collectors, ½d. in the £ to the clerk, and 1d. in the £ for yourself. [2/3 p.]
March 18. 63. John Cheislie, by command of the Commissioners for the Parliament of Scotland [to the Commissioners for the English Parliament]. In pursuance of the commands of the Estates of Scotland, as we have often formerly, so do we now again desire that the unknown knight may be revealed unto us, means used for the discovery of Robert Wright, and that business put in a way of strict examination so that the whole truth thereof may be made known, and we enabled to give a speedy account to the kingdom of Scotland. [½ p.]
March 18.
Derby House.
64. Order made at the Committee of both kingdoms. That the paper to be given in to-morrow by the Scots' Commissioners concerning Robt. Wright and the unknown knight be at their desire reported to the Houses. [½ p.]
March 18. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Col. John Booth to take along with him the mortar pieces.
[Interregnum, 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 12.]
The Committee of Lancashire to despatch Col. Booth's regiment into North Wales.
[Ibid., p. 81.]
Mr. Recorder [of London] to return an answer to the messenger.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
Paper given in by the Scots' Commissioners.
[Ibid., p. 115.]
Col. Rainsborough to join his foot with Col. Fleetwood's horse.
[Ibid., p. 128.]
A warrant to be issued for 10 barrels of gunpowder, &c., for Tilbury fort.
[Ibid., p. 161.]
March 18.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Col. Rainsborough. We send you a copy of the letter received from Col. Fleetwood, and desire to be certified from you whether it would be prejudicial to any design you have before you that the horse of Col. Ireton's [command] should be joined to the Hants. and Newbury horse for the ends expressed in Col. Fleetwood's letter; and that if they should so join, whether you may not join with the horse of Col. Fleetwood for the security of your foot. Sent by his own messenger. [Interregnum 23 E., pp. 9, 10. Copyp.]
March 18.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of Lancashire. We have appointed the regiment of Col. John Booth to march into North Wales, to endeavour the reducement thereof, which, if once effected, will conduce much to the security of all those parts, and your county will be especially concerned in it. We doubt not you will be ready to give this service all the furtherance you can. You are to clothe Col. Booth's regiment, and make them fit to march with all expedition. Given to Col. Booth. [Ibid., p. 10. Copyp.]
March 19. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
A letter to be written to the Governor of Leicester about Tetbury [Tutbury].
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 81.]
Letters to be written to Mr. Strickland, Governor of Warwick, Col. Rainsborough, and Col. Fleetwood.
[Ibid., p. 81.]
The Earl of Northampton to put in security for 10,000l.
[Ibid., p. 100.]
To report to the House [of Commons] for ammunition for the Lord Inchiquin.
[Ibid., p. 128.]
The saltpetre business to be heard on Monday.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
Lady Stanley's desires to be referred.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
The Governor of Warwick to exchange Mr. Bowen, &c.
[Ibid., p. 161.]
March 19.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Col. John Booth. We formerly directed some of the Lancashire forces to march into North Wales to such rendezvous as Col. Mytton should appoint, but are informed that they are not yet marched. We desire you to march with your regiment thither, and receive orders from Col. Mytton. The service for the most part will be in the taking in of castles and places which are in the power of the enemy. You are therefore to take with you the mortar piece which was taken at Latham House to be employed in that service. Given to himself. [Interregnum 23 E., pp. 10, 11. Copy=2/3 p.]
March 19.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Rainsborough. We understand that you are joined with Col. Fleetwood's horse, which, if it be so, and your foot thereby out of danger, we desire that Major Sadascue with his regiment may go and lie somewhere between Newbury and Abingdon, and receive his orders from Col. Betsworth. We have written to Col. Betsworth that with his own horse, and what can be spared from Abingdon, and with Major Sadascue's regiment, he should be in a posture to prevent any incursions of the enemy into those parts, and to take all advantages offered against the enemy. Sent by Mr. Priestley. [Ibid., p. 11. Copy. ½ p.]
March 19.
Derby House.
The same to Major Sadascue. To the same effect as the preceding. If Col. Rainsborough's foot be joined with Col. Fleetwood's horse, we desire you with your regiment to march to some place between Abingdon and Newbury, and receive your orders from Col. Betsworth, to whom we have also written. Sent by Mr. Priestley. [Ibid., p. 12. Copyp.]
March 19.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Fleetwood. We are informed from Col. Temple that 1,000 [Royalist] horse and 500 foot are at Dorchester in Oxon., and intend to make a quarter there. We recommend it to your care, and desire you to look after them and remove them thence, lest by that means the parts thereabouts be [reduced] under their contribution. Sent as above. [Ibid. Copy ½ p.]
March 19.
Derby House.
The same to [Major-Genl. Browne], Governor of Abingdon. We have appointed Major Sadascue with his regiment to march to the parts between Abingdon and Newbury to receive orders from Col. Betsworth, who is directed to put himself into the best posture he can for preservation of the country and for advantage against the enemy. We therefore desire you upon all occasions to send what horse you can spare from your garrison to such rendezvous as Col. Betsworth shall appoint. Sent by Mr. Binding. [Ibid., p. 13. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 19.
Derby House.
The same to Mr. [Walter] Strickland, [Resident for the Parliament's service with the States of the United Provinces]. Thanks for his weekly letters, giving an account of such passages as occur and of the state of affairs there [in Holland], in which we have received good satisfaction, and we desire you to continue it. The rather, for that at this time there are everywhere so great endeavours by all the Popish party to effect something that may be prejudicial and dangerous to the whole Protestant cause, and in particular to this kingdom. We therefore desire you to inform yourself what you can of their counsels, and the effects they are like to have. If you find there be endeavours [made to procure] any levies of men or preparation of shipping in those parts, of which use may be made for the hurt of this kingdom, we desire you to use all the means you can for preventing thereof. In regard you are so fully acquainted with the state of affairs there [in Holland], we conceive it would be very prejudicial that you should come away, and therefore desire you to continue there till our affairs can better suffer your absence. We sent you some weeks since copies of the letters between Dr. Goffe, Lord Jermyn, and Lord Digby, of which you may make use as there shall be cause, and as you find it may conduce to the service of the Parliament. The state of affairs here [in England] is in a very good posture. The King's forces in the west, being driven as far as Truro, have been there necessitated to a capitulation, and have delivered up all their horses and arms, and [the soldiers], having taken the oath not to bear arms hereafter against the Parliament, go to their own homes, and the strangers are to be transported into their own countries. By this means they have lost and we have gained 3,000 horse, so the King has no force in the field in the west. Exeter is besieged, Barnstaple blocked up, Banbury, Lichfield, and Newark besieged, besides a sufficient party of horse to attend all the force the King hath at or about Oxford. Another party [of our forces] is appointed to follow Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley], who commands about 1,000 or 1,200 in Worcestershire. This short account we thought fit to give you, that you may truly know in what condition things stand here. On the 14th inst., 250l. of your money was paid to Mr. Trotter, and care shall be taken speedily for payment of the rest. Lord Glamorgan is again at liberty, and, as it is said, hath been again with the rebels at Kilkenny. It is also said that the peace is concluded with the rebels there. Sent by Mr. Trotter's care. [Ibid., pp. 14, 15. Copy. 2 pp.]
March 20. 65. Petition of Richd. Crossing, late of Exeter, merchant, to the Committee [for Prize Goods]. Some time since he had 13 ballets of canvas taken in the "William" of Topsham and carried into Plymouth. At the time he conceived these had been taken by a private man-of-war, but by late information finds they were taken by the "Warwick" frigate and sold for the benefit of the State, realizing 111l. 19s. 3d. Prays permission to add this to his former account of losses which has been examined. Annexed,
65. I. Certificates touching the sale of the canvas, and the disposal of the money realized by the same. [5 pp.]
March 20. 66. Certificates by the Committee of Fortifications for the City of London to the Committee of Arrears and to Messrs. Richd. Glydd and Thos. Blackwell, appointed by the said Committee Treasurers for the 32,000l. to be raised on the Ordinance of Parliament of 2 Feb. 1645–6.
I. in accordance with an Act of Common Council of 9 Feby. we do certify that there is owing to John Young, freemason, 3l. for his attendance and employment in overseeing the stonework at the breach by the fort at Gray's Inn-lane, and at the breach near Tyburn-road, which were done in Sept. and Oct. 1644, being in full for that service.
II. Owing to Bevis Piggott, carpenter, 150l. for timber, materials, and workmanship in building divers courts-of-guard and sentinel houses, and for work done at several forts about London, being part of a greater sum owing to him.
III. Owing to Henry Glydd, carpenter, 118l. for timber, materials, and workmanship in building courts-of-guard at Tuttle fort and in Wapping-street, and for other work done for the fortifications of London.
IV. Owing to John Freeman, merchant, 33l. 4s. for fir timber for palisades used in the fortifications of London.
V. Owing to Edw. Byworth, 35l. for carrying 94 pieces of ordnance to the several forts about London.
March 20.
Truro.
Sir Thos. Fairfax to Wm. Lenthall, Esq., Speaker. This bearer, Mr. [Robert] Naper [of Puncknowle in Dorset], being in Cornwall at Truro, addressed himself unto me and informing me of his being a servant to the Prince [Charles] as his Receiver General for the Duchy of Cornwall, and that he had continued with his Highness only for that service, without other employment, for the space of a year, and hath not at any time borne arms. He being desirous to apply himself to the Parliament I cannot but recommend him, as well in respect of the treaty, as that he is a gentleman of whom I hear a very good report. I shall desire you to look upon him with an eye of favour concerning his own estate and his employment under the Prince. [Seal with crest and motto. Interregnum 208 G., p. 651.] Annexed,
Statement of the case of Robert Naper, Esq. His delinquency, that he deserted his own dwelling and went and lived in Exeter whilst it was held as a garrison for the King, that he was an officer to the Prince [Charles], and collected money to maintain those forces raised [in the west] against the Parliament. He was at Truro at the time of the surrender of those forces there to the Parliament as by Sir Thos. Fairfax's certificate [appears], and is also within the Articles of Exeter as having lived there within 7 months before the date of those Articles as is certified. He has taken the National Covenant and the Negative Oath. He compounds upon a particular sent out of the country, and by another delivered in under his hand, by which he doth submit to such fine, &c., and by which it appears [that his estate is as herein stated]. His personal estate has been compounded for with the Committee in the country, as they certify. He has paid his 5th and 20th part, and has a fair certificate of his good carriage from Sir Thos. Fairfax. 22 July 1646. [Ibid., pp. 637, 638.]
March 20.
Truro.
67. Sir Thos. Fairfax to Speaker Lenthall. Whilst this army remained in these parts amongst divers other gentlemen of quality who came in unto me to be received into the protection of the Parliament, this bearer, Col. [Thos.] Gunter, was one, who by the Articles agreed upon at Truro may claim my recommendation as having used his best endeavours whilst in these parts to preserve this country from the violence of the soldiers. I am confident you will find him ready to give you such further satisfaction as to deserve the favour of your honourable House in a special manner. P.S.—He desired that upon the report of Mr. Gunter's fine this letter be presented. [Damaged by damp. 1 p.]
March 20. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Letter to Cols. Fleetwood and Whalley to acquaint them with the movements of the enemy.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 41.]
A letter about surrendering of Tetbury [Tutbury] to be directed to Sir Wm. Brereton, Mr. Vernon, and others.
[Ibid, p. 82.]
To give Col. Morgan notice of Sir Wm. Brereton's advance towards him, with a duplicate [of the letter].
[Ibid., p. 91.]
Col. [Thos.] Mitton to treat with the Governor of Beaumaris Castle.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
March 20.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Cols. Fleetwood and Whalley. By the enclosed letters you will see what information we have received of the motion of that party of the enemy under Sir Jacob Ashley, as likewise of their strength. We understand likewise that the party of horse with the King about Oxford do not quarter on this side Oxford, and therefore believe that they may have some design to join with Ashley, or else at one time with him to act upon you. Keep an especial eye upon the motions of both those parties, so that they may not surprise you unawares, and act as you conceive to be most advisable, being upon the spot. We desire you to hold intelligence with Col. Morgan and that party, that so you may be able to assist one another mutually according as the movements of the enemy may require. Sent by Mr. Durand. [Interregnum 23 E., p. 16. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 20.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Wm. Brereton. We understand by Col. Morgan's letters that his numbers are disproportioned to those of Sir Jacob Ashley, and by yours that your horse have marched to Coleshull [Coleshall] in order to assist him. We desire you to keep so near to Col. Morgan's horse that you may within few hours effect a junction with him, and so prevent either the going of Ashley's forces to Lichfield or his joining with the King's forces now about Oxford; also to take all advantages which, being on the spot, you may find offer. Sent by Mr. Pidcock. [Ibid., pp. 16, 17. Copy= 2/3 p.]
March 20.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Wm. Brereton, Henry Vernon, Esq., and Col. Needham. Upon some overtures made to this Committee about the surrender of the garrison of Tetbury [Tutbury] Castle we have thought fit to recommend the transaction of that affair to you, and desire you to treat with the Governor or any other concerning the surrendering of the same upon such Articles as you may agree upon, wherein you are not to admit that any soldiers of theirs shall continue in it after the surrender, but any therein may be suffered to go beyond sea, provided they engage not to act anything prejudicial to the Parliament. Or if they desire to stay within the Parliament's quarters they may, provided they be not of those that are excepted by the Parliament. Send the Articles you shall agree upon hither to be considered, which, if we approve of, you shall with all speed have our resolution concerning them. Sent by Mr. Vernon. [Ibid., pp. 17, 18. Copy = 1 p.]
March 20.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Mytton. We doubt not but you have received before this ours of the 11th inst., wherein we gave directions for all things about the business of Anglesey as you desired. Now, having received yours of the 15th from Ruthin with a postscript of the 16th and considered the same, we recommend it to you to treat about [the surrender of] Beaumaris Castle, and empower you to promise a sum not exceeding 2,000l. to such persons as you may treat with for its delivery into the power of the Parliament, to be paid when the work shall be effected. The business being of great consequence, we recommend its speedy transaction. Sent by Mr. Fogg. [Ibid., pp. 18, 19. Copyp.]
March 20.
Derby House.
The same to Col. John Bridges, Governor of Warwick. We are informed that Mr. Benjamin Lovell, a minister, is prisoner at Worcester, and may be exchanged for Mr. Bowen, who is prisoner with you. Mr. Lovell being a man who has deserved very well of the Parliament we desire you that this exchange may be effected. [Ibid., p. 19. Copy. ½ p.]
March 20.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Morgan. By your letter we understand your disproportion to the enemy. We understand from Sir Wm. Brereton that 1,000 of his horse are advancing towards you as far as Coleshall so as to prevent the enemy's acting upon you. We have written to Col. Fleetwood to have a care that those [Royalist forces] from Oxon. may not march towards you. Keep sufficiently near Sir Wm. Brereton's horse that within few hours you can effect a junction, and prevent either the going of Ashley's forces to Lichfield or his joining with the King's forces, which are now about Oxford, and to take all advantages against the enemy, you being upon the place. Sent by Mr. Pidcock, and a duplicate by Mr. Fogg. [Ibid., p. 20. Copy. 1 p.]
March 21. Resolution of the Commons. That the amendment to the Ordinance for 6,000l. out of the Excise for the forces which follow Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley] should be approved and the 6,000l. be employed likewise for the forces engaged in the siege of Lichfield. [Printed in Commons' Journals iv., p. 483. Written on the same paper as Feb. 16, No. 40. Copy. ½ p.]
March 21. Ordinance of both Houses. That 6,000l. shall be paid in course, with interest at 8l. per cent., payable every six months out of the receipts of the Excise on the Ordinance of 11 Sept. 1643, to be employed for the forces appointed to draw together for following the enemy under Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley] in the field, and for satisfying the forces now employed in the siege of Lichfield. The Commissioners of Excise are hereby authorized and required to make payment of these moneys to Walter Frost, Secretary to the Committee of both kingdoms, whose receipt shall be a sufficient discharge. [Printed in Lords' Journals viii., p. 226. Written on the same paper as Feb. 16, No. 40. Copy. 1 p.]
March [21]. 68. Statement of the account of the pay of Major Wm. Balfour, as captain of a horse troop of arquebusiers under the Lord General Essex, and as major to the regiment of horse under Sir James Ramsey and afterwards of Sir Wm. Balfour, General of horse in that army. Given into the Committee for Examination of the Accounts of that army, March 1645[–6]. These accounts extend from August 1642 to 15 April 1645. [12 pp.]
March 21. Petition of Sir Thos. Leigh, Knt. and Bart., of Stoneleigh, co. Warwick, to the Committee for Compounding at Goldsmiths' Hall. That at the beginning of these wars, about 10 Aug. 1642, the King with his army coming into Warwickshire was pleased to appoint your petitioner's house, called Stoneleigh House, to be the place of his entertainment, where he remained for the space of three days, which petitioner then being under that power could neither deny nor refuse to admit. That at his Majesty's departure your petitioner went along with the King, but neither was himself in arms nor assisted the King with men, horses, or money, but continued part of the time at Ridware in Staffordshire, and other whiles in the King's quarters, for which his estate is sequestered. Now petitioner being willing to make his peace and to take the oath enjoined by the Parliament, desires he may be admitted to make his composition upon such terms as others of his estate and quality do being in the same condition. Underwritten,
Received 21 March 1645[–6.] A letter to certify his estate and delinquency, to tender him the Oath and Covenant, and when he surrendered himself. And upon return of the the letter to be referred to the sub-committee. [Interregnum 197 G., p. 789.]
March 21. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Mr. Bedford to take off messengers from the west.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 12.]
Sir Thos. Fairfax to send a considerable part of his army this way.
[Ibid., p. 41.]
March 21.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Sir Thos. Glemham. We are informed that Mr. Wm. Levins, a young gentleman who never bore arms, hath been taken out of his father's house at Imley, in Northamptonshire, and is now prisoner at Oxford. We desire you that he may be released, otherwise we shall be enforced to procure his release by taking some in your quarters in the like condition.[Interregnum 23 E., p. 21. Copy. ½ p.]
March 21.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Bridges. We formerly wrote to you to discharge and set at liberty Mr. Bowen in exchange for Mr. Lovell. We are informed that you have given a note to discharge him [upon his] taking an oath, which we conceive he will not take. We think fit in respect he goes off in exchange that he should be discharged freely and forthwith, and desire you to do it accordingly before Thursday, which is the last day of his parole. [Ibid., pp. 21, 22. Copy= ½ p.]
March 22.
Guildhall.
69. Certificates by the Committee of the Militia of London to the Committee of Arrears and Messrs. Richd. Glyde and Thos. Blackwell, appointed by the said Committee Treasurers for the 32,000l. to be raised by the Ordinance of Parliament of 2 Feby. 1645–6. In accordance with an Act of Common Council of 9 Feby. we do certify,—
I. That there is due to Sergeant-Major John Brett, for service done by him and his officers upon the several [Courts of] Guard in and about the City of London, from 25 Dec. 1644 till 12 Dec. 1645, the sum of 132l. 17s.
II. That there is due to Capt. Andrew Neale, for service done by him and his officers upon the several [Courts of] Guard in and about the City of London, from 20 Oct. 1644 till 29 July 1645, the sum of 142l. 9s.
III. There is due to Lieut.-Col. Edw. Bellamy for like service, from 1 Jany. 1644–5 to 19 Oct. 1645, the sum of 110l. 15s.
IV. There is due to Col. Hooker for like service, from 2 Jany. 1644–5 to 27 Nov. 1645, the sum of 132l. 5s.
V. There is due to Capt. Richard Cooke for like service, from 28 Feby. 1644–5 to 9 Apr. 1645, the sum of 28l. 5s.
VI. There is due to Capt. Thos. Drinkwater for like service, from 23 May 1644 to 18 Jany. 1644–5, the sum of 110l.
VII. There is due to Capt. Walter Boswell for like service, from 13 June 1644 to 27 Sept. 1645, the sum of 241l. 9s.
At the foot of each certificate the Clerk to the Committee of Militia has appended a request to the Committee of Arrears to examine their book if they have paid any money already on this account, and to deduct it if any be; or if the party hold any warrant containing any portion of the time herein expressed, he is to deliver it up to you to be cancelled.
March 23. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
The Governor of Aylesbury to draw out his forces to Col. Fleetwood.
Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 2.]
Major Bridges to discharge Mr. Bowen.
[Ibid., p. 12.]
Sir Wm. Brereton to send six or eight hundred horse toward Oxford.
[Ibid.]
The gentlemen from Buckinghamshire to be here to-morrow.
[Ibid.]
Mr. Frost to be registrar of the saltpetre.
[Ibid., p. 41.]
Col. Fleetwood to draw forces out of Aylesbury.
[Ibid., p. 41.]
Mr. Lewen to acquaint the Earl of Northampton with these orders [for the surrendering of Tutbury ?].
[Ibid., p. 82.]
Letters of thanks to be written to Sir Wm. Brereton, Col. Morgan, and others, also letters to Col. Fleetwood and to Sir Trevor Williams.
[Ibid., p. 82.]
Order for Col. Lydcott to march to Col. Whalley.
[Ibid., p. 82.]
The messenger that brought the news of Sir Jacob Ashley's [Lord Astley's] rout to have 5l.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
Col. Morgan to command the forces of co. Monmouth.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
The Earl of Northampton to have leave to come to this Committee.
[Ibid., p. 100.]
Report for 50 barrels of gunpowder, &c., for the English army at Newark.
[Ibid., p. 128.]
Report for 200 barrels of gunpowder, &c., for the Scotch army.
[Ibid., p. 128.]
The Committee of Surrey to send the mortar piece, &c., at Farnham to London.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
Sir Trevor Williams cannot be furnished with what he desires, and therefore the command is conferred on Col. Morgan.
[Ibid., p. 161.]
March 23.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Col. Lydcott. God having given us so great and seasonable a victory against the enemy, we desire to make what improvement of it we can, and have therefore appointed all the horse which belong to the army of Sir Thos. Fairfax to lie so as may best block up and threaten Oxford. We desire you with your horse to march to Col. Whalley, and obey and follow his orders. Sent by Mr. Bulmer. [Interregnum 23 E., p. 22. Copyp.]
March 23.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Fleetwood. We have received from divers hands the welcome news of the good success and victory of our forces against those of the enemy under Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley], and although the horse with you came not timely enough to be engaged in the fight, yet they arrived very seasonably to follow the victory, and we do take notice of [this] and thank you for you great diligence both in marching now to the assistance of those conjoined forces, and at all other times both for your own vigilant attendance upon the enemy's motions and ready obedience to our orders upon all occasions. We desire to make what improvement we can of this good success, and to block up Oxford yet more straitly, for which end we have desired Sir Wm. Brereton to send you 800 horse, or more if he can spare them, till some more come up from the army for the straitening and blocking up of Oxford, which forces of his are to receive your orders for that service. We desire you also to draw such foot out of the garrison of Aylesbury as may enable you to make a quarter at Brill for the straitening of Oxford on that side. Sent by Mr. Bulmer. [Ibid., pp. 22, 23. Copy= 1¼ pp.]
March 23.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Whalley. We have received the good news of the victory of our forces against those of Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley], and although the horse with you came not soon enough up to be engaged in the fight, yet we cannot but take notice of and thank you for your great care and diligence, both in sending [those forces] to their assistance, and in all your other services. We doubt not but Ashley's forces being thus taken [unawares], and so wholly dissipated, you will be able to attend the service you are upon without fear of much interruption. We have written to Col. Lydcott to march to you with the Northamptonshire horse, and receive and obey your orders. Sent by Mr. Bulmer. [Ibid., p. 24. Copy. 1 p.]
March 23.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Morgan. We have received from several hands the news of the great victory of our forces so happily and opportunely conjoined, and thank you for your ready obedience to and great diligence used in the pursuance of our orders, by which means the last visible field force of the enemy hath been so wholly broken, that all possibility is taken from him of appearing with an army in the field. We desire to improve this good success to the utmost, and therefore desire that when the service you were specially designed unto by our orders brought by Col. Rouse shall be effected, you would march with what force you can spare towards Oxford for the straitening of that place, which we conceive you may do without any danger at home, in regard there are no forces of the enemy now left which are able to attempt anything to the danger and prejudice of your particular charge. Sir Trevor Williams being willing to quit his military employment, we commit unto your charge all the forces of Monmouthshire. Sent by Mr. Bulmer. [Ibid., pp. 25, 26. Copy=1¼ pp.]
March 23.
Derby House.
The same to [Lieut.-Col. Bulstrode] Governor of Aylesbury. We have written to Col. Fleetwood to do a service which, when effected, will be a covert and protection for Buckinghamshire against any incursions of the enemy, for which he will need some foot, which we have appointed him to draw out of your garrison. We desire you therefore to send him so many as you can spare for that service, which we think you may now do to a good proportion in regard they will be so employed as will be a covert to your garrison and country. Sent by Mr. Bulmer. [Ibid., p. 26. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 23.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Wm. Brereton. We have received by several messengers the news of the happy victory that our forces so opportunely and seasonably conjoined have gained, whereby the enemy is reduced to very great straits, and we return you thanks for your ready obedience and diligent prosecution of our orders. We desire to improve and pursue this success to the utmost, and to take all advantage we can of the enemy's distractions. We therefore desire you to send 600 or 800 horse or more if you can spare them toward Oxford, for the blocking up and straitening thereof, which forces are to receive orders from Col. Fleetwood. These will be required only for a short time until forces can come from the army. We conceive they may now be spared, in regard that since the beating of Sir Jacob Ashley there is no force in the field able to disquiet or interrupt your design against Lichfield. Sent by Mr. Bulmer. [Ibid., p. 27. Copy. 1 p.]
March 23.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Temple. We desire you to send this letter enclosed by a trumpet, according to its direction, unto Sir Thos. Glemham, Governor of Oxford. Sent by Mr. Jennings. [Ibid., p. 25. Copy. ⅓ p.]
March 24. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Col. John Booth to take with his foot one troop of horse.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 12.]
This Committee to sit only upon Monday, Wednesday, and Friday in every week.
[Ibid., p. 19.]
The forces under Col. Mitton to have a month's pay.
[Ibid., p. 41.]
The gentlemen from Jersey to be here on Tuesday.
[Ibid., p. 65.]
The Earl of Leven's of the 23rd of February to be reported.
[Ibid., p. 82.]
A letter to be sent to Sir Trevor Williams.
[Ibid., p. 161.]
The Earl of Warwick to be here on Tuesday.
[Ibid., p. 161.]
March 24.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Sir Trevor Williams. We have seen and considered your propositions for supplies of horse, foot, arms, ammunition, and future maintenance for co. Monmouth, which the present state of [our] affairs will not give leave to furnish. We conceive the protection of that county for the present and the settling of the same will be effected at less charge. We have thereupon considered your last proposition concerning Col. Morgan, and conceive that he with the forces of Gloucestershire, which have now no enemy to be employed against, and such [other forces] as can be had in the country, will be sufficient for that work. We shall therefore, at your desire, report it to the House [of Commons] that he may have the command-in-chief of that county. We thank you for the good service you have done in it, and your willingness that it [Monmouthshire] may be put into such a way for its own safety as shall be least chargeable to the State. [Interregnum 23 E., pp. 28, 29. Copy= ¾ p.]
1646.
March 26.
Petition of Thos. Viscount Savile to the Committee for Compositions. Whereas petitioner's estate has been long sequestered, and all his personal estate, goods, and household stuff amounting to a great value seized and sold, and his house at Howley, co. York, demolished, and his person also imprisoned 26 weeks in Newark Castle by the Earl of Newcastle, and afterwards sent to Oxford, and there imprisoned by his Majesty, and now, since his voluntary coming in to the Parliament, committed to the Tower, where he hath been a prisoner for many months, and by reason of the incurable disease of the stone is now in imminent danger of death. He prays to be admitted to composition, and that you would take into consideration the papers annexed, he being most willing to submit to anything the House of Commons and this Committee shall determine concerning him. Received March 26. [Printed in Camden Miscellany, N. S., vol. viii., No. xxxi., p. 21. Interregnum 179 G. ½ p.]
March 26. 70. Order made at the Committee for the Army. That a convoy of 20 dragoons is to go along with the money to Northampton at the charge of this Committee. [½ p.]
March 26. 71. Bill of Nicholas Somers for medicines and attendance on the Princess Elizabeth and her servants, from 16 Aug. 1644 to 26 March 1646, Attested by Lady Dalkeith. [Copy. ½ p.]
March 27.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Mr. [Walter] Strickland. The House of Commons having taken notice of your great diligence in the service of the Parliament, and of the good effects thereof, are very sensible of your great care, and have commanded us to represent their sense and return you thanks for it. We have thought fit to send you enclosed the vote of the House to this purpose, and shall add no more. Underwritten,
This was signed by four members of the House of Commons. Sent by the post. [Interregnum 23 E., p. 29. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 27.
Wood-street, Compter.
72. Thos. Harrisonne to Viscount Conway. At this good time of Easter prays him to remember a poor imprisoned scholar in great want. [½ p.]
March 28. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
Castle Denington [Donnington Castle, near Newbury] not to be slighted for a fortnight after.
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 28.]
To write to Cols. Morgan, Birch, and Sir W. Brereton to continue their endeavours against Worcester.
[Ibid., p. 91.]
Cols. Rainsborough and Fleetwood to block up Oxford.
[Ibid., p. 128.]
Col. Starre to return to his brigade.
[Ibid., p. 137.]
Col. Venn to send 1,000 recruits to Col. Whalley.
[Ibid., p. 149.]
To write to Col. Whalley concerning the forces of Worcester and Gloucester; to supply their absence with recruits.
[Ibid., p. 161.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The Committee of both kingdoms to Col. Whalley. The forces of the enemy under Sir Jacob Ashley [Lord Astley] being so wholly and so happily broken, and no visible enemy left that is like to give interruption to our designs, we wish to make the best improvement we can of the forces in these parts, and to keep no greater body of them together in any place than shall be necessary, so that we may be the better able to straiten the [Royalist forces] in Oxford in as many places as we can. Being informed that your works at Banbury are in such a posture that the foot already there are fully sufficient for reducing that place, we have determined to employ Col. Rainsborough's foot with such other as we shall join with him, and all the four regiments of horse from [Fairfax's] army in such places about Oxford as we conceive will wholly block it up, and put those within presently to live at the expense of their stores. Col. Lydcott's regiment of Northampton horse will attend the service at the siege of Banbury during the absence of those horse, and receive your orders for the same. When you shall be ready for battery you may send for the guns at Northampton, which are fit for this purpose. Send for 1,000 of the recruits now at Northampton to take the place of the forces of cos. Gloucester and Worcester, which are required for some service of special consequence, and are to go to Col. Morgan and to Evesham. Send any recruits or others who may prove unruly to Col. Rainsborough, who has power to exercise martial law. We have written to Col. Venn to let you have those recruits if you send for them. Sent by Mr. Craven. [Interregnum 23 E., pp. 30, 31. Copy. 1½ pp.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The same to Col. [Thos.] Rainsborough. The first portion of the letter to the same effect as the preceding. The siege of Banbury being now in such a posture that it may be finished with the foot forces there and the regiment of Northampton horse, we have determined to employ all the horse of [Fairfax's] army and the foot with you for the closer blocking up of Oxford. We have received a proposition from Col. Fleetwood for that purpose. [In this he suggests] that as Woodstock is made a quarter on one side so Wheatley may be on the other, while the body of his horse might lie at Islip ready for service on either side the river as there shall be occasion, and the horse with Major Sadascue to join with the Hants.' and Dalbier's horse toward Wantage. This proposition we refer back to him and you to take into consideration, and if by you, who are on the place, it shall be judged feasible, then we desire you to put it in execution. We leave it to you, being on the spot, to make what improvement you can of those forces under your command by lying either at Wheatley, Brill, or elsewhere. Certify us what you shall resolve herein, and send frequent intelligence of all occurrences needful for us to know. If with the four regiments of horse belonging to the army and your foot, together with the recruits at Northampton, above 1,000, who are appointed to come to Col. Whalley, you should be able to straiten Oxford without the addition of the forces with Sir Wm. Brereton and Cols. Morgan and Birch, send us speedy notice, for that in regard of some service of consequence which they are upon, we have suspended the order for their march this way till we should hear from you. Sent by Mr. Craven. [Ibid., pp. 31–33. Copy= 2 pp.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Fleetwood. The first half of the letter to the same effect as the preceding. Having seen the proposition in your letter to Lord Saye of the 22nd inst., we have referred it back to yourself and Col. Rainsborough to reconsider, and if you upon the place shall find it practicable, we desire you to put it in execution, leaving to you to make the best improvement you can of the forces under your command. If with the forces [specified in the preceding letter], without the addition of those with Sir Wm. Brereton and Cols. Morgan and Birch, you shall be able to straiten Oxford, send us speedy notice, for that in regard of some service of consequence which they are upon, and which is represented as very hopeful, we have suspended their march this way till we hear from you. Sent as above. [Ibid., pp. 33, 34. Copy=1¼ pp.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The same to Captain W. Batten, Vice-Admiral. We have received yours of the 24th from Portland Road, and are well satisfied with the transaction you have made and the conditions expressed in your letter. And for your perfecting that work we do hereby empower you to treat and conclude with the Governor [of the Castle] thereupon. This power to continue for 14 days after your return to the Island [of Portland], within which time we doubt not but you will have finished that business. The money shall be paid for the week's pay, and for the ammunition as you may give direction. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid., pp. 34, 35. Copy=2/3 p.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee for the Army. We have appointed Col. Rainsborough with a considerable number of the foot belonging to the army to some services in these parts, for performance whereof intelligence is absolutely necessary. We therefore desire you for that and other incident services to send him 100l. He may also have out of the army's stores 50 barrels of gunpowder with match and bullet proportionable, to be sent to Banbury for the use of his forces. [Ibid., p. 35. Copy. ½ p.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Starr. We formerly wrote to Sir Thos. Fairfax to send a convoy to Blandford for the bringing up of the recruits for the army, but, as these are for the present employed in these parts till the army shall move this way, [the convoy is no longer needed]. We therefore desire you, with the forces with you, to march back to your brigade, and no longer to attend this service. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid., p. 36. Copy. ½ p.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Dalbier. Being informed of your proceedings against Donnington [Castle], and hoping that the place will be shortly taken in, we desire you when it shall be reduced to forbear the slighting of the house for a fortnight, until we, being informed thereof, may take it into consideration and give further directions concerning it. Sent by Mr. Packer. [Ibid. Copy. ½ p.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee at Northampton. We are informed that Col. Whalley hath so far advanced with the siege of Banbury that he is now ready for the cannon. Let him have what pieces you have fit for battery with equipage and ball, as well as your mortar piece with its shells, when he shall send for them. Sent by Mr. Craven. [Ibid., p. 37. Copy. ½ p.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Venn. We have written to Col. Whalley to send to you for 1,000 of your recruits to be sent to Banbury for the service there, and to Col. Rainsborough to send for the rest of those recruits that are with you at Northampton to be sent to him. When they shall send to you for these recruits let them be forthwith sent. Sent as above. [Ibid. ½ p.]
March 30.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Wm. Brereton, Col. Morgan, and Col. Birch. The service you are upon against the city of Worcester is represented to us as very hopeful. We therefore suspend our former orders of the 23rd inst. for your marching toward Oxford, and desire you for the present to make what improvement you can of your forces against Worcester, until we give you further directions. Give us frequent advertisement of the state of your affairs and of your proceedings there. Sent by Mr. Craven, and a duplicate by Col. Birch's man. [Ibid., p. 38. Copy. 2/3 p.]
March 30./April 9.
[St. Germain-en-Laye.]
Queen Henrietta Maria to Pope [Innocent X.]. Having despatched the Chevalier Digby to your Holiness for to render you an account of the state of my affairs, this letter will be only to pray you to favour Alfonso Danielle Augustino for some bishopric in the kingdom of Naples, he being a person whose reputation and merit causes me to recommend him to your Holiness. I hope that you will not refuse me this favour, which I most urgently beg. [Francia Nunziatura, vol. 89. Transcripts from Rome, P. R. O. French. Copy. ½ p.]
March 31. Proceedings at the Committee of both kingdoms this day.
The Committee of the Three counties to be here about Denington [Donnington Castle near Newbury].
[Interregnum 13 E., Index to Day Book of Orders, p. 28.]
Mr. Frost to hear what the party from Lady Wootton has to say.
[Ibid., p. 41.]
The gentlemen of Hants., Sussex, and Surrey to be here about the the petition of Col. Booth.
[Ibid., p. 50.]
Ordinance for 4,000 [men] to be reported.
[Ibid., p. 106.]
Petition of Col. Stockdale to be sent to the Committee of Examinations.
[Ibid., p. 115.]
March 31. An abstract of the accompts of the profits and issues of the Mint in the Tower of London in the Wardens' accompts for the time being during the time [of office] of the several persons mentioned, for twenty years begun 1 Apr. 1626, and ended 31 March 1646. The charge, viz., arrearages in the time of Sir [Edw.] Villiers and Sir Wm. Parkhurst for one year ended 31 March 1626, viz., 140l. 11s. 4½d. Revenues and profits of the Mint in the years 1627–1643 under Sir Wm. Parkhurst and Sir Anthony St. Leger; 1643–1645 under Mr. Holland, and 1646 under Mr. St. John. Total, 297,370l. 8s. 3¾d. Money received out of the Pix box during the 20 years, 3,867l. 13s. Money received out of the Exchequer towards providing fine gold to cure the "king's-evil," in the times of Sir Wm. Parkhurst and Sir Anthony St. Leger, viz., 1629–1636, being 2,410l. Grand total, 303,788l. 12s. 8¼d.
The discharge, viz., ordinary payments for the coinage of the money in the Mint, under the Wardens as above named for the same term of years. Total, 213,559l. 10s. 7¾d.
Allowances for overplus of diet, besides what is included in the ordinary payments for the same years. Total, 226l. 11s. 9d. Allowed for reforging, besides what is included in the ordinary payments in the year 1627, 254l. 5s. 2d.
Allowances for rewards, patterns, and stamps, besides what is included in the ordinary payments, during the 20 years, 780l. For carpenters' work in 1634, 154l. 15s. 4d. Money paid into the receipt of the Exchequer during the time of Sir Wm. Parkhurst and Sir Anthony St. Leger, in satisfaction for that received out of the Exchequer towards the providing of fine gold to cure the king's-evil in the years 1629, 1630, 1634–1636, 2,410l. So remains clear, all manner of charges incident to coining being borne, 86,403l. 9s. 9½d., besides which there was a remain of clear profits upon the master-worker's accompts for the 20 years, 7,701l. 15s.
Sum total of clear profits for the 20 years, 94,105l. 4s. 9½d., which gives a medium of 4,705l. 5s. 27/8d.
Total of the weight troy, both of gold and silver, coined in the time of this accompt, 295,873l. 7s.
Total received for coinage as aforesaid, 297,365l. 6s., out of which allowed for coinage, 203,269l. 12s. 8d., and so there remains clear of all charges borne, 94,095l. 13s. 4d. Deductions, viz., two shillings upon the pound weight for the gold, and 2d. for the silver. Total, 26,446l. 4s.
So there still remain clear for the 20 years, 67,149l. 9s. 4d., giving a medium for the 20 years of 3,357l. 9s. 5½d. per annum. [Skin of parchment, Case F, No. 17.]
[1645–46.]
[March.]
An account by Major Nehemiah Collins, of Bristol, of his knowledge concerning Capt. Benjamin Mason.
That he has known Mason ever since January 1645[–6] presently after the taking of Hereford by Col. John Birch, at which time deponent commanded a company in his regiment, and Benjamin Mason having an estate in Herefordshire, the city of Hereford being then reduced, came there to dwell, and continued there for about two years, when he went into Somersetshire. That Capt. Mason always showed a very good affection to the Parliament's service, for which he had great respect both from the Governor and all the officers of the garrison in Hereford. I have known him to maintain the Parliament's interest not only against the common enemy, but against some of his own near relations. That in March 1645[–6], when Col. Birch, Governor of Hereford, with myself and other officers and soldiers of that garrison, were drawn out towards Stoe-theOnlds [Stow-on-the-Wold] to attend the movements of Sir Jacob Ashley [so as] to hinder him from joining with the King, which accordingly, by the blessing of God, we did, the garrison of Hereford being left then but weak. At which time Sir Henry Lingham [Lingen], a grand enemy to the Parliament, and then Governor of Goodrich Castle for the King, came with a party of horse and gave the garrison of Hereford an alarm, cut the very turnpike at the gate, near which gate one of my soldiers was slain by Lingham's [Lingen's] party. That at that very instant Capt. Mason used great diligence in getting together a party of horse to sally out after the enemy, which accordingly he did, and pursued them, to the great encouragement of those few officers and soldiers that were left in the garrison, as I was credibly informed, at my return to the garrison from Stow fight, by some officers and soldiers who were in the action with him. That having seen and discoursed with Capt. Mason several times in Bristol and Somersetshire since the former [mentioned] transactions, I could never find or discover any abatement of his zeal and constancy to the Parliament's interest.
[This deposition was sworn 14 July 1650. Interregnum 102 G., p. 255. 1 p.]
[March.] Statement on the part of the rape of Chichester, co. Sussex, in answer to a paper delivered to the Committee at Goldsmiths' Hall by the Committee of Accounts in London concerning the state of the arrears of the Scottish loan. [Interregnum 116 G., p. 131.]
[March.] Extracts from the depositions taken at Chard against Mr. Benjamin Mason, one of the Commissioners of Sequestrations in co. Somerset, by the Commissioners for the Militia for the same county. John Shepheard, of Kilton, tanner, saith,—
That he did see Benjamin Mason in arms against the Parliament at the last Newbury fight, when the King was there in person, and drew up his carriages under the protection of Donnington Castle; and that the occasion by which he came to know the same was, that this deponent being a trooper in Sir Wm. Waller's own regiment, was in the first charge that was made in the said fight and his horse killed under him, by the fall of which his leg was put out of joint, and there he lay amongst the slain and wounded until Nicholas Bowden, of the King's party, whom this deponent called brother, took him up and carried him to his quarters near Newbury, and afterwards carried him two several times to Benjamin Mason's quarters, they being near, where Mr. Mason did drink to and converse with this deponent, so that he doth well know him. Further, he deposes that Nicholas Bowden told him that he was a soldier at that time under the command of Mr. Mason, who owned him as his soldier, and asked divers questions of deponent how he became acquainted with Bowden. Some time after this deponent met Mr. Mason between Holford and Dodington, and then he asked Mason whether he remembered when he was a captain in the King's party and was in the fight at Newbury, which Mr. Mason denied and said that he was not the man; but deponent confidently affirming him to be the man, Mason thereupon put his hand in his pocket and offered a parcel of money, but how much he cannot state; neither would he receive it, but told Mr. Mason that he would put this in before the Committee, whereupon Mason entreated this deponent not to do so, but to take the money and drink it for his sake. In accordance with this resolution deponent acquainted Richard Collier, a sequestrator of the hundred of Williton and Freemanners, where Mason resides with the charge, who advised this deponent to let it alone, for that there was no proof of it but by this deponent's single testimony. He further deposes that he has heard divers others as well as himself affirm that Mason was a captain of the late King's party, and knows him to be the associate of Papists and ill affected persons to the Parliament and present Government, and that his men servants, being 3 or 4, are all Cavaliers and have been in arms against the Parliament, and were under the command of Sir Francis Doddington, his now kinsman.
[These depositions were taken at Chard on the 3rd of Sept. 1650. Interregnum 102 G., p. 97.]
[March.] Extracts from the examinations of witnesses taken before the Commissioners for advance of money at Westminster, on behalf of Captain Benjamin Mason, concerning a charge of delinquency given in against him to the said Commissioners.
Henry Mason, of London, deposed that he knew Capt. Benjamin Mason from his childhood, he being his brother. That in or about 1642 Capt. Mason did raise a troop of horse at his own proper charges in defence of the Parliament, and went as captain over them under the command of Sir Wm. Waller, and continued in that service and under Col. Fiennes. In 1644, at the siege of Banbury Castle, he was wounded very sorely, and deponent can for his affections with all confidence affirm that ever since the wars began, and still, the captain is most cordially affected to the Parliament and good of the weal public.
Benjamin Streater, living in Tothill-street, near the sign of the Fleece, Westminster, gent., deposes that he knows Capt. Benjamin Mason, and has known him ever since he came to be a soldier in the late Lord General Essex's lifeguard, which was in 1642, this deponent being then one of the same lifeguard and fellow-soldier with him, and clerk to the troop. That he continued in the same lifeguard till the latter end of January 1642–[3], when Mr. Mason did raise a troop himself and went as their captain in the Parliament's service. That on the 17th of Nov. 1644 Mr. Mason again became one of the Lord General's lifeguard, and so continued and served therein till the Lord General Fairfax came to have the command-inchief.
[These depositions were taken in 1650. Interregnum 102 G., pp. 223 and 225.]
Quartermaster Edmond Noble, now in the regiment of Col. Barkstead, deposed that ever since Edgehill battle he has known Capt. Benj. Mason, who was ever a man very forward in the service of the Parliament, and in their greatest extremity and lowest condition has manifested the same [devotion], and that he was from the very first beginning [of these wars] in the lifeguard of the Earl of Essex. A little after Edgehill battle Capt. Mason at his own charge raised a troop of horse for the Parliament, in the army of Sir Wm. Waller, in which troop deponent was a corporal, and [he can affirm] that in all the service Capt. Mason appeared to be both forward and faithful. That Capt. Mason has suffered much in his estate for his affection to the Parliament. That afterwards deponent became quartermaster to Capt. Mason, who upon his marriage gave over the employment, and he left him, but always heard that the captain continued faithful to the Parliament. Deponent heard that afterwards Capt. Mason again commanded a troop of horse under Col. John Fiennes at Banbury, in which siege the captain was hurt and gave over the employment, and lived in Essex and in London. To his knowledge Captain Mason was always most faithful and forward in the service of the Parliament, and never was in all the first war in the King's army, but always either in the Parliament's army or quarters; but for the second war he cannot say anything, only that he never heard that ever Captain Mason did engage against the Parliament. [Ibid.]