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Charles I - volume 516: May 1648

Pages 54-89

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1648-9. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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May 1648

May 1.
Derby House.
37. The Committee of Lords and Commons at Derby House to Captain Jordan or any commander of the Parliament's ships in King Road or those parts. We have appointed 5,000l. now at Bristol to be put aboard Capt. Pilgrim's ship to be transported to Dublin, but as there may be danger at present of its remaining at Bristol, we have given order for it to be put aboard any ship belonging to the Parliament to be kept in safety till Capt. Pilgrim shall come to receive it. You are therefore desired to receive the money aboard your ship and keep it safe till Capt. Pilgrim's coming thither. [2/3 p.]
May 1. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Northumberland, Kent, and Manchester, Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir J. Evelyn, Sir G. Gerard, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. To write to the Lord General desiring him to send 600 foot and 100 horse to Bristol for its defence.
2. To write to the Committee at Gloucester to lend 40 barrels of powder with match and ball proportionable to the city of Bristol which will be repaid to them out of the public stores. Send 100 men in charge of it who may continue at Bristol till the forces sent by the Lord General do arrive there, when they can return.
3. To write to the Committee of the Army to repay to Gloucester the ammunition as above so soon as they shall be certified from Bristol that it has been received there from Gloucester.
4. That it be reported to the Commons that 500l. be supplied for repair of the great fort at Bristol, and provision of victuals for the fort and castle there.
5. The letter from Coventry to be sent to the Lord General with a desire that a troop of horse and regiment of foot may be sent there for its security.
6. That the warrant sent to Mortlake by the Chief Constable John Garth desiring the inhabitants to meet at Leatherhead for preferring a petition to the House, which was brought hither by Mr. Alleyn, be reported to the Houses.
7. That the examinations taken by Sir Wm. Brereton be returned from this Committee to him and the county justices that they may examine the business further and proceed according to law.
8. To write to Sir Adam Loftus that the 5,000l. for Ireland now at Bristol may be immediately put aboard one of the Parliament's ships there to be kept in safety till Capt. Pilgrim come to receive it.
9. Instructions to be sent to Capt. Jordan that he or other Commanders of the Parliament's ships in King Road do take the 5,000l. aboard acoording to the directions sent to Sir Adam Loftus.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 63, 64.]
May 1.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to Sir Adam Loftus. We are informed that the city of Bristol may be in some danger as it is represented to us by letters of the 29th ult. We desire you therefore to take care that the 5,000l. that is at Bristol appointed for Dublin may be put on board Capt. Pilgrim's ship if it be come thither, but if that be not come then upon Capt. Jordan's ship or the "Constant Warwick," or any other of the Parliament's ships to be kept in safety till Capt. Pilgrim come to receive it. If this money should miscarry it would be a great blow to the affairs of Ireland; we therefore recommend it to your care, that it may be secured in the manner mentioned, but if no ship be at Bristol then in the best manner you otherwise can. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 41. Copy. ½ p.]
May 1.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of Gloucester. By the members for Bristol in the House we are informed of the danger that place is in for want of some [additional] forces and ammunition. We have written to the Lord General to send some [forces] thither, and we desire you to lend to Bristol 40 barrels of powder, with match and bullet proportionable; send with it 100 men to guard it by the way, and let them stay there till those sent by the General shall arrive, after which they may return. The Committee of the Army will repay the ammunition you shall so lend to Bristol out of the public stores. [Ibid., p. 42. Copy. ½ p.]
May 1.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of the Army. Having received information of the dangerous state of Bristol for want of ammunition, we have written to the Committee of Gloucester to furnish them presently with 40 barrels of gunpowder, &c., which we are informed will be done, so as it may be repaid out of the public stores. We desire you to give order for this to be done at the first opportunity after you shall be certified from the Committee at Bristol that they have received the same from Gloucester. [Ibid., p. 42. Copy. ½ p.]
May 1.
Derby House.
The same to Capt. Jordan or any other Captain or Commander of the Parliament's ships in King-Road or elsewhere in those parts. We have appointed 5,000l. now at Bristol to be put aboard Capt. Pilgrim's ship to be transported to Dublin; but as we are informed that there may be some danger at present at Bristol, we have given order to the Treasurers to put the money aboard any of the Parliament's ships which may be in those parts, so as to be kept in safety till Capt. Pilgrim shall come to receive it. We therefore desire you to receive the money aboard your ship. [Ibid., p. 43. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 1.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord General [Fairfax]. By the copy of the letter brought to you by Mr. Hodges you see the condition of Bristol, and we know you cannot but apprehend how great danger it may be to the whole kingdom if the malignants should possess themselves of that city, there to make a head, now that there is so general a distemper among the people; for prevention of further danger we desire you that 600 foot and 100 horse or thereabouts may be sent to Bristol under an able and faithful commander whereby that place may be secured from surprise. [Ibid., p. 43. Copy. ½ p.]
May 1. The same to the same. We send you enclosed the copy of a letter received from Coventry. The gentleman who brought it desires that Capt. Creed's or some other troop and a regiment of foot may be speedily sent thither for the security of that city and the country adjacent. The state of Bristol in respect of its fortification is such, as if it should be taken it might with much facility be kept and prove troublesome to reduce. We therefore earnestly recommend to your Lordship the care of that town and county. [Ibid., p. 44. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 1.
Derby House.
The same to the Justices of Peace of Surrey. The examination enclosed being presented to this Committee we send it to you, recommending to your care the further examination of the business and the proceeding further upon it, according to law. [Ibid. Copy. ⅓ p.]
[May 2.] 38. Vote of the Commons. That this House doth declare that they do firmly resolve to keep the Covenant and treaties between both kingdoms, and that they shall be ready to treat with the kingdom of Scotland upon the matter of the Propositions agreed on by both kingdoms and presented to the King at Hampton Court [in Sept. 1647], for the making such further proceedings thereupon as shall be thought fit for the settlement of the peace of both kingdoms and preservation of the union according to the Covenant and treaties. Dorso,
38. i. Mr. Swinfen's question of the 3rd of April 1648. [This paper is endorsed 16 April 1648, but the above Vote concerning the propositions is entered as May 2. Printed in the Lords' Journals x., p. 247. Copy. ½ p.]
May 2. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Kent, Warwick, Manchester, and Northumberland, Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir G. Gerard, Sir John Evelyn, Sir H. Vane, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. To write to the Lord General to send 200 or 300 men to Winchester to guard the town and castle.
2. Also to the Earl of Rutland to take care for securing Belvoir Castle.
3. Another to the Lord General, enclosing the letter from Holy Island, and desiring him to send more forces thither to secure it, as being a place of very great importance.
4. That it be returned, in answer to Lord Cherbury's request to have the 20l. a week with the arrears to be paid him, that this Committee has no power to dispose of or intermeddle with the matter of money; but if he please to make his address for that to the Houses, the members of this Committee will as particular members do him what courtesy they can.
[Interregnum 9 E., p. 65.]
May 2.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Lord General [Fairfax]. We are informed by the Members for Hants that there is great confluence of Cavaliers and disaffected persons to the neighbourhood of Winchester, and danger of the surprise of that castle, which if they should effect, it would be of very ill consequence and might prove as once before troublesome to reduce. We therefore desire you to order 300 men to quarter in Winchester for defence of the town and castle to prevent such surprise as might otherwise be made of it. [Interregnum 24 E., pp. 44, 45. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 2.
Derby House.
The same to the Earl of Rutland. We are informed of a design to surprise Belvoir Castle, which if effected would be of ill consequence to the State as well as loss to your Lordship. We desire you to take order for putting it into a secure posture to prevent surprise. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid., p. 45. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 2. 39. Order made at the Committee for the Admiralty and Cinque Ports. That it he recommended from this Committee to the Earl of Warwick, he being part owner of the "Constant Warwick," that he would direct the captain of that ship to receive aboard the 5,000l. remaining at Bristol, which was to have been transported to Dublin in the "President" under the command of Captain Pilgrim, but which latter ship being at Portsmouth could not so conveniently and speedily perform that service. [Copy. 1 p.]
May 2. 40. Another copy of same. [1 p.]
May 4. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earl of Manchester, Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir G. Gerard, Sir H. Vane, junr., Sir J. Evelyn, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. That the letter now read to the Committee at Coventry be passed, signed, and sent.
2. That the gents, from the six northern cos. be desired to be here on Friday.
3. To write to the Lord General, enclosing Sir A. Haselrigg's letter to the Speaker, with an intimation that the [Commons'] House hath ordered the ship mentioned in those letters to go to Berwick and ride there, and when any further information comes thence they will signify it to his Lordship.
4. That it be reported to both Houses that instructions may be sent to the Commissioners from the Parliament resident in Scotland to let the Parliament of Scotland know that Berwick is surprised by some malignants who were lately in Scotland, and, as we are informed, it is by some of those who were demanded from their Parliament.
5. To write to Col. Jones to go in the ship "Nicholas," to enclose the invoice, and to desire that no delay be suffered in unloading any ships that may be sent, so that money be not spent upon demurrage.
6. To write to the Vice-Admiral to appoint convoy for the ship "Nicholas" above mentioned.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 66, 67.]
May 5. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Manchester and Kent, Visct. Saye and Sele, Lord Wharton, Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir H. Vane, senr., Sir J. Evelyn, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. Mem.—That a letter be written and carried to the Lords' House for the concurrence of two or more [Lords], and then to be signed and sent to Sir A. Haselrigg and Col. Lambert, to the effect that care be taken of some ordnance lately at Carlisle, the which had been ordered by the Commons to be secured in St. Herbert's Isle [in Derwentwater, co. Cumberland], but which lie by the way and are not yet carried thither, so that a guard may be appointed them and care taken for its payment.
2. That the Lord General's letter from Windsor to this Committee concerning permission to well-affected persons to list themselves under men faithful to the Parliament for the security of the several parts [of the country] where they dwell, be reported to the Houses, with the opinion of this Committee that the Lord General be empowered to appoint in the several counties such faithful men, under whom the well-affected may list themselves as suggested in the letter, and that he may have power to give commissions to such persons for that purpose.
3. That letters be written severally to [Col. Matthew Boynton] Governor of Scarborough and Col. Lambert that care be taken for preservation of that castle.
4. Likewise to [Col. Dodson] Governor of Crowland [Croyland], to have a care of that castle, and that it doth continue in his charge.
5. To write to the Lord Mayor [Sir John Warner] to employ his officers for apprehending Major Pilkinton and his adherents.
6. That Mr. Gualter Frost, junr., is by this Committee allowed 10s. per diem for his service here.
7. That it be reported to the Commons that if the 1,700 foot and 300 horse in Lancashire which are not yet disbanded be continued, they will require 3,500l. per mensem, which that county cannot possibly pay them; but if this money can be certainly paid them, then this Committee is of opinion [it would be well] to continue them, if not that then they be speedily disbanded, and that the two months' pay required to disband them be forthwith paid; and that county to be put in posture of defence under such officers as have showed their good affections to the Parliament.
8. Mem.—To renew the report concerning the four gent. prisoners with Lord Inchiquin.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 67–69.]
May 5.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Governor of Scarborough Castle. We are informed that there are some designs by the malignants to seize on Scarborough Castle, but of the manner we are not yet informed. We desire you to use all possible care to secure that place from danger of surprise. We have written to Col. Lambert to assist you. Sent by Mr. Priestley. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 45. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 5.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Lambert. To the same effect as the preceding. We desire you to give the Governor of Scarborough Castle what assistance shall be needful for its security. Sent by Mr. Priestley. [Ibid., p. 46. Copy. ½ p.]
May 5.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Arthur Haselrigg and Col. Lambert. We are informed there are some ordnance which were lately at Carlisle, and were, with the arms and ammunition belonging to Cumberland, appointed by the Commons' Order of 17th June to be secured in St. Herbert's Isle, supplemented by an order of the Committee of that county of 13th July to that purpose. Notwithstanding these orders the ordnance are not yet brought thither, but lie by the way between Carlisle and St. Herbert's Isle, liable to be seized on by the malignants and used against the Parliament. We therefore desire you to consult with Mr. Barwis and the Committee of Cumberland, and cause order to be taken for carrying the said ordnance forthwith to that island according to former orders, also that a guard be appointed for that service and care taken for their payment. Sent by Mr. Priestley. [Ibid., pp. 46, 47. Copy. ½ p.]
May 5.
Derby House.
The same to the Postmaster at Burrough Briggs [Boroughbridge in Yorkshire]. Upon receipt of this packet you are to despatch away the enclosed to the Governor of Scarborough. Sent as above. [Ibid., p. 47. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 5.
Derby House.
The same to [Sir John Warner] Lord Mayor of London. We have had information of a very dangerous design being in hand about the City for enlisting men for the King under an oath of secrecy, which business was formerly communicated to you by Col. Barkstead. We conceive this may be of very dangerous consequence, and know not how near they may be to the execution of something against the State. We are informed that their usual meeting is within the City, whither we do not hold it convenient to send any soldiers from Whitehall for their apprehension. We have therefore desired Col. Barkstead to wait on your Lordship to give information where they are next to meet, and desire that you will with all secrecy give order to such trusty persons as may be confided in for the apprehending of such persons as he shall give information to be in the same conspiracy, and that they may be sent to this Committee in safe custody. [Ibid., pp. 47, 48. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 6. 41. Warrant requiring the officers of the trained bands in Essex to take musters of their respective troops, and there take an exact view of their arms in order to certify the quality and condition of the same, that so course may be taken for completing such as shall be found defective, that these bands may be in better condition to give assistance upon any commands received from the Parliament. Endorsed,
Copy of my Lord's warrant to the trained bands in Essex. [Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 6. Proceedings of the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Warwick and Kent, Visct. Saye, Sir J. Evelyn, Sir G. Gerard, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. That the several letters now read and yesterday ordered be approved, signed, and sent.
2. That Capt. Fox be the messenger who is to carry the orders of the Houses of this day into Scotland.
3. That it be recommended to the Committee of the Revenue that the bills of exchange from the [English] Commissioners in Scotland may be speedily paid, and more money advanced to them.
4. To write to the Committee of the Militia of Leicester to secure the magazine of that co. in the place Newarke, and send some men to secure the great tower of Ashby-de-la-Zouch from surprise by the malignants.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 69, 70.]
May 6.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Governor of Croyland. We are informed that many malignants are secretly lurking in those parts, waiting their opportunity to seize on that garrison. The place is of great consequence, and would be difficult to reduce if it should fall into their hands. We therefore desire you forthwith to repair to your charge there and put the same into a posture of security, and attend carefully to keep it from the rebels and for the service of the Parliament. Sent by Mr. Pidcock. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 48. Copy. ½ p.]
May 6.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Walton, Governor of Lynn. We are informed that there is a design of some malignants to surprise Croyland. We have given order to the Governor to repair to his charge and take care for its security. We desire you, in case there should be need, to give him what assistance you can. Sent as above. [Ibid., p. 49. Copy. ½ p.]
May 6.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of Militia of Leicester. We are informed by the members for co. Leicester that the guns and magazines belonging to that county are now in the town of Leicester, and may be in some danger to be surprised by the malignants there, which if they should effect would prove of very ill consequence and much endanger your safety. We therefore desire you to take care that these be laid up in the Newarkes in the town of Leicester, where they will be secure from surprise. We are likewise informed that the great tower of Ashby-de-la-Zouch, being a place of considerable strength, is not at present held by any soldiers for the Parliament, and that Mr. [Henry] Hastings, who formerly held that place so long [for the King] is now in those parts and may endeavour to surprise it. We therefore recommend it to you, to guard against any attempt by him or others, to send thither forthwith such number of men as you shall think fit to secure it. [Ibid., pp. 49, 50. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 6.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord General [Fairfax]. There was formerly an order [made] by the Houses for slighting the fortifications of Newport Pagnell by the Eastern Association, but we are informed that it has not hitherto been done. We conceive it very dangerous, especially considering the distempers now everywhere among the people, that such a place should be left in so tenable a posture [liable] to be seized and kept by the malignants. We have therefore written to the Committee of the Eastern Association that, according to the order of the Houses, the fortifications may be instantly slighted. But, for fear of any surprise in the meantime, we recommend it to your Lordship to cause such force as you shall judge fit for that work to lie or quarter so near thereabout as may secure it from danger till the works can be slighted. Sent by Mr. Durand. [Ibid., p. 50. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 6.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of the Eastern Association. To the same effect as the preceding. We recommend it to your effectual care that, according to the order of the Houses formerly made, you see that the fortifications of Newport Pagnell be instantly slighted, and that you would certify to this Committee when the same is done. [Ibid., p. 51. Copy. ½ p.]
May 6.
Derby House.
The same to the English Commissioners in Scotland. According to the order of both Houses we send enclosed to your Lordships these several votes of the Parliament of this 6th of May. P.S.—We have sent you this enclosed vote of the Houses, wherein they do declare that they will not alter the fundamental government of the kingdom, which you may communicate to your friends as you shall have occasion. [Ibid., p. 52. Copy. ½ p.]
May 9. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earl of Northumberland, Lords Saye and Wharton, Sir H. Vane, senr., Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir J. Evelyn, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. That the letters brought hither by Visct. Saye be sent to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, and that Sir Nicholas Crisp be also referred to them.
2. To write to the Lord General that his officers have been here, and enclose the order of the Houses for his going into the north with such part of his army as he shall think fit. That he is to notify what part [of the Army] he takes with him and what he leaves behind, and where. That he will hear further from this Committee as there shall be cause, and he is to signify to them his proceedings from time to time.
3. That a duplicate of the Parliament's letters of May 6, sent to their Commissioners in Scotland, be again transmitted to them, and that the Instructions this day voted by the Houses be also sent.
4. The letter to Col. Mytton read, approved, and to be sent.
5. To write to Mr. Walley to furnish Col. Mytton with 500l. in case it shall be needed for the service appointed him, and this Committee will take care that it be repaid.
6. Instruction sent to the Commissioners from the Parliament of England to the Parliament of Scotland. You are to signify to the Scottish Parliament, or to the Committee of Estates if the Parliament be not sitting, that Berwick and Carlisle have been surprised by some malignants, enemies to both kingdoms, who were lately in Scotland, and, as we are informed by some of those who were demanded from the Parliament of Scotland. Instructions. You are also to signify to the Parliament of Scotland that the two Houses of the Parliament of England have received their letter with the paper of desires enclose, the said letter being addressed thus:—"To the Right Honble. the Speaker of the House of Peers pro tempore, to be communicated to the Lords and Commons assembled in the Parliament of England at Westminster." That the Houses take notice of and very much resent this unusual address, it being not the style which hath been and is used to the Houses of this Parliament.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 70–72.]
May 9.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Lord General [Fairfax]. We have received yours of the 7th inst., and have conferred with the officers sent up from your Lordship; but the Houses having now made an order for your march toward the north with such part of your forces as you shall think fit, we having nothing further at present to give order to your officers in, we desire you to give us notice what part of your army you take with you into the north, and what part continues in these parts and where they are, as there shall be occasion we will send to you, and we desire you to give us frequent notice of your motions and proceedings. Sent by Mr. Fleetwood. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 51. Copy. ½ p.]
May 9.
Derby House.
The same to Mr. Walley. There is a service committed to the care of Col. Mitton, wherein it may so fall out that he will have occasion to use 500l.; if he can procure it where he is he will, if not he will send to you, and if he do so we desire you to furnish him with what he desires not exceeding 500l., and we will take care for its repayment. [Ibid., p. 52. Copy. ½ p.]
May 9.
Derby House.
The same to Col. [Thos.] Mitton. We have received yours of the 5th inst. concerning the state of the Isle of Anglesey and castle of Beaumaris, and are very sensible of your great vigilance and care therein, for which we thank you. As to that intimation of the offer of 500l. for the regaining of the castle of Beaumaris, we concur with you that it were better to give 500l. than to put it to the hazard of regaining by force. If therefore you can by any means take up so much money there in the country, we desire you to draw the conditions as low as you can and get the place into your hands. We assure ourselves the House will take order for repayment of the money, but should you be unable to get it there in the country we desire you to send to Mr. Walley for it, to whom we have written to furnish the same. If you see that this will not effect it, but that it will be necessary to use force, upon your intimation of it we will take care to send down some forces according to your desire. We are confident that you will dispose either of the money or the forces to the best advantage for the public. If you find that the late [Arch]bishop [Williams] of York or Captain Martin have done anything in this business or shall hereafter act anything against the public, you are to take care to secure their persons and give us notice of it. You are not to part with the 500l. or any part thereof, but only in case of the surrender of the castle. Signed by the Earl of Northumberland. [Ibid., p. 53. Copy. 1 p.]
[May 11.] 42. Petition of the knights, gentry, clergy, and commonalty of Kent to the Houses of Lords and Commons at Westminster, subscribed by the Grand Jury this day at the sessions of the Judges upon the special commission of oyer and terminer executed at the Old Castle of Canterbury for co. Kent, sheweth,—That, first, we are deeply sensible of our own miseries, with a fellow-feeling for the discontent of other cos. exposed to the like sufferings, and which intend with us thus humbly to present to your Honours these our ardent desires:—1. That our most gracious Sovereign lord King Charles may with all speed be admitted with safety and honour to treat in person with his two Houses of Parliament for the perfect settling of the peace both of Church and Commonwealth, as also of his own just rights together with those of Parliament. 2. That for the prevention and removal of the manifold inconveniences occasioned by the continuance of this present army under the command of the Lord [General] Fairfax, their arrears may forthwith be audited and they disbanded. 3. That according to the fundamental constitution of this Commonwealth we may for the future be governed and judged by the English subjects' undoubted birthright, the known and established laws of the kingdom, and not otherwise. 4. That according to the Petition of Right our property may not be invaded by any tax or imposition whatsoever, and particularly that the heavy burden of Excise may no longer be continued or hereafter be imposed upon us. All which our most earnest desires we humbly commend to your grave and serious considerations, not doubting of that speedy satisfaction therein which the cause requireth, and we humbly expect thereby that we may well hope to see, what otherwise we cannot but despair of, a speedy and happy end of these sad and heavy pressures and distempers, whose continuance will inevitably ruin both ourselves and our posterities, the timely prevention whereof, in a cheerful condescension to what we here propound in order thereunto, shall oblige us ever to pray. Advertisement,
It is desired that all copies and superscriptions to this petition may be brought to Rochester on Monday 29th inst., and that all who intend to accompany this petition do meet at Blackheath the day following by 9 a.m. [1 p.]
[May 11.] 43. Petitions of Kent and Surrey. Whereas our common burdens, civil dissensions, and dangerous animosities continue and increase daily more and more, which alone (were there no fears or danger of foreign invasion) will certainly bring confusion and desolation to a kingdom, as Christ himself has told us. Out of the deep and piercing sense of the desolate condition of his sacred Majesty, our lawful and only Sovereign, the distracted and dangerous state of the two Houses of Parliament, the City and whole kingdom, and out of an unfeigned desire of a happy reunion and accommodation on all sides, to the satisfaction of all just interests, we humbly and earnestly pray that the King's most excellent Majesty may be speedily invited to return forthwith to his Great Council, with honour, freedom and safety, to give and receive satisfaction to all just and reasonable proposals, to compose the general differences, to reconcile all parties, to settle religion and the kingdom in peace, according to God's holy word and the good laws and constitutions of this realm, with respect had to the Covenant, that so God's holy name may be glorified, the King reinvested, the subjects' liberty asserted, and properly maintained, trade increased, distressed Ireland relieved, the public debts of the kingdom paid, and all armies disbanded. [See Surrey Petition in Lords' Journals x., 260. Imperfect. 2/3 p.]
May 11. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Kent and Manchester, Visct. Saye, Sir G Gerard, Sir J. Evelyn, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. That the Lord General's letter from Windsor of the 10th, with the paper enclosed of necessaries for the forces which are to march northward, be reported to the House of Commons.
2. That the draft of an Instruction to be sent to the English Commissioners in Scotland concerning the address of the letter from the Parliament [of Scotland] to the Houses of the Parliament of England [be submitted to the Houses].
[Interregnum 9 E., p. 73.]
May 12. Petition of John Stocker of Chilcompton in Somerset to the Commissioners for Compounding. That he served the King against the Parliament in the condition of Colonel, and was at the surrender of Oxford (as by his Excellency's certificate may appear), after which time he was forced for his livelihood to retire into Wales, having no present profit out of his estate, which was likewise the cause why he no sooner craved the favour of this Honourable Court as being wholly unable to pay any sum for his composition. He further showeth that upon these late risings in Wales he returned into Somerset, where, for not addressing himself to this Committee he was questioned by the Committee of that county. He therefore prays you, according to your accustomed favour to persons in his needy circumstances, to admit him to such a composition for his sad delinquency as his small estate may bear according to the Articles of Oxford. Underwritten,
Received and referred to the Sub-committee, 12th May 1648. [Interregnum 207 G., p. 109.]
May 12. Order made at the Committee for co. Glamorgan sitting at Cardiff. This Committee, by their order of 29th March made upon a reference from the Committee of Sequestrations, as well as by an Ordinance of Parliament in that case made and provided, did allot to the ladies Anne and Elizabeth [Somerset], daughters of [Edward] Earl of Worcester, as a fifth part of that earl's estate within this county, as well 70l. out of the manor of Lunnen as also the lands in Michaelstone-le-Pit, now in the tenure of Sir Thos. Lewis, Knt., with proviso that if any part of these lands had been previously otherwise disposed of, by reason of any precedent Ordinance of Parliament, that then the ladies should have an allotment of so much of the Earl's estate in Wrinchstone, West-Orchard, Michaelstone-le-Pit, and Llancarvan as should be of equal value. It being made appear to us that the manor of Lunnen was before that time, amongst other things, conferred upon Lieut-Genl. Cromwell by Ordinance of Parliament, we do therefore allot unto Edmond Jones, Esq., to the use of the said ladies in lieu of their fifth part, all the Earl's lands lying in Wrinchstone and the abovenamed places within this county according to the tenor of our former order, with all rents due on the 25th March last or since. [Interregnum 118 G., p. 961.]
May 13. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House, Present: Earl of Warwick, Sir H. Vane, Sir J. Evelyn, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. To write to the Lord General acquainting him with the insurrection at Bury [St. Edmund's, and desiring him to have an eye upon it, also that Col. Whalley is already ordered to go thither.
2. To write to Col. Whalley informing him of the business of Bury, and desiring him to march that way with his regiment of horse.
3. That Sir John Lenthall be desired to come to this Committee this afternoon.
4. That care be taken for securing Francis Cheney, an attorney of Eye in Suffolk.
5. That the letter to the Lord General for the effectual prosecution of this happy victory obtained in Wales be passed, signed, and sent.
6. That it be reported to the House [of Commons] that this Committee have desired some gentlemen of Suffolk to go down to Bury St. Edmunnd's and endeavour to appease the tumults there; and have likewise taken care that some forces be ready to give assistance in case these gents shall find it needful. That it be reported to the House as the opinion of this Committee that no capitulation should be made with those who have made these tumults there, but in case of their absolute submission that an indemnity may be granted them for what they have done in this business. Sent [by] Sir G. Gerard.
A meridie.
7. That it be reported to the House that more ships should be sent down to Berwick, and that a store of arms and ammunition may be ordered to be laid up in Newcastle.
8. Likewise that commissions may be speedily given to such as have served the Parliament and are now willing upon this occasion to serve them again.
9. To write to the Lord General for the examining of the allegation in Lord Chandos' petition, and to certify this Committee his opinion whether or no the place [Sudeley Castle] be tenable, and whether it be necessary that it be made a garrison.
10. Instructions for Sir Wm. Plater and Sir Thos. Barnardiston, appointed to go to Bury St. Edmund's in Suffolk. When you arrive there you are to inform yourselves of the grounds and causes of the late insurrection, and endeavour by all fair ways to persuade the insurgents to a peaceable and quiet submission. That in case they will lay down their arms and restore the magazine which they seized upon, you may promise them indemnity for all acts done in the late tumult. If you cannot prevail with them to make an absolute submission, you are not to capitulate with them, but immediately to send to such of the horse of Col. Whalley's regiment as are quartered nearest to you, who have orders to follow your directions for the suppressing of that tumult. You are to send to such Deputy Lieutenants and Justices of the Peace as you shall think fit for your assistance in this service. You are to give us notice of your proceedings and to proceed with expedition, this business being of that nature that it admits of no delay.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 73–75.]
May 13.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Lord General [Fairfax]. It hath pleased God to give a very great and happy success to the Parliament's forces in South Wales against those rebels, in a very seasonable time, when the malignants were grown very high, and, upon the expectation of a contrary event, had the boldness to threaten destruction to all who had been faithful to the Parliament. The long continuing of that party together has given great encouragement to others in many places of the kingdom, and therefore it will be very necessary to make such a thorough and effectual prosecution of this most happy victory that all the remainders of it may be rooted up in that place, and the country quieted and left safe for well affected and peaceable men, and all other places be deterred from making the like attempt to interrupt and trouble the peace of the kingdom. We therefore desire your Lordship to give order for the most vigorous prosecution and effectual improvement of this victory for settling the peace of the kingdom. Sent by Mr. Binding. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 54. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 13.
Derby House.
The same to Sir Wm. Soame and Edmond Harvey. Upon information received from some in the town of Bury [St. Edmund's] that there has been a tumult there and the arms and ammunition belonging to the town violently seized upon, Sir Wm. Plater and Sir Thos. Barnardiston, M.P.'s for that county [Suffolk] are coming down to use their best endeavours to appease and quiet that mutiny and in a peaceable way to settle the present distemper. For the more effectual and speedy doing of this work we desire you to give these gentlemen a meeting in such place as they may desire, and there jointly with them to advise and do that which may be best and most conducive to the quiet and peace of that town according to their instructions. [Ibid., pp. 54, 55. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 13.
Derby House.
The same to Col. [Edward] Whalley. To the same effect as the preceding. In case that any of those who raised the tumult at Bury St Edmund's should presume to make any further opposition, we desire you to give order for some of your troops on their march northward to quarter within six or seven miles of that town, and thereabouts to stay, giving notice to those gentlemen who are going thither to attempt the quieting of that distemper, where you shall quarter, and observe such further order as you shall receive from this Committee, the Lord General, or those gentlemen, they being members of Parliament [for Suffolk]. [Ibid., p. 55. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 13.
Derby House.
The same to Mr. Pepys. Upon occasion of the tumult at Bury St. Edmund's some of the gentlemen of Suffolk are desired to go down thither to endeavour to restore quiet and settle the distempers there. Amongst others this Committee have thought fit to desire you to go down, where, by reason of your influence, it is believed you may much prevail with them to a quiet submission. We therefore desire you to hasten thither, the business admitting of no delay, and to improve your interest amongst them for the settling of peace. Sir Wm. Plater and Sir Thos. Barnardiston are appointed to go down thither, and Sir Wm. Soame, yourself, and Edmond Harvey, Esq., are appointed to assist them in this business. [Ibid., p. 56. Copy. ½ p.]
May 13.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of Kent. We have received certain intelligence that a popular meeting is fixed towards the latter end of this month at Rochester, and after that [one] at Black-Heath. As such meetings may prove dangerous, we desire you to keep an eye thereupon and endeavour to preserve the peace of that county. We earnestly recommend this business to your especial care, of whose faithfulness and diligence in all services we have had so long experience. Sent by Mr. Butler. [Ibid. Copy. ½ p.]
May 13.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord General [Fairfax]. By the enclosed copy of a letter from Bury St. Edmund's you will fully understand the condition of that place and unto what a height of distemper they are grown there. The business may prove of very dangerous consequence if not effectually stopped in the beginning, and form a head for disaffected persons in those parts to resort unto. We desire your Lordship to take this business into your care, and to give order to such forces as you shall think fit to march thither for the timely suppressing of it. We have conferred with Col. Whalley concerning the sending some of his troops that way on their march northward, it not being convenient to remove any of Col. Fleetwood's regiment from the services upon which they are already engaged. We desire you to give like order to Col. Whalley to march within some few miles of that town with such of his troops as are most conveniently quartered for that service. We hope the occasion of their stay in those parts will not be long, several M.P.'s for that county having been already despatched away to appease and quiet the tumult. Sent by Mr. Binding. [Ibid., p. 57. Copy. 1 p.]
May 13. 44. The authorities of Bury St. Edmund's to the officers in command of the parties lying near their town. Your party has taken some offence at ours, and our party has been affronted by the scouts on both sides. They were not privy to the conference between us, and not conscious of any affront to your party. We beg you will interpret the matter fairly, and desist from hindering provisions coming to our town till you know the resolutions of Parliament on our letter sent to them. We beg you meanwhile to forbear all force or facing our said town, we being in hope, by help of our trained bands, to quiet the multitude and keep the town in peace. [Copy. ¾ p.]
May 15. 45. Ordinance of both Houses for securing and reimbursing the Treasurers at Wars the sum of 20,000l. advanced by them for the service of the Army. [Printed in Lords' Journals x., 258, 259. Copy. 3 pp.]
May 15. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earl of Manchester, Visct. Say and Sele, Sir H. Vane, senr., Sir J. Evelyn, Sir H. Vane, junr., Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir G. Gerard, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. That the petition of the messengers serving this Committee be earnestly recommended to the Committee of the Revenue.
2. Likewise to provide some present money for carrying on the service of this Committee.
3. To write to Capt. Lee at Rochester to take care to maintain the peace of that county.
4. To write to the Lord General, desiring that two troops of horse be laid between Greenwich and Dartford to keep the peace of the county should the Committee of Kent desire it.
5. To inform the Committee of Kent what is written to the General and to Captain Lee.
6. That Captain Drummond be summoned to appear at this Committee to-morrow at 4 p.m.
7. That it be reported to the Commons, in pursuance of their order of the 4th inst., that we are of opinion Sir Wilfred Lawson, Major Thos. Barwis, and five others named should be sent down into co. Cumberland.
8. That the letter now read to Captain Lee at Rochester Bridge be passed, signed, and sent.
9. Likewise the letter to the Lord General in behalf of Lord Chandos.
10. As also one to the General for sending some troops into Kent.
11. And one to the Committee of Kent.
12. That it be returned, in answer to Mr. Coytmore, that we have read the letter written to him by Lord Bulkeley and others, and think he should reply urging them to use all their endeavours for the delivery of Beaumaris Castle into the hands of Col. Mytton.
13. Mem.—That a letter being brought to Derby House by Mr. Browne's servant sealed and directed to the Earl of Londoun, Lord Chancellor of Scotland and Lord President of the Parliament of Scotland, with a request that it might be forwarded to him, I enquired whether there were an order of the House for this Committee to send it away, to which he replied he knew of none, which letter I received and sent away by the post.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 76–78.]
May 15.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to Capt. Lee at Rochester. We are informed of designs to disturb the peace of that county [Kent] and to raise the people in a tumultuous way. The place where you are is a considerable pass, and care taken there to hinder such tumultuous concourse may much conduce to the preservation of the peace of that country. We recommend this service being of so great a concernment to your effectual care. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 58. Copy. ½ p.]
May 15.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of Kent. We have received information that there are some endeavours in hand to disturb the peace of your county. We know you will not be wanting in care to keep the country in quiet as you have hitherto done, yet having this information we would neglect no means to that end, and therefore we have written to Capt. Lee and to the Lord General, copies of which letters we herein send you. We leave it to your judgment to send to the Lord General for the horse mentioned in the letter if you shall find it necessary. Sent by Mr. Faukeard. [Ibid. Copy. ½ p.]
May 15.
Derby House.
The same to [Col. Matthew] Boynton, Governor of Scarborough Castle. We have received your letter, and have written to the Lord General [Fairfax] for a supply of gunpowder and match to be sent to you from the magazine at Hull. For money, it is not in our power to dispose of it, and it will be a business of time and difficulty to move the House for it and procure it that way. We have therefore recommended it to the General, that if he has any money he can dispose of for the purpose mentioned in your letter he would supply it. In case he should not have any, as it is only for beds, we hope this will be no great discouragement to the soldiers, being summer time. [Ibid., p. 59. Copy. ½ p.]
May 15.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord General [Fairfax]. We have received information that there are designs and endeavours by some to disturb the peace of co. Kent and to raise the people there in a tumultuous way. We desire you, in case the Committee of Kent shall find it needful, to appoint one or two troops of horse to quarter between Greenwich and Dartford, to prevent the effect of those endeavours which are fomented from those parts; and it is like there will be some stirring this or the next week. We desire you to give order for such horse to be there as speedily as may be, in the event of its being desired by the Committee, to whom we have written to that purpose. Sent by Mr. Butler. [Ibid., p. 59. Copy. ½ p.]
May 15.
Derby House.
The same to the same. We are informed by the petition of Lord Sandays [George Lord Chandos] that there is a garrison put by Sir Wm. Constable into Sudeley Castle [co. Gloucester], which petition we herewith send, and desire to be certified of the matter of fact, whether that castle be so garrisoned by your order, and in case that there be no necessity of it, that your Lordship would then give order according to the desires of the petition. Sent by Mr. Butler. [Ibid., p. 60. Copy. ½ p.]
May 15.
Derby House.
The same to the same. We have this day received the enclosed from [Col. Boynton] Governor of Scarborough Castle, giving notice of his wants and desiring supply. We conceive the powder and match desired may be sent from the magazine at Hull. For money, there is none at the disposal of this Committee, but if you can spare some out of what is allowed you for extraordinaries for the purposes in the letter mentioned, we desire you will do so. Let the powder and match necessary be forthwith supplied from Hull. Sent by Mr. Butler. [Ibid., p. 60. Copy. ½ p.]
May 18.
At the Lord Keeper's Lodgings.
Proceedings of the Committee of both Houses usually sitting at Derby House. Earls of Northumberland, Manchester, and Kent, Sir G. Gerard, Sir J. Evelyn, Sir H. Vane, junr., Mr. Solicitor St. John, and Messrs. Pierrepont and Crew. Ordered,
1. Mem.—That it be reported to both Houses that this Committee have had several intelligences that there is a design of very dangerous consequence ready to be put into execution against the Parliament, City, and kingdom, by forces being listed under an oath of secrecy, a more particular account whereof this Committee will be able to give the House to-morrow. In the meantime to desire the Houses to give present order to the several Militias of London and parts adjacent to be in a ready posture to prevent or resist the same. And that order be also given to all keepers of prisons directing that all prisoners committed for acting anything against the Parliament may be kept securely within tho several prisons.
2. That the two partners at the George in Cheapside, being haberdashers of small wares, be summoned to be here at 3 p.m.
3. Likewise Robert, servant to Clement Lambson.
4. That any two be a sub-committee to examine those or any others about that business.
5. That some of the Committee of the Militia of London be desired to be here at 5 p.m. with the examination of the gentlewoman yesternight taken by them about Captain Crowther.
A meridie.
6. That the gents. of Bristol be desired to be here to-morrow.
7. That the business of Dorsetshire be reported to the Houses.
8. That John Fussell be dismissed from his attendance on this Committee, giving bond for his appearance when he shall be summoned.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 78, 79.]
May 19. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Warwick and Manchester, Lord Wharton, Sir G. Gerard, Sir J. Evelyn, Sir Wm. Armyne, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. To write to the officer in command at Sudeley Castle that when it be so far dismantled as to be untenable the forces there are to be drawn out.
2. That the Lord General's letter, enclosing one from Capt. Markham and the list how his forces are disposed, be reported to both Houses.
3. That the transactions of the affairs at Bury St. Edmund's performed by the Commissioners sent thither by Col. Desborough be reported to both Houses.
4. That the Lord General's letter concerning the business at Exeter with its enclosures be reported to both Houses.
5. That the report now read, together with the papers of examinations concerning the same about the design now on foot against the Parliament, City, and kingdom, be reported to both Houses.
6. To report to the House [of Commons] that 500l. may be provided for the fortification of Landguard Fort.
7. That it be reported to both Houses that we have information of a dangerous design carrying on in London against the Parliament, City, and kingdom by private listing of men under an oath of secrecy, and that it is managed with much secrecy and skill. We have given notice thereof to the Lord Mayor for the apprehension of some of the conspirators, and his Lordship with the Militia gave order and appointed guards for their apprehension. On the first attempt to apprehend them the measures taken were discovered by an accident, so the conspirators dispersed themselves before the guard could arrive. The second time, by the ill conduct of these who commanded the guards, the conspirators got away by going out of a garret on to the tops of other houses and so escaped. Since we have received further intelligence that the design is still carried on, with these several informations following which we thought fit to be reported to the Houses, reserving the names of the senders for evidence if there should be occasion. That not knowing of what danger this may prove, nor when it may be put in execution we have represented it to the Houses that such further course may be taken for prevention thereof as the Houses shall think fit. This we were the rather induced to do for that the Houses having given order for the Lord General to march northward, we are informed, that there will be no more forces left in these parts but only those at the Mews and Whitehall, besides three troops of horse in Hants and three in Norfolk. The several papers follow in order of numbers [not entered].
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 80, 81.]
May 19.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Lord General [Fairfax]. We are certainly informed that the horse at the Mews are going away to-morrow, the pretence being going to grass; whatever be the cause if they do at this time sir from hence it will be taken for a leaving of us without guard and extremely encourage attempts upon us. What the designs are about this town your Lordship is informed by the despatch which we sent you this day, and therefore we recommend is seriously to your consideration in what condition the Parliament will be in if the horse go out of the Mews upon any occasion whatsoever, and we doubt not but you will see cause to give present order for their continuance as they are. Sent by Mr. Jennings. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 61. Copy. ½ p.]
May 19.
Derby House.
The same to the same. The letter enclosed we forward to your Lordship by the gentleman who brought it us, with a message that if neither yourself nor Commissary Ireton were in town he was to deliver it to this Committee and desire us to open it, which we accordingly did, and although we are not here a Committee at present yet we conceiving the business to be of so great consequence have thought fit to give it our particular recommendation to you, desiring you to take care for preserving the peace of the country. Sent by the gent. [who brought it]. [Ibid., p. 61. Copy. ½ p.]
May 19.
Derby House.
The same to the same. We have received the several informations enclosed, and have appointed them to be reported to the Houses. We have thought it necessary to send the same to your Lordship that you might be informed of the designs that are driving on in these parts. Signed by Lord Wharton and sent by Mr. Durand. [Ibid., p. 62. Copy. ½ p.]
May 20. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earl of Manchester, Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir H. Vane, Sir J. Evelyn, and Mr. Pierrepont. Ordered,
1. To write to the Vice-Admiral informing him of the landing of a person at Sandwich who represents himself as the Prince of Wales, and desiring him to be careful in guarding the seas for preventing of danger from foreign parts.
2. Likewise to the Committee of Kent transmitting the same intelligence, and desiring them to take care for the peace of that county.
3. To write to the Lord General enclosing the letters from the Committee of Kent, and desiring him to send some horse thither. Also to give him notice of a pretended Prince of Wales landing at Sandwich, with the sense of this Committee "that he is an impostor," as likewise to enclose the copy of the relation given by Mr. Thurburne, town clerk of Sandwich.
4. To notify to the Committee of the Militia of London the business at Sandwich, and desire them to be careful in preventing any trouble which may arise in the City thereby.
[Interregnum 9 E., p. 84.]
May 20.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Officer in Command of the forces now in Sudeley Castle. We have given order to [George] Lord Chandos that all the works about Sudeley Castle shall be demolished and the place made untenable. We are informed that as it is it has little strength. If therefore you find the place to be now untenable, or that Lord Chandos will make it so by demolishing all the works, then we desire you to draw out your forces and dispose of them as the Lord General shall appoint, their being in many places so great use for all the forces we have. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 62. Copy. ½ p.]
May 20.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of the Militia of London. We have this day received a letter from Sandwich, relating that there is one landed there who affirms himself to be the Prince of Wales, a copy of which information we send you here enclosed. By many circumstances of relation it appears that this person is an impostor, and we believe this may have been done to countenance some insurrections. We therefore most earnestly desire you to take care that your forces may be in such a posture and readiness as that neither this report nor any other design may disturb the peace of the City. [Ibid., p. 63. Copy. ½ p.]
May 20.
Derby House.
The same to the Vice-Admiral [Rainsborough]. By the copy enclosed you will understand what reports are given out in Kent concerning the landing of the Prince [of Wales] at Sandwich. We conceive this to be given out only on purpose to encourage the intended rising there; however, we thought fit to give you notice of it that you might be watchful upon the seas to prevent any danger that might come to this kingdom from foreign parts. Send us word whether any such intelligence as this concerning the Prince's landing be come to your hands. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid., p. 63. Copy. ½ p.]
May 20.
Derby House.
The same to Major Husbands. If the horses of your regiment be turned out to grass, we desire you to take present care that they may be brought back into the Mews, to be held in readiness upon any occasion that may befall. [Ibid., p. 64. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 20.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of Kent. We have received your letter from Dartford of this day, whereby we are informed that the report is in Kent, that the Prince [of Wales] is landed at Sandwich. Notwithstanding we believe that this is only given out to increase their numbers in the intended rising, yet we have sent your letter to the Lord General, with a request for the speedy assisting you with some of his horse. We have likewise written to the ViceAdmiral to guard against danger from Foreign parts. We are very sensible of your care and vigilance to preserve the peace of your county and return you hearty thanks. P.S.—Since the writing of this we have received a letter from Sandwich with the enclosed relation of the person who brought it up. By many circumstances of whose relation, amongst others that this stranger's hair is rather flaxen than brown, his complexion fair though somewhat tanned, it would appear that he is an impostor. We believe this may be done to cause and countenance some insurrections. We have written to the town of Sandwich that this impostor may be by them kept in safety till the pleasure of the Parliament be known therein. [Ibid., p. 64. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 20.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Mayor and Jurats of Sandwich. We have this day received your letter brought to us by James Thurburne and by his relation concering the person who calls himself the Prince of Wales,—amongst other things it appears that his hair is rather flaxen than brown and his complexion fair though somewhat tanned, whereas the Prince himself is of a black complexion and very black hair—we are fully satisfied that he is only an impostor and doth now appear of purpose to raise tumults and insurrections in that county [Kent]. We therefore desire you to take special care for securing the person of the above said man who calls himself the Prince of Wales that he may be forthcoming when the pleasure of the Houses shall be known concerning him. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid., p. 65. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 20.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord General [Fairfax]. By a letter lately received from some members of the Committee of Kent, we are informed that the design of raising the disaffected people in that co. is still carried on, and that under the several pretences of horse races, wrestlings, and May-poles, whereby it appears their purpose is at one time in as many places as they can to make a disturbance, and by a letter just now come, a copy of which we enclose, you will understand that it is given out that the Prince [of Wales] is landed at Sandwich, which we conceive is purposely to increase their numbers and encourage their design. By reason of which we apprehend that the forces of that county will not be sufficient of themselves to give an effectual opposition to the [rebels]. We have thought fit therefore upon the late letter to us [out of Kent], to renew our desires to your Lordship. That upon consideration of the whole business, you would send such a strength of horse into that county as may give a timely prevention to this growing evil. Sent by Mr. Bulmer. P.S.—Relative to the circumstances of the landing and complexion of the impostor calling himself the Prince of Wales. The same as that sent to the Committee of Kent, see above page 73. [Ibid., pp. 65, 66. Copy. 1½ pp.]
May 23. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earl of Northumberland, Lords Say and Wharton, Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir H. Vane, junr., and Sir J. Evelyn. Ordered,
1. That a letter be written to the Vice-Admiral to send up the pretended Prince of Wales, and to use his best endeavours to force out of Sandwich certain disaffected persons.
2. Likewise to the Mayor of Sandwich to deliver up the pretended Prince of Wales.
3. Also to Col. James Temple to take care of securing Tilbury fort, and upon any occasion of danger to strengthen its garrison by drawing in men ont of the neighbouring country.
4. To inform Col. Rainsborough of a ship which lies still at Sheppey waiting for the King's escape and desire him to visit it about Friday next.
[Interregnum 9 E., p. 85.]
May 23.
Derby House.
Wm. Visct. Say and Sele in the name of the Committee of both Houses to the Lord General [Fairfax]. We have received the enclosed from the Committee of Kent whereby you will see the present state of that county. They have seized garrisons and persons and openly declared themselves for the king. We desire your Lordship to take the state of that county into your consideration and to apply such effectual remedy to this growing evil, that a new war may not take its beginning in that country, but be so timely and vigorously opposed while it is yet in the beginning that it may not grow dangerous to the whole kingdom. Sent by Mr. Binding. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 67. Copy. ½ p.]
May 23.
Derby House.
The same to Vice-Admiral [Col. Thos.] Rainsborough. You have formerly had notice from Mr. Frost of a ship lying about Queenborough for the king's escape. We hear since that the right ship has been visited by you, that it lies still about the Isle of Sheppey, that the design continues still, and that the escape will be [attempted] about Thursday or Friday night next. Therefore, if you could send some ship thither on Friday next to visit it again, you might perhaps discover something. We have given notice thereof to Col. Hammond who we doubt not will use all possible diligence, as he has done hitherto to prevent the same. [Ibid., p. 68. Copy. ½ p.]
May 23.
Derby House.
The same to Col. [Thos.] Rainsborough. The Commons have given order that the impostor calling himself the Prince of Wales, being now at Sandwich, should be sent up hither. We have written to the Mayor of Sandwich to deliver him to you, which we conceive he will do; if so you are to put him aboard one of your ships and send him safely up to the Parliament. If the Mayor should refuse you are then to send a party of musketeers from your ships and having seized him send him up thither. We are also now informed that Sandwich is garrisoned for the king, but we desire you, if you can with safety to the sea affairs, to remove that garrison if it be in your power, and so preserve that place in the obedience and service of the Parliament. We are informed that there are many well affected persons in Sandwich though they be overpowered by the malignants, with these you may keep correspondence. Sent by Mr. Jennings. [Ibid., p. 69. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 23.
Derby House.
The same to the Mayor of Sandwich. By the enclosed Order you will see the pleasure of the Houses concerning the person calling himself the Prince of Wales now being in your custody. We desire you to deliver him to Col. Rainsborough Vice-Admiral. who has order to send him up to the Parliament. Sent as above. [Ibid., p. 69. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 24. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Northumberland, Warwick, and Manchester, Lords Say, and Wharton, Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir C. Gerard, Sir H. Vane, junr., Sir H. Vane, senr., Solicitor-General St. John, and Mr. Crew. Ordered,
1. To write to the Lord General [Fairfax] desiring him to take care of Kent, consideration being had to the business of the north, where the enemy grows strong
2. That the officers of the Orlnance do take a survey of what is wanting in Tilbury fort and supply the same according to the ancient establishment.
3. That the paper presented by the Earl of Thanet to this Committee concerning a means of appearing the tumult in Kent be reported to both Houses.
A meridie.
4. That the instructions new drawn up for the Earl of Thanet to go down into Kent be reported to the Houses.
5. That Mr. [Giles] Greene [M. P.], one of the Commissioners of the Navy, and some of the Officers of Ordnance be desired to attend here to-morrow at 8 a.m.
6. That it be reported to both Houses: That the Earl of Thanet, upon further conference with this Committee, says he cannot undertake for those that are risen in Kent nor for those about Rochester, but that divers gentlemen living in those parts where he dwells came to him, and as he understood from them, that if they may have liberty to petition the Parliament, which they claim as their privilege, and may have indemnity for what is past it will satisfy them and that this they did promise him at that time. That since he hath heard that some of them have embodied with those about Rochester and entered into an engagement with them. That he knows not what a day may have brought forth; but that he will carry down to them whatever [message] the Houses may please to send and will return their answer. That upon consideration of the whole matter and the conference [with the Earl] this Committee have thought fit to present to the Houses these instructions only:—Instructions for John, Earl of Thanet, upon propositions by him offered, concerning appeasing the tumults in Kent. Instructions [Printed in Lords' Journals x., p. 282].
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 87, 88.]
May 24.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Lord General [Fairfax]. Since ours to you of yesternight there have been other letters of a later date sent to the House of Commons from the Committee of Kent, which have been referred to this Committee as you will see by the order enclosed. We have thought fit to transmit that order and the most material letters to your Lordship, and to desire you that present force be sent into that country for the speedy remedy and redress of those evils and risings, consideration being had to the business of the north, where, as we have been informed, the forces of the enemy do increase. Sent by Mr. Faukeard. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 67. Copy. ½ p.]
May 24.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Temple, governor of the fort at Tilbury. We have taken into our consideration of what dangerous consequence it would be if the fort at Tilbury should in these times of insurrection and distraction be surprised by any ill affected persons. We understand that the present guard is not sufficient to preserve the fort if any considerable party should attempt it. We therefore recommend it to your special care to take order that a sufficient number of well affected men in the parts adjacent may be in readiness for its defence against any such attempt. [Ibid., p. 68. Copy. ½ p.]
May 24. 46. Proceedings in the House of Lords touching the tumults in Kent. The report from the Committee at Derby House and the paper presented to that Committee this day by the Earl of Thanet, concerning means to appease the tumult in Kent being the same as that reported by Sir Gilbert Gerard, were read. The Lords' sense upon this report was likewise read. Substance of the above paper presented by the Earl of Thanet, viz.:—
1. That they may have liberty to present their petition to the House.
2. That the greatest cause of this concourse and rising is because of a report that of those who have subscribed the petition two in each parish shall be hanged, &c.
3. That upon their immediate disbanding and departing home quietly there shall be an act of indemnity for them all.
The Lords do think fit, that these disorders in Kent may be quieted in a fair way if it be possible, in order to which they do approve of the sending down of the Earl of Thanet into Kent and that instructions be given him in pursuance of these heads; and that it be referred to the Committee at Derby House to draw up the instructions accordingly. [Printed in part in Lords' Journals x., 279. Copy. 1½ pp.]
May 25. Instructions for the Earl of Thanet upon Propositions offered by him concerning the appeasing of the tumults in Kent were this day read and approved, having been reported by Sir Gilbert Gerard from the Committee at Derby House. Instructions as approved. [Printed in Lords' Journals x., 282. Written on the same paper as May 24. Copy. 1½ pp.]
May 25. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earl of Manchester, Visct. Say and Sele, Sir H. Vane senr., Sir H. Vane, junr., Sir Gilbert Gerard, Mr. Solicitor St. John, and Messrs. Browne and Knightley. Ordered,
1. To write to the Lord General enclosing the instructions given to the Earl of Thanet [for appeasing the tumult in Kent], and desiring that these may not hinder his being in readiness to take every opportunity against the insurgents in case they do not comply with the articles sent by the Earl of Thanet.
2. To write to the Lord Mayor [Sir John Warner] thanking him for his care in apprehending the two men sent hither by him and desiring that he would further examine them.
3. That it be reported to the House [of Commons] that the names of the Members of that House who are also of the Committee of the Admiralty may be read over and that they may be enjoined to sit every day.
4. That the letter brought in by the Gentlemen of Suffolk to Captain Johnson be approved, signed, and sent.
A meridie.
5. Mem.—That this day Mr. Knightley was sworn [a member of this Committee according to the Ordinance of 19th July 1644.
6. To write to the Committee of Coventry that we have been an order of the Lord Generd's whereby it appear that he is satisfied about Mr. Dilke's continuance in his house of Mackstick [Makestock] Castle, and to desire that they would see the Lord General's order obeyed.
7. That the Lord General's letter from Windsor of the 23rd May concerning the fortification of Windsor Castle and provisions for it, be reported to the House of Commons.
8. That the members of this Committee now in town be summoned by Mr. Frost to meet here to-morrow at 8 a.m. upon a business which doth in especial manner concern the safety of the Parliament and Kingdom.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 89, 90.]
May 25.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Lord Mayor [Sir John Warner] of the city of London. This morning there were some papers brought to this Committee and with them some persons to be examined by the City Marshal. We thank you for your care and vigilaney for the peace of the City, but by reason of the great weight of business now lying upon this Committee we are not able to undertake particular examinations, we therefore desire your Lordship to proceed with the further examination of them and to secure them, if you see cause, in order to further proceedings against them. The design in which they are engaged is of dangerous consequence to the Parliament, City, and kingdom, and we have still intimation of the proceeding thereof. We therefore desire you to use what means you can for the further discovery of it and securing the persons of such as shall be found to be in it. We have certain information that James Fern, goldsmith, at the Unicorn, and Michael Waring at the Hat and Harrow, in Lombard Street, are both sworn of this conspiracy and are principal agents in carrying on of that business, and that Richard Thurriton at the Crown in Lombard Street has to do with it. Let them be apprehended and examined, and secured if you find cause, for we are informed there will be proof made of it. Give us information from time to time how you proceed in this business. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 70. Copy. 1 p.]
May 25.
Derby House.
The same to Capt. Johnson. Aldeburgh, in Suffolk, being a place of strength, and of dangerous consequence should any disaffected persons possess themselves of it in warlike posture, for the better securing of it the Deputy-Lieutenants, according to the late order of Parliament, are directed to grant you a commission to be Captain as formerly for raising a company of foot within that town, and you are hereby required to be careful to guard the ordnance and ammunition, and to put yourselves in such a posture of defence as may secure the safety of the town. [Ibid., p. 71. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 25.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Rainsborough [as Vice-Admiral]. By reason of the insurrection now in progress in Kent, and especially about Rochester, we conceive the ships about Chatham with the ordnance and stores there are in danger. These may be used to the great prejudice of the public. You are therefore to send up two good ships under such commanders as you can confide in to ride at the month of the river Medway, near Sheerness, with instructions to visit and intercept, if they see cause, all vessels going in or out of that river, and to do their best endeavour to hinder any fortifications from being constructed by those of the county at the mouth of the river on either side. [Ibid., pp. 71, 72. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 25.
Derby House.
The same to the Commander of the ship "Fellowship," at Chatham. We are informed that the ship under your command being one of the summer guard is still in the river [Medway] off Rochester, and by reason of the insurrection there is in danger to be seized and used against the State. You are therefore to take the first opportunity to go out of the river with as much secrecy as may be, so that you be not prevented nor the ship surprised, and certify us when you have effected the same. Underwritten,
The like letter to the commander of the ship "Hector." [Ibid., p. 72. Copy. ½ p.]
May 25.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of the Admiralty. We are informed that the ships "Sovereign" and "Prince" now riding beneath Upnor Castle have but weak guards upon them. We desire your Lordships to give order that for their better security during this time of insurrection both their guards may be doubled, and faithful commanders appointed to take charge of them. You are also to give order that all the sails in the stores be forthwith sent on board the "Sovereign" and the "Prince," so that no use may be made of them by the risen multitude for any of the ships there in the river. [Ibid., p. 73. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 25.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord General [Fairfax]. Upon some propositions made to this Committee by the Earl of Thanet about appeasing the tumults in Kent, which propositions were reported to the Houses, the enclosed instructions were thereupon approved of to be given to the Earl to proceed in that business, which we also send to you that you may see how far the Houses have proceeded in it. But for that it is of so great concernment that this tumult be speedily suppressed, we desire your Lordship that no opportunity may, upon occasion of these instructions, be lost to reduce the insurgents by force if they will not conform themselves to what is contained in the instructions by Saturday morning next. We have desired Mr. [John] Boys, M.P. for Kent, also Sir Anthony Welden and Mr. James, men who have been very faithful and active for the Parliament, to wait upon your Lordship, who are able to give you a full information of the present state of that county. Sent by Mr. Bulmer. [Ibid., pp. 73, 74. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 25.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee for the Army. The Committee of Gloucester was desired by this Committee to furnish the city of Bristol with 40 barrels of gunpowder, and you to repay the same. We are now informed that the Committee of Gloucester only furnished 10 barrels, so you are to deliver the remaining 30 barrels to the Members of Parliament for Bristol, or to whom they shall appoint to receive the same. [Ibid., p. 74. Copy. ½ p.]
May 26. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Northumberland, Kent, Warwick, and Manchester, Lords Wharton and Say, Sir C. Gerard. Sir H. Vane, senr., Sir J. Evelyn, Sir H. Vane, junr., Mr. Solicitor St. John, and Messrs. Knightley, Browne, and Crew. Ordered,
1. That the letter to the Lord Mayor and Militia concerning the apprehending of some of the persons who were in the conspiracy, be approved, signed, and sent.
2. Likewise a letter to Col. Rainsborough for sending two ships to lie at Sheerness to prevent ingress or egress of ships and to prevent fortification on either side of the river by the people of the country.
3. That the Members of Parliament for Warwickshire, and particularly Mr. Purefoy, be desired to be here this afternoon.
4. That it be recommended to the Committee of the Admiralty that a ship may be sent down to Tilbury to give assistance to the fort there.
5. That it be recommended to the Committee of the Army to furnish Col. Temple with 80 muskets for the fort at Tilbury, and that it be reported to the House to supply them again.
6. That the Officers of the Ordnance be sent unto to supply the fort at Tilbury.
7. To notify to the Commissioners of the Navy that some [insurgents] are seizing the stores at Deptford, and to desire them to take care if they can to secure them.
8. That Sir James Bannatyne do attend at 3 p.m.
9. That Capt. [Rosse] Macquire be paid 30l. for the service recommended by the Lord General, when money comes in to this Committee.
10. That the oath and association of those who list themselves in London be reported to the Houses.
11. That it be reported to both Houses that the Lord General, upon our representation of the dangers imminent from the insurrections and distempers of the people in several counties adjacent [to London], has desired that the forces in the Tower, at Whitehall, and at the Mews may be free to follow his orders in it. To submit the question thereupon to the consideration of the Houses, if these forces be made use of to that end, how the Houses may sit. That we have received several informations that the conspiracy formerly reported to the Houses as carried on under an oath of secrecy is still proceeding, and that the Committee of the Militia of London sent to this Committee a copy of their oath of association, which is hereunto annexed. We have also intelligence that on Tuesday next there will be meetings held of the Kentish men at Blackheath, of the Surrey meu at Putney Heath, and of the Essex men at Wanstead, and that they hold intelligence with each other. That the people in and about Greenwich and Deptford are risen and have seized the stores at Deptford.
A meridie.
12. That the Col., Lieut. Col., or Major of the regiment in the Tower be desired to come forthwith to this Committee.
13. That Sir Nicholas Crisp be summoned to be here to-morrow at 8 a.m.
14. That an order be sent to Col. Tichborne with the Lord General's letter, requiring him to send three companies of his men.
15. That the letter now read to Col. Tichborne be approved, signed, and sent.
16. Report formerly made to the House about a man employed in France.
17. That Freeman and Read be admitted messengers to this Committee. Mem.—To keep all the boats on this side.
18. To notify to Major-Genl. Skippon and the [Committee of] Militia that Col. Rich is to march this night through the city with three troops of his horse and six companies of Col. Barkstead's foot, besides four companies of Col. Tichborne's foot from the Tower; and to desire them to take care that their passage may be free and safe through the City.
19. That an order be sent to Col. Tichborne to send down this night 20 men to the fort at Tilbury.
20. That order be given to Col. Rich to march over into Southwark with three troops of his regiment of horse to prevent insurrections and to keep up correspondence with the militias of London and Southwark and the rest of the forces of Cols. Barkstead and Tichborne.
21. That order be given to Col. Barkstead to send over into Southwark six companies of his foot. viz., five with Major Husbands and one to secure Lambeth House.
22. The like to Col. Tichborne to send over four companies of his foot into Southwark.
23. Order for Col. Barkstead to command in chief the forces to be sent into Southwark until further order.
24. That a letter be written to the Common Council of London, enclosing the order for Major-Genl. Skippon, and desiring them to find money to enable the forces to march out of the Tower.
25. To report to both Houses Col. Hammond's letter of the 22nd present from Carisbrook Castle, John Veale's letter to the Earl of Dover, and also the Surrey petition.
26. That the letter to the Common Council of London for money for the regiment in the Tower be approved, signed, and sent.
27. To write to the Trinity House to do their endeavours and improve their influence upon the seamen to keep them in an obedient temper during these times of distraction.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 90–94.]
May 26.
Derby House.
The Committee for both Houses to the Committee of the Militia of London. In pursuance of the Order of the Commons we have given direction to Cols. Rich, Barkstead, and Tichborne to march into Southwark three troops of horse and ten companies of foot, and we have desired them to consult with you about the manner of their passage through the City that there may be no alarm or misunderstanding upon their march through. We desire you, upon conference with them, to take such a course as that they may march without danger or trouble, and that the service be not retarded. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 75. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 26.
Derby House.
The same to the Commissioners of the Navy. We are informed that there are people at Deptford who are seizing upon and plundering the stores there. You are to take the best course you can for preservation of the stores, and give us present information of their state. [Ibid. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 26.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Tichborne or the officer in command of his regiment. We desire you, according to the Lord General's letter enclosed, to send three corapanies of your regiment to be in Windsor and Wallingford for guard of those places, while the old foot there may be drawn out thence for the present service of Kent. For that this service cannot endure delay, let no time be lost for their present march, so that they may be at Colobrook to-morrow at night. [Ibid., pp. 75, 76. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 26.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Tiehborne. You are to send 20 men of your regiment to Tilbury Fort for its safe keeping under the command of the Governor of that place till you receive further order. [Ibid., p. 76. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 26.
Derby House.
The same to the Master and Society of Trinity House. The Parliament has in all exigencies during these troubles had experience of your readiness to serve the Parliament and found the good effects of your interest in the seamen and watermen upon all occasions. We know your affections are the same, and the present distempers in many places are such as need the continuing of your influence for continuing the seamen and watermen in an obedient temper. We therefore desire you so to improve your power and interest with those men as to keep them from joining in these tumults and insurrections which as it will be a service of much merit and acceptable in itself, so we shall be ready to acknowledge and represent it upon all occasions to your advantage. [Ibid., pp. 76, 77. Copy. 2/3 p.]
[May 26.]
Derby House.
The same to Col. Rich. We desire you forthwith to cause three troops of your regiment with your Major to march into Southwark and to quarter there. You are to take care to keep that place in peace and to prevent any insurrection that may threaten there, and prevent all correspondence between any there and the insurgents in Kent. We have also appointed five companies of Col. Barkstead's foot and four companies of Col. Tichborne's to march thither with whom you are to join those three troops. You are also to keep correspondence with the several militias of London and Southwark, and to continue there till further order. [Ibid., p. 77. Copy. ½ p.]
May 26.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord Mayor and Common Council of London. There is present occasion to make use of the regiment of foot now in the Tower for quieting of the tumults in the parts adjacent, according to an order this day made in the House of Commons. The officers inform [us] that they are most willing to be disposed of as they shall be commanded, but that they are not able to march till they receive their money. We desire you therefore to take order that money may be presently provided for them, at least so much as may enable them to march and security given for the rest that this service may not be retarded, being of so great importance. [Ibid., p. 78. Copy. ½ p.]
May 26.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Barkstead. Whereas we have appointed three troops of horse of Col. Rich's regiment, six companies of your own foot, and four companies of Col. Tichborne's to march into Southwark. We desire you to repair thither yourself and take the command of that party. You are to be careful to keep the peace of that place and prevent any insurrection there, not suffering any correspondence to be kept between any there and the insurgents in Kent. You are also to keep correspondence and intelligence with the several militias of London and Southwark, and you are to continue there till further orders. [Ibid. Copy. ½ p.]
May 26.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord General [Fairfax]. We have received yours of the 25th inst. from Windsor, and we conceive the forces therein mentioned to be much too short to provide against that danger which we conceive the Parliament to be in from this insurrection in Kent and the distempers that are in other places. We are informed that the Kentishmen will have a meeting at Blackheath on Tuesday next, and at the same time those of Surrey one at Putney Heath, and those of Essex at Wanstead. We therefore desire your Lordship to give order to as many forces as can be timely had for the defence of the Parliament and preservation of the peace of the kingdom. We hear that many of the inhabitants of Surrey are very unwilling that any forces should [enter] into their county, therefore if you see a necessity to send any forces that way we desire you that they may be careful to carry themselves inoffensively to the people of the country, and to their own quartering, that they may be in safety. Since the letter we wrote this day Mr. Westrowe, M.P., is come from Rochester, who will wait upon you to report the state of the country. Sent by Mr. Pidcock, then taken and robbed. [Ibid., p. 79. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 27. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Warwick and Manchester, Lord Say and Sele, Sir H. Vane, senr. and junr., Sir J. Evelyn, Sir G. Gerard, and Messrs. Knightley and Browne. Ordered,
1. To notify to the Lord General the disposal of some of his forces in Southwark for stopping the growing insurrection at Deptford.
2. That the Lord General's letter from Windsor to this Committee be reported to the House.
3. That the papers containing the powers of this Committee be reported to the Houses.
4. That the letter from Reading be reported to the House [of Commons].
5. That an order be directed to the officers of the Ordnance to take up and contract with light-horsemen to carry down the ammunition and soldiers.
6. To write to the Lord General, giving him an account how the forces here are disposed of.
7. That the order to Col. Tichborne for his four companies to march into Southwark be renewed.
A meridie.
8. That all the members of this Committee be summoned to attend on Monday next at 9 a.m.
9. To acknowledge the receipt of the Lord General's letter concerning not engaging these regiments about these insurrections and notify to him that we have sent him the state of the forces here and what orders are upon them, and therewith we leave them to his disposing.
10. To write to the Lord General enclosing the Order of the House for the reciprocal fair carriage of the soldiers and inhabitants of Sarrey towards each other.
11. That a letter to the same effect be written to Col. Barkstead and Major Husbands.
12. That copies of the letter written to the Lord General and his reply, together with a copy of the intelligence, be sent to Col. Barkstead and Major Husbands.
13. That it be reported to both Houses that, upon the tumults yesterday at Deptford, we appointed three troops of the horse at the Mews, five companies of Col. Barkstead's, and four of the regiment in the Tower to march into Southwark to preserve the peace and prevent insurrections there or any correspondence between them and those in Kent. We also ordered one company of Col. Barkstead's into Lambell House to preserve it from the malignants.
14. That the rest of the forces at the Mews and Whitehall cannot attend the guard of the Houses longer than this day, and that therefore they would think of settling some other means for their guard.
15. That upon the marching away of the foot from Whitehall some of the beds there may be transferred to the garrison of Windsor Cattle where they are much needed.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 95–97.]
May 27.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to the Lord General [Fairfax]. We have received your Lordship's letter wherein you advise not to engage the regiments here nor any part of them upon any service by themselves in relation to the present great insurrections, but that they might be speedily drawn forth that way to-morrow to rendezvous with the rest. We gave you by Cols. Rich and Hughson the state of the forces here and what orders we had given them, thereupon leaving them to your disposal. We have now received the enclosed information from one who says he saw what he informs, and send it to you that you may take such course as in your wisdom you think fit for the safety of those parts and those forces. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 79. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 27.
Derby House.
The same to the same. We have received yours of the 26th instant concerning the sending of the regiments at the Mews, Whitehall, and the Tower to be at a rendezvous at Hounslow Heath this day to join with the rest of the forces you have for these parts. We have yesternight ordered three troops of the horse at the Mews, six of the companies at Whitehall, and four of those at the Tower should march into Southwark to preserve the peace and prevent any insurrection or any correspondence with the insurgents in Kent. Those in the Tower did not march out because they wanted money which was promised they should have before their going out. We have resolved to report to the House [of Commons] for their payment, and there is some hope they will have it this afternoon. We have certified you what we have done already in the disposing of those forces that you might consider whether they be not there in a posture fit to join with such others as you may join with them. We have now conferred with Col. Hughson and given him the reasons why we so disposed the forces, and have desired him to return to your Lordship and with him Col. Rich, who is fully instructed in the state of things, from whom you will receive full information, and so we leave it wholly to your disposing. [Ibid., p. 80. Copy. 2/3 p.]
May 27.
Derby House.
The same to the same. We send you enclosed the order of the House [of Commons], and desire you to direct that it be effectually observed, and to that end to send it to the commanders of your several and respective regiments. Sent by Mr. Durand. [Ibid. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 27.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Barkstead and to the officer commanding the horse of Col. Rich's regiment. We have sent the enclosed order of the Commons to the Lord General, to be transmitted to the several and respective regiments for its better observance. We send the same order to you, and desire you to take notice of it and observe it. [Ibid., p. 81. Copy. ½ p.]
May 27.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Tichborne. Last night orders were sent to you to send four companies of your regiment into Southwark to preserve order there. We are informed that those companies marched not according to orders. We are now solicited by Col. Barkstead to send more forces to his men who are there. You are therefore not to fail to cause four companies of your regiment to march forthwith into Southwark according to former orders. [Ibid. Copy. ½ p.]
May 27.
Derby House.
The same to the Committee of the Militia of London. The bearer will present you with the [names of the] persons against whom the enclosed informations are made by the officers who were appointed for their apprehension. The printed petition and the other paper enclosed were taken upon one of them, together with another paper now mislaid, which consisted of two rows of figures, over the head of one was written "Horse," with a total of 2,500 and odd, the other row's heading was torn off, but had a total of 27,700 and odd. We desire you to proceed to a further and more full examination of it, and to proceed in it as you shall see cause. The design seems to hold still and to progress dangerously. We therefore desire you to take special care in it. Certify us what you shall do herein, and return to us the printed petition. [Ibid., p. 81. Copy. ½ p.]
May 28. Proceedings at the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earl of Manchester, the two Vanes, and Messrs. Knightley, Browne, and Crew. Ordered,
1. That letters be written to the several ports on the wostern and northern coasts giving notice of the revolt of the fleet in the Downe from the Parliament and their declaring for the King. They are directed to take care of danger from the revolted ships, and, if these should come into their parts, to secure them and give this Committee notice.
2. To notify the revolt of the fleet to Col. Hammond.
3. To write to Lieut.-Genl. Cromwell.
4. That Col. Weldon be sent for to be here to-morrow.
5. That the letter from Kent [brought] by Sir Thos. Peyton be reported to the Houses.
[Interregnum 9 E., p. 98.]
May 28.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to Col. Hammond. We have now received intelligence that the fleet in the Downs has revolted from the Parliament and declared for the King, and [the sailors] are resolved to join with the Kentish men in their petition. You have here enclosed the relation of the whole business, from the extract of Col. Rainsborough's letter, which. we have thought fit to send you, that you might be in a posture to prevent any danger that might come to you by them. We have written to Captain Bethell and directed a letter to Portsmouth for him, whom we have desired to rally what ships he can and keep them firm, and with them to have an eye to yourself, with whom you are to hold a correspondence if his ship keep firm. Sent by Mr. Bulmer. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 82. Copy. ½ p.]
May 28.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord General Fairfax. We have this day received information that the Vice-Admiral's squadron, consisting of seven ships now riding in the Downs, has declared for the King, and complied with the Kentish petitioners and [the sailors] are resolved to join with them in [the petition]; they have also taken in three castles in the Downs, viz., Deal, Sandown, and Weymouth. The Vice-Admiral's ship began the mutiny, who would not receive the Vice-Admiral again aboard them, he having gone on shore for the defence of the castles, so he was forced into a small vessel with his wife and children, and we have now seen a letter from him from Landguard Fort, where he now is. The enclosed is a copy of what we have now received from Kent, presented here by Sir Thos. Peyton, which we have thought fit to send to your Lordship. We have now written to the Committee of the Militia of London for marching of the rest of the troops and companies which are at Whitehall and the Mews through the City into Southwark, and they will march through this evening. We desire you therefore to use expedition in your resolutions for the safety of the Parliament and the preservation of the peace of the kingdom. [Ibid., p. 83. Copy. 1p.]
May 28.
Derby House.
The same to the Militia of London. The General has given order that the rest of the forces of the two regiments that were at the Mews and Whitehall should march into Southwark to [join] those which formerly were sent thither for the better security of those forces. When we sent the last thither by order of the House we communicated the same to you and consulted about the manner of their passage through [the City], that there might be no misunderstanding nor alarm taken upon their march; whereupon care was taken by you [so] that there was no miscarriage nor mistakes, for which we thank you, and desire you now also in like manner to take care that those troops and companies may now also march through the City without any disturbance. [Ibid., p. 84. Copy. ½ p.]
May 29. Proceedings of the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earl of Manchester, Visct. Say and Sele, the two Vanes, Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir J. Evelyn, and [Richd.] Knightley. Ordered,
1. That the order of both Houses concerning the leaving of the business of Kent to the managing of the Lord General be delivered to Sir Thos. Peyton as the answer of both Houses to the letter brought by him to this Committee from some gent. in Kent, which letter was by this Committee reported to both Houses, and that a paper [here entered] signed by Mr. Gualter Frost be delivered with it, intimating the delivery according to that order.
2. To write to the Lord General that the Houses have left to him the managing of the business of Kent, and that the Houses, upon consideration of the defection of the Navy, had made the Earl of Warwick Lord Admiral.
3. That a warrant be sent to the officers of the Ordnance to furnish the fort at Tilbury with arms and ammunition, and to send it down by the safest ways they can.
4. To write to Col. Temple noticing that his letter manifests more resentment than there was cause from this Committee, and to let him know what order is taken with the officers of Ordnance and with Col. Willoughby and Mr. Thomson for men and for provisions for them.
5. To write to Mr. Maurice Thomson and Col. Willoughby to procure 30 men to be put into the fort of Tilbury and to procure a fortnight's pay for them, and this Committee will report to the House for repayment.
6. To represent to the House of Commons the necessity of Col. Weldon's being at Plymouth, and to desire that the money formerly voted by the House for him may be speedily paid to enable him to go down.
7. To write to Maj. Genl. Skippon that he will be visited by the same party who gave him the former information of the men in Moorfields, and will bring him a further discovery. We recommend it to his especial care that the men may be taken and examined, and to certify us the result.
8. Likewise to write to him that till the pleasure of the House be known concerning Whitehall he is to appoint a guard for it, and so order the guards that there may be between these parts and the City a just proportion observed.
9. To report to the House that there are still some ordnance and works at Whitehall, to desire the House to declare their pleasure about the guard of it, for that if there be not still a guard that the ordnance must be removed and the works slighted.
[Interregnum 9 E., pp. 99–101.]
May 29.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to Col. Willoughby and Maurice Thomson. The consequence of the fort at Tilbury is well known unto you, and you cannot but be sensible of its present danger. We have given order to the officers of Ordnance to furnish it with such arms and ammunition as it ought to have by the establishment. We desire you to procure 30 faithful men, such as you can be confident of, to go into the fort, and that you furnish them with a fortnight's pay in money or in provision of victuals for their present subsistence, and send us a particular of what you shall disburse and we will report it to the House [of Commons] for repayment, and account it a very acceptable service for the public. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 84. Copy. ½ p.]
May 29.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord General Fairfax. Both Houses having passed the order enclosed, wherein they declare that they do leave the whole managing of the business of Kent to your Lordship, they have commanded us to send the same to you, which we have done accordingly. The Houses have this day, upon consideration of the defection of some of the Navy in the Downs, made the Earl of Warwick Admiral, which we have thought fit to signify to you. [Ibid., p. 85. Copy. ½ p.]
May 29.
Derby House.
The same to the same. By the enclosed you will be informed of the resolution of the revolted part of the Navy to go to the Isle of Wight and demand the King. Col. Hammand has often desired a further supply of men for the safety of the place. We desire you to take especial care to appoint him a present supply of forces for its preservation. Sent by Mr. Potter. [Ibid. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 29.
Derby House.
The same to the Lord Admiral [Robert, Earl of Warwick]. We have received the letter of the 29th instant sent you from the Commissioners of the Navy. We desire you to take speedy and effectual care to put in execution the several particulars therein advised to be done. [Ibid., p. 85. Copy. ⅓ p.]
May 29.
Derby House.
The same to Major-General Skippon. The person who gave you intelligence about the meeting in Moorfields will bring you further intelligence where persons are to meet about prosecution of the same conspiracy. Learn from him the particulars and take order for the apprehension and examination of the parties. [Ibid., p. 90. Copy. ½ p.]
May 29.
Derby House.
The same to the same. The Guards being now gone out of Whitehall and there being some ordnance and works left, there must be a guard continued till the ordnance be removed. We have reported to the Houses to know their pleasure in it, until then take care for a guard for Whitehall. While it is continued the burden of it must lie proportionably upon the City and the militias adjacent. [Ibid. Copy. ½ p.]
May 30.
Derby House.
The Committee of both Houses to Maj.-Genl. Lambert. The enclosed is a copy of what we have written to the Deputy Lieutenants of Lancashire to give you what assistance they can spare for the prosecution of [Sir Marmaduke] Langdale and his forces. Make what improvement you can of their assistance as you shall have occasion. [Interregnum 24 E., p. 86. Copy. ½ p.]
May 30.
Derby House.
The same to the Deputy Lieutenants of Lancashire. We are informed that your county is in a good condition of forces and able to defend itself. We know you cannot but apprehend that while you stand only upon the defensive the enemy may grow stronger without your county and very dangerous to the kingdom. We conceive if the enemy be speedily and effectually opposed now, before they have any further supply come to them, it will be no difficult work to break them. We therefore desire you to keep a correspondence with Maj.-Genl. Lambert, and send him such forces as you can spare to march out of your county for the prosecution of [Sir Marmaduke] Langdale's forces. We have written to Col. Lambert to this purpose, and desire you to give him the best assistance you can when he shall send to you for it. [Ibid. Copy. ½ p.]
May 30.
Derby House.
The same to Peregrine Pelham, Esq. You cannot be ignorant of the revolt of part of the Navy, and we fear that that party may have too great influence upon those in other parts, to the danger of the ports where they shall come. You know of what consequence the port of Hull is. We desire you will speedily repair to Hull and do your best endeavour to prevent any inconvenience that may arise in that place by this defection of part of the Navy. Give us information how you find the state of things there. [Ibid., p. 89. Copy. ½ p.]
May 30.
Derby House.
The same to Col. Temple. We have received your letter, and know no cause why you should charge the want of your supplies upon any defect in this Committee. We gave order for arms and ammunition and for men. They were as far as Blackwall, but there the barge would not take in the men, so the ammunition was brought back to the Tower. Since some was sent a second time, but this was taken by the multitude at Deptford. We have now sent to the officers of the Ordnance to furnish you with ammunition according to the establishment. We have sent to Mr. Maurice Thomson and Col. Willoughby to procure 30 men, such as they can confide in, and money or provision of victuals for a fortnight, and we shall report to the House for repayment. [Ibid., p. 89. Copy. ½ p.]
May 30. Proceedings of the Committee of both Houses at Derby House. Present: Earls of Northumberland and Manchester, Lord Wharton, Sir H. Vane, junr., Sir J. Evelyn, and Mr. Crew. Ordered,
1. To write to the Deputy Lieutenants of Lancashire desiring them to join with Maj.-Genl. Lambert for opposing the [rebel] army with such forces as they can spare.
2. To signify to Col. Lambert what is written to the Deputy Lieutenants of Lancashire.
3. That Mr. Pelham be excused from going to Hull at present about the business.
4. That the establishment presented to this Committee by Col. Rosseter be reported to the House of Commons.
5. We submit it to the consideration of the Houses whether the ordinary pay of Captain, Lieutenant, and Cornet be sufficient for the persons employed upon this trust, considering their qualities.
[Interregnum 9 E., p. 102.]
[May.] 47. A remonstrance showing the reason of the arming of the county of Kent. Being reduced to this choice to deliver up our lives and liberties or to die free, we are resolved to act the last scene of this tragedy with our swords in our hands, which we shall sooner turn upon our own hearts than the public peace. By what necessities exasperated to this resolve let the world understand that a petition consonant to religion and honour—if the Parliament may be judge—is by some persons, neither warranted by any authority from the two Houses nor pretending to it, upon their own score audaciously affronted; the petitioners [are] menaced and persecuted into this extremity by spirits so implacably distempered that Sir Anthony Weldon vowed he would not cross the street of Rochester to save one soul that signed the petition. And it was a proposition of Baal's to hang two of the petitioners in every parish. If this be not enough to admonish others let it suffice that it awakens us into a just sense and scorn of these indignities. We have lost all with patience, and if at last it be accounted a crime to beg we shall prefer to perish. We do solemnly and religiously oblige ourselves with our lives and fortunes to oppose effectually what persons soever shall presume to interrupt us in the just and legal presentment of our humble desires to the two Houses of Parliament; and to the utmost of our endeavours to save harmless and protect each the other in a privilege so undoubtedly our own, and so not only adjudged but practised and encouraged by this present Parliament. And further, in case any single person shall be for this engagement prosecuted, all of us to rise as one man to the rescue. This, so help us God, we shall respectively perform and resolutely. [The printer and author of this or a similar paper was ordered to be whipped and imprisoned. See Rushworth's Collects., Vol. VIII., p. 1127. Printed leaf.]
May. 48. A particular of the possessions of the Dean and Chapter of Wells, co. Somerset, which are fit to be surveyed by order of the Committee of Sequestrations for better raising 200l. per annum, to [supply] two ministers in Bath and for payment of other moneys assigned on the said possessions. Old rents. Pensions out of the priories of Barley-Bruton, Wordspring, and Taunton, St. Mark's, and St. John's, Bristol. Prebends with their valuations and rents belonging to the Vicars Choral. Total in yearly value above 10,000l. per annum. [6 pp.]
May. 49. Information by Bernard Emmott of gold [taken up in the City]. That on the 27th May last he bargained with Alexander Holl, junr., servant to Alex. Holl, goldsmith, for 1,000l. in gold to be delivered to him for one thousand pounds in silver, allowing 19s. on every hundred for the same exchange. Emmott gave Alex. Holl, junr., 10s. in earnest, and demanded his bargain on Monday, when they answered they had not 10l. in good gold in the house. But afterwards he, going to Mr. Vyner's, understood that Samuel Latch had received from thence 1,000l. in gold, of which sum this examinate had but 500l., the same being procured from several men. [¾ p.]