Charles I - volume 522: December 1625

Pages 71-93

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1625-49 Addenda. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1897.

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December 1625

Dec. 2.
54. Sir Henry Marten, Judge of the Admiralty to Secretary Conway. In answer to the first point in yours of the 30th November, concerning a warrant to apprise and sell certain prize goods, the same might have been done long since if your officers would have returned the commission which was received out of the office many months ago. Your officers in the Isle of Wight do wrong to the office, and no right to you in not making due returns of such commissions. Now, again, direction is given for this particular. To the second point. This bearer carries with him a satisfactory commission. To the third, which was a question, I answer thus. That if a Holland man-of-war will voluntarily break bulk and here sell his prize, he ought first to pass a judgment in the Admiralty Court that his prize was lawful; otherwise in suffering him to sell and the subjects to buy without such judgment, were to be partakers of his piracy, if the prize should prove unlawful. Now the Court of Admiralty will secure my Lord Admiral his tenths, if the prize be adjudged lawful, or confiscate the whole if it be found unlawful. But if a man-of war having a lawful commission sell upon present necessity some part of his prize, I cannot conceive it reasonable to require tenths of him, neither for the whole nor the part that upon such necessity was sold, and, if I mistake not, there is some provision made to this purpose by the last Articles between the King and the States [of the Low Countries], whereupon I would observe how convenient it were that a copy of all Articles of that kind between his Majesty and Foreign States should remain with the Judge of the Admiralty that he might be able always to frame his judgments and his answers in accordance with the same. [Seal with arms and crest. 1 p.]
Dec. 2.
55. Sir William Pelham to the same. Was rejoiced to hear of Conway's perfect recovery to health. Our good daughter is up and strong again, but her youngest child has the small-pox. Recommends the bearer, Dr. Hooke, who was once chaplain to King James and much respected in Court, but a sermon made before the King against non-residents lost him the favour of the Bishops, yet he is no "Novelist." He desires only to be known to you, and I to understand the continuance of your health. I doubt not but some good news will shortly arrive to gladden all our hearts. Our Recusants are yet free from fear of any disaster to befall them, though I verily think they have been disappointed of their greatest hopes. I wish the Oath of Supremacy might be tendered generally to all the King's subjects, and then it would soon appear, who are entire and who divided [in their allegiance], for whosoever refuseth that oath, or takes it unwillingly, is but a heartless subject, well may he in his outward man profess allegiance, but his inward man surely worshipeth another sovereign. If the Papists of England did bear the same allegiance to their King, which the Protestants of France do to theirs, i.e., to acknowledge no other sovereign on earth, then the peril were small, though they enjoyed freedom of conscience in all matters which do not derogate from the honour of God as idolatry. I hope you will pardon my boldness for touching a matter of such a nature, which cannot be expressed in few lines; but my zeal to God's cause, and my service to my gracious King, hath let it fall from my pen unpremeditated. I gather from the news you imparted to me that in all likelihood the quarrel for religion will soon break out through Christendom, which if it were once proclaimed then do I make no doubt but God would please to protect and defend that truth of his, which lay obscured for near 1,000 years, and hath entered into light little above 100; yet will it appear that the effects thereof have been so miraculous as that it hath multiplied beyond belief, through faith and manifesting God's word. [Seal with device. 2½ pp.]
Dec. 3.
56. Sir William Pelham to Secretary Conway. Thanks for his letter, which was delayed by the wandering post, who in his return journey met with an ague. Takes this opportunity offered by a good neighbour and worthy preacher, to inform you of the health of your friends and servants, and how your pleasures in these parts under my charge do prosper. Was much joyed when I received the assurance of your recovery of health by Willingham. Particulars relating to the health of his own family, and how he had trained and disposed of the falcons. The almanacks make observations of good days and bad days, it may be the day you chose was not fortunate for that sport. I hear the Earl of Rutland has been at Court, from whom I doubt not but you have heard full particulars of the state of this country. His order was to have the watch diligently kept at the beacons, which causes much repining amongst the watchmen these long and cold winter nights. What service his Lordship did at his last being at Lincoln will appear if there should be occasion to make use of the horse troops. Has sent him a little box with medicine of good effect for the rheum. [Seal with device. 3 pp.]
Dec. 4. 57. Petition of the Merchants of England trading to the Levant Seas to the King. That they have delivered several petitions beseeching the continuance of Sir Thomas Roe as ambassador at Constantinople for one year longer, but by reason of the late great contagion [of the plague] in the city of London they have not had opportunity to pursue the same. And now, having lately received a letter from Secretary Conway intimating your royal pleasure that petitioners should accord with Sir Thomas Phillips to succeed Sir Thomas Roe, or otherwise some of them to attend your Majesty with their reasons, petitioners beseech your Majesty to give them audience and hear their reasons, doubting not to give you satisfaction for the continuance of Sir Thomas Roe in that employment. [1 p.]
Dec. 4. Another copy of same. [Levant Company, Vol. I., No. 36 xiii.]
Dec. 4. Petition of the Merchants of England to the Privy Council. That Sir Thomas Roe's time as ambassador at Constantinople being well near finished, they petitioned His Majesty for his continuance there one year longer, or that he would vouchsafe the liberty for their free election of a fit person to succeed him, with submission to His Majesty's approbation, as ever heretofore they have enjoyed; yet nevertheless there is propounded to us Sir Thomas Phillips for that employment, a gentleman to us unknown, and altogether inexperienced and unfit as we conceive to manage so great a business, we have often been suitors to His Majesty for audience, and to hear the reasons of our humble request, which hitherto we could not obtain by reason of the long continuance of the contagion in the city. The troubles of the state of Turkey daily give occasion to the Ministers of the Grand Signor to oppress the people and trade by insufferable injuries and exactions, which by the courage and discretion of Sir Thomas Roe are withstood, and we much eased beyond other nations, and that the peace with those carsaries [corsairs] of Algiers and Tunis is not yet so perfectly settled, but that if he be removed much danger and discouragement will redound to our trade and people trafficking into those parts. We therefore beseech your Honours to assist us in our suit to His Majesty that we may have audience, and our reasons heard both for discharge of our duties in a business of so great importance, for prevention of many inconveniences, and encouragement of us in our declining trade. [Levant Company, Vol. I., No. 36 xv.]
Dec. 5.
58. Edward Nicholas to W. Chesterman, Secretary to Lord Conway. I have received yours, desiring to see the original, or a copy, of Lord Zouch's warrant to give license to Frenchmen to fish on the English coast. I have never seen this warrant, which was mislaid so that Lord Zouch could not find it amongst his papers. He told me that it was only a letter from the King to him to grant license to nine French fishermen of Dieppe to fish for the French King's provision, and four of Treport to fish for the Duchess of Guise's provision. So as if the warrant be only for the granting of 13 licenses to Frenchmen to fish on the English coast in such manner as Lord Zouch hath granted them heretofore, it will be sufficient, only you will do well to antedate the warrant about the middle of October last. Has been sick of a burning fever, but hopes to be at Court on Saturday come seven-night. His service to Lord Conway. Endorsed: "Touching a warrant for the Duke [of Buckingham] to give license to French fishermen." [Seal with crest. 1 p.]
[Dec. 6.] 59. Report of the Commissioners of the Navy. Having received directions from Secretary Coke to consider the expediency of dissolving or continuing the contract with Mr. Evelyn for making of gunpowder, we are all of opinion that the breaking of that contract will be a means to disfurnish both the King and realm of powder for the reason here stated. We have spoken with Mr. Evelyn, and he assures us that he is able with the works he already has yearly to convert all this proportion of saltpetre into powder, and, according to his contract to deliver into the King's stores or to sell to the subject for the provision of the realm, 20 lasts of powder monthly, for present payment either from the King or his subjects. Concerning the weight of iron ordnance, we have conferred with John Browne, the King's founder, who hopes and partly assures us [that he is able] to cast the same to be serviceable, and to endure the King's proof, and yet to be as light as brass ordnance. For a time he will go down and cast two culverins, two demi-culverins, and two sakers, so soon as possibly he may. [2 pp.]
Dec. 8.
60. Foulke Reed to Secretary Conway. I am very sorry for the loss of the bay mare, and if it had been signified to me how greatly you respected her I presume that accident might have been avoided. Particulars about the condition of the other horses. All the Michaelmas rents which I can yet get in are already disbursed; my Lady [Conway] doth often call for money, and the servants for provision for the stables, both here and at Luddington. Particulars concerning the sheep and farm produce. The tenants at Luddington do all hold, but think some of their livings too high rated. The survey you wrote for is as exact as Mr. Banks could then take it at his being at Luddington. [2½ pp.]
Dec. 9. 61. Certificate of the Bailiffs and Burgesses of the borough of Stratford-upon-Avon, that Sir Richard Verney and Sir Robert Lee had paid to them, for Lord Conway, 210l., being the consideration which Lord Conway was to pay them for the close half yard land and privy tithes of Luddington and Dodwell [co. Warwick], conveyed by indenture bearing date the day of these presents, reserving the yearly rent or sum of 53s. 4d. [Copy. 2/3 p.]
Dec. 12.
62. Sir Philip Carteret to Lord Conway. I have received a letter of favour and credence from a Baron in Normandy in behalf of a gentleman now going over to M. de Soubise. He brings intelligence that 500 gentlemen of Normandy who are associated have sent to Rochelle to know what assistance they can afford to that place. If Soubise should be able to land some small forces in Normandy they would make there a strong party. At the return of those from England and Rochelle they purpose to hold a synod, under colour of their ordinary Church affairs, and there resolve for war if peace be not granted. They intend to make use of this Island [Jersey], and of myself in particular for to convey and receive their intelligences. I have given this gentleman all respectful speeches, but how far I may proceed in a business of such consequence, or what service I may do His Majesty therein, I am in duty bound to refer to your wisdom and commands, which I will endeavour to execute with all diligence and faithfulness. [Seal with arms. 1 p.] Encloses,
62. i. Magneville to M. de St. Ouen. Recommending the bearer to his favour 4/14 December, 1625. [French. 1 p.]
Dec. 13.
63. Sir Thomas P. Hoby to Lord Conway. Understanding by your letter of 24th November that you had an inclination to rent my house at Twickenham, I desire to state that I never intended to let the house for a rent, but to sell the whole lease, there being 50 years to run, so soon as the new house at Isleworth were finished, which I fear will not be sooner than a year, because of the delay caused by the sickness in that town. [2/3 p.]
14 and 15.
64. Certificates of corn and malt laden by William Chillenden on board the "Jonas" of Faversham for Faversham, and by Richard Stroud on board the "Blessing," of Sandwich, for London.
Dec. 14. 65. Journal of the expedition to Cadiz. Giving particulars of their daily performances from 1st October when the fleet sailed from Plymouth till 14th December, when the writer with part of the fleet arrived back at Plymouth. [Duplicate already calendared. See Vol. XI., No. 66. 3¼ pp.]
Dec. 15.
Windsor Castle.
66. The King to [Archbishop Abbot of Canterbury]. We lately awarded our commission under the Great Seal for the due and effectual putting in execution of the several laws and statutes remaining in force against Popish Recusants, and caused the same to be read in our several courts holden the last term at Reading. We now do charge you and all others having ecclesiastical jurisdiction under us that no good means be neglected on your part for discovering and apprehending Jesuits, Seminary Priests, and other seducers of our people to the Romish religion, or for repressing Recusants and delinquents of that sort, against whom you are to proceed by excommunication and other censures of the Church, not omitting any other lawful means to bring them to public justice. And as our pleasure is that due and strict proceeding be used against such as are open and professed Papists, of whom our temporal laws will more easily take hold, so we do recommend to your vigilant care, and to the rest of the clergy, the repressing of those who, being illaffected to the true religion here established, do keep more close and secret their ill and dangerous affections that way. You are therefore not to extend to such any manner of cover or countenance, but use all possible diligence as well to unmask the false shadows and pretences of those that are obstinate, as by all good means to reclaim those who may possibly be won to conformity. Let all men know that we cannot think well of any that having place and authority in the Church do permit such persons to pass with impunity, and because we understand that the number of Recusants is much more increased in some dioceses than in others, we shall impute the same to the negligence of the bishops who have the same means and power of restraint unless they can show us some particular reason by which that contagion is become greater under them than others and not by their defaults. You are hereby required to send transcripts of these our letters to all the bishops and ordinaries within your Province for the present execution of this our general direction, and also to the Archbishop of York that he may take the like course. [Copy. 1⅓ p.]
[Dec. 15.] Circular letter of Archbishop Abbot to his suffragans transmitting a copy of the King's letter to him. By this you see the Royal and Christian care which His Majesty hath for the advancing of true religion and suppressing the contrary. I doubt not but your Lordship will take it into serious consideration, and by your officers and ministers give execution thereunto, so that presentments be duly made, and excommunications against the obstinate be issued forth as some few years passed was accustomed. The King expects that to show your diligence and zeal herein you do soon after Easter return to me the list and number of Recusants within your diocese which without fail I do expect. [Copy written on the same paper as the preceding. ⅓ p.]
Dec. 16.
67. William Turnbull to Secretary Conway. I received your commands on Wednesday last and ever since have laboured to put them in execution, but as yet I have not met with the party [Robert Abercromby, Secretary to the Earl of Kellie]. I heard at his lodging that he was at the French Ambassador's on Wednesday until midnight, but whether it were for devotion or some other design I could not learn. This morning I repaired very early to Hampton Court and there was told by one of the King's servants that he was gone to Windsor and would be back this evening. If this information prove true I pray you cause the party to be detained there and directions sent me, what I am to do further for the accomplishing of this His Majesty's service. The messenger hath not been made acquainted with the party's name, quality, or place of abode. Postscript.—I dare not adventure to meddle with his papers before he be seized unless you command the same. [2 pp.]
Dec. 17.
68. Sir Philip Carteret to the same. You enquired of me what number of ships there might be in St. Malo. I have accordingly procured this particular note of them. This town hath more ships of burden than any other in France. Olonne [Oleron ?] hath more in number but the greatest exceed not 80 tons. Some few there are of burden in Nieuhaven, Barfleur, and Dieppe, all the shipping else of France, Marseilles excepted, are not considerable. Postscript.—Begs pardon for not having yet sent your canvas, the bloody flux having been so generally spread in these parts of Normandy. There are 14 ships gone out of St. Malo for Spain, they had leave at first to carry only fish, but they laded other commodities, and there are now 22 more going for Spain with wheat and canvas. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Dec. 20/30. 69. Instructions of the town of Rochelle for their deputies Messrs. des Herbiers, J. P. Salbert and T. Goyer, commissioned to negotiate with the King of Great Britain. [French. 4½ pp.]
Dec. 22.
Middle Temple.
70. James Howell to Lord Conway. Since I last attended on you I have called my thoughts to counsel and canvassed to and fro within myself the business you pleased to impart unto me. 1st. I considered therein many particulars, first the weight and consequence of the employment, and what ripeness of experience, and parts are required in him that would personate such a man. 2nd. Next, the difficulties of the performance, for one must send light out of darkness, and like the bee suck honey out of bad [as well] as out of good flowers. 3rd. Lastly, the danger which the undertaker must converse with all and both there and after his return home, when he is called to account, may incur by indiscreet carriage. For the two last I set little by them; touching the first I will not be my own judge, but had rather your Lordship should be informed by others whether my abilities may quadrate with the service, only, far be it from arrogance, I will be bold to affirm that, besides the knowledge of the arts I employed my time for in the University, I am practically versed in the vulgar languages of Europe. Amongst other places I know Rome well and the stile of that Court. I know the forge is there where all projects that tend to the supplanting of our Church and State are hammered, and who do chiefly blow the bellows; I know it is the quiver out of which so many poisoned arrows are drawn out and shot over into England. My Lord, the height of my ambition is to expend that poor talent I have to merit something of my country, which challengeth the greatest part in me, and after conference with those gentlemen I made instance in. I hope your lordship shall find there is no wrong election made of your most humble devoted servant. [Printed in the collection of Howell's letters, but with many variations, p. 193. Seal with arms. 2 pp.]
Dec. 23.
71. Edward Reed to the same. Excuses his not having acknowledged the receipt of Conway's letter by reason of his determination to have waited on him before this. Has recovered from his bruise and despatched the greater part of his business and consequently purposes to attend his Lordship the next week after Christmas. [Seal with arms and crest. 2/3 p.]
Dec. 24. 72. Certificate of corn, beans, and malt, belonging to Joshua Gogar on board the "Gift of God," of Sandwich, William Jewett, master. [= ¼ p.]
Dec. 24. 73. Secretary Conway to [Sir Robert Naunton] Master of the Wards. I am informed that Sir John Packington of co. Worcester lies dangerously sick, and am advised to enquire after the wardship of his grandchild, and if it may be to get an interest in him. It is true it might be convenient for me in respect of some grand children of mine amongst whom I should hope to have a fit match for him. But what means to use and whether it be a thing fit for me to move and seek I come to you for counsel, advice, and direction. I should perform honestly the part of an honest guardian with as much advantage to the ward as any other. [Minute of this calendared under date. Draft. 2/3 p.]
Dec. 24.
Hampton Court.
74. The King in Council to Lord Conway, as Lord Lieutenant of Hants. We are advised that the companies of Colonel Bruce and Captain Scott are arrived at Portsmouth. His Majesty has resolved by all means to preserve and maintain the land forces sent in the late fleet from Plymouth for such use and employment as he shall shortly have for them. You are required to give direction to your Deputy-Lieutenants and the Mayor of Southampton to take order for lodging and providing these two companies in Southampton or thereabouts according to the instructions following. For a beginning of these charges we have ordered 1,000 marks to be delivered out of the money sent to the King upon Privy Seals in co. Southampton, and we will take order with the Lord Treasurer and the Chancellor of the Exchequer to furnish such further sums as may be necessary. As you have heretofore always given us a good account of the endeavours of your Deputy-Lieutenants so in this service, so much importing his Majesty, and so near his thoughts, we make no doubt but that they together with the Mayor will continue their wonted industry and good affection. [Eight signatures and Council Seal. 2 pp.]
Dec. 25. 75. A note of new year's gifts and rewards for new year's gifts at Christmas, 1625, apparently presented by Secretary Conway. Totals, 66l. 16s. 2d. and 1l. 15s. Amongst other entries 10l. to the King, to the household officers 35l. 8s, 10d., sent to Luddington 13l., to the Secretary of the Turkey Company 15s., and to the person who brought a cup from the Muscovy Company 10s. [Amongst the Conway Papers. 1 p.]
Dec. 25. 76. Secretary Conway to Captain Cheek. This bearer brings with him directions to the Deputy-Lieutenants of Hants and the Mayor of Southampton for billeting the soldiers in your ship in the most convenient places upon the coast. [Minute of this calendared under date. Draft. 2/3 p.]
Dec 26. 77. Thomas Jennings to Secretary Coke. I am not unmindful of your requests, and send what information I have collected, and will shortly advise of the rest. The contractors at Lix [Lisbon] with the King for gunpowder, cordage, and other necessaries, with those of Hamburg, are those here named. At Antwerp these trade for Lisbon, and also are factors here named. At Calles [Cadiz] Jaques de Mastres is factor for most of the Portuguese. Postscript.—Diego Dias, of Amsterdam, did freight the Scotchman who had the licenses, named Andrew Baxter. [Seal broken. 1 p.]
Dec. 28.
78. John Pulford to Francis Galle, Esq., Signet Office, at Hampton Court. Is distressed to hear that obstacles have prevented the passing of his Bill, which, though not drawn up by the King's learned counsel, yet, through Lord Conway's motion to the now Lord Keeper, a way is given for the passing thereof. Prays that out of friendship he would overlook these defects. [Seal with device. 1¼ pp.]
Dec. 28. 79. Secretary Conway to Archbishop Abbot. For the release of two priests, they being almoners of the French Ambassador. [Minute of this calendared under date, 29th December. Draft. ½ p.]
Dec. 29. 80. Sir William St. Leger to Secretary Conway. Concerning the state of the Army returned to Plymouth. [Already calendared. See Vol. XII., No. 81.]
Dec. 30.
[Hampton Court.]
81. Secretary Conway to Lord Keeper Coventry. I represented your letter to the King, who liked well of your care, and your reminding him touching the custom that has been usual for Kings to make knights at their coronation, but says he is prevented, there being more knights already than are necessary, and therefore he is resolved not to make any, and this he has commanded me to signify to you. [Minute of this calendared under date. Draft. ½ p.]
Dec. 30.
Hampton Court.
82. The same to Mr. Wray. [Minute of this already calendared under date. Draft. ½ p.]
Dec. 31.
Hampton Court.
83. The Lords of the Council to Secretary Conway as Lord Lieutenant of Hants. Upon the certificates of musters returned from several counties, we find a general complaint that divers principal mansion houses and lands of value which have hitherto found horse and foot, and showed arms towards furnishing the troopers and trained bands of the county, are lately possessed either by mean tenants or new purchasers who do not now find those arms as formerly, which consequently tends to the weakening of those counties and of the whole kingdom. This being grown so general an inconvenience we recommend its removal to your care, as we shall do to the Lords Lieutenants of all other counties, and desire you to take special care that the trained bands both of horse and foot be kept up to the full number they have hitherto been at. If you find that any manors, mansion houses, or lands within that county, through sale of lands, division of estates, non-residence, &c., do not furnish your musters with such arms as formerly they did, you are to take order that the same be supplied either by the owners or tenants. Owing to our frequent direction to have the trained bands exercised after the modern forms and according to certain directions sent, many of the counties have written to have books sent them. We have now taken order to have two books sent for every county. [Council seal. 2 pp.]
[Dec.] 84. Notes of business by Henry, Viscount Mandeville, Lord President of the Council. Touching the army employed in the expedition against Spain. The ten regiments reduced to four, viz., the Duke [of Buckingham's], the Lord Marshal's, Sir Edw. Cecil's, the Viscount Valentia's, and Sir William St. Leger's, each regiment to consist of ten companies. These four regiments to be completed, every one to consist of 1,000 men and officers to each, to be named. These four regiments to be placed in Kent, Sussex, Hants, and Dorset, which officers to be continued, which to be cashiered, and which to have pensions. For four months' pay to all the officers. The four regiments to be made of twelve companies, so every regiment to consist of 1,200 men, which is an addition of 800 men more. The regiment [to] forbear till the money of the loan comes in, and in the meantime the sums of money to be provided for the Captains. 500l. to be presently assigned for the officers, being a remainder of 2,000l. that was assigned to them. Notes relative to the disposal of the stores and formation of a magazine. The books of instructions [for exercising the trained bands] to be signed by the King. That order may be taken to satisfy the mariners out of the same money which the Lord Treasurer desired. In the second place the new bonds in Ireland, and in the third the soldiers here remaining in the counties. The state of the office of Ordnance reported. [3 pp.]
[Dec.] Minutes by the Lord President of proceedings at the Council. The Lords, weighing the necessity of the times, and yet caring for the necessary provision of ammunitions of this kind, resolved only to represent these three things for the present. That provision of money might be made—first, to clear the arrears which are much mounted up; second, to have provision of gunpowder and shot, both which will require 35,000l. The second to have an assignation settled of 6,000l. certain, though they require 10,000l. Now to spare killing you with the rest of the particulars, whereof they have given in books, for constant store in that office. Of these three things they desire your Lordships would give your resolution—arrears, assignations, and provision of powder. [Written on same paper as preceding. ⅓ p.]
[Dec.] 85. Lord Conway's information to the Council Board relative to the disposal of the soldiers returning from the Cadiz expedition. Precautions to be taken on their first arrival, and for distributing them amongst certain garrisons and towns. Money to be provided. They will return very poor in clothes. The soldier has been accustomed to be allowed two suits of apparel apiece, one valued at 33s. 4d., and the other at seven nobles, and the gentlemen's suits at four marks and 3l. A summer and a winter suit both for gents and soldiers. There was much inconvenience found in this. The money employed in one good suit of clothes would do them more service and the King more honour, and a great deal of husbandry may be done in it for the King. It would be well to contract with merchants, which may be done on credit, to prepare the clothes against the soldiers' return. [2¼ pp.]
[Dec.] 86. A list of the companies which already are arrived in Cornwall and Devon of the several regiments returned from the Cadiz expedition. [3½ pp.]
Dec. 87. Eliza Lady Lenthall to Secretary Conway. My husband and Sir Anthony Buggs are now in the country, and have sent my Lady Buggs and me these pheasants and partridges to be presented to your Lordship, whose sworn servants we are.
[Dec.] 88. [Sir Fulke Greville to Secretary Conway.] I received yours of the 20th, and till then had not the least thought of being in London this next sessions of Parliament, but, since it is your pleasure, I will wait upon your Lordship the 3rd of February, and, when I have shown you that you have an absolute command of me above my own resolutions, I intend returning hither [Isle of Wight] again the beginning of March. Having an opportunity of discoursing with Mr. Eedes, a counsellor-at-law, a very ingenious man, and one of whom Sir H. Puckering can give you an account, I asked him what was the reason Mr. Hopkins, member for Coventry, was always so cross and violent in Parliament against the King's affairs and what was the way to take him off, he told me that he was chosen by a faction in that town, who had engaged him to be so, in opposition to several others who stood in competition with him. That there was no way to alter him but by his father, Sir Richard Hopkins, with whom he would discourse, and give me a further account. This week he told me that Sir Richard said he had no reason to concern himself in that matter, for there were two puisne sergeants to him already put over his head and called up to the Bench before him, but if, upon the death of any of the ancient judges, he might be preferred to be a judge in any of the King's Courts, he would not only make his son go right in the King's business, but several others of his friends who went in the House of Commons as peevishly as his son did. I thought it fit to acquaint you with this, and to send an express messenger rather than to hazard it by the post, and because he will expect an answer from me at the sessions at Warwick, which sit on the 9th of January. Your Lordship may easily be informed of Sir Richard Hopkins, because he is a sergeant-at-law and hath ever been reputed a very able man and well affected to the King. My cousin [Sir Edw. ?] Greville and Sir John Knightley will be here with me next week, and then I shall pursue your commands in relation to them, and about my Lord Brooke's proxy, to whom my cousin is going either at Bath or some other place in the West. I don't doubt of my cousin Greville's going very well in the King's business; the greatest difficulty will be to get him thither, having a great deal of work upon his hands by being left sole executor to his mother. [Draft. 1¼ pp.]
[Dec.] 89. [Lords of the Council] to the Commissioners at Plymouth. We understand that ships belonging to the fleet [returned from Cadiz] do daily arrive at Plymouth and neighbouring ports. We have thought fit for reasons known to us importing His Majesty's service to require you to give direction that all merchants' ships and Newcastle men belonging to the fleet, so soon as they have landed their soldiers, do presently come away for the Downs with the remains of all their victuals and provisions, except six of the best merchants' ships, which we would have you make stay of at Plymouth, with their men and provisions, for three months' service, wherein the King will have occasion to employ them accordingly as you shall receive direction either from us, the Lord Admiral, or the Commissioners of the Navy. [Draft. ½ p.]
[Dec.] 90. List of the ships here [at Portsmouth ?] and their Captains, viz., four of the King's ships, 11 merchants' ships, and 15 Newcastle. [1¼ p.]
[Dec.] 91. Roll of the names of 17 sea captains. [2/3 p.]
[Dec.] 92. Grant to Sir Robert Douglas, knight, of a pension for 21 years of 800l. per annum to be paid out of the Customs and duties on smalt, zaffer, and potashes. [Countersigned by Sir Robert Heath. Parchment. ½ skin.]
[Dec.] 93. Fulke Lord Brooke to Secretary Conway. I read a gazette of the brave King of Denmark's business. These four articles of that great treaty between His Majesty and the States [of the Low Countries]. I thank you for [these] especially for three of them, viz., the restitution of our King and Queen of Bohemia, the sincere and active union in religion, and the blocking up of this den of pirates in Dunkirk. May it please you to acquaint me with the progress and good success of these three. My Lord Duke [of Buckingham's] return all the world knows. I am bound to be curious of these, so am I to know what becomes of my Sovereign's princely fleet, which has gone out and by fame hath already done bravely in many places; thus you see neither age nor indisposition can keep me from playing a little with the love of so dear a kinsman. [Damaged by damp. 1 p.]
[Dec.] 94. Observations upon the expedition against Spain. Informations that much general disquiet prevails at the dishonourable return of the fleet which was set out at so much expense by which trade is much injured, the result is attributed to the inexperience of the Duke, the insufficiency of Lord C. [Viscount Wimbledon], and the long talk beforehand of their undertaking, which gave the enemy time to strengthen themselves. Also, that there is much notice taken of the refusal of the States to lend money on the King's jewels carried over by the Duke, and the offer to pawn them is thought dishonourable. That the English Recusants are anxious about Rochelle which, if once lost, the Dunkirkers will soon be at Dover. Also, that the States' Ambassador in France hopes to produce terms for Rochelle before the great English Ambassador [Duke of Buckingham] should come thither. [Amongst the Conway Papers. 1½ pp.]
95. Suggestions for levying money by way of Privy Seal [which were acted on]. The cause of the discontent given by the two benevolences demanded by the late King [James] after the dissolution of two Parliaments, and the voluntary one given to Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia, was mainly owing to the inequality of the gifts in respect that many wealthy men being refractory and perhaps illaffected either gave nothing at all or so little, as rather to lessen than augment the total sum, by reason of their ill-example. This can only be avoided by an intimation in those letters of the proportion desired from such of his loving subjects as are able to lend. The Lords of the Council to send into every county a schedule of the last subsidy, and to select two gentlemen to be collectors of such sums as shall be voluntarily given. Letters to be written to the Sheriff, Deputy-Lieutenants, and Justices of the Peace in each county signifying the King's urgent occasions, and his royal intention of calling Parliaments and levying money hereafter in a Parliamentary way, at the same time requiring them to call all subsidy men before them and to treat with them apart in a loving and courteous manner to give a free and voluntary contribution by way of subsidy, which course His Majesty intends not as a precedent, but as likely to prove the easiest and most acceptable way unto the subject, and to assure them that these moneys shall wholly be employed for the defence of the King and commonwealth. Requiring the collectors to receive no less of any man than the specified proportion, according as he was rated at the last assessment of subsidies, and to return the names of all such as shall refuse. [Amongst the Conway Papers. 1¼ pp.]
96. Circular letters suggested to be written by the King to the Justices of Assize in their several circuits about the keeping of the records in every county. [Duplicate of Vol. XIII., No. 37.]
97. Reasons annexed to the Lords' petition against subjects of this kingdom being suffered to accept titles of honour in other kingdoms where they have small or no estates of abode. [See Lords' Journals. Copy. 2½ pp.]
98. Petition to the King by those nobility of Scotland and Ireland now petitioned against by the Lords of the Higher House of this Parliament. We, your most devoted servants and subjects having done no act deserving to be deprived of that place, and honour which by your Great Seal is made our inheritance, do in all humility beseech your Majesty to be as sensible of the[ir] suffering in your prerogative herein as your father of happy memory was. [Second Paper 1625 or 1626. Copy. 1 p.]
99. Petition of Robert Abercromby to the King. That he served your "Majesty's most princely sister," [the Queen of Bohemia], in the wars of the Palatinate as Quarter-master and was there wounded. She recommended him to Count Mansfeldt then ready to come over into England for supply of new forces, but the pinnace in which he and his associates were through extreme tempest was driven back into Flushing and detained for want of wind six or seven weeks, while all the companies were disposed of to other captains. In consideration of his services and losses, prays your Majesty to give order for some present payment to relieve him in this hard time and dangerous visitation. [2/3 p.]
100. The like petition of Robert Abercromby and four others. Coming over to do further service with their colonels, they left their regiments in Scotland. They were promised by Count Mansfeldt that they should have their pay the same as if they were serving in the field, but had not received any, and further, being commanded by proclamation not to depart this country, they had attended your Majesty's pleasure therein. Now being wholly destitute they beseech you to consider their present state this hard and dead time, being ever ready to do your Grace service [2/3 p.]
101. Petition of Sir George Douglas to the King. That he had served King James above 36 years, but had never had the opportunity to obtain anything for his advancement, so his resources were now exhausted. By your declaration you signified your pleasure that the forfeitures by Popish Recusants should be hereafter required according to the laws, and employed only for the public uses of the commonwealth. For carrying out this declaration some one will be required to give you a faithful account thereof. Prays that he may be constituted such officer and remembrancer to your Majesty. [1 p.]
102. Petition of Thomas Watson, Roger Ryley, and six others, master mariners, to the King. Represent the great losses they had sustained at sea, especially that of the "Mary," [of] Margate, taken by pirates, and the "True Love," of Selby, with her crew, seized by Ostenders and Dunkirkers, which they were now unable to redeem, this being the fourth time she had been so detained. Pray that this business may be referred to the Committee of Trade or some other authority, so that order may be taking for redeeming this ship, and that for the better encouragement of trade His Majesty would be pleased to consider of some fit means for defending of our coasts from such present and future inconveniences. [1 p.]
103. Certificate by certain inhabitants of Kent to the Council. That at the sessions held at Boughton Monchelsea on 3rd May 1622, by virtue of His late Majesty's Commission for the Common Sewers, it was ordered that there should be made a "powle bay" of timber in a river called the Twist which goes to Garford Bridge. Complaints against Thomas Rode and Thomas Keene for combining to thwart the intentions of the Commissioners and cut down and deface the said bay so newly made. By reason of the overflow of the river both the profits of the lands adjoining will be lost, and the mills and grindstones, for want of water in the mill river, cannot be employed. Subscribed by seven names of those who want the water for the mills and grindstones, and by 10 of those whose lands are overflowed. [1 p.]
104. Petition of John de Quetteville to the Council. That the suit which had depended divers years before your Lordships between petitioner and John Blanch of Guernsey was, by an order of the 17th May last, referred to Lords Carew and Danvers, but Blanch would not abide by it, and has withdrawn from town to that island. Prays a warrant to compel Blanch to answer the contempt, and that your order may take place. [3/8 p.]
105. Petition of Captain John Gunter to the Council. That he presented to the Council-of-war a proposition for exercising the horse and training them in the use of their arms, which had been approved of. Offers to undertake that work by residing in any shire where it shall be first thought most fit to be practised. Will for his own honour take more particular pains with the captains and officers until perfectly instructed, that they may be able to instruct others. It would be more for the honour and safety of the kingdom, by improving the quality of the horses and arms, if the owners were bound to appear upon their horses themselves, or a son or kinsman of quality in their behalf, whereas now they be for the most part slightly set forth with a servant without ornament, and no way so capable of instruction. He will always keep two great horses by him for the exercise of such gentlemen of quality as take pleasure in horsemanship and who desire to learn, so as for his countenance and grace he may be qualified His Majesty's servant for this purpose by Patent, with a fee of only two horse liveries. [1 p.]
106. The same to the Council-of-war. To the same effect as the preceding. [2/3 p.]
107. Robert Tirwhitt to George, Duke of Buckingham. It pleased your Grace, out of your nobleness, to be the only cause of my now being with my master [the King], so now I am humbly to entreat you to add one favour more to those already received, and procure for me to be of His Majesty's Bedchamber, that being the height and sum of my desires. [Seal with crest broken. 2/3 p.]
108. G. Rivers to Buckingham. Application for 100 jacobuses to defray the expense of a business in which the writer had been engaged for eight months before and since the death of King James. [1 p.]
Uffculme, co. Devon. 109. Robert Oland to Buckingham. Whereas the King is at this time furnished with money from the country, these are to let your Grace understand of the great abuse herein against the King's Majesty and against a multitude of poor men, I mean 1l. land men; for men of 10l. or 12l. yearly are upon the King's book [entered] 1l. in land. Many of these poor men have no living except this to maintain their families, and many are in debt, some 10l., others 20l. or 30l. Your suppliant being of the same rank is indebted 30l. I speak not to be put out of the King's book, but to show you the difference between the poor men and the wealthy; for most of the rich men are but [rated at] 1l. out of 20l., 25l., or 30l. yearly. Those wealthy men and women are not in their place upon the King's book, some by 1l., some by 2l., and others by 3l., and the reason is, when the subsidy is granted and the letters come to the Commissioners to cause a tax for the same, their manner is to send their warrant to the constables of every hundred to warn eight, six, or four of the substantialest men in every parish to tax the inhabitants there; and if one of these 1l. men happen to be of the number of taxers, he shall stand but as a cipher to make up the number, but he can bear no rule with them. So these rich men lay the burden upon poor men and will not bear their due burden, but thus they say: Do favour me this time, "chill" [I will ?] do the same favour for the next. But if it should please the King that from henceforth there might be no other taxers or raters for the subsidy but those 1l. men, and what they did herein should be without controlment of the Commissioners, the King's book would amount to another reckoning; but if it happen one of these rich men be raised a pound he complains, and is abated, because he is such a gentleman's man, or is such a great man's tenant, or he grindeth his corn at master's mills, and therefore must be abated, and as in this so in all other rates and taxes whatsoever. Likewise, for Privy Seals, we have but two [charged] in our parish, whereas there are at least ten with sums ranging from 200l. to 700l. out upon usury, and so it is in every parish. There is another matter wherein poor men are more wronged than before; that is, at our assizes [in times] passed our Grand Jury have been esquires and gentlemen of quality, and the best farmers and yeomen to serve at sessions, and none but freeholders in both; but now the case is altered. If there be three or four gents. at the assizes the rest are yeomen. Gentlemen count themselves too high for that service, and farmers, [being] the best yeoman-men of 100l. a year, think it base to attend at sessions, for they say, a clerk of the peace will record their appearance for all the year, and at the assizes the clerk will record their appearance for 5s. yearly. So this service at sessions now is done by poor men of [mere necessity], who have no freehold at all, and at the assizes many of these poor and ignorant men are returned at nisi prius, which, if they should be demanded between whom they be returned, and who is Plaintiff and who Defendant, they cannot answer. Your humble suppliant having great cause of complaint, he having been returned these seven years wrongfully, having no freehold, he has paid 20s. amercement and [5s.] yearly to the Clerk of the Assizes to record his appearance, but can by no means be discharged thereof. It is lamentable to hear the complaints of poor men herein at our assizes and sessions. Also, there is another great abuse in Constables, for that they continue some seven, eight, or ten years in office. Examples Bartholomew Rawlings, one of the constables of Uffculme. What I have written herein I am ready to answer for before any, even if it be before our sovereign the King and his Privy Council. [Seal with device broken. Damaged by damp. 1 p.]
110. Modern copy of the above. [1 p.]
111. Memorial of armour, munition, victuals, &c., wanting in Jersey, and payment of the arrears for 200 soldiers in garrison which Sir P. Carteret has made good, partly from monies destined to fortifications, but chiefly out of his own means, but his bills of exchange are protested against. He will lose his credit unless helped with money. The engineer is returning, and the soldiers and inhabitants quarrelling for want of payment. The sum due is 2,539l. 1s. 8d. [1 p.]
112. Application to the Duke of Buckingham. That the Trinity House takes of the Flemish ships and other strangers which come in 14d. upon every last of two tuns and 8d. a foot upon every foot of water they draw. For examination of the truth of this information it is desired that you would send the Marshal of the Admiralty on board some of these Flemings, in order to be certified what their masters and owners do pay to Trinity House in every particular. Likewise, to submit a copy of their Charter to the Attorney-General, to be certified by him whether their taking of the 14d. and 8d. be warrantable. Should it be found that the Trinity House assumes to itself these things beyond the extent of their Charter, the informer prays his Grace to procure a grant of the same for him from the King at a yearly rent of 500l. [2/3 p.]
113. Sir Allen Apsley to Lord Conway. Having waited on you at your lodging yesterday I understood your intention shortly to make Petworth happy with your presence. I desire to know whether you intend to keep your lodgings [in town], for I do so much prefer your judgment in all things, that I cannot choose but believe the places you have chosen to be the most healthful, convenient and safest in the town. If you are resolved to leave your lodgings I pray give me directions to Hartshorn Lane, which, though I never saw, I apprehend to be very private. There I shall be at leisure to transcribe those recipes you have marked in my book, which are yet not digested into any form, and many of them writ in characters [cipher], or else I had now sent you the book; when I come to the other I will send you all I have there that are worth your perusal. [1 p.]
114. Petition of John Twilly, Postmaster for Winchester, to Secretary Conway. Having been made postmaster for this place since the King's last coming to Holbury [near Southampton], I was employed for 42 days with six horses night and day in his Majesty's service from Winchester to Southampton and Basingstoke, for which 4l. 4s. was owing to me. Prays order for present payment of this sum, as the postmaster who set him on work refuses payment, saying he is already 100l. out of pocket. [2/3 p.]
115. Memorandum relative to the Commission under the Great Seal for taking "a remain" of the jewels in the Tower, dated 12th November 1621, with the names of the Commissioners. There was no "remain" taken upon this Commission, and the old King [James] being dead the same is now determined. [2/3 p.]
116. Eliza, Viscountess Falkland, to Lord Conway. My brother [Sir Edward] Barrett told me to-night that you said the King and Buckingham desired to know how my Lord [Henry Viscount Falkland] had been damnified in the place he holds that he should sue for recompense. If my Lord had done never so much service or were indeed much hindered in the place he holds, yet his suit should be for grace and not for reward or recompense. I know that, in a pressing necessity, is a suit fit, for a prince to grant and for an honest servant to ask; for gracious kings as ours is will not let their servants perish, without they can be proved to have committed faults or to have omitted duties. My reasons are nine children not unhopeful, all designed to His Majesty's service, either by serving him themselves or to bring forth servants for him; my Lord himself hath before his birth, both in his father and mother, served the King's predecessors, and in his own person been a follower to three princes, and if in all that time he have either committed fault or omitted duty I will not plead for him; to say this may befit me though it would not suit with modesty if it came from himself. I could wish and shall sue that the fitness of such a grant might be referred to your Lordship's considerations and my Lord Treasurer's, for I could yield good reasons why his Majesty may in this favour not do a thing that will misbecome either his goodness or his discretion, considering that I desire nothing that can yield money to any but my Lord. I beseech you to do what you may to illustrate this suit, as I may send comfort to my Lord's sad heart, who, if I be not a very partial censor, is such a servant as His Majesty shall never find wanting either in his valour, discretion, or honesty for any employment that he shall please to put upon him. I do conceive that a letter may be less troublesome to your Lordship than my presence, because it will less disturb your business. I fear this epistle will be more difficult to read than ever your Lordship's hand was to any, for it is written in such haste as it scarce gives me leave to say myself what I truly am, your Lordship's most humble servant. Postcript.—The best answer to my letter is to perform the contents of it. [Holograph. 2 pp.]
117. Eliza, Viscountess Falkland, to [Susan Fielding] Countess of Denbigh. I am much perplexed with many worldly accidents, as you know I have cause, I intend within these two days, for ought I yet know, to go down to Aldham [Aldingham ?] where, though there be no stuff for my children, there is a bed for myself. I beseech you let me know whether together with your friendship to me you have cast off all your care of what belongs to me. I have sent you the gentlewoman Mrs. Waterhouse who is to attend your daughter. I desire to know whether Victoria may wait upon you or no for she grieves so here. I thank you and my lord your brother for your care of me, though I wish it had been in another kind, but I must think myself bound to Mr. Cosens while I live for the pains he takes though I wish any man else had been employed rather. Secretary Coke was with me even now, and brought me a most gracious message from the King and showed a great deal of care to persuade me himself; but to whom shall I go to learn which of the two to believe, for Mr. Cosens taught me one doctrine and he another; but, madam, if the question were between those two, I could well tell what to believe, for he says I must only be guided by illumination, and not believe the Church of England as it is the Church of England, but as I am instructed out of the scripture. [Seal with arms broken. 1 p.]
118. [William Weld, Secretary to Lord Conway, to Sir Edward Cecil, Viscount Wimbledon ?]. I received yours from the Downs, and I hope those sent you to Plymouth have found you by this time. I was this day to have waited on my Lord Deputy [of Ireland, Viscount Falkland] at my coming away, who inquired when I heard from you. He stays here till the pro[gress is] begun; he is graciously received by the King and all the Lords. My Lady Amy C[onway] has been with him and was very angry with Mr. Little before his Lordship, who, she said, denied her a copy of my Lord Deputy's order. Mr. Little pressed me for it, but I told him you had the original and I doubted whether I had ever a copy in England. I gave him one just at my coming away [for] their is no danger that she can do anything. There is a rumour all about the town and Court that you have been abused by intelligence of an Irishman sent of purpose to that end, and that you should have taken him along to the Downs and have punished him; some speak of it as if the two old knights, Captains Mervyn and Mainwaring, were of that opinion. Mr. Edward Reed [Secretary to Lord Conway] lies in your Lordship's lodgings. Mr. O'Malley goes away for the Low Countries in three or four days time. The last bill of the sickness was not great but it spreads much, two houses, one at Charing Cross and another in St. Martin's Lane over against the Church, shut up. There is a great stir in Italy, where the French have beaten the Spaniards. Your coach will be ready at London as you send directions. I have assigned money for my lady's payments as herein stated. The Church business stands thus, two ways to throw out the priest by the King's title and by your own. If you go by your own, you must do it by law and by long suit, the other to take the King's presentation by lapse had presently put in another [minister]. Opinions of Sir George Ratcliffe and other lawyers as to the points involved. [Draft without names or date 4 pp.]
119. Lord Basil Fielding to his father William Viscount Fielding, Master of the Wardrobe. Please let the bearer hereof, Mr. Woodford, receive from you 315l. for the redeeming of certain jewels of mine in pawn. Endorsed by Dr. Lambe. [Probably earlier. ½ p.]
120. List of persons in Essex to be warned to appear before the Lords of the Privy Council with what convenient speed they may. Signed by Secretary Morton and endorsed. Persons warned out of Essex by Thomas Wright. This list includes Lord Maynard, Sir Edward Bellingham, Sir Robert Wiseman, Sir Francis Barrington, Sir Harbottle Grimstone, Sir William Massam, Sir Thomas Wiseman, Sir William Fitch, Sir Arthur Harris, Sir Edward Altham, and 12 others. [1 p.]
121. Memorial by Sir Philip Carteret, proffering advice concerning the depredations on English commerce committed by ships putting out from Dunkirk, Ostend, and other neighbouring ports, and how the same may be guarded against. Their strength by sea increases divers ways as here specified. The King of Spain hath in Dunkirk 18 ships, in Ostend 12; the particulars and freebooters are 14 besides 5 ships lately taken from the English coming from the East country [Hanse Towns] which are now in Ostend and are fitted for men-of-war. The greatest of their ships in Dunkirk are between 200 and 300 tons, those of Ostend are lesser; the greatest carry 22 or 24 pieces of ordnance, whereof some 15 are brass, the the rest iron; the lesser ships carry 14 or 16 brass and iron. They are victualled only for a month or six weeks, in which time they return home with their prizes. To prevent their depredations there is no better remedy than in having a continual fleet at sea, consisting of 24 ships, viz., 8 English and 16 Dutch. [2½ pp.]
122. Suggestions for more effectually arming and exercising the trained bands. [Copy of a paper calendared in Vol. XIII., No. 43. 3½ pp.]
123. Observations on the advantages and training of a militia for defence of the kingdom. For the defensive part, it may be observed, by the exceeding profit which is daily acknowledged from every county to have arisen from the industry of those sergeants that the Duke of Buckingham brought out of the Low Countries, what advancement and preparation of a militia would soon be made if care and diligence be prescribed and an account required. Letters to be written by the King to the Council, and from them to the Lords Lieutenants. [Imperfect. 2 pp.]
124. Note of goods in certain ships, with the names of the factors to whom consigned, and their marks. The ships mentioned are the "Hope," "St. Claude," "St. Ann," "St. Marie," and the "Paradise." [Imperfect. 2 pp.]
125. List of names returned by Lord Russell of men fit to be chosen as Commissioners, with the distance of their residence from Plymouth. The list includes Sir Francis Drake, Sir Thomas Wyse, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Sir Warwick Hele, and ten others, besides four in Cornwall. [1 p.]
126. Relation of the wrongs done by the great Dutch pirate Campaine, or Campaan, as well upon English ships as others. He possessed two ships, the "Admiral," of 400 tons, with 35 pieces of ordnance and a crew of 80 men, and the "Vice-Admiral," of 220 tons, with 26 pieces of ordnance and 40 men, whereof two-thirds are Hollanders and Germans, and the other one-third are English and Irish. His rendezvous is in Ireland, between the Long Island and the mainland, where he is greatly favoured by Sir William Hull. [1 p.]
Note of six English ships [to be prepared for sea], viz., the "Friendship," 311 tons, 100 men; "Great Saphire," 430 tons, 120 men; "Little Saphire," 303 tons, 100 men; "Assurance," of Dover, 300 tons, 90 men; "St. Claude," 250 tons, 80 men; and the "Aletheia," 250 tons, 80 men; total crews, 570. These men will be victualled for three months at 1,710l., for four months at 2,280l. [Written on fly-leaf of the above. ½ p.]
127. Remonstrance of Sir Guilford Slingsby, complaining that his services were not adequately rewarded in comparison with others herein specified. Desires to have the patent for Master of the Ordnance of the ships, having been commended by the late Lord Admiral, or else Mr. Burrell's place in the Commission, he having much abused the trust reposed in him, as confessed by Sir John Coke. [1 p.]
128. List of the names and fees of the several Customs' officers in all the out ports. John Alington and Abraham Dawes, surveyors of the customs, for themselves, the customers and controllers, according to the schedule annexed to their patent and signed by the King, receive in total 366l. 6s. 8d. Besides which fees paid quarterly to the customers and controllers for sending up their accompts to the surveyor's office in London amount in total to 67l. 13s. 4d. for the customers, and 45l. 16s. 8d. for controllers, per annum. [4 pp.]
129. The names of all the [out] ports with their creeks and members which have parchment books out of the Exchequer. [3⅓ pp.]
130. Report by Abraham Dawes one of His Majesty's surveyors for the out ports, giving reasons concerning the trade and imperfections in each of the several ports. Some interesting particulars are given as to the general character and amount of the trade in each. [8 pp.]
131. Note of arrearages of annuities demised by John, Earl of Holderness to Nicholas Ramsey, and others, plaintiffs, and due to them from Robert Ramsey, Esq., defendant. Total, 2,600l. [¾ p.]
132. Notes by Attorney-General Heath of the contents of the pleadings, and of his own argument for the Crown, in a case of Quo warranto against Sir Edmund Bacon, for the exercise of certain jura regalia within the town of Bury St. Edmund's and certain hundreds in co. Suffolk. [15 pp.]
133. A particular of the demesne lands of the manor of Tunbridge in Kent. Total of annual rents, 1,777l. 16s. 8d. This land is held in free soccage and free from incumbrances. If the purchaser upon survey shall value any part of these lands at a lower rate, the tenants will give seven years purchase for a lease for 21 years. There is demanded for this land 17 years purchase ready money, 30,104l. 3s. 4d. [This seems to have been made preparatory to the purchase of the manor by Sir Peter Vanlore. See State Papers, Car. I., Vol. II., No. 8. 1 p.]
134.—Mem. Lord Mandeville passes a book of 500l. rent, the one half of Duchy, and the other half of [Ex]chequer lands. Peter Bradshaw, a woolen draper in Watling Street, goes about to pass Edale [in co. Derby], and the demesnes of Castleton and Bradwall, and some other things in this book, about 70l. rent. It is reported that Bradshaw should give 27 years rent; and if it be no more, then will Bradshaw gain 1,000l. at the least at the tenants' hands. I think Gilbert Ward is privy to Bradshaw's proceeding in the passing of these things. [1 p.]
135. Note of interrogatories to be administered to a witness in a suit touching lands adjoining the high way called Agmond Street way. [= ½ p.]
136. Notes by Sir John Coke headed, "The state of the cause of the Muscovia Company concerning the Greenland fishing." The Company employs yearly 600 men, whereof 200 are sailors, the rest men of able bodies who after the first year's service are fit for any sea or land service. They go hence in May and return about Michaelmas. The two orders made by the Council upon complaint of the Hollanders were in June 1613 and April 1614. Query of Mr. Trumbull. In 1553 the English having discovered Greenland, took possession thereof for the King of England. In 1613 the Hollanders taking notice of our fishing for whales there began to intrude to fish with them, notwithstanding the charter and privileges granted by His Majesty [11 Jac. I.] to the Muscovia Company, as in his right; who in maintenance of their interest repelled these Hollanders, and took from them such blubber, oil, and whale-fins as they had then taken, by virtue of His Majesty's public Warrant under the Great Seal. In 1618 the Company fishing peaceably in their own harbours there were surprised by the Hollanders, who then returned with greater strength and by force took ships and goods. In 1619 King James, after a full hearing of the Company as plaintiffs and the States' [of Holland] Commissioners as defendants, declared 15th July to the effect here stated to the said Commissioners by Lord Digby and others his Commissioners for this cause at Merchant Taylors' Hall, when they took their leaves. Upon this declaration the Hollanders were permitted peaceably to fish upon that coast, but [this] gave no satisfaction to our people, upon whose second complaint a second declaration was made by an Order at the Council Board in January 1622–23. [2 pp.]
137. Notes by Sir John Coke concerning the trade of Flemish and Dutch merchants. Certain factors in Spain, chiefly at Lisbon, have agreed to serve the King of Spain with gunpowder, cordage, and some iron for his ports in Africa, receiving payment in Brazil wood. These merchants undertakers have their factors at Hamburgh, Amsterdam, Antwerp, and London, and for the Straits at Venice and Leghorn. Their factor in London is Derick Host, who has now about 50 tons in hand of theirs, which is sold here at 4l. a ton. The ships which came from [Leghorn] brought it to him from thence. The "Great Saphire" was the last. Derick Host knows the names of their factors in all places. [½ p.]
138. Brief biographical and other particulars by Secretary Coke relative to certain Dunkirk and Flemish merchants, whose names are given. [1½ pp.]
139. Bills of lading and other particulars by Secretary Coke of certain prize vessels, named in a list prefixed. The "St. Andrew," of Calis [Cadiz] not in the list. The list comprises, 1. "St. Claude," master, Isbrandt Adrianson; 2. "St. Anne," master, Peter Geretzen; 3. "Paradise," of Calis [Cadiz], master, Nicholas Burdel; 4. "Esperance," of Cadiz, master, Nicholas Brandt; 5. "Blue Dove," of Rotterdam, master, Art. Arienson; 6. "St. Marie," master, Peter Raes; 7. "Peter," of Lubeck, master, Cornelius Lukeson or Lucassen; 8. "James," of Dover, belonging to Dover men, master, John Woodgreen; 9. "Sea Venture," master, Richard Barton; 10. "Bloom Pott," master's name not given. Note of letters but no bill of lading. The list also contains: 11. "St. Andrew," of Amsterdam; 12. "St. Peter," of Havre-de-Grace, master, Jehan Maillien; 13. "St. Luke," of Lubeck, master, Bernard Coming; 14. "St. George," of Horn, master, Giles Beltinck; 15. "St. James," of Cadiz, but no particulars or bills of lading are here given. [27 pp.]
140. Notes relative to these ships, viz., "the Flea" (La Puce), master, Nicolass le Roy, coming from St. Malo to Dover; the "Golden Cat" ("Le Chat d'Or"), master, Jacques Roueille, coming from St. Malo for Rotterdam, goods claimed by Jacob Borell, junior. [French. 1 p.]
141. A general note of such things as were taken out of the "Humphry and John," of London, Henry Gayning, master. [2 pp.]