Queen Elizabeth – Volume 245: May 1593

Pages 346-352

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Elizabeth, 1591-94. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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May 1593

May 4. 1. Estimate for the pay of officers and 3,350 men serving in Brittany, from 24 May to 18 July 1593 ; total, 6,470l. 14s. 8d. With note that this amount should have been advanced on 1 May, but was delayed on account of Lord [Treas. Burghley's] illness. [1¾ pages.]
May 4. 2. Note of the weekly payments to the counsel of estate and officers and soldiers in the Low Countries, for two months, from 16 May to 10 July 1593 ; total, 7,452l. 1s. With similar note to the preceding. [3 pages.]
[May 4.] 3. Copy of the above, omitting the note. [3¼ pages.]
May 9.
4. The Queen to Sir Fras. Godolphin, captain of the Scilly Isles. Having resolved upon fortifying St. Mary's Island, according to a plan which will be brought to him, order will be given that 400l., the estimated charge, be delivered to him out of the revenue of the customs of that county [Cornwall], as required ; for keeping such fort and two other sconces, during the summer, a lieutenant, three gunners, and 26 soldiers are appointed, whose wages will amount to 1l. 1s. 10d. a day, or 30l. 11s. 4d. a month, but thinks only 10 soldiers are necessary in the winter. He is to see that some of the inhabitants of St. Mary's assist the said retinue, if required. Has ordered, according to his request, four iron demi-culverins to be sent, and authorizes him to send two minions of brass, which are in his custody in Cornwall ; will order powder and bullets for the pieces, and matches, muskets, pikes, and halberts for the garrison. He is to undertake the building of the fort, with advice of Rob. Adams, and to choose the persons to guard it, using circumspection for avoiding superfluous charges ; upon knowing from him in what part of Cornwall, next to the isle, some convenient number may be put in readiness to resort to the isle, upon any great necessity, order shall be given therefor. [Copy.]
May 9.
Warrant for an order to the receiver of Cornwall and the customers of Plymouth to pay to Sir Fras. Godolphin 400l., towards the charge of building a fort and two sconces in St. Mary's Island one of the Scilly Isles ; and also to allow Rob. Adams, appointed for that purpose, 13s. 4d. a day for his services. [Docquet.]
May 9. 5. Notes [by Lord Burghley] of the purposes for which money is required, &c. To confer with Sir Thos. Leighton and deliver to him 500l. ; 200l. to be paid in London, as parcel of that for the works at Jersey and masons impressed therefor ; to pay Paul Ivey an imprest on his 10s. a day wages. To cause all the ordnance stores for Guernsey and Jersey to be shipped. To provide shipping at Southampton by June, for 150 men out of Wiltshire, 150 out of Dorsetshire, and 300 out of Somersetshire. Also of a warrant for 350l. for Sir George Carew, for provisions for Guernsey, Jersey, &c., and to have shipping ready to carry them. Sir Thos. Sherley is to make an estimate for the coat and conduct money, wages, and transportation of the men before mentioned.
May 13. 6. List of 31 captains serving in the Low Countries, 31 in Brittany, and 10 in Normandy. Also of 72 who have served, but have been discharged. With notes [by Burghley] of a few of the latter as dead, or in Jersey, Guernsey, Italy, or Ireland. [8 pages.]
May 15.
Port of London.
7. Account of knives, gloves, Venice gold and silver, lace, &c., seized in the May Flower of London, bound for Caen ; value 61l. 8s. 8d. Endorsed "Things of M. Daulbyne's seized on by the customer of London."
May. 8. Duplicate of the above, dated 10 May.
May 16. 9. Wm. Hulbert to Lord Burghley. By his favour, obtained 10 years since the customer's place inwards at the port of Bristol, but being unable, through infirmity, to perform service, wishes to resign in favour of John Dowlie, his near kinsman, recommended by the mayor and some of the aldermen ; will yield 100 angels for his Lordship's favour therein. Encloses,
9. i. Thos. Aldworth, mayor, and John Brown and Rob. Kitchen, aldermen of Bristol, to Lord Burghley, Wm. Hulbert, one of the customers of that port, wishing to resign his office to John Dowle, recommend the latter as fit for the place. Bristol, May 3, 1593.
May 16. 10. Reply of Thos. Myddleton, Erasmus Harvy, and their consorts, to the answers of Philip Corsini ; being details of their proofs that the goods in the ship Uggera Salvagnia are for persons who are really subjects of the King of Spain, and not Venetians nor Florentines, as pretended by Corsini. They therefore entreat letters to the Judge of the Admiralty and to the Judge Delegate, to administer justice to every man, and deliver the goods in sequestration to those to whom they find them to appertain.
May 19.
The Court.
11. Sir J. Wolley to Lord Burghley. The Queen has perused the letters from Sir John Norris, the Marshal d'Aumont, and the King [of France], but still adheres to her former order to Sir John Norris, considering the uncertainty of the French, whose former promises have much deceived her. Set before her the danger to her estate, if Brittany should be at the Spanish devotion, and the encroaching of that King to possess another haven as good as Blauet is in that province ; yet she rested in her former opinion, and will neither send a new supply, to make up the deficiency in Sir John Norris's troops, nor the 500 or 600 demanded for Pempll and Briac, standing still upon her former reasons, of the contrariety of Sir John Norris's letters. The thing being of such consequence, wishes his Lordship's presence there to-night. Her Majesty looks for his counsel by himself or Sir Rob. [Cecil]; she will neither send the pieces of ordnance remaining at Dieppe to Brittany, nor lend them to the Duke of Monpensier, but will have them transported to England. Wishes things were better thought upon, but that must grow from his Lordship, or from nobody else. Encloses Edmondes's last letter, as required.
May 20.
12. Roger Raw, mayor, and 10 aldermen and sheriffs of Newcastleupon-Tyne to Lord Burghley. The merchants have of late been much hindered by the new demand of customs upon their cloth and wool ; the advancement that may grow to Her Majesty thereby is not so much as the loss that may come to their town and poor country ; if laid upon their merchants, it will reduce the place and country adjoining to great poverty. Request his aid in this their suit. Thank him for committing the hearing of their cause to men of advised consideration, whose opinions would have been returned to him are now, had they not gone into the country after the Parliament. Have entreated Saunderson to deal for them. Beg respite of payment of 100l. charged on Mr. Dudley, one of the customers, above their old rates, until Her Majesty's pleasure is further known, when they shall be ready to make payment, according to their duty.
May 20. 13. Note [by Lord Burghley], of forces to be got in readiness for the succour of Boulogne : viz., the Rainbow, with 250 men, and the Dreadnought with 200, to be sent to the Narrow Seas, the Crane, Quittance, Spy, Moon, and two others to be kept at sea ; 300 soldiers to be put in order in Kent, to be sent, if needful, and a quantity of powder to remain in the custody of the English captain or other officer. Endorsed "Memorial of Boulogne, Lord Treasurer, E. Essex, Lord Admiral, Lord Cobham, Rob. Cecil."
May 21. 14. Examination of Wm. Harington, priest, before Rich. Young. Is 27 years old ; his father lives at Mount St. John, co. York ; was at Donay and Rheims about eight years since, and with the Jesuits in the college at Tournay ; and then came to England, being ill. Was taken in London, and sent to his father, at the motion of the Earl of Huntingdon ; continued seven years, and then 18 months ago, went to Flushing and Middleburg, thence to Douay to see his old acquaintance, and thence to France ; was taken prisoner into St. Quentin, where he abode seven or eight months, and on his discharge, went to Rheims and Lorraine. In his return, went to Namurs, Brussels, Antwerp, St. Omer, and Calais, and saw Father Holt and Mr. Bray, but not Father Hall. Was made a priest at Rheims, by the Bishop of Placentia [Piacenza], legate in France, 12 months ago, and came to England to give testimony of God's truth, knowing that most of the priests were executed, and the church pulled down. Had a pistol which a gentleman lent him, but will not declare where it is, nor the gentleman's name.
May 23. 15. Account of the charge for four months of the Crane, Quittance, Moon, and Spy, with 275 men, serving in the Narrow Seas ; total, 385l. ; with the names of the captains, &c.
May 23. 16. Note of works necessary to be done at the quay and dock at Portsmouth. Endorsed with a note, asking his Lordship to consider of it presently, as being very necessary.
May 23. 17. List of munition allowed by the warrant of 10 Nov. 1587, for Portsmouth, which has not yet been received. With note asking his Lordship to give order for its immediate supply.
May 23. 18. List of munition, &c. to be demanded for the armoury and town of Portsmouth, and necessaries for the armoury. Endorsed with a similar note.
May 27. 19. [Sir Thos. Sherley to Lord Burghley]. Gives an estimate for the pay of 1,650 men serving in Normandy, for three months ; total, 4,514l. 14s., which sum will last until 30 Aug. 1593 ; also asks an order for the money for pay for one month longer, which was taken up at Dieppe, on the departure of some troops thence to the camp, to avoid the risk of fetching it to the camp.
May 31.
20. Robt. Adams to Lord Burghley. Finds the works of the fort at Plymouth as forward as the time and small means afford. Sends a plan. The circuit of the place, upon the top of the hill, contains 99 perches, of 18 feet to the perch ; estimates 63 perches at 11l. each, making 693l., and 36 at 8l., making 288l., amounting together to 981l., besides the gates, sentinel houses, and posterns, which may draw to 250l. The works done are expressed in the plan, and the hatched line shows the trench or ditch, which in some parts is 40 perches long, and 12 feet deep. The pricked line shows the 14 perches of wall, 13 feet high, 4 feet 8 inches at the bottom, and 2 feet 8 inches at the top, which is almost finished ; the charge of this Sir Francis Drake and the rest of the gentlemen will certify on their coming. The rest will be less laborious, as the hardness of the rock has been extremely painful.
Cannot further it without a larger contribution, but the town has good will and small means, and there is less hope of the cold charity of their small fellow-feeling neighbours. Begs him to consider the guard of so peerless a western port ; knows not its equal in England. Within six days after Her Majesty's letter was signed, his own letters were with Sir Fras. Godolphin, for providing materials for Scilly, so that the service might be furthered, and himself ready to execute the same. Encloses,
20. i. Plan, by Rob. Adams of the fort upon the Hoo at Plymouth, referred to in the above letter. 31 May 1593.
20. ii. Similar plan, signed S. B. 31 May 1593.
May 31. 21. Particulars of seditious and slanderous speeches urged against Penry on his arraignment. That the Queen stands against the Gospel, and will not move a finger to help it, nor speak a word to reform it ; that she will not come near Christ, and has a Gospel that stoops to her. That the magistrates, ministers, and people are conspirators against God, murder whole troops of souls, and are godless men. That the Privy Council are rebels against God, and levy their force against the Gospel. That the people are not permitted to serve God under the Queen, but are bond-slaves of the man of sin. That she would not have embraced the Gospel if she could have received the crown without it, and only uses it to strengthen her sceptre. That her dealings are not so much against men as against Christ Jesus ; that if Queen Mary had reigned to this day, the Gospel would have flourished more, and that outward peace without the Gospel is worth nothing. With note of an extract from his own book, "That were it not for the hope of a better life, it were better being the Queen's beasts than her subjects." [1¼ pages.]
May 31. 22. Indenture of lease, by Robt. Harward of Mickleton, co. Gloucester, to Rich. Harris, Rich. Getway, Thos. Poole, and Robt. White, of the same place, of two yard lands arable, and two closes adjoining, for four years ; rent, 23l.
May. 23. Elizabeth Lady Russell to her brother-in-law, Lord Burghley. Since by the working of Lady Warwick, the writer's daughters are disinherited of their father's land, the judges having wrested the law to her [Lady Warwick's] liking ; and since my Lord of Cumberland so vehemently maintained to the writer that her daughters, Lady Warwick's brother's children, were so honourably provided for by their grandfather, begs his Lordship to ascertain what they have left for their preferment in marriage. Their grandfather has only left them the borough of Denbury, and the manor being sold before, this is but 3l. 12s. yearly, which was left them in their grandfather's lifetime, for maintenance during their minority ; it is now 10l. 8s., whereof 40s. is for standing fairs, which the steward and the rentgatherer have, for keeping of courts and gathering rents. Chaldon Herring, which is but 11l., was left conditionally.
Were it not for the deed in the Court of Wards, made 4 & 5 Phil. & Mary, the daughters, being heirs general to the Earl, would have presently but 3l. 12s., till the 56l. after the death of Lady Grey. These Carlisle rents, with the house, were left by the Earl to Lady Bedford by will, had not the Act of Parliament brought them to Her Majesty's hands; paid in this suit more than the rotten houses are worth, which is but 9s. 8d. yearly clear. Asks what is left them for their preferment in marriage and present maintenance by their grandfather, now that they are both out of their minority. Knows of nothing more than 8l. 10s. until young Lady Grey's death, and not so much as the trifles of two diamonds, appointed in rings by their grandfather, could be delivered in eight years.
Has brought them up at her own charge, and defended their cases at law, urged with the incredible and most intolerable malice ever offered to any honest Christian. They are now women by law, fit to be married; is a private widow, with an income of 1,500l., less yearly than it was when she married their father, and has no longer a fit place for them, unless she should make them nuns. Asks where to leave the eldest daughter, now she is going out of town, and how the diet for herself, her maid, groom, and footman will be provided; since their land has gone, they must be provided for, and she is not able to endure the charge. Beseeches him to confer thereon with Her Majesty and Lady Warwick, who has disinherited them. With notes [by Lord Burghley], that the Earl of Bedford, father of Lord Russell, left to his Lordship's two daughters, who were his heirs general, lands worth only 9l. 12s. a year, with reversion after Lady Grey of 52l. 10s. 6d., which is but little from an estate worth 3,000l. or 4,000l. a year, at least. [2 pages.]
May. 24. Note of the names and addresses of certain priests and Jesuits in the north of England: four at Mr. Trollop's, Thornley, Durham; two at Lady Constable's, Sir Hen. Constable's wife, Upsall, Richmondshire; one at Mrs. Katherine Ratcliffe's, Blackamore, co. York; one at Lord Scrope's, Whitby Abbey; 14 seen at John Hodgson's, Crowmount, Blackamore, and three others somewhere in Yorkshire.
25. The Council to the Mayor and Aldermen of Bristol. Upon the earnest complaint of the French ambassador resident in England, of the taking of sundry ships belonging to Bayonne and St. Jean de Luz by English men-of-war, some being of Bristol, and the owners subjects to the King of France, who has also letters in their behalf, ordered the cause of Martin Daguere, owner of a hulk of St. Jean de Luz, laden with Newfoundland fish, and taken by ships of war of Bristol, whereof Humfrey and Samuel Clovell, Richard Pawle, and Roger Bowman and others, were owners and victuallers, to be referred to arbitrament. By the award, the said owners and victuallers have been condemned to restore the hulk in such state as she was at the taking, together with 100,000 fish, and the sum of 60l. This ought to have been performed last December, yet notwithstanding their [the Council's] earnest letters to them, nothing has yet taken effect, to the great loss and expense of Daguere, who is a continual suitor to them. They are therefore to see that the bearer hereof receives satisfaction, according to the award made by Aldermen Billingsley, Mosley, Barmam, and Thos. Bramley, with due consideration for expenses for 14 days; in default thereof, will be constrained to consent to letters of marque being granted by the French king to those of Bayonne and St. Jean de Luz, against the city of Bristol, which will turn to no small prejudice of their adventures.
May. 26. The Queen to the Earl of Derby, Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire and Cheshire. Fearing troubles in Ireland, as some Spanish shipping and men-of-war are to be sent into Scotland, and so touch in some ports of the northern parts of that realm, and to land men there to stir up her subjects to rebellion, thinks it necessary to increase her forces there, and has determined to have a number of men put in readiness, to be transported thither upon the first opportunity; towards this, requires them to cause 138 able men to be levied in Cheshire and 138 in Lancashire, to be counted 150 with their officers, and to choose fit captains to conduct them into Ireland, from Chester or Liverpool, providing them with weapons, and coats, for which allowance after the rate of 4s. each shall be made. With notes [by Burghley] of like numbers to be raised in several other counties, 1,200 in pay, but really 1,100, and with officers, 1,160. Endorsed is a note of a warrant to pay Sir Thos. Leighton, captain of Guernsey, ——l., one half of which is to be delivered to him now, and the other half on the finishing or certain fortifications in Jersey and Guernsey, which sums are to be distributed as mentioned, and an allowance is to be made to Paul Ivey, sent to view the fortifications. [Draft, corrected by Lord Burghley. 1½ pages.]