Queen Elizabeth - Volume 255: December 1595

Pages 138-148

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Elizabeth, 1595-97. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1869.

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December 1595

Dec. 4
Court of Chancery.
1. Order by Dr. Mat. Carew and W. Lambard, in the suit of Thos. Cheyney, plaintiff, and Thos. Godfrey and others, defendants. In execution of a former order, we have considered the bill was answer, and find that the plaintiff makes title to certain lands and their profits, alleged to be withheld from him by divers defendants; to this bill Thos. Godfrey, John Struggles, Thos. Bates, and Nicholas Powell, defendants, have demurred, alleging that they are inhabitants within the Cinque Ports, which have a Chancery Court at Dover, and that by the charter granted to the Cinque Ports, they are not to be impleaded out of the said ports. As they have not alleged that the said Court is by grant in any charter, we suppose it takes its authority by prescription; if so, in our opinion, it has no such jurisdiction of causes in equiry, which are not guided by rules of law, but determinable by arbitration; and much less can they by presction demand cognizance thereof, which is not grantable without charter in the Court of Common Law. The inhabitants of those ports have sometimes had allowance in this Court of such demands, yet rather in partem solicitudinis than in supplementum potestatis of the High Court of Chancery, which has the dispensation of Her Majesty's own pre-eminent equity and absolute judgment, from which no subject can be exempt; their grant not to be impleaded out of the ports ought to be restrained to suits at Common Law, and not, without express words, to be extended to causes in Equity. [Copy.]
Dec. 4.
[Somerset] House, Strand.
2. Warrant to pay to Wm. Borough, clerk of the ships, Rich. Carmarden, and Thos. Myddleton, 20,000l. for furnishing six ships named, and other merchant ships to be sent to sea under charge of Sir Fras. Drake and Sir John Hawkins, at an estimated charge of 31,650l. Also at return of the said ships, to pay 13,266l. 13s. 4d. in part of wages and tonnage of the said ships, estimated at 19,900l.
Dec. 4. 3. The Queen to [the Warden and Fellows of — College —], Cambridge. We recommend Rich. Burton, scholar in that college, to a [fellowship]. [Draft, damaged.]
Dec. 5.
The Fleet.
4. Ro. Booth to Sir Rob. Cecil. I am deeply charged concerning the annuities granted by Sir Thos. Gresham to Lady Gresham. I was drawn into the same by means to Sir Thomas Reade and his mother, for the use of Lady Gresham. I have disbursed 1,500l. therein, and now both I and others are touched in credit, by the information of most lewd and slender witnesses. The cause being weighty, I wish it may be ended with patience, so that all parties may have their desire, and I be relieved. I will submit in all respects to your judgment, and am sorry that I did not acquaint you sooner herewith, when it would never have come to this extremity. If you will appoint a person to look into this cause, I think that both Lady Gresham and all hers, as also myself and poor children and friends, to be number of 40 persons, who are like to perish by reason thereof, will be bound in all duty to pray for your Honour during our lives.
Dec. 6. 5. Account by Jas. Quarles and Marmaduke Darell, of the expenditure of 2,000l. imprested for navy victualling upon " the great intended service." With application for a further imprest if they are to proceed in the service; and certificate by Lord Adm. Howard and Lord Chamberlain Hunsdon, that a further imprest is necessary.
Dec. 12.
Laugharne, Carmarthenshire.
6. Answers of Bastian de Fontuso, master of the St. Crucifix, and ten other Spaniards, mariners, cast by wind at Laugharne, to 13 interrogatories administered before Sir Thos. Jones and Edw. Donnerley, deputy lieutenants for co. Carmarthen.
1, 2. Were born in Portugal, and their ship, laden with wine, belonged to Francisco de Martianto.
3. Were bound for Bluet, in France, and were to return with a cargo of wheat and rye. The mariners are chief owners of the wines.
4. On 2 December, met with storm, and were forced to cast 10 pipes of wine overboard, and their mainmast breaking overboard about Scilly, they were driven before the wind, until they came to the Severn and the burrows of Laugharne, where they ran their ship ashore to save their lives; on coming to shore, they struck out the heads of a number of pipes of wine, to lighten the bark, and run further in.
5. Had no other lading nor arms, except a barrel of small poinards, which a Frenchman shipped, pretending it was saffron, and two or three old calivers and rapiers.
6. Arrived 10 December.
7. Had no letters nor books, except a few Spanish songs, which were destroyed by the water.
8, 9. The King of Spain's ships of war were at Andalusia and Lisbon, and 30 others, including six newly built, were sent to them from Passage, a haven in Guipuscoa, laden with iron, and several others from other places, laden with iron and other provisions, the mariners of whom, it was reported, returned over land. The ships are said to be prepared for France. Many Spanish soldiers in Brittary are visited with bloody flux, and die in large numbers. Bluet holds for the King of Spain. The Irish have as free traffic in Spain as ever, but not the English. The town of Bluet has been spoiled. The Spaniards have made a very strong fort in a low ground, and strengthened it with great ordance brought from Lisbon. A month since, 20 of the Spanish King's ships of war came to the Groyne, the sailors of whom, like those at Andalusia and Lisbon, left for want of victuals, for which the Governor caused them to be taken and punished.
10. Know no Englishmen in Spain, except Puddington and John Fleting, of Chester of Liverpool.
11. It was reported that Sir Fras. Drake had gone for the Indies, and that the King of Spain had made no preparations after him.
13. Duke Mercoeur commands at Bluet, and is also Governor of Brittany. Do not know whether it is for the French or the Spanish King, but he has Spanish companies under him, and four or five galleys. [4 pages.]
Dec. 12. 7. Account of the manor of Rialton Retraghe and hundred of Petrockshere, co. Cornwall, formerly belonging to the monastery of Bodmin, of the annual value of 60l.; and statement that Dr. Caesar, Master of Requests, has signified Her Majesty's pleasure to grant a lease thereof in reversion, for 30 years, to John Munday, on payment of suitable fine. Also note from Lord Buckhurst to the Attorney General. Finding that Munday has a lease in possession for 34 years to come, it is thought that 240l., being four years' fine, is a very profitable rate for Her Majesty, and you are therefore to cause a book to be drawn to pass in Munday's name, and be ready for Her Majesty's signature. [Copy.]
Dec. 12. 8. List of twenty ships, which, with ten fly-boats, containing in all 4,630 men, are to serve; with the names of many of their commanders.
Dec. 12.
9. Edmund, Lord Sheffield, to Sir Rob. Cecil. Your kindness to me encourages me to ask your favour in a matter of great moment, and I will ever try to show you the highest gratitude. I am advertised that my Lord President of York is in great danger of death; his office will soon be disposed of, and as I intend, by means of my best friends, to stand for the place, I beg your favour therein. You may give your furtherance to many who full in outward show be thankful, but to none who will go beyond me in true affectionate gratitude.
Dec. 14. Grants to Anne Baroness of Hunsdon, widow, of the keeping of the house called Somerset Place, in the parish of the Savoy in the Strand, for life. [Latin; Warrant Book I., p. 167.]
Dec. 16. 10. List of ten officers who have been paid for their services in the Low Countries, on the warrants of the late Earl of Leicester and Lord Willoughby. With note that the writer has bought apparel for the soldiers out of his own purse, as Sir Thos. Sherley, and Peter Proby, Walsingham, and George Chandler, merchants, of whom he had the clothes, and 50 soldiers in his company can testify. If any doubt is made of his honesty that he has not paid the soldiers their due, he will enter into bonds to pay them, which is done by no captains.
Dec. 17.
11. Samuel Wharton to Sir Rob. Cecil. I am again discharged from imprisonment at Plymouth. Although your Honour gave order to the mayor to use great secrecy in the matter, it was noised abroad, and was the talk of the town for five or six days, that a traitor had been apprehended, with some letters, whereby it was discovered that he had sold the town. I warned the mayor and his brethren that you were acquainted with the contents of the letters, and that they should not open them; but some did not stick to say they well knew your Honour could not send me over to Spain without consent of others of the Council, and asked if they might not be suffered to open the letters, which the mayor and one Godard, a Portuguese, thereupon did, and made notes of them, which may tend to my utter overthrow.
I think it does not stand with good policy that a stranger, especially such as Godard is, should be at all acquainted with the state of our country, more particularly as it is crediby reported he is a kinsman of, and has been a dealer with the deceased and disloyal traitor Lopez.
Dec. 18.
St. James's Church, Dover.
12. List of the mayors, bailiffs, and jurats of 14 port towns mentioned, or their deputies, who appeared at an assembly held before Thomas Fane, at St. James's Church, Dover, by virtue of letters sent from Lord Cobham, Lord Warden, &c., to Thos. Fane, lieutenant of Dover Castle. [2 pages.]
Dec. 21. 13. " Advertisements for your Honour." It pleased Her Majesty, 5 Eliz., to erect a free grammar school in Wimborne Minster, co. Dorset, and give certain lands, tenements, tithes, &c. of the yearly value of 500 marks, for its maintenance; for its government she created 12 of the then schoolmaster, three ministers, and three clerks to execute divine service in the parish church of Wimborne; also to purchase 20l. in laid with the surplusage of the revenues, &c. Notwithstanding this gracious gift, the governors have suffered the schoolhouse to become so ruinous that the schoolmasters have been forced, for the last two or three years, to keep school in another part of the town; and they have made leases of the revenues to their own children, brothers, and friends, to their private use, at a rent not a third their value.
They do not keep so many ministers in the church as they ought, and those they have are so insufficient and simple in learning, that the like can scarcely be found. Their misgovernments are many, and shall be reduced into articles if required.
It will now be undertaken to provide sufficient persons, both schoolmasters and ministers, and to allow them double the wages they now have, and 200l. a year more to some person to whom the new government might be committed. If the governors might be sent for by warrant, those against whom Sir Mathew Arundel and others have certified might be willing to field up their grant to Her Majesty, and pray pardon for their misgovernment.
Dec. 21.
Wisbeach Castle.
14. Examination of John Foxley of Wisbeach, shoemaker, before Wm. Medeley, concerning certain speeches uttered by Edw. Hall, late servant to Medeley. Heard Wagg, the butcher, ask Hall, in Weedon's alehouse, what all the babbling and great noise which the Papists made at dinner-time, and which he often heard as he passed by, meant; Hall sais it was foolish to call it babbling, for it was all as good doctrine as had ever been read or was preached to us, it being in Latin the same as we had in English, and which he would justify. Gave no ear to any other words, save that he heard the word mutiny mentioned, but could not tell what was meant by it; sharply chided Hall for his evil speeches, and told him that if his master knew all, he would punish him or put him away.
Dec. 22.
Wisbeach Castle.
15. Like examination of William Wagg, of Wisbeach, butcher. Asked Hall what the babbling and noise that the Papists made at dinner-time meant; he said it was foolish to call it babbling, as it was but reading of certain chapters of the Bible in Latin, which we had in English, and that there was as good matter in it as we had either read, taught, or preached unto us, and it deserved a better term. Replied that it scarcely deserved one so good, and that he liked the worse of him for justifying it, and so would his master Medeley. Did not hear the words which Baldwin justifies, but only the word mutiny; did not understand what they meant by it.
Dec. 23. 16. Capt. Edmond Waynman to the Council. Understanding by Sir Thos. Wilkes that you are so honourably disposed towards me as to grant me leave to go to serve the French King, or the Emperor, I pray that when I receive my liberty, I may receive a passport, as I have not sufficient money to keep me for 10 days after my release.
Dec. 23.
17. Jas. Bagg, Mayor of Plymouth, to Lord Burghley. It has been reported by an Irish merchant just arrived from Lisbon, who is brother to the Mayor of Waterford, that Sir Fras. Drake and Sir John Hawkins have taken great treasure at St. John de Porto Rico, besides other pillage of great value, and that the fleet intends speedily returning to England; they received this news at Lisbon by a carvel of advice from the West Indies, and it caused great lamenatations there. The report seems to be the more true, for talking with Mr. Godard about the matter, he declared that at Sir Fras. Drake's departure on this voyage, by the appointment of the generals, two Portuguese pilots were lodged in his house who were men of that place, and one of them married there. I have otherwise examined the matter so far, and trust it will prove true.
Dec. 24.
18. Sir Edw. Dymock to Sir Robt. Cecil. The Earl of Lincoln hearing that if he went into the country, I intended also to go, has altered his purpose; I being loth to hazard displeasure by presuming further than I may, will stay until I hear from your Honour, yet I beseech leave to go to settle my causes there, and bring up the remnant of my poor family, being forced by his Lordship's unkind molestations to break up my house and disperse my servants.
Dec. [27.] 19. Sam. Wharton to Sir Robt. Cecil. I put to sea this morning, being St. John's day, from Plymouth, and hope a safe and speedy voyage. I certified my troubles and the usage of the mayor and his company, which was so hard, and such a disgrace to me that I am ashamed to set down the truth. I bought certain books, with your Honour's leave, to take with me, which Mr. Waad saw, but they unjustly detain some of the them, although I have sundry times demanded them. Notwithstanding all these troubles, I hope God will bless me according to my true and honest meaning towards Her Majesty, and you, my patron. I was constrained to borrow money to defray the charges during my stay at Plymouth, as I brought none with me from London.
Dec. 28.
20. [Thos?] Wyatt to Sir Robt. Cecil. I arrived at Rye the 17th, and have been staying ever since for wind. A passage boat arrived this morning from Dieppe, with certain merchants, who report that the King is yet at La Fere, and that the Duke d'Epernon is returned to the obedience of the King. A bark from Bordeaux assures that the Spaniards have besieged Bayonne, and that the Marshal Matinion is gone to its release, with all the forces he can make; also that Count Fuentes has besieged Guise. Let one of your secretaries advertise me if there is anything omitted in my instructions. I will in future write by the name of Mascoll. [Signature torn off.]
Dec. 29.
21. E. Stanhope, Humfrey Purefey, Chas. Hales, and John Ferne, members of the Council of York, to Lord Burghley. As regards your letter to the Archbishop of York to send up the musters of Yorkshire, we find the certificates for divers wapentakes and divisions not yet returned, and in some wapentakes, the commissioners appointed by the deceased Lord Lieutenant have done nothing, and we are doubtful whether, on account of his death, we can now act. Of the certificates returned, many are very defective; we have therefore sent to some of those employed in that service to repair to York, to explain and perfect them, and we have ordered those who have not returned certificates to do so.
Touching your Lordship's negotiation in Northumberland, we find certain notes and books of the musters for that county very imperfect; we have sent for sundry gentlemen and Mr. Goodrick and Mr. Slingsby, who were employed therein; and after a conference, we will make more perfect certificates, and send them up, together with Sir John Foster's answer. Annexing,
21. I. Abstract of the musters of several wapentakes of the three ridings of Yorkshire. Dec. 1595.
Dec. 30?
22. J. Cecil [alias Snowden] to Sec. Cecil. (fn. 1) I wrote to you last from Milan, and also to Alderman Bond, by way of Scotland. I stated that I was disabled from serving you until I had recovered my credit with the principal agent against our estate and country, and that I was about working such recovery. When in Spain, I gave such satisfaction that I was employed by the contrary party to give information of the estate of Scotland, and to see if the King would be brought to do anything to succour the nobility there and in Ireland. That you might not imagine my relations to be fables, on my return to Calais and Scotland, I brought with me certain letters of Father Parson's and Sir Francis Englefield's own hand, to show that there are irons in the fine for divers places, but especially for Ireland and Guernsey.
Scottish affairs are not yet come to any ripeness, only promise made to help when the affairs of France would permit, and they can give assuarance of some port or castle for the retreat of the Spaniard, as they have in Brittany; for this, Cromarty is designed I was to have returned directly to Scotland, or by way of Flanders, with a companion consigned to me to see the true state of things there, and to remain there so as to remove the implement which, on my last being there, hindered me from being admitted into their secrets. My letters of credit are to divers of the society [of Jesuits], under feigned names. I hope thereby to be able to discover time, persons, and provisions, when anything is to be put in execution. I discovered myself to Sir Francis Drake and Mr. Edgecombe, charging them to keep me secret, and only notice me as a Scotchman, till further orders. I delivered to Sir Francis Father Parson's open letters, as also those sealed letters which are in my favour, and whereby I hope to be in as good estate as ever to serve, having been used as an instrument in the Cout of Spain, for the surprising of Guernsey and Jersey; for this five or six companies came to Gravelines, and were to have embarked under Sir Wm. Stanley, but their shipping failing, they desisted. They have fresh orders for the pursuit thereof. I shall be made acquainted with them on coming into Flanders.
An archbishop of Ireland has lately been in the Cour of Spain, craving succour for the lords of the north of Ireland, and they to join with the lords of the north of Scotland, and so to interest Her Majesty. He had good audience and speedy despatch, and I believe that the 3,000 men who came out of Spain to Brittany, and the 2,000 resident there were for that effect, but that seems to be altered, as the Spanish fleet, has returned, and they remain in Brittary, intending, as it is said, the siege of Clisson or Malatretta. The important points to be considered therefore are Ireland and Jersey; as to Scottish affairs, I will give notice when any attempt draws near to execution, and write to Sir Francis and Mr. Edgecombe to be very secret, lest I be hundered from doing the service desired. Whe last in Spain, words were laid to my charge spoken of me by you at your own table, to a kinsman and confident friend, which had like to have cost me my life. All is now settled, and I am again ready to serve you, always reserving my own conscience; not a leaf shall wag in Scotland, but you shall know.
On our way for Calais, on Saturday the 22nd, we met with such a violent storm that we lost our mast, compass, and sails, and were all hanging in the shrouds for half an hour, and so were driven into Plymouth. I would have come up, but expected your better judgment, whether pursuing my voyage will not be more to Her Majesty's service. I once thought of going directly to Scotland, but neither wind, weather, nor commodity would permit.
French affairs are despaired of in Spain, and their agents not esteemed, especially the Duke of Mayenne; only the Duke of Mercoeur retains his credit. I think the resolution in Spain for French affairs is to feed every governor for maintenance of his own estate, and draw it to the form of Italy. I left the King despaired of with gout, but he has since recovered. The Cardinal of Austria and the Prince have entered into the government, and settled all things as if the King were dead; only affairs of importance he reserves to himself; they call it the junto, which the Cardinal and Prince enter into twice a day. The English and Irish pensioners are in extreme misery, as their pensions are reformed, and every man ordered to his garrison as a common soldier. The reconciliation Mr.Standen has made, with the liberty of his conscience, and the misery they suffer abroad, makes men stagger, and even Sir Wm. Stanley is half desperate. The Archduke Ernest is provided for General, and the Duke of Parstrana for General of the Horsemen.
There are two books in hand, one directly against my Lord your father, entitled " The letter of Estate," to prove that all the plots which his Lordship has followed since he first governed England, were foolish; the other is a dialogue between a civilian and common lawyer touching the succession. I brought some extracts with me, and lost them in the storm, but will endeavour to procure the originals. Mr. Standen's case is wonderfully famous in Spain, with all the particulars of his good entertainment in Court.
I beg secracy for these advices, as it will be guessed from whom you received them. I was not credited as I deserved when we first met, and thus have passed through much trouble for the performance of my promise. The letters directed to Wm. Hambleton are to one Mr. Ogilby, a Scotchman of the [Jesuit] society; that to Jas. Goram is to Father Gurden; that to Sanders Roberson to Father Abercony; that to Hugh Crafford to Father Haye, and that to Mr. Ward is to a gentleman that keeps about the border, at one Kinman Jockes's. The despatch mentioned in Father Parsons's and Sir Francis's letters was the King's resoultion what he would do in those matters of Guernsey, Ireland, and Scotland, which was for the first, to give order for present execution, and for the last, to stay for better information, and the assurance of a retreat. The hatred conceived against you and your father, as the only scourages of Catholics, is wonderful. I think your own domestics and followers give relations of your proceedings. I am therefore somewhat reserved with these gentlemen, wishing you only to have the first of my informations.
You may inquire about Randall who is stayed here; Rich Thomson in Fish Street, London, can say whether his behaviour in Dunkirk, where he married, has been prejudicial to the State; if not, if he went to Dunkirk with me, what I say about being taken and dismissed as a Scotchman would be better believed. I will come up if required, but fear I should be known as employed by you. Fitzjames, an ambassador, was also sent from Scotland [to Spain]. Coming at that time from Bordeaux to Spain, and the Scotchman not knowing the tongue, I was willed to assist him. I did not refuse, being desireous to be admitted to secrets of such quality as might be to your service. If allowed to purse my voyage, I will either give such relations of Scottish affairs as may utterly discourage them, or if they attempt anything, I will advertise it long before any execution. There are amongst the letters some directed to Fitzjames, and common to you and me. Those to John Ward from Bordeaux are from students in the seminaries, and of little importance. The open letter to Alex. King in Edinburgh is from a brother of his, a doctor of physic in Nantes, and of no moment. I want also the letters which are for my credit and in my commendation; Robert Grime, by whom they are written, is understood to be Father Parsons. [6 pages.]
Dec. 31. 23. Account of monies received from persons named by Wm. Stallenge, towards fortifying the Hoo at Plymouth, from 17 July 1592 to 30 Dec. 1595; total, 1,603l. 14s. 6d. The disbursements amount to 1,703l. 6s. 5d., exceeding the receipts by 99l. 11s. 11d.
Dec. 31. 24. Notes [by Cecil] that Walter Taylor came from Lisbon 9 Dec. and from St. Lucar 28 Nov., and was taken in Nich Sanders's pinnace; that there are 50 sail at Lisbon ready for Ireland, or as some say, the Indies, and 60 at Seville, which will be ready within 20 days; and that there are some preiests ready to come for England.
Dec. 25. List of 36 counties, &c. which have certified the musters, and of 19 that have not certified.
Dec.? Petition of Wm. Woolters, master of the Grace of God, and John Moomer and Peter Wilkinson, merchants, all of Sandwich, to William Lord Cobham, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. Last 12 Nov., Moomer embarked on the said ship eight trusses of cloth, value 300l., Wilkinson 140 quarters of barley and 40 of malt, and Woolters five quarters of wheat, all for Flushing, the freight being 12l.; the ship sailed with others on 25 Nov., but much wind rising, was run upon by a vessel of Newport, through negligence of its master, Mat. Cowenbridge, and was so injured that to save her, many of the goods had to be thrown overboard, and also the boat and tackling of the ship; at Yarmouth, where they put in Woolters had the cloth dried, and the barley put to malting, at great cost; Woolters has lost 30l., Moomer 100 marks, and Wilkinson 50l. As it is a marine cause, they beg a writ of attachment from the Admiralty of Dover, against the said vessel now at Sandwich, belonging to the said Cowenbridge. [Case E., Eliz., No. 6.]
Dec.? 26. Petition of Wm. Tatton and four other captains of the trained soldiers in Cheshire to the Council, to set down an allownace for them, and give command for its collection, or to order the satisfaction of their charges, in keeping the armour and training the soldiers these eight years. Had the Council's letter in Oct. 1595 to the Commissioners of Cheshire to gather an allowance for their expenses for eight years past, but it has taken no effect.
Dec. 27. The Queen to the Bishop of Winchester. We request you to continue to Capt. John Shute, our servant, a pension of 40 marks a year, granted him by your predecessors, and to give him a patent thereof. [Copy, damaged.]
Dec.? 28. Elizabeth, dowager Lady Russell, to Lord Cobham. You said a year ago that you would not be my daughter's tenant without my good will, but broke your promise. I did not think you would have set against Lady Warwick and my daughters, they being so near the Queen. You then promised to discharge yourself of the house, but I find you have put in two of your own men to keep possession; your father would not have thus acted against any of mine. Your motive cannot be affection to the Lord Treasurer or Lord Burghley; but something yet concealed, that must appear on the trial as to who is to bear the loss of 800l. arrears of rent for eight years; you offer rent, but it is refused, as to lease has been acknowledged. I think the Queen will not suffer the virgins that serve her to be wronged.
Dec.? 29. Elizabeth dowager Lady Russell, to her nephew Sir R. Cecil. I have been to see Her Majesty when going to God's house, not being able through malice to see her face else; there was no lady present more than ordinary, but Lady Buckhurst. I think Her Majesty would expect from me a New Year's gift, because of her favour in accepting my daughter's service. I propose to give 20l. in a purse. I have many enemies, and can only serve Her Majesty by prayers. I am malicined thus through your father's mutterings, which stick fast by me, and yet be considers it not, nor knows what I have endured for him, to my undeserved shame. "By your aunt that bath not above 600l. de claro in the world to live on left, Elizabeth Russell, that liveth in scorn of disdain, malice, and rancour, fearing, serving, and depending only upon God and my Sovereign, &c. Dowager."
Dec.? 30. — to —. I hope you will not esteem a women's fancy other than it is. Your kind journey has been ill requited. My father was moved towards entertaining Sir Gervasio Vedem, and does not seem repugnant. Thanks for kind usage. [Draft.]
Dec.? 31. List of the shires in North and South Wales.
[Dec.] 32. Note of the weekly payments of the forces in the Low Countries, from 18 Feb. to 13 April 1596, being eight weeks; total, 7,677l. 17s. 4d. With note by Sir Thes. Sherley, that it is to be advanced 7 Jan. 1596, which is six weeks beforehand; viz., a month to the merchants, according to their new bargain, and 14 days to the treasures, for receiving and distributing it. [1½ pages.]
Dec.? 33. Particulars of the certain lands belonging to the Duchy of Lancester, situated in cos. Lancaster, Chester, Stafford, and York, which were granted for 50 years in reversion to Thos. Randolph, 30 Eliz., some of which were sold by Mr. Randolph himself, some by his executer, Ambrose Coppinger, and some remain unsold; total annual value, 42l. 13s. 8d. [2 pages.]


  • 1. The title of Secreatary given to Cecil in this undated letter would indicate a later date, but that is inconsistent with the mention of Sir Francis Drake, who died Nov, 1595. Several similar instances occur in which Cecil is called Secretary prematurely, because he filled the duties of the office before his actual appointment in July 1596.