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Volume 1: March 1649

Pages 24-65

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1649-50. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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March 1649

March 1. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Sir Hy. Mildmay and Sir Wm. Masham to be a committee to take information and examine witnesses against Mr. Cawton, and examine him about speaking sedition in the pulpit.
2. The matter of sending the Scotch commissioners with a guard referred to the Lord General, Lieut.-General, and Sir Wm. Constable.
3. Sir Gilb. Pickering added to the committee for disbanding the Kentish forces.
4. Sir Arthur Hesilrigge added to the committee appointed on 27th Feb., for sending forces into Ireland.
5. Earl of Denbigh, Sir Hy. Vane, Mr. Martin, and Mr. Scott to prepare a letter for Scotland, concerning a restraint to be put on the Earl of Lothian, Sir John Chieslie, and Mr. Glendoning, which is to be brought to the Council, then sent to the House, and signed by the speaker.
6. The letter of 1st March from Cols. Popham and Deane to be reported to the House.
8. . . . . . . . appointed a committee for the navy, specially to consider the advisability of raising the wages of the ships' officers in charge of the stores, to prevent their taking a part; and if this be done, how to ascertain that no more will be taken for their particular profit.
9. The necessary charges of the return of the Scotch Commissioners to be paid by the State.
10. 200l. to be paid to the captain of the guard, to take the charge of the Scotch Commissioners on their journey to Scotland.
11. 200l. to be advanced on account to the captain of the guard, for conveyance of the Scotch Commissioners to Scotland.
12. The business of Mr. Cawton and his witnesses to be reported to Council to morrow. [I. 62, pp. 42–44.]
March 1.
Portsmouth.
22. Declaration by John Senior, purser of the Weymouth frigate, that he acquits Capt. John Pierce, the commander, of all liability for any victuals he has engaged himself for at Gawry, while the purser was in London for victuals, and that he will be accountable to the victualling office therefor. [¾ page.]
March 2. 23. Act of Parliament directing that from 28 Nov. 1648, the sequestrations of all delinquents, fines, and compositions of old delinquents for new delinquency, in counties Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmoreland, Durham, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Berwick-upon-Tweed, shall be disposed of for paying the late raised forces in such respective counties, &c. Sir Henry Vane, Senior, and others named, to be a committee to sit at Newcastle, for setting fines and compounding with delinquents, with power to appoint treasurers, &c., and make just allowances. With note by John Leech, 27 Feb. 1651, that the Act is to be referred to Mr. Brereton, who is to consider it, as also the Acts of 25 Jan. and 15 April, and certify whether this Act remains in force. [2¾ pages.]
March 2. Order in Parliament that the Council of State consider what forces are now in England and Wales, and what proportion of them are necessary to be kept up in England and sent to Ireland; what the monthly charge for their maintenance will amount to, and how they may be best paid, so that all free quarter may be speedily taken off; and how the forces in Ireland may be supplied. [I. 87, p. 23.]
March 2. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
2. Mr. Sexby and others that saw the detention of the Earl of Lothian, Sir John Chieslie, and Mr. Glendoning to write a full account of it upon oath.
4. Mr. Sexby and the two soldiers that stayed the Scotch Commissioners to be sent for to the Council. Mr. Frost to see that their narrative be written ready for their oath, when the Council meet.
6. Lieut.-General Cromwell, Sir Hy. Mildmay, Sir Hy. Vane, Sir Arthur Hesilrigge, Col. Martin, Col. Jones, Col. Walton, Mr. Scott, and Mr. Robinson to be a committee to consider the order of March 2nd, concerning the forces in England and Wales, and which are fit for service in Ireland.
7. Mr. Cawton's business to be taken in hand on the morrow, when all members are to attend.
8. An order to be sent to Commissary-General Ireton, to send a convoy of horse to Tilbury side, to go with the Scots to Scotland, and to be relieved at Ferry Bridge.
9. Instructions for Capt. Rich. Dolphin, ordered to guard the Earl of Lothian, Sir John Chieslie, and Mr. Glendoning to Scotland:—
1. To conduct them safely, provide them horses, and protect them from violence and incivility.
2. To allow none to speak with them but in his presence, and nothing to be done to the prejudice of the commonwealth.
3. On reaching Berwick, to send a messenger with the letter to the Parliament or Committee of Estates, to say that they are there, and ask how they are to be disposed of; and if desired, to let them go to Edinburgh or elsewhere in Scotland.
4. To provide their conveyances, diet, &c. out of 200l. delivered to him.
5. To keep a journal of all that passes, and take witnesses if needful. [I. 62, pp. 45–47.]
March 2.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Earl of Lothian, Sir John Chieslie, and Mr. Glendoning. Upon relation made to the Parliament by Mr. Sexby, that, in pursuance of their order, you were detained at Gravesend, they gave order that you should be sent into Scotland by land, with a guard, and referred it to us to put it in execution. We have appointed Capt. Rich. Dolphin to take the charge of that guard, and of your conduct to Scotland, and protect you from all violence and incivilities by the way, and have also delivered him money to provide you diet, coach horses, &c. [I. 94; p. 21.]
March 3. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The consideration of Capt. Moulton's packet referred to the Navy Committee, who shall consult with Cols. Popham, Blake and Deane, as to the disposal of a part of the fleet this summer.
2. The instructions now read to be additional instructions to the admirals and generals at sea.
3. The letters of the Commissioners Generals to command at sea of 2 March to be reported to the House.
4. The Lord General to be advised to quarter Col. Ewer's regiment, appointed for Kent, in Rochester, Dover, Sandwich, and Quinborough Castle.
5. The Lord General to hear, and if possible, relieve the grievances, as reported by the town clerk, of the quartering of soldiers on Sandwich, until the proper forces for its guard arrive.
6. Mr. Cawton's business to be reported to the House, for the more speedy administration of justice.
7. A copy of Mr. Cawton's sermon to be reported to the House.
8. Mr. Cawton to be committed to the Gatehouse, for treason against a late Act of Parliament.
9. The Lord Mayor to be sent for to appear on Tuesday.
11. Mr. Sexby to ask Col. Temple whether there is an inventory of the goods in the Scotch Commissioners' ship taken; and if he has not taken it, he is to take it, and to bring it to the Council, that they may do as they think fit for discharge of the ship.
12. A message to be sent to the Committee of the Forces of England and Ireland, that if their report is not ready to-night, the Council will rise.
13. The Council to meet on Monday, to consider the report of the Committee on the state of the forces.
14. The Army Committee to consult with the Navy Committee about 100 barrels of powder at Weymouth, which they are to contract for, and see that Weymouth is well supplied.
15. Mr. Frost to look out the ordinances of saltpetre by Thursday, that the Act may be continued; also to state the obstructions. [I. 62, pp. 48–51.]
March 3. Additional instructions to Cols. Popham, Blake, and Deane. For better securing the fidelity of the men, you are to prepare a form of engagement, by advice of the Council of War, to be signed by officers and mariners, declaring their adherence to this Parliament, and their willingness to maintain a government without King or House of Lords. [I. 123, p. 4.]
March 5. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Lieut.-Col. Owen O'Connelly came to Derby House this day, as promised in his bond given in Ireland.
2. The members to attend the Council to-morrow, at 9 a.m.
3. Note that Sir Wm. Constable brought in a letter from Sir Philip Monckton, written at Calais 28 Feb.
4. A verbal instruction to be delivered to Capt. Dolphin, that if the Earl of Lothian, Sir John Chieslie and Mr. Glendoning wish to defray their own expenses, they may do so, in spite of his instructions to the contrary.
6. Andrew Rande, master of the Thomas and Lucy, to be summoned for Wednesday; meanwhile the ship is not to leave the Downs.
7. The part of Capt. Moulton's letters, which concern the ketch at Falmouth to be sent to the Navy Commissioners, and they desired to set out that ketch, according to the captain's desire.
8. Two letters of Vice-Admiral Moulton's referred to the generals at sea, and they to put his desires in execution.
10. The flag to be borne by the admiral, vice-admiral, and rearadmiral to be the one now presented, viz., the arms of England and Ireland in two escutcheons, on a red flag within a compartment, or.
11. Col. Walton, Sir. Hy. Vane, Sir Hy. Mildmay, and Mr. Robinson, to ask the Commissioners of the Navy the expense of preparing the St. George, James, Vanguard, Swiftsure, Rainbow, Henrietta Maria, Unicorn, and Lion, and how soon could they be ready. Also to summon the Commissioners to Derby House tomorrow.
12. The generals of the fleet to meet the Committee to-morrow, for settling the above-mentioned affair.
13. The Navy Commissioners to report what they have done in taking on merchants' ships for this summer's service.
14. The Navy Commissioners to obey the generals of the fleet in respect to getting out the fleet for the summer service.
12. To report to the House that the Council have taken into consideration the order of the 2nd of March about the forces, and find that they have, horse and foot, 44,373, beside 2,500 fit to be disbanded.
That it is necessary to have these kept up for service in England and Ireland.
That 12,000 horse and foot must be sent to Ireland.
That to maintain these 44,373 is required monthly 81,633l.; for general offices, trains and incidences, 18,367l.; in all, 100,000l.; and for the relief of the forces already in Ireland, 20,000l.; in all, 120,000l.
To suggest to the House that the 60,000l. a month tax be continued for the English army, and the 20,000l. for the Irish. That the other 40,000l. be raised by putting up the Crown revenues for sale, or otherwise disposing of the lands at the disposal of the Commissioners of the Star Chamber, which lands are now security for raising 50,000l. for Ireland.
The anticipations of the receipts at Goldsmiths' Hall to be charged on some other visible security, that the payments there may be used for the public service.
The House to set rules for Goldsmiths' Hall, for the composition with such delinquents as were in last year's war.
The interest of money to be brought to 6 per cent., for the more ready sale of lands for the commonwealth. [I. 62, pp. 51–55.]
March 5. Private instruction to Capt. Dolphin. If you find by your messenger that Mr. Rowe is detained in Scotland, then you are only to dismiss the Earl of Lothian and Mr. Glendoning, and keep Sir John Chieslie till Mr. Rowe be returned. [I. 62, p. 47.]
March 5.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. It is of very great importance that our fleet for this summer's service were out at sea, especially that for the Irish squadron, where the enemy is like to be very strong and active. We therefore earnestly recommend that the ships designed for the summer's guard be set forth with expedition; and if there be any obstruction, signify it to us that we may remove it. [I. 94, p. 22.]
March 6. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To report to the House that a contract was made by the late Derby House Committee with Col. Tothill, for a foot regiment for Ireland, which is now ready at Chester, and he was to receive for them 400l. from Goldsmiths' Hall, and the rest to be sent to Chester, to discharge their quarters, but the dissolution of the Derby House Committee makes their warrants useless; therefore the House is to be requested to give power for disposing of the money, so that a very good regiment, actually ready for service in Ireland, may be transported.
2. A warrant to be given to Sir Adam Loftus to pay Col. Tothill 400l. for raising a regiment for Ireland.
3. The rest of the money for transporting the regiment to Ireland to be forwarded to Chester to Mr. Whalley
4. To write to Capt. Moulton to send a proper convoy for the regiment, in their passage from Cheshire to Ireland.
7. The letters of Mr. Goodyear and Mr. Alsop recommended to the Navy Commissioners, to pay the sums of money mentioned in them.
8. Mr. Frost to tell Mr. English that the Council leave it to him to furnish the Earl of Lothian, Sir John Chieslie, and Mr. Glendoning with necessary money desired by them for their journey, if he so please.
9. The House to be requested to pass an Act for the making of saltpetre, the ordinances for its manufacture expiring on the 25th of this month. [I. 62, pp. 56–58.]
March 6. Order in Parliament,—upon the report of Mr. Scott from the Council of State, of a contract made by the late Irish Committee at Derby House with Col. Tothill, for his foot regiment to be sent to Ireland,—that the Council of State finish such contract, and that the power formerly vested in such committee be transferred to the Council of State. [I. 87, p. 24.]
March 6. Order in Parliament that the letters from Walter Strickland at the Hague, and the letters and petition of the Dutch merchants of the Intercourse dwelling in London, be referred to the Council of State, and if they find cause, to make a stop of the business meantime, and endeavour that a good correspondency and nearer union be preserved between the two States. [I. 87, p. 25.]
March 6.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. We are sorry those ships are so unready for service. We desire you forthwith to put the carpenters' work in hand in all those eight ships, to forward such four as can be first ready, and to tell us what those four are, and when they will be ready. We have recommended to the Navy Committee that the stores may be furnished. [I. 94, p. 23.]
March 6.
Derby House.
Council of State to Col. Jones. On Thursday week, an Irish frigate put into Stidwell Road, commanded by Capt. John Bartlet, and having manned two long boats, sent a party of 20 to Castle March, and took Griffith Jones prisoner, and plundered the house of plate, money, apparel, and linen. Some of their company that came to glean after them were taken by some of the sheriff's troop, and are in hold in Carnarvon. They say the ship is under Sir John Mennes, ViceAdmiral to Prince Rupert. The gentleman is very sickly, and will be in great danger of his life if not exchanged; it is said he is carried to Wexford. Pray use means for his relief by some fit exchange if you can. [I. 94, p. 25.]
March 7. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
4. Sir William Masham to sign two warrants when fair written. (See Table of Warrants at the end of the year.)
5. The papers concerning the ultimate demands of the Spanish Ambassador, on behalf of merchants of Spain whose goods are in deposit, to be reported to the House by Sir Hen. Mildmay.
7. Additional instructions for Capt. Dolphin. As the Earl of Lothian, Chieslie, and Glendoning wish to bear their own charges, you are to be imprested 100l. instead of 200l. for the journey.
9. Order that the ship John of Kircaldie, in which the Scottish Commissioners were shipped for Scotland, and which was lately stayed in the Thames on suspicion of carrying provisions of war to Scotland, be cleared at the custom house, and allowed to proceed, the Council being satisfied with an inventory taken of her goods. [I. 62, pp. 59–61.]
March 7.
Prize Office, Threadneedle Street.
24. Thos. Smith to the Navy Commissioners. We send you such of our ledgers as are perfected, but cannot send all our accounts, as our accountant has lately been absent. I have to go to Chatham to pay off three frigates newly come in, but will wait on you on my return. [1 page.]
March 8. Order in Parliament that the Council of State do not sit after 9 a.m. on those days when the House sits. [I. 87, p. 24.]
March 8. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
5. The business of the Dutch merchants' non-payment of taxes to be considered on Monday; notice to be given to the assessors of taxes in London to come; also to Mr. Russell and Alderman Avery, merchants trading in Holland, and to the Dutch Ambassador.
11. Mr. Robinson, Alderman Wilson, Mr. Holland, and Col. Jones, to be a committee to inquire into the mismanagement of the Charterhouse, with power to send for the master, receiver, and other members of that house; also for the charters, Acts of Parliament, registerbooks, papers, or accounts, and to report to the Council.
12. Tuesday to be appointed for considering foreign affairs. General summons to be sent to the Council. [I. 62, pp. 62–65.]
March 8.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. We transmit to you particulars offered by letters of Vice-Admiral Capt. Moulton, as necessary for the fleet in this summer service, and desire that such as the generals who are to command at sea give order for be forthwith provided. [I. 94, p. 23.]
March 8.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Navy Committee. We find it necessary to set out some more ships of the second rate, but the Navy Commissioners say that the stores are so unfurnished that they cannot prepare as many ships as we conceive requisite. Let the stores be furnished with all expedition, that there be no obstruction in the expeditious setting ships to sea upon emergencies. We are sorry at this unexpected return of the emptiness of the magazines, and desire you to certify the cause of that dangerous neglect. [I. 94, p. 24.]
March 8.
Derby House.
Council of State to Captain Stone, Governor of Stafford. There is great waste made of timber in Needwood Forest, and the officers appointed by the Earl of Denbigh to take care thereof cannot preserve it. The great decay of timber in England is very prejudicial. We therefore desire you to assist the officers in preventing the waste of the said timber, and to certify the offenders. [I. 94, p. 26.]
March 9. Order in Parliament referring it to the Council of State to confer with the Army Committee how the forces that are to go to Ireland may be modelled for the best advantage. [I. 87, p. 25.]
March 9. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
10. Mr. Bohun and Mr. Oldsworth to be sent for, concerning the Newfoundland plantation.
13. An order to be sent to the Admiralty Committee to grant a commission to Capt. John Arthur, to be Vice-Admiral of Weymouth.
17. The members to have notice to attend to-morrow on special business.
18. The lodgings formerly let to the Prince Elector in Somerset House to be reserved for the service of the public. This order to be sent to the committee for ordering the houses belonging to the commonwealth.
March 9.
Derby House.
19. Warrant to the Custom-house officers of London, &c. William Burr, merchant of London, has petitioned to transport to Lisbon, free of custom, a coach and harness for four horses, for his brother Humphrey, merchant there, as a present to the Earl of Cantumeda, who is well affected to our merchants, and ready to do them all good offices. You are to suffer them to pass, as we wish to encourage our merchants, and to enable them to gain by civilities those disposed to favour their trade. [I. 62, pp. 66–70.]
March 9.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Lord General. The forces of Col. Ewer, appointed to come to Sandwich, are already come, and those of Sir Mich. Livesey are also still there, which that place cannot bear. We therefore desire you to order the removal of Sir Mich. Livesey's forces into other quarters, in order to their transportation to Ireland. [I. 94, p. 27.]
March 9.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Lord General. Parliament has this day ordered 12,000 men to be sent to Ireland, equal provision to be made for them as for those here, and has referred the care of this business to us. We desire you to call together your council of war, and to consider what regiments shall go thither, of horse, foot, and dragoons, and under what commanders. [I. 94, p. 27.]
March 9.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Lord Mayor of London. We have received divers informations that there is great neglect in the paving and scavengery of this city, and parts adjacent, whereby the convenient passage of people is hindered, and the ground laid for contagious and dangerous diseases. We are sorry for neglect of that care whereby this city was wont to be exemplary, and as it concerns the commonwealth much that this city should be free from contagious diseases, we recommend it to your care that the streets and channels be carefully paved and cleansed. [I. 94, p. 28.]
March 9.
Derby House.
Council of State to Col. Whichcot, Governor of Windsor Castle. We are informed that there are no sermons in the castle for the garrison and prisoners, and desire care may be taken for a supply; meantime we desire you to speak to Mr. Symons and Mr. Batchelor to preach there in turns. [I. 94, p. 28.]
March 10. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. A president to be chosen from among the members of the Council.
2. Mr. Serjeant Bradshaw to be president.
3. If Mr. Bradshaw be absent at any meetings, the Council to act as though he were there.
4. Mr. Bradshaw to be desired to attend this afternoon.
10. To send to the Marshal of the Admiralty to see that nothing be taken from the prize goods in the river till further orders; the late Commissioners for prize goods to attend on Tuesday.
11. The generals of the fleet to recommend such persons as they shall think fit for commissioners or treasurers of prize goods.
13. The Commissioners of the Navy to be here on Monday, upon especial business.
14. Sir H. Mildmay and Mr. Whitelock to speak to some Eastland merchants, to find a proper person to send privately to Sweden, to discover its feeling towards the commonwealth.
15. Mr. Lenthrop to be liberated from prison and restraint.
16. Mr. Scott to take security for Mr. Lenthrop's future good behaviour.
17. Answer to be returned to Mr. Whittaker that the Council do not think fit to grant his petition.
19. Lieut.-Gen. Cromwell and Mr. Scott to be a committee to speak to Col. Mervyn, and to receive from him any papers concerning Ireland.
March 10.
Derby House.
20. Council of State to the Mayor and Aldermen of Chester. Although the ordinance for levying the 20,000l. a month for the service of Ireland has long since been sent you, and letters to expedite the same, we hear that nothing has been done in Chester. You are, therefore, to assess and collect the appointed money, as you will answer the same at your peril.
March 10.
Derby House.
22. Council of State to Messrs. Michell and Latham. Hearing that you have in your hands certain rolls concerning persons who subscribed an engagement to bring the late King to London, you are to bring all and every the said rolls to this Council, on Monday, "without erasure, diminution, or deletion of any name or thing in the said rolls, or any of them contained." [I. 62, pp. 71–76.]
March 10.
Derby House.
Council of State to John Moyle, James Erisy, Col. Bennet, and Col. Rouse, gentlemen of Cornwall. The enclosed petition of Capt. Fras. Langdon has been presented to us, and according to the desire of the petitioner, we recommend it to you. [I. 94, p. 29; 62, p. 12.]
March 10. 25. Deed of gift, by Edward Viscount Conway and Kilultagh, to Edward Conway his son and heir, of all his books and MSS., in consideration of his son's having disbursed divers sums of money for him, &c. Signed and attested. [½ sheet.]
March 12. Order in Parliament referring it to the Council of State to consider the charges of repair of Walmer, Deal, and Sandown Castles, as also the surveys made thereof, and what money is applicable therefor. [I. 87, p. 26.]
March 12. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Skinner and Mr. Gale to appear before Council this afternoon.
2. Lieut.-Gen. Cromwell, Sir Hy. Mildmay, Mr. Holland, and Col. Wauton to be a committee to consult the Navy Commissioners as to which ships out of the eight ordered may be soonest made ready.
5. Mr. Shute and Mr. Moyer to be sent for to read the papers brought by Mr. Latham. Mr. Frost also to read them.
6. Sir Hy. Vane, Col. Wauton, and Alderman Wilson to be a committee to carry on the affairs of the Admiralty and navy, to sit daily on these affairs, and to report to the Council. [Also I. 123, p. 11.]
7. The paper this day reported from the committee appointed to confer with the Navy Commissioners, containing an estimate for the setting out of eight ships, to be put into prosecution.
9. To report to the House that the committee of merchants which regulate the navy be desired to have (leave ?) the management of the navy to the Navy Commissioners, as formerly, and to pursue the regulating of the Customs.
10. The generals at sea to be empowered to put such suspended officers of the navy into office as they think fit, and the Navy Commissioners to have order accordingly.
8. The Commissioners for the assessments to have copies of the Exhibits given in by Dr. Dorislaus, giving reasons why the merchants of Intercourse should not pay the taxes laid upon them.
13. The Earl of Denbigh, Sir Hy. Mildmay, Col. Jones, Ald. Pennington, Mr. Whitelock, and Mr. Leslie, to be a committee to look over the proofs of the merchants of Intercourse, for their non-payment of taxes.
14. The commission and instructions to the generals at sea, which were formerly sealed with the Admiralty seal, to be now sealed with that of the Council of State.
15. Form of an oath to bring before the Council all petitions, rolls, papers, and writings, concerning any desire, engagements, promises, or undertakings for bringing the late King to London, or for a personal treaty with him, or any subscriptions to any of the said papers, without concealment, erasure, or diminution of any part thereof, and to discover to the Council in whose hands any such writings are.
March 12.
Derby House.
16. Council of State to the Merchant Adventurers, and other merchant companies. Parliament having entrusted to us the keeping a good correspondence with foreign states, and the preserving of trade, we think that those employed on merchants' affairs, as ambassadors, consuls, &c., should be persons of approved fidelity and sufficiency, and well affected to the present government. We therefore wish you not to dispatch any such persons without first presenting their names to us, and receiving our express approbation. [I. 62, pp. 77–81.]
March 12.
Derby House.
Council of State to Hen. Parker, secretary to the company of Merchant Adventurers at Hamburg. There is a Council of State appointed by Parliament, to whom your letter to Mr. Speaker, with the enclosed from Hamburg, have been communicated; in it you manifest your affection to the safety of this nation, for which we thank you, being very glad you are where, by reason of your employment for the company, you have an opportunity of informing yourself, without suspicion, of what is in design, to the prejudice of this commonwealth. We doubt not but all means will be in all places used by the party of the late King, to recover their tyranny, and to hinder the settlement of this commonwealth, yet we trust, through your assistance, and the blessing of God, that we shall be preserved, and that they will be discovered and prevented. We desire you still to continue your care of discovery and information, and direct the same to this Council, to whom you may freely inform what you know, with assurance that it shall be kept secret. [I. 94, p. 30.]
March 12.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Commissioners of Customs. By reason of the ill administration of the affairs of the customs in the port of Bridgewater, great quantities of corn are transported to the rebels in Ireland, enhancing the price of corn in the country, whereby the poor people,—who suffer too much by the present dearth, though it were not increased by those treasonable practices of relieving the rebels,—may be stirred up to some dangerous insurrections. We therefore wish faithful officers to be placed in that and all other ports, and you to order that no corn be exported without special licence of Parliament or the Council of State, who will allow no such transportation, except for support of the forces in Ireland.
As all this transportation of corn is made under pretence of exportation from port to port, you are to order, in all ports where corn is shipped, that sufficient bond be given for its delivery in England or Wales, and certificates of the said delivery returned, or the bonds certified. [I. 94, pp. 30, 31.]
March 12.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Generals at Sea. Mr. Hatsell, Augustus Nicholls, and others who, upon the first news of the revolt of the Isle of Scilly, went thither from Cornwall, to know the state of the place, and to see if there might be any hope of recovery of it, were there kept prisoners, and after sent to Jersey, where they yet remain. We are sorry that any gentlemen should so long suffer for their affection to the commonwealth. If you take any persons at sea by whom you may make their exchange, do it with all expedition. Divers of our men, being taken, are carried into foreign parts where they suffer much hardship. We desire that such prisoners as you take may be used for their redemption, and in the meantime kept safely, for the security and good usage of those of ours who are prisoners abroad. [I. 94, pp. 31, 32.]
March 12.
Derby House.
Council of State to Solomon Smith, Marshal of the Admiralty. There are certain prizes brought into the Thames; we have not yet appointed anyone to dispose of the goods when they are adjudged, the authority by which the former Commissioners were constituted being now in this Council. You are therefore to take care that none of the goods be disposed of, or embezzled, and to order the late Commissioners for prize goods to be here on Thursday. [I. 94, p. 32.]
March 12.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Generals of the Fleet. For better carrying on of the service at sea, we desire that all just satisfaction be given to the seamen, and that they reap all the benefit intended by the Act passed for their encouragement, by just distribution of the prize goods. We desire you to recommend us some persons of ability and integrity, acceptable to the seamen, for commissioners and treasurers of the said prize goods. [I. 94, p. 33.]
March 12.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. The Parliament has resolved, for more effectual carrying on the war in Ireland, to send thither 12,000 men, whereof there shall be a certain number of foot, horse, and dragoons; but for their transport, all the ports, from the mouth of the Severn to the north of England, do not afford sufficient shipping, and if shipping be not prepared, they will continue here, to the burden of the country, and that place will want their service. If they can be early there, it will be a great advantage to our affairs, by taking the field before the enemy. Consider how sufficient shipping may be taken up and sent to Chester and Liverpool, and certify us how many ships, and of what burden will suffice, and at what rates, and how they may be had. [I. 94, p. 34.]
March 13. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. A Committee of the Council to be appointed to consider the ordinances already made for the militia for the counties, to sit constantly until their report is ready for the Council.
2. Col. Hutchinson, Mr. Robinson, Mr. Jones, Sir Wm. Masham, Sir Hy. Mildmay, Mr. Heveningham, Mr. Whitelock, and Mr. Lisle, to be the committee.
4. 600 muskets now at Liverpool to be issued out for arming Col. Tothill's regiment.
5. A test to be prepared for Col. Tothill and all other commanders going to Ireland, before they go.
6. Mr. Webster to speak with the Council concerning 400 pikes for arming Col. Tothill's regiment.
7. The Navy Commissioners to take care that the vessel taken from some belonging to Sicily, and brought into Plymouth, be prepared for service of the commonwealth with speed.
9. Sir Wm. Constable, Sir Hy. Mildmay, and Mr. Whitelock, to be a committee to speak with a gentleman who has business to communicate.
12. Mr. Holland to be desired to hasten the report of an ordinance to the House, which concerns the island of Jersey.
13. Sir Gilbert Pickering, Mr. Holland, and Col. Hutchinson to be added to the committee for the business of Jersey.
14. The paper brought in by Sir Hy. Vane, concerning some propositions of Mr. Holland, Surveyor of the Navy, referred to the committee yesterday appointed to carry on the navy and admiralty business.
16. The business of quartering the soldiers in Kent referred to the Lord General.
17. Mr. Sexby's bill of 15l., for the expenses of shipping the Scots' Commissioners, to be paid.
19. Mr. Coytmor to be the secretary to the Navy and Admiralty Committee, and to have 100l. a year, and a clerk.
20. A warrant for the secretaryship to be issued to Mr. Coytmor, to be signed by the Lord President, and sealed by the seal of this Council.
21. Mr. Whitelock, Sir Hy. Vane, Lord Lisle, Earl of Denbigh Mr. Martin, and Mr. Lisle to be a committee to consider what alliances this crown had with foreign states, and whether to continue the same, and on what terms.
22. The same committee to ask Mr. Milton if he will be the secretary for foreign languages.
23. The Lord General to order the guards appointed for defence of the Parliament to keep to their duty diligently.
24. Sir Hy. Mildmay to report to the House that the Prince Elector intends travelling to his own country on Thursday, and to inquire whether persons should not be sent to offer the civilities usual on the departure of princes and their ambassadors.
25. To report to the House that the Lord General and his council of war have been consulted with about the modelling the forces for Ireland, in pursuance with the order of the 9th March, and that he thinks nothing can be done until the Commander-inChief is nominated; the Council wishes to know the pleasure of the House concerning his nomination, which being determined, the rest will proceed with more expedition. [I. 62, pp. 82–87.]
March 13.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Mayor of Plymouth. We have written to Capt. Moulton to dispose of the prisoners in the small prize brought in by the Elizabeth frigate, either by exchange, commitment, or otherwise, till there can be a proceeding against them. [I. 94, p. 35.]
March 13.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. Wanting a greater strength of shipping, we ordered the carpenters' work in eight ships which were not formerly designed for this summer's fleet to be taken in hand. Hearing that it would be months before all these ships could be ready, we ordered the four that could be first ready to be equipped with speed. Since then we find it necessary to have a strong fleet at sea with all expedition, and upon conference with some of your number, we were told that the eight ships might be ready in six weeks. The safety of the nation is much concerned in the effectual putting on this service, and we shall not omit anything for procuring the money with speed. If however the present state of our treasure cannot afford it so soon as the business requires, we know that such is your credit with those by whom these things are to be furnished, that it may supply the defect, and we doubt not but, from your affection to the commonwealth, you will readily improve it. And you may with the greater cheerfulness proceed herein, as we are resolved to improve all our reputation for procuring the money to disengage you. We therefore again desire you with all possible expedition to proceed in preparing and equipping those ships, for prevention of that mischief of which we are otherwise in danger. [I. 94, pp. 35, 36.]
March 13.
Derby House.
Council of State to Col. Willoughby. There is no affair before us of greater concern than expediting our fleet to sea, for want whereof the shipping of this nation is daily taken, by those pirates and rebels which abound in this and the Irish seas; but the business is much retarded for want of your presence at Portsmouth, there being no master of attendance there. You are therefore to repair thither forthwith, and use your utmost endeavour to send out that part of the fleet that is to go out from thence, which is very much retarded. [I. 94, p. 37.]
March 13.
Derby House.
Council of State to Vice-Admiral Moulton. The Mayor of Plymouth intimates that the captain of the Elizabeth frigate has brought in there a small prize, a Jersey man-of-war. If you think she may be of use for Ireland or elsewhere, we will order the Navy Commissioners to set her out, and we desire you to use the 22 prisoners taken in her, either by exchange for ours, or employing them for the State, or commit them to the gaol until they can be proceeded against according to law.
We have formerly written you about sending ships to lie about Dublin and from thence to Chester water, to convoy some forces now ready to pass into Ireland. We recommend speedy dispatch, that those forces may not miscarry for want of convoy. [I. 94, p. 38.]
March 13.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Army Committee. The garrison of Boston wants powder. We desire you to order that, out of such stores as belong to the garrisons, it may be supplied with 20 barrels. [I. 94, p. 39.]
March 13.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Committee of Kent. Concerning your forces that are to be disbanded, order is taken for marching them out of your country; as to their arms, for which you desire an allowance, we hope that, as you are now freed from men, you will be content they shall march away with their arms, the rather as they are again to be employed for the service of the State. Although your county suffered much in the last war, yet we conceive it has been in your power to put the charge of it upon the authors, and believe that the county of Kent has still such an affection to the public service, that they will be very willing that those arms which have served to settle their peace should be again employed for producing the like good effect in Ireland. [I. 94, p. 39.]
March 13.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Army Committee. As there is great want of pikes for the forces with Major-General Lambert in the north, we desire that 600 may be sent forthwith to the magazine at Hull for him. [I. 94, p. 40.]
March 13.
Derby House.
Council of State to Lieut.-Col. Venables. There is a regiment of foot under Col. Tothill ready for transportation, only wanting arms; we therefore desire you, out of the stores in your custody, to furnish Col. Tothill with 600 muskets, swords, and bandoleers, and 400 pikes and swords. If they be not in your custody, certify us. [I. 94, p. 40.]
March 14. Order in Parliament—upon reading a letter from the Scottish Parliament, dated Edinburgh, 6 March 1649, and enclosing a paper of 23rd February last, which was given in by their commissioners,— referring the same to the Council of State.
Order in Parliament—Mr. Scott reporting from the Council of State that they conferred about modelling the forces that are to go to Ireland with the Lord General, who consulted with the council of war, and the latter being of opinion that those forces would best be modelled if the commander-in-chief were first named, that the Council of State, finding it a business of weight, desired the House to declare their pleasure concerning the nomination,—that the Council of State reconsider the matter, as also the whole affairs of Ireland concerning the forces to be sent, having respect to the safety of England, and that they order accordingly.
Order in Parliament that the Council of State consider of the civil government of Ireland, and propound their opinions to the House. [I. 87, pp. 26, 27.]
March 14. 26. Order in Parliament that the Committee for Dean and Chapters' lands sit at Goldsmiths' Hall to-morrow, 9 a.m. [⅓ page.]
March 14. 27. Order in Parliament that Sir John Stowel be proceeded against for life in the Upper Bench, and David Jenkin in like manner, and that the judges in that circuit in Wales indict him at the next assizes.
That Charles Stuart, eldest son of the late king, James his second son, the Duke of Buckingham, John Earl of Bristol, William Earl of Newcastle, Sir William Widdrington, George Lord Digby, Sir Phil. Musgrave, Sir Marmaduke Langdale, Sir Rich. Grenvile, Sir Fras. Doddington, Sir John Culpepper, Sir Jno. Byron, the Earl of Worcester, and Sir Jno. Winter, and all who have been plotting or assisting the rebellion in Ireland, be proscribed and banished as enemies and traitors, and die without mercy, wherever they shall be found within the limits of this nation, and their estates be confiscated. Sir Jno. Winter to have time to depart to foreign parts. [Printed with others of 17 and 21 March, 8 pages.]
March 14. 28. Orders in Parliament of 14, 17, and 21 March, similar to the preceding. [Printed, broadside.]
March 14. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
On the desire of the Admirals of the Fleet, these propositions were presented, and the following order to the Commissioners of the Navy issued.
Roger and Sampson Lort, Jno. Elliot, and Hen. White having undertaken to provide victuals for such ships as arrive at Milford or Tenby, notice is to be given what provisions are to be provided, and at what rates. The four gentlemen are known to the committee as able men.
The Navy Commissioners to confer with the gentlemen on these particulars, and certify their opinion forthwith.
To report to the Council of State that, upon conference with Cols. Popham and Deane, the committee think John Sparrow should be appointed collector of prize goods in the room of John Hill, and Thos. Smith and all other officers proceed as formerly.
Solomon Smith, Marshal of the Admiralty, to give an account by Friday next of all prize ships and goods brought into the Thames.
The following proposals were presented by Cols. Popham and Deane,—
1. That all difference in victuals for Lent and for Fridays be taken away.
2. That 10 cross bar double-headed shot be allowed to every gun under a demi-cannon.
3. That the Navy Commissioners and ordnance officers deliver to the said generals a list of the boatswain, carpenter, and gunner's stores allowed for one ship of every rate.
Order that the Navy Committee consider these proposals, and certify what should be allowed for a six months' voyage by Friday next. [I. 123, pp. 13–15.]
March 15. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The committee for Kent to sit to-morrow, concerning the three castles on the Downs.
2. Mr. Sparrow appointed collector of prize goods in the room of John Hill.
3. No other alteration to be made in the business of prize goods for a month.
4. Thos. Smith and all other officers and commissioners intrusted with that business to proceed as formerly for one month.
5. The letters of the generals at sea, concerning the employment of Capts. Vixon, Penrose, and Mildmay, to be reported to the House.
6. The committee of foreign affairs to consider the amount of salaries to be paid to persons employed abroad, and to report thereon.
7. John Milton to be employed as foreign secretary, and with the same salary as Mr. Weckherlyn had in the same service.
8. Mr. Hatsel to be exchanged for the master of the bark of Jersey, lately taken and brought to Plymouth.
9. All the Council summoned for this afternoon.
10. All business to be set apart in the afternoon, and all suitors to be dismissed at that time.
11. Mr. Wollaston to bring all examinations taken by him into the Council.
12. Mr. Frost to be empowered to send to the Clerk of the House for such things as are necessary for the knowledge of the Council.
13. The Committee of Merchants to consider the state of the government of Barbadoes, and whether or not it will be advisable to transport horses thither, in case of disaffection to the government.
16. A letter to be written to Mr. Strickland, in acknowledgment of his letter, to thank him for his diligence in public business, and to say that copies of papers given in by the Dutch ambassador, and other papers relative to his public employment shall be sent.
17. A commander-in-chief to be nominated for the 12,000 horse and foot appointed for Ireland, in pursuance of the order of the House of 14 March.
18. Lieut.-Gen. Cromwell to be the commander-in-chief of the troops for Ireland.
19. The Lord General and his council of war to be recommended to go on speedily with the modelling of the forces, as a commanderin-chief has been nominated.
20. The consideration of this business to be resumed at the next meeting of the Council. [I. 62, pp. 88–91.]
March 15. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Sir Hardress Waller having informed that the Elizabeth hoy has come into Falmouth from the revolted fleet, and that her master and crew have been detained in prison ever since their arrival, though they voluntarily deserted the said fleet, the admirals of the flat are to examine and report what they consider fit to be done about their discharge.
They are also to consider the letter of John Holt, victualler of the navy at Portsmouth, touching the scarcity of pork, and desiring to furnish three pounds of beef and peas, in lieu of two pounds of pork, for one day a week.
Order that the secretary acquaint Dr. Walker with their Navy Commissioners' letter touching the master of the hoy, and desire his opinion as to the best way of bringing Wooley and others guilty therein to trial. With note that Dr. Walker thought the business should be examined in the Admiralty, and if Wooley should be guilty, that he should be proceeded against by a commission of oyer and terminer. [I. 123, pp. 15, 16.]
March 16. Order of the Admiralty Committee, that a messenger carry John Wooley before the Admiralty judges, who are to examine the charge against him, acquainting Dr. Walker, advocate, and Mr. Budd, proctor for the State, who are to prosecute the business, and endeavour to find out the others guilty, so that they may receive punishment. With note that a list of the prize goods was brought in by Solomon Smith, Marshal of the Admiralty. [I. 123, p. 17.]
March 17. Order in Parliament that Col. Mat. Boynton, late governor of Scarborough, Sir Jno. Morley, and Col. Leveson, late governor of Dudley Castle, be proscribed and banished as enemies and traitors. All other delinquents not comprehended in former exemptions to be admitted to compound, except papists in arms, for whose compositions rules are not yet agreed upon. The time for the coming in of all delinquents within 80 miles of London, and for the filing of their petitions and particulars, to be before 20 April, and for all others residing further, before 3 May. The time for perfecting their compositions,—viz., submitting to their fines and paying one moiety, and securing the remainder at three months,—to be six weeks from the days before limited for filing their petition and particulars. The time for their coming in from beyond sea to be 1 June next, as also for filing their petition and particulars, and six weeks after for per fecting their compositions. The rents and profits of sequestered estates due at Lady-day to be detained in the tenants' hands until June, and the estates of all persons who neglect to render themselves, and submit to their compositions at the time limited, to be confiscated and converted to the use of the commonwealth, and no further allowance to be made to their families. Delinquents formerly excepted from pardon, but now admitted to composition, except such as have already compounded, to pay one full moiety of the value of their estates. [Printed with March 14, Nos. 26 and 27, supra.]
March 17. 29. Order in Parliament about persons to be proscribed and confiscated, that the words "and all such persons as now do hold out any castle, fort, or island against the Parliament" be struck out of Wednesday's vote.
That all other delinquents not excepted be admitted to compound. [1½ pages, the remainder duplicate of the preceding.]
March 17. Order in Parliament that no person be suffered to cut down any timber in Dean Forest, or to carry away any there already felled under pretence of sale or grant,—any ordinance notwithstanding of the revenue or other committee,—without further order of Parliament or the Council of State. [I. 87, p. 28.]
March 19. Order in Parliament that the Council of State take care to prevent dangerous meetings.
March 19. Order in Parliament that a warrant be signed for the serjeantat-arms and an officer of the guard, with other soldiers, to go with Col. Anth. Welden to search for the press where the Turkish Alcoran is being printed, and to seize the same, and the papers; also to apprehend the printer and take him before the Council of State. [I. 87, pp. 28, 29.)
March 19. Order in the Admiralty Committee that Sir Hen. Vane, jun., report to the Council of State the reply of the Navy Commissioners, that they concur with the Admirals in their desire of not observing Lent, nor making any distribution of time or meats, as a custom savouring too much of the superstition of former times, and of much discontent to the mariners. They also concur in taking away the abatements on Friday nights, the practice of the latter abatement from the mariners being begotten by the covetous desires of the contractors for victuals, though coloured with specious pretence of abstinence and religion. [I. 123, pp. 18, 19.]
March 20. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir Wm. Masham, and Mr. Scott to be a committee to read the letters of Sir Chas. Coote and Col. Monk of 23 December, and the papers therein mentioned concerning Lieut. O'Connelly, and to report to the Council.
2. The report formerly appointed to be made by Sir John Trevor, concerning the reduction of Anglesey, to be reported to the House by Mr. Scott.
3. To write to the Senate of Hamburg in behalf of the company of Merchant Adventurers, to acquaint them with the present state of things here, and to desire encouragement to the company in their trade there.
4. To write to the Senate of Hamburg, according to the desires of the Merchant Adventurers given to the Council.
5. Instructions to be prepared for the person to whom the letters are intrusted, and copies of the letters to be given to him.
6. A letter to be written to Mr. Strickland, in behalf of the said company, for as much as concerns their trade there.
7. Sir Hy. Mildmay, Sir Jas. Hamilton, and Mr. Holland to be a committee to receive what Mr. Peters, or any whom he may bring with him, have for the benefit of the commonwealth, and to thank him for the same.
8. The committee appointed to speak with Lady Carlisle to search the papers taken from her house, and report thereon.
13. Orders concerning the putting of guns aboard ships, and other orders concerning the Admiralty and navy business, to be signed by the Lord President, without further address to the Council.
14. The Admiralty to grant two letters of marque to two ships, the Marygold and the Bourdeaux, taking security as usual.
15. Mr. Whitelock, Mr. Lisle, and the Lord President to be a committee to look over the ordinances for the encouragement of mariners as to prize goods, and to consult with Dr. Walker concerning something further to be offered thereon.
16. 50l. to be paid to William Rowe for his journey to Scotland and back, taken by desire of the Council.
17. The Lord President and any four members to be a committee to administer the oath of secrecy to those who shall be employed as secretaries to the Council.
18. The Navy Commissioners, the generals to command at sea, and the merchants' committee to be here to-morrow at 7 a.m.
19. Some of the Navy Committee to be here to-morrow at 7 a.m.
20. The Council to meet to-morrow at 7 a.m.
21. The request for ammunition needed in several castles in the Isle of Wight, subscribed by Edmund Rolph and Thomas Boreman, referred to the Army Committee.
22. The letter from the Isle of Wight, concerning a complaint on Admiralty matters, referred to the Judge of the Admiralty, who shall be recommended to see that equal commissioners be appointed for the future, in cases of admiralty.
23. Power given to the Lord President to sign warrants of course, (the Council not sitting) for apprehending persons who compose or print scandalous pamphlets against the commonwealth.
28. A warrant to be granted to the contractors to ship away 500 horsemen's hats, that they find in the dividend, more than are in their contract.
29. The Lord General to write to the commanders to assist the agents for bringing in the Irish assessments.
32. Sir Hy. Vane to report from the Navy Committee to this Council the readiness of the fleet for sea.
33. The Earl of Denbigh, Sir Hy. Mildmay, Mr. Robinson, Mr. Martin, and Mr. Scott to be a committee to confer with Mr. Robinson, the merchant, and receive what he has to offer for the benefit of the commonwealth.
35. The desires of the generals who are to command at sea, concerning the restoration of some master workmen who have subscribed to the late destructive petitions, and the votes of the House upon those desires referred back to those gentlemen, to make clear to the House the grounds of their desires.
36. The paper given in by the generals, concerning the providing of chains and grapnells for ships going upon the expedition, recommended to the Navy Commissioners to provide them quickly.
37. The Order of Council for Mrs. Vennor alone to supply flags and pennants for the navy taken off, and the choice left to the Navy Commissioners to select those who supply those things the best and cheapest.
38. The Navy Commissioners to sit where it is most convenient to them. [Also I. 123, p. 17, for the last three orders.]
40. The Council to meet to-morrow, after the rising of the House, to receive the report of the business concerning Lady Carlisle.
41. Sir Hy. Vane to report on Thursday on the readiness of the fleet to go to sea.
42. The petition of the masters and seamen, recommended to this Council from the Committee of Merchants, to be recommended to the generals of the fleet.
March 20.
Derby House.
43. Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. It is desired that there be no further observance of Lent among the mariners, and also that they have full allowance on Fridays. You are to sell to the best advantage the 24 casks of beef and pork returned as too short cut for the navy. Also there being want of pork for the ships to be victualled at Portsmouth, you shall order the victualler to give three pounds of beef for two of pork. [I. 62, pp. 92–99.]
March 20.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Admiralty Judges. By the enclosed you will see the care taken by Mr. Boreman and Major Rolph to preserve a ship in danger of wreck in the Isle of Wight, for the use of the proprietors, which we much commend in them, the contrary being too frequent, whereby the justice of this nation is blemished in foreign parts. We wish fit commissioners to be appointed for the examination of that business, that the proprietors may have speedy justice. [I. 94, p. 41.]
March 20.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Sequestration Committee in county Worcester. Col. Dingley's petition represents that he is in great arrear of pay for service in your county, and we hear that he has done good service during the late war, and got much in debt by raising forces last summer, when your county and the parts adjacent were in danger. Also that the sequestrations of your county are in your dispose, by ordinance of Parliament, for payment of the forces of your county. We commend Col. Dingley to you for retribution, that he and others may more cheerfully serve the commonwealth. [I. 94, pp. 41, 42.]
March 20.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Generals at Sea or Capt. Moulton. By the enclosed petition of Luke Lucy, merchant of London, you will see what is suggested concerning the ship Crower, of Reppon, in Holstein, taken by Capt. Rob. Hawkes, and now in his custody in Mount's Bay. The petitioner is a responsible merchant in London. Aberdovey, the port to which he was bound, is in great want of corn, having little but what is brought by sea. We have therefore ordered that the said ship and lading be discharged to go on her voyage. As the enemies' hands are very busy in those seas, we desire you to order a convoy for her, until she be out of their danger. We have ordered a certificate to be delivered in to us of his delivery of the cargo at Aberdovey. [I. 94, p. 42; 62, p. 95.]
March 20.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Generals at Sea. There is now in the Thames the ship Whiteboy, freighted by the contractors for Ireland with provisions for Dublin, and they are to have convoy for provision ships. We therefore desire you to appoint convoy for her, taking also the Charles now in the river, laden with corn for Dublin upon the account of particular men. [I. 94, p. 43.]
March 20.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Sheriffs and Justices of Peace of counties Suffolk and Essex, and to the Mayor of Sudbury. There have been near Sudbury divers riotous meetings of disorderly persons who have cut down timber belonging to Thomas Windham, of Norfolk, which may be dangerous to the commonwealth, as being apt to give a beginning to insurrections. We desire you to use the power which the laws have put into your hand, to preserve the peace of the nation; and if disorderly persons still tumultuously meet, to apprehend and commit them to custody, and take order that they may be proceeded against according to law. [I. 94, pp. 43, 44.]
March 21. Order in Parliament that the information given to the House, as to the abuse in buying up the coals in the ships just come in, be referred to the Council of State, who are to punish the offenders, and prevent the mischiefs that may ensue.
March 21. Order in Parliament, that the letter of Lord Chief Baron Wylde from Exeter be referred to the Council of State.
March 21. Order in Parliament,—the House being informed that the serjeantat-arms has apprehended the printer of the Turkish Alcoran, licensed by Dr. Downham, and seized the books,—that the Council of State examine the matter, and either discharge the prisoner, or continue him in custody, and take proceedings for suppressing the books and the further printing of them. [I. 87, p. 30.]
March 21. Order in Parliament,—on the report of Sir Hen. Vane, jun., from the Council of State, of a list of the fleet appointed for the summer expedition; an account where they now are, and when they will be ready to put to sea; an estimate of the charge of the whole fleet for the summer expedition, and the Council's resolutions (1) that four of the great ships mentioned in the estimate and formerly appointed for sea, manned with 1,000 men, shall not be set out, and shall only be ready to be employed on order; (2) that—whereas demand is made in the estimate for 23 merchant ships, manned with 1,650 men, in place whereof some of the State's ships are employed in this expedition;—so many of them as 1,000 men were intended to man shall be forborne to be set out, and only so many set to sea as shall bear 650 men; (3) that in consideration of the abatement of such 2,000 men, the whole fleet, which before was to be set out for six months, shall be continued for eight, which the estimate will bear, and that the four great ships forborne shall be proceeded with, and be in readiness to set to sea; also, on report of an estimate of the debts and credits of the navy;—
That the House approve of the setting of the summer's fleet as thus presented, and in settling moneys, will take effectual course for supplying the sums demanded in the estimate, for the year's service of the naval affairs, and at the times propounded.
That the Excise Commissioners pay to the use of the navy 10,000l., in part of the moneys charged on the Excise for the 300l. a week on the arrears of the Isle of Ely and Croyland, and that the Navy Committee see this done.
That the treasurers at Goldsmiths' Hall pay to the use of the navy the 8,000l. residue of the 40,000l. formerly ordered for the navy out of the 50,000l. to the Scots; and if, upon the report of that business now in Mr. Allen's hands, it appear that such 8,000l. ought not to have been paid by that treasury, then the same shall be repaid to the said treasurer, out of the moneys belonging to the navy, and the Navy Committee is required to see it done.
That the personal estate of the late King, Queen, and Prince be inventoried, appraised, and sold, except such parcels as shall be thought fit to be preserved for the use of the State, and the Council of State to consider what parcels are fit to be so reserved. [I. 87, pp. 31–33.]
March 21. Order in Parliament that all delinquents who have been members of either House, and all judges, officers, &c. in the common or civil law, and all serjeants, counsellors, attorneys, doctors, advocates, &c., and all bishops, clergymen, masters and fellows of colleges, hospitals, or schools, and also Humphrey Bennet, Esq., Sir Edw. Ford, Sir George Vaughan, and all other persons named in the fourth qualification of the propositions sent to Hampton Court, (except those included in any articles whereof they have the benefit,) pay one full third of the value of their estates, and other delinquents one sixth. Any person not yet sequestered, who conceives he is not liable to sequestration, and was not engaged in the latter war, to come in and declare his case to the commissioners for compositions before 1 July 1649, when he will be allowed to compound, unless impeached meantime.
No promissory oath shall be imposed upon compounders, as a condition without which they may not compound.
Persons who have compounded, and have concealed or undervalued any part of their estate, are to discover it before 1 June, or have it forfeited. All persons engaged in the latter war against the Parliament, and not in any former engagement, are to pay one sixth of the value of their estates, except those included in any qualification; those who have compounded are to pay the rest of their fines; and a sixth of their estates as well. Those who perfect their composition by the day limited are to be exempted from payment of the fifth and twentieth parts. [Printed, March 14, Nos. 27, 28.]
March 21. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Countess Dowager of Carlisle to be committed prisoner to the Tower, on suspicion of treason, and a warrant to be issued to the lieutenant.
2. Major-General Mitton to attend to-morrow morning.
3. Mr. Smith, Navy Commissioner, to attend to-morrow afternoon.
4. Capt. Gibson to attend in the afternoon.
5. The Admiralty Committee to find out who have supplied stinking victuals to the navy, that such offenders may be punished.
6. The same committee to find out what masters and seamen have shares of prizes due to them, and how they may best be paid. [Also I. 123, p. 18, last two orders.]
7. Dr. Walker and Dr. Dorislaus to attend the Council tomorrow.
8. To recommend to the House that a commission for martial law be passed for the generals of the fleet, its dispatch being of importance.
9. Col. Wauton to make the above report to the House.
March 21.
Derby House.
11. The Council to the several agents of the Irish assessment, notwithstanding several letters written by the Derby House Committee, much money remains unpaid in, and thus the service is hindered, and the war drawn out at length, for want of vigorous supplies, and due provision. You are therefore to give notice to all commissioners, assessors, and collectors, to finish and pay in their collections by 20 April, when you are to appear and give in your accounts, stating the obstructions, that they may be remedied. [I. 62, pp. 100–102.]
March 21.
Derby House.
Council of State to Col. Welden. There being something concerning Plymouth garrison wherein we desire to be informed, we request you to attend us forthwith. [I. 94, p. 53.]
March 21.
Westminster.
Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Report of Colonels Rich. Deane and Robert Blake, admirals of the fleet, upon a reference from the Admiralty Committee, that finding no sufficient charge against the master and mariners of the Elizabeth hoy which came into Falmouth from the revolted fleet, who have since been detained prisoners, but who voluntarily deserted the revolted fleet, they should be discharged, and the hoy detained.
Report of the Admiralty Committee, on reference from the Council of State, that they approve the allowance of 3 lbs. of beef in lieu of 3 lbs. of pork, for the mariners of the fleet, for one day a week, according to the proportion of John Holt, the victualler at Portsmouth, provided the usual proportion of peas be made as allowed with the pork.
The Navy Commissioners returned an estimate of the increase of officers' salaries, which was reported to the House by Sir Hen. Vane. [I. 123, p. 19.]
March 22. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Beane and Mr. Lole, colliers, to come to the Council in the afternoon, and meanwhile not to sell any coals.
2. One of the masters of the ships lately come in laden with coals to come to the Council.
4. Reference of the petition of John Brownet and Robert Beake, captains of foot companies in Coventry, to the Lord General and his council of war.
5. Letters of encouragement and information to be written to Col. Jones, Sir Chas. Coote, and Col. Monk.
6. Letters to be sent to Hamburg in behalf of the Merchant Adventurers approved, and to be translated into Latin by Mr. Milton.
7. Sir John Davis, Sir Wm. Armyne, Lord Lisle, Earl of Salisbury, and Ald. Pennington, to be a committee to consider propositions and addresses made to the Council for service in Ireland.
8. The custom house officers who used to give passes to merchants to be sent for, to satisfy the Council why they do not give the passes as formerly.
9. William Williamson; of Liverpool, to have leave to send a small vessel to Wexford or Waterford, for redemption of those persons taken prisoner in the Elizabeth of Liverpool, and conveyed to one of those ports.
10. The business of Mr. Hawkins, who proposes to furnish fine clothes for the officers of Dublin, referred to the Committee for Ireland.
11. The petitions of Alex. Normington, cutler, and Thos. Bostocke, and other belt and bandoleer makers, referred to the Committee for Ireland.
13. To answer the Navy Commissioners, about the appointment of ships to convey troops from Chester to Ireland, that the Council does not consider their answer satisfactory, and they are to take the matter into further consideration.
14. To answer Sir H. Waller and Col. Whalley, that Lieut.-Gen. Cromwell has been appointed general of the forces, and if they have anything further to propound for that service, it shall be received.
15. Mr. Lisle, Mr. Scott, Col. Ludlow, and Mr. Holland, to be a committee to go to the Tower, and examine the Countess of Carlisle; the information now given in to be part of the matter on which she shall be examined.
16. Answer to be returned to the belt and bandoleer makers and cutlers, that if they like to furnish Col. Tothill's regiment with belts, &c. and accept their payment out of the 20,000l. ordinance a month for Ireland, the Council will endeavour to get the money, and will give warrant for their payment.
17. The bargain for Mr. Hawkins' clothes for the officers in Leinster to be accepted according to the rates given in formerly by Messrs. Perkins, Tyther, and Bowes; and if he accept, a warrant to be drawn up accordingly.
18. The Admiralty Committee to send for the Navy Commissioners, to know how to secure the stores in the hands of those officers at sea who have had their wages increased, and what instructions should be added to those already given, for the better carrying out of the service. [Also I. 123, p. 20.]
19. Col. Walton to report to the House the opinion of this Council concerning the increase of wages for the officers at sea.
20. The Admiralty Committee to consider how guns shall be supplied to the second-rate ships. [Also I. 123, p. 20.]
21. Resolved, on a report of the state of the summer fleet, and an estimate of its charge:—
(1.) That four of the great ships mentioned should be set out, and manned with 1,000 men.
(2.) Also only as many merchant ships as will bear 650 men, in lieu of 1,650, as proposed, some of the ships belonging to the State being employed instead.
(3.) Instead of being set out for six, they shall be continued for eight months.
(4.) The four great ships appointed not to be set out shall nevertheless be proceeded with in the hull, and the carpenters' work, and the rigging of them got in readiness. [Also I. 123, p. 20.]
Sir Hen. Vane, jun., to present this report to the House, and request the settlement of money for this year's naval affairs.
22. The Navy Committee to consult with Mr. Burrell how the slow sailing ships may be amended. [Also I. 123, p. 20.]
23. The customs' officers to give an account how passes were given, and why they are not given now.
24. The petitions of the Armourers recommended to the Army Committee, with the opinion of this Council that in contracting for arms, they should give encouragement to our own rather than to strangers' manufacture.
25. The Committee appointed to draw up a bill concerning the militia of England and Wales to bring what they have prepared on Saturday.
26. The paper sent by Mr. Pury, concerning the woods of Downton manor, to be sent to the Navy Commissioners, and they desired to send a surveyor to see if the woods can be used for the present or future good of the navy.
27. The contractors for bishops' lands to state what it will prejudice the sale of the lands if the timber be preserved. [I. 62, pp. 103–112.]
March 22.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen. There have been many letters to you from the late committee at Derby House, for promoting the assessing and collecting of the moneys for Ireland, upon the ordinance of 16 Feb. 1647–8, yet little progress is made; in divers wards no assessment at all, and in most, very little paid in. The condition of Ireland cannot bear these delays, and we are very sorry that this city should show so great a disaffection to a service of this nature, or that we should have to put forth power to compel what sense of duty should have effected. We therefore require you to call before you those who have not paid in their several sums, to fine the assessors and collectors, and to cause those fines to be forthwith levied, that the work may proceed with effect; otherwise we shall adopt such a course against you, as we desire you not to give us cause to practise. We enclose the names of the assessors in certain wards, against whom we require you to proceed. [I. 94, pp. 44, 45.]
March 22.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Commissioners of cos. Hants, Devon, and Cornwall. To similar effect. The affairs of Ireland require that money to be paid in by 1 May, and we have commanded the agent to return us the names of those who shall not have done their duty, if, at that time, the money be not paid. [I. 94, pp. 46, 47.]
March 22.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Officers of the Customs and Excise at Barnstaple. We are very sensible of your sad loss of many vessels, and of 11 in particular lately taken. We hope there is such care taken for the future that the seas shall be free for trade, there being a sufficient navy to go forth this summer to sea, and we doubt not but you will reap the benefit of their protection, and the revolters and rebels be disabled from further mischief. We have sent your letters to the generals who are to go to sea, and recommended them to take special care for preserving the trade and navigation. [I. 94, p. 46.]
March 22. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Order that Dr. Walter Walker, Admiralty advocate, prepare the draft of an Act empowering the Admiralty judges to try, by commission of oyer and terminer, such delinquents as have been actors and abettors in carrying away any part of the fleet to the enemy, the last summer, or since, or who shall carry away any vessel de futuro, and such as shall steal any goods or provisions of the navy; and likewise to try all others who have committed or shall commit felonies in any ship or vessel, and all other offences pertaining to the sea.
March 22. Order that Sir Hen. Vane send in an estimate of the charge of the fleet: with note that one for the fleet ordered by the House of Commons as a guard for the summer's expedition, 2 Feb. 1648–9, was received, and reported to the House by Sir Hen. Vane 23 March. [I. 123, p. 19.]
March 23. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Sir Hen. Vane, jun., reported from the Council of State a list of the fleet to be appointed for this summer's expedition, with particulars where they were, and when they would be ready; also an estimate of the charge, and the resolution of the Council of State. [See p. 45, supra.]
He also reported an estimate of the debts and credits of the Navy. Also resolutions of the House of Commons, approving of the report for the summer's fleet, and promising to supply the sums demanded for this year's naval service at the times propounded, and their orders for payments by the Commissioners of Excise. [See the orders at full on p. 42.]
Order that the Navy Commissioners give warrants to enter upon the books, in the respective yards, all persons appointed by the generals as pursers, boatswains, gunners, carpenters, cooks, &c., in the expedition of the summer's fleet. [I. 123, pp. 20, 21.]
March 24. Order in Parliament that the Council of State give such rewards to the several officers, on their return home, as they shall think fit, but not exceeding the proportion mentioned in their report. [I. 87, p. 33; 123, p. 22.]
March 24. Order of the Admiralty Committee that Sir Hen. Vane report to the Council of State that John Sparrow, appointed by them to be joined with Thos. Smith, as collector for prize goods, complains that he is hindered in his office by John Hill's continuing to act therein, and asks for a peremptory order for Hill to desist. [I. 123, p. 22.]
March 26. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The business of the Spanish ship Sta. Clara, appointed to be reported by Sir Hy. Mildmay, or, if he be not in town, by Sir Wm. Masham, or by Alderman Wilson.
2. The bill of exchange from M. Augier, and the papers concerning the release of Capt. Greene recommended to the Navy Committee, that Capt. Greene and his companions, who would otherwise perish, be speedily released.
5. The Test now read for Col. Tothill to be shown to him, as the Council expects him to sign it before going over to Ireland.
7. The letter from the mayor of Plymouth, with the examinations enclosed, concerning the taking of some merchant ships, referred to the generals at sea.
10. Officers recommended by the generals at sea to have gratuities at the end of their service. [Also I. 123, p. 23.]
11. The Navy Commissioners to enter in the ships officers recommended by the generals.
13. The generals at sea to take care of the island of Guernsey.
14. Col. Jones' letter of 28 Feb., and the enclosures, viz., a letter from Ormond to himself and his reply, and the declaration of the presbytery at Belfast, and a letter from Col. Monk to Mr. Frost, to be reported to the House. Also his poor condition, that the House may order payment of what is due to him.
15. The business of Ireland to be considered in the afternoon.
16. The letter from Mr. Strickland at La Hague, of 15 March, 1648–9, together with the edict or declaration of the States of Holland, forbidding the church ministers to meddle with foreign correspondence, either in church or State, to be reported to the House.
17. A paper concerning an Association of Hampshire and Wiltshire and — referred to the Committee appointed to state and prepare the militias.
18. Capt. Thelwell's business to be considered on Thursday.
19. The Navy Commissioners to take care that money be provided for the victuals now ready for shipboard.
20. Sir A. Hesilrigge, Sir. Wm. Armyne, Mr. Martin, Mr. Robinson, and Sir Jas. Harrington to be a committee to order concerning the preserving of timber.
22. Sir Wm. Armyne, Mr. Robinson, Mr. Martin, and Col. Hutchinson to be a committee to know of Col. Welden how the money mentioned in his petition may be obtained, and how the garrison of Plymouth may be secured, and put safely into such hands as Parliament shall order.
23. The letter of 23 March, from Barnstaple referred to the generals at sea, to take care of the shipping of the nation.
24. A letter to be written to Barnstaple, to say what is recommended to the generals about their losses.
26. The letters brought in by Mr. Milton to the senate of Hamburg approved, and Isaac Lee, Deputy of the Merchant Adventurers there, to be agent for their delivery.
27. Mr. Martin to report the said letters to the House for their approval.
28. The letter to the Commissioners of Excise and Customs at Barnstaple, about the loss of ships of that port, approved.
31. The paper given in by Sir A. Hesilrigge concerning the wants of the northern garrisons, referred to the Army Committee.
32. Mr. Milton appointed to make some observations on a paper lately printed, called Old and New Chains.
33. Sir Wm. Parsons to make ready for the Council to see the papers he has written on the claim of England to Ireland.
36. Masts to be sent to Plymouth and Tynemouth, for repair of defects that happen in those ports.
37. The value of 4,500 lbs. of bread formerly delivered to Col. Jones at his desire, out of the ship Satisfaction, to be repaid to the Treasurer of the Navy out of the remainder of the 20,000l. ordinance for Ireland, and a warrant to be given for that purpose.
38. The petition of Col. Ralph Welden to Parliament, annexed to his petition to the Council, to be reported to the House.
39. Col. Jones and Mr. Scott added to the Admiralty Committee. [Also I. 123, p. 11.]
40. Sir Hy. Vane, Mr. Scott, Mr. Robinson, Mr. Holland, and Mr. Stapley to be a committee to confer with the officers, as to the safe sitting of the Parliament and Council in the summer, when the army will be withdrawn.
41. Test taken by Col. Robert Tothill, to be faithful to the commonwealth, without King or House of Peers, to obey the orders of Parliament, Council of State, or his superiors appointed thereby, to do nothing to prejudice the commonwealth, and to discover any conspiracies against it. [I. 62, pp. 112–120.]
March 26.
Derby House.
Council of State to Major-General Lambert. There is great want of guns at Berwick; for supply thereof, we desire that the guns at Pontefract Castle, except two and one mortar piece, belonging to the garrison of Hull, may be delivered to such person as Sir Arthur Hesilrigge shall appoint, for Berwick. [I. 94, p. 47.]
March 26.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Navy Committee. A great part of the summer's fleet are ready to sail. The usual course is that money should be sent with them for paying of sick men, &c. We desire that 1,500l. be provided, 500l. forthwith advanced, and 200l. for each of the three generals, that they may not be forced to lay out their own money to fit themselves for their going to sea. As victuals for the fleet are ready to be put on board, and only money is wanting for them, we desire it to be provided, that all the ships may be dispatched, whereof there is so great a necessity, in regard of the piracies committed upon shipping. [I. 94, p. 47, 48.]
March 26.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Lord General. Montgomery and Hawarden Castles in Flintshire may prove dangerous to the commonwealth if surprised by the enemy, in causing a diversion of our forces for their reducement, besides the expense of blood and treasure. We desire you to take care that they may be kept from surprise. Chirk Castle, the dwelling house of Sir Thos. Middleton, is also in danger; we therefore desire you to send for him, and order that it be also kept safe from surprise. [I. 94, p. 48.]
March 26.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Contractors for Bishops' Lands. There is in the manor of Downton, parcel of the lands of the late bishops of Winchester, in county Wilts, a very great common, called the Franchise, upon 500 acres whereof are growing good and young timber trees, oak, ash, &c. very necessary for building ships, the place lying within 16 or 18 miles of several sea towns. The trees are returned to you in a survey much overvalued, and therefore not like to be suddenly sold; yet, as they may be of much more use to be preserved for shipping than sold, timber being everywhere so much decayed, we desire you to forbear the sale thereof until further orders, we having appointed a navy surveyor to view them, and report thereon. Certify us how far the preserving that timber will prejudice the sale of the lands. [I. 94, p. 49.]
March 26.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. To similar effect with the preceding. We desire you to dispatch a man well experienced in those affairs to survey the timber, and report its fitness for the navy, and its present value. We have written to the contractors to forbear the sale meanwhile. [I. 94, p. 51.]
March 26.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. That the generals at sea may be fitted with necessaries for prosecution of the enemies, we desire you to order four fire ships to be fitted at Plymouth, and also some chasing sails, for want whereof the enemy (being themselves so provided) go from our ships at pleasure, when they attempt to give them chase. Upon accidents happening to the masts of ships, they are often forced to come in far from their station for repair, to their great loss of time. We desire provision to be made of masts at Falmouth, Tenby, or Pembroke. You are to enter upon the check, for this summer's service, such officers as shall be recommended to you by the generals at sea. [I. 94, p. 50.]
March 26.
Derby House.
Council of State to Capt. Nicholls, Governor of Chepstow Castle. The mayor and commonalty of Bristol write that there is great waste of timber in the Forest of Dean, the only place in those parts where there is any timber for shipping, which is much decayed in most places in England, and should be preserved with so much the greater care. We are also informed that where the wood is cut for iron works, there is no care taken to maintain the copses for a future supply. We have appointed Geo. Bromish, Col. Rob. Berry, Capt. Robt. Bishop, Rich. Aldworth, Luke Hodges, Joseph Jackson, and Hugh Browne, Esqs., and Rich. Jones, iron master of Bristol, to take care for its preservation, and you are to assist them if they meet with any refractory to their orders, and either compel them to obedience, or send them up to the Council in safe custody, with the cause and proofs, that they may be proceeded against. [I. 94, p. 52.]
March 26.
Derby House.
Admiralty Committee to Sir Hardress Waller. We referred your letter, touching the Elizabeth hoy, which came from the revolted fleet to Falmouth, to the Admirals of the Fleet, and recommend you to take care that the masters and mariners be discharged, unless you, or the gentlemen employed by you to examine the master, &c., shall find anything against them worthy of their restraint. The vessel is to be secured according to the Admiral's report, which we enclose. [I. 123, p. 22.]
March 26. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Order to the Navy Commissioners to consider the resolution of the Council of State of 22 March, and to send in their report by John Holland, the surveyor.
Order,—on complaint by Major-General Skippon, of depredations and piracies committed about Barnstaple, and on complaint from Guernsey of want of shipping and shallops;—that the Navy Commissioners certify what small oar vessels are or can soon be ready, to prevent relief being brought to Castle Cornet, and fit for securing trade to the mouth of the Severn and to Barnstaple, both infested by the enemy, for want thereof; also the number of men and the expense.
List of five prize ships being fitted out for service; three of them oar vessels. [I. 123, p. 23.]
March 27.
London.
30. Week's certificate of accounts by the Commissioners of Customs. Receipts, balance in hand, 19 March, 416l. 18s. 10d.; customs and subsidies within the port of London, 1,443l. 8s. 10½d.; in the outports, 434l. 6s. 10d.; total, 2,294l. 14s. 6d.; Disbursements, 1,775l. 4s. 6d.; present balance, 519l. 10s. [1 sheet.]
March 27. Order in Parliament,—the House being informed of a scandalous and seditious book, entitled, "The second part of England's new Chains discovered," which has been read to the House,—that, as it contains much false, scandalous, and reproachful matter, and is highly seditious, and destructive to the present Government, and tends to division and mutiny in the army, and the raising of a new war, and to hinder the present relief of Ireland, and the continuing of free quarter,—the authors, contrivers, and framers thereof are guilty of high treason, and shall be proceeded against as traitors, and all that join with them.
That this declaration be printed and published forthwith; that the Council of State take care for proclaiming and publishing such declaration; also find out the authors, printers, and publishers of the book, and proceed therein as they find necessary, for preventing tumults, and for preservation of the peace, and give a speedy account to the House.
Also that the General find out whether any of the authors are employed in the army, and if so, proceed against them for attempting to raise a mutiny in the army.
March 27. Order in Parliament, that the Council of State consider as to the present demolishing of Bolsover and Clithero Castles, and such other inland castles as they shall think fit. [I. 87, pp. 34–36.]
March 27. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Hercules to be taken on for the summer's service, and 200l. extra to be imprested to the owner, and the Navy Commissioners to take care the ship is set out.
2. The Lucy in Chester Water to be taken on for one of the merchant ships on that service. [Also, I. 123, p. 24, last two orders.]
3. Mr. Holland and Sir Gilbert Pickering to be a committee to examine some persons concerning the author of "New Chains discovered."
4. Col. Hutchinson, Col. Jones, Mr. Robinson, Mr. Scott, and Mr. Holland to be a committee to report to the Council on propositions given in by the officers concerning Ireland, and to consider of anything offered by them for their service.
5. A message to be drawn up and sent to the ambassadors of Spain,—upon the reading of the petition of William Cann, Hugh Brown, and Joseph Jackson, merchants of Bristol, concerning the ship Joseph which was surprised and carried to Valencia—containing an account of the petition, and desiring that justice may be done.
8. Serjeant Dendy to make proclamation against the authors of the book called the New Chains, and to proclaim it in Cheapside, at the New Exchange, in Southwark, and at the Spittle.
9. The Lord General to order Serjeant Dendy to have a guard, drum, and trumpet, to proclaim against the authors of the abovementioned book.
10. A general warrant to be issued for apprehending the publishers of the book.
11. Serjeant Dendy appointed serjeant-at-arms to the Council.
12. Serjeant Dendy to attend within the Council Chamber, he taking the same oath as the secretaries.
13. The tender of Col. John Moore, for carrying over 1,000 foot and four troops of horse to Ireland, referred to the committee for Ireland.
14. The posts to be searched this night, for the books called the New Chains; Serjeant Dendy to make the search.
15. Luke Williams, living in Bermondsey Street, near to the Christopher, and William Saul, in St. Olave's Street, near the water gate, and Lieut.-Col. Gouldegay, near to Pickle Herring, summoned for to-morrow.
16. All letters found to contain the book called "the New Chains," to be stopped, and brought to the Council by the serjeant-at-arms. [I. 62, pp. 121–124.]
March 27. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Order that the petition of John Cooper, and others of Yarmouth, be referred to Dr. Walker, advocate of the Admiralty and Navy.
Order that Solomon Smith, Marshal of the Admiralty, bring in an abstract of all prize ships and goods seized by Parliament, from 1641 until the date of the ordinance for commissioners and collectors to seize and take care of prize goods; also information into whose hands such ships and goods came, and by whose orders they were disposed of, from the death of Dr. Sammes until Dr. Clarke was constituted Judge of the Admiralty.
Order, to Solomon Smith accordingly.
Order that Mr. Short and Mr. Pett attend the committee about the place of clerk of the check at Chatham.
March 27. R. Coytmor, Secretary to the Committee, to the Navy Commissioners. The Admiralty Committee desire me to send the enclosed order, and a list touching some small vessels to be fitted for the service; likewise the result of the Council for entertaining two merchant ships. You are to take special care that the ship in Chester Water is fitted out with speed. [I. 123, pp. 24, 25.]
March 28. Order in Parliament, on the petition of Col. Ralph Welden, that it be recommended to the Council of State,—upon conference with the Army Committee, the treasurers, Mr. Prideaux, and other members of the House of the western parts,—to consider the state of the business touching the 4,000l. formerly ordered for Plymouth garrison, and what other money is necessary upon changing the governor, for securing that garrison and town, and to report.
March 28. Order in Parliament, that the governor of Plymouth fort and island be required to take order that Capt. James Bowden, prisoner in Plymouth, be offered in exchange for Capt. Hatsell, now prisoner in Jersey, and the Council of State to send to Plymouth for effecting the same.
March 28. Order in Parliament, that 300l. be provided for Capt. Hen. Hatsell, in consideration of his sufferings, and for the relief of his wife and children, and that the Council of State advise with the Army Committee and members of the House of the western counties how the same may be raised, and give directions for payment. [I. 87, pp. 36, 37.]
March 28. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Milton appointed to make some observations on the complication of interest which is now amongst the several designers against the peace of the commonwealth, and they to be made ready to be printed with the papers out of Ireland, which the House has ordered to be printed.
2. Sir John Davis to move the House for bringing in of the report of the proceedings of the High Court of Justice.
3. Mr. Holland, Mr. Scott, Mr. Martin, and Col. Jones to be a committee to examine Lieut.-Col. John Lilburne, Mr. Walwin, Mr. Overton, and Mr. Prince, concerning the matter contained in the declaration of Parliament of March 27.
4. The — to be referred to Dr. Dorislaus to give his opinion.
5. The gentlemen of the Council who have been abroad to be sent unto, on their return home, to attend the business of the Council.
6. Lt.-Col. Lilburne, Mr. Walwin, Mr. Overton, and Mr. Prince to be certified of their mistake, thinking they were (not) here upon a trial, but to be examined, and report thereof made to the House.
7. Col. Lilburne to be committed prisoner to the Tower on suspicion of high treason, for being the author, contriver, framer, or publisher of the seditious book called "England's New Chains discovered," &c. A warrant to be issued for his commitment.
8. Mr. Walwin to be committed also to the Tower upon the same charge.
9. Also Mr. Overton.
10. Thomas Prince to be committed on the above charge.
11. This commitment to be till the House shall hear the report concerning them, and issue further orders.
12. Luke Williams, William Saul, and Lieut.-Col. Gouldegay to attend the Council.
13. Also Mr. Atkins, of the Red or Golden Lion in the Poultry. [I. 62, pp. 125–127.]
March 29.
Westminster.
Admirals Deane and Blake to the Council of State. Having desired the Committee of the Navy to furnish the ordnance officers with money to buy 20 pairs of pistols and 40 hatchets for every ship of the first-rate that shall go in the expedition; for every second-rate ship, 15 pairs of pistols and 30 hatchets; for every thirdrate, 10 pairs of pistols with 20 hatchets; and for every smaller ship, 8 pairs of pistols and 16 hatchets, without which they can do little service, we desire that you will order the ordnance officers that this proportion may be delivered to each ship. [I. 123, p. 27.]
March 29. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Sir Hen. Vane, Lieut.-General Cromwell, Alderman Wilson, and Messrs. Heveningham, Holland, Lisle, and Stapley, to be added to the committee for Irish business, and to confer with Mr. Downes, on the contract for cloth for Ireland.
2. The contracts made at the Derby House Committee, for carrying forces to Ireland, referred to that committee.
3. The business of settling the militia to be considered next Saturday.
4. Messrs. Draper and Appletree's letter from Oxford, concerning delinquents there, to be reported to Parliament.
5. The Navy Commissioners to have the Swiftsure brought from Portsmouth into the Thames, and docked, so that Mr. Burrell may make his experiment upon her, in fitting her out to sea. [Also, I. 123, p. 27; Vol. I., No. 31.]
6. Notice to be given to the Navy Commissioners to order her to be brought up.
7. The contract with Mr. Downes, for 3,000l. worth of fine cloth for the officers in Ireland, referred to a Committee at the Star Chamber, who are to close with him before the order of the Council of State stopping the issuing of any more money; the cloth to be ready to be sent when ordered.
8. Mr. Hawkins' bargain to be accepted, and a warrant issued to Sir Adam Loftus to give him a receipt from the time of the estimate of the value of the clothes.
9. Sir Jas. Harrington, Alderman Wilson, and Mr. Robinson to be a committee for examining the business as to printing the Turkish Alcoran, and Stevenson, the stationer, and Downam, the licenser, to attend Council this afternoon.
10. To report to the House that the 30,000l. appointed to be raised by the sale of the late King's goods, for setting out the navy, is not likely to come in time; and that, as the counties of South Wales were fined 20,000l. for their delinquency, there is 10,000l. now ready at Bristol, that could be used for setting forth the fleet, and be repaid out of the first moneys raised by the sale of lands.
11. The Admiralty judges to order the vice-admirals to bring in their accounts, and pass them upon oath.
12. Vice-admirals to give the same assurance of their fidelity to the State as the governors of castles and forts.
13. Some fire-ships to be built frigate fashion, for the winter service, and the Admiralty Committee to obtain estimates of the charge.
14. Mr. Peter's propositions for building frigates referred to the same committee. [Also, I. 123, p. 26, the last four orders.]
15. Capt. Wm. Neishfield, of Scarborough, recommended to the generals at sea, for employment on the northern coast.
17. Sir Hen. Vane, Alderman Wilson, and Messrs. Heveningham Holland, and Robinson, to be a committee on the postal service.
18. The letters of Mr. Thelwell, agent in Flanders, referred to the Admiralty Committee, who are to advise with Dr. Walker as to what is best for preservation of the English trade, and redress of those who have been injured. [Also, I. 123, p. 26.]
24. Capt. Smith's information against Glyn of Burford referred to the committee for plundered ministers, and Glyn to be prosecuted.
25. Capt. Smith to have power to leave Oxford with his troop, on any occasion to disperse malignants.
26. The declaration of the House concerning the books on Chains to be published in the market towns, and Mr. Frost to suggest the best way.
27. To report to the House that Lieut.-Col. Jno. Lilburne, Wm. Walwin, Rich. Overton, and Thos. Prince have been apprehended, and that it appears on evidence that Lilburne read the book called "England's new Chains discovered," to a great multitude of people, at Winchester House last Sunday, and solicited subscriptions to it, and answered objections against it; and affirmed that he, Walwin, Prince, and Major Cobbet would make good the matter in the book with their lives. That several fresh copies of the book were found at Mr. Overton's lodgings; and that when the four prisoners before named were asked by the Council whether they were the authors, contrivers, framers, or publishers, they refused to answer, and disputed the Council's authority, and they have consequently been committed to the Tower.
28. Sir Wm. Armyne to report to the House that the Council of State have nominated Lieut.-General Cromwell to be Commander-in-Chief of the Forces for Ireland, and that he has declared his willingness to go, if sufficiently provided.
29. The several references of the House to Council, as to the posture of Scotland in reference to the commonwealth, to be considered next Tuesday. [I. 62, pp. 128–135.]
March 29.
Derby House.
Council of State to Mr. Draper and Mr. Appletree. Thanks for your letter manifesting care to preserve the peace of the commonwealth. Considering the danger therein represented, we have written to all the sheriffs in England and Wales, to prevent the mischief that might come by the meeting of numbers of malignants, upon what pretence soever. As for Capt. Smith, we have given him power on occasion to go out of the county, for suppressing such meetings. We conceive there will be speedy course taken to put all the counties into such a posture that those ill-affected men shall not be able to bring their designs into effect. We have likewise written concerning this to the Governors of Oxford and Wallingford, with whom you are to consult. [I. 94, p. 54.]
March 29.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Governors, Bailiffs, and Jurats of Guernsey. You desire direction about the alteration of the style in the civil proceedings in your island; the several Acts enclosed are a sufficient direction. We have recommended the safety of your island and the reducing of the castle of Jersey, to the generals. [I. 94, p. 54.]
March 29.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Army Committee. We hear that the 600 pikes we wrote you to furnish the magazine at Hull, to be employed by Major-General Lambert, still remain here, for want of some person to take care thereof. We have therefore appointed Capt. Baines to receive and send them away, and desire they may be delivered to him. [I. 94, p. 55.]
March 29.
Derby House.
Council of State to Capt. Smith. By your letters we hear of the meetings of disaffected persons in county Oxon, and of your diligence to prevent the danger in that county, and how they would avoid you by passing into the next. We therefore hereby authorise you on occasion to pass with your troop out of county Oxon into any adjacent county, for dispersing any such meetings, acquainting the governors of Oxford and Wallingford with what you do herein. [I. 94, p. 56.]
March 29.
Derby House.
Council of State to Colonel Tothill. Some gentlemen in Cheshire complain of the disaffection and disorderly carriage of your soldiers. Take care to see good discipline observed, and let them be content with diet suitable to the money paid for it, viz., 6d. a day; we have written to Mr. Whalley that it be paid to the people where they are quartered, and not to the men, many of them having manifested great disaffection, and threatened to run to the enemy when they are transported; you are to inform yourself of their affections, and cashier the disaffected. Until the rest be transported, we desire you to take all care that the country may be no more burdened than can be avoided. [I. 94, p. 56.]
March 29.
Derby House.
Council of State to Col. Duckenfield, Governor of Chester, Peter Warburton, and Roger Wilbraham [and Col. Brooker]. We regret the disorderly carriage of some soldiers belonging to Col. Tothill's regiment, designed for Ireland, whereby the people of the country suffer much vexation. It is their unhappiness that they are in the way to Ireland, through which the soldiers are sent, and where they have to stay until they can be transported; and though all they take be paid for, yet their passing through and staying for their passage is trouble enough; for among so many, some will be disorderly, and their officers cannot be in all places with them. We have now dispatched the colonel, and given him special charge to keep good discipline, and he has promised to cashier all the disaffected or disorderly.
That they may be no charge to the country, we have ordered Mr. Whalley, for so long as they wait for wind and weather, or for shipping, to pay for each private soldier 6d. a day for quarters to the parties where they quarter, and not to the soldiers themselves. We have sent him money, and if that be not sufficient, upon their shipping away and the return of the account, we will provide more. You may object that formerly the State allowed 6d. a day, but the people had it not; that was because the officers received the money for quarters, and did not always discharge it, so we have now put it into another course. [I. 94, p. 58; 62, p. 122.]
March 29.
Derby House.
Council of State to Mr. Whalley. We are very sensible what Cheshire must suffer were Col. Tothill's regiment only to pass through, much more when they make so long a stay, and are so disorderly. We shall now speedily dispatch them away, and meantime desire that the 6d. a day allowed for their quarter may be paid to the parties who quarter them. Tell all the officers to take care to keep good discipline among the soldiers, and make them content to receive convenient diet, and not to compel provision beyond the rate of their pay, more especially in this time of dearth. [I. 94, p. 59.]
March 29. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Order that on April 5, they will consider the petitions of Capts. Guilson, Chappel, and others who claim prize goods, when Thos. Smith and Jno. Hill are desired to attend, with all their books and accounts concerning prize goods.
The Commissioners for Customs are to write to their officers in the several ports and harbours, to notice what vessels employed in the State's service come and lie in harbour, with the time they shall so lie, and the occasion, and inform this Committee.
Mr. Wyan, Registrar of the Admiralty, is to bring in an exact list of all prize ships and goods, with the time when they were condemned, and the names of the ships, and of the captains and commanders that took them.
March 30. Order in Parliament that the Speaker be empowered to sign letters prepared by the Council of State to be sent to the State of Hamburg, on behalf of the merchants.
March 30. Order in Parliament,—Sir Wm. Armyne having reported from the Council of State that Lieut.-General Cromwell should be appointed to go to Ireland as Commander-in-Chief,—that the House approves thereof.
Order that Thomas Lord Fairfax shall be General of all the Parliamentary forces, both in England and Ireland; and that the further consideration of the forces already in Ireland, and of those now to be sent, be referred to the Council of State. [I. 87, p. 38.]
March 30. 32. Order in Parliament,—on report of Sir Hen. Vane, jun., from the Council of State, that 10,000l. of the 20,000l. fine set upon the counties of South Wales for their delinquency may be made use of for setting forth the fleet,—that the Army Committee issue a warrant for payment of such sum as required to Sir Hen. Vane, for the use of the Navy. [Damaged, 1 page.]
March 30. Order of the Admiralty Committee, referring the following letter to the Navy Commissioners. Annexing,
i. Admirals Deane and Blake to the Admiralty Committee. The surgeons of the new frigates, carrying from 130 to 150 men, have no mate allowed. We hold it too great a charge for one man to undertake, considering casualties which may happen to the surgeon, and therefore entreat you to move the Council of State to order one mate to the surgeons of such frigates, at a reasonable salary. 26th March. [I. 123, pp. 27, 28.]
March 31. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
3. Mr. Frost to engage another clerk for the Council.
5—6. Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir Hen. Vane, Lieut.-General Cromwell, Sir Jno. Danvers, Mr. Scott, and Col. Jones to be a committee for the civil and military affairs of Ireland, with power to advise with Sir Robt. King, Col. Hill, Sir Hardress Waller, and others, and to send for books, papers, &c.
7. Thanks to be sent to Mr. Lee, of Cheshire, for preventing a combination between the ministers there.
8. Mr. Frost to conclude with Mr. Smith as to buying 2,000 quarters of wheat in Sussex for Ireland.
9. Mr. Scott's report concerning Lieut.-Col. Owen O'Connelly to be reported to the House.
10. Messrs. Holland, Heveningham, Sir Gilbert Pickering, and Sir Jas. Harrington to be a committee for entertaining propositions about money for the public service.
11. Stevenson, bookseller on Ludgate Hill, to be summoned for 4 p.m.
12. Mr. White, printer, to be discharged by the serjeant-at-arms, on giving security to be forthcoming.
13. Mr. Sexby to be paid by Mr. Frost the 5l. which he laid out to the two gentlemen who assisted him in staying the Scottish Commissioners, by order of Parliament.
14. The petition of the mayor and aldermen of Poole to be reported to the House by Mr. Lisle.
15. The letter of the generals-at-sea, recommending Capt. Joseph Jordan as commander of one of the great ships to be set out, to be reported to the House.
17. Thos. Ross to be summoned to give an account for the printing of the Alcoran, which Stevenson, the stationer, received from him.
18. A report concerning the militia be made at 8 a.m. on Monday.
22. Capt. Swan's company to be paid out of the sequestrations in Kent, until some other way shall be established for their payment.
24. Allowances to be settled for a minister, surgeon, gunners for the garrison, and commissary of the stores at Dover, and the same entertainment as formerly to be paid to the governor, out of the sequestrations of Kent.
25. The report of the case of Sir John Danvers,—formerly ordered to be made to the House of Commons by the Derby House Committee, and omitted by Sir John Clotworthy—to be presented to Parliament by Lieut.-Gen. Cromwell viz., That Sir John Danvers, on 14 Dec. 1641, was bound for the Marquis of Winchester in 1,000l. to Geo. Phip, of London, for payment of 520l. in June 1642; that the Marquis, having by his delinquency, forfeited his estate, and thereby become unable to pay, upon an address by Sir John to Parliament, an ordinance was passed, 25 May 1647, for payment of the debt out of the sequestration or sale of the Marquis's lands; that upon application by Sir John to the committee in whose power such estate lies for payment, he was desired to forbear for a while, in regard of some extraordinary occasions they then had for money; that in June last, he again sent to the committee, who showed him an ordnance of 5 June 1648, whereby the Marquis's estate, amongst others, was vested in trustees for raising 50,000l. for Ireland, and no provision made for this debt, although provision was made for other debts and engagements of the said lands. [I. 62, pp. 136— 140.]
March 31.
Derby House.
Council of State to the Lord-General. Sir Michael Livesey's regiment, designed for Ireland, is quartered in Sussex, where they are a great burden, both by their free quarter and their disorderly carriage, expressing great disaffection to the commonwealth. As their continuing there may produce some inconveniences between the country and them, we desire you to remove them to some place convenient for their transportation, if upon inquiry into the dispositions of the men, you judge them fit for service, which we much doubt; otherwise they may be disbanded. [I. 94, p. 60.]
[March 31.] Council of State to the Army Committee. The governor of Dover Castle furnished 36 barrels of powder from the garrison stores to the forces that were employed for reducing the three castles in the Downs. You are to furnish the said garrison, which is of very great concernment, with the same quantity, as also with some match and bullet, powder, &c., to be delivered by Col. Sydney, the governor's appointment. [I. 94, p. 61.]
March 31. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Order that the Navy Commissioners consider and report how, when, and where to provide the two months' victuals for the summer's fleet, over and above the six months' already ordered. [Also, Vol. I., No. 33.]
Order that the Navy Committee consider the petition of Hen. Cowdall, and give reasonable allowance for his losses and charges in the service of the State.
Order that the judges of the Admiralty adjudicate about the Charles, sometime belonging to Lord Inchiquin, and in case it be adjudged prize, confer with Dr. Walker, and consider the enclosed petition and demands of Robert Clarke, sometime her commander, and report what should be allowed him for his pains and charges. [I. 123, p. 28.]
March ? 34. Observations by — offered to the Committee of the Council of State, touching the causes of the present decay of the cloth trade of England, in Germany and the Netherlands, with expedients for removing obstructions in that trade. The chief cause of the decay arises from the great quantity of wool and fuller's earth which have lately been conveyed out of England, by which, and the emigration of such a number of clothworkers, weavers, &c. to those parts, the manufacture of cloth has very much advanced among the Dutch. They have set up in Hamburg, and Altona, a small town adjoining, above 500 weavers' looms, and Hamburg has lately raised a very great sum, as a stock for setting up all sorts of cloth manufacture amongst them.
Of late years, woollen manufacture of England has been sent over to the Dutch much falsified, which makes them more vigorous to set up clothing amongst themselves; and the new draperies, as bays, serges, Spanish cloth, kersies, northern dozens, &c., not being yet reduced to any rule for length and breadth, it is judged a great hindrance to the trade in general. The Dutch and other strangers have of late put the English arms upon the covers of their coarsest and falsest-made cloth, which they transport for Russia and other parts, thereby to lessen the esteem of the English cloth, and strive to fabric their own made cloth in all parts, after the English manner. This might be partly remedied by restraining the transport of wool and fuller's earth, calling home of such emigrants, and prohibiting their departing for the future, as without their skill and assistance, the Dutch can do but little.
If the committee would also recommend the Company of Merchant Adventurers to the Parliament, for an Act to settle their government it would help much to repair the decays in trade; for then the company would not only be able to suppress the unskilful merchant, who has given all advantage to the stranger by debasing the staple commodities of this land, but likewise silence the strangers, in their several residences, from further questioning their constitution and privileges, granted under another government and not yet fully confirmed by this. [1¼ pages.]
March. 35. Certificate by William Ryley, Norry king-at-arms, that the arms of Dr. Edward Richardson, of Ripon, county York, are azure, on a chief, or, three lions, heads of the first, and for his crest, on a helm and wreath of his colours, a lion's head, or, environed with a chaplet vert, mantled gules, doubled argent. [Copy, damaged, 1 page.]
March ? 36. Similar certificate that the arms of Roger Kenyon, of Parkhead, county Lancaster, are sable, a chevron engrailed, or, between three crosses fleury argent; and for his crest, on a helm and wreath of his colours, a lion sejant proper, supporting a cross fleury argent, mantled gules, doubled argent. [Copy, 2 pages.]
March ? 37. Similar certificate that the arms of David Bonnell, son of Thos. Bonnell, of Norwich, county Norfolk, are, or, a lion rampant within eight cross crosletts azure; and for his crest, on a helm and wreath of his colours, a demy lion rampant, or, holding a cross crosslet azure, mantled gules, double argent. [Copy, ½ page.]
March ? 38. Petition of Capts. Adam Bayner, Thos. King, and — Owen, Cornet Rich. Morgan, Lieut. Wm. Rowe, Ensign Alex. Reeve, and Ellen wife of Cornet Chas. Lovell, now in Ireland, to the House of Commons, for an order for payment of their arrears from such a delinquent as they shall bring in, being reduced to extreme necessity for want thereof. [2/3 page.]