Volume 36: May 1653

Pages 302-368

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1652-3. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1878.

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May 1653

May 2. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The letter from the commissary of the Queen of Sweden, concerning five packs of goods taken coming from Venice in the Golden Star, to be sent to the Collectors for Prize Goods, who are to certify whether they have them in custody, and if they have, to certify their state.
2. The Admiralty Judges to certify the state of the case of the three ships pretending to belong to Sweden, now depending in their court.
3. Judge Advocate Margetts and Lieut.-Col. Worsley to examine the persons apprehended for counterfeiting a warrant for carrying French wine into Ireland, and to report. [I. 69, p. 9.]
May 2. Council of State to Commissary-General Whalley. On information that unruly people about Stoke, Wearham, Wretton, &c., co. Norfolk, have riotously thrown down the dikes and fences belonging to the Adventurers' lands, and disturb divers therein, you are to order the commander of the troop of horse in the Isle of Ely and co. Cambridge to repair to those parts, disperse all unlawful assemblies, and assist the justices of the peace and other magistrates in bringing the offenders to punishment, and to prevent the like in future. If any wrong be done to the people, they shall be righted, if complaint be made in a regular way. [I. 69, p. 10.]
May 2.
1. Charles Longland to the Admiralty and Navy Commissioners. Capt. Badiley's bill for 12,000 dollars having miscarried, I have drawn up an account of my disbursements for your ships and their provisions, since Capt. Appleton came into this port, whereby it will be seen that I am in disburse for more than that sum, and therefore I desire you to order payment thereof, upon receipt of this, to John Hallet, merchant, at 6s. 3d. per dollar, amounting to 3,150l. I have paid the men of the Leopard for clothing, and fed 290 sound and 90 wounded turned on shore here, and transported them to Venice and Messina, and am also in disburse for imprest money for the ships taken up for the service. When all the accounts are perfected I will again draw upon you. The ships are departing from Venice, and the Dutch men-of-war here are going towards the Straits, but whether the Leopard will stay here I do not know. [1½ pages. With copy of his letter of 28 April.] Enclosed,
1. i. Bill of exchange by Longland for 3,150l., payable at sight to John Hallet.—Leghorn, 2 May 1653. [Scrap.]
May 2.
The Resolution, near North Foreland.
2. John Poortmans to Robt. Blackborne. The unexpected sailing of the fleet of 80 sail to the Texel was occasioned by seeing a fleet of 14 sail, which turned out to be Hamburghers, but they had seen 70 Dutch men-of-war, under Admiral Van Tromp, 12 leagues from there on the 30th ult., and he expected 30 or 40 more from the Flie, under De Witt. A council of war was thereupon held, and it was resolved to fight them upon their own coast. All the captains were willing to engage, not looking to their own strength, but to the Lord's. [1 page.]
May 2. Assignment from Richard Deacon, clothworker, to Wm. Ince, salter, both citizens of London, of the remainder of a lease for 23 years from Michaelmas 1648, of a messuage in Clement's Inn Fields, in the parish of St. Clement Danes, co. Middlesex, fronting westward, towards Clare Street, rent 30l. a year, for the sum of 60l. [Parchment. Interregnum, Box 1, No. 12.]
May 3. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write to the Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Chester Castle, or the storekeeper, to certify how many barrels of gunpowder he has sent to Ireland on the Council's order of May 3, and to state the condition of that castle, and the supply that will be required, and the reasons for requiring it.
2. Major-Gen. Harrison and Mr. Bennet to confer with the Commissioners for inspecting the Treasuries concerning the state thereof, and deliver their report this afternoon.
3. Order that,—whereas by order of Parliament of 26 November 1652, the assessment laid on Scotland 18 February 1652 was continued till 1 November, and then till 1 May—it be now continued till 1 November next, with the same limitations and abatements as before; and that this order be sent to Lieut.-Col. Liiburne, who is to see it executed, and also the order for continuance of judicatories in Scotland.
4. Order that—whereas the late Parliament Commissioners for Scotland nominated Commissioners and visitors of the Universities, colleges, and places of learning, Commissioners for administration of justice in causes civil and criminal, and sheriffs and commissaries in several freedoms and limits—these respective Commissioners continue to act till 1 November next, and no longer, and that the Commissioners for judicature perform their several orders and instructions, and receive the fees, salaries, and allowances granted them by Parliament.
7. Cols. Richard Ingoldsby, Berkstead Lieutenant of the Tower, Phillip Jones, Goffe, Smith, and Ralph Harrison, John Upton, and Lieut.-Col. Salmon, to be a Committee for Scotch and Irish Affairs, and to meet on Thursday morning in the Chair Chamber.
8. The business depending before the former Committee referred to the said Committee, who are to consider and report on all save what concerns the island of Shetland, and the lands of Mr. Swynton, the Earl of Clanrickard, Col. Bourke, and the Isle of Man, the papers concerning which are to be returned to Council.
9. The Navy Commissioners to order the press-masters and those who have authority to impress men for the fleet, not to impress men from the ketches, which at this season supply London with mackerel, the Lord Mayor having recommended the matter to Council, as that wherein the good of the city is much concerned. [Also Vol. XXXVI., Nos. 3, 4. I. 69, pp. 42-46.]
May 3.
5. Thos. Hewitt and Jno. Pene to the Navy Commissioners. We asked for letters of credit, without which we could not press at Swansea, so we have returned to the press at Barnstaple, and thence to Bridgwater, and on to London. We shall make diligent search after those who have deserted after receiving impress and conduct money, so that they may be proceeded against. Upwards of 330 have been pressed by us since coming from London. We in the country are much amazed at the dissolving of Parliament. The honest party hope better times thereby, but the time-servers are startled, and the malignants perplexed. [2/3 page.]
May 3.
6. Rowland Humphrey to Thos. Smith, Navy Commissioner. I send a muster book of the Nonsuch ketch. I have been attending the Generals till April 17, and then they sent me and Capt. Vessey to cruise on the French coast. We only met two Burlington colliers, laden for St. Valery's. On the 24th, we made for the Isle of Wight, but were driven to the Downs. We met Vice-Admiral Penn's fleet on the back of the Goodwin, and he sent us to the Generals, who came out of Stoke's Bay on the 23rd. On the 29th, both fleets met, with much joy and cheerfulness, and the Generals ordered us to Dover to victual, and then to repair to them. They passed Dover May 1. [¾ page.]
May 4. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write to the deputies of Scotland that Council has under consideration the continuing of the civil government and assessments, and in case they have anything to communicate thereupon, some of the Council will meet such of their members as they like to send, at 3 p.m. on Friday at Whitehall.
2. Major-General Harrison and Mr. Carew to consider the state of the excise, and confer with fit persons thereupon, and report what should be done. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 7.]
3. Major-General Desborow and Col. Bennet to draw up an instrument for continuing the power, rules, and Commissioners in the last Act of assessment for raising 12,000l. a month, leaving a blank for the time, with power to send for and employ Capt. Deane and other suitable persons. [I. 69, p. 18.]
May 4. 8. Petition of Edmund Felton to Lord General Cromwell, for leave to ride in his regiment of Life Guards. Has spent much time and money to do the State service by his inventions, but has not been able to get a trial thereof, nor for the last 12 years obtain justice against that great malignant, the late Sir Hen. Spiller, for great oppressions and losses which were set out in books printed and twice presented to each member of the Parliament, including his Excellency. [¾ page.]
May 4. 9. Account by the Commissioners of Prize Goods of the malpractices of Otho George and others interested in the three silver ships, Salvador, Samson, and George. That they made the purser alter his book, taking out the names of all Hollanders and Zealanders, and inserting others. That they threw letters overboard tied to an iron bar, on coming into the Downs. That they threatened and attacked the surgeon and others who could bear evidence against them. That they said at Calais they were for Amsterdam, but hearing of the war breaking out, said they were for Ostend. That they altered their bills of lading, and tried to hide the silver. That they contradict themselves in swearing, pretend to be Hamburghers, though only speaking low Dutch, &c. &c. [3 pages.]
May 4.
10. Thos. Shewell to the Navy Commissioners. The seamen of the Discovery came to me for an answer to their petition. I ordered them to go on board and obey their commanders, but they all refused to go to sea without money. I had a guard of soldiers ready, told the captain to point the leading spirits, and three were sent to the castle; they are all quiet, but will not serve under Capt. Marryott; they complain of him and he of them. I have pressed other men for the ship, and sent these to Portsmouth. As the three committed are now very submissive, I beg you will order their discharge, unless you think it would be an ill precedent. [1 page.]
May 4. 11. Order in the Admiralty Committee that the Navy Commissioners consider a letter annexed, and give order therein. [1¾ pages.] Enclosing,
11. i. The Generals [at sea to the Admiralty Commissioners]. As to the mutinous carriage of the Discovery's men, we think in the present state of affairs that, as they have been long on shore, and have run into debt, they should have two months' pay and be ordered to come aboard to us, to prevent discontent.—1 May 1653 [⅓ page.]
May 4.
12. John Carter to the Navy Commissioners. I have pressed 114 men in the places I was sent to, but those at Hastings have not pressed a man, and I could only press 2 there; so you may judge of their love to you. There are 33 vessels at Brighton and they have but 10 men in the service. I hope to man the Golden Cock when she is afloat, and to press them before would be loss of money, as we should get none of them. I have received 10 sick men from the fleet, and orders from Major Bourne to provide for them. I want to know what is to be allowed for them. There are five private men-of-war here, three from Dover and two from Rye, who receive and hide the seamen as long as there is any press in the town. When they are out at sea, one of your frigates should take most of their men, for they all have aboard men to whom I have given press and conductmoney. I want money, having paid 13l. and being at 4l. a week charge. What shall I give soldiers and seamen discharged for sickness, but without certificates for relief? I put in prison at Hythe two men whom I had pressed at Rye and sent to Chatham, but I met them again going for Dover, and put them in prison there. I wish you to ask the Mayor of Hythe how they came be set at liberty. [1 page.]
May 4.
Tynemouth Castle.
13. Capt. Jno. Topping to the Admiralty Commissioners. As you approve the course taken with the mutinous seamen of Robt. Cockerell, master of the Robert of Ipswich, I have ordered Capt. Thos. Wilkes to secure them and send them to you. He sailed on the 3rd, convoying 150 colliers. To-day 50 light-ships came in from the south. The Council of State has ordered the staying of all vessels here for a convoy, as seamen are always ready to sail again, though it be into the enemy's mouth. Please to send a special order for their stay. By order of the late Council of State, I took bond of a Lynn merchant to appear before them for drinking the health of Van Tromp and De Witt, and abusing the Custom House officers at Newcastle, who reported him. [1 page.] Enclosing,
13. i. Statement by Robert Cockerell, that his men being stopped for want of wind, all threatened to desert unless paid 10s. each more than the price agreed on, though he offered to give them what other masters paid. They said they would come on shore, induce others to do the same, come up to London, and serve on the State's ships.—20 April 1653. [1⅓ pages.]
May 5. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Admiralty Commissioners to consider the usefulness of Dover pier for public service, and how far the State is obliged to be at the charge of repairing it, and to report.
2. The searchers and other officers who have seized the 1,500l. in gold at Dover, put aboard a ship to be transported, to effectually prosecute the same at law, that it may be brought to a speedy judgment.
3. The persons appointed by Council to consider the manner of taking the accounts of the commonwealth are to proceed with the particulars clearly excepted from the Act of general pardon, and Council will consider the other particulars now presented.
4. The 50 Dutch prisoners sent to Marlborough to be removed to Reading in Berks, owing to a great loss by fire which the town of Marlborough has had. The Mayor to see that the prisoners are safely conducted.
5. To write to the Mayor of Reading of the coming of the said prisoners, and that 6d. a day is allowed for their maintenance, to be paid by the Commissioners for Dutch Prizes, and to desire him to provide lodgings for them.
6. Major-General Lambert and Mr. Strickland to go to Lord Fairfax, with the complaints concerning the Isle of Man, and the papers in Council concerning the matter to be given them.
7. The bear baiting, bull baiting, and playing for prizes by fencers hitherto practised in Southwark and other places, which have caused great evils and abominations, to be suppressed from this time. Cols. Cooper and Pride, Mr. Hyland, and Major Allen to carry out this order.
8. The petition of Dr. Gourdon's patients in Ely House to be sent to the persons to whom it was referred, who are to examine the condition of Ely House, and certify.
9. Mr. Blackborne to speak with Robert Downe concerning some captives at Sally in Barbary, and to make an agreement with him concerning their redemption, and report. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 14.]
10. The persons appointed to examine the state of the prison of the Upper Bench to consider the petition of the prisoners for debt at Ludgate, and to examine the state of that prison.
11, 12, 13. William Rowe to be continued in the same employment in the present Committee of Scotch and Irish Affairs as in the late Committee for six months, from June 1st, and to be paid 300l. a year out of the Council's exigency money; the six months up to 1 June, to be paid for at the former rate.
14. Sir Oliver Fleming to inform the messenger that brought the letter from the States General of the United Provinces that Council intend sending an answer by a messenger of their own, and that his stay here is no longer necessary. [I. 69, pp. 20-23.]
May 5.
The Resolution, 5 leagues from the Texel.
15. John Poortmans to [Robt. Blackborne]. The fleet have taken 54 Dutch fisher boats since arriving off the coast, and sent their men home by a council of war. The fishermen say that Van Tromp has gone northward with a fleet of 80 men-of-war and 200 merchant ships, and we are making all the sail we can after him, and hope to overtake him at Shetland or thereabouts. I will send a list of the English fleet by the next, as perfect as I can. We shall do little abroad unless those that fear the Lord wrestle in prayer for us at home. [1 page.]
May 5.
16. John Holt to Rob. Blackborne. On reference from the Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners, as to what rent was to be paid to Mrs. Boate for her house at Portsmouth, they certified 22l. 10s., she paying all taxes. I hope an order will be obtained from the Admiralty Committee to that effect. [2/3 page.]
May 5.
17. Capt. Thos. Marryott to Generals Deane and Blake. As our men appear sorry for what they have done, and are willing to come on board, and as the three in prison are also penitent, I desire their offence may be passed over, and they will take this as a warning. We are taking our guns and shot on board, and I hope to make up my number of men this week. [2/3 page.]
May 5.
18. Capt. Thos. Marryott to the Navy Commissioners. To the same effect. Most of the men are willing to come on board, and the rest have tickets for Portsmouth, and indeed I do not want them on board. [2/3 page.]
May 5. 19. Hen. Roach and William Wood to the [Navy Commissioners]. We hope the ship bound for Scotland will be ready in five or six days. Please send one of your own officers to procure an order from the Lord General to Col. Fitch, or his deputy at Inverness, to put into his hands 400l. or 500l. to pay for labour, land carriage, and the masts, to be paid by our orders, 50l. or 60l. at a time, as the men require it; also let there be a guard, if the country is not quiet. [½ page.]
May 5. Orders in the Admiralty Committee.
20. That 180 soldiers, whom Col. Pride is desired to draw out of his regiment, be sent down to the Hope, for manning of ships named, and that the Navy Commissioners take care to provide vessels to convey them thither. [¾ page.]
21. That the annexed lists be referred to the Navy Commissioners, who are to make out a bill to Lieut.-Col. Worsley for 61l. 13s. 2d. spent for shirts for the soldiers sent to sea from the Lord General's foot regiment, and to order the clerks of the check on the ships where the soldiers serve to charge the sums upon them, that they may be deducted at their payment. [1 page.]
22. That such of the commanders and officers in a list given as are in town attend at the Admiralty Chamber, Whitehall, at 3 p.m. to-day. [¾ page.] Enclosing,
22. i. List of 23 ships, with names of 19 captains and 12 lieutenants. [1 page.]
May 5.
23. Miles Woodshaw to Lord Conway. I waited by your order on Col. Cromwell, who was with the Lord General yesterday, and acquainted him with your business, but my lord desired to be excused for four or five days, because of urgent business; so the colonel has resolved not to give it to him until he is sure he has time to read it and consider. I will not fail to get you a copy of the bond when it is time, but there is no hope of it at present, as they are taken up with other business.
I am glad to hear Mr. Conway has made so good an end of his business, and I hope he will soon return. Mr. Fremantle presents his duty; he is not strong enough to ride so far, and his clothes are not good enough to wait on you; but if you will order some for him, he may be the better able to wait on you.
Pray recommend my brother Wallace as a servant in a noble family, for which he is very fit. I cannot command 5l. of all that is owing me, nor sell to have advantage the things you left in my hand, but I have taken some money on them, for present need. [1 page.]
May 6. 24. Petition of the Merchant Adventurers to the Council of State. By two obsolete statutes of 27 and 33 Hen. VIII., no cloth above 4l. in value was allowed to be exported unbarbed and unshorn, but the increase in the price of wools, and the decrease in the standard of money since then has been such that these statutes have been dispensed with, as injurious to the Customs, and also to the clothmakers and merchants, and licenses were granted to the fellowship, or to noble persons at Court till 6 Eliz., when the Queen granted the company a license to export 30,000 cloths a year, 5,000 of any price, and 25,000 not to exceed 6l., unbarbed and unshorn.
In 8 Eliz. Parliament ordered that for every 9 cloths exported undressed, one should be taken dressed. By these statutes, the London clothworkers prosecute one of our members, Thos. Stubbing, in the Upper Bench, and will obtain a verdict against him by the letter of the law, and so against the whole fellowship, for his case is every man's case, and by revival of these laws, the trade in white cloth, which employs thousands of poor, must stand still, for strangers will not buy dressed white cloth. We beg a prohibition to the Clothworkers' Company, and Nathan Neale, their informer, to prosecute the case further, till it has been fully heard before Council, or we may be vexed every hour on obsolete penal laws. Signed Sam. Avery, governor. [1 sheet.]
May 6. Order that Nathan Neale, mentioned in the petition, attend Council on Monday at 10 a.m.
Also that the statutes mentioned in the petition, and what is offered against them, be referred to fit persons to be appointed to consider this matter and the state of trade in the commonwealth, and upon hearing both parties, they are to report. [I. 69, p. 24.]
[May 6.] 25. Petition of William Pennoyer and Rich. Hill, merchants of London, to the Council of State, for a warrant to enable their two vessels, with 12 and 16 men, laden with dried fish from Newfoundland, to pass to Spain and Italy. Have twice before taken up ships for transporting the fish bought last May, but they were detained and employed for the service. Run the risk of losing their goods which are of a perishable nature. [1 page.]
May 6. 25. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee. [2/3 page Also I. 69, p. 25.]
May 6. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Sir Gilbert Pickering to be President of the Council for the next week.
3. The members to consider fit persons to be Commissioners for Trade, and to bring in names on Tuesday.
5. The bail given by Capt. Saltonstall in the Admiralty Court in reference to his trial to be discharged. The Admiralty Judges to be informed thereof.
6. To write to Resident Bradshaw to order him to renew his demand to the Senate of Hamburg for the cloth ship taken in the Elbe, and to insist upon an answer. A paper to be sent to the Resident from Hamburg here to the same effect.
7. The Admiralty Commissioners to appoint a fit convoy to bring the ship Loyalty from Calais, and the petition from persons interested in the ship to be sent them with this order.
8. The letter written by several Englishmen now prisoners in the Low Countries to be sent to the Generals of the fleet, who are to consider of fit exchanges for them, and give directions accordingly.
9. Robert Manley, merchant of London, to prove in the Admiralty Court the loss he pretends to have sustained by the Dutch, and upon the certificate thereof by the Admiralty Judges, Council will consider his petition.
11. The business of Ireland to be resumed to-morrow.
12. The charge given in by Cheeseman against Mr. Moyer and others being but in general terms, nothing can be done until particulars are received.
13. The petition of Joshua Joslyn, James Haviland, and Thos. Merchant referred to Cornelius Holland and Cols. Goffe, Scroope, and Bingham, who are to hear the parties concerned and report.
14. The petition concerning the tobacco in Gloucestershire to be debated on Monday, and the article concerning the business to be brought in to Council then.
17. Major-General Lambert and Mr. Strickland, to confer with the Scotch deputies in the Horse chamber on the present settlement of the civil government and assessment in Scotland.
19. [John] Coffy and [Martin] Brice to give good bail to appear on summons of Council.
20, 21. Theodore Jennings to be committed to the Serjeant-atarms, for letting Francis Dowde, who was committed upon supposition of counterfeiting several warrants of Council, escape. Lieut.Col. Worsley and Thos. Margetts to examine him and other persons concerning the business, and to report.
22. Council being informed of obstructions in the receipt of excise, some of the Commissioners of Excise are to attend at 8 a.m. tomorrow, bringing with them the grounds and reasons of the obstructions and the remedies they think fit to be applied.
23. The same order to be sent to—
The Commissioners of Customs.
The Commissioners for sale of and composition for delinquents' lands.
The Commissioners for Dutch Prizes.
The Collectors of Prizes.
The Commissioners for sale of houses and parks.
24, 25. [Rich.] Bradshaw's bill for 2,000l. for powder and masts to be accepted and paid, and he to be informed of this, and that the masts already bought will be fetched away; but he is to be desired to buy no more under 20 palms high, and ordered to buy 2,000 barrels of powder at the rate of * * * [I. 69, pp. 24-29.]
May 7. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1, 2. Toby Bonnel to carry the letter to the Low Countries, to have the same instructions as he had before, and to be allowed 50l. for his expenses.
3. The papers sent from Scotland by Col. Lilburne referred to the Committee for Scotch and Irish Affairs; to report.
4. The petition of Seward Serkes and Ryend Serkes, with the certificates of the Commissioners of Prize Goods, to be sent to the Admiralty Judges, who are to proceed according to law.
5. The Commissioners from Drury House to be heard on Monday.
6. Sir Oliver Fleming and Mr. Thurloe to inform the commissary of the Queen of Sweden residing here of the reasons why the State was obliged to use the commodities of the ships from Sweden lately arrived in the Downs, and that they will pay the full value.
7. The Master of the Mint to attend Council at 4 p.m.
9. The letter now read to the city of Emden to be sent by the messenger who brought a letter from that city to Parliament.
10. The two petitions of James Wainwright and Henry Ballow referred to the Customs' Commissioners, who are to examine the business, and if they think fit, to admit of a post entry.
11. The report concerning the Mint and Mr. Blondeau to be brought in on Wednesday. Sir James Harrington to send the papers concerning the business.
16. Bail to be given by John Coffy and Martin Brice for six months.
17. The petition and remonstrance of the contracted farmers to be considered when the bill concerning forests and chases is renewed.
18. Mr. Thurloe to write to the Governor of Calais in behalf of Humphrey Taylor, merchant of London, in the name of Council, and a paper concerning the same to be sent to M. Bourdeaux.
19. The carrying of inland letters, both private and public, to be managed only by those authorised by the State.
All [public] packets and letters, outward or inward, to be carried free, whether they are extraordinary or ordinary.
The inland Post Committee to consider what letters are to be considered public, and how the sending of private letters under public packets may be prevented.
The postmasters and others employed by Mr. Prideaux to be continued in their employment, if they will accept thereof, and such others as are placed in the several stages, to be approved by the General or Council.
The persons who are to manage the carriage of letters to be well affected, and to be responsible for their speedy and safe conveyance.
The Post Committee to fix the rates for private letters.
One or more packet boats to be maintained to go between Milford and Waterford, and between Chester and Dublin, that weekly intercourse may be continued between England and Ireland.
Posts to be established between Dover and Portsmouth, Portsmouth and Salisbury, London and Yarmouth, and Lancaster and Carlisle.
The inland Post Committee to receive propositions for farming the carrying of letters, and to consider if it be well to manage the business by contract or on account, and to report what annual sum shall be thought necessary for the management thereof by farming. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 26a.]
20. Sir James Hope added to the Commission of Justice for Scotland.
25. The Jesuits and seminary priests apprehended by a warrant of the late Council of 13 April 1653, to be carried before the next justices of peace, to be proceeded against according to law. [I. 69, pp. 30-38.]
May 7.
The Resolution.
27. Generals Rich. Deane and Geo. Monck to the Admiralty Committee. The contract for the Giles being nearly expired, and her victuals expended, we have ordered her to London, and taken 20 barrels of powder out of her for the fleet, for which we promised ready money at 4l. 12s. per barrel; we therefore desire your order to the Treasurer for payment. [¾ page.]
May 7.
The Resolution, 50 leagues off Newcastle.
28. Generals Deane and Monck to the Admiralty Committee. We have sent in, by Capt. Toope of the Giles, two vessels with deals, one of which is a Hollander, and the other pretends to belong to Nieuport; but if she does not prove a prize, her deals may be bought; also some Dutch prisoners belonging to a man-of-war for your disposal. [2/3 page.]
May 7.
29. Capt. Robert Clarke to the Navy Commissioners. I have come in by order of the Generals to Major Bourne, and will make all despatch for Chatham. I parted from the fleet off the Texel on Friday the 5th, the Holland fleet having sailed 16 hours before we came in. Our fleet has gone northward after them. The report of an engagement is false, but we took some 50 sea busses, and a small man-of-war of six guns. [¾ page.]
May 7.
30. Major N. Bourne to the Navy Commissioners. I perceive you have not received my account of the goods I purchased from the Swedes; it cannot be prejudicial to the State, although I acted on my own judgment. The Merlin has returned from Dunkirk with a convoy of six or seven vessels, with tar, pitch, and hemp, and left there seven or eight great ships from Sweden and Hamburg with similar goods, intending to ship them over hither in small vessels, which will make these stores cheaper daily. There are sick men sent on shore, and now under the care of Mr. Carter, but no orders for their supply. Pray say what allowance they should have. I heard last night that our fleet was engaged with the Dutch off Scheveling Bay, but can hear no further. [1 page.]
May 7. 31. Petition of Jonas Grosvenear, gentleman, and 28 other youths of Wolverhampton, co. Stafford, to the "worthily renowned" Lord Gen. Cromwell. On "the happy tidings of that most glorious and never-to-be-forgotten achievement of dissolving the late Parliament," we did, on May 2 last, erect a May-pole, being an ancient custom, for no purpose but to express our great joy for that most noble performance of the army. But this action was distasted by our ministers, two most rigid and malicious presbyters, whose private consultation and purchase and storing of arms may be more dangerous than our inoffensive solace. These men say that the cause we allege for setting up the pole "was rather matter of humiliation than congratulation," and have so highly incensed the justices of peace of the county that we were summoned before them. Nothing of misdemeanour was proved against us, and then they urged us extremely to take an oath to answer certain questions. We refused this, fearing a trap, and then they issued warrants to apprehend us.
We beg not to be ruined to satisfy their thirst of revenge, nor exposed to the tyranny of those whom nothing will satisfy but a power of regulating all men by the square of their own private fancies.
We will ever serve you with life and fortune, and pray for the prosperity of your noble and worthy enterprises. [1 sheet.]
May 8.
32. Certificate by Capt. Rich. Badiley that the Peregrine, John Wood commander, was hired for the service by Charles Longland, while she lay in Leghorn Mould, last October, at 3l. 15s. a month. That the captain had liberty to entertain 108 men, and whatever were wanting of that number, an abatement of 45s. a head per month was to be made. That the commander and her company were very ready to follow the orders given them, and showed great courage before the dispute. That on March 4 last, after her main and mizen mast had been shot, and most of her men slain or wounded, she surrendered to the enemy, when these who were appointed for her relief did not prosecute what was expected of them. [¾ page.]
32. i. Depositions on interrogatories of John Butt, of Redrith Wall, Surrey, carpenter of the Peregrine, on behalf of Saml. Wilson and other owners. Was shipped for a voyage from London for Venice, &c., and on entering Leghorn, the ship was taken up to serve the State against the Dutch. She was 300 tons burden, and carried 32 pieces of ordnance. On March 4 last, she and five other ships, being in Leghorn Road, were met with and set upon by 27 Dutch men-of-war, and a sharp and bloody fight ensued for seven hours, in which Capt. Wood and his company behaved themselves very stoutly, and like Englishmen; but the captain and 20 of his men were killed, many more wounded, and the ship was much torn and battered. Her company defended her until she was boarded, and ready to be overmastered by three Holland men-of-war, and there not being men enough left to stand by her guns, and no means of escaping, she being brought to a wreck and not fit for service or resistance, she was entered and taken by the Dutch.
Before the fight she was worth, with her furniture, 4,500l. The fitting out and providing her with victuals, furniture, &c. in the Straits for her voyage stood the owners in much more than it would have cost in England, more particularly the carpenters' work and materials, the cost of which was double to what it would have been in England. With similar depositions of Isaac Jacquett, of Plymouth, late boatswain, and Gregory Bernard, of Limehouse, late steward of the said ship.— May 5, 1653. [Copies, 10 pages.]
May 8.
33. Major N. Bourne to the Navy Commissioners. The Reserve, Capt. Clarke, has come in from the Texel, where he left our fleet going on Friday at 4 p.m., nine leagues off the Texel, sailing towards Shotland, hearing that the Dutch fleet of 80 sail were gone there the day before. I want a ship to carry masts and yards, to go to the Humber with the provision ships for the fleet; also orders how to dispose of the Cock now in the Downs, which will be ready in four or five days. [¾ page.]
May 9. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Gualter Frost to be assistant to Mr. Thurloe, secretary of Council.
2. On the address from the Governor of Upnor Castle about repairing that part of the castle which was burnt, Mr. Pett, Major Bourne, and Mr. Taylor are to view the castle, and state of what service it would be to the navy, with the reasons of their opinions.
3. Major Bourne to view Dover pier, and certify of what use it would be in the public service, and how far the State is obliged to be at the charge of repairing it. [Also Vol. XXXVI., Nos. 34, 35.]
4. To write Major Bourne that there is a richly laden English vessel at Calais, bound for London, and he is to appoint a convoy, with respect to the orders given by the Generals.
5. The Act whereby the Admiralty Commissioners and the Commissioners for Inspection sit to be brought in this afternoon.
6. The Commissioners of Dutch Prizes to attend this afternoon, to state why they do not deliver the gold according to the order of the former Council.
7. Major-General Harrison and Col. Bennet to confer with those persons sent from Marlborough, concerning the nominating of a Committee to make a collection throughout the nation for those who have suffered by the late fire, and to report the names to Council.
8. A letter to be prepared to the Lord Mayor of London, and to the mayors of boroughs and towns, and to the sheriffs, and justices of the peace in the respective counties, to further this collection, leaving a blank for the names of those to whom the money is to be paid. [I. 69, pp. 39-41.]
May 9.
Council of State to the Commissioners for sale of Prize Goods. An order was given to the Commissioners for Dutch Prizes, on an order in the Admiralty Court, to restore the gold in the Christina and North Copping, which was laid up in the Tower for security; but this having been delayed, the Queen of Sweden's commissary residing here has applied to Council for its confirmation. There being no reason for its detention, you are to restore it according to former order. [I. 69, p. 41.]
May 9.
36. Admiralty Committee to the Generals at sea. Since your sailing from the Downs, we have endeavoured to get the provisions you wrote for ready to follow the fleet, as will be seen by the enclosed particular of such vessels as are to sail with Capt. Strong on Thursday. We have obtained my Lord's warrant for 140 barrels of powder from Hull, which Capt. Strong will take in there, and call at Yarmouth for the powder that came from Scarborough, and for the 120 barrels that were to be supplied from Harwich and Yarmouth, which with the 200 sent by the Sapphire, and 500 that Col. Lilburne is to furnish you in Scotland, will be a competent proportion for the present occasion.
We have written to Hull and Newcastle, and to the Commissioners at Leith, for speedily impressing such men as can be raised in those parts, and hope they will put them on board such of the ships as touch at any of those places; Col. Lilburne has orders from the General to have a regiment of land soldiers ready on the coast of Scotland, for your further supply if need require, and the victuallers have appointed Mr. Eldred at Leith to furnish you with water, for the hastening of which we have entreated the Commissioners there to contribute their utmost assistance, as also for employing some ketches upon that coast for gaining intelligence from you, and also of the enemies' motion. The 300 landmen put on board the merchant ships in the Hope shall be sent on board the ships that accompany Capt. Strong, and we believe that within a few days, there may be at least 20 more ships ready to sail, in which respect, as also of the probability of Capt. Badiley's arrival in the Channel ere long, we should be glad instructions were sent for their disposal. What further supplies shall be wanting for the fleet, in case you apprehend your stay may be long in those parts, upon notice of the particulars, we will endeavour to provide and despatch. [Copy, 1 page.]
May 9.
37. Rob. Harmer and John Arnold, bailiffs of Great Yarmouth, to the Admiralty Committee. We have heard but little of the fleet. Capt. Wetwang, of the Sparrow, has taken two private Dutch men-of-war, and sent one to Bridlington and the other to Lynn. He spoke yesterday with the Sapphire, seven leagues off the Spurn. She was hastening with 12 other ships after the fleet, which has taken 40 or 50 Flemish pinks. Divers Dutchmen taken at sea have been brought in here, and many more may come; what is to be done with them? We find the English taken by the Dutch are put into chains, kept close prisoners, and inhumanly used, and they have now upwards of 70 Yarmouth men in prison at Amsterdam, whose pitiful condition may be seen by a letter we send you, and for whose deliverance we beg some means may be used. [1 page. See pp. 287-8, supra.]
May 9.
38. Wm. Burton to the Admiralty Commissioners. The vessel that carried the packet has returned, and as she could not find the fleet, gave it to Capt. Dornford, of the Portsmouth, who was going after them with five frigates and two fire-ships. We heard that Van Tromp sailed from Goree on Wednesday, and our fleet were within eight hours' sail of them; also that he heard many guns go on Friday, and believed the fleets were engaged. This morning Capt. Wilkes has come in, and delivered me 72 barrels of powder, and says the Tenth Whelp has a larger quantity on board, but he could not overtake him. I told Capt. Wilkinson of the Weymouth, who has gone to London with two vessels with guns, to call at Harwich for 20 barrels more, and bring them to Yarmouth. [1 page.]
May 9.
8 p.m., Gravesend.
39. Capt. William Wildey to the Admiralty Committee. I waited on General Blake in the Hope, and am now attending his commands. The ships that came last want men and victuals, as also gunners and gunners' stores. The 300 soldiers of Col. Ingoldsby's regiment have been put on board the victualling ships, by Commissioner Pett's order. [2/3 page.]
May 9.
The Assurance.
40. Capt. Phil. Holland to Lord General Cromwell, Whitehall. We had an order on May 1 to go to the fleet on the coast of Holland, but hearing on the 7th from Capt. Clarke, of the Reserve, whom we met 12 leagues off the Maese, that it had gone for Shotland, we made for Hull by a verbal order from the Generals, given us by him; but the wind shifting, we were constrained to ply to Scarborough, because the vessels along with us could not hold up. [¾ page.]
May 9.
41. Capt. Thos. Marryott to the Navy Commissioners. Mr. Shewell and I have pressed many men here, but hardly one in 10 appear. Ships come in daily, but there is hardly a man to be got out of them; they set them ashore five or six miles beyond Kingroad, where a point of land prevents our seeing them, and come in with the master and officers, a few boys, and perhaps some passengers; (Noted, Make application to the mayor and justices). 80 ought to have been got out of these ships, and there are not 10. If you meet a man in the streets and give him money, he promises to come, but he hides. We cannot carry them with us, and while we are pressing one, another runs away. The Act is strict, but will be little minded unless some are made examples. I think the goods of those that hide should be stayed, as most of them have adventures on their ships, and then they must appear, and wages are due to 100 of them.
Three ships came in last night, but we got only four men. The officers father their chests or they are empty; the masters are in fault; they might keep their boats on board, and not suffer the men to go to shore. Mr. Shewell thinks there are 500 now in the city.
We are taking our guns and ammunition, and shall be ready next week. We have given tickets for Portsmouth to 20 or 25 of our men, who were obstinate, and would not go on board without money, thinking they might as well absent themselves there as here. They had gone before we received your letter that they should have two or three months' pay to redeem their clothes and reckonings with their hosts, but it is very welcome news at their quarters, for the women were bringing in their bills, and are glad to get some of their money. The men that are in prison are sorry for what they have done, and promise not to do the like. Pray release them, and take them on again at Portsmouth. [2 pages.]
May 9.
42. Charles Longland to Col. Geo. Thompson. I wrote you 14 days since what information I had of this Prince's interests, in case Holland should have declared for the King of Scots. His carriage has been very suitable thereto, especially in thrusting out of port the State's ships into the jaws of the enemy, of all passages of which I gave the State a weekly account, and have been very chary not to aggravate anything, whereby any breach might happen.
I know the State will consider all things, and in their wisdom do what is most convenient; meantime Capt. Badiley will give you a fuller relation, but I will give you my opinion freely, as you allow it, that the Duke, seeing our ships lying in this port and Longone besieged by a potent enemy eight months, and without the least show of succour from England, did what is usual in the world, join himself with the strongest, and expel our ships from his port. I know that the great occasion the State has in the Channel must and ought to be first provided for, yet I am confident four sail sent hither last December, with 500 supernumerary men, had rendered our ships masters of these seas, which is the centre of trade, and the public theatre looked upon by all the world; so that if you intend to maintain trade, which is a great part of our nation's happiness, it will be as necessary to keep a good fleet in the Straits as in the Narrow Seas. If at this present the State send out but 20 sail, with commanders that are fighting men, I am confident they may destroy all the Dutch in these seas, and make themselves masters thereof.
Here are at present 14 Dutch men-of-war, amongst which is the Leopard, which has not above 70 men on board, and the rest are very slightly manned, they having lost many men in these two fights. Nine of their ships are gone for the Levant, to meet the Venice ships, who departed thence on the 2nd instant, intending for Alicant, to join with what ships the State sends into those seas, or in want thereof, to go directly home.
The State ordered me to provide 4,000 barrels of powder, if to be had at 4l. 10s. per barrel; it is now preparing, and if no ships are sent out to take it in, I hope they will send order for its disposal; if a larger quantity is required, I will go on providing of it. We understand there are some overtures of a treaty between the two commonwealths, which I hope will take effect. [2 pages.]
May 10. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Col. Bingham to attend Council at Whitehall at 3 p.m.
2. The business concerning writs of error to be considered tomorrow.
4. The Irish and Scotch Committee to consider and report what should be done concerning the settlement of the Isle of Jersey, and what relates to the examining of the account of Charles Maret, receiver of the revenue there.
5. Mr. Thurloe to confer with Mr Bence, Mr. Moyer, and Capt. Ryder, concerning the returning of the 15,000l. now at Deal, appointed for the redeeming of English captives, to some place in Italy, where it is to be used for that purpose, and to report.
6, 7. The petitions of Lewis Parent, and of the English merchants trading in France, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to examine and report. Sir William Constable and Cols. Ingoldsby and Rich added to that Committee. [I. 69, pp. 43, 44.]
May 10.
The Phœnix, Downs.
43. Major N. Bourne to the Navy Commissioners. The Phœnix and Constant Warwick have come in, with some other ships which may prove prizes. They left Capt. Badiley with four ships and several merchant ships. I have sent to the Admiralty Committee for orders, so that they may not lose any time. If it blows southerly, I shall encourage them to come to Lee Road. [2/3 page.]
May 10.
The Resolution, before Aberdeen.
44. Generals Deane and Monck to the Admiralty Committee. We are on the Scotch coast, looking after the Dutch fleet, but have no fresh news. We will leave orders at Tantallon, Aberdeen, and Dunottar Castle, for all ships coming that way to join us, and shall take in water here. We desire you will not forget to send us a provision of victuals, &c., otherwise we shall be forced to come in within two months. The water ships can come with them. [1 page.]
May 10.
The Resolution, Aberdeen.
45. John Poortmans to Robert Blackborne. We have got so far in pursuance of the last results of a council of war, and are taking in water. We have no further intelligence of the Dutch fleet than what was received from the fishermen taken on the coast of Holland. [½ page.]
May 10.
46. Capt. Robt. Wilkinson to the Admiralty Committee. I have arrived safe with my convoys. Since I left Yarmouth Roads, I spoke with some vessels at sea, who told me of six Holland ships of war off Orfordness; one of them offered me battle, thinking to surprise some of my convoys, but after receiving six shots he, like a valiant Hollander, ran away. Now that our fleets are to the northward, there are several private men-of-war from Flushing upon the coast, and as they may do much harm, a man-of-war ought to be sent to look after them. I am forced here by winds, but hope soon to sail for London. [2/3 page, with shorthand notes of a reply.]
May 10. 47. Order in the Admiralty Committee, on the propositions agreed upon between them and the Generals, that the officers of land soldiers (i.e., a serjeant and two corporals for each 60 men) who have been employed since 6 February shall receive pay as at land, according to the establishment before the last augmentation, viz., 1s. 6d. a day for a serjeant and 12d. for a corporal. The Navy Commissioners to make allowance accordingly, in pursuance of an order of Council. [¾ page.]
May 11. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
2. The letter now read to the Generals of the fleet approved, and to be signed, and sent.
3. The trustees of Drury House to attend Council at 3 p.m.
4. Mr. Thurloe to prepare a letter to be signed by the Lord General, to be sent to the Lord Commissioners of the Great Seal, to represent the inconvenience of granting writs of error frequently, and to request them to forbear granting any more, according to a late Act of Parliament.
5. Col. Pride and Lieut.-Col. Worsely to confer with the Admiralty Commissioners this afternoon.
7. Col. Goffe, Col. Kelsey, — Haynes, Capt. Blackwell, Capt. Deane, Mr. Hutchinson, and Mr. Jackson, to consider how the Treasuries of the commonwealth may be best managed, and to report with all convenient speed.
8, 9. Approval of Major-Gen. Lambert's conduct in apprehending some persons who had appointed the fighting of a duel, and MajorGen. Desborow and Col. Bennet to examine the business of the challenge made and accepted, and report.
10. The Commissioners for sale of Prize Goods to send to Council every Monday an account of what money they have each week received and disbursed, and what ready money remains in their hands.
11. Viscount Lisle to be heard in Council at 5 p.m. to-morrow.
12. Major-Generals Lambert and Harrison, Mr. Strickland, and Col. Bennet to consider the paper read this day from the Commissioners for sale of Prize Goods on the proceedings in the Admiralty Court, with the papers from the Inspection Commissioners relating to matters of that nature, to confer with the Admiralty Judges, the Prize Goods' Commissioners, and other persons, and upon consideration of the whole matter, to report what should be done for redressing the grievances therein complained of.
13. The letter from Capt. Badiley in the Downs to be considered in the afternoon.
14. Mr. Trapham to be joined to the physician, surgeon, and apothecary of Ely House, in making choice of soldiers who are to be sent from thence to the Bath, for the recovery of their limbs and perfecting their cures.
15. Col. Pride, Col. Grosvenor, and Lieut-Col. White to take account of the present state of the Savoy, and to report.
16. Mr. Thurloe to consider whether Giles Calvert, — Ibotson, — Hill, or — Brewster is most fitted to be printer to Council.
17. Two of the Commissioners for removing obstructions, two of the Commissioners of Haberdashers' Hall, and two of the trustees of Drury House to attend on Friday at 9 a.m.
18. The Marshal-General to inquire what Dutch prisoners are now in the commonwealth, and to send in a list of them, expressing their qualities.
19. To write the Generals that Council is arranging an equal exchange of prisoners, and that any they take should be kept till they can be exchanged for others of an equal quality.
20. The petition of Stephen Cacket, Richard Spake, and Johan Morris referred to the Navy Commissioners, who are to report to Council if they apprehend anything extraordinary should be done.
21. To inform the Dutch Prize Commissioners that Capt. Badiley, now in the Downs, has a quantity of lime aboard the ships which he took as prizes, and they are to inquire about it, and see that it is disposed of to the best advantage.
22. The Admiralty Commissioners to send in a list of the State and other ships set forth or to be set forth this summer, expressing where they now are.
23. Lord Hopton to be a Commissioner for administration of justice in Scotland, and a commission to be prepared for him in the same form as those which were given by the Commissioners of Parliament in Scotland, mutatis mutandis.
24. The persons appointed to consider the inland post to consider the foreign post, and how it may best be managed, and to report the whole business, with any obstructions they may find, by claims or otherwise. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 47a.]
26. A contract made by the Ordnance Committee with Henry Machen, to make 6 cwt. of saltpetre weekly in cos. Monmouth, Glamorgan, Radnor, and Brecon, during the time mentioned in the Act, to be delivered to the Ordnance Office in the Tower at 4l. per cwt., to begin after August 10, and the money to be paid by the treasurer of the navy a month after delivery—approved, and a commission and letters of privilege and assistance to be granted him.
29. Commission appointing Hen. Machen, on the Act of February 9, 1653, for making saltpetre, chief workman and officer for cos. Monmouth, Glamorgan, Radnor, and Brecon, and empowering him to take up workmen, who are to be paid for their labours.
30. Declaration freeing all his workmen and servants from all impress, bearing of arms, or other service, and freeing him from all rates, tolls, and taxes. [I. 69, pp. 46-54.]
May 11. Council of State to all justices of peace, mayors, sheriffs, &c. in the four said counties. We recommend Hen. Machen especially to your assistance, to give him all encouragement in his work. And as disaffected persons, who care more for a small inconvenience than for a service necessary for the safety of the State, may obstruct him, refuse him carriages, or not allow their grounds to be digged, whereby he would be prevented furnishing the proportions contracted for, you are to give him your best assistance, he paying for carriages and all materials the rates appointed by the Act. The mine of saltpetre is to be preserved, and all who destroy or waste it to be proceeded against. Return us the names of all who do not conform hereto. [I. 69, pp. 54-56.]
May 11.
48. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to the Admiralty Committee. In answer to yours, asking whether I cannot convey the pressed men to Portsmouth without the Briar and Warwick, I will give you an account of affairs here. Mr. Mill, the press-master, pressed 100 men at Tregoney, Cornwall, ordered them to Fowey, and wrote for the Lily to take them in; this was 25 April, but the Lily was here, with 60 men beside her crew, so I told Mill to send the men here; but only 30 came, the rest refusing to serve, saying Parliament was dissolved, and they were not obliged to serve. I therefore told him, as no shipping was here, to impress all he could, and bid them be ready to be shipped when any frigate came. He therefore pressed 200 more about Falmouth and the Mount, and sent warrants for appearance of those formerly impressed, for the Lily to carry to Portsmouth, and the Briar and Warwick to take the others to Falmouth. You now ask us to convey them some other way, so I propose to send the Lily for them, and put them on board the Success privateer, bound for Portsmouth, and have agreed with the captain for their diet. Then the Lily could fetch those from Falmouth. If you give them conduct money from Cornwall, it will be a great expense, and not half of them would appear. [2 pages.]
May 11.
49. James Sacke to the Navy Commissioners. Being ordered by the Council of State to impress all able seamen in Harwich and Essex, and send them to Chatham and Deptford, with a list of them, and also to send an exact list of all mariners belonging to the jurisdiction of this corporation, with promise of payment of expenses, I pressed 25 men in Harwich, and gave them conduct money and tickets, and orders to go to Deptford, and I send a list of the seamen in this town. Let the money disbursed, and what encouragement you may please to bestow for the officers' trouble therein, be paid to the bearer Daniel Smith, the town clerk. [1 page.]
May 11. 50. Order in the Admiralty Committee, on the petition of John Leare for payment of rent for the Hill House, Chatham, employed for the navy, and certified by the Navy Commissioners as worth 20l., a year, that this rent be paid from 25 Dec. last, and arrears according to the former allowances granted him. [1 page.]
May 12. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The order made by the Committee for Plundered Ministers dated October 15th last, authorising Col. Thomas Pride, John Thorne, George Horne, Thos. Edgley, and others, to provide for the service of the church of Bartholomew the Less, London, to be continued for three months.
2. The examinations made by Major-General Desborow and Col. Bennet, concerning the miscarriage of Lord Falkland and Mr. Hele, in Hyde Park, together with their persons, to be sent to Mr. Scobell, Squibb, and Birket, justices of the peace, who are to proceed therein according to law.
3. Some members of the Grand Committee of the Adventurers for Ireland to attend Council to-morrow at 9 a.m.
4. Col. Clark and Mr. Scobell to compare the powers of the former Acts for disposing forfeited lands in Ireland with those of the Act now under consideration, and to make an extract of them, and also of particular clauses in them referred to in this Act, that they may be inserted if necessary; Mr. Scobell to attend Council at 3 p.m.
5. The master and wardens of the Clothworkers and Nathan Neale to appear to-morrow at 3 p.m.
6. To write the Sheriff of Chester that William Frodsham, prisoner there, condemned to die on the 16th, is reprieved for three months, that Council may receive satisfaction in the business for which he stands condemned.
7. The letter from the city of Bremen to be translated into English, and brought again into Council.
8. To desire the Mayor of Dover, Lieut.-Col. Kelsey, Thos. White, and Capt. Thos. Wilson to sell the Dutch ship and goods brought in by the Advantage frigate to the best advantage. [I. 69, pp, 6062.]
May 12.
Bridlington Bay.
51. Wm. Swyer, Jno. Geffery, and Geo. Crapnell, to the Council of State. We will go to Col. Overton at Hull, according to your order, and what provisions and ammunition he shall put into us, we will carry to the fleet. We have one galliot hoy and two hoys under our charge, laden with provisions and ammunition for the fleet, which we will do our best to protect. [2/3 page.]
May 12.
Bridlington Bay.
52. John Geffery, Wm. Swyer, and Geo. Crapnell to Col. Overton, Governor of Hull. According to your order, and that of the Council of State, we will make what speed we can to Hull, with the ships under our charge laden with provisions and ammunition for the fleet. [½ page.]
May 12.
53. General Robert Blake to Capt. Grumwell. The Admiralty and Navy Committee having ordered Capt. Marryott, of the Discovery at Bristol, to repair to London, you are to take charge of the Discovery, and with such seamen as you can procure, to set sail with her for Portsmouth, where you shall receive further orders. Endorsed with notes that on Tuesday the Dutch fleet came to the coast of Zealand, and that had 2,000 men landed, they would have run away. That the Hollanders have 120 sail, and keep our men, 70 in number, in chains. [¾ page.]
May 12.
The Falcon, Leith Road.
54. Capt. Barth. Yate to the Admiralty Committee. According to your orders for impressing mariners, I pressed several men on the Scotch coast and got them on board, but finding all except 10 were fresh-water fishers, I discharged them. Upon our ship's appearance in the Frith, all the seamen ran away. I conferred with the Commissioners at Leith, who have advised me to go to Tynemouth Bar, and when the seamen return they will secure them, and I can return for them, getting what I can there meantime. My ship is very unserviceable in case of an engagement, having but 22 small guns. I want an order to the Commissioners for Prize Goods at Newcastle to furnish me with guns and carriages, and to the victualler at Hull to supply me with provisions. [¾ page.]
May 12.
Midnight, Leith.
55. Edward Syler and Rich. Saltonstall, Commissioners in Scotland, to the Admiralty Committee. The business of impressing mariners has been wholly obstructed by the arrival of Captains Yates and Weires in the Road, which has so frightened the men that it is impossible to procure any; but they will doubtless reappear when these are gone to Newcastle to revictual. We will do our best to secure them by a stratagem all at once, and send them to the fleet, unless we have other orders.
We have just received letters from the Generals to his Excellency, by which we hear that on Tuesday our fleet was at Aberdeen, where they sent in 40 busses and fishermen, which the Prize Commissioners are taking care to secure.
We will assist Mr. Eldred in procuring casks and water for the fleet. We have furnished Capt. Yates with biscuit and butter as he was in want. May we supply other ships in like case and be reimbursed? Col. Lilburne will do all he can to promote the service; he desires us to fit out the Falcon, with promise of reimbursement by you. [2 pages.]
May 12.
56. Capt. Rich. Badiley to the Admiralty Committee. Being called on shore to confer with Major Bourne and Capt. Limbery, I saw yours of yesterday, by which I find not only your remembrance of my services, but your commands about the ships of my squadron. I will endeavour to execute your orders, but I fear the carrying on of on service, as there is a wretched distemper of mutiny among my mariners, to go in until they are paid off, or are sent for to the fleet near Lee Road to be called to account for their disobedience; it has made my trouble inexpressible, and tended much to the nation's loss. [¾ page.]
May 12.
Custom House, Newcastle.
57. Geo. Dawson to the Admiralty Committee. I despatched the enclosures for the Generals to Col. Lilburne in Scotland, hearing the fleet was to the northward of this haven. The Sapphire has called here for pilots, but we had few fitting men left in the town. I will give notice to all ships calling that the Generals' packets are gone to Leith, that they may call for them.
The Mayor and I help Mr. Taylor as much as we can, but it is sad to think how unwilling we find the mariners; they hide themselves, and can only be taken in bed; 30 or 40 were got at midnight, but they ran away when they had taken impress money, so we are obliged to send them to Tynemouth Castle, to be put on board the first ship, and some were so refractory that the Mayor sent them to prison. If we had a warrant, we could impress 100 or 200 keelmen who would serve as well as London watermen, but it must be by a special order, as it may injure the coal trade. The laden coal fleet left on Monday.
There are 100 sail here ready to go, some for Ipswich, and 40 for London, but they will probably put in to Harwich for fear of a press. Capt. Hen. Toope of the Giles, who came in with letters for Lord Gen. Cromwell, will convoy them.
Mr. Taylor, the press-master, wants money, but the business shall not shirk for that. I will disburse it till further order, though the orders on our customs here are more than the receipts.
P.S.—The ships that called yesterday have pressed so many men from the coal fleet that not half of them can sail with Capt. Toope. The other ships will go without convoy when they can get men. Two able pilots, Jas. Denton and Hen. Bird, got out of the way after taking press money. They should be punished when they appear, as their refractoriness makes others do the like. [3 pages.]
May 12. 58. Miles Woodshaw to Lord Conway. I have been with Col. Cromwell, but he cannot yet find the General at leisure, but will attend him as you commanded. I send Mr. Baldwin's discharge for 20s. left out of the last account. Had I not thought myself settled for life, I had not left myself so bare of money, nor need have brought myself into the charge and trouble I am now in. The sum I borrowed on the things is 30l., and the sooner some part is paid, the less charge it will be to you. I assure you I never did anything since I have been your servant that troubles me more than this, and had not great necessity drove me to it, it had not been done. I have sent the book to Ragley. I have the key of the garden to Northumberland House, and the other key is delivered. [¾ page.]
May 13. 59. Petition of the Essex and Kentish ketchmen who follow the mackerel season, to the Council of State, for an order to the Navy Commissioners not to press them or their men during the fishing season. There was an order given to protect all mackerel fishers, and victuallers to the city, but no care has been taken about it, so that they cannot follow their employment, and the city wants relief. Are willing to go with two men in seven less than formerly. [1 page.]
May 13.
60. Reference thereon to the Navy Commissioners, who are to give special order to the press-masters and others not to molest the men in that fishery, which is so great an advantage to all in these parts. [1 page. Also I. 69, p. 66.]
May 13. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Thurloe to prepare a letter to the Portuguese Ambassador that Council has received his letter, and will be ready, on his addressing himself to them, to give a just and reasonable answer to his desires.
2. To inform the deputies of Scotland that Council will receive what they have to offer on Monday.
3. The bill of exchange for 1,000l., drawn upon Council by the Resident at Hamburg, to be accepted and paid, according to the days of sight. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 61.]
4. To inform [Hen.] Crisp, merchant of London, that the Resident at Hamburg, having to draw bills of exchange for considerable amounts, which must be drawn on some London merchant and not on Council, it has been ordered that they be drawn upon him, and he is to accept them, and Council will provide money for settling them, according to the days of sight for which they are drawn.
5. Mr. Coytmor to bring in the Mayor of Dover's account of money disbursed by him for relief of sick and wounded seamen and prisoners now at Dover.
6. The petition of Joshua Carteret, gentleman of Jersey, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
7. Petitions which are to be presented to be delivered to Mr. Thurloe, to present to Council.
8. To acquaint the Resident of Hamburg with what Council has ordered concerning the drawing of the bills of exchange, and to desire him to observe the same, and to proceed in making the provisions formerly ordered.
9. Capt. Badiley to bring his squadron into the Swinn or the Nore, whichever he shall think fit.
10. To acknowledge the letter of Capt. Dornford, commander of the Portsmouth frigate at Scarborough, to the Lord General, and to inform him that he and the ships with him are to obey the directions of the Generals of the fleet.
12. On a petition by the Merchant Adventurers,—complaining that they are sued by Nathan Neill [or Neale] on behalf of the Clothworkers' Company, on two statutes forbidding the export of white cloth unwrought; that they are ready for trial, and like to be overthrown by the letter of the law, to the great detriment of trade, especially the manufacture of woollen cloth—it was ordered after consultation and by mutual agreement, that the parties proceed to trial, but if the Merchant Adventurers are overthrown, the clothworkers forbear for a year to execute judgment against them, without leave of Council; and forbear likewise after a year, if by that time that trade is brought to a settlement; and that the company be not further molested upon any of those statutes. All persons concerned to take notice. [I. 69, pp. 64-68.]
May 13.
The Paragon, Downs.
62. Capt. Rich. Badiley to the Admiralty Committee. I have conferred with the subordinate commanders as to the necessity of our present going forth to lie in the Narrow, and laboured to compose that disorder and boisterous spirit among the mariners in the frigates, and been from ship to ship to impress upon them the great damage the State has suffered, or is likely to suffer, by their disobedience, and what guilt they will bring on their body and soul by casting themselves upon a trial for life, according to the 11th article of war; and after much insinuating language, I could only prevail with them to take six weeks' victuals, and go out with us, provided I went with this ship, and the rest related to us, but I cannot at all prevail with those on board the Phœnix and Constant Warwick to go forth again upon any service, before they have been in and are paid off, although I laboured to answer all their objections. The company of the former frigate have more reason than the other, being manned with men that belonged to several ships who went to regain her, with no more clothes than backs, and in that condition, they say, they have continued to this day, and the ship is foul; the sooner she is called in to be fitted the better. Since their exploit, they are very turbulent and disorderly.
The main objection of those of the Constant Warwick is that she is leaky, and that the pump is never out of their hands at sea (whether they have the art to make her so I cannot say), and having been out 25 months, they want everything. This morning, ordering the foretopsail to be loosed, and otherwise fitting her to go out, the mutinous spirit broke out again; nothing now but "Home, home," and no reason will be heard among them, and to such a height have they got, that a whole cluster of them have been heard to say this night that if I went out with this ship, they would run down to the hold, and suffer the enemy to batter her to pieces; so you see it is well this ship is in England with such a crew. I shall wait for your orders as to coming up the river, since there is no trusting this ship abroad as she is.
May 13. While I considered what was best to be done for the advantage of the State in the Mediterranean in the distracted condition it was left in, I supposed that the best way was to send back two of our frigates when cleansed, to amuse the Dutch, so that hardly any of their ships could be spared to return home to join with their body here, but must spread to convoy their merchantmen to and again; and that if you were able to spare ten ships out of your great body preparing to go forth, and put 50 soldiers into each of the merchantmen I brought home with me, those 15 sail would be sufficient to regain our loss in those parts; whereas if the frigates did not go back, it is likely they would be able to spare half their ships to come this way, or at least be in such a body as will require 25 rather than 15 sail. But these wretched people on board the Elizabeth, who have not done any considerable service all the voyage, and who after she had been tallowed at Lisbon (?), all things got ready, and the captain had his warrant to proceed back, grew to such a height of mutiny that no encouraging language, with a proffer of six months' pay, nor laying before them the advantage likely to come to the nation thereby, nor the danger of refusal according to the tenor of the 11th article of war, would work upon them; so that I was forced to give over the design, otherwise there had been no need to have changed any other but this ship, which could not have stayed longer abroad without being completely spoiled with the worm if nothing else. Although she will cost a great deal of money, as nearly all her timbers are cut to pieces with the shot, and not a mast in her but is shot through, yet as she is in the Channel, and in the midst of summer, I have been fitting, and always telling my officers and others that, until another dispute be over with the Dutch, we shall be kept abroad, so that one way or the other we may vindicate ourselves after so great a loss, and consequently be looked upon with cheerfulness when we come to the pay table. But I see when the evil spirit is entered in, no reason will rule this people, and if I had not left Leghorn Road as I did, they would have caused others to rally into a distemper, and so have given away this ship.
I have given orders to the commanders of the Lewis, Mary, Thomas Bonadventure, and Cock, to go out together to-morrow, and act as you have directed, and Capt. Chapman is to command in chief. I have sent for six weeks' more victuals for the Elizabeth, and will see what I can do once more in keeping her abroad, until she grows foul; if I can prevail, she will make the fifth ship, which will better the condition of that squardron for the service. I again make bold to remind you that 150 soldiers would well man the three merchant ships, and could they be embarked at Dover, where they stop, it would much advance the service, for if they meet with any of the enemy that are considerable for them to deal with, their want of men will spoil all.
Two ships have passed from the Canaries, and one from New England. The former saw 100 sail in the Channel, two carrying Holland colours, one of which chased them.
P.S.—I have at last prevailed with the company of the Elizabeth to go out with Capt. Chapman, on promise to procure leave that they may come in when their six weeks' victuals are out. [3 pages.]
May 14. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Committee who received the papers concerning the adjudging and disposing of prize goods to deliver them to the Posts' Committee, and confer with that Committee, and to give them such information as they may have received.
5. Col. Goffe, Col. Kelsey, Major Haynes, Capt. Blackwell, Capt. Deane, Mr. Hutchinson, and Mr. Jackson to consider how the treasuries may be best managed, and to give in their opinion in writing. All officers and persons concerned therein are to assist them in any way they may require.
6. The Admiralty Commissioners to attend this afternoon on the business of disposing of the fleet to service.
7. The 251l. 16s. 10d. ordered by the late Council to be paid to the Marshal-General out of their contingencies to be paid by the Commissioners for sale of Prize Goods.
8. To write to the Hamburg agent as was written to the Swedish agent, concerning the necessity of taking the pipestaves from some Hamburg ships, for the public service.
9. The business of the arrest of Sir Thomas Walsingham, and the petition of the serjeant who arrested him, referred to the Committee to whom the business of prisoners was referred, who are to report thereon, taking notice that the yeoman mentioned therein is already discharged by Council. The said yeoman to be discharged.
10. Commissary-General Whalley, the Lieutenant of the Tower, Quartermaster-General Grosvenor, Major Bourne, and Major Packer to be a Committee to consider the condition of the prisoners of war in this nation, and how the Dutch prisoners may be exchanged for such English as have been taken by the Dutch, and to report their condition and what they judge fit to be done with them.
11. Commissioners appointed by Council to meet the Portuguese Ambassador on Tuesday at 4 p.m. according to his desire, and to receive what he has to offer; Sir Oliver Fleming to give him notice and to conduct him thither.
12. The paper given in by the Portuguese Ambassador, being a particular of some necessary goods shipped aboard a Hamburg vessel for the use of that King, to be sent to the Navy Commissioners, who are to consider whether any of the goods therein mentioned are necessarily to be made stay of for the service of the fleet, and to report. With the paper herein alluded to, claiming the restoration of the goods, viz. 1,629 pipes and 6,000 pipes staves, taken in the Downs by Admiral Deane. [Also Vol. XXXVI., Nos. 63-66.]
13. The business of the fleet to be re-considered on Monday. [I. 69, pp. 70-73.]
May 14.
Council of State to captains of ships of war and press-masters. As it is needful for supply of the Scilly garrisons with provisions that the vessels employed therefor should not be molested in their passage to and fro, you are to forbear impressing any persons certified by the Governor of Scilly to be on that employment. [I. 69, p. 75.]
May 14.
Council of State to the commander of the Warwick. There is a sum of money now at Weymouth to be transported to Jersey and Guernsey, for pay of the garrisons. You are to set sail for Weymouth, receive the money from Major Harding, and convoy it to those places. You are then to return to the Narrow, to assist the Briar frigate, which is appointed to ply up and down in that passage. [I. 69, p. 70.]
May 14.
The Lamb, St. Thomas' Street, Bristol.
67. Capt. Thos. Hewitt and John Pene to the Navy Commissioners. We have been into the western parts and back, but missed your letter. We have met many obstructions at Barnstaple and Bideford, the merchants having procured an order from the Council of State not to impress any belonging to ships bound for Newfoundland, which carried away 300 men. Other vessels in the bar claimed the same privilege, and were countenanced by the authorities, though they had received orders for impressing. They give fair words but no deeds. The power by which we act is questioned, and whether there be any such power at present, and the seamen arm themselves with clubs and staves, and say if we take them, it is at our peril, so that we are in great danger.
There have been 10 in this city carried away to sea after being impressed. Some make a trade of getting press money, absenting themselves, and going from town to town; and when we complain, the magistrates bid us bring the men before them, and then do nothing to them, which much encourages them. Our time and money will be ill spent unless such insufferable contempt is punished.
The order of the Council of State to the Mayor and justices is not prosecuted, and the Act of Parliament not executed, for they say it is too strict to be observed, most of them being interested in shipping.
We have ordered all the mayors and justices concerned to search for absentees and deserters, commit them to prison, and make weekly returns to the Navy Office, London. We have pressed 330; I think as many more might be had, but you should rather trust sword men, as governors of cities and counties, than mayors. We are coming to London unless we have further orders.
P.S.—We think the sword men could procure in 30 days 400 men in Bristol Bay, 50 in Minehead, Watchet, and Porlock, and 20 in Bridgwater. [2½ pages.]
May 14.
68. Capt. Thos. Marryott to the Navy Commissioners. I have given my men three months' pay, except some that have not yet got their clothes on board; I think they will all come on board, except the 25 that went for Portsmouth. Yesterday the three were discharged from prison and I have paid them, but imprisonment will do runaways more good than six months' pay. I want an order to fit up another surgeon's chest, all the things in ours being very bad, and an allowance for the surgeon. Capt. Hewitt and Mr. Pene are here, but the men think no more of the Act against absenting or hiding than if there were none, and will not unless some be made exemplary. Am I to give 12d. press money to men taken out of ships? I wish Mr. Turner would send me some copies of the articles of war. [1 page.]
May 14.
69. Geo. Dawson to the Admiralty Committee. I suggested the impressing 100 or 200 keelmen for want of mariners, but we find they have nothing but what they have on their backs, and no means of procuring clothes, and such nasty creatures on board would do more harm than good. Capt. Toope of the Giles has sailed as convoy to 60 laden colliers, and there are 60 more waiting for men, &c.; The fleet was off Aberdeen on Tuesday. I want an order to supply victuals to some galliot hoys, carrying water for the fleet. [1 page.]
May 14. 70. Earl of Worcester to Gen. Cromwell. The obstacle which hindered many of your laudable intentions for the common welfare being now, by God's goodness and your unparalleled endeavours removed, I doubt not of redress, and really to receive what the late Council of State put me in hopes of. "No subject in England has been so hardly dealt with, but having recourse to the fountain head of mercy and nobleness, whose chrystaline waters may now run without interruption, my heart is elevated with hopes." [1 page.]
May 16. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Robinson to attend Council to-morrow at 9 a.m. and satisfy them in a business which he has propounded to some of the members, concerning the raising of the revenue.
2. The papers relating to the gold and silver mines in Ireland to be looked out and brought into Council, with the petition of Miles Fleetwood, James Whitelock and others, concerning the same business.
3. Major Wiggan, Cornet Day, and Mr. Wollaston Master Gunner to come to Council.
4. Major-General Harrison to acquaint Sir John Wollaston that there being occasion to take account of the marks and weight of the silver brought into the Tower from the Samson, Salvador, and George, persons of understanding and credit should be employed therein, and to desire him to assist by his advice, and by overseeing the doing thereof.
5. 100 Dutch prisoners, private men, with an officer of the quality of captain, to be released and allowed to pass over to the Netherlands, the captain engaging that a like number of Englishmen, prisoners of the Dutch, be released and permitted to return; or else himself and the 100 men to return, and a letter to be written to —to release a captain and so many men.
7. The petition of Edward Bernard, merchant of London, laid aside.
8. The petition of John Martin and Matthew Hemins referred to the Navy Commissioners, who are to certify the matter concerning the ship Recovery mentioned therein.
9. Order on petition of John Williams, porter of the Mint in Wales, concerning abuses by certain persons there, that Dr. Gurdon report such examinations as he has taken concerning the business.
10. An allowance of 3l. a week to be paid to the Earl of Worcester, for his maintenance during his imprisonment.
11. To write to the Commissioners in Ireland in behalf of John Carlton and Edward Barnard, and desire them to do justice to the petitioners.
12. The late Council's letter to the Ordnance officers, concerning Thos. Barlow, purser of the Convert frigate, to be signed by the now President.
13. The papers mentioned in the petition of Peter Biglestone, merchant, to be looked out and brought in to Council.
14. To inform the Commissioners for Prize Goods that Council has received a letter from the town of Bremen, stating that Jodocus Lammars, citizen of that town, some months ago freighted a ship at Nantes (belonging to Eppius Gerbrandus, a Hamburg master) with four tons of Nantes wine and 12 quartols of brandy wine, to be delivered at Hamburg and forwarded to Bremen; and that this ship has been taken by our men-of-war, and now lies under embargo. The Commissioners are to inquire if the above statements are true, and to report.
15. To inform Walter Kerbie of Lynne that Council have heard that he has thrown down part of the bank of the river, much to the prejudice of the town, and to order him to build up the bank, and cleanse the river, which he has interrupted, with speed.
16. The petition of John Hudson, minister, Robert Lewington, John Axon, Rebecca Woodward, and Margaret Thompson, referred to the Navy Commissioners, to consider what may be done for their relief according to their deserts, provided they do not exceed the limitations given in cases of that nature.
17. To write the Army Committee that the pay for the 500 men added to the Lord General's foot regiment is this day expired, and that they are to continue the regiment to the number of 1,200 for 14 days longer, and to issue a warrant for paying that number, 40 men thereof being allowed to two companies of Col. Barkstead in the Tower. [I. 69, pp. 77-82.]
May 16.
71. Charles Longland to the Admiralty Committee. I have passed a bill upon your treasurer for 3,150l. in lieu of a bill given to Capt. Badiley, on February 28, which appears to have miscarried, and Capt. Badiley being in such haste to depart, he had not time to give a second bill for it; but to show I am a creditor for a much larger sum, I sent you an account of all disbursements since the State's ships came to this port, the balance whereof, being 4,772l. 13s. 3d. with what I paid for clothing the Leopard's men, and since for the relief of naked and wounded, I drew on the treasurer for 12,000 dollars more, at 6s. 3d., amounting to 3,150l., of which pray order acceptance and payment.
The ships from Venice are gone out, and Capt. Poole and Mr. Cartwright, who went thither on that service, have returned hither, so that I shall suddenly adjust the accounts relating to all the ships taken up for the service, and draw the remainder upon your treasurer.
I had some hopes to have saved at least some part of the Bonadventure's guns, to which purpose I caused some divers to be sent from Genoa, who set to work about it, but the Dutch sent a bark with 50 musketeers and beat them away, although within half cannon shot of the castle; and upon my complaining to the governors, they said the Great Duke would be no arbitrator to whom the guns belong, so you may see the partiality in this place, and what command our enemies have over it. About 14 or 16 Dutch men-of-war and merchantmen will leave here in three days, and amongst them the Leopard, who I hope will come short of their expectations. I was with the chief commander, and proffered him security for 5,000 dollars to let our captive captains come on shore, and render themselves in Holland, or where else he should appoint, but he would not grant it. With copy of the letter of May 2. [2 pages.]
May 17. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
4. Dr. Goddard, Major Packer, and Mr. Evans added to the Hospitals' Committee.
5. The petition of 220 sick and maimed soldiers to go to the Bath referred to that Committee, who are to send for both the Doctors Gurdons who have certified concerning the men, and upon consideration, to report how many of them are fit to be sent to the Bath.
6.Major-General Harrison to ask Mr. Blackborne the names of the late Committee for Excise, consult him about other fit persons for that Committee, and bring a list into Council.
7. The Hospitals' Committee to consider the abuses of the Ely House and Savoy Hospitals, and to report to Council, with the remedies thereunto, and how the hospitals may be regulated for the future, and how they may be brought into one, and to confer with suitable persons thereupon and report.
8. Major-General Lambert, Col. Jones, Col. Bennet, Mr. Scobell, and Mr. Thurloe, to be a Committee to consider the draft of the Act for disposing lands in Ireland, and to put the matter therein contained into instructions framed for the best advantage of the service. They are to confer with such persons as they think fit, and to send for all necessary papers, and to bring the draft of the instructions to Council.
9. The petition of Mrs. Roe referred to the Hospitals' Committee.
10. That of Samuel Hawkes, late master of the Exchange, referred to the Navy Commissioners, to give him the allowance usual in such cases, and to consider what more may be done for him.
11. Declaration that in allotting lands in Ireland as payment to soldiers, those first disbanded shall receive first their portion. The Committee appointed to frame the instructions are to take notice of this.
12. Mr. Strickland, Sir Gilbert Pickering, Col. Jones, Major-Gens. Desborow and Harrison, and Col. Stapley, to be a Committee to treat with the Portuguese Ambassador.
14. Lieut.-Col. Worsley and Major Packer added to the Posts' Committee.
15. The petition of Mr. Rand, apothecary to Ely House, referred to the Hospitals' Committee, who are to consider from what treasury the moneys due to him are to be paid, to inquire from the treasurers of the place out of what treasury the apothecary is usually paid, and into the present state of that treasury, and report.
16, 17. The petitions of John de Lossa Banona, merchant of Spain, and of John Mexia de Herara, referred to the Admiralty Judges, to examine and report.
18. To return answer to Sir William Killigrew's petition, that the consideration thereof is most proper for the supreme power, when it shall be settled.
19. Order on the petition of Robert Llewellin and other merchants of London, that the Commissioners who meet with Monsieur de Bourdeaux, represent to him at their next meeting the condition of petitioners, and be instant that justice may be done in their concernments in France.
21. The petition of William Thompson, agent for the city of Edinburgh, referred to Col. George Fenwick, Governor of Edinburgh and Leith, who is to hear what he has to propound concerning those places, and report.
22. Order on the petition of the Merchant Adventurers, touching their cloth ship lately taken in the river of Elbe, that a letter be written to [Rich.] Bradshaw, Resident at Hamburg, to press the Senate there for restitution of the ship and goods.
23. Order on the petition of Richard Ford, Nathaniel Manton, and other merchants of London trading in lead, that Mr. Thurloe confer with them, receive more particular information, and thereupon the petition be referred to the Customs' Commissioners, who shall certify the business to Council.
24. Order on the petition of the wives and widows of the late King's servants, that Mr. Holland be conferred with concerning that part which relates to the Revenue Committee, and some of the trustees concerning that which relates to the late King's goods.
24a. Order on the petition of Joshua Fugil, merchant, that Capt. Bishop deliver him the papers and writings in his custody which relate to his estate.
25. The petition of Col. Hugh Reily referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to send for those therein mentioned who are in London, examine them, and report.
26. The petition of James Duffe, mariner, recommended to the officers of the chest at Chatham.
27. That of Rachel, widow of Walter Hoxon, captain of the Anthony Bonaventure, referred to the Navy Commissioners, to examine her condition, and report what should be done for her relief.
28. Mr. Frost to write to Capt. Groome at Stafford that Council is informed that by its dismantling, much prejudice is done to the town and its inhabitants, and to desire him to forbear for the present, and to send an account of the true state of that business. [I. 69, pp. 84-92.]
May 17.
72. Edward Syler and Rich. Saltonstall to the Admiralty Committee. We heard nothing of the fleet, except that they were on their course for Shotland, but to-day a private man-of-war of Col. Atkins has brought in three prizes, which he took on the 14th, one having a packet of letters from the States of Holland to Van Tromp, but which were thrown overboard before capture. We send the only letter found on board, as also the examination of the master. [1 page.]
May 17.
Levant Company to Hen. Riley, Consul at Aleppo. We perceive, by your letters and remonstrance to Constantinople, what trouble and hazard you have undergone by the combination and designs of that Bassa, the Cadi, and Emir, reviving the old pretence of 3 per cent. on money, and imposing so many unjust and tyrannous exactions upon you; also your several ways for exposing their exorbitant decrees, by protestation and battulation of Jews from employment, and by your application to the Ambassador for relief from the Porte.
We are sorry the means used availed so little, the rather because we know not how to assist you, or counsel how to apply a remedy, which must be left to your own prudence and care, to take what opportunity offers for your security, and for reparation of so high and insolent attempts, which having deterred our factors from supplying the office of treasurer at that place, we are content that you have accepted that employment; if you cannot prevail with any fit person amongst them to undertake it, we desire you will continue in it until further order.
Touching the injury received in those encounters by Mr. Buckworth and Mr. Godfrey, on occasion of some silk found in bags of wool, for which they paid nearly 3,500 dollars apiece, we are sorry for it, but cannot assent to have Mr. Godfrey or Mr. Buckworth's proportion put as an avania to our account, for which we see not the least reason, besides the consequence of such a precedent, which might animate the Turks to multiply such oppressions upon us. For redress we shall remind the State to use all possible means when a new Ambassador goes for Constantinople, which might have been ere this, but for those great interruptions wherewith our trade is burdened by the Hollanders, not only within the Straits, but here at home, and the great change of affairs here, by means whereof we are rendered so unable to raise money for defraying our great charge and payment of our debts, that we are forced to suspend sending an Ambassador until our trade is restored.
As we have reduced the entertainment given to the Ambassador at Constantinople, or else must send over some agent at a lower rate, and have obliged the consul at Smyrna to be content with 2,000 dollars a year, we desire you not to expect more during these times than your ordinary salary, nor put more to account for gratuity without express order, except the two gratuities we allowed you for your two first years' service; also otherwise to use all possible frugality in our affairs. [Levant Papers, Vol. IV., pp. 213-214.]
May 18. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of William Gardiner, gunmaker, referred to the Ordnance Committee, to do as is usual in case they find the stores require a present supply.
2. The petition of William Savel, in behalf of Thomas Catro, prisoner in the Upper Bench, referred to the Indemnity Committee, to examine whether he has not been satisfied for what he has disbursed for the fortifications and repairs of Tilbury Fort, and whether money has not been paid to Col. Temple, governor there, or any other persons for this debt, and to report to Council, that the petitioner may be satisfied for what he has expended, and that money may not be twice paid for the same thing.
4. The petition of John Hind and John Wich referred to the Excise Commissioners, who are to state the matter of fact and certify.
5. Order on the petition of Capt. Grethead and others, that Col. Downes send in to Council all papers relating to the business.
6. Order that the petition of Henriques George Mendes, laying claim to certain bags of Spanish wool in custody of the Prize Goods' Commissioners, be sent to the said Commissioners, who are to consider and report why the goods have been detained.
7. The petition of Margaret Douglas, widow, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
8. That of Peter Biglestone, merchant, and the annexed papers, referred to the said Committee, who are to examine him if they think fit, and report.
9. Mr. Thurloe to receive all petitions brought in to Council, and to note upon them the day on which they are received; any two members who are first met in Council to be a Committee to read them, and consider what answer shall be given, and to report.
10. Col. George Thomson to be dismissed from being a Commissioner of Customs and of the army and navy, and to be required to forbear from acting therein.
11. Francis Allein to be removed from being one of the Inspection Committee, and to forbear intermeddling in the business of the Treasury.
12. The Committee on the Upper Bench prison to examine the abuses of the Fleet Prison.
13. Denis Bond to be removed from the Committee of Inspection.
14, 15, 16. Cols. Nathaniel Rich, Philip Jones, and Bennett to be on the Committee of Inspection.
17. Mr. Garland, Serjeant Dendy, and Mr. Emerie to be a Committee to take care of Whitehall, and to act according to instructions from Council.
18. The Prize Goods' Commissioners to give an account of such ships in their custody as pretend to belong to the Queen or people of Sweden.
20. The petition of Alexander Aspinal, with the report from the late Irish and Scotch Committee, referred to the present Committee, to report.
21. The petitions of Thomas Lambe, Nathaniel Manton, Thos. Ford, and Richard Ford, merchants of London, referred to the Navy Commissioners, who are to certify the state of the contracts therein mentioned. [Also Vol. XXXIV., No. 73.]
22. Major-General Lambert to acquaint Lord Fairfax that Council —being informed of the conference lately had with his Lordship concerning the Isle of Man,—agrees that, upon his giving in the names of those to whom he intends to commit the civil and military power, and their approbation of the same, all forces now there shall be withdrawn, and the island, with the several places of strength therein, delivered up to his Lordship.
23. The petition of Hugh Welburne and others, and of John Pierson and others, all masters of ships of Hull or Yarmouth, referred to the Admiralty Commissioners.
24. The brief now read for the town of Marlborough, co. Wilts, to be approved, printed, and published.
25. The business of Portugal to be considered on Friday morning next, and then the French business.
29. Order, that whereas Major Rich. Salwey has bought of the trustees for deans and chapters' lands Crowle Manor, co. Worcester, and paid in the first half; and whereas 312l. 15s. is due to him for service for Parliament in 1643, the said trustees accept of his debenture in part of the second moiety, as if the same had been doubled, according to the tenor of the Act. [I. 69, pp. 94-99, 105.]
May 18.
Declaration in council of petition of the Mayor and inhabitants of Marlborough, and several justices of peace of co. Wilts. On Thursday 28 April, (the Lord, whose ways are past finding out, so disposing) a fearful fire broke out at the lower end of the town, and in three or four hours destroyed most of it, burning 224 houses, one church, and the market place, value with the wares and goods at least 70,000l., so that few of the inhabitants have anything left. Council "with tenderest bowels commiserating their condition," recommend them to the charity of well disposed persons, and order a collection to be made for their relief, and for re-edifying the town; not doubting that "all those who have anything of bowels and compassion in them" will give a cheerful and liberal contribution, and recommending the same to the Lord Mayor, &c. of London, the sheriffs and justices of peace of each county of England and Wales, the mayor, bailiffs, and chief officers of boroughs and towns, to take care for the dispersal of these presents, and to promote the work.
For its better management, Council has appointed Ald. Andrewes and numerous others to be a Committee in London to carry it on, and the persons who take care of it in their several jurisdictions are to correspond with this Committee, and manage the business by their advice. [I. 69, pp. 100-103.]
May 18.
74. Council of State to Aldermen Andrewes, Tichborne, Ireton, and 27 others. Council on the petition of the town of Marlborough, and certificates of several justices of peace near, setting forth their loss by a great fire, has appointed a collection to be made for rebuilding the town, in all towns and cities of England and Wales. As such collections are often coldly carried on unless effectually promoted, we authorise you to take charge of its making, disposing, and distributing, believing you willing to do so Christian a work; seven of you to be a quorum; and you are to appoint a treasurer, and agents for collecting benevolence, and distribute it in due proportions for relief of the inhabitants, and rebuilding the town. With note that on 24 August, the quorum was made five. [2¾ pages. Also I. 69, pp. 103-105.]
May 18.
75. Capt. Thos. Marryott to the Navy Commissioners. We are taking in the guns and shot. Upwards of 600 men have come in here the last three weeks, and although many of them have received press and conduct money, they do not appear, and the constables and other officers give them notices when we search for them. I want an order for 50 more men and for provisions for them, our lading being so considerable. I hope to sail for Portsmouth this week. [¾ page.]
May 18. 76. Order by the Commissioners for inspecting treasuries that the treasurers for moneys from the sale of Crown lands exempted from the former Act pay 5,000l. to Rich. Hutchinson for the navy. With his receipt 26 May. [1½ pages.]
May 19. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order on the petition of Robert Murden, gunsmith, that Commissary-General Reynolds be spoken with concerning his desire.
2. The Committee appointed for the consideration of prisoners of war to hasten their report.
3. Mr. Smith, Navy Commissioner, to attend Council to-morrow.
4. Mr. Carew to confer with fit persons concerning the finding of persons to be added to the Navy Commissioners, and to report.
5. Order on the petition of Richard Frowell and Joan his wife, that Capt. Bishop state why the papers in his hands, belonging to them, should not be delivered up to them.
6. To write the Army Committee that the preachers of the several regiments which attended the army in Scotland are to be paid at the rate of 8s. a day, and that the same be allowed them in what they have already received, and in what is still in arrear, without the deduction of 1s. 4d. a day, and to desire the Committee to issue their warrants for payment accordingly.
8. The petition of John Webb, Mayor of Reading, referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, who are to, see that the moneys disbursed by the Mayor, by direction of Council, for maintenance of the Dutch prisoners sent to that place, are paid according to the allowance made for that purpose. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 77.]
9. The petition of the sick and maimed soldiers who are to go to the Bath referred to the Hospitals' Committee, who are to hasten their report on this and the former petition referred to them.
10. Commissary-General Whalley, the Lieutenant of the Tower, Quartermaster-General Grosvenor, Major Bourne, and Major Packer, to be a Committee to consider the condition of the several prisoners of war, as to their quality, estate, and health, and to send in a list of them, with the time and causes of their committal. Also to consider of their future disposal, and of the exchanging of Dutch prisoners of war for English. [I. 69, pp. 106-109.]
May 19. 78. Order in the Admiralty Committee that the Navy Commissioners examine into the neglect complained of by Capt. Strong, and send word to their instruments at Hull, that the necessaries for sick and wounded allowed the ships with him be got ready against he comes thither. [½ page.] Annexing,
78. i. Capt. Peter Strong to the Admiralty Committee. There is not in the fleet any who have provisions for sick and wounded, but I know not where the fault lies.—Off Harwich, 17 May 1653. [¼ page.]
May 19.
Fowey, Cornwall.
79. Rich. Mill to Rob. Blackborne. Thanks for your remembering my services to the Admiralty Committee. I had a meeting here, but two parishes did not appear, and fearing the others would follow their example, I hired a shallop, manned her with musketeers, and sent her towards the west, and I with Capts. Tyncombe and Bloyfield went by land, and took a quantity, though we had to fetch them out of the cliffs and rocks, and Capt. Bloyfield will deliver up 100 able men. When they are shipped, I shall go into Devon, though the justices will not come near me. The gentry of Cornwall, are angry with me because I do not attend to their letters till after the business of the meetings is over; 20 letters were sent me to Fowey. [1 page.]
May 19. 80. John Thurloe to Robert Blackborne. Your report concerning the release of the captives is too uncertain for Council. Make any agreement with Mr. Downes. The allowances to be made for every officer, man, and boy, and the charges of port, diet, &c., were the things most in question, on which Council wants a precedent, and thought you were acquainted with it. Add what was formerly allowed as a postscript to your paper, and send it back to me presently, for I should like to despatch it to-night, being so pressed by the importunity of the poor people. [1 page.] Annexing,
80. i. Robert Downe, merchant, to the Council of State. Being bound with the Mary for Sally in Barbary, where there are 32 English men and boys in misery and bondage, I will undertake to clear them, if allowed all expenses and 1,000l. in advance, you limiting what is to be paid for ransom, and I will give an account of all disbursements on my return. If I am taken either outward or homeward bound, I desire 12 months' time for repayment of what shall be granted for this object. Others employed in this service have been allowed 4s. 6d. and 4s. 8d. per piece of eight, but I will be content with 4s. 4d. for what I disburse in so charitable an employment.—May 9, London. [2/3 page.]
80. ii. Report by Rob. Blackborne to Council, recapitulating this offer and draft. [1 page.]
80. iii. Draft of part of the above. [¼ page.]
80. iv. Postscript to the report, stating that the usual ransom for captains was 42l. 3s. 9d. apiece, for ordinary mariners and boys 29l. 10s. 7d., and for an officer under the degree of a lieutenant 60l. For customs of each captive 1l. 8s. 6d. For two pair of shoes, two shirts, and one suit to each, 2l. 10s. 0d., and for diet after the rate of 20s. a man per month. [¼ page.]
May 19.
81. Theodorus to Lord Conway. As to our future government, that we may not imitate the Jewish Sanhedrim of 70, or the Roman Decemvirs, or rather both, which was the model first proposed, there are added to our new Council Sam. Moyer, Chairman of the Committee at Haberdashers' Hall, or of the seven grand sequestrators of England. Col. Tomlinson who was entrusted with the late King, from his imprisonment at Carisbrooke to Windsor, St. James, and from thence to the scaffold whereon he suffered, waiting upon him there till the (yet unknown) headsman had struck that never to be forgotton fatal blow, whom some have formerly (but falsely as it seems) named the converted soldier; and the last is Col. Jones, a South Wales man, and these three are now entrusted in equal power with the other 10 formerly established.
Touching the Jews' Sanhedrim of 70 persons (or rather our new representation), I hear they will choose double that number, who are to be styled by the name of a Parliament, and that all the Lords who are now residing within the commonwealth are to be summoned to give their personal attendance on all emergent occasions; but I believe all these things will be exemplified from our new State, in a remonstrance now going to press, if not already out.
However at present they are about to continue the tax for the army's maintenance, which is to commence next Midsummer, where the late dissolved Parliament left it. But others more probably say that to ingratiate themselves with the people, they will make the first three months 90,000l. and the last three months but 60,000l. per month, and at the expiration of that time, haply this tax will be taken off.
I do not know where the Dutch fleet now is, but I understand there has not been any engagement between them and us. The Scotch King has not yet removed from Paris, but it is said he has made Henry Lord Percy Lord Chamberlain, and Prince Maurice Master of his Horse. The four deputies from Bordeaux, who are here to solicit aid against their lawful sovereign, have had an audience of our present States Regnant, but there's no assistance afforded them from hence that I can observe, unless they will absolutely deliver up that town to us, and reduce it wholly under our obedience; which done, 40 ships and men-of-war are to be granted to them for unblocking them by sea, and 5,000 horse, foot, and dragoons to raise the siege by land. They have represented this by express to the town, and if condescended to, we shall go forward with the work, and that suddenly, but not otherwise. I think this opportunity so fairly offered may prove a fair inlet for fulfilling Evans's prophecy, who says the General shall conquer France and destroy the Pope. [1 page.]
May 20. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
2. The petition of William North, of Marten, in Holderness, East riding of co. York, recommended by letter to the Commissioners at York, to do according to justice.
3. The petition of Robert Gale, and James Buttle and others referred to the Prize Goods' Commissioners, who are to consider the allegations thereof, and certify.
4. The letter of Col. Fitch to the Lord General, dated this day, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
5. The petition of John Godden, gunner, referred to the Commissioners at Trinity House, to examine and certify.
6. The petition of Hans Groote, master of the St. George of Hamburg, with the papers, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to confer with such merchants trading to Spain as they think fit, and report.
7. Major-General Desborow, Mr. Strickland, Col. Tomlinson, Col. Stapley, and Sir Gilbert Pickering to be a Committee to meet the Ambassador Extraordinary from the King of Portugal, and carry on and finish the treaty begun with him, and to report the business to Council from time to time.
8. The same Commissioners to consider the state of the treaty with Bordeaux, proceed therein, and report.
9. 1,000l. to be borrowed out of the Custom House money appointed for the redemption of several English made captive in the Straits, used for sending of sick and maimed soldiers to Bath, and repaid when there shall be opportunity to use it for the purpose for which it was first designed.
10. 400l. of this 1,000l. to be paid to Mr. Malbone and Capt. Lieut. Henry Crisp, one of the officers of Col. Pride's regiment, to be issued by them towards defraying the carriage of the 220 sick and wounded soldiers ordered to Bath, and for keeping them there; 400l. more to be paid them in a bill of exchange, which they are to draw when they need a further supply.
11. 600l. more of the 1,000l. to be paid to Mr. Rand, apothecary of Ely House, on account of his arrears for service there, and to enable him to carry on the duty of his place. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 82.]
12. Col. Pride to choose two officers of his regiment to be joined with Mr. Malbone in taking care of the soldiers to go to Bath, and to see that nothing prejudicial is done by them whilst abroad. One of the officers is to be joined with Mr. Malbone in taking care of all moneys disbursed for the service, and to give account thereof to Council.
13. The Hospitals' Committee to know from Mr. Jackson what money he has in his hands for the sick and wounded soldiers, and if he has any such money, the second 400l. ordered for the use of the sick soldiers to be sent to Bath is to be paid by him.
14. Mrs. Jane Roe, widow of Col. Francis Roe (deceased in the service of Ireland), to have 20l. out of the exigent moneys of Council, to enable her to go to Bath for recovery of her health.
15. Thomas Smith, one of the Navy Commissioners, to be dismissed from his employment, and discharged from further acting in that trust.
17. The four Dutch prisoners now brought in to be committed to the custody of the Marshal-General of the army,
18. Commissary-General Reynolds and Col. Clarke to attend Major-General Lambert and the other members of the Committee for settling the business for Ireland, as they shall receive directions from them.
19. The Committee of Adventurers for Ireland to appoint some of their number to attend a Committee of Council on Monday at 3 p.m. in the Inner Horse chamber, Whitehall, to confer with them concerning the business.
20. Order on the report of the Admiralty Judges in the cases of John Mexia de Herara, and John de Lossa Barona, merchants of Spain, that they be left to take their course in the Admiralty Court for proving their title to the goods which they claim.
21. The petition of Michael Lemprière referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to consider thereof when they consider the other papers relating to Guernsey.
22. The petition of the well affected of the parish of Graveley, co. Herts, referred to Cols. Washington, Cox, and Marsh, to examine and certify, and they are to see that the peace of the county be not disturbed upon occasion of the difference in the said town.
23. The petition of George Cooke, minister of Knightsbridge, referred to Mr. Scobell and Mr. Squibb, to do him justice, and see that peace be preserved in that place.
24. Mr. Strickland to speak with some Dutch merchants, concerning the procuring of exchange for the English now prisoners in Holland, and to report.
25. Major-Generals Lambert and Desborow, Cols. Stapley, Jones, and Tomlinson to be a Committee to confer with the Committees and Commissioners out of which some of their own number and some employed by them have been discharged by this day's order in Council, concerning the management of the charges with which those persons now dismissed were intrusted, and to take care that they be so supplied in future that the service may be advanced, Major-General Desborow to take care of the business.
26. Order on a representation brought into Council by the Lord General, from several aldermen, aldermen's deputies, common councilmen, and other citizens of London, that all persons who have signed the said representation, who hold office with salary under the commonwealth, be dismissed from their respective employments.
27. Mr. Carew, Mr. Strickland, Mr. Langley, to be a Committee to treat with the master of the vessel going to Sally in Barbary, concerning the redemption of English captives there. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 83.]
28. Sir Oliver Fleming to inform M. Bonnel that some Commissioners of Council are to meet him on Monday at 10 a.m., to confer with him concerning some packs of goods to which he lays claim. [I. 69, pp. 110-118.]
May 20. Council of State to the commander of the Cock frigate. You were ordered to stand out towards Dieppe, but Council finding that there are some provision ships in the Downs to sail to Portsmouth, thinks that you can convoy them without prejudice to the service. You are therefore to take them into your charge. [I. 69, p. 119.]
May 21. 84. Petition of divers poor women whose husbands and children are slaves in Tripoli, &c. to Lord General Cromwell and the Council of State, to take some course with their agent at Leghorn, for release of the captives in Tripoli. Have been supplicants to Parliament for two years, for the release of their husbands and children out of Turkish thraldom, in which time a duty of one per cent. was ordered to be raised out of the Custom House in London for their redemption; and although sufficient money has long since been gathered, it has not been employed for that use. In 1651 it was ordered that the Worcester should go upon that design, and carry the money, which was accordingly put on board, and she rode with it in the Downs for five months; but differences having arisen with the Hollanders, the ship was stayed, and the money taken out again, and put into Deal Castle, and the ship employed in the service against the enemy, so that petitioners have now no other hope of freeing their husbands and children but by recourse to them. [¾ page.]
May 21. 85. Reference thereon to Messrs. Strickland, Carew, and Langley, who are appointed a Committee to get captives from that and other places redeemed, and to report what should be done. [¾ page. Also I. 69, p. 131.]
May 21. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order on a paper from M. de Bordeaux, concerning the transport of the 30 horses allowed him by Parliament, that he acquaint Council with what number of horses he has already transported, and the port whence he desires to export the remaining ones, that a warrant may be granted to the officers for their export Customs' free.
2. Mr. Thurloe to confer with Mr. Carew on the papers relating to the making of pitch and tar in Scotland, and the furnishing from thence of masts and deal boards, and to consider how the ship now bound thither for that service may have convoy, and to report.
3. Sir Oliver Fleming to inform the agent of the Grand Duke of Tuscany that Council has appointed Commissioners to meet him on Thursday at 4 p.m. at Whitehall.
4, 5. Theodore Jennings, one of the messengers of the late Council, to be dismissed from his office, but released from the custody of the Serjeant-at-arms, and his bail discharged from restraint. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 86.]
7. Mr. Strickland and Cols. Jones and Tomlinson added to the Excise Committee.
8. Order, on complaint of Monsieur d'Espane of disturbance in preaching in the chapel at Somerset House, granted to him and his congregation by order of the late Parliament, that the use of the chapel be continued to his congregation for the time of the grant, and that no person disturb the exercise of worship there. MajorGen. Lambert to see that a fitting guard attend there to-morrow to prevent disorders.
12. William Field, Hum. Holding, John Bradley, Nicholas Hill, Henry Byard, Edward Tyton, and Thomas Baker to be continued in their employment as deputies to the Serjeant-at-arms.
13. Joseph Butler, Henry Symball, John Priestly, Thomas Pidcock, and Richard Freeman to be continued messengers to Council.
14. Order on the paper of James Pinkney, that he is to discover the prize goods of value, taken out of several vessels therein mentioned, which he knows to be lying concealed. The Irish and Scotch Committee to consider his paper, to receive information from him in the business, and to report. Also that he is to have for his pains onefifth of the goods so discovered.
15, 16, 21, 51, 54, 55, 58. The petitions of Lord Baltimore; of Theop. Byat; of the Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery; of John Nicholls, Phil. Messervy and others; of Arnold Wincle; of Hen. Tavenor; and of Jos. Bryar of Weymouth, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
17. The petition of Liveing Sorrey, mariner, referred to Dr. Goddard and Mr. Trapham, to consider and certify.
18. That of John Arnold, mariner, referred to the Navy Commissioners, to grant what is usual if satisfied of its truth.
19. That of Ellen Smart, widow, referred to the Trinity House Commissioners, who are to certify what has usually been done.
22. Mr. Millard to remain in the vicarage of Henbury, co. Gloucester, until a Committee be appointed by Council to consider the business.
23. Order, on complaint of the public minister of the Queen of Sweden, that the Admiralty Judges have given in no account in the business of the ships claimed by certain Swedish subjects, that they proceed against the said ships according to right and justice, and report speedily to Council of the whole case.
24. The establishing of a Committee for Trade and the setting of the poor to work to be considered on Wednesday.
25. Thurloe to prepare a warrant authorising the import of goods relating to shipping in any bottom, the late Act for encouraging English shipping notwithstanding.
26. The petition of Robert Hammon, merchant of London, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to confer with him thereupon, and to send to the Customs' Commissioners for an account of the matter, and thereupon to report.
27. The quarrel between Mr. Cockayne and Mr. Mordaunt referred to Mr. Strickland, Col. Tomlinson, and Col. Bennett, who are to examine the parties and the witnesses on both sides, and report.
28. The petition of Anne Swaine referred to the Governor of Shrewsbury, who is to examine what is due, to inquire the condition of her husband, and to certify how the petitioners may be satisfied for the law.
30. To answer to the petition of Stephen Cacket and Richard Spake, mariners, that nothing further can be done, they having had relief in the Savoy.
31. The petition of Sir John Borlase referred to the Committee for settling the sale of forfeited lands in Ireland, to examine whether the payment of petitioner's arrears comes within the time allowed by the Act, and to report.
32. The petition of Hester wife of John Tullie, late master of the Employment of London, referred to the Committee for Prisoners, to consider of a means whereby exchange may be made for the prisoners therein mentioned, and to report.
36. The petition and paper of John Estays, alias de Sera, to be sent to the Commissioners for Prize Goods, to examine and certify.
37. Col. Harrison's attendance in the Irish and Scotch Committee dispensed with, at the earnest request of Major-General Harrison.
38. The Commissioners appointed to treat with the Ambassador of Portugal, when they next meet him to present to him the petition of John Estays, alias de Sera, with the annexed list of goods, and to inquire if he has any knowledge of the business.
40. Filmot to be discharged from restraint for injury and abuse to Sir Thos. Walsingham, at Sir Thomas's request.
41. The petition of Peter de Beauvoir, bailiff of Guernsey, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to confer with Col. Bingham, and consider it when the whole business of Guernsey is considered.
42. A list of the several Committees appointed by Council to be brought in on Monday.
43. Mr. Scutt to bring in the leather chairs on Monday.
44. The petition of divers well affected merchants of Jersey referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
45. Mr. Squibb to attend Council on Monday.
46. Order on petition of William Keble, that Dr. Walker certify whether the petitioner may not proceed in the Admiralty Court without an order originally from Council.
47. Order on the petition of Hendrick Jansen de Monock, that if he provide an exchange of equal value with himself, he will be set at liberty.
49. The petition of Sir Edmond Plowden referred to the Committee for examining the abuses of the fleet.
52. The petition of Ant. Burt, mariner of Dunkirk, referred to the Commissioners for the sale of Dutch Prizes, to examine and certify.
53. Order on petition of justices of peace and other gentlemen of co. Chester, that the former orders and resolutions by the Committee of Parliament for indemnifying gentlemen who had taken up moneys in those parts on an exigency for public service, be continued in full force till further orders. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 87.] Annexing,
87. i. Order in Parliament that 4,092l., for which divers gentlemen of co. Chester stand charged for payment of the soldiers in Chester garrison, be allowed as the State's debt, and be charged on the moiety of the grand excise, and the interest paid from the fines and compositions of delinquents' estates to be discovered by the said gentlemen.— August 21, 1648. [1 page.]
87. ii. Order in Parliament referring the petition of the justices of peace and juries empannelled at the Chester great sessions, 27 Oct. 1651, for themselves and the inhabitants, to a Committee consisting of Maj.-Gen. Harrison, Sir Wm. Brereton, and 19 others.—11 Dec. 1651. [1 page.]
87. iii. Order by the said Committee that all suits at law brought against the petitioners for public debts incurred for Parliament be stayed, especially one brought by Eliz. Fowler against Col. Thos. Croxton and Wm. Edwards for 40l. due to her husband, which is part of the 4,090l. debt approved by the House to the Cheshire gentlemen.—22 Dec: 1651. [½ page.] Also
to a justice of peace of co. Chester. When Col. Brooks came to Cheshire to see his wife and friends, he promoted the county petitioners and farming the excise, but left me neither directions nor money to carry them on; thinking the business important, I have taken out six orders for indemnity, and will proceed at Haberdashers' Hall on two of them, and with the Commissioners of Excise for their certificate. You and the rest of the gentlemen must send a certificate of every particular to me or any other you choose to employ, but I would serve you faithfully.
For the excise of ale, beer, and of all except salt, 900l. is offered. We wish approbation of the Lord President. Sir Wm. Brereton and Resident Bradshaw have offered 800l., but I will act as you and the other justices direct. Would it not be better for the ale and beer-houses to be rated by yourselves than by a mercenary agent, such as the Commissioners here have farmed it to, unless intercepted by the Committee of Parliament for the regulation of excise? Brereton is stopping the business till your pleasure is known.—30 Dec. 1651. [1 page.]
87. iv. Order at the Committee on the Cheshire justices staying a suit for 200l. taken up for the service, prosecuted by Marg. Dutton and Wm. Jones against Jas. Garthyde and 10 others till March 25, when the prosecutors are to attend and show cause.—23 Jan. 1652. [173 pages.]
87. v. Like order for stay of suit by Rob. Venables against Thos. Stanley and four others for 100l. taken up for the service. —23 Jan. 1652. [Copy, 2/3 page.]
87. vi. Order in the said Committee on a report of July 1652,— that Parliament ordered 751l. 1s. 1d. and 2,145l. 18s. 4d. to be paid to the Cheshire gentleman as a debt, and this Committee to consider how it may be paid,—that Sir James Harrington report to Parliament this Committee's opinion that 1,500l. should be charged on the trustees for sale of delinquents' estates, and the residue, 1,396l. 19s. 4d., on such lands in Ireland as the petitioners shall propose, as amply as allowed to any adventurers in 1642.-1 Sept. 1652. [¾ page. In the same hand as the anonymous letter of 30 Dec., No. 87 III. suprà.]
56. The petition of Maurice Gardner referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to confer with him and know what discoveries he can make, and to tell him that Council will pay the debt which he states is due to him out of the money he shall discover, in case he makes it to the proportion propounded by him in his petition.
57. The petition of Robert Davies, powder maker, referred to the Ordnance Committee, who are to confer with the Prize Goods' Commissioners and the petitioner, and to order such a quantity of brimstone to be sent him as will enable him to fulfil his contract made to the Committee. [I. 69, pp. 120-133.]
May 21.
88. Col. Rob. Overton to Robert Blackborne. I will deliver your letter to Capt. Strong when he arrives. Capt. Scropnell with two other men-of-war has sailed with the powder and 130 seamen and watermen, with some volunteers. I hope to make them up to 200 by the time Capt. Strong arrives. The victualling ships will be ready in a few days. It would much encourage the poor pressed men, having neither clothes nor money, if they could be allowed shirts, stockings, shoes, and canvas breeches, and some of their pay for their wives at home. [1 page.]
May 21.
89. Edward Syler and Rich. Saltonstall to the Admiralty Committee. Being wishful to supply you with intelligence, we send you the journal of the captain of the Adventure, who brought in a Dutch prize taken near Norway last night. The master reports that Van Tromp was off Shotland on the 12th, waiting for the ships from the East Indies and those from France eastward bound, but that he saw none of our fleet.
P.S.—We despatch a packet just received from the fleet to his Excellency, dated the 17th instant, before Shotland. [1 page.]
May 21.
90. Capt Thos. Marryott to the Navy Commissioners. I have got out to the King's Road, but I had not 10 of my men on board, and was obliged to take men out of other ships; 80 of my men stood on shore and looked on, having combined that they would not come on board. They came to Mr. Shewell for money, but he had provided some 20 or 30 soldiers who carried some of them to prison. At first they said they would all go, and the rest went a good way with them, but turned back. I believe they will soon wish they had not been so refractory, but I am afraid to have them aboard the ship. If Capt. Grumwell, whose time is expired, is not to be employed again, I could have some of his men. They have been out 12 or 14 months, and are mad for money. I expect to have the guns and shot on board this week, and shall then only want men. Mr. Shewell has promised me some of those he has pressed for Portsmouth. [1 page.]
May 23. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Strickland, Col. Jones, Major-General Desborow, and Col. Tomlinson (who had a meeting with the Swedish Commissary), to consider the returns made by the Prize Goods' Commissioners concerning the packs of goods in their custody claimed by the Commissary, to confer with the Commissioners, and to report what should be done.
2. Col. Stapley, Mr. Strickland, Sir Gilbert Pickering, and Col. Bennett to be a Committee to examine the business of carrying on the subscription of the petition from some of the city, and to send for such of the subscribers as they think fit, examine them concerning the gaining subscriptions thereunto, take their information in writing, and report.
3, 4. The paper concerning the Prize Office business referred to the Commissioners of Inspection, to consider what should be done, and report; noting that Council has thought fit to continue the house in Bishopsgate St. for the Prize goods' business, until the Commissioners have finished their report.
4. The Prize Goods' Commissioners to sit in that house.
5. To answer to M. de Bourdeaux's paper that Council has appointed a Committee to inquire into the state of the treaty with him, how far it was carried by the last Council, and how it stood at their dissolution, that further proceedings may be had thereon.
6. The petition of the saltpetre makers referred to the Ordnance Committee, to examine the contracts made with them, hear the reasons for their desire, and report.
7. The Earl of Clanrickard to have one month more time allowed him to stay in England, on the same ground as his time has formerly been prolonged.
8. To write Mr. Berners to attend in the service at Haberdashers' Hall, which has need of him.
9. The papers of the Earl of Clanrickard concerning his agreement with Commissary-General Reynolds, whereby he laid down arms in Ireland, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to consider thereof, and whether any money is due to the Earl, and report.
10. The petition of Thos. Norris referred to the same Committee, to report. [I. 69, pp. 137, 138.]
May 23.
Victualling Office.
91. Jno. Limbery to the Council of State. I being in the Downs with Major Bourne, several Hamburg ships, having hemp and other materials fit for the service, came into the river. They have applied to me for their despatch, but there being no Commissioner here today to give them satisfaction, they are at a great loss where to deliver it. I therefore desire you will order Capt. Wildey to receive the goods, give receipts, and pay the respective shipmasters. [¾ page.]
May 23.
Custom House, Newcastle.
92. Geo. Dawson to the Admiralty Committee. Upwards of 100 keel men have been impressed and sent on board the Falcon, commanded by Capt. Yates, but it falls heavy upon married men having families, and who are very poor. The younger sort were nimble and got away, and will not come near the town till they have an engagement from the coal owners who employ them that they shall not be pressed, so the coal trade will be at a stand. I shipped 1,000l. for the Generals at sea from Tynemouth by Capt. Dan. Morgan, who goes with three other ships to the fleet, but they wait for the fire-ships, water hoys, and a hoy with shot. [1 page.]
May 23.
93. Capt. Thos. Hewitt and John Pene to the Navy Commissioners. We have your orders to stay longer in Bristol, but no answer to our request that you would join the governors of garrisons and sheriffs with us, or grant them power to raise forces to bring in the seamen that are fled into adjacent parts, and get out of our way; though we keep watch 10 miles' compass, yet few are brought in. We meet many oppositions and grievous abuses, and have had violent hands laid on us, and received blows, and that by citizens of note, and can get no redress here. Some course should be taken to make them a public example, or you cannot expect us to procure men; but powers from you are slighted and despised.
We have got 30 men in Bristol, and hope this week to get 30 or 40 more, but we would gladly be called home. [1 page.]
May 24. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Berners to attend Council at 9 a.m. to-morrow.
2. Mr. Strickland and Col. Jones to be a Committee to examine Capt. Wall, brought by Alderman Bence to Council to give information for the public service.
4. The paper brought in, making an appointment for meeting in Moorfields on Thursday, referred to Commissary Whalley and the rest of the officers for regulating the army, who are to consider the best way for preventing the meeting, and how it may be done in a silent manner, so that the least notice may be taken thereof.
5. To answer the petition of the inhabitants of Westminster that it is not for Council to appoint where the supreme power which is to meet shall sit, but for themselves to decide when they shall be convened, but that Council knows nothing contrary to their sitting in the Parliament House at Westminster.
6. Mr. John Bourchier to come and speak with Mr. Thurloe on business of importance.
7. The Admiralty Commissioners to order the Elizabeth and Constant Warwick to be brought to Chatham for necessary repairs. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 94.]
8. Col. Jones and Col. Bennet to be a Committee to go to the Tower, and with assistance of the Lieutenant, to take account of the whole business of the Mint and the several officers there employed, their salaries, and the nature of their employment, and how the Mint should be worked, and by what persons, and to report speedily the whole state of the business.
10. To inform Capt. Badiley that the fleet lately under his command is now ordered in, and to desire him to repair to them, that he may report the state of all that was lately under his command.
11. The propositions of M. Blondeau referred to the Mint Committee, and Major-General Lambert added to it, on this business.
12. To write to the treasurers at Ely House to give a letter of credit to Mr. Malbone for taking up 300l. in the country for the soldiers sent to Bath, and for charging a bill of exchange on them for the payment thereof, which is to be allowed on account for their daily maintenance whilst they are in the house.
13. The Hospitals' Committee to report the account received from Mr. Jackson, of the money in his hands payable to the treasurers at Ely House for the soldiers at Bath, that Council may provide 400l. more for their maintenance.
15. Commissary-General Whalley, Col. Twisleton, and Col. Clerke to be a Committee to examine the challenge which passed between Lord Mohun, Mr. Bynion, Mr. Trevilian, Mr. Muschamp, Mr. Porter, and Edmund Temple; they are authorised to send for Capt. Spilman, or others, who can give information therein, examine them concerning the challenge, and report.
16. The petition of Rachel Bisson referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to report.
17. To answer to Mrs. Gernon's petition, that provision will be made for the relief of herself and others in her condition, when the Bill for disposing lands in Ireland shall be considered, which will be in a short time.
18. To answer to the petition of Elizabeth Parnell, widow, that Council cannot do anything themselves for her present relief, but as to what is due on her husband's arrears for service in Ireland, care will be taken for putting it into a way of being satisfied.
19. Liveing Sorrey added to the list of soldiers to go to Bath, and to be provided for as the others are; Mr. Malbone to have care of him.
21. The petition of Major William Harding referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to examine the annexed account and report. [I. 69, pp. 140-145.]
May 24.
Council of State to the Barons of Exchequer, auditors of imprest, &c. Council having on the 20th instant ordered the Customs' Commissioners to lend 1,000l. out of the moneys for redemption of captives, towards the sending of sick soldiers to the Bath, the said sum, and any other moneys issued by them on Council warrants, are to be passed in their account, and they are to have a discharge. [I. 69, p. 146.]
May 25. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Thos. Chilston, fishmonger, referred to the Admiralty Judges, who are to state the facts speedily, and forbear further proceedings in the case for 14 days.
2. Order on the petition of John Freeman and Josias Dewie, powder makers, that Major-General Harrison and Mr. Strickland confer with Mr. Carew concerning the speedy providing of money for satisfying them and the other powder makers for what is due upon their contracts, they being in want of money, and the public service in danger to suffer thereby.
3. Major-General Desborow to inquire what moneys have been paid to the deputies from Scotland on their coming to England upon account, and what remains of allowance for their charges now due to them, and to report.
4. The petition of William Thomson, on behalf of the city of Edinburgh, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to receive what he has to propound, confer with Col. Fenwick, and report.
5. Sir John Stowell, prisoner in the Tower, to be set at liberty, on good security to the Lieutenant that he will not leave the city, and will give himself up prisoner again on summons.
6. Justice Atkins to attend Council to-morrow, to acquaint them with the trial of William Blake at the last Exeter assizes, at which he was condemned to die, Council having received a petition from him, urging considerations why mercy should be extended him.
7. Capt. Young to be captain of the Eagle, and the Generals of the fleet to commissionate him.
8. To write the Mayor of Hull that Council being informed that they are about to bring in Mr. Stone as minister to that place, they are not to bring in him, or any other minister, until Council have notice and give orders thereupon.
9. So much of Lieut.-Col. Salmon's letter as relates to the discharge of some Dutch prisoners sent to Hull referred to the Committee for prisoners, to report.
10. Order on the late order dismissing Alderman Herring and Mr. Waring from their employment at Goldsmiths' Hall, that the Commissioners at Haberdashers' Hall take an account of the state of the treasury lately under their charge, consider what should be done for the future, and what persons should have charge thereof, and report the names of the persons they think fit to be employed.
11. The petition of Elizabeth Browne referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to examine whether nothing has been paid her, and to report what should be allowed to her.
12. To write to Capt. Strong enclosing a copy of Toby Bonnel's intelligence from Holland, in order that he may use the more caution in pursuing his orders from the Generals of the fleet.
13. The petition of Nathaniel Stirrop, cashier general for bishops, deans, and chapter and glebe lands, and of William Benson, one of the register accomptants for the sale of the said lands, referred to the Committee for supply of places.
14. The petition of Mary Rockley referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee to examine whether they have not already considered it, and to certify what should be done. [I. 69, pp. 148-152.]
[May 25.] 95. Petition of Thos. Biggs, surgeon, to the Admiralty Committee. Was surgeon in the dockyard at Deptford and Woolwich from Jan. 1642 till 1649, when, being ill, he requested the place for his son Henry, who held it till he died. Begs now to be restored himself, having been assistant to his son while he lived, and performed many great and dangerous cures upon sundry men in the State's service. [1 page.] Enclosing,
95. i. Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Committee, recommending Hen. Biggs to succeed his father.—1 March 1649. [1 page.]
95. ii. Order by the Navy Commissioners to the clerk of the check at Deptford to admit the said Hen. Biggs.—22 May 1649. [2/3 page.]
May 25.
Near the Exchange.
96. Rear-Admiral Rich. Badiley to Robt. Blackborne. I desire that the papers I left with Mr. Creed relating to Thos. Biggs, surgeon, my brother-in-law, may be laid before the Admiralty Committee, that the ancient man may make no more journeys about this business. [½ page.]
May 25.
The Drake, Dover.
97. Capt. Robert Clarke to the Admiralty Commissioners. Coming this morning from Dunkirk with a convoy, I chased the Ryall of Calais, a French man-of-war, but she was rescued by the guns of Calais Castle. I anchored in Dover Road, and two hours after, the Holland fleet of 114 sail coming into the Downs, I was forced to cut my cable and run on shore. I received many broadsides, and had I not cut, three or four great ships would have boarded me, being within half a cable's length; but being helped by boats from the shore, I got afloat again, and came in to repair. They fired several broadsides into Dover town, and have taken two merchant ships richly laden, which were lying at anchor. They are still at anchor in Dover Road. [2/3 page.]
Orders in the Admiralty Committee.
May 26. 98. On information from the Navy Commissioners that several of their instruments are unfit for their trust because of their disorderly lives, that they discharge them, and present others duly qualified in their room. [¾ page.]
99. That the Navy Commissioners make out bills of imprest for paying the Lewis and Mary that came from the Straits part of their wages, having respect to the continuance of the men in the service. [¾ page.]
May 26. 100. Proposals by Thos. Marsh and others to the Council of State. It having been judged fit by Act of Parliament to have a store of saltpetre, and there being few places or ports that trade for it, the urgency for it has revived the custom of digging for it, though formerly laid down as a grievance. They offer, from a desire of improving their knowledge to benefit the commonwealth, and from the encouragement held out in the Act, to make a trial at their own costs of generating and producing great quantities of saltpetre by an artificial accellerating its growth in the earth, provided they may enjoy the sole right of making it for 14 years, as by a former Act is provided for the encouragement of such as introduce any new manufacture. They will thereupon supply the State with saltpetre sufficient for the service at very reasonable rates, not exceeding 70l. per ton. [1 page.]
May 26. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order on petition of Richard Gardner, a soldier who was maimed in the service, to go to Bath, that Mr. Malbone add his name to the list of those to go to Bath, and provide for him as for others under his charge. [I. 69, p. 153.]
May 26.
101. Council of State to the Mayor of Rye. We hear from the Mayor of Dover that yesterday at noon, 60 Dutch men-of-war came into Dover Road, and awhile after 60 more, which we judge to be Tromp's fleet, with an addition of new strength since he came from the North. We suppose our fleet is not far behind. Meantime we wish to send out two or three nimble vessels to warn all English ships at sea to come into the next port for security, and to observe and give intelligence of the motion of the enemy, in case they go westward. Let no ships leave your harbour whilst things are in this posture, and send this intelligence all along the sea coast westward, that the shipping may not be surprised. Charge your bills therefor on the Navy Commissioners. With note that 3l. was disbursed upon this order. [1 page.]
May 26.
102. Capt. Barth. Yate to Robt. Blackborne. I pressed 50 keelmen, but was forced to discharge them on account of the mighty clamour of their wives. I have 90 pressed men on board, and expect to get 40 or 50 more. I have received orders from Col. Lilburne to go back to Leith, but I have written him that I am ordered otherwise, and that if I go thither, I must discharge the men, and abandon the coal fleet now ready to sail, unless I go in company with them, and spare them men to carry their ships along the coast, when they are over the bar. [1 page.]
May 26.
103. Major Jeremiah Tolhurst to Major Rich. Salwey. I was away in Scotland when yours arrived, but Geo. Dawson has got the few men this place affords. I have directed the justices of peace to order the constables to search for all the seamen who come into any of the towns, and to bring them in safe custody to Newcastle, but many of the young men who are most fit for the service run into the country. Mr. Taylor desires that the Mayor or Geo. Dawson may audit his accounts for pressing men, having shipped several men on board the ships here, and on some gone to sea. Our fleet is reported to be off the Danger [Dogger?] Bank and between that and the Holland coast; some able pilots have gone from hence to the Navy, and some have absented themselves. [1 page.]
May 26.
Portsmouth frigate, Aberdeen.
104. Capt. Robert Dornford to Lord General Cromwell. Since my last to you from Caithness, giving you an account of taking a prize near Shotland, sending her to Newcastle, and hastening to the fleet, which I hoped to find near Shotland, I met Capt. Beck, who came in with two prizes from the fleet, and brought orders from the Generals for the water ships and their convoy, which were then at Orkney taking in water, to sail to Hull, and for me to go there to tallow. I send you a packet of letters received from Capt. Beck, from the Generals at Shotland, and five packets received for the Generals, which I could not deliver, not going to the fleet. [2/3 page.]
May 26.
The Resolution, off the Texel.
105. John Poortmans to [Robt. Blackborne]. We are plying between the Flie and Texel, to hinder the conjunction of Admiral Van Tromp with such men-of-war as are at either place, as also with 20 Danish ships in the Sound, who only wait an opportunity to join the Dutch, but intelligence is so lame that we know not which way to turn; when man's wisdom fails, the Lord is the only wise counsellor, and never forsakes those that trust him. I send you the list [of the fleet], though not so complete as I could wish. [1 page.]
May 26.
106. Bailiffs of Yarmouth to the Navy Commissioners. We have your orders of the 17th to press seamen, but so many men come on shore from the State's ships here to get men that the seamen keep out of the way, and our labour in getting pilots for those ships is very great. When they have sailed we will do our best, but shall not get many; so many have been already impressed that there are not sufficient to man the ships and vessels here, and people are consequently compelled to lay up their ships for lack of men. [2/3 page.]
May 27. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Major-General Desborow appointed President of Council for 14 days.
2. To write to the owners who have sent forth Capt. Diamond as a private man-of-war, to restore three small vessels taken by him in Swansea Road.
3. The intelligence now received from Dover to be sent to the Generals of the fleet.
4. The former order of Council dismissing Thomas Smith from the office of Navy Commissioner to be taken off, and he to act as formerly.
5. The treaty with Portugal to be considered to-morrow.
6. Major Bourne to drop as far down the river as he safely can, with such ships as are ready, that he may be ready for service as opportunity offers.
7. Mr. Strickland and Col. Bennett to be a Committee to examine Mr. Brown, of Ireland, apprehended by warrant of Council, and if they see cause, to give order for his further security, the searching his rooms for papers, and the apprehending of persons who, upon his examination or on information from Ireland, are found dangerous.
8. The Committee for inspecting the treasuries to consider how the receipts of Customs and Excise may be made one, and managed by the same hands, for the lessening of public charges, and to report.
9. To write the Army Committee that Council have continued the Lord General's regiment as it is 14 days longer, and they are to give payment accordingly.
11. Jeffrey Brown, prisoner in the Gatehouse, to be sent into Ireland in custody, under charge of a party of horse to the sea, and then by a man-of-war to Dublin; Mr. Rowe to acquaint Council at what part a ship may soonest be had for his transportation.
12. John Roch, taken prisoner with Mr. Brown, and in custody of the Serjeant-at-arms, to be discharged.
13. James Russell, late one of the Committee for compounding, discharged from that trust, and to meddle no more therein.
14. Sir James Lockhart, prisoner in the Tower, to be discharged, and to repair within 6 weeks to the Commander-in-Chief in Scotland, and enter into a bond with good securities in 1,000l., to act nothing to the prejudice of the commonwealth.
15. Order on report from Mr. Moyer concerning the settling of the receipt at Goldsmiths' Hall, that auditor Sherwin be appointed to receive the moneys paid to that treasury till further order, and Mr. Leech to subscribe every receipt, before discharge be given.
16. To write the Army Committee to pay out of the money brought to them for the service of Ireland, to Commissary Wm. Dobbins, 163l. 14s. 11d., for the charge of vessels hired to carry 3,047 quarters 4 bushels, of wheat from Portsmouth to Ireland, as appears in his account given in to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
17. To write to the Lord General to order Mr. Hayne, the engineer, to repair to Inverness, to take care of laying the foundations of the works and buildings to be raised there, if his Lordship thinks he may be spared here.
18. Col. Fitch to state in writing on what account the 30,000l. desired by him, and for which he says Col. Lilburne has written, is claimed, that order may be given therein.
19. To write to the Army Committee to advance three months' pay to Mr. Hayne, the engineer to be employed at Inverness, to be paid him here or in Scotland, as he shall signify.
22. Order for a warrant to the Excise Commissioners to order their treasurer, out of monies due from the excise to the Ely House treasurers, to pay 400l. towards the expense of 220 sick and maimed soldiers sent to the Bath, according to a bill drawn on him by Rich. Malbone, who takes care of the said soldiers.
23. Order on a report from the Irish and Scotch Committee of the 24th inst., and a former report of April 5th, concerning Ensign Alexander Aspinall's disbursements, services, and losses in maintaining the Island of Barsey, county Carnarvon—that a letter be written to Col. John Carter, Quartermaster General Hugh Courtney, and the officer in chief of Sir Wm. Constable's regiment, now commanding at Conway Castle, to cause as much of the provisions at the castle disposable by the State to be sold as may raise 50l., to pay the same to Aspinall, or else to cause an appraisement of the provisions to be made by indifferent persons, and the same to be delivered to him to sell for satisfaction of his disbursements; and to certify what provisions then remain. [I. 69, pp. 155-161.]
May 27.
107. Warrant from the Council of State to all sheriffs, bailiffs, and other civil officers, that as in times of action at sea the service requires the frequent sending to places where there are no post stages settled, they are to supply Hen. Symball, messenger of Council, with able horses for the service of the State, with power to impress them. And in case of the absence or delay of any of the said officers, Symball is authorised to take up horses, paying the usual rates. Also to take up boats to convey letters to the ships at war. [1 page.]
May 27. 108. Deposition of Wm. Baker that, while his servant was ploughing at Soham, co. Cambridge, some of the townsmen took six of the horses, and impounded them, whereupon he was forced to get some soldiers to fetch them out, and was much hindered. The townsmen also said that the Adventurers had nothing to do with the ground, and that it was not adjudged to them, and thereupon cut a dike between his and Lord Chief Justice St. John's ground, so as to make a way to carry the horses out of the ground. [¾ page.]
May 27. 109. Order in the Admiralty Committee that the Navy Commissioners charge the victuallers to send a hoy filled with water for the ships now in the river, to prevent the men's running on shore for water. Also to quicken the victuallers in sending the colliers laden with provisions for the fleet, and despatch the water ships. [¾ page.]
May 27.
10 a.m., Dover Castle.
110. Thomas Wilson to Lieut.-Col. Kelsey at Mr. Blackborne's. The Dutch fleet, ships of from 26 to 50 guns, weighed out of Calais Road this morning, and are now behind the Goodwin, turning north. Our fleet is not yet in sight. The master gunner here, Mr. Reader, wants a supply of gunners and matrosses for the castle and two forts, as there are not sufficient to load and fire the guns. We did damage to the enemy, but we ought to have been able to fire three shots for one. We also want ammunition, and money for reparation of the platforms. I will send daily while the Dutch are upon the coast. The Council would do well to check the postmasters along the road, as they are 18 or 20 hours bringing a packet, be the business never so important. [1 page.]
May 27.
111. John Scott to the Admiralty Committee. On your orders I came to Harwich with all privacy, and applied to Capt. Wright for some soldiers to impress men, but in all the night got but one, and four the next day. I came here next day with two officers and some soldiers, and the bailiffs appointed constables to go with us, but in two nights and a day, they got not one man, and we only found four. They pretended all were gone to Newcastle or London, but there were some who ran away on hearing of a press. I shall return to Harwich with those I have, allowing them 7d. or 8d. a day till I hear of a vessel to take them. A press is needed on ship board as well as on shore. [1 page, with shorthand notes of reply.]
May 27.
112. Col. Robt. Overton to the Admiralty Committee. I received your account of the honourable retreat of the Dutch navy into their harbours, and will tell it to any ships that come to this port. I wish Capt. Strong was come. The victualling ships are ready to sail, and 200 pressed men obtained, but not without much difficulty, clamour, and opposition of the country people and constables. Some I have in hold, and threaten to send them to sea, and I hold the Mayor of Grimsby in terrorem with the same. The captains who went home last set on shore 20 of the men that we had procured, some able to be masters or pilots. I sent a list of them to the Generals, and told them their quality, lest it might be said they were turned off for insufficiency. [1 page.]
May 27.
The Hamburg Merchant, Aberdeen.
113. Capt. Wm. Pestell to the Admiralty Committee. Being sent to Orkney for water for the fleet, I received a packet and sent it for the Generals by the Portsmouth, but she being ordered back by Capt. Beck of the Four Sisters, and the fleet being gone from the coast, I returned it you by way of Aberdeen, with the Generals' packet to my Lord General. I will keep the other until I know where they are. I have a ketch and a galliot hoy belonging to the Generals' squadron, well suited for carrying letters. I am going to Hull, and will then ply about Burlington Bay. [1 page.]
May 27.
The Resolution, off the Texel.
114. Generals Rich. Deane and Geo. Monck to Capts. Peter Strong and Wm. Pestell. You are forthwith to set sail, and to convoy the ships in the Humber to the fleet off Yarmouth. If the wind continues northerly, we will wait for you 48 hours. If not, go into the roads, and wait for further orders. Endeavour to avoid Admiral Van Tromp with his fleet, which is now abroad. [Copy, 1 page.]
May 27.
The Resolution, off the Texel.
115. John Poortmans to Robt. Blackborne. It has been resolved that the whole fleet shall sail for the English coast, anchor off Yarmouth Sand, and remain there 48 hours for the ships coming to them, and orders are sent to the ships in Hull, Yarmouth, and the Thames, to repair to us. Van Tromp is at Goree with 120 men-of-war, and more are to join him, which cannot be avoided if we stay on this coast. [¾ page.]
May 27.
The Resolutio N.W. of the Texel.
116. Thos. Pointer to the Navy Commissioners. I could not before send you an account of the fleet's motions; it is in very good condition, the men in good health, and there are 614 mariners on board the Resolution, but only a few able seamen. It is intended to engage with the enemy, which is desired by all. I will send the muster books when completed. They have been delayed through the absence of Mr. Blundel, clerk of the check of the Resolution. I am acting as his deputy. [1 page.]
May 27.
The Texel.
117. Thos. Orton, clerk of the check, to the Navy Commissioners. I send two muster books. We are safe from Shotland, and on the Holland coast, took some of the Dutch fishermen. We heard their fleet was gone northward, but could not find it, and we see no menof-war here, but there is a speech of a fleet to come out, which we are now waiting for. We want the usual allowance for our sick men. [2/3 page.]
May 28.
The Resolution.
118. Generals Deane and Monck to the Admiralty Committee, We want a bill made out for payment to Capt. Wm. Haddock of the Hannibal, for a quantity of shot, powder, and match on board his ship, the State being now obliged to supply gunners' stores. [¾ page.]
May 28.
4 a.m., The Unicorn, Yarmouth.
119. Capt. Peter Strong to the Council of State. I will use my best abilities to accomplish your desire, but I am detained from sailing for the Humber by contrary winds. I am informed by all the pilots that my ship cannot go in there without great danger of losing her; if we go further north, we shall have to ride in the open sea, without shelter or succour against any opposer. We should have to stand off almost as far as the coast of Holland, and when we are gone, our fleet might come southward, and we being only eight ships of war with victuallers, may be over-mastered if met by the Dutch fleet, and the loss of the victuallers would be very prejudicial. We therefore think it better to stay at Yarmouth until it is known where our fleet is, or till the Dutch move westward. I have not a nimble vessel to send out to gain intelligence, but will send you all I can get. [1 page.]
May 28.
120. Col. Rt. Overton to the Admiralty Committee. According to your orders, I will direct the ports northward to set out nimble vessels to gain or give intelligence. I will forward yours to the Generals by a nimble ketch I am preparing. Capt. Strong has not yet arrived, but all things are ready for him. I doubt not but the Dutch have arrived in Dover Road in order to their own destruction and dissipation. [½ page.]
May 28.
121. Col. Rt. Overton to the Admiralty Committee. On receipt of yours I sent your intimations to Bridlington, Scarborough, and Whitby, and hired a nimble frigate of 14 guns, manned with 60 seamen and soldiers, for gaining and giving intelligence to or of the fleet, and telling them of the station of the Dutch in Dover Road. I have not heard of Capt. Strong. [2/3 page.]
May 28.
122. Thos. Green to the Admiralty Committee. I have been so busy in preserving our ships here that I asked the deputy-governor to write you news. 50 sail of the Dutch fleet, with English colours. at their bowsprit, arrived off Southsand Head last Wednesday at 10 a.m., and fired several broadsides on the Drake and three other vessels, but did not then reduce them, and came to anchor in the roads. An hour after, another fleet of 60 great ships, three Admirals, arrived and fired on the town, but did little harm. They kept close to shore, to prevent the Drake coming in. I signalled to her to run aground rather than be taken, which she did, and then I sent eight boats to take her off, which they did, and she is now nearly repaired. They took the other three vessels. We sent an express to Portsmouth to take care of the ships there, not knowing which way the Dutch fleet would go. The rendezvous was between Calais and Dover, but they have gone northward. I wish our nine men-of-war in Yarmouth knew of their motions. [2¼ pages.]
May 28.
123. Thos. Green to the Navy Commissioners. To the same effect as the preceding. I have provided masts for the Wildman. The Golden Cock has gone for Portsmouth with a convoy. I want orders to purchase some anchors and cables of the East India Company at Sandwich. [22/3 pages.]
May 28.
124. Hen. Dawson, Mayor, to the Admiralty Committee. I despatched your packet for the Generals to Shields by our water bailiff, who gave it to Capts. Dan. Morgan and Wetwang. If Morgan could not get out and take it, he would send it by one of the ketches. They heard that our fleet was on the Dogger Bank on May 24, off the Flie. The narrative you sent gave the commanders great satisfaction. Capt. Dan. Morgan, who has the money, has been detained by contrary winds. 100 colliers are ready to sail, but want men; they are under convoy of Captains Wyard, Yates, and Sheres.
P.S.—I have received and sent off the expresses to the Generals, but I hope our fleet is near or with the Dutch ere this. [1⅓ pages.]
May 28.
125. John Arthur to the Admiralty Committee. I have sent a frigate to Guernsey and Jersey with the Council's packets, and sent out scouts. If you will appoint me vice-admiral of this county, I will obey all your commands, but such a mixture of orders to me and the Mayor breeds distraction. If the Dutch had a mind to land in Portland, there are only 10 persons in Portland, in Sandsfoot Castle 3 old men, and in this place 12 is our strength. [1 page.]
May 28.
126. Anth. Ellesdon to the Admiralty Committee. On your orders I have pressed the Good Intent of Lyme to ply between the Land's End and the Isle of Wight, to gain intelligence of the enemy and when he discovers them, to repair to the next port, and send you a post. I have promised him freight and damages. [2/3 page.]
May 28.
127. Wm. Burton to the Admiralty Committee. On your orders to the bailiffs and me, we hired and despatched a nimble ketch to discover the English fleet, and will send you any news that comes. [¾ page.]
May 29.
128. Bailiffs of Yarmouth and Wm. Burton to the Admiralty Committee. We send several packets of letters brought in at 11 a.m. from the Generals of the fleet. It is not 5 leagues east of this place, sailing southward, and Capt. Strong, with the remainder of the fleet in the Roads, is ordered to join it. [2/3 page.]
May 29.
The Resolution, off Yarmouth.
129. John Poortmans to Robt. Blackborne. We are waiting to convoy such ships as shall come from the river and Hull. Being a great stranger to any transactions with you, I should like to know something of the issue of our late change [in the Government]. I dare not but conclude it will be for the better. [¾ page.]
May 29.
The Hamburg Merchant, Dundee.
130. Capt. Wm. Pestell to the Admiralty Committee. I told you in mine of the 27th from Aberdeen, that I waited there for 12 busses which the Generals ordered me to convoy to Scarborough, but they got so high in the harbour that they could not get off till spring tide, five days hence, so I came hither, where I will stay till they follow, and then we will sail to Burlington Bay and the Humber. The Falmouth was going northward to look for the fleet, but as I could not direct her, she has joined me. I give you a list of eight ships with me. [1 page.]
May 29.
The Drake, 10 p.m., Dover.
131. Capt. Robt. Clarke to the Admiralty Committee. I hope to be at sea again by next Tuesday. I directed the Horseydown to ply to the northward as far as North Sands Head, between England and Flanders and on the French coast, to discover the motions of the Dutch fleet, and return on Monday. I hear that three of their ships are riding in Calais Road, but the rest were not discovered. [½ page.]
May 30. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Samuel Atkins referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to report.
2. The petition of Mary Jones, widow, referred to the Navy Commissioners, who are to inquire into the fact, and if they find it as alleged, to give her the usual allowance.
5. Wm. Brent to be sent over into Ireland together with Jeoffry Browne.
6. The report on the appointing of a Committee to take the accounts of the nation approved as to the matter therein offered and contained in several heads, and Mr. Thurloe to put the same into the method of Instructions, and offer it to Council.
7. The report made by Col. Jones from the Committee to take account of the present state of the Mint remitted to them, to reconsider and advise with such persons as they think fit concerning the way of setting the Mint speedily to work, and they are to appoint the carrying of it on by persons fit to be trusted, and in such manner as is most for the service of the commonwealth.
8. Order granting the petition of David Barret, Richard Lay, and others, on behalf of a congregated church in Wells, Somersetshire, to have the Chapter House allowed them to meet in for the exercise of religion, unless good cause be shown to the contrary by the magistrate of Wells within 14 days of seeing this order. [I. 69, pp. 163-165.]
May 30.
Falcon flyboat, Shields.
132. Capt. Barth. Yates to the Admiralty Committee. I have 100 very proper seamen more than my company on board, which I pressed out of the coal fleet and other ships in harbour, and intended to bring them and the coal fleet to Lee Road, but order has arrived that no ships are to go out; and as I have somewhat disabled the coal fleet by taking the men, the Mayor of Newcastle thinks it will not be prudent for them to sail without a convoy. I want orders for myself, and Capts. Wyard and Wetwang, who have come in, whether to stay for the fleet, or come out the first opportunity. The three packets have gone to the fleet, and there are two fire-ships and two hoys with water to follow. [1 page.]
May 30.
Custom House, Newcastle.
133. Geo. Dawson to the Admiralty Committee. I have dispatched all your letters to the Generals at sea, and the victuallers have sailed with provisions and water for the fleet, but Capts. Wyard and Yates, who were to convoy the 100 colliers, are stayed by an order of the Council of State forbidding vessels to leave this harbour. The two fire-ships know not whether to adventure, not knowing where our fleet is; we hope they know the Dutch have gone southward. The Unity has brought in a few Hull ships. [12/3 pages.]
May 30.
134. Col. Rt. Overton to the Admiralty Committee. I hear from the frigate I sent forth of the fleet's coming to Yarmouth Roads, and the Generals have sent in a ketch with an order to Captain Strong or W. Pestell who have not yet come up, so I have sent it back with the best information I could get. I hope all your return letters will reach. The ketch was only allowed 48 hours to return to the fleet, or if he cannot keep that time, to Yarmouth Roads. I have sent to Tynemouth bar for all ships to return there. The Generals have sent a challenge to Van Tromp to come to sea, and give them an opportunity for an encounter, but as there are 300 Dutch merchantmen bound for the Eastland lying on the back of Yarmouth Sands, I fear Tromp's design is rather to draw off our fleet to make them way, than any present action. [1 page.]
May 30.
135. Rich. Freeman to the Admiralty Committee. A ketch has come in from the Generals, with orders to Capt. Strong to take all the victualling and other ships to Yarmouth Roads, and orders have been given along the coast between this and Newcastle and Aberdeen for all others to repair there. I have loaded 450 tons of provisions, and 200 tons of water, and only stay for Capt. Strong. [1 page.]
May 30.
The Unicorn, Yarmouth Roads.
136. Capt. Peter Strong to the Admiralty Committee. The Generals having arrived at the back of the Yarmouth Sands on the 29th inst. with the fleet, I sent them notice of Tromp being in the Downs, and that on the 28th he weighed with some 80 sail for the coast of Holland, where I believe he now is. I am weighing anchor to join the fleet. [½ page.]
May 30.
Post house, Bristol.
137. Capt. Thos. Hewitt and Jno. Perre to the Navy Commissioners. You write that great complaints have been made from here against us, especially by the Navy Victuallers' agents, for pressing their men and disabling them from sailing to Portsmouth, but we have only pressed 6 men out of the ship, and then because they were not ready to sail. We will avoid the like disservice in future; we promised to refurnish them when ready. If they produced a protection, we should have submitted.
The State is grossly abused by people here getting protections to transport the State's provisions to Ireland, when they are only merchants' goods. When we return to London, we hope to answer all complaints against us. There are 4 or 5 in prison for deserting after being pressed, and some for beating the press officer. We have impressed 95 since our last. We are journeying to London by Portsmouth, to compare our impress book with that of the clerk of the check, and see what absentees there are, that men may be appointed to find them out. [1 page.]
May 30.
138. Charles Longland to the Council of State. Two Dutch men-of-war and seven merchantmen left Leghorn on the 19th for Amsterdam, and on the 23rd, 18 more men-of-war followed them, amongst which were the Leopard and Spahi. The chief commander has sent order to the eight men-of-war that went for Messina to follow them to the Straits' mouth, where, by their own report, they intend to lie and wait for the Venice ships; but we are credibly informed that all these ships are called home for Holland, and intend to call upon the coast of Spain for all the merchant ships there, which together will make 50 sail. Whether they will go about Scotland, or go to Brest in France, to join with the fleet there, and so through the Channel together, I know not. But you may know better where to look for them, and it is probable they will bend a good strength of ships of war that way, being 30 menof-war and as many merchantmen. They are very weakly manned, having lost 400 men in the two fights, besides what are maimed, and their courage is likewise suitable thereto, for the chief commander of all these ships in the Straits told Capt. Appleton when he put him ashore (for our captive commanders are enlarged here), that he doubted it would be his turn to be taken before he got home, and therefore desired a recommendation, that his usage in such case might be no worse than he had shown to Appleton.
On the 22nd inst., Capts. Appleton, Seaman, and Marsh were put on shore, upon my security and that of two other English merchants in a bond of 12,000 pieces of eight, to present the said captains in two months' time prisoners in Holland, for which place they intend to depart in four days.
I have only heard of the Venice ships that they were met in that gulf, and had been at Ragusa. We will give them advice of what passes, that they may avoid meeting with so great a fleet of Dutch. I have not received any letters or orders how these ships should proceed, so can do no further therein. As soon as the Dutch are gone out of the Straits homewards, I will send home the powder and saltpetre. [2 pages.]
May 30.
139. Charles Longland to the Admiralty and Navy Committee. You will see by the enclosed accounts and receipts how the monies I have drawn upon the navy treasurer have been disposed of to the merchant ships which I have taken up and fitted for service, for advance or imprest money, and what I expended on others. The Dutch fleet of 20 men-of-war and seven merchant ships, with the Leopard, are gone to the west, and we believe for Holland, although they give it out they will lie at the Straits' mouth to meet our Venice ships, of which the last news we had was that they were at the mouth of the Gulf of Venice. A chief reason why we believe that all these Dutch are called home is because they have sent to call away another squadron of eight ships from Messina, to come likewise to the rest at the Straits' mouth, which will be the whole they have in these seas. If I can be advised for certainty that they are gone home, I think it will be best for the Venice ships to keep here, as they would do the enemy much spoil, for these seas are very full of their merchantmen; but I suppose you have ordered long before this what the Venice ships shall do. [With copies of his letter of 11th May. 3 pages.]
May 31. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Col. Tomlinson added to the Committee of Council for managing of the —
2. The Committee for taking account of miscarriages in the Upper Bench and other prisons to commit to the custody of the Serjeant-at-arms attending Council all persons offering them any affront during their sittings as a Committee, to remain in custody till further order; also to return to Council the names of such as are committed, and the cause.
3. The challenge between Mr. Perrott and Mr. Throckmorton referred to the Committee formerly appointed for similar business, to examine them and any others concerned in the challenge, and report.
4. Cornelius Arian de Croaks, lately committed to the Fleet, to be removed to the Gatehouse.
5. Mr. Thurloe to prepare an instrument for prolonging the time of the sitting and acting of the Committee for Obstructions.
6. To order the Committee for Obstructions to represent to Council in writing what obstructs their despatching the matters heretofore cognisable before them, and what may be done to remedy the same.
7, 8. 20l. from contingent moneys to be paid to Mrs. Swaine, for a small piece of her husband's ground, and Mr. Harrison to ask the Deputy-Governor of Shrewsbury whether the said land, now used for fortifying Shrewsbury Castle, can conveniently be spared and restored to its owner. [Also Vol. XXXVI., No. 140.]
9. To write the Commissioners appointed to hear the differences between the drainers of the Fens and the people of the country, that on an insurrection lately made by the fen people, and an attempt on the property of the adventurers there, Council ordered a troop of horse to go thither to appease the tumult, not holding it fit that the people should right themselves in that way. Also that Council, having since received a petition from some who complain of grievances, and that they cannot be heard therein, sends it to them, that the complainers may be heard, and justice done them.
10. Order for a warrant to Ald. Herring and Mr. Waring to pay to Auditor Sherwin all moneys in their hands received for compositions and sequestrations.
11. Order for a warrant to the Haberdashers' Hall Committee to order Auditor Sherwin to pay to the Treasurers-at-war the remainder of the 100,000l. ordered out of that treasury for the army.
12. Capt. Blackwell and Mr. Desborow to come to Council tomorrow.
14. The petition and paper of Daniel Norman and others of Jersey referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to hear the petitioners in reference to that island if they have not been already heard, or have anything new to propound, and if anything of moment be offered by them, which might be added to the report already made by that Committee, they are to add it, and present it to Council.
15. The petition of Thos. Skelton referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to hear him on the business, and report.
16. Cols. Pride and Grosvenor, Lieut.-Cols. White, Zanchy, and Fenton; Major Packer, Mr. Bolton, Methuselah Turner, and Henry Brandriff, to be a Committee to consider the state of Savoy Hospital and Ely House, both in reference to the persons employed therein and their allowances, the number and qualities of the sick and maimed men, and pensioners maintained from thence, and the allowance made for relief of those sent there for cure. Upon full information on these and other particulars, they are to proceed to a thorough regulation of the said houses, and so to bestow their management that the treasure allowed them may not be wasted; and that only such men may be admitted as are proved to be deserving of relief; they are to send for such persons or papers as shall give them any insight into the business, and examine them on any matters concerning the hospitals. The Committee to continue for three months. [I. 69, pp. 168-172.]
May 31.
141. Capt. Robt. Wilkinson to the Admiralty Committee. I have impressed 40 men in all. Mr. Gale, commander of the victualling ship at Harwich, has pressed 100 and has but 24, for he lets them run away. When I came to press, he sent his pinnace to press, which made the men run away, and hindered me of 20. I met some of his men drinking here; the victuals lie by the ship's side, and nobody to take them in. The master's mate advised the men to deny press money, but I impressed him. I want a warrant to take some on board who have received the press money and will not serve. I have got much ill will here by pressing. I am about to return to the Lee Road by order of Major Bourne. [1 page.]
May 31.
142. John Scott to the Admiralty Committee. Since my last, I have pressed 27 men, and delivered them to Capt. Wilkinson of the Weymouth pink, who having pressed all he could out of the colliers, is gone to Ipswich to press there. I now despair of getting any more here, and will go to Yarmouth, where I will get what I can, and expect further orders. [¾ page.]
May 31.
The Resolution, off Dunnidge [Dunwich].
143. Generals Rich. Deane and Geo. Monk to the Admiralty Committee. Yesterday whilst we were at anchor off Yarmouth, the Unicorn, Portland, six merchant men-of-war, and nine or ten victualling ships came to us, and the whole fleet is between Dunnidge and Aldborow, and will ply as high as the Longsand Head, to expect the ships in the river and Lee Road. Admiral Van Tromp with his fleet was seen last night off Longsand Head, and we will try to find him out. We wonder some wood and candles or money for them have not been sent, as also hammocks, of which there is great want. Give us any intelligence you have. We trust the Lord will give us wisdom to manage our great trust.
P.S.—We have sent the two Swedish and two Danish ships to the Thames, under convoy of the Merchant Adventure. [1 page.]
May 31.
The Resolution.
144. Gens. Deane and Monk to the Admiralty Committee. We send a certificate of powder, shot, and match bought of Capt. Hen. Collins, of the Malaga Merchant, and desire order to the Navy Commissioners to give a bill for payment for them. [2/3 page.]
May 31. 145. Order in the Admiralty Committee that the Navy Commissioners execute with all possible speed the request of the Generals for sending down clothes, at reasonable rates, for the seamen of the Resolution, who are in great want thereof. [¾ page.]
May 31.
146. Rich. Bradshaw to [Robt. Blackmore]. I was glad to hear by the merchants that all was well, and that Council sat close to settle the government, in which great work God direct them. Mr. Crisp desires you to excuse him to Council, and wishes me to forbear charging my bills of exchange upon him for the State, until I have his allowance for it, so that if I had bought up the whole parcel of powder, I should have been at a stand for money to pay for it; but I suppose your next will give order, so that I may charge my bills for the needful upon him or some other merchant of known credit.
Since the last post I have bought 100 more casks of powder, and have a promise of 200 or 300 more, and go on providing the masts, having met with some of 23 to 25 palms.
I have, upon my own engagement, taken up 1,000l. more, and charged my bills directly upon Council, payable at 20 days' sight to Hen. Crisp, and I hope you will move that they may be accepted and paid, to avoid the trouble of the merchants attending Committees, which they will be loath to do where there is no profit. The Russ, Dane, and Portuguese bought up all the powder in town, while your order lingered, so that what I get for the future must be from other parts. There are some powder mills near the city, which will undertake to deliver small parcels weekly, but not under 33 rix dollars per cwt. If you want it, and order me to buy it at price current, I will do it, but then a merchant must be assigned on whom to charge my bills, and whose consent I must have.
There will be no depending on the ships here for sending of the masts home, but some long Dutch ones must be sent with the convoy, of 90 to 100 feet in the hold. I presume you have prize ships fit for that service.
Ships grow very scarce here, being generally taken up for the Dutch, and though I might meet with some, yet the rates would be high, so I think it best for the State to send ships with the convoy and give private notice thereof. Mr. Wainwright says the 497l. 8s. 6d. was not paid, but only promised by Council, and as he wants an order for it on the Prize Office, pray procure it, as also for the last 200l. for this quarter's allowance.
By letters from Emden we understand our fleet of 100 sail passed along the Dutch coast on the 25th, in search of Tromp, who was lately gone to vapour upon our coast; I hope that ours got between him and home, and that we shall shortly hear of considerable action.
The King of Denmark, being put to his shifts for money, either to maintain the war with the Dutch against England, or, if you make a peace with them, to pay for the detained ships and other old sores, has lighted on a handsome project for raising 1,600,000 rix dollars or 350,000l. sterling, to be brought in by his subjects or strangers, as this book sets forth, which is briefly thus: He has put in security in eight divisions of his countries, to pay five per cent. interest for 200,000 rix dollars, to be raised by 2,000 persons in every division, at 100 dollars a man, and the King to pay the five per cent. by his sureties to the survivors of those 2,000, even to the last man, and so to be quit of principal and interest, when all the 2,000 are dead. 'Tis thought he will raise the money, or much of it, speedily; the hopes of surviving to carry away the interest amongst a few will draw men on to lend such small sums, and the project hurts none. The undertakers for the interest in each division are secured by the King and Council.
I hope in a post or two to have an answer from Sweden and Denmark touching the business you wrote about.
I send you a letter for the titular Lord Wentworth.
P.S.—The city of Lubec lately granted leave for the English merchants to pass their goods, as tar, hemp, &c., through their city from several parts of the Baltic Sea, for which I gave them thanks; but since the peevish burgesses have petitioned against it, it has been recalled, so that the merchants of this company, having much goods there, are troubled, not knowing how to get them thence; and the city drive at it to have the English to buy all such commodities of them, which will make them much dearer. I know not why they should not suffer necessaries for the navy to pass their city, being in amity, and I shall try for it. [2 pages.]
[May.] 147. Offers of the well-affected postmasters to the Posts' Committee. The order of the Council of State in the case of the inland Post Office being that it be improved to the greatest advantage, either by farm or account, they conceive the advantage consists not so much in the advance of money, as the service and safety of the State, and beg to offer:—
1. That persons of known integrity may be employed in all parts, and a sufficient salary allowed, as becomes a trust of that great concernment.
2. That a fit person be appointed for the control thereof, according to orders from the State, by means whereof the postmasters may be enabled to carry on the service with ease to the people and advantage to the public, respect being had to the satisfaction of the new undertakers, if the State thinks fit.
3. As righteousness exalteth a nation, it is hoped that after the expense of so much blood and treasure, the very things adjudged and condemned in others (viz., monopolies) will not now be practised, but that, next to the public safety, you will be tender of the people's just liberty; for both by the laws of God and man, it is lawful for every man to employ himself in a lawful calling, especially in that to which he has been bred, and it is also lawful for divers men to employ themselves in one calling, otherwise there must be as many callings as men.
4. For avoiding of many inconveniences that will follow in the farming of it, viz.: The persons depositing or obliging themselves for so much money a year, will not lay out themselves and their estates without expectation of profit, which must arise either out of the people's letters or postmasters' labour, besides the hazard to the commonwealth; for notwithstanding the faithfulness of the postmasters, yet if they will not do their work at their rates (which may prove an oppression too heavy, like that in Egypt), others shall. [1 page.]
[May.] 148. Reasons why Mrs. Witherings should share in the profits of the foreign post:—
1. That the large portion that she brought to her husband helped to purchase the same.
2. The personal estate, whereof by law she ought to have the third, is swallowed up by his office, in securing and improving it, and by the debts contracted thereby.
3. Her husband by will left the profits of this office to their young son, who died soon after his father, which, if the latter could have foreseen, he would not have passed over his wife and daughter, and given all away to a nephew.
4. The contest between her and his nephew, being by the advice of Lord Bradshaw put to arbitration, the third of the profits was awarded to her and her daughter, so long as her nephew should enjoy the office, her right preceding his in conscience, if not in law also.
5. She has not 100l. a year left for her maintenance, whereas 105l. a year of her land was sold for procuring this office.
6. She hopes her casting herself upon the piety and equity of the Council of State and this Committee, as it does not lessen her right, will not prejudice her in obtaining it. [1 page.]
May. 149. Report of the Committee for management of the posts. In pursuance of the order and reference of the Council of State of the 11th inst., we conferred with Sir David Watkins as to his claim to the foreign Post Office, and find it to be derived from several changes and alienations, by virtue of a patent from the late King, which granted the office of Postmaster of England and for foreign parts for life to Wm. Frisell and Thos. Witherings, in reversion after Mathew De Quester, but it is submitted whether his pretension is not extinguished, because—
1. By the patent, Frisell and Witherings were diligently to attend that service, both before and after the death of Witherings, but Frisell, the survivor, has not attended the service, and the power of making assignees and deputies extended only to that part of the execution which in more places than one could not be performed by himself.
2. The patent being only for this office as a place of trust, and a salary being settled upon the patentee for due performance, it is submitted whether it does not die with the master.
3. The resolve of the late Parliament that the office of Postmaster, both inland and foreign, is in the sole power and disposal of the Parliament, supersedes the pretensions of Sir David Watkins.
We have also conferred with Mr. Robinson respecting his claim to the said office from Lord Stanhope, who had a patent from Queen Elizabeth, renewed by King James, but it is submitted whether it is of any force, because—
1. The Post Office, being a place of trust, the right of the patentee from King James died with himself, but more especially in this place than in the former, for that the successor of King James, viz., Charles I., was so far from confirming this patent, that he superseded it, first, by granting another to De Quester, and afterwards to Frisell and Witherings, and by persuading or compelling the surrender thereof, the legality of which we do not determine, but de facto Lord Stanhope being divested, the claim of all pretenders from him wholly ceased.
2. Being an office of trust, whether it is assignable without permission of the trustee.
3. The resolves of the late Parliament determine this as well as the former, and indeed all other claims, and to this is added that if Mr. Robinson has any right remaining, yet to the end this office may be improved for the benefit of the commonwealth, he is willing to cease further pretences.
Unless either of these claims be yet thought worthy of acceptance, we think the best way of managing the foreign Post Office is—
1. By a conjunction of it with the inland post.
2. Being so joined together, that they be committed to some person or persons to manage, on the terms proposed with reference to the inland post.
That the rates for which letters are to be carried be as follows, viz., for a single letter to Ireland, 6d.; Scotland, 4d.; to all parts above 100 miles from London, 3d.; within 100 miles of London, 2d., and so proportionably. A single letter is one written in one sheet of paper sealed; a double letter is one sheet of paper which covers another sheet sealed up; a treble letter proportionably.
2. That the places in Ireland for the delivery of the letters that come by way of Milford be Waterford, of those from Chester, Dublin; and the place in Scotland for all letters out of England, Leith or Edinburgh.
3. The public letters are to be those directed to or from the Lord General, Council of State, Commissioners of the Admiralty, Generals of the fleet, and generals and officers of the army, and the Commanders-in-Chief in Ireland and Scotland; also those to or from any Committee intrusted with the management of public affairs wherein their private interest is not concerned. The Commissioners of Excise and Customs, having their poundage for management of those affairs respectively, ought not to have their postage free. The Commissioners for the Monthly Assessments, for Inspection, and the Irish and Scotch Committee, not being in that capacity, should have theirs free, provided that the letters or packets not known by their seal have an endorsement, "For the service of the commonwealth," and be signed by the secretary or clerk.
4. The rental to be paid by the undertakers of the foreign and inland posts not to be less than 6,300l., and a reasonable time to be allowed for competition, by persons qualified.
5. The time for which this trust shall continue, not to exceed two years, nor be less than one. [Draft. 4 pages.]