Volume 41: November 1653

Pages 228-278

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1653-4. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1879.

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November 1653

Nov. 1. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Sir O. Fleming to tell the Portuguese Ambassador that by reason of the sitting of Parliament to-morrow afternoon, and the alteration of Council, audience cannot be given him to-morrow, but some day soon will be appointed. [I. 71, p. 201.]
Nov. 1. 97. Order in the Committee for Inspecting the Treasuries to pay 6,420l. 6s. 7d. to Rich. Hutchinson, to be issued for the navy, on warrants from the Navy Commissioners. Receipted 12 Nov. [1½ pages.]
Nov. 1. Lease from Thomas Yarburgh of Campsall, co. York, to Thomas Kent of Lambeth, co. Surrey, of several messuages, tenements, &c., recited in their assignment to him of 31 Oct. last, for 5½ years, rent 90l. 6s., and one lb. of good case pepper. [Parchment, signed. Interregnum, Box ?, No. 1.]
Nov. 1 ? 98. Capt. Jno. Edge, commander of the Relief, to the Navy Commissioners. Account of guns, ammunition, and other stores, supplied by his ship, by order of Capt. Rich. Badiley, to the Paragon, Leopard, and Bonadventure, at Leghorn. [1 page.]
Nov. 2. 99. List [by Sir Edw. Nicholas] of the 31 members of the Council of State, headed by Lord Gen. Cromwell, to continue for 6 months commencing from 2 Nov. 1653. [1 page.]
Nov. 2. 100–103. Five bills with requests for payment by Col. John Berkstead, and the Commissioners for impressing seamen, &c., to Major John Miller, for disbursements in impressing shipwrights and carpenters, and bringing them to the Tower. Receipted, viz.:
£ s. d.
Rich. Alworth, with list of 24 carpenters 1 3
Mat. Kemp " 20 " 4 0 0
Jas. Miles, " 24 " 2 4 6
Jas. Nuthall, " " " 1 18 10
[4 papers.]
Nov. 2. 104–108. Like bills, &c. for impressing mariners, viz.:
£ s. d.
Rob. Parker, who impressed 215, with list 10 15 0
Mat. Kemp, " 52 " 2 19 0
Eph. Williams, " 20 " 1 10 0
Jon. Martin, " 23 " 1 9 0
Wm. Foster and others, for conducting them on board the Swiftsure. 3 11 0
[5 papers.]
Nov. 2. 109. Like bill, &c. for 10l. to Thos. Cross, clerk to the Commissioners, for their disbursements from April to 2 Nov. 1653. [1 page.]
Nov. 3. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Sir Charles Wolsley and Mr. Sadler to be a Committee to prepare a declaration, in pursuance of an instruction from Parliament, about forbidding disturbance to be offered to any in the exercise of public worship in the way of the Protestant religion, and to offer the same to Council.
2–4. John Thurloe appointed secretary, and Wm. Jessop and Gualter Frost, assistant secretaries to the present Council of State.
5. John Milton to remain in the same capacity as he was in the last Council, and to have the same allowance as formerly.
6. Cols. Sydenham, Jones, Rouse, and Barton, Capt. Stone, Wolsley, Cooper, Strickland, and Sir Wm. Roberts, to form a Committee to consider of the clerks and other officers belonging to Council, and of their salaries, and report.
7. The above Committee to consider how the account required by order from Parliament may be put into such a way of preparation that it may be presented to Parliament by the time prefixed in the order.
8. Council not to sit past 7 p.m. unless engaged in important debate, or in the despatch of matters of great concernment; and then the president to move Council to give order for their sitting till the said business be despatched.
9. Col. Sydenham and the rest of the above-named Committee to be a Committee to consider what Committees were constituted by the former Council, and what Committees are fit to be constituted of this Council, and to report.
10. Fleming to tell the Portuguese Ambassador from Council that if he have anything to offer them, they will be ready to give him audience.
11. The like mutatis mutandis for Lord Lagerfeldt.
12. The members of Council now in town to attend at 3 p.m. tomorrow.
14. Jones, Rouse, and Roberts to be a Committee to confer with Mr. Price concerning a discovery he has to make to Council, and to report what he shall offer.
15. Col. Barton, Mr. Bennet, and Col. Bingham to be a Committee to prepare the paper which has this day been presented to Council by Col. Sydenham (about managing some discoveries made by Col. Alan Boteler to the advantage of the commonwealth), so that what is propounded may be made practicable, and may, by order from Council, be put into a way of execution.
16, 17. The petitions of Robert Aldus, and of Smith, King, and White, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to report.
18. Also that of Cecile Orchard, to consider her condition, and do for her as is usual.
19, 20. Note that the members of Council hereafter named took the oath following, viz.:—
Lord Gen. Cromwell.
Col. Montague.
Col. Phil. Jones.
Sir A. A. Cooper.
Capt. Chas. Howard.
Sir Gilbt. Pickering.
Major-Gen. Desborow.
Col. Geo. Fleetwood.
Mr. Anlaby.
Dr. Jonath. Goddard.
Sir Wm. Roberts.
Capt. John Stone.
Viscount Lisle.
Col. Hen. Cromwell.
Col. Barton.
Jervaise Bennet.
Mr. Strickland.
Mr. Carew.
Col. Bingham.
Mr. Sadler.
Col. Ant. Rouse.
Mr. Major.
Col. Sydenham.
Sir Chas. Wolsley.
20. I, A.B., being nominated to be of the Council of State, do promise, in the sight of God, that through His grace I will not reveal anything, in whole or part, directly or indirectly, that shall be debated or resolved upon in Council, and particularly ordered to be kept secret, without allowance of Parliament or Council.
21, 22. Memorandum that Mr. Jessop and Gualter Frost did this day take the oath ensuing, being a like oath of fidelity and secresy.
23. Like form of an oath to be tendered to such as the Council shall employ under them. [I. 71, pp. 1–6.]
Nov. 4. Act for redress of delays and mischiefs arising by writs of error, and writs of false judgment.
After 7 Nov. no execution to be stayed or superseded in any court by such writs after verdict is obtained, and all writs of supersedeas granted thereon to be void, and no judgments to be reversed for want of matter of form, but only for want of matter of substance to be shown to the judges in the said courts.
All who prosecute writs of error on a judgment afterwards affirmed are to pay the defendant double costs. This Act not to extend to any action or penal statutes, indictment, presentment, inquisition, information, or appeal. [3 pages, printed. Record Office Library, 498 F., Collection of Acts, Vol. I., No. 76.]
Nov. 4. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Note that Lord Eure, Ald. Tichborne, Mr. Lawrence, and Sir Robert King took the oath of secresy.
2. The Lieutenant of the Tower to permit Anth. Jackson, prisoner, to come with his keeper to the bar of the Court of Common Pleas in Westminster Hall, to give his testimony there in a cause depending between Sir Gerard Fleetwood and Wm. Terringham.
3. The Lord President to sign a blank pass for a certain person to go beyond seas, being for the especial service of the commonwealth.
4. 110. To desire the Admiralty Commissioners to give a speedy account to Council of the state of the whole fleet intended to be sent to sea for this winter, and particularly what ships are already gone forth, and to what stations they are ordered, and how many are remaining behind, and when those which are yet in port will be ready to sail, and what the obstructions are which hinder their setting forth.
5. The report from the Admiralty Judges, in the case of Richard Faulconer, master of the Noah's Ark, referred to the Customs' Commissioners, to examine what the lading of the said ship was, and to give a particular account thereof with speed. Annexing,
111. Report of the said Commissioners that the lading is hops, tow, spirits, soft soap, and cordage.—8 Nov. 1653. [2/3 page.]
8. The re-credential letters and other papers which are prepared for Lord Lagerfeldt to be sent him by Sir O. Fleming.
10. Col. Barton and Mr. Bennet to be a Committee to go forth and examine — Grey; apprehended on suspicion of dispersing scandalous papers and pamphlets. [I. 71, pp. 7–9.]
Nov. 5. 112. Petition of Jno. Birch, Mayor of Newbury, to the Council of State, for the auditing of his accounts for maintenance of 45 Dutch prisoners and for payment of the amount disbursed by him to his intolerable burden, not knowing where to receive the moneys by reason of the late alterations. Also that he and the town may be relieved of all further care and charge therein. [1 page.]
Nov. 5.
113. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee, to examine the account, and order payment of what appears due. [2/3 page. Also I. 72, p. 13.]
Nov. 5. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To desire the justices of peace for co. Oxford (to whom a letter was formerly written about the business of the parsonage of Newnham Courtney) to state the matter of fact concerning the claims of Mr. Eyton and Mr. Unity to the parsonage, and certify with speed, that the matter may be quickly settled.
2. Note that Col. John James this day took the oath of secresy.
3. Any three of the Council who first meet in the Council Chamber, before the sitting of Council, appointed a Committee to read petitions to Council, and to consider what is fit to be done upon them, and report thereon.
4. The Admiralty Commissioners to consider whether the Stork, laden with ammunition for Ireland, and now in the Thames, is fit to pass to Ireland at this present, and to report.
6. 114. Order, on report from the Admiralty Commissioners about the way of impressing seamen for the fleet, that the said Commissioners use the means they find most fit according to the power given them by Parliament, whether that this day reported from them to Council, or any other.
8. Order, on petition of Capt. John Palmer, Ed. Hobson, Rich. Manning, Wm. Southton & Co., inhabitants of Chichester, to write to the Spanish Ambassador to recommend their case to him, that speedy justice may be procured by him for them.
9. Sir Robt. King and Col. Cromwell to report to Parliament the petition of Sir Theop. Jones, late colonel of a regiment of horse in the service of Ireland, Council finding that what is therein desired is not in their power to grant, and being sensible of his many faithful services in Ireland.
10. 115. Order, on report from the Admiralty Commissioners, in behalf of Jacob Blackleach, master of the David of London, which was impressed for the service and taken by the enemy, that a prize vessel of equal value to his which was lost be given him. [I. 72, pp. 12–14.]
Nov. 6.
116. Major N. Bourne to the Admiralty Committee. We have paid off all the ships directed except the Mermaid. I stopped 40s. a man of the Assurance's pay, until the ship be in the Rolling ground, and they appear on board, because they were second to the Mermaid in deserting and capitulating about their pay. The Mermaid I have left to the last. They not only were the first to mutiny and invite others, but yesterday they tried to provoke the Assurance men to distemper. I have subdued the mutiny, and committed one of the worst to Landguard Fort, where there are now 4.
The Advantage has come in, and I shall pay them 300l. if I can; the Assurance and 4 others are nearly ready to sail. There have been the severest storms here known for many years. I have done all I can, by letters to the Mayor of Colchester and the constables, to prevent the escape of men by water and land, yet they find means to run. I want orders to Yarmouth and all corporations who press men not to pay press and conduct money to boys and men not fit for the service. I am despatching the ships, and beg leave of absence, being ill, and wishing, after so long a spell, to visit my family. [2 pages.]
Nov. 6.
117. Major N. Bourne to Robt. Blackborne. I have got over the worst part of the work of paying off the ships, and been even with the worst of the crew; now I hope for liberty to come home to my family. The first ship's crew that rebelled shall march forth to-morrow before they are paid, and they now begin to curse one another for drawing them in. [1 page.]
Nov. 7. 118. Petition of Benjamin Goslin to the Council of State, for licence to sail with the Lioness for Barbadoes, having 50 passengers on board and 60 more to take in, and being detained by the embargo laid upon merchants' ships. The daily expenses for diet are very great, and the islands cannot subsist without some refreshment of trade. [1 page.]
Nov. 7. 119. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee. [¾ page. Also I. 72, p. 21.]
Nov. 7. 120. Petition of Claes Claesen, master of the John of Thuning, bound for Hamburg, to the Council of State, for license to sail for Hamburg, being freighted with goods belonging to several English merchants, but having no English mariners on board. Was sent to England with masts, deals, &c. for the service of the State, which have been delivered at Chatham. Is at vast expense lying here, and if there were to be ice in the river of Hamburg, would be ruined. [1 page.]
Nov. 7. 121. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee. [½ page. Also I. 72, p. 22.]
Nov. 7. 122. Petition of Capt. Hen. Appleton to the Council of State, for an order for auditing his accounts, and for consideration of the loss he sustained in his estate, exceeding 400l., as also his sufferings and great expense in his imprisonment and journey [from Leghorn]. The Irish and Scotch Committee have reported on his case; has offered his accounts to the Navy Committee, who refuse them without order from the Admiralty Committee, who will not give it without order from the Council of State. [½ page.]
Nov. 7. 123. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee. [2/3 page. Also I. 72, p. 23.]
Nov. 7. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
2. Order on petition of Wm. Drake, citizen and clothworker of London, and a certificate on his behalf by divers persons in the city, that he be at liberty to return to England, and there reside, giving such security as Sir Wm. Roberts, Mr. Strickland, and Mr. Sadler shall approve, not to act anything against this commonwealth, and making his personal submission before them, according to the purport of the said petition.
3. Note that Sir Wm. Brownlow this day took the oath of secresy.
4. The Committee formerly appointed to confer with Mr. Price about his discovery to treat with him, and take a more particular account from him concerning that business.
5. Cooper, Sadler, Bingham, and Rouse to be a Committee of Examinations, to examine all matters referring to the public safety which shall come before Council, with power to send for persons, papers, and witnesses.
7. Cols. Sydenham and Bingham to inquire what guns now remaining at Weymouth and Melcomb Regis belong to the town or inhabitants, and what proportion of guns are necessary for the securing thereof; and to give order for continuing such guns there, with their carriages and provisions as they find to belong to the town, or to be necessary to it. What they so order are to be retained by the said town for its better defence, all orders of Council or of the Admiralty Committee for removing them notwithstanding.
8. The Admiralty Commissioners to confer with the Governor of Landguard Fort concerning its condition, and to take care that it be furnished with all things necessary for security and defence, being a fort of much concernment.
9. Rouse, Jones, Roberts, Fleetwood, Goddard, and Col. Cromwell, to be a Committee to consider of a paper from the Spanish Ambassador, presented this day, concerning bags of wool taken out of the Samson, Salvador, and George, to examine the fact, to send for Dr. Walker and such other persons, papers, and witnesses as they find necessary, and to report.
10. Order,—on a request from the Portuguese Ambassador Extraordinary, this day presented, that time may be assigned him for an audience;—that he have audience at 4 p.m. next Wednesday; Fleming to give him notice.
11. The 2 letters from the Commissioners of Parliament in Ireland of 5 October last, with some resolutions by them for management of affairs of Ireland, and 7 papers concerning the articles of Galloway, referred to King, Col. Cromwell, Strickland, Wolsley, and Roberts, to consider and report.
12. Commissary-Gen. Whalley to order some of his horse now marching northwards to afford assistance for conveying along with them John Hudson, Fras. Jackson, and Chris. Nadd, committed for felony, that they may be delivered with security to the sheriff of co. York at York Castle.
13. Order, on petition of Charles Chetwind,—setting forth that Dorothy, relict of Ralph Chetwind, of Longway, parish of Stow-inLichfield, co. Stafford, gent., is, through distemper in her brain, unable to manage her estate of 30l. a year in land, and a small personal estate; and on certificate from the bailiffs and several inhabitants of Litchfield to the same purport:—That for preventing misusage of her person, miscarriage of her children's portions, and prejudice to her estate, the said Chas. Chetwind, being the eldest son, be appointed guardian of Dorothy, and of her children during their minorities; and that the management of the estate be committed to him till further order, he maintaining her and her children, and satisfying the debts charged thereupon justly owing to the said Ralph, and rendering an account to such persons as shall be authorised to require it.
14. Col. Robert Jermy and Tobias Frere, M.P.s, to consider the petition of Robert Congham, minister at Blofield, co. Norfolk, and to inquire of the truth of the matters alleged touching the rectory of Blofield, and Mr. Spidham's pretensions thereto, and to report.
15. Mr. Ryley's salary and arrears, as keeper of the records in the Tower, to be paid him from Council's contingencies.
16. 124. Order,—on report from the Admiralty Commissioners, in pursuance of Council's order of Saturday last,—that the Stork, laden with ammunition for the State's service in Ireland, be suffered to pass out of the Thames, notwithstanding the embargo, and that the Generals of the fleet appoint her a safe convoy.
17. Col. Rouse, Col. Fleetwood, and Ald. Tichborne to report their opinions concerning the petition of the postmasters for the ratification of Mr. Manley's interest in the Post Office.
18. The new frigate now to be launched at Blackwall to bear the name of Marston Moor.
19. Sadler, Cooper, Strickland, Lawrence, Col. Cromwell, Sydenham, and King to be a Committee to consider of the Parliament's instructions to Council concerning the library at St. James's, and to report how it may most conveniently be executed.
23. 125. The petition of Susan, widow of Rob. Morgan, mariner of Ipswich, for relief (her husband being slain in the service), referred to the Admiralty Commissioners.
24. The re-credential letter to the Helvetian cantons of Switzerland, now read, approved, and to be translated, signed, and delivered by Fleming to Johannes Jacobus Stockarus, agent to the said cantons, being now to return home.
27. Order, on petition of Capt. Walter Cuny, referred to Col. Jones, Capt. Howard, and Mr. Courtney; and on Col. Jones' report thereupon,—that upon perusal of several papers, and full hearing, it appeared to the said Committee that Cuny was damnified through the siege of Pembroke by the Parliament's forces, in corn, hay, grass, &c. for the use of the said army, to the value of 195l. odd;—that 150l. be allowed Cuny, to be paid out of Council's contingencies. [I. 72, pp. 17–23.]
Nov. 7.
126. Capt. Rich. Ingle to [Edw. Marston]. The ship I sailed in with Capt. White was cast away in the Downs, for want of cables to ride; since then I have had a tedious fit of sickness. Pray look after my money due from the two prizes taken when I was with Capt. Wood. In referring you therein to Mr. Parram, I give you power to use all lawful means for its recovery, and when obtained, to give one moiety to my wife, and send the other to me. I hear that they have been condemned and that the other men have received their shares. I have 11 shares. [1 page.]
Nov. 8. 127. Petition of Stephen Jackson, Mayor, and Elias Pratt, Andrew Crispe, and Thos. Watson, bailiffs and burgesses of Berwick, to the Council of State, for a convoy for some ships freighted with salmon for Newcastle, London, and other ports, there being several Dutch pirates lying upon the coast, and they having lost upwards of 3,000l. by them last summer. [1 page.]
Nov. 8. 128. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee, recommending that provision be made therefor with the first conveniency. [½ page. Also I. 72, p. 28.]
Nov. 8. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of John Ravett concerning Broughton Rectory, co. Hants, referred to the next justices of peace, to examine and determine the difference if they can, or to certify the whole state of the case.
2. Order on petition of Wm. Palmer of St. Malo, Brittany, on behalf of the commonalty of the said town and those interested in the ships and ladings of the St. John of Grace and the 3 Kings, lately taken by Capt. Nich. Hayton, commander of the Sapphire, that the Admiralty Judges suspend judgment thereon for 14 days, or till Council shall give further order.
3. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider the paper this day presented from M. de Bordeaux, the French agent, and what answer is fit to be given; also to inquire of the true state of fact touching the two ships therein mentioned, and report.
4. Order on a request this day presented from Lord Lagerfeldt, minister of Sweden, to take leave of Council, that Fleming inform him that 5 p.m. is designed on that behalf.
5. The 2 letters from the Commissioners of Parliament in Ireland, dated 5 October, and the resolutions and papers enclosed, referred yesterday to a special Committee, to be referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
6. Order on report by Col. Barton on the examination of Isaac Gray's dispersing scandalous papers and pamphlets, that Gray be committed to the Gatehouse till further order.
7. Col. Barton and Mr. Bennet to be a Committee to examine Mrs. Blacklock concerning some acting of hers in reference to scandalous papers.
8. Lord Lagerfeldt's re-credentials, with the amendment now agreed on, to be reported to Parliament by Col. Sydenham.
9. Col. Barkstead, Lieutenant of the Tower, to see the records of Scotland that are separated by Mr. Downing and Dr. Staynes packed up and inventoried, and sent by the next man-of-war that goes to Scotland to Mr. Smith, one of the judges there, to whose care their disposal with a copy of the inventory is committed.
11. The petition of John Ward, for allowance of a pension from Ely House, in respect of his poverty and wounds in the service, to be recommended by Mr. Thurloe to the treasurers for Ely House.
12. The letter from Capt. Hatsell, concerning the St. Anna frigate claimed by the Spanish Ambassador, with the examinations enclosed, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to report.
13. The petition of Mary, widow of Major John Burton, slain at Montgomery Castle, for an order to the Army Committee to pay some moneys due to her, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to state and report.
15. The Lord General, Mr. Strickland, Col. Sydenham, and Mr. Lawrence to be a Committee of Secresy, to manage the intelligence that shall be received, and communicate the same to Council as they see cause.
16. 129. The petition of Thos. Corbett that the Fisher of Stralsund, bound for Denmark, may have liberty to proceed on her voyage, she belonging to Sweden, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to report.
17. The report from the Admiralty Judges concerning Christian Markuson's claim referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to report. Annexing,
130. i. Report by [the Admiralty Judges] on a claim in the Admiralty Court, by Christian Markuson, of Swinsound, Denmark, for the Hector of Swinsound. The ship was laden with deals last April, on the general license of 15 March, for the bringing in of masts, pitch, timber, &c. and consigned to merchants in Hull, but was taken by a Dutch man-of-war. The master redeemed his ship by selling his deals, and in his return, was taken by the Adventure frigate, to whose commander, Capt. Nelson, he delivered for safety 200 of 400 rix dollars, proceeds of the deals, and the crew of the frigate took away 200 more, which was hid in the ballast, besides other goods. The judges wait orders thereon, not having received them as regards Danish ships, which this is. [¾ page.]
18. Order on report from the Admiralty Judges of 27 October 1653,—concerning the Dutch ship Bear's Foot, John Hendrickson, master, and an agreement therein mentioned to be made under the fort of Salabrine, in the Spanish dominions, betwixt the squadron late under Capt. Trenchfield, in the service of this State, and the said Hendrickson, concerning the ship and her lading;—that the said agreement is to be made good; and the Admiralty Judges to proceed accordingly. [See p. 219 supra.]
19. All petitions for letters of marque on trading voyages to be referred to the Customs' Commissioners, to examine the truth of the matter alleged, and to report whether the ships be truly bound on trading voyages, that further order may be given.
20. Order, on report from Cols. Bingham and Sydenham, in pursuance of an order of yesterday,—that three minions and one faulcon of the guns at Weymouth and Melcomb Regis are claimed by persons in those towns, and that 8 demi-culverins, 4 sackers, and 2 minions with their carriages and provisions, as also 12 barrels of powder and ball, are necessary for the forts there;—that a letter be written to Capt. Arthur of Weymouth to stay the guns there accordingly, and that notice hereof be given to the Admiralty Commissioners.
21. Order that—as by Parliament order of 6th April 1652, 4,000l. was charged on Goldsmiths' Hall for Dover Harbour, but they have lately received 750l. out of a seizure there,—the treasurers at Goldsmiths' Hall pay 3,250l. for Dover, and 750l. to Frost, for Council's contingencies.
22. The great brass cannon, called Queen Elizabeth, to be continued in Cornet Castle, Guernsey, for the service of that place.
23. The Lord General, Col. Cromwell, King, Howard, Bennet, Pickering, and Stone to be the Irish and Scotch Committee; and the care of this to be specially referred to Col. Cromwell.
24. The Lord General, Wolsley, Cooper, Sadler, Lord Eure, Col. James, Sir Wm. Roberts, Barton, and Goddard to be a Committee for Lunatics, and the care thereof specially referred to Sadler.
25. The Lord General, Strickland, Wolsley, Pickering, Cooper, Lawrence, Tichborne, Viscount Lisle, Sadler, Jones, Montague, Sydenham, and Major to be the Committee for Foreign Affairs, the care thereof specially referred to Lawrence.
26. The Lord General, Jones, Tichborne, Bingham, Stone, Goddard, Cromwell, and Barton to be a Committee for the Mint, the care thereof specially referred to Tichborne and Bingham.
27. The Lord General, Brownlow, Fleetwood, Anlaby, Roberts, Barton, Howard, Major, Strickland, Rous, James, Desborow, Carew, and Harrison to be the Ordnance Committee, the care thereof specially referred to Howard.
28. Cooper, Sadler, Bingham, Rouse, Strickland, Sydenham, Wolsley, Bennet, and Barton to be a Committee for Examination, the care thereof especially referred to Bennet. [I. 72, pp. 62– 33.]
Nov. 9. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Col. Jones added to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
2, 3. Col. Montague added to the Committee for the library at James's House, and Henry Lawrence, a member of this Council, appointed keeper of the library.
6. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider of the manner of the address which was this day made to Council by the Portuguese Ambassador, and what notice should be taken of it by them, and what rules should be observed by Ambassadors and public ministers in their addresses to Council in future, and to report.
7. Monday, Thursday, and Saturday mornings to be the times for the sitting of the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
8. To desire Sir Chas. Wolsley to move Parliament to appoint some means whereby the complaints frequently made to Council against scandalous ministers may be heard and examined, and justice done upon those against whom the matters charged shall be proved.
9. Sir G. Pickering to present to Parliament the report on Sir Adam Loftus' case.
10. The petition of Christian West, widow, referred to the Navy Commissioners, to do as is usual.
11. Order, on petition of the well-affected in Watlington parish, co. Oxford, to write to 2 justices of peace to examine the matter suggested, state the fact, and certify.
13. Order, on report from the Admiralty Commissioners about the payment of money for the sick and wounded seamen, to recommend to the Commissioners for Inspection to issue their warrants from time to time to the Commissioners for Prize Goods, to pay to the Commissioners for the sick and wounded seamen such sums as they shall be certified by the Admiralty Commissioners to be necessary.
15. 15,000l. of the money in the Tower to be paid towards the prize money due to mariners.
16. Order,—on report from the Admiralty Commissioners concerning payment of part of the prize money due to the seamen who have been in the service, and are again in the State's pay;—that the Commissioners for Inspection advise with the Admiralty Commissioners concerning the putting of the payment of the said moneys into such way that it may be done without charge to the State, Council having assigned 15,000l. of the money now in the Tower to that use, which is to be paid to such persons as the said Commissioners shall agree upon, and shall report to Council to receive it.
17, 18. 131. The letter from the Mayor of Southampton of the 5th instant referred to Commissary-Gen. Whalley, and a copy of it to be sent to the Admiralty Commissioners. Annexing,
131. i. Wm. Horne, Mayor of Southampton, to the Council of State. There are 35 Dutch prisoners who have been confined here 6 months, and until within the last 4 days, have received 6d. a day each for subsistence, but that having ceased, they have addressed me for money. I desire directions, you having forbidden their transportation. There are likewise in the common gaol 3 Irishmen and one Scot who were taken with the Dutch, and are desirous to serve in the navy if discharged.—Southampton, 5 Nov. [¾ page.]
19. A warrant to be issued to the Admiralty Judges to discharge the Florissant, Council being satisfied in the matter charged against her. Annexing,
132. i. Report of the Admiralty Judges on an order of 26 Oct., that Capt. Salomon Bichot of the Florisant was, by order of 4 Aug. last, allowed to sail from Dieppe to Cape de Verd, he doing nothing to prejudice English shipping. He sailed 14 Oct., but about the Stert, was met by the Providence frigate, and was hailed, but submitted not, and prepared for fight. One gun was fired, but the captain says that it was without his order, also that he knew not the Providence was an English ship. Those of the Providence say several guns were fired at them, and they gave her one broadside and prepared for another, when she yielded; but when the captain came on board, he said he would have sunk before he yielded, had he known the Providence's fire was so small.—2 Nov. Noted as read and referred 8 Nov. [1 page.]
20. To write to the Governor of Chester that, on the petition of John Senhouse of Seacale, Cumberland, prisoner with him, Council have thought fit to allow him 3 months' liberty, on security to the Governor to appear to Council within a month, and to render himself back prisoner to Chester Castle at the end of three months.
21. The petition of the freeholders and commoners of Epworth Manor, Isle of Axholme, and that of the inhabitants of Misterton, referred to the Committee for Examinations, to report. [I. 72, pp. 37–41.]
Nov. 10. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
3. Order on examination of Ellen Blacklock by a Committee of Council, that she be dismissed from the restraint laid upon her by Council, and wholly set free.
5. The petition and account of Capt. Lawrence Knot, Governor of Sandgate Castle, Kent, referred to the Ordnance Committee.
6. The petition of seamen's widows who have sustained loss by the Portuguese referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to consider and report.
7. The petition of Wm. Fishman, part owner and master of the Peace of London, referred to the Admiralty Judges, to state the matter of fact and report. Annexing,
133. i. Report thereon by the said judges that the petitioner owns ¼ of the ship, that the owners let it to Mr. Beane and others, and that Fishman went to look after the ship, andChild as master, both on wages. That she took a Dutch prize, and the Council of State, on 10 June 1653, adjudged 2/3 thereof to Beane and the freighters, excluding Fishman and the mariners, because they were under wages.—Doctors' Commons, 30 Nov. 1653. [1 page.]
8. The Ordnance Committee to confer with the Governor of Landguard Fort concerning its condition, and to take care that it be furnished with all things necessary for its security, being a fort of much concernment.
9. 134. Order on the report from the Admiralty Commissioners concerning Mr. Hutchinson, Navy Treasurer, that the Admiralty and Inspection Commissioners who are of Council speak with Hutchinson, and consider what may best enable him to manage the service, and to report.
10. The petitions of Frances Jones and Anne Hill, widows, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to consider and report.
12. The judges who are now going to Scotland to have 100l. a piece advanced to them at their coming to Scotland, on account of their salaries.
13. The business of the embargo to be debated at a full Councilz to-morrow afternoon. The Council to be summoned against that time.
14. The paper sent in from the Portuguese Ambassador, being a duplicate and translation of that he delivered in person yesterday, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
15. The certificate from the Commissioners appointed to hear and examine the merchants' demands for losses by the Portuguese referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
16, 17. Also the paper from Lord Lagerfeldt, minister from Sweden, delivered this day; and a paper offered in the name of the agent for the Duke of Courland.
18. Order on Peter Butler's petition about his losses sustained by the Spaniard, that Fleming repair to the Spanish Ambassador, and desire his answer to the Council's letter formerly written to obtain justice for him, and whatever answer shall be given, Fleming is to report to Council.
19. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to meet to-morrow morning, for despatch of matters to them referred.
21. The report from the Irish and Scotch Committee, concerning Capt. Swanley's loss of the Bonadventure and her prize, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to report.
22. To write to Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburg, that Council desires his return to England may be for some time forborne. [I. 72, pp. 43–47.]
Nov. 10.
135. Major N. Bourne to Robt. Blackborne. I do not serve for wages, and would have been content with my expenses. I shall sit down in silence, but the world is unequally divided. I should be glad to have the business as to the prizes concluded. It is the season that will make it a courtesy to me. I hope to be able to leave in 16 days. I have been nearly killed by the extreme cold taken in coasting up and down. [¾ page.]
Nov. 11. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Hen. Shelly referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to examine the business and report.
3. Cols. Bingham and Barton and Mr. Bennet to be a Committee to consider of what is offered in the petition of Mr. Clovell, and whether any use may be made of anything therein for the advantage of the commonwealth, and to report.
4. 136. The petition of Thos. Marshall, Collector of Customs in Ryde, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to consider and report.
5. Mr. Strickland added to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
6. The several examinations taken in Hampshire concerning the spoiling of timber in the forests there, and transmitted to the Council, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to read, make a short abstract of what relate most to the spoil of timber, and report; that on a review made of the business, further orders may be given.
7. Cooper and Lawrence to report to Parliament the draft of an Act prepared for declaring what shall be high treason. [I. 72, pp. 49, 50.]
Nov. 11.
137. J. Skinner to Edw. Marston, Gardener's Lane, Westminster. I understand that the Council of State, by order of Parliament, grants licences for importing French wines, upon petition, and payment of 2l. more per tun since the prohibition; pray procure me a licence for 300 tuns of white and claret, and let the petition and licence be in your name, for reasons which I will explain. With draft notes relating to the capture of prizes, &c. [2 pages.]
Declaration of the Council of State.
Nov. 12.
Parliament having lately entrusted this Council to take care that the good people of England, Scotland, and Ireland be protected in their peaceable assemblies for the worship of God, not intending thereby any sufferance to any Popish or idolatrous worship:— it is hereby declared that Council will so protect all the good people of these nations, that no disturbance may be offered to any such in their peaceable assemblies; and it is required of all ministers of justice to proceed against offenders therein as disturbers of the public peace, and all other persons whatsoever are to take notice hereof. [I. 72, p. 54.]
Nov. 12. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The declaration now read in Council, concerning protecting the good people of this nation in their worship of God, in the way of the Protestant religion, approved, and to be printed and published.
2. Order on petition of Col. John Hewson that 4 ships be permitted to pass from Chester or Liverpool to Dublin, notwithstanding the embargo. The Irish and Scotch Committee to nominate some person at Chester to appoint what 4 ships shall pass.
3. A Committee of Council to give audience to the agent of the city of Hamburg at 4 next Tuesday. Fleming to give him notice.
6. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to meet on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday mornings.
7. The members of Council now in town to attend Council at 3 p.m. next Monday. [I. 72, pp. 53–54.]
Nov. 12.
The Swifture, Hope.
138. Gen. Monk to the Council of State. This morning I called a council of war of the respective commanders in the ships riding here, to know their state, and enclose a list of their wants. I have written the Admiralty Committee that a timely supply may be made, and that the ships and frigates fitting out at Deptford and Woolwich may be hastened down; upon their arrival, I will quicken the commanders and other officers in their duty, whereunto your commands to the Navy Commissioners will be of no small concernment to their despatch. [1 page.] Enclosing.
138. i. List of 9 ships in the Hope, with particulars of their wants. [2/3 page.]
Nov. 12.
The Swiftsure, Hope.
139. Gen. Monk to the Admiralty Committee. I send a list of ships in the Hope, and their wants of men and provisions, and beg that they may be speedily supplied, and that those fitting out at Deptford and other places in the river may be hastened down. On their arrival, I will quicken the commanders and other officers in their duties, and send an account. I want a few men, and also the prize money due to the Swiftsure for her 400 men, and let that due to others fitting at Portsmouth be sent there.
You should publish what further encouragement you intend giving to seamen who volunteer to serve.
P.S.—Ascertain from Capt. Goodson whether he intends going to sea with the Unicorn, and if not, engage with Capt. Newbury. It would encourage the men to declare that their prize money shall be paid on board the ships they are entered on. [1¾ pages.] Annexing,
139. i. Duplicate of the preceding list. [2/3 page.]
Nov. 13.
140. Luke Whittington to Ralph Parker, English gentleman, at the Prince of Orange's house, Flushing. I arrived here 3 days since, in company of Sir John Bale and Mr. Clotherbook, and intend visiting you at Flushing this day week. There is no news here but that out of Germany, which is very good, and generally believed to be true, that the Emperor and Prince of Germany have declared to assist our King with men and money, and that there is a stay of all ships in England for 40 days. I will visit my lord shortly. Sir John and Mr. Clotherbook present their service to my lord and you. [2/3 page.]
Nov. 14. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Lieutenant of the Tower to make a return to the habeas corpus sent him from the Court of Upper Bench,—requiring him to bring Lieut.-Col. John Lilburne before them on the 16th inst.,— that Lilburne is committed to him by warrant from the Council of State, in order to the preservation of the peace and safety of the nation, in pursuance of an order of Parliament.
2. The keeper of the Gatehouse to return to a like habeas corpus from the Upper Bench, requiring him to bring John Streeter before them, that Streeter is committed to him by warrant from the Council of State, for publishing seditious pamphlets against the State.
4. The petition of Ald. Chiverton, for a convoy for some ships from Dunkirk to England, referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to give convoy if they find no inconvenience therein to the present service.
5. Desborow and Howard to move Parliament to give order for the payment of 4 serjeants and 1 corporal, added to the Lord General's regiment on occasion of the recruits, from 22 August last.
6. 141. The letter from Gen. Monk from aboard the Swiftsure of the 12th inst., with the enclosed list, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
7. The letter from Capt. Hatsel of the 11th inst., concerning the Anne frigate of St. Sebastian, and the examination enclosed, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
8. The Committee of Council appointed to consider the officers' salaries, to meet at 8 a.m. to-morrow. [I. 72, pp. 55–57.]
Nov. 14.
142. Charles Longland to Lord General Cromwell and the Council of State. I have had a printed book sent from England, entitled a Remonstrance of the fight in Leghorn Road, dedicated to you by Capt. Hen. Appleton, wherein I find myself very much traduced. Although I cannot, at such a distance, put so much into paper as is requisite for my vindication, yet if I should be silent, something he accuses me of may be taken for truth by them that do not know me. The Lord has given me grace to keep me from such foul villanies as I am accused of, and if Capt. Appleton was kept for 3 days from those mischievous men whose counsels have prevailed with him, and strictly examined concerning my carriage, I am confident he would give me a better character.
At his passing by this port in Nov. 1651, with his squadron for Turkey, his behaviour so much incensed the Great Duke, that his Highness wrote a letter of complaint against him to Parliament and commanded the English here to recommend its delivery in a letter of ours to the Turkey Company, which letter, out of respect to Appleton, I alone forbore to underwrite, whereby I gained ill will both from the Prince and our own nation, and Appleton on his return acknowledged my civility very thankfully.
In the following April, I received a commission from the Council of State to serve their ships and commanders here with what they required; two months after, Appleton returned into port with his squadron from Turkey, and I, who before had showed so much respect to him in his absence, now, when I was made the State's servant, and an obligation laid upon me to serve him, am said to betray him into the Great Duke's castle at Pisa as a close prisoner, and hinder any one to visit him.
Nov. 14. In the 5th page he undertakes to give an exact account of the surprisal of the Phœnix, purposely to show you another error of mine. He says that he sent me an account of the particulars, that you might have notice quickly, but that I sent my own servant with the news, not giving him the liberty of sending. The truth is that same letter and information which Appleton sent me, I sent to you by Nath. Davis, a merchant lying in my house.
In the 6th page he strives to give reasons why I betrayed him into prison, and would fain make the surprisal of the Phœnix to be the cause; for he says that two days after, I came on board with one of the Duke's captains, and told him the Duke wished to speak with him at Pisa. Now Thos. Dethick, a merchant here, was employed with me by the colonel on this message to him on 5 Dec., 5 days after the Phœnix was surprised; but he omits mentioning the other, that he might lay the cause of his imprisonment upon me, which must needs be so, because he was able to clear himself from having any hand in the surprisal, and therefore the Great Duke's displeasure must light upon Capt. Badiley and myself; and which way did Capt. Appleton's imprisonment take off the Great Duke's displeasure to either ?
Capt. Badiley acknowledged the surprisal of the frigate to be his act, and I cleared Capt. Appleton before the Great Duke of having had any hand in it, and his Highness' letter to Parliament only blames him for consenting thereto.
Capt. Appleton being brought into this condition, he now taxes me and Capt. Wood for triumphing over his misery, though I used all possible means to prevent his imprisonment, and afterwards to get him cleared, continuing early and late, both in public and private, and never desisted until I understood the Great Duke had sent him to Porto Feraro, when I returned back to Leghorn.
Seeing the malice of this man extends even to the dead, I must justify Capt. Wood. He was a pious and discreet man, and very forward to serve his country, and often proffered his service to Capt. Appleton, to wait upon him with his ship whenever he would attempt the breaking through the enemy; once while we 3 were walking on the broad place, he so far urged it upon Appleton that he made him angry, and he asked what great matters he could do with his 30 guns and 30 men. Wood replied that he brought 45 men into port, besides what he had picked up since, and that Appleton's thus undervaluing him was a disparagement to him and his ship.
In page 7 he says I was the cause of the Great Duke's sending a courier to England to complain of his taking the frigate, and violating the sentinel; so that I, who a little before would not concur in recommending the Great Duke's letter against him, must now contrive the sending of a courier. The Great Duke's letter is still extant, and will show the true cause of his imprisonment, which was for violating the sentinel, and other insolencies; for the frigate was surprised some time before the action of the sentinel, and nothing was spoken of it; but the truth is the Sampson lay too near the Leopard, otherwise Capt. Appleton might have been sober aboard his own ship; for certainly it was no part of a sober man to call to his own men on the forecastle to fire their muskets at the sentinel, of which I can produce good testimony, but it was well his men had more wit than he.
As for the 600 ducats which he says it was agreed at a council of war he should give, to have leave from the Duke to command the Leopard, I believe the council was held on board the Sampson when the riot was committed on the sentinel, but I was not present, nor ever heard of the business until I found it in his remonstrance.
In page 8 he says Capt. Badiley sent his lieutenant to him in the night, to know his readiness to come out with his squadron, it blowing so fresh off the shore that they could hardly keep their topsails aloft; but as Capt. Appleton had not the forecast, in so many months, to find an opportunity to get out of the Mould, so he had not the grace to accept of such a wholesome invitation from his commander. He says he had a consultation, and I being absent they dared not act; but whoever reads his remonstrance will never believe he bears any such respect to me, neither did any such umpirage belong to any officer, but to him, as chief commander of this squadron, whose judgment, as he was a seaman and soldier, ought to have guided him, he being best acquainted with the wind and weather, and having such an authentic warrant as the call of his chief commander. But seeing he let slip this occasion, which is not excusable, why did he not keep to his former result, on a letter from Capt. Badiley, not to stir with his squadron out of the Mould, until the enemy had engaged Badiley's squadron? and if the Dutch would not come out and fight him, then this squadron should lie still in the Mould until Badiley was come within musket shot of the enemy, where he lay in the road. All the commanders agreed to this at a full council, where I was present; and the morning of the fight, they promised due observance, wherein consisted all that was discernible for their safety, for then the enemy had been forced to have fought both our squadrons at once, and not have turned their whole fleet upon this.
A little after he says that I and the commanders agreed they should lose no more time, whereupon they slipped their cables. I stayed aboard the Leopard a long time after the departure of the other commanders, and as I was walking with Appleton upon the upper deck, Capt. Lynn called to him to know if he should go out; I again earnestly desired Capt. Appleton to remember what they had all agreed to, not to stir out of the Mould until the enemy had engaged Capt. Badiley, which he then again promised faithfully to observe, and I took my leave. No sooner was I ashore but Appleton was under sail, as if he had been greedy of his ruin, which was thereby unavoidable, for as soon as their ships' sterns were to the Mould, the whole Dutch fleet tacked back upon them; this was long forseen by Capt. Badiley, who laboured so much to prevent it, that he often repeated in his letters not to come out of the Mould until the enemy had engaged his squadron. Capt. Wood before his death acknowledged this error to be their utter ruin, and told me he called to Capt. Fisher, who was next ship to the Sampson, to speak to Capt. Seaman to speak to Capt. Appleton that the ships might forbear going out until their due time. Fisher replied, "you know what manner of man Capt. Seaman is, that a man cannot speak to him." Nothing but sheer malice has set this man to traduce me, or why does he rake up any action of mine ashore that he thinks might be shaped into a misdemeanor? To what end else tends his telling you that I never owned nor sent to see him after his captivity, and that the men were starved going for Venice, and the publishing of Mr. Reding's letter?
The day after the fight I sent my kinsman, Jonathan Parker, aboard the Dutch Vice-Admiral, to visit Appleton, to condole his misfortune, and to know wherein I might serve him; he answered he wanted neither money nor anything, but only his liberty, which he desired me to endeavour. I sent Parker several times to the Dutch agent, and proffered him my bond for 10,000 dollars to give Appleton leave to come ashore, and go for Holland, and stay there until he was exchanged; but because he has forgotten all this, I have caused Parker to attest the truth thereof hereunder, with some other passages that may bring it to his remembrance. I also sent him refreshments of bread, wine, and flesh.
In page 11 he says that upon several securities to appear in Holland, they gave him leave to go. I with two other Englishmen, became bound in 12,000 dollars for his and the other captains' enlargement to go for Holland, and until we had finished this obligation before a public notary, none of them were suffered to come out of their ship. I enclose copies of these ungrateful captains' letters requesting me to stand bound for them, and thanking me for my readiness to do it, with copy of my bond for them; I have sent the originals to Capt. Badiley for your inspection.
As soon as the Dutch Vice-Admiral had received this bond, he sent the Captains ashore to the Lazaretto, whither I went with several Englishmen to visit them; and for requital, Capt. Seaman, in presence of 20 English and Italians, reviled me with all the scurrilous names imaginable; and when he could not reach me with his hands to take away my life, he took up stones and heaved them at me, so as to brain me, which he had done if I had not fled.
The Dutch turned ashore all the prisoners and wounded men, being 77, the next day after the fight, I had the State's former order, to see them carefully provided for, and I hired a house for a hospital, and bought and hired beds, &c. for them, and entertained all the English surgeons, besides a Frenchman, as the best in the town, and agreed with an English host for half a dollar a man a day, to provide them with victuals and broths. I bought them shifts and apparel, paid large bills to the apothecary, and was as provident for the State as I could be; I am sure the poor men wanted nothing, neither did I omit visiting them once a day at least to see them dressed, as also what else they and the surgeons needed.
As for the 300 sound men, having no direction from the State, I used my discretion, and entertained them all at the State's charge, lest they should put themselves into the enemies' service for want of a livelihood. To common men I gave a dollar and 1/7 a day for five, and to officers a dollar a day for three, which was to their full content.
I will not speak of the many troubles these occasions brought upon me, to the neglect of my own affairs, for my house was constantly blocked up by these poor men; and when they found me abroad, they would follow me by droves. I much pitied them, yet such people are commonly unreasonable; some would have money to carry them home overland; some wanted clothes; some would have one thing, and some another; and I, seeing that the ships entered into the State's service at Venice, and the Harry Bonadventure at Messina, all wanted men to carry them out, said that they should not be longer idle, but that some should go to Venice by land, and others to Messina by sea, to serve in the said ships, and that those who would not do either I would no longer entertain; to this they agreed, and those that went to Venice I recommended to Capt. Jonas Poole, who was sent thither to hasten out those ships, to see them embarked and sent them hence in companies of 20 and 12 two days distant one company from another, that they might find accommodation by the way.
I consulted with the officers of the Leopard how many days' pay were fitting to give them for this journey, as some seamen that came from Venice on foot to serve in these ships were but eight days on the way. I gave each man 12 days' pay besides a new shirt, and a dollar to buy hose and shoes, which was to all their content. Capt. Appleton would persuade you that some of them were starved by the way. If it was so, and if the folly of some men were such as to spend in three days what should serve them 12, was I to blame, who used all my skill to prevent disorder, by putting a whole company's pay into the hands of a sober man, whom the men themselves approved of? Capt. Poole, to whom these men were recommended by me at Venice, saw them embarked upon the several ships there.
For Mr. Reding's letter, which Capt. Appleton has put in print to cast infamy upon me, I have been injurious to myself in not acquainting you of the great affront Capt. Appleton put upon me at the Great Duke's court, and I appeal to you, why did Capt. Appleton sign and seal a commission to Mr. Reding to treat with the Great Duke in all matters concerning the State's ships under his command while I was present, who was your servant commissioned for that purpose, except to slight me? He tells you that I was desired by the merchants here to go to Florence with the commanders of the ships, to treat with the Great Duke about the safety of our goods, but this trust did not deprive me of my commission from the State, nor disable me for their service, for the one strengthened the other. Had Capt. Appleton told me of his commission to Mr. Reding, which he might have done, then lodging in my house, one of us would have stayed behind; for as soon as we came to Florence, Reding invited the commanders of the ships to leave me and go with him to Court, telling them he was empowered by Appleton to treat of all affairs that concerned the State or their ships, that my commission was out of date, and, that if I had any, it was to treat about merchants' affairs; and in this manner he represented me at the Great Duke's Court, where I had a little before made some addresses, as your servant, in behalf of the said ships. Thus now I was suspected for an impostor, for as some of the Court said. "If you were what you pretended, a servant to the State, Capt. Appleton, who is a commmander of theirs, would not thus slight you, but acknowledge you for such, and not commission another for that service."
Thereupon I was necessitated to despatch a courier to Leghorn to fetch my commission to show the Great Duke, and wrote Capt. Appleton what had passed. He then made a revocation of Reding's commission by a public notary, and sent it to me, Reding having left for Leghorn. I showed it to the Great Duke, who laughed heartily and said, "What will you say if Reding returns in three days with another commission to revoke this revocation?" Thus Capt. Appleton made himself ridiculous.
Men fallen into errors by their own ignorance or rashness often lay the blame on others. Capt. Appleton had shown more wisdom in submitting to the hand of Providence than in falling to beating his fellow servants. He has heaped abuses on Capt. Badiley, whose integrity is so well known to you, and also his wisdom and courage in managing the late fight with the Dutch before Porto Longone, and in preserving so many rich ships, and his endeavours were 10 times more employed to save this unhappy squadron. I have been eye-witness of his care therein, besides those many dangers he escaped going to and fro between this place and Porto Longone, being waylaid by the enemy, who was greedy of his destruction, and sought all manner of ways to compass it, while Appleton never made a motion in 6 months to get out of the Mould, though Captains Wood and Marsh and Mr. Edge often urged him to take some opportunity to break out, and they would accompany him with their ships; yet nothing but discouragements came from him, and he even told Capt. Wood's men they would have no pay for their service, of which Wood complained to me. I confess my weakness in performing any acceptable service, yet what I acted was with integrity.
At my first perusal of the remonstrance, although I found myself so much abused, yet I pitied Appleton, and rather attributed it to his ignorance, because in the beginning he deals very candidly, and makes a handsome apology that no man, how much soever injured, could take any great exceptions to what followed, for he tells you plainly he had lost his journal, and spoke without book; however he would guess at the most material passages. But when I came to the close, I found it full of hypocrisy and malice, for he takes a deep oath that all he has said is true; and how many passages thereof I have clearly disproved I leave to you.
I could say much more, but less I could not say, to clear myself of those foul aspersions; yet what is behind is more than all the rest. Appleton has deprived me most maliciously of the only jewel and riches that I had in the world, my credit and good name. I have lived here a long time as a factor, and my fair and honest dealing, with the good repute I had amongst many worthy gentlemen and merchants in London, brought me employment, and thereby my livelihood; but now, while I lie in the condition this man has set me, printed and posted up for a villain and a traitor, who will acknowledge or own me? This man has ruined me, and that by your umbrage and patronage, for his Remonstrance is directed to your Excellency and the Council of State, and printed by the Parliament's printer, which gives all countenance and authority to it.
I therefore beseech you that, if it appear to you that I am innocent of those foul crimes, you will give reparation to my credit in such a way as shall seem fitting, which will encourage me to go on cheerfully in performing my duty in the place. [13½ pages.] Enclosing,
142. i. Deposition of Jonathan Parker. After the fight with the Dutch fleet, I went on board the Dutch Vice-Admiral, by order of Mr. Longland, to ascertain if Capt. Appleton wanted anything, when he stated he only wanted his liberty, and desired Longland would endeavour to obtain it. On my asking him how many men were slain on, board his ship in the engagement, he replied 90 or 100, although it was subsequently proved there were but 1/10th of that number. Upon leaving that ship, I went on board the Maid of Enchuisen, where Capt. Marsh was a prisoner and then to the Pilgrim, where I found Capt. Wood mortally wounded. At his earnest desire I obtained leave for him to go on shore, and took him on shore, and thus was prevented from visiting Capt. Seaman, who was on board young Van Tromp.
The next day I made several journeys, by desire of Mr. Longland, to Vanderstraten, the Dutch agent, and proffered Longland's security for the captains above named, if they might be allowed to come on shore during the day, and return on board at night, but it could not be agreed to until orders were received from Holland.— Leghorn, 14 Nov. 1653. [1 page.]
142. ii. Captains Hen. Appleton, Edm. Seaman, and Steven Marsh to Charles Longland. We beg you to treat for our liberty and to become bound for our appearance, as the fleet is to leave to-morrow.—Half Moon, 16 May. [⅓ page.]
142. iii. The same to Longland. We thank you for your courteus answer. The commander of the fleet with whom you are to treat is gone ashore. We leave it to your discretion whether we are to remain here in Leghorn, appear in Holland till exchanged, or otherwise.—16 May. [¼ page.]
142. iv. Bond of Chas. Longland, Geo. Northleigh, and Hen. Browne, English merchants in Leghorn, in 5,000 pieces of 8, for the appearance of Capt. Appleton, in 4,000 for Seaman, and in 3,000 for Marsh, in North Holland within 2 months.—Leghorn, 20 May 1653. [1¾ pages.]
142. V. Deposition of Capt. Jonas Poole, that he embarked a number of men at Venice sent to him by Mr. Longland from Leghorn, and that they were well provided for in their journey from Leghorn to Venice, and expressed themselves satisfied.—Leghorn, 14 Nov. 1653. [½ page,]
Nov. 14.
143. Charles Longland to [Robt. Blackborne]. I wrote you 20 days since about the commands I had received as to redeeming the poor captives at Tripoli, but finding no vessel bound thither, I must freight a bark for this occasion, and send over a young man who has lived some time with me, the son of Jno. Goodwin, from whom I shall have a good account of the business, of which you shall be advised.
I am still thankful for your propounding to the Committee for a license to bring home 200 tons of currants in some foreign bottom in friendship with our State, and hope I shall have leave and a pass for the ship, that she may not be molested by any of ours in the channel.
A French ship passed this port last week, bound for Smyrna, having 300,000 dollars or pieces of 8; a Dutch man-of-war laid her aboard, as she rode at anchor in this port, and thought to have carried her, but the castles beat him off and out of the port, so that we are now clear of them. The seas are very full of rich merchant ships, French and Dutch, and I hope when the new frigates are launched some will be spared and sent this way, for the French begin to fall to their old trade again, having lately taken an English ship laden with currants. I much wonder at their insolence, while they have an Ambassador in England on a treaty of peace. The Dutch here make a great noise that the Highlanders in Scotland are up in arms, but we hope it is not true. [1½ pages.]
Nov. 14.
144. Fras. Raworth to Edw. Marston. Although Mr. Cullen promised the Mayor to write touching the certainty of the payment of the harbour money, and the surveyors formerly wrote and spoke earnestly to him about it, yet notwithstanding he is one of the assistants, he has since refused to subscribe the writing signed by the others, and since sent up; I therefore desire you to acquaint Cullen what certainty there is of the payment of the money, so that he may write the Mayor and surveyors thereof, which may the more encourage me in the journey to town.
The news here is of war with the Dutch, but as you write nothing thereof, I do not believe it. On receipt of Mr. Cullen or Mr. Lieutenant's letter of the certainty of a receipt of the money, I will make my repair to London. [½ page.]
Nov. 14.
145. Abraham Stock to Edw. Marston. I am much engaged to you and Mr. Cullen for your care in my business, but imagine Mr. Scobel forgot my papers by reason I had not given him a gratuity beforehand; notwithstanding the delay, I hope the business will be soon perfected, when I will come to London to thank my friends for their goodness. [½ page.]
Nov. 14.
146. Rich. Ingle to Edw. Marston. Having written and received no answer, I again intreat you to demand the money due to me from the prizes taken when I was with Capt. Jas. Wood, as there are 11 shares besides plunderage. Mr. Parram in Crooked Lane, the next house to Fish Street, will assist you in the business. As in my former letters, so in this, I give you power to use all lawful means for its recovery, and after paying yourself all expenses, to pay my wife one moiety and send me the other. I have written you every post these 3 weeks, and having been sick, my want of money is great. [1 page.]
Nov. 15. 147. Petition of [Sir] John Pershouse to the Council of State. On the late riot at Walsall, co. Stafford, the chief actors were sent for, the rest committed to prison, and prosecuted at the next sessions at Lichfield, when 2 bills of indictment were found, and other rioters committed to the county prison. The Council of State has since empowered some county gentlemen to re-examine the riot, which they have done, but not on oath, and hearing only the rioters and their adherents, not the witnesses against them. Both before and since the riot, has often offered to proceed to trial with the rioters, as to the right of common, and has tried to bring them to terms by persuasion, which they refuse, calumniate him, and threaten his estate. Begs that the testimony of the rioters, if not taken on oath, may not be valid. [1 page.]
Nov. 15. Reference thereon to Col. Barton and Mr. Bennet, appointed a Committee to consider of the papers returned concerning the late riot at or near Walsall, and report. [I. 72, p. 62.]
Nov. 15. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The state of the contract made last June between the Council of State and John Manley, for farming the office of postage of letters, to be drawn up by the secretary, and presented to Council.
2. To send to John Manley to pay in to Mr. Frost, for Council's contingencies, 2,500l., which, in pursuance of his contract, he was obliged to pay in to the use above mentioned on 1st October last.
3. The business of the embargo to be considered to-morrow afternoon.
7. The letter from the Lieutenant of the Tower of this day, concerning the escape of Col. Phillips, referred to the Committee for Examinations, to examine the whole business and report.
9. Roberts, Wolsley, and Pickering to be a Committee to receive informations about Mr. Harding and to report.
10. Power given to the Committee of Council for [Examinations] to send for any persons in safe custody before them against whom they have information of doing anything prejudicial to the peace and safety of the State, and to issue warrants for searching for papers or writings of public concern, and for bringing the same before them, to be perused by them.
11. The papers from the agent of Hamburg, this day delivered, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
12. The letter from the justices of peace for co. Stafford with the examinations concerning the late riot at Walsall, referred to Col. Barton and Mr. Bennett, who are to peruse the same and report.
13. The petitions of the widows Turville and Hammond referred to the Admiralty Committee.
16. That of Katherine Boteler referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to consider and report.
17. That of Thos. Alderman referred to the Committee for Examinations.
18. That of Capt. Hen. Appleton referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to state the account mentioned, and report.
23. That of the participants in draining the level of Hatfield Chase referred to the Committee for Examinations.
26. Sir Chas. Wolsley to prepare and bring to Council a letter to tell the justices of peace for co. Oxford what Council is informed of about the disturbance given by * * * and his accomplices, to many well disposed people in their public meetings for the worship of God; to let them know that Parliament has especially committed it to Council to take care that no violence be offered to those who are assembled together to worship God according to the way of the Protestant religion; and to desire them therefore to proceed against such as give disturbance, according as the law has provided.
27. Council to sit to-morrow at 8 a.m.
28. The petition of several merchants in London trading into France referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to report. [I. 72, pp. 60–65.]
Nov. 15.
148. Rich. Bradshaw to the President of the Council of State. The company of the James has come in, being forced to sell their clothes to buy food. I hope it is your only loss in the late tempests. The Dutch have suffered much at their own doors.
Since the war several companies of distressed seamen have come here for relief, some shipwrecked, some taken by the enemy. The English Company have hitherto supplied their wants at great charge, but as the burden becomes insupportable, they beg me to apply for relief for such as come hereafter, till they can be shipped. I will relieve the men of this frigate and such as hereafter come, on your order, if it cannot extend to all the poor English seamen in distress.
I wait your order about money, powder, shot, and masts. Also the answer I am to give this city about their merchant ships stayed in England. [1 page.] Annexing,
148. i.-iii. Certificates by Capt. Thos. Curvel and Peter Taken, land officer of the Duke of Holstein in the isle of Silat, of the wreck there of the James.—4 Nov. 1653. [3 papers.]
Nov. 15.
148a. Capt. Fras. Willoughby to the Admiralty Committee. Arrival and departure of ships. There are 20 Dutch and 30 French ships laden at Rouen, bound East with three convoys. It is reported by a letter to the Dutch agent that 14 Dutch ships have been cast away, amongst which were De Witt and all his company. [1 page.]
Nov. 15.
149. Capt. Fras. Willoughby to Robt. Blackborne. Your intelligence of God's dealing with that poor nation [Scotland?] caused me joy that he blasted their proud design, and sorrow that they yet have not eyes to see. I trust we may be thankful for the Lord's appearances for us. I gave the Admiralty Committee an account of the confirmation of the news from France, and as to the port of Rouen. I want some ships sent as a guard off the Land's End, as two ships have been taken coming from Barbadoes, and the time is near for the arrival of the New England ships with the masts; also the order concerning the timber. [1 page.]
Nov. 15.
150. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to the Navy Commissioners. Despatch of ships' stores required. The Nonsuch has come in, having been much disabled in a scuffle with a Dutch man-of-war off the Lizard, in which her boatswain and trumpeter were slain, and her lieutenant, master, and chaplain wounded. There being two or three Dutch men-of-war near the Channel, the Assistance and other ships have gone to meet them. I have had much trouble with sick men out of the ships, and been constrained to quarter some of them in tippling houses and in the country; I have written Mr. Blackborne to move the Admiralty Committee to take a house for them, and appoint persons to look after them, and as it will be better for the poor men (who have no clothes), less charge to the State, hope you will second it. An order is wanted to the Prize Collectors to pay the money allowed for sick men to captains and clerks of the check. [2½ pages.]
Nov. 15.
151. Andrew Yaxley to Edw. Marston. Pray give the bearer, Dan. Williams, a few lines as to what you have done in my business concerning the vessel I wrote about, as now there is a fit opportunity, there being many ships here lately condemned for the commonwealth. Let me also know if any commissions are granted, and if it is possible one may be obtained. The bearer has an attestation of my losses. [½ page.]
Nov. 16. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The several orders of Council concerning the commitment of Lieut.-Col. John Lilburne to be transmitted to the counsel learned of this commonwealth.
2, 3. The Lieutenant of the Tower to attend the said counsel, to receive their directions about the return to be made upon the writ of habeas corpus for Lieut.-Col. Lilburne, and the said counsel to take care of the matter relating to the said writ.
4. The order of 25th July last, for permitting M. de Francats to export to Bordeaux 600 tuns of wheat, and to import the value thereof in French wines, to be declared null; the Commissioners of Customs to take notice hereof.
9. The petition of George Smith and others referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to report.
10. To send Col. Duckenfield the letter to Lieut.-Col. Briscoe from Chester, and desire him to examine the matter, and send up the examinations with the person to Council, if he see cause.
11. All the members of Council who are of the Committee for Foreign Affairs, and are not of the Committee for managing the treaty with the Dutch, to meet as a Committee for Foreign Affairs, and to sit every morning for despatch of the matters depending before them by reference from Council, which are much pressed for by public ministers and agents, and to report.
12. The orders of Parliament, and the warrants of Council made for committing Lieut.-Col. John Lilburne to prison, to be transmitted to the Attorney-General and the rest of the counsel for the commonwealth, to improve them for the service of the State.
14. Col. Montague to continue Lord President of Council a fortnight longer.
15. The petition of Ant. Hobart referred to the Committee for Examinations.
16. The petition and paper of Quartermaster John Mills referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to report.
17. Order,—on the letter from the Navy Commissioners for an additional allowance to Mary, relict of Richard Jenkins, master, and Margaret, relict of Richard Hodges, midshipman, of the Society, both slain at sea, that 35l. be paid to Mrs. Jenkins, and 20l. to Mrs. Hodges, each having 4 children.
18. Order on petition of Nich. Effard, setting forth his loss in having a ship of his taken and carried to Ostend, to recommend the case to the Spanish Ambassador, and desire him to use some effectual means whereby justice may be done the petitioner.
21. The petition of Wm. Graves of Margate, Kent, referred to the Customs' Commissioners, to order that the ship therein mentioned be examined whether she be fit for a trading voyage, as suggested, or only for a man-of-war, and to certify the state of the said ship.
22. The like upon the petition of Capt. John Fewther.
23. The petition of Capt. Wm. Balthazar referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to examine the matter of fact, state, and report.
24. Dr. Walker to be assigned counsel for the Spanish Ambassador in the case of the wools arrested by Mr. Richaut, provided that Dr. Walker be not already entertained by Richaut.
25. Council having considered the letter from the General and Commissioners of Parliament in Ireland of 5th Oct. 1653, and the papers enclosed concerning the articles upon the surrender of Galloway, Col. Cromwell is to offer to Parliament their opinion that the articles on surrender of Galloway be confirmed only so far as the said Commissioners have, in their resolves and exceptions touching the same, dated at Dublin, 11th April 1652, consented and agreed to, and no further.
That Council considers that the public faith is not herein violated, as Sir Charles Coote was not empowered to grant the said articles without consent of the said Commissioners; and Council presents to Parliament the said articles, and the resolves and exceptions of the Commissioners thereupon, that if Parliament think fit, their resolutions may be declared thereupon that the Commissioners of Parliament may direct all proceedings accordingly in relation thereunto. [I. 72, pp. 68–73.]
Nov. 16.
152. Thos. Cholmley, Mayor, and 5 aldermen of Carlisle, to — —, their member? This corporation, of which you are a member, may suffer damage by the expected union of the 2 commonwealths. In case it be needful to move the enclosed petition in the House, acquaint some members with it, and take an opportune time for speedy relief. Send us an answer to what we wrote last post. [1 page.] Enclosing,
152. i. Thos. Cholmley, Mayor, and 20 aldermen and citizens of Carlisle, to the supreme authority of Parliament. Their corporation have for several centuries enjoyed Scotland toll, being 1d. a beast payable by both English and Scotch for four-footed goods brought thence, for which they pay a Crown rent of 40l., and this has been sold. In regard of the expected union betwixt England and Scotland, they fear they may be prejudiced herein, notwithstanding the rent they pay for that and other tolls, and beg their wonted immunity. [1 page. 21 signatures.]
152. ii. Petition of Dorothy, widow of Capt. Man Dowson. Her husband was in service for Parliament all the wars, and lost his life in service in Scotland. He purchased of the Trustees for sale of Crown lands the toll of beasts imported or exported to or from Ireland or Scotland to Cumberland or Westmoreland, which was returned by the surveyors as distinct from tonnage and poundage, and he paid for it at the rate of 60l. a year, as appears by the deed of 25 July 1650. Her husband had to borrow the purchase money, and died a year after, leaving her much in debt. Begs not to be prejudiced in her purchase by the union of the commonwealths. [¾ page.]
Nov. 17. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order, on petition of Edw. Wheatcroft and others in the Barmote Court against John * *, that another letter be written to the gentlemen in Derbyshire, to let them know that the former letter of Council was not to hinder any proceedings in the aforesaid court, but to take care that no interruption should be made therein by force or mutinies, and to that end they appointed some horse to keep the peace; and that the said gentlemen should signify the same to the steward of the court, that he may continue his sittings as formerly; likewise that the horse are not to be used in this business, but as Col. Sanders shall conceive there is need of them. Col. Barton and Mr. Bennet to prepare the letter.
2. 153. The warrants to Leman and Blackwell to pay 32l. 19s. and 363l. 15s. to Jas. Powell, of Bristol, to be taken in, and new warrants issued to the present treasurers.
3. The petition and papers of Thos. Pascal referred to the Committee for Examinations.
4. Order, on petition of Alice Lady Philips, on behalf of the orphans of Capt. Wm. Parsons,—that the restraint laid on the Treasury at Goldsmiths' Hall may be taken off, and they permitted to receive the pension ordered them by the late Parliament, till a debt of 1,748l. 15s. due to Capt. Parsons was satisfied,—that the restraint be taken off in this particular, and that the Treasury pay Lady Philips the weekly pension.
5. The warrant of the late Council to pay to Capt. And. Ball, 50l. from Council's contingencies taken in, that account being shut up, and his executors to have a warrant for the sum from the present Council's contingencies.
6. The keys of the house of Arundel Castle to be delivered to Mr. Howard, the fortifications of the castle being demolished, and notice hereof to be given to Col. Whetham (to whom the care of the business was committed), that the keys may be delivered.
7. The petition of John Collier, factor in the St. John of Dieppe, referred to the Admiralty Judges, to examine and certify. Annexing,
154. Report of the said judges that they have no original produced of the safe-conduct said to be granted, but if it were granted, it was procured in Jan. 1653 by Capt. Jas. Goubart from the then Council of State for the St. John to go to Cape de Verde, and return laden with hides and gum for merchants of Rouen and Dieppe; but the ship was taken off Dartmouth by the Elias, firing one gun before rendition. This is confessed though not urged by the captor. Doctors' Commons, 22 Nov. 1653. [1 page.]
8. The petition and papers of John Neale and others referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to examine what the services were which they pretend they have done for the State, and whether they have not already been satisfied for the same, and if not, to report what should be done for them.
9. Sydenham and Howard appointed a Committee to consider the petitions and bills of Nath. Walter and Geo. Talby, who have furnished saddles, &c. to Ambassador Whitelock, and report.
10. The Commissioners for the management of secret intelligence to acquaint Amb. Whitelock from time to time with such intelligence as they judge fit for his knowledge.
11. 155. Order, on report from the Admiralty Committee, that Jeffrey Dare be appointed commander of the Marie Rose.
12. 156. Like order for Capt. Foot to be commander of the Malaga Merchant.
13. The St. Anne of St. Sebastian, which belonged to the King of Spain, lately taken and brought into Plymouth, to be discharged, and permitted to proceed on her voyage, with all her tackle, lading, and furniture.
14. To write to the Spanish Ambassador what has been acted by the St. Anne of St. Sebastian upon some English vessels, by taking their goods from them, and to recommend him to see justice done to the persons from whom the goods were taken.
15. Sydenham, Rous, and Barton to be a Committee to consider on what ground the pension allowed to Mr. Sydenham, minister of Newcastle, was made, to examine what is due to him in arrear of his allowance, and report.
16. To write to Capt. Daniel Watson and Mr. Mainwaring that Council has thought fit to appoint John Flower minister of Ellaston, co. Stafford, and that he should, for officiating there, receive the profits of the living, and to desire them to take care that he may be put in possession thereof.
17. The petition of Capt. Stephen Marsh, late commander of the Levant Merchant, lost in the service in the Straits, to be made commander of one of the State's frigates, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to do as they see cause, and to examine the losses sustained by the loss of his ship, and report.
18, 24. The desire of Lieut.-Col. White for ammunition for the regiment of Col. Goffe, and the petition of Alban Spencer, Governor of Walmer Castle, referred to the Ordnance Committee.
19. The petition of Saml. Bathurst, merchant of London, referred to the Committee for Examinations, to report.
20. That of Major Robert Yeamans and several others for letters for private men-of-war (being outward bound upon trading voyages) referred to the Committee for Customs, to inquire concerning the quality of the several ships, and the ports to which they are bound, and whether they are fitted for merchantmen or men-of-war, and to certify, that further order may be given.
22. 157. The petition of John Lindsey referred to the Admiralty Committee.
23. To write to the Army Committee to allow the pay of the late officers of the garrison of Arundel Castle now slighted towards the entertainment of as many private soldiers as the pay will amount to, which have been taken on by the Governor of Portsmouth for increasing his own company, in pursuance of Council's order.
25. Col. Cromwell to represent to Parliament that of the moneys paid in for the composition of North Wales, there is an arrear undisposed of, out of which Council, in the interval of Parliament, ordered 200l. to be paid to Mary, relict of Major. John Burton, in part of 277l. lent by her husband to Sir Thos. Middleton for reducing North Wales, upon an ordinance of Parliament of 20 February 1644, and of the arrears of pay due to him as major of the regiment of horse under Sir Thos. Middleton. That Council finds that the present Army Committee is not authorised, as was the former Committee, to issue the moneys. Therefore they move Parliament to authorise the present Army Committee to issue the remainder of the said moneys, and in particular to order the paying thereout to Mrs. Burton of the said 200l.
26. The Commissioners for Prize Goods to make the same allowance to the 80 French prisoners lately taken by the ships of this commonwealth, and now at Rye, in order to their transportation to Dieppe, and for their subsistence until they can be sent over, as has been given to the Dutchmen that are prisoners. [I. 72, pp. 74–79.]
Nov. 17.
The Swiftsure, Hope.
158. Gen. Monk to the Admiralty Committee. I am glad that you have given orders for a speedy supply of my ships in the Hope, as also that others are ready to fall down: I hope the rest will be fitted out with all speed. I have appointed the Assistance and five others, with the two Dutch prizes, to ply between the Lizard and Scilly under Capt. Martin.
I am heartily sorry the Council of State has taken off the embargo, as it will hinder the manning of the great ships. I beg you to hasten down the captain of the Cock and Capt. Goodson. As Capt. Lane does not appear, I propose Capt. Jorden for the Triumph. [1¾ pages.]
Nov. 17.
159. Major N. Bourne to Robt. Blackborne. I am not fit to venture abroad, but am obliged to drive a backward and dull generation, void of reason and conscience. I hope to finish the repairs of ships next week, and that the Generals will not send here any more to be newly built, as some have been, the place not being fit for it. Although I much desire peace, I hope the talk of it will not damp preparations. The Assistance, Expedition, and Newcastle have fallen down the river, and others will follow. [1 page.]
Nov. 18. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Anlaby to present to Parliament the petition of Mr. Lament, and acquaint them with his condition, that further order may be given therein; also to move Parliament that the Act made for the banishment of all persons of the Scottish nation, on penalty of high treason, may be repealed, upon the passing of the Bill for the Union.
2. The agent from Bremen to have audience at a Committee of Council at 4 p.m. next Monday; Fleming to give him notice.
3. The petition of Andrew Kirby, merchant of Bristol, referred to Admiralty Committee, to consider and report.
5. The petition of Nath. Goodlad and others recommended to the Committee for regulation of Customs.
6. Order on that of Peter and Jan Van Latham, subjects to the King of Spain, that Dr. Walker examine the matter and certify.
7. Order on a return from several justices of Norfolk about the difference between Mr. Shipdam and Congham, as to Blowfield living, and on a full hearing, that the business be dismissed.
9. Roberts, Cooper, and Major added to the Committee for the Mint.
10. 160. The petition of Gilbert Keate and others referred to the Admiralty Committee.
11. To send to any 3 justices of peace for co. Somerset near Laverton what has been certified to Council from John Ash, concerning the difference between Mr. Thomson, minister of the said parish, and John Farwell, late incumbent, about possession of the parsonage house, and to desire them to send for both parties, examine the matter of fact, and if they find it to be as Mr. Ash certifies, to take care that Thomson may be put in possession of the parsonage as formerly.
12. To send to Mr. Craister, Chomley, and Briscoe, justices of peace for Cumberland, the complaint against * * * ; and desire them to send for the parties, and examine them, and to certify.
15. Mr. Howard to acquaint Parliament with the discovery made to Council of a fraud practised by Major Robert Thorpe, by making alterations in doubled bills at Drury House to very considerable sums, and to acquaint them with the manner of the practice, and what has been acknowledged by him, as also what order has been given for securing this person, that the whole business being before them, further order may be given.
16. The condition of Jane Cox. widow, to be recommended to the justices of peace for Southwark, to do for her as an object of charity, at their next meeting or sessions.
18. Order on petition of Jane Ensor, widow, that the restraint laid on the Treasury at Goldsmiths' Hall be taken off as to the payment of her pension, and that the treasurers proceed to pay it her according to the directions formerly granted for paying it at Haberdashers' Hall, with arrears. [I. 72, pp. 80–83.]
Nov. 18.
161. Warrant of the Council of State to the Commissioners for Prize Goods, to forbear making payments out of their treasury, until 15,000l., issued out of the moneys lately coined in the Tower, for paying the shares due to the officers and mariners employed in ships of war, for several vessels taken and brought in by them as prize, has been repaid. [¾ page.]
Nov. 18.
The Swiftsure, Hope.
162. Gen. Monk to the Admiralty Committee. I have appointed the Laurel and two others to ply between Dungeness and Boulogne, and 4 others between the Dogger Bank and the Riff. I will commission Capt. Goodson to the George, and Capt. Jorden to the Triumph, and desire Capt. Hill may be removed into the Unicorn, Capt. Smith to the Worcester, and Capt. Allen to the Advice, and the Lieutenant of the Swiftsure to take command of the Princess Mary.
Although Jno. Poortmans has business enough, he will undertake to distribute the prize money, but pray let him suffice, and do not require me or my partner to sign the orders. The money must be sent at once, if you make proclamation as you intend.
Robert Plumby of the Sampson is fit for command of one of the frigates building at Shoreham. I do not think your order to the Ordnance officers to take security from gunners for stores practicable, as the gunners may be slain or die, and the stores be embezzled after their death; but care to put in honest men, and a declaration that any found guilty of embezzling shall suffer death, would meet the object. [2 pages.]
Nov. 19. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Commissary-Gen. Reynolds to be presented to Parliament by Mr. Strickland or Ald. Tichborne.
2. The petition of Thos. Skelton referred to the Admiralty Committee.
3. The appointed Committee to give audience to M. de Bordeaux at 4 p.m. next Monday. Fleming to give him notice.
4. The Valentine to be substituted for the James, in a warrant to the Ambassador of Portugal to take up 20 casks of sugar free of custom and excise.
5. Order that the paper sent in from Thos. Manby, John Rushworth, and John Sparrow, be transmitted to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to examine the whole business and report.
6. The business of disposing the fleet to present service to be considered next Tuesday afternoon, and the Admiralty Commissioners who are of Council and Gen. Blake to attend.
7. To write to Gen. Monk to send 8 or 10 frigates to ply betwixt the Flie and the Sound, appointing a good commander-in-chief; and to represent how serviceable the same may be, considering the intelligence received.
8, 10. The Lieutenant of the Tower to draw into the Tower all the great guns at Leadenhall and other places in and about London, receiving them from the Lord Mayor by an inventory. A letter to be written to the Lord Mayor to assist herein, and to cause the same to be delivered; expressing that this is not intended as a disrespect to the city, or to the prejudice thereof, but merely that the said guns may be better secured; Ald. Tichborne and Capt. Stone to represent the same to him.
9. The Lieutenant of the Tower to give a speedy account what quantity of powder remains at Goldsmiths' Hall, who claims a property therein, and how the same may be secured without prejudice to the interested.
16. Geoffrey Browne and Wm. Brent, 2 Popish lawyers, to be sent prisoners to Dublin, and delivered over, and proceeded against or acquitted, as their case shall be found to be.
17. Order on report from the Committee for Foreign Affairs on the petition of John Smith and others, concerning the Recovery, taken in the Straits by a French man-of-war and carried to Toulon, to request the public minister of France to procure the interested speedy justice, by restoring their ship and goods, which the Council will be ready to answer with reciprocal favour, upon any address by him made in that behalf.
18. The report from the Committee for Foreign Affairs on the petition of Peter de la Ball, concerning the Louisa and Hunter, taken by some of the Parliament ships and carried into Yarmouth, on their way from Greenland to Havre de Grace, referred back to the said Committee, to examine whether the ships had special passes from Council for the said voyage; and for their better information therein, to call Mr. Thurloe, and if they shall find them to have had free passes, and see no other cause to the contrary, to release the said ships. [I. 72, pp. 85–88.]
Nov. 19.
163. Chas. Marett to the Council of State. Thanks for the employment you have bestowed on me. I have paid, as ordered by the late Council of State, to Capt. Hen. Hatsell 1,800l. On the 16th I received your order of 18 June 1653, to pay 55l. 9s. 8d. to Major Wm. Harding for repairs to Montorgueil Castle; also 148l. 10s. 8d. to Mich. Lemprière, bailiff, for salary for two years, and have paid them, as also 100l. for repairs to the Court hall, water-mills, and houses belonging to the State, which I hope you will allow on my account. You bid me issue nothing but by your order. Pray appoint 500l. to be drawn upon me, and tell me to whom I shall pay what I receive in future. [1 page.]
Nov. 19.
The Swiftsure.
164. Warrant by Gen. Monk to Capts. Rich. Potter of the Constant Warwick, Phil. Holland of the Assurance, and Jas. Ableson of the Mermaid. As a considerable part of the Dutch fleet which lay before the Texel has been much damaged, and made unserviceable through storms, it has been thought necessary to send three or four frigates to annoy the enemy thereabouts. You are therefore to sail in company, and ply between the Dogger Bank and the Riff, to intercept all such Dutch merchants as may come from the East country, laden with hemp, masts, pitch, and tar, and observe directions from Capt. Nath. Cobham of the Newcastle until further order. [Copy, 1 page.]
Nov. 20.
165. Major N. Bourne to the Admiralty Committee. I hear there are many Dogger pinks fishing for cod off Yarmouth and Lowestoft, which is not to our reputation, but I have no power to interrupt them; a nimble vessel should be stationed on the coast to secure the small trade, annoy the enemy, and gain intelligence. There are several at Colchester that would be useful.
The three mariners of the Assurance committed to Landguard Fort for mutiny are very tame now, and have nearly a year's wages due, but one is a villain, having embezzled iron work and ropes out of the ship. Several ships are nearly fitted, but want men and stores. I hope soon to come home, but I will leave a mast-maker and two or three men to convert the trees to the best advantage.
If the Hollander do not prove honester in his desire of peace, this place should be considered hereafter. [12/3 pages.]
Nov. 21. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Col. Jones to present to Parliament the warrant by which John Streeter was committed by Council to the Gatehouse, and the printed papers for publishing which he stands committed; and to acquaint Parliament with the proceedings in the Court of Upper Bench in order to his release, that the whole matter being before them, such further order may be given as they judge fit.
2. The petition of Richard Nethwaies referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
3. 166. On report from the Admiralty Commissioners, Capt. Henry Southwood approved of to be commander of the Middleburg,
4. The Admiralty Judges to proceed with all speed according to law, in the trial of the ship lately brought into Plymouth by the Richard and Martha.
5. The petition of George Villa referred to Mr. Sadler and Col. Barton, to examine and report.
7. So much of the report by the Ordnance Committee as relates to the repair of the Waterhouse in Landguard Fort, to make it serviceable for watering ships, to be returned to the said Committee, who are to confer with the Admiralty Committee, and advise whether the work will be of use to the watering of the fleet, and report.
8. 22. 167, 168. Order on report from the Admiralty Commissioners in the case of Wm. Curtis, commander of the William,—that some allowance ought to be given him in consideration of his shipping a cable and anchor by command of Gen. Monk, the General's ship being adrift upon him;—that the Admiralty Committee consider what should be allowed him therefor, and report. Annexing,
169. Report of the Admiralty Committee alluded to, 21 Nov. [½ page]
9. The petition of Oliver Williams concerning a commission for a private man-of-war to be laid aside.
10. The business of Scotland to be considered to-morrow afternoon.
11. The report from the Irish and Scotch Committee in the case of John Waterton, craving allowance for a ship of his which was taken by the enemy, being freighted in the service of the State, to be laid aside.
12. The Lieutenant of the Tower not to bring Lieut.-Col. John Lilburne to the Bar of the Upper Bench without further order from Parliament or Council.
14. The petition of Mr. Manley to be reported to Parliament by Col. Cromwell, with Council's opinion that something be speedily done for securing Thorp's estate, in order to satisfaction of the commonwealth and other just debts.
15, 16. The messengers' salaries and bills to be paid to the last quarter day, the bills being examined by Mr. Jessop; and also Robert Tatnall's salary.
17. The paper of the agent for Hamburg referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, who are to make an early report, and the ships left to the course of justice.
18. The paper of Mr. Bonnel, minister of Sweden, of Nov. 21, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
19. Strickland, Tichborne, Dr. Godard, and Rous, to be a Committee to receive M. de Bordeaux's proposition.
20. Order on the letter from Gen. Monk of 20th Nov., that besides the 4 already ordered, 2 more of the frigates at Harwich of convenient force be sent to ply between the Doggerbank and the Riff.
21. M. de Bordeaux's paper to be considered next Wednesday, and Fleming to let him know he may have audience if he desire it. [I. 72, pp. 89–93.]
Nov. 21.
Chas. Longland to the Committee for redemption of Captives and regulating Customs. I received yours of 14 Oct., and in my former letters, I told you I intended to freight a bark and send her over with a man to treat with the Bashaw about the English captives at Tripoli. I have agreed with him, reduced him to the moderate terms you limited, and bound him as fast as I can, to stand to it; upon the return of the bark, I will give you a full account, and draw the money upon you, except you sent over a bark and the money to bring over the poor men. For want of one here, I have now hired one at Genoa for 1,000 dollars to go to Tripoli and back; if either Jews or others will send any goods coming or going, it will help to defray the charge of the bark. I must send the Bashaw presents to the value of 60 or 80 dollars, so as to get better access.
You desired 5 men named should be the first to be redeemed, and in your last another; but seeing you intended all should be redeemed, picking out some before the rest will bring a double charge; for taking officers and men one with the other, they may be bought off at 200 dollars a man, and if I should only demand these 6 men you name, I believe they would not be got under 100l. per man. Abraham Rogers has cut his own ransom there at 400 dollars, and you will see by the enclosed list that half of the men are officers, so that if you can get them for 200 I shall esteem it very reasonable.
All care shall be had to manage the business with frugality, although there will be other large charges besides the ransoms before they get to England, except some shipping come out whereon they may be embarked. [1 page. With letter of 6 Dec. 1653.]
Nov. 22. Act for establishing a High Court of Justice for preservation of peace, and timely punishing of actors against it, appointing John Lisle, Commissioner of the Great Seal, Serjeant John Bradshaw, and 31 others, commissioners for hearing and punishing all offenders against the Act of 30 Jan. 1649, forbidding the proclaiming of any person to be King of England or Ireland or the dominions thereof; the Acts of 14 May and 17 July 1649, declaring what offences shall be adjudged treason; and the Act of 22 Jan. 1651, entitled an Act for a seal of the Parliament of the commonwealth. They are also to proceed against any persons plotting to betray cities, forts, magazines, or ships, who are to be punished with death.
The Commissioners are to sit in the great hall at Westminster or elsewhere, the place to be appointed and notified by proclamation, adjourning as they think fit, examining on oath, and thereupon, or in default of answer, proceeding to final sentence, and appointing needful officers for execution thereof. All mayors, justices, officers, and soldiers, &c. to be assisting. The Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal are to administer an oath to them to execute their powers well and truly.
This Act is not to diminish the power given to the Lord General or his council of war, or the Generals at sea. It is to continue till 1 Aug. 1654, and no longer. [6 pages, printed.] Annexing,
i. Act prohibiting any person to proclaim or promote as King Charles, commonly called the Prince of Wales, son of the late Charles Stuart (executed for treason, tyranny, and murder), without the free consent first had of the people in Parliament, signified by a particular Act, under penalty of death as a traitor; all officers and well-affected persons to apprehend such offenders and bring them before the next justice of peace. 30 January 1649. [1½ pages.]
ii. Act declaring what offences shall be adjudged treason, viz.:— The writing, printing, or openly declaring that the government by Parliament without a King is tyrannical, usurped, or unlawful, and that the Commons are not the supreme authority. The plotting or contriving against the Government, the Commissioners of the Great Seal, as keepers of the liberties of England, or the Council of State. The withdrawing the soldiers in Lord Fairfax's army from their allegiance. The plotting invasion by foreigners, or the counterfeiting the Great Seal. All indictments to be within a year of the offences committed. 14 May 1649. [2½ pages.]
iii. Act to like effect, adding to the offences to be accounted treason: —The counterfeiting or clipping of coin, and the bringing in counterfeit coin, the penalty therefor is to be death and forfeiture as in cases of high treason, but not to extend to corruption of blood of the heirs of the offender, nor to forfeit the dower of the wife. 17 July 1649. [4 pages.]
iv. Act for a seal of the Parliament of the Commonwealth of England, to be engraved with the arms of England, a cross and a harp, and all counterfeiting thereof to be high treason. 22 Jan. 1651. [1 page. All in the collection of Acts, Vol. I., No. 77, Record Office Library.]
Nov. 22. Act for disafforestation, sale, and improvement of the forests late belonging to the King, Queen, or Prince.
The maintenance of liberty and honour requiring large sums of money, all the lands that belonged to the Crown in 1635 are vested in Edw. Cresset, Wm. Webb, Josias Berners, John Parker, Hen. Pitt, Rob. Aldworth, and Fras. Mussenden, as trustees, to be held as of the manor of East Greenwich, with power to enclose them, and directions for their inclosure, respecting the rights of commons. The remaining parts of the forests to be sold, regard being had to claims on them by patents; timber fit for the navy to be preserved, spoils and encroachments prevented, and estates to be surveyed before sale. Oath to be taken by the surveyors. Instructions for them.
Surveyors and officers to be called to account if negligent. Stewards of manors to be appointed.
Oath to be taken by the trustees. Powers given them to treat with purchasers. Instructions to them.
Ralph Hall appointed registrar, surveyor-general, and keeper of surveys, salary 100l. a year. Instructions for him. Oath to be given him.
400,000l. to be borrowed for the navy on security of these lands.
All holders of public faith bills, &c. may double them on this Act; —thus, any to whom 100l. is due and 40l. interest, by paying 140l. more, may have 280l. secured thereon; the trustees to publish the times when they will receive such bills for doubling.
Instructions for Wm. Benson, appointed registrar-accountant. Also for Chas. Doyly and Mat. Sheppard, appointed treasurers.
The doubling money to be paid within 20 days. Any persons doubling on fraudulent bills to forfeit treble the money; ½ the fine to go to the discoverer. Further regulations for Government creditors.
As 276,146l. has been allowed by Parliament as a public faith debt to Sir John Jacob, Sir Job Harby, Sir Nich. Crisp, and Sir John Harrison, late farmers of Customs, on condition of their advancing the like sum, if 100,000l. thereof be paid by 1 Jan., 100,000l. more shall be allowed as a public faith debt, and in like manner for the remainder, if paid before 1 May next. Further regulations thereon.
No part of the premises to be liable to tax for 3 years. All purchasers not paying their money in due time to forfeit ⅓ of their contract money, and the lands to be sold again.
Each of the treasurers to have 300l. a year, and 100l. for managing the 400,000l. loan, and the registrar-accountant in like manner 150l. and 50l.
No trustees nor officers nor any for them to purchase any part of the premises.
12d. in the pound to be laid aside for expenses in carrying on the work.
This Act not to interfere with the Act for sale of the lands of the King, Queen, and Prince, nor to include Needwood Forest and Chase, Kingswood Chase, Lancaster great park, Sherwood Forest, Forest of Dean, or New Forest.
No greater sum than the 400,000l. to be secured on the premises in this Act till that sum and the moneys doubled thereon be paid. All moneys to be paid before 2 May next. Joachim Mathews and John Brewster to retain an acre of ground in Waltham Forest granted them for a meeting house, and Mathias, son of Valentine Davies, lands value 100l. [58 pages, printed. Vol. I., No. 78, Collection of Acts, Record Office Library, 498 F.]
Nov. 22. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The business of the fleet to be considered to-morrow afternoon.
2. Col. Bingham and Mr. Bennet to desire Mr. Moyer from Council to hasten the report which, by order from the late Council, is to be made by him to Parliament, concerning the settling the government of Jersey.
3. The Committee for Examinations to send for Col. Slingsby, a prisoner in the Tower, examine him, and report what they judge fit to be done further with him.
4. The petition of John Browne, merchant, to be laid aside, his desire being contrary to an Act of Parliament.
5. Order on petition of Thos. Alderman, and on report from the Committee for Examinations on a reference to them,—that Alderman may be a material witness for making out the goods in the Prophet Elias to be prize (as by a copy of his testimony annexed may appear),—that this be signified to the Admiralty Judges, that notice may be taken thereof by them as there shall be occasion.
6. The petition of Rich. Crandley, Alex. Bence, Rich. Shute, and others, merchants of London, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to report.
7. The petition of Thos. Fisher, and paper containing the order of Council concerning the defraying of the disbursements made by Col. Sexby, being employed upon a public service, referred to the Committee for Examinations, to report.
8. The petition of Thos. Allen, of Lowestoft, Suffolk, referred to the Committee for Examinations, who are to examine him concerning his former actings against the commonwealth, and his present condition and abode, and to report what they judge fit to be done with him.
9. To order the Governor of Dover Castle to stay the Fortune until her captain, Capt. Finch, appear before the Irish and Scotch Committee, to answer matters objected against him.
10. The petition of Richard Paxford referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
11. That of George Gill, on behalf of the merchants of York, Hull, and Leeds, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
12. That of Rich. Westcombe, merchant of London, and Thos. Pitts, merchant of Exeter, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to report.
13. Order that the paper given in from the deputies of the United Provinces, dated this day, be referred to Commissary-Gen. Whalley and Major-Gen. Downing, to report. [I. 72, pp. 95–97.]
Nov. 22.
171. Major N. Bourne to the Admiralty Committee. I have received news from Gen. Monk of the damage done to the Dutch fleet in the late storm, on which he has issued orders to the Newcastle and three other ships to ply between the Dogger and the Riff, to intercept them in the Sound. Two shall sail to-morrow; one is out already, but I have sent to stop her; the other cannot be ready for a week. As the ships in harbour are nearly completed, I hope I may repair homewards next week, as I and my family are not well. [1 page.]
Nov. 23. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order that as Lieut.-Col. Lilburne was committed to the Tower by order of Parliament for the peace of the nation, the Lieutenant of the Tower do not bring him before the Bar of the Upper Bench without order of Parliament or Council, and that he acquaint the said Court with this order.
2. Commissary-Gen. Whalley to order the Portuguese who were apprehended last night for committing a murder in the New Exchange to be carried before the Chief Justice of the Upper Bench, to be proceeded against according to justice, and to take care that the witnesses of the murder and of the other carriage of the said Portuguese be ready to give their testimonies before the Chief Justice.
3. Capt. John Clarke, Deputy-Governor of Guernsey, and Lieut. Rich. Wynn to be joined to the States of the Island, to examine the business contained in the petition of Eleazar and James le Merchant, and Thos. Carew, inhabitants of the Island, and to be empowered to hear and examine both parties, and to determine the difference.
5. The petition of George Crapnell, captain of the Merlin frigate late in the service, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to examine and report.
6. 172. Order on what has been represented concerning the deportment of the soldiery at the house of the Portuguese Ambassador last night, on occasion of the murder and violence committed by some of the Ambassador's people at the New Exchange, that the Committee for Foreign Affairs consider the paper presented by the Portuguese Ambassador, examine into the said murder and violence, as to the breach of privilege of the Ambassador of which he complains, send for any persons who can give information, examine them, and report. Mr. Sadler to take care of the business and hasten the report.
7. The 15,000l. lately ordered by Council to be paid by the Lieutenant of the Tower to the Generals of the fleet to be paid to John Poortmans, deputy treasurer to the fleet.
8. The letter from Council directed to Col. Duckenfield as Governor of Chester to be now directed to Capt. * * * as Governor there.
10. The petition of Jas. Taswell referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to examine and report.
11. That of Sir Peter Richaut's sons referred to the said Committee.
12. That of Eliz. Stocker, widow, referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to do for her as is usual.
13. The letter from the Mayor of Norwich of 21 November, concerning the keeping of Dutch prisoners there, referred to the Committee for Prisoners.
14. The Lord General, Desborow, Lord Lisle, Howard, Pickering, Col. Cromwell, and Wolsley to be a Committee to confer with Major-Gen. Lambert and such other army officers as they think fit, on the state of affairs in Scotland, and to report what they judge fit to be done in reference to those affairs for the future.
15. The keeper of the Gatehouse to attend Council to-morrow afternoon.
17. The letter received this day from M. de Bordeaux referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs. [I. 72, pp. 100–104.]
Nov. 24. Act for an assessment at the rate of 120,000l. a month, from 25 December 1653 to 24 June 1654, towards maintaining the army and navy, assigning the sums to be raised by the respective counties and towns, and appointing Commissioners for each. [77 pages, printed. Collection of Acts, Vol. I., Nos. 79, 80, Record Office Library, 498 F.]
Nov. 24. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Major, Roberts, and Barton to be a Committee to abbreviate the return made to Council on Mr. Rivett's business, and to report.
3. Note that 2 warrants brought in from the Secret Committee were signed by the President.
4. Sir Chas. Wolsley to present to Parliament the petition of John Machon, sometime master of Christ's Hospital of Sherborne, co. Durham.
5. The paper from the Ambassador from the King of Portugal, this day given in, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
6. The instrument prepared for the Duke of Holstein and now read, approved, and Mr. Lambert to present it to Parliament for their approbation.
7. To send to Thos. Wells, Rich. Aylworth, John Batch, Thos. Surman, and John Barman, the petition presented from the church of Christ at Winchcombe, co. Gloucester, and to desire them to take examinations in writing of the matter complained of, and certify with speed.
8. The petition of Wm. Bulkely, merchant of London, referred to the Customs' Commissioners, to examine and certify.
9. Order on petition of Wm. Palmer of St. Malo,—that the proceedings in the Admiralty Court against the St. John of Grace and the Three Kings may be stopped for some time,—that the Admiralty Judges forbear further proceedings against those ships for 10 days.
10. Sir Thos. Widdrington and Mr. Attorney-General to attend Council at 8 a.m. to-morrow.
11. The keeper of the Gatehouse to attend at 8 a.m to-morrow, and bring the return which he made yesterday to the Court of Upper Bench, in relation to the commitment of John Streeter to his custody.
12. To write to Zachary Babington, Thos. Minns, and — Brindley, justices of peace for co. Stafford, that Council has received their account of their inquisitions on the riot at Walsall, and thinks that the rioters should be proceeded against according to law and the demerit of their offences; and that they have given order for securing Thos. Burrows and Thos. Cumberlatch, the principal actors.
13. Thos. Burrows and Thos. Cumberlatch, 2 of the principal offenders in the riot at Walsall, to be detained in the place where they are now in custody, till further order.
14. The Committee for Prisoners to certify to Council what number of Dutch prisoners are by contract to be transported to Holland, by the ship now to go thither for the transport of prisoners.
19. Order on a paper and remonstrance presented to Council by Benj. Bonnel, Commissary of Sweden, of 23 Nov.,—containing complaints of several Swedish subjects about the miscarriage of some private men-of-war, and in particular the Great Christopher, and against Swayne, captain of a privateer, set out by Chelston;—that the complaint against Swayne be transmitted to Dr. Walker, advocate for the commonwealth, and that he give Council an account of the state of the case as it stands before the Admiralty, and of what security was given by Chelston or any others in the Admiralty Court on granting the commission for the privateer, and cause the same to be put in suit, that the parties wronged may have restitution. He is to be careful to give in to Council a correct account of the proceedings, the honour and justice of the commonwealth being much concerned therein.
21. 173. A warrant to be issued to pay from Council's contingencies 160l. to Commissary Wm. Dobbins, for self and clerks, for 206 days, ending 25 July, 1653, for shipping provisions for Scotland and Ireland, and to allow him 10s. a day from 26 July last, for as long as they employ him. [I. 72, pp. 106–111.]
Nov. 24. Council of State to Mr. Beale, auditor of imprests. On consideration of a report from the Admiralty Commissioners of 6 September last touching 3,500l. charged on Gen. Blake, as imprested on bills of exchange for the fleet at Lisbon, no part of which came to Blake's hands, we think fit that he should be discharged thereof. This you are to do, and to deliver up the bills of exchange. [I. 72, p. 105.]
Nov. 24. Council of State to the officers of the several ports. A complaint has been presented that Capt. Swayne, of the Prosperous privateer, has committed several misdemeanors on the ships and goods of subjects of Sweden. In order to bring him to justice, you are, in case the ship arrives in your port, or any of its members, to repair on board with assistance, search for and apprehend him, and send him up to Council to be proceeded against. You are also to stay the vessel till further orders. All officers, civil and military, to assist you. [I. 72, p. 112.]
Nov. 24. Council of State to the officers of the ports. There has been murder and violence committed by persons belonging to the Ambassador of Portugal. You are, therefore, to be vigilant that no Portuguese pass your port or its members; and in case any one suspected to be such attempt to pass, you are to apprehend and examine him, send up his name and description, and keep him in custody till further order. To this end you are to have a strict scrutiny upon all persons endeavouring a passage from your port. [I. 72, p. 112.]
Nov. 25. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Ordnance Committee to report the account of what is due to the labourers in the Tower, that some further order may be given to pay them what is due.
2. The Lieutenant of the Tower to build a shed there, for keeping of the guns brought thither from the city; the charge of the building to be defrayed by the State.
3 Sir Chas. Wolsley to report to Parliament the declaration prepared by Council to be sent from Parliament to the Duke of Holstein.
Nov. 25. 4. The letter now ready to be sent to the Cantons of Switzerland to be delivered to the agent for Switzerland by Fleming.
5. The order of Council of 1st July last, for continuation of Thos. Porter, minister of Whitchurch, co. Salop, till further order, to be now taken off, and the justices of peace and all others concerned to take notice hereof.
7. The letter from James Freeze to the Lord General referred to the Committee for Examinations, to consider what is propounded, and report.
8. The petition of Col. John White referred to the Ordnance Committee, to report.
9. Major-Gen. Desborow added to the Ordnance Committee.
10. Sir Gilbert Pickering and Mr. Strickland to be a Committee to speak with Sir John Cochrane, receive what he has to offer, and report. [I. 72, pp. 113, 114.]
Nov. 25.
Council of State to Wm. Finch, commander of a privateer, and others concerned. On a complaint of merchants of London trading to France, that Finch has seized the Providence, laden with their goods and bound for Dieppe, Council has ordered that the ship be released, and allowed to proceed on her voyage, 3 of the principal merchants giving security to the Admiralty Judges to answer any complaint or action thereon. You are therefore to discharge the ship, her officers, mariners, &c., and allow her to proceed on her voyage. [I. 72, pp. 87, 116.]
Nov. 25.
174. Major N. Bourne to Rob. Blackborne. I have been to Woodbridge to see to the launching of the two frigates, and to-morrow will go to Harwich. I know nothing of Mr. Barnes, or of any money he has received here, but the Navy Commissioners have an account of all moneys imprested by me here.
I have often asked leave to come to town, but the Commissioners say nothing. I am tender of doing it without their allowance. Pray tell me what they say, for I am out of frame, and want to come as soon as possible. [1 page.]
Nov. 26. 175. Petition of Hump. Cole, surgeon, to the Council of State, for allowance for his charges and pains in going to Yarmouth by order of Col. Goffe, to the assistance of the wounded men sent on shore there after the last engagement with the Dutch; received 10s. a day for the time he was there, but did not send in his six days' travelling expenses, hearing that those charges would be allowed separately, but the Navy Commissioners refuse them; has lately cured a poor man accidentally wounded when the seamen came in a mutinous manner to Whitehall. [1 page.]
Nov. 26.
176, 177. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee, and note that they think the 10s. a day sufficient payment. [2 copies. Also I. 72, p. 119.]
Nov. 26. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Mich. Oldsworth, for custody of the records belonging to the Registry of the Prerogative court, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to consider and report, with their opinions whether they find, by any order of Council, anything done to the prejudice of the title which Oldsworth pretends to the said Registry.
3. The Irish and Scotch Committee to treat with the Venetian secretary about the number of Irish desired for the service of Venice, and about the other matters mentioned in the report from the above Committee.
4. Major Gen. Desborow to report to Parliament the establishment prepared for paying the garrison at Portsmouth.
5. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider what quantity of wine should be granted the Swiss agent, to be imported free of custom and excise.
6, 7. The papers this day reported from the Committee for Foreign Affairs, for the Venetian secretary concerning the Concord, and for the agent from Genoa approved, and to be signed and sent.
8. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to be desired speedily to report the fact concerning the demanding the Portuguese Ambassador's people out of his house, on occasion of the murder lately committed by them on the Exchange.
9. The petition of the merchants trading to France referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
10. The Irish and Scotch Committee to consider of a fit person to be Governor of Virginia, advising with Col. Mathews, and reporting the name to Council.
11, 12. The petitions of Wm. Goodlad, and of Zenoby Bell, widow, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to do as is usual.
14. To move Parliament to consider what custom shall be paid for every horse transported to Barbadoes.
15. Mr. Strickland to report to Parliament the petition of Margaret Countess of Worcester.
18. The letter and paper from the Commissioners of Parliament in Ireland of 28 September referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
19. Order on petition of Maurice Gardner, merchant of London, that he prove in the Admiralty Court what is alleged in his petition, and produce the same to Council certified from the said Court, that Council may give further order.
20. To send the Committee for Inspection into the Treasuries the certificate given in by Thos. Manby, John Rushworth, and John Sparrow, concerning the accounts taken of the profits of the office for Probate of Wills, and to desire them to examine the same, and if they see cause, to acquaint Council with what they find. [I. 72, pp. 117-119.]
Nov. 26.
Doctors' Commons.
178. Report of the Admiralty Judges, in the case of 16 Hamburg ships taken by vessels in the service, that they were joined in sailing by two Dutch men-of-war, who chased an English privateer, and were in turn attacked by the Elizabeth, but the Hamburghers kept close by the Dutch ships, and did not put out their own colours, and thus lost the rights of neutrality; but this was by the error of the masters, and no fault of the owners, nor of the Senate of Hamburg, and therefore the Judges have not decided the case, but refer it to Council. [2 pages.]
Nov. 26.
179. Peter Dolman to Ralph Parker, at the Prince of Orange's house, Flushing. I received yours with the taste of the English cheese, and as I suppose it will improve with age, send 5 cwt. by the first and safest passage, at the price you name, or less if you can procure it, and it will not be amiss if you can agree with the skipper about the freight. [½ page.]
Nov. 28. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1, 12. The petitions of Mary Appleton, and of Marg. Shoare, widows, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to do for them as is usual.
2. That of Dr. Aaron Gourdain, master and worker of the Mint, referred to the Mint Committee, to state his account and certify it to Council.
3. That of the owners and freighters of the Allepeene referred to the Generals of the fleet.
4, 5. Those of Capt. Wm. Sumner with the papers, and of John Hodder, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to state the matter of fact, and certify.
6. The petition of Geoffrey Brown, prisoner in the Gatehouse, referred to the said Committee.
7. That of Capt. Vaux referred to the Committe for Examinations, to state the account of what is due to him in arrear of his salary, and report.
8. Col. James added to the Irish and Scotch Committee.
9. The petition of Capt. Swynfin referred to Col. Barton and Mr. Bennett, to state the account and report.
10. 180.That of Antonio Ferdinando Caravajal referred to the Admiralty Committee, to examine the matter alleged, and if they find it as offered, to report what they judge fit to be done.
13. 180. The petition of John Lane referred to the Admiralty Committee, to examine the matter, and if they find it true, to order the debt claimed by him to be satisfied.
15. The petition of Dorothy Grey, widow, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
16. The paper this day given in from the Hamburg agent referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, and they to be desired to hasten their report on the business.
17. Order, on a letter from the Commissioners for the Sale of Prize Goods,—requesting that 150l. be paid to Nicholas Herbert and Rich. Kilsick, in lieu of a prize vessel ordered by Council to be delivered them in consideration of their loss of a vessel impressed into the service,—that the former order of Council in this case be continued, and observed by the Commissioners for the Sale of Dutch Prizes, as soon as opportunity shall offer.
18. The petition of Mary Lewis, widow, referred to the Navy Commissioners, to allow her 10l. more for her maintenance.
19. The petition of Henry Wilky and John Denholme merchant of Edinburgh, referred to the Admiralty Judges, to state the fact and certify.
20. Order, on petition of the well-affected in Upminster parish in Essex, that John Halke be appointed their minister, and receive the profits thereof.
21. The petition of — recommended to the Committee for Inspection, to learn if the debt claimed be due, and report.
23. To desire the Commissioners of Parliament in Ireland to acquaint Council with the state of Sir John Cochrane's case, as to the lands which he claims in Ireland as his lady's inheritance, and meantime to do for her therein according to justice.
24. The business of Scotland to be considered next Wednesday.
25. Hen. Lawrence having been appointed by Council keeper of the library at James' House, and to take all things belonging to it under his special charge, Mr. Cockayne is to bring to Lawrence on Wednesday next the keys of the library, and deliver him all catalogues and books containing an account of it, whether it be of books, medals, or other things in anywise relating thereto.
26. Sydenham, Jones, Lawrence, Cooper, Wolsley, Strickland, and Tichborne to be a Committee to further consider the Act this day offered to Council, concerning declaring what shall be treason, and to report.
29. The Committee for Examinations to send for Col. Slingsby, and to peruse the examinations already taken of or about him, and further examine him, if they see cause; also if they see fit, to take bail for him, and dismiss him from restraint.
30. Order on petition of Ed. Bew and others, complaining of depredations by Capt. Finch, commander of a private man-of-war, that the commission granted to Finch to command a privateer be called in, and so much be signified to the Admiralty Judges, that it may be executed.
31. To declare Council's approval that 102l. 6s. 8d., remaining in the treasury at Goldsmiths' Hall of the 202l. 6s. 8d. payable to the reduced officers of co. Dorset, out of discoveries made by them, in pursuance of an order of Parliament of May 10, 1649, be issued for that end to such persons as Cols. Sydenham and Bingham shall appoint, a request to that purpose having been presented in the name of the said officers.
32. The usual allowance and salaries paid to the Commissioners for administration of justice in Scotland, English and Scotch respectively, to continue to the present Commissioners of each nation. Wm. Lawrence and Henry Goodyear, who are Commissioners added to the commission, are, on their arrival, to receive an advance of 100l. each, for which, and for the salaries, the Commander-inChief in Scotland is to issue his warrants. The Commissioners for the Revenue there, and all other officers are to see the same satisfied; their salary to begin from the time of their being voted in the House.
33. Order, on petition of Isabel Trenhele, widow, that the Treasurers for maimed and wounded soldiers show cause to Council why she has not her pension paid her. [I. 72, pp. 121–128.]
Nov. 28.
The Swiftsure, Hope.
182. Gen. Monk to the Admiralty Committee. As you are in dispute whether to fit out the great ships now or in spring, I make bold to say that unless you are sure of a speedy peace with the Dutch, the service will be much prejudiced if they are not fitted out at once, for then the Dutch will get their summer fleet ready before ours, and block us up in our harbour instead of our blocking them up in theirs. The objection is that they will want cleaning for the spring, but we will keep them clean and fit for service.
I hope to sail the end of this week westward, with 20 men-ofwar. Pray quicken the victuallers to supply us with all that may be required. I enclose a list of ships in the Hope. [1½ pages.]
Nov. 28.
183. Charles Longland to the Admiralty Committee. I have perfected the accounts of disbursements made here, chiefly about the wounded and pillaged men taken by the Dutch in the late fight in this port, and turned on shore; their particular names and charges are as set down in the enclosed, and come to dol. 6,802 19. 4. There are other disbursements added which were omitted in my last of 2 May, and some rectified, and the balance due is 3,908. 5. 3. which I now draw upon you at 60d. per dollar, making 977l. 1s. 4d.; this I hope will be paid.
Since the exploit with the rich French ship, there has not been any Dutch man-of-war in this port, neither will they be welcome for that cause. The French have again begun their old trade of thieving, having lately taken two Dutch ships and one English. We have no news whether the squadron of Dutch which lately went from hence are at the Straits' mouth or gone for France; the Dutch here report they are at the former, and the long stay of some small ships which left England for these parts makes me doubt they have fallen into the hands of the Dutch. Both they and the French have many rich ships in Turkey, which may be back here in 3 months.
There is an advice from Holland that they have received such a notable shipwreck by a storm that they cannot set out any fleet of consequence until next summer, in which time, if you could spare a squadron for these seas, I am confident you need not take any care for providing money to pay them, especially if a stirring active man be their chief commander. P.S. 12 Dec.—By advice from Holland, those States have ordered their squadron in these seas to return home, as they say 20 English frigates are designed this way. I wish this may be true, and they may meet with some Dutch and French, there being now in Turkey a dozen ships belonging to those two nations, all bound for Italy and Marseilles. With copy of his letter of 31 Oct. [2¼ pages.]
Nov. 28. 184. Order of the Committee for Public Debts, on the queries of the Commissioners at Worcester House:—
1. That all delinquencies since the Act of Oblivion are within the Act for Discoveries.
2. That an Act be prepared and presented to the House, to settle and dispose into a treasury all that shall be raised from discoveries of lands, moneys, plate, &c., as also all fines arising on convictions for bribery, fraud, and breach of public trust, for the sole payment of public debts; also what moneys are due upon the self-denying ordinance of 1646, and upon the fines, compositions, and forfeitures of delinquents and traitors. That the word persons is defective, at page 156 in the last Act, and that the Commissioners or some others may have power to assign the recompense to the discoverer, whether in land or money. That any public debt which shall come to any person as heir, executor, or administrator, shall be allowed upon discovery, as if it were his own. It is not ascertained in the Act whether the discoverer has his election of his debt or a fifth part. That the House appoint a treasurer for the money which shall come in upon this Act.
3. A clause to be inserted for disposing of the first 20,000l. that shall come into the treasury (discoverers' parts excepted) for payment of poor persons' public faith bills within the qualification of 40l. estate, as ordered by the late Parliament.
4. All discoveries to be reduced to one place, viz., the Commissioners at Worcester House.
5. The Commissioners to have power to choose clerks and necessary officers, and allow salaries and incident charges.
6. The trustees for sale of the King and Queen's lands to be made trustees for the lands, plate, jewels, &c. which shall be discovered upon the Act, with power to appoint surveyors, and to value prize lands and goods, and sell the same.
Query whether it will not advance the business of discoveries to empower Commissioners in the several counties to take examinations in these matters. [1½ pages.]
Nov. 29. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
3. The petition of Edw. Roe and Rob. Corfe, of Aliceholt forest, co. Hants, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to examine the fact wherewith they stand charged, hear them, and report; meantime the Committee may bail the prisoners if they think fit.
4. The petition of Mr. Clovell dismissed from further hearing.
5. To write to the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal that there are several prisoners in co. Dorset committed as pirates, and to desire them to issue out a commission of oyer and terminer to John Browne, John Trenchard, John FitzJames, Wm. Hussy, John Whiteway, Rich. Bury, Jo. Squibb, Walter Foy, Thos. Gallop, Ed. Butler, Jo. Cheeke, Rob. Relham, James Dewy, and John Still, for trying the said persons.
6. 185. The petition of Eliz. Colson, widow, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to do as the case deserves.
7. The petition of Col. Stubber referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to confer with him concerning his desires, and report.
8. Order, on petition of Lieut.-Col. Roseworm, Engineer General, that the arrears of his salary be paid out of Council's contingencies, and that in future his salary be paid quarterly, as to servants of Council.
9. His petition referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to consider what should be done for his further encouragement, and report.
10. The petition of Wm. Harris, Wm. Sherrington, and Thos. Morrell, referred to the Committee for Examinations, to inquire concerning their desire, and report.
12. Order, on report from the Committee appointed to peruse the return from co. Hants concerning the difference between Mr. Ryvet and Mr. Coler about Broughton rectory, Council being satisfied of Mr. Ryvet's title, that the justices of peace take care that he be kept in possession, and be not disturbed by Mr. Coler or others under pretence of his (Coler's) title, and that he receive the profits of rector.
14. Sir Philip Musgrave to have his liberty on parole till further order from the Lord General or Council.
15. Dr. Holmes to have the sole impression of the book lately published by him, called, "The Resurrection Revealed, or the Dawning of the Day Star, &c.," and no other person whatsoever to presume to print the same,
17. Order, on report from the Irish and Scotch Committee, on the petition of Capts. Limbrey and Crawley, concerning the Gift of God of Dieppe, that if the petitioners have any matter of objection, either in respect of contraband goods or proofs of carrying French men's goods, they are left to proceed in the Admiralty Court according to law, the parties to whom the ship and goods were restored being responsible for the value of what they can recover, if they proceed to trial in the Admiralty Court.
18. The former orders of Council concerning the sending of Geoffry Browne prisoner to Dublin, to the High Court of Justice there, to be pursued. [I. 72, pp. 130–134.]
[Nov. 29.] 186. Petition of Robt. Davis to the Admiralty Committee, for satisfaction for the loss of his clothes, books, goods, money value 100l., &c. in the Leopard, of which he was purser, and which was taken prize coming from the Straits; also for 25l. travelling charges in bringing the sea books to London overland. [½ page.] Annexing,
186. i. Certificate by Capt. Hen. Appleton in confirmation of the above.—29 Nov. 1653. [½ page.]
[Nov. 30.] 187. Petition of the inhabitants of the New Exchange to Council. On 22 November, divers attendants of the Portuguese Ambassador appeared on the Exchange, armed with swords, targets, coats of mail, &c., and assaulted and slew several people, some employed in business, and wounded many passengers in the streets.
Parliament having always shown such detestation of crimes of this nature that the highest pretenders to privilege could not exempt themselves from justice, we hope that the slender pretence that they are subjects of a foreign state will not protect them in their more than ordinary wickedness. We beg you to lay a penalty on all who conceal or aid their escape, and as they are desperate persons, let them be seized by military power.
Also we beg a declaration in print of your just displeasure at the unsheathing any weapon or firing a pistol in a place of public resort and trade, that peace may be provided for, and the blood of innocent people not ascend to the Lord. 36 signatures. [1 page.]
Nov. 30. 188. Reference thereon to the Committee of Council for lunatics. [2/3 page. Also I. 72, p. 137.]
Nov. 30. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
2. The papers subscribed by Capts. Geo. Osees and Mich. Robinson referred to the Committee for Examinations, to take speedy consideration thereof, and report.
3. The petition and papers of John Fisher, yeoman warder of the Tower, referred to the Lieutenant of the Tower, to examine the matter, state, and report, with his opinion what should be done.
4. Eleanor Whitgift, now a prisoner for encouraging the late mutiny of seamen, to be set at liberty, on security to Mr. Thurloe to act nothing prejudicial to the commonwealth.
5. The petition of Jos. Dobbins referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to consider where the 40l. due to him may be had, and on what treasury it may be charged, and to report.
6. That of John Spittlehouse to be brought to Council when the report is made from the Committee for Examinations on the Isle of Axholme.
9. 189. The letters and papers written from the agent at Hamburg to Council, read this day, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
10. Also the petition of Wm. Haselwood and the part owners of the Globe.
11. That of Alex. Turner referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to examine and report.
12. The petition of Theodore Jennings, junior, referred to the Committee to consider the Council's servants and their salaries.
15. The petition and papers of Capt. Dan. Hinchman, on behalf of Col. Hewson's regiment, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to examine and report.
16. Col. Montague to continue President of the Council one week longer.
17. Mr. Thurloe to write to the resident at Hamburg to buy no more powder or shot, but to buy what masts may conveniently be procured there.
18. 190. Order on report from the Admiralty Commissioners, that several provisions were delivered by the master of the Relief in the Straits to the use of the fleet of this commonwealth, then commanded by Capt. Badiley to the value of. 766l. 7s. 8d., that the said sum be paid to the owners of the said ship, and that the Admiralty Commissioners order the Navy Commissioners to pay it.
19. Sir O. Fleming in the name of Council to tell the Venetian secretary the contents of the petition of Martha, wife of Thos. Hendra, as of the papers annexed, and to move him to obtain her relief according to justice. [I. 72, pp. 136–140.]
Nov. 30.
191. Capt. Rich. Ingle to Edw. Marston. As our two prizes brought in this summer by Capt. Jas. Wood have been condemned in the Admiralty Court, I entreat and authorise you to demand and receive my interest in 11 shares, besides my share of the plunderage; apply to Mr. Parram in Crooked Lane, who will do us all the right that may be, and you may satisfy yourself thereout for your pains. [1 page.]
Nov.? 192. Petition of Skinner Ryder, late lieutenant to Major Wm. Goodrick, and now to Major-Gen. Lambert, to Lord General Cromwell and the Council of State. I presented my case concerning my title to Wallwood wood, Layton parish, Essex, bought from Sir O]. Cromwell by my grandfather and descended to me, and you referred the case to the Committee for removing Obstructions, but they have returned it as having no power therein, and it has depended before you since 10 June 1653.
Timber is already felled there, and some sold to Capt. Taylor for the navy, but much spoiled by a rude multitude, because you forbad me to carry it away till a hearing, which is to be next term in the Exchequer. My agent and I are indicted by Sir Hen. Mildmay for riot and forcible entry into the woods, and he has put me to great trouble, though the Barons of Exchequer cleared me. I beg a reference of the whole case to the Exchequer, and leave meanwhile to sell the wood felled, on security to answer its value, if ejected by law.
Nov.? 193. Dr. Dan. Whistler to the Admiralty Committee. I am ordered by Council to go with Ambassador Whitelock on his embassy to Sweden, as physician. I have lately been employed by you on orders from 4 June to 3 August, and from 6 August to 14 September, 100 days, in care of the sick and wounded from the fleet set ashore at Harwich, Ipswich, Aldborough, Southwold, Yarmouth, &c., and have yet received nothing for myself, man, and two horses. I beg you to assign me what you think fit. Noted 200l. [¾ page.]