Volume 71: May 1654

Pages 139-194

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1654. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1880.

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May 1654

May 1. 1. Petition of the meal men of London and Southwark to the Protector. Ill-disposed persons have taken advantage of the Act of 21 Oct. 1650, concerning meal, and live by the practice of informing, to our undoing. The Act was passed on misinformation; the selling of meal in shops was never any prejudice, as pretended, as the complaints of thousands of poor against the Act testify. The Act deprives us of the privileges of trade in our own shops enjoyed by all other freemen of London. We beg its suspension. 12 signatures. With reference thereon to Sir Wm. Roberts, Aldermen Ireton and Andrews, Mr. Fountaine, and Mr. Parker of Worcester House, 22 Feb. 1653–4. [1¼ page.] Annexing,
1. i. Particulars of the grievances of the mealmen:—
(1.) The Act forbids, under heavy penalties, the selling of meal in any house or shop except the market place.
(2.) It was brought about by the bakers and clerks of the market, for their own private gain.
(3.) We were falsely charged with causing the dearness of bread, whereas it was then dear in the country.
(4.) It is an exceeding grievance to the poor, who have not always money to go to market on market days, or live far from the market.
(5.) We are sueable in any court of record, and so have been continually vexed in the sheriffs' court in London, whereas by the Act of 21 James for the relief of the poor against informers, such offences were only to be prosecuted at the assizes or sessions.
(6.) When, at the importunity of the poor, we have ventured to sell them a little meal, we have been forced to compound with informers, or suffer 7l. or 8l. damage by prosecution, besides two months' imprisonment; one of us lost 30l., and another is now in prison, though 5l. had been extorted from him by the informer.
(7.) The informers become partners to share in all prosecutions, sue us in several courts for the same offence, and hire stragglers to importune us for God's sake to sell them a little meal, and then to testify against us. [1 page.]
May 1. 2, 3. Report on the above that the selling meal in shops on any day but the market day is no prejudice but an advantage.
That the bolting or sifting of corn, also forbidden by the Act, is no injury when wheat is 5s. a bushel or under, and that therefore the restraint should be taken off. That for preventing any mixture with the meal, the constables should be authorised to search shops where flour is sold, and to inforce the penalties of the Act where deceit is used. With reference thereon to Mr. Parker to prepare an Ordinance for Council, to whom his Highness refers the case for speedy and effectual remedy. [2¾ pages.]
May 1. Council. Day's Proceedings.
An Ordinance of 26 April 1654, for release of the Anthony, approved by the Protector. [I. 74, p. 87.]
May 1.
4. Major Wm. Burton to the Admiralty Committee. I have delivered your instructions to Capt. Felstead, and also ordered him to call for the Wells men and others at their several ports, but to hasten away as soon as he can. I have engaged a vessel to carry your packet express to Vice-Admiral Lawson. I will hasten out the two great frigates, but I have as much business as I can attend to, what with these and those at Colchester and Walderswick.
By the last post I perceive the union between England and Scotland is confirmed, and so commodities forbidden for England are also forbidden for Scotland, whereby the merchants here are at a stand, for they have 6 ships at Bordeaux, laden with French wine. They desire leave to bring them into England or Scotland, they paying the customs, or they will have great losses. I have an interest in two of them. [1⅓ pages.]
May 1.
Black Raven, Fiall Road.
5. Major Robt. Sedgwick to the Admiralty Committee. We left the Isle of Wight 15 March, and with a good wind in 8 days got 250 leagues west of Land's End, taking a Dutch ship laden with arms, &c. Since then we have had terrible storms, fire balls shooting into us; but on 20 April we made the Western Islands, where I careened and stopped leaks; the Dutch ship being then, at a council of war, deemed unfit for the voyage, I have ordered her home under Lieut. Rich. Thurston. I have discharged Mr. Holcroft as a drunkard. We take Halsie, the gunner, with us. The other seamen return in the ship.
The truth is, we were fitted out with a bad ship and wicked crew, but God will recompense your labours of love to his poor saints in New England, as you sincerely intend the good of a poor people wayfaring in the wilderness. I beg your prayers and counsels. [1½ pages.]
[May 2.] 6. Petition of Edw. Elvines, alderman of Worcester, to the Protector, to consider his great expenses and sufferings for the public, and give him an estate to live upon in his old age.
Has all along been engaged for Parliament. Was obliged to fly his country for opposing the Commissioners of array; then did his best to engage men when the Earl of Essex came to Worcester. Fled again when Sir Wm. Russell took the city, and was away 4 years till it was reduced. His whole estate being exposed to the enemy, had to live on credit. Was persuaded to become mayor on faithful promise of reimbursement of all charges, there being no other that they would confide in; but Col. Rainsborough being called away, and the Committee dissolved, he had to undergo that great charge for which he is still in debt.
Has been in public service ever since. When the Scots came to Worcester last, was obliged to fly a third time, but returned with the Parliament army. Was then again persuaded by his Highness to take the government of the city, to the hazard of his life among the sick Scots, and is now unable to serve, having hardly a subsistence. With reference thereon to Council, 12 April 1654. [1 page.] Annexing,
6. i. Order in Parliament, referring the petition of Elvines to the Committee appointed to consider of the well-affected who suffered at the siege of Worcester. 9 March 1651–2. [½ page.]
6. ii. Report by the said Committee that 600l. should be paid him from the estates of those delinquents, co. Worcester, who assisted the Scottish king in the late engagement at Worcester. [⅓ page.]
6. iii. Order at the Committee for petitions that Alderman Ireton report his petition to Parliament for their pleasure. 7 Dec. 1653. [½ page.]
May 2. 7. Report from the Committee of Council on the building at the west end of Paul's, on conference with Committees of the city of London and for sale of Dean and Chapter Lands, with Col. Webb, Surveyor-General, and Rob. Walton, who purchased the land.
May 2. The city alleges that it is a common burying place, that building will straiten the passage, and that it is a fit place to gather soldiers.
The Surveyor-General says it is part of your possessions, and was sold as such; that when it was sold, the city surveyors had notice, and intended a report to the Court of Aldermen, but the facts not appearing fully, the city referred the whole case to the Commissioners for removing obstructions, and meantime Walton was desired to surcease further building. 25 April 1654. [1½ pages.] Annexing,
7. i. Report by Edw. Jerman, on an order of the Court of Aldermen 16 March, 1653–4, that he and Peter Mills, the 2 surveyors of the chamber of London, should represent, in writing, the inconvenience of building on the void piece of ground at the west end of Paul's church:—
1. It has always been a waste place, with no house or buildings, for the benefit of light and air to the adjacent inhabitants.
2. It would much straighten the passage, there being a great concourse of passengers, horse and foot, coaches, carts, &c., towards Ludgate, and people are now often hurt on Ludgate Hill.
3. It will dishonour the State and city, this being the usual place for reception of ambassadors, who pass from the city to Westminster.
4. It has been a lurying place in times of contagion and plague, when other places have been oppressed with corpses.
5. This ground and the new portico lately built at the west end of Paul's would be convenient for drawing up a body of soldiers to suppress tumult or insurrection.
8. In the Act for sale of bishops', deans', and chapters' lands, churches, and churchyards are excepted, and to remain as they were.
9. There is no other place to lay materials, in case of repair of the church or neighbouring houses.
10. If these buildings be erected as intended, the west entrance of the church will be obstructed, and the light both of the church and portico so obscured that they will be useless. 16 March 1653–4. [1½ pages.]
7. ii.—v. Depositions of Rich. Okes, haberdasher, parish of Bennett, Paul's Wharf, aged 76; of Rob. Chipp, gent., Christchurch parish, aged 71; of Rich. Andrews, gent., of St. Alphage's, aged 61; and of John Povall, leatherseller, Gregory's, aged 46; that they have known the piece of ground railed in at the west end of Paul's all their lives, and that it has always been used as a place for the inhabitants to walk in, and also as a burial place for the dead from neighbouring families. 20 April 1654. [4 papers.]
May 2. Reference thereon by Council to the Commissioners for removing obstructions about sale of Dean and Chapter lands, to report. [I. 75., p. 262.] Annexing,
8. i. Report by the Commissioners, that during the erection many bones and skulls were dug out; that the land belonged to the Bishop of London, and has been 55 years void; with numerous depositions and particulars relating to the ownership of buildings in or near Paul's churchyard. Jan. 1654–5. [9 pp.]
[May 2.] 9, 10. Petition of Rob. Wood, Wm. Barnes, Jos. Cubitt, and Miles Pile, owners of the Mary and Joan, now the Young Prince, to the Protector. Coming 2 years since from Newfoundland, laden with fish and train oil, and bound for England, we were surprised by a Dutch man-of-war and carried into Flushing last December. Our ship, being laden by the States with wines in France, and bound for Holland, was retaken by the Nonsuch, brought into Falmouth, and condemned as a Dutch prize, though the States had no other right to it than capture. We knew nothing of the matter till the sentence was passed, but now we beg to put in our claim in the Admiralty Court, and to have the ship restored on paying salvage, according to the Act of Parliament. With reference thereon to the Admiralty Commissioners, 5 April, and their report, 11 April, that the Admiralty judges should admit the claim, the lapse of time and the adjudication notwithstanding. [1½ pages.]
May 2. Order in Council accordingly. [I. 75, p. 262.]
May 2. 11. Petition of William Viscount Monson to the Protector. On marriage with my late wife Frances, in May 1646, I was drawn to settle Tidwell Farm, Kent, worth 100l. a year, and Craft, Reigate, and Howleigh manors, worth 1,300l. a year, being my whole estate, on myself for life, with remainder to my eldest son in tail, with power of revocation to me and my wife, who died before revocation. As my son is only 7 years old, I cannot dispose of any part of the estate, either to pay my debts or provide for my younger children. I beg an order to the Common Bench judges to suffer a common recovery against my son, by his guardian, of Tidwell Farm, worth only 100l., a year, re-settling the 1,300l. a year on him. With reference thereon to Council, 12 April, 1654. [2/3 page.]
May 2. Note that the petition was read, but Council did not think fit to make any order therein. [I. 75. p. 263.]
May 2. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Army Committee to prepare an Ordinance for continuing the Act of Monthly Assessments, and present it to Council.
2. Order that—as the Commissioners for Inspecting Treasuries have, on an order of 6 March last, certified that the salaries of 500l. a year for each of the 3 Admiralty Judges would be best paid out of the Customs,—a warrant be prepared to the Commissioners of Customs authorising the payments in future. Approved 4 May.
3, 4. Order on a report from the Admiralty Commissioners concerning the discharging of some merchants' men-of-war from the service, and the calling in of some of the State's ships, and the designing of money in order thereunto, that all the merchant ships now employed as part of the fleet of the commonwealth be forthwith discharged, and the Admiralty Commissioners take order accordingly. Approved 4 May.
5. 12. Such of the new coined money as now remains in the Tower, under Col. Barkstead's charge, to be applied by the Admiralty Commissioners to defray the charge of freight and wages for the ships to be discharged, and the Lieutenant of the Tower to issue the same to those whom the said Commissioners shall appoint. Approved 4 May.
6. All cash arising from sale of prize goods, above what is designed for sick and wounded, widows and orphans, to be used to pay off discharged ships. The collectors for prize goods to issue it as directed by the Admiralty Commissioners. Approved 4 May.
7. 13. Those Commissioners to report what persons may best examine the accounts of the Commissioners and Collectors of Prize Goods.
8. The petition of Ed. Stephens referred to Capt. Stone, Col. Goffe, Col. Clerke, Scout Master Gen. Downing, and Maj. Heanes, to examine witnesses, and report.
9. That of Sam. Boothouse, late consul in Tunis, and the merchants trading thither, referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to report.
10. 14. Order on Sir A. A. Cooper's report,—that it appears on inquiry that the money paid in by Fras. Thomson to the Treasurers for sale of the late King's lands for the little park at Windsor, the king's meadows, and the Bushy Close is not in cash but disposed of, and that it may best be repaid from the treasury at Drury House —that Att.-General Prideaux is to see that Thomson's interest therein is transferred to the Protector, and that on this being done, he shall be repaid the 3,473l. 5s. which he paid to the treasurers at Worcester House. With certificate by Prideaux, 16 May, that Thomson and also Hen. Cannon have signed and sealed the transfer. Approved 4 May.
11. The petition of Maurice Wynn and John Ayton referred to the Committe on Sir Wm. Killigrew's petition, to report; Col. Fiennes added to the Committee.
May 2. 13. Col. Fiennes added to the Committee on Col. Wm. Jephson's petition.
15, 21. Mr. Scobell to prepare an Ordinance for reviving the former power of the Commissioners for inspecting Treasuries during 3 months; which being done, it was twice read, passed, and ordered to be presented to his Highness.
19. Order that the supernumeraries raising the Protector's regiment of foot from 700 to 1,200, whereof 300 are commanded to sea, be continued to 900 for 1 month; the Army Committee to issue warrants to the Treasurer-at-war for their payment accordingly. Approved 4 May.
20. The petition of Polycarpus Rock and John Orme referred to Skippon, Rous, and Sydenham, to report.
22. The Ordinance for settling the Court of Exchequer to be committed to the Committee for Treasuries, to report.
23. The petition of the Governor and Company of Merchants trading to the Levant seas referred to the Commissioners to treat with the French Ambassador, to report.
24. The reports depending before Council to be considered before reading any more petitions.
25. Order on report from the Admiralty Committee, on petition of Thos. Kendal, that the Admiralty judges proceed to judgment on the St. Lewis of Dieppe and her lading, and if it be condemned, that the sale of the hull be suspended 10 days after sentence. Annexing,
15. i. Admiralty judges to the Admiralty Committee. Account of the case of St. Lewis of Dieppe, detailing her lading, part of which is owned by Thos. Kendall, and by English planters in Barbadoes. Doctors' Commons, 3 April 1654. [1 page.]
15. ii. Report by the Admiralty Commissioners alluded to [see 28 March, suprà], on the account from the Admiralty judges, that the ship and part of the goods belong to French merchants, and the rest to English merchants, but that, as the case is not ripe for judgment, it should be left to the Admiralty judges. 7 April 1654. [2/3 page.]
26. The petition and papers of Edm. Child, lately set aside, to be delivered to him.
27. The Council adjourn till 11 a.m. to-morrow. [I. 75, pp. 259264.]
May 3. 16. Petition of the overseers of the son of Col. Thos. Horton to the Protector and Council, that all or part of his arrears may be paid from some certain treasury, for the child's use. He did good service, and waited on his Highness in the expedition to Ireland, where he died, but only left his son 500l., beside his arrears. He could not have his accounts audited except for services done under the new model, which are 1,400l., on account of his going into Ireland, though he was an officer from the beginning of the war, and so lost the opportunity of payment. [1 page.]
May 3. Reference thereon to Major-Gen. Lambert, Col. Jones, and Mr. Strickland. [I. 75, p. 267.]
May 3. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of the officers of arms referred to Cooper, Lisle, Fiennes, Strickland, Rous, and Mackworth, to report.
2. That of Sir Wm. Parsons, and Dame Katherine his wife, referred to Lisle, Cooper, Mackworth, and Strickland, to report.
3. Sir Thos. Viner, Lord Mayor, and Serjt. Steele, Recorder of London, to consider a printed paper published by one who lives at the second door in Eagle and Child Alley, Shoe Lane, calling himself a student in astrology and physic, and pretending to undertake resolutions of all questions contained in the said paper, and to send for the said party, and examine him and the paper, proceed against him according to law, and report.
4. The report from the Committee on the petition of adventurers for lands in Ireland, and the matters therein contained agreed with.
6. The Ordinance for the great level of the Fens, now presented by Cooper, to be read first of all to-morrow.
8. On report from the Committee, an Ordinance for satisfying the arrears of officers and soldiers by the sale of several forests read, and ordered to be read again next Friday.
10. Pickering, Strickland and Jones to contract on the best terms for 3 suits of hangings, mentioned in a note of C. Kinnersley's, and to report.
13. Mackworth added to the Committee for bringing in an Ordinance for ejecting scandalous ministers.
14. Order on Col. Matth. Alured's letter to Thurloe of April 17, that the officers, customers, &c. of the port of Chester permit 270 bags of biscuit and 6 tons of cheese shipped there by his direction for the garrison of Ayr, in Scotland, to pass duty free. Approved 4 May.
15. 17. Order referring a paper by Thos. Fauconberg,—certifying sums amounting to 7,282l. 11s. 10d. in arrears due from several persons to the public revenue, to the Treasury Committee,—who are to consider the best means for getting them in. Annexing,
£ s. d.
17. i. Paper alluded, the debtors being
Wm. Hodges for alnage of cloth 3,146 9 10
Edw. Basse, receiver of cos. Notts and Derby 1,830 15
Edw. Basse, for tenths of clergy 598 0
Sir John Curzon, receiver of the duchy of Lancaster 600 0 0
Sir John Fenwick, for rents and fee farms in Northumberland 1,107 6
£7,282 11 10
With note of ineffectual orders issued for payment thereof. 27 April 1654. [2 pages.]
16. Order that whereas Rob. Wickens, minister of Toddenham, co. Gloucester, has with great pains and industry composed a complete concordance of the Bible, which for smallness of volume and price, is of more general use than any yet extant, and has appointed Thos. Robinson, bookseller of Oxford University, to print it; that the said Robinson have the sole license of printing and publishing it. The master and wardens of the Stationers' company to enter this order in their register, for its better observance. Approved 4 May.
18. On signification by Major-Gen. Lambert of his Highness' pleasure, it is added to the instructions of Gen. Monk, commanderin-chief in Scotland, that if he sees cause to suspect any son or servant of being engaged in the rebellion, with consent of his father or master, he shall be at liberty to seize the latter and keep them under restraint, till the former give themselves up.
19. John Cole appointed to be preacher at Debenham, co. Suffolk, the late incumbent being sequestrated, and the place void by departure of Mr. King, who was put into that sequestration. [I. 75, pp. 265–9.]
May 3.
18. Major Wm. Burton to the Admiralty Committee. Capt. Stayner of the Plymouth has come in without meeting the ViceAdmiral. This morning we broke open the chests of coin, to see what was in them; they contain Dutch shillings and double stivers, value 6,000 guilders each, for which I have given the Captain a receipt.
I sent away the packet to the Vice-Admiral in the Forth. One of the frigates broke her mast, but was repaired on the Lord's day, and has sailed. [1 page.]
May 3.
The Plymouth, YarmouthRoads.
19. Capt. Rich. Stayner to the Admiralty Committee. I have been plying on and off my station with the Amity, but have not seen any Hollanders. We took a dogger with 240 barrels of cod, bound for Flanders, and delivered her to the collectors at Yarmouth. Two Hamburghers whom I met say there were 12 Holland men-ofwar at the Fly, who told them there was peace with England, and yet are looking for English private men-of-war. I could not join Vice-Admiral Lawson, as he was not to be found, and am now waiting further orders. I delivered the two chests containing 12,000 guilders to Major Burton, and he will send the receipt. [2 pages.]
May 4. 20. Petition of the masters and wardens of the handicraft companies of London, viz., merchant tailors, weavers, comb makers, hatband makers, cutlers, and card makers, to the Protector. We hear that the French and Holland strangers in and about London have petitioned Parliament, not only for the free exercise of their religion, but for the free use of their trades. The case was referred to the Council of State, who wrote to the lord mayor to order suspension of all proceedings against Protestant strangers for exercising their vocations. We requested a hearing and a copy of the petitions, both of which were granted, and a Committee of Council appointed thereon.
As the business concerns the whole city and nation, we petitioned the lord mayor and aldermen, who referred us to Ald. Packe and others. They reported our grievances, and the recorder and Ald. Packe and Tichborne were ordered to report to Council the manifold abuses committed by strangers. These they presented to you 11 Jan. last, and we have attended daily since for a determining of the premises, but could get no hearing. Meanwhile the Council of State's order prevents our obtaining the benefit of the laws against strangers.
We have observed the late Parliament and Council of State to be very ready to answer the desires of the aliens, (though they are no way beneficial to the nation, nor do they assert our cause, but rather that of the enemies), but you spoke to the late Council on the justness of our cause. We beg expedition, the occasion being emergent. The English are violently prosecuted by strangers beyond sea, and discharged by the governors of the country from following their trades as masters. 24 signatures. With reference thereon to Council. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
20. i. Statement by the native manufacturers and tradesmen of reasons why aliens should not trade in or near London, and of the mischiefs which would follow.
That the number of native artisans is more than enough, and their skill equal to that of strangers.
That natives are compelled to serve apprenticeships, are incorporated and punished for bad or deceitful work, and have to pay towards their companies, and also to pay assessments, so that strangers who have not these burdens can undersell them, invite over their own countrymen, and ingross trade. They take large houses, divide them, take inmates, and so breed infection.
They are maintained by getting what we should else have for our maintenance, so that we can hardly live. Divers Parliaments have been so sensible of this that they have made sundry statutes against strangers from Edw. IV. to Hen. VIII.
The handicraft men are the nursery of soldiers, and all the army being such, if it were disbanded, they would want employment, strangers having engrosed it, because being generally disaffected, they stayed at home whilst the English engaged for Parliament, so that the latter have now to turn to dishonourable employments, as porters, chimney sweepers, &c.
If their being protestants, fled hither because of persecution, be an argument that they should trade, it is a better argument for the natives. The law allowed them to work as servants to English masters, but they should not be masters, for it is not prudent to gratify them and discontent us. All other nations prefer their natives to strangers, and an Englishman is only allowed to work as a servant in France or Germany. [1 sheet.]
20. ii. Statement by 35 Englishmen, in contradiction to a report that English artizans and professors of sciences residing beyond seas are allowed to practise their trades as the natives, that they and other English in Paris and elsewhere have had their tools taken and destroyed, been reviled, beaten, and imprisoned for working as masters, and that they are only tolerated as servants and journeymen. They beg that strangers may not by such toleration eat the bread out of their mouths. Signed by 7 painters, 3 goldsmiths, 3 joiners, 5 cutlers, 12 tailors, 1 combmaker, and 4 weavers. [1 sheet.]
May 4. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of the master, wardens, and company of vintners in London referred to the Treasury Committee, to report.
3. The Ordinance prepared for the great level of the fens to be read first to-morrow.
4. The report concerning the government of Jersey to be considered next.
Then the paper concerning the Portuguese proceedings at the New exchange.
Then the Ordinance for settling the post office to be read again.
7. Mr. Scobell to prepare an Ordinance for continuing the power of civil officers for administration of justice in Scotland, and report.
8, 31. On Lambert's report from the Committee, an additional Ordinance for the Excise read, amended, and to be presented to the Protector. Being approved by him, passed, and ordered to be printed and published.
10. 21. Order—on representation that the goods in the Samson, Salvadore, St. George, Golden Morning Star, and St. Augustine, having remained many months in warehouses, will decay and be rendered of little value to the State or their claimers, if order be not taken for their disposal;—that the Admiralty Commissioners order their sale, unless on speaking with Dr. Walker, they see cause to the contrary; if they are sold, Council will order satisfaction to those claiming interest in them according to their rate of sale, if, on determing their claims in the Admiralty Court, there shall appear just cause. Approved 4 May.
11. The Lieutenant of the Tower to be at liberty to bring into the Court of Upper Bench Rob. Thorpe, prisoner there, on a writ of Habeas Corpus.
12. Like order to bring Edward, Earl of Worcester, into the Court of Chancery.
13. The Committee on the Ordinance for highways to prepare and bring into Council a proviso relating to the carriage of great guns, timber, and other necessaries for the navy and army, that where more horses are necessary, the persons employed in such draughts are to incur no penalty thereby.
14. Council adjourns till 6 p.m.
15. Approval by the Protector of 26 orders, 18 Apr.-4 May.
19. 22. The Admiralty Commissioners to order a ketch of 6 or 8 guns to be sent to Carrickfergus, where the commander is to attend the orders of Col. Matt. Alured.
20. Also to give a warrant to the ordnance officers to put aboard the ketch 200 shovels and pickaxes for the forces under Col. Alured.
21. Also to cause the first 100 tents ready of the 1,000 to be provided for the forces in Scotland to be shipped aboard the ketch, and disposed of as Col. Alured shall direct.
24. Also to cause 1,000 pairs of shoes to be forthwith provided and sent to Carrickfergus aboard the ketch.
25. Also to order the commanders of the Advantage frigate, and Hare ketch, now on the west of Scotland, to repair to Carrickfergus, give notice of their arrival to Col. Alured, and follow his orders.
26. Ald. Whalley of Chester to cause 20 tuns of beer to be provided at Chester, and shipped with the biscuit and cheese for the forces in Ireland.
27, 28. The orders made this day for the Lieut. of the Tower to bring Col. Thorpe to the Upper Bench Bar, and the Earl of Worcester to the Chancery revoked, and the Lieut. of the Tower ordered to forbear to bring up Col. Thorpe, any writ of Habeas Corpus notwithstanding.
29. Order that the 345l. 6s. 8d. paid to Sir Thos. Viner, late sheriff and now mayor of London, which was to remain in the sheriff's hands by Parliament order of 1 Feb. 1648–9, on petition of the master, wardens, &c. of the Vintners' Company, London, remain there, and be not paid out without order of his Highness, and Council.
30. The Ordinance for further doubling upon and finishing the sale of Dean and chapter lands being approved by his highness, was passed, and ordered to be printed and published.
33. An Ordinance for reviving an Ordinance appointing Commissioners for inspecting the treasuries passed.
35. A commission of Oyer and Terminer to be issued to 3 common lawyers, 3 civilians, and 3 gentlemen, for the trial of Don Pantaleon de Saa and the rest of the Portuguese, and also such English as were engaged in that business at the New Exchange.
36. The petition of Cornet Ed. Cooke and Lucretia his wife, late wife of Thos. Pluncket, referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to report.
37. The Attorney General to confer with the trustees of Worcester House about Col. Rob. Thorpe's proceedings in counterfeiting debentures, to consider the best way of obtaining satisfaction, and to report, in order to his prosecution. [I. 75, pp. 269–274.]
May 4. 23, 24. Ordinance that the Ordinance of 31 Dec. 1653, appointing Commissioners for inspecting the Treasuries, be revived, and stand in force till further order. [2 copies.]
May 4. 25. Additional Ordinance for the Excise by the Protector and Council, annulling the clause in the Ordinance of 17 March last, that all goods not specially rated, except bullion, corn, victuals, arms, ammunition, and ordnance pay 5 per cent. import duty, to be paid by the first buyer, and substituting one ordering the custom to be paid by the first buyer from the merchant or importer, and adding sheep's wool to the exceptions.
Also that henceforth, for reducing the charge of officers, the Excise revenues be but one receipt, and no separate accounts kept for new imposts, except that the moiety of fines towards maimed soldiers and widows be kept apart, according to Parliament Order, 13 July 1647.
Also that for their further relief, 26,260l. be paid by weekly portions, in lieu of all other moneys assigned them by Parliament.
The Commissioners to issue moneys by order of the Protector and Council, and to repay Excise on the export of any imported goods on which duty has been fully paid. [4 pages. Also Excise collection of Acts, pp. 122–130, Vol. 98, June 1655.]
May 4. 26. Dr. John Godolphin to Wm. Jessop. By order of Council of 2 May 1654, the Admiralty judges are empowered to admit the claim of Robert Wood, Miles Pile, and others, to the Young Prince, formerly the Mary and Joan. The attestations of their propriety therein, annexed to their petition, are supposed now to remain in the Council. The petitioners desire their transmission to the Admiralty Court, and I beg their dispatch also.
P.S.—The judges beg you to expedite their salaries by the speediest procuring of his Highness' signature to the order, which done transmit it to us, that we may signify our respects to you for so obliging us. [¾ page.]
May 5. 27. Petition of Sampson Estwick, jun., to the Protector and Council, for a license to export 200 firkins of butter, which is already so much decayed that no one here will buy it, as there is so much in England, and if it is not sold at once, he will be a great sufferer. [½ page.] Annexing,
27. i. Step. Estwick to Mr. Jessop. Pray assist my son to obtain a license to ship butter not vendible here. 5 May 1654. [½ page.]
27. ii. Warrant to the Customs' Commissioners to allow Joan Sharp to export 700 barrels of north country butter, value 4d. a pound. 23 Nov. 1653. [½ page.]
May 5. 28. Petition of Josias Dewye to the Protector. By reason of the scarceness of brimstone, ordered the bringing in of 10 tons, lest there should be want of it in making gunpowder for the State, and daily expects its arrival. Begs an order to the Customs' Commissioners to give leave for its landing and taking away. [½ page.]
May 5. Order thereon for the Commissioners to permit its landing. Approved 1 June. [I. 75, p. 275.]
May 5. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. The Ordinance for preservation of the work of the great level of the Fens read the 1st time, and ordered to be read the 2nd time next Tuesday.
3. Order on a debate on the petition of Sir Wm. Killigrew and other adventurers about draining the Fens, and the great level between Bourne, Boston, and Lincoln, and so up to the Trent, commonly called Lindsey Level, that Council will proceed in the business of the said level, and that the Committee on this petition consider the whole matter, and report.
4. In pursuance of several orders, six warrants for payment of money, 17 March-4 May, were this day signed. [I. 75, p. 275.]
May 5.
Levant Company to Spencer Bretton, consul at Smyrna. Since our last of 9 Jan., we have received yours of 7 Sept., relating the mishap brought on the Stamboline by the Captain Basha, and the means you used for her release, which we approve. The ship has arrived here, and is now returning to you. See that the 2¼ dollars per cloth is paid on goods that have escaped duty here, besides the consulage. Trade will we hope improve on the peace with the United Provinces, so that we hope the duties will clear our bills of exchange and our debts, but let the leviation of 4 dollars a cloth be continued till we are totally eased.
To encourage you, we resolve to continue your gratuity, except for one year, to be raised from those who have not paid their impositions here, whom Mr. Vincent, our husband, will report to you. Favour none who are irregular in passing their goods here, and we will indemnify you.
We hope the leviations on the Smyrna factor, Lewis, Stamboline, and Rose, now arrived or arriving, will fully clear our bills of exchange and loans, and therefore those that have bills of exchange hence, or have lent money on the Sampson's cloth may defalk therefrom the leviations of 4 dollars per cloth.
We are resolving upon a fit person to send as minister. We beg you to prevent the fraud of factors entering great bales of silk as coals, and to recover what is behind on that account. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, p. 222.]
May 5.
Levant Company to Mr. Riley. You name in yours of 8 Dec. the return to England of your minister, Mr. Hill; we will try to send you a fit and able person. The greatest impediment now to our trade is your trouble with that Basha, and your little hope of reparation for his injuries. The peace with the Netherlands being, after long expectation, concluded, we hope trade will be better. Were we once eased of our debts there and elsewhere, it would much content us; but you must clear them by a consulage. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, p. 223.]
May 5.
Levant Company to John Hobson [consul at Venice]. You know our great trouble for years through an unjust tax of 2 dollars per mille on Zante and Cephalonia currants, caused, we suspect, by the late John Bromhall, who by will left it to be continued till the company's debt, as he calls it, is paid. We can hardly suppose that so injurious an oppression should survive its author, especially as the whole pretence at first demanded has been forced from us twice over; yet we beg you to prevent it by a decree of the senate, or some other way, which will be well accepted by us, who have promoted you to your employment, and shall be always ready to serve you. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, p. 224.]
May 8. Order by the Commissioners for Appeals in Excise that—the additional Ordinance for Excise notwithstanding—the Excise Commissioners forbear to repay moneys on export of exciseable goods shipped for Scotland since 25 March last, Scotland being now united to England, and capable of the same privileges and immunities as the ports in England. [Excise Collection, p. 134, Vol. 98, June 1655.]
May 8. 29. Petition of Wm. Burton and other merchants of Great Yarmouth to the Protector. We freighted 3 months ago, 6 small vessels with herrings and other goods to Bordeaux, to bring back wines to Leith, but they have been detained there by winds 9 weeks, with French wines value 6,000l. Meanwhile by Ordinance of 12 April, you prohibit the import to Scotland of goods forbidden in England, among which are French wines, therefore we know not where to send them, and we are paying 4l. a tun freight, double the price of times of peace. We therefore beg a dispensation to vend our 600 tuns for this time. With reference to Council, 5 May 1654. [1 sheet.]
May 8. Order thereon that they be allowed to unlade the wines at Leith without seizure. [I. 75, p. 278.]
May 8. 30. Petition of Col. Simon Rugeley to the Protector. Upon your order [see 13 Feb. suprà] granting me 3,546l. 5s. 9d. due on public faith, and 4,454l. 15s. 11d. for personal services, out of my discoveries of concealments not pardoned by the Act of Oblivion, I discovered, and proved by record before the Commissioners of Accounts, marsh lands in cos. Norfolk and Cambridge, drained by the late King at a cost of 6,000l., of which he was to have 2/3 for the embanking, and which are at the seaside, and no part of the Bedford level, and now the Commissioners say they have no power to put me in possession. As I have sold 500l. a year to pay my debts, and as a last refuge mortgaged my debentures, I beg an order to put me in possession of the lands. With reference to Council to consider the petitioner's title, and certify, 5 May 1654. [1 page.] Annexing,
30. i. Draft for the proposed grant of the said lands. [1¼ pages.]
30. ii. Information of Col. Simon Rugeley of Callingwood, co. Stafford, to the Commissioners for Accounts, and for discovering frauds or concealments. In 1638, the late King undertook, at his own charge, the draining of marshes in Walton, Walsoken, and Walpole, co. Norfolk, and in Wisbeach, Leverington, Newton, and Tyd St. Giles, co. Cambridge, 4,000 acres, for which he was to have 2/3 of the land. His interest, now belonging to the State, is concealed and detained by the respective tenants and proprietors. I beg powers to prosecute this information, and the allowance for discovery granted by the Act. 16 Feb. 1653–4. [1 page.]
30. iii. Request by Rugeley that he may have as much of the said lands conveyed to him as will pay the moneys allowed him by Council, with leave to purchase the remainder, so that the whole may be conveyed to him. 16 Feb. 1653–4. [1 page.]
30. iv. Deposition by John Rugeley of Southwark that he went to the Commissioners of Accounts with Col. Rugeley, when the Colonel acquainted them with this discovery; that they ordered him to produce records and witnesses, which he did at great charge, and then they told him they had no power to grant him the lands. 28 March 1654. [2/3 page.]
May 8. Reference of Rugeley's petition to Strickland, Wolsley, and Cooper, to examine the particulars of the discovery, and his title thereto. [I. 75, p. 279.]
May 8. 31. Petition of John Clarke, of Hitcham, to the Protector. Settled an estate of 2,000l. a year on his eldest son William, on condition that his wife, daughter of Sir Edw. Kerr, would settle in the same way 400l. a year which she has for 3 lives, and 150l. a year in reversion after her father. Reserved enough to pay the visible debts, but since the settlement, other incumbrances have appeared, and most of the 2,000l. a year is in jointure to his mother, Lady Mannering, and his aunt Lady Verney, so that he can raise nothing out of it. As there is an estate of 400l. or 500l. a year improveable by enclosure, to which the tenants agree, on security to enjoy their estates for 21 years, begs an order to the judges that his son William, 10 years old, may suffer a recovery of the 150l. a year, the damage being compensated by the advantage, so that petitioner may pay his debts, and be free from fear or imprisonment. With reference thereon to Council, 5 May 1654. [1 sheet.]
May 8. Reference thereon by Council to Sir Chas. Wolsley, Sir Ant. Ashley Cooper, and Mr. Strickland, to report. [I., 78, p. 278.]
May 8. 32. Petition of John Bland, merchant, to the Protector. When abroad, consigned 600 pipes of wine, indigo, Spanish money, &c., to his partner, And King, merchant in London, for whose delinquency the goods were sequestered, and sold by the Camdem House Committee at great undervalue; but on pleading that ½ the goods belonged to him, was ordered payment of 2,718l. 13s. 7d. The Committee pretending they had not cash, ordered his payment out of the Earl of Rivers' sequestered estate in London. Received 267l. 16s. 11d., and then Sir A. Haslerigg obtained an order in Parliament to receive the remaining profits, in lieu of a debt of 1,000l. due from the Earl to him. On appeal to the Commissioners for Public Debts, they declared that the said debt, which with interest would amount to 4,983l. 19s. 5d., was due to him, but before they could report to Parliament, it resigned its power.
Has advanced large sums for the State, and been 11 years without his money, and the goods paid above 2,000l. customs. Begs payment of the 4,983l. 19s. 5d. from the Customs, whereby his Highness' fame for justice will spread to foreign nations. With reference, 19 April 1654, to Council. [1½ pages.]
May 8. Order in Council that the petition be laid aside, they being unable to give any order therein. [I. 75, p. 279.]
May 8. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Admiralty and Navy Commissioners to appoint a convenient ship to transport Dr. Mayerne's lady and her attendants into the Low Countries.
3. The Customs' and Excise Commissioners to permit 4 hogsheads of white French wine, and a quantity of ling and stockfish, brought out of Holland for the use of the Dutch ambassadors, to be landed without duty.
6. The Lord President presenting the names of the Commissioners appointed by his Highness for trial of Don Pantaleon de Saa, and the others,—viz., Lord Chief Justice Rolle, Justice Atkins, Serj. Steele, Drs. Zouch, Turner, and Clerk, Sir Hen. Blount, Rich. Lucy, and Ald. Tichborne,—the Attorney-General is to prepare a draft of a commission of Oyer and Terminer, directed to the above, for the trial.
7. Order on report from the Admiralty Commissioners—on a reference concerning the Charity, and on a report from the Admiralty judges,—that the said judges proceed, touching the ship and her lading, according to justice. Approved 1 June.
8. The business touching farthings whereon the States' arms are imprinted referred to the Mint Committee.
10. Strickland, Desborow, and Fiennes to examine what is alleged concerning the plundering of the Swedish ships Hope and Phœnix, both taken by Capt. Nee, a captain of the commonwealth, and to report.
13. The report concerning the government of Jersey agreed with, and Mackworth and Strickland to prepare and bring in an Ordinance accordingly.
16. Order on motion of Mr. Rous, that Thos. Fauconbridge pay the arrear for half a year of a pension of 42l. to Eton College, any order of restraint notwithstanding.
17. The petition of Cols. Rob. Lilburne, Okey, and Guibon, and of Ed. Dendy referred to Cooper, Wolsley, and Strickland, to speak with Justice Hales about the post fines, and report his opinion.
19. The petition of Dame Magdalen Tyringham, relict of Sir Anthony Tyringham, laid aside.
23. A warrant to be prepared for commitment of Chas. Rich and John James to the Tower, they not having attended to give security, according to the order of Council.
24. The petition of Robert Inglish and Alexr. Finlaw referred back to its former Committee, to consider how money may be raised for their present relief. [I. 75, pp. 276–280.]
May 8. 33. Bond of Major George Rawdon, of Rawdon, co. York, and Phil. Tandy, of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, Middlesex, in 200l., to pay 100l. to Sir John Clotworthy, of St. Martin's, 30 Nov. next. [1 page.]
[May 9.] 34. Petition of Sturley Kedgwin, innholder of Colford, Forest of Dean, to the Protector. In 1641, Sir John Wintour sued many of the inhabitants in the Exchequer about rights of common, and they, lest they should be overborne by his potency, petitioned Parliament to question the validity of his patent for the timber, wood, and waste soil of the forest. Parliament ordered a committee of survey to divers county gentlemen, to be assisted by shipwrights of London and Bristol, carpenters, surveyors, &c., the charges to be paid by the country, but repaid if proved advantageous to the commonwealth. The charge came to 96l., of part of which I am unpaid, and am in great poverty by plunderings of the cavaliers of my goods and cattle, I having been in arms for Parliament. I beg relief, as the State will be much benefited by the making of great shot and ordnance, or payment by the country. With reference to the Admiralty Committee, 5 May 1654. [1 page.]
May 9. 35. Order thereon by the Admiralty Commissioners, that—as the sum was so laid out to preserve the forest from spoil by Sir John Winter,—53l. in the hands of Major Wade, for materials sold on demolishing the works in Gloucester, should go in part payment, and the rest be paid out of fines and profits from the forest. [1 page.] Annexing,
35. i. Directions for a commission for measuring and surveying the said forest. 29 May 1641. [2/3 page.]
May 9. 36. Petition of Sir Rob. Pye, jun., to the Protector. My father had a patent for life from the late King of the auditorship of the Exchequer, in lieu of which the late Parliament granted him 500l. a year for life. This was made over to me during his life, and 2,000l. thereof are in arrears, to my great damage. I beg an order for 1,000l. at once, and the rest, with the future benefit, from land in Ireland. With reference thereon to Council, 1 May 1654. [1 page.] Annexing,
36. i. Parliament order that the Revenue Committee consider of an allowance to be made to Sir R. Pye, auditor, and to the 2 tellers of the Exchequer, for their places. 3 June 1645. [2/3 page.]
36. ii. Order in the Revenue Committee to Fauconberg, to make up previous orders on behalf of Sir Rob. Pye to 500l. a year in lieu of his office, and to pay it as it grows due. 14 Nov. 1645. [1 page. Copy.]
36. iii. Certificate by Fauconberg that the said 500l. was paid till March 1650, but only 29l. has been paid since. 21 April 1654. [1 page.]
May 9. Reference thereon by Council to the Treasury Commissioners, to report. [I. 75, p. 281.]
May 9. 37. Petition of John Field, printer to the late Parliament, to the Protector. Has delivered Acts, declarations, votes, and orders to the sum of 1,665l. 15s. 9d., of which 1,274l. 3s. 5d. was acknowledged due 31 March 1652 by a Committee of Parliament, and 391l. 12s. 4d. has grown due since. The late Parliament referred it to the Council of State to order speedy payment, but in vain, as he has not received one penny during the 5 years he has printed for Parliament, and has been under restraint for paper bought for their service, and owes 1,000l. on interest. Begs immediate payment of the 1,274l. 3s. 5d., and an order to state the remainder. With reference thereon to Council, 19 April 1654. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
37. i. Order in a Committee of Parliament for payment to Field of 1,274l. 3s. 5d. on the moneys on the Ordinance of 24 Nov. 1645, for payment of artificers, &c., after payment of present charges thereon. 31 March 1652. [1 page.]
37. ii. Order in Parliament that 2,000 copies of the Act for settlement of Ireland be printed, and that the Council of State see Field paid for these, and paid the rest of the money due to him. 13 Aug. 1652. [2/3 page. Commons' Jour., Vol. VII., p. 164.]
37. iii. Accounts of Field for printing since 1 April 1652, giving the titles of the Acts and papers printed. Total sum due 391l. 11s. 10d. [7½ pages.]
May 9. 38. Reference thereon by Council to the Treasury Commissioners, to report. [2/3 page. Also I. 75, p. 282.]
[May 9.] 39. Petition of Sir John Scott, of Scottistarvet, to the Protector. I am lineally descended from those who have constantly and dutifully served as clerks of the rolls, lords of sessions, clerks of Council and Exchequer, and directors of Chancery, from 1502 to your coming to Scotland. I have myself been 30 years a counsellor, 20 a judge, and 40 a director of the Chancery office without reproach, and Lord St. John promised me a hearing before my places were disposed of. I have not contravened any of your proclamations, yet I am dispossessed, not only of those places of council, session, and Exchequer, which I held by the Prince's letters, and which could be taken away at the will of the superior power, but of my Chancery office, which being by grant under the Great Seal, can only be taken away by treason or forfeiture, and the arrears of my fees are detained. I beg restoration to my places as judge in the Session and director of Chancery, and a warrant to recover my past arrears. [¾ page.]
[May 9.] 40. Petition of Sir John Scott to the Protector. I came here a month since to procure your favour for the printing in Holland, by John Blaw, of maps of Scotland and Ireland. I also showed my wrongs in being deprived of my offices in Scotland, and I think those who formerly did me ill offices have now got my name inserted in the Act of Grace for payment of 1,500l. fine, though I have been a constant opposer of malignancy, and in 1648 was president of the committee of gentry who protested against that unlawful engagement, in the very face of Parliament. I beg discharge from the fine, and reference to Council about my places. With reference accordingly, 29 April 1654. [1 page.] Annexing,
40. i. Statement in detail of the offices held by his ancestors and himself. His grandchild, James Scott, holds the baronies of Tarnebut and Caple, and most of his lands and moneys are divided among his children, he relying on the profits of his office; he has not been member of Parliament or Committee since 1644. His houses at Inshkeith and Shank were demolished by the soldiers. His losses of fees and offices nearly equal the fine put upon him, and the detention of the arrears is contrary to law. [1 page.]
40. ii. Certificate by Patrick Gillespie and John Livingstone, that he protested against the invading of England in 1648, never abetted any malignant design, and behaved peaceably in a private station. 28 April 1654. [1½ page.]
May 9. 41. Reference thereon by Council to Lambert, Desborow, Montague, Jones, Cooper, and Strickland, to report. [¾ page. Also I. 75, p. 282.]
[May 9.]. 42. Petition of Woffalia, Elianor, Frances, and Eliz. Fitzgerald, children of the Earl of Kildare, to the Protector, for a sum to enable them to transport themselves, and be no further troublesome. His Highness obtained 50l. for them from the late Council of State, but having no other supplies to carry them to Ireland, by reason of the ruin of their father's estate, beg more. [1 page.]
May 9. 43. Order thereon in Council for payment of 20l. to them by Mr. Frost from Council's contingencies, and of 30l. by Ald. Chas. Walley, at Chester. [Also I. 75, p. 282.]
[May 9.] 44. Report of Ald. Andrews and Allen, on the case of Luke Ivory &c., that 27,400l. of Weavers' Hall money was paid to the late Treasurers-at-war, but issued by them for the army, to be reimbursed from the arrears due for the army, and Parliament appointed the same for discharge of public faith debts, in London and other counties, to be issued by the Treasurers at war, who have had no warrant for the last 600l., and the Army Committee said that Hants and Sussex had had no proportion of the money, and therefore the 600l. was to remain till further order [2 pages.]
May 9. 45. Order on this report that the Army Committee give a warrant to the late Treasurers-at-war, for payment of the 600l. to Rich. Glide and Col. Lawrence Broomfield, appointed treasurers for public faith moneys, for satisfaction of the sums lent by the poor in the said counties. [1 page. Also I. 75, p. 284.]
[May 9.] 46. Report on the petition of Edw. Edmonds, for several poor inhabitants of London within the lines of communication, that Parliament charged 10,000l. on Goldsmiths' Hall for poor persons; that in Nov. 1647, 900l. at Weavers' Hall, part of 30,000l. designed for payment of sums under 10l. lent on the propositions of 1642, was to be paid to Mr. Pocock and Greenhill, and repaid out of the said 10,000l. to Weavers' Hall. That 9,100l. was paid by the Goldsmiths' Hall treasurers to the treasurers for maimed soldiers, but the balance 900l. does not appear to have been repaid. Also report on the petition of Luke Ivory and others, in behalf of cos. Surrey, Middlesex, Cambridge, and Northampton, that Parliament ordered 10,000l. to the poor of divers counties that had lent on the propositions of 1642, whereof 9,400l. was paid by the Weavers' Hall treasurers, and 600l. should have been paid by the Treasurers-at-war, but the Army Committee suspended their warrant, that the respective counties might have their due proportion.
That therefore the Army Committee should issue a warrant to the late Treasurers-at-war to pay the 600l.; the Goldsmiths' Hall treasurer be ordered to pay in the 900l. to Weavers' Hall; and then both sums be paid out towards satisfaction of small debts. [Draft, 3 pages.]
[May 9.] 47. Copy of the last clause, 4 April 1654. [2/3 page.]
May 9. Order, in the case of Edw. Edmonds, that the Haberdashers' Hall Commissioners give warrant to the Goldsmiths' Hall treasurers to pay in the 900l. to Weavers' Hall, to be paid out as above said. [G. 12, p. 612; G. 83, p. 469; I. 75, p. 284.]
May ? 48. Petition of Luke Ivory, Jas. Style, and John Allen, to his Highness' Council. Thanks for an order for 600l., balance of 10,000l., ordered by Parliament to be paid to the poor of the counties that had lent on the proposition for 1642; but such is the strictness of the treasurers, that the order will be ineffectual unless affixed to the 4 counties petitioned for, viz., Middlesex, Surrey, Cambridge, and Northampton, which, as was proved before the Committee of Public Frauds and Debts last Parliament, had not their proportion with other counties. [¾ page.]
[May 9.] 49. Statement by Col. Sexby. In 1651 a secret Committee of Council sent me to France, to give an account of the state of the country and affections of the people. I was to have 1,000l. a year for myself and 4 gentlemen who went with me, and I was there almost 2 years.
One of my gentlemen whom I sent into Languedoc, amongst the Protestants, was taken as a suspected person, stripped, robbed of 130l. sewn up in his clothes, which I had given him, put in prison, where I supported him, and racked, and though he kept secret what he knew, the torture cost him his life, and his wife and infant would starve but for me. I had to send her 40l. the other day.
When in France, I wrote to Mr. Scott and Council twice a week, and sometimes sent my letters by 3 routes, and Mr. Scott was to pay the postage, but as it was not well to send to him at Whitehall, I addressed the letters to a friend, to whom I have had to pay 53l. 5s. postage. Since my return, I have spent 12l. in postage for public service. I also lost 2 trunks of apparel worth 200l.
I received my first year's salary of 1,000l., but there is still due to to me 1,411l. 13s. 4d. salary and charges. It may seem large, but no one could live in the foreign parts where we were at less than 200l. a year, and our expenses were some hundreds above the allowance. [2 pages.] Annexing,
49. i. Order in the Council of State that a necklace of pearl, which Col. Sexby has, be brought to the Committee for examinations, and his charges in searching and seizing packets considered. 18 Nov. 1652. [Copy, 2/3 page.]
49. ii. Statement by him of his expenses in journeys in England in 1649, 116l. 8s., for which he hoped a necklace and jewel would have been allowed him, but he has delivered them up as ordered. [1 page.]
49. iii. Warrant by the Protector to Jessop and Frost to audit his accounts for disbursements in France and England, that he may be paid. 28 April 1654. [¾ page.]
49. iv. Their report confirming Sexby's statements, but leaving it doubtful whether 430l. of his claim for expenses in France should not be considered as included in his salary. [3 pages.]
49. v. Draft of the above. [3 pages.]
May 9. Reference of the account by Council to Strickland, Sydenham, and Jones, to report. [I. 75, p. 285.]
May 9. 50. Petition of the inhabitants of Stratton Michael and Tasborough, co. Norfolk, to the Commissioners for approbation of Ministers. Having been long destitute of a preaching minister, by virtue of sequestration, in May 1653, we invited Rich. Lawrence, who is well approved, as our minister, but we could not settle his maintenance, the old Parliament being dissolved, and there being no other power in being therefor. We beg his continuance, with power to receive for this and last year the profits of both parsonages, the parishes being small and only a mile apart. [1 sheet, 16 signatures.]
May 9. Order thereon in Council granting the petition. [I. 75, p. 286.]
May 9. Council. Day's Proceedings.
4. The petition of the children of the late Dr. Wm. Twisse referred to Wolsley, Jones, Skippon, Fiennes, and Rous, to report.
5. The Admiralty judges to issue a commission for trial of pirates in Dorsetshire, as formerly ordered.
7. The petition of the mayor and aldermen of Lincoln, referred by his Highness to Council, referred to Desborow, Wolsley, Jones, and Mackworth, to prepare an Ordinance thereupon.
8. Order on the petition of Dame Jane George, similarly referred, that Council leave her to make her application elsewhere.
9. Like order on the petition of Robert Canne and Co., merchants of Bristol, concerning a debt owing for provisions for the Isle of Scilly.
11. The petition of the ancient gunners of the Tower that held their places by patent referred to the Committee for Regulation of the Officers of the Tower, to report.
14. The report from the Committee on the petition of Ald. John Fowke agreed with, and land to be set out in Waltham Forest, Essex, belonging to the State, of 500l. yearly value, and settled on him and his heirs for ever. Council leaves him to seek satisfaction of Parliament for his sufferings mentioned, and for the matter in difference between him and the East India Company.
15. The petition of Dame Magdalen, relict of Sir Arthur Tyringham, on reconsideration, referred to Lambert, Jones, Rous, Mackworth, Montague, and Sydenham, to report.
16. Thos. Falconberg to pay to Mr. Dell, master of Gonvill and Caius College, Cambridge, his half-year's augmentation due last Lady day, any order of restraint notwithstanding.
18. The business of Sir John Stowell and his purchasers to be debated next Thursday.
21. The petition of Wm. Blaxton, referred by his Highness to Council, referred to Lambert, Fiennes, and Jones, to report.
22. That of Edw. Hanchet, usher to the late Court of Wards, referred to Montague, Mackworth, and Jones, to report.
23. That of Jane, widow of Hen. Parker, and Henry and Anne, their children, referred to Lambert, Fiennes, and Jones, to report.
27. John Browne, John Whiteway, and Walter Foy, justices of peace for Dorset, to take bail for such as were taken upon the design of surprising the town of Poole, and are now in gaol at Dorchester, to appear when called for and release them. Approved 1 June. [I. 75, pp. 281–286.]
May 9.
Declaration by the Protector, setting apart Tuesday, 23 May, for a day of thanksgiving for the peace with the Netherlands, and for the late seasonable rains.
All will own that this has been a nation of blessings, where so many wonders have been wrought. The Lord has added another link to the chain by granting us peace. Also by sending rain, when the earth was so unusually parched that it threatened famine; but he stirred up our hearts to seek for rain, and then vouchsafed it, showing that he has not cast us off, but the heavens declare his glory, and the earth answers in fruitfulness. We hope the godly ministers who preach on this occasion will exhort the people to turn from their vain practices. Quotation of Psalm 107, v. 30–38. [1 page, printed, Record Office Library, 498 F. Coll. of Acts, vol. 2, No. 86.]
May 9. 51. Humph. White to the Admiralty Committee. Capt. Thos. Elliott, of Aldborough, Suffolk, commander of the frigate building at Wivenhoe, drank to the health of the King and confusion of the Parliament, and ordered 3 guns to be fired; also he harboured Capt. Furnes, an enemy to the commonwealth, for 3 months, and at last sent him aboard a Straits' man-of-war. [¾ page.]
May 10. 52. Petition of John Hall to the Protector, for continuance of a pension of 100l. a year, having no other subsistence, and for the 25l. now due. I have been a constant servant of the several Councils, being brought in by your Highness, and always discharged my duty, especially in attending on you in Scotland, and since your assumption of the government, by my book, "Confusion confounded." With order thereon for payment of the arrear, continuance of the pension, to be paid quarterly from Council's contingencies, and a warrant to be prepared accordingly. [1 page.]
May 10. 53. Petition of John Embree, surveyor, to the Protector and Council. Has had his books ready for audit 13 months, and there is due to him 1,500l., which he needs to comply with his contracts for materials delivered towards repairing Whitehall and other houses belonging to his Highness, and to pay his poor workmen. Begs an effectual order therein. [1 page.]
May 10. Reference thereon to the Treasury Commissioners, to report how 1,000l. may be best charged, to enable him to proceed about the repairs of Whitehall. [I. 75, p. 287.]
May 10. 54. Petition of William earl Marshal of Scotland to the Protector. Riding in the year 1651 peaceably from my own house to Eliott, I was taken prisoner and sent up hither to the Tower, having never been in arms against this State. I addressed you, and hoped I had obtained your protection against further prosecutions, but I find that in the late Act [of Pardon for Scotland] I am among the excluded persons, and my estate to be disposed of, to the utter ruin of me and my posterity. I beg examination, and as my innocence appears, restoration to my estate. With order thereon by the Protector that he be heard by Council, 5 May 1654. [1 page.]
May 10. Note in Council that the petition was read, but laid aside, Council not thinking fit to make any order thereon. [I. 75, p. 287.]
May 10. 55. Petition of George Lord Eure and Col. Fras. Lascelles to the Protector. Have faithfully served Parliament during the wars, raised a regiment of foot, and each a troop of horse under Lord Fairfax, without charge, and served till the enemy in the North was subdued; since in 1648 and 1651, raised both horse and foot in defence of the nation against invasion from abroad and insurrection at home, in which they have exhausted themselves and friends, and received no satisfaction nor pressed for it, on account of the exigencies of affairs. Beg the arrears due for their personal pay, being to Eure 1,042l. 7s. 10d., and to Lascelles 2,066l. 6s. 9d. Also that the sums may be charged on old arrears of sequestrations in Yorkshire, due in 1649, which they can discover to be in the treasurer's hands of that county, or allowed some other way. With reference of the petition and of a certificate from Mr. Rymer to Council, April 5, 1654. [1 page.] Annexing,
55. i. Certificate by the County Committee that a balance of 358l. 17s. 4d. is due to Major George Eure, for service in the late militia, from 13 June 1648 to 15 Jan. 1648–9. York, 3 Sept. 1649. [Parchment, 1 page.]
55. ii. Like certificate of 683l. 10s. 6d. due to him from 20 Feb. 1643–4 to 23 Jan. 1645–6. 7 Nov. 1649. [1 sheet.]
55. iii. Note of calculations thereon. [¼ page.]
55. iv., v. Certificate by Ferdinando Lord Fairfax that Lascelles was captain of a troop of horse in the Northern army from 12 June 1644 to 14 Nov. 1645, behaved faithfully, and received no pay. 3 Sept. 1647. [½ page. 2 copies.]
55. vi. Certificate by Rich. Darley, sheriff, and the County Committee to like effect, and to his service in reducing Hemsley, Scarborough, Bolton, and Skipton Castles. 2 Oct. 1647. [1 page. Copy.]
55. vii. Depositions before the sub-Committee of Accounts of co. York that most of his company served during that time, and that he craves allowance as Colonel. Rullington, 23 Oct. 1647. [1 page. Copy.]
55. viii. Report by the sub-Committee of Accounts of co. York to the Committee of Accounts for the kingdom, detailing the particulars of Lascelles's services, and for how many of them he asks no allowance, and stating his claim at 1,993l. 15s. Rullington, 23 Oct. 1647. [2 sheets. Copy.]
55. ix. Certificate by Fras. Pierrepoint, Thos. Mauleverer, and John Wastell, that Lascelles was governor of Helmsley and Bolton Castles after their reducement. 17 May 1648. [½ page.]
55. x. Certificate by the Committee of Accounts that the balance due to him is 743l. 10s. 9d., but that he claims 1,724l. 1s. 9d. more for service as captain of horse, and also as governor of the said castles, which they cannot allow because he had no commission as governor. 18 Oct. 1648. [1 sheet.]
55. xi. Certificate by the County Committee that 405l. 4s. is due to him for service from 1 June 1648 to 15 Jan. 1648–9, 9 May 1649. With receipt for 63l. in part, 9 Aug. 1649. [Parchment, ½ sheet.]
55. xii. Certificate by Ralph Rymer, that on the dissolving of the former Committees in 1649, he had 1,650l. in hand of old arrears, for which he has asked orders and discharge, but not received them. 11 Feb. 1653–4. [2/3 page.]
May 10. Reference of the petition of Eure and Lascelles to the Treasury Committee, to consider and report. [I. 75, p. 287.]
May 10. 56. Petition of Thos. Rosse, prisoner in the Tower, to the Protector and Council, for speedy trial or release. Never acted prejudicially, nor harboured a mutinous thought, but receiving a note, now in the hands of Council, from Mr. Dutton, was urged to meet him and some others, all strangers to himself, at the Ship tavern, in the Old Bailey, and so was taken by Lieut. Col. Worsley. With reference thereon to Council, to grant him release on bail, if they see fit, 3 May 1654. [1 page.]
May 10. Note that the case was read and laid aside, without order thereon. [I. 75. p. 288.]
May 10. 57. Petition of Jas. Riddell, merchant of Leith, to the Protector. Considering the need of pitch, tar, hemp, and deals for the fleet, and of oil for making soap, I should have attempted their import, but for obedience to the Act of Navigation; I therefore obtained from the late Council of State a license for the former goods, and from the commander-in-chief in Scotland one for the import of oil thither. I accordingly imported in a Scotch ship deals, tar, &c. from Norway, and the export of tar thence being prohibited, I covered it with oil; but the oil was seized at Leith by the Commissioners, and it and the vessel declared forfeit, in spite of the license, to the loss of 300l., though the oil is only worth 8l. I beg that my license may stand good. With reference, signed, of the petition and the letter of Col. Lilburne annexed to Council, 13 April 1654. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
57. i. Col. Rob. Lilburne to the Protector. I granted Riddell a pass for his oil, because the Act against its import into England was made before any authority from Parliament was established here. There was no fraud or intention to abuse the State. I commend his case to you, as he is conscientious, and has been peaceable and civil since our first coming into Leith. Dalkeith, 4 March 1653–4. [1 page.]
May 10. 58. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee. [¾ page. Also, I. 75, p. 290.]
May 10. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. The petition of several officers of the army referred to Mackworth, Lisle, and Sydenham, to report.
4. An Ordinance to enable John Arundel of Lanherne, co. Cornwall, to sell certain manors and lands for payment of debts, laid aside.
8. An Ordinance on report of the Committee for adjudication of several ships of the enemy seized or brought into Scotland, as amended, read, agreed to, and to be presented to the Protector. Approved 16 May.
9. Also the Ordinance for relief of debtors in Scotland in some cases of extremity. Approved 16 May.
10. Also an Ordinance of explanation of a former Ordinance for better keeping in repair the highways. Approved 16 May.
11. The Ordinance for satisfaction of the arrears to the soldiers out of the forests to be read the second time to-morrow.
13, 14. To advise his Highness that the prisoners seized by Lieut.-Col. Worsley, now in the Tower, be speedily brought to trial, and Lambert and Sydenham to attend him with the reasons therefor.
15. The establishment of the Tower, as to the Lieutenant and those immediately under him, with an estimate of the incident charges, in pursuance of an order of Jan. 30 last, approved.
16, 17. 59. A proposition from the Admiralty Commissioners that 12 ships named may be ordered to come into port, and be first discharged and laid up, agreed to. Approved 16 May.
18. A warrant to be prepared to pay what is due to Mr. Hartlib of the allowance granted him out of the Customs' contingencies.
23, 24. In pursuance of an order of last Monday, 2 warrants were signed, 1 to the Serjeant-at-Arms for apprehending Charles Rich and John James and delivering them to the Lieutenant of the Tower; the other to the said Lieutenant to receive them; but the execution of the warrants suspended till Jessop give notice to Rich, in the country, of Council's pleasure, and require him to repair to London.
25. Order that—as by Parliamentary order of 15 Sept. 1653 the late Council of State was empowered to bring to effect certain discoveries—Commissary-Gen. Whalley, Col Wm. Goffe, Col. Grosvenor, and Scoutmaster-Gen. Downing be appointed Commissioners to examine the said discoveries, with power to send for persons or writings, examine witnesses on oath, and use all means for taking possession of the discoveries. Also that as ¼ was to be allowed to Col. Allan Butler, the discoverer, which was granted him 21 Oct. last, and as by order of 5 Dec., Capt. Hen. Grosvenor was appointed to receive the same at request of Katherine, widow of Col. Allan Butler, deceased, Grosvenor is hereby required to prosecute the discoveries, bearing his proportion of the charges and receiving ¼ of the benefit. The said Commissioners are to appoint treasurers to receive any money, plate, or jewels, and to warrant the payment of the said ¼. They are also to appoint and salary their own officers, and render accounts of their proceedings to his Highness and Council. Approved 1 June.
26. The Treasuries' Committee to consider the whole matter of discoveries, consulting the Committee of Accounts and Public Debts and such others as they judge fit, and to report. Wolsley added to the Committee. [I. 75, pp. 287–292.]
May 11. 60. Petition of Austen Belson to the Protector and Council, for a pass for himself and Hen. Smith, his servant, to go to the Spaw in Germany, being advised to drink the waters for his health, and to return. [½ page.]
May 11. Order thereon granting the petition. [I. 75, p. 293.]
May 11. 61. Petition of Mary Blaithwaite, widow, of Seckmurther, Cumberland, to the Protector. She and her husband, for affection to Parliament, have suffered so grievously by the cruelty of Sir Wilfrid Lawson, Henry and Jas. Pearson, attorneys, and their confederates, that her husband lost his memory and died. They were dragged through markets, imprisoned, put in irons, stripped, &c., on pretence of being spies, plundered of their goods, sued at law, and 6 times bound over to good behaviour, as shown by articles now extant, exhibited to the late House of Peers. As by the declaration of Parliament of 18 August 1642, the well-affected of the North were to have reparation of losses from the delinquents by whom they suffered, begs reference to eminent persons in London, who may summon Lawson to send up his answer in writing, and the rest to appear in person, as they attend each term on their own employments. [1 page.]
May 11. 62. Petition of Geo. Bromley and 39 others, for hundreds in and near London who have lent money on the public faith, and are unable to double what they have lent, to the Protector. We have long waited upon the late Parliament, to whom the Council of State referred us. [See 17 June 1653.] According to the late Act, we have put in claims for our debts, which are with the Commissioners at Worcester House, and have borne in silence the long want of our money, but the time prescribed in the Act is expired, we are unpaid, and many of us wanting bread. We beg that the Commissioners may be ordered to examine and report to you on the debts now claimed before they proceed to the rest of the claims. We have long found you our only instrument, and trust to you to accomplish this for us. 40 signatures. [1 page.] Annexing,
62. i. Order of the Council of State alluded to, 17 June 1653. [¼ page.]
May 11. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1, 2. To write to the several sheriffs and other public officers to publish within their jurisdiction a declaration of the Protector, setting apart Tuesday, May 23, for a public thanksgiving for the peace between this commonwealth and the United Provinces, and for the late seasonable rain. With form of the letter to the sheriffs.
3. The Ordinance for satisfying officers' arrears by sale of forests read the second time, and re-committed to the Committee which brought it.
5. The petition of the persons subscribing, viz., Lords Montague and Brudenell, and Ed. Vaux, on behalf of themselves and others sequestered for recusancy, referred to Wolsley, Jones, Montague, and Cooper, to report.
7. Order that the Excise Commissioners and their sub-commissioners receive for duties since 25 March 6d. on every cwt. of 112 lbs. of English iron, to be paid by the maker, the rate in the Ordinance of 17 March 1653–4 notwithstanding. Approved 16 May.
8. A report from the Committee on the petition of Algernon Earl of Northumberland, Thomas Lord Coventry, Philip Earl of Pembroke, heir, and Wm. Earl of Salisbury, and other executors of Philip, late Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, read. It thereby appears that the Earl of Northumberland, Lord Coventry, and the late Earls of Pembroke and Manchester, and others, in 1640, entered into 2 bonds to Francis Flyer, and others in trust for the city of London, for repayment of 50,000l. then borrowed of the city, which Parliament afterwards declared to be a public debt, and made provision for repayment out of the Act for 400,000l., but only 17,226l. 10s. 5d. was repaid, and process is sued against the above for the remainder. Also that the then Lord Mayor and certain aldermen, appointed treasurers for the 400,000l., had opportunity and received a warrant to pay the rest, but spent it in paying out several great sums on warrants of subsequent date to that whereby the 50,000l. was appointed to be satisfied, omitting to pay the said residue. Order—as the debt was for a special service of the State, and not for their particular use—that all prosecution against those bound in the bond be forborne, and their persons indemnified, till further order of Parliament. Approved 1 June.
9. A paper mentioning great destruction of wood in Enfield Chase referred to the Committee on Forests, to examine whom they like, and report. Annexing,
63. i. Report by W. Daure to Wm. Jessop, that there is destruction of wood to the value of 2,000l. in Enfield Chase; they fell the best trees and sell the wood at very low rates, and he wishes to prevent such breach of trust. 22 March 1653–4. [½ page.]
12. Lambert, Sydenham, and Strickland to examine Moreton, Hastings, and Seymour, taken into custody by the Serjeant-at-arms on Thurloe's warrant, and now attending at the door.
13. To advise an Ordinance reported for holding the County Court of Cheshire at Northwich, whilst the plague is at Chester, twice read and agreed to. Approved 16 May.
14. The 700 snapsacks to be provided for the 7 companies of Sir Wm. Constable's regiment, now bound for Scotland, to be paid for out of the Council's contingencies, and a warrant prepared on satisfaction touching the price. Approved 1 June.
15. The business of Sir John Stowell and his purchases to be considered next Tuesday.
16. Thos. Fauconberg to pay to Edw. Bulstrode all his arrears due as chief justice of North Wales, and to Dr. John Littleton, executor of William Littleton, chief justice of North Wales, all the arrears due at his death. Approved 1 June.
17. From next Monday Council to begin to sit for a week at 10 a.m., to despatch reports and petitions.
18. The Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal to issue a commission of Oyer and Terminer for trial of Don Pantaleon de Saa, and the rest of the Portuguese and English concerned in the affair at the New Exchange, to Lord Chief Justice Rolle, Justice Atkin, Serjeant Steele Recorder of London, Dr. Zouch, Dr. Turner, Dr. Clerk, Sir Henry Bunt, Rich. Lucy, and Ald. Tichborne.
20. The judges for probate of wills and granting administrations to take the account arising on fees of that Court, as ascertained by the tables allowed by the Protector, and to take care that the said profit, as well as other profits from overplus of estates whose administration shall be granted to any creditor (just debts being first satisfied), and of persons dying without kindred, may be accounted for to the Protector. They are to examine accounts and witnesses on oath touching the premises, to cause such moneys as are due to be paid to the treasurer appointed to receive them, and to allow incident charges. Also to commit such persons to prison as shall wilfully disobey the process or orders of the said court.
21. Order that as great wastes have been lately committed in Waltham Forest, Essex, Carew Mildmay be supervisor of Chapel Hainault and West Hainault walks therein, take care to preserve the timber and other profits of the State, and the just rights and customs of the inhabitants, and punish offenders who cut down or buy the wood, certifying the names of the chief of them to Council. This order to be published in the churches of the several parishes, and all inhabitants and others concerned to take notice. [I. 75, pp. 293–7.]
May 11.
64. Col. Chris. Whichcote and Thos. Reading to the Protector. As you committed to us the preservation of Windsor Forest, we sent proposals to Council for carrying on the service, and desiring instructions for preventing abuses. Meanwhile our spies will be watchful. Several adjacent parishes claim trees for their bridges and highways, which we deny without your order. The warden and bridge-masters of Maidenhead demand 3 trees, and 4 which they said became due during the war, when they durst not repair their bridges, which were several times broken down to prevent the enemy passing. Noted as sent to Council 16 May. [1 page.] Annexing,
64. i. Extract from the charter of incorporation of Maidenhead, 4 Aug. 2 James, granting them 3 oaks from Cookham or Bray, every third year, with leave to cut them down and carry them away themselves, in default of their being supplied on demand. [1 sheet, copy certified by Thos. Hughes, warden.]
May 11. 65. Drs. John Godolphin and Wm. Clerk to Wm. Jessop. We have a Council order of 9 May for trial of pirates in co. Dorset. On a former order we reported that such commissions have always issued under the Great Seal, by Oyer and Terminer. Did the Council consider this when they issued their last order? We prepared a commission on their former order, but it is in custody of Col. Chas. Geo. Cock, who is in the country. We have sent for it, and will prepare another of the same tenor.
P.S. Thanks for the Council order for our salaries. We will speedily and more really notice your readiness to oblige us. [1 page.]
May 11. 66. Statement by the Prize Commissioners of the names and duties of their various officers, 26 in number, since 8 March 1653–4, with their salaries, varying from 180l. a year to 2s. a day. [1 sheet.]
[May 12.] 67. Petition of Lancelot Emott, provost marshal for Middlesex and Westminster, and his 6 men, to the Protector. By order of Parliament of 4 Nov. 1652, were continued in office to attend the Speaker, prevent abuses on the Lord's day, and all riots and duels, and repress scandalous pamphlets, for which the marshal had 100l. a year, and the men 1s. a day each. They executed office till the dissolution of the last Parliament, when they petitioned the late Council of State for their arrears of 176s. 1s. 6d., to 20 April last, and got an order, but 116l. 1s. 6d. is still unpaid. There is grown due to them since 164l. 12s. 8d., making the total 280l. 14s. 2d. Beg an order on Goldsmiths' or Haberdashers' Hall for its payment, renewal of their commission of office, and quarterly payment in future. With reference thereon to Council, 29 March 1654. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
67. i. Order in Parliament appointing Zach. Bishop provost marshal at 100l. a year, with 12 men at 1s. a day, increased to 20 by the Revenue Committee, the 12 not sufficing. 6 June 1649. [1¼ pages.]
67. ii. Order in Parliament, continuing the marshal and 6 men, and the Speaker to appoint a deputy to act in the marshal's absence. 16 May 1651. [1 page.]
67. iii. Order in Parliament, appointing Emott marshal, with 6 men, to be paid by the Revenue Committee. 4 Nov. 1652. [¼ page.]
May 12. Reference thereon in Council to Rous, Mackworth, and Cooper, to report. [I. 75, p. 298.]
[May 12.] 68. Petition of John Tombes, master, and the brethren and sisters of Katherine's Hospital, Ledbury, co. Hereford, to the Protector. In 1232, Hugh Foliot, Bishop of Hereford, granted to the Dean and Chapter the free disposing of the hospital, allowing them 40s. a year, the rest of the revenue to be for the brethren, whom the Dean and Chapter were to defend therein.
On a question in 1580 about the validity of a grant of Queen Elizabeth, an executive decree was made and confirmed by Act of Parliament, settling all the lands, &c. of the hospital on the Dean and Chapter in trust for the hospital. In 1649 the Dean and Chapter were abolished, with exception of gifts to almshouses and other charitable uses, but the provision for the hospital was not so full or convenient as before, and it is detrimental for the trustees to be residents in London. Beg incorporation and the vesting of the lands in themselves, the 40s. due to the Dean and Chapter being paid to his Highness; the deed to be kept in a chest in the chapel, and the master and 2 senior brethren to have keys; the Protector and his successors to have the visitation and jurisdiction of the hospital. With reference thereon signed, 26 April 1654, to the Trustees for Dean and Chapter Lands. Also second reference 10 May 1654 to Council. [1¼ sheets, copy.]
May 12. Reference thereon in Council to Rous, Mackworth, Sydenham, and Jones, to report. [I. 75, p. 298.] Annexing,
68. i. Report by the Dean and Chapter Trustees, on a reference of the said Committee of 16 May. By an Exchequer decree of 22 Eliz., the hospital was to consist of as many as could be maintained, allowing beside charges for repairs, 13l. 6s. 8d. to the master, and 6l. 13s. 4d. to each brother and sister, yearly. The master to have the mansion house and lands, paying therefor 12l. 14s. 6d. a year, and each brother and sister a dwelling in Katherine Row. The revenues were then 90l. a year, and would provide for 10 poor, 7 to be men and 3 women, widowers and widows, chiefly of Ledbury.
By the Act for abolishing Dean and Chapter lands, the possessions of the hospital were vested in us, and on 9 Aug. 1649, we authorised Mr. Tombes, in the vacancy of the master, to take oversight of the hospital, and provide for the poor; but for 4 years we could get no accounts from him, and then the accounts were not true. He has taken the master's place without authority, and acted without our knowledge or leave. We then appointed men of quality to visit the place, and survey the possessions for increase of revenue to the poor.
Then Tombes, fearing discharge or lessening of his profits, applied to you. We offer our objections against Incorporation.
1. If the hospital is incorporated, most of the revenue, about 400l. a year, will be swallowed up by the master, the brethren and sisters being only 10, and limited to 20 nobles each.
2. The incorporation will consist only of the master, as the brethren, being dependent on him, will not dare to oppose him.
3. It is repugnant to the Act of Parliament declaring the intention of the founder, as giving the lands to the master and brethren, who are not fit to be trusted, has impaired the value of the property, and almost ruined the hospital.
4. The jurisdiction of a small hospital is a thing beneath your care, and would be omitted, and the master be left without control.
5. The 40s. a year is part of the Dean and Chapter lands now exposed to sale, for security of moneys now doubling.
We beg suspension of any incorporation till a return of our survey of the value of the lands, when we will inform you further about Mr. Tombes' proceedings. 10 signatures. 24 May 1654. [2 pages.]
68. ii. Answer of John Tombes to the above report:—
I had a patent under the Great Seal, 12 April 1649, of the mastership on Dr. Kerry's death, 8 days before the Act for Dean and Chapter lands was published, and I conceived the Trustees' Commission paramount to mastership. Details of proceedings and explanation of accounts. I have broken no trust, and the trustees have done nothing for the hospital. I am weary of waiting on them, and beg incorporation, that the hospital, whose estates are in small things, may not lose the benefit of improvements by travel to London to renew estates.
As to the objections to incorporation,—
1. The hospital will not be worth 400l. a year till the leases fall in, and with the expenses of the charter of incorporation, I should gain little benefit, whatever my successors may do.
2. This objection would apply to all masters and scholars in universities, but the choice of an honest master would prevent it.
3. The lands must be in some hands, and the Dean and Chapter allowed timber to be cut down, and some land lost, and the trustees have done nothing to recover them, or improve the hospital.
4. His Highness could regulate the hospital by the Commissioners for charitable uses or otherwise.
5. The 40s. a year, being given for the oversight of the hospital, should not be given away to those who have no oversight; but better for the hospital to pay 2l. a year than wait on the trustees for everything. I therefore renew my request for incorporation. 7 June 1654. [1 sheet.]
68. iii. Reply of the trustees to the said answer, adding that on survey, the present rents of the hospital are, 147l. 3s. 1d., and the improved rents, 283l. 1s. 4d.; total, 430l. 9s. 5d., and bringing fresh accusations against Tombes of breach of trust. 20 June 1654. [1½ pages.]
69. Petition of Geo. Jameson of Coupar, Scotland, to the Protector. At desire of the Parliament and estates of Scotland, I furnished the armies in England and Scotland with provisions value 2,652l., which was to be paid out of the last 100,000l. due to them from England. This proving ineffectual from the Duke of Hamilton's unlawful invasion, the Parliament of Scotland, in Feb. 1649–50, ordered my accounts to be stated, and they came to 3,000l. Several references were made on my case to the Committee for Irish and Scottish Affairs, but it was dissolved before the report.
My 18 months' attendance here has cost me 200l., 3 great families of 15 children, and my creditors lie heavy on me. I beg the 3,000l. from the fines of delinquents to be sequestered in Scotland, and some present money to free myself here, and return to my country. With reference thereon to Council, 3 May 1654. [1 page.]
May 12. Reference thereon by Council to Maj.-Gen. Lambert, Col. Jones, Mr. Strickland, and Mr. Rous, to report. [I. 75, p. 300.]
May 12. 70. Petition of Roger Charnock, preacher to the Protector, for continuance to him of an augmentation of 50l. a year, granted in 1646 by the Committee for Plundered Ministers to the vicarage of Monmouth, worth only 23l. a year, from the rectory, sequestered from Sir Chas. Somerset for recusancy. Rob. Braborne, then vicar, is ejected by the Commissioners for propagating the Gospel, and petitioner placed in his room. [½ page.]
May 12. Order thereon in Council for continuance of the annuity by the Trustees for maintenance of Ministers. Approved 1 June. [I. 78, p. 300.]
[May 12.] 71. Petition of Jas. Boswell to the Protector. On 25 June 1647, the House of Commons referred my petition to the Excise Commissioners,—to state my accounts as to a debt due to me from the State, for goods furnished to the garrisons in Ireland, and a debt owing by me for customs on wines at Newcastle, for which I was under restraint,—and ordered them to discharge me meantime, and to consider where my debt may be paid. On 2 Sept. 1647, the Commissioners stated the account, and ordered the customs' officers at Newcastle to state my debt, but nothing has been done therein. I beg recommendation thereon to the present Committee of Excise. 27 Feb. 1653–4. [1 sheet.]
[May 12.] 72. Report thereon of the Commissioners for appeals and regulating the Excise, that Boswell owed 1,299l. 3s. 7d. for excise of wines delivered 1644 to 1646 to the Scottish army, and for the late King whilst resident in Newcastle, which being deducted from 4,294l. 16s. 2d., owing to him by the State, leaves 2,995l. 12s. 7d., increased by interest to 4,419l. 15s. 2d. Of this 419l. 15s. 2d. might be charged on the Drury House Treasury, and 1,000l. on the Prize Goods' Treasury, but they know not where to charge the 3,000l. 20 April 1654. [12/3 pages.]
Order thereon for warrants for payment of the 419l. 15s. 2d., and the 1,000l. as suggested, and care to be taken for payment of the residue, as ordered by his Highness in his reference of 1 May. Approved 1 June. [I. 75, p. 302.]
May 12. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Col. Fiennes added to the Committee on Mr. Moreton and the other duellers.
2. The petition of John Denham referred to Jones, Strickland, Mackworth, and Sydenham, to report. Meanwhile the Trustees for forfeited lands at Drury House are not to sell his estate of 50l. a year in co. Carmarthen, for which he compounded on the Act of grace for South Wales.
3. Order on report of the Treasury Commissioners that John Embree's 1,000l. may best be charged on the excise in Broad Street, that the 1,000l. and 500l. more be so charged by warrant. Annexing,
73. i. Report on which the order is founded. [½ page.]
5. The petition of Rob. Little, for himself and 100 other workmen, referred to Strickland, Sydenham, and Jones, to report.
6, 10. An Ordinance to be prepared to suspend the proceedings of the judges named in the Act for relief of creditors and poor prisoners till 1 June next, and being prepared, read, and agreed to. Approved 16 May.
7. Sydenham, Montague, and Mackworth to prepare an Ordinance for a method in issuing public warrants for money, in which consideration is to be had of the warrants already out, and of the instrument of government.
8. Lambert, Fiennes, Mackworth, Jones, Montague, Wolsley, and Cooper to read the said instrument, and to offer advice according to this day's debate. Mr. Thurloe to assist.
9. The Ordinance touching the receipt of the Exchequer, reported as amended by the Committee, read, further amended, and to be presented to his Highness.
11. After to-day the reading of petitions in Council to be forborne till June 1.
15. The petition of Geo. Adams referred to Montague, Pickering, Lisle, Cooper, and Wolsley, to report.
17. That of Nehemiah Benton, minister of Wiston, co. Sussex, and John Moore, sequestrator of the parish church there, referred to Montague, Wolsley, Jones, and Sydenham, to report.
18. That of John Bushrod, of Dorchester, referred to Montague, Sydenham, Wolsley, and Cooper, to report.
19. Order on report from the Committee on Policarpus Rock and John Orme's petition, setting forth their loss by fire at Drayton, co. Salop, being 900l., that the Commissioners of the Great Seal pass a grant for a collection in cos. Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Kent, Sussex, Herts, Wilts, and Bedford, and in the city of York, towards reparation of the said loss. Approved 1 June. Annexing,
74. i. Report alluded to advising the collection, because the petitioners had no benefit by the former collection for the town, both being in Scotland, and the collectors converting most of it to their own use. [1 page.]
20. The petition of Ed. Dendy, serjeant-at-arms, referred to Sydenham, Mackworth, Strickland, and Montague, to report.
21. Wolsley added to the said Committee.
22. The 200l. ordered to James Challoner, for disbursements about Hampton Court, to be paid out of the Treasury for probate of wills, and a warrant signed accordingly. Approved 1 June.
23. Order on Strickland's report concerning Moreton, Hastings, and Seymour, charged with being engaged in a duel, that they be discharged.
25. Lambert, Cooper, Mackworth and Jones to offer a way for carrying on causes depending in the late Duchy Court, by Commissioners to be appointed in that behalf. [I. 75, pp. 298–302.]
May 12. 75. Report of the Admiralty Committee, on reference from the Protector of 9 Feb. 1653–4, on the petition of Capt. Thos. Amy, commander of a ship in the French service, for pardon for acting against the Commonwealth, and for liberty to return to England, that they think his request might be granted, and he indemnified for his delinquency. [½ page.]
May 12.
Navy Office.
76. Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Committee. There are no ships in the river fit to carry provisions to the fleet, and men-of-war can only take their own. The present mode of victualling the navy is very disserviceable. 1st. There is a great charge in transporting it to the fleet. 2. Great waste by leakage. 3. By turning up and down, the flesh perishes, the pickle leaking. 4. Great confusion of accounts, by which the State will be the loser, and stewards go away without controul. The fleet ought therefore to be ordered into Harwich or the Hope, where the victuallers might deliver the provisions on board. [1 page.]
May 12. 77. Notes of evidence in a [Court martial] in a case of assault committed by Capt. Johnson at the 3 Feathers, Golstone, upon Mr. Cimball, who wished to engage his horse to carry a packet from the Council of State to the Generals of the Fleet. Order that Johnson pay 3l. 5s. to Capt. Cornelius, 20s. to Cimball, and a fine of 30l. for contempt and hindrance of the service. Also that Capt. Johnson had no right to compound for the Hare ketch, which was seized by Prince Rupert's fleet in Yarmouth Road, and 3 months in his service, and then left them, came in to Dartmouth 4 years since, and was seized by Capt. Moulton, and set out by him, and that she ought to remain in the service. [1¼ pages.]
May 13.
The Fairfax, Aberdeen.
78. Vice-Admiral Jno. Lawson to the Admiralty Committee. I sailed with my squadron from the Frith for Shotland and Fair Isle. I held a council of war, when it was agreed to go for Brace Sound to look for the freebooters who took the Raven, but they were gone. Having taken in water and ballast, we sailed on the 10th and steered towards a fleet which we saw. It was De Witt, RearAdmiral of Amsterdam, with three men-of-war, convoying 70 sail bound for Greenland. We consulted what to do, having heard at Leith that peace had been concluded, and resolved to demand nothing if he struck his flag, which he did; he gave us a salute, which we returned, and he submitted to a search, though he said it was not customary for men-of-war, and then they stood northward and we southward.
Near the Orkneys, I received a letter from Gen. Monk, with the proclamations of peace, and for restitution of all seizures after the 4th inst., as also an order to bring in my squadron to Hosely Bay, which I will do with all speed. I send the examinations of some officers of the Raven concerning her loss. [2 pages.] Annexing,
78. i. Examination of John Hemings, carpenter of the Raven, giving the details of her capture by a fleet of 6 Dutch freebooters off Berwick. Fairfax, 8 May 1654. [2 pages.]
78. ii. Like examination of John Southwood, brother of Capt. Hen. Southwood, late commander of the Raven. Fairfax, 9 May 1654. [1⅓ page.]
78. iii. Like examination of 4 others of the ship's officers, including Hen. Southwood, commander, taken before John Fowler, judge advocate. Sovereign, 15 and 16 May 1654. [22/3 pages.]
May 13.
The Fairfax, Aberdeen.
79. Vice-Admiral Lawson to Robt. Blackborne. To like effect. De Witt begins to know his duty, being very submissive, acknowledging the sovereignty of England in the seas, and yielding as much as could have been required of any merchant ships. [2/3 page.]
May 13.
Hosely Bay.
80. Thos. Davies, clerk of the check of the Gainsborough, to the Admiralty Committee. I wish to prove my gratitude for my employment by informing you that we have here one Bradley, a minister, who has been in several places in London, a noted inveigher against the present authority, but is entertained as a special favourite by our commander, Capt. Rob. Taylor. He is as constant inventing bitter speeches against the Lord Protector and his Council as if he had been sent by Jno. Simpson and his party to gain proselytes. Had not the supineness of his auditors prevented, his designs could not have been so long frustrated. He said in prayer, in hearing of the captain and officers, "Lord, what has become of the praying officers in the army? The world has now stopped their mouths; the world has choked them; they pretended they were pulling down Babylon, but behold they are setting it up; and instead of setting up the kingdom of Jesus Christ they are setting up Courts. But, Lord, lay their honours in the dust; they pretended these 12 years to fight for liberty, but behold it proves a bondage, Thy servants are now persecuted and imprisoned. Father, is not this a time of persecution, when thy saints are kept under, that they dare not declare thy truths? If they do it is accounted treason, &c."
My dislike of all this has procured me frowns from my captain. [2 pages.]
May 15.
81. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to the Admiralty Committee. I sent the Marten galley to Fowey for a prize lying there, and will give her captain your orders when she returns. Capt. Smith, with the Hector, has come in from the Cape near St. Malo, and brought the enclosed letter. He also reports that there are several vessels at Jersey and Guernsey bound for St. Malo, which dare not now go over, and 3 at St. Malo laden with linen cloth bound for St. Lucar. I have ordered Capt. Heaton to wait for them. [1 page.] Enclosing,
81. i. Wm. Sanders to Capt. Smith. On seeing your vessels I sent a boat to tell you the trouble we are in, but weather prevented its reaching you. Upon hearing of the taking of some Newfoundlanders by the English, the town has arrested all the English barks, and the goods on board, and in our cellars, chambers, and studies. As there is no security for the barks under your convoy, we desire you to see them safely back to England or the Islands. Tell Mr. Baker that Mr. Richards is at Paris. and that Mr. Pontpom is as much troubled as any Englishman in the town. Guildo, 11 May 1654. [Copy, 2/3 page.]
May 16. 82. Petition of the well-affected inhabitants of Hindringham, co. Norfolk, to the Protector. Chris. Amiraut was settled as their minister on 11 Jan. 1652–3, by the Committee for Plundered Ministers. The living being very insufficient, only 25l. a year, beg that the rent of 22l. paid by Martin Hastings for the impropriation may be added thereto. 14 signatures. [1 page.] Annexing,
82. i. Certificate by Robert Jermy and Martin Hastings that the living is only worth 25l. a year. 13 April 1654. [½ page.]
May 16. Order thereon granting the petition, and the trustees for maintenance of ministers are to issue their warrant for payment. Approved 1 June. [I. 75, pp. 305–306.]
May 16. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Approval by the Protector of 7 orders, 10–12 May, &c.
2. An Ordinance for preservation of the works of the great level of the Fens reported as amended by the Committee, a proviso added, and agreed to.
3. An Ordinance reported for explanation of the Act for relief of poor creditors and prisoners read, and to be read again to-morrow.
4, 5. The Ordinances for monthly assessment and that touching the minister of York and St. Peter's school to be read to-morrow.
6. Order on information that, contrary to the order of 31 March last, the St. John Baptist of Dieppe is sold at a low rate, and probably part of her lading, that the Prize Commissioners forbear any further proceedings in the sale thereof.
7. The order of 11 January last, forbidding the sale of parks, castles, &c., of the late King, discharged as concerns Hyde Park, and the trustees to proceed to sell it. [I. 75, p. 304–305.]
May 16. Ordinance that a clause in that of 31 March relative to highways, limiting the number of horses and oxen to be used in carts to 5, shall not extend to the carriage of ordnance, timber, or artillery for the army and navy, provided that those who attend the carts have a pass from the Protector, President of the Council, Admiralty Commissioners, Generals of the Fleet, Navy Commissioners, or governors of garrisons. [3 pages, printed. Coll. of Acts, Vol. 2, No. 87, Record Office Library, 498 F.]
May 16. 83. Attorney-General Edm. Prideaux to Wm. Jessop. On receipt of your letter and the enclosed Ordinance, I sent for the counsel of the Dean and Chapter trustees and the Surveyor-General, but cannot ascertain how it can be made effectual to the use intended, and not prejudice the sales already made. The reparation of the church [York Minster] is not a charitable use within the exception of the Act, but that for the school is. I hear most, if not all, the fabric rents are sold, but care taken to preserve the revenues intended for the schools; but they will give me a more particular account.
Meantime I advise that if by an Ordinance you settle all the revenues formerly employed, you resume those that have been sold and will be of ill consequence, but any unsold may be easily settled. If you do not wait till this is known, then after "aforesaid" add the words: "not yet sold for valuable consideration," and after revenues add, "of what nature or quality the same were or are, and in what manner soever settled or disposed," and after mayor add "and commonalty," that being the name of the corporation,—and I suppose you do not intend to create a new one,—and leave out all that I have underlined. I have also added other words, which impart to Lord Lambert and the Committee. Endorsed "Mr. Attorney-General's report concerning the Ordinance for York Minster." [¾ page.]
May 16.
84. M. de Montigny, governor of Dieppe, to the Council of State. Hearing that a Committee is appointed on the case of the St. John, Pierre Filie [or Phillis], factor, I beg to remind you of my care to serve English subjects, suffering no piracy against them where I have any power, and to entreat you to restore the poor captain his vessel and merchandise. I am interested therein, and so are others of this town, friends of mine.
I would also commend to you the St. Louis of Dieppe, Rob. Michel, captain, who has well served the English, especially at Barbadoes. Though some of the interested parties are at Rouen, they are well affected to the republic. [French, 2 pages, with seals and silk.]
May 17. 85. Petition of the gentlemen and freeholders of the West Riding of co. York to the Protector. The county contains 3 ridings, governed by distinct commissioners, and when charges were laid on the whole county, by ancient usage, the West Riding bore 12 parts, the North 10, and the East 8. This proportion was also observed in the rates of assessment for the late war.
In 1649, either by neglect or design of gentlemen serving for the North and East Ridings, the power of raising assessments was given to a joint committee, and then the Commissioners of the other 2 ridings combined to make the West pay more, and have caused great confusion, and have lately levied 5,000l. by soldiers, and billetted them on some of the West Riding for supposed arrears. This has hindered the raising of the assessments, the rather that divers West Riding Commissioners of known integrity have been left out, and so the others more easily carry on their design. Request district commissioners as before, and continuance of the proportions of 12, 10, and 8, or the assessments will be greatly obstructed. Petitioners will then raise their proportion in their own riding by an equal pound rate. With reference thereon to Council, 17 May 1654. [1 sheet.]
May 17. 86. Order by the Protector, on the petition of John Leneall, minister, that Fauconberg pay him his arrears for serving the cure of Castlechurch, near Stafford, and continue payment in future. [Scrap.] Annexing,
86. i. Receipt thereon by Leneall of 24l., arrears of his pension of 8l. a year, by an Ordinance passed 21 Aug. 1654. 2 Sept. 1654. [1 page.]
May 17. 87. Petition of Maurice Thompson and 10 other owners of the Peregrine, to the Protector, for an order to the Navy Treasurer for payment of what shall be found due for the loss of their ship in an engagement with the Dutch in the Straits, when the captain and 22 men were slain and 40 wounded, as was proved to the late Council of State, who referred the case to the Navy Commissioners, and they have reported on it. 11 signatures. With reference thereon to Council. [1 sheet.]
May 17. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Fauconbridge to pay to Dr. John Bond the arrears due to him as Master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, for the augmentation granted to that mastership. Approved 1 June.
2. The Ordinance explaining the Act for Relief of Creditors and Poor Prisoners read the second time, and committed to Strickland. Jones, Wolsley, and Cooper.
3. Order on report from the Committee on the petition of Capt. Dan. Hinchman, agent for Col.Hewson's regiment,—representing that 1,421l. 6s. 4½d., due to those concerned should be satisfied by lands in Ireland, and that the Receiver-General should pay the petitioner, for himself and the other purchasers of the lordship of the High Peak, in behalf of the said regiment, 43l. 1s. 4¾d., which they paid out of the rents into the public revenue;—that the Committee speak with the gentlemen lately come from Ireland about the part of the report concerning satisfaction of the said debt out of lands in Ireland, and report; and that a warrant be issued to the ReceiverGeneral to pay the 43l. 1s. 4¾d.
4. An Ordinance for the monthly assessment read and committed to Lambert, Jones, Mackworth, Wolsley, Cooper, and Montague, to consider what was debated in Council to-day. Also several petitions of inhabitants of co. Pembroke, and of the gentlemen and freeholders of co. York, West Riding, and Wolsley is to have care thereof. The Committee to name some of themselves to consult the Protector about the sum to be monthly laid.
5. Order—on report from the Committee that they have treated with John Phelps for repurchase of the manor and royalty of Hampton Court, and have agreed for 750l.;—that the AttorneyGeneral direct the preparing of such assurances as may settle the same to his Highness's use, on passing whereof a warrant is to be issued for payment of the 750l. to Phelps. Approved 1 June.
6. Sydenham, Jones, and Strickland to treat with the purchasers of Nonsuch House and park, to settle them on the Protector in exchange for other State lands.
7. The Ordinance reported by Lambert touching York Minster and Peter's School read, and agreed to.
8. The report on John Clerk's petition agreed with, and the justices of the Court of Common Pleas to permit Wm. Clerk, infant, son of John Clerk, by his guardian, to suffer a recovery of lands amounting to 150l. a year, being half of land of 300l. a year, descendible to his mother after her father's death, so that it may be sold to clear incumbrances on the petitioner's estate. Approved 1 June. Annexing.
88. i. Report of the Committee alluded to, that on speaking with the petitioner's wife and her uncle and sole trustee, the referees are satisfied that the petition may be granted without prejudice to the infant. [Draft. 1 page.]
9. The report on several petitions of Dan. Hutchinson, alderman of Dublin, and of Michael Castell, merchant, agreed with.
10. An Ordinance for satisfaction of several sums to them read, and agreed to.
11. Order that,—whereas on 29 March last, 8,000l. part of 50,000l. for pay of the forces in Scotland, was ordered to be paid from such treasury as the Commissioners for inspecting the Treasuries thought fit, and repaid from the Gurney House treasury, as also 10,000l. more from that treasury; whereon the said Commissioners ordered 8,000l. from the Excise, to be paid to the Treasurers at War, and to be repaid from the first moneys arising on Dean and Chapter lands, &c.,—the next 10,000l. be paid in like manner to the Treasurers at War, to be issued by the Army Committee. Not consented to by the Protector, 1 June. Annexing,
89. i. Certificate by the Treasury Commissioners that there is now cash in Gurney House to repay the said 8,000l., but that an order is wanted to the treasurers for payment. 17 May 1654. [¾ page.]
12. The report about the money due to Rob. Inglis and Alex. Finlaw on a contract with Frost agreed with, and 1,000l., in part of 4,490l. 2s. 6d., to be charged on the moneys from sale of Dean and Chapters' lands, and a warrant issued to the treasurer accordingly. Approved 1 June.
13. The report in the case of Rich. Bringest to be considered to-morrow.
14. A warrant being granted May 8 to let 4 gentlemen of the Dutch Ambassador pass into France and transport 4 horses, a new warrant was signed, they having gone over, to let the bearer transport the 4 horses custom free.
15. The complaints in a petition from Lynne referred to the Committee on the petition of the Adventurers for the Fens. [I. 75, pp. 306–310.]
May 18. 90. Petition of Col. Chris. Mayo to the Protector. In 1653, I agreed in behalf of the King of Spain, and of Luke Lucie and Fras. Owen, merchants of London, to convey 300 Irish soldiers from Dublin to Dunkirk, at 14 pieces of 8 a man, to be paid in Flanders, which not being paid by the Court of Brussels, I am arrested, and in the Upper Bench, for the debt, at the suit of Booly, a Dutchman, and Co., who have the 1/5 of Col. Chas. Dillon's estate and Fras. Owen's bond for payment, as soon as the King of Spain pays. Having received nothing from the King of Spain, I cannot pay, and my bread is allowed me by Lucie and Owen.
If I am in restraint, I cannot personally solicit in Spain, 40,000l. will be unpaid to officers and merchants for 6,000 or 7,000 soldiers transported at their charges, and unless I can sail next week, I shall recover no money this year, but be wholly ruined.
As I acted in the interest of Ireland by transporting many thousand men, and as an agent for a foreign prince, I beg protection and a pass for Spain, and in order thereto, an examination of my case by officers of the army. Endorsed with note that it was delivered by his Highness to Col. Jones for Council. [1 page.]
May 18. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Lambert reports papers presented to his Highness by the Committee of Adventurers for Ireland, and the agents for the army there, which are read and committed to Lambert, Wolsley, Mackworth, Fiennes, Sydenham, and Jones, to confer with those who presented the papers, receive what they have to offer, and report.
2, 3. He also reports from the Committee the form of a warrant to send out writs for elections to Parliament, which was read, and approved. Also the forms of a writ for elections.
4. Order that the instrument for the Government of England, Scotland, and Ireland be by authority sent to every sheriff, mayor, bailiff, or other to whom writs of election are to be sent, with private letters requiring them to read the instrument when and where the proclamation of the writs shall be made. Approved 1 June.
7. Order on report of the Committee on Lady Kath. Ranelagh's petition, that in full of all demands to be made by Viscount Ranelagh, there be paid him 1,100l.; 100l. out of Council's contingencies, and the Committee to decide on what treasury the 1,000l. shall be charged. Approved 20 May.
9. Order on report in the case of Capt. John Hume [see 6 April suprà], that the case be referred back to the judges in Scotland to review, if a review can be admitted by the rules of Scotland, and if not to mediate the case between him and the Earl of Hume, his Highness recommending the case to the judges by letter. If neither of these ways take effect, the petitioner should appeal to Parliament. Approved 1 June. Annexing,
91. i. Report on which the said order is founded. [Draft, 1¼ pages.]
10. Wolsley and Jones added to the Committee on Jos. Rigby's contempt.
13. Order that—as the late Council of State passed an Ordinance for the Trustees of Dean and chapters' lands to settle lands, value 200l. a year, on Nich. Lockier, and as he desires to have the value in money, which at 10 years' purchase is 2,000l.,—the Gurney House Treasurers pay Frost the said sum for Council's contingencies, and he pay it to Lockier. [I. 75, pp. 310–314.]
May 19. 92. Petition of Chas. Rich to Council. I am sorry that for any action of mine I have fallen under your displeasure, and beg you to forget what has passed between Mr. James and me, to reverse the warrant for my commitment, and to spare my putting in security, or at least to limit it as to persons and time. This results not from any design to hazard your disfavour in future, but that I may engage my friends on terms allowed by the rules of friendship. Noted "not read." [1 page.]
May 19. Order that Chas. Rich and John James give security in 1,000l. each, with two sufficient sureties, to keep the peace towards each other in all times to come, and neither of them to break it; and on so doing, that their warrant for commitment to the Tower be suspended. [I. 75, p. 356.]
May 19. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To pay Ambassador Whitelock 1,200l. on account for his allowance, and the Treasury Committee to decide on what treasury it can be charged.
2. 93. A paper offered by Strickland, concerning some actings of Capt. Williams of Dover on the ship Dog, referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to report. Annexing,
93. i. Depositions of Capt. Wm. Cornelisen and others belonging to the Schiedam of Holland, taken before the Sheriffs of Maesluys, charging Capt. Williams of the Dog of Dover with having boarded them and carried away various articles named. [2½ pages.]
3. Order on report on the petition of Lady Mary Levingston, and 3 others [see 28 April suprà], that 4l. a week be allowed them from Council's contingencies, till 1st Jan. Annexing,
94. i. Report alluded to, advising the following reductions:—
£ s. d.
Lady Levingston for annuity of 60l., weekly 0 12 6
Mrs. Bridget Bray for annuity of 200l., weekly 2 2 0
Mrs. Judith Hobson for annuity of 100l., weekly 1 1 0
Mrs. Frances Blunden for annuity of 20l., weekly 0 4 6
£4 0 0
To be paid from such treasury as Council shall assign. [1 page.]
94. ii. Note that Lady M. Levingston is willing to accept 20s. a week, Mrs. Bray 50s., Mrs. Hobson 24s., and Mrs. Blunden 6s. in lieu of their respective annuities. 16 May 1654. [1 page.]
4. Order on report in the case of Sir Alex. Gibson of Dury, Scotland,—showing that the bonds which he gave to some of the advancers of money for repayment were recognised by the Estates as public debts, and yet some of the creditors expect them from him,—that the Commissioners for administration of justice in Scotland grant him indemnity against all suits therefor, to 1 Jan. next. Approved 1 June. Annexing,
95. i. Report on the case alluded to, but which advises an entire, not a limited indemnity. [1 page.]
95. ii. Draft of the above. [¾ page.]
7. Order confirming the Protector's order of May 5, for Frost to pay Capt. Roger Alsop, Marshal General of the Army, the 341l. 6s. disbursed by him for maintenance of Scotch prisoners from Jan. 21 to June 29, 1653, according to a warrant of the late Council of State of Sept. 1 last.
9. The Ordinance ordered concerning duels to be brought in next Wednesday.
10. 96, 97. Order on report from the Treason trustees on Council orders of 27 Dec. and 18 April, that the trustees issue a warrant to their treasurers to pay 16,472l. 13s. to the surveyors, clerks, and messengers, for the arrears of their respective salaries. Approved 1 June. [I. 75, pp. 314–7.] Annexing,
97. i. Report alluded to, stating the salaries of the surveyors at 15s. a day, the clerks at 6s., and the messengers at 5s.; total, 52,888l. 13s. 11d.; of which they have received 36,416l. 1s., leaving the balance 16,472l. 13s.; 7s. a day being deducted for Sundays, travelling days, and days on which they are in London drawing up the surveys, but if the 15s. is allowed for these days, the sum will be 21,630l. 12s. 6d. 21 April 1654. [1 page.]
May 20. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Approval by the Protector of 3 orders for payment. [I. 75, p. 318.]
May 21.
Council to the Governor of the Port of Dover. You are to suffer no person to pass your port or its precincts for 14 days for any part beyond seas; to prevent this, you are to have strict watch kept, and to apprehend all whom you have just cause to suspect to be enemies to the State, and give an account of them. You are also to stay all persons coming from beyond seas within that time, keep them in safe custody, and send their names and what else you find material to his Highness and Council. With note that the same letter mutatis mutandis was sent to all the other ports in England, 30 in number, named. [I. 75, p. 319.]
May 21.
The Fairfax, Aldborough Bay.
98. Vice-Admiral Lawson to the Admiralty Committee. I received yours of 29 April on the 16th off Scarborough; I gave you notice of the Centurion being sent to Inverness and Caithness, and to give her spare provisions for Sinclair Castle, before which the enemy lies. I will ply up to Hoseley Bay to-morrow. [2/3 page.] Enclosing,
98. i. Account of the condition of his 11 vessels with regard to men and victuals, and to how long they have been at sea. [1½ pages.]
May 23.
Proclamation that, as the enemies of peace, notwithstanding the many signal providences of God in frustrating their designs, are still restless in attempts to involve the Commonwealth in blood and confusion, and as many of them from beyond seas and elsewhere have lately repaired to London, his Highness orders, for their better discovery, that the constables of the parishes in London, Westminster, Southwark, and within the lines of communication, forthwith repair to the houses in their parishes, and require from the householders a list of all who lodged there on the 19th and since, with their qualities and conditions, and how long they have lodged there, which the said householders are to deliver on peril of being considered partakers in the said designs. The said lists to be delivered at their uttermost peril by the constables to the Lord Mayor of London and bailiffs of Westminster and Southwark, who are to return them immediately to the Council at Whitehall.
None of the said lodgers are to change their lodgings or depart out of the said lines for 10 days, without special license from the said lord mayor or bailiffs, which they are to give only to such as they are satisfied have no ill intention. Any transgression to be considered contempt of his Highness' command, and punished accordingly.
The lord mayor and bailiffs to cause this proclamation to be sent to the said constables, and to demand from them an account of their proceedings thereon. [I. 75, pp. 320–1.]
May 23. 99. Order in a special court [of common council ?] under Lord Mayor Viner—Council wanting 40 names to insert in the Ordinance for regulating Hackney coachmen, and it appearing on debate with the coachmen that scarce so many can find time to attend, and that 13, with quorum of 7 would suffice,—that Pullen, the city remembrancer, present this to Council, and give in 13 persons named, skilful and prudent men, as the first governors. [1 page.]
May 23.
Constant Warwick, Plymouth.
100. Lieut. Thos. Morris, to Col. Jno. Clerk, one of the Admiralty Commissioners. Since my examination before you at Whitehall about the taking of Capt. Rich. Beach, the famous pirate, Col. Hunkin, Governor of Scilly, has testified to my behaviour in taking the Royal James of Brest, when with my sword I compelled our men and the prisoners to run the guns forward, when the ship was leaking, and so saved her.
I beg you to think of some command for me. I have faithfully served the State 11 years; when Col. Rainborow was admiral, he appointed me corporal of the Swallow, and upon the revolt of the Fleet in the Downs, I was imprisoned, but escaped, and was the first who gave an account of it to the Derby House Committee. I was afterwards lieutenant of a train band in Southwark, and upon the army's approach to London, the city declaring against them, I blocked up London Bridge with carts, and maintained a guard there 4 days and nights, until relieved by Col. Rainborow, who came to the borough with 3 regiments. I served under Captains Howet and Penrose upon the Irish coast, and was wounded in the Portland engagements with the Dutch, and have since been lieutenant in the Constant Warwick. [1 page.]
May 24. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. The Admiralty Committee to direct a convoy to secure the Globe, laden with provisions and ammunition for the forces in Ireland, on her voyage to Dublin.
3. To advise the Protector that the proclamation for returning the names of the lodgers within the lines of communication be published, and put in execution.
4. An Ordinance to authorise the Commissioners for the Danish business to administer an oath offered to and approved by the Protector, and to pass into a law. [I. 75, p. 321.]
May 24.
The Sovereign, Downs.
101. Gen. Wm. Penn to the Navy Commissioners. Mr. Hempson has sent an account of the victuals wanted for the Fleet. Notwithstanding all your care taken, the State will be greatly damnified through the dishonesty of stewards; 2 or 3 have lately deserted through the victuallers' instruments delivering part of their proportion of victuals in kind, and the rest in money, with which they have run away. I cannot prevent this unless the victuallers be ordered to stop this, and stewards made to give security to account for their victuals. More bread and beer having arrived than are needed, let no more be sent. [1½ pages.]
May 25. 102. Power of attorney from Augustine Metcalf to his son Augustine, coachmaker, both of Norwich, to receive all the goods, lands, &c., due to him in Yorkshire, and bond in 100l. not to acquit any person therefrom without his son's leave. [¾ page.]
May 26. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. An Ordinance for preservation of the works of the great level of the Fens, with omission of a clause in the 3rd folio made by the Protector, approved, passed, and ordered to be printed and published.
2. The Ordinance authorising the Commissioners for the Danish business to administer an oath to be printed and published.
3. The Lord President reports the Protector's approval of the writ for election of members to Parliament.
4. The Ordinance for explanation of the Act concerning creditors and prisoners, as amended at the table, approved, and to be presented to his Highness.
7. Order on a report presented by Col. Jones,—concerning a rate to persons who cannot enjoy the donatives made them by the late Parliament of Scotland, on account of the Ordinance for settling Scotland;—that the first part be agreed to, and all persons allowed for their donatives out of the fines imposed by the late Ordinance of grace, after the rate of 10 years' purchase, to be paid out of the first moneys that come in from the said fines; but Council do not agree to the second part of the report. Approved 1 June. Annexing,
103. i. Report alluded to, the second part being that as of the 1,000l. a year bestowed on Lord Lambert in 1650, he has only received 642l. 12s. 2d., though 4 years are elapsed, he should have 2,000l. past profits of the donative, and all arrears due to him therefrom should be taken to the use of the State. [1¼ pages.]
8. Order on report from the Treasury Committee,—that the 1,200l. to be paid on account to Lord Whitelock's agent may best be charged on the receipt of customs,—that a warrant be issued for payment. Approved 1 June.
10. Order on report on the petition of Col. Rugeley [see 8 May suprà] that the Attorney and Solicitor-General and Serjeant Glyn consider the case of the concealed lands, and the witnesses produced by the petitioner, and report. Annexing,
104. i. Report alluded to, 16 May 1654. [1 page.]
10a. 105. The Admiralty Committee to direct the Ordnance officers to deliver out of their stores, and send for Scotland the tents and 2 double gins provided for the forces there.
11. Also to deliver the guns, powder, horse harness, and other things for the garrison at Inverness, and to send them by the present convoy.
12. To add to an order of April 3 last, concerning the transferring of the cornet's pay of his Highness' lifeguards to Rolt and Thompson these words "the same to commence from Feb. 20 last, being the day of the last muster."
13. The paper signed by Capt. Step. White, praying order for pay of 30 recruits for Chester and North Wales for the time past, and direction whether to disband them, referred to Commissary General Whalley, Col. Goffe, Maj. Heynes, and Lieut.-Col. White, to report.
14. Also an order of the late Council of 19 August last, for allowing a surgeon and gunsmith, with their mates, to the Protector's foot regiment, the renewing whereof, and an order for their payment is prayed.
17. The petition of the governors and company of merchants trading to Russia referred to Lambert, Wolsley, Cooper, Jones, and Montague, to report.
21, 25. The Army Committee to issue warrants to the Treasurers at War for 3 months' pay on account to John Alured, for a regiment of foot in Ireland, and for a troop of 100 horse, beside officers, according to the establishment of pay for Scotland, appointed for special service under Col. Alured, to be issued from the moneys consigned for Ireland and Scotland. Also from the said moneys, and from the pay of 3 foot companies for Scotland, Alured is to pay Chas. Walley of Chester 1,000l. for buying 3 months' provision of victuals for the said forces, and defraying all charges.
22. Thomas Arundel, son of Henry Lord Arundel of Wardour, being lately come from Flanders with 2 servants, and stayed at Dover by the Deputy Governor to the castle, is to be discharged and suffered to repair to London, the late order of restraint notwithstanding; his father having this day attended Council, and engaged his word and honour that his son and servants shall be forthcoming when required, and shall do nothing prejudicial.
23. Council to meet at 5 p.m.
24. Eight money warrants, made on former orders, signed. [I. 75, pp. 322–327.]
May 26.
Bow Lane.
106. Rob. Gell to Lady Conway, Kensington. I am sorry that my absence has delayed my reply to your letter. Two things are now questioned, one, whether there be gifts of healing in the church, as in the Apostles' times; the other, whether Mr. Coker has those gifts, or only pretends to them.
You question not the former, for the arm of the Lord is not shortened, the needs of mankind are the same, and a special promise is left to believers of that kind, John xiv., 12.
As to Mr. Coker, though he was my auditor some years, I have only known him lately by his sending me his book, (fn. 1) and by 2 short visits he gave me 6 weeks since. To day I went with him to a friend in Islington who I fear will die, and in returning, I saw he had that gift, for divers came to him lame who received present cure. A wounded man who could not bear his arm moved, after Coker's touching him, had his pain abated, and could move his arm. A woman whose right hand had been bent downward 10 years, and the sinews shrunk, had it restored. The Earl of Pembroke told me Coker had done him much good, causing him to void a bladder of blood out of his stomach by laying on his hand. I was told that a lame man, 86 years old, brought to him, went away on his feet. A woman, whose arm had hung lifeless 3 years, and had been cut without bleeding, after ½ an hour of his handling, was restored, and blood ran from the cuts. Many who had known her about Shoreditch went to see her. A man raging mad and blaspheming was brought, and went away sober, and ashamed of his distemper. Consider from what principle these works proceed. God alone doth wondrous things. [2 pp.]
[May 26.] Bill of complaint of John Fisher, by his attorney Charles Southwell, exhibited against Richard Deacon, one of the attorneys of the Court of Common Pleas, for a debt of 100l., on bond of 10 April 1651, damages set at 40l. The debt not being denied by Deacon, Fisher is authorised to recover it, with 30s. damages. [5 sheets, Box D., No. 4.]
May 27. 107. Action of trespass in the Court of Exchequer by Adrian Reymans, alias Tombouryn, by Samuel Tovey, his attorney, against Rich. Hill, to recover 14 wash of oysters, value 28l., clothes, and other various goods named, detained by the defendant in the parish of St. Mary-le-bow, London, 10 Dec. 1652, to the damage of 100l. [5 sheets.]
May 27.
Council to the Governor of Windsor Castle. We hear that there is a daily resort to your prisoners, Feake and Simpson, of great numbers of people, some of whom are disaffected, and who take the opportunity of such assembling to vent their own discontents, leavening others thereby; also that others hold secret conferences with them, and correspond with them by letter, all which is prejudicial to the peace. You are therefore to keep them close prisoners, suffer none to speak to them unless some one appointed by you is present, and debar them wholly from speaking publicly. Approved and signed by his Highness, and 7 of the Council present, 30 May. [I. 75, p. 330.]
May 28.
108. Giles Wiggoner to Robt. Blackborne. I beg you to present a paper enclosed to the Admiralty Committee, on behalf of Capt. Thos. Elliot of the Fagon, now at Wivenhoe; he has been much abused by Hum. White. I doubt not but the complaint against him will be found to be grounded upon self-ends and malice. As soon as his ship is ready to sail, he will wait upon them to clear himself. [2/3 page.] Annexing,
108. i. Depositions of Robt. Page, shipwright, Giles Wiggoner, and 7 others of Wivenhoe, as to the abusive conduct of Hum. White, surveyor, to Capt. Elliott, when he went aboard to survey the ship, calling him a knave, rogue, malignant dog, &c., and offering to fight him. [3 pages.]
May 29.
Prize Office.
109. Prize Commissioners to the Admiralty Committee. We perused the petition of Peter Matson, late master of the Linworm, of Tunsbury in Norway, and find she was never in our possession, nor any proceedings had in the Admiralty Court respecting her, but she was stayed while in the Thames by Solomon Smith, marshal of that Court, by order of the Council of State in Oct. 1652, as belonging to the Danes, and has remained under his seizure ever since. [1 page.]
May 30. 110. Petition of John Willoughby, gent., to Council, for a speedy hearing. Was apprehended 12 May by warrant of Council of 10 May, and has been in custody since at great charge, which prejudices his small estate and also his health, being sick when taken of a violent fever. [1 page.]
May 30. Order thereon that Pickering, Strickland, and Cooper examine the business on which he was taken into custody, and report. [I. 75, p. 328.]
May 30. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1, 2. A paper this day delivered by his Highness to the President for Council, for explanation of the commission issued in pursuance of the 28th article of the Dutch treaty, read, approved, and signed by Lawrence, Pickering, and Strickland, 3 of the Commissioners for the treaty, who are to repair to Guildhall this afternoon to meet the Dutch Ambassador, in order that the Commissioners intended in the 30th article of the treaty may declare that they will proceed without respect to either State or any particular interest.
3. Desborow, Pickering, Wolsley, and Cooper, to attend the Protector about the re-purchase of Windsor Little Park, and to receive his pleasure.
5. The receiving of all new private business into Council to be forborne for 15 days.
7. The Ordinance for the monthly assessment to be brought into Council to-morrow by its Committee.
8. Desborow, Wolsley, Cooper, Mackworth, and Skippon to offer what they judge fit for continuing the power of the Admiralty Commissioners, their present power being near expiring.
9. Like order in reference to the Army Committee.
10. Pickering, Wolsley, and Strickland to read the letters lately received from several ports, and others since the late order for shipping passengers, and to report.
13. An Ordinance for ejecting scandalous and ignorant ministers and schoolmasters read, and returned to the Committee which brought it in, to which Wolsley, Major, and Sydenham are added.
14. Order on decease of Jos. Frost, one of the under clerks, that Roger Jenyns and John Brice, who had allowed them but 3s. 4d. a day each (i.e., half the pay of an under clerk), be allowed the entire pay of an under clerk, viz., 6s. 8d.
15. Order on the Lieutenant of the Tower's having certified that Thos. Bunce has rendered himself prisoner, according to a late order of Council for remanding him, that the bond entered into for his bail be delivered up to be cancelled. [I. 75, pp. 328–331.]
May 30.
111. Edw. Pateson to the Navy Commissioners. Having had large experience of your willingness to hear the cries of the fatherless and widows, I beg you to remember those about whom I laboured with you when in Scotland, and order Mr. Hayter to write the captains of the fleet to send you up the tickets for the wages due to such as were slain, so that their wages might be received, and something for their death. Hayter promised me, on receipt of the tickets, to get the money for the wages, and pay it where I should appoint, but I hear of no progress, nor any hope of getting for these distressed families the money purchased by the price of blood. My endeavours in their behalf are from their continual tears and cries to me, and from my tender bowels towards them. Pray get the tickets before the captains go off to remote places, and so the poor families be left to perish.
P.S. Pray remember Widow Ashwell and her family, who was wronged of her husband's wages by a woman of Southwark representing she was dead. [2 pages.]
May 30.
The Pearl, near Dover.
112. Capt. Ben. Sacheverell to Gen. Penn, the Sovereign, Downs. Plying on the French coast, I met the Dover packet-boat, and thinking there might be some suspicious persons in her, as well as in other vessels, I boarded her, and found the gentlemen whom I have sent you by Capt. Dickinson, whom I suspect to be some of those we were appointed to look after. One of them threw a packet over board, which sunk before I could get out the boat to save it; I also send their portmanteaus, baggage, and letters. [¾ page.]
May 31. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. There having been 2,000l advanced to Lord Fleetwood, on his expedition as commander-in-chief to Ireland, out of his pay, but nothing allowed him for the great charges of his transportation, the Army Committee is to order the Treasurers-at-war to pay out of their moneys for Ireland 2,000l. to Jas. Standish for Lord Fleetwood, in lieu of his said charges. Approved 1 June.
3. The petition of John Langham, late alderman of London, referred to the Committee for regulation of Customs, to report.
6, 7. The assessments to be set in the Ordinance now preparing at 120,000l. a month, as formerly, and to be continued for 6 months.
8. Fiennes, Mackworth, Rous, and Wolsley to draw up a preamble for the Assessment Ordinance, fill up the blanks, and present it to Council to-morrow, when the said Ordinance is appointed to be first read.
9. 113. Order on Desborow's representation concerning the quantity of powder remaining in store in the Tower, that the Admiralty Commissioners issue their warrants to the Ordnance officers to remove several quantities to other places, signifying to the commanders of the said places the quantities designed to them, viz.:—
To Dover Castle 250 barrels.
Deal Castle 300 "
Portsmouth 500 "
Plymouth 200 "
Pendennis Castle 300 "
Total 1,550
Approved 1 June.
10. An Ordinance of explanation touching the jurisdiction of the Admiralty read, approved, and to be presented to his Highness.
11. An Ordinance for Instituting Admiralty Commissioners twice read, and sent back to the Committee who brought it in, to report again.
12. Order, on information by Desborow, that three prisoners are brought into the Hope by Wm. Kendall, captain of the Sunrise frigate, viz., Wm. Hebdith, Wm. Doran, and Paul Roche, taken at sea as pirates, and brought from Plymouth, that the Admiralty judges report how to proceed in their trial. [I. 75, pp. 332–334.]
May 31.
Dover Castle.
114. Capt. Thos. Wilson to Thos. Kelsey, lieutenant of Dover Castle, and Admiralty Commissioner, Whitehall. I send the names of 28 English, Dutch, and Scotch passengers who have arrived by the packet-boat from Dunkirk, as also a packet from 3 of them directed to the agent of the Prince of Condé in London, which is of importance, and requires secrecy. They disclosed it partly to me, hoping I should allow them to pass, but being bound up, I was unwilling to adventure. Most of them have been with me for a pass. We have found no letters of any moment. Let me know what to do with those I have stopped after the expiration of Council's order, for they are very importunate to go on their business. [1 page.]
May ? 115. Petition of Rob. Collins, seaman, to the Navy Commissioners. Being one of the Constant Warwick, in the late engagement of the English fleet with the Dutch near Messina Road, I lost my left arm, and the ship being overcharged with wounded men, I was turned into the Henry Bonadventure, which was taken by the Dutch, and had to come home by Leghorn; and being robbed of the little money I had, begged my way. On my applying to you, you granted me an order for employment and for pay from my captain, but he says that when you pay him he will pay me.
I dare not go abroad, for my creditors lie in wait to cast me into prison, to the utter undoing of my wife and children, therefore I beg payment without delay, as it is more than a year since I lost my arm. [1 page.]
May ? 116. Report on the petition of Wm. Davenport, marshal of Chester, for payment of moneys due for his place, and for some Scotch prisoners still remaining at Chester, viz.:—
His fee at 3s. 4d. a day to 22 April 1654 £54 3 4
His man's fee, at 6s a week 13 15 8
Disbursements for prisoners, at 8d. a day 155 2 8
£223 1 8
Recommending allowance thereof, but some course to be taken for easing the charge of prisoners in future. [¾ page.]
May ? 117. Petition of Step. Eddy to Maj.-Gen. Skippon, one of his Highness' Council, and chief commander of the trained bands of the city of London, for an audience, to declare to him the truth in a petition to his Highness, which Mr. Jessop will present to him. Has been the chief cause of bringing hundreds of pounds into the Treasury, and wishes to declare about such viperous enemies as are against his Highness. [½ page.]
May ? 118, 119. Proposed order by the Protector, that—whereas on petition of Thos. Horton, D.D., and full debate before the Committee for the Reformation of the Universities, they ordered that he be not disturbed in, or removed from, his professorship of Divinity in Gresham College, London, which he has held 5 years, in case of marriage,—a dispensation be granted to him to possess the said place notwithstanding his marriage. [2 drafts in Horton's own hand. See 4 April 1654.] Annexing,
119. iii. Order alluded to in the Reformation Committee, that he be not removed unless good cause be shown by the Lord Mayor and the rest of the trustees. Noted (which never was done), 29 May 1651. [2 copies, 1 page.]
May ? 120. Petition of Arnold Beake and other owners of the St. John Baptist to the Admiralty Committee, for an order to enable them to reseize their ship and goods, surprised and taken in the Downs by Captains Sedgwick and Leverett, and carried by them to New England, and for such captains to be made liable for any loss or damage. [½ page.] Annexing,
120. i. Certificate at a Court-martial held on board the Black Raven by the said captains, that upon examination of Capt. Jno. Claysen, of the St. John the Baptist, they found the ship was Flemish built, was manned by Dutchmen, and did not belong to friends, and as she was lawful prize, they seized her for the service. 18 March 1653–4. [1 page, Copy.]
120. ii. Certificate of the Prize Commissioners that the Golden Lily, alias Fleur de Luce, alias St. John the Baptist, was taken prize, and delivered to Thos. Greene at Dover for the service, having been appraised at 247l. 17s., which was paid by the sub-commissioners there, and that they have not received any papers from Captains Sedgwick and Leverett relating to their seizure of her. 2 May 1654. [1 page, Copy.]
120. iii. Report of the Admiralty judges that the said captains have plundered the ship and her lading, belonging to English merchants, and carried them away, together with her papers, without making any report thereof to the Admiralty Court, and that as such irregular proceedings are not only contrary to the general practice and law of nations, but also very scandalous, and tend to the destruction of trade and commerce, order ought to be given for the execution of justice against them. [2½ pp.]
May. 121. Petition of divers inhabitants of Whitwell-with-Hackford, co. Norfolk, to the Protector. Our church and that of Reepham stand in one yard, so near that service cannot be held in both at the same time without disturbance; Reepham church would contain more than usually attend, and with a small charge, seats might be placed enough for both parishes, the value of which is only 140l., towards all charges and a habitation. We beg an Ordinance to unite the parishes and build the seats, by advice of the 2 nearest justices of peace, and to be free of the charge of repairing Whitwell Church. 10 signatures. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
121. i. Certificate by Rob. Wood and 4 other justices of Norfolk, that Hackford, Whitwell, and Reepham parishes stand conveniently for union, as all the churches are in one churchyard, 6 May 1654. [2/3 page.]
121. ii. Certificate by John Martin, minister of Edgefield, 9 other ministers, and 33 others living near Reepham, in favour of the union of the parishes, and requesting that Wm. Shildrake may he continued preacher, 8 May 1654. [1 page.]
121. iii. Draft of the Ordinance proposed for their union, the appointment of Shildrake as minister, removal of the seats from Whitwell, and taking down of the church to be sold on behalf of the poor. [2½ pp.]
122. For description of No. 122 see addenda at the end of this Vol.


  • 1. In the King's pamphlets, British Museum, E. 734, No. 8, is "A short and plain Narrative of Mat. Coker, in reference to his gift of healing."—Ed.