Volume 94: January 1655

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1881.

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'Volume 94: January 1655', in Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655, (London, 1881) pp. 1-30. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/domestic/interregnum/1655/pp1-30 [accessed 12 April 2024]


January 1655

Jan. 2. 1. Petition of Thos. Kelsey, lieutenant; John Raven, clerk; and Rich. Henly, bodar of Dover Castle; Dr. Wm. Walker, judge of the Admiralty; and Thos. St. Nicholas, steward of the Court of Chancery of the Cinque Ports, to the Protector, for an order for payment of their arrears for service. With reference thereon to Council, 6th Dec. 1654. [2/3 pages.] Annexing,
1. i. Statement by Phil. Darell, auditor, of the yearly fees due to Dr. Walker and other officers of Dover Castle, some of which are in arrear since 1649, 1650, or 1651.–29 Dec. 1654. [2/3 page.]
1. ii. Statement of the arrears due to the petitioners. Total, 226l. 13s. 4d. [½ page.]
Jan. 2. 2. Reference thereon to Gen. Desborow, Col. Montague, Mr. Strickland, Col. Fiennes, and Sir Chas. Wolsley, to consider how the pensions became due, and what is truly in arrear, and report [¾ page; also I. 75, p. 635.]
Jan. 2. 3, 4. Petition of Lady Marg. Levingston, Bridget Bray, Judith Hobson, and Frances Blunden, to the Protector. We beg your warrant to Mr. Frost to continue us our weekly allowance of 4l. [See 19 May 1654.] We have no other subsistence, though we have 4,000l. in arrear on our patents, and we are fully within the charity of your speech to Council, desiring them to act for God, and to relieve the distresses of the poor and needy. With reference thereon to Council, 20 Dec. 1654. [1 page. 2 copies.]
Jan. 2. Note of the petition being read in Council, but no order. [See 25 Jan. infra.; I. 75, page 636.]
Jan. 2. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order on a report from the Admiralty Commissioners on the trust and care incumbent on the Navy Treasurer, Rich. Hutchinson, that he be allowed, for salary of himself and instruments, 1,500l. yearly from 1 Jan. 1654–5; also 100l. for every 100,000l. issued by him above 700,000l., for all which the Navy Commissioners are to sign warrants. Approved, 5 Jan.
2. The Admiralty Commissioners being empowered to execute any further orders to be given them by the Protector and Council, are hereby empowered to give warrants to the Navy Treasurer for payment of the salaries of the Ordnance officers and clerks, to consider the best means of regulating the said office, and to give directions therein. Approved, 5 Jan.
3. Direction given to Mr. Jessop, on a report from the Admiralty Commissioners of the charge of the Navy for this winter and the following summer, viz.,
Debts in the Navy Office, stores on contracts depending or required between 21 Dec. last, and 31 March 1655; and the charge of 8,000 men to be employed in 60 ships, from 1 April to 31 Sept. 1655; total, 850,610l.
Ordnance charge for 60 ships for six months, gunpowder and shot excepted, 63,208l. 13s. 8d.
Gen. Blake and Penn's squadrons, from 25 March to 1 Oct. 1655, if so long continued, 108,919l.
1,000 men's victuals above the 8,000 named in the former estimate, if they are required, 26,800l.
4. The letter of Pierre Ernest, Conte de Paar, of Jan. 1, complaining of outrages committed against him in his own lodgings, referred to Desborow, Pickering, and Strickland, to examine the matter, call witnesses, and report.
5. Order—on petition of Major Francis Allen, for the church at Wantage and Grove, co. Berks, and on a narrative from divers inhabitants, and a copy of an order of the late Council of State, of June 4, 1653,—that liberty be given to the congregation of the church to meet when they like for religious exercises in the Town Hall of Wantage, and the village house in Grove, when they are not used for keeping of courts, and the stewards of the courts to notice this. Approved, 5 Jan.
6. Order—on petition of Rich. Prosser, master of the Susan of London, lately taken in his voyage from Malaga by the French, and kept close prisoner at Brest, and his release refused unless in exchange for Francis Eastmond, prisoner at Plymouth,—that the commissioners for the French Treaty consider the matter, and move the French Ambassador to order his liberty.
8. Strickland to give direction for the entertainment of the Genoese Ambassador, and particularly to direct Fleming to have Sir Abr. Williams' house prepared for him.
10, 11. The Genoese Ambassador to be allowed a diet of 50 dishes for the first and second courses, and 30 dishes of fruit and sweetmeats for each meal; also to have a convenient allowance for the tables of his followers, and to be entertained 7 meals.
12, 13. Mr. Bond to provide the plate, and six messengers of Council to attend to carry up the dishes and wait at table.
14. Cooper and Strickland to receive him, and conduct him to his lodgings. [I. 75, pages 633–636.]
[Jan. 3.] 5. Order by the Protector and Council, that—as of late there have been great frauds on the treasuries by forged debentures and counterfeit warrants, by means of which great sums of money and much land have been given for payment of debts never contracted,— * * * be empowered to examine the same, and particularly to bring before them Abr. Granger and Joshua Fugill, prisoners in Newgate, [Rob.] Manley and [Lieut.-Col. John] White, and others in custody with the serjeant-at-arms and elsewhere on this account, and examine them, receiving from the Admiralty Commissioners all papers relating thereto.
They are also to order the registrar's clerks and other officers at Gurney House, the Prize Office, Worcester House, and Drury House, to bring before them their records and papers, and the several trustees are to observe the said orders.
They are also to secure all persons suspected to have acted in or countenanced these frauds. The serjeant-at-arms attending Council and keepers of Newgate and the Gatehouse are to obey their orders, and they are to report from time to time to Council. [Draft, 2¼ pages.]
Jan. 3. 6. Information given in on behalf of the Commonwealth, that the Admiralty Commissioners committed Joshua Fugill for receiving 300l. on false notes out of the Prize Office. Fugill made his escape, and sent in prisoner Abraham Granger, who was committed to Newgate, since which Granger has caused Fugill to be brought prisoner there also; he is kept by Granger close, without pen, ink, or paper, for fear of his evidence against him.
Fugill has confessed that Granger cheated the Commonwealth of 2,000l. since he was committed to Newgate. That Granger has kept a coiner, brought out of Holland, and has dealt in vending and manufacturing false coin. That within a year, he has forged 12,000l. of false bills, besides what he has cheated the Commonwealth of out of the Treasury. That by his money, he has full sway of the officers in Newgate, and causes any that he conceives may be evidence against him to be apprehended and kept close prisoners, and reveals none that had any hand in his cheats.
His man, John Wheeler, is daily employed to fetch money on false notes out of the Treasury, and he has formerly received money on false notes out of the Prize Office. Granger makes his brag that the Protector has saved him for his parts, and that Parliament taught him to swear and forswear, or else he had not lived, and that he values not an oath.
If the State's Solicitor may have orders to indict Granger and Wheeler, all this may be proved on oath; Fugill being first examined, there will be sufficient witnesses to prove all the other matter.
The witnesses who heard Fugill affirm all the foregoing against Granger were Fras. Farrington, Thos. Westrow, and Matthias Ryley. [2 pages.]
[Jan. 3.] 7. Petition of Abr. Granger to Major-Gen. Desborow, Admiral at sea, and one of the Admiralty Commissioners. I thank you for your assurance of mercy, and glorify God who has led me to abandon all human help by defence in law, and throw myself on the mercy of one who has so large a share in the government and defence of the Commonwealth. And now, at your command, I present you my abilities to prevent growing evils, and to find out what has already been done to the State's prejudice, whereunto I propound—
1. To be a means to prevent all further sinister practices on the treasuries; and if on trial of my integrity, you give me any further trust, I will show how useful I can be.
2. I will discover all false and counterfeit debentures, so that the bad being thrown out of all doublings and purchasings, the true may be bought and passed, and thus most of the true ones remaining unsold and unpaid in the soldiers' hands will be brought in, and the State acquitted from such vast claims.
3. I will discover all false and counterfeit public faith bills, of which many are passed and doubled upon, and many now in claim, and thus the State will be freed from thousands of false debts.
4. I will endeavour to discover and apprehend the persons concerned therein, some of whom may have estates from which to give satisfaction. I will be just without connivance or favour, and if you will keep my secret, I hope soon to give a good account of my endeavours.
I have a deep sense of my former offences and misspent time, but hope to redeem the time lost. I will consecrate my days to the State's interest, if I may have the least hope of a livelihood, and I will put in security for my fidelity, but all consists in sudden execution. I could satisfy you better if I saw you only in person. [1 page.]
Jan. 5. 8. Petition of Thos. Marshall, collector of customs at Rye, to the Committee of Council to whom his case was referred, for repayment of 31l. 5s. disbursed by him on an Order of Council of August 8th, 1654, and others of older date, for relief of foreign seamen taken by the State's ships, and to be transported to France. [2/3 page.] Annexing.
8. i. Account by Marshall of Frenchmen taken coming from the bank with fish, to whom he has paid 6d. a day, as ordered, during their stay at Rye for passage to Dieppe. Total, 22l. 17s. [1 page. Endorsed with note of an order of 9 Sept. 1658.]
Jan. 5. Council. Day's Proceedings.
Approval by his Highness of four orders presented by Mr. Jessop, of 12 Dec. 1654, and 2 Jan. 1654–5. [I. 75, page 637.]
Jan. 6.
Lambeth House.
9. Robert Manley to Col. Clarke. The sadness of my condition, and my long imprisonment, have caused me to apply to you, and rather because you promised my cousin Manley, the postmaster, and some others, that I should have a speedy hearing. Do not forget those in durance, and especially myself, who am so near my undoing—being a merchant, and living upon my credit—to remain here week by week, and nothing said to me touching debentures (things I have not dealt in these two years, and then to my great loss), neither can any man of integrity or honesty charge me with any falsity therein. Move for a speedy hearing; when I shall disprove my informers, or get liberty on bail, that I may follow my occasions, to avoid perishing myself, and my wife and children.
Being a young man, my creditors come upon me, and if I am not enlarged, they will in time disable me for ever to give satisfaction to any, I being a debtor to the State in 500l., and should have paid it just at my apprehension; besides, the State is yearly the better by me 1000l., and I am therefore no bad Commonwealth man, and this pretence against me not worth a penny. [1 page.]
Jan. 6. 10. Propositions for discovering false debentures, brought in by Mr. Holding, the messenger.
The Registrars' Accountants in Drury House, Worcester House, and Gurney House, to keep distinct registers of all sums doubled by any person, with their names and places of abode; and the public faith bills or debentures upon which every person doubled to be particularly distinguished by the clerks.
Upon vouching of any sum to be doubled, the person doubling carries the register book to the treasurer's clerk, who, on payment of as much money as there was public faith bills or debentures vouched and left with the Registrar's Accountant, makes out to the party doubling a receipt or double bill, which charges the Commonwealth and the securities given by the several Acts and Ordinances of Parliament. So as if A purchase lands value 1,000l. upon delivery of a double bill of 1,000l. to the treasurers, it makes payment of the 1,000l. purchase money.
Now for the better discovery of any fraud, and the authors thereof, by doubling upon false bills or debentures, or forging the same, take the voucher books at the Registrar's Accountant's Office, and see particularly what sums have been doubled, and the person by whom it was done, and call for the bills or debentures which they doubled upon, and examine whether such bills or debentures were their own, or from whence they had them, and what securities were given for making them good.
If the person doubling doubled upon his own public faith bills or debentures, it appears by the treasurer's receipt books that gave the public faith bills, or by the Registry or Commissioner's books that stated and signed the debentures, whether they be true or false.
If the party doubling bought his bills or debentures, it was at his peril if they were nought or false, and therefore fitting he should produce the person of whom he bought them, or their securities, or make them good, if it appears that they were counterfeit; but this may prove a little too severe if care be not taken.
If the person doubling cannot be found out, then search must be made with the treasurers and comptrollers how the double bill has been applied, and by whom, and the purchaser to whom such double bill was assigned must produce the person assigning, if he can; for men are very cautious of buying double bills, unless they know the person they deal with, they being of such great value. And in all these cases, by driving on the business, and causing the person doubling to produce the party from whom he received his bills or debentures, and such person produced to do the like to the first sellers, and their several securities, it will soon be fixed upon the forgers.
For the more effectual doing thereof, if all the bills and debentures be methodically so listed that they may be reduced again without confusion into the several offices, as they are recorded, and the several assignments concerning the same; and if all the public faith bills be sent back to their proper committees, or other authorities by which they were granted, to be compared with their several treasuries and books of receipt, and also all the debentures to the proper Commissioners of the several counties by whom they were stated and signed, it will, at least for the greatest part, easily be distinguished by them which are true and which are false.
Although it would be convenient to make the best use that may be of those known rogues in custody, by getting lists of the persons they have dealt with, and of what bills or debentures they have forged and sold, yet probably, if other means be not used, the greatest defrauders, who are able to supply them with money to support their riot and excess, shall be concealed, and the lesser offenders, or persons unable to make the State satisfaction, shall be discovered by them, and many innocent persons too, if care be not taken, may be utterly undone. For if they who have so grossly cheated the State can so far insinuate with the State's officers as to credit them, such officers, without great circumspection, will be deluded, and rather made the executioners of those villains' malice and revenge upon innocent persons, than instruments of righting the soldiery, whose blood has been a mere prey to those vermin. For there will be neither forgery nor perjury wanting to drive on their sinister ends, rather than cordially make such discoveries as will be to the purpose, and which may be done without them, though the trouble and charge be the greater.
To manage this affair, if there should be a committee of three or four persons of known honesty, and uninterested in buying and selling bills or debentures, or any lands exposed to sale by the State, with as many officers so qualified as could carry on the work, they might soon detect the greatest part of the fraud and the persons offending, and if it produced no other good than to make the offenders and their securities give satisfaction, as far as they are able, and rid the nation of the offenders, it were worth the labour and charge. [3½ pages.]
Jan.? 10a. Petition of Wm. Hamilton, late Captain, to the Admiralty Commissioners. I have been imprisoned nine weeks; my wife cannot help me, being old, sickly, living far off, and forsaken by her customers, because of a scandalous report of the Cavalier party that I have cheated the State of 10,000l., which makes men fearful to be bound for me. I beg release on my own bond in 100l., that my enemies may not exult over me, and gain my credit which is my life. [¾ page.]
Jan. 8.
11. Col. Thos. Kelsey to [Council]. I gave in a caveat against Mr. Bridock, who is presented to Witney in Oxfordshire by Wm. Lenthall, Speaker of Parliament.
1. Upon a complaint of some honest men of Witney that he was a Cavalier, and a dull preacher.
2. I find that he was chaplain to the late Earl of Derby, and was in Latham House, a garrison for the king.
3. He was desired by Dr. Jno. Gurdon to preach at Peter's, Westminster, but Mr. Strong, then preacher there, refused to suffer such a person to preach in his pulpit; afterwards the Governors gave leave, but his preaching of unsound doctrine gave much dissatisfaction, and as Mr. Scobell states, was little less than Popery.
4. He was afterwards sent to Long Molton Parish, Norfolk, but being disliked, Mr. Gurdon wrote Mr. Scobell to prevent his being settled there.
5. Col. Fothergill, M.P., a gentleman of Norfolk, told me that his sermons were stuffed with many sentences out of Grotius and some Jewish Rabbis, and very dull and unprofitable, and that the honest people were much troubled at his being there. The Colonel coming to London made enquiry after him, and found by Thomas Browne, Grocer in Wood Street, that a customer of his living in Warrington, in Lancashire, was taken prisoner, and carried to Latham House, where Bridock was, and Bridock wished the late Earl of Derby to hang him up, saying he was a Puritanical rogue.
6. Bridock has promised that he would never come to settle in Witney without consent of the honest people there, which people are very much troubled at his coming, as appears by a certificate in your hands. All these things I have on information, not knowing the person nor any of the particulars myself, but leave it to your grave consideration. [2 pages.]
Jan. 9. 12. John Langhorne to [Jos. Williamson]. I thank you for the pains bestowed on your scholar; you shall be recompensed at the end of the quarter. I would gladly have him get logic and Greek, wherein I understand you are excellent. The New Testament I could send him, with the Greek and Latin, and as many logic books as are usual abroad. You shall hear from us when the days are longer and the weather fair to pass the seas. [1 page.]
Jan. 9. 13. Examination of Col. White and Abr. Granger, before the Admiralty Commissioners. White says he knows Granger; when Parliament first exposed the estates of Delinquents to sale, White was employed by several persons to buy some of the lands, and purchased to the value of 40,000l. or 50,000l., at which time there were a company of people called bill brokers that frequented Drury House, and had their design upon all purchasers, to take off their bills from them, to double upon the said lands. Amongst the rest were Crane, Turke, Fugill, and Cannon, who solicited examinant to buy bills of them, but he, apprehending danger, refused, and advised his clients rather to purchase upon bills already doubled.
Capt. Kettleton introduced him to Granger, who came to him at the Gun in Sheere Lane, a place of resort by examinant and his clients, and desired his assistance in buying in an annuity of 50l. a year, during the life of one Greene, on lands belonging to Fras. Coventry, pretending that he was a stranger from Holland, and ignorant how to proceed, and promised, upon effecting the business, to give him half. Undertook the business, but upon applying to Fras. Coventry, he found Greene was dead, and nothing further was done therein.
Had several meetings with Granger, who proposed the selling of 2 debentures belonging to 2 soldiers related to a friend of his who had come from Holland, and owed Granger money; was unwilling to deal with him, as he had been under a cloud, but being earnestly importuned by him, said he would go with the 2 soldiers to Drury House, and if the clerks approved them, give as much for the debentures as any other. Granger brought him the soldiers, who delivered the debentures for 130l. and 190l. Took them to Mr. Latimer at Drury House, who thought they were good; notwithstanding, told Granger that the soldiers being strangers, he could only deal on security to save him harmless. This being promised, at Granger's request he gave one of them 40s., in part of the debenture of 190l., as he was to give for it 15d. in the pound. Granger brought an assignment of one of the debentures, and promised security before payment of any more money; wanting the moiety of 140l. to double upon a purchase, Granger brought him an assignment from the other soldier of the greater bill, with a warrant of attorney authorising Granger to seal and deliver it, and to bring a note for the rest of the money due upon the former bill. Doubting the assignment, refused it, unless Granger brought the party with security; delivered the bill to Mr. Latimer, but never proceeded further, nor used any other sum than the moiety of 140l. upon the other debenture, and had no further or other dealing with him.
Confesses he told Granger that he feared he traded in false debentures, and proffered him, if he would confess and leave off, to endeavour to make his peace with some in authority, but he would not listen to it. Granger accuses him because he would not send him money.
Examination of Abr. Granger. Quick came to him with a message from White to meet him, when White proposed a way of getting 800l. out of the country, that was gathered for the excise, knowing one of the clerks of excise who would assist. White said that if he brought any bills alone, he would get them passed; dealt with him for 4 or 5, and White owes him 20l., as he sold several to Mr. Greene. Had several other meetings with White, and twice about the annuity, and White would have received more debentures of him if he had liked to trust him.
White upon re-examination could not deny his meetings with Granger and Quick, but denies the proposal of getting the excise money, or any conference upon such a subject; admits that he became acquainted with Quick at Drury House, and met Granger 4 or 5 times, partly about the annuity, having made 7 or 8 journies before he could meet with Mr. Coventry. Sent Granger 20s. on his earnest importunity, since he has been in prison, but has not had any dealings with him for 22 months. [2¼ pages.]
Jan. 9. 14. Examination of Robert Manley, Merchant, before the Admiralty Commissioners. Knows Joshua Fugill, but has had no dealings with him or any other these two years about debentures. Bought 1,000l. worth, which, being found counterfeit, was forced to make them good. Knew Granger by the name of Gurdon, and bought a debenture of 180l. of him; but never gave less than 1s. or 1s. 6d. in the 1l. for what he bought.
Granger, being called in, affirms that Manley acted with him in putting off several parcels of counterfeited debentures, when he went under the name of Gurdon, and that they had several meetings; and that White paid him 6d. in the 1l. for debentures bought of him.
Also examination of Joshua Fugill. Five years ago, he dealt in false debentures, for which he was imprisoned by the then Council of State, and released on bail, Mr. Lloyd and Clever, a bricklayer in Barbican, being bound for him.
Twelve months since, told Sedgwick, Marsh, and others, that the State had been wronged to the value of 500,000l. by false debentures. Demonstrated the same by petition to Council, who were satisfied of the feasibleness thereof, but did not conceive it a fit season to proceed therein.
As soon as the Protector had accepted the government, a petition was presented to Council by Sedgwick, which produced an order for drawing up an Ordinance for discovery of the cheats; it has since been moved in the House by Mr. Bunckley and Col. Birch, that the books at Drury House, &c., might be secured, and they have told examinant that they would secure them.
Manley had 3,000l. worth of bills and debentures from him which he knew to be counterfeited, and was to sell them for him, and retain ⅓, and the other 2/3 to go to examinant and Granger; but he has only paid him 150l. Greenway and Major Stevens have been with Granger since he was last in Newgate, and Stevens has lately received money from the office of the Navy Treasurer.
Manley, on re-examination, says that he knows nothing of such a division upon sale of debentures as alleged by Fugill; but that most of the bills or debentures that he had put into the offices were returned, and he was fain to make good their value. Fugill acknowledges that 1,500l. worth were returned, but he did not receive any money for them of Manley.
Manley says he paid money for them, and has since demanded it, but could not receive it. He acknowledges he knew the debentures were false, and being asked why he dealt therein, replied that when he was once involved by false ones, and had paid money for making them good, he had reason to help himself thereby.
Being further asked what became of the 1,500l. worth of false debentures, he replied that part of them remain in Drury House, and the rest were burnt. [1¾ pages.]
Jan. 9. 15. Shorthand notes of the preceding examinations. [3½ pages.]
Jan. 10. 16. Abr. Granger to Col. Clarke. I send a list of those persons whom I can charge, with their descriptions and abodes. I have spared none, and if I am found guilty of any connivance, snatch away the mercy shown me. I have no other desire than to prove my integrity, and wipe off the stains of my offences, and to be thought worthy of some employment, that I may gain an honest livelihood, and be made once more a member of the community.
Pray think of my delivery out of the sad death of this lingering imprisonment, which will be my utter ruin. I have lived six weeks on what I have pawned, and must soon fall into misery.
Send for me that I may show a way to prevent falsity by warrants, and secure the treasuries, till further order be taken in forming accounts. [1 page.] Annexing,
16. i. List of persons concerned in counterfeit public faith bills and debentures, with details of their proceedings therein, and of the sums raised thereon:
Mat. Nicolls, Bartlett's Court, Holborn 2,000
Phil. Stephens, Dunghill Lane, Thames St. 3,000
Wm. Crane, Greyhound, nr. Doctors' Commons 1,000
Wm. Brotherton, Raven, Fetter Lane, butnow removed 400
Col. John Jackson, engaged in this sea expedition withCol. Venables
John Walthew, Deptford, nr. Greenwich.
Mrs. Lovell, Gardener's Lane, Westminster.
Capt. Cannon.
Hen. Batson, Shoe Lane, Brewer's Yard.
John Quick, Alley near Cripplegate.
Rich. Hill, near Fulham.
John Chadwick, Bartlett's Court, Holborn.
Col. Geo. Key, Marsgoodin, co. Monmouth.
Peter Gifford, Wotton, co. Bedford.
John Scarrow, near the Piazza, Covent Garden.
Isaac Wilmore, Maidstone, Kent.
John de Boatmore, Frenchman, Axe Yard, King St.
Edw. Aldrich, Gardener's Lane, Westminster.
Edw. Turke, Turk's Head, Moore Lane, or Chiswick St.
Thos. Cotton, White Horse, New Market Place.
Nich. Greenway, address not known, and cannot discover him, being my wife's brother.
Barnes & Stead, often at Turk's Head, Moorfields.
Edw. Herbert & Thomas Thoroughgood, Fenchurch St.
Sam. Edwards, the Soldier, Minories.
Fras. Farrington.
— Paynter is John Granger, my brother, and had a hand in my betraying.
Fugill, Manley, and White, taken.
Col. John White, did live at the Alley in Shoe Lane. Mrs. Lovell and Capt. Cannon have been eminent dealers, and have sold a vast number. I cannot accuse them directly, but Col. Keyes' wife said Mrs. Lovell helped in the vending of some of those that Col. Keyes had of me. Cannon was once at a dinner where were none but those who dealt in these falsities. They should be summoned to give security to answer for their conduct. When I can search the offices of Gurney, Worcester, and Drury Houses, I shall find matter enough against them and others.
There are some of higher note whom I dare not name, because I had no dealing with them; but Hill, Batson, and Fugill had. There was a daily dinner of 7 or 8 of them, and they told me they never passed a bill without 1d. or 2d. in the pound, for their word was "Come, come, you some, and I some."
Greene, who was mostly with them, is registrar accountant at Drury House, and is now worth 20,000l. or 30,000l. Mr. Tandy, examiner at their offices, has grown to a vast estate. Fugill could accuse him. Hill, Fugill, Batson, and Keyes know many more.
The search of the offices will produce a much larger discovery than can now be imagined. I should have advised this search first, and then the persons could have been seized, and their charge produced without controversy. If I may examine the purchases in the offices, I can quickly throw out the false bills, and find what persons there are guilty. Many pretend to this discovery, and expect great profit thereby, but they know much less than I do of these things.—10 Jan. 1654–5. Endorsed, Granger's last information. [9 pages.]
16. ii. Articles between Abr. Granger and Nich. Greenway:
(1.) I, Granger, will not, by word, sign, or token, reveal our transaction or design without your consent.
(2.) I will not act anything without your knowledge and consent.
(3.) I will conceal nothing from you in any matter in which you, or any by your means, have been an instrument for procuring any paper or writing conducing to any design; but you shall have your full proportion of any benefit therefrom.
(4.) I will seduce none of your agents to promote our joint business, but encourage it as far as lies in my power.
(5.) In any profit that may arise I will employ you before any other, if I can do so without prejudice to myself, provided you only meddle with your own share, and accept such share as I allot you, and keep the matter secret, even if I should not again use you in it.
(6.) I will not seduce any persons from holding favour or friendship with you, but encourage them.
(7.) Proviso that as to what I find and prosecute by myself, I only enjoy the profit.
And if I reveal in any way what has passed between us, I hope that I may have no prosperity in this world, and that it may come against me at the last judgment. Endorsed "For Col. Clarke.—This is a copy of articles between Granger and his confederates." [1¼ pages.]
Jan. 10.
Press Yard, Newgate.
17. Jos. Fugill to Col. Clarke. How vile my actions have presented me is plain; but my education from my youth (and until I fell amongst ill company and to this evil way) was amongst the godly, who had great hope of me; for in seven years I was not heard to swear or delight in vain discourse or ungodly actions. But since I fell from this good company, by the inducements of Col. Geo. Keyes, Mr. Granger, and others, I have run into all sorts of vanity; yet God has not cut the thread of my life, but has called after me to turn from my ways; and, as Manoah's wife said to her husband, so say I, If God had an intent to destroy me, he would not have showed me those gracious dispensations of Providence. Though I be at the pit's brink of hell (as, if I believe my ears, I am, it being nothing but oaths and blasphemy on the common side), yet I will go to my Father, and say I have sinned, &c., and it may be the gate of mercy is not yet shut; but I will have no nay, and, with Esther, go to the King, and if I perish, will perish at his feet, and desire your prayers for my poor soul.
Twelve months since, I made known the cheat upon the Commonwealth to divers gentlemen, and Mr. Sedgwick, a Counsellor, prosecuted it, and went to Gen. Desborow; I then desired Mr. Granger to join and assist me in it, but he refused. Last July, when we were in a fair way to gain what was required, viz., a Committee of Inquiry, to find out the fraud of at least 500,000l., Granger came to my lodging and proposed another fraud, which poverty prompted me to accept, but I was taken in it, as he had been blasted before, and I think he did it to prevent my design. I am much troubled that you should lop the boughs, when, if you cut down the tree, the branches fall by consequence. If you appoint some men of trust to seize all the books in Gurney and Worcester House, by comparing them you may find out the fraud; for I can sort out of all sorts, and know herrings from pilchards, and by that track I will go to every man's door. As, for example, Mr. Manley, which, point blank, will be but 1,500l. proved, when by this way I will find out 5,000l., and so of others, which are worth at least 30,000l. or 40,000l., and where it is probable not above 1,000l. can be proved as you proceed.
You promised to send for me, and I am sorry you should be at so much trouble, when, if I had my liberty as Mr. Granger has, I could put you in an easier way; and if I abused it, you might hang me up to the prison door. I will not send away material witnesses, as Granger has done. If he pleases he can give a good discovery of the frauds upon the treasuries; and if he were partial, I could give a good guess.
Rich. Hill, who has been a great cheat in most kinds, told me there was a trade going on to renew leases relating to Crown, Dean and Chapter, and delinquents' lands, and make them of a longer date; I know Granger can take two or ten lines out of any lease, and put in what he pleases, so as the witnesses or any one else would believe it all to be one hand and ink. I hope you will ask him about this; I want none of his help, but desire he does not hinder me. It is true he gives me meat and drink, but I will not sell my birthright for a mess of pottage; and if he were my father I would not spare or wink at him. I know I shall want victuals as soon as I come to justify to his face some of these things. Capt. Dike is his friend. [3 pages.]
Jan. 10. Articles of agreement between Gen. Monk and Thos. Mackenye, laird of Pluscardine, in behalf of Kenneth, Earl of Seaforth:
(1.) The earl and his party to come to a place near Inverness, to be appointed by Col. Fitch, within 30 days, and deliver up their arms, giving him 24 hours' notice.
(2.) The earl to give security in 6,000l., within 30 days after delivering up arms, for his and his clan's peaceable deportment; and those under him who have lands, and his officers, to give security, and the soldiers their engagements to like purpose.
(3.) His house at Ellendolla to be delivered up to be garrisoned by his Highness' forces whenever demanded, and the earl and his security to be bound for its delivery, as well as for his deportment.
(4.) The officers to march away with horses and swords, and the soldiers with horses, which they are to sell in three weeks, and to have passes to their homes. The earl and his clan to have liberty to carry arms for their own defence against broken men and thieves within their own bounds.
(5.) The earl and all his party (except those who have killed men in cold blood) shall enjoy their estates without molestation, any act in the late wars since 1648 notwithstanding, they submitting to the common burdens. Proviso that Alex. Chisholme, of Colmer, Keneth Mackeneth, of Coole, John Mackenye-orde, and Alex. Mackenye are not to have indemnity for their connivance or assistance in any damage sustained by the laird of Fowlis, or his kinsmen, or tenants; but they, their tenants, and servants are to be answerable therefor at a court-martial, and make satisfaction of what shall be judged against them. The Earl of Seaforth; Keneth Mackenye, of Coole; Simon Mackenye, the earl's uncle; John Mackenye, of Apleros, and Thos. Mackenye, of Inverlaoth, are also to give satisfaction, according the judgment of law or a court-martial, to Neale Mackloude, laird of Assin, for damages suffered by them, or their tenants, or servants, unless they can show that the laird sent out supplies to the enemy, in which case he is not to have reparation.
(6.) The earl, and the tenants of his lands in Kintale (so much as is burnt), the lands of Lough-Broome, Stragariff, Strabran, and Stranghannon, which are all burnt and destroyed, to be remitted all their past arrear, till harvest; and for his lands not burned (including Apleros and Corrinwinley) the assess to be remitted to the 1st of this January, from which time they are to pay as others. The half of the arrears of all rents payable by the earl to the Crown, and now due to his Highness, remitted, and the other half, with the growing rents, to be paid.
(7.) All his horsemen who embezzle or conceal their arms to lose the benefit of these articles.
(8.) The money expended, by order from the Trustees for Surveying Delinquents' Estates in Scotland, in the survey of the earl's estate, to be repaid before he enters into possession.
(9.) These articles to be ratified by the Protector or Parliament, if desired, and delivered to the earl within two months. [I. 76, pp. 11–13.] Ratified 7 Feb., 1654–5. Approved 12 Feb. [I. 75, pp. 669–678.]
Jan. 10. Council. Day's Proceedings.
18. 2, 3. The Army Commissioners to issue warrants to the Treasurers-at-war to send 20,000l. to Scotland as pay for the forces there, in such vessel as the Admiralty Commissioners shall think fit, and the said Commissioners to appoint a convenient vessel to receive and transport the money, and deliver it at such place and to such persons as the War Treasurers shall appoint.
4. A warrant advised for payment to John Maidstone of 16,000l., for one quarter's allowance for his Highness's household.
5. The President signed a letter ordered 28 Dec. last, to Thos. Lloyd, high sheriff, and several justices of peace of co. Montgomery, concerning disturbances of the church at Buttington and Poole. [I. 75, pp. 637–8.]
Jan. 11. Note of petition referred 30 June 1654 to the Committee for petitions, of Thos. Stephenson, of York, making proposals in relation to the continuance of some waterworks for defence of the marsh land in Whitgift, county York, from being overflowed. Order thereon in Council on report from the Treasury Commissioners, that as several interests are concerned in the business, the AttorneyGeneral and Serj. Glynn prepare a case for a court of equity, that all the parties may be heard, and a decree made, binding on all. Annexing. [I. 92, No. 120; I. 75, p. 641.]
19. i. Report on which the above Order is founded.—4 Jan. 1654–5. [1 page.]
Jan. 11. 20. Petition of John Blackmore, Major to Gen. Desborow's regiment, to Council. Two troops of the regiment are every night on guard at the Mews; since 1 Nov. they have had 3 bushels of coals and 1lb. of candles each allowed them, but Dan. Wynne, keeper of the Mews, refuses to supply any more without payment of arrears, so that they are in great straits. Begs payment, and provision of what is so necessary to their comfort. [1 page.]
Jan. 11. Order thereon that Wm. Walker state Wynne's arrears, according to the former allowance from the army contingencies, and pay them, allowing a fit provision according to the time of the year for the future. [I. 75, page 641.]
Jan. 11. Council. Day's Proceedings.
4–6. Order on report from the Committee on Kinnersley's petition—by which it appears that the office formerly granted by patent from the King to Wm. Legg is useless,—to advise that Kinnersley be settled as wardrobe keeper, with such salary as his Highness thinks fit, and have Legg's lodgings at Whitehall. Legg to deliver them up in a fortnight. Montague to present the proposals to his Highness. Annexing,
21. i. Report alluded to, on the petition of C. Kinnersleythat by several Orders of Parliament, he remained yeoman of the wardrobe till 1652; did great service in preserving and discovering the late King's goods, and had no allowance from 1642 to 1652, during which time there is due to him, for salary and incidents 5486l. 10s. 10d., of which he has received no partthat it should be allowed him out of frauds or debts concealed, due to the late King, Queen, or Prince.
Also report on the petition of Elizabeth or Cornelia [widow of Etienne or Stephen] Nau [composer and musician on the violins to the late King], that 1,090l. is due to her on his fee of 200l. a year, and that she should receive it from a joint discovery with Mr. Kinnersley. [2 pages.]
21. ii. Certificate by Sir Rob. Pye that 1,150l. is due to Nau.— 1 March 1649–50; and by Thos. Fauconberg that only 60l. has been paid.—18 March 1649–50. [1 page.]
21. iii. Certificate by a servant of Sir Wm. Uvedale, late treasurer of the chamber, that Nau had 42l. 15s. 10d. a year due for wages and livery from his treasury, which has not been paid since Ladyday 1641–2. Also by Thos. Townsend, that a livery of 16l. 2s. 6d. due to Nau for livery from the Great Wardrobe has not been paid since 1639.—5 April 1650. [1 page.]
11. Montague and Strickland added to the Committee on the petition of Ralph Stringer, Minister of Macclesfield, county Chester.
12. The petition of the French Church assembling at Somerset House Chapel, for leave to exercise their trades in Westminster, and for suspension of proceedings in respect thereof; also a letter from the Council of State of Sept. 6, 1653, referred to Sydenham, Jones, and Montague, who are to call both parties before them, consult the consel learned, and report. [I. 75, pp. 640–2.]
Jan. 11. Rules, directions, and bye-laws made by the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London for regulation of hackney coachmen.
That 13 overseers be appointed and sworn according to form given below.
That Benjamin Francis and 12 others named be the first overseers, to continue till Dec. 25, 1655, or until others be appointed to take their place, provided they have not been displaced by the Aldermen.
That at the first yearly Court of Aldermen held after Dec. 25, seven of the 13 overseers be removed, if, before that date, the 13 have nominated to the said court 13 new persons fit to be overseers of the fellowship, out of whom the court shall chose seven to be overseers with the six that remain, for the year next following.
That if any overseers die or be removed, those remaining nominate to the Court of Aldermen double the number of vacancies, within 20 days from the places becoming vacant, from whom the court shall chose new overseers.
That if any man chosen refuse to act, he shall pay, within 14 days after refusal, 6l. 13s. 4d., to be used as hereafter expressed.
That all overseers having undertaken duty and neglected it, shall, for each offence proved, pay a fine of 10s.
That they meet at some convenient place within the walls, to advise on the affairs committed to them.
That besides the 40s. to be paid by every person on his first admittance to keep a hackney coach, each shall pay 2s. 6d. quarterly for every pair of horses, towards defraying the charges of the fellowship, on pain of dismissal.
To prevent further strife about the hire of coaches, no persons are to take more than the following fares:—Coach, carouche, or chariot with four horses, 20s. a day, to travel 30 miles a day, between 25 March and 20 Oct., and 25 between Oct. and March, within 60 miles compass of London every way, except in Surrey, where the road is hardest, and where a separate agreement must be made. If the coach rests, 10s. a day is to be paid. Coaches with two horses are to charge 10s. a day, travel 20 or 15 miles a day, and charge 6s. 8d. for days of rest. The fare for places within 6 miles of the lines of communication is to be 12d. a mile and 12d. an hour attendance, if kept waiting beyond the hour. Fares for three persons or under,—
s. d.
Old Exchange, Cornhill, to Westminster 1 6
" " Temple Bar or Gray's Inn 1 0
Guildhall " " 1 0
" Whitechapel 1 0
Temple Bar, Gray's Inn, to Westminster 1 0
" " Whitechapel 1 6
Westminster " 2 0
Any refusing this pay, or refusing to be hired, or being uncivil, to be fined 10s. the first offence, 20s. the second, and for the third dismissed.
To avoid pestering the streets, only 10 coaches are to stand at the Old Exchange, 5 on each side the conduit, the drivers not to leave their coaches, and to take care not to offend passers by.
2 coaches to stand at Guildhall.
8 in Paul's Churchyard.
10 in Smithfield.
8 in Aldersgate Street.
10 between Fleet Conduit and Dunstan's Church.
8 thence to Temple Bar.
6 in Chancery Lane.
10 from Savoy to the New Exchange.
6 at Charing Cross.
8 at Whitehall.
20 from the West end of St. Clement's to Exeter House.
20 in Holborn.
12 in St. Martin's Lane.
12 in Bishopsgate Street. At Westminster, Long Acre, and Covent Garden, as occasion serves. Offenders against this rule to be fined 2s. 6d. each offence.
The overseers are to view the coaches and horses four times a year, and see that they are fit for use and in good repair. Any refusing inspection to be fined 5s. the first offence, 10s. the second, and dismissed the third.
No coaches to be gilded or bear the escutcheon of any person of honour, under penalty of 5l., but to have the City arms on the cross piece behind.
The widow of a deceased hackney coachman may continue to hire out the coach and horses, observing the rules.
Any person keeping coaches for hire, without consent of the Court of Aldermen, to be fined 20s. the first offence, and 4l. afterwards, but as many persons have coaches above the said numbers, and cannot speedily—[Imperfect, I. 75, pp. 643–6.] Including,
i. Oath of the fellowship of hackney coachmen to keep all the said rules, to see that the coachmen behave well and treat the people honestly, according to their rules, and to bring offenders to punishment, without favour or displeasure. [I. 75, p. 643.]
Jan. 11.
Pres. Lawrence to Col. John Berkstead, Lieutenant of the Tower. On Order in Council of 10 Jan., you are to allow John, Lord Leslie, Earl of Rothes, to remain at or about Newcastle for three months, from 18 Jan., on his private affairs, he renewing his security, which you are to take yourself. You are also to take order that he give security before the Mayor of Newcastle, to whom you are to send a draft of the bond, that he may receive the security and send it you. [I. 112, p. 80. I. 75, p. 637.]
Jan. 11. 22. A. Granger to Robt. Blackborne. Major Philip Stephens, who is down in my list, having appointed my man to meet him this evening at 4 p.m., I desire a warrant and a messenger to be sent down with my man, that he may be taken, as he begins to smell some danger, and may be gone. Whenever any of the guilty send to me, I shall keep them in fair correspondence, till I can give notice of their being at a certain place where they can be taken, but the parties taken must not know this. I should have a warrant to stay any that come to me, as I cannot do it unless I have order sufficient to defend myself against common law after they are loose again.
I caused the turnkey to seize Farrington's wife, but she has so threatened him with what she will do, that he will not assist me any more if any should come, as I could get no order further to charge her.
I desire their honours would command me before them to-morrow, as I fear Barnes and Stead, mentioned in my list, may be at some contrivance upon the Treasuries, and I would direct something to the security of the said banks, by which means some attempting may be taken. [1 page.]
Jan. 13.
23. Josh. Fugill to Col. Clarke, Whitehall. If I had not taken Mr. Granger, he had never been taken, and this I could not have done if I had not made my escape, and put in a charge against him and his brothers, Nich. Greenway, and John Granger, also John and Thomas Cotton, Major Stephens and Major Bishop, with divers others whom I knew to be his most bosom friends and trotters, and would have been the most material witnesses in discovery, as likewise about the Treasuries; but Granger, through his freedom, has sent most of them away, and corresponds with some of them still, for Major Stephens was with him last Wednesday to hear and carry news, he and I being before you on Tuesday. Before and after my escape, I prosecuted this discovery at great charge, and though advised, did not leave England, but took Granger, who only is able to discover the fraud of the Treasury; if he and Major Stephens will, they can tell you of the trade they had to get pensions for widows whose husbands served against the State. There are grand ones whom you trust whom Granger can peach; I know Newton and Jno. Wallthew, belonging to Guildhall Treasury; you know whether he has peached them or not.
I propound a way infallible and easy to find out the frauds; if Granger would be as faithful as he is knowing of the cheat put upon all the Treasuries, and as I will be in this other of debentures, it would be well for the Commonwealth that he is taken; but I have no hopes of him, since I see no change at all in him. To hear how little he values to forswear himself would make your flesh tremble, but he says the State taught him to swear and forswear, and he cannot forget it, that being a true character of a politician; sitting up at cards until 2 to 6 o'clock on the Lord's day morning is but small signs of repentance.
When Granger perceived he could not keep me close any longer, he caused me to be turned to the other side, where I must pay 3s. 6d. a week, or be turned to the other side amongst thieves and murderers, which will be 7 days hence, if not prevented by death or your charity. Since I came over, I have neither eaten nor drunk, neither will any friend relieve me, and I have not one penny or anything to sell or pawn to get 6d., but God is able to deliver me from famine and all other miseries, when he has done his work, and to bring me comfort by an unexpected way. I beseech that my soul may be precious in your sight, and that Satan may not tempt me for mere necessity to take bribes, and so wrong my conscience; but grant me some relief by liberty or employment, or in any other way, as I had rather creep upon my hands and feet to earn my living than starve. [1 page.] Enclosing,
23.. i. Directions by Fugill for making a full discovery of false debentures and public faith bills.
1. To search all books in Gurney, Worcester, and Drury Houses.
2. Three or four gentleman of known integrity to be appointed to search them as they are entered alphabetically.
3. To send for all alphabetical lists which have come out of the country for examination.
You will find all or most of the bills which are passed at Gurney House are likewise sold and passed at Worcester and Drury Houses.
You will also find 50 or 60 Captains and proportionably Lieut.-Colonels, Ensigns, and Quartermasters, under one Colonel, and at one and the same time, when there were no such men living; as for example, Col. Booth, of Cheshire, had 4 regiments of horse passed under him, when he never had but one troop for his guard.
You will find men of vast estates concerned in this business, and officers of trust guilty of many thousands, and yet the way you now go will quit most, if not all of them, except they confess; for what is it to prove 1,000l. against a man that has got 20,000l. or 30,000l. by this fraud? and some are found and upon record (and now entrusted) deep in this cheat.
When you have found out all this fraud (and if I be with those that search, I shall leave none behind), you may deal with those that have ignorantly erred according to your wisdom, and with the guilty as you please; besides, you will see half the debts claimed at Worcester House will be paid in course, and the claimers amerced. Consider my care and danger in taking Granger, and about this discovery for the last 12 months. When I first began, I entreated Granger to turn with me, but he refused; although I be vile, I beseech you to be merciful, and let me not famish in this prison, which is next hell for cursing, swearing, and blaspheming.—Jan. 13, 1654–5. [1 page.]
Jan. 13/23.
The George, Leghorn Road.
23a. Receipt by Gen. Rob. Blake of 50 barrels of powder, 389 bar shot, 2 cables, and 2 anchors, for the fleet under his command, from Chas. Longland. [Scrap.]
Jan. 15. 24. Robt. Manley to Col. Clarke. Be pleased to consider my business, and let me know the utmost of my charge touching debentures, and I will give satisfaction; if it cannot be suddenly determined, grant me liberty on bail, that I may follow my business. This imprisonment has so abashed me that I could with a good will depart my country with my wife and children, being once proffered reasonable employment. It is not with a merchant as with these fellows that build their fortunes upon other men's ruin, and I am confident no man in the world has cause to blame me in my transactions. [1 page.] Enclosing,
24. i. Names and addresses of 6 persons proposed as bail for Robt. Manley, of St. Swithin's Lane, London, merchant. [½ page.]
Jan. 15.
25. Warrant signed by the Protector to the Admiralty Commissioners to add 30l. to the value of the medal appointed for Gen. Penn. [2/3 page.]
Jan. 16.
Dover Castle.
26. Thos. Reader to Thos. Kelsey, Lieutenant of the Castle. The shot, ammunition, &c., being almost spent, I want a supply, by Thos. Kite, now in London; as also 20 or 30 qrs. of wheat. What shall I do with the platforms, now empty by removal of the brass ordnance? Are we to have new guns, or take some from other parts of the castle, or Mote's bulwark? If I do not misgive the faces and carriage of the Malignants, storms are rising, and they are only waiting an opportunity to imbrue their hands in blood. No place in England, next to London, would be sooner attempted by them than this, considering the nearness of France, and who they are. [1 page.]
Jan. 17. 27. Robt. Manley to General Jno. Desborow. Being a prisoner at Lambeth House on account of debentures, I entreat your help to my enlargement on bail, as the matter is not to be determined till others are apprehended. These debentures have been unhappy commodities to me, as I have lost more than 300l. by them already, and the imprisonment has been more than an ordinary affliction and discredit to me, insomuch that I should be very happy to receive some foreign or domestic employment, in which I should be very faithful, and able to procure good testimony of my demeanour in all points (except in this base thing, which I am much ashamed of), and many friends would be obliged for my fidelity. I doubt whether I shall ever be able to repair my credit as a merchant, which is much to my grief, having been bred to it. If I dared I would beg pardon for this offence, being drawn into it during the war with the Dutch, when we could not exercise our calling. [1 page.]
Jan. 20.
St. Ives.
28. And. Duke to Capt. John Pearce, at Mr. Chamberlain's, the Maiden Head, Cannon Street. Doubting whether all things will fall out according to expectation, I want to know what you are doing about my clothes. If not forwarded, send them to Mrs. Couch's at Truro. Mrs. Couch's lamp should be a grey or red colour. If the 10l. is paid in, I will receive it from Mr. Purefoy. [¾ page.]
Jan. ? 29. And. Duke to Capt. John Pearce. Thanks for favours. I did not get your letter sent by the carrier. I received all I asked except a marginal Bible, which I much need. If you want the 10l. use it, and repay me when you come; if not, pay it to John Purefoy or Major Ceely. I asked Purefoy to buy me a pair of the smallest spurs, called rippers. [¾ page.]
Jan. 23. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order by his Highness and Council that next Friday be set apart for their seeking of God. Mr. Lockyer, Mr. Carill, Mr. Benn, and Mr. Sterry, to be desired to give their assistance.
2. Col. Goffe, Lieut.-Col. White, Major Heane, also Capt. Blackwell, and Capt. Deane, the Treasurers-at-war, to attend Council at 9 a.m. to-morrow.
3. Lisle, Strickland, and Wolsley to be Commissioners to treat with the Genoese Ambassador.
4. The Treasurers-at-war to pay to Frost, for Council's contingencies, 4,000l. returned from Portsmouth, being part of 17,000l. sent thither out of the 30,000l. set apart for payment of the forces intended for a special service, to be issued on warrants from Gen. Desborow. [I. 75, p. 647.]
Jan. 23.
Navy Office.
30. Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Commissioners. We have forwarded your orders and instructions to the commanders of the Recovery, William, Edward, and Morning Star, and are anxious for their dispatch; but we think them ambiguous, and likely to cause some doubt. In your last clause, they were, on their arrival there, to follow such orders as they should receive from the Governor of Barbadoes, in case Gen. Penn had sailed. Now according to our orders, we have absolutely contracted with the owners of the ships for their discharge there within a certain number of days after their arrival. As to the safety of sending them severally, we certify that they carry from 16 to 20 pieces of ordnance each, and from 20 to 30 men. [1 page.] Annexing,
30. i. Instructions by the Protector to Capt. Thos. Bennett, of the Morning Star. You are to sail out of the Thames, taking the William, Edward, and Recovery, laden with provisions for our service, and direct your course for Barbadoes. If you overtake the Fleet under General Penn, fall in with him, and pursue his instructions. If not, come up with the Fleet on arriving at Barbadoes, and apply to Gen. Penn, or in his absence, to Dan. Serle, the governor there, for orders. If you meet the Little or Great Charity on the way, proceed under their convoy, and observe the directions of the commander of the Great Charity.—Whitehall, 15 Jan. 1654–5. [1¾ pages.]
Jan. 24. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Sydenham, Montague, Lambert, and Desborow to withdraw and speak with the Treasurers-at-War, now attending without, on the business on which they came.
4. On information that the Stork, laden with pipe-staves, was cast away near Beechy, Sussex, on her way from Jersey to London, all persons concerned are to assist And. Bolt and And. Debenham to secure the pipe-staves for the use of the navy, and to return to them any that have been taken away.
5. The former Treasurers-at-war, viz., Sir John Wollaston, Ald. Thos. Andrews, Francis Allen, & Ald. Dethick, to attend the Committee appointed to speak with them to-morrow, which Committee is to endeavour to settle the matter reported on to-day, and to report further.
6. To advise that the Treasury Commissioners be authorized to pay the Treasurers-at-war 25,000l. imprest towards one month's pay for the forces of this nation.
8. Fiennes, Lord Lisle, and Mulgrave to speak with Sir Job. Harvey, Mr. Hodges, and Hen. Robinson, about the debt anciently contracted by M. Cezy, French Ambassador at Constantinople. [I. 75, pp. 648–649.]
Jan. 25. 31. Petition of Col. Simon Thelwall to the Protector, for payment of 800l. public money, in the hands of a person known to him, in part of his arrears, as colonel of horse in Wales; and for order to the Committee of Accounts at Worcester House to pass the remainder of his arrears into bills within the security of the army, according to the powers given for those in service in 1649; being an M.P., and in service when the supernumerary forces were disbanded, omitted to pass his accounts in the ordinary course. With reference thereon to Council, 1 Jan. 1654–5. [½ page.]
Jan. 25. Reference thereon by Council to Lambert, Jones, Mulgrave, Pickering, Wolsley, Desborow, and Montague, to advise with the Commissioners of the Great Seal, and the counsel learned, as to whether Council can do anything therein, and to report. [I. 75. p. 650, see 27 April 1655.]
Jan 25. 32. Petition of John Manley, Postmaster-General, to Council. Having the management of all letters, I sent the mail last Sabbath, 21 January, to the several roads; but the post who carried the mail from London to Barnet was servant to Capt. Charteres, and on his return was stayed, and his horse detained by the constable of Highgate, on direction from Ald. Ireton. To him I applied, and he says that as I am not a justice of peace, I ought to pay 10s. for the offence, and he detains my horse. I beg relief, and an order to all justices not in future to interrupt me in the public service. [1 page.]
Jan. 25. Order thereon that the constable be required to deliver the horse to Capt. Charteres. [I. 76, p. 650.]
Jan. 25. 33. Petition of Katherine, wife of Benj. Holman, mariner of Dover, to the Protector. Her husband was employed on board the General's own ship, and behaved very well. Being commander of a privateer, he met a hoy of Oldenburg, who said they were of Amsterdam, and laying aboard it, some of his company, unknown to him, plundered a trunk belonging to the Duke of Oldenburg, who had permission to come to England. Though he ordered it to be restored, he is sued in the Admiralty Court, to his utter ruin, for he cannot show his head, and maintain her and 3 small children. Begs an order to Dr. Walker for stay of prosecution, and his discharge. With reference thereon to Council, 5 Sept. 1654. [1 page.] Annexing,
33. i. Certificate by Edw. Prescott, Mayor, and 5 others of Dover, to the services of Holman in getting together seamen, and serving in engagements against the Dutch, and to the statements of the petition. Dover, 11 July 1654. [2/3 page.]
Jan. 25. 34. Reference thereon in Council to Dr. Walker to report. [½ page. Also I. 75, p. 654.] Annexing,
34. i. Report of Dr. Wal. Walker. The young Count of Oldenburg complaining to his Highness that an English privateer had seized a vessel coming with a present of horses from the old Count of Oldenburg to his Highness, spoiled 2 of the horses, and pillaged the young Count's trunk of clothes, and his servants, though they had a pass and safe conduct, his Highness ordered me to prosecute the offenders severely in the Admiralty Court. I prosecuted Holman thereon, but releasing him on his word, he escaped, and has never appeared again, though proclamation was issued against him. The trunk was found in his house, and has been delivered entire to the young Count. On Holman's default, I have summoned the owners, who have paid 110l. damages, for the losses of the Count's men. Also, on the Count's request, I have issued criminal process against Holman, but he is not to be met with. I refer it to you whether prosecution should proceed after restitution. [¾ page.]
[Jan. 25.] 35. Petition of Lady Marg. Levingston to the Protector. On my petition with that of others, you ordered me 20s. a week from Council's contingencies, till the beginning of this January, which has prevented my perishing from famine, but for 2 weeks I have received nothing. Pray renew the order for the weekly pension, that I may have bread for the few days I have to live being very aged. [1 page.]
[Jan. 25.] 36. Like request to Council. I am more than 84; I have not bread, except from my pension, am sick, and much in debt. The Shunamite widow, in the 7 years' famine, found favour among the Philistines, but amongst God's own people, I can get neither food nor raiment. I beg God to move your hearts, that we may not starve. [2/3 page, holograph.]
Jan. 25. Order on the petition of Lady Marg. Levingston and others [see 2 Jan. supra], for continuance of the 4l. a week allowed them; the Treasury Commissioners to consider the best way of payment out of the Exchequer, for so long as his Highness thinks fit, and to report. [I. 75, pp. 655–6.]
Jan. 25. Note of a petition, referred to the Committee for Petitions, of Sam. Lever & Co., setters forth of the Bonadventure, complaining that having taken the Dutch ship Patience, by virtue of an Admiralty Commission in the late war, and being forced by weather into Ostend, she was there seized, and is detained, though condemned in the Admiralty Court here as lawful prize. [I. 92, No. 154.]
Jan. 25. Orders thereon in Council, 15 Nov. 1654 and 25 Jan. 1654–5, to request his Highness to write to the Governor of Flanders or Ostend, to direct his Admiralty Judges to restore the ship and lading, and pay costs and damages, enclosing a copy of the condemnation in the Admiralty Court. [I. 75, pp. 601, 655.]
Jan. 25. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1, 2. Order on report from the Committee appointed to consider of fit rooms for the Admiralty Commissioners, instead of those they now use at Whitehall, that the offer of Derby House for one year at 100l. be adopted, and that Mr. Embree, the surveyor, receive the same into his possession, and receive and pay to Hen. Martin 100l. for the year's rent.
3, 4. Embree to fit the house for the Admiralty Commissioners, and the Committee for Approbation of Public Preachers; and at the end of one year's possession, the house to be returned to Mr. Martin; Embree to give security, which Council will make good to him.
8. The two persons apprehended for endeavouring to cheat with a counterfeit bill of exchange from Ireland, now in custody of the guard attending the Treasury at Guildhall, to be committed to Serjeant Dendy till they have been examined, and Dendy to attend the Treasury Commissioners with them this afternoon to be examined.
9. The order of Saturday for payment of 4,000l. to Council's contingencies, and that of yesterday for payment of 25,000l. to the Treasurers-at-war, for payment of the forces in England, annulled.
10. 35,000l. to be paid to the Treasurers-at-war for the forces, and to be received as follows:—
To be lent by Wollaston and the late Treasurersat-war out of the 150,000l. appointed for the arrears of Scotland 12,000
In hand, being part of the 30,000l. appointed for special service 4,000
From the assignations for the Navy 12,000
From " for forces in Scotland and Ireland 7,000
The last two sums to be repaid.
12. His Highness to be advised to issue a warrant to the Treasury Commissioners for repayment of the said 12,000l. to the late Treasurers-at-war.
13. Also to the Army Committee to authorize Blackwell and Deane, present Treasurers-at-war, to pay the 4,000l.
14. Also to the Treasury Commissioners to repay to Blackwell and Deane the 12,000l., and 7,000l. lent for the present service.
15. Order that the Army Committee issue warrants to the Treasurers-at-war to pay the forces accordingly; and if the moneys ordered do not come in timely for a present supply, they are to authorize the said Treasurers to pay the forces from any moneys in hand (though otherwise assigned), and reimburse themselves out of moneys to be brought in.
16. His Highness to be advised to issue patents to Blackwell and Deane to receive the 12,000l. from the late Treasurers-at-war, and the 19,000l. from the Exchequer, and pay it for the Army, on warrants from the Army Committee.
18. Also to issue warrants to the Treasury Commissioners to pay 4,000l. to Frost for Council's contingencies.
19. Also to pay 178l. 3s. 6d. to Clement Kinnersley, for furnishing the Parliament house and adjoining rooms, on a bill certified by Serj. Birkhead.
23. On petition of—Mico, and other merchants of London, his Highness to be advised to recommend M. de Bordeaux, French Ambassador, to obtain justice for the petitioner. [I. 75, pp. 649–56.]
Jan. 25.
The Council to the late Treasurers-at-war. The pressing occasion of money for pay of the forces, and to prevent free quarter, invite us to use some of the public cash not at present necessary. In your late account to the Army Committee, there is a large sum in hand (part of 150,000l. appointed by Act of 7 April 1652, for the arrears of the forces in Scotland from 20 May 1650, to 20 Oct. 1651), and Council advise that the Protector issue a warrant under the Great Seal to the Treasury Commissioners, to repay you in three months, or sooner, if need be, 12,000l. You are therefore to pay this sum to the present Treasurers-at-war, Blackwell and Deane, and this shall be your acquittance. [I. 75, p. 651. I. 105, p. 130.]
Jan. 26. 37. A. Granger to Lord-Adm. Jno. Desborow. I have attended the [Admiralty] Commissioners five or six times, but you being absent, I did not apply [for bail], but sent the papers you demanded to Mr. Blackborne. I have in every particular, and to the utmost of my ability, striven to give all satisfaction required, and have dealt in all singleness of heart, freely and ingenuously; considering the great service I shall be able to perform, with the ruin attending a chargeable and tedious imprisonment, having pawned all the apparel I had, and if longer continued here, must be turned into the common gaol, I beseech you to order that I shall put in sufficient bail, which will render me as safe and as much a prisoner as I am now, only that thereby I shall be enabled freely to pursue what I have begun, and to attend you upon all opportunities for the public good, and be delivered from what is worse than death, and I, my wife, and miserable family will ever feel bound for these favours. [1 page.]
Jan. 29. 38, 39. Petition of 400 citizens and inhabitants of the Hague to the Protector.
1. They have provided the Queen of Bohemia's Court with all necessaries.
2. At first they received some moneys from Parliament, and were thus encouraged to continue the delivery.
3. They solely relied on the Orders of Parliament of 22 June 1643, 5 March 1644–5, 20 April 1646, and 22 April 1647.
4. She approved the provisions thus made for her, and they never doubted payment. She is now delaying her departure into Germany till she sees them paid, many of them being widows and orphans, and all extreme sufferers by these bad times. Beg payment on the said Acts. [2 copies.] Annexing,
39. i., ii. Abstract by Sir Abr. Williams of the accounts of the Queen of Bohemia. The arrears due to her by the ordinances of Parliament are,—
From 1642 to 8 May 1649, 100,969l. 3s. 4d.
From thence to 8 May 1653, 48,000l.
The receipts meantime have been only 13,275l. With the several Orders of Parliament alluded to. [2 copies, 9 pp. each.]
Jan. 29. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The draft of a warrant authorising John Embree to enter any ground necessary for scouring and cleansing the drains, and repairing the pipes conveying water to Whitehall read, and to be signed.
2. Rous, Skippon, and Pickering, to advise with Serjeant Glynn, and the Attorney and Solicitor-General, on the articles against Mr. Ackhurst, to consider how far he may be proceeded against upon the Ordinance of 2 May 1648, and to report.
3. A warrant not to be issued to permit Don Francisco Romaro Villaquizun, Envoy from Archduke Leopold, to transport six mares, now at Dover, to Flanders.
4. Liberty not to be granted to the Viceroy of Norway to transport six horses beyond seas.
5. Order on report from the Treasury Commissioners, on a counterfeit bill of exchange pretended to be sent from Ireland, and on the examination of Wm. Broome (alias John Lawrence), and of John Philpott, that the Attorney-General and the Treasury Commissioners consider what should be done with them, and report.
6. Desborow, Lambert, Lisle, Sydenham, and Montague, to consider this afternoon the business of money for pay of the forces, and to offer to Council to-morrow morning what should be done, that Council may proceed to debate, and to send for and consult with whom they please.
7. 40. Desborow and the rest of the Admiralty Commissioners to consider of some fit merchants and others to be a Trade Committee, and to present 24 names to Council.
8. Desborow, Lisle, Lambert, Montague, and Sydenham to advise with the counsel at law on the paper presented for discovery of frauds in debentures, and to report. Desborow to take care hereof.
Jan. 30. 41. Petition of Dame Marg. Hungerford to the Protector. I had a warrant for payment of a public debt [see 31 March 1654], which is frustrate by translation of moneys into the Exchequer. You said the thing was just, and should be discharged without delay, yet on account of great affairs in agitation, I have forborne to trouble you till now; but my indemnity for this money is expired, and execution will be had against me this term. I beg a warrant to the Treasury Commissioners for payment, and indemnity from distress. [1 page.] Annexing,
41. i. Warrant of Council to Fauconberg to pay her 800l., 5 April 1654. With note by him that no money has been paid thereon. [Copy, 1 page.]
Jan. 30. Order on the question being put whether his Highness should be advised to issue a warrant for the said 800l., negativing the same. [I. 75, p. 658.]
[Jan. 30.] 42. Petition of the inhabitants of Leconfield, East Riding, co. York, to the Protector, for an allowance for their present minister, Wm. Memprice, and his successors, out of the revenue for preaching ministers, or otherwise. The parish is large, and the clear profits to Walter Crompton, impropriator, only 40l. a year, as that they had no powerful preaching till Mr. Memprice came. 48 signatures, of which 24 are by mark. [1 sheet.]
Jan. 30. 43. Like petition to the Trustees for maintenance of preaching ministers. [1 sheet.]
Jan. 30. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. The Army Committee to issue warrants to the Treasurers-atwar for payment of 800 soldiers, added by his Highness' warrants of 20 and 25 Dec. last to the regiments of Col. John Berkstead, and of the officers of the two new companies added, and to continue the same upon the army establishment. [I. 75, pp. 658–9.]
Jan. 31. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. Lambert, Sydenham, Fiennes, and Montague, to consider the best way to issue the Council's contingency moneys, and report.
3. Serjeant Birkenhead to deliver to C. Kinnersley all such hangings and other goods belonging to the State, as were lately employed in furnishing the Parliament House.
4. All reports made by Committees to Council shall in future first be put into writing and signed.
44. 5. The Admiralty Commissioners to treat with persons in London for purchase of horse arms as cheap as possible, and to report the quantities and rates.
6. An order for an assessment read, and on debate recommitted to the same Committee, to whom Fiennes is added.
7. The petition of Henry Whalley referred to Gen. Desborow, to confer with Sam. Desborow and Col. Lockhart, and report.
12. A warrant not to be issued to Sir Rob. Pye to transport 3 horses beyond seas. [I. 75, pp. 659–61.]
Jan. Note of a petition referred to the Committee for Petitions, 17 Aug. 1654, of Wm. Pennoyer, a sufferer in Scotland, 12 years since, for a great sum; an appeal was made to the dissolved Parliament, and persons appointed for hearing. [I. 92, No. 224.]
Jan. ? 45. Petition of Lawrence Gillingham and Jos. Artis, yeomen, of near Bungay, Suffolk, to the Protector. Being dealers in timber in Suffolk and Norfolk, have long served Great Yarmouth for piles for the haven and for ship timbers, of such size that they require 5 or 6 horses to draw one piece to the waterside, and 8 or 9 if the roads are up hill or miry. Are therefore much prejudiced by an Ordinance [for highways] that not more than 5 horses are to be used on any wagon, and the building of great ships at Yarmouth is hindered. Beg that as a later order makes an exception in favour of ordnance, timber, or artillery for the army, the like liberty may be granted to them, only for pieces which cannot be cut in sunder. With request in their favour by 10 shipbuilders of Great Yarmouth. 12 signatures. [1 page.]
Jan. ? 46. Abr. Hyet or Hiatt, Master of the Seafortune, to the Admiralty Commissioners. In a late voyage to Bordeaux, I was entering the river of Bloye [Blaye ?], when I was surprized and taken from my ship by command of the Duc de St. Simon, governor of the castle, and there detained prisoner several days, and the ship plundered by his officers. I was then brought before the governor, who demanded 1,000 livres tournois, and other sums, which I was obliged to give the Popish priests, 1,600 livres in all, to obtain which I had to borrow from the English at Bordeaux, or I must have perished there.
The reason assigned for this tyrannical action was that I had not saluted his castle in passing; I can prove that I and my gunner were ready to fire, but we were prevented by the pilot, who said the governor little regarded that ceremony.
In my voyage homewards I lost both ship and goods, because the French had detained my tackle and ammunition. I beg satisfaction, and assistance for my future maintenance. [2/3 page.]
Jan. ? 47. Petition of John Samyne, powder maker, to the Admiralty Commissioners. When the State greatly needed powder, spent 2,000l. in erecting 4 new mills to make 80 barrels a week, paying 200l. a year rent for them, besides 3 other mills in which he made 50 barrels weekly, which cost 2,000l. more. Also by command from his Highness and Council, undertook to make saltpetre in cos. Suffolk, Norfolk, and Cambridge, enough for 12 barrels of powder weekly, and has lost 700l. by the contract.
Has been ill 10 months with his labours, has had 5 mills blown up, and is in danger of prison, 2,000l. arrears being due to him from the State for powder.
Warranted his powder to last 2 years, except that made from Hamburg, or old powder, which he could not warrant. Has now provided 187 barrels for the fleet, but some of it is reported defective. Begs a fair trial; also that they will take his overplus powder on hand, according to contract, and pay his arrears, or he must be cast into prison. [1 page, damaged.]
Jan. ? 48. Copy of the above, one clause omitted. [¾ page.]
Jan. ? 49. Propositions of John Samyne, powder maker, to the Admiralty Commissioners. To convert the saltpetre in the Tower into an equal quantity of Tower proof powder. To repair decayed powder so as to stand 2 years, at 14s. a barrel, the State allowing 21 barrels to the score as before. Begs constant work as promised, having lost much by his contract for English petre, and being at great charge in erecting powder mills. [¾ page.]
Jan. ? 50. Petition of Wm. Wyche, agent for Vincent Randyll, Geo. Duncumbe, and John Woodroff, masters of the powder works at Chilworth, near Guildford, Surrey, to the Admiralty Commissioners. I attended yesterday on your summons, about some Hamburg powder delivered in and repaired; but my contract was by direction of my employers, and if there be any defect, it concerns them and not me; they received the debentures. [¾ page.]
Jan. ? 51. Petition of Capt. John Tottey to the Admiralty Commissioners. I was sent by Giles Vandeput, merchant of London, to Nantes, and thence to go to Barbadoes and back. The French and Dutch merchants at Nantes received my goods, re-laded my ship for Barbadoes, and begged me to come into the town with my sailmaker, and choose canvas for a new set of sails, mine being old, and they would pay for them; on my coming, the merchants seized and imprisoned me, kept my boat and 12 men in custody, and bade me deliver them the ship, saying they ordered Vandeput to buy it for them, giving him 200l. as reward. I refused; they said they would take it by force, and hang me if any one suffered in seizing it. I said I would rather be hanged than betray my trust, and leave a gallant ship with 28 guns there, where they daily send forth men-of-war to damage us.
They then went to the ship, took it by surprise, throwing some men overboard, and turning the rest ashore without their clothes and goods, and then they released me, and bade me go where I would, as they had taken the ship which Vandeput had bought for them; they detaining my money, plate, and goods, value 300l.
I protested before the Admiralty Court in Nantes against Mr. Vandeput. They, hearing of this, tried to seize me, but I escaped, and after hiding 3 days, got to Burnife, whence an English ship brought me to Plymouth. I see my company have lost 500l., and I am bound to Vandeput in 2,500l. for the return of the ship. I beg release from these bonds, and satisfaction for damages. [1 sheet.]
Jan. ? 52. Petition of Rich. Billiard, mariner, to the Admiralty Commissioners. Was hired pilot by Capt. Tottey last May, to take the above ship to Nantes, and when it was seized by the merchants, was obliged to go aboard a Fowey bark to get home, and was taken by 3 Irish men-of-war. Begs them to force Tottey to pay him for his time and pains. [½ page.]