Volume 99: July 1655

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1881.

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'Volume 99: July 1655', in Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655, (London, 1881) pp. 223-267. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/domestic/interregnum/1655/pp223-267 [accessed 12 April 2024]


July 1655

July 2.
Custom House.
1. Customs' Commissioners to Secretary Thurloe. We enclose a remonstrance to his Highness about the export of corn. It is the same, except the 5th paragraph, with that sent 29 June last, and we beg it may be in lieu thereof, if that is not yet presented. We add the latter clause that so good a work as the export of corn may not be retarded. [½ page.] Annexing,
1. i. Representation, the same as that of 29 June [see last page]. Adding,
5. Proposal that all exporters of grain shall, within a month, present to the Treasury Commissioners a certificate of the Customs' Commissioners or the collectors in the outports, of the quantity exported, the name of the ship, and the place to which it is exported, and that upon delivery thereof, the Customs' Commissioners shall receive from the Exchequer 1s. 8d. a quarter for wheat, and 1s. for other grain, which will enable them to pay their accounts according to law. [1 page.]
July 2.
The Marmaduke, Portland Road.
2. Major Robt. Sedgwick to the Navy Commissioners. The fleet has put in for water, but hopes to sail with the next wind. The men are all in health, and willing for the design. [2/3 page.]
July 3. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. The order of 9 May last,—for Capt. Manley to pay to Rich. Forbench 358l. for the postmasters on the Kentish road, for salary in carrying the State's packets for a year ended last Sept., the same to be defalked from his rent,—annulled, and the 358l. to be paid from the Treasury. Approved 3 July.
3. Order on the information and petition of several persons, for themselves and the Protestant cause,—setting forth that on June 28 last, in the new meeting-house at Paul's, commonly called Capt. Chillingdon's Church, John Biddle, in presence of 500 persons, maintained for some hours that Jesus Christ was not the Almighty or most high God, and has undertaken to proceed in the dispute next Thursday;—that the meeting next Thursday is hereby forbidden, and the Lord Mayor ordered not only to prevent its taking place by securing Biddle, but not in future to allow any such meeting in the above or any other place in his jurisdiction.
4. Skippon and Rous to examine the information and petition about Biddle, send for witnesses, and report.
5. No collections having been made in some parishes for the Savoy Protestants, Sir Gilb. Gerard and the rest of the Commissioners are to enquire which are the parishes, where the default is, consider how it can be supplied, and report.
6. The draft of a proclamation concerning persons sequestered from parsonages, rectories, and other ecclesiastical benefices, as passed by Council June 29, then presented by Mr. Scobell, and referred by his Highness to the Lord Chief Baron, and Attorney and Solicitor General, presented with their amendments, which were read, agreed to, approved by his Highness, and ordered to be printed. [I. 76, pp. 154–5.]
July 3.
3. Proclamation by the Protector. Since the meeting of Parliament, 3 Nov. 1640, divers ministers, lecturers, and schoolmasters have been sequestered for delinquency, scandal, or insufficiency, by Parliament, the Committee for Plundered Ministers, County Committees, and Commissioners appointed by the Ordinance for ejecting scandalous, ignorant, and insufficient Ministers and Schoolmasters; yet many of the ejected have retained their places, and others have brought suits for their recovery, to the great discouragement of the godly ministry. His Highness and Council declare themselves obliged to take care that the ejected be not restored, but that those put into their places by authority be preserved in quiet enjoyment thereof. Therefore all the ejected are to give up possession within a month, and forbear any suits at law; and before 30 July, to release all such actions, and restore possession and profits to those appointed by authority. All who refuse conformity are to be debarred their right to 1/5 of their parsonage, &c., and to be reputed disturbers of the peace, disaffected, &c., and so proceeded against.
Also since many persons, not approved by the Committee for Approbation of Preachers, withhold parsonages, rectories, &c., from those so approved, all who have been so appointed since 1 April 1653, and have not obtained this approbation, or do not obtain it before 30 July, are, within a month, to yield possession to those admitted according to the Ordinance, on pain of being considered disaffected, and proceeded against. No suit contrary to these orders is to be entertained in any Court, and no officers at law to be instrumental thereto. The sheriffs of counties are to cause this proclamation to be read at their respective assizes, that none may pretend ignorance. [Printed, 2 sheets; also I. 76, pp. 155–7.]
July 3. 4. Report of the Treasury Commissioners to the Protector. We hear that the Georges, collars of S.S., and garters worn by Knights of the Garter, were, upon their death, delivered up to the late King; but those of the late Duke of Richmond and Lenox, and Earl of Pembroke, are in the hands of their executors; directions should be given concerning them. [½ page.]
July 3.
5. Jane Taylor to her brother Jos. Williamson. I will send you the pair of silk stockings you write for as soon as I possibly can. Make much of my friend who brings you this. [1 page.]
July 3/13.
6. [Mr. Manning] to Jeremiah Joseline, [Sec. Thurloe,] London. Wilmot talking with Charles Stuart about the people of England, said Lord Winchelsea was as well provided and as forward as any in this last design, and as honest and ready as any. He keeps Sidney Fotherby, his agent, now in his house. Lord Balcarras came on Saturday; he is for the sword party, very high. Nothing is spoken of so much as his charging Middleton with treason, and Middleton threatens to charge him. By this you may see their divisions, so it is thought some other person will be sent for Sweden.
Sir Wm. Fleming is sent to Holland, thence to get to Scotland. He is of Middleton and Hyde's party.
Last Sunday Tom Killigrew came from Holland to prepare further for the Princess Royal, who will be here next week. With him came Col. Hen. Price, who is to reconcile Dolman with Charles Stuart, and to bring him into play. I have given you notice before of his application.
Capt. Talbot, a tall young Irishman, and Rob. Dungan, who was Ormond's page, and lately commanded Wogan's troop, after his death in Scotland, are to England, by way of Dover, to Stephens. You may see I much want a cypher for Stephens.
The King to-morrow meets the Duke of Newburg, and dines with him near this town. Both go next day to Bonn to the elector of this place. These two often solicit Spain for the King, for it is believed you will make an absolute breach with that crown. At Rome, Cardinal de Retz is his chiefest advocate, and very great friend.
Malivery, Breames, and Blaney went yesterday for Holland, whence Lords Colepeper and Taaffe are expected this week.
I will obey your commands, and beg you to deal plainly with me, for I cannot doubt your honour, nor your valuing my true services. I have not omitted the least thing requisite for you to know. [In cypher, decyphered. 2 pages.]
July 3/13. 7. Decypher of the above. [3½ pages.]
[July 4.] 8. Petition of the inhabitants of Botolph's without Bishopsgate to the Protector. Being destitute of a minister, by the removal of John Simpson, on petition of a few of the parishioners, you appointed Dan. Nicholls, though he was very young and weak, and the congregation is very great, and there are endeavours to settle him, contrary to the will of the majority.
We beg appointment of Sam. Lee, M.A. of 7 years' standing, of Wadham College, Oxford,—a man of eminent parts and piety, who has often preached in London churches, and is well approved by learned ministers—during the sequestration of Neh. Rogers, the late incumbent. 26 signatures. [1 sheet. Also I. 92, No. 293.] Annexing,
8. i., ii. Order by the Committee for Plundered Ministers, appointing John Simpson to the rectory sequestered from Rogers, with the parsonage, glebe lands, tithes, &c., 17 March 1651–2. [2 copies, 1 page.]
July 4. Orders thereon revoking the order of 27 April 1654, about the supply of the place during Simpson's restraint; also that of the Committee for Plundered Ministers above of 17 March 1651–2. [I. 76, p. 158.]
July 4. 9. Petition of Rich. Abbott, late receiver of revenues in cos. Essex, Herts, Middlesex, and London, to the Protector. I obtained my place by your favour, in right of a second life mentioned in my father's patent, and I several times, to further the service, overpaid my account, relieving myself by moneys in hand on my other account as receiver of tenths of the clergy; but the trustees now invested with the clergy tenths cannot allow for 179l. 15s. 7¼d. so advanced, as proved by the auditor's certificate, so that without your help I shall be ruined by this loss, added to the loss of my place, expiring by the sale of those rents. I beg allowance of what I have overpaid. With reference thereon, 14 May 1655, to Council, requesting his discharge, on his proof that he has paid in as much as was due on both accounts. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
9. i. Certificate by Hugh Powell, auditor, that Abbott overpaid his account in March 1652, by 179l. 15s. 7¼d. 24 March 1654–5. [½ page.]
July 4. Reference thereon by Council to the Treasury Commissioners, to report. [I. 76, p. 158.]
July 4. 10. Petition of Ellinor, widow of Capt. Valentine Hill, slain at Wexford, to the Protector. By your special favour, you procured me from Parliament a pension of 20s. a week. I have had to get new orders at every change, and have received nothing since last Midsummer, the Treasurer saying he cannot pay me, so that I and my four children suffer much. I beg a warrant for my pension, with arrears, or a sum in lieu of it, to enable me to plant in Ireland. [1 page.] Annexing,
10. i. Request by Lord Gen. Cromwell for payment of the said allowance. Cockpit, 24 Sept. 1651; deposed to by Mrs. Hill 25 Sept. 1651. [1 page.]
July 4. 11. Petition of Marg. Frewin, widow, to the Protector. The late Council of State granted a warrant to the Treasurers of Goldsmiths' Hall to pay me 20s. a week, with arrears, according to the Act of 22 June 1650, but the moneys being transferred to the Exchequer, I have received nothing since 24 June [1654]. I beg a patent for receipt from the Exchequer. [1 page.] Annexing,
11. i. Order in Parliament for payment of 20s. a week each to Jane, widow of Lieut.-col. Woolfe; Margaret, widow of Capt. Fras. Frewin; Mary, widow of Capt. John Symonds; Jane, widow of Capt. Geo. Ensor; and Hannah [Elianor ?] widow of Capt. [Valentine] Hill. 22 June 1650. [½ page. Printed in Commons' Journals, Vol. VI. p. 428.]
11. ii. Warrant of the Council of State alluded to, 30 Aug. 1653; with certificate by Rich. Sherwin that Mrs. Frewin has received the money from Goldsmiths' Hall only to 24 June last. [1 page.]
11. iii. Reference, signed by the Protector, of the petitions of widows Hill and Frewin to Council, to order their pensions, with arrears, to be paid from the Exchequer. 31 May 1655. [2 papers.]
July 4. Orders in Council for payment of 53l. each arrears to widows Hill and Frewin. [I. 76, p. 158.]
July 4. 12. Petition of William, Earl of Lothian, to the Protector. I held from my father, the late Earl of Ancrum, a pension of 200l. a year, which is all I have had from him, though I am engaged in 5,000l. for him. This pension was to compensate me for so much of the Fewe and Blanch duties of 40l. a year, which I am forced to pay to the Exchequer for Newbottle and Jedburgh, on pain of being quartered on by soldiers. I therefore gave a bond for the duties to Ant. Wilson, treasurer to the Commissioners at Leith, though the duties were for years before your government began in Scotland, and for years since, viz., 1650 and 1651, when the lands were totally wasted; and now Wilson takes out warrants to imprison me and distrain my goods. I beg release from the said duties for 1653 and 1654, return of my bond, and discharge for the remaining duties, with 300l.—which will then be the unpaid balance of the pension now at an end by my father's death—that I may discharge a pressing debt of my father. [¾ page.]
July 4. Orders thereon in Council for the return of the bond and the discharge desired, and for the Earl to retain in his hands the Fewe and Blanch duties till the balance of 300l. is repaid; also for Lambert, Sydenham, and Strickland to consider the petition, learn the truth of the suggestion, and report; meanwhile Ant. Wilson and the Commissioners at Leith are to forbear further proceedings on the bond given by the Earl for the duties. [I. 76, p. 159.]
July 4. 13. Petition of Thos. Vallor to the Protector. I lately purchased Fishbourne farm of Rich. Lacie, a Papist in arms, and paid part of the purchase money, 1,000l. remaining, out of which, by agreement with Lacie, I was to be freed from all incumbrances. Lacie being sequestered, I paid 550l. by Parliament's Order to John Trenchard, Esq., one of the Commissioners of Accounts, by which order I was to be indemnified. By another order of the Commissioners for Sequestration in Sussex, 400l. was paid to the use of the State, and I paid 50l. more into the Exchequer. I have enjoyed the premises 12 years, but am now sued by Wm. Guydott, who claims the farm by mortgage made for 200l. by Rich. Lacie to his sister, a Papist recusant; and also by Mrs. Lane, a Papist, pretending title to an annuity. I beg relief, as I obeyed the orders of Parliament and the sequestrators. With reference to Council, 23 May 1655. [1 page.] Annexing,
13. i. Motives in favour of the granting of this petition. His services, loans to, and losses in the cause of Parliament. That he has spent 200l. at least in defending his title. That his opponents are Papists and disaffected persons, who never durst trouble him while Parliament had the power. That his wife and children will be undone. [1 page.]
July 4. Reference thereon in Council to the Court of Exchequer, to give him indemnity, if they can with justice. [I. 76, p. 159.]
July 4. 14. Wm. Astell to the Protector. Abr. Johnson, a Dutchman, pretends to be an Englishman, and the discoverer of the 3 silver ships. I confess he discovered them to me and Wm. Pembridge, and we were examined before the Prize Commissioners, who sent us to Woolwich, to see what we could gather from the Dutch, when we heard that the trumpeter had confessed that the ships, with their silver and lading were of Holland, but Johnson never acted with us after. He was very obstinate and drunken, and would hardly be examined unless he knew what he should have for it, and by his contradictions, we lost the ships, though three of their own men said they were of Holland. He pretends to have lost a ship worth 300l. by a Flushinger. He sold the sails and cables of a Mr. Baron who employed him. He was pressed on board the Plymouth frigate, but got off with a month's pay, by pleading that he was a Dutchman, and should be hanged if he were taken. [1 sheet.]
July 4 ? 15. Petition of Wm. Astell to the Protector. Thanks for your gracious promises to put an end to my long waiting, but there is a stop by one, Johnson, a Dutchman, pretending to be English, who has laid a great scandal on me, which I hope you will not believe, as he is a vile wretch; I bear it patiently, for wicked men scandalize you without cause, and the servant must not be above his master. Pray let me see the paper put in against me, and give me a reference to the Admiralty Judges, or Prize Office Commissioners. [½ page.]
July 4 ? 16. Wm. Astell to Wm. Jessop. Thanks for your promise of help. I have long lived in a sad condition for my fidelity to the State, having left my calling and joined the people of God, to help the Lord against the mighty. I have been an officer throughout, am much in arrears, and never had a penny; yet I undertook the labour of prosecuting those silver ships, and have only had 40l. on a report from the judges to his Highness; and now I suffer on a wrong information; yet I am content if I may obtain a place. I dare not speak to Maj.-Gen. Skippon, for he has been the best friend in England to me and my wife. Let me know if his Highness or Council have been moved for a place for me. [1 page.] Annexing,
16. i. Warrant by Council, on an Order of 3 May, to Gualter Frost, to pay to Wm. Astell 40l., for special service, out of Council moneys. Whitehall, 8 May 1654. [Copy 1 page.]
July 4. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1, 2. To advise his Highness to revoke all letters of marque. Approved and all letters of marque to be made void. The AttorneyGeneral to prepare a proclamation to that effect.
11. The petition of Rich. Bedwell, referred by the Protector to Council, referred to John Fountain, Esq., Rich. Wollaston, and the Judge Advocate, to examine the truth and certify.
17. 17. On Col. Sydenham's reporting from the Committee of Council to whom the pay of the forces was referred, and presenting a paper by the Army Officers for reducing the charge, and another containing additions and alterations:—order that the 5 regiments of foot now in England, viz., the Protector's, Lambert's, Constable's, Ingoldsby's, and Goffe's, be reduced to 800 men; the quarter-master and provost-marshal of each regiment be united and allowed 4s. a day; the corporals mustered as private soldiers, with 2d. a day each added to their pay, and the drum-majors and gentlemen-at-arms reduced.
There being 6 weeks' pay due on the former musters, and three weeks yet to come on the last muster, the reduced troops to have the pay due on their last muster, and the rest to be in discharge of their said arrears. The garrisons in England,—viz., the Isle of Wight and Carisbrook Castle, Cowes Castle and Gurne's Fort, Sandham Castle and Brimbridge and Nettlesheigh Forts, Yarmouth (Isle of Wight) and Carey's Sconce, Guernsey, Jersey, Scilly Islands, Isle of Man, Pendennis Castle and Maude's, Plymouth Fort and Island, Weymouth, Hurst Castle, Portsmouth and Southsea Castle, Yarmouth, *Harwich, *Lowestoft, Dover Castle, Deal, Upnor Castle, Tilbury Fort, *Mersey Island, Landguard Fort, Hull, *Scarborough, * Newcastle, Tynemouth Castle, Berwick and Holy Island, Carlisle, * Liverpool, Shrewsbury, Windsor, Tower of London, Denbigh, Chepstow, Cardiff, Conway and Carnarvon, Hereford, Bristol Castle and Fort, Beaumaris, Holyhead, Swansea, Tenby, and Carmarthen;— to be reduced in manner specified. Those to which an asterisk is prefixed to be reduced entirely. Annexing,
17. i. Report of the Committee of Officers, viz., Cols. Edw. Whalley, T. Reynolds, Wm. Goffe, and Lord Broghill, on the reducement of the forces, making the above and other suggestions, whereby the monthly expense is reduced from 120,515l. 16s. 8d. to 86,917l. [Book of 17 written, and 15 blank pages.]
18. The Army Committee to compute what the arrears of pay to officers and soldiers who are to be disbanded comes to, and how the arrears of the garrisons may best be consigned, and to report.
19. To allow 5s. a day to Col. Goffe as Adjutant-General to Major-Gen. Lambert. [I. 76, pp. 158–166.]
July 4. 18. Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Commissioners. We send the charges made by Geo. Firbanck against Jno. Timberley, late steward of the Deliverance. [½ page.] Annexing,
18. i., ii. Charge against Timberley, now a prisoner at Lambeth House, for attempting to defraud the State by means of counterfeit tickets, made in the names of 2 seamen of that ship who had been discharged sick at Harwich; also for endeavouring to induce a person in the Navy Office to falsify the books; also for not appearing upon his recognizance when bailed, and for being a defaulter on his accounts. [2 papers.]
18. iii. Warrant signed by the Protector, 22 June 1655, referring the matter to the Admiralty Commissioners, Timberley being in the custody of Serjeant Dendy. [2/3 page.]
July 5. 19. Petition of Ann Pregion to the Protector. I am growing into years, and my only subsistence is an annuity out of the Registrar's office of Lincoln, which was my father's; the annuity was granted in lieu of 500l. portion which my father gave me at his death, and I proved before the judges that I had it till the last 2 years, since when the State has had it. With certificate that she has had an allowance from the said office, 23 May 1655, and order signed by the Protector, that the Judges for Probate of Wills allow her 10l. now, and 10l. a year till further order. [1½ pages.]
July ? 20. Petition of John Lenthall to the Protector. I was admitted one of the 6 clerks of Chancery, and have served many years, and ought to enjoy the office for life, but find a late Ordinance transfers it to others. The property of the people in freeholds and estates is confirmed by the law of God, Magna Charta, Acts and Statutes of Parliament, and by your oath on taking the Government. King Josias, in his reformation, compensated those who suffered loss thereby, as other Kings have done, and as I fear not but you will do. I beg satisfaction for my loss, and I pray that you may honour your age with the miracles and greatness of your wisdom and justice. [1 page.]
July 5. 21. Like petition. I surceased all acting as a clerk in Chancery, on your Ordinance for regulation of the Court, but it was the greatest part of my subsistence, and I am now without employment, and beg satisfaction. [2/3 page.]
July 5. Reference thereon by Council to the Treasury Commissioners. [I. 76, p. 168.]
July 5. Note of petition, referred 11 May 1654 to the Committee for Petitions, of Sir Peter Killigrew, for consideration of his arrears, and for 1,000l. towards repairing his house, burnt by the King's party; noted "money, and a former report." Reference thereon by Council to the Treasury Commissioners, to consider the petition and papers, and report. [I. 92, No. 65; I. 76, p. 168.]
July 5. 22. Petition of Rob. Moore to the Protector. I was dispossessed of a great estate in Ireland, came to England, and served from 1643 to 1646 as captain of horse under the Earl of Essex, and as Lieut.Colonel of foot in Plymouth garrison, for which 860l. is due to me. After the reducement of the garrison, I went to Scotland, in 1648 commanded a regiment against Lord Lenrick and Geo. Monroe, and in 1649 went over again to Ireland, but was driven from all I had by Geo. Monroe and his party under Ormond. I have since lived in Kintyre, in Scotland, and in 1653 a party of the northern forces spoiled me so much that I have taken a journey to London to obtain my arrears for relief. I beg an order to the Worcester House Commissioners to state my accounts for English service, and to give me debentures, and to the Trustees for sale of Crown lands, to pass them into bonds for purchase of lands. With reference to Council, 14 May 1655. [1 page.]
July 5. Order thereon in Council granting the petition. [I. 76, p. 169.]
July 5. Council. Day's Proceedings.
3. The remonstrance and petition of James Stocall to his Highness referred to Wolsley, Sydenham, and Strickland, with Mr. Secretary's assistance, to consider the business of Jersey mentioned, and report.
4. The same Committee to consider the person already sent thither as sequestrator, and if they see cause to discharge him, to report the same, and to consider of Capt. Norris, and the Governor of Mersey Island, to be sent there as sequestrators.
5. Order—on a letter from the Army Committee of July 4, concerning the pay of Sir John Copleston's regiment of foot—that the said Committee compute what the pay amounts to, and report.
6. A letter from the Admiralty Commissioners of July 2 to the Treasury Commissioners, concerning 100,000l. for the Navy's use, read.
7. Mr. Scobell to be spared awhile from attending Council, to attend the business with the Committee of Officers appointed by his Highness.
8. Order—On Wolsley's report from the Committee on the supply of the places of the Customs' Commissioners, now vacant, and a paper of the votes and resolves of Parliament of Feb. 27 1649-50 concerning Customs' Commissioners—that the salary of the Customs' Commissioners be 3d. in every pound received, to be defalked from the receipts at the end of every quarter.
9. Order—on petition of Thos. Stephenson concerning the banks, stathes, foreshores, and waterworks in Whitgift, for preservation of the country of Marshland; and on an order of Jan. 11 last, whereby the counsel learned was to put the matter into the way of proceeding by bill in a proper Court of Equity, on which a bill has been exhibited in Chancery, to which some defendants have answered—that the same Committee learn from the Attorney-General why the cause is not proceeded in, and report.
10. In an order of June 8, 1654, on the petition of Lieut.-Col. Rich. Stephens, after the words "Major to Col. Dingley's regiment of horse," these words to be inserted, "to the date of his commission as Lieut.-Colonel of foot, and so on till he was mustered in Ireland."
12. The petition of the inhabitants of the market town of Bromyard, co. Hereford, and the neighbourhood, referred to Mulgrave, Strickland, and Wolsley, to report.
13. 23. Order that the established pay of the Governors of Jersey and Scilly be 18s. a day, the same as the Governor of Guernsey. That the fortifications in Conway and Carnarvon be slighted, and the forces in Redcastle and Denbigh be continued, recruited out of Conway and Carnarvon. The rest to be disbanded, and Col. Price to see both done. That the cornet of horse in Jersey be reduced.
14. The Marshal of Dover Castle to be continued according to these votes; the resolves of yesterday to be enlarged or altered.
16. The order of 7 June last, concerning transportation of butter, to be transmitted to the Customs' Commissioners for execution. [I. 76, pp. 168–9.]
July 6. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Rous, Pickering, Strickland, Wolsley, Mulgrave, and Lisle, to consider a fit person to send into Switzerland, and prepare his instructions according to this day's debate. Rous to take care of the matter.
3. Order that—as goods were taken up of Ald. Ireton for his Highness a year since, value 115l. 13s. 0d., which were to have been paid for out of 1,000l., ordered for Council's contingencies, 6 March 1653–4, to be issued by direction of Sir G. Pickering and others, but the said 1,000l. has not sufficed therefor—the money be paid from Council's contingencies. [I. 76, p. 171.]
July 6.
Proclamation by the Protector commanding all who have been of the party of the late King or his sons to depart London and Westminster before 12 July. His Highness noting the great resort thither of ill-affected persons, and having lately received intelligence of designs to be carried on by correspondence with the sons of the late King, or their agents, enjoins, to prevent disturbances, that all who have borne arms against the State depart from within the lines of communication before 12 July; or if then under restraint, within 5 days of their enlargement, and do not remain anywhere within 20 miles of the said lines, unless it be their habitation.
Those who fail to obey, or who return without license, are to be proceeded against as disturbers of the peace and contemners of authority. The Lord Mayor, and aldermen, the justices of peace of Middlesex, Herts, Essex, Kent, and Surrey, and the Militia Commissioners of Westminster, Southwark, the Tower Hamlets, and suburbs to have strict wards and watches kept, make frequent searches for such persons, and certify to Council, that offenders may be proceeded against. All sheriffs, bailiffs, constables, officers of the guard, &c., to assist.
His Highness also enjoins all the said persons, unless detained by dangerous illness, to repair to their usual dwelling, or their place of birth, or their parents' dwelling and give in their names to the minister, constable, or tithingman of the town, who shall enter them into a book to be kept in every parish, and to be certified to the justices of peace at the next quarter sessions, and entered by the clerk of the peace on the sessions' roll. These presents to continue in force only till 20 Oct. next. [I. 76A, pp. 73–5; I. 76, p. 172.]
July 6.
24. Rob. Dillington to Jos. Williamson. I will observe your commands as strictly as Acts of Parliament. If my grandfather had had his spectacles in his pocket, he might have read your letter about spending 50l. in wine on buxom ladies, and thought you a dissolute fellow, and me little better for keeping you company. Don't knock me down with thundering Greek, as I have no lexicon; I am sorry our late fellow soldiers have grown lazy.
We have no news of our West India fleet since they left the Barbadoes, and experienced captains fear it is lost.
P.S.—Urgent business prevents my being with you this Act. [1 page damaged.]
July 6.
The Marmaduke, Portland Road.
25. Major Robt. Sedgwick to the Admiralty Commissioners. I know it would have been more acceptable to you to hear of our being further west, but we have been detained by contrary winds. The Welcome Gift and Loyalty have got separated from us, but we hope to meet them, and sail again to-day. The men are both cheerful and willing. [1 page.]
July 6.
26. J[ames] B.[lackborne] to his brother [Robt. Blackborne]. I will, when required, send an account of the importation of the commodities mentioned in yours, but as to undertaking the solution, I see that walking as circumspectly as I have done hitherto has only caused an accusation from my superiors; I would therefore rather choose contentment with my small income, than purchase anything which, through false accusations, might prove detrimental to me.
Capt. Potter has sent in the Society of Brest, with 25 men, and Capt. Holland the Encounter, a Frenchman laden with fish, as also the Dove of London, taken by a Brest man-of-war, and pursued by Capt. Sparling. When the captain of the Brest man saw he was pursued, he put the muzzle of a gun into the hold of the Dove, and swore that if the master would not give him 1,500l. for the ship and goods, he would sink her; so he engaged to give him 900l.; for performance thereof he has carried him away, taking all his own men aboard, and so flies for it. Capt. Heaton has also sent in a Frenchman with wheat, bound for St. Sebastian's. [¾ page.]
July 7. 27. Dr. Brune Ryves to Wm. Jessop, Clerk of the Council. The readiness of the Protector and Council to favour this design of printing the Bible, in the original and other learned languages, encourages the undertakers to beg a warrant for 3,000 reams of paper, custom free, for printing an introduction and guide to the 9 languages, viz., Hebrew, Chaldee, Samaritan, Syriac, Arabic, Persian, Æthiopic, Armenian, and Coptic; without which it will be to most a sealed book. We ask it not for our own interest, but for God's glory, the advancement of religion, and the honour of our nation. But if we transgress the bounds of modesty, as Tacitus says, "Non preces sunt istuc, sed effligatio intempestiva et improvida," we crave pardon and desist; yet our request being to exchange our late warrant for 1,000 reams of royal paper for a warrant for 3,000 reams of common paper, the extra bounty will only be 40s. We acknowledge Sir Gilb. Pickering's favour in this business. [1 page.]
July 9. 28. Petition of Francis Lippingcott and Capt. John Bodiley, administrator of Henry Gough, to the Protector, for payment of their debts amounting to 2,787l. 5s. 11d., with interest, out of the moneys arising from the sale of delinquents' estates. In 1644–5, several merchants' goods were taken at sea by Capt. Penn, and others set forth by Parliament, and disposed of for the use of the Commonwealth, to the great loss of the owners, although well affected, as was proved to the Navy Commissioners, who in 1646 ordered that Miles Corbet should move the House for an order for repayment, but it has not yet been done through other weighty affairs. With reference thereon to the Admiralty Commissioners. [1 page.]
July 9.
29. John Langhorne to Jos. Williamson. Your pen soars far above any born under our cold northern pole. I wish you the chiefest place in our college. I hope your scholar will discharge all. Private affairs. [1 page.]
July 9. 30. Examination of Rich. Colfox and Lancelot Keat, of Beaminster, co. Dorset, before Cornet Jno. Walpole and Quartermaster Rich. Bustan, of Gen. Desborow's troop. When the Cavaliers came to Crockhorne, Edm. Stogill of Beaminster held with the rebels, called Colfox a Roundhead rogue and knave; and threatened to take away his goods if he did not adhere to the King. [¾ page.] Also
July 9. Like examination of Hen. Russell, of Corscomb, Dorset. Refused to pay Ralph Jounson, Minister of Halstock, his tithes, as he was with the rebels at Sir Jno. Strangway's house, dined with Mr. Rose of Stockwood, also a Cavalier, and rode up and down in company with Capt. Hen. French, who was in the late King's service, and afterwards went to sea with Prince Rupert. [½ page.]
July 10. 31. Petition of Isaac Pennington, Alderman of London, to the Protector. Complains that the Sheriff refuses to obey the order of 25 May 1655 recited, and that Mrs. Stephens threatens to seize his person and lands for the remainder of the debt, which his goods did not amount to; requests that the Lord Chief Baron may determine the case. [½ page.]
July 10. Order thereon that Mr. Jessop attend the Chief Baron, and desire his opinion, to the purport of what was to-day proposed. [I. 76, p. 172.]
July 10. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. To advise his Highness to order payment of 100l. to Sir John Temple, as his gift.
4. Ed. Rolt's name to be inserted into the warrant to Frost to pay 200l. to the party whom his Highness shall send with the ratification of the treaty to Sweden.
5. The money due to the coachmen, footmen, and trumpeters who attended the Ambassadors to be satisfied according to former precedent. Jessop to compute the whole, according to the bills sent in, and report.
6. Order—on report that his Highness has pitched upon Dr. Dan. Whistler to go from him to the King of France—that 200l. from the Council's contingencies be advanced him to fit him for that service.
7. Order, on report of the necessity to furnish Ed. Rolt with more money for his journey to Sweden, that he have 300l., instead of the 200l. ordered.
9. Wolsley, Lambert, Pickering, Montague, and Sydenham to consider the money requisite for carrying on the public service, and report this week. [I. 76, pp. 172–3.]
July 10. 32. Order in the Admiralty Committee for Thos. Skinner, John Silk, Ralph Venn, and 6 others to attend them on Thursday, on charges against Roger Carlisle and Wm. Gardner, gunsmiths. [2/3 page].
July 10/20.
33. Mr. Manning to Thurloe. I am ordered to be one of four to meet some Presbyterians near Antwerp 3 Aug., and receive their propositions to the King. Massey will be there. Instruct me how best to serve you. If I had a cypher with the Governor of Dover, Talbot, Dungan, and Holsal, whom I have called Holsey, should not have escaped him. Give me new addresses and a new cypher. Let the addresses be to some person in some street in London where there is no such person in the street, for general addresses are suspicious.
Prince Rupert came on Sunday. The swordmen endeavour to gain the Presbyterians, the Prince declaring himself a Calvinist, as are the rest of his family. The Prince, Wilmot, Gerard, and Balcarras, have had a private meeting with Lord Craven, who appears not in public here because of his pretensions with you. "All is with these on the Presbyterian score, and London."
The Prince offers to quit his command in Modena to serve the King.
Lieut.-Col. Dolman writes Wilmot an account of the news with you, and in particular that your General Penn has had good success, and that you intend to send many considerable persons prisoners to Hispaniola, which is feared to be truth. He makes very high professions to the service of Charles Stuart.
I have been most industrious in the Protector's service here, and let nothing of moment slip, and there shall not a mouse stir but you shall know it. Only be plain with me, for I would not stay here but to serve you. [Decypher, 3 pages.]
July 10/20.
34. [Manning to Thurloe.] Since my other, Lord Colepepper, no friend of Hyde's, has arrived; also Capt. John Griffith in Holland, who has been Charles Stuart's spy on the Protector in England, and now agitates here for Lord Craven, who appears not himself, though in town. What this great meeting will produce is dubious till the Princess Royal comes.
When Major Holsal left, he took a pistol of Lord Gerard's, and was to give him 100l for it unless the Protector were killed in 3 months, and last post they gave much encouragement. [1 page. Cypher, Decyphered.]
July 10/20. 35. Decypher of the above. [1 page.]
July 11. 36. Petition of Rich. Tottington, Jas. Crookes, and Jas. Burnely, of Worsborough, Darfield parish, West Riding of co. York, to the Protector. On 5 Nov. our houses, corn, hay, and goods, value 550l., were destroyed by fire, to our utter ruin if not relieved. We beg a brief for collecting charity within such limits as you think fit. With reference to Council, 5 June 1655. Noted as read and laid aside, 11 July. [1 page.]
July 11. Note of its reading in Council, and order that 10l. be paid to Jessop, and that he pay it to the petitioners, to bear their charges home. [I. 76, p. 174.]
July 11. 37. Petition of Thos. Peck to the Protector, for license to stay in London on business, the late proclamation notwithstanding. Being much in debt, came up to sell some land for payment. Was never in arms against the Commonwealth. [2/3 page.] Annexing,
37. i. Certificate by Law. Wright that Peck has been dangerously sick, and is under a course of medicine, and that his leaving London would injure him. Charterhouse, 9 July 1655. [1 page.]
July 11. License by Council for him to stay in town till further order, the late proclamation notwithstanding. [I. 76, p. 174.]
July 11. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. A proclamation by his Highness, declaring that after August 1 no use is to be made of letters of marque or reprisal granted to private persons, read twice, amended, and agreed to.
2. Any two of the Committee on Lord Lothian's petition to be a quorum.
8. The petition of John Tilston, referred by the Protector to Council, concerning the forests of Roche and Selwood, cos. Somerset, and Wilts., referred to the Treasury Commissioners, to report.
13. All proceedings of the Commissioners for Articles suspended till further order.
14. Order—on report from the Committee on the Protestants in Piedmont—that Scobell and Jessop prepare letters, &c., for getting in the moneys for their relief, making collections where omitted, and obtaining a list of the parishes of this nation, and that 10,000l. be sent over for their relief.
15. Also that Scobell and Jessop prepare instructions for the party to be sent to the Protestant cantons of Switzerland, to the purport of this debate.
16. Sydenham to signify to Sir Gilbert Gerard and Sir John Trevor, or to the Lord Mayor of London, the resolution to send over 10,000l., which is to be communicated to the Committee for the collection. [I. 76, pp. 174–5.]
July 11. 38. Account by Elia Palmer and Jno. White, Ordnance officers, of powder and shot remaining in the stores, and the quantity received from persons named since 11 June 1655. [3 pages, damaged.]
July 11. 39–41. Information sent by Capt. Jno. Fox. Note of the language of Jno. Row to John Guy, both of Trewornam, St. Minver, co. Cornwall. Guy reproving Row for lying in bed, Row said if the King once came into the land, he would be up and about.
Also note that Thos. Day said that when he saw the King's Army come into the country, he would hang 3 men in their parlors and at their doors in St. Minver. His wife much lamented his desperateness, and told Rich. Lynam with tears that he was one of the men whom her husband would hang. [1 page.] Also
Information of Ann, wife of Thos. Day, of St. Minver. Row's horse was given in charge to her husband on 10 March for the purpose of aiding the King's party under Major-Gen. Wagstaff. Day told her the nation was up in arms, and if things hit right, the Cavaliers would be speedily with them; and bade her keep the fire in all night, for Wagstaff would come, and Lynam and 2 or 3 honest men more would be hanged at their own doors. 26 June 1655. [1 page.]
Informations of Wm. Gibbs, Joan, his daughter, and Thos. Ricord, all of Nulyn, that at the time of the rising at Salisbury, Mr. Roscarrock, Col. Tremaine, Majors Polwheele and Madderne, Capts. Francis and Wm. Gullie, Sir Jas. Smith, and others, were at Col. Rich. Arundel's house at Trerice, and there Thos. Ricord, the blacksmith, fixed many arms, and said others were to be had, and they only waited the word for the rising. Trunks of arms had been sent to Sir Sam. Cusworth and Col. Arundel. 23 May 1655. [1 page.]
Information of Jas. Fitzgerald of St. Kew. Mr. Row's horse was refused to Capt. Fox, who went to take it for Parliament service, and conveyed away, but was secured for the King. Phil. Shisell, of Egloshale, an ensign for the King, was missing a week before and a week after the insurrection. Also information of John Mably and John Guy, of St. Minver, that Thos. Day was a Cavalier and a wicked man, and hoped the times would turn that he might be revenged on his neighbours, and that he was a quartermaster in the King's army. [1 page.]
July 12. 42. Petition of Roger Molineux to Council, for leave to stay in London till cured, promising not to act against Government. Is under a course of physic for an infirmity of sudden falling, and his life might be endangered by his travelling, [1 page.] Annexing,
42. i. ii. Depositions by Fras. Prujean, President of the College of Physicians, and John Bull, to his liability to the falling sickness, and the danger of his travelling. 10 July 1655. [2 papers.]
July 12. Order thereon allowing him to remain in town, the late proclamation notwithstanding. [I. 76, p. 175.]
July 12. 43. "An establishment made and concluded upon by his Highness the Lord Protector and Council, for the foot forces in field and garrison in England and Wales, to commence from Monday 23 July, inclusive, 1655."
Cost per month.
£ s. d.
Five foot regiments of 4,000 men beside officers 6,391 0 0
Isle of Wight garrisons, Carisbrooke Castle 181 6 0
" Cowes Castle & fort 76 10 8
" Sandham " & 2 forts 89 7 4
" Yarmouth " & fort 78 3 4
Guernsey 179 4 0
Jersey 392 9 4
Scilly Islands 304 0 8
Isle of Man 245 14 0
The Mount (Cornwall) 20 10 8
Pendennis Castle and Maude's 297 10 0
Plymouth Fort and Island 295 8 0
Exeter Castle 1 7 4
Portland, Weymouth, and Sandfoot Castle 67 8 8
Brownsea Castle 10 14 8
Calshot Castle 37 6 8
Hurst Castle 62 6 0
Portsmouth and Southsea Castle 428 3 4
Yarmouth (Great) 10 14 8
Dover Castle, Moate's bulwark, and Archcliffe fort 148 3 4
Sandgate Castle 36 17 4
Walmer " 39 13 4
Deal " 53 4 0
Sandown " 39 13 4
Sandwich 2 16 0
Upnor Castle 52 19 4
Tilbury Fort 72 11 4
Landguard Fort 111 10 8
Hull 486 0 8
Clifford's Tower (York) 7 18 8
Scarborough 9 16 0
Tynemouth Castle 199 5 4
Berwick and Holy Island 752 14 8
Carlisle 365 8 0
Shrewsbury 120 12 8
Warwick Castle 50 17 4
Windsor " 105 0 0
The Tower 608 1 4
Chepstow 107 16 0
Hereford 113 17 4
Cardiff 86 2 0
Beaumaris 92 12 8
Holyhead 53 13 4
Tenby 88 8 8
Total 12,954 8 4
This establishment includes wages, fire, and candles, but not clothes, arms, or equipments. [Book of 12 written, and 4 blank pages. Also I. 76A, pp. 78–87; I. 76, p. 176.]
July 12. Order that the said establishment be adopted and presented to his Highness. Approved 12 July. [I. 76, p. 176.]
July 12. Proclamation by the Protector for perfecting the collection for relief of the Protestants of Lucerne, Angrona, &c.
His Highness, from a deep sense of the calamities of these poor men, through their adherence to the reformed religion, and a confidence that this nation would help their brethren, ordered a day of fasting last May, hoping the people would then be stirred up to a free and liberal contribution. Although many parishes and congregations have responded liberally, yet in some the fast and collection has been omitted. It is therefore recommended that they should now have the precious opportunity of helping their distressed brethren, and that the ministers should stir them up thereto, and pursue the way of collecting prescribed in the instructions.
And whereas several sums are collected, but not paid in, his Highness requires the ministers, churchwardens, &c., to return the moneys and certificates speedily, that the relief may be the more speedily given. He doubts not that all who bear the name of Christ will join in so pious and honourable a work. Approved 12 July. [I. 76A, pp. 75–6; I. 76, p. 177.]
July 12.
Proclamation by the Protector that after 1 August next, no use is to be made of letters of marque and reprizal by privateers. They were granted to merchants and others who had suffered from depredations and piracies, and could obtain no relief; but his Highness,— finding that under colour thereof, some seize ships of the people of princes and states in amity, to the discouragement of trade and dishonour of the Commonwealth, and that ordinary proceedings have not suppressed these offences—declares that all letters of marque are revoked from 1 August 1655. All ships taken after, by virtue thereof, are to be sequestered and returned to their proprietors, on just proof, without any long or chargeable suit at law, and the persons taking them shall suffer death as pirates. All Admiralty Officers to see this proclamation executed, and all other officers to assist. Approved 12 July. [I. 76A, pp. 76–7; I. 76, p. 178.]
July 12.
Pres. Lawrence to the sheriffs of counties. His Highness and Council hearing that no collection for the poor Protestants has been made in divers places in your county, because the declarations and instructions were not sent to the places in due time, send you fresh copies, and require you to send them to the ministers and churchwardens at once, using your utmost care that no parish be omitted. You are also to send speedily to Council a perfect list of all the parishes in your county, that care may be taken that the moneys collected be not detained, but paid in seasonably. [I. 76, p. 178.]
July 12. Council. Day's Proceedings.
4. The following to be the Committee for Trade.
The 4 Treasury Commissioners.
Lord Chief Justice St. John.
Sir Chas. Wolsley.
Sir Gilb. Pickering.
Col. Jones.
Mr. Upton.
Geo. Foxcroft.
Alderman Riccard.
Maurice Thompson.
Martin Noel.
Denis Bond.
Sir Henry Blunt.
Thos. Challoner.
Sir Job Harvey.
Nathan Wright.
Capt. Hatsell.
" Pack, Lord Mayor of London.
5. Thurloe to consider the instructions given to the former Trade Committee, and prepare instructions for the present one by tomorrow.
6. Mr. Embree to prepare a room in Derby House for the new Trade Committee to sit in.
7. Sydenham, Montague, and Thurloe to treat with the East India Company about borrowing the 85,000l. remaining deposited with Sir Thos. Vyner and Alderman Riccard, for the State's use.
10. Order on report from the Army Committee of an estimate of the pay of the officers and soldiers now to be reduced from the 5 foot regiments and the garrisons in England and Wales,—which will amount to 7,302l. 1s. 8d., from May 14, 1655, to July 23 following,— that his Highness be desired to order payment to John Blackwell, jun., and Rich. Deane, of the above sum, on account for pay of the Army.
11. The above sum to be employed to pay the said officers and soldiers, [and the Army Committee to pay such forces as cannot be disbanded in time, from July 23 till they are disbanded, not exceeding a month from that date (fn. 1) ].
12. Order—on report of a computation of the pay of the regiment raised in Devonshire by Sir John Copleston, being 3,740l. 15s. 10d. —that Gen. Desborow, being on the spot, pay the regiment as he best can, and be authorised to take up a proportion of money in that county, and to charge bills of exchange on Council.
13. The Recorder of London, Nath. Bacon, and Mr. Scobell, to receive propositions concerning ale houses, and report.
14. Geo. Foxcroft to repair to Scotland, to settle the excise there, and return, and 13s. 4d. a day to be allowed him.
18. A letter from Lord Grey of Groby, dated Windsor Castle, July 7, to his Highness, read.
19. The Earl of Calendar to have liberty to stay in town, the late Proclamation notwithstanding, provided this do not weaken his security to return to Scotland.
20. The Committee on petition of Rich. Pight, clerk of the Irons and surveyor of the melting House in the Mint, concerning the discovery of counterfeit coin, to meet, in order to a report.
21. The petition of Abr. Johnson and his wife Magdalene, which was referred to the Committee on the Salvadore and other silver ships; also the petitions of Wm. Astell and Anne Pembridge concerning the same matter, referred to Lambert, Jones, Strickland, Sydenham, and Montague, to report.
23, 24. A paper presented by Sec. Thurloe, of instructions to be given to Gen. Blake concerning 50,000l. payable by the King of Portugal read, and his Highness to be advised to send an envoy to the King of Portugal on this business. [I. 76, pp. 175–9.]
July 12. 44. Notes by [Robt. Blackborne] of the examinations of Rouse, Saxby, Giles, Wm. Basse, and Hunt, as to their dealings with Carlisle and Gardner, employed in altering and repairing arms. [11/8 pages.]
July 13. 45. Petition of Rich. Willis to the Protector. I was made, by patent of 4 Charles, at a cost of 1,000l., under steward and clerk of the kitchen, and keeper of the Star Chamber, fee 40l. a year, with diet and other vails worth 200l. a year, which were paid till that Court was taken away by Parliament in May 1641. Since then I have only had the houseroom and sums of 10l., 40l., 40l., and 30l. The late Revenue Committee ordered me 150l. for fee and the use of my goods for Parliamentary Committees sitting there; this, and 83l. balance of 163l. ordered me by Parliament in 1647, are still due.
The Treasury Commissioners now say they want my rooms, which I am willing to give up, if satisfied for them, and paid what is due to me. With reference thereon to Council, 11 June, 1655. [1 page.] Annexing,
45. i. Full statement of particulars of Willis' case, with the several orders and reports of committees thereon, from 1641 to 1653. [1 sheet.]
July 13. Reference thereon in Council to the Treasury Commissioners, to consider his interest in the Star Chamber, and report. [I. 76, pp. 180.] Annexing,
46. i. Report by the said Commissioners that he and his predecessors have always had the ground rooms of the house, one room over the gates leading to Westminster bridge, and all the rooms in the uppermost story, the rest being employed for public use. 7 Aug. 1655. [¾ page.]
July 13. 47, 48. Petition of Geo. Bromley and many hundreds in and near London, who have lent money on the Public Faith, and are unable to double what they lent, to the Protector. We are the same petitioners who so long attended the late Parliament for our money, and you and the then Council of State recommended us to be considered by the next Parliament that should sit.
According to the late Act, we have made our claims for our debts, which have been received by the Worcester House Commissioners. We have long borne our sufferings in silence, but the time fixed in the Act is long since expired, hundreds of us are wanting bread, some are in prison, many hourly fear the same.
Knowing your readiness to help, we beg you to appoint some speedy way for our payment, and for the stating of our claims and accounts by the said Commissioners. We have been persuaded for several years that you would be our only help; 39 signatures. With reference thereon to Council, to receive the petitioners' proposals, and consider how they may best be satisfied, 14 May 1655. Also proposals by the same that they might be paid from their own discoveries, or from debtors' estates, as promised by Parliament, or from forest lands, excise, or customs, or any speedy way; 14 signatures. [2 papers.] Annexing,
48. i. Copy of the order of the Council of State alluded to of 17 June 1653, referring the petition of Geo. Bromley and others to the supreme power now shortly to meet. [Scrap.]
July 13. Note of the reading in Council of the petition. [I. 76, p. 780.]
July 13. 49, 49. i. Copy of the petition, proposals, and Council of State order. [2 papers.]
July 13. 50. Petition of Mich. Baker, Thos. Parker, Keilway Guydott, and Edw. Osbaldston, to the Protector. You granted us in Oct. 1654, during good conduct, the offices of Messengers of the Exchequer, and the riding journeys in Exchequer and Chancery with such moderate fees as should be decided on by Council. We have attended our duties, but as yet received nothing. We beg the same allowances as to other messengers. With reference thereon to Council, 13 June 1655. [1 sheet.]
July 13. Reference by Council to the Treasury Commissioners, to report the usefulness and allowances of the said officers. [I. 76, p. 180.]
July 13. Council. Day's Proceedings.
6. Order on report of the petition of William, Lord Chandos— showing that the estate and barony of Sudley belongs to him, but that since the decease of George, Lord Chandos, his widow pretends to be with child, and praying that some gentlewoman of reputation may now abide with her at his cost, and may be present at her delivery;—that (as it appears by certificate that the writ usually granted in such cases cannot be sued forth, so that there is no remedy except through the Protector and Council) Mrs. Green and Mrs. Wray, midwives, be appointed to remain with her, and be present at her delivery. Approved 13 July.
9. Order—on report from the Committee on the Earl of Lothian's petition—that the order of 4 July be confirmed with an amendment, viz., that he retain the Fewe and Blanch duties of 40l. a year till Michaelmas 1662, by which time the 300l. arrears of pension will be paid, and that the Leith Commissioners give him discharges therefor. Annexing,
51. i. Certificate by Mark Case, of Cockpen, that the pension was granted to the Earl by his father, and that he has paid for his father 2,250l. and other sums. 11 July 1655. [2/3 page.]
11. The petition of Wm. Higgins, mayor, Wm. Stanley, alderman, and Ed. Downer, sheriff of Southampton, referred to the Committee on the returns from Southampton concerning the said persons, now in custody, whom they are to examine on their charge, report what should be done, and meanwhile release them on bail, if they see cause.
13. Order — as some question may arise about the method and priority of payments from the fines imposed by the Act of Grace for Scotland, on the orders of 6 and 19 April last, and of 31 July 1654—that payment of one half be made in the order in which the persons declare, under their hand and seal, their willingness to accept money in lieu of the lands assigned them at 10 years' purchase.
Also—as on 2 Sept. 1654, 9,717l. 18s. 6d. was ordered to be paid therefrom to the late King and Queen's creditors and servants, ½ this sum is to be paid after the other first moieties have been paid; the next payments are to be 702l. 10s. 0d. to Cornet John Baynes for ½ of Col. Thos. Horton's arrears; 1,500l. to Sir Wm. Selby and his lady [and 2,500l. to Ald. Fowke (fn. 2) ], being ½ of their respective assignments on the said money; then the other halves are to be paid in like order; if the fines do not suffice therefor, care will be taken for payment of the residue. Approved 20 July.
14. In the order for payments by the Army Committee passed yesterday, these words to be inserted,—"And for such of the said forces as cannot be disbanded by the time aforesaid."
15. To advise the continuance of the Army Committee, and the issuing of the 6 months' assessment, and the payment from the latter of 360,000l. to Blackwell and Deane for the army. Approved 13 July.
16. Order on certificate that the Master of the Rolls was formerly paid 32l. 13s. 4d., yearly:—viz., for examining escheats 10l., for keeping a house of converts 13l. 6s. 8d., for 2 chaplains 8l., and for one clerk 26s. 8d., payable by the Clerk of the Hanaper,—that as Wm. Lenthall, now Master of the Rolls, was paid by Sir Wm. Allenson, Clerk of the Hanaper, for the allowance of 10l. until and for midsummer 1644, and for the other allowances until Jan. 29 1643-4, and not since, Allenson pay him the arrears of the respective allowances, and continue them. Approved 13 July.
17. Approval by the Protector of 4 orders of this day.
19. Order that, as last Trinity term nothing could be done in the Exchequer Court on Isaac Pennington's case, because the Lord Chief Baron was sitting alone, the order of 25 May be renewed until Michaelmas term, and the sheriff enjoined to return him his goods, and stay proceedings, on his giving the required security. Approved 20 July. [I. 76, pp. 178-184.]
July 13.
Pres. Lawrence to Walter Elwood and Thos. Appletree, justices of peace for co. Oxford. The warden and other inhabitants of Henley-on-Thames have shewn complaints of the undue outing of John Tyler from the office of town clerk there, and the placing an unfit person in his room. You are to learn the truth in this matter, and certify Council, according to the tenor of the order of reference, which, with the petition, is enclosed. [I. 76, p. 179.]
July 13. Order and declaration by the Protector for continuing the Army Committee and the army assessments, to the same effect as that of 14 March [page 76 supra], giving them the disposal of moneys paid in before 25 Dec. 1655. [I. 76, pp. 87-8; I. 76, p. 183.]
July 13.
52. Cornet Jo. Walpole to Gen. Desborow, Suffolk House, Strand. I send the best account I can, owing to my own insufficiency in things of this nature, the disaffection of some, and the timorousness of others in this county; the subtle deportment of those I have to enquire after makes it harder for us, being strangers.
The county troop had a rendezvous yesterday at Charmister Gate, Dorchester Downs, whither I marched your troop, and they exercised together. They are mostly old soldiers, and may do good service if pains are taken with them. [1 page.] Enclosing,
52. i. Examination of Thos. Osborne, of Sherbourne, co. Dorset. On 9 July last, heard Steven Bound boast he would have a king; asked him whom, and he replied King Charles, and that all who disowned him were rogues. Tried to arrest and take him before Capt. Chaffin, but he was rescued by several others; to avoid being injured, made his escape. 12 July 1655. [¾ page.]
52. ii. Examination of John Forrest, of Sherbourne. Seeing a tumult in the fair, went to it, and asked Osborne what harm Bound had done him. Details of the fray. 12 July 1655. [½ page.]
52. iii. Examination of Steven Bound, of Sherbourne. Was at the fair, but so drunk that he knows not what he said or did. With note that Bound and Forrest are in Capt. Chaffin's custody. 12 July 1655. [½ page.]
July 13.
53. Capt. Saml. Windis to the Admiralty Commissioners. I heard with surprise from Mr. Thorpe, also from Mr. Greene, of Manchester, a quondam Cavalier, that I was dismissed from the employment I have held for 6 years, and that I am to make room for a successor. I beg to know the truth, and shall hasten to London about it. I thought that my judgment, fidelity, and all possible industry, for which I have more vouchers in support from persons in the city [Chester] and county than I think meet to relate, with expensive journeys,—besides the blood of my 3 only brothers, and some of his own lost at Marston Moor, and my particular hazards run on the late intended invasion by the Scotch King; also my being out of pocket 250l. for provisions I was bound by contract to supply for the service, besides goods lost at Galloway and elsewhere,—would have obtained a suspension of the few pounds mentioned till I was convicted; but I must submit to rule. [1 page.]
July 15.
Boston, New England.
54. Jno. Leverett to the Navy Commissioners. I came out with Major Sedgwick, and was left behind to hold and maintain what was taken by the Major from the French. I was left very naked of stock, and of provision and pay for the soldiers, so that I have disbursed 2,500l. for the Commonwealth. I am now going to the forts, but fear I shall not return before the dispatch of the shipping for England. My necessities are now so great that I have been forced to draw a bill upon the Navy Treasurer for 500l., of which I have rendered an account to His Highness. I beg you will see that my bills are promptly met, as agreed before I left England, that I may more comfortably carry on my troublesome and unprofitable business, as the failure thereof will be greater damage than can be foreseen.
The want of trade has been a great loss, but I hope by ship and supply from you I shall be better accommodated for the future, and by this voyage lessen the charge 1,000l. a year. If we once get in the right way of correspondence, there is good to be done, otherwise there will be nothing but a yearly charge to the Commonwealth. [1 page.]
July 15/25.
John Adams to Pieter Hacker, London. Mr. Armorer and Sir Jos. Wagstaff, newly arrived from England, say there are yet many of C. S. [Charles Stuart's] friends who would show themselves in another design, though the last had no better success. The reason was the King kept not the day promised for their rising, but broke twice with them, which made many think they were fooled, and so they never appeared. They say the people are well affected to C. S., but their own factions at Court are the ruin of every plot. I am going with them to Holland. They think it best to be quiet awhile, and see if your divisions will not give them an advantage. They are going to Cologne, to give C. S. an account of their business.
Here is Massey, Titus at Breda, Bunch and Major Wood at Rotterdam; they have been consulting about their former requests to C. S. for the liberty of the Presbyterians, but delay going to Cologne till Lord Balcarras, their patron, come out of France. Titus would not go with them, thinking the Presbyterians could not serve C. S., and their plots would be all frustrated. They rely much on Lord Willoughby of Parham, who is imprisoned with many more of their friends. This troubles them, as well as the Royalists, who say that most of those in the last plot, and many others well affected, are apprehended. The Presbyterian Council meet here no more before they go to Cologne, so I shall return to Rotterdam and Utrecht, their chief rendezvous. I had better not write to you again under the name of Hacker; give me another direction. The people here are perplexed at the French approach, and fear their King and you will have a war. Most believe a flying report that your fleet has taken St. Domingo. [12/3 pages. Flanders correspondence.]
July 16. 55. J. Bankes to Jos. Williamson. You gave me a discharge, being an under officer of your troop, but I wear the colours still, and wish we might meet to distribute others. Let me hear how transactions go forward this Act, and whether Mr. Dillington has returned. Private affairs. [1 page.]
July 17. 56. Petition of Geo. Vyne on behalf of his mother, 8 children, and himself, to the Council. My father, myself, and 2 brothers attended all Committees of the first Parliament which sat in the Exchequer Rooms for 13 years, without allowance either for service or disbursements. The Protector referred our petition to Major Horseman, Mr. Bennett, and Mr. Gookin, who reported that we should have, in part of our services, a debt of 600l. due from the executors of Sir Simon Every, Receiver-General of the Duchy of Lancaster, which report Council confirmed by order of 14 August [1654], referring it to be recovered by the Commissioners at Haberdashers' Hall for our use. We attended them 7 months, but they, being ignorant of the procedings for recovery of debts of that nature, Council, by order of 23 Feb. [1654-5], referred it to the Treasury Commissioners, who, after full hearing of Sir Henry Every, son and executor of Sir Simon, ordered him to pay into the Exchequer by 1 Nov. [1655] 738l. 10s. 9d. We have spent 100l. to regain the said debt. My father died, leaving his wife and 8 children 570l. in debt, and no income to maintain them; two employments in the Exchequer, worth 240l. a year, lapsed at his death, and one by the death of my brother, slain in the service of the State in Ireland. I beg an order for payment of the said 738l. 10s. 9d. [¾ page.]
July 17. Order thereon for its payment to Vyne as soon as paid into the Exchequer by Every. Approved 20 July. [I. 76, pp. 184, 192.]
July 17. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order on a report on the petition of Robert Lindsey, Esq., and Elizabeth his wife, and a certificate thereon from the Master of the Rolls — they praying restoration to an estate from which Elizabeth was disinherited, by a fine alleged to have been forged or unduly procured when she was under 12 years old—that the matter should be determined by the legislative power, and the petitioners left to seek redress in Parliament. Annexing,
57. i. Report alluded to, signed by Wolsley and Rous, giving the details of malversations by which Roger Dale, father, and Godfrey Chitnall, uncle by marriage, of the said Elizabeth, endeavoured to alienate the property of the grandfather, Wm. Toft. [1½ pages.]
5. The draft of instructions for Geo. Downing, employed to the Protestant Cantons of Switzerland, read and approved.
7. Order on report on the petition of the Earl of Lothian [see 4 July 1655] that Ant. Wilson deliver up his bonds, discharge him of the Fewe and Blanch duties of 73l. 3s. 4d. a year for 1653 and 1654, and allow him to retain the said duties till Martinmas 1658, 4 complete years, by which time the 300l. due to him on his father's pension will be paid.
8. The draft of instructions for the new Trade Committee read, and to be again considered to-morrow.
9. The fines imposed by the Act of Grace for Scotland on Sir Wm. Scott, Pat. Scott, James Lord Carmichael, Sir John Wauchop, Sir John Scott, and Sir Jas. Arnott, and suspended 6 April last, to be absolutely discharged, and their estates freed therefrom. Approved 20 July.
10. Geo. Bilton, deputy-treasurer at Leith, to be allowed 2d. in the pound of all the moneys received by him as fines from estates in Scotland, for his pains and charges. Approved 20 July.
12. An information from Mr. Atwood, J.P. for Essex, about Steph. Galwell, said to be the late King's youngest son, referred to the clerks of Council, to examine the matter and report, and also to say what should be allowed the constable of Springfield, to whose custody he was committed, for the charge of him and his company. [I. 76, pp. 184–6.]
July 19. 58. Petition of Capt. Wm. Burrill, Governor of Mersey Island, to the Protector. On 4 May 1654 I passed my garrison account with the Army Committee, from 28 March 1649 to 25 July 1653, and paid all that was due thereon. But there were 26 days omitted from the account, which the Committee acknowledged, on examination of the muster rolls, and my commission from Lord Gen. Fairfax, part of which I have had to advance. I beg payment of the whole. With reference, signed by the Protector, to Council, 14 July 1655. [1 sheet.]
July 19. 59. Reference thereon in Council to Com.-Gen. Whalley and the Committee of Officers for reducements, to report. [½ page; also I. 76, p. 186.]
July 19. 60. Petition of the Laird of Fowlis to the Protector. By the report on your reference, I am referred to the Council of Scotland for reparation, according to Gen. Monk's declaration of 4 May 1654, or to have some proposal from the said Council to you for my relief, neither of which includes any present satisfaction, all the rebels being pardoned by capitulation, and I unable to return hither with any new proposal to his Highness, and my condition being unable to bear delay. My present sufferings and fear of future danger trouble my spirit, and I am near men of blood who, on the least opportunity, would break out into rebellion. If abettors and assisters formerly in rebellion, and now under the General and Col. Lilburne's declarations, pass unpunished, without being in any article of capitulation, it will strengthen the hands of evil-doers, and bring low the peaceable. I beg relief for myself and other well-affected sufferers by the late rebels. [¾ page.] Annexing,
60. i. Report that on 4 May 1654, Gen. Monk declared that damage done to sufferers for good affection should be repaired from the estates of the damagers, or of their friends and adherents, or of the parish, presbytery, or shire where the wrong was done, in case they do not apprehend the offenders, or give the English forces such notice that they may be apprehended by them. Also on 23 April 1655, a court martial at Edinburgh declared Fowlis a sufferer for his affection to Government, and on 22 March 1654–5 Col. Fitch, appointed thereto by Monk, certified Fowlis's losses at 1,196l. 12s. 6d. We therefore think a letter should be written to the Council in Scotland to repair his losses, according to the said declaration; or, if that security be taken away, the Council should think of and propose some other way. Signed by Edw. Whalley, G. Downing, Sa. Desborow, and W. Goffe, of the Committee of Officers. With reference thereon to Council, signed by the Protector, 14 July 1655. [1 page.]
July 19. Order thereon in Council for the following letter. [I. 76, p. 188.]
July 19.
Pres. Lawrence to Gen. Monk and the rest of the Council in Scotland. Letter to the effect suggested in the above report. [I. 76, p. 189.]
July 19. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Chris. Pack Lord Mayor, and Sir Thos. Vyner Alderman, treasurers for the Protestants of Piedmont, to pay the postage of letters and other charges relating thereto.
6. The establishment passed on July 12 to be the establishment of the foot forces and garrisons in England and Wales, and all the forces which exceed that number to be reduced. The Army Committee to pay them off on their reducement.
7. A letter from Bradshaw, resident at Hamburg, of July 10, 1655, referred to Mulgrave, Lisle, Strickland, and Pickering, to consider the difference mentioned, consult witnesses, and report.
8. A letter of July 16 from the Admiralty Judges, concerning the Paul and her lading, taking by a privateer, referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to report.
10. The report from the Treasury Commissioners—that they hear that the jewels, viz., the George, the collar of SS., and the garter, given to and worn by the Knights of the Garter, were on their death delivered up to the King, and that on the death of the late Duke of Richmond and Earl of Pembroke, their jewels remained in the hands of their executors—referred to the Treasury Commissioners, to call in the jewels, which are to be delivered up accordingly.
15. Order on report on examination of the matter concerning Stephen Galwell that, as there appears no cause to detain him, he and those accompanying him, be discharged from further attendance, and that Mr. Jessop pay Wm. Clerk, constable of Springfield, Essex, 4l. out of the 40l. delivered him on account, for the charges of the above.
16. Order—on a letter of July 2 from the Admiralty Commissioners to the Treasury Commissioners, that the fleet requires 100,000l.,—to advise an order for payment thereof to Hutchinson, the Navy Treasurer.
18. Jessop to report to Council to-morrow on the petition of Thos. Smithsby, John Blackwell, Nich. Bond, and other servants of the late King, Queen, and Prince.
20. Council to meet this afternoon to consider of money for the public service.
21. Gen. Desborow added to the meeting of officers.
22. Ralph Hall appointed clerk to the said meeting.
23. A proclamation for putting in execution the laws touching assize of bread, and all weights and measures, read again, and on the question, passed.
25. The report from the Committee on the pay of officers and soldiers under Gen. Venables in the Western expedition referred to the said Committee, to give Fras. Hodges directions to pay the fourth months' pay, according to the establishment for a special service, to the wives and assignees of such as Gen. Desborow shall certify to have been shipped, and as have their names on the muster roll, and who can prove to Hodges, Bowes, and Creed, that they are the wives, &c., of the officers and soldiers, although they have no letters of attorney. Approved 26 July. [I. 76, pp. 186–191.]
July 19. 61. Copy of a lease by Dr. Hen. King, dean, and the chapter of Rochester, to Daniel Leaze, for 21 years, of a tenement and lands in Chatham, including a field called Le Conygree; rent, 40s. a year. [4 sheets. Damaged.]
July 19.
Maiden Newton.
62. Examinations of Thos. Hallett, minister of Chaddington, co. Dorset; Jno. Warren, of the same place; Brigedius a Vyanen, minister of Abbotstoke; and Robt. Newman, Fras. Guppy, Hum. Everatt, Jno. Smith, Jno. Doulman, and Roger Pawlett, all of co. Dorset, before Cornet Jno. Walpole and Quartermaster Rich. Bustan, of Gen. Desborow's troop of horse. Jno. Warren, of Chadington, and Geo. Penny, of Tollar, a recusant, and others said that they were fools and madmen who managed the last insurrection so indiscreetly; that instead of taking away the judges' commission they should have taken their lives, or secured them, and raised the posse comitatus and not rode away so fast, for there were friends ready to help them, but not yet in condition; that had they stayed at Salisbury, 10,000 would have joined them; that meetings were held at Lord Poulett's and Squire Stroude's; that some Cavaliers, after Wagstaffe's rout, were received at Sir Hugh Windham's house, &c. Gregory Gibbs, of Parrat, Major Mohun, Mr. Barratt, Robt. Parker, Saunder Hood, Mr. Paul, minister of Pilsdon, Edm. Raw, minister of Limston, co. Devon, and Francis, his brother, were all of the King's party. [3 pages.]
July 20. 63. Petition of John Spencer to Council, for leave to stay in town to settle his affairs and for his health. Was in arms for the late King, but compounded and took out his pardon. [2/3 page.] Annexing,
63. i. Certificate by Dr. John Hinton that it would be very hazardous for him to interrupt his course of physic and travel at present. 10 July 1655. [¾ page.]
July 20. Order thereon that he have leave to remain in town, the late Proclamation notwithstanding. [I. 77, p. 192.]
July 20. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order that in the establishment for the Tower of London, instead of 4 companies of foot, consisting—besides 1 major, 4 captains, 4 lieutenants, 4 ensigns, 8 serjeants, 12 corporals, and 4 drummers—
A month.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
Of 400 private soldiers at 602 9 4 608 1 4
Fire and candles for the guards 5 12 0
there be 6 companies of foot, consisting of the same officers, but only of—
£ s. d. £ s. d.
350 soldiers at 598 14 8 604 12 8
Fire and candles for the guard 5 12 0
2. Lambert's report from the Committee who were to prepare something for the better collecting of Custom and Excise in Scotland, of a draft for additional instruction to the Council of Scotland to that purpose, read twice, and on the question, approved.
3. Order—on report on the reference about 30 men placed under Capt. [Thos.] Foster by Col. Lilburne's order, in Middleham Castle [see 25 May 1655]—that Capt. Foster and his men have 2 months' pay according to the army establishment, and that the Army Committee issue their warrant accordingly. Approved 9 Aug. Annexing,
64. i. Report alluded to, by Lieut.-Col. Chas. Worsley and Fras. White, suggesting 1 month's pay, but altered to 2, on account of the time passed since the report; and certificate by Fras. White that Col. Lilburne mistook the name of Foster, Governor of Middleham Castle, for Conyers. 20 July 1655. [1 page.]
7. Approval by the Protector of 5 orders, 13–17 July.
9. 65. Order on report from the Committee on the reducement of the army, a paper by the army officers, and another by the Committee, the case being put to queston.
That the pay of the Commander-in-chief of England, Scotland, and Ireland, be humbly left to his Highness.
That reductions be made from the several branches as follows:—
Summary. £ s. d.
General officers for England and Scotland 12 1 6
7 regiments of horse in England (each troop to be of 50, beside officers) 27 2 6
13 foot regiments in Scotland 131 15 0
7 horse " " 14 14 0
Artillery train, England and Scotland 29 0 0
A troop of dragoons in Scotland to be reduced; the draught horses reduced to be disposed of by order of Gen. Monk.
Garrisons in Scotland Reductions.
Edinburgh and Leith 2 14 6
Inchgarvey demolished.
Linlithgo to be kept by the army.
Stirling 0 3 0
Johnston 0 3 0
Dundee 0 3 0
Burnt Island reduced.
Inverness 0 8 0
Orkney Island 1 2 0
The other garrisons, on report of Lord Lambert, as follows:—
Scalloway Castle 0 4 0
Ayr 0 13 0
Also a gunner and his 2 mates.
Inverlochy 0 17 6
Also a gunner's mate, and 14 matrosses.
Dunottar 0 4 0
Also a gunner or mate.
Dunstaffnage 0 4 0
Also the like.
Blair of Athol 0 3 6
Ruthen Castle 0 3 6
Balloch 0 3 6
None but the aforesaid garrisons to be paid out of the Army's contingencies.
The companies lately at Guernsey, Jersey, and Scilly, and now gone in the Western expedition, to be omitted from the new establishment.
The pay of each foot soldier in England or Scotland to be 9d. a day, those in garrison 8d.
Each trooper to have 2s. 3d. a day.
The Army Committee to compute what the arrears of those disbanded will amount to. Also to prepare the draft of an establishment on these rules and reducements, and report. [I. 76, pp. 191–6.]
66. i. Suggestions by Col. Sydenham for alterations and reductions in the Army establishment in England, Scotland, and Ireland. 4 and 5 July 1655. [5 written and 3 blank pages.]
July 20. 67–71.. Calculations and suggestions relative to the said reduction. [5 papers.]
July 20. 72. Order by the Treasury Commissioners,—on the form read of a certificate and schedule to be made by the justices of peace and others who are to execute the late proclamation concerning Jesuits and Recusants,—appointing Chris. Bernard, one of the attorneys of the 2nd remembrancer office of Exchequer, to attend Sec. Thurloe with the said form, and to advise that it should be printed and sent into the several counties of England and Wales, with directions to the justices, &c. to observe that form in their certificates of their execution of the proclamation. [½ page.]
July 20. 73. Account by Col. Jno. Berkstead, J. White, Wm. Biller, and Major J. Miller, of the remains of small arms in the Tower, distinguishing those unserviceable, or to be cleaned. Taken by order of the Admiralty Commissioners of 22 June. [Parchment damaged.]
July 20.
74. Lieut. Theo. Barnard to Gen. Desborow, Suffolk House. I send you the enclosed, by desire of Mr. Smith and the other gentlemen having the hearing of Mr. Wood's business; also an information of Mr. Dorrington and others against Sir Hen. Berkley, a very old man, but a desperate enemy to Government, a wicked Cavalier; if you will direct me and some of the justices, we may find out the truth of it. I hoped much from the important gentlemen to whom you gave me commands, and who are said to be well affected, but I cannot get a word from them against this public enemy. I sent to you at Exeter, but regret your sudden departure from the West, on account of your lady's illness.
I exercised two county troops of horse at Exeter, consisting of 250 horse, and although they were not horsed so well as you could wish, the officers engaged they should be complete in horse and arms by the next meeting. I acquainted them that you would try to meet them before you left the West; they gave a volley and a shout, and declared their readiness to serve you as long as they lived. [1 page.]
July 20.
Gray's Inn.
75. Thos. Lamplugh to Williamson. If you could come up to London, we could strike up, " Betty, come kiss me now," without fear of Proctor, Provost, or Dean; nor should you outvie us in Greek or Hebrew rhymes, for our law affords blades that can "totas noctes et Græcari et inebriari;" but if you cannot come, fix a place where we may meet ½ way. [¾ page.]
July 23.
76. Cornet Jo. Walpole to Gen. Jno. Desborow. I offered Sir Hugh Windham liberty to go home upon giving security for 10,000l., but he refused, as being a stranger in the county, and his son-in-law having already engaged for him. [½ page.]
July 24.
Plymouth Fort.
77. Lieut. Sam. Larke to Gen. Jno. Desborow. I have reduced the garrison according to his Highness's orders, with the best skill I could. I was ordered to give those reduced 10 weeks' pay, and to draw a bill on the Treasurers-at-war for it; but as you wrote Mr. Doble that you would soon have the money in hand, I took up the money from the Commissioners for Prize Goods here, and have given a 6 days' bill on you, payable to the Prize Commissioners in London, which I hope you will meet, as there will be nothing to pay for the exchange. The mistake of 17l. 8s. in the accounts seems to be the preacher's pay.
I want your order to release some of the prisoners who last came in, they being willing to take the engagement, and serve in our men-of-war. I suppose you have heard from Capt. Hatsell of the flying reports respecting the West Indian fleet. [1 page.] Annexing,
77. i. List of 28 officers and soldiers reduced in Plymouth Fort, and 22 in the Island, with their 10 weeks' pay, total, 178l. 10s. [½ page.]
77. ii. List of 17 prisoners in the Castle under command of Hen. Champlyn, marshal. [2/3 page.]
July 24. 78. Petition of the inhabitants of Paulerspury, and 14 other villages near Whittlewood Forest, to the Protector. Our ancestors had rights of common in Pibble Stow and Long Dean coppices, co. Northampton, but 50 years since, they were taken, by order of King James to the then Earl of Dorset, into Wakefield lawn, for feeding the deer; and in lieu thereof, the Earl bought a lease of 3 other coppices, Hollowbrook, Bryery, and Catwell Hill, from Sir Geo. Farmer and others, for the commoners. But since then, John Urlin has purchased these 3 coppices from the Trustees, so that we have no right of common, to our great prejudice. We beg redress. With 5 sheets of signatures. [6 papers.] Annexing,
78. i. Information of Rich. Dobson that Urlin bade him kill deer in the winter, and had the deer. [Scrap.]
78. ii. Charge by Benj. Coldwell against John Urlin, for gross offences committed in the forest against the vert and venison; as felling timber, encroaching on the forest, blocking up highways, hunting and destroying the deer, &c. [1⅓ pages.]
78. iii. Charge by Benj. Coldwell against John Hathway, minister of Lillingston Lovell, co. Oxon, for hunting and destroying deer in Whittlewood Forest. [2/3 page.]
78. iv. Charge by Coldwell against Sir Wm. Farmer for destroying deer, encouraging deer stealers, and ordering his keepers to shoot his Highness's officers, and kill their dogs, if they came near his coppices. [¾ page.]
78. v. Charges by Coldwell against Wm. Taylor and Wm. Perry, for shooting and stealing deer in 1649, and ill-treating the keepers. [12/3 pages.]
July 24.
79. Order by the Protector that Sir Wm. Farmer, John Urlin, John Hathway, Wm. Taylor, and Wm. Perry, appear before Council, 16 Aug. next, to answer to the said charges of destroying the deer, assembling riotously, and affronting and abusing the keepers of the forest. Signed. [1 page.]
July 24. 80. Petition of divers inhabitants of Botolph's, Bishopsgate, to the Protector. Thanks for the means of Grace which we have enjoyed under John Simpson, and since his restraint, under Dan. Nicholls, whereby many have been turned from Satan to God; we had hoped for continuance of this favour, Simpson growing daily more fixed in declaring to us the Gospel of Christ; but, to the great trouble of most of the inhabitants, we hear that, by false information of some few in the parish, both are to be removed, and [Sam.] Lee appointed, who shows no wish to come. We beg continuance of Simpson, or appointment of Nicholls. 155 signatures. Noted "His Highness will speak with Mr. Lee." [5 sheets.] Annexing,
80. i. Notes of Council orders in Simpson's case. 25 and 28 Jan., 26 and 27 April, 13 and 17 July 1654, and 13 Dec. 1655. [½ page.]
July 24. Note of the reading of the petition in Council. [I. 76, p. 198.]
July 24. 81. Petition of David Clarkson, minister, to the Protector and Council. I was settled in Crayford rectory [Kent] by Parliament, and approved by the Commissioners appointed by your Ordinance; but Edw. May, former preacher, put out by the late County Commissioners for scandal and delinquency, and forbidden to come within 10 miles of the place, has brought an action against me, in the name of Nich. Gardener, of Bromley, put me out, and got possession.
By virtue of your late proclamation, which provides relief for such cases, I demanded possession of the rectory, and reparation of damages, but May and Gardener refuse obedience. I beg a special order for execution of your proclamation. [1 page.] Annexing,
81. i. Certificate by Maj.-Gen. Thos. Blount and Col. John Twistleton to the ill conduct and disaffection of May. [1 page.]
July 24. Order thereon in Council that May attend Council to answer the matter, and do not depart without leave. [I. 76, p. 198.]
July 24. 82. Petition of [Col. Hum. Mackworth], governor of [Shrewsbury], to the Protector. You ordered me on 10 April to receive another company from Worcester into Shrewsbury garrison, and [disband my own], but the company did not arrive till 18 April; yet the Army Committee will not pay my company beyond 10 April. I beg order for their payment to the 18th. [½ page.] Annexing,
82. i. The Protector to Col. Mackworth. You are to disband your company and receive another from Worcester, that the place may be in better security, for you have many townsmen who cannot be as well relied on for exact duty as strangers. 10 April 1655. [Copy 2/3 page.]
July 24. Order in Council for a warrant to the Army Committee to pay the said company to the time of their disbanding. Approved 2 Aug. [I. 76, pp. 204, 216.]
July 24. Council. Day's Proceedings.
5. Order that 15,000l. of the money collected for the Savoy Protestants be transmitted to Geneva and Switzerland; the former Committee of Council to communicate this to the Committee appointed to take care of the collection, and to advise with them and such others as they think fit, about the best way of effecting it.
6. (1–10.) Alterations made in the instructions for the Council in Scotland. [See 30 March 1655, pp. 108–110, supra.]
(1–3.) Are verbal alterations.
(9.) The instructions for the Council to bear date from 24 June last.
(10) The quorum of the Council to be 5.
(11.) The Council to continue for 3 years from 24 June.
(12.) The president's salary to be 1,000l. a year.
(13.) The rest of the Council to have 600l. a year each.
(14.) 2 ministers to be allowed the Council in Scotland.
(15.) A Great Seal and other seals and mace to be provided for Scotland.
(16.) Also a mace for the Council in Scotland.
(17.) His Highness to be advised to confirm the articles of war granted by the General there.
(18.) The Council to be empowered to cause the assessments to be levied in Scotland as in England.
(19.) The Committee for Scottish Affairs to prepare instructions according to these votes.
(20.) Also to consider proposals for settling a Court of Admiralty in Scotland, and reviving the powers of the Commissioners for Claims, as to debts and other just charges due out of estates of excepted persons, and touching transport of fell, wool, and hides, and to report.
(21.) The instructions for the Council in Scotland to be sent for and altered.
7. Order,—on information to Council that John Monger, of Godalming, Surrey, is required at the next Surrey assizes at Kingston 1 August, and at the Chelmsford assizes for Essex 11 Aug., as a witness on several trials,—allowing him to travel from his house to the said places and back, without incurring any penalty through the late proclamation, ordering all who have been of the King's party to depart from the lines of communication before 12 July last. Annexing,
83. i. John Fielder to Fras. Rous, requesting this license, Monger being the only person living who can prove a certain deed. 24 July 1655. [¾ page.]
8. All the provisions of war at Bristol to be removed to Chepstow Castle, and the Royal Fort demolished.
9. All the ammunition and provisions of war at Liverpool to be removed to West Chester Castle.
10. Lambert reports from the Committee several particulars concerning the new army establishment. Order that certain reducements mentioned be made in the pay of officers, &c., chiefly in Scotland. Annexing,
84. i., ii. Report alluded to, and draft thereof. [2 papers.]
11. Mr. Sterry to preach once on the Lord's day at Whitehall Chapel or Hampton Court, as shall be ordered.
12. Hugh Peters to preach once a week at Whitehall, on the usual week day.
14. The petition of Sir Thos. Wharton, referred by the Protector to Council, read, and not to be committed.
16. To advise that out of the 50,000l. which Sir Thos. Vyner and Alderman Riccard are to pay in, 30,000l. be paid to John Blackwell, jun., and Rich. Deane, for pay of the forces to be reduced in Scotland. Approved 2 Aug.
17, 18. The Treasury Commissioners to consult the Army Committee about orders for the regular issue of the said 30,000l. Also about what remains due to any officers and soldiers to be reduced in England, on the fortnight's pay lately in arrear on the muster of May 31, 1654, and what the arrears amount to, and report.
19. Lambert and Sydenham to prepare a letter to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland, according to Council's vote of last Friday, concerning reducement of forces there to the proportion of 27,000l. a month.
20. The instruction for the monthly assessment to be given to the Council in Scotland, prepared by the Scotch Committee, read, and agreed to.
21, 22. On the Committee's opinion that 100l. should be assigned for a mace for the Scotch Council, order that it be provided.
23–25. On their opinion that a seal is necessary for the Scotch Council, and seals for the Courts of Justice there, but that the Great Seal might be spared, orders passed accordingly.
26. Order on report from the Admiralty Commissioners on a reference on Tobias Sollicoffer's petition—that as the goods in the Peter, taken during the Dutch war by a Commonwealth ship, were sold off, because perishable, and were afterwards ordered by the Admiralty Commissioners to be restored; and as such of them as were strangers' goods paid ¼ more custom than Englishmen's goods—the Customs' Commissioners repay Sollicoffer and those interested in the said goods 375l. Approved 2 Aug.
27, 28. To advise his Highness to bestow on Hum. Mackworth, Governor of Shrewsbury, the first company of foot that can be so disposed of, and [Rich.] Smith to be his lieutenant; and that until the company be so assigned, Mackworth and Smith be allowed the constant pay of a captain and lieutenant. Approved 2 Aug.
30. Col. Thos. Croxton's foot company at Chester (being instead of the late company at Shrewsbury Castle), to be continued in the Army Establishment, according to the rules for the other foot forces.
31. The order concerning Mr. Higgins and the rest of the Southampton men to be stopped till further order. Strickland, Mulgrave, and Desborow added to the Committee thereon.
32. Mr. Jessop having examined several papers touching footmen and coachmen who attended the ambassadors and agents, and presenting 2 warrants for money, viz., 148l. 3s. 6d. on papers certified by Mr. Tyton and Mr. Compton, both Serjeant's Deputies, and 145l. 0s. 6d. on a paper certified by Chas. Rich, his Highness' Avenor, — order that the said warrants be signed forthwith. [I. 76, p. 197– 204.]
July 24.
Pres. Lawrence to the Mayor and Aldermen of Bristol. His Highness and Council have determined that the Royal Fort at Bristol shall be demolished, and commend it to your care to have it done. [I. 76, p. 201.]
July 25. 85. Power of attorney by Lewis Boulden, of Horseydown, Southwark, late master of the Solomon of London, to Chas. Cook, citizen and turner of London, to receive 354l. 8s. 6d. due to Boulden and 2 mates of his ship, for iron, tallow, linen, &c. [1 page.] Annexing,
85. i. Certificate by Lord Inchiquin that the said sum is due to them for the said goods, with hides, fish, pipe-staves, &c., and request for payment. 23 Oct. 1644. [2/3 page.]
July 25. 86. Deposition by Boulden that the said sum is due to him, and that no part of it has been paid. [2/3 page.]
July 25.
The Nightingale, Plymouth Sound.
87. Capt. Robt. Vessey to the Admiralty Commissioners. Plying on my station off the French coast, I surprised a vessel belonging to Plymouth, laden with salt and casks, which had been sent in from the Lizard by a Brest man-of-war, commanded by Capt. Grosse, late Lieut.-Governor of Scilly; from her I received so good intelligence that I stood over in company with her to the Lizard, where I espied the Brest man at anchor amongst the fishermen, with whom he seemed to hold correspondence. I gave him chase, and Capt. Grosse, seeing he could not escape, with his lieutenant, who is Capt. Meldrum's son, left her, and ran ashore in a fisher boat; the frigate also ran ashore, and all the men save 5 or 6 escaped up the country. I sent my boat, which brought her off; others of my men went in pursuit of the crew, and have since returned with 13 prisoners, one of whom is an Englishmen, and was their gunner. They would have taken the captain, but the country was treacherous. I anchored last night before Pendennis, and sent to the Governor, who is using all diligence to apprehend those villains, took in my men, and the prisoners, and I have brought in the prizes safely. The man-of-war had 3 guns and 50 men, many of them English. I have on board 26 prisoners, whom I shall put on shore. Some of them, who are left with the Governor for discovery, say that a gentleman who was residing near supplied Capt. Grosse with water and fresh meat.
Were my frigate tight and clean, I could hunt down these rogues, some of whom are gone to the Severn, but she has been leaky ever since we have been in the Downs, and we pump 3 times a watch. This will not be stopped till we come in to revictual 5 weeks hence. An Ostender has been to Brest, taken a commission, and also gone to the Severn, and 2 more are daily expected from Dunkirk upon the same account; I hope to meet with them. [1 page.] Annexing,
87. i. Certificate by Capt. Chr. Grosse that he has taken the Elizabeth of Plymouth, by virtue of a commission from the Duke of York, and appointed Jno. Dent, his quartermaster, to take the command, and carry her to Brest, or any other port in amity with his Majesty. 22 July 1655. [½ page.]
July 25.
The Amity, between the Start and Dartmouth.
88. Capt. Hen. Pack to the Admiralty Commissioners. I was sent home from the fleet by the Generals with their dispatches, received 12 June, partly to convoy a Hamburgher seized on her way from Marseilles to Newhaven, and partly for the guns I took in at Carthagena, and some cotton wool which the General ordered to be imported on account of Dan. Morse, a merchant whom we brought from Tunis, together with the Consul from there, and also I had to bring home some maimed and disabled soldiers from the fleet. Coming to Plymouth, I landed the Consul of Tunis, also a passenger, and I sent up my dispatches. I have in my company the Fame, a French frigate, surprised by Capt. Rich. Country of the Diamond, formerly Lieutenant of the Worcester. On account of the sad condition of the sick and wounded, I will lose no time in hastening to the Downs. [1 page.]
July 25.
The Lyme.
89. Capt. Jno. Bourne to the Admiralty Commissioners. The Sparrow Pink, Dogger and Ketch, are still in the Narrows, waiting for the person concerning whom his Highness and you gave orders; searching a packet boat from Dunkirk to Dover, they found one somewhat answering the hints given ; upon examination he appears to be a merchant's servant of London, yet not knowing but he may be the man, I send him up by my lieutenant. He said he was not the man I looked for, but he believed it was Sir Thos. Wagstaffe; if he is not the person, he will not be prejudiced, being also bound for London. I will return to the Downs to night or to-morrow. [1 page.]
July 26. 90. Petition of Mary, wife of Col. Rich. Fortescue, to the Protector. My husband has bought, from the Trustees for sale of Delinquents' Estates, Holshot Farm, late the Marquis of Winchester's during his life, with all timber, &c., and with leave to make leases for 21 or 99 years, or 1, 2, or 3 lives, reserving the old rent, and has spent large sums in repairs ; but Lord St. John, the Marquis's eldest son, pretending some right therein, has sued my husband for felling timber, and obtained judgment and treble damages, and threatens to seize my goods, and to bring new suits, intending to destroy the Commonwealth's title.
My husband being absent in your service, I beg you will quiet him in his purchase, or return him his money and charges. Also I beg payment of 500l., part of his 3,000l. arrears, to satisfy some of his importunate creditors. [1 page.]
July 26. Reference thereon in Council to Nath. Bacon, Mr. Manby, and Mr. Brereton, to speak with the parties, enquire into the facts, and report, and his Highness to be advised meanwhile to order her 200l. on account, till the justice of her husband's demands for arrears be proved. [I. 76, p. 205.]
July 26.
91. Petition of Col. Wm. Crowne to the Protector. Your messenger came not with your commission to raise a regiment of foot for the safety of Shrewsbury garrison till 7 March last, and the next day the castle was to have been surprized ; so I was forced, for its speedy securing, to send in forthwith 50 horse and foot of my friends, who came in that very day, and those forces I kept at my own charge 10 days, till Commissary-General Reynolds came with the horse, and advised me to send away my forces. The charge for letters, intelligence, messengers, and maintaining the force was 37l., and I did not put the country to a penny expense, though Staffordshire charged it 700l. Having acted for your honour and the people's care, and done my best to secure the town and country, I beg the 37l., and my own charge and expense I leave to your pleasure. With reference thereon to Commissary-Gen. Whalley and Col. Goffe, to state the arrears and certify; and their report that Col. Mackworth, Governor of Shrewsbury, says that Col. Crowne spent at least 37l. during the late insurrection. [1⅓ pages.] Annexing,
91. i. The Protector to Col. Wm. Crowne. It being justly apprehended that the Cavalier party intends speedy execution of a very evil design in the parts about Shrewsbury, which they specially intend because of the weakness of the garrison, and the multitude of Malignants thereabouts, I send you down commissions for a regiment, which you are to command for protection of the honest party, and securing of Shrewsbury garrison. You are to repair thither, and advise with your friends about this and other instructions which I have given to the governor there, to whom I have lately sent a troop of horse.
P.S.—I also send you a commission for a troop. Whitehall, 5 March 1654–5. [Copy, 2/3 page.]
July 26. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. To desire the Lord Deputy of Ireland to come to England speedily, to consult on Irish affiairs.
2. Mr. Secretary to order Mr. Kinnersley to prepare him rooms at Somerset House, and to remove persons occupying the rooms thought fit for him.
3. Council considered the perfecting of the Army establishment for England and Scotland, as reported by Col. Sydenham, and ordered as follows, viz.:—
4, 5. That the pay of Commander-in-Chief in Scotland be 6l. a day, and in England 10l. a day.
6. That the allowance for fire and candles for Sandwich be not continued.
7. The establishment, as amended by the insertion of the above orders, agreed to. Approved, July 31.
8. The title thereof to be "An Establishment made and concluded upon by his Highness and Council, for the several forces in field and garrison in England and Scotland," to commence from Monday July 23, 1655.
12. The naval affairs of the Commonwealth to be considered to-morrow.
13. Approval by the Protector of an order of 19 July. [I. 76, pp. 204–5.]
July 26.
The Protector to Gen. Monk. Having considered the condition of the forces in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the arrears due, owing to the necessity of keeping up a greater number of forces for safety than the revenue will answer, we have, by advice of our Council, so reduced the forces that a constant pay may be kept up, and the arrears provided for in due time. We send particulars of the reducement in Scotland, and refer you to the Council for Scotland, who will speedily be with you, to advise what may further be done for reducement of charge there.
Meantime you are to cause this new establishment to be put in speedy execution; and to enable you thereto, 30,000l. will be sent you for pay of the arrears of those who are to be reduced. We have settled a constant pay for the forces in Scotland in future, and hope you will not again be liable to the straits you have fallen into for want of money; 2/3 of the Excise in Scotland, and the Customs and other revenues, beyond what is requisite to defray the charge of Government, are assigned for the arrears of the standing forces, whereby we hope the needs of the soldiers will be in some measure supplied. [I. 76, pp. 196–7.]
July [26.] 92. Establishment, in detail, for the forces in field and garrison in England and Scotland, to commence from 23 July:—
Summary. £ s. d.
General officers for England and Scotland, monthly 817 0 4
7 regiments of horse for England 9,372 1 4
Life-guard, 45 gentlemen, beside officers 567 14 0
7 regiments of horse for Scotland 10,660 15 4
5 " foot for England 5,765 13 4
13 " and 1 company of foot for Scotland 16,294 16 8
4 companies of dragoons for Scotland 830 4 0
[Artillery] train for England and Scotland 374 7 8
Garrisons in England and Wales (2 companies in the Isle of Man, and 1 in Shrewsbury excepted) 5,492 18 0
Garrisons in Scotland 311 0 8
Monthly 50,486 11 4
Approved 31 July. [Book of 18 written, and 30 blank pages. Also I. 76A, pp. 107–124.]
July 27. Order touching the issuing of the present 6 months' assessment, commencing 24 June 1655, to the same effect as that of 27 March [p. 99, suprà]. The moneys received by the Receivers-general to be part of the 360,000l. ordered them by Privy Seal of 18 July 1655. [I. 76A, pp. 89, 90; I. 76, pp. 183, 208.]
July 27. 93. Petition of John Pordage, late rector of Bradfield, co. Berks, to the Protector. I am threatened, on pretence of your Proclamation, to be turned out of my house, and not to have leave to reap the glebe which I have sown, nor to get in my arrears. As no one is nominated to the living, the Proclamation does not concern me. I beg leave to reap my harvest, gather in my arrears, and enjoy the house, glebe, &c., which you ordered me. [See 4 April 1655.] With speedy reference to Council, as harvest is now coming on, 23 July 1655. [1 page.]
July 27. Order thereon in Council, that the county Commissioners for ejecting scandalous Ministers appoint honest persons to gather the profits of the rectory during the vacancy, and out of them pay Pordage 100l. a year and allow him to reap the corn he has sown, and gather in the arrears due before he was ejected. Approved 2 Aug. [I. 76, pp. 208, 216.]
July 27. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. Mr. Strickland to give directions for entertainment of the Swedish Ambassador, and order Sir O. Fleming that Lady Williams' house be provided therefor.
3–5. Nich. Bond to be steward for his diet, for 7 meals, and he to be allowed 50 dishes for the first and second course, and 20 of fruit and sweetmeats for each meal, with a fit table for his suite; and Bond to have 300l. imprest therefor.
6, 7. Bond to provide plate for the entertainment, and the Messengers of Council to wait at table.
8, 9. Strickland, Montague, and Whitelock, to receive and conduct him to his lodging at Lady Williams' house, and Desborow to dine with him on one of the days when he is at the State's charge.
11–13. The Army Committee to issue warrants to the Treasurers-at-war to pay the arrears due to the officers and soldiers to be reduced in Scotland, out of the 30,000l. now to be paid in on that account. Also of those that are to be reduced in England. Also arrears due on warrants charged by the Army Committee on the muster of 31 May 1654. Approved 2 Aug.
14. 94. The Admiralty Commissioners to appoint a ship for carrying over the money designed for Scotland.
17. To desire Derick Host, Maj. Chamberlain, Giles Vandeput, and Nich. Corsellis, to assist the Committee on the money collected for the Protestants in Piedmont, in returning 15,000l. by exchange for their relief, in the safest way and at the lowest rate.
18. John Biddle's petition, to be released from his imprisonment in Newgate, read.
20. The petition of Jonas Morley and Rich. Mill referred to the Treasury Commissioners, to whom the petitioners are to discover the name of the person.
21. Order on report upon Mr. Hobson's business, that his name be left out from the Commission of the Peace; the question whether Thomas and Israel Cave, and Rob. Massey, shall have 20l. for their charges through his prosecution passed in the negative.
22. Order, on a letter from Col. Whichcott, for 60l. for bedding for the forces in Windsor Castle, and he is to take care that all the garrison soldiers be brought into the Castle.
24. Order that,—as on 12 June last, a paper about marsh lands in cos. Norfolk and Cambridge, decreed by a Commission of Sewers to the late King, was referred to a Committee of Council, to examine why his Highness's right in those lands was not set out, and to report, the question appearing to be one of title,—the Treasury Commissioners advise with counsel thereon, and if they find cause, prosecute the matter legally.
25. Order that the Solicitor-General be joined with the AttorneyGeneral in preparing a bill in some Court of Equity on the petition of Thos. Stephenson, about the banks, &c., in Whitgift, Marshland. Serjeant [John Glynn], who was made one of the referees by the order of 11 Jan. last [see p. 14, suprà], being now Chief Justice of the Upper Bench.
26. As the establishment for the general officers and train relates both to Scotland and England, Gen. Monk is to take note of the part concerning Scotland, make the reducements, and return to the Army Committee an exact list of the part of the train there continued, that care may be taken that it is not exceeded, nor any person doubly paid.
30. Four gunners and one gunsmith in his Highness's regiment of foot, who are now left out of the establishment, to be continued and each mustered instead of 2 of the private soldiers left out. Approved 2 Aug. [I. 76, pp. 206–210.]
July 27.
The Amity, Downs.
95. Anth. Porter to the Navy Commissioners. We were sent to England by the Generals, partly as convoy to a Hamburgher of 17 guns seized by the fleet in the Straits, and laden with oil, soap, and wool, partly with 20 iron guns brought from Carthagena, and partly to bring home some sick and wounded men from the fleet, two of whom died on the way. We have a warrant from the General for their admission into some hospital, but they cannot derive any benefit from it unless your order is sent for the ship to come in. [Noted that letters were sent from the Admiralty Commissioners about this.] She is very leaky, and wants anchors and cables. Capt. Rich. Country came with us as commander of the Fame, a French vessel of 15 guns, which was taken by the Diamond near Majorca, and also sent home by the Generals; also a ketch that came to us to Algiers, but left us, intending to be in England before us. [1 page.]
July 27. Grant by Wm. Taylor, Alderman of York, Wm. Wood, of London, and John Clayton, jun., Thos. Oates, Wm. Scudamore, John Crowther, James Danby, and Nicholas Sanderson, all of county York, to Richard Combe, of Hemel Hempstead, co. Herts, of their interest in the moiety of that manor, with fines, &c. (sold by the Commissioners for sale of Crown Lands, 3 March 1650–1, to John Reyner, and by him transferred to the grantees), for 1,100l. paid to Taylor and Scudamore, and 5s. paid to Clayton, Wood, Oates, Crowther, Danby, and Sanderson. [See 5 Dec. 1653. Parchment signed, Interregnum box II., No. 8.]
July 28. 96. Jerome Bankes to Williamson. Your charge was so fierce that you put the corporal to a stand. I doubt not but you came off well with the ladies. It is cruel to account Dillington a student, since he that breaks his brains with study shall be buried under the gallows. Mr. Robinson might have played with Mr. Lake in this Act. You wanted music, and they would have made good harmony. I want to hear from Mr. Halton. [1½ pages.]
July 31. 97. Petition of Elizabeth, wife of Lieut.-Col. John Lilburne, prisoner in Jersey, to the Protector. Our grievous afflictions have obtained no remission; but after my long solicitations, and the tedious journey of my aged father, my husband's restraint is still most severe, and his senses, health, and life endangered, and all because he is represented as violent and rash, and not to be trusted with liberty. I appeal whether his extreme sufferings after trial for life, and all converse of friendship withheld, are not such matter of provocation as to have caused the expressions reported. I am confident that if you would enlarge him, he would be quiet and thankful, for no one has ever received an act of violence at his hands, and none could act with greater caution and reserve than he, after his trial at Guildhall.
I beg you to take away all provocation from his impatient spirit, wearied out with long and sore afflictions, and enlarge him, in pity to me and my children. I durst engage my life that he will not disturb the State. I should not else desire his liberty. [¾ page.]
July 31. 98. Petition of Richard Lilburne, for his son Lieut.-Col. Lilburne, to the Protector. You may think, from some violent and unadvised expressions which, to my grief, my son has used in his restraint, that he would be rash and violent were he at liberty; but knowing his disposition better than any other, I am confident that this distemper proceeds only from restraint, hard usage, and afflictions; and that if I could discourse with him, I could persuade him to peaceable behaviour for all future time. I beg that I may converse with him; and if I find this true, that you will release him, on security for peaceable demeanour. [1 page.]
July 31. Note of the reading of these 2 petitions, but no order. [I. 76, p. 211.]
July 31. 99. Petition of Sam. Blakesly, of Braintree, Essex, to the Protector. Thos. Wilson, collector for the Army Assessments in Stisted in 1652, being sickly, employed me as his deputy, to go with some of Com.-Gen. Whalley's troopers to make distresses, and they gave me 2 pewter flagons distrained from Hen. Austin, of Stisted, for 4s. tax. When the troopers were gone to Scotland, Austin prosecuted me, and Wilson, who should have indemnified me, cast Austin at law, but Austin being rich sued me, and I cannot prove that the flagons were for the State's use, the troopers being in Scotland. I have spent 30l. in law, and must perish in prison unless you protect me from his fury. With reference thereon to Council, 31 July 1655. [1 page.]
July 31. Reference by Council to Com. Gen. Whalley and the rest of the committee of officers for the business of reducements. [I. 76, p. 212.]
July 31. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Hobson to have liberty to go down into the country about his occasions.
2. Pickering and Strickland to wait on his Highness with certificates and papers concerning Hobson's proceedings, and give him an account of the whole matter.
3. As it was expressed in the late orders for disbanding, that arrears should be paid from 14 May last,—the officers advancing the money, and reimbursing themselves by bills of exchange on the Treasurers-at-war,—the Army Committee are to give warrants to the said Treasurers for payment of the said bills.
4–6. 100. A letter prepared by Mr. Secretary to Gen. Blake read, and agreed to. His Highness advised to send the letter forthwith, and the Admiralty Commissioners required to take care of it, and despatch it immediately.
7. The report from the meeting of officers to be considered to-morrow.
8, 9. Major Redman's proposals for transporting several troops of horse to Ireland read, and referred to Lambert.
10. Col. Arthur Hill's petition, referred by the Protector to Council, referred to Lisle and Pickering, to report.
13. A letter from Dorchester of July 23, signed by John Trenchard for the Committee for ejecting scandalous Ministers in co. Dorset, concerning Roger Nicholls, minister at Sherbourne, read.
14. Col. Lockhart to have custody of the house and park of Falkland, till further order.
15. A proposal made by Lockhart concerning his Highness' title to the town and lordship of Kelsey, and the house and fortalice of Newark, in Selkirk Forest, referred to the Scotch Council, to judge if his Highness' title be good, and if so, to prosecute the discovery, and report the value of what is recovered.
16. There being a necessity for speedy money for the forces in Scotland, the War Treasurers are to order the Army Committee to send 20,000l. to Leith, to be shipped as the Admiralty Commissioners shall ordain, and to be then issued out according to warrants from Gen. Monk.
18. The new establishment of the army, now approved by the Protector, to be continued as the establishment of the respective numbers and allowances of pay for the forces in England and Scotland; all exceeding that number to be reduced, and the Army Committee to pay them on their reducement; those who are continued are to be paid to the amount of 50,480l. 11s. 4d. a month.
19. The Admiralty Commissioners and others to stay the sale of growing timber in Woodstock Park, till the Lord Deputy of Ireland come over and be heard.
20. As in the new establishment, some garrisons are reduced where there are remains of arms and ammunition, CommissaryGen. Whalley and the rest of the Reducement Committee are to receive all applications for them, and report how they may best be disposed of, and to whose care the removal may be best intrusted.
22. The Lord Deputy of Ireland to have the use of Derby House when he comes over.
23. Desborow to state the matter of fact touching a statue in the churchyard of Covent Garden, and to report. [I. 76, pp. 210–2.]
July 31. 101, 102. Remonstrance of the Commissioners for Charitable uses in Middlesex to the Protector. It is one of our many mercies that, while you converse with Kings and great ones abroad, you note the condition of poor Lazarus at home, and order us to find a way for relief of the afflicted poor; but our hands are tied by the filth of corruption in the administration of charitable uses, and the fountain so dammed up that languishing souls are tantalized by the near approach of a remedy of which they cannot reach the least drop.
You have given ample powers to the County Commissioners to reform abuses, on the Act of 43 Eliz., but they are checked by a proviso in the Act that it is not to extend to towns, colleges, hospitals, or schools where there are special governors appointed by the founders to govern lands, &c., left for charities, and this proviso is the plea of the grand delinquents. We beg its removal, as being contrary to law, and striking at the heart of the Act, exempting all special governors and visitors from appeals; it is also against equity, but this was not understood by the House before its passing.
We beg you to use the legislative power, which resides wholly in you during the interval of Parliament, and either pass an additional Ordinance qualifying this proviso, or if this be deemed too high a demand, an expedient of less noise would be to constitute the Commissioners in this employment special visitors, governors, and overseers, pro tem. in their respective jurisdictions, reserving the profits to the ordinary incumbents. [2 copies.]
July 31.
103. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to Col. Jno. Clarke, Whitehall. The Marmaduke has arrived from St. Lucar, with 12 or 14 merchants who have resided there and at Cadiz, and who say the Spaniards were very unwilling they should leave, and tendered them all civilities at parting. I have seen a letter to the Sub-commissioners for Prize Goods from Sam. Wilson, Mr. Turpin, and Hum. Blake, stating that the Admiralty Judges have ordered the 3 prizes taken by Capts. Vessey, Sparling, and Heaton, and laden with hides, linen, and wine and brandy, to be sent up to London, which I much wonder at, as it will cost the State from 150l. to 200l., while the goods would have sold as well at Plymouth, besides the time lost, in which claimants have all devisable advantage given them, under the rose. Notices of ships. The Nicodemus has put in to stop leaks, having nearly foundered, and some ships bound for Ireland have been driven back through the foul weather, with the loss of masts, anchors, and cables; two or three are reported to have perished. As the Treasurer has not yet paid my bill of 350l., drawn in June, I have been necessitated to take up some of the assessment money, but will repay it into the Treasury at Guildhall as soon as I can. I send an order given to Capt. Sacheverell. [2 pages.] Annexing,
103. i. Order by Gen. Blake to Capt. B. Sacheverell, of the Pearl, to proceed to England, with his dispatches to the Admiralty Commissioners, in company with the Mermaid; and after delivery, to attend their further instructions. The George, off Cape St. Vincent, 6 July 1655. [Copy, 2/3page.]
104–108. Papers in a suit between Edw. Conway, Esq., and Anne his wife, plaintiffs, and Thos. Aylworth, of Gloucestershire, Wm. Pennoyer, of London, Hen. Barneford, and Rob. Cranmer, and others, defendants, in a case of ejectment before the Commissioners of the Great Seal. June and July 1655. [5 papers, much damaged.]


  • 1. This clause was added July 13.—Ed.
  • 2. This clause was added 20 July.—Ed.