Volume 100: September 1655

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1881.

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'Volume 100: September 1655', in Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655, (London, 1881) pp. 312-361. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/domestic/interregnum/1655/pp312-361 [accessed 12 April 2024]

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September 1655

Sept. 1.
Queen's College.
75. T. Lamplugh to Jos. Williamson, at the 3 Pigeon's, Gray's Inn Lane. My prayers and good wishes go with you. May you meet with better friends than I do. Have a care of religion, and bring home as much knowledge as you can. 'Tis Friday, and I must think of something against Sunday, though my thoughts are much scattered. [1 page.]
Sept. 3. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. 76. Order agreeing with a report read of the Admiralty Commissioners,—that on notice of the arrival of Gen. Penn with 19 ships in Stokes' Bay, they directed them to come up the river, the great ones to Chatham, the rest to Woolwich and Deptford; and that the 12 months' wages of the ships' companies will amount to 40,000l., which they request may be speedily paid to the Navy Treasurer.
2. To advise his Highness to order payment into the Navy Treasury of 30,000l.
3. The Treasury Commissioners to pay for the navy all the moneys that come in this week.
8. The Admiralty Judges to report to Council the facts and proceedings about the Frog of Zealand.
9. The Commissioners appointed to speak with the Ambassador from the States General to return him an answer according to the sense of the present debate.
10. Wolsley, Lambert, Sydenham, Fiennes, Strickland, and Desborow to consider the matter of the merchants of the Intercourse, and report. [I. 76, pp. 263-4]
Sept. 3.
Whitehall.
Pres. Lawrence to Gen. Wm. Penn. Council having notice of your arrival, judge your presence here necessary, that they may receive information from you in order to the further disposal of the ships and forces in the West Indies. You are therefore to repair hither, committing the conduct of the fleet up the river to some of the commanders, and giving strict orders to the officers to take care that there be no embezzlement of the stores. [I. 76, p. 263.]
Sept. 3.
Whitehall.
Council to the High Sheriff of co. Bedford. His Highness observes that the proclamation for executing the laws against priests and Jesuits, and convicting recusants, fails of effect, because there was not the requisite formality in the certificates directed. It is his pleasure that the certificates of the justices of peace throughout England and Wales be after the form now sent. [See 16 Aug., supra.]
You are to advertise the justices in your county, by sending them the printed forms, and those already returned are to be made anew accordingly. At the next general sessions in your county, the clerk of the peace is to enter the said form of certificate, and these letters are to remain on record. His Highness will expect ready obedience, and a due account, as the nature of the service requires.
With list of 70 counties and towns to which like letters were sent. [I. 76A, pp. 130–1; I. 76, p. 264.]
Sept. 3.
Chatham.
77. E. Hayward to Rob. Blackborne. I understand from Mr. Jessop that Council — on a motion of Gen. Desborow — have referred to the Admiralty Commissioners my request for leave to dispose of my books amongst my navy friends. I beg your furtherance in obtaining their sanction to impart what was intended for the public good. I must confess that, although my pains and care in the work were great, they were met with such little encouragement that I have no desire to come any more in print. [1 page.]
Sept. 4. 78. Petition of John Lord, gunner in the Tower to the late King, to Council. Considering my distress for want of my arrears, the late Council of State ordered me to be paid, amongst others whose accounts you referred to a Committee, but nothing is done for my relief, so that my aged wife and family are much distressed. I beg payment. [2/3 page.] Annexing,
78. i. Certificate of his service with 11 others as gunners in the Tower, by Miles Corbet and 6 others, 5 and 8 June 1648. [1 page.]
78. ii. Certificate in his favour by Fras. Frewen and 5 others, 24 April 1649. [2/3 page.]
78. iii. Certificate by Sir Rob. Pye that 112l. 10s. 10d. is due to him, and by Capt. Thos. Fauconberg that only 30l. 8s. 4d. has been paid. 28 June and 1 July 1650. [¾ page.]
78. iv. Certificate by Hen. Coles and 5 others of St. Andrew's Wardrobe, London, to his good conduct for 24 years in the parish. 26 June 1655. [¾ page.]
Sept. 4. Reference of this petition and the state of the gunners' case to the Admiralty Commissioners, to report. [I. 76, p. 265.]
Sept. 4. 79. Petition of Rich. Pitt, founder of brass ordnance, to the Protector. Has been instructed in the art from infancy, served the State at hazard of his health, and performed several pieces of workmanship, but has been lately discouraged by a reduction of 13s. 4d. per ton in the guns made for the Naseby. Has no salary as his father had, nor work enough to keep up the foundry erected by his father and grandfather for service of the State. Begs help, or he must demolish his furnace, and convert his workhouses to other purposes. The working of 10 or 12 tons of metal a year would encourage him. With reference thereon, 26 July 1655, to Council. [1 page.]
Sept. 4. 80. Reference thereon by Council to the Admiralty Commissioners. [½ page; also I. 76, p. 265.]
Sept. 4. 81. Petition of Chas. Fleetwood, Lord Deputy of Ireland, to the Protector. Sir Ralph Hopton had a life estate in Wyssett, Heydon, and Hastings manors, cos. Norfolk and Suffolk, of which I had the reversion by entail and Act of Parliament. His estates being on sale at Drury House, I ordered a solicitor to contract for them at 7 years' purchase; but he contracted for 3,836l. 12s. 0½d., which amounts to 11 years' purchase, and paid the half. I appealed to the late Parliament, who on 10 Oct. 1653, ordered that nothing should be done as to the second half till further order, but my estate is still liable. The first ½ is the full value of the purchase, as Sir Ralph was then 60 years old and very infirm, and died at the time of payment of the second ½. I beg a discharge, as there are precedents of that nature at Drury House. With reference to Council, 24 Aug. 1655. [1 sheet.]
Sept. 4. Reference thereon by Council to Desborow, Pickering, Wolsley, Sydenham, and Lambert to certify. [I. 76, p. 265.]
Sept. 4. 82. Petition of Elizabeth, wife of Col. Wm. Borthwick, to Council, for a pass for her husband to Scotland, for dispatch of affairs wherein the welfare of the family is much concerned. Being prisoner of war taken at Worcester, he gave bond on his enlargement to go beyond seas and not return without leave, but has business in Scotland relating to his estates, which cannot be dispatched without him. [2/3 page.]
Sept. 4. Reference thereon to the Council in Scotland, to grant the pass if they think fit. [I. 76, p. 266.]
Sept. 4. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. 3,000 copies of the certificates to be made by the justices of peace for conviction of recusants to be printed for the public service.
3. The order of 17 Aug. last, for payment of 4,242l. 18s. 8d. for the forces in London, not having included 550l. 6s. for the forces in the Tower, that sum is to be added thereto, making it 4,793l. 4s. 8d.
6. 83. The Admiralty Commissioners to send a ship or frigate to France, with directions to the captain to take aboard at Dieppe the ambassador extraordinary from Venice, and bring him over to England.
10. The petition of the inhabitants of the parish of Martins-inthe-Fields referred to Lambert, Fiennes, Sydenham, Lisle, Pickering, and Montague, to send for witnesses and report. Mr. Secretary to assist.
13. 83a. The Admiralty Commissioners to issue a warrant to the Navy Treasurer to pay 306l. 7s. 4d. to Rich. Bass, merchant, for value received at Hamburg of David Hechstetter, merchant, for disbursements about the Elizabeth, on a bill of exchange from Rich. Bradshaw to Sec. Thurloe.
14. Order on report from Whalley and Goffe, on Council's reference of a letter from Col. Guibon, Governor of Jersey, concerning pay to the reduced forces there, that—since the Governor only got his Highness's order for reducement on August 6, 14 days after the time appointed for reducing; and as, by comparing with the present establishment an abstract of the last muster of June 25, there were reduced so many officers and soldiers as that the said 14 days' pay amounts to, viz., 93l. 2s.—the Army Committee order the War Treasurers to pay it to Capt. Rich. Yardley, authorised by Guibon to receive it. Approved 20 Sept.
16. Order—on report from the Committee on the petition of the several companies of the City of London, for renewing letters Patent for Londonderry, Coleraine, and divers lands in Ireland, according to a former grant of Aug. 29, 1654—to advise that the Attorney-General prepare a new grant according to the said order, to contain the same privileges, and no others; and the clause concerning Customs to be so explained that they may not be lessened. [I. 76, pp. 265–8.]
Sept. 4.
Whitehall.
Pres. Lawrence to Col. Rob. Fenwick, Henry Ogle, Wm. Johnson, Mayor of Newcastle, and Capt. Thos. Lilburne. Council understanding that a quantity of arms remains at Raby Castle, the house of the late Sir Henry Vane, desires you to repair thither, to speak with his son Sir Henry, view the arms, and see what proportion of them belongs to the State, and remove these to Tynemouth Castle. Also to contract with Sir Henry Vane, junior, for sale of those belonging to him, and report to us the price agreed, that we may order payment, and that they may be removed to Tynemouth Castle. [I. 76, p. 267.]
Sept. 4/14.
Cologne.
84. Sec. Nicholas to Jos. Jane. I am expecting my wife here, if she can bear the journey from Utrecht. O'Neale says that Heenviet reports from the Hague that the fleet appointed for the Baltic, under Opdam, is ready, and he taking leave of his friends, but I do not believe the Dutch men-of-war will be permitted to pass the Sound.
I hear that there has long been a good understanding between the King of Sweden and Cromwell, and that they have agreed in the invasion of the West Indies, Poland, and other designs, no doubt with a resolution to exclude the King, our master, and all his family. These two will fill Europe with troubles unless prevented.
Cromwell is exceeding intimate with the Swedish ambassador, a person of great estimation; they dine, sup, hunt, and play at bowls together. Cromwell never caressed any man so much, nor sought the friendship of any so much as the King of Sweden. Some say France will join these two, but I doubt it, for they will make themselves protectors of the reformed Churches in Germany, France, &c. or at least procure from all a kind of dependence on these godly reformers. Ask M. Somerdike what he thinks about it. I believe one part of the design is to make Sweden master of the Baltic; and that therein or otherwise it may prove as ruinous to the States as to any others.
I hear that Cromwell, finding himself become every day more odious to all sorts of people in England, is contriving how to get a Swiss guard, and uses for this the money collected for the relief of the poor Protestants; enquire privately of the truth of this, but do not name it as discovered by us that have so near relation to His Majesty.
Heenviet and his lady take it unkindly that I declined to execute the commission for her levying a fine, but I take it ill that any offer me a commission by a power derived from the rebels. It may be a sly trick of my old friend Sir C. H. to try what I would do.
The Duke of Vendome is gone to sea with his fleet from Toulon. I wish he and Blake might meet, to see who would strike to each other. I hear from France that on 12 Aug, Blake being at Cadiz, the Spaniards sent 30 men-of-war and some fire-ships to surround him, but he saw them coming, weighed anchor, and stood to sea.
Cromwell's envoy to Moscow was ill received, and not permitted to return by land. The Swede is full of wants, and the Pole in much better condition than was reported, and will make strong opposition.
The Princess Royal is not well, and is under a course of physic. It is happy for her that Dr. Fraser is her physician, or she might have been very ill indeed. She will not stir hence these 2 months I believe. [2¾ pages.]
Sept. 4/14. 85. Intelligence sent to Charles II. Cromwell has been 3 months treating with the Swiss to raise him a body guard of 3,000, because he cannot trust his own army, as they are generally averse to what he desires, and he would depend upon these as the Turk upon his janizaries. For this purpose a Swiss colonel has been some time with him, but has lately come over to this side the sea.
To conceal the design, many Swiss families have been brought over and sent to London, and more are coming daily. To compas this, all the money collected for relief of the Protestants in Savoy, and much more, is sent over to Switzerland, to be employed in that service; if he bring it to pass, he can order the City of London as he pleases, and not fear his army.
With note [by Sir Edw. Hyde] that the King wishes this sent to Sir Marm. Langdale, that he may send it to his correspondents to make good use of it, and note [by Sec. Nicholas] that he has sent it to Langdale. [1 page.]
Sept. 5.
Whitehall.
86. Petition of Richard Swayne, butcher of Shrewsbury, to the Protector. A parcel of his ground, value 4l. 8s. 8d. a year, has been for 11 years and still is employed for fortifications under Shrewsbury Castle, and he has had no rent except 20l., 2 years since. Has been 4 years a prisoner for debt, and has only these arrears to pay the debt, and maintain his wife and 7 children. Begs payment of arrears, and settlement of the rent in future, or purchase of the land, which cost 90l., and 30l. is due for rent. With reference thereon, 26 July 1655, to Council. [1 page.] Annexing,
86. i. Certificate by John Cooke, Mayor of Shrewsbury, and 4 others, to the truth of the petition, 4 June 1655. Also like certificate from Col. H. Mackworth, Governor of the Castle. [1 page.]
Sept. 5. 87. Order thereon in Council for payment to Richard or Anne Swayne of 20l., in full of all claims for rent till Michaelmas next. [Copy, 1 page. Also I. 76, p. 269.]
Sept. 5. 88. Petition of Sam. Vassall, merchant of London, to the Protector, for a speedy hearing of the report on his case made by the Treasury Commissioners, or he will be ruined for want of his own money. "The like case hath not yet been done to any that have laid out themselves so far beyond their means for the good of this Commonwealth." With reference thereon to Council, 9 Aug. 1655. [1 page. See 6 April 1654, and 26 June and 11 Oct. 1655.]
Sept. 5. Note of the reading in Council of the said petition and report. [I. 76, p. 269.]
Sept. 5. 89. Petition of Abigail, widow of Wm. Flesher, fishmonger of London, for her 5 small children, to the Protector. In 1641–43, my husband lent 277l. 7s. 0d. in money, plate, and horses, on the public faith, and 500l. on the propositions for reducing the rebellion in Ireland, and lost his life in the service at Gloucester, whereby I am brought very low, having lost much by the rebellion in Ireland, and the divisions in England and the Sommer Islands. Also the Grocers' Hall Committee has settled the whole 500l. on my husband's heir, without considering me and the other children, and the land is like to be forfeit, as I cannot stock it, and the heir is not of age.
I beg some place of employment in your royal family for my present husband, or some present relief, as others in like case have had. Noted "Mr. Carill, minister, spake to his Highness." [1 page.] Annexing,
89. i. Account of Wm. Flesher's disbursements for the State, total, 273l. 7s. 3d. [1 page.]
Sept. 5. 90. Petition of Elizabeth, widow of Capt. Thos. Crant, [of Cavan, Ireland], to the Protector. My husband, at the beginning of the war, served under the Earl of Essex, was wounded at Edgehill, and lost his life under Sir Wm. Brereton, at Rowton battle, and 500l. and 281l. are due to him for his services. After waiting 6 years for the money, I obtained an order from the House for the stating thereof by the Army Committee, but have waited 1½ years, and no report was made to the House. My son and brother, who had arrears due to them, could have helped me, but they were both slain in Ireland, whence I and my 3 children were expelled, losing an estate of 4,000l. I beg an order for payment. [¾ page.] Annexing,
90. i. Certificate by Lieut. Jos. Cockayne to Crant's services in Col. Edwin Sandys' regiment in 1642 and 1643. 6 Nov. 1646. [1 page.]
90. ii. Certificate by the Commissioners of Accounts for co. Chester, that 281l. 4s. 0d. is due to Crant. 8 Dec. 1646. [1 sheet.]
90. iii. Order in Parliament for the stating his accounts, and for payment of 20s. a week to his widow for 6 months. 21 Nov. 1651. [1 page. Com. Journals, vii. 41.]
90. iv. Certificate by Sir Wm. Brereton to Crant's services in 1644 and 1645. 23 Jan. 1651–2. [2/3 page.]
90. v. Certificate by Thos. Waring that it appears by examinations taken, that the Irish rebels robbed Crant and his wife of goods and estate to the loss of 3,136l.; imprisoned them 12 months, and forced them to fly for their lives, and that he has thousands of such examinations in his custody, having been clerk of a committee thereon. Gray's Inn, 8 Sept. 1652. [2/3 page.]
Sept. 5. Reference in Council on the petitions to the Protector, delivered in by Sec. Thurloe, of Abigail, widow of Wm. Flesher, fishmonger of London, for herself and 5 small children, and of Eliz. Crant, to Pickering, Jones, Wolsley, and Montague, to speak with his Highness thereon, inquire the facts, and report. [I. 76, p. 273.]
Sept. 5. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The draft of orders touching the regulating of printing, entitled "Order of his Highness and Council for speedily executing the orders against printing unlicensed and scandalous books, and for further regulating printing," read, amended, and the names of John Barkstead, Esq., Lieutenant of the Tower, John Dethick, Alderman of London, and Geo. Foxcroft, merchant of London, inserted, and agreed to. Approved Oct. 9.
2. The War Treasurers to deliver in an estimate of what will be wanted for the pay of the forces and incident charges in Scotland, to 23 July last, above the money assigned therefor 24 June last.
8. The ordinary pay of the Major-General in Ireland to be 3l. a day, and in the absence of the Lord Deputy, 6l. a day. Approved 21 Sept.
9. No one to presume to publish in print any matter of public news without leave from the Secretary of State. Approved 21 Sept.
10. Thos. Simons, graver of the Mint, to prepare 4 seals according to drafts submitted, for letters for foreign princes and states, and for the Councils of England, of Scotland, and of Ireland, leaving out of the Council seals 3 the motto Pax quœritur bello.
13. A report from the Committee on the Earl of Hartfell's petition, concerning the fine imposed on him by the Ordinance of Pardon, read. The question whether the 500l. to which his fine was reduced should be remitted, negatived. Approved, 21 Sept.
14. Order on report from the Committee on the petition of James, Earl of Home, James, Earl of Hartfell, and Sir Rob. Douglas, for themselves and other nobles and gentlemen of Scotland, praying that the power granted by his Highness for relief of debtors in Scotland, in cases of extremity, may be renewed—that the Committee find that the Ordinance expired last May 12, and that the debtors are thus left to the full rigour of the law, which will be destructive to them, for Gen. Monck reports that its severity has driven more people to quit their homes and join the enemy among the hills for protection, than has disaffection to the Government, or any other ground— to advise his Highness to allow some mitigation, and that the Council in Scotland be written to, to carry on justice there according to the laws of England, as the judges and officers in the Court of Judicature are instructed; and meanwhile, if debtors shall apply, to endeavour for their relief by bringing the creditors to accept satisfaction according to the Ordinance for relief of debtors, or otherwise, as the case shall require; and if they find that course ineffectual, to report full particulars of the case to Council. Approved by his Highness, Sept. 27, and a letter written by Pres. Lawrence accordingly, Sept. 25. [I. 76, p. 303.]
15. Order on report in the case of Armiger Warner—stating that his ship, the Diana, was impressed in April 1653 for carrying Irish from Connaught to Spain [see 26 June 1654], had a new master and mariners placed in her against his will, took 750 Irish to Camerena in Spain, but was not allowed to land them as promised, within 48 hours; on this account, and also because only 15 instead of 30 days' victuals were put on the ship, all the ship's victuals were expended in 28 days, and then the men mutinied and ran the ship ashore, selling the goods, &c., to the loss of 1,600l., besides 100l. spent for livelihood of the wrecked mariners—that of all discoveries of concealed lands and goods made by Warner, he shall receive ½, till paid the 1,600l., and this to be in lieu of all demands. The Treasury Commissioners to prosecute the discoveries. Approved 21 Sept.
16. The petition of John Baptista Stoupe, French Minister, referred to Lisle and Pickering, to consider how best he may be satisfied for the service mentioned, and report.
20. A letter from the mayor and magistrates of Boston, co. Lincoln, enclosing articles and examinations concerning words spoken by Jos. Whiting, of Boston, referred to Whalley, and Cols. Goffe, Barkstead, and Berry, to consider the articles, and report. [I. 76, pp. 269–273]
Sept. 5.
Whitehall.
Pres. Lawrence to the Army Committee. The regiments of his Highness and the Lord Deputy of Ireland being ordered to march for Scotland in October, Council desires you so to assign the present warrants that the money due thereupon may be speedily received, and also to assign them warrants for another month's pay as conveniently as you can, that their march be not impeded; and as a warrant for 438l. 13s. 8d. for his Highness' regiment is assigned on co. Berks, and cannot be collected without a re-assessment, you are to collect it elsewhere. [I. 76, p. 270.]
Sept. 5.
Dover.
91. Mayor and jurats of Dover to Thos. Kelsey, Lieutenant of Dover Castle, Somerset House, Strand. Some sick and wounded seamen—belonging to the Adviser, taken by the St. George, and carried to Boulogne, in which engagement the captain and master were slain, and several others wounded—have arrived here, and been attended to by the surgeons, though those appointed for that service are at Deal, and none here, which has discouraged our surgeons. They have, however, been forward in helping the Deal surgeon, who has been here. We want their charges defrayed. An English vessel has lately been taken off the South Foreland by men-ofwar, with 22 pieces of ordnance. We beg an order for some frigates to ply about to protect the English ships, as there is a man-of-war of 22 guns, and 3 others at Boulogne, ready to put to sea, which will do much mischief, both to fishing and other vessels. [2/3 page.] Enclosing,
91. i. ii. Certificate of Capt. Teige Sullivan, captain of the St. George, that by virtue of a commission of King Charles II., he took the Adviser pink as a prize at sea, she being in the service of the rebels of England. 1/11 Sept. 1655. [¼ page; 2 copies.]
Sept. 6. 92. Petition of Edw. Dendy, jun., to the Protector. I have attended as serjeant-at-arms 5 years, with little benefit beside my salary, as prisoners of quality are sent to the Tower, and those committed to me are either maintained by Council, or are unable to pay fees, so that in 2½ years I have not received above 80l. from prisoners. I have to give constant attendance, and therefore to maintain a wife and 8 children in town, and can lay up little of my salary of 365l. I beg, therefore, to be continued serjeant-at-arms to the present Commissioners for the Revenue, as I was to the late Revenue Committee. Also to have my arrears for service to that Committee, at 4s. 4d. a day, which, had it continued till next Michaelmas, would have been 138l. 7s. 11d. With reference thereon to Council, 14 May 1655. [1¼ page.]
Sept. 6.
Whitehall.
93. Reference thereon by Council to Montague, Sydenham, Desborow, and Fiennes. [½ page; also I. 76, p. 276.]
Sept. 6. 94. Petition of John Smith, minister of Barthomley, co. Chester, to the Protector. Having been a captain for the Parliamentary army, and now being in Cavaliers' places, they have combined against me, entered my house, assaulted and struck me, and divers desperate Cavaliers have made a great purse and feasted 5 or 6 committeemen, and got them to take private examinations for 30 years past, taking for witnesses some of my abusers, some of whom have been felons. I beg you will not suffer the law of nature, nations, and grace, in defence of life and liberty, to be destroyed, but let matters of controversy be tried by law. Also that unbiassed gentlemen in the Commission may take public examinations, and I receive satisfaction for my sufferings. [¾ page.] Annexing,
94. i. Certificate that he is orthodox, of unblameable life, and did good service as captain of the horse during the late wars, by the following ministers:—Thos. Johnson of Stockport; Thos. Jeynson of Prestbury; John Buereton of Winslow; and Nich. Stephenson of Alderley. [Scrap, copy.]
Sept. 6. 95. Petition of the inhabitants of Barthomley parish, co. Chester, to the Protector. John Smith, minister of Bowden, was expelled thence 12 years ago for grand offences by Sir Geo. Booth; thence he went to Congleton, but left without giving notice, being invited to better preferment at Audley, his native place. Then he unduly obtained an order for Barthomley, without any call of the people, and has since continued there, to the saddening of many. His many crimes, exhibited in articles by John Steel, and others not therein contained, render him unqualified. He is covetous, exacting treble damages for any failure to pay tithes, lying, envious, and malicious, and vilifies other ministers. He deserted the public cause at Worcester, though he was the engaged chaplain of Col. Croxton's regiment, and only 6 families out of 200 attend his ministry, for which he cares not, so long as he enjoys good tithes.
The parish is united and well affected, and they beg leave to prove the articles of accusation. With 147 signatures, 73 being by mark. [1 sheet.]
Sept. 6. Order in Council—on consideration of a letter of 6 Aug. last from the Commissioners for ejection of scandalous Ministers, in co. Chester, purporting that they have examined articles against John Smith, touching offences, some of which are proved to be before the Act of Oblivion, and asking directions before they proceed to judgment—for the following letter. [I. 76, p. 276.]
Sept. 6.
Whitehall.
President Lawrence to Sir Wm. Brereton, Bart., Rob. Duckenfield, Thos. Mainwaring, and the other Commissioners for ejecting scandalous, ignorant, and insufficient Ministers and Schoolmasters in co. Chester. Council on considering your letter, and several petitions of the inhabitants of Barthomley and of John Smith, wishes you fully to examine the articles against him, and decide according to justice and the Ordinance, as the Act of Oblivion is not at all concerned therein. Let there be a general meeting of the Commissioners summoned for hearing the case. [I. 76, p. 277.]
Sept. 6. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of John Manley referred to Jones, Mulgrave, Lambert, and Montague, to report.
2. Fiennes, Jones, Mulgrave, Lambert, and Sydenham to advise with counsel and others concerning the addition of more names to the Committee nominated in the Ordinance for ejecting scandalous Ministers, and Schoolmasters, and to report.
7. Sydenham, Montague, and Pickering to speak this afternoon with Lord Nieuport concerning how the infection of the plague, which is scattered over parts of the Netherlands, may best be prevented from coming to England, and particularly as to what order should be given to the men and ships coming from thence. The same Committee to learn from the Lord Mayor what he can tell on the subject, and report. Thurloe to assist.
8. Order, on a certificate from the War Treasurers according to Council's Ordinance of the 5th inst.,—that as, by accounts given in by Geo. Bilton, it appears that above all the money assigned for Scotland, 86,576l. 16s. 11d. is required to pay the forces and incident charges there to June 24 last; also, that a month's pay from June 24 to July 23, will be 40,000l., bringing the amount due to 126,576l. 16s. 11d., towards which 30,000l. was charged on the Exchequer and sent to Scotland;—that the difference, viz., 96,576l. 16s. 11d., be charged on 2/3 of Excise money in Scotland, which is to be paid to the War Treasurers therefor. Approved 26 Sept.
9. The Treasury Commissioners to advise with the Army Committee how the above may be carried out consistently with the rules by which the said Committee acts, and to report.
10. The Treasury Commissioners to consider how the Scotch Exchequer may be managed conformably with that in England, and how a correspondence between the receipts may be maintained, so that the English Exchequer may keep a check upon the Scotch, and yet not prevent the revenue officers there from issuing such moneys as they are empowered to pay, without special direction, for service in Scotland, and to report.
11. The report on Lady Frances Fairfax's petition to be considered to-morrow. [I. 76, pp. 274–276.]
Sept. 6.
Whitehall.
Pres. Lawrence to Tobias Garbrand, M.D., Thos. Appletree, John Carey of Dichley, and the other Commissioners for ejecting scandalous Ministers, co. Oxford. Council understands that because there has been some mistake about the name of John Ovey of Watlington, which was spelt Vue, and because John Hunt's name was left out, some question is raised whether they should act. We therefore inform you that they are expected to attend and execute the functions of Commissioners for carrying on the reformation so much desired by the people of this nation. [I. 76, p. 274.]
Sept. 6.
Whitehall.
Pres. Lawrence to Col. Fras. Hacker, Wm. Sheild, Wm. Stanley, and the other like Commissioners in co. Leicester. In answer to yours of Aug. 23, concerning mistakes in the names of the Commissioners given, we signify that Archdale Palmer, John Goodman, and Evers Armyne are the persons intended for Commissioners; and that John Pitts is to be one of the ministers appointed thereby. [I. 76, p. 275.]
Sept. 7. 96. Petition of John Lewis, late Receiver-general of Monthly Assessments, co. Carmarthen, to Council. I was elected to the office 24 June 1649, and contrary to the course in other counties, forced to act as agent as well as receiver, and so continued till 25 March last. I brought up at 9 several times, at my own charge, to Guildhall, London, 180 miles distant, 8,167l. 3s. 9d. I paid 1,500l. at Pembroke, to Mr. Browne, Treasurer for the Irish Expedition, and brought 2,626l. to Hereford. I was so impoverished with frequent journeys to London, to receive acquittances and make my accounts, that the county was forced to lay out 700l. for me, for which arrears I am apprehended, and have been close prisoner at James's garrison since 13 July last. I beg you to accept bail for my appearance before the Assessment Commissioners in the county, and release me, that I may sell my estate towards payment of the money. [2/3 page.]
Sept. 7. Order thereon, that Wolsley receive his bail to render himself to Col. Dawkins in Camarthen before 25 Sept., to be secured till the county be satisfied for what he owes. [I. 76, p. 277.]
Sept. 7.
Whitehall.
President Lawrence to the Customs' Commissioners. It having pleased God to visit the Netherlands with a plague, the danger from the infection whereof causes many to quit their homes and come to live in England, which, without special care, may bring the plague hither;—Council desires that none on board vessels from beyond sea, coming into any port of this nation, be allowed to land till they have shown who they are and whence they come; if they come from the Netherlands, that they be kept in quarantine for 20 days; and then, if the sickness do not appear, that they be allowed to land only in clothes brought from shore, while all their goods must remain on board till further order. You are to order all officers of ports, and creeks, to see this done strictly.
P.S.—If the Secretary of State shall hereafter inform you that any other parts besides the Netherlands are infected, you are to issue order to the same effect concerning those parts. [I. 76, p. 278.]
Sept. 7. Council. Day's Proceedings.
4. A letter, similar to the above, to be sent to the magistrates of several ports on the east, north, and west coasts of England, with this clause added, All of which we have signified to the Customs' Commissioners to execute strictly, and we desire you to use your best endeavours, for the safety of your town, that the same may be carried out.
5. Order,—on the Lord Mayor of London's signifying to the President his humble desire that Council will dine with him on Tuesday, Thursday, or Friday next,—that Mr. Jessop attend his Lordship, and return him Council's thanks for his invitation, with their desire to be excused, as his Highness's late indisposition has occasioned an addition of business which makes them less at leisure.
6. Order,—on a report from Commissary-Gen. Whalley, and Cols. Goffe and Berry, touching examination on words charged to have been spoken against his Highness by Jo. Whiting of Boston, co. Lincoln,—that as there appears no just cause for his prosecution, he be dismissed further attendance.
7. Thurloe to direct Bradshaw, resident at Hamburg, to give letters of credit to Mr. Rolt, for supplying himself with money for the charge of the negotiation to Sweden, not exceeding 500l.
9. Mr. Secretary informs Council of the rescue of prisoners apprehended to-day by a warrant to the Serjeant-at-arms.
13. Jones, Montague, Pickering, and Fiennes, to examine into the said rescue, send for whom they choose, and order the Serjeant atarms to arrest any concerned therein. Mr. Secretary to assist.
14. Order, on report on the petition of Frances Lady Fairfax [see 4 May 1655], that in full of all demands, and in payment of all arrears and disbursements, 2000l. be allowed her out of her discoveries of concealed lands, moneys, or goods due to the State, and that directions be given for prosecution of the said discoveries. Approved 21 Sept. [I. 76, pp. 277–280.] Annexing,
96a. i. Report, by Mulgrave and Lambert, on which the said order was founded. [12/3 pages.]
Sept. 7/17.
George, Cascaes Road.
97. Gen. Robt. Blake to Rich. Hutchinson. Having drawn bills upon you for 150l., payable to Jno. Bushell, merchant of London, for beverage wine received of Wm. Birde, merchant in Lisbon, for the use of this fleet, I desire you will pay the same, and place it to my account. [2/3 page.]
Sept. 7.
Dartmouth.
98. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to Col. Jno. Clarke. Admiralty Chamber, Whitehall. In my last I gave you an account of a vessel taken up at sea by Gen. Penn's fleet, of her being put on shore at Brixham, in Torbay, and of my intentions of going to see to her preservation. On arriving, I found Capt. Pley had engaged a carpenter to stop her leaks with sheet lead, which was nearly completed, and the lieutenant of the Lion was put in command of the men engaged to bring her ashore; some had been quartered in the village, and others on board; they were in a very sad condition, without anything to eat, and hardly any clothes about them, and many were very feeble. I treated with the men for easing the charge, and sending them eastward, but they demanded half of the vessel, and what was in her for salvage, alleging that she was a wreck. After much discourse, I have prevailed with them to leave the vessel to be brought about by the lieutenant and 6 of the men with others, and thereupon dismissed 38 of them, and gave them 10s. each to carry them to their ships. I left the lieutenant, a master, and 6 men in charge, and arranged for their diet and some clothing.
What is in the vessel cannot be known until she comes in, as when first met with, she was full of water to the gun deck. I suppose she must not be entered in the Admiralty as prize, for no one can depose to whom she belongs; but she is a Dutch bottom, of 160 tons, and is supposed from Greenland, having a great copper vessel of 10 cwt. between decks, which the company would have sold but for me. She has also some oil, but much has been pumped out, and we cannot stop the leakage of the casks until they are all out of the hold, which is nearly full. The lieutenant had orders to acquaint the Vice-Admiral of the county when he came on shore, and to receive directions from him; I will take his and the master's examinations on oath, and send them either to Drs. Godolphin or Walker, and copies to you. I have taken care to prevent embezzlement, and to hinder the rude country; having left orders with Capt. Pley, I shall return homewards to-morrow. I beg advice as to the best to be done with the men engaged to assist. [2 pages.]
Sept. 7/17.
Cologne.
99. Sec. Nicholas to Joseph Jane. My wife arrived on Tuesday, sooner than I expected, and when I had but just removed to the house I had taken for her. She is still weary, and much worse than when I left her, but better than she was in France. I hear that Cromwell, having tried all ways to compass his designs, now talks of calling a Parliament, finding the people discontented and passionate to have a Parliament, which is the chief deity in whom they confide. He hopes by so doing to prevent a triennial Parliament.
The imprisoned gentlemen in the North are only fined by the judges for riots and misdemeanours, and released on bail. I hear of none to be tried in December, and would be glad to know who write such lies.
We do not here believe that Penn's remainder of a fleet is returned to Plymouth. I send well confirmed intelligence from England about Cromwell and the Swedes. Show it M. Somerdike, and tell me his opinion on it. We believe that the Swedes design to master the Baltic, and that they and Cromwell intend thereby to bridle the States of Holland; and if Denmark do not concur with them, they will force him to it.
Some think France and Sweden are in good intelligence. The Queen of Sweden goes for Italy on Monday. Next week the King, Duke of Gloucester, Princess Royal, and Lady Stanhope are going incognito to Frankfort fair; a strange journey, all things considered, but young princes think of nothing but pleasure. Some say the King of Poland is dangerously sick.
The lady may do something for you while she needs your help, but will do nothing out of consideration of your worth and sad condition. I have no credit with her, but have spoken to Mr. Cha[ncellor?] who can do all with her, and he will recommend you when anything advantageous falls into the Princess Royal's gift. You never saw any man fawn and flatter any great man so much and so grossly as Cha[ncellor ?] does Sir Edw. Hyde. [2½ pages. The italics are in cypher, undecyphered.]
Sept. 8. 100. Admiralty Commissioners to the Navy Commissioners. The Protector, with the advice of his Council, by Patent under the Great Seal, dated 27 Aug. last, constituted Thos. Alderne Victualler of the Navy, and gave him power to furnish and issue forth sufficient provisions in pursuance of his instructions. Some particulars in the said instructions have reference to you; we transmit you a copy, and require you, so far as you are concerned, to proceed thereupon with all care and diligence. On or before the 29th instant, you are to deliver up all houses and storehouses possessed by you, or your instruments, at Tower Hill or elsewhere, to be settled upon him for the victualling offices, and to give him all due assistance and furtherance in the legal possession of what was appropriated to the victualling service, but is now detained by particular persons, to the prejudice of the State.
In reference to his accounting, we require you, upon conference with the said victualler, forthwith to settle a regular course for his and your proceedings therein, respect being had to the intention of the said instructions, so that the State may receive full satisfaction, and the victualler be discharged by passing his account each 6 months, or sooner as shall be desired by him.
You are to take care that the accounts of the stewards concerned in former victuallings, not acted or done by the present victualler, be made up and perfected by yourselves. For provisions delivered by him since the new settlement, he is to take the care of examining and passing the accounts. [1 page.] Enclosing,
100. i. Instructions for the Victualler of the Navy, the same as those already calendared 29 Aug., pp. 282–3 supra. [2⅓ pages.]
Sept. 9.
The Marston Moor, Spithead, near Portsmouth.
101. Capt. Edw. Blagge to the Admiralty Commissioners. I left Jamaica on 24 July, with the Seahorse prize, bound for Virginia, but was parted from her in the night; the Augustin was to follow in 2 days. On 12 July the Portland, being sent to ply off the island, returned with the loss of her foremast with all upon it. In getting her a new one, we found that the worm had much injured our spare masts, so we put them into a pond of salt water on a point by the harbour. The Portland and Great Charity were put into the harbour until the army had raised a fortification upon the point.
The fleet intended putting to sea in a few days, but the men were very sickly and died daily. Capt. Vessey is dead, and Capt. Clarke cashiered for gross misdemeanours and embezzlements. Capt. Powell is appointed to the Selby, Capt. Blythe to the Hound, and Captain, late Lieut. Evans to the Gloucester. I have brought over General Venables, Col. Bullar, Capt. Butler, Quartermaster-Gen. Rudyard, Capt. How, Marshal General, and Captains Amesley and Sackville, with the General's lady, and their retinue of 28 persons. Adjutant-Gen. Berktsead, one of Lady Venables' maids, Wm. Steventon, check of the Grantham, and one of my own ship's company, died on the voyage, and many more lie very sick. I came up with two ships of London with tobacco from Virginia 700 or 800 leagues off. I send some Spanish letters and papers from Admiral Goodson, which came by this express. [1 page.]
Sept. 10.
The Satisfaction, Beaumaris.
102. Capt. Mich. Nutton to Navy Commissioners. I received Lord Deputy Fleetwood and his family on board at Dublin Bay, to bring them to the Point of Ayr, in Chester Water, but, being forced into Beaumaris, landed them there, whence his Lordship went to Chester by land, and ordered me back to fetch his goods and bring them to London. I will sail with the first wind, although my provisions are short. Capt. Sherwin of the Primrose, and Capt. Coleman of the Wexford, formerly the Fleetwood, accompanied me over. [¾ page damaged.]
Sept. 11. 103. Petition of Major Tim. Cruso, merchant of London, to Council. I was apprehended by your warrant, on Saturday, brought to Whitehall, and thence to Lambeth House, where I remain. My studies are sealed, and the key taken by the messengers, to my great prejudice, though I have always been faithful to the present Government, and adventured my life for them, and spent my own money to keep my soldiers from straggling, and never been repaid. I beg, if I cannot be speedily heard, that I may be released, on my engagement to wait on you when required, having other men's business in hand beside my own, which will be taken away unless I follow it; or if this may not be, release on security. [1 page.]
Sept. 11. Note in Council of the reading of the petition. [I. 76, p. 280.]
Sept. 11. 104. Petition of Thos. Gallilee to Lord Lambert, one of the Privy Council. I presented you a paper which you moved at Council, who appointed Mr. Jessop to draw a letter to the State of Venice, which he has done, but cannot offer it for signature, unless called for by you. Seeing it concerns the redemption of a man of valour, who, with one ship, fought 27 Turkish galleys and killed 800 Turks, pray call for the letter, that the captain may be released and the 7,000l., or what is justly due by the State of Venice paid. [¾ page.] [I. 92, No. 255.] Annexing,
104. i., ii. Letter suggested to be written by the Protector to the agent for Venice. Capt. Thos. Gallilee, with his 1 ship, fought 27 Turkish galleys, till his ship was burned under him, and he forced to leap into the sea, whence he was taken by the Turks, and is become the Grand Turk's immediate slave; the aged father petitioned us, we referred the case to Council, they to you, and you to the States of Venice, who ordered payment of 22,757 ducats, but it is not paid. We recommend payment, that this valiant captain may be redeemed and rewarded, to encourage others to be faithful to their trust. [2 copies.]
Sept. 11. Order in Council thereon, that—as on information that the Relief under Capt. Thos. Gallilee, jun., hired by Venice 3 years since, was taken after a gallant fight with 27 Turkish galleys, fired, and Gallilee, casting himself into the sea, became a prisoner to the Turks, and has so remained since; whereupon Council wrote to Venice for his release and payment, on which his accounts were made out and 10,000 ducats proved due to him, but not paid, and his aged father having no other means of procuring his ransom,—Council once more recommends the case to the Resident of Venice, Gallilee's fidelity and courage in their service rendering him a person of merit as well as of suffering. [I. 76, pp. 281–2.]
Sept. 11. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. Skippon and Pickering added to the Committee on the late rescue of a prisoner, which is to meet this afternoon.
3. The petition of Wm. Birkdell to his Highness, concerning losses by the French, referred by him to Council, read.
4. Order—on a certificate from Ed. Eyre, and others, on behalf of John Weeks, annexed to the petition of Anne Pettingale, widow— that Weeks be allowed to remain in London and Westminster, the late proclamation notwithstanding.
8. Gen. Monk's letter of Sept. 4 referred to Sydenham, Jones, and Skippon, to speak with fit persons, and report.
9. The petition of Capt. Wm. Scott of Worcester referred to the Treasury Commissioners, to report.
10. Order,—on several letters from Mr. Moreland and Mr. Downing—that his Highness be advised to order Downing's return to England.
11. Gen. Penn to attend Council at 8 a.m. tomorrow.
12. Order on request of Hen. Russell, quartermaster to the train [of artillery], on behalf of the wagoners that are to be reduced,— showing that before there were 29 draft horses, 13 wagoners, and 3 matrosses, and only 18 horses, 6 wagoners, and 2 matrosses are to stand, and yet ever since the reducement, they have been employed to carry money to West Chester, for the service of Ireland, and then to Scotland, and only returned 6 Sept.—that they be paid up to the said 6 Sept., and that Mr. Bowes calculate their arrears from 23 July last, and certify.
13. Order that Russell take care that the 11 draft horses are sold to the best advantage.
14. The business of Gen. Blake's fleet to be considered tomorrow. [I. 76, pp. 280–1.]
Sept. 11.
[Chester.]
105. Col. T. Croxton to Sec. Thurloe. I have sent up by 3 of my foot soldiers John Lingen, prisoner. He was an ensign when this city was a garrison for the King, and would have been a trooper under Ravenscroft if their design had taken effect. Send the soldiers back as soon as you can, allowing them 20s. each for their journey. I cannot find who had a hand in Ravenscroft's escape, but 2 of his sisters are suspected, also a servant of his mother, Lady Gamull, who brought him a horse and went away with him in the night. All 3 are prisoners. Ravenscroft's annuity of 30l. should be stopped. He was trying to sell it to his brother for 200l. Endorsed with receipt of 3l. by the 3 soldiers. [1½ pages.]
Sept. 11.
Plymouth.
106. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to the Admiralty Commissioners. When at Torbay, I received your letter about the vessel brought in by the Lion. I will, as you order, send the worst of the mariners who are prisoners in the castle to the gaol; but to do it with safety, I shall want soldiers. I will send the remainder to Barbadoes.
No mention is made in the Council's order of the many Frenchmen we have here at charge, and likewise some English gentlemen taken in a Brest man-of-war, who had been officers in the late King's army, and have lain here a long time. Particulars of ships. Thos. Maynard, who was sent to the King of Portugal, has returned in the Hampshire, with a packet for you from Gen. Blake, and has gone by post to London. [2 pages.]
Sept. 12. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order on report from the Committee on the late rescue of a prisoner as to Maj. Timothy Cruso's case, on his examination, that he be liberated, on engagement to attend Council whenever required; also to try to find out Thos. Proctor, who lately escaped, and to discover any of his papers of public concern.
2. Skippon to inform Cruso of the above order.
3. A letter from Gen. Blake of August 30 read.
4. Fiennes, Lambert, Sydenham, and Lisle to consider the state of Blake's fleet, speak with the Admiralty Commissioners, and report; Mr. Secretary to assist. [I. 76, pp. 282–3.]
[Sept. 13.] 107, 108. Petition of Col. Gilbert Ireland, Governor of Liverpool, to the Protector. When I received the government, there were but 30 soldiers in the castle and garrison, and 10 of them were lame and impotent, sent from hospitals, and unfit for service in time of danger, so I was obliged to make up the number to 50, being as few as could keep the garrison in case of attempts; but I can only procure pay for 30. I beg order for the pay of the 50 for the time they have already served, and for their future continuance or disbanding. With reference, 4 June 1655, to the Committee of officers; report of Commissary Edw. Whalley, Lieut.-Gen. Chas. Worsley, and Col. Wm. Goffe, that Ireland, a lieutenant, and 20 more soldiers added to the garrison, should have their pay which, from 9 April to 15 June 1655, when they may be disbanded, would be 70l. 5s. 4d.; and further reference to Council, 9 June 1655. [2 papers.]
[Sept. 13.] 109, 110. Petition renewed for payment for the whole 50 soldiers. With reference, 22 Aug. 1655, to Commissary-Gen. Whalley, Goffe, and Worsley, and their report, that as the said soldiers were continued to 30 July, the sum due to them is 115l. 13s. 0d. [2 papers.]
Sept. 13. Order thereon for payment of the said sum out of the Army's contingencies. [I. 76, p. 284.]
Sept. 13. 111. Petition of the wives and assignees of the officers and soldiers gone to the [West] Indies under Gen. Venables for ¼ of their pay, according to order. In May they petitioned and obtained payment, after two months' waiting, some spending more than they received. Though the second month is due, Mr. Hodges, the former paymastergeneral, refuses payment, because he has no order. They are in most sad condition, their husbands having borrowed money to fit themselves for the service. Beg their future payments without further trouble or expense; 9 signatures. [1 page.]
Sept. 13. Reference thereon to Lisle, Jones, Sydenham, and Desborow, the committee yesterday appointed for the business of Jamaica, to report. [I. 76, p. 284.]
Sept. 13. 112. Representation of the Commissioners for Appeals and regulating the Excise to Council. Rich. Babington, to whom the farm of excise on gold, silver, and copper wire is let at 2,800l.—a large advance—complains of fraudulent practices of the traders to elude the duty, which, if not prevented, will make this excise not worth the trouble and expense of management.
They erect engines in cellars and obscure places to disgross these goods, without bringing them to the places appointed by the Commissioners of Excise, as ordered by the Act of 6 Aug. 1646. They often bring the copper bars to the appointed place to be rounded, and thence take them to their houses to be silvered, and pretend to export them to be drawn, whereas they draw them secretly in and about the city, so that there should be a power given to break open doors to search for such frauds. He requests that some persons should be so empowered and act as though searching for clippers and adulterators of coin; if a few offenders were punished it would be a terror to the rest. Signed Wm. Roberts, John Stone, John Bockett, A. Baynes. [12/3 pages.]
Sept. 13. Reference thereon to Sydenham, Jones, Lisle, Wolseley, and Pickering, to enquire and report. [I. 76, p. 284.]
Sept. 13. 113. Petition of Wm. Taylor, 7 years master gunner of Newcastle, and artillery officer since 1642, to Council, for grant of the drawbridge, old carriages, and stones of a small fortification within the walls of the castle, which was built by Sir John Marlow, Governor for the late King, if Council think fit to demolish the said fortifications. By order of July last, petitioner and other officers of Newcastle were reduced. [½ page.]
Sept. 13. Reference thereon by Council to Wm. Johnson, mayor of Newcastle, Capt. Thos. Lilburne, Capt. Ogle, and Aldermen Dawson and Bonner, of Newcastle, to survey the fortification, &c., and the value of the materials requested. [I. 76, p. 284.]
Sept. ? 114. Petition of Anne, wife of Capt. Thos. Garnet, to the Protector. My husband being captain, under Capt. Stevens, of a privateer, with letters of marque against the enemies, was taken last May with his frigate by French vessels of Port Louis, and has been detained prisoner since, to the undoing of me and 3 small children. The French wife of Capt. Christ. Turner, taken by the Saphire, and prisoner at Plymouth, has prevailed with the Marshal, Governor of Brittany, that my husband shall not be released except in exchange for hers. I therefore beg that Turner may be released. [1 page.]
Sept. ? 115. Like petition to Protector and Council, for Turner's release. The French Ambassador will expedite letters for my husband's release. Noted as received 10 Aug. 1655. [1 page.]
Sept. 13. 116. Like petition to the Protector. Hearing that Capt. Turner is already exchanged, I beg the release of Capt. Ignatius Brett, taken in the Charles frigate by the Drake, and now prisoner at the White Lion, Southwark, in exchange for my husband. [1 page.]
Sept. 13. Order granting the exchange, and authorizing the keeper of the prison to release Brett. [I. 76, p. 285.]
[Sept. 13.] 117. Petition of Capt. Thos. Roberts to the Protector. I have served faithfully from the first going out of the late Lord Brooke, and at the siege of Gloucester, raised a troop at my own charge, and served till Dec. 1646. I also had a troop at Worcester fight. In 1648 I waited on you at Gloucester, when you promised to remember me on opportunity, and wrote the lines annexed with your own hand. I have 3,000l. due on arrears and public faith, and have received little. I beg an order therefor out of any just discovery I may make. With reference, 25 May 1655, to Council. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
117. i. O. Cromwell to Mr. Roberts. Hearing that divers Papists and delinquents gather on pretence of hunting meetings, give out dangerous speeches, and ride up and down armed, I authorize you to gather your friends and well-affected persons, and have these men brought to Gloucester to be secured till the pleasure of Parliament be known. With writ of assistance for him, in suppressing insurrections and apprehending suspected persons, to all officers serving under Lord Fairfax. 9 May 1648. [2 pages. Holograph.]
Sept. 13. Order thereon in Council that he be allowed as much as can be proved to be justly due to him, out of his discoveries of concealments, which are to be prosecuted by the Treasury Commissioners. Approved 21 Sept. [I. 76, p. 286.]
Sept. 13. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. A letter from Wm. Johnson, Mayor of Newcastle, of Aug. 27, referred to Lambert, Jones, Wolsley, and Fiennes, to speak with Blaxton the bearer, and others, and report.
2. Order on a report from Commissary-Gen. Whalley, Col. Goffe, and Scoutmaster-Gen. Downing, on a reference from his Highness,— they stating that since October 1653, the foot soldiers in Ireland have been paid 6s. 3d. (sic) a week each, viz., 3s. 6d. (sic) in money, and one brown George, valued at 12d., and the 9d. (sic) remaining has been stopped to buy them a yearly suit of clothes each; that they were thus paid till they landed in England, 15 Jan. 1654–5, having each a suit of clothes delivered in October last; that since their landing, they have been paid as the English forces, viz., 6s. 1d. a week, the remaining 9d. being respited for clothes, so that the 9d. is due for 8 months to those that were in the service from October 1654 to 9 June 1655, the date of the report, whereof 134l. 3s. 0d. was paid to the foot forces which went with Major Pelham for the West Indies—to advise a warrant for repayment of this 134l. 3s. 0d. out of Army contingencies to Col. Thos. Sadler, to be paid by him to the officers who advanced the arrears to the said soldiers.
8. The petition of Capt. John Ogle, and the report by Col. Goffe and Capt. Henry Ogle, referred to Sydenham, Jones, and Skippon, to report.
10. Order—on report on the petition of Capt. Rich. Pechell [see 15 Aug. 1655], that 607l. 18s. 0d. is due to Major Bethel, after defalcations; that he died at the siege of Bristol, leaving Pechell his executor, and that Pechell spent 24l. 7s. 1d. on Yarmouth Castle while he was governor—that the sum of these debts 632l. 5s. 1d. be allowed to Pechell, out of concealed moneys or lands to be discovered by him, and prosecuted by the Treasury Commissioners. Approved 21 Sept. Annexing,
118. i. Report alluded to, signed by Sydenham and Skippon. [1 page.]
118. ii. Bill of Pechell's disbursements at Yarmouth Castle, Sept. 1649 to Sept. 1653; total 24l. 7s. 1d. [1 page.]
118. iii. Report by the Treasury Commissioners, on a Council reference on the petition of Capt. Rich. Pechell, that the case be considered on the 29th, and that the Registrar for Sequestrations deliver Pechell copies of all papers and orders in his custody relating to the compensation and discharge of Edw. Trelawny, of Coledrinnich, Cornwall, 21 Nov. [G. 215, p. 841.]
12. Order—on the petition of Sir Wm. Balfour setting forth his faithful service to the State, and praying payment of arrears, according to his account certified by the late Committee for Accounts, on an Order of Parliament of Nov. 17 1646, wherein appears due and respited on public faith 1,466l. 17s. 0d. besides 211l. 13s. 0d. remaining on the foot of the said amount—that he be allowed from any discoveries he shall make of money, lands, or goods, of those not pardoned in the Act of Pardon, as much money as he can show to be justly in arrear for service. The Treasury Commissioners to receive such discoveries, prosecute them, examine into his arrears, and report. Approved 21 Sept.
13, 14. The surveyor to see that coach-houses and stables be speedily built in the Mews for Maj.-Gen. Skippon, and in Scotland Yard for Sir Chas. Wolsley. [I. 76, pp. 283–7.]
119. The Admiralty Commissioners to take care of the speedy sending away in duplicate of a letter this day ordered to Gen. Blake, who by his last letter was in Cascaes Bay, intending to sail to the South Cape. The said Commissioners to send letters by this night's post to the commander of the Bristol, to speed away the provisions to Gen. Blake.
Also to prepare a frigate of some countenance, and another ship of burden for the provisions to be forthwith sent to Jamaica. Noted "This to be managed with secresy." [1 page.] (fn. 1)
Sept. 13.
Lynn.
120. Jno. Bellerby to Gen. Jno. Desborow. It has been long in my thoughts to acquaint you of an estate now under sequestration, on pretence that it belongs to the late Duke of Lenox, called Sutton Marsh, worth from 1,500l. to 2,000l. a year. It does not belong to the Duke, as he compounded for his sole estates, and dared not compound for this; but after polling his agents and friends, he got the Committee of co. Lincoln to sequester it as his, hoping to gain it by compounding, but he could never make a good title, and so it rests as before. The former interests, who were till then in quiet possession by the imbankers, have had several hearings about it since the sequestration, but cannot get it out of the hands it is now in, and it is a sweet bit to them at Lincoln.
It has been vented from one to another these 16 years. First the imbankers had it by a patent from the late King, and then the Duke got it by a later patent from the same King, and great suits were commenced by both, until at last the Duke got one of the trustees, Rich. Derham's brother, to confess a judgment against it, and so the Duke was in possession for two years. Then came one Wise, a cunning lawyer, who sold the first patent, and got the tenants to take leases of him, and he told them he would oust the Duke during the wars. The Duke being a delinquent, the Earl of Pembroke got a hearing of it in the House of Lords, and a sequestration of all the rents into the hands of Mr. Stephens, M.P., a servant of his, who received the rents for several years, when Mr. Shute and Mr. Derham's brother, and others shared the marsh amongst them, let leases, and kept it until the Duke got it sequestered. Lawyer Wise, who got the first patent, sold it to one Kerby for the late Lord Bayning, who imbanked the land, but the then King's Attorney finding a flaw in the grant, the Duke gets a second, and so by the Duke and Wise, all the mischief has been begot. As it is believed this estate solely belongs to the Protector, and is lost for want of looking after, and as it now turns to very little to the Commonwealth, the agents for the Committee living off of it, and wasting much, and the poor tenants undone these hard times by their rigid actings, if you judge it meet to acquaint his Highness herewith, Rich. Derham can give you all particulars from the beginning to the end, having lived on the estate 20 years, and tasted deeply of all the troubles that have befallen it. Capt. Wornell's ship has come home from Iceland, and hopes yours is not far off. [1 page.]
Sept. 13.
Newgate.
121. Josh. Fugill to Robt. Blackborne. I am somewhat refreshed by your clemency to such a desolate wretch, but as the order to bring me before the Admiralty Commissioners was only verbal, and the keeper could not obey it, I hope you will extend your favour by sending a written one. [2/3 page.]
Sept. 14. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Secretary's translation of a letter from the King of Portugal, of Aug. 26,1655, brought by Mr. Maynard, who was employed thither, read.
3. Thurloe's representation of complaints from the Swedish and other ambassadors residing here, of the arrest of some of their servants, in breach of their privilege, referred to Fiennes, Wolsley, Jones, and Mulgrave, to report.
4. The letter of Sept. 12 from the Army Committee, answering Council's letter of Sept. 5, concerning the pay of his Highness's and the Lord Deputy's regiments of horse, appointed to march into Scotland, referred to the Treasury Commissioners, and Lambert to speak with the Army Committee thereon, and report.
5. The order of 24 July 1655 [see p. 257 supra] relative to Col. Mackworth, and Rich. Smith, his lieutenant, not having taken effect, because not contained in the last Army establishment, passed 31 July, the Army Committee are to issue warrants for their payment accordingly. Approved 21 Sept.
6. As Col. Barkstead was ordered on 18 May 1655, to make up his regiment to 1,200 men, and thereupon raised 300, whose pay, with that of a serjeant and 6 corporals, amounted to 84l. 9s. 4d. up to 28 May 1655; also as Col. Barkstead was ordered to repay 369l. 11s. 8d., lent him 10 Feb. 1655 for payment of some recruits—his Highness is to be advised, on his payment of the 369l. 11s. 8d., to order a warrant for the payment to him of the 84l. 9s. 4d. Approved 21 Sept.
7. Order on report from the Committee on the Mayor of Newcastle's letter, since not only that town is like to be in danger through choice of ill-affected persons, but the evil may become general, and can better be prevented than redressed, to advise his Highness to issue a proclamation prohibiting such persons from election, and from voting in the election to any places of trust or power, according to an Act passed 8 Oct. 1652, which expires Sept. 28 instant.
9. Order passing the report on the petition of the inhabitants of Jersey [see 30 Aug. 1655]—certifying that by the Commission all the inhabitants are put to compound, except those of very small estates, but that this should be restrained to those only who are under the qualifications named in the report. I. 76, pp. 287–9.] Annexing,
122. i. Considerations by the Jersey petitioners, why the whole island should not be treated as traitors and rebels, because of the misdeeds of a few desperate delinquents, many having been only delinquents on compulsion, and likely to be rendered desperate, if forced to compound or forfeit their estates; 7 signatures. [1 page.]
122. ii. Proposals tendered to the Committee on the petition
(1.) That such only be compelled to compound as assisted the enemy by setting forth frigates, buying prizes, and prosecuting the well-affected.
(2.) That all others be free from composition.
(3.) That the Commissioners be authorized to examine on oath for both sides, and take information of those who have forfeited their Articles by keeping intelligence with Charles Stuart, &c.
(4.) Consideration is requested of the extreme poverty of the people and their debts, so that many of them will be ruined unless mercy is shown them. [1 page.]
10. Order on report of the truth of a petition of the Lord Deputy of Ireland [see 4 Sept. 1655] that the prayer of the petition be granted, and that the former Committee consider how the same may be made effectual, and report. [I. 76, pp. 287–9.] Annexing,
122a. i. Report alluded to, signed by Sydenham and Pickering. [¼ page.]
Sept. 14/24.
Cologne.
123. Sec. Nicholas to Mr. Jane. I have delivered yours to Mr. Cha[ncellor?]. If Blake and the Spanish fleet are within ken of each other, Blake should fight before the plate fleet, which comes with a good convoy, joins the Spanish fleet, unless he is expecting more ships to reinforce him. The King and Council of Spain must know all that has been done against them in the West Indies, and Cromwell's resolution to pursue the design, as it is notorious everywhere; but the King of Spain is slow in his resolutions, and may stay so long in declaring against Cromwell, that it may be too late for him, and do him much hurt; for if—as designed by that arch rebel—he, France, Sweden, the Protestant Princes, and the States unite, Spain can do little.
The Spanish Ambassador at the Hague is an able man, and abhors the rebellion in England. If you could get acquainted with him, as you might by some of the Catholics there, he might tell you many passages worth notice.
Tell me what you can learn of the proceedings against M. Van Riven. I suppose the aim is rather at Prince William, whose agent he was. I am persuaded there has not been any great intimacy between 613 (fn. 2) and Prince William, though they are friendly. I believe most of all the Princess Dowager's (?) party and friends, and even a great part of the soldiers in those countries have more affection for, and a better value of 613, than of Prince William, who is proud and very unpopular, and 613 hath a great esteem among the wisest and best patriots in all the provinces, and is without doubt one of the ablest men they have. I am much concerned for him, holding him a very worthy person.
Nothing will sooner put an end to Cromwell's empire than a foreign war, for England cannot long bear the charge; and if Cromwell be in such want of money as Cardenas says, he cannot long continue, unless Blake meet with some of the plate fleet. If he be forced to call a Parliament, which nothing but the greatest extremities will make him adventure on, he must submit to what it imposes, and then the Presbyterians will yoke him as they please.
Heenvliet has sent for Oudart to execute the commission sent, and take Lady Stanhope's fine. I shall not join with him, but Mr. Howard may when he comes. Oudart may then be knighted, for a word of his mistress would effect it.
We hear from Breslau that the Swedes have beaten the Poles, which makes the Emperor and the Princes of Germany in those parts hasten their levies. The Duke of Bavaria declines to join them for defence of Germany, being much Frenchified by his wife, the Duke of Savoy's sister.
There is great joy at Middleburg for the arrival of their East Indian ships. Cromwell has agreed with the Jews, and some of their Rabbis are learning English, and will go from several parts to settle Judaism in England; they have already meetings in London.
We do not expect His Majesty here for a fortnight. My duty to the best of Queens [the Queen of Bohemia]. I would have written her, but have nothing worth knowledge.
P.S.—Sir Edw. Pitts met at the Hague, 2 or 3 months since, a Colonel of the Swiss in England, who told him, in great secrecy, that he had in Holland received 20,000l. from Cromwell, to raise forces in Switzerland, to join with the Huguenots of France. Have you heard of this, or of Pitts? [3 pages, the italics in cypher, partially decyphered.]
Sept. 16. 124. Jer. Bankes to Williamson. Mr. Ball told me he had the happiness of your company at Oxford. I wonder that Nicholson is turned country parson. You are become a Grecian; I can only afford you a [Khaire]. Take care how you quote Homer and others, lest your auditors be drowsy. At the playhouse this week, many were put to the rout by the soldiers, and had broken crowns; the corporal would have been entrapped, had he not been vigilant. The town is very empty; but you shall have a fair lady if you come. [1¼ pages.]
Sept. 17.
London.
Levant Company to Sir Thos. Bendish. We have long forborne writing you, because we expected to send a successor; but that remaining still in suspense, and you showing your care of our interest, especially in reference to the late action of Gen. Blake at Tunis, we thank you, and desire its continuance, till his Highness confirms you or some other person; till which we shall continue your entertainment.
We cannot admit [Jonathan] Dawes' excessive yearly charge of 1,500 dollars as treasurer; it must not exceed 800, and we must be credited for all he has received above that. If he will not continue on these terms, let him lay down the office, for there is so little trade there, we do not need a treasurer. We shall give orders to Smyrna that they remit no more moneys to the Porte than will defray your entertainment and petty expenses. We have ordered Mr. Lawrence to restore Dawes his money and goods, on which Lawrence's arrears of 1,200 dollars, detained at Smyrna, should be paid. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, pp. 247–8.]
Sept. 17.
London.
Levant Company to [Rich.] Lawrence. We have tried to settle your business at Constantinople, and ease ourselves of charges, but have not succeeded. Nothing is determined about sending another Ambassador, or the State's recalling you, which is a scruple you need not have insisted on, as your letters credential have not been delivered, and the occasion of your going is known to be entirely on your own affairs. If your business detains you not, you can return without call by the State, which, though not needful, we will procure if we can.
We hear that 1,200 dollars are detained from you in Smyrna for value received in goods and money from Jonathan Dawes, towards a present, since found not to be needful. If you will return them to Dawes, you will receive the 1,200 dollars. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, p. 248.]
Sept. 17.
London.
Levant Company to Spencer Bretton, Consul at Smyrna. We are glad to hear of Gen. Blake's good success at Tunis. The removal of Ipseer Basha, who would have exercised his usual exactions, has contributed thereto, and also the appointment of so good a friend as Morat Basha. We hope all danger is past, as the exasperations from Tunis are suddenly blown away. As thereupon you have unladen and despatched the Merchant's Delight, we shall send out a general ship for that port.
We are glad our London bills are at last discharged, and other dues, from duties on Armenians' moneys, brought on the Mary. Thanks for your service in levying the broke. We approve your choice of treasurer. We regret that Mr. Winchester preaches only once a week, and fear it is with assent of the factory, who ought more to value religion. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, pp. 349–50.]
Sept. 17.
London.
Levant Company to the Consul at Aleppo. We expect your Canceleur, who has been acting as marine factor since Felix Pigot's death, is released by the arrival of Mr. Bodington, from whom we expect good service.
We think it providential that at the juncture when all our estates (if not more) lay at stake in Constantinople, by the late hostile actions of Gen. Blake at Tunis, we were rescued from the rapine of Ipseer Basha, and have the friendship of his successor. We suppose you will abolish that unjust sentence of paying customs on money, and recover the avanias extorted from you while under him.
We are sorry for your difficulty in extorting the 2¼ dollars per cloth. We know the nonpayment here was occasioned by the ignorance of inexperienced servants, and not by design; therefore, for this time, we will remit the duty to as many as give satisfaction here, a list of whom Mr. Vincent, our husband, will give you, but levy it on the rest. We have at last fixed on Mr. Frampton as minister; and on account of the extraordinary character he bears, have increased his salary to 400 dollars, but not to be a precedent.
Wm. Fowke and Company unjustly detain large sums, because of the Hattecheriff, but we desire you to enforce payment, and will save you harmless therein. In respect to you, we remit our impositions on silk of yours imported on the African. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, pp. 251–2.]
Sept. 17.
London.
Levant Company to Wm. Fowke, Manchester Bernard and Clement Harby. John-Hobson has procured from the Senate at Venice an injunction against the levy of 2 dollars per mille on currants from Zante and Cephalonia, for charges in doing which we have promised him ¼ livre per mille on the said currants. He has also obtained from Gen. Moresini an order abolishing the dollar per mille to the regiments, both which orders we enclose, that you may withstand all payments on these accounts, and recover what moneys remained in Camera above Mr. Bromhall's claim, for which Hobson has sent you a procuration, which we beg you to execute. The recovered moneys are to be restored to each factor. The trade being so eased, Hobson should enjoy his allowance, which we request you to see paid from May 1652. Make this known to all the factory, that they may assist therein. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, pp. 253–4.]
Sept. 17. Levant Company to John Hobson. We are pleased with the result of your endeavours, though we fear Gen. Moresini's order may expire with him; therefore we wish you to get it ratified by the Senate.
Recapitulation of the preceding letter. We shall thank Signor Paluzzi for his friendly letters to the Senate. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, p. 255.]
Sept. 17/27.
Rotterdam.
125. Luke Whittington to Sec. Nicolas, Cologne. These several years, when there were hopes of his Majesty's restoration, I encouraged my townsmen of Hull to declare for him, and since Cromwell has advanced himself so high, I find them very pliable. In the last unfortunate rising, the seamen were so forward that if I had had time, or known where to send to his Majesty for instructions, I had gone for Hull. Now an opportunity presents, by the death (as reported,) of Cromwell, and the chief seamen will do their best, and assure me that if Cromwell be dead, the town will declare for the King, and they think the country all round also. If his Majesty would send me a letter to the mayor, aldermen, &c., to the same effect as he did on another subject, with a like promise of free pardon, and an Act of Indemnity for the whole town, I know a shipmaster who would deliver the letter, and bring an answer, and who will trade between here and Hull, on purpose to serve his Majesty. He will come to Zealand or Flanders, as I advise him, and is an able seaman, and hopes to be a pilot to carry his Majesty to Hull. God make me so happy as to see it, and soon. Our Hull men fancy that it will be the King's seat for a long time, and that he will mightily enlarge it, and make it so that ships may sail round about it. He should say something about religion, as the vulgar people have lately been told by the ill-affected that he is a Roman Catholic.
P.S.—I had a letter before from his Majesty to the masters and seamen of the Trinity House, Hull, but this is not so needful now as then. [2 pages.]
Sept. 18. 126. Petition of the deputies of Lancelot Emott, Provost Marshal of Middlesex, to Council. On 14 Aug. 1654, Col. Sydenham was ordered to consider out of what Treasury 100l. due to Emott and them should be paid, but Emott did not attend, on pretence that more was due to him; so that after 2½ years' service, they have received nothing, and had to pawn and sell their goods for subsistence. Beg a speedy order for payment of 60l. for their part of the 100l. and will give a full discharge thereof, though the Marshal refuse to do the same. 6 signatures. [1 page.]
Sept. 18. Order thereon to advise that the said 100l. be paid by 20l. weekly, until all is discharged, in full of Emott's demands. [I. 76, p. 293.]
Sept. 18. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order—on report on the petitions of Abigail Flesher and Eliz. Crant that 273l. 7s. 3d. was due to Wm. Flesher, and 281l. 4s. 0d. due by an account stated by the late Committee for co. Chester to Capt. Thos. Crant, slain at Rowton battle—that on the coming in of 500l., residue of Lord Savile's fine, the 273l. 7s. 3d. be paid to Mrs. Flesher, and the remainder to Mrs. Crant, towards her husband's arrears. Annexing,
127. i. Report stating the above debts as due. [¾ page.]
2. Mulgrave and Fiennes added to the Committee on several petitions about the office of Clerk of the Market.
3. The petition of several nobility and gentry of the despoiled Protestants of Ireland, whose names are subscribed, read, and consideration respited till the Lord Deputy's coming.
4. Order on report on the petition of the parishioners of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields [see 24 Jan. 1654] that to prevent the great inconvenience from increase of new buildings in that parish, and other parts in and about London and Westminster, his Highness issue a proclamation laying a restraint thereon, and that the proclamation hitherto issued in like cases be perused, and used as far as convenient. Annexing,
128. i. Report signed by Lambert, Fiennes, and Sydenham, on which the above order was founded. [1 page.]
6. The Army Committee to issue a warrant to the Treasurersat-war to advance 2 months' pay to the 12 companies of foot which are to be drawn from the party of foot that came from Ireland to England last January, and are now to return to Ireland by way of Chester. Approved 20 Sept.
7. Major John Duckenfield having in hand 225l. left with him by Capt. Bonel, as money overpaid him for the companies of Col. Venables' regiment, now in England, is therefrom to pay the transport and contingent expenses of the said 12 companies, on orders from Col. Thos. Sadler, and to account for the same, and for the balance, to the Treasurers at Dublin. Approved 20 Sept.
8. The Army Committee to issue a warrant to pay Wm. Walker 200l. for Army contingencies, that he may satisfy several sums lately advised by Council to be paid. Approved 21 Sept.
9. A gold medal and chain worth 50l. to be prepared by Thos. Simons for Col. Thos. Sadler, as a gratuity for his faithful service. Approved 21 Sept.
12. Order that, as Sir Wm. Selby has died before fulfilment of the order of 13 July last, for payment to him of 1,500l., the moiety of 3,000l. ordered him 23 Aug. 1654 from fines in Scotland, and has not assigned over the said money, it be paid to Dame Ellinor Selby, his widow. Approved 21 Sept.
14. Order on a letter of 14 Sept. from the Committee of Officers for Reducements—that they thought they had finished the paying of the recruits of horse entertained at the Salisbury rising; but of late there are more demands from the officers of Lord Lambert's regiment, and Capt. Palmer's troop in Col. Saunders' regiment, for which 210l. will be wanting—that a warrant be issued to Mr. Frost to pay the same from Council's contingencies to Col. Goffe, on account for charges of the said recruits. Approved 21 Sept.
16. Mr. Bacon, his Highness's Master of Requests, attending at the door and being called in, delivered, by his Highness's order, several petitions about prisoners referred to Council. [I. 76, pp. 289–293.]
Sept. 18.
Whitehall.
Pres. Laurence to Geo. Bilton, Deputy Treasurer at Leith. Enclosed is an order of his Highness and Council to pay Lady Selby the money designed her from Scotch fines, which you are to see done as quickly as possible, her condition needing it. [I. 76, p. 293.]
Sept. 18.
Whitehall.
Pres. Laurence to Chas. Walley, sen. and jun., Chester. Twelve companies of foot, consisting of 1,000 soldiers, being part of the foot forces which came from Ireland to England last January, are to be shipped for Ireland at West Chester, and the ports adjacent. Council desires you to impress at reasonable rates as many ships as will suffice for their transport. Col. Sadler will take order for the expense. You are to give a speedy account of your proceedings to Council. [I. 76, p. 293.]
Sept. 18/28.
Cologne.
129. Sec. Nicolas to Mr. Jane. I believe Cromwell's loss in the Indies far greater than has been reported, and it strikes nearer his heart than is imagined. Many letters from Flanders, Zealand, and Amsterdam say that he died the 9/19 of the colic, or of convulsions, and some say the devil killed him; but as no express has come to Holland or Flanders with news of so great import, I know not what credit to give to the report. God grant we may make good use of his death, if true.
I believe the rulers of the rebels' army will never consent to a triennial or other Parliament that shall have power above them, as they must expect to be dissolved, or so diminished that they may be easily dissolved, for the Kingdom will not think themselves masters while there is a ruling army in England. If St. John have any design to procure a triennial Parliament, he may burn his fingers with meddling in it whilst the army is so prevalent. If Cromwell should be dead, and Lambert chosen in his place, he or any other (who had not actually a hand in the murder of the late King) may be treated with and pardoned, so as to restore the King on good conditions, which is the only hope of good I expect from such a change.
It is said that the French have been defeated by the Spaniards in Catalonia, which peace lovers wish to be true, as the French and Swedes delight in war and bloodshed.
Is it true, as reported, that 613 [Prince Maurice?] has lately got a sentence on behalf of his kinsmen of Breda against M. Heenvliet for the Drosser's place of Breda?
Tell Mrs. Harvey that I have 150 rix dollars in part of 200l. to pay her from Lord Gerard, and she is to give him the acquittance of a woman who sold him some linen. The other 50 will be paid her when received in 2 months. I would not meddle in such a matter but for Lord Gerard, who is in Paris, but will be here at Christmas.
This morning the Queen of Sweden passed my door with 7 coaches of 6 horses each, a horse litter, and a great litter. She will lodge at a castle 3 or 4 miles off. She is already a Roman Catholic, and goes to mass, but will not declare herself till she comes to Rome. She has had made a golden sceptre with a crown on, set with diamonds and rubies, value 5,000 crowns, to offer on her return to Notre Dame de Lorette; and she will then buy Egmond's house in Brussels, and make it a convent for nuns. "A worthy pillar doubtless she will prove, for which the Protestants will not have much cause to envy Rome."
I have talked little with the doctor here; he so admires the greatness of his other friends, as he little regards others. My wife sends remembrances to you and your wife. [1¾ pages.]
Sept. 19. 130. Petition of Edw. May, clerk, Geo. Binny, and Dan. Esterson, labourers, to the Protector and Council for release, or they must perish. Are brought up in a messenger's custody, on complaint of D. Clarkson [see 28 Aug. 1655], and have been a fortnight at great expense, and know not why they are restrained. Noted as received 14 Sept. [1 page.]
Sept. 19. Order in Council for their discharge. [I. 76, p. 295.]
Sept. 19. 131. Petition of the clerks of the Signet and Privy Seal to the Protector, for competent salaries. The business from which they derived their chief benefit is taken away, and the public business, for which they receive no fees, much increased, so that their labour is far greater, and the profit inconsiderable. With reference to Council, 17 Sept. 1655. [1 page.]
Sept. 19. Reference thereon in Council to Sydenham, Desborow, Wolsley, Pickering, Lisle, and Mulgrave, to consider the fees received and the salaries to be allowed, and report. [I. 76, pp. 296.]
Sept. 19. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. The Committee on the Mayor of Newcastle's letter to meet this afternoon, and Strickland added to it.
3. Order on Desborow's report—that, according to his Highness's order of July 12, he had taken up of John Talbot, Receiver-General of Assessment for co. Devon, to pay off 8 companies of Sir John Copleston's regiment, 2,559l. 16s. 2d., on receipt from Maj. John Blackmore—that an order be prepared to allow the said receipt on Talbot's account.
4. Order on a certificate from Rob. Bowes, clerk of the Army Committee, according to Council's order of Sept. 11—that the pay of 11 draught horses, 7 wagoners, and 1 matross, appointed to be reduced will amount, from July 23 to Sept. 6, 1655, to 40l. 16s. 6½d.— to advise an order for payment thereof to Hen. Russel, Quartermaster, for their discharge.
6. Ulick, Earl of Clanrickard, to have liberty to stay in England a month from Sept. 27, on the former conditions. Approved 21 Sept.
7. The petition of the merchants trading for Spain referred to Desborow, Lambert, Strickland, and Mulgrave, to report.
8. Also the petition of several of the jurates and common council of Dover.
10. The petition of Christiana, widow of Major Geo. Uldrick, and the certificate of 2 of the Commissioners for the contribution money for the Protestants in Savoy, referred to the said Commissioners, to advise what sum should be allowed her out of the said money.
11. An addition to be made to the order of 9 Aug. last, for inserting into the army establishment the late Deputy Governor and Surgeon of Portsmouth, that they are each to have 3s. a day, as formerly.
13. The petition of Anne Holland, widow, referred to Strickland, Sydenham, Rous, and Desborow, to report.
14. The report from the Treasury Commissioners, on a reference of a paper containing the brief state of the office of agency for granting licences to sell wine by retail, referred to Lisle, Desborow, Strickland, and Fiennes, to treat with the persons, see how it may be made practicable, and report. [I. 76, pp. 294–6.]
Sept. 19. Pres. Laurence to Gen. Geo. Monk, Commander-in-chief of the forces in Scotland. You will see by the enclosed that on 2/3 parts of the excise money in Scotland is charged 96,576l. 16s. 11d. for arrears to the forces till the new establishment, which is to begin in Scotland as in England from July 23 last. That accounts may be kept clear, and no intervals of arrears be left on old musters, Council desires you, from the next money coming to hand, to pay all musters up to July 23, according to the old establishment, and pay from July 23 according to the new establishment. [I. 76, p. 295.]
Sept. 20. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. His Highness acquainting Council that Gen. Rob. Venables attended at the door; he was called in. Order to advise that he be committed to the Tower.
3. Like order to advise that Gen. Wm. Penn be committed to the Tower.
4. Approval by the Protector of 3 orders, 4 and 18 Sept. [I. 76, p. 296.]
Sept. 20.
Whitehall.
Pres. Laurence to the President and Council in Scotland. Council have thought fit to continue Commissioner Eldred as Commissary of the provisions in Scotland; as there is a great account to be passed by him for the provisions that came to his charge, they desire that the account between him and the regiments may be speedily audited, and their state returned to Council, with a duplicate of the account, which may be sent to the Army Committee. [I. 76, pp. 296–7.]
Sept. 21.
Whitehall.
Proclamation by the Protector prohibiting delinquents from bearing office, or having any vote in the election of public officers:—
Whereas an Act was passed 8th Oct. 1852, that none sequestered or imprisoned for delinquency, or subscribing the treasonable engagement of 1647, or assisting the late King, should be capable to elect or be elected to any place of trust,—his Highness, foreseeing the dangers if such were in trust, and calling to mind the late horrid treason and rebellion carried on by the inveterate malice of that party, to involve these nations in blood and confusion, openly professing their design to set up that power which God has so eminently appeared against—declares his pleasure that special care be taken that all magistrates and ministers of justice be pious, discreet, and faithful, and that none of the aforesaid prohibited persons hold any office until his pleasure be further known, on pain of his displeasure, and penalties as disturbers of the peace and contemners of his Highness. All mayors, bailiffs, and officers, civil and military, to see this performed, as they will answer their neglect. [I. 76 A, pp. 125–6.] Approved 21 Sept.
Sept. 21. The draft of the above proclamation read in Council, and referred to Sydenham, Desborow, Lambert, and Fiennes, to offer amendments, which were agreed to, and to be offered to his Highness. [I. 76, p, 297.]
Sept. 21. 132. Petition of Elizabeth, widow of Maj.-Gen. Jas. Haynes, to the Protector, for relief for herself and 4 children. Her husband lost most of his estate in preparing for and managing the expedition to the Indies, in which he died, and they are left in sad condition. [½ page.]
Sept. 21. Reference thereon in Council to Wolsley, Lambert, and Jones. [I. 76, p. 297.]
Sept. 21. 133. Commission by the Protector to the Major-Generals. The old malignant and Popish enemies, after an Act of Oblivion, and many other favours, have designed a new and bloody war, and by correspondence with other discontented parties, resolved on a general rebellion, and executed it in many places; but it was suppressed by God's mercy, or a bloody war might have followed, as they had engaged the aid of foreigners, promising them on success some of our sea towns. Yet they still are stirring up new troubles, and engaging foreign princes to invade us, and will leave nothing unattempted to embroil us in war.
We have therefore raised a well-affected militia of horse, and as they need a commander to discipline and conduct them, we appoint you Major-General and Commander-in-chief in counties, —, —, —, with full power to keep the said militia in good discipline, conduct them to fight against all enemies, traitors, &c., and resist, repress, and slay them. We give you power, in case of invasion or rebellion, to raise the inhabitants of the said counties, and to exercise, arm, muster, and conduct them to the places where we shall direct you, in case of rebellion.
As there may be causes why you cannot always exercise your office in person, we give you power to appoint a deputy with the same authority. All justices of peace and other civil officers to assist you. [Draft, corrected, 7½ sheets.]
Sept. 21. 134. Instructions to the said Major-Generals. The same as those calendared 22 and 24 Aug., [p. 296 supra]. Adding.
To execute the additional orders following:—[These orders are missing. 2½ pages, draft corrected.]
Sept. 21. The draft of the commission for Major-Generals read in Council, amended, the title of Major-General agreed to be inserted, and passed; and some amendments to the instructions for the Major Generals passed one by one, and agreed to. Approved 21 Sept. [I. 76, p. 297.]
Sept. 21. 135. Petition of the lately reduced officers and soldiers in the Isle of Man to Council. We (being 2 ensigns, 2 corporals, 2 gentlemen of the arms, 2 drums, 2 matrosses, a marshal, a gunner's mate, and 60 soldiers) were reduced by an order of Council of 22 July last, out of the 2 companies in the island, but through contrary winds, we did not hear of it till 28th August; then some of us came for England, but the rest are obliged to wait for money to pay their debts. Having served 10 or 12 years, we beg that you would allow to us, as to the soldiers of Jersey, &c., what we have served for in a strange and remote country, that we may be encouraged to serve again if requisite. [2/3 page.] Annexing,
Sept. 21. Reference thereon to Commissary-Gen. Whalley and the Committee of officers for reducements, to enquire and certify. [I. 76, p. 299.]
Sept. 21. Council. Day's Proceedings.
12. Order—on report from the Admiralty Commissioners concerning the 2 vessels to be provided for Jamaica, and the necessaries deemed requisite to be sent, which would take up the whole stowage, also touching moneys for buying the clothes directed by Council's order of Sept. 19, to be provided for that island, the said provisions being estimated at 10,000l., beside what is to be furnished by the Navy stores—that the Committee for Jamaica consider the said report, speak with the Admiralty Commissioners thereon, and report.
15. As John Talbot, receiver for the assessments in co. Devon, cannot pass his accounts without repayment or allowance of 2,559l. 16s. 2d., advanced for paying 8 foot companies raised there by Sir John Coppleston, order to advise a warrant for payment to him of the said sum.
16. A report from the Admiralty Commissioners,—of information that great quantities of saltpetre have lately been imported, and that most of it is sold by the East India Company for export, which would be prejudicial at this present juncture, especially as the Act for making saltpetre shortly expires, and that therefore the Customs' Commissioners should be directed not to accept entries for export of saltpetre;—referred to the Customs' Commissioners, to consider and certify.
17. Order,—on report from the Committee on the petition of several of the Jurates and Common Council of Dover;—that Capt. Thos. Wilson, Wm. Cutlen, Thos. Day sen., John Price, Edw. Prescott, late of Dover, and Capt. Taverner, Governor of Deal Castle, examine if Thos. White was elected mayor by the majority of qualified voters, and report.
18. The petition of Thos. Wildren, minister of Marham-on-thehill, co. Lincoln, referred by his Highness to Council, referred to Col. Jas. Berry, Capts. Fiennes, Hart, and Thompson, Mr. Humes, and Mr. Rawsen, to examine and certify.
20. Approval by the Protector of 28 orders, 29 Aug.—21 Sept. [I. 76, pp. 297–301.]
Sept. 21.
Whitehall.
Pres. Laurence to Col. Rob. Guibon, Governor of Jersey. Several gentlemen of Jersey have presented a petition to his Highness, that the execution of his letters Patent to you and others—concerning putting to composition all the inhabitants not within Articles [of war], other than such as are thereby pardoned, in respect of their small estates,—may be suspended till further examination, especially as the time of payment of their fines is limited to Sept. 29. As several have always been well-affected, and deserve to be distinguished from the illaffected, his Highness referred the case to Council, who have passed several proposals for restraining the same to certain qualifications, the particulars of which are herewith sent you. We desire a speedy report of all proceedings. Meantime all rigorous proceedings in particular cases are to be forborne. [I. 76, p. 298.] Annexing,
i. Qualifications for Compounders in Jersey:—
1. Such as have set forth any frigates against Parliament.
2. Such as bought prizes taken by the enemy for their own benefit, knowing them to be such.
3. Such as served as officers in military employment under the enemy, or voluntarily bore arms, or helped the enemy with money, horse, or otherwise.
4. Such as informed against or menaced any for their good affection to Parliament.
5. Such as manifested disaffection to Parliament, by contemptuous words against it, or by proceeding against persons who adhered to it.
6. Such as imposed any oath or tax on the inhabitants, while the island was in the power of the King.
7. Such ministers as adhered to the said King, and abetted the insurrection of the Isle are to compound for their temporal estates.
8. Such as had Articles [of war] to compound according to the rates agreed by those articles, provided they have not broken or forfeited the benefit thereof, by holding intercourse with Charles Stuart since that time. [I. 76, pp. 298–99.]
ii. Rules [for levying the said compositions]:—
The Commissioners are to receive informations, and to examine witnesses on oath for discovering the truth.
The rate for composition of all persons not excepted from pardon is not to exceed 2 years' value for lands, and the tenth for personal estate.
The Commissioners are to seize on the estates of all persons excepted from pardon, and all within any of the qualifications aforesaid, who shall not compound and pay in by Feb. 1.
They are to forbear any prosecution against any other persons by force of the said commission. [I. 76, p. 299.]
Sept. 21. 136. Orders of the Protector and Council for securing the peace of the Commonwealth:—
1. All persons engaged against the person of his Highness or in any rebellion since 16 Dec. 1653, and their abettors, to be imprisoned or banished, and their estates sequestered, towards payment of the forces newly raised, ⅓ being allowed to their wives and children.
2. All others who adhere to the late King, or Charles Stuart his son, to be imprisoned or sent beyond seas.
3. A tax to be levied on the estates of all who have been sequestered for delinquency, or have fought against Parliament, of 10 per cent. on all who have 100l. a year in lands, &c., and 10l. a year or 100l. total, per 1,500l. for personalty, to be paid ½ yearly, beginning 21 Dec. next; 100l. total on 1,500l. personalty, is to be paid by all who have no real estate worth 100l. a year, on pain of sequestration for non-payment; but the sequestration may be discharged on giving good security for the money, or otherwise assuring it by a rent-charge, &c.
4. Those who live loosely and cannot give an acount of themselves are to be sent to foreign parts.
5. From 1 Nov. 1655, none of the party are to keep in their houses chaplains, schoolmasters, ejected ministers, or fellows of colleges, nor have their children taught by such, on pain of double their proportion of the above tax.
6. None who have been, or shall be, ejected from any benefice, college, or school, for delinquency or scandal, are after 1 Nov. 1655, to keep any school, preach or administer the sacraments, marry persons, or use the Book of Common Prayer, on pain of 3 months' imprisonment; on a second offence, 6 months; and on a third, banishment; unless their hearts are changed, and they obtain the approval of the Commissioners for Public Preachers.
7. None to keep arms without license, on pain of imprisonment.
8. None who have been banished to return without license, on pain of banishment.
9. A competent number of Commissioners to execute these orders in each county, with power to examine on oath, send for records, &c. [22/3 pages, printed.] Annexing,
136. I. Instructions for the said Commissioners to execute the said Commission accordingly. [1¼ pages printed, one item MS.]
[Sept. 21.] 137. Copy of part of the above. [1½ pages MS. Endorsed by Sec. Nicholas 1 Dec. 1653. Copy of the instructions given to Cromwell's Commissioners for their proceeding against all Cavaliers, &c.]
Sept. 21./Oct. 1.
Cologne.
[Sec. Nicholas] to Jos. Jane. It seems, as you say, that though Cromwell made bold to invade the King of Spain's dominions in the Indies, he scruples any act of hostility on this side the Tropics, or else Blake might have attempted the Spanish fleet that attends him on the coast of Spain. I wish he had, for I should be glad to see them at blows on this side the line. They say the Spanish fleet has arrived safely. I would not that Blake should have intercepted any of it, but only fought against it.
We hear of a league between Cromwell and Sweden against Poland and the house of Austria. I wish some about the old Princess Dowager or Mr. Beaumont could make you acquainted with the Spanish ambassador; you could direct him in many things, and he would esteem and benefit you.
I wish 613 [Prince Maurice?] were made governor of some strong place of importance, for there may be intestine divisions among those States, and then a governor may be of great security.
Tell me whether Mrs. Harvey will procure an acquittance from the woman to whom Lord Gerard owes part of the money, and how she will have the 150 rix dollars returned her. Mr. Jo. Samborne presses me about the 500 livres you had from John Cole, and may put some affront on you about it. Say what note or receipt you gave him for it, that I may prevent the worst.
The chief reason of Heenvliet's sending for Oudart is to execute the commission about Lady Stanhope's fine, which he and Mr. Howard, whom we expect shortly, may do, and then he may be knighted before he marry his rich wife. Who is she?
Deliver the enclosed to the Queen [of Bohemia]. I suppose Sir Chas. Cotterell is still at the Brill. Lord Gerard writes that Sir Edw. Herbert is at Paris, so I know not for whom his lady has asked the liberty of Zealicon's garden to walk in at Ferburgh.
The Queen of Sweden passed through this city on Tuesday, with 7 coaches and a wagon, each with 6 horses. We expect the King and his company on Monday.
The Swedish ships before Dantzic take 4 guilders on a last of every vessel going in or out; it will be heavy on the States' subjects trading there, but the States will not oppose the Swedes in that enterprize, for fear of Cromwell.
The news of Cromwell's death is a fable, but as sure as he is mortal, he is extremely hated by all sorts of people, and in great want of money.
P.S.—If you fear danger from Samborne or Cole about the 500 livres, I will prevent it by engaging myself for payment. Tell Lord Rinswood I cannot answer him till the King and Princess return. The Swedes have never honoured an ambassador so much as the envoy sent by Cromwell to confirm a league with that Crown, and Cromwell caresses the Swedish ambassador above all others. [3 pages. Holland correspondence.]
Sept. 24.
Chatham.
138. Commissioner Peter Pett to Rob. Blackborne. All Gen. Penn's fleet will be paid off this evening. The Indian has come in to be graved, and the Norwich and Greyhound are ready to victual. The sessions are near, and one man is sent to gaol, and several others bound over, on suspicion of embezzling goods out of the yard. The punishment formerly inflicted was too small; I beg a letter from the Commissioners to the justices, to have the offenders punished according to law. It was promised before but not sent. I intend to be at the sessions. Mr. Godferne of Maidstone is to deliver the charge at the sessions. Wm. Hunt of Yalding is in gaol for stealing iron, and Jas. White of Maidstone bound over for stealing cables; both should be punished. I recommend Fras. Walter, steward of the Rainbow, and Wm. Cleggat, steward of the Pelican, for employment as pursers, having both been in the engagements with the Dutch. [1 page.]
Sept. 24.
Chatham.
139. Commissioner Pett to the Admiralty Commissioners. As the time is near for the pensioners to apply for their quarterage, and several other poor creatures are waiting for relief for wounds received in the West India expedition, I send you an account of the state of the chest, by which you will see my disability to do anything, unless you advance 1,200l. to carry on the work until the next quarter. I was an eyewitness to all payments last midsummer, when 120l. a year was taken off of pensions amounting to 500l., and I will take the like care that the charitable use is not misapplied. I was unwilling to spare Mr. Hayward, but hope you will give him all dispatch, that he may return to his duties. [1 page.] Annexing,
139. i. Account by E. Hayward of the state of the chest at Chatham, the revenue for the last 3 years being 14,953l., and the expenditure 19,096l. 18s. 10d. By reason of the non-payment of the greater part of the fleet for this year, when the ships are all paid, there will not be sufficient in the treasurer's hands to carry on the work for the year; 1,200l. must be provided by next quarter-day, and the residue as needs require, until the yearly revenue can answer the charge. [1 page.]
Sept. 24.
Chatham.
140. Commissioner Pett to Robt. Blackborne. I send an information as to the embezzlement of some clothes out of the storeroom by Wm. Langley, servant to Robt. Fisher, the carpenter. I would not have troubled you had not the clerk of the check also lost some to a greater value, which it is believed Langley took. I have sent him up with 2 of Capt. Harrison's soldiers, and hope, if proved guilty, his punishment will be answerable to his offence. [1 page.] Annexing,
140. i. Information of Thos. Swetman, steward of the Bear, and Wm. Damsell, his servant, relative to the said embezzlement. [1 page.]
Sept. 25. 141. Petition of Jane, Countess of Kildare, to the Protector. I beg money to supply pressing wants, and enable me and my children to return to Ireland. My husband lost his estate there by the late horrid rebellion. Parliament gave him the command of a regiment, with which he did good service, till it was reduced on your coming into Ireland. You then allowed him 2l. 6s. 0d. a week, to continue till his estate was in good condition; but it is still under ruin, and the pension not having been paid for 4 years, he has been made prisoner for debt in the Upper Bench, and been there several years. [1 page.]
Sept. 25.
Whitehall.
142. Reference thereon in Council to Jones, Pickering, Mulgrave, and Strickland, to examine how the pensions were granted and paid, and report. [½ page; also I. 76, p. 301.]
Sept. 25. 143. Petition of the distressed inhabitants of Worting, co. Hants, to the justices of peace of the county, for leave to make a public collection, and a brief to pass through that and other counties for their charitable relief. By a fire there, 9 May 1655, which burnt to the ground the parish church, a farm house adjacent to the parsonage, the White Horse Inn, 6 other dwelling houses, 11 barns, and many goods, they lost 2,000l., and are utterly destitute. They want habitations, and corn for sowing. [1 page.] Annexing,
143. i. Certificate by Lord Ri. Cromwell and 8 other justices of the peace of co. Hants, to the truth of the petition. 11 July 1655. [1 page.]
143. ii. Appeal by Rich. White, minister, and 9 inhabitants of Worting, to the benevolent, stating their case, and requesting that what is contributed may be paid to the minister and churchwardens. [1 page.]
143. iii. Note of 7s. collected in Warnford, signed by Ben. Burnand, rector, &c. [½ page.]
Sept. 25. Order thereon in Council for a collection in cos. Hants, Sussex, Wilts, and Dorset. [I. 76, p. 302.]
Sept. 25 Additional rules and bye-laws made by the Court of Aldermen of London, for regulation of hackney coachmen, explaining ambiguities in former bye-laws,—
(1.) All keeping more than one hackney coach and 1 pair of horses to pay 40s. for each coach and pair to the treasurer of the fellowship, on pain of being dismissed from the fellowship, and not allowed to work within the limits.
(2.) No stage coachmen coming and going to let out their coaches for hire within the limits, under a penalty of 5l.
(3.) All who let to hire more coaches and horses than are allowed them to pay 40s.
(4.) No hackney coachmen to refuse to attend any person within the limits, or to take more than 1s. the hour, or to refuse to go anywhere within 12 miles, on pain of 5s. for the first offence, 10s. the second, and dismissal from the limits the third.
(5.) If any charge above the rates, refuse to be hired, make false excuses, or conduct himself uncivilly, he may be taken before any justice of peace or constable, who is to require him, after proof on oath, to pay the penalty, and return the over-charge; and in case of refusal, commit him to the House of Correction to a month's hard labour, without bail or mainprize; the proof to stand for one conviction towards his dismissal.
(6.) That hackney coaches may be seen and known, every coachman is to have his name and address in great white Roman letters, plain to be seen, on the back of his coach, on pain of fine.
(7.) Actions upon these bye-laws may be commenced in any Court of Record, without preparatory proof before the overseers of the fellowship.
(8.) If the offender cannot be arrested, then on proof on oath of the offence before the overseers of the fellowship, the coach and horses may be seized, and if the party do not appear or put in security within 10 days, may be appraised and sold, the fine and charges paid therefrom, and the overplus restored to the owners. All forfeitures to be recovered in the name of one of the overseers, and to be wholly to the use of the said fellowship. Presented by Maj.-Gen. Skippon, and approved by Council 25 Sept., and by the Protector 26 Sept. [I. 76A, pp. 131–3; I. 76, pp. 302, 308.]
Sept. 25. Note of a petition of Rowland Pitt, referred to the Committee for Petitions, that those tenants of Milton Manor, leased to him for a year 23 August last, who refuse to give him possession, or to pay their rents, may be summoned. Also for an order to Capt. Fauconbridge to pay him 19l., balance due of 25l., ordered him by the late Revenue Commissioners, in part of 2,800l. due to him from the late King. Order in Council for payment. [I. 92, No. 278; I. 76, p. 302.]
Like note of petition of John Massam, executor of Thos. Massam, for recall of the lease of Milton Manor granted to Pitt, and suspension of proceedings, he claiming the manor under a legal title, and the rent reserved on an extent discharged. [I. 92, No. 279.]
Sept. 25. 144. Petition of Dr. Brune Ryves, and the undertakers for printing the Bible in the original and other learned tongues, to the Protector. We thank you for your countenance to our work in affording some paper free of duty, and especially for a late order for 1,000 reams of royal paper, which is not performed for the reasons annexed. We want 3,000 reams of ordinary paper, to print an introduction to the several languages, which for both Testaments will be 9, without which guide it would be to most men a book sealed up. If our own interests alone were concerned, we should not have asked further assistance, but the advancement of religion and the honour of the nation are concerned. Therefore we beg removal of the obstruction to the former order, and an order for the 3,000 reams duty free; or if both cannot be granted, the latter, which will only exceed the former grant by 40s. [1 page.] Annexing,
144. i. Custom House officers to Dr. Brune Ryves. We would gladly fulfil the order allowing you to import custom free 1,000 reams of paper for printing the Bible in Oriental languages, but now we can permit no goods to pass free, for we are ordered to pay all moneys on imports and exports every Monday into the Exchequer, so that we could only do it by paying 26l. out of our own purses, which we presume was not intended. But we will, if you wish, write to Council our readiness to obey, and request further directions, &c. 4 Sept. 1655. [¾ page.]
Sept. 25. Order thereon in Council for a warrant to allow Ryves to import the 3,000 reams of ordinary paper, as requested. Approved 5 Oct. [I. 76,pp. 302, 326.]
Sept. 25. 145. Petition of Wm. Pennoyer, merchant, to the Protector. I have been a great sufferer in Scotland 12 years since for a large debt, and spent 500l. in law, but could not recover it; the business was referred to English judges in Scotland, but they permitted Lord Craighall, who had been excepted against (as being formerly one of the judges when justice was obstructed) to sit amongst them, and, being divided in their opinions, two English men being for me, and two not fully satisfied, Craighall being then in the nature of a casting voice; I was forced to appeal to the late Parliament, which was dissolved before redress. I beg you to appoint a Committee of Council on my case, for I have all my proofs ready, and to satisfy me out of the estates of the wrong-doers. With reference thereon to Council, signed by the Protector, 17 Aug. 1654. [1 page; also I. 92, No. 224.]
Sept. 25. Reference thereon in Council to Wolsley, Jones, Rous, and Lisle, to report. [I. 76, p. 303.]
Sept. 25. Council. Day's Proceedings.
4. Jones, Wolsley, and Lisle, added to the Committee for Petitions.
7. Lord-Commissioner Fiennes having hired Derby House, (which by order of Council was contracted for until Christmas, but has not hitherto been made use of,) to have liberty to enter into possession at once.
9. The report from the Committee on the petition of the inhabitants of the market town of Bromyard, co. Hereford,—referred back to the said Committee to speak with the petitioners about sueing forth a writ of "Ad quod damnum," and, on its return, to consider how far the granting of the days for holding fairs there may be convenient; also to consider the last part of the report, about designing the toll to the poor of the parish, and report. Annexing,
146. i. Report alluded to by Wolsley and Strickland, on their petition for 3 fair days to be added to their one,—they being impoverished by the marching of armies, public taxations, and smallness of their trade;—in favour of the said fairs, viz., the Thursday before the Annunciation, the Thursday before the Feast of St. James, and the Thursday before St. Luke's day, on which days it is alleged that no fairs are held within 20 miles of the town; the toll to be distributed among the poor by the vicar. [1½ pages.]
10. A letter to the Lord President from Gen. Monk, of Sept. 6, 1655, and an enclosed paper touching the further reducement of the forces in Scotland, to the lessening of the charge 3,500l. a month, read, and referred to Lambert, Jones, and Sydenham, to report speedily.
12. Two letters to the Council in Scotland, in pursuance of orders of Sept. 5, on the several petitions of the Earl of Calendar and the Earl of Home, read and agreed to.
14. Copies of the said letters to be delivered to the petitioners, if they desire it.
15. 3 warrants for payment of moneys signed. [I. 76, p. 301–3.]
Sept. 25.
Plymouth.
147. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to the Admiralty Commissioners. I will give the seamen of the Hampshire money for their short allowances. They have been much displeased since they came in, but better this 2 or 3 days. I will dispatch the frigate with speed, but boatswain and carpenter's stores will be needed.
I informed Col. Clarke of the packet I received from his Highness, and what I presumed to do in this emergency of the service. The seizures and imbargoes in Spain made many a sad heart in the West, but they are in hopes the ships not yet arrived there may have timely notice of it. The captains of the Assistance and Constant Warwick have received their dispatches, and would have sailed but for want of men in place of those run. I delivered his Highness's packet for Gen. Blake to Capt. Potter, with instructions, if he failed to meet him, to go to the Straits' mouth, and give notice to all ships he should meet, bound to the dominions of the King of Spain, of the seizure and imbargo, and to require him, in his Highness's name, not to enter any of that King's ports. I have also given notice to Capt. Sparling to ply off the Bay of Biscay, for the same purpose, 20 days, and then return to the Soundings. I hope you will approve this. I am in a strait to answer his Highness's commands, and the expectations of the merchants. I hear that the Saphire and Nightingale have taken a Brest man-of-war of 10 guns, and that, understanding from some of her men the signs the Brest men-of-war made to each other, they have manned the frigate they took, and are plying about with her. [2 pages, damaged.]
Sept. 25. 148. Vice-Adm. Wm. Penn to the Admiralty Commissioners. At request of Capt. Tickle, suspended by a Court-martial, I lay his case before you. [1 page.] Annexing,
148. i. Statement by Wm. Bodham of the case between Capt. Tickle, captain, and Jno. Maddox, master of the Golden Falcon, respecting a complaint made against Maddox by the gunner, boatswain, and carpenter, of joining with Edw. Rand, clerk of the check, in making false tickets. The captain and master and the others were ordered, by sentence of court-martial, to be suspended, and their wages to be stopped until further orders. [1 page.]
Sept. 25.
Upnor Castle.
149. Capt. Thos. Harrison to the Admiralty Commissioners. I have sent up two of my soldiers with the servant of the carpenter of the Bear, charged with attempting to steal clothes. I beg you to procure the dispatch of the soldiers back to the garrison. Commissioner Pett has sent up his examination to Mr. Blackborne. [1 page.]
Sept. 25.
Upnor Castle.
150. Capt. Thos. Harrison to Robt. Blackborne. To the same effect. [1 page.]
Sept. 26. 151. Petition of Major Edw. Blagge to the Protector. I served the Commonwealth through the troubles at Plymouth, &c., and 532l. 5s. 6d. is due to me, but I have not been able to recover it in the usual way, having been in foreign employment, and ready to go again. I beg payment, that my wife and 9 children may subsist during my absence. [1 page.]
Sept. 26. The order of 10 Sept. for payment of 273l. 7s. 3d. to Abigail Flesher, out of Lord Saville's fine, vacated, as the money is to be paid another way, and the said sum to be paid instead to Major Edw. Blagge, with 26l. 12s. 9d., making up 300l., which he is to accept in total of his arrears of 532l. 5s. 6d., and deliver up his debentures. [I. 76, p. 307.]
Sept. 26. 152. Petition of Hen. Barrington, Thos. Wade, John Furlie, Thos. Lawrence, and Rich. Green, aldermen, 6 assistants, and 7 common councilmen of Colchester, to the Protector. We hoped that our former addresses to you [see 9 June 1655] would have enabled us to live quietly, but find we are still left to struggle with those whose principles are opposite to the great ends of your undertakings. In spite of your prohibition, there has been a late election of officers for next year, more prejudicial than ever to those who fear the Lord. We therefore beg you to appoint a mayor or other person to govern the town according to the charter. [½ sheet.]
Sept. 26. 153. Order thereon in Council that,— as several petitions and declarations of the aldermen and others have been referred by the Protector to Council, and while depending, Ald. John Radham has been elected mayor for next year, and as his Highness and Council wish full information,—Sir Rich. Everard, Bart., Sir Thos. Honeywood, John Gourdon, Fras. Bacon, Dionysius Wakering, Dudley Templer, and Chris. Erle, consider the said papers, enquire into the government of the town, and draw up the facts, and that meantime Thos. Reynolds, the present mayor, continue in office, and Radham forbear to act. [1½ pages; also I. 76, pp. 308–9.]
Sept. 26. 154. Petition of Capt. Rob. Swanley of the Henry Bonadventure, betrayed to the Dutch whilst he was in the State's service by the Governor of Trapani, under power of the King of Spain, to the Protector and Council. I have been a suitor since 10 Dec. 1653, for satisfaction for losses amounting to 63,000l., which will ruin me, and I know you are willing to relieve me, if an expedient could be found. I beg an order to the Treasury Commissioners to receive and allow me the benefit of discoveries of money due to the State, which I shall make. [1 page; also I. 92, No. 265.] Annexing,
154. i. Capt. Swanley to Sir A. H. Cooper. I have been a suitor at vast expense since 10 Sept. (sic.) 1653, and have been referred 10 times from place to place and from Committee to Committee, as specified, my writings being lost when Parliament was dissolved, and therefore the Army Committee to whom my accounts for wages were referred, 6 April 1654, stated them 400l. short. I hope that this reference to you, Fiennes, the President, and Pickering, may be the last, and that I may know who is to demand satisfaction of the Spanish Ambassador. 18 Oct. 1654. [1 page.]
Sept. 26. Order thereon in Council that he be allowed 1/5 of his discoveries towards the said damages, and the Treasury Commissioners are to receive and examine the same, and prosecute, reporting also the amount of his losses, that warrant may be issued for payment, as aforesaid. Approved, 13 Oct. [I. 76, pp. 309, 336.]
Sept. 26. Council. Day's Proceedings.
4. The business of the French Treaty to be considered to-morrow.
8. The petition of the ministers and others, for the well-affected of Worcester city, referred to Mulgrave, Jones, Wolsley, Montague, and Pickering, to speak with Mr. Moore, and report.
10. Fiennes, Lambert, Jones, Desborow, and Pickering, to consider the matter in debate to-day concerning French wine, to meet this afternoon, and report.
11. The Treasury Commissioners to advise with the Army Committee about furnishing money quickly for the 6 troops of horse under Maj. Redman.
13. Approval by the Protector of 2 orders of 6 and 25 Sept. [I. 76, pp. 307–8.]
Sept. 27. Council. Day's Proceedings.
3. Order on signification that several great sums are owing to the Commonwealth on bonds, by some that have lately raised great estates by letters of reprisal, that Jones, Strickland, and Sydenham, speak with Mr. Malyn, examine papers and witnesses, and report. The same Committee to learn what bonds due to the Commonwealth remain on record in the Admiralty Court, and to report.
6. 154a. The Admiralty Commissioners to order an exact account to be taken of the remains of stores brought home in Gen. Penn's fleet, and report.
7. Order on the report from Wm. Cullen and others, who were to examine if Thos. White were elected Mayor of Dover by the majority of voters,—that he had 27 free voices, and Valentine Tadnell, present mayor, only 10,—that the Committee on the petition of the jurates, &c. of Dover, speak with counsel, and report.
8. Order on Col. Twistleton's letter—certifying that his regiment of horse having been 6 months in London are 10 weeks in arrear, which, as provisions are so dear, makes them in great want of money to discharge their quarters, either in town or on the march;—that the Army Committee take order for their supply. With a letter to the said Committee accordingly. [I. 76, pp. 310–1.]
Sept. 27./Oct. 7.
Rotterdam.
155. Luke Whittington to Sec. Nicholas. I will perform your commands to my utmost power. I am sorry my news of Cromwell's death did not prove true. I think with you that he will die a violent death, to which all honest and loyal subjects are bound to contribute their utmost endeavours, for his removal is the only way to settle his Majesty in his 3 kingdoms without much bloodshed. There is an honest, sober, and resolute man, who will undertake it if he may have his Majesty's authority, be restored to his ancestors' rights, now in the hands of rebels, as soon as the is King restored, and have 1,000 guilders to furnish him for the work.
We hear that the King of Spain has declared war against the English, and seized all the English merchants' estates in Spain. Also that the Dunkirkers, or some Flanders ships, have taken 2 English ships on the coasts of England, therefore the King of Spain will doubtless give our King the free liberty of all his havens in Spain and Flanders. If so, I will ask you to procure me 10 or 12 commissions from his Majesty, with which I will undertake to set out ships, provided his Majesty will allow me 1,300l., which I lent for his use to the Earl of Newcastle, Sir Thos. Glenham, Sir John Morley, Sir Thos. Riddell, and Sir Hugh Chomley, besides 13 years' service, losses, and sufferings. This 13,000l. to be paid me out of the 10 per cent.; if his Majesty expects 15ths, which comes to 16ths on this side, it will discourage merchants from setting out privateers here; experience tells me his profits will be more if he takes but 1/10, as other kings do, than if he take 15 per cent. What profits I bring in more than the 13,000l. I will pay to his collector. There is no easier way for him to pay his debts. I will do my best to get ships and seamen from England.
We hear that Penn and Venables are prisoners in the Tower, and the whole kingdom must pay a year's assessment towards repairing the shattered navy, and paying the seamen and soldiers. [2 pages.]
Sept. 28. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Complaint being made by John Balderson, of Lambeth, that Theaura John has set up a tent on his grounds, and refuses to remove it, though it occasions the gathering of multitudes of people, and endangers the peace, Ald. Rob. Tichborne, and 3 other justices of peace for Surrey, are to see to its removal, and prevent tumultuous meetings.
6, 7. The report from the Committee on the Earl of Calendar's petition read, agreed to, and a letter ordered to be sent accordingly, instead of a letter passed Sept. 25, and a draft of the letter read and approved.
8. A report from the Committee on Gen. Monk's letter of Sept. 4 —showing that the 800l. a month allowed for contingencies in Scotland is not enough, especially as the fortifications are not perfect, and would thus be rendered useless, and the provisions for them will be spoiled and embezzled, and proposing an increase to 1,800l. a month—agreed to, and his Highness to be advised to write to Monk to disband and reduce forces that will retrench 500l. a month, and to report. Also as 2,000l. a month of the assessment is allowed to be abated on such parts of Scotland as have been destroyed by the late war, order to advise his Highness to authorise Monk, in case any such parts be now able to pay, to charge on them so much as they can bear towards the making up of the said 1,800l.
9. Before passing the said report now presented, with a blank as to the sum to be raised by retrenchment of pay, the blank is to be filled up to 500l.
10. Order on report from Col. Barkstead, and other officers, on the petition of Edw. Beck [see 25 May 1655], for a warrant for payment of 9l. 2s. to him and Rich. Swann, his mate, as due for 6 weeks' service, out of the Army's contingencies. Annexing,
156. i. Report alluded to, Tower, 8 Sept. 1655. [1 page.]
11. Order on a report from Com.-Gen. Edw. Whalley and the Committee of Officers, on the reference of the proposals of Capt. Benj. Gifford, Governor of Landguard Fort, that the Army Committee issue warrants to pay 4s. a day for a chaplain, and 1s. a day each to 2 boatmen, who are to be allowed to that garrison, and that henceforth they receive but 10 pensioners, and those such as are able to do duty. Approved 5 Oct. Annexing,
157. i. Report alluded to, signed by Whalley, Goffe, and Fras. White; with the order of reference of 1 Aug. prefixed. [1 page.]
14. The foot company under Capt. Geo. Westby, consisting of a captain, lieutenant, 2 ensigns, 2 serjeants, 3 corporals, 1 drum, and 68 privates (amounting to 94l. 5s. 4d. a month), to be added to Hull garrison, and the Army Committee empowered to order payment of their arrears from July 23 last, and of their future pay with the garrison. [I. 76, pp. 312–4.]
Sept. 28.
Whitehall.
Pres. Lawrence to Thos. Young, Hen. Hill, jun., Edm. Giles, and John Smith. The ministers and other well-affected of Worcester have petitioned his Highness, and on his reference of the the matter to Council, they, in order to learn the whole truth, refer the original petition to you, desiring you will examine the present elected mayor and sheriff, and other witnesses, and report the true state of the matter. [I. 76, pp. 312–3.]
Sept. 28.
Whitehall.
Pres. Lawrence to the Assessment Treasurers of co. Salop. His Highness and Council are informed that the Army Committee have charged you with warrants for payment of a month's pay to the Irish troops under Maj. Redman, to be transported to Ireland; and that you have told them it cannot be paid this 3 weeks, which retards their transportation. We therefore inform you that any delay would be very prejudicial, and desire you to advance, or in some way provide the pay, and reimburse yourselves from the next money coming in. [I. 76, p. 312.]
Sept. 28./Oct. 8.
Cologne.
158. Sec. Nicholas to Jos. Jane. I find your Hogen Mogens [the States general] are slow of belief of a conjunction between Sweden and Cromwell, but it is believed in England and Germany, and Rolt, Cromwell's envoy to Sweden, has gone after that King to Poland. Both are full of ambition, and too far off to cross each other's designs.
Cromwell has fitted Penn and Venables with safe lodgings in the Tower, after their long and tedious voyage, that they may safely rest till he frees them from all pain and danger. It is probable that the English are beaten out of Jamaica, and that the rest of their army and ships are lost, or we should hear more of them. Cromwell has told the merchants in England that the King of Spain has declared war against the English, but no such order has come into Flanders, and they will not meddle with any English goods or ships till some time after such an order, the ancient leagues between England and Burgundy providing that before any war, time should be given to the merchants on both sides to retire with their estates. We do not hear that the English have seized goods or ships of Flanders merchants.
The Queen of Sweden certainly went to mass daily as she passed, and as soon as she has received the Pope's absolution and benediction, she will declare herself a Roman Catholic.
I am confident the states of Holland dare not assist Dantzic, what show soever they make of sending ships north. I hear Cromwell has required them by express not to hinder the King of Sweden in his designs against Dantzic and Poland. Enquire if there be not such a letter from Cromwell to the States, his vassals. No doubt the Eastland trade is of great concern to the Dutch, but the curbing them therein is one of the ways agreed on by Sweden and Cromwell to lessen their commerce.
Mr. Oudart is here, and is likely to have the honour he expects. The 150 rix-dollars are paid by Mrs. Harvey's directions to Mr. Fox. I shall ask John Samborne to prevent any proceedings against you, but I fear nothing but ready money will do it. If you have Mr. Cole's note for the money for which I had the King's note, it must be returned on payment.
All English ships and goods are seized in Spain, 32 being arrested at Malaga and Cadiz. Blake is in the river of Lisbon to victual, and then join with some Portuguese ships against Spain.
Cromwell is very full of perplexities, and in great want of money. His greatest hopes are in a strait conjunction with the King of Sweden, which he labours by all means to effect. Prince Rupert waited on the King at Frankfort, and the Elector Palatine sent his steward to invite him to Heidelberg, but he excused himself; we expect him here this week.
P.S. Tell me whether my letter for Albert Moreton was delivered. The King may not come till next week, having gone from Frankfort to meet the Queen of Sweden. [22/3 pages.]
Sept. 29.
Dover Castle.
159. Capt. Thos. Wilson to Col. Thos. Kelsey, Lieut. of Dover Castle. I am sorry you cannot pitch upon a time for coming down. I hope you will be here next week, as I wish you present at the sitting about scandalous ministers on Monday week. I hear that Mr. Hearne has got the 6 preachers' place, worth 30l. a year, from St. John's parish in Thanet, which now renders it of very inconsiderable means, and the parish is very great, there being 2,000 inhabitants and their families. Capt. Sheareman writes that he has laboured against it what he can, and that it will be lost if you do not interpose. It is an unworthy thing in Mr. Hearne to move in it. I hope we shall shortly receive some more warrants.
I enclose a petition signed by 8 of the jurates and 4 of the common council, the rest being dissatisfied with the government, or neutral. They beg you to present it to your Council, and labour to obtain an order therein, as they are willing to serve the corporation, so that they could answer their consciences, and do the good they desire, which they are confident would be in this alteration. If it cannot be obtained, they resolve to quit their places next year; their loss would be a great blow to the good of the corporation and the government of the town. I hope you will obtain what they request, as all the neighbouring corporations enjoy that privilege. If your report was read at the Council's meeting it, would be very convenient, and much help to dispatch it. [1 page.]
Sept. 30.
The Bristol, Cascaes.
160. Capt. Robert Clarke to [Capt. Dunquam, Governor of Lagos]. I came by order of the States of England, with two ships laden with provisions for Gen. Blake's fleet, but find the General has gone for England, and had left an order with you, of which I have seen a copy. As I understand the Spanish fleet lies off the Southern Cape, so that there is apparent danger to come with the frigates under my command to Lagos, I desire you will send me the General's original order. [1 page.] Annexing,
160. i. Gen. Blake to Capt. Dunquam, Governor of Lagos. Some ships may shortly come from England designed for the fleet under my command. Having had experience of your affection and civility, I trouble you with the enclosed for the commanders of those ships, and request you to send it to them immediately on their arrival. The George, Cascaes Road, 7/17 Sept. 1655. [¼ page. Copy by Capt. Rob. Clarke.]
160. ii. Gen. Blake to the said Commanders. I give you notice that I am returning with my fleet to England, and I wish you to return thither, unless you have special order to the contrary. Cascaes, 7/17 Sept. 1655. With note by Barnabe Crofford that he translated this from a paper sent by Capt. Duncome to the King [of Portugal]. 8 Oct. 1655. [½ page.]
Sept. ? 161. Petition of John Catterall, condemned prisoner in Newgate, to the Protector. On my address to you, you granted an order to the sheriffs for London and Middlesex, for my "delivery from a place of so much horror and confusion," that I might serve you at sea, which is my desire; but the sheriffs refuse to obey the order unless sealed, so that I am in worse condition than before. I beg you to look on my starving condition, and grant a second order, that I may not perish in a loathsome dungeon in the flower of my age. [1 page.] Annexing,
161. i. The Protector to the sheriffs of London and Middlesex. By a warrant of 20 July, we ordered John Catterall, prisoner in Newgate, convicted of felony and burglary, and condemned to die, to be reprieved and transported to the West Indies; but on his petition, we now wish him to have liberty to go to sea in our service, in the Adventure, or some other ship. You are therefore to discharge him, and he is to remain constantly in service at sea, performing his duty faithfully. Whitehall, 22 Aug. 1655. [¾ page, Copy.]
[Sept.] 162. Answer by Wm. Astell to the report about him sent by the Prize Commissioners to Council. It was Mr. Violet, not my wife and I, who accused Ab. Johnson of perjury. I repeated it because Johnson said he had spent 300l. in maintaining me and the rest of the witnesses, whereas he never spent a penny, for all the charge lay on me, and he said a thing one day and denied it the next. I have not been perfidious, as he accuses me. The Commissioners join me with Mrs. Pembridge, but she had nothing to do with it. I only asked them for my charges in lying 4 months on the Thames, but am not yet paid.
Dr. Walker said that no one came in on the case except Mr. Violet, and so the onus probandi was cast upon them, but I had given in my paper long before to the Commissioners of Prize Goods, and thought they would look after it. I showed a copy to Dr. Walker when I heard the Spanish agent plead, and he was angry because it was not brought in before, which was the Prize Commissioners' fault.
It was the long delay, and the death of some of our witnesses that caused the claimers' proofs to be more effectual than ours. The Commissioners say they have paid me 5l. 8s. 0d. more than ever I have received. [4 pages, containing beside the above, much repetition of his other statements.] Annexing,
162. i. Depositions on 39 interrogatories of Urian Marteson. [5¼ pages.] Also,
Information of Roger Thorpe as to the taking of 2 bars of silver by the gunner of the George, 30 Jan. 1654–5. [1¾ pages.] Also,
Answer of Wm. Astell, surgeon, of Allhallows, Barking, aged 60, to 10 interrogatories, 13 Oct. 1653. [3 pages.]
162. ii. Further depositions of Urian Marteson, 7 Aug. 1655. [2 pages.]
162. iii. Certificate by Geo. Parker that Ab. Johnson did not maintain Wm. Astell nor Wm. Pembridge with meat or drink in his house. 22 Sept. 1652. [Scrap.]
162. iv. Affidavit of Barbara, wife of Wm. Astell, that when Ab. Johnson had been examined several times about the silver ships, he would come no more, and told her he would be hanged before he would come, unless he knew what he should have; she persuaded Mr. Arnold to send for him, which was unusual, as those that come in for the State should come freely, and then he and Urian Marteson both were examined at the Admiralty Court, in Sept. 1653. 24 Sept. 1655. [1 page.]
162. v. Depositions of Ab. Johnson's witnesses, in the case of the Samson, &c., viz.:—
Rich. Chambers, 20 Sept. [¾ page.]
Hen. Groome. [¼ page.]
162. vi. Certificate by Edw. Bendall, rector of Cotgrage, co. Notts, that he found on enquiry that Johnson was the prime discoverer, and that Astell and the others who wished to share in the premium had no right thereto; and that he promised to try to get Johnson a reward from the Prize Commissioners, if he would not join the others. Attended the Commission thereon, when the objections raised were,—
1. Whether Johnson was the primary discoverer ?
2. That they could pay nothing till it was fully proved that the ships were prizes. [3 pages.]
Sept. 163. Notes of proceedings in the Admiralty Court, 12 May— 19 Sept. 1655, touching the Hare in the Field, and the claims of Peter Mackree, a Dutchman, Anth. Guyot, a Spaniard, and others named; with order that the Commissioners for Prize Goods are not to land any goods upon which there is any dispute as to the marks, until such disputes are cleared. [6 pages.]
Sept. ? 164. Mrs. Aiscough to "honest Abigail" [Williamson]. Fortunes good and bad have kept me in continual agitation. When I was in London, Mrs. Lenthall enquired for Abigail, and remembered the whole story of the broken-eared glass. I wish you could have been here during my stay, but the revolution is come too early, our best friend being dead, my cousin John gone to London, and I and John Denton to go next week. Your sister Faith is after Dick Milner, and I will not warrant Jane if a good husband come. Endorsed with a list of titles of books. [1½ pages.]

Footnotes

  • 1. These secret Orders are not in the Order Book of Council.—Ed.
  • 2. Prince Maurice of Nassau ? See pp. 174 and 221 supra, and Thurloe's State Papers, vol. iv. pp. 14, 111.