Letters and Papers relating to the Navy, &c.: July 1655

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1881.

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'Letters and Papers relating to the Navy, &c.: July 1655', in Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655, (London, 1881) pp. 498-512. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/domestic/interregnum/1655/pp498-512 [accessed 12 April 2024]


July 1655

Date. From To Subject. References.
Vol. 111.
July 1 Capt. Phil. Gethings, the Preston, near Seinehead. Robt. Blackborne. Capt. Saunders and himself have taken a vesse of Cowes from Chichester with 10 packs of wool. Several Flemish ships have been seen on the coast, laden with salt for the Grand Party, which they landed, and are gone for more; hopes they will be intercepted next time; wonders the [Admiralty] Court clears the ships that we put into port, and that are given up at last by the French as lost. Wants an order for the salvage for retaking the ketch from the Dunkirker; although it is only a moiety of 16l., the Prize Commissioners will not pay it without order. 1
" 2 Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. Return their reference and the account of Capt. Giles Shelley, of 6l. 8s. 0d. for travelling charges; also the certificate of its accuracy by Gen. Monk, Dalkeith, 3 March 1654–5; but as it is not usual to allow such charges to any commander when paid off, have forborne to make out a bill. 2–5
" " Capt. Abr. Algate, Drake, Dover Road. " Convoyed the Hope of Dover and the Hopewell of London to France, also a vessel of Dover with horses for Dunkirk, by order of Capt. Jno. Bourne, and is to convoy others to France. As his cables and topsail were much worn when he left Deptford, wants a supply at Dover. 6
" " Capt. Jno. Bourne, the Lyme, Downs. " Examined the journal of the captain of the Advice, and sends particulars of his proceedings from Gravesend to the Downs. The Western squadron put back into Dover Road, but have since resailed. The Fairfax and 4 others are in the Roads, and the Advice plying between the Ness and Beachy. 7
" " Capt. Mark Harrison, the Church, Portland Road. " Sailed from the Downs with the squadron bound for Gen. Penn's fleet, on the 27th ult., and got as far as Beachy, when they were forced back to Dover, but have since resailed, and are in a good posture under Portland. 8
July 2 Gilbert Cornelius, Torrington, Jamaica Harbour. [Navy Comrs.] Depositions before him of Rich. Mattock, late quartermaster of the Grantham, Wm. Hill, cook of the Selby, and Wm. Mussered, master's mate of the Grantham, that Capt. Jno. Lightfoot, commander of the Grantham, and Capt. Jno. Clarke, commander of the Selby, took out of the Red Horse pink prize, hides, cheese, and meal, which were carried on board the Edward. 9
" 3 Capt. Benj. Sacheverell, Pearl. Account of the defects and wants of the Pearl frigate; also of stores supplied to the General and Vice-Admiral therefrom. 10
" " Capt. Wm. Whitehorn, the Gainsborough, Flamborough Head. Robt. Blackborne. Sends an account of his victualling at Leith, where he stayed the brewing of the beer; if he is to remain on the coast, will require a cable and some sails. A Scotchman from Dantzic met a fleet of 50 Swedes, the least having 40 guns and many soldiers, but did not know to where they were bound. Spoke Capt. Allen between Scarborough and Flamborough Head, but did not meet any men-of-war. The Yarmouth is at sea with the fishermen. 11
" " Capt. Rich. Potter, Constant Warwick, Plymouth. Adm. Com. Met a shallop of Brest with 24 men, coming on the coast to make his voyage, whose commander, Capt. Ensom, has been in prison several times, but made his escape, and doubts not to do it again. Chased another shallop with 40 men, and also a Brest man, but without effect. Has come for victuals and beer, having but 8 days' left, and then is going convoy to Morlaix. 12
" " Capt. Phil. Gethings, Spithead. " Advised Mr. Blackborne of an English shallop that Capt. Saunders and himself took near Seinehead, with 10 or 12 bales of wool; yesterday they took the Land of Promise of Amsterdam, bound for France from Rouen, with plaster of Paris and stones. Sends examinations of her crew. Wishes he had the old Brest frigate at Portsmouth with him, as he daily expects some bankers and salt ships. Having spent his foremast, has sent it on shore; hopes to be supplied to-morrow and will go out again. 13, 13a
" " Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Saltern. Robt. Blackborne. Is sorry Col. Clarke is indisposed; has a cold through long watching. The Reserve still waits orders; the Constant Warwick has come in to revictual, and will convoy some vessels of Topsham and Lyme bound for Morlaix. The constables of Plymouth having refused to assist the Custom House waiters in their duty, alleging that their commissions granted by the Acts had expired, sent orders to the mayor to do so, otherwise the soldiers must, which would not be for the credit of the corporation. If you grant an inch in such cases, an ell will be taken; if there is not a fair compliance, shall solicit him to write Col. Harvey or Capt. Stone about it. Asks news of the French peace. 14
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Order to make out a bill to Jno. Hooper, clerk to the Admiralty Commissioners, for his quarter's salary, &c., at 100l. a year for the past and succeeding quarters. 15
" " " " " Order to provide and send away 13 weeks' victuals for 3,500 men for Gen. Blake's fleet; to take up ships for its transport to Cadiz, Alicant, Leghorn, or higher if needed; to give an account to the customs' officers, that they may be passed customs' free, and to send one of the ships to Portsmouth to receive the provisions to be shipped from thence. 16
" 4 Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. Particulars of ships. The crew of the Portsmouth shallop want their wages; to save charge, has entered the young men in the Winsby, and the rest are a good riddance. Recommends the case of Capt. Country's wife to the Admiralty Commissioners, as she is in a very sad condition. 17
July 4 Capt. H. Maddison, Gift, Spithead. Adm. Com. Came in with the Welcome and Loyalty, having lost the fleet in a storm. Met two Frenchmen, the Princess of Amsterdam and the Lewes of Dieppe, bound for Cape de Verd and the West Indies, but although one had a protection from the Council of State, and the other an affidavit made in the Admiralty Court that she belonged to Jno. Warner, merchant of London, neither had an Englishman on board. 18
" " Capt. Robt. Mackey, the Yarmouth, off Scarborough. " Has been driven northward and out to sea, and seeking a French man-of-war of 16 guns reported to be upon the coast, but not finding her, has given notice to the Colchester who is on the station. Particulars of ships. 19
" " Capt. Jno. Geffery, the Nantwich, Stokes Bay. " Has safely arrived with his convoy, and as soon as he can obtain another anchor, will return to his station. 20
" " Thos. Smith, Navy Office. Robt. Blackborne. As his brethren are meeting again, reminds him of his little business; asks if there is any scruple, that he may resolve it. 21
" " Capt. Wm. Whitehorn, the Gainsborough, Flamborough Head. Adm. Com. Took in 4 months' victuals at Leith, and then ranged the north coast, but could not hear of any man-of-war. 22
" 5 Capt. Mic. Nutton, Satisfaction, Holyhead Bay. " Is waiting a wind to carry Lord Hen. Cromwell and his family to Dublin, and the Greyhound and Wexford, formerly the Fleetwood, are with him. The Paradox and Islip are at Liverpool, and cannot get out. 23
" 6 Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Navy Comrs Capt. Bunn wants an express sent to Major Sedgwick in the Downs, that the Loyalty and Gift are at Portsmouth, as there are no expresses that go that way. Is ordered by the Admiralty Commissioners to supply the ships with 7 days' provisions to save their sea store, but wants a warrant for it. It blew so hard yesterday that the clerks could not pay off the Winsby. 24
" " " " Robt. Blackborne. To the same effect. The Nantwich and Winsby will go westward 25
" " Capt. Thos. Morris, Plymouth. Adm. Com. Plying off Ushant with the Fagon, sprung a leak, and having 5 feet of water in the hold, fired a gun for the Fagon to keep by him all night, and by a continual pumping and baling, got into Plymouth. No other ship was so slighted in the works at Portsmouth, as nothing was done beyond tallowing and caulking, and the ship was so leaky that not a man could lie dry; had 19 barrels of powder spoilt, and it was a mercy they did not sink, but Capt. Hatsell has promised all dispatch. 26
" " Navy Comrs. " Send accounts of decayed vessels, boats, and timber at Deptford, Woolwich, Chatham, and Portsmouth. Beg order for their sale by the candle, with their appurtenances, so as to enhance the price, reserving the guns and such provisions as are not half worn. 27, 28
July 6 Capt. Theop. Sacheverell, the Plymouth. Navy Comrs Sends some tickets made out for sick men and others for the relief of their families. Cannot find 3 named entered on the last muster book for June 5, 1655, but as they are borne on the ship's books, desires they may be paid. The fleet is now off Cape St. Vincent. 29
" " Capt. Pet. Bowen, Mayflower, Falmouth. Adm. Com. Particulars of his proceedings since sailing from Torbay, with 4 ships under convoy, bound for Morlaix. Met 4 coasters from Lyme, who importuned him to see them to the Isle of Bass, and as their vessels were worth 25,000l., did so. He was chased by some ships who fired upon his convoys, and tried to board one of them, but perceiving him, one of them ran ashore among the rocks off the Isle of Bass. As soon as his convoys were safe, made sail after the others; but night coming on, having sprung his foretopsail yard, and having little ballast or water, was forced to come in for a supply. Will proceed for Kinsale with the first wind. 30
" " Capt. Robt. Sansum, the Portsmouth, off the Isle of Wight. " Has sent in to Portsmouth a Hollander bound to Newhaven with salt, and as he reports there are 8 more bound for the same port upon a like account, will keep at sea and look after them. 31
" 7 Capt. Jno. Geffery, the Nantwich, Stokes Bay. " Having brought in two Dutch ships laden with salt for the French King, and bound for Newhaven, will proceed to his station. 32
" " Capt. Fras. Cranwill, Hare, Irish Sea. " While at sea, met a small boat bound for Brest. Left the Satisfaction, Greyhound, and Fleetwood in Chester Water, attending on Lord Henry Cromwell. Will proceed to Portsmouth for orders. 33
" " Dr. Walter Walker Navy Comrs Asks a further order for securing some plank; there was a dispute ast o the ownership, but it was settled by an order that it should be sequestered and delivered into the yard. 34
" " Sam. Wilson, Bishopsgate St. Robt. Blackborne. Recommends Peter Cooper for a master's place in some ship, he having so served, and received some hurt thereby. 35
" " Col. John Clerke, Whitehall. Navy Comrs To order the navy victuallers to supply the Welcome, Gift, and Loyalty with a week's provisions to save their sea stores, they having been separated from the Western squadron in a storm, and put into Stokes Bay. 36
" " Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne There will be a difficulty in victualling the Welcome, Gift, and Loyalty, as one is at Spithead, and the others at Cowes. The Portsmouth has sent in a Hollander with salt, and is coming in with two more. 37
" " Capt. Robt. Wilkinson, Weymouth pink, Leith Road. Adm. Com. Left the fishermen in the Firth in charge of the Yarmouth and Colchester, having been ordered by the General to come to Leith to revictual, when he will return to his station. Has heard of several men-of-war, but not seen any among the fishers. This is their second fishing voyage, and is between Holy Island and Flambro' Head, and will end in August, when he will go to Yarmouth. 38
" 9 Capt. John Taylor, Chatham. Navy Comrs Desires a warrant for delivery of a hoy of timber into the stores, or the works on the new ship and the others in dock will be delayed, and the men kept in idleness. 39
July 9 Vice-Adm. John Lawson. Certificate that Wm. Martin served as midshipman in the Fairfax, was in the engagements against the Dutch under Gen. Penn and himself, and is fit for a gunner's place in a 4th or 5th rate frigate. 40
" " Capt. Robt. Plumleigh, Reserve, Plymouth Sound. " Received the Protector's instructions appointing Capt. Ames of the Winsby as his consort, and on her arrival, will use all diligence to observe them, having victualled for 4 months at Plymouth. 41
" " Capt. Jno. Bourne, the Lyme, Downs. Robt. Blackborne. Is glad to hear of his recovery, but sorry the Western squadron are scattered; none are driven back so far as Dover, for Mr. White, the victualler and sub-commissioner there, has returned the packet for Major Sedgwick. Hears the Vice-Admiral is coming into the Downs in a week, when Col. Clerke will allow him to come up. As he has but 14 days' provisions, and none to be had from Dover, desires a supply from Portsmouth or Harwich. 42
" " " " Adm. Com. To similar effect. Appointed the Adviser to convoy some vessels to Dunkirk, and bring any back bound for England; the Elizabeth to go to Rotterdam to fetch a vessel very richly laden on the company's account; and the Bristol to sail with another laden with the State's goods. The Drake is ordered by Col. Clerke to ply in the Narrow, with the ketch and dogger; as the Sparrow is coming out of Dover, has ordered her to convoy vessels in Dover Road bound for Dieppe, Caen, and Rouen. 43
" " Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. " Hears that Major Sedgwick and the rest of the fleet are at Cowes, save 3 at Portland, and that he is also going there. The Nantwich, which has brought in the two prizes instead of the Portsmouth, is considered by Capt. Gethings to be a handsome ship, and a good sailer. 44
" " Capt. Phil. Gethings, Spithead. " Has taken the Fortune of Hamburg and the Crow of Rotterdam, laden with salt for the Grand Party, and chased 3 others into the harbour near Havre de Grace; although he fired at them, they refused to strike, but got into the Road and so escaped. There is a general complaint amongst all the skippers of their being kept so long in our ports. If care was taken for their encouragement, where we get one ship we might have two. Last month 3 ships sailed out of St. Martin's, full of soldiers bound for Canada to retake our plantations, and some others are to come forth the first wind; will do his best to meet with them. 45
" 10 Wm. Webb, Reserve, Plymouth Sound. Navy Comrs Sends muster books. The captain having nearly 5 months' provisions, and the Winsby having arrived, they will sail with the first wind, according to instructions from the Lord Protector and Admiralty Commissioners. 46
" " Capt. Rich. Potter, Constant Warwick. Adm. Com. Has come in to victual and clean, and will then observe instructions 47
" " Capt. Robt. Sansum, the Portsmouth, Isle of Wight. " Has taken a ship belonging to Newhaven, bound for Newfoundland, and sent her into Portsmouth. She was bought by a Scotch merchant from the French, is an English vessel, and was formerly taken by a Brest pirate. Will keep at sea until the end of the week, and then go to Spithead, as he is nearly out of beer. Has sent some of his men in with the above prize and another. 48
July 10 Jno. Clarey, Assistance. Adm. Com. Complaint against his commander, Capt. Sparling, Robt. Portine, master, and Peter Tull, clerk of the check, of having embezzled 3 pigs of silver and a quantity of sugar, tobacco, and other stores out of the holds of 3 prizes they took in their last voyage; and also having 5 boys on the sea books as able seamen, and paying them accordingly. 49
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Order to attend the Admiralty Committee to-morrow with the contract made with Mr. Baylie for building the Nantwich. 50
" " " " " Order to make out a bill to Thos. Hewer for 4l. 19s. 0d. for printing tickets for the fleet 51
" " Committee of the Council on Tobias Sollicoffer's petition. Adm. Com. To certify by what ship the petitioner's vessel was taken, what damage he has sustained, and how the amount for compensation should be raised. With note that Capt. Eustace Smith, of the Richard and Martha, took the Peter, laden with currants, from Zante, in Dec. 1653, during the Dutch war, which was bought by the Sollicoffers at Toulon; also note of an order to the Admiralty Court, to try all causes of difference touching bills of exchange relating to prizes. 52, 53
" 11 Capt. Ga. Saunders, Tiger, Spithead. " Took two ships of Amsterdam laden with salt for the Grand Party, and has brought them in. Hears the French are making preparations to go to our plantations in Canada, and put them all to the sword, but hopes they will not be able to effect it. 54
" " Capts. Jno. Limbry, H. Maddison, and Thos. Bunn, Welcome, Plymouth Sound. " Hope they have not been blamed because the Welcome, Gift, and Loyalty separated from the fleet by contrary winds, which detained them at the Isle of Wight. The fleet, with Major Sedgwick, sailed this morning; will lose no time in following them. 55
" 12 Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Send petition of Fras. Baylie, of Bristol, for payment of his last instalment for building the Islip and Nantwich, and desire they will make him out a bill, with deductions for failing in his contract with regard to the sails. 56, 57
" " Capt. Robt. Claye, Bryer, Plymouth Sound. Adm. Com. Come in to clean and victual, but being too late for the spring tide, has taken in a fortnight's provisions, and will put to sea. 58
" 13 Capt. Mich. Tarleton, Liverpool. Robt. Blackborne. Returns the Admiralty Commissioners' order of 10 July, to Capt. Edw. Tarleton of the Islip, to carry over some money from Chester to Dublin for pay of the forces; he left on the 11th, and falling short to wait on Lord Hen. Cromwell, he convoyed some merchants to the Irish coast, and was then to hasten to Inverlochy, in Scotland. Capt. Cranwill has also sailed for Ayr, where Lord Henry appointed shipping to wait for him. 59, 60
" " Capt. Robt. Plumleigh, Reserve, at Sea. Adm. Com. Left Plymouth Sound on the 10th, with the Winsby and a vessel of London bound for Newfoundland. Hears that all the others bound there sailed 3 days since. 61
" 14 Prize Comrs. Robt. Blackborne. There are a quantity of planks and deals in the Hope of Amsterdam at Dover, which has lately been discharged by the Admiralty Court, and as she is bound to an enemy's port, and the owners say they will dispose of their goods as they please, suggest that the lading should be secured for the State. 62
July 14 Capt. Jno. Croft, Gloucester. Col. Jno. Clarke. Sends a packet from Gen. Desborow to Major Wade, he being in London 63
" " Capt. Jno. Bourne, the Lyme, Downs. Adm. Com. When Ben. Symonds was under restraint on board the Vice-Admiral, Capt. Godfrey of the Marmaduke affirmed that Symonds displayed great ability in bringing off that ship when she ran aground through the ignorance of the pilot, and that although a prisoner on board, if it had not been for him, the ship would have miscarried on her way to the Downs. 64
" " Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. All the officers noticed that the Nantwich was well caulked, and if there was any fault, it was the want of mariners to tar the decks; but she had too many guns, and if he had not seen her masts shortened and her yards narrowed, she would have been under water; also took 40 tons of sand out of her, and put in ordinary ballast. Capt. Morris must excuse him for differing as to the work on board his ship. The Portsmouth having arrived at Spithead to tallow and victual, asks whether she is to come in, as complaints are made of her sailing. Some of her men are gone to Plymouth with 2 prizes. 65
" " John Packwood, Woolwich. " Recommends Lewis Whitehead for a boatswain's place in the frigate building at Woolwich; he so served in the Crow, and gave a just account of his stores. 66
" " Capt. Thos. Sparling, Assistance, Plymouth Sound. Adm. Com. Has been plying on his station since leaving Plymouth on 20 June. Took a Hollander with salt bound for St. Malo; rescued the Love of London from the Michael of Brest, and sent her to Plymouth; also met a Dutch ship from St. Malo, bound for the Straits, with 150 bales of linen, which he imagines will prove prize. 67
" 15 " " " The Cross of Jerusalem, of 400 tons and 20 guns, had 150 bales of linen, besides 3 small fardles in the skipper's locker in his cabin. As the skipper and his company said the ship and goods belonged to Amsterdam, would not give his own company any encouragement to pillage, to which they are much addicted and very difficult to restrain, and so left the fardles behind; many may account this ignorance or imbecility; but finding the greater part of the goods belong to Frenchmen, and will prove prize, desires an order to have the fardles, or whatever else they may think fit. 68
" " Roger Yaxley, Fagons, Plymouth. " Asks his discharge as master, not being acquainted with the French coast, where his station is assigned, and being out of health. 69
" " Capt. Thos. Elliot, Plymouth. " Has been plying on his station, and chased two Brest men-of war, but lost them. Being out of provisions, has been ordered in by Capt. Hatsell to wash, tallow, and victual, and set a new mainmast. 70
" 16 Thos. Newberry, Portsmouth. [Navy Comrs] Has received into the stores the shot brought from Bristol in the Salem of Scarborough, and sends particulars. 71
" " Thos. Pointer, the Cock, Ratcliff. Robt. Blackborne. Wants to be employed about the victualling business; if he had the business of passing the stewards' accounts, there would not be any more complaints, and yet 4 men are employed. 72
July 16 Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. Asks whether to bring in the Portsmouth, now at Spithead; if the weather permits and her men attend, she would be ready to sail next week. 73
" " Capt. Jno. Bourne, the Lyme, Downs. Adm. Com. Details of his revictualling. The dogger belonging to the fleet has brought in a Billinder with French goods, which he has sent to Dover. The Elizabeth returned from Rotterdam, and has since been convoying vessels to Dieppe. Notes of ships. 74
" 17 Capt. Phil. Holland, Assurance, Plymouth. " While on his station, chased several Brest men-of-war, but they were too nimble. Surprised the Encounter of St. Malo, with fish from Newfoundland; met a ship retaken by the Assistance, and convoyed them as far as the Deadman, where he lost them, but is confident they got safe into Plymouth. While cruising off Ushant, met the Spread Eagle of Hamburg, with salt, bound for France, and presumes she will prove a prize. Not having been in any port for three months, his provisions being expended, and his ship foul, has been forced to come in, but will use all dispatch to get out again. 75
" " Capt. N. Heaton, Saphire, Plymouth Sound. Robt. Blackborne. Account of his proceedings from his leaving Plymouth for Rochelle, on 2 June, to his return 16 July. Took several prizes and 250 prisoners, and only lost one man, but if Providence had not cast small vessels in his way, must have left the service undone, or lost his own ship. Has brought 150 prisoners home, which were more than he had to man his own ship, as also 3 prizes, having formerly sent in 3. Will observe Capt. Hatsell's orders, but wants 10 more men. 76
" 18 Capt. Rich. Cowes, Cat pink, Tenby Road. Adm. Com. Since leaving Milford, has been to Dublin, plied on the Irish coast, and convoyed several vessels to Bristol, with goods valued at 4,000l., besides passengers. Chased a Brest pirate the whole day, and could not get up to him for want of a wind, but as he lost some of his masts and sails, thinks he is gone. The steward having deserted, his duties have been performed by the clerk of the check. Damaged. 77
" " Capt. Jno. Parker, Truelove, Milford Haven. " Sailed from Barnstaple 17 June, and while plying on his station, met 12 sail from Bristol bound for Ireland; convoyed them there. Has put in to Milford to stop leaks. 78
" " Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Comr. Fras. Willoughby. Could not bring in the Portsmouth to revictual until to-day. The Hare pink has arrived at Spithead from Scotland, and has only 10 days' victuals. 79
" " " " Robt. Blackborne. To the same effect 80
" " Capt. Giles Shelley, the Colchester, Leith Frith. Adm. Com. While at Dalkeith, received order from Gen. Monk to ply between Bass Island and Tynemouth Bar; is going for Cacawdey Road to water, and then to sea again. Desires copy of the orders given to captains touching their officers. 81
" " Account of cables and other stores supplied to the Marston Moor by Rich. Rowe, storekeeper at Jamaica, by order of the Generals. 82
July 18 Capt. Fras. Cranwill, Portsmouth. Adm. Com. Has come into Stokes' Bay, and is waiting for orders. Noted that his ketch is to be paid in proportion with the rest of the fleet, and refitted. 83
" " Capt. Wm. Whitehorn, Gainsborough, Burlington Bay. Navy Comrs Sends survey made of the provisions sent from London, showing that 18 cwt. of bread was not fit for food, being old and twice baked, and 6 butts of beer bad; hopes the provisions received in Scotland will prove better. There are no men-of-war on the coast. 84–86
" " Capt. Robt. Vessey, Nightingale, Plymouth Sound. Adm. Com. Since leaving Plymouth with his convoys from Portsmouth, has been plying about the Lizard and Land's End; seeing a shallop chasing a merchantman, chased him into the rocks towards St. Ives, and by keeping up thus, preserved 12 or 14 ships bound that way, although he plundered one. Has since captured this shallop, and sent her in, with a Frenchman laden with hides and elephants' teeth; she will make a fine man-of-war, having formerly been one; begs the command of it for his master, Jas. Sharland. Desires he may clean and tallow every 6 weeks or two months, and go beyond the limits of his station; could thus do more service on the cunning rogues who infest the coast. 87
" 19 Capt. Mic. Nutton, Satisfaction, Chester Water. " Left Liverpool 21 June, and while lying in Chester water for a wind, received orders from Lord Hen. Cromwell to carry himself and family to Ireland, which he did, and landed them at Dublin on the 9th inst. Then received orders from the Lord Deputy and Council to return to Chester, to bring over some money. Desires leave of absence for some of his company, who are Londoners, and married, and have been at sea 22 months. 88
" " Christ. Pett, Woolwich. Navy Comrs Asks whether to tallow the President before launching her next Tuesday, as she will spoil more in the river in one week than at sea in a month. 89
" 20 Capt. Robt. Clay, Bryer, Plymouth. Adm. Com. Has come in by order of Capt. Hatsell, to refit and victual, and will make all speed to sea 90
" " Capt. N. Heaton, Saphire. Robt. Blackborne. Told him of 20 bags of wool, 128 bars of iron, and 4 packs of sheep skins, which he took out of a vessel he sunk, and still retains; as there is money due to himself and company, if the Commissioners will allow him to keep them, will be thankful; they must have new masts and other recruits. Asks his influence, being constrained to go to sea again to guard the coast. Some may envy his active service, but all the honour is to the Creator, and not to his poor creature. 91, 92
" " Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Adm. Com. Notes of ships. The bearer complains of his vessel being unfit for present service 93
" " Capt. Nich. Foster " As the person on whose behalf complaint was made against him respecting the Phoenix on her last coming to Chatham has arrived, and been in London three weeks, and as the differences have been heard and disposed of by Dr. Bennett, a master in Chancery, and affidavits filed, hopes they will now restore him to his command. 94
July 20 Jas. Sharland, Nightingale, Plymouth Sound. Adm. Com. When leaving the command of the Red Hart, was promised preferment, but is now only master in the Nightingale; having lately taken a French frigate, which it is believed will be employed in the service, asks the command of her. 95
" " Capt. Thos. Morris, Plymouth. " Has stopped the leaks and well caulked the ship, and will get in the ballast, &c., and get to sea. 96
" " Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Robt. Blackborne. Thanks for intelligence; has given Col. Clerke all he can in return. Capt. Vessey has gone to sea again. Blackborne's brother is very careful and diligent. 97
" " " " Navy Comrs Arrival and departure of ships. The Saphire has brought in two bankers and a Frenchman with wine, brandy, &c., bound from Nantes to St. Christopher, and the Nightingale a French double shallop man-of-war and a French frigate from Cape de Verd, with 4,000 hides and 22 elephants' teeth. 98
" " " " Robt. Blackborne. Particulars of ships. The Muster has been delayed on account of the heavy rains; 5 prizes have been brought into the Sound by the Saphire and Nightingale, one of which will make a good man-of-war. Capt. Vessey has put to sea again, having brought in his prizes in very good condition; desires order for the sale of the two bankers taken by Capt. Heaton and the others, so as to save their ladings from spoiling, and ease the great charge to the State. With depositions by Peter Martensen, captain, and Jacob Jansen, mariner, of the Cross of Jerusalem, that the ship was bound from St. Malo to Spain with 150 bales of goods, on account of certain Frenchmen, but when on the coast of France, was taken by Capt. Thos. Sparling, and brought into Plymouth. 13 July. 99–101
" 21 Capt. Mic. Nutton, Satisfaction, Chester. Adm. Com. Landed Lord Hen. Cromwell and his family at Dublin on the 9th inst., and then had orders from Lord Deputy Fleetwood and the Council there to return to Chester for money, but as he cannot hear of any coming down, desires further orders. 102
" " Capt. Fras. Willoughby, Star Inn, Oxford. Navy Comrs Has been to Oxford and made a beginning of the business, and asks them to ascertain from Mr. Chamberlain, the purveyor of timber at Woodstock, how many trees he felled in Hemsgrove, Queen's and High Parks. 103
" " J. Fowler, Fairfax. Robt. Blackborne. Recommends Stephen Woolgate, boatswain's mate of the Fairfax, for a boatswain's place in a new frigate building at Chatham; he was recommended by the vice-admiral and others. 104
" " Capt. Math. Browne, Wren pink, Milford Haven. Adm. Com. Has been plying between the isles of Salters and Lundy, by order of the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland, but was compelled to come in for repairs; unless some cost is bestowed, the ship will not be fit for service this winter. 105
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Order to discharge the Sea Adventure ketch, come into Portsmouth from Gen. Blake's fleet 106
" " Capt. Robt. Plumleigh, Reserve. Adm. Com. Being off Scilly, took a Frenchman with fish from Newfoundland, bound for Rochelle, and having manned her, has sent her for England. 107
July 21 Capt. Fras. Allen, Advice, Burlington Bay. Adm. Com. Has been plying on the coast, and as there are no complaints of any men-of-war being about, has come in to repair and revictual. 108
" 22 Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. " The Nightingale plying west, met a Dutch ship from the West Indies, having an Englishman on board, from whom Capt. Vessey took an account of the proceedings of the English fleet, which he sent to Capt. Heaton, and it is enclosed for the information of his Highness. The captain of the Grantham told the Englishman that his ship and other frigates were left upon the coast to observe the motion of the enemy, but that the fleet was gone to Jamaica; also that the adventurers to the West Indies are very angry that they are debarred trading with the plantations. Reports will multiply the loss, as it is already current here that 1,200 men are slain, and the fleet quite beaten off. 109
" " Capt. John Bourne, the Lyme, Downs. " Arrival of ships. Sends a letter received from a Virginia ship, who met the Reserve and Winsby off Scilly. Will victual the Elizabeth out of the Bristol, and sail for Portsmouth. 110
" " Capt. Phil. Gethings, Spithead. Robt. Blackborne. Only gave Robinson the Hopewell to secure the State's and his own interest, as he was going to sea, but his language and actions are alike. Desires he will not take any further interest in his lieutenant, as he is not fit for the employment. Is sorry he had so much trouble about the salvage. Begs him to keep the 13l. 6s. 8d. received of Robinson, to defray charges. Some of the spice merchants coming from Norwich to Yarmouth in a boat threatened him very highly, that they would spend as much again as was in the boat, which was 1,000l., but they would be revenged for the seizure, and that he would be no gainer, as they had license from the Protector to follow the law against him; will not be scared a jot so long as he acts justly. 111
" " " " Adm. Com. Has come in to water and take 14 days' provisions for 80 men, supplied to the Bryer; also to change some stinking beer and other defective provisions, and to put 6 sick men on shore, one of whom has the small pox. 112
" 23 Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Navy Comrs Particulars of ships. Account of disbursements for refitting the Reserve, 320l. 9s. 10d., and for gunner's supplies 39l. 6s.; has drawn bills therefor on the Treasurer. Hears by a ship that met the Grantham that the fleet has left Hispaniola, and gone for Jamaica. 113
" " " " Col. Jno. Clerke. The Nantwich must either have gone, or the service have been neglected. His Highness and Mr. Secretary's letters would speak more for him than he desires to do for himself; will dispatch the business in hand. The Constant Warwick and others are getting ready to sail. 114
" " Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. The captain of the Hare pink at Spithead is very inquisitive about her disposal. The Portsmouth will be ready to take in her 3 months' provisions next week, and the Hopewell pink has come in, and waits orders. 115
July 23 Capt. Rob. Mackey, the Yarmouth, near Haesborough. Adm. Com. Since coming from Scotland, has been ranging the seas northward, and met Dutch flyboat of Amsterdam from Greenland; she reported that there were 24 sail of Frenchmen there, who had made a good fishing voyage, and would soon be ready to go home. Also chased two Dutch vessels which brought him to this place; after taking in water, will return to his station. Hears the Gainsborough and Advice are about Burlington Bay. 116
" " Capt. Fras. Cranwill, Hare, Spithead. " Hopes they received his letter announcing his arrival on the 18th; asks orders 117
" " Capt. Lambert Cornelius, Portsmouth. " Landed the money they ordered him to transport from Weymouth to Jersey, for pay of the soldiers there, and waits orders. Since the seizure of the Cornelian, two Brest men-of-war, of 16 and 18 guns, have lain off Jersey, attending his motions, as they know his station is on that coast. 118
" 24 Capt. Abra. Algate, Drake, Portland Road. " Has been convoying vessels by order of Capt. Hatsell, and come in with 3, one of which was nearly lost through a leak. Will see them to their ports, and return to his station near Seine Head. 119
" " Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Robt. Blackborne. Begs the Admiralty Commissioners' order for his half year's salary, 135l., as also for that of Mr. Vinson, the storekeeper, 20l. The Assurance has brought in a Dutch hoy, with salt, which the skipper admits belongs to Frenchmen; an order should be obtained for a speedy dispatch of Dutchmen thus brought in, by discharging the salt and giving them their freight, as it would encourage them to speak the truth. 120
" " Comr. Peter Pett, Chatham. Navy Comrs Wants a supply of deals; they are refreshing the painted works of the Rainbow and Resolution; as no gold is to be used, asks if they may use a gold colour. Noted that he is to use such colours as may be most convenient, and with best husbandry to the State. 121
" " Adm. Com. " Order for the Hare ketch at Portsmouth to be paid off, in proportion with the rest of the winter guard, and refitted and victualled for present service. 122
" " John Hathorne Answer touching pirates' goods, being his list of goods delivered him by Capt. Duckenfield, and disposed of at prices specified. 123
" 25 Hugh Salesbury, Portsmouth. Col. Jno. Clarke, As the victualling of the navy is to be taken into the State's hands, and three Commissioners appointed for its management, begs employment under them at Portsmouth; from his long experience in such matters, can do good service. In the last 2 years, has lost his part in 5 ships by the French at sea, which has much impoverished his estate. Has solicited Capt. Hatsell to stand his friend, but fears Capt. Alderne will prefer Mr. Holt. 124
" " Capt. Robt. Wilkinson, Weymouth pink, North Seas. Adm. Com. Returned to the fishermen with 3 months' provisions from Scotland on the 20th instant, and found them in a very good posture; they had not been disturbed, and will bring the fishing to a close the end of next month, when he will go to Yarmouth Roads. 125
" " Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. Particulars of ships. Is sorry to hear of the loss at St. Domingo, but hopes the Lord will make it up again. 126
July 25 Capt. Rich. Country, Fame, between the Start and Dartmouth. Adm. Com. Had orders from the Generals to sail for England with the Amity, and to assist him in convoying a Hamburgher seized by some of the fleet, which he has performed. The frigate, of which the Generals have made him commander, is French built, with 15 guns, and as she can carry 22, and row 16 oars upon occasion, she will make a complete man-of-war when her defects have been seen to. 127
" " Thos. Smith, Navy Office. Robt. Blackborne. Would have attended the Commissioners to-morrow, but has to attend some county and parish business. Can say no more than is in his petition, and in the certificates from the auditors and accountant; the present collectors have no cognizance of the business beyond what their register contains, which the same accountant keeps; begs favourable dispatch. 128
" " Thos. White, Dover Navy Comrs Contract for hire of the John ketch of Dover for 6 months, at 18l. a month 129
" 26 Adm. Com. Keeper of Bridewell. Order to receive — Capell into his custody, and keep her until delivered by due course of law, for railing on the Admiralty Commissioners, and saying she would bring her children and lay them at their doors. 130
" 27 Saml. Windis, Grave Morrice, Leadenhall Street. Col. Thomson. Complaints of the tyranny towards him, while purser and clerk of the Primrose, of Capt. Sherwin, who charged him with multitudes of passengers, for his own private ends; begs a ticket for his arrears, as Mr. Evatt, whom he employed the last voyage, has cleared all the accounts. 131
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Ask an estimate of the charge for painting the Rainbow and other frigates at Chatham 132
" " " " Order for building a small frigate at Deptford, with two decks and to carry 16 guns, for service among the sands. 133
" " Capt. John Bourne, the Lyme, Downs. Adm. Com. Particulars of ships. Will sail westward and desire Capt. Young to act in his absence. The Amity has arrived with the Fame, a French frigate taken by Gen. Blake's fleet in the Straits; also with a Hamburgher, with French goods. 134
" " Capt. Rich. Country, Fame, Downs. " Has come in with the Amity and a Hamburgher under his convoy, by order of the Generals, and waits orders. His ship is leaky. 135
" " Capt. Hen. Pack, Amity, Downs. " Particulars of the defective state of his frigate; asks orders as to the disposal of 5 or 6 sick and wounded men he brought from the fleet. 136
" " Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Robt. Blackborne. Perceives he had the sad tidings respecting their friends before his came to hand. Capt. Vessey has taken a Brest man-of-war, and retaken a vessel of Plymouth, which this Brestman had captured. The Saphire, Assistance, and Nightingale are at sea, but the rest are in port. Asks news of the peace with France. 137
" " Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. The master shipwright and his assistant at Chatham finding the Triumph so much damaged with shot, she has been docked, and on survey, it is estimated that it will cost 3,500l. to make her a serviceable man-of-war; as the amount is so considerable, desire their order before further proceedings are taken. With the survey. 138,139
July 27 Vice Adm. Jno. Lawson, Tower Hill. Robt. Blackborne. If Gen. Desborow and the Commissioners are at the chamber to day, begs assistance for Capt. Wm. Nesfield in procuring an order for the money appointed by bill from the Ordnance Officers, to be paid for freight of guns and stores to the Nantwich, and for shot brought from Bristol. 140
" 28 Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Navy Comrs Particulars of ships; asks directions 141
" " " " Robt. Blackborne. To the same effect 142
" " Capt. Jas. Ableson, Mermaid, Plymouth Sound. Adm. Com. Has come to England with the Pearl with a packet from Gen. Blake, and orders as to repairs much needed. 143
" " Capt. Ben. Sacheverell, Pearl, Plymouth. " Came to England with a packet from Gen. Blake; overtook the Endeavour smack, which was sent from the fleet two days before, and kept her company to the Lizard. Has dispatched the packet by express, and desires orders to come up for repairs. 144
" " Capt. Fras. Cranwill, Portsmouth. Navy Comrs The carpenters are in hand with the pink, and hopes to be ready to sail next Saturday. Asks what to do with 33 muskets, a suit of armour, and some powder and match he took from the Tories or Highlanders, which Gen. Monk told him to keep until further order. 145
" " Thos. Haiter, Portsmouth. Edw. Hopkins, Navy Comr. Sends a letter from Capt. Thorowgood, and will deliver the one for the captain of the Tiger when she comes in. Gave his to Mr. Tippetts, but neither he nor the master attendant had any orders for refitting [the Hare]. The Portsmouth has been refitted, and will sail the first wind. 146
" 29 Isaac Holmes, master of the Hopewell pink. Adm. Com. Petition to be captain of the Hopewell pink, in which he has served since Jan. 1653–4, the captain, Lambert Cornelius, being removed into the Cornelian frigate, taken by him. With letter from Gen. Monk to Gen. Montague on his behalf. 147, 148
" " Isaac Holmes, Portsmouth. " Begs employment, having served as master in the Hopewell pink 20 months, and done other service both by sea and land. 149
" " Capt. Peter Bowen, Mayflower, Caldy Road. Robt. Blackborne. Sends an order received at Cork Harbour to convoy to Lundy a vessel in which Lady Southwell was a passenger. After that, plied about, but his frigate getting foul, put into Caldy Road, where he tallowed and took in ballast; his provisions getting short, will sail this evening. 150
" 30 John Barham, Hampton Court. Col. Clarke. Whitehall. Recommends Wm. Bates for employment as a cook in some frigate, he having so served 14 years, but been without employment for a year, his ship being laid up. 151
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Order for directions for the washing, tallowing, and revictualling of the Lyme at Portsmouth 152
" " " " " Order for the paying off of the Amity and of the Fame, a prize sent home by Gen. Blake, and for them to be brought up to Woolwich and laid up. 153
" " Capt. Robt. Clarke, the Bristol, Downs. " Has only 13 butts of beer of his last victualling; the rest stinks. Wants oars and boatswain's stores; as they could not supply them at Portsmouth, has written to Chatham. 154
July 31 Mayor and inhabitants of Rye. Adm. Com. Thanks for the order made on their petition for a convoy for their vessels. Beg that a vessel of 7 or 8 guns may be appointed to lie about the harbour, to convoy vessels to the Downs, or the Isle of Wight. They run more risk on the French coast than our own, as it is more infested with men-of-war, but a constant convoy might tend to prevent it. 155
" " Capt. Hatsell [Robt. Blackborne.] Wonders at his letter stating that Secretary Thurloe desires him to send any small tool with Mr. Maynard to carry the packet to Gen. Blake; having received his Highness's orders to impress a ship if none of the State's frigates were there, engaged the Nantwich to carry him, and hopes she is now nearly there. 156