Volume 181: May 1658, 1-10

Pages 1-13

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1658-9. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1885.

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May 1658, 1–10

May 1.
Approval by the Protector of 10 orders, 22–29 April. [I. 78, p. 588.]
May 3.
1. Ro. Stratford to Edw. Marten, Clifford's Inn. Send by the next post a clausum fregit to the sheriff of Gloucestershire, for Wm. Cole, plaintiff, against Thos. Addis of Newent. Direct to Wm. Cole of Newent, care of Walter Cole, shoemaker, Gloucester. I begin my journey for London this day week. [¾ page.]
May 4. 2. Petition of Lieut.-Col. John Hunkyn, governor of the Scilly Islands, to the Protector. The stores of ammunition in the garrison are decayed, there being only 77 barrels of powder left there by the enemy at the surrender of the islands, which is now unfit for service. There is also great want of sacker and minion shot, there being only 2 shots apiece for all the sacker and minion guns on the islands. Begs 200 barrels of powder, and 3 tons of sacker and minion shot, that he may be able to defend the islands in case of any vicissitude of affairs. Also an order for a frigate to receive and convey the said goods, and to bring back the decayed powder With note for 100 barrels of powder, 1,200 sacker and 600 minion shot. [1 page.]
May 4. 3. Reference thereon in Council to the Admiralty Commissioners, to consider what stores should be sent, and report. [½ page; also I. 78, p. 592.]
May 4. 4. Petition of the inhabitants of Rushall, co. Stafford, to the Protector. During the late war, Rushall Hall was a garrison for Parliament, and Capt. Tothill, the governor, was obliged to demolish the parish church. We are so few and poor that we cannot rebuild it at our own charge; therefore we beg a patent for a collection in cos. Stafford and Warwick. With reference, 27 March 1658, to the Privy Council. [1 page.] Annexing,
4. I. Certificate of Thos. Compton and 6 other justices of peace of co. Stafford to the truth of the petition, and that the rebuilding of the church will cost 300l. 6 October 1657. [1 page.]
May 4. Order thereon in Council granting the petition. [I. 78, p. 596.]
May 4. 5. Petition of Jas. Orton, minister, and 22 others, churchwardens and inhabitants of Edgbaston, co. Warwick, to the Protector. Our parish church, a handsome structure, was partly burnt in the late wars, and partly pulled down by Col. Fox, governor of the garrison near, and the materials employed for the garrison; so that we have had to resort to remote parish churches, or to use such weak means as we could procure. Being most of us tenants at will, we cannot afford the cost, 800l., to rebuild the church, and therefore beg a patent for collecting charitable aid. With reference to Privy Council, 3 May 1658. [1 page.] Annexing,
5. I. Certificate by Rich. Temple and 6 other justices of peace in favour of the petition, as there are 60 families in Edgbaston, and it is 3 miles from Birmingham, which is a great market town, and having but one parish church, some of its inhabitants heretofore resorted to Edgbaston. 18 March 1657–8. 7 signatures and seals. [1 sheet.]
May 4. Order thereon for a patent for collecting in cos. Warwick and Stafford. With addition, 20 May, of cos. Chester, Worcester, Northampton, and Hereford. [I. 78, p. 597.]
May 4. 6. Petition of Rich. Bundle, husbandman, of Chertsey, Surrey, to the Protector, for a patent for his relief. Lost all his corn, barn, and stable, value 570l, by fire on 23 October 1657, and is undone thereby. With reference to Council 16 April 1658. [1 page.] Annexing,
6. I. Certificate by Richard and Art. Onslow and 3 other justices of peace of Surrey to the truth of the petition. [½ page.]
May 4. Order thereon advising a patent for collection of benevolence in Sussex and Surrey; Berks and Hants added 18 May. [I. 78, pp. 597–624.]
May 4. COUNCIL. Day's Proceedings.
1. To recommend the Trustees for the Maintenance of Ministers to settle an augmentation of 60l. on Sam. Manning, of Cookley, co. Suffolk. Approved 7 May.
2. Also one of 50l. on Sam. Petto, of Sandcroft, co. Suffolk. Approved 7 May.
3. To advise a grant of a salary to Aaron Stocall, Advocate-General in Jersey, equal to that of the Procurator there.
4. To allow the War Treasurers to peruse the examinations of Jno. Drywood and Dudley Short, and have all their papers and accounts which are before Council, to enable them to settle the business of Geo. Bilton.
5. The draft of a grant for better propagation of the Gospel in the Highlands of Scotland read, agreed to, and sent up to his Highness.
7. The Committee on Mich. Molins' petition to hear from John Rusden why he disobeyed Council's order by not paying what was directed, and to report.
8. Order on petition of William, Earl of Lothian, and a letter from General Monk on his behalf, for a letter to the Council in Scotland, to send for those at whose suit the Earl is prosecuted for public debts, and persuade them to forbear till some other course can be taken in Parliament for their satisfaction.
9. Fleetwood and Mr, Comptroller to consider an order made in favour of several persons in Scotland concerning debts, and if it is not confirmed by Parliament, and any of the persons who prosecute the Earl take the benefit of the said order, to insert a clause in the above ordered letter not to allow such persons the said benefit.
10. Desborow, Fleetwood, Jones, Rich. Cromwell, Strickland, Skippon, and Mr. Secretary to consider how the records and books in possession of the Fraudulent Debentures' Commissioners may be preserved, consult with counsel learned, and report.
11. To recommend an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Frost 700l., that he may give Edw. Cressett, Thos. Gorge, Robt. Pelham, Thos. Creswell, Robt. Shapcott, and Fras. Thompson 100l. each for their services as Fraudulent Debentures' Commissioners, and 100l. for the under officers and incident charges.
12. The petition of the participants in draining the level of Hatfield Chase, cos. York, Lincoln, and Notts, and of the poor Protestant strangers residing there, referred to Rich. Cromwell, Mr. Comptroller, Fleetwood, Mulgrave, Wolsley, Sydenham, Montague, and Desborow, to report.
14. The petition of Sam. Mico and Rich. Baker, merchants of London, referred to Montague, Sydenham, Jones, Wolsley, Desborow, Skippon, and Strickland, to report.
15. Hen. Dunscombe's petition referred to the same Committee.
16. The petition of the surveyors of the Commissioners for new buildings read and referred to Fleetwood, Jones, Montague, Wolsley, Desborow, Strickland, Sydenham, and Mr. Secretary, to advise what should be allowed them.
17. To advise the approval of articles of peace given, concluded by Capt. John Stoakes with Tunis.
18. Mr. Secretary reports a list of 72 captives redeemed at Tunis 8 February 1657–8.
19. The Customs' Commissioners to pay Captain John Stoakes 2,871l. 10s. which he advanced in redeeming the said 72 captives. Approved 7 May.
20.7. The Admiralty Commissioners to accept such bills of exchange for 5,000l. as Capt. Jno. Stoakes shall present according to instructions from his Highness, and to order the Navy Treasurer to pay them up to 5,000l. Approved 7 May.
21. Desborow, Montague, Mr. Secretary, Mr. Comptroller, Rich. Cromwell, and Fleetwood to read and report their opinion on the several letters presented by Mr. Secretary, from Capt. John Stoakes and Chas. Longland, Agent at Leghorn.
22. The said letters to be sent to the Admiralty Commissoners, to consider Capt. Stoakes' desire, with effect.
23. The petition of the noblemen, gentlemen, citizens, and others of Scotland referred to the Scotch Committee, to report.
24. Also the petition of Thos. Salmon, clothier of Wells.
25. To advise an order to pay the Countess of Clanricard 100l. for expenses of the funeral of the late Earl.
26. Order on a draft Proclamation summoning the High Court of Justice to meet, to fill in the blank for the place of meeting with "the painted chamber, Westminster," and the day "May 12," and send it up to his Highness.
27. The Committee on the business of the said Court to attend his Highness, and hear his pleasure concerning what prisoners shall be tried.
31. Whereas Nath. Stirrop, one of the treasurers for taking accounts, is dead, and some persons scruple to pay money on the acquittance of Lieut.-Col. Geo. Crompton, the surviving treasurer,—order that he is fully authorized to receive the said moneys, and give acquittances therefor. Approved 7 May. [I. 78, pp. 589–598.]
May 4.
President Lawrence to the sheriffs of counties in England and Wales. We enclose a declaration for a day of fasting and humiliation, and desire you to deliver it to all ministers in your respective counties. [I.78, p. 871.]
May 4. Declaration by the Protector. Considering the condition of the people in the Highlands, for want of the preaching of the Gospel and schools for training youth, "whereby they are little different from the most savage heathens," and finding it a duty not only to have the Gospel set up, but schools for children erected, and maintenance provided therefor; and hearing that in the time of Popery, there were small rents out of several church lands in Scotland, which went to maintain church officers, were granted by the late King to divers persons, and have now fallen into our hands by the decease of the persons and expiration of the grants, and are in the hands of private persons having no right thereto:—We and our Council, desiring that the people may be instructed in the knowledge of God, their children educated, and vice suppressed, have appropriated 1,200l. a year to be proportioned by our Council in Scotland to these purposes, the money to be uplifted out of the readiest of the rents of the said church offices and concealed church rents. We therefore authorize them to use all lawful means to discover and improve the said rents, to appoint officers to manage the money, and appropriate it to ministers and schoolmasters; the keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland and the director of the Chancery to pass this under the Great Seal per saltum, without other warrant or seal. [I. 78, pp. 589–591.]
May 4.
8. Warrant by the Protector to the Admiralty Commissioners, to give order forthwith for one of the State's ships to transport Frances, the wife of Geo. Downing, English Resident at the Netherlands, with her servants and other necessaries, to her husband at the Hague, and to take especial care that she is treated with due respect, in all things answerable to her degree and quality. [1 page.]
May. 4
9. Certificate by Nich. Lockyer, Peter Sterry, and Randolph Yearwood, to the holiness of life, ability, and fitness for the ministry of Thos. Lamb, minister. [½ page.]
May 4/14.
Jos. Jane to [Sec. Nicholas]. I send an enclosure. I hear the King stays for money. Those of this country must be little interested in his journey, or they would find money to set it forward; they may so know the intentions of those to whom he goes as to consider it fruitless; but subsistence for a while at least may be expected. We have a small congregation here, but expect its increase by the return of some from Brussels. The bishop [of Derry] yet officiates, but is going to Bristol before the King's removal. I hear that when Lord Napier moved for his pay, he had a short answer. [1 page, Flanders correspondence.]
May 5/15.
Jos. Jane to Sec. Nicholas. It is strange that the King's going to Frankfort, which is in everybody's mouth, should be thought a secret. I wish Dr. Earles may come hither, for the Bishop [of Derry] is going, and then we must depend on Mr. White's good nature.
I have had professions and promises, and may have lost nothing by not being on the list, but see not why I should be omitted and the chamber keeper on it; I hear I am little in favour of those in power. It is scarce credible to some that I am and ever have been without allowance. I have never borrowed of any but you, but have been supplied by the favour of others. It will much add to my affliction when I am compelled to ask from men that profess love, and have it not, but God will not forsake me, and I care not to raise myself with men.
You will now see the list of the High Court of Justice, comprising all the Judges and the Commissioners of the Seal; I believe few will sit except such rogues as Bradshaw, but there is a rabble besides, and 17 are a quorum. You will now hear of the delusion of the French at Ostend. I hoped at first that some of Cromwell's ships might be taken, but they are all small French barks. I look not for any assistance here for our going over; nothing will be done unless there be a sure and easy game, which cannot be hoped, and I doubt whether those in England will give us credit unless we change hands. Our great ones may not withdraw their professions of esteem from one whom they recommended, how faulty soever he prove, and it shows too great tameness to bear the affront which a bare reproof could not vindicate, nor anything but a rigorous exclusion; but we live not in such days, hence the continuance of our misery. The esteem of the least number with us makes men despise all the rest.
It is Lord Peterborough's brother who married Mrs. Carey; he is one of the persons to be brought to this stage. I cannot believe Sir John or the lawyers will sit if J. Russell be one of those they must condemn. If proofs be equal, they will sooner take Sir Wm. Compton than him.
I did not want you to tell the King of my intention for Holland, as you are returning hither, but your stay may be prolonged, as this snap of the French will retard their motions nearer us. [2½ pages, Flanders correspondence.]
May 5/15.
[Sec. Nicholas] to Sir Rich. Grenvill. You write me about mischief intended by some one, but neither mention name nor particulars, only bidding me confide in your loyalty, which I never doubted. Explain yourself, and say who is the person, and what is suspected, with any place or particular that may conduce to discovery, and then care can be used to prevent it. [Draft, 1 page, Flanders correspondence.]
May 5/15.
Blank Marshall to [Thurloe, alias] Rob. Richardson, Winchester, care of Wm. Rowe, Admiralty Chamber, Whitehall. Ormond arrived in Brussels last Tuesday [with?] Sir Jas. Hamilton, and Dan. O'Neale is yet in England. Charles Stuart gives liberty to all that desire it to shift for themselves. Lord Napier and many more have taken their passes. They go from him faster than ever they came to him. I believe few will stay except his domestics. The six regiments belonging to him are providing for the field. They give them out to be 1,800. The English you will be sure of ere long in your parts; 8 days hence there is a general rendezvous, some say at Mons. The Grandees say they will be 14,000 horse and 6,000 foot. * * *
Charles Stuart is soon going to Germany. If those ships you have before Ostend look to it, in the dark of this moon, they may catch the vessel that brought Crisp here, and Capt. Hamilton.
Last Tuesday, the Dukes of York and Gloucester went to the Hague, but were expected on Saturday at Brussels. They both go to the field. [Extract, Flanders correspondence. Many letters from this correspondent are printed in Vols. VI. and VII. of the Thurloe State Papers, but not the present one. The Italics are cyphers, decyphered.]
[May 6.] 10. Petition of divers officers of the army in Flanders to the Protector. Our army is in a desolate condition for want of faithful preachers, which has caused some soldiers to turn to the Romish religion, to the great scandal of the gospel. We pray that one able man for piety and gravity may be sent, with some chaplains, and an allowance, as they could not live on the pay allowed by the King of France. 5 signatures. [1 page.]
May 6. Order on a certificate from the Commissioners for Preachers, that 3 preachers be sent to Mardike, and have amongst them the pay of the chaplains of the 6 regiments; that Wm. Righton be one of the 3, and that he have 40l. in advance from Council's contingencies. [I. 78, p. 599.]
May 6. 11. Petition of Rich. Hill to the Protector and Privy Council. I have 2 warrants on the Ordinance of 22 Feb. 1647–8, by the then Committee of the Eastern Association, for 478l. 18s. 4d. and interest, out of 20,000l. then charged on the Grand Excise, but transferred to Dean and Chapter lands. The Association appointed an agent to contract for lands value 20,000l. and 10,000l. due to them whilst I was in the army; and when I presented my bills, they were allowed to be good, but I was told the lands were conveyed in trust to Valentine Walton, Wm. Heveningham, and others, and when I applied to them, they said I came too late, for the lands were all disposed of. I know that this is true, and yet it is hard that my being in the army should exclude me from benefit, having nothing else to maintain a wife and 6 children. I beg that my bills may be allowed, and accepted with interest by the Dean and Chapter Trustees, for lands beside the 30,000l. paid to the Eastern Association, [1 sheet.]
May 6. Reference thereon to Sydenham, Desborow, Wolsley, Strickland, and Mr. Comptroller, to report. [I. 78, p. 599.]
May 6. 12. Petition of [Ensign] Joseph Travers, clothier, Melbury, co. Dorset, to the Protector, to sign the annexed approbation. A fire consuming his dwelling-house and all his materials of trade, he was utterly ruined; has long attended to make his condition known, but by reason of the weighty affairs of State, has forborne to make his address. Many godly ministers about London are willing to move their congregations to a collection for him, if his Highness signify his approval. With reference, 12 Dec. 1657, to Privy Council, [2/3page.] Annexing,
12. I. Form of warrant requested, authorizing ministers in and within 15 miles of London to publish his case in their churches, and officers to assist in collecting benevolence on his behalf. [Parchment.]
12. II. Certificate by Martin Noel, And. Riccard, and 18 others, of their belief in the petition, the fire being in March 1655, and the loss 300l. 6 June 1656. [Parchment.]
12. III. Like certificate by Col. Rob. Gibbon and 5 other army officers requesting help for him as ill, in debt, and with a wife and family. [1 page.].
12. IV. Like certificate by Col. Wm. Sydenham, that he used to keep many at work as a clothier, but is now so poor that he would not have bread but for his employment in the army. 20 Feb. 1656–7. [1 page.]
[May 6.] 13. Petition of Jos. Travers to Lord Lambert. Lord Strickland having shown you my certificate, I beg your answer according to Col. Sydenham's information. Mr. Stapleton can inform you of the truth of my certificate. With note by Sydenham in his favour. [1 sheet]
[May 6.] Reference thereon in Council to the same referees as the preceding petition of Rich. Hill. [I. 78, p. 600.]
May 6. 14. Petition of the commanders of ships in and about London to the Protector. In 1651, a Navigation Act was passed which would have been a great comfort to us if duly observed, but in process of time, it has been so eluded by strangers, and by devices to avoid the penalty, that many English ships are laid aside, and some of the best broken up, our employment rejected, and trade chiefly carried on by aliens residing here, and in foreign-built ships navigated by strangers, so that our seamen seek foreign employment. We appealed to Parliament in 1657, and they brought in a bill to amend the Act, but did not sit to complete it.
Since the war with Spain, we have traded thither, carrying out our manufactures, and bringing in fruits, wines, &, but the Dutch eat us out of our trade at home and abroad; they refuse to sell us a hogshead of water to refresh us at sea, and call us "English dogs (which doth much grieve our English spirits)." They will not sail with us, but shoot at us, and by indirect courses, bring their goods into our ports, which wrongs not only us, but you in your customs.
(1.) We beg you to countenance the Act, and to make proclamation that all our vessels shall be manned with English subjects, on pain of confiscation of ship and goods, and a penalty on the merchants and masters.
(2.) That all goods seized by virtue of this Act be kept in the custom houses till trial is passed, and no compensation made for them, and no writs of delivery granted out of the Exchequer. All perishable goods to be publicly sold by the candle, and the proceeds delivered into the Court, and all other goods so sold, after condemnation.
(3.) In trials of this kind, part of the jury to be seamen, as they understand the case, better than countrymen "who have a constant prejudice against the informer, be the case never so just."
(4.) No entries to be taken at the out-ports, nor goods landed there on composition, nor transported from port to port by coast coquet, on pain of loss of the goods, and a penalty on the offenders; no entries to be taken for goods landed contrary to this Act, but all such to be sent to the Custom-house, London, proceeded against according to law, and appraised at full value.
(5.) Council having made a good order giving leave for strangers to sell goods to supply their wants, they take advantage of it in selling large quantities of goods; for all of which petitioners beg redress. [1 sheet, 104 signatures.]
May 6. Reference thereon in Council to Montague, R. Cromwell, Jones, Desborow, Mulgrave, Lisle, and Wolsley, to report. [I. 78, p. 601.] Annexing,
15. Answer of the Customs' Commissioners, on a reference by the Committee of Petitions of June 15 of the petition of the commanders of ships:—
1. No law forbids manning English ships outward or inward bound with strangers, but by the Navigation Act, the trade with the Plantations is to be carried on in ships manned chiefly by English, and with Europe by English ships, or those of the country whence the exports come; so that Hollanders and other foreigners, under colour of English bills of sale, have lately carried on most of the trade of Europe with this nation, and it is very difficult for seizer or informer to obtain evidence to lead to conviction.
No law forbids English ships manned with foreigners to trade from one to another of our ports, unless a stranger be owner, part owner, or master, so that English mariners are discouraged and seek employment elsewhere.
2. We have always, if possible, secured in his Highness's warehouses goods seized, but sometimes we have had to hire warehouses, and that with difficulty, and there they remain till compensation and payment of the fine rated by the Barons of Exchequer and of the customs, or by recovery and payment of his Highness's half.
The proposal to accept no composition will not be advantageous, as the State is at liberty whether to compound or not, for though the officers compound, a trial may be had for recovery of the State's half. We concur with the petitioners that a fit person should prosecute in such cases to recover the State's half, the composition notwithstanding, whereby frauds may be prevented.
We think writs of delivery ought not to be so frequently granted, but we say no more, as the Barons of Exchequer, after some days' debate, declare it law that writs of delivery are the right of the people, ex debito and not ex gratiâ. There is no rule or practice that goods should be sold till legally condemned, after which the usual course has been to charge the seizer with ½ the value of the goods on appraisement, and not to take the goods in kind, as if they sell for less than the appraisement, the seizers are chargeable with the overplus, but there is no law against the State's half being taken in kind.
3. We have often complained that juries are averse to the State's interest, and think that juries of able merchants and seamen not concerned in the cases depending would be more sensible of the delay of trade than others are.
4. We think that goods landed at Dover or other ports will not thereby be freed from the penalty of the Navigation Act, and the bringing all seized goods to London would injure merchants and traders.
5. It has been the constant practise, and is the law of nations for ships of countries in amity to come in for repairs, supplies, or shelter from weather, and in case of want of money, to sell some of their goods, but we have always strictly charged our officers to see that no more goods are landed than are needed.
It would benefit trade and navigation if it were enacted that English ships be navigated only by Englishmen, and if some course were taken for redress of the fore-mentioned inconveniences. Endorsed as delivered to the Committee for that petition. 21 June 1658. [3 sheets.]
May [6.] 16. Petition of Rich. Gerrard and the other deputies of the Marshal-General of the Army, to the Protector and Privy Council. Our duties require our constant attendance at head quarters in London, to our great charge, and having little or nothing else to live upon, and our pay being long in arrears, we are in want for a livelihood. Hearing that the foot forces at head quarters have had 3 months' pay, we beg the same, and equal payment with them in future. [¾ page.]
May 6. Order thereon that the Marshal-General and his deputies be paid the 3 months' allowance, with the rest of the army about London, and be paid equally with them in future. The Army Committee to take order accordingly. Approved 7 May. [I. 78, pp. 601, 602.]
May 6. COUNCIL. Day's Proceedings.
2. To advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Frost 1552l. 4s. that he may therefrom pay Vyner and Backwell 1002l. 3s. for 3427 oz. 17 dwt. 12 gr. of white and chased plate for a present to Lord Nieuport; Backwell, 202l. 15s. for 2 gold chains, one for the Elector Palatine of the Rhine, and the other for the Resident for the King of Portugal; and 347l, 0s. 5d. for badges on the coats of his Highness' watermen.
3. Order—on a certificate from Wm. Cooper and Thos. Manton, on the case of Peter Witham [see 19 Jan. 1657–8, that he be at liberty to minister in any place whereto he is called. Approved 7 May.
17. Certificate alluded to, 5 March 1657–8. [2/3page.]
6. The petition of Dan. Ely, of Plymouth, referred to Sydenham, Desborow, Wolsley, Mr. Comptroller, and Strickland, to report.
8. The order to suspend Dudley Short from going to Scotland not passed.
9. The petition of John Drywood read.
11. On report from the Treasury Commissioners on the petition of Sir Wm. Brounker, farmer of the issues of jurors, and Thos. Povey, claiming part of the issues, which was referred concerning defalcation out of their rent, for causes expressed in the petition, order that the Treasury Commissioners see that the rent due on the said farm be paid according to the grant.
12. Order—on a report on the petition of Bart. Hall [see Jan. 19, 1657–8]—for a warrant for payment as requested of his salaries of 122l. and 32l. Annexing,
18. Report alluded to by the Treasury Commissioners, detailing the sums due to Hall as fees, and yet remaining unpaid. 9 Feb. 1657–8. [1½ pages,
14. The Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers to settle an augmentation of 80l. on Dr. Clayton, Professor of Physic at Oxford University. Approved 3 June.
16. The petition of the aldermen and burgesses of Leeds, co. York, for confirmation of their former liberties and of their charter, referred to counsel, to consider the former charter, and report if it should be confirmed.
17. Sir Wm. Walter to have liberty to come to London, in regard of the sickness of his wife, and there to be restrained as now he is.
18. Order on report from the committee on the petition of Frances Darcy, widow, that the Lord-Deputy and Council of Ireland do as they judge reasonable.
19. John Smith, John Phelps, Mr. Barnard, and Mr. Nutley, to attend the business to be proceeded with in the High Court of Justice, attend the counsel learned, and observe their directions concerning trials.
20. The Attorney of the Duchy added to the counsel learned in carrying on trials at the High Court of Justice.
22. The Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers to settle an augmentation of 30l., beside the 50l. formerly ordered, on the minister of St. Neot's, co. Hunts, and 20l. upon a schoolmaster there to be appointed by Lord Montague. Approved 7 May. [I. 78, pp. 599–602.]
May 6/16.
Sec. Nicholas to Prince Rupert. The King is much astonished with Lord Jermyn's letter to you in behalf of Col. Bampfield, having several times told Jermyn that he is much dissatisfied with Bampfield, who, he is well assured, is employed in Cromwell's service. You will have heard that the King is going to Frankfort, but the time of his journey is not yet fixed. Noted as read to the King 5/15 May. [Draft, Flanders correspondence.]
May 6/16.
Sir Rich. Grenville to Sec. Nicholas. I enclose the name of a person, Sir Rob. Welsh, who is suspected, though without proof, and should never again engage in his Majesty's service. [1 page. Flanders correspondence.]
May 7/17.
Sir Rich. Grenville to Sec. Nicholas. A mischievous person sometimes uses private names covertly, and contrary to a person's will. Let not my name be used without my consent, but rather let me lose my life than my loyalty. If any obscurely use my name, trust my loyalty. Keep me concealed herein. [1 page. Flanders correspondence.]
May 7/17.
Sir Rich. Browne to [Sec. Nicholas.] The grand news of the London prints is the threats of the formidable court of justice. The Countess of Banbury and Marquis of Clanricard are dead. The Earl of Kildare marries a daughter of the Earl of Clare. The second son of Lord Grey, of Wark, has come hither with his wife, Mrs. Ford, Mr. Colepepper's widow, and a crooked sister of the Countess of Dysart. Lord Andover has arrived from home. The Lord Chamberlain came 2 days since from Pontoise, and the Duke of Buckingham is said to be here privately. From England we hear that the merchants and seamen have remonstrated at the great hindrance to trade by the war with Spain, and petitioned Cromwell for peace. [Extract, Flanders correspondence.]
May 7. Approval by the Protector of 12 orders, 22 April to 6 May. [I. 78, p. 602.]
May 8.
Council to the Lord President and Council in Scotland. The Earl of Lothian complains of utter ruin to himself and family, by suits from creditors, on bonds which, to preserve his estate from prosecution, he was forced to renew. The burden should not fall on one who only served the public, so we commend the case to you, to persuade the creditors to respite prosecution till, by application to Parliament, some course is obtained for his relief. Help to him is the more reasonable because of the general favour extended to debtors in Scotland with reference to private debts, by the order of 15 April 1656. Of this persons concerned in public debts should have taken advantage; those should not benefit by that order who will not comply with you in a case of so great equity as that of the Earl. [I. 78, p. 871.]
May 8.
President Lawrence to the Lord President and Council in Scotland. On receipt of various papers and information concerning Mr. Bilston, Council have apprehended Short and Drywood, and found in their papers plain evidence of design to deceive the State, and careful means taken to conceal the same, and think best to send them, and all the evidence to you, to determine the matter on the spot, and make restitution to all who have been defrauded; one of our War-treasurers will attend to assist you concerning the accounts. As there are 2 bills for 500l. from Major Grove and Capt. Blackwell of Geo. Bilton's money, Council has ordered seizure of them, as also of 2,000l. of his in the hands of Mr. Sergeant of Northampton, whom we have sent for, and will endeavour to find out how the business stands. Council thanks you for your care herein, and desires you to continue the same. [I. 78, p. 872.]
May 10.
Levant Company to Hen. Riley, consul at Aleppo. We thank you for putting an end to the pretence of Benj. Alexander, the opposition of the Basha and Cady notwithstanding. We have ordered on your advice that no one shall be treasurer unless he has been 5 years resident, and is or has been servant to some freeman. Pray see this practised, and also our order for payment of our consulage within a month. The old way of paying at 3 months much prejudices us.
We are satisfied with the issue of his lordship's and your endeavours to prevent the Basha's design of reviving payment of the whole 3 per cent. on moneys.
Although we gave no gratuities in 1651 and 1654, wherein we had little trade, and have not allowed them to the consul of Smyrna, yet for your pains we have ordered you 1,000 rix dollars for one of those years, and shall do the same for Mr. Bretton.
We wish you to collect the duties on the ships now bound for Scanderoon; you will receive entries from our husband, intimating such as have or have not paid our impositions, that what has escaped here may pay arrears, at the rate of 2¼ rix dollars per cloth. We hope they will arrive safely, as his Highness has a squadron in the Straits to check pirates. [Levant Papers, Vol. IV., pp. 305, 306.]
May 10.
Levant Company to Mat. Lister, consul at Cyprus. We are sorry to hear of your continued disturbance from Mr. Fowke, who is recognized as consul by the French. We wonder he durst presume to remain there, after so express a call from his Highness. His removal from the island is a delicate matter, but we will give you all encouragement in your employment. We can think of no better way than imposing double consulage on those who use the French, Dutch, or any other stranger consul in buying cottons, if you sell them as good, and at as low rates. If your power be too short to reach the double consulage, we will do our best to get it for you here, by charging it to the account of those refusers who are creditors in our books. [Levant Papers, Vol. IV., p. 306.]
May 10/20.
Thos. Paramour to [Sec. Nicholas]. I have received signification of the King's goodness in granting my petition, with the significant caveat to be entered, that none intercede before me; thanks to him and to your care and favour. I beg the presentation till I can perform the duties of my office, and meantime I daily pray for the King's re-establishment.
P.S.—I will give you an account of those who have grants of the place in possession or reversion. Endorsed [by Nicholas], "Acknowledgment for his Majesty's gracious promise to make him a teller of the Exchequer." [1 page, Flanders correspondence.]
May 10/20. D. Rootes to Sec. Nicholas. I wish I could show my gratitude to you. As the King does not think fit to answer me, as he promised, pray ascertain whether I am prejudiced by my Lord Chancellor's aversion to my uncle, and try to create in him better thoughts of one who is devoted to the King's service. [1 page, Flanders correspondence.]