Volume 201: February 1659, 16-28

Pages 283-292

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1658-9. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1885.

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February 1659, 16–28

Feb. 16.
25. Capt. Geo. Pley to the Navy Commissioners. Since I sent you the 70 ballots of sailcloth for Portsmouth and Plymouth, there are 12 more ready in store, which I wait an opportunity to ship in one of the State's ships for Portsmouth; I could send them weekly by other conveyances, were it not for the risk. For the more regularly carrying on the business you advised, I should take out bills from time to time from the storekeeper at Portsmouth, which I should willingly do, but in regard my disbursements for the commodity are constant, and weekly as it is brought in, it will require a constant supply of money to carry it on, without which I shall but straighten myself for money in reference to my own concerns, which will be prejudicial to me; and to forbear to draw until I can get a bill from the storekeeper will require a long time to procure.
Considering how seldom an opportunity presents this winter season to send it for Portsmouth by the State's frigates, and that when a bill is procured and accepted, it afterwards meets with delay in payment from the Navy Treasurer, for want of order from the Admiralty Commissioners, I am necessitated, though contrary to rule in such cases, to draw my bill on you, to satisfy my disbursements for 150l., and desire your acceptance, without which I shall be disabled to carry on this manufacture, for the makers cannot forbear their money, but must be paid for it as it is brought in. [¾ page.]
Feb. 17.
26. Ri. Ridge to the Commissioners for Victualling the Navy. I have no interest in the boats you mention, they being only for fetching casks on shore, and carrying provisions on board. As to the beer, I have nothing at all to do with any of it; so that I shall acquit myself of having any interest in boats, and desire your warrant for pressing such boats and men as the service will require. Were I alone complained of by Capt. Thorowgood, it would much trouble me; but there is no man escapes him, and I never expect to be at peace in my employment while he is here. Were there just cause of complaint against me, I should not have one word to say, but I am sufficiently clear as to this complaint. Since my coming down, as soon as they have given me notice of their being ready, I have sent their provisions on board. I hope I shall always appear in my actions to be as ready as any man in discharge of my duty. If working night and day will comply with the State's occasions, no man shall be more ready than myself. There are only the Reserve and Centurion to victual, and they will be dispatched on Tuesday. I hope you will weigh things aright, and wherein I deserve to be blamed, I shall desire no favour; on the other side, let me not be blamed without cause, for if there be truth in man, I do not deserve this complaint. [1 page.]
Feb. 18. 27. Order in Council, that the Admiralty Commissioners consider whether any of the ships now on service in the Straits, West Indies, or elsewhere, may be spared from attending their present stations, and certify the same to Council, that they may be called in and paid off, and the public charge eased. [½ page.]
28. Like order on petition of Rich. Poulter &Co., of London,—showing that they have in hand 100 tons of saltpetre imported from the East Indies, at great charge and hazard, in hope of being permitted to sell it to advantage; but its export being prohibited, and they much needing money, they tender it to the State at a moderate price, and if not purchased, they beg leave to export it,—referring it to the Admiralty Commissioners to contract with them for the saltpetre, or else to allow them to export it. [1 page.]
[Feb. 18.] Index entries of Proceedings in Council. [I. 84.]
Letter about the London assessment. [Col. 26.]
Reference about 400l. a week for Flanders and Dunkirk garrison. [Cols. 10, 16.]
Thos. Hartley to pay 200l. into the Exchequer. [Col. 21.]
A letter about the revenue in Ireland referred. [Col. 23.]
Jas. Noble to have 10l. from Council's contingencies. [Col. 29.]
John Portman's case referred. [Col. 33.]
The collection in Essex for the Polonian exiles paid to the sheriff. [Col. 33.]
Order on Col. Croxton's letter, and letter to him. [Col. 8.]
Petition for Adam Barr's pardon referred. [Col. 5.]
Customs' Commissioners to pay 5,000l. to the Navy Treasurer, out of Algiers duty. [Cols. 8, 29.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 366–370.]
Feb. 20.
29. The Protector to the Admiralty Commissioners. We wish to show kindness to the bearer, Jos. Riggs, because he has behaved well in service at sea, and for his experience and courage, is capable of some considerable command in our fleet. We recommend him as lieutenant in some of the men-of-war that are next to go to sea. [2/3 page, signed.]
Feb. 20.
The Swiftsure,
Queenborough Water.
30. Vice-Adm. Wm. Goodson to the Admiralty Commissioners. I hear from Mr. Blackborne that you had advertisement of my indisposition, through a severe cold. On arriving, I found much confusion amongst the ships in the river, through the commanders wanting tickets to give their men, to secure them from being pressed by other ships. In the Hope there are 7 hoys with provisions and stores, some of which have been waiting 10 days to unlade, but could not do so for want of men; the gunner's stores for the Rainbow are lying alongside of her, while the gunner is at London. The Gainsborough has arrived, with 287 men, who have been distributed amongst 5 ships named. I would have sailed to-day, but had a hogshead of provisions to take in, and the ship to clear, and to wait for a bricklayer to mend the hearth, which was done so slightly formerly that it fired the deck, which had to be plucked up. I hope to get out to-morrow, so as to prevent being hooked in with a northerly wind. [1 page.]
Feb. 20./
Mar. 2.
Sec. Nicholas to Mrs. Ward. My master understands by yours to Sir G. Gerard, your constant kindness to his person, and interest in the lordship now in question near you, and your good offices in the neighbourhood; and as he cannot write himself, on account of the gout, he bids me send you his grateful acknowledgments, and assure you from him, that when he is able, he will not only approve himself a good neighbour, but a faithful friend to you and yours, as Sir G. Gerard will witness for him; and he begs continuance of your friendly offices. [Drafts, 2/3 pages, Flanders correspondence.]
Feb. 22.
31. Rich. Godfrey to Williamson. I send your bill of 4l. 16s. I think his battling 5l. 14s. 8d. in one quarter, beside his hall commons, is very high. Moderate him if you can, for large expenses may draw him from his books. Caution him about the water, for he is very prone to swimming. [½ page.]
Feb. 22.
32. Capt. N. Heaton to Capt. Hen. Hatsell. I am glad to hear of the good condition the Swedes are in, and hope our fleet will give them encouragement, if they get to the Sound before the Dutch. When Capt. Parker returns, I hope you will move for his coming westward. As for the remaining frigates, we have been so far from taking men out of the Newfoundland ships, that we have not taken any out of any outward bound ships, though a great fleet was here at the time. Indeed, amongst others, several men belonging to these ships were impressed; but as soon as it was known to what outward-bound ship they belonged, they were cleared, and only 2 of the Salamander's and 1 of the Blessing's men were carried away in the Sapphire, before a boat could get on board her with a note for their discharge. Since that, there has been time enough to ship more, but such care has and shall be taken, in things of this nature, that I hope there shall be no just cause of complaint.
Mr. Rye, purser of the Sorlings, having lately died, and Rich. Sibley, purser of the Wolf, having asked to be removed, and being fit for better employment, I have sent a letter to Mr. Blackborne, as also a petition to the Admiralty Commissioners on this business. If he misses the Sorlings, I hope he may have the Greyhound, as I suppose that unfaithful purser will not be continued. I hear there are some debates in the House whether our fleet shall go into the Sound. We have been wanting in that once already, and if we be so a second time, we may thank ourselves in case the Swede bar us out of it, when he has done his work alone. The Lord direet Parliament in this and other weighty matters. [1 page.]
Feb. 22.
Ostend Prison.
33. Capt. Jonathan Waltham to Robt. Blackborne. At my coming to this place, I was incapable of giving you an account, but I applied to the Rear-Admiral in the Downs, and hope you have received a full account from him. Since their Honors' order to the Lords here for my release, they have informed me they intend to have Capt. Adrian Ansotch [Coots], a prisoner at Plymouth, in exchange, and I therefore request their Honors will grant it; there are some of my men here who are wounded, and our condition is sad.
Here are four of our frigates in the Road, and there are 26 sail of men-of-war at sea from this place. Last week 3 prizes were brought in, one being an Englishman of 200 tons, bound for Lisbon, but her men were all on board the man-of-war, and are not yet arrived; the other 2 were Frenchmen from Rochelle, bound for St. Valery. I trust their Honors will take our sad condition into their serious consideration, and grant us our release, and thus further oblige us to pray for and serve them. [¾ page.]
Feb. 23.
The Hind Ketch, Gravesend.
34. Vice-Adm. Wm. Goodson to the Admiralty Commissioners. I came out of Queenborough Water the 21st, with the Gloucester and Plymouth, and I have been endeavouring to ascertain the condition of the ships. I do not find any of the watermen lately impressed on board any of them; I think some persons in power should visit the ships daily, and cause the officers to attend to their duty. I will sail to the rendezvous to-morrow, and send the Hind ketch to Deptford, to be refitted and victualled. [1 page.]
Feb. 23.
Mar. 5.
Mrs. Ward to [Sec. Nicholas]. My small services are not enough to deserve our master's thanks, but all my endeavours shall be in his service, and his interests more to me than my own. Did my power equal my will, nothing should be wanting to complete our happiness. [1 page, Flanders correspondence.]
Feb. 24. 35. Petition of the Merchant Adventurers to Council, for an order to the Admiralty Commissioners to grant them a convoy for 2 ships laden with cloth and other woollen goods, for their mart at Hamburg, and for protection of their mariners from impress, as without this, on account of the general press, they cannot keep men enough on board to take in and stow the goods which come to the ship to be laden. [1 page.]
Feb. 24. 36. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Commissioners, to report. [ ½ page; also I. 84, col. 28.]
Feb. 24. 37. Petition of the East India Company to the Protector and Council, for protection from impress for 40 seamen and 20 landsmen, to go in the Constantinople Merchant to Surat, it being of great concern to petitioners and this nation that it should go with expedition, as it bears advices and orders, but the voyage is obstructed by the daily impress of men. Signed by John Stanyan, secretary. [2/3 page.]
Feb. 24. 38. Like reference to the Admiralty Commissioners. [2/3 page; also I. 84; col. 14.]
Feb. 24. 39. Petition of Hum. Davy&Co., merchants of London, to Council, for leave to transport 60 barrels of powder to New England, on security that it is for use of the inhabitants. [2/3 page.]
Feb. 24. 40. Like reference to the Admiralty Commissioners. [ ½ page.]
Feb. 24. Index notices of Proceedings in Council. [I. 84.]
Powers granted of impressing fire-ships for the fleet. [Col. 16.]
The desires of Col. Guibon and his officers referred. [Col. 19.]
Capt. John Leveret's account, and papers for New England touching him, referred. [Col. 26.]
Paper from the secretary of the Portugal Ambassador. [Col. 33.]
Pardon for Hen. Frier. [Col. 16.]
Report of the members of the military ground. [Col. 28.]
The deputy of the Polonian exiles to be heard. [Col. 33.]
Dutch ambassador's desires, and answer. [Col. 10.]
Appeal of Isaac Gibbault. [Col. 19.]
[Augmentation to?] Phil. Sharpe, lecturer in Shrewsbury. [Col. 38.]
51l. to Dan. Wynn, for cleansing the Mews. [Col. 44.]
Gold chains to the agents from Bremen and Dantzic. [Cols. 5, 10.]
Rich. Beachy released in exchange for Cuttance. [Col. 8.]
The commissions of the Generals at sea renewed. [Col. 19.]
Lord Montague to command this summer's fleet. [Col. 28.]
Papers from Mr. Downing touching the ship Postilion, &c. [Col. 10.]
Agreement and ratification about the East India ships Postilion, &c. [Col. 14.]
Offices of registrar of debentures and registrar accountant opened. [Cols. 31, 35.]
The 1,200l. formerly ordered to the Commissioners for Buildings charged on the Exchequer at large. [Col. 5.]
2,250l. to be paid to Dan. Waterhouse for his Highness, as formerly lent. [Col. 44]
Augmentation to Dr. Conant. [Col. 8.]
How the 400l. a week for Dunkirk garrison is to be secured. [Col. 10.]
Feb. 24. Militia arrears referred. [Col. 28.]
Customs' Commissioners to pay the Navy Treasurer 3,000l. more out of Algiers duty. [Cols. 8, 29.]
License to Sir Rob. Stapleton to print his translation of Juvenal. [Col. 38.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 371–380.]
Feb. 25. 41. Francis Perkins to Col. Clarke, Admiralty Commissioner. I beg to acquaint you with the unkindnesses of some officers in the Torrington, of which I was minister, and then the reason of my removing will appear. The first difference arose through Lieut. William Fipps having a prejudice against me, he being an Anabaptist, and the subordinate officers rather siding with him, although men of little religion. Upon sight of some of their actions, I estranged myself from their society, and in my exercises, dealt closely to everyone's conscience, which worked anger and wrath rather than love; this appeared first by some of them endeavouring to entrap me in my teaching, and in marking my steps on board and on shore, so that they might get occasion to out me. Seeing they could not, the lieutenant and surgeon persuaded them not to hear me any more, and thus to weary me out of my place; this last attempt was after Capt. Saunders left the ship; he, by general report, which I can also confirm as an eyewitness, was always diligent in his place, and omitted nothing to advance the service. He was too much persuaded by his officers in leaving.
I left, Firstly, because of the difference of judgment, for as Christ saith, "How can two walk together unless they be agreed?" Secondly, because the officers agreed not to hear me any more, which appeared to me to be a persecution, and Christ saith, "When you are persecuted in one place, fly to another." Thirdly, upon Capt. Hermon's coming to the ship, I was without hope of any cure, he being of the same judgment as the lieutenant. Fourthly, although I had internal comfort enough, I had little external, and therefore desired to be discharged. My certificate shews my service in other ships, where I had respect and love, and their commanders were honest and faithful. As you have been certified of my sufficiency by Mr. Caryll and Mr. Row, godly, soul-searching ministers, and men of your own appointment, I beseech you to find me fresh employment in the Leopard or any other ship you may think meet. [¾ page.] Enclosing,
41. I. Certificate by Robt. Robson, boatswain's mate, and 11 other officers of the Torrington, that Fras. Perkins officiated on board as chaplain in 1657 and 1658, and was diligent therein for the glory of God and good of the people. January 10, 1658–59. [Copy, scrap.]
Feb. 25./
Mar. 7.
42. G. Downing, Resident, to the Admiralty Commissioners. I do not doubt but the bill of exchange I charged on Mr. Hutchinson, for an anchor and cable supplied to the Nightingale, has been accepted, although I have had no notice of it. I have employed a friend about buying the Nonsuch ketch, if she can be had at the price mentioned by you; but hearing she has been purchased for 170l., without guns and tackle, she is likely to be dear. Tell me whether you will give anything more than you named before, and whether you will be willing to take her without the guns, and what you will give without them. [¾ page.]
Feb. 27.
Roe Ketch,
Yarmouth Roads.
43. Capt. Thos. Bowry to the Admiralty Commissioners. Yesterday morning we set sail out of Humber, with a ketch of Yarmouth, intending for Yarmouth Roads. About noon, 3 or 4 leagues from the Spurn Head, we met a Spanish pirate, who engaged with us. In the engagement, the ketch in our company, having 4 guns, came to leeward (the wind at W.N.W.), to use his endeavours against the enemy, but being inconsiderable to him, the ketch was beaten under his lee. We tacking upon the enemy, he would not board the ketch, but laid his foresail to the mast just by her, ready to receive us. We, finding him one of too great a strength to board, lay close in the weather of him, disputing for 3 hours, hoping that we might take some of his masts by the board with our great guns, and then work further advantage upon him; but as in the time he shattered our sails and rigging, and shot away a third or more of our mainmast, we were compelled to leave him with the ketch. We estimate the enemy's frigate as one of 12 or 14 guns, and 100 men, and suppose it to be Peter Jason of Ostend. Our mast being so maimed, and finding it not safe to lie in the sea, I shall repair to Harwich, where I hope we may have a supply; but if not, I will give an account. We had only 3 men hurt, but we are come off with some blemish, in regard we have lost our convoy. [1 page.]
Feb. 27. 44. T. L. [Thos. Lamplugh] to Williamson, Fellow of Queen's College. (fn. 1) Thanks for yours and a transcript of your statutes. I had a request from Dr. Jer. Taylor about searching a MS. in Bennet College [Corpus Christi, Cambridge], about the marriage of cousinsgerman, but I was flatly refused. For your sake I have allowed the bearer the benefit of our library, but strangers here have not as much freedom as at Oxford. None was ever before admitted, not even an M.A. of Scotland, without a Master of Arts standing by him all the time he was in the library. We have not a book chained, seldom any one in the library but the under-librarian, no engagement taken by any admitted, and therefore we have to be more careful whom we suffer to come in.
P.S.—Mr. Fuller has one of our best college livings, the rectory of Nanby in Lincolnshire, bestowed on him. [2/3 page.]
Feb. 28.
The Richard, Downs.
45. Rear-Adm. Jno. Bourne to [Lord Montague]. The Reserve has sailed to the rendezvous. I have sent up 40 more able seamen in the Hawk ketch, making 220, which are all I can procure, there being few to be had from the shore, and few ships passing through the Downs. I hear from Capt. Waltham, late of the Nonsuch, that the Lords will not release him but upon exchange for Capt. Adrian [Coots or] Cotch, a prisoner at Plymouth. As Capt. Waltham is very miserable, and lies at great charges, being allowed but 6 stivers a day, which only pays for his lodging, I desire your consideration therein. [1 page.]
Feb. 28.
The Richard, Downs.
46. Rear-Adm. John Bourne to the Admiralty Commissioners. I will observe your directions about the 2 Dutchmen coming from England in the Bristol. The victuals ordered for my ship have not yet arrived. As the Selby and Cheriton were out of victuals, I appointed the Selby a fortnight's provisions from Dover, and then to ply with the Wakefield off Ostend until the coming out of the Nightingale from Dover. Particulars of the movements of ships. I sent your directions to the Governor of Ostend touching the release of Capt. Waltham by exchange, but have had no reply. I have received another letter or two from Capt. Waltham, complaining of his sad condition and great charges, and that the Lords there, as he terms them, will not discharge him until Capt. Adrian Cotch, a prisoner in Plymouth, is set at liberty. [1¾ pages.]
Feb. 28.
Navy Office.
47. Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Commissioners. In our account of the charge of the navy from 1 November 1656 to 1 November 1658, we have included what has passed our office as to bills; but there are other charges which are likewise upon the navy, though answered by other receipts than what passes through the treasurer's hands, as from Dean Forest, in ironwork, timber, and the hull of the Forester frigate built there, to the value of 4,417l. Likewise there are several prizes taken by Capt. Stoakes and the ships at Jamaica, the proceeds whereof are converted to the use of those ships, as also money paid by your order from the Prize Office for wounded seamen, which, being better known to you than to us, we leave to be added to the account as you see cause. [¾ page.] Enclosing,
47. I. Note of the frigate built in Dean Forest £1,530
Ironwork delivered into the stores 502
Iron hoops delivered to the victuallers 485
Timber converted and sent into the yards 1,900
page.] £4,417
Feb. 28.
Navy Office.
48. Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Commissioners. There being several great demands daily from the State's yards at Deptford, Woolwich, and Chatham, for supply of nails, locks, hinges, and other iron wares for the Fleet, we find that Mr. Ingram, who furnishes these provisions, has already disbursed 8,000l. for supplies, and has not been paid any bills from the State that we know of, since what were dated the last of June 1657. The prices allowed him by contract are at a low rate, and considering the necessity of further supplies from him, and how much he may be disabled already for want of money, we represent his case to you, that an effectual course may be taken for paying him some consider- able part of his debt, so as he may still carry on the service, which otherwise he says he is not able to do; lest for want of a speedy supply of these commodities in this emergency of time, the service should inevitably suffer. [1 page.]
49. Patent by the Protector, granting to Edw. Bishe, Garter, and Wm. Ryley, Clarencieulx kings-at-arms, (fn. 2) the right of visitation of arms south of the Trent. The preamble declares that:—From the infancy of time, the custom of nations has allowed distinctions in the bearing of arms, to put a difference between the common people and the nobility; but during the civil wars in this nation, many have usurped arms without allowance of the kings-at-arms and heralds; and painters and stainers make them believe that they are better descended than they are, by altering their surnames, and pretending they descend from younger branches of noble families, and giving them their maternal quarterings, so that tradesmen and mechanics, are exalted to bear arms. These men also attend as heralds at their funerals, which they adorn with arms, banners, &c. Thus the fees and profits of kings-at-arms and heralds are taken away, and persons have honours that do not belong to them.
Also crests and coats of arms are publicly sold to men of low condition, and false pedigrees and quarterings set up, to the advance of pride of heart and cheating, for which we may expect God's wrath.
The grant goes on to state that:—Therefore we, to whom God has committed the chief power, intending a reformation of these abuses—the more needful through the taking away of inquisitions, post mortem tenures, and the court of wards, whereby marriages and descents were recorded, and through the destruction of monuments in the civil war—have appointed Edw. Bishe, Garter, and Wm. Ryley, Clarencieulx, for the part of England on this side the Trent, and for the south of Wales, to visit all families, and summon all who bear arms to show by what right they bear them, giving oaths for discovery of the truth; with power to enter at reasonable times all churches, castles, and houses, and view coats of arms, crests, and pedigrees, tables of marriages and issues since the last visitation, and to reform all arms unlawfully usurped, wherever or however used; also to convict all who wear arms unduly, and proclaim them at the assizes or sessions in their province, and to reform and control pedigrees, interments, &c. No painters are to prepare arms, &c., for funerals, nor any to cut, paint, or engrave arms for funerals or for print, without their leave. None to have the title of esquire or gentleman unless it can be justified. All kings-at-arms, heralds, and pursuivants to exercise their office diligently, and bring offenders to punishment. No arms' painter to be employed unless authorized by them, the kings-at-arms exercising their respective rights thereon. All misdemeanours to be brought before the chapter of the college, and if they cannot be there determined, brought before the Earl Marshal, or if there be none, before the Lord Chancellor, or Lord Keeper, or Commissioners of the Great Seal, President of the Council, and chief justices, for final hearing, so as they contradict not the ancient rights of the officers at arms. [17 sheets, draft, corrected.]
Feb. 50. Pedigree of the family of the Delaunes:—
Attested by Wm, Delaune and Lady Anne Sprignell, executors. [3⅓ pages.]

Pedigree of the family of the Delaunes

[Feb.] 51. Petition of John Lincall, preacher at Castlechurch, near Stafford, to the Protector, for payment of 18l., 2¼ years' arrears of his salary of 8l. a year. [1 page. See 23 June 1658.]
Feb. 52–57. Weekly balance-sheets of the Exchequer, from 1 Jan. to 5 Feb. [6 papers.]


  • 1. Made Fellow, November 1657.—ED.
  • 2. Created Clarencieulx by patent, 25 February 1658–59, and as this patent bears no date but 1658, it must have been granted between 25 February and 25 March 1658–59. It was probably never completed, not being on the patent roll of the period.—ED.