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Volume 219: February 1660

Pages 342-379

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1659-60. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1886.

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February 1660

[Feb. 1.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
Letters out of Cornwall reported. [Col. 16.]
Reference on Wm. Watson's release. [Col. 28.]
Mr. Jessop to enquire about the Dutch Ambassador's memorial and the Committee for Foreign Affairs to give answer about 4 Dutch ships. [Col. 7.]
7l. to John Edwards for charges. [Col. 8.]
The condition of French prisoners informed about. [Col. 21.]
[Letter to ?] Capts. Bowden and Harrington, for taking by surprise a Dutch ship. [Cols. 2, 11.]
The Council clerks to have an assistant each. [Col. 5.]
Plymouth officers. [Col. 21.]
Rich. Allison set at liberty. [Col. 1.]
John Stevens committed. [Col. 24.]
The list of watermen to be considered. [Col. 28.]
Col. Alured's account paid. [Col. 1.]
Frost to receive [the proceeds of] the public plate, and 2,000l. [Col. 9.]
The Post Office to pay 600l. to the Exchequer. [Col. 21.]
The petition of co. Monmouth referred. [Col. 17.]
Report on the wants of the Navy. [Col. 19.]
The arms of Sir Hen. Vane's regiment restored. [Col. 27.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 79–91.]
Feb. 1. Council of State to Rich. Wither, serjeant-at-arms. You are to apprehend John Kirkham, and keep him in custody to be examined about a brass gun and several barrels of powder, taken by him to his house on Ludgate Hill, and no persons whatever are to have private discourse with him till further order. [I. 115, p. 18.]
[Feb. 2.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
Discoveries made (to Council.) [Col. 7.]
Letters from Shropshire referred. [Col. 7.]
The Earl of Salisbury's letter. [Col. 24.]
Caithness stables assigned. [Col. 5.]
Deptford storehouses. [Col. 7.]
Letters concerning printers. [Col. 21.]
Sir John Boyce kept prisoner. [Col. 2.]
Dunkirk letters referred. [Col. 7.]
Letter to Gen. Monk. [Col. 17.]
Plate of the Commonwealth (to be secured ?) [Col. 24]
Somerset House meeting. [Col. 24.]
The Colchester forces approved. [Col. 5.]
Col. Lockhart (bis). [Col. 16.]
Money to the guards. [Col. 17.]
Col. John Clerke not to stay in town. [Col. 5.]
Denmark papers considered. [Col. 7.]
London tumult. [Col. 16.]
John Lawrence's petition for apprentices. [Col. 16.]
Lieut-Col. Manwaring's papers considered. [Col. 17.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 92–96.]
Feb. 2.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Lord Mayor and Common Council of London.
By an Act passed 20 September 1649, it was enacted that no hawkers and dispersers of scandalous books and papers shall be permitted, but proceeded against, and you are required by the said act to take care that the good laws of your city against hawkers, and the said Act against them and other offenders, are put in full and speedy execution within your city and the liberties thereof. Considering the great dishonor that is cast upon the nation and government by persons who, forsaking their usual callings, accustom themselves as hawkers to sell and cry about the streets and other places pamphlets and books, and under color thereof, to disperse all sorts of dangerous libels and other treasonable, seditious, and scandalous papers and pamphlets, we specially commend it to you to put that part of the laws in present and effectual execution, wherein you will do a thing worthy of those who have a tender regard to the honor of God, the Parliament, your city, and the whole Commonwealth. [I. 99, p. 43.]
Feb. 2.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Wm. Lockhart, Governor of Dunkirk. We have considered several matters represented to us, as well by your letters as by some memorials communicated to us in your behalf; and according to what you offer, we have commended it to the special care of the Governor of Dover Castle to have a vigilant eye upon all the creeks thereabouts, for the discovery and seizure of all dangerous persons passing and repassing that way; we send you a commission for Mr. Cooke to be captain of the company of foot in Col. —'s regiment at Dunkirk, now vacant. We have also taken a way for apprehending Mordaunt, and the lady to whom he pretended himself a servant.
We have hastened away the clothes for the soldiers of your garrison. You are to continue the allowance to the 20 horses and 40 foot of that country which you formerly entertained, until further order, and to entertain one of the Swiss engineers mentioned in your letter. We suspend our resolution as to the continuance of your secretary at the Court of France, until you have certified the usefulness of his continuance. The ministers of Dunkirk garrison are to have 7s. 8d. a day, the same as if with the established army in England. For the better securing of that garrison, we have given order for sending 6 companies of foot thither forthwith, being part of the regiment lately under Sir Brice Cockraine. They are to be conducted thither by their late officers, who, after their arrival, are to be paid off and dismissed; in order whereunto, and for paying the arrears due to the soldiers, order is taken for paying 2,200l. to Edw. Backwell, goldsmith of London, who has promised to hand over the same to you forthwith, partly in foreign coin and bills of exchange, payable at Dunkirk, at 4 days' sight. On receipt thereof, you are to pay the same among the officers and soldiers according to their musters, we having pitched upon that sum as sufficient, according to a computation thereof made by the Treasurers-at-War; but if it shall prove short, on intimation from you, a further supply shall be made. If it be over, you may employ the residue towards their future pay. These soldiers you are to receive as recruits, and dispose of them at your garrison amongst the present officers thereof.
We have taken notice of some other defects of the garrison, and in order to their supply, have given direction for sending 200 chaldrons of coals, 1,000 quarters of oats, and 150 dozen of candles, which you are to dispose of with frugality, and charge the oats in the accounts of the several persons to whose use they shall be delivered. We have taken order for paying the 500l. remaining of the 2,000l. formerly payable by Mr. Noel, which he was ordered to accept and pay on your bill in the account of your late embassy, by the Treasurer of our contingencies. We have also given order to the Ordnance officers about halberts, partizans, tarpaulins, and plank.
We observe by your letters your care and diligence for the service, which you are desired to continue. We give you liberty to come to London for 10 days, as desired, when the recruits now sent are landed at Dunkirk, and well settled; we have directed commissions to be prepared for some officers at Dunkirk mentioned in one of your letters. [I. 99, pp. 44–46.]
Feb. 2.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Gen. Geo. Monk. On the endeavours used for drawing out the regiments quartered in these parts, some of them, taking advantage from the pretence of their long stay here, and the necessities of their families, have declared themselves unwilling to depart, and one of them has fallen into a high mutiny, not only discontent with the month's pay ordered them by Parliament, but crying out for a free Parliament and their old officers, being fomented, as it appears to us, by our enemies in the city. This is a matter of high concern to the State, and not knowing the consequences, we desire you to consider it seriously, and to help what you can to the suppressing of this disorder, and so to dispose your forces hither as to reduce them to their obedience, and preserve the freedom of the Parliament, and the peace and safety of the City and Commonwealth. [I. 92, p. 46.]
Feb. 2.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Rich. Tomlyns and Wm. Leadsone. By Act of this present Parliament of 20 September 1649, it is enacted that the Masters and Wardens of the Stationers' Company, with persons appointed by the Council of State, make diligent search for unallowed printing presses, and all presses employed in printing unlicensed, malignant, scandalous, and seditious books or papers, seize and carry away the presses, books, and papers, and apprehend the authors, printers, and others employed therein. You are to assist the said Master and Wardens in execution of the premises. [I. 115, p. 32.]
Feb. 2. 42. Representation of the apprentices and young men of London to Gen. Monk. Our glory and comfort consist in our privileges and liberties, the inheritance of all the free people of England, the grand privilege being free representation in Parliament, without which we are no better than vassals.
This dear privilege has been assaulted by violence and artifice, heavy taxes are imposed on men's estates, and new laws on our persons, without consent of the people in a free Parliament. Trade is decayed and we are like to suffer much.
We therefore beseech you,—by your ancient love to your native country, by your zeal to our liberties, by the great renown you have lately gained in opposing the cruel raging of the sword, by the common cries of the people, and by the hopes of all England now fixed on you; also by your personal concern in the common cause, as a free-born Englishman,— to use the great advantages God has put into your hands, to secure your country from dangerous usurpations, and preserve us in the liberties to which we were born. That no tax be imposed, or new law made, or old one abolished, without consent of representatives sitting freely, without oath or engagement. By asserting these our rights, you will gain the hearts and hands of the whole nation, and this city in particular, and purchase to yourself a name that shall make every true Englishman call you blessed, and posterity shall hereafter delight to recount the famous acts of their worthy patriot. "This was delivered to his Excellency at St. Alban's, Thursday, February 2, 1659, by persons elected for that purpose, and had a very cheerful reception." [1 sheet, printed.]
Feb. 3. 43. "Animadversions upon Gen. Monk's Letter to the Gentry of Devon," wherein his arguments for anarchy are considered, and the weakness of his Harringtonian principle detected. By M. W. [Moris Williamsname supplied from the copy in the King's Pamphlets, British Museum. 8 pages, printed.]
Feb. 3. Order in Parliament that the Council of State examine the whole business of the tumults which happened last night in the City, state the facts, and report their opinion what should be done to prevent a recurrence of the same. [I. 91, p. 106.]
[Feb. 3.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
The Dutch Ambassador to have audience. [Col. 7.]
A committee to advise Gen. Monk and to attend him. [Col. 17.]
Col. Lambert to appear. [Col. 16.]
Col. Montague to have lodgings (in Whitehall). [Col. 17.]
Dover garrison; the governor to Sir Gervase Lucas, &c., in custody. [Col. 7.]
Geo. Holloway settled? [Col. 11.]
Reference about Ludlow garrison. [Col. 16.]
Stafford garrison referred. [Col. 24.]
Shrewsbury garrison surprise. [Col. 24.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 96–100.]
Feb. 3/13. Pe[rcy] Ch[urch] to [Sec. Nicholas]. I heard from England last Tuesday that the Earl of Glencairn was up in arms with 5,000 or 6,000 men in Scotland. Monk is courted by all persons and parts of the kingdom. Sir Rob. Pye and Maj. Fincher have been committed to the Tower. All is in a mist and at a stand till the arrival of Monk with his army, which is expected at Barnet next week. Most of the counties have declared for a free Parliament, and in such a manner that most of the gentlemen who came with their declarations were rewarded with imprisonment. But nothing else will satisfy the people, or hardly the very red coats, who begin now openly to drink the King's health. [Extract, Flanders correspondence.]
Feb. 5/15.
Leghorn.
Capt. Rob. Le Grosse [to Sec. Nicholas]. Coming from Cairo last year in the Recovery, commanded by John Marvin, called the Duke of York's captain, after 12 years' peregrination to preserve my loyalty to the King and fidelity to the church of England, I gave you an account, in Jos. Kent's packet of our encounter with 3 Spanish men-of-war, the admiral of which we took and brought in triumph to Leghorn Road. Here we have remained since on our private affairs, Mr. Kent promising us a commission from the King to act for his interest.
I now beg you, by Capt. Victor, who is coming to Flanders, to tender my service to his Majesty and tell me whether my poor but loyal endeavours may be acceptable in promotion of his designs for recovery of his just rights. I ask this from your respect to my uncle, Dr. Felton, late bishop of Ely, who educated me, and to your dear friend my cousin, Edw. Norgate. Endorsed, "Desires a commission from the King for himself and his friend, Capt. Victor." [1 page. Flanders correspondence.]
Feb. 5/15.
Antwerp.
John Shaw to [Sec. Nicholas]. Thanks for the King's recommendation of Bathurst. I will pay the charge you mention.
I wish our next English letters may bring us better news; I have no hopes of Monk, who will shortly be outed again by the sectaries, and you will find that Vane, Hesilrigg, Lambert, and the rest of that party will compose their animosities to effect that work; for the settling of a republic will prove a business of such difficulty as they will despair of carrying it forward, &c. Though our late fair prospect of good from Monk may fail, I cannot despair to see his Majesty's restoration by some other means.
The Spaniards' will may be good to the King, but their wants are such that they have done him no good. What alteration the peace may produce we shall see. The French could help us both with men and money. [Extract, Flanders correspondence.]
[Feb. 6.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
Thos. Engham discharged. [Col. 8.]
Mrs. Lilburne, with money. [Col. 16.]
Somerset House and James' bedding. [Col. 24.]
The Ordnance officers to contract for beds, &c. [Col. 20.]
Letter from Lancashire referred. [Col. 16.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 101, 102.]
Feb. 6.
Whitehall.
Council of State to [the Militia Commissioners of North Wales ?] Being informed that several persons lately secured in cos. Denbigh and Flint, for adhering to Sir Geo. Booth in his late insurrection, are now at liberty, and permitted to go where they please, and being sensible of the danger their liberty may at this time especially be to the public peace and safety, we have authorised you to command the said several persons into custody, into safe holds and places where they may be best secured from complotting or acting anything to the disturbance of the peace. Herein you are desired not to fail, and to return an account of your proceedings to us with all convenient speed. Enclosing,
i. List of 31 persons alluded to in the above letter, 22 of whom are officers. [I. 99, pp. 36, 37.]
Feb. 6.
London.
44. — to M. Betts, merchant, Paris.
* * * * * * *
The Council of State have passed the oath of abjuration, and Gen. Monk is urged with the same; we have hopes of him, but as yet it is said he demurs; besides that, upon his insisting to have the Tower in his command, divers in the House carried it for him, but it is not confirmed to him, and yet he continues to insist on it.
The Rump, it is said, courts much some of the secluded members to sit, on promise not to introduce Charles Stuart; but this way not taking effect, they are resolved to patch up this Rump with a loin of their own addition, if they can, to fill up the House with such as will but serve their turn if Gen. Monk consent, supposing they are able to constrain the counties to own for a Parliament that which they say is so. It is said that Monk was to-day in the City at the Common Council. I hear that his forces are marched into the Tower, and Morley's out. Divers of the country declarations are stifled, and that of 884. 35. 235. 229. 706. 899 amongst the rest. The country looks upon the city, and the city on Gen. Monk, who is now, with 3 regiments of horse, and 4 of foot, in the city, and Col. Herb. Morley's regiment of foot in the Tower. Whither they remove is not yet resolved. All the rest of the Rump's army are dispersed into garrisons or towns through the kingdom, to awe the people where they are dispersed. * * * * * * * * * *
In 3 or 4 days we shall know what we may hope. Monk said to those of the Rump who urged him to take the oath of abjuration that he will go right for a free Parliament; Ireland declares also for it. Bristol is angry that the Rump has sent down their army into the country, and some to those who are very unwilling to receive them, nor are the soldiers sent out of the city well satisfied, but still upon mutiny. In Ireland the soldiers have clapped up the Rump's Commissioners, and declared for a free Parliament.
* * * * * * *
[2 pages, nearly ½ being in cypher, to which no key has been found. There is another copy in Flanders correspondence.]
Feb. 6/16.
Alençon.
— Herault, minister of Alencon, to [Sec. Nicholas]. Thanks for your letter and tidings. I send one to the King, the other being lost, only changing the date, as no change of affairs since I wrote the other needed alteration in it. Then Lambert and his wretched faction held the Parliament under their feet. Now this wretched Parliament has got the upper hand, and persecutes its persecutors. Parricides always destroy each other. It is just the story of the parricide Abimelech, and the lords of Sichem, told in the 9th of Judges. The vengeance of God pursues both. God has sent an evil spirit amongst them, that their violence and revenge, and the royal blood and that of so many innocents whom they have slain, may return upon their own head. But you are on the eve of seeing the just judgments of God on the wicked, and His means of re-establishing legitimate power. [2 pages, French. Flanders correspondence.]
Feb. 7. 45. Act extending the powers of the Sequestration Commissioners appointed after Sir Geo. Booth's insurrection to new delinquents, with the same powers as held by the commissioners for compounding in 1653. [Printed, 8 pages.]
[Feb. 7.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
Thos. Hubard's examination. [Col. 11.]
Hugh O'Neale's petition referred. [Col. 20.]
Mr. Scott to prevent scandalous books, &c. [Col. 25.]
The Venetian agent to be spoken with about the Earl of Arundel. [Col. 27.]
Vessels taken by Capt. Hamilton. [Col. 11.]
Mr. Thurloe, concerning the post office, referred. [Col. 26.]
Col. Unton Crooke, concerning arms. [Col. 5.]
Col. White to have Col. Salmon's coach-house. [Col. 28.]
Mr. Temple to have Mr. Meadows' lodgings (in Whitehall). [Col. 26.]
Mr. Thurloe's stables disposed of to Wallop. [Cols. 26, 28.]
A letter sent to Barbadoes. [Col. 2.]
Edw. Dicks to attend (Council). [Col. 7.]
Also Mr. Hopkins and How, and a Committee to examine them. [Col. 11.]
Mr. Prynne's books perused. [Col. 4.]
A list of the prisoners committed. [Col. 21.]
Persons to be secured at Rye, Sussex. [Col. 23.]
Lodgings (in Whitehall) assigned to Dr. Clargis. [Col. 5.]
The circuits of the judges (appointed ?). [Cols. 5, 13.]
Judges for Ireland to be considered. [Col. 13.]
A committee to consider the proposals of the Portugal ambassador. [Col. 21.]
The paper of the Denmark deputy read. [Col. 7.]
Lodgings (in Whitehall) assigned to Mr. Maine and Mr. Symball. [Cols. 17, 25.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 103–109.]
Feb. 7.
Whitehall.
Council of State to [the Customs' officers at Rye ?]. Being informed that many dangerous persons frequently embark and land at Rye, and being satisfied of your fidelity to Parliament, we desire you to have an eye upon that port, as also on all passengers passing and repassing there, and to secure all such persons as appear to you to be suspicious or dangerous, and keep them in safe custody until further order. You are also to give us an account of your proceedings herein, and return the names of such persons as you shall at any time secure, with their examinations, that our pleasure concerning them may be known; and you are to use your utmost care in this matter, it being of so great importance to the safety of the Commonwealth. [I. 99, p. 38.]
Feb. 7.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Unton Crooke at Exeter. Having received notice that great quantities of arms lie dispersed in co. Devon, in the hands of disaffected persons, and of those who have lately engaged against the peace of this Commonwealth, we have thought fit, for obviating the designs of the common enemy now on foot, and for preservation of the public peace, to commend it to your care to use effectual means for the speedy seizing all such arms, and securing them for the Parliament's service. We also authorise you to cause all who shall appear active in carrying on any public disturbance in that county, under colour of any declaration or other pretence whatsoever, to be taken into safe custody, and secured in such places as you judge safe and convenient, until further order. [I. 99, p. 38.]
Feb. 7.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Militia Commissioners for Norfolk. Being desirous to give all due encouragement to 2 companies of foot at Lynn, raised by Capts. Joshua Greene and Toll, for the better security of that town, we have thought it convenient that the arrears of pay due to them for their actual employment in the service be satisfied out of the money collected in your county by virtue of the late Militia Act and orders, and we desire you to take order that the same be done. [I. 99, p. 39.]
Feb. 7.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Messrs. Butcher, Ewer, and Mascall, of Canterbury. Col. Dixwell received order from us to apprehend Mr. Masters of Powles, on information that he was engaged, with others who had been in arms against Parliament, in carrying on of a design to disturb the public peace at Canterbury, under colour of a declaration; it has since been alleged on his behalf that he was not at all acting in the prosecution of the said declaration, nor in anywise concerned in that design, and we,— being very desirous that equal justice be done to all the good people of this Commonwealth, and wishing that every man may appear innocent from such dangerous and destructive undertakings—have thought fit for clearing this matter, having a good opinion of your affection and fidelity, to refer the examination thereof to you, and we desire you to inform yourselves, by testimony of such persons as you shall see cause to examine, whether he was so engaged. If so, then he is to be secured in Deal Castle until further order; but if he appear to you to be innocent, he is to be set at liberty, on giving security not to do anything to the prejudice of the Commonwealth; we have referred it to Capt. Cullen, on certificate from you how you shall find the matter to stand, to put our order enclosed into execution. [I. 99, p. 39, 40.]
Feb. 8.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. Gen. Monk formerly proposed that Col. Saml. Clerk's foot regiment might march into Scotland, for the better security of those parts, and that 3,300l. might be provided for their pay; and we being informed that 1,800l. remains in the hands of Ralph Rymer, Receiver of the Monthly Assessments in co. York, required him to pay the same to Col. Clerke for the aforesaid use, and for the 1,500l. residue, desired him and Chris. Piercehay, Receiver-General for those parts, to take up so much thereof in the county as they had not in hand, and charge it on Council's Contingencies.
Yesterday we received several letters concerning the business, and an account from Messrs. Rymer and Piercehay that they have taken up 500l. of [Chris.] Hewley of York, which they charged on Mr. Frost, Treasurer for Council's Contingencies, and which we have ordered to be paid; and that they have borrowed 1,000l. more of [Burnaby] Bawtry, which we have ordered Piercehay to satisfy out of the receipts under his charge; but that the 1,800l. supposed is not in the hands of Mr. Rymer but of Mr. Inch, who will not part with it without special direction to himself; of all this we give you notice, that the said 500l. and 1,000l. may be charged upon the said regiment. You are therefore to give an effectual warrant to Mr. Inch to pay the 1,800l. to Col. Clerke, that a service of so much importance may not be obstructed by the want of money, and to issue your orders so that it may be got away by to-morrow night's post. [I. 99, pp. 40, 41.]
[Feb. 8.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
Chas. Rich to attend Council. [Col. 23.]
The Commissioners advising Gen. Monk to be paid. [Col. 17.]
Edw. Burges admitted messenger, in case (of a vacancy ?) [Col. 2.]
Rich. Freeman admitted messenger. [Col. 9.]
Peter Llewelyn admitted a clerk. [Col. 16.]
Mr. Frost to pay Scott and Robinson a sum not exceeding 150l. [Col. 9.]
Great Seals for Scotland and Ireland (to be prepared). [Col. 25.]
The accounts of the Militia Commissioners for Warwickshire to be examined. [Col. 28.]
Surveyor-General Embree to receive 617l. 17s. 5¾d. [Col. 8.]
The arms of Maj. Skippon and Sir Hen. Vane's regiment to be collected, and the Ordnance officers to allow 6d. per set for them. [Cols. 20, 25, 27.]
The arms in Cheshire and Lancashire to be collected. [Col. 5.]
Dunkirk recruits (ter.) [Col. 7.]
Dr. Holmes and Mr. Meade to have Mr. Peters' lodgings in Whitehall. [Cols. 11, 17.]
Report to Parliament on Col. Lambert. [Col. 16.]
Wm. Pennoyer and Maurice Thompson to attend Council. [Cols. 21, 26.]
Col. Morley to have arms, &c., out of the Tower. [Col. 17.]
Report (to Parliament) that the time of the Commissioners for governing the Army expires, &c. [Col. 1.]
The Ordnance officers to change matchlocks for firelocks with the companies in the Tower. [Col. 20.]
Also to issue ammunition to Col. Morley. [Col. 20.]
Instructions for Col. Okey's expedition to Bristol. The Ordnance officers to issue powder, match, wagons, &c., for him. [Cols. 13, 20.]
Col. Whetham to have (the Earl of) Salisbury's lodgings (in Whitehall). [Col. 28.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 110–118.]
[Feb. 9.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
The Lord Mayor of London to send the town clerk with books and papers; the town and militia clerks to attend. [Col. 16.]
Masts and other provisions to be sent to Dunkirk. [Col. 7.]
The Dutch Ambassador's papers referred. [Col. 7.]
(The petition of the) Whitehall menial servants referred. [Col. 28.]
— Boyce, of Kent, discharged. [Col. 2.]
Capt. Harper and Mr. Stirke to sell the wood of Whittlewood and Saulcy forests. [Cols. 11, 25, 29.]
Londoners sent to the Tower. [Col. 16.]
Letters from Huntingdon and Cambridge. [Col. 16.]
Dangerous persons meeting at Lynn. [Col. 16.]
Meetings at York tending to disturbance (to be suppressed?) [Col. 30.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 119–123.]
Feb. 9.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Capt. Robt. Haviland, Receiver-General for co. Somerset and Bridgewater. Being informed that Col. Rich. Bovett has borrowed 150l. of you, for pay of his company, and the incidental charges of raising his regiment, and having ordered the Militia Commissioners for co. Somerset to pay the arrears due to him and his forces for the time they were actually in the Parliament service, we think fit that, until such pay be made, or further order taken therein, the repayment of the money so borrowed be respited; which you are to take notice of, and forbear calling for the same. [I. 99, p. 48.]
Feb. 9.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Militia Commissioners for co. Somerset. Col. Rich. Bovett has represented to us by his petition that, by order of the late Council of State, he raised in your county a company of foot, consisting of 175 privates, besides officers, and kept them on duty from May 1 to the end of September, towards which he received 100l. of the Militia money, and borrowed 100l. of the assessment money; and that by virtue of a commission from the late Council of State, he raised last December a regiment of foot of 1,000 privates, which are ready for the Parliament service, towards which, and all the incidental charges thereof, he only received 450l., which he borrowed of the Receiver-General, and is obliged to repay the same, if it is not allowed to the said Receiver upon his account. In consideration thereof, and of his fidelity and affection to Parliament, we are willing, for the encouragement of himself and his soldiers, that the arrears due to them for the time of their actual employment should be paid out of the moneys raised by the Militia Act and orders. You are therefore to cause the said arrears to be stated and paid, out of such moneys as remain in your hands or as shall be levied by virtue of the said Act, which you are to put into a way of levying accordingly, and use all expedition, so that he may be enabled to satisfy the money borrowed by him, which we have ordered the Receiver-General in the meantime to respite. [I. 99, p. 48.]
Feb. 9.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Commissioners of Customs. Capt. Hamilton, a subject of the Commonwealth, under pretext of a Swedish commission, has seized several Dutch vessels, and brought them into some ports of the Commonwealth; and after we had given order for the seizure and stay of his prizes, he put forth a ketch to sea, wherewith he endeavours to further annoy our friends and allies; and having taken with him the master's son, and some of the men belonging to one of the vessels so seized, he threatens to dispose of them in some remote parts, because the master declined making a composition with him for his vessel. We therefore desire you to give strict instructions to the officers of the several ports of this nation to take all opportunities for seizing the said ketch and her company, on her coming in, and securing her and them until further order, that the persons commanding and sailing in her may be brought to justice. [I. 99, p. 49.]
Feb. 9.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Vice-Adm. Jno. Lawson. To the same effect. [I. 99, p. 49.]
Feb. 9.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Mr. Inch, York. We formerly ordered Ralph Rymer to pay Col. Sam. Clerke 1,800l. then supposed to remain in his hands, for enabling his regiment to march into Scotland; but hearing from Mr. Piercehay and Mr. Rymer that the money is in your hands, as servant to the Treasurers-at-War, as the public service is concerned in the speedy march of that regiment, we wrote the Army Committee yesterday for their warrant to you for payment thereof to Col. Clerke; but the matter not being under their cognizance, they desired us to give order therein. We therefore require you to pay the said 1,800l. to Col. Clerke on account of the pay of his regiment, or to Mr. Rymer for that use, for which allowance shall be made on the account of the Treasurers-at-War, in such sort as may be most effectual for their discharge, and meantime this shall be your sufficient warrant. [I. 99, p. 50.]
Feb. 9.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Messrs. Rymer and Piercehay. We received a letter on the 3rd inst., and have agreed upon a warrant for Mr. Frost's paying the 500l. bill you mention to be drawn upon him, towards what is payable to Col. Sam. Clarke and procured from Chris. Hewly. For the 1,000l. borrowed of Barnaby Bawtry, we think fit that the same be repaid by you (Piercehay) out of your receipts as Receiver-General; we therefore authorise you to do so accordingly, and order shall be taken for allowing the same on your account. We have also written Mr. Inch to pay the 1,800l. mentioned by you to be in his hands to Col. Sam. Clerke for pay of his regiment, to complete the 3,300l. mentioned in our former letter; for Mr. Inch's payment of the 1,800l., we used means for a warrant from the Army Committee, but the matter not being under their cognizance at present, they returned our letter for us to give the order. We desire your care herein, that the march of the regiment into Scotland may not be delayed. [I. 99, p. 50.]
Feb. 9.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Commissioners of Customs. We received your certificate of the 4th inst., concerning Capt. Bowden and his man-of-war, and Dutch prize, stayed at or about Dartmouth, and thank you and the collectors mentioned by you for your care therein. As the actings of Bowden tend so much to the prejudice and annoyance of the friends and allies of the Commonwealth, though coloured with the pretence of a Swedish commission, we desire you to give effectual order to your officers to continue the man-of-war and prize in safe custody, as also the captain, lieutenant, and his men, until further order, that the matter may be dealt with according to law. The necessary charges herein we will see reimbursed out of the vessels so stayed, and therefore your own and your officers' continued care herein is expected. [I. 99, p. 51.]
Feb. 9.
Beaumaris.
46. R. Kilvert to Thos. Scott, M.P. I gave you notice that Capt. Smith, a dangerous enemy, was in the custody of Bradley the messenger; you transmitted the business to the Admiralty Commissioners, who discharged him on bail, of which our merchants are not a little sensible, he having made prize of many of their ships, and being now in the service of Charles Stuart. I think his bail ought to refund, and be made example of, to deter others from running into the like premunire. Capt. John Bartlett, of Tuttle-street, Westminster, should be watched. He is counted the father of all pirates, and is a great favourer of the common enemy. He will speedily put to sea to his old trade.
Can I serve you, being called hither to execute a commission from Chancery? I recommend the postmaster here, an old and faithful servant to Parliament, who has shown his integrity by joyful expressions for the happy restoration of Parliament.
P.S.—Do not transmit this letter to hang on the file in the Admiralty, for the clerks, to my knowledge, make a common practice of discovering things of this nature for a bribe. Let me not be prejudiced for my good intention to serve my country. [1 page.]
Feb. 9.
Marmaduke, Downs.
47. Capt. Peter Butler to the Admiralty Commissioners. On 14 Nov. last, I and the Nightingale saw all the Canary fleet in their lading port, but before we arrived, two Biscaneers had taken two English ships, and we met two more with their loading for London. We with the Nightingale cruised off the island while the fleet were loading, and on 5 Dec., the Nightingale engaged with a Spanish man-of-war, but she was so far away we could not go to her assistance. We saw several more men-of-war off the island, and had advice of 4 sent from Cailes to destroy the fleet; this was considered by the merchants and commanders of the ships there the reason why the Nightingale stayed, and did not come home with a part of the fleet before us, so that all of us came from thence together in company. On 17 Dec. we set sail from the Canaries, and on 20 Dec. the Nightingale took a small Spanish ship, which came from the West Indies, laden with hides and logwood, and we all kept company until 26 Jan., when we lost the fleet, except two that came with us. The prize is supposed to have gone for Ireland. [¾ page.]
Feb. 9.
Nantwich, Downs.
48. Capt. Ber. Gilpin to the Admiralty Commissioners. On the 8th inst., I received orders from Vice-Adm. Lawson to take the command of the ships belonging to the Downs squadron, and to dispose of them upon convoys or other ways, as occasion should present for the interest of Parliament, till further orders, which trust I have used my utmost endeavours to perform, giving him an account on all occasions worth his notice. Hearing of your sitting at Whitehall, I thought it my duty to acquaint you with it, and that I shall not fail to render an account of proceedings here for the future. Last night I received a letter from the Vice-Admiral, signifying that you had ordered 2 months' provisions for 1,000 men to be sent to the Downs; I beg that part of it may be sent with all haste for a supply to those ships now in the Downs, we none of us having above 6 days' victuals aboard, and 3 of them but 2 days', which I spared out of this ship. I have sent several times to the victualler at Dover, but he cannot give compliance, having received orders to the contrary from Mr. Gauden. [1 page.]
[Feb. 10.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
Col. Alured to be reported to Parliament as a fit person to be Major-General of London. [Col. 1.]
Lieut.-Col. Mills to examine 5 soldiers about the tumult in Somerset House. [Col. 13.]
Reports to Parliament on the Westminster, Southwark, and Tower Hamlets Militia, &c. [Cols. 25, 26, 29.]
A surgeon's chest to be furnished to Col. Twistleton. [Col. 26.]
Petitions to be considered by any 5 members. [Cols. 21.]
Lodgings (in Whitehall) assigned to M. le Gand. [Col. 16.]
Report about the apprehension of John Cooke, Esq. [Col. 5.]
Mr. Leonard to be sent up from Dover. [Col. 16.]
Col. Smithson's regiment to have a month's pay. [Col. 25.]
—Wild, Recorder of London, to attend Council. [Col. 29.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 124–128.]
Feb. 10.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Thos. Crompton, governor of Stafford garrison. The condition of your garrison having been represented to us, we shall be ready on all occasions to testify our respects to such of that garrison and county as have been faithful to Parliament; for the better security thereof, we hereby authorise you to seize and secure such persons in that county as are known enemies, and whose liberty may give advantage to the disturbance of the public peace. We are also putting it into a way that money may be had for such officers and soldiers there as have, in these late times of difficulty, retained a constant affection to the Parliament's interest, during the time of their actual employment; meantime we have given order for 6 barrels of powder and a proportionable quantity of match and bullet to be delivered out of the public stores at the Tower, and speeded to you for the supply of your garrison. [I. 99, p. 51.]
Feb. 10.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. As 6 masts of 80 feet long are required for the better securing of Dunkirk garrison, supposing there are some old ones in the Navy yards of 70 feet and upwards, that are unserviceable and of no great value, that may answer the end, we desire you to enquire; and if there are any, to take care for getting them aboard the vessel appointed by the Admiralty Commissioners to receive and transport them with other things to Dunkirk. Should there not be any such, you are to consider how they may be provided, and give speedy order. [I. 99, p. 52.]
Feb. 10.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Smithson, York. Several meetings tending to the disturbance of the peace have of late been and are now endeavoured to be promoted in the city and county of York; being sensible how much it may conduce to the preservation of the peace of this nation, and avoiding the reducing thereof into blood, to have such meetings prevented, and to put a stop to these beginnings of evil, we have thought fit to signify the same to you, and desire you to take special care, and to hold a vigilant eye for prevention of all such meetings, under whatever pretence they may be assembled, and you are hereby authorised to secure all persons who shall at any time promote or frequent any such meetings. [I. 99, p. 52.]
Feb. 10.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Chas. Fairfax, York. To the same effect. [I. 99, p. 53.]
Feb. 10.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Commander-in-chief of the Parliament forces in co. Norfolk. Having received notice that some reduced officers and others of dangerous principles have frequent meetings in the town of Lynn, and judging it prudent that a vigilant eye be had upon them, and that meetings of that nature be broken up, and discouraged and prevented for the future, so that there may be less opportunities of these counsels and designs which may prejudice the safety of the town and disturb the public peace;—we specially recommend it to you to take notice of all such persons now at Lynn, and from time to time repairing thither, whose peaceable temper and faithfulness to Parliament you have just cause to question, and to improve your diligent endeavours to preserve the peace of the place, by all means within your power, and particularly by securing such as you find dangerous, or by removing them out of the town, as you find necessary for the public safety, wherein your effectual care is expected and desired. [I. 99, p. 53.]
Feb. 11.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. Being moved that a surgeon's chest with medicaments may be forthwith provided for Col. Geo. Twistleton's regiment, which is speedily to march to Bristol, we refer it to you to give warrant that the same be done with all possible speed. [I. 99, p. 53.]
Feb. 10.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Officers of Ordnance. There being needed 3,000 deal boards, 200 wheelbarrows, 2,000 shovels, and a large quantity of brush faggots and stakes for Dunkirk garrison, you are to issue such quantities as you have in store, contract for the rest, and deliver them on board such ship as the Admiralty Commissioners shall provide, to transport them to Dunkirk. [I. 115, p. 28.]
Feb. 10.
York.
49. Thomas Lord Fairfax, Thomas Viscount Fauconberg, Barrington Bourchier, high sheriff, and Chris. Topham, mayor of York, to the Lord Mayor and Common Council of London. Noting your vigorous inclinations towards asserting our common freedom as Englishmen, too much of late violated, and being ourselves constrained to manifest our like resolutions in a declaration to Gen. Monk, we give you an account of our intentions, to which we are resolved firmly to adhere. Presented by Sir Thos. Wharton 10 Feb. Also
[Feb. 10.] The same to Gen. Monk. We must supply by writing the omission of telling you our thoughts and desires when you passed through our county, as on so short notice, we could not meet for mutual understanding. We have not multiplied particulars, leaving all other things to a duly constituted Parliament, nor have we been solicitous to multiply subscriptions, trusting more to the weight of the proposals than to the number of subscribers, yet we affirm this to be the sense of the generality of the county and city. We beg you to further the accomplishment of our desires so speedily that the fear of friends, and the hopes of enemies concerning a dangerous confusion among us may be prevented. Presented by Bryan Fairfax 14 Feb. Annexing,
49. i. Declaration of lords, knights, gentlemen, and ministers of co. York, and of the lord mayor, aldermen, and common council of York. Being sensible of grievous pressure, and extreme danger, through the violent alteration of our government, and the mutilation and interruption of Parliament, and having no representatives to express or remedy our grievances, we have met, after the example of other counties, to declare our desire that, if the Parliament begun 3 Nov. 1640 be continued, the members excluded in 1648 be forthwith restored, and all vacancies filled up. Or otherwise that a Parliament be called without imposing oaths or engagements (the greatest prejudice to liberty) or requiring any qualifications save those in force before 1648. Until one of these be done, we cannot feel ourselves obliged to pay taxes, not enjoying the fundamental right of this nation to consent to our own laws by representatives. With 56 signatures, and also subscribed by the aldermen and common council of York. Presented to Gen. Monk 17 Feb. at his quarters at Drapers' Hall, London, by Sir Thos. Wharton, brother to Lord Wharton, John Dawney, Thos. Harrison, and Thos. Legard. [Printed, 1 sheet.]
Feb. 10/20. Pe[rcy] Ch[urch] to [Sec. Nicholas].
If I make no use of Mr. De la Val's letter, and what else our friends southwards have against the rogues that intercepted our letters, we are to be excused, having presented the crime to both its proper places. If the time be not thought fit to question it, we submit till further directions.
* * * * * * *
Letters from Rochelle to Col. Fitz Patrick, kinsman to the Earl of Inchiquin, say that he and his eldest son were either lost at sea by foul weather, or taken by the Turk, for so report the masters of those ships that sailed with them from Rochelle, and have returned from Lisbon.
Mr. Nicholls writes me from Calais on 8/18, that last Friday Monk marched into London with 6,000 men, and lodges at Whitehall. The mutiny was assuaged with a little money, so the 700 or 800 apprentices who had taken arms were left in the lurch, and therefore dispersed, 30 being taken. The soldiers went into the country, where they have begun a new mutiny, of which I can give no account, except that it tends to a free Parliament. The House, to gratify the humours of the people, have voted to fill it up to the number of 400 by elections after qualifactions made, in which they labour constantly, but it is to little purpose, for a free Parliament must be at last, and it will carry all before them. Dick Nicholls writes that last week Lockhart's men had taken but one horse from him, as it was on its way to the Duke of Gloucester; but last Monday they took 2 more in at Calais. The LieutenantGovernor intends to prosecute them as rogues, and has 4 of his co-respondents in prison. He refuses the proffered restoration of the horses, thinking it more to our master's interest to resent the wrong than get back the horses. [Extract, French correspondence.]
Feb. 11.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. Considering the present state of Col. Smithson's regiment for arrears due, and the service expected from them, we recommend it to you to appoint them one month's pay forthwith for their encouragement, in such way that the same may be paid to them with the first opportunity. [I. 99, p. 54.]
Feb. 11.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Lieut.-Col. Mills, Colchester. Upon examination had of the late meeting and tumults in and about the City of London, it is found by examination of Rich. Long, a private soldier under your command, that he and 5 other private soldiers belonging to Col. Lenthall's regiment now with you were taken by two gentlemen, and carried in coaches to the Cardinal's Hat Tavern, beyond the Old Exchange, and there debauched by them, and inveigled to seduce the rest of the soldiers from their obedience to Parliament to a conjunction with the city, in their designs for the disturbance of the peace. We therefore, believing it may be of use to have this matter fully searched and examined, have thought fit to recommend it to you, and to that end we have sent Long herewith, to give you the best information and description he can touching the said 5 other soldiers. We desire, if they may be known and found, that you strictly examine them touching the premises, and send us up their examinations with all speed. [I. 99, p. 54.]
Feb. 11.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Lord Mayor of London. Having formerly commended to your care, and that of the Common Council, the suppression of scandalous and seditious pamphlets, and the dispensers thereof, we desire you will certify what you have done therein. [I. 99, p. 54.]
Feb. 11.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Master and Wardens of the Stationers' Company, London. To like effect. Council having fortified you with such authority as you thought requisite, expects an account of what you have done. [I. 99, p. 54.]
[Feb. 12.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
A letter from the aldermen of Bristol. [Col. 2.]
Reference about John Browning and Peter Blackborough, touching the ship Baker. [Col. 2.]
Major Fynes to take care of the Dunkirk recruits. [Col. 9.]
Mr. Neville to be president of Council. [Cols. 19, 22.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 129, 130.]
Feb. 12.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Gen. Geo. Monk. The tumultuous assemblies and outrageous disorders of the last night, continued till this morning, were notorious in themselves, and so resented by us, in respect of the dishonor that by occasion thereof was cast upon God and His day, the reproaches publicly thrown upon the Parliament and army, the affronts put upon Mr. Speaker, and the injuries reflected on several members of Parliament that we thought ourselves obliged to communicate to you our thoughts therein. And lest, at their going to discharge their duty to-morrow, the same spirit should offer further injuries to them, and not knowing but some of the secluded members may, by advantage of these distempers, design to disturb the House, we offer it to you as our desire that a good guard may be appointed to attend Parliament, and that you will be present at Whitehall to-morrow, for the better countenancing of Parliament, and that we may have more easy recourse to you for advice upon extraordinary occasions, as need shall require, leaving the forces in London under the care of such as you shall judge fittest for that trust in your absence; that so, by the joint endeavours of yourself and others engaged in the great trust of the nation's peace, the Parliament may sit quietly, the city may be kept in safety, public distractions may be prevented, and the thoughts and hopes of those who have ill will to the quiet of the nation may be defeated, when they shall see a concurrence of all who are united in the same duty, without jealousies one of another, to attend the great ends of safety and settlement, whereby the false and ungrounded apprehensions which have lately discontinued themselves will be left confuted, the honour of Parliament vindicated, and the friends of true freedom encouraged. All this we know will be very acceptable to you, as well as to us, and therefore we can with more assurance rely upon your compliance with us therein. [I. 99, pp. 54, 55.]
Feb. 12.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the several garrisons in England. It may be by this time you have, or suddenly will hear of some late proceedings in the City of London, which, if not well examined as to their rise and warrant, may make prejudicial impressions upon the country. For preventing thereof, we have thought fit to let you know that General Monk, by letter sent to the Parliament yesterday, desired among other things the filling up of their number with due qualifications. Returning to the city shortly after, where he had before been appointed to keep guard, many persons there who are ready to embrace and improve whatever may advantage the common enemies' interest, took an occasion from thence, groundlessly and falsely, to interpret that he had declared, and is resolved for a full and free Parliament, in that sense wherein those would understand it who long to see the good ends defeated which the Parliament has hitherto laboured for, and are now faithfully pursuing, and the honest interest and dear concernments thereof ruined. From the apprehensions raised hereby, the streets of the city were filled with bonfires, tumults, and tumultuous acclamations of joy; whereas he has since declared, agreeably to his former declarations, that he is unchangeably fixed and resolved to adhere to the Parliament, and to go on with them in the great and good work of establishing this nation upon foundations of righteousness and justice, in the way of Commonwealth, without a King or House of Lords.
Considering how the city and the several countries have and do hold correspondence and mutually influence each other, we desire you to communicate the true state of this matter, as you shall have occasion, and to improve your diligent care that no advantage may be taken by the rumours that these proceedings may produce, to heighten the spirits and attempts of ill-affected men, to disturb the nation's peace; and for that end, to keep the forces in a vigilant posture, and to dispose the Militia forces so as to render them most serviceable to the public safety, wherein we doubt not you will find God's presence, and that no other effect will so arise from this distemper but the discouragement and drawing out of the malignant, wicked, and abortive thoughts of those who have ill will at the nation's peace, and the engaging the more vigorous care and circumspection of you and others under public trust, and that you and the whole nation will, in due time, reap the comfort and benefit of God's owning the Parliament in the Commonwealth's establishment, notwithstanding all oppositions and contrivances to the contrary. [I. 99, pp. 55–56.]
[Feb. 13.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
The county clerk of Berkshire and Walter Head to attend (Council). [Cols. 3, 11.]
Mr. Love and Chaloner to confer with the Dutch Ambassador. [Col. 7.]
Wm. Gregory gives information. [Col. 10.]
Information against — a stranger. [Col. 13.]
Library at James's. (bis) [Col. 16.]
London apprentices prisoners. [Col. 16.]
A surgeon for the Isle of Wight; the petition of the Commissioners for the Isle referred. [Col. 13.]
Petition of the governor of Guernsey referred, and a ship ordered to transport him. [Col. 10.]
The navy to be equipped, &c. [Col. 19.]
A month's pay for Hull garrison. [Col. 12.]
Jas. Marsh to continue in Whitehall. [Col. 18.]
Mr. Peters' lodgings (in Whitehall) to be forced. [Col. 22.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 131–133.]
Feb. 13.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Gen. Geo. Monk. Those ends which your letter of this day holds forth as arguments for your absence from hence for a week or 10 days—that is, the safety of the City and the nations, besides the settling of the forces in their quarters—are those wherewith our hearts and endeavours fully comply, and to which we judge ourselves obliged to give our utmost contribution. Yet considering how proper your presence here may be to the effecting of those ends, we think it necessary to renew our former desire that you will afford us your company at Whitehall to-morrow, whereby the Commonwealth and ourselves may have the advantage of your advice and counsel in several matters relating to the public safety, and a better opportunity given for communicating to you the Parliament's proceedings and resolutions for the common welfare of the nation, which, being faithfully represented, will, we are confident, give satisfaction that they intend to the people thereof a due share, as well in the privileges as the burdens of the Government, and remove all prejudices and appearances to the contrary. [I. 99, p. 56.]
Feb. 13.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the mayor, alderman, and Common Council of Bristol. We received your letter of the 10th inst., wherein we observe your good affection to the Parliament and Commonwealth, and the good success which, in mercy to your city and the nation, God has graciously vouchsafed, in subduing those mutinous distempers which were raised, and so far advanced in your city, by the folly and malignancy of some extravagant spirits there. We thank you for your care, diligence, and circumspection therein, and shall be ready to testify our sense thereof on any occasion. We desire your continual care for the discovery of the fomentors and chief actors in the commotion, and for preventing the like for the future.
As by the time this comes to your hands, or suddenly after, you may hear of some late proceedings in the City of London, which, if not well examined as to their rise, may make prejudicial impressions upon the country. To the same effect as the letter to the garrisons of Feb. 12. [I. 99, pp. 56, 57.]
Feb. 13. 50. Declaration of gentlemen, ministers, and freeholders of the county of Oxon, to Gen. Monk.
Having long groaned under heavy burdens, we desire a happy peace and settlement of these nations.
Every free-born subject of England is supposed to be represented in Parliament, and thus to consent to all that passes there, but many counties are wholly left out, by death or seclusion. We therefore desire—
1. That all places vacant by death may be supplied, and those secluded in 1648 re-admitted, that thus we may share the government by our representatives, "we having at this time but one of nine, and him a burgess, taken up with the public concern of the chair, from minding our particular grievances."
2. That no unusual previous oath be put upon any that is to sit in Parliament.
3. That no tax be put upon us without our free consent in Parliament.
4. That the laws of the land, the privileges of Parliament, the liberty of the subject, the property of goods may be asserted and defended, according to the first declaration of Parliament when they undertook the war.
5. That the true Protestant religion may be defended, godly and able ministers continued, and the universities and colleges countenanced.
"This declaration was signed by above 5,000 considerable inhabitants of the said county, and delivered to Gen. Monk, on Monday, Feb. 13, at his quarters at the Glasshouse, in Broad Street, London, by the Lord Falkland, Sir Ant. Cope, Mr. James Fiennes, Capt. Wm. Cope, Hen. Jones, Edw. Hungerford, Esq., and other persons of quality." [1 page, printed.]
Feb. 13.
London.
51. Thos. White to the Admiralty Commissioners. Being ordered by the Navy Commissioners to be their agent at Dover, to furnish the fleet in the Holland wars with such things as were needful, and to repair and furnish such ships as the generals or commanders-inchief should order, for better performance thereof, the Admiralty Commissioners ordered me imprest money to pay workmen's wages and buy necessaries, and likewise a supply of all sorts of stores from Deptford, for the use of the said navy, sometimes to the value of 5,000l. or 6,000l.
It was as much as I could do in person to look to the several frigates and vessels, first to get them safe into harbour, and to take care to keep them from harm; and as to their reparations, to give orders for such things as were necessary, and to see that nothing but necessary reparations were done and that the men employed followed their work, and did it as it ought to be done. I spent my whole time and sometimes did not allow myself time to cat my bread, and followed this business as well by night as by day.
Therefore I took to my assistance my son-in-law, Basil Kennet, as storekeeper, and he had as much employment therein as he could well perform; first in taking into the storehouse such stores as were sent from Deptford, and what we bought at Dover or elsewhere for the use of the navy, and also receiving superfluous and unserviceable things from the boatswains and carpenters, and issuing them forth again according to order, I continually taking a view of the demand, and what I found necessary to be supplied I gave my hand for to the said storekeeper, who immediately furnished them. He likewise continually took an account of all timber, plank, and ironwork used on any of the State's ships, at their refitting in the harbour, and when any frigate came into Dover Pier, he mustered the men, and sent the muster books up to the Navy Commissioners.
This being more than I was able to perform, considering the many vessels that we daily supplied, both in the Downs and in this harbour, and it being faithfully performed by Kennet, and no man in the town being able to do the service so well, he having been trained up in it these 5 or 6 years, I entreat you to confirm him in the place of storekeeper, and allow him such a salary as may enable him to subsist. There has been nothing allowed him these 5 years but what I have given him out of my own salary, except his servant's wages for attending upon the carpenters, to fetch and carry such things as they daily used in their work. [1 page.] Enclosing,
51. i. Abstract of the above. [½ page.]
Feb. 13. 52. Marquis of Dorchester to Lord Roos. You must have been in a drunken fit when you wrote me. You communicated my last letter [or challenge] to your parents and relations, and even the servants of both our families were privy thereto. I have fought before now, and am not afraid of such a shadow as you. Can anybody believe that I would refuse to meet you? Your lies are too palpable. You would as soon come on your head as meet me with a sword. You are a base, bragging coward. Leave the petticoat off, and put on breeches. If I may see such a miracle as you with a sword in your hand, I will declare on my honour that I was not guilty of this discovery, but did my best to avoid suspicion. With note that the messenger, following Lord Roos from place to place, found him with much difficulty, and delivered this letter to him on Feb. 16. [Printed broadside.]
[Feb. 14.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
The Ordnance officers to attend Council.
Also to receive arms from Peterhouse. [Col. 20.]
The consul and agent of Algiers and Tunis, Rob. and Thos. Browne, to come for England. [Cols. 1, 3, 26.]
Col. Alured to guard the House of Parliament. [Col. 1.]
Report of Love and Chaloner on the Dutch Ambassador's paper. [Col. 7.]
The Portugal Committee to meet. [Col. 22.]
Wm. Carrant, Rob. Clement, Geo. Mitton and Mr. Bowles, discharged. [Cols. 5, 18.]
The case of H. Hart and Rob. Tompson referred. [Cols. 12, 26.]
Mr. Frost to pay Scott and Robinson 150l. [Col. 9.]
Cols. Okey and Alured indemnified. [Cols. 1, 20.]
The Ordnance officers to give account of arms delivered. [Col. 20.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 134–138.]
Feb. 14.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Unton Crook, Exeter. We have received your letters, and had one of yours communicated to us this night from the Army Committee, and we thank you for your good affection to the Parliament, and your great care and zeal for the service. We desire you to go on in the continuance thereof, and to be very vigilant over the designs of the common enemy in those parts, and effectually to pursue the instructions given you to that purpose. If they be found deficient in anything material for the carrying on of that work, they shall, upon the least notice thereof, be increased and enlarged, so as they may be rendered most [conducive] thereunto. You are also desired to give us frequent intelligence of what shall happen worthy of notice in your parts. [I. 99, p. 37.]
Feb. 14.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Ant. Rous, governor of Pendennis Castle. We have received your letter of the 9th instant, and are glad to hear that the garrison so cheerfully submitted to your commission, and to find in your proceedings and expressions so much affection to the Parliament and Commonwealth as to merit our thanks, which we hereby return you. We have put it in a way to have your commission enlarged, by inserting the clause you proposed. As you offer exceptions to Capt. Wood, Ensigns Brown and Parsons, and Serjt. Croker, as officers in the garrison, we rely upon your justice and prudence to dismiss them, if you judge their continuance prejudicial to the safety thereof, and desire you to prefer the public safety before any personal considerations. [I. 99, p. 57.]
[Feb. 15.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
Lodgings (in Whitehall) assigned to Mr. Crawley. [Col. 5.]
[Rich.] Long sent to Colchester. [Col. 16.]
To search for arms in Sir Fras. Vincent's (possession?) [Col. 27.]
A governor appointed for Windsor Castle, and pay for the garrison. [Col. 29.]
The Serjeant-at-arms to attend Secretary Scott for instructions. [Col. 25.]
The Army Committee to pay the forces in London. [Col. 1.]
The Ordnance officers to attend and certify on Rich. Downes' contract. [Cols. 6, 20.]
The governor of Dunkirk gives an account of that garrison [Col. 7.]
Mr. Leach's case transmitted to Haberdashers' Hall. [Col. 16.]
Martin Noel referred to Mr. Barrington. [Col. 19.]
6 persons at Rye, Sussex, discharged. [Col. 23.]
(Business of) Jamaica referred. [Col. 13.]
The Militia forces to be paid in the counties. [Col. 18.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 139–141.]
Feb. 15.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. Judging it very necessary that provision should be made with all expedition for supply of the forces in and about London, we recommend it to your care that, as fast as money shall come in, those forces may receive the month's pay which is ordered by Parliament, so that they may be encouraged and better enabled to pay their quarters. [I. 99, p. 57.]
Feb. 15.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Lord Mayor of London and the rest of the Commissioners for the Monthly Assessments. The speedy assessing and levying of the monthly assessments charged by Act of Parliament upon the city is of so much importance to the encouragement and pay of the forces quartering there, and to the ease of the city, by enabling the soldiers to discharge their quarters, that we conceive ourselves obliged to put you in mind thereof, and desire you will advertize us what proceedings you have already made, and apply yourselves seriously and vigorously to a further and effectual progress therein, which we may with the more confidence expect, as the relief and satisfaction of those who have deserved well for their faithfulness will, by means thereof, be promoted, and those public ends of safety for which the assessments are designed will be the more readily secured, in the benefit whereof yourselves and the city will be partakers. [I. 99, p. 58.]
Feb. 15.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Whichcott, governor of Windsor Castle We have received your letter of yesterday, and notice the present disorder and unsettlement of the garrison of Windsor Castle, whereby the safety and [continuance] thereof in the Parliament's obedience may be endangered. We have therefore, out of the good opinion we conceive of your fidelity, thought fit to commend the care and government of that garrison and castle to you, and do hereby authorise you to take the care and government thereof accordingly, and to preserve the same, with the magazines and ammunition therein, to the use and service of the Parliament and Commonwealth, until the Parliament or Council shall give other order therein. And we hereby require all officers and soldiers within the said garrison to be obedient to you, as governor and commander thereof, and for their supply and encouragement in their obedience, order is taken for providing a month's pay by the Army Committee for them, which we have desired the Committee, in regard of the pressing necessities, to see forthwith speeded to you, so that we doubt not the same will soon come to your hands; this we hope will be a timely supply for the present, till further care may be taken for your better provision, which shall be done with all possible speed. [I. 99, p. 58.]
Feb. 15.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. Such a representation has been made to us of the great necessities of the garrison of Windsor Castle, that we hold ourselves obliged to recommend their case to your special circumspection. The garrison is of importance, and want of some present relief may add to their discouragements; we therefore desire that, in execution of the Parliament's order for a month's pay to garrisons, you will have a particular respect to that of Windsor, by giving them warrant for theirs with the first opportunity. [I. 99, pp. 58, 59.]
Feb. 15.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Gen. Geo. Monk. We received your letter last night, and having formerly issued several orders about getting the arms therein mentioned returned into the public stores, we forthwith commanded the Ordnance officers to attend us this morning, as we had formerly done at other times, with an account of what effect our orders had produced. The bearer, one of the said officers, attending us accordingly, we send him to you, to represent the state of that affair, and receive your further direction. We have also passed an order for the captains of the 4 volunteer regiments to cause the residue of the arms delivered to their respective companies, and not brought back into the stores, to be returned thither speedily at their utmost peril, and he has also order to give you an account, as he has done to us, of those arms which were seized yesterday. [I. 99, p. 59.]
Feb. 15.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Gen. Monk. We are very sensible of the necessity of furnishing your forces in London with money, and in order thereunto, that the Act for the Monthly Assessments be speedily put in execution there; which, as it will be a present provision for the soldiers, so it will be commodious to the city, enabling the discharge of quarters. We have therefore written the Lord Mayor and the rest of the Commissioners for the Assessments for an account of what they have done, and to quicken them to an expeditious proceeding therein. We have it also in our thoughts that the assigning of the London assessments to your forces, by order from the Army Committee, may be serviceable to the sooner getting of them in; but before we do anything in that kind, we would gladly receive your sense thereupon, and desire you to communicate if you think meet. Meantime we have determined on a letter to the Committee, recommending it to them in a special manner to provide money speedily for satisfying the monthly pay ordered by Parliament to the forces in and about London.
As to the settling of a common council, the former being nulled, it is very expedient, both as it relates to the good government of the city, and to the more effectual getting in of the assessments, and as soon as the pressing business which is now incumbent upon the Parliament, about the issuing of writs for elections, is over, we believe they will consider of meet qualifications for them, to the dispatch whereof those amongst us who have opportunity shall be ready to give all possible advantage. [I. 99, p. 59.]
Feb. 15.
Nantwich, Downs.
53. Capt. B. Gilpin to Vice-Adm. Lawson, Axe-yard, King-street, Westminster. I will supply the Winsby and Marmaduke with provisions out of this ship, there being none to be had at Dover, and will speak with Capt. Butler about the wine, and take it on board this ship until further order. Capt. Parker has brought in a French vessel, with wine belonging to some London merchants, which he retook from an Ostender, on his way to Dunkirk with Col. Lillingston and some other gentleman, and forced the Ostender into Calais. I have sent her up to Gravesend, and wrote Capt. Dakins about her. I should have sent Capt. Pettock as a convoy, had I not thought it requisite to keep him here until I heard from you as to sending up the wine and tobacco. I went ashore yesterday concerning the tobacco, when I received your letter, but I had previously offered it at the same price, and as he will not give more than 3s. a lb., and will be gone to Dover to-morrow, I know not what to do; but if you will have it sent up, I will keep Capt. Pettock for that purpose. We have received two hoys, one laden with beer, and the other with bread and flesh, but no butter, cheese, fish, peas, or wood, which are much wanted, and the pursers have not wherewith to purchase any. I have not yet received orders as to victualling the Oxford out of this ship, or disposing of her as a convoy.
The common cry is for a free Parliament. [1 page.]
[Feb. 16.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86.]
Mr. Baker and Mr. Geering's accounts to be stated. [Cols. 3, 10.]
Letter of thanks to the Mayor of Exeter, and a letter to be reported. [Col. 8.]
The captain of the guard to assist the serjeant-at-arms. [Col. 25.]
Commissions and instructions for Rye, Sussex. [Col. 23.]
Mr. Frost to pay the menial servants and messengers. [Col. 9].
Recruits to march to Dunkirk. [Col. 7.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 142–145.]
Feb. 16.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Unton Crooke, Exeter. We have received your letter of the 13th inst., wherein, as by several others, we find just cause to acknowledge your great affection and fidelity to the Parliament, for which we return our thanks, and shall be ready on all occasions to testify our value and esteem of you. We well approved of your apprehending Sir Jno. Northcote, Sir Wm. Courteney, and Symon Leach, being found, as your letter imports, to be principally active in influencing the late tumults in Exeter, and desire you to send them up in safe custody. You are to proceed in your resolution for seizing the arms that lie in the hands of suspected persons. Your desire to be discharged from being sheriff of co. Oxon will be communicated to Parliament by your letter itself, which is ordered to be reported; for the obtaining of that desire, you shall not want the furtherance of those members of Council who shall have opportunity to move therein. [I. 99, p. 60.]
Feb. 16.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Chas. Fairfax, York. We have received yours of the 13th inst., and observe your prudent carriage in reference to the distempers in your parts, and the eminent affection you express to the Parliament in your endeavours to suppress them, which we find have not wanted some measure of success. Your continued endeavours for the further suppressing thereof is desired, whereby you will further engage our respects, and we shall not be wanting to give fit testimonies on all occasions. [I. 99, p. 60.]
Feb. 17.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Gen. Geo. Monk. We cannot but resent with trouble the inconveniences under which the forces quartering in the city lie, through the want of money, for supply whereof we shall not fail to improve our best endeavours. To the intent the obstructions therein may be the better removed, we have determined to represent that affair in a report to the Parliament to-morrow morning. That which appears eminently serviceable to this end is the vigorous putting in execution the Act of Parliament for Assessments, to which purpose, as our late letter to you imported, we wrote the Lord Mayor and Commissioners for the City of London, but have as yet received no return therein. If you would quicken them to the work, which we earnestly desire you to do, it would we doubt not give a great advantage to make the same effectual. It is true, as we hinted in our last, the settling of the Common Councilmen as instruments for acting therein, though it might be conducive, is not essentially necessary, though heretofore, in the ordinary method of proceeding, they were, as we are informed, made use of with others in things of this nature, in regard of their interest in their respective wards. The management of this service being intrusted to Commissioners nominated in the Act, they may, specially in this vacancy of the Common Council, authorize such others as they shall think fit for the assessing and collecting part; therefore we hope, since so much depends upon it, no difficulty will lie in the way upon that account. [I. 99, pp. 60, 61.]
Feb. 17/27. Pe[rcy] Ch[urch] to [Sec. Nicholas.] An express has brought news to the secretary, Comte de Brienne, that whilst Monk was in the city, performing the Rump's orders, they were designing 5 Commissioners to superintend his army, which he, being advised of, joined with the city for a free Parliament, and sent the Rump word not to trouble themselves with his army, but to appoint Commissioners to govern till May next, and to give order for the Parliament to assemble by that time, and meantime they would do well to go home. I send 3 great packets from Sir Hen. Bennet to the Lord Chancellor, which I hope may bring you good news. [Extract. Flanders correspondence.]
Feb. 17/27.
Hague.
Lord Colepepper to Sec. Nicholas. Thanks for your London news. Write me that of one week more, and then I hope to be with you. I am glad to see the general affection of the kingdom to the King, and their hatred to the pageant usurpers at Westminster, but yet I cannot hope for success from the tumultuary risings of the people, as long as Monk has the command of the army, nor indeed any way that I can discover without foreign assistance. A little of that, well timed, and the King at the head of them, would multiply the strength of them as much as a well-placed figure does the value of cyphers; nothing in themselves, but enough when that is before them. My hopes of that force is chiefly from France. [Extract, Flanders correspondence.]
[Feb. 18.] Index entries of proceedings in Council. [I. 86].
Mr. Downing, touching his transporting of horses. [Col. 7.]
A month's pay to the army forces. [Col. 1.]
Berry's letters referred. [Col. 3.]
The Post Office to pay money into the Exchequer. [Col. 22.]
Letter to Col. Chas. Fairfax to secure that county and parts. [Col. 9.]
[Missing Order Book, pp. 146–148.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Unton Crook, Exeter. Your letter of the 14th instant has been presented to us, wherein we observe your continued care of the Parliament's honour and interest, for which we return you our hearty thanks, and desire you still to have a vigilant eye upon the parts where you now are, for the better securing of the peace of the nation, which by your letter we perceive you are pursuing. The parts hereabouts are in quiet, and tending, we hope, more and more to a composure, the Parliament having passed the qualifications, and voted the issuing of writs for filling up vacancies in counties and boroughs, which we suppose will conduce to give satisfaction of their serious intentions and endervours for a happy establishment. [I. 99, p. 61.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. You may remember that, by a former letter, we communicated what was intended concerning Col. Sam. Clerke's regiment's march into Scotland, and what course was designed for procuring 3,300l. for their pay, part of which, viz., 1,800l., was designed to be satisfied by so much alleged to remain in Mr. Inch's hands, of the miscarriage whereof you had notice by some letters from the north formerly transmitted to you. This failure hath begot a very unhappy inconvenience, both to the regiment, by disappointing them of the money promised for the encouragement of their march, and also to the public, by detaining them from proceeding to Scotland, where their service was judged very expedient. We therefore, apprehending it very necessary that supply be made of the said 1,800l. some other way, commend it to your speedy and effectual care, that the obstruction of their march may be removed, and they enabled to attend the station which is appointed them for the service. [I. 99,p. 61.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Mayor of Maidstone. We have been informed of your former readiness to accommodate the soldiers quartering in your town with moneys and necessaries for their supply, and of your present discouragements to proceed therein, in regard of what is already owing; concerning this you may take notice that Parliament have been moved to commend it to the Army Committee to take order for re-imbursing the money due for such quarterings in the several towns out of the monthly assessments on them respectively chargeable, and that in pursuance of the orders made thereupon, we doubt not but you will receive satisfaction; which, in regard of the said Committee not sitting at present, we thought fit to acquaint you with, and to desire you to continue your care to accommodate the forces quartered with you, till they shall be otherwise disposed of, and to assure you of our readiness on all occasions to give furtherance to your satisfaction for the same. [I. 99, p. 62.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Mayor of Rochester. To similar effect. [I. 99, p. 62.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Cols. Allsop and Lillingston, Dunkirk. Having thoughts of sending you a considerable quantity of recruits for completing your regiments at Dunkirk, we have now sent about 80 by the Hampshire, which you are to dispose of among the regiments as shall be most for the advantage of the service. [I. 99, p. 62.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Capt. Wm. Angell, Winchester. We have received yours of the 12th instant, and notice your care and service in the seasonable divulging our letter, to the dispersing and removing the false rumours and mistaken apprehensions of the ill-affected persons in those parts, and your readiness to improve your utmost endeavours for the preservation of the public peace there. We desire you will go on in the continuance of your care, and be very vigilant to observe any motion of the common enemy which may arise in your parts, and use your utmost endeavours to suppress the same, and preserve the public peace. [I. 99, p. 62.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Major Robt. Luson, Ipswich. We have received your letter of the 16th instant, and notice your care and industry in communicating our letter touching the state of affairs here, to the satisfaction of the hearts of the well-[affected], and damping, if not quieting the spirits of the ill-affected persons in those parts, for which we return our thanks, and desire you to do the same in our names to the mayor of the town, of whose fidelity and diligence in our service we have received from you a very fair character. We have at present, through God's goodness, the same continuance of our quiet here, and doubt not but it will soon increase, both here and through the whole nation, the Parliament having now passed their qualifications, and issued their writs for new elections for the filling up of the House.
We take notice in your letter of a servant of Mr. Sicklemore, mentioned to have come down thither on purpose to divulge false reports upon the Parliament's interruption, and other scandalous papers, which, if it be true, we judge a sufficient cause to move us to desire that he be sent up in custody to attend Council, if upon examination of the matter you shall find anything material to be fixed upon him; if you see cause to send him hither, we shall see the charges defrayed. We desire the continuance of your care for the prevention of tumults in your parts, and your utmost endeavours for preservation of the public peace. [I. 99, p. 63.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Jno. Okey, Commander-in-chief of the Parliament forces, Bristol. We send extract of a letter and copy of an examination concerning an insurrection said to be intended next Wednesday in Somersetshire, whereof, out of our respect to the public safety, we thought it necessary to give you speedy notice, and desire you to make such use thereof as you shall find most serviceable to the peace of the nation; and for that end, to employ the forces under your command for preventing and suppressing any disturbances to the prejudice of Parliament, and this to do with all expedition.
We thank you for yours of the 15th inst. and for your affection for the service, and thank God that these parts remain quiet. The qualifications for members to serve in Parliament are passed, as also the votes for issuing writs to fill up the House, where there is any vacancy of county or borough, which you may communicate to your friends, that by the knowledge of the Parliament's proceedings, better satisfaction may be received of their intentions and endeavours for a full and lasting settlement. [I. 99, p. 63.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. The necessities of the Irish brigade, both horse and foot, have been represented to us to be so great that part thereof being ordered to march, they are in no capacity to perform their duties. We therefore recommend it to you as a case worthy of your compassion and serious consideration, to take the best order you possibly can to speedily furnish the whole brigade with one month's pay, out of those moneys in England designed for pay of the forces in Ireland, whereby you will give encouragement to those who, for their faithfulness, have deserved well of the Commonwealth, and will do a service to the public, by enabling them to attend to and pursue their duties. [I. 99, p. 64.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Gen. Geo. Monk. We have had a serious consideration of your proposal concerning the citizens of London, now prisoners in the Tower, and have referred it to the Committee of Council for Examinations, speedily to represent the matter of fact to us, to the intent that the same may be reported to the Parliament, who having interposed their order, we cannot judge it proper for us to intermeddle therein, unless the Parliament shall give us special directions in that behalf.
As to the business of the Common Council, the Parliament have appointed Tuesday next to consider of their qualifications, which we hope will be seconded with a speedy determination of that affair. Meantime we cannot but take much contentment in your readiness to further the execution of the Act for assessments. We shall not add more than renew our earnest desire that you will remove to Whitehall with your most speedy conveniency, we having very frequent occasions to advise with you about the public affairs, which we find much obstructed by occasion of your remoteness from us. [I. 99, p. 64.]
Feb. 18.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Smithson and Col. Chas. Fairfax, York. We last night received a letter containing some information of importance to the peace of your parts, and enclose an extract thereof, which we refer to your serious consideration, and desire you to satisfy yourselves as well as you can of the truth, and to improve that which shall result therefrom for the best advantageimprove that which shall result therefrom for the best advantage and security of the Parliament and Commonwealth. The arms that are said to be provided, if you shall find the matter to be in truth according to that which is certified, cannot safely be lodged in the hands that are now possessed of them, and you are therefore to take all opportunities for their seizure, as also for that of such other arms in your parts as remain with dangerous and disaffected persons. As we find Sir Henry [Cholmley] to be principally concerned in this information, in case,—on receipt of this and advice with each other, —you find it convenient and necessary for the public peace to seize and secure him, you are to proceed accordingly, and send him up to us. Enclosing,
i.— Extract of a letter to Luke Robinson of 14 Feb. 1659–60, from Yorkshire. Sir Hen. Cholmley keeps Allen of Rheims at work to fix pistols, is reported to have 300 cases of them at least in his house, has more horses than ordinary in his stable, and gives out that he must have a regiment of horse and foot.
Two sons of a widow in Welton, one of them being a freeman, were enlisted by Sir Henry's servants when Sir Henry was at York, and the writer heard from themselves that they were to be ready at an hour's warning.
Jackson of Kirkby Overker, formerly Sir Harry's servant; — of Oswald Kirk, a surgeon;—Tankerd of Arden, a young gent has got new pistols;—Boulby of Helmsley has made a new charging saddle, and is very busy in Sir Harry's behalf. Squire Barton reports he shall be a captain under him.
Robt. Lacon is active, and his servant Symon has bought 3 several arms about Scarborough. Col. Bethell has some arms, back and breast, which Symmes would have had from the gunsmith but denied without Col. Bethell's order. This youth seems to stick, and said he would pistol any that came to demand assessments of him. Nich. Lacon has had 3 cases of pistols dressed by Harrison of Wilton. Mr. Ledgard, one of the 3 that brings up the declaration, has 16 cases of pistols, which were dressing by some smith in the Wolds, and were lately sent for in haste. [I. 99, pp. 64, 65.]
Feb. 18/28.
Calais
Hen. Booth to Sec. Nicholas. I send an enclosure from England, and leave the news to the bearer; it has been confirmed since he left London, and we hope will so continue, and produce some good effect. [½ page, Flanders correspondence.]
Feb. 20.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. By the enclosed you will see the great straits which the Parliament forces at Exeter are reduced to for want of provision to reimburse the charge of their former quarterings, and to support the growing expense. The inhabitants of the city being discouraged, and many of them impoverished thereby, as has formerly been represented to us by the magistrates, you will easily see how inconvenient this may be at this time, and in these parts, and therefore we commend the matter to you and desire that the forces there may be speedily supplied, and provision made to reimburse the charges of their quarterings, by assignations or otherwise as you find fit.
And because it may be very useful to have a conference with some of you, touching this and other things of a like nature, we desire you to send some of your members to us this afternoon, that we may advise together how the present and growing charge of the army may be carried on, and what appears in view in order thereunto. [I. 99, p. 65.]
Feb. 20.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Gen. Geo. Monk. We have received notice of great meetings in Drury Lane, both this day and formerly, of the secluded members, which we have grounds to believe may be in order to disturb Parliament by their endeavours to enter the House to-morrow morning; this being of so much concernment, we thought it necessary to communicate to you, and to desire you to give order for good guards to attend the House betimes to-morrow morning, that the Parliament may be secured in the freedom of their sitting, and all attempts to the contrary prevented or made fruitless. And because if anything of that nature should be really intended, there may be a concurrence of some in London to give countenance thereto, we further desire you to give order to your officers to have an eye upon the peace of the city, in both of which we know you will readily concur. [I. 99, p. 66.]
Feb. 20. 54. Blank order to pay to G. Frost a sum not named, for the salaries and expenses of the clerks, messengers, and other officers attending Council. [2/3 page.]
Feb. 20.
Dover.
55. Thos. White to the Admiralty Commissioners. During the Holland wars, the Admiralty Commissioners sent down some Navy Commissioners to furnish and supply the fleet under the generals, and they appointed me at Dover to furnish all the State's ships with accidental necessaries, as masts, yards, sails, anchors, cables, and other boatswains' stores; also to supply the carpenters with timber, plank, pitch, lead, and all sorts of iron work, they first acquainting the general or the commander-in-chief, by whose warrant I was to supply them; this I accordingly did.
I was also ordered to caulk, tallow, and refit all such ships as the general or commander-in-chief sent into Dover, and when any ships came into the Road, I sent an able man on board to bring them in, and lay them in a safe place, to see what reparations they needed, and then to set carpenters at work to repair them. Likewise to muster the companies of each ship, and to call them daily to see who gave their attendance on board. When trimmed, I was to see them ballasted, and fit to take in their provisions; and when victualled, to hasten them out with the first fair tide, so that I have had many of the 5th rate in and out in 5 days, the 4th rate in one spring tide, and out the other, and the smaller sort in one day and out the other.
The business being very great, I was forced to employ myself, my son, and our two servants, for which the Navy Commissioners allowed me 100l. a year. For the orderly management of the business, I being mostly employed amongst the ships,—sometimes having 4 at one time in Dover Pier,—to look after the carpenters, and the layings of the ships, that they came to no harm, I appointed my son to give out materials, as oakum, pitch, tar, tallow, oil, deals, spars, lead, canvas, &c. When I had received the general or commander-in-chief's order to furnish the boatswains and carpenters with stores—we sometimes having 10 men in a day coming to receive supplies from us—I assigned their demands to my son, who furnished them, and also received into the stores from them all superfluous or unserviceable materials, and gave them a receipt for the same. He likewise received from the several tradesmen such materials as there was daily need of. This sometimes employed us from morning until the evening, and as the tide fell out early or late, to ship them to the Downs, so that we had our hands full of employment. If any ships let slip anchors and cables anywhere near our coast, from the North Foreland to Dungeness, I hired boats to take them up, and carry them on board the said ships; or if the ships were gone, to bring them into the stores at Dover. Now my request to you is that you will be pleased to continue my son as storekeeper, and allow him what you think fit. For my pains I shall only desire what you and the Navy Commissioners judge fit.
The ships bound for Lisbon, and those for France and other parts to the westward, are still riding in the Downs, wishing for the company they expect from London, and the convoys. The wind being southerly and westerly has kept nearly 30 sail wind-bound. We have no news from France, only that the soldiers lie in the seaports, and give out that they hope to come for England; we hear the peace between Spain and France is to be proclaimed at Calais to-morrow. It is proclaimed all over France already, only in Calais the people are to pay a satisfaction, and until that is paid, the governor will not let the peace be proclaimed, as the money must pay off some soldiers there. [1¾ pages.]
Feb. 21.
Dover.
56. Thos. White to the Navy Commissioners. I hope you will send stores as soon as possible, or intreat the Admiralty Commissioners to order me money, that I may procure those I am in greatest want of for the Navy, which will amount to 250l. I will do what I can meantime, but there are many men at Dover who have no money to buy bread for their families, through being so much out for the service of the Navy. My son Kennett, the storekeeper, has gone to London, with a request for such stores as we stand in need of; his services are very necessary, both for the safety and profit of the Commonwealth; if you will examine him concerning the particulars, he will give you an account. I have sent a cable on board the commander-in-chief for the Lizard at Dunkirk, and supplied the carpenter of the Martin with such necessaries as were ordered by the commander-in-chief. [2/3 page.]
Feb. 21.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. Representations being made to us of the great necessities and wants of Ludlow garrison, we desire you to consider thereof, and provide them a month's pay; as although the garrison is not in the Establishment, yet the forces in the same were raised by order of the late Council of State. [I. 99, p. 65.]
Feb. 21.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Gilbert Gerrard, Chester. We have considered your narrative concerning Chester garrison, and have also heard Col. — thereupon, and have seen cause to dismiss him from further attendance here; but finding one principal part of it to be the violence offered to your house by some of the soldiers of the Castle, we desire they may be prosecuted, and you are to take order therein accordingly. [I. 99, p. 66.]
Feb. 25.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Jno. Okey, Bristol. Having received information that, contrary to the Parliament's last declaration, you have removed men out of their houses at Bristol, imprisoning some, and threatening to send others to Chepstow Castle, we have thought fit to advertise you of the said information, to the end we may receive an account of the ground of your proceedings therein. We desire that nothing of that nature may be done without order of Parliament, the Lord-General, or the Council of State, unless in case of sudden insurrections, and that you have especial care that the military power do not trench upon the civil authority, or the inhabitants of that city, in the rights and privileges which by law they ought to enjoy, so far as possibly may consist with the public peace. [I. 99, p. 233.]
Feb. 25.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Edw. Tyson, Mayor of Bristol. Having received information of the imprisoning of some of your inhabitants, and the removing of others, we send you a copy of our letter to Col. Okey about the same, by which you will discern what care we have to preserve the peace of your city, as well as the enjoyment of your rights and privileges. [I. 99, p. 233.]
Feb. 25.
Leopard, Zante Road.
57. Capt. Jonas Poole to the Admiralty Commissioners. At my departure from Leghorn Road, I despatched letters to you, intimating what ships were in our convoy, and for what port bound; on the 5th instant, the Fleece and the rest of the Scanderoon ships left us off Cape Passaro, they being bound down and we for Zante, to which port we did not arrive until the 13th, by reason of the strong northerly winds. I had no sooner arrived there than I was informed of a Spanish vessel having put himself ashore, so I sent the Preston, who brought him off. The weather breaking up on the 18th, we set sail, and on the 20th arrived in Clarentia Road, on the Morea, and endeavoured to get provisions for the ships, but were denied. On the 22nd we got under Cape Papas and there wooded all the ships, and then went to Clarentia Bay, and, having gotten some 50 head of cattle and as many sheep on board, we made for Zante, arrived here this morning, and will resail with the first fair wind.
In the interim I shall make provision of some beverage wine and then go for Cerigo, and according to the intelligence I shall receive from the governor of that island, endeavour to buy victuals, and rally up under our convoy the Scanderoon and Smyrna ships, which will not be less than 12 sail, and very richly laden. There are but 4 English ships at Zante and Cephalonia which will be ready to come along with us.
Here is not any news or intelligence of an enemy being at present in these parts, only a rumour of 12 men-of-war that are to come from Naples to molest our merchant ships; I shall take the best care I can to secure them, and endeavour to abbreviate our voyage. The Venetians use me very unkindly, pretending that because I went over to the Morea for provisions, I must stay 40 days for pratique; but I shall sail from hence the first opportunity, pratique or not. It is frequently reported here that the Parliament has a very peaceable sitting, which news is very satisfactory to us all, but I have not received one letter from England for my further directions more than what were delivered to me at Portsmouth. [12/3 pages.]
Feb. 25. 58, 59. Duplicates of the above. [1⅓ pages each.]
Feb. 25. 60. Lord Roos to the Marquis of Dorchester.
You had better have been among your gallipots than foul so much paper with your vapouring nonsense. If you understand your own trade, you must know that the hectic of your brain is worse than the tertian fits of mine. You accuse me of discovering secrets, when you used your tutor's instructions in writing those letters to my parents. Am I as likely to divulge secrets as you, who cannot forbear printing and publishing? Your labours are cried in the streets of London, with ballads on the Rump, and Hewson's lamentations, and your name makes a greater noise in alleys than kitchen-stuff, or work for a tinker.
You say you have fought before; so you have—with your wife and your poet, but you were beaten by Lord Grandison. You are terrible, not in your fights, but your medicines; your pills are more dangerous than your sword. You insufferably engross all trades. You are D.C.L., barrister and bencher of Gray's Inn, professor of physic and fellow of the college, mathematician, Chaldæan, schoolman, grammarian, philosopher, poet, translator, antisocordist, solicitor, broker, and usurer; and now, like Dr. Tuttle, you must profess quarrelling too.
I hope some of the trades will demand reparation of you for eating the bread out of their mouths. Can any be bound in honour to fight such a monster with many heads? If every one of your capacities had but a second, they would amount to a brigade. You might have had the honour you seem to desire, of falling by my sword, if I had not thought you a thing fitter for any man's contempt than anger. [Printed broadside.]
Feb. 26. 61. "A second seasonable Speech made by an Honourable Member of the House of Commons demonstrating the necessity of the King's restoration by this present Parliament." [4to, printed, 6 pages.]
Feb. 27.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Lord Mayor of London. We accept in very good part those expressions made by the city of their satisfaction of the Parliament's restitution to their freedom, whereof you have given a further and most eminent testimony, in setting tomorrow apart as a day of thanksgiving for that dispensation. And because haply an occasion may be hence taken for bonfires in the city to-morrow night,—considering that some discontented spirits may, in this juncture of affairs, use that as an opportunity of getting confluences of people, and make an improvement thereof to the begetting of disorders,—we have thought fit to recommend it to you to restrain by order the making of such bonfires, so that the peace of the city may be thereby the better secured, and the advantages which some may seek to disturb it may be prevented. [I. 99, p. 233.]
Feb. 27.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the several sheriffs. The Parliament has lately passed a proclamation to the tenor of the enclosed, with order that the sheriffs of the respective counties within this Commonwealth, and all mayors and other head officers of the respective corporations and boroughs, should proclaim the same within their respective counties and boroughs, and the Council of State is to take care that the said order be put in execution. We therefore send you a copy of the Proclamation, which you are to cause to be forthwith proclaimed accordingly, to the intent that the officers and soldiers of the Army may take notice thereof. [I. 99, p. 232.]
Feb. 27.
Nonsuch, Spithead.
62. Capt. Ambrose Smith to the [Admiralty Commissioners]. I put the Dorothy of London, and others, in security over the Polehead for Bordeaux on the 16th instant, as ordered. We set sail out of St. Martin's Road with 34 convoys, which were in great distress for a frigate before our coming, many of them being considerable ships bound to North Yarmouth with salt for the Iceland fleet; they have now safely arrived at Spithead, although we had very foul weather at sea. Having intelligence from France that there were ships laden with provisions for Spain, it caused me to be more desirous and diligent to speak with all the ships I could meet at sea.
About 10 leagues from the coast of France, we discovered two sail steering for Cadiz, and as one of them carried the Dutch flag on his maintopmast head, I came up with him, and fired 3 guns to bring them by the lea, before they would strike their flag, and commanded the captains to come on board; the flagman was something stiff at first, having 16 guns and 150 men, and the other 12 guns, but when they heard my resolution, and saw our ragged side, he was persuaded into better manners, and came on board, with many excuses for not striking his flag at our first shot. I sent the lieutenant on board him to search for letters, but having good proof that he was bound to the French plantations in the West Indies, I discharged him, as I would not hinder his voyage or breed any discontent in France. There was a Governor on board having the King of France's commission, besides some friars and many other men and women as passengers. The other ship, called the King David, of 300 tons and 12 guns, and bound for Cadiz, having provisions for an enemy, I have brought into Portsmouth, and enclose the bills of lading and other papers found; the Dutch master is in hopes you will pay him his freight.
I now desire an order to tallow and revictual, as also to deliver up the prize and her goods which are in charge of my lieutenant, who says there are 6 bales of paper between decks which my men claim as their due, but are willing to refer it to you, to give such encouragement as you think fit. [1 page.]
Feb. 27.
Providence, Leith Road.
63. Capt. Giles Shelley to the Admiralty Commissioners. On the 23rd inst. we went from Gravesend with 18 sail for the northward; when we arrived between Whitby and Hound Cliff foot, there were 40 sail of small vessels, all, excepting one, bound for Sunderland and Newcastle.
Espying 3 sails, one being a man-of-war, and the other 2 his prizes, we gave chase, which he perceiving, sent away his prizes to the southward with all the sail they could make, and stood himself to the northward, to get in among our convoys; night being near, we were forced to haul close upon a wind, and make sign by firing 2 great guns, so that our convoys might take notice and stay for us, otherwise he would have been amongst them, and soon have taken out many of their masters. Had we been free of a straggling convoy, we might have rescued those two vessels; but in our case, we were loth to make the remedy worse than the disease, which undoubtedly would have befallen our convoys.
She showed us the ragged staff, and might have about 12 or 14 guns, and, as I am informed by a Scot, more men than we. You might be pleased to order 2 or 3 small vessels such as the Merlin and Drake, who are good sailers, to fetch them up for us, otherwise we can but beat them off the coast. I desire 10 more men may be added to my number, for when they are quartered for the great guns, we have none for our small shot; there are divers 5th rates with 120 men, but not one 4th rate but ourselves with that number. [1 page.]
Feb. 27.
Preston, Zante.
64. Capt. Rob. Robinson to the Admiralty Commissioners. I sent you an account of our actions from Milo, as also from this place. Since then I have kept in a Spanish vessel, manned with Frenchmen, for several days, the truth of which I found by letters intercepted in a vessel bound for Malta, from the master and the merchant to their principal at Messina. I have with much care, both with the ship and boats near the shore, in the night watched him from going away, till an opportunity presented for my fetching him out. At length the wind came off the shore, and on the 13th instant, I resolved to venture our frigate in, as there was no taking her with boats; our admiral coming in, I showed him the letters, and told him of my intentions, and as he forwarded me therein, I fetched her off, though with some difficulty, he putting her ashore at the town when he saw me coming. She has put our admiral into some money, which I hope will much further our business, and without doubt great care will be taken by our admiral of the Turkey ships, as also those at this place, to bring them into our convoy; but nothing is resolved here to hinder knowledge of his intents under whom we live very comfortably, and are in a very good condition as to our health, and the squadron's, and the more satisfied by the news of the Parliament sitting again, which cannot but yield much comfort to every one that aims at the glory of God, and the good of the three nations. [1 page.]
Feb. 27.
Yarmouth.
65. Major Wm. Burton to the Admiralty Commissioners. Our North Sea fishery having put to sea, they are in extraordinary great danger of their enemies, through the want of those frigates you ordered for their convoys, of which we hear no further than that the Fame is at Harwich, and that the Brier passed these roads on the 13th instant, for Hull, from whence I beseech they may be hastened, in prosecution of your order; for if the fleet should meet with the hard chance they did last year, it would be to the utter ruin of many families in this town, whose welfare is wholly engaged in this northern voyage.
Last Wednesday, an Ostender of 8 guns took 3 colliers off Flamborough Head, of considerable burthen, and this rogue in all probability will do much more mischief, if not prevented by the sending of some frigates to those coasts, which are now bare of any; therefore for the securing of the coal, as also our Holland trade, I desire we may have some frigates ordered this way, as I know you are sensible of the great concernments of these trades. There is a great fleet in Holland, as also here, waiting for a convoy, and as they dare not stir without, the trade of the nation is obstructed. [1 page.]
Feb. 27.
St. James's.
63. Gen. Geo. Monk to the Admiralty Commissioners. Capt. Ant. Young having been commander of several 2nd-rate ships, and last summer commanded the Rainbow, knowing his former services and abilities, I make bold to recommend him to you, that he may have a ship equivalent to his former command in this summer's guard. [2/3 page.]
Feb. 28./March 9.
Antwerp.
William, Marquis of Newcastle, to [Sec. Nicholas]. I am glad to find by yours that you have not forgotten an old friend. I am confident God has many blessings in store for my dear and most gracious master, but I cannot conclude what will be the issue of the great distractions and cross interests in England. That the King will be called in is probable, but on what conditions the Lord knows. I am not of the opinion to come in on any terms, and be trammelled and made a Duke of Venice of, which is but Lord Mayor during his life, and God knows how they may use him when they have him, for you know what this Parliament did heretofore; and for the House of Lords, you know what most of them did and their interests. Therefore I know the King's wisdom will fortify himself the best he can with France and Spain, to get a good army, and if there be no use of it, so much the better; if there be, he is provided.
I am weak with a violent flux that I have had this fortnight, but it is better. [1 page. Flanders correspondence.]
Feb. 28.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Col. Hunt, governor of Shrewsbury Castle. The Lord General having communicated to us a petition to him from several persons in Shrewsbury, complaining of their unjust imprisonment in Shrewsbury Castle by Thos. Hill, for the reasons therein set forth, we send you a copy, and desire you will inform yourself of the truth thereof, and if you find it to be as alleged, you are to set the petitioners at liberty. And because several matters, besides that of their imprisonment, are charged on Hill, you are also desired, on satisfaction of the truth of what is so alleged against him, to send him up to us in safe custody, that he may answer his said proceedings. [I. 99, p. 232.]
Feb. 28.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Army Committee. Considering the necessities of the Army, and the great arrears due to them, we desire you to take their condition into consideration, that so far as the moneys at present in your disposal shall extend, the forces may be paid one month's pay upon the muster of January last, and to take the best care you can that the residue may be completed with all possible expedition. [I. 99, p. 231.]
Feb ? 67. Petition of Capt. John Cramp, Jas. Sadler, and the owners of the Consent of London, to the Council of State. Having presented a petition to the late Protector and Council of the losses sustained by the surprizal of the ship in 1642, amounting to 15,200l., as proved in the Admiralty Court, we got a warrant in 1655 for letters of reprizal, but it was never executed, Cramp being at sea in the service. We therefore beg your warrant to the said judges to grant us such a commission, or the securing of our interest, if an accommodation be effected with Spain. [1 page.] Annexing,
67. i. Warrant by Council for letters of reprizal to be granted by the Admiralty Judges, as alluded to. 13 November 1655. [12/3 pages.]