James 1 - volume 90: January 1617

Pages 421-430

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: James I, 1611-18. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1858.

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January 1617

Jan. 1.
Sir John Throgmorton to [Carleton]. The King has restored to the old Merchant Adventurers their charter, &c., with promise to grant them any reasonable privileges. The Spanish treaty is not so forward as reported, but they prevail more here with golden bullets than they would with bullets of iron, and the Spanish tongue, dress, &c., are all in fashion. It is hoped that the King is dissimulating in his favour towards them, in order to subvert some of their projects. Villiers made Earl of Buckingham, and it is said the Lord Chancellor will be Earl of Cambridge. Sir Thos. Edmondes is returning to France, to make peace between the Queen Mother and the Princes. [Holl. Corresp., Jan. 1.]
Jan. 2. 1. Edw. Sherburn to Carleton. The Archbp. of Canterbury desires to keep the portrait of the Archbp. of Spalato, &c.
Jan. 2. 2. [Edw. Reynoldes] to Fras. Mills. The Lord Privy Seal gives no answer about their diet. They must try to obtain it through Lord Villiers. Sir Robt. Naunton has sent back their present, because the suit did not succeed. The usual new year's gift is given to the Lord Privy Seal.
Jan. 2.
Dover Castle.
3. Lord Zouch to the Sheriffs, &c. of Kent. Sends a list of the retinue and garrison of Dover Castle, in order that they may be exempt from serving on juries, &c.
Jan. 2 ? 4. Reasons by Mr. Thurbane why Ports-men [Cinque Ports] should not be made officers within the county, and request for certain names to be put out of the bill for jurors.
Jan. 2 ? 5. Allegations of the Gunners of Dover Castle and the bulwarks against the demands made upon them by the Mayor, for services as freemen of Dover, which services they affirm to be contrary to their oath taken to the Lord Warden.
Jan. 2 ? 6. Order to the Sheriff of Kent, to repay to Boatswain Dyer the moneys levied on his goods, for not appearing as a juror.
Jan. 2.
7. Rich. Gibbridge to Rich. Younge. Wishes Mr. Randoll to direct him where his charge is to begin, in the office of Collector of Droits for the Lord Warden, which they hold in conjunction, &c.
Jan. 4.
8. Chamberlain to Carleton. The Queen has been sick of the gout. She is said to aim at the regency if the King goes to Scotland. The Earl of Arundel received the communion on Christmas-day. His house at Greenwich, left him by the Earl of Northampton, is burned, which the Papists will think just retribution. Dr. Thornborough made Bp. of Worcester, and the Archbp. of Spalato may be Dean of Windsor, being well esteemed at Court. Villiers' kinsman, [Hen.] Beaumont, was to have been Bp. of Worcester, but failed, from the dislike felt of Snowdon and Baily, very unworthy men, who are made Bps. of Carlisle and Bangor.
Jan. 4. 9. Edw. Sherburn to the Same. The Ambassadors are to be paid out of 120,000l. to be borrowed of the City. The Queen somewhat recovered of the swelling in her leg, and is removed to Whitehall. The new Company of Merchant Adventurers is dissolved, and the old Company restored, to the great content of the kingdom. It is thought that Alderman Cockayne will escape better than could be wished.
Jan. 4. Grant to Sir Robt. Hitcham of the office of Serjeant-at-Law, during pleasure. [Grant Bk., pp. 210, 221.]
Jan. 4. Licence to the Mayor and Burgesses of Gloucester to be Master and Governor of King James's Hospital, near Gloucester. [Ibid., p. 210.]
Jan. 5. Creation of Geo. Visct. Villiers as Earl of Buckingham. [Ibid., p. 191.]
Jan. ? 10. Pedigree of the family of Villiers, co. Leicester, up to the creation of Geo. Villiers as Earl of Buckingham.
Jan. 5. Special licence to John Harrison to import to London pikes, carp, and other fresh fish, for twenty-one years. [Grant Bk., p. 205]
Jan. 8.
11. Sir Horace Vere to [Carleton]. The reverend man [Archbp. of Spalato] is well received by the King, and has precedence of all English Bishops. Some things about church government in his book are to be amended, before it is translated into English. If he please the King therein, he is to be made Dean of Windsor. The Earl of Arundel has received the sacrament with His Majesty, and talks sharply against Papists. The King gone to Theobalds.
Jan. ? 12. Petition of Matthew Poker to Lord Zouch, for release, being committed to prison for words rashly spoken in a quarrel with Hale, one of the garrison of Dover Castle. Wishes to see an aged and sick grandmother.
Jan. 10.
St. Stephen's.
13. Sir Peter Manwood to the Same. Begs that Matthew Poker, who was imprisoned for quarrelling with one of the garrison, and is now set free by Lord Zouch's command, but suspended from his office, may be restored, on promise of amendment.
Jan. 10. Grant, in reversion, to John Castell, of the office of Warden and Keeper of the Prison for the High Commission Court, for thirtyone years. [Grant Bk., p. 198.]
Jan. 10. 14. Bond of Michael Burnley and Jacob Braems, of Dover, under penalty of 500l., to indemnify Lord Zouch for delivery to them, on behalf of the owner, of the cargo of the bark Johanne, belonging to Mondey Beauvois, a French merchant, wrecked upon the Godwin Sands.
[Jan 10.] 15. Draft of the above.
Jan. 11.
16. Edw. Sherburn to Carleton. Burlamachi refuses to deal further with Carleton unless some money is paid to him. Lord Villiers created Earl of Buckingham. The Lord Chancellor disappointed at not receiving the like honour; but the King wished to do special honour to Buckingham by creating him alone.
Jan. 13.
17. Eliz. Williams to Carleton. Thanks for presents. Family affairs. Sir Thos. Edmondes is of the Privy Council; trusts Carleton will be the next, &c.
Jan. 13.
Dover Castle.
18. Rich. Marsh to Rich. Younge. The costs of a suit in the Admiralty Court between Benj. Martin, and — Carpenter were left unawarded. — Dovor must be imprisoned or give bail for the 80l.
Jan. 13. 19. Archbp. of Spalato's request for recommendation to the Venetian Ambassador, that his clothes, and especially his books, may be permitted to be put on board an English ship, and sent to England. Italian.
Jan. 13. Grant to Thos. and Edw. Coxe of the office of Yeoman of the Wardrobe, &c., in the principality of Wales, for life. [Grant Bk., p. 199.]
Jan. 14. Grant to Thos. Peryent of the office of making licences and pardons of alienations, for life. [Ibid., p. 215.]
Jan. 14. 20. Nath. Brent to [Carleton]. The King is so set on his journey to Scotland that he calls those traitors who oppose it. His object is to establish the English hierarchy in Scotland, which the Scots dislike. An organ builder sent there declares he would have been better used amongst the Turks. The King says he will take Coventry in his return, and make the puritans there receive the communion on their knees. His Majesty was pleased at the arrival of the Archbp. of Spalato, who is well received at Lambeth, and the Bishops allow him 600l. a year. The King is displeased that the Archduke proceeds not more earnestly in the cause de corona regia, &c. Sir Walter Raleigh has made great preparation for his Indian voyage, &c.
Jan. 15.
Fenwick Hall.
21. Rich. Kay to Geo. Fortun. Will not impart Swinburne's treachery to any but one of the Council, it being a mystery unfit for private persons. Will tell him the villanous speeches that were uttered.
Jan. 15. 22. Account of assignments upon the different branches of the Crown revenue, total 273,144l.
Jan 17. 23. Observation of a discrepancy in the returns of the King's revenue, that for 1615 being given as 469,096l., and that for the present year 497,420l., showing an improvement only of 28,224l.; whereas the increase, according to certain items set down, is 69,228l.
Jan. 18.
24. Geo. Lord Carew to Sir Thos. Roe. Thanks for his description of the Mogul empire, in which all cosmographers are much mistaken; will be glad of any novelties from that country, especially books and coins. Asks how the Jesuits come on there. Sends news since the despatch of his last, as follows:—
January (1616).—Death of Sir Fras. Berkeley in Ireland, and Sir Fras. Verney at the galleys in Sicily.
February.—Lord Roos married to Sir Thos. Lake's daughter.
March.—Three grown-up sons of Lord Abergavenny drowned in a wherry near Gravesend. A private marriage discovered, which took place a year before, between Sir Robt. Sydney, Visct. Lisle's son, and the Earl of Northumberland's eldest daughter. Death of Sir Hen. Townshend, Lady Roxburgh's son, Sir Edw. Cecil's wife, and Sir Jerome Bowes. Sir Chas. Wilmot made President of Connaught. Sir Walter Raleigh freed from the Tower on the 19th, and is to go to Guiana, but not to be pardoned till his return. The Earl of Thomond resigns the governorship of Thomond, and his son Lord Brian succeeds him. Sir Dud. Carleton gone Ambassador to the Low Countries, and Sir Hen. Wotton Lieger to Venice.
April.—Sir John Digby made Vice Chamberlain and a Councillor. Lord Chichester visited England. Sir Oliver St. John appointed Deputy of Ireland. The King surrenders Flushing and Brill to the States for 200,000l. All the lands of Lord Grey of Wilton attainted, are given to Sir Geo. Villiers.
May.—Earl of Shrewsbury dead. Sec. Winwood and Sir Wm. Cavendish are executors. He left no land to Edw. Talbot, now Earl, but many tenants return to him, so that a great suit at law between him and the Countess Dowager is likely. Countess Dowager of Cumberland dead. Lord Lisle made Knight of the Garter. Sir Wm. Slingsby married to the daughter of Sir Stephen Broad, of Sussex. The Earl of Salisbury has a son. The reversion of Sir John Roper's place granted to Sir Geo. Villiers, and the Earl of Montgomery made Keeper of Whitehall. Brill restored to the States by its governor, Sir Horace Vere, who has in exchange 1,000l. per ann. pension, and the reversion of the Mastership of the Ordnance.
June.—Flushing surrendered by Lord Lisle, who is to have 1,200l. per ann., and his son, Sir Robt. Sydney, a regiment in the States' service. Sir Edw. Conway has 500l. per ann., and every captain and officer is provided for. Old Lord Admiral Nottingham has another daughter. Sir Robt. Cotton set free without trial, but has procured his pardon, "ad majorem cautelam." The sea captain Mainwaring pardoned. Sir Thos. Ridgeway discharged from his offices; Sir Hen. Docwra succeeds him as Treasurer of Wars in Ireland, and Sir Art. Savage as Vice Treasurer. And. Ramsay, Visct. Haddington's brother, slain in Fenchurch Street by the watch, whom he resisted when they stayed him. The King sat in person in the Star Chamber on the 20th, and "made a large speeche, to the admiration of the hearers, speaking more like an angel than a man." Sir Thos. Dale returned from Virginia, with several natives, including a daughter of that barbarous Prince, who married one of his men. The worst is past there, the men now living by their own industry. At the Bermudas, the rats destroy all that is planted. Barclay, a Frenchman born, the son of a Scot, and a scholar, long in the King s service, has gone to Rome, and is supposed to be the author of a scandalous book against His Majesty, which could only have been written by one intimate with him. John Villiers knighted, and made of the Prince's bedchamber.
July.—Sumptuous embassy of Lord Hay to France. Sir Hen. Rich, Sir Gilb. Houghton, and others, went with him. Countess of Somerset pardoned, but remains in Sir Walter Raleigh's lodging in the Tower. Earl Arundel sworn of the Privy Council, and made one of the Commissioners for the Earl Marshal's office. Sir Wm. Monson liberated; the cause of his committal unknown. He himself [Lord Carew] sworn Privy Councillor on the 20th. Lord Chichester returned to Ireland as Lord Treasurer. Bishops of Bangor, Hereford, and Chester, dead. Earl Montgomery has a son and heir. Sir Edw. Brabazon and Sir Edw. Moore made Barons of Ireland, as Sir Thos. Ridgeway will be, if he can pass his accounts.
August.—Sir Roger Wilbraham dead, and left three daughters, heirs to 4,000l.a year. Sir Oliver St. John gone to Ireland. M. Schomberg, the Earl of Tyrone, Justice Nicholls, and Sir Hen. Poole, of Gloucestershire, dead. The old Earl of Exeter has a daughter, and Lord Russell a son, who is likely to be Earl of Bedford. The Earl of Shrewsbury buried at Sheffield, with the greatest pomp ever seen in the kingdom. Sir Thos. Somerset married to the Countess of Ormond, in Ireland. Sir Geo. Villiers made Visct. Villiers, and Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire. The Earl of Somerset is in Sir Walter Raleigh's ancient lodgings in the Bloody Tower, the Countess in his new buildings, with the doors open between them. Sir Thos. Monson has the liberty of the Tower, and is always protesting his innocence.
September.—Lady Frances Egerton, after having nine daughters, has a son, to the great rejoicing of the old Lord Chancellor. Lord Roos has taken his leave for Spain; his equipage, like that of Lord Hay, sumptuous beyond precedent. Creations of Scotch and Irish peerages. Sir Edw. Villiers knighted. Bp. of Ely sworn a Councillor. The Duke of Mantua's younger brother, the Cardinal of Mantua, secretly married in Rome.
October.—The King, Lord Chancellor, and old Marchioness of Northampton, were sponsors to Sir John Egerton's son. Lord Hay has returned, having been feasted beyond belief. Sir Thos. Monson set free, after being confined almost a year on Overbury's affair, and twice brought to trial. Sherborne Manor, once Sir Walter Raleigh's, then Prince Henry's, then the Earl of Somerset's, then the King's, is now granted to Sir John Digby. Earl of Salisbury's son dead. Five men set sail from Bermuda in a small boat, little bigger than a double wherry, and reached England in safety. The plantation likely to fail. Sir Wm. Dormer, Lord Dormer's son, dead. Lord Cavendish inherits 4,000l. per ann., from the death of his brother Henry. Seven English fishing ships were intercepted between Newfoundland and Italy, by thirty Turkish frigates, and taken or sunk; Sir Rich. Hawkins, of Plymouth, thought to be in them. The Mary Anne, of London, taken by Turkish pirates, near Malaga. A Turkish pirate vessel taken in the Thames. Countess Dowager of Pembroke returned from two years' sojourn at the Spa. The Commentaries of Matteo Riccio, a Jesuit, printed, amongst which are reports of the travels of Benedictus Goesius in the Mogul's country, China, &c., in 1603. Particulars of this work, and of a pamphlet of Corint's journeys into the same regions. Exploration of the Portuguese n Peru, where they found much gold. The North-west Passage discoverers have failed.
November.—Particulars of the ceremonial of Prince Charles's creation as Prince of Wales. Creations of peerages. Singular death of Mr. Havers, a London merchant, who professed to be struck by a watery planet. Sir Robt. Naunton and Sir Lionel Cranfield made Masters of Requests. Richard Roberts, a rich Cornishman, who covets knighthood, has lent the King 12,000l. without interest; more such Robertses wanted. Increase of Turkish shipping; their pirates in Algiers do great damage to the English Levant merchants; necessity of Christian Princes uniting for their extirpation; particulars of their misdeeds. Segar, Garter King-at-Arms, and St. George Norroy, knighted, but Camden Clarencieux, "inferior to neither of them in abilitie or learning, hathe not put out his topsayles." Geographical queries relating to a more ready transit of goods from the East.
December.—The breaking of two houses at Elbing and Hamburg, which held 80,000l. of English goods, has caused great loss to the Eastland merchants, especially Alderman Cockayne. Lady Cheeke dead, nearly 100 years old. Consecration of the new Bishops of Bangor and Bath and Wells. Lady Harrington gone to Heidelberg, at the Electress's intreaty; she had 5,000l. for travelling expenses. Three Englishmen quarrelling, went to Calais to fight, and were all slain. Lord Rich married to Lady St. Paul, of Lincolnshire, Chief Justice [Sir Chris.] Wray's daughter. Sir John Swinnerton, late Mayor of London, dead; also Dr. Parry, Bishop of Worcester, "a good, godly, and learned prelate." The Archbishop of Spalato, "a man of great estimation, detesting the Romish tradition, quitted his prelacy for conscience' sake," and came to London. The Levant Merchants petitioned the Council to move the King to write to the Grand Seignior against the oppressions of the Vizier Bassa, who imposes new taxes on them, and against robberies and piracies, which threaten the overthrow of their trade. The Turks complain of injuries from England in the East Indies. The Lord Deputy of Ireland is proceeding roundly against recusants, and imprisoning those who refuse the Oath of Allegiance; but the prisons will soon be too little, for no magistrates can be found that will take the Oath, so that their charters are threatened to be forfeited. Gives an idle prophecy, sent from France, about the state of the world 1620–1630. France and Spain both sue for a match with the Prince. The King deliberates, but conceals his intention. Sir Fras. Onslow joined with Sir Dud. Norton as Secretary of Ireland. Dr. Burgess, the silent minister, allowed to preach again. Warm disputes between the Hollanders and English Merchant Adventurers, because the latter now carry their cloths over dyed and dressed, and 600,000 poor in Holland are thus thrown out of work. The Hollanders prohibit the entry of the cloths, and the English threaten to remove their station from Middleburgh to the Archduke's country; agents coming over for its settlement. Sir Walter Raleigh has built a ship, the Destiny, of 500 tons, and sets sail in February for his gold mine; the Spaniards will lie in wait for him, but he will have a good fleet of 500 men, and fears nothing. York Herald played a trick on Garter King-at-Arms, by sending him a coat-of-arms drawn up for Gregory Brandon, said to be a merchant of London, and well descended, which Garter subscribed, and then found that Brandon was the hangman; Garter and York are both imprisoned, one for foolery, the other for knavery.
January.—The Earl of Northampton's house at Greenwich burnt down, in which the Earl of Arundel had household stuffs of great value. His [Roe's] proposal of opening a trade to Persia is well received by the Council; as there is a madness in England after silk rather than cloth, it would be commodious, but there are objections; as that the Grand Seignior might in anger confiscate the goods of English merchants, and that as the Persians only trade for money, it would draw 600,000l. a year out of the realm. Sends the Archbp. of Spalato's manifesto of the reasons of his withdrawal from Rome.
Jan. 18.
25. Chamberlain to Carleton. At a masque on Twelfth Night, the new-made Earl [Buckingham] and the Earl of Montgomery danced with the Queen. The Middle Templars gave Buckingham a supper. The King gone from Theobalds to Hampton Court. Difficulties in raising a loan of 100,000l. from the Aldermen upon security of the royal jewels, and the like sum from the farmers of the customs, without which the Scottish journey cannot proceed. Bingley and Sir Lionel Cranfield accused of peccadillos in managing the King's moneys. The Treasurer boasts that he has reduced His Majesty's expenditure 1,000l. below his income, but the Chancellor says he is out in his reckoning. Sir Geo. More is about to sell his place, as Lieutenant of the Tower, to Sir Allan Apsley for 2,400l. The Virginian woman, Pocahuntas, has been with the King; she is returning home, sore against her will. The Italian preacher, Ascanio, has run away.
Jan. 19. 26. Fras. Neale to Mr. Nichols. Begs his assistance in procuring a presentation to an hospital, and the loan of 50l., which he can repay, having sent him a plan of suing out licences for alienations by which he can bring 5,000l. to the Prince's coffers before Michaelmas.
Jan. 20. 27, 28. Court rolls admitting Wm. Hellen, nephew and heir of John Hellen, customary tenant of a messuage and certain lands in the manor of Wyrardisbury, co. Bucks. Two papers. Latin.
Jan. 20. 29, 30. Court rolls admitting Cicely Hellen, widow, as customary tenant of seventeen acres of land in the said manor, with licence to let the same. Two papers. Latin.
Jan. 20. 31, 32. Court roll admitting the Same customary tenant of two acres of land at Fox Hill, within the said manor, relinquished by Wm. Hellen, with licence to let the same. Two papers. Latin.
Jan. 20.
33. Matthew de Quester to Carleton. Having had no answer to his many letters, fears they may not have been acceptable. Sends a letter from Mr. Bell, and recommends his suit.
Jan. 20.
34. Archbp. Abbot to Sir Thos. Roe. Importance of keeping up general intelligence from abroad. The Powers of Europe are interested in the affairs of the East, &c. Doubtful effect of a recent peace between Persia and Portugal. Sir Robt. Shirley's children all venture on great things, and come to beggary: Sir Thomas, the eldest, is in the Fleet for debt; Sir Anthony has his pension seized for debt; Sir Robert obtained Papal indulgences, &c., at Rome, and distributed them in England, and when called in question for it, laid the fault on his wife.
Jan. 20.
35. Sir Hen. Savile to Carleton. Private affairs. Commissions him to buy hangings for him, of some Seripture story, with the money to be received for the Chrysostoms.
Jan. 21.
36. Edw. Sherburn to [the Same]. His Majesty's journey for Scotland will be deferred if he will listen to the Lords' advice, on account of the present great wants. He has called for the Lord Treasurer's accounts, and Mr. Bingley is in such fear of detection, that he has begged leave, with tears, to resign. The King will himself take charge of Ambassadors' supplies. Lord Worcester and Lady Vere desperately ill.
Jan. 21.
King's Bench.
37. Bernardino Pippi to Lord—. Solicits his Lordship to forward his supplication to his Excellence for recovery of his lost liberty; would rather die than be banished from England, and have to return home with dishonour and loss. Italian.
Jan. 22. 38. Abstract of the patent granted to Sir Thos. and Hen. Cornwallis of the office of Groom Porter. They are to license thirty-one bowling alleys, fourteen tennis courts, and forty gaming houses in London and Westminster and their suburbs, and a bowling alley in every village within two miles of London; each to be kept by a trusty deputy, no cheating allowed, and to be closed on Sabbath days. With note of a similar patent by Queen Elizabeth.
Jan. 22. Grant to Sir Thos. and Hen. Cornwallis of the office of Groom Porters, and the licensing of bowling alleys, &c., for life. [Grant Bk., p. 169.]
Jan. 22. Grant to Sir Pat. Hume, Master of the Hawks, of 30l. per month, and 10s. per day, for life. [Grant Bk., p. 205.]
Jan. 24. Grant to Sir Chris. and Sir Thos. Hatton of the office of Seneschal of the manor of Berk, co. Essex, for life. [Ibid., p. 205.]
Jan. 24.
39. Mayor of Dover to Lord Zouch. Mons. La Tour, the French Ambassador, has landed at Deal, with a suite of thirty attendants.
Jan. 27. 40. Petition of Margery Bredgate, grandmother, and Elizabeth Poker, mother of Matthew Poker, to the Same, that he may be restored to his place as a Gunner in Dover Castle.
Jan. 27. 41. Sir Fras. Bacon to [the Council]. The patent of Clement Dawbeney for slitting iron bars into rods, which has been called in on complaint, is found very useful to nailers and blacksmiths, and was only opposed by one Burrell, who had set up a similar engine himself.
Jan. 27.
Dover Castle.
42. Nich. Knott to Rich. Younge. Understands his absence from the Castle has been complained of; it has only been on urgent occasions. Will be punctual in fulfilment of his duties.
Jan 28. 43. Order of reference to the Lord Treasurer, the Earl of Exeter, and the Bp. of Ely, on the points touching the drain of Clowse Cross, and the decay of the outfalls of the rivers Nen and Welland; a sluice to be made below Wisbeach for keeping out the silt, &c. They are to determine on whom the expense should fall, by mutual consent of the parties, if possible.
Jan. 30. Grant to Sir Thos. Compton of the office of Master of the Privy Harriers, for life. [Grant Bk., p. 197.]
Jan. 31. 44. Notes agreed upon relative to revenue; that the expenses be kept within a prescribed compass; the officers of the navy and wardrobe be spoken with; all assignations beforehand on the revenue be treated as debts, &c.
Jan. 31. 45. Account of the appropriation of 100,000l., borrowed from the City of London; with a note of the excess of the payments proposed thereon above that sum.