James 1 - volume 105: January 1619

Pages 1-10

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: James I, 1619-23. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1858.

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January 1619

Jan. 1.
Hampton Court.
1. J. Tonstall to Carleton. Thanks for kindness to his cousin Williamson. The Queen's health improves; she heard the Bp. of London on Christmas Day. The Prince and Buckingham have been to see her, and the King comes twice a week. The Countess of Derby is the only lady constantly with her.
Jan. 2.
2. Chamberlain to the Same. The King has been to visit the Queen at Hampton Court; danger is apprehended; the courtiers already plot for the leases of her lands, the keeping of Somerset House, &c. The tide turns in favour of Sir Edw. Coke; he is missed from the Exchequer Chamber, and wanted in the Star Chamber, to supply the Lord Chancellor's place when he is ill. The instructions given to the States' Commissioners are so short that the business is not likely to be done. Sir Jerome Horsey has married Lord North's eldest sister. The King has asked a loan of 10,000l. from the Merchant Adventurers. He has made seventeen Knights, men of no note. Sir Valentine Knightley dead. Tobie Matthew commanded to leave the Kingdom. Lord Rich's two ships lost in the East Indies. Mr. Wake's conduct much approved.
Jan. 2. Licence to Gilbert Lee to transport sheepskins, for thirty years. [Grant Bk., p. 268.]
Jan. 7. 3. Sir Wm. Smithe to Carleton. Thanks for care of his son. Many of the merchant strangers have had writs, but there is not so much expectation of their overthrow as before. The States' Commissioners were feasted by the King at the Prince's masque. Sir Thos. Roe gone to Persia to settle the trade in silks.
Jan. 8.
4. John Levingston to the Same. Thanks for kindness to his brother. Buckingham made a Marquis. It is thought strange amongst the old lords that he should take precedence of them.
Jan. 8.
5. The King to Sir Thos. Smythe, Sir Lionel Cranfield, and others of the East India Company. Appoints them Commissioners, in conjunction with several of the Council, to consult with the Commissioners of the States, on the settlement of the differences with Holland, relative to the East India trade.
Jan. 9. 6. Thos. Locke to Carleton. A passport is procured for the Chiaus. Some money is assigned to Ambassadors for their arrears.
Jan. 9.
7. Chamberlain to the Same. The King gone to Theobalds, Royston, and Newmarket, without appointing a Lord Treasurer; he means to bring the Earl of Suffolk to trial, before he displaces him. Sir Edw. Coke's preferment is at a stand. Lady Hatton gave a great supper and a play to the whole house of Howards and to Buckingham, who she wished to cast an eye on Lady Diana Cecil, as the King desires him to marry. Masque at Court on Twelfth Night, performed by the Prince, Buckingham, and others. Coke is one of those appointed to treat with the States Commissioners, but they will not understand his law French. The Queen is improving. Sir Lewis Stukeley is committed to the Gatehouse for clipping gold; nobody pities him, but as Paul Tomson was pardoned, he may be so too, &c.
Jan. 9.
Salisbury House.
8. G. Gerrard to the Same. The Christmas is dull, owing to the absence of the Queen through illness. The quarrel between Sir Hen. Rich and Sir Edw. Villiers settled by the Lords Marshall. The King blames Sir Henry, because, as having charge of his guard, he should keep the peace of his house. A vessel from Surat brings news from Sir Thos. Roe in Persia. Coryat has died in those parts, and left enough written to fill the world with new relations. Sir Lewis Stukeley is close prisoner; all his instruments, &c. for clipping gold are found in his chamber, in the King's house at Whitehall.
Jan. 9.
9. Sir Edw. Harwood to the Same. The cause of the quarrel between Rich and Villiers was some remarks made by Rich against Buckingham and Lord Hay; they were prevented fighting, and Rich was committed to his chamber, but liberated for the masque, which was dull. Lord Wallingford has surrendered the Mastership of the Wards; Sir Thos. Edmondes refused it, because its powers are much lessened, but Sir Lionel Cranfield stepped into it. There was hesitation in the Council about treating with the Holland Commissioners, because they were not authorized to treat about the Scotch fishing, but it was settled by the boldness of one of the Council. The Lord Chief Justice spoken of for the Treasurership.
Jan. 9.
10. Licence from Lord Zouch to Rich. de Rice, of Treport, to fish on the English coasts. With note of renewal on behalf of Nicholaus Capitrell. Latin.
Jan. 9.
11, 12. Similar licences to Wm. Perry, of Treport, with renewal for Peter Loisell, and to Jaques de Ver, with renewal for Wm. Perry. Latin.
Jan. 10. 13. Answer of the merchants trading to Russia to the King of Denmark's letter sent to the King. Hoped they had satisfied the King of Denmark about their right to Greenland and the whale fishery; but, as the Crowns are nearly allied, will accord to the Danes alone the right of fishing in those parts, if they will not bring their produce into England, &c.
Jan. 10 ? 14. Answer of the Russia Company to the statements of the Hollanders. Their claim to the prior discovery of Greenland is false. The contract made with them by the English in 1614, is invalid, being but for one year, and obtained by force. Their complaints of wrongs are unjust, since they were not attacked till they had been expressly warned not to intrude upon those regions. The spoiling of the English in 1618 was done without authority or provocation.
Jan. 10 ? 15. Copy of part of the above.
Jan. 10.
16. Petition of Paul Vinion to the King, for permission to work up the stock of materials for glass-making, which he had laid in before the King's proclamation of restraint. With reference to the Council.
Jan. 10 ? 17. Petition of the Same to the Council, to the same effect; offers to pay Sir Robt. Mansell for the permission, or to sell him his materials.
Jan. 10 ? 18. Sir Robt. Mansell to the Same. Shows that Paul Vinion's petition for licence to make green drinking-glasses would greatly prejudice him in his patent for the sole manufacture of glass, and is founded on fallacious statements, &c.
Jan. ? 19. Reply, by Paul Vinion, to the above statements of Sir Robt. Mansell, and again urging the request contained in the petitions.
Jan. 10 ? 20. Reasons addressed by the Same to Lady Mansell and Capt. Bacon, deputies in Sir Robt. Mansell's absence, in favour of his petition, and offering several modes of compensation to Mansell.
Jan. 11. Release to Geo. Marquis of Buckingham, of divers sums of money delivered to him in private and otherwise. [Grant Bk., p. 242.]
Jan. 11. Special licence for making swords, rapiers, and the like, for twentyone years. [Ibid., p. 269.]
Jan. 12.
Sir Robt. Naunton to Carleton. Description of the fire at the new Banquetting House at Whitehall, occasioned by some one carrying a candle under the scaffolding. [Holl. Corresp., Jan. 12, 1619.]
Jan. 12.
21. Sir Wm. Balfour to the Same. Buckingham is so much pleased with the picture given him by Carleton that he declares he will not part with it, even to the King; he is disposed to favour Carleton, and wonders he has not heard from him. The States' Commissioners are beginning the treaty.
Jan. 13.
22. Matthew de Quester to the Same. Sends packets. Thanks for favours to his servant, Paul Gannen.
Jan. 13.
23. Certificate that Augustus Cæsar, of the Inner Temple, has taken the Oath of Allegiance before Sir Art. Gorges and Fras. Williamson, Justices of the Peace for Middlesex.
Jan. 14.
24. Certificate by Sir Wm. Slingsby, Justice of the Peace, that Ralph Bagnall has taken the Oath of Allegiance before him.
Jan. 14. 25. Certificate of the White Bakers' Company, that they have no freehold lands, save their common hall, which they hold from the King.
Jan. 15. 26. Certificate of the Parish Clerks' Company, that they have no lands chargeable, as being given for superstitious uses.
Jan. 15 ? 27. Certificate of the Clothworkers' Company, that of their lands chargeable to the King's patentee, some are sold and others employed in an almshouse, for the sake of which they are willing to compound.
Jan. 15 ? 28. Certificate of the Cooks' Company, that they possess no lands given for superstitious uses.
Jan. 15 ? 29. Note by the Cordwainers' Company, that the land given to them for superstitious uses is devoted to the maintenance of the poor, in whose behalf they beg the King's favour.
Jan. 15 ? 30. Duplicate of the above.
Jan. 15 ? 31. Certificate, by Robt. Heath [Recorder of London], that the Cutlers' Company hold no land subject to the composition for superstitious uses.
Jan. 15 ? 32. Note that the Goldsmiths' Company have lands, value 35l. 2s. 4d. per ann., chargeable by the Statute of Chantries, for which they desire favour in the general composition.
Jan. 15 ? 33. Certificate, by Robt. Heath, that all the land left to the Ironmongers' Company for superstitious uses is devoted to charitable purposes, and therefore not liable to the composition.
Jan. 15 ? 34. Certificate of the Leathersellers' Company, that they are not chargeable to the King's patentee, the lands supposed to be liable being long since sold.
Jan. 15 ? 35. Note of such lands belonging to the Merchant Tailors' Company, as they fear may be liable to Mr. Murray's grant.
Jan. 15 ? 36. Note that the Pewterers' Company acknowledge sixty years' arrears for revenues of lands, value 110l. per ann., devised to them for superstitious uses; with remark by Robt. Heath, that only 9s. 10d. of the same was given for superstitious uses, and is therefore forfeit.
Jan. 15 ? 37. Note of certain lands left to the Saddlers' Company for superstitious uses; with remark by Heath, that they are not chargeable, for reasons alleged.
Jan ? 38. Statement that, on inspection of the evidences of the London Companies, upon the lands bequeathed to them for superstitous uses, 12,000l. is the total value of the arrears that can be claimed by the King, for which the Attorney General demands a composition of 6,000l., to be paid by the several companies in proportions stated, in which it is hoped the parishes and other companies will assist, and raise enough to ease the present charge.
Jan. 15. 39. Examination of Ralph Raisin, of London. Knows Lord Eure's two sons, who were lately at school in London, and their servant, but knows not where they now are, unless it be in Kent.
Jan. 15.
Salisbury House.
40. G. Gerrard to Carleton. Sir Lionel Cranfield still holds the Wardrobe, and has the Mastership of the Wards. Fire at Whitehall Banquetting House; all the pilferers in the town got in, and stole many of the King's things; the Signet Office lost most of their papers.
Jan. 16.
41. Chamberlain to the Same. Particulars of the fire at the Banquetting House, Whitehall; the papers of the Signet, Privy Seal and Council Offices, burnt. Information preferred in the Star Chamber Court against the Earl of Suffolk, his lady, and Sir John Bingley; if they submit, the King will deal gently with them, otherwise the proofs are strong against them.
Jan. 16. Grant to John Williamson of the Controllership of the Customs of Lyme-Regis, for life. [Grant Bk., p. 252.]
Jan. 17. Grant to Sir Nich. Salter of the office of Collector of Customs in the port of Chichester and elsewhere, for life. [Ibid., p. 252.]
Jan. 17. Licence to Dav. Ramsay and Thos. Wildgoose to make engines to plough without horses, for thirty-one years. [Ibid., p. 251.]
Jan. 17. Grant to John Cotton of the parcel of land called the Netherton Acres, &c., in Kent, for thirty-one years. [Ibid., p. 258.]
Jan. ? 42, 43. Petition of the Eastland Merchants to the Council, that but a small proportion of the assessment towards the expedition against pirates be laid upon them, their trade being not one eighth of the Merchant Adventurers, and much decayed. Two copies.
[Jan. 17.] 44. Proportions of the 40,000l. rated by Council, which are to be contributed, in two years, by the several trading companies, and by the Trinity House, towards the expedition against pirates.
[Jan. 17.] 45. Copy of the above.
[Jan. 17.] 46. Note of the proportions to be paid yearly by the above companies.
Jan. ? 47. Statement by the Master and Wardens of Trinity House, that the best mode of raising the 2,000l. per ann. [for two years], imposed on them as their contribution against pirates, will be by an assessment on trading vessels.
Jan. 18.
Philip Lane.
48. Warrant from Lord Zouch to Thos. Fulnetby, to deliver up to Michael Castell and Daniel Van Haringhook, of London, procurators for the owners, the portion saved of the cargo of the ship Sampson, of Horne, wrecked on the Godwin Sands, on their paying the Cinque Port droits, and then compounding with the savers, &c.
Jan. 18. 49, 50. Bond of Michael Castell and Daniel Van Haringhook, of London, in 8,000l., to indemnify Lord Zouch for delivery to them of the above goods. Two copies.
Jan. 18. 51. Information of Thos. Swan. Heard Thos. Ashton, of London, say that the King loved swearing and hunting more than the church, and that his late journey [to Scotland] was to erect cathedrals, where there was too much Popery; he condemned episcopacy, &c.
Jan. 18. 52. Examination of Hen. Awdy. Heard Mr. Ashton say that the King heeded hunting more than the Scriptures, and praise Mr. Stock and Mr. Gouge [as preachers].
Jan. 19. 53. Examination of Thos. Ashton. Never blamed the King for hunting or swearing. Reverences bishops, and never said the Bp. of Winchester leaned to the Pope; often attends St. Paul's. Is accused by Swan and Awdy, because they are displeased with his reproving them for drunkenness, and discovering the thefts committed by Swan on his mistress, Alice Fox, wax-chandler, of Old Bailey.
Jan. 19.
Proclamation that, for the better regulating of alehouses, patentees are appointed to prevent unlicensed alehouses and to seize forfeited recognizances. Annexing,
Directions on the yearly licensing of alehouses, the form of the recognizance to be exacted, the registering of alehouses, &c. Imperfect. Printed. [Proc. Coll., No. 62.]
Jan. 19.
54. Minute [by Sir Edw. Coke] of the "most prudent and gracious speech" the Queen made to him, that she wished her debts paid out of her own revenues, without troubling the King; and her jewels, &c. to be annexed to the Crown. She expressed her anxiety that the Prince should grow up in virtue and honour.
Jan. 20.
55. Robt. Curwen, Feodary of Westmoreland, to Sir Jas. Fullerton. Would be glad to do the Prince service in Westmoreland, which he can perform the more readily, having the records of the lands in his hands. The late Chancellor of the Duchy recommended him to stand for the office, but thwarted him in private.
Jan. 20. 56. Petition of Robt. Jones, prisoner in Newgate, to the Council, for release on bail, till his innocency is proved, having been imprisoned unjustly, in the East Indies, on shipboard, and at Newgate, by Lucas Antonius, a Spanish merchant. With report thereon by Sir Thos. Smythe, on behalf of the East India Company, that the prisoner was committed on important information from Sir Thos. Roe, the particulars of which must lie over till his return.
Jan. 20. 57. Petition of the Commissioners of Sewers for Cambridge and Ely to the Same. The request professing to be made on their behalf, for no duplicate to be issued of the new Commission of Sewers, was against their wish. Request a duplicate, and that, as the next meeting is to be held at Stilton, a remote place, at a time when much of the country is under water, and when therefore they cannot attend, its statutes may not be binding on their counties. [Numerously signed.]
Jan. ? 58. Copy of the above.
Jan. 20.
59. The Council to the Commissioners of Sewers. Directs them to postpone execution of any orders that may be made at their present meeting at Stilton, touching Cambridge or Ely, except that concerning the outfalls of Nen and Welland, the Commissioners for those counties being unable to attend that meeting.
Jan. 20.
60. Sir Gerard Herbert to Carleton. Will be happy to do any business for Carleton with the Lord Chamberlain or Earl of Montgomery. Lady Lisle has a boy, the only son to that house; the Earls of Northumberland and Leicester are to be sponsors. Death of Lady Haddington. Sir Lewis Stukeley likely to be condemned to death; all say it is a just judgment of God for Sir Walter Raleigh's blood. Fire at the Banquetting House, Whitehall; the whole palace would have been burnt, but for the providence of the Lord Chamberlain in having some place broken down; it might have been saved, but two fellows, who first saw the fire, went away and said nothing, for fear of being blamed for it; they are committed. The Queen recovering.
Jan. 21. 61. Order by [Sir Sebastian] Harvey, Lord Mayor, and the Council of London, for discontinuance of the playhouse at Blackfriars, on petition of the inhabitants, representing the inconvenience and blocking up of the thoroughfares occasioned by the great resort of people.
Jan. 22.
62. Order of the Marquis of Buckingham [Chief Justice in Eyre North of the Trent], on a petition by the inhabitants of Easingwold against the inclosure of 300 acres in the forest of Galtres, that the said land be used as a fresh pasture for His Majesty's deer during the winter half year only. Annexing,
62. i. Order at a Sessions at Galtres Forest, by Sir Edw. Stanhope and others [Deputies of Buckingham], for 300 acres called the Howe, in Easingwold, to be appropriated as a winter pasture for the deer. St. Mary's Palace, York, Sept. 16, 1617.
Jan. 23.
Sir Thos. Edmondes to Carleton. The Earl and Countess of Suffolk and Sir John Bingley are summoned to the Star Chamber, to answer to charges, that some reason may appear for depriving the Earl of the Treasurership. The Banquetting House at Whitehall burnt, but the King resolves on its re-erection. Sir Lewis Stukeley and his son imprisoned for clipping money. [Holl. Corresp., Jan. 23.]
Jan. 23. 63. Sir Edw. Harwood to Carleton. Lord Knollys [Wallingford] had good promises at his surrendering [the Mastership of the Wards], but they are not fulfilled. The merchants of London, to their great distaste, are likely to be ordered to send out vessels against the pirates. The City offers to rebuild the Banquetting House. The Spanish preparations are thought to be against the Venetians. Lady Har rington is returning from Germany. Sir Wm. Fielding is to take the trouble of the wardrobe from Sir Lionel Cranfield.
Jan. 23. 64. Thos. Locke to the Same. Private affairs. Sir Wm. Balfour is en route for Scotland. Lord Digby, Sir Fulk Greville, and others, are appointed to meet the Dutch Commissioners, but they do not agree well. The case in the Star Chamber against Dutch merchants still proceeds.
Jan. 23.
65. Chamberlain to the Same. The King will sit in person on Lake's case, and has ordered the lawyers to cut off all irrelevant matter. Promotions rumoured at Court. Executions of criminals. Lady Sandys, whose husband was hanged for robbery, has herself turned thief. Death of the Earl of Lincoln, and Dr. Edwards, Chancellor of London. Small-pox very prevalent. The Dutch Commissioners are found subtle and cunning; they are lodged at Merchant Tailors' Hall.
Jan. 25. Grant to Sir Lionel Cranfield of the Mastership of the Court of Wards and Liveries, for life. [Grant Bk., p. 235.]
Jan. 27. 66. Decree in the Star Chamber against Wm. Armstead, Thos. Harris, and others, who, contrary to the proclamation for buildings, have erected the whole or part of the fore-front of their houses of timber instead of brick; condemning them to imprisonment, to pay fines of from 40l. to 12l. each, and to pull down their fore-fronts, and rebuild them with brick.
Jan. 28. 67. Sir Thos. Wynn to Carleton. Splendid equipages, &c., of the Venetian Ambassador at the Masque; he is a courtier of ladies, and frequents the tennis court. Sir Lewis Stukeley's man confessed that his master has clipped coin seven years; he is in Sir Walter Raleigh's former chamber. The Lord Chamberlain Pembroke is spoken of for Treasurer, and Lord Hamilton or Doncaster for Chamberlain. No prospect of agreement with the States' Commissioners. Lord Rich takes it ill that the East India Company took his rich prize from him, and restored it to the Mogul's mother; it was done at Sir Thos. Roe's suggestion. Conjectures about the destiny of the Spanish fleet. A new and powerful Admiral, Marquis Buckingham, appointed. Lord Cobham is dead, and lies unburied for want of money.
Jan. 28.
Grant to Geo. Marquis of Buckingham, of the office of Lord High Admiral of England. [The original Commission, with the Great Seal appended, and an initial portrait of the King. Dom. Miscellaneous, No. 268.]
Jan. 29. Grant to Thos. Read of the office of Latin Secretary, for life. [Grant Bk., p. 251.]
Jan. 29.
Proclamation for stricter execution of orders for restraint of killing and eating flesh in Lent, and on Fridays; no butchers' licences are to be allowed; victuallers and others to be bound over in recognizances not to allow meat to be eaten, &c. Printed. [Proc. Coll., No. 63.]
Jan. 30.
68. Fras. Lord Russell to [the Commissioners for] the Earl Marshal's office. Excuses himself from attending the next running at the tilt, on account of his late large expenses.
Jan. 30.
69. Chamberlain to Carleton. The Lord Chancellor has issued new orders for his court. Sir Lionel Cranfield made no speech at his first sitting in the Court of Wards. The Earl of Suffolk and his Lady are charged with extortion, oppression, bribery, false dealing, embezzlement of the King's jewels, &c. His Majesty, on dismissing Visct. Wallingford, said his only fault was being governed by his wife. Certain persons fined for infringing the proclamation about buildings, which the Lord Chief Justice declared to have the force of an Act of Parliament; others will follow, too many for the Earl of Arundel to have all the penalties. Thirty coaches of ladies attended the Countess of Exeter to the Star Chamber. Report that Lady Roos is to marry Lord John Paulet, heir of the Marquis of Winchester. The Queen begins to recover, and has given audience to some foreign Ambassadors. Lord Digby's abilities commended in his dealings with the States' Commissioners. The King has been to Sir Nich. Bacon's, to see his beautiful grandchild, daughter to the late Sir Basingbourn Gawdy. Sends verses on her, said to be written by the Prince. Incloses,
69. i. Lines containing an anagram on Anne Gawdy.
Jan. 30.
Sir Edw. Harwood to [the Same]. Of the twenty-five ships in the navy, few could safely go further than Plymouth. The merchants are pressed to another expedition against the pirates, but they say it would anger yet not destroy them. The pirates have liberated their English and Flemish captives. The Spanish preparations not thought to be against England or Ireland. Lady Roos finds more friends than she expected, on the opening of her cause. The Savoy Ambassador has arrived, and Wake is returning to Turin. The King stays in town till after Shrovetide. [Holl. Corresp., Jan. 30.]
Jan. 30. 70. The King to the Fellows of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. Orders them to elect Sir Thos. Wilson, Keeper of State Papers, to the Mastership of their College, in the room of Dr. Wm. Branthwait, deceased; will take no denial, he being a man of learning and sufficiency, and having performed long and faithful service. Indorsed [by Wilson] with note, that the letter was not sent.
Jan. 71. Sir Hen. and Lady Savile to the Same. The marriage [of John Levingston and Mrs. Marwood] will take place at the Rolls on Sunday next, and the party will dine with the Master of the Rolls.
Jan. 72. List of those persons free of the Brewers' [Company] who are willing to pay the arrears, of those that are unwilling, and of those who did not appear.
Jan. ? 73. Petition of David Sampson, prisoner in the Marshalsea, to the Council. Has been employed as labourer for thirty years by the late Queen and the King, until the fire at the Banquetting House, Whitehall, for which he is blamed. Prays for release on sufficient bail.