James 1 - volume 112: January 1620

Pages 111-120

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: James I, 1619-23. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1858.

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January 1620.

Jan. 1.
1. Chamberlain to Carleton. The King came to town on Christmas Eve. Lord Walden and Sir Thos. Howard, sons of the Earl of Suffolk, are dismissed from their places, their parents being liberated from the Tower on condition of their resignation. The Venetian Ambassador has had an audience. Lady Hatton gives a feast to many of the Court every Thursday. Buckingham is so oppressed with business that he hands over suitors to his brother, Visct. Purbeck. Some of the merchant strangers are hardly able to pay their fines; many forswear the facts, and Van Lore says he shall leave England, for those who on such evidence take away his goods, may take away his life if they choose. The whole affair will be injurious to trade and to the English abroad. The Farmers of the Customs complain already. Sir John Wolstenholme is committed for grumbling against a new patent office in the Custom House.
Jan. 1.
Lyme Regis.
2. Mayor of Lyme Regis to the Council. The whole sum of 225l. laid upon Lyme towards the suppression of pirates, is not collected, but will be borrowed on interest, and paid in by weekly instalments.
Jan. 3.
Dover Castle.
3. Rich. Marsh to Nicholas. Sends the petition of Geo. Lopdale, prisoner. A matter is discovered implicating Jasper Brames, who was lately made free of Sandwich, and Peter Mace. Has entered process against them in the Admiralty Court.
Jan. 3.
4. Thos. Godfrey to the Same. Begs that the Bailiff may be ordered to stay the suit for assessment of poor rates for the town of Lydd, until the Judges' opinion be returned.
Jan. 3.
5. Wm. Ward, Mayor of Dover, to the Same. Mr. Brames, who was ordered by Lord Zouch to keep his house, solicits permission to go to a friend's house, to be cured of his ague by two old women.
Jan. 3.
6. The Same to the Same. The 100l. [contribution against pirates] shall be paid to him, but the ports renew their request that their money may not be the first called for. The tally to be struck in the Exchequer for receipt, &c. should be as from the Cinque Ports generally, the merchants and shipowners being too few, from decay of trade, to pay the contribution.
Jan. 6. 7. Geo. Carleton to Sir Dud. Carleton. Hopes his son Dudley will continue to improve. Private affairs.
Jan. 7.
8. Mayor of Plymouth to the Council. Will endeavour to collect the money required for suppressing pirates, &c. Begs authority to assess the merchants and shipowners in Fowey, and other members of the port, towards it.
[Jan. 8.] 9. Petition of John Edwards, prisoner in the Marshalsea, to the Same. Is sorry for having offended Sir Thos. Chamberlain and Sir Hen. Townshend by contrasting in his letter the leniency of the King and Council towards himself, a recusant, with their severity; begs release, being old and infirm, and having a lawsuit pending which much concerns his posterity.
Jan. 8.
Essex House.
10. Sir Fras. Nethersole to [Carleton]. Lord [Doncaster] is entertaining a company, at which the King will be present, and the two Marquises and others will dance a running ballet. Everybody speaks despairingly of His Majesty's intention to declare war, though he openly declares his slight opinion of the King of Spain's sincerity in the marriage treaty. The Spanish agent complains that Lord [Doncaster], instead of mediating peace, assisted in making the Prince Palatine King of Bohemia. This made some impression on the King, though he professes not to believe in the truth of Conte d'Ogniate, the relator, but Doncaster demanded to be confronted with him, and proved his innocence. His Majesty rebuked Bp. Baily for praying for the King of Bohemia, and yet he does not like Baron Dona to meet the Spanish Ambassador, lest he should call the King of Bohemia only Prince Palatine.
Jan. 10.
11. Sir John Killigrew to [the Same]. Has spent 500l. on the [Lizard] lighthouse, and had many certificates of its value, but no returns; will be a great loser, unless [the States] who are much benefited thereby, will contribute towards it. Despairs of obtaining an imposition like that granted for Dungeness.
Jan. 11.
Canterbury Castle.
12. Justices of Kent to the Council. Send a petition about corn. Tillage, being the general wealth of the county, should be encouraged. Inclose,
12. i. Petition of the Farmers of East Kent to the Justices of the County. The sea-port merchants refuse to purchase their surplus corn, as before, for transport to other parts of England, because they are harassed by informers; so that, though willing to sell their corn at from16s. to 20s. a quarter, they have no vent for it but at the London market, which is very uncertain, &c. Request them to procure redress from the Council.
Jan. 12. 13. Opinion of the Merchants appointed to consider a remedy for disorder in the trade with Spain, that the only plan is renewal of the former charter, which will exclude from the trade all jobbers who are not merchants only, and diminish danger from pirates. The inconveniences on which Parliament annulled the charter prove by experience far less than those endured since.
Jan. 13.
14. Justices of Peace of Wiltshire to the Council. Many informers fled on hearing that orders were issued for their apprehension; have taken three of them, Robt. Tredgold, John Tyladams, and Edw. Morgan, tried them, and sentenced them to pillory and imprisonment. Others are only agents of more notable informers of London, who extort much money by forging processes, informations, &c.
Jan. 13.
15. Wm. Earl of Salisbury to Carleton. Thanks for his recommendation of Mr. Kenithorpe to the Marquis of Buckingham.
Jan. 14.
16. Bp. of Chester to Sir Robt. Naunton. Has found the son and heir of Chris. Anderton, of Lostock, at the house of John Preston, of the Manor, who, pretending to accompany the child to the Bishop, secretly sent him away, and declares that being deeply engaged for the child, who is sickly and would incur danger by being sent to London, he will hazard the Lords' displeasure, rather than produce him. Will send up Preston by the Pursuivant sent for the ward, if the latter cannot be found.
Jan. 14.
17. Archbp. of Spalato to [Carleton]. The thwarting of [Carleton's] interests by the King, which he foresaw, has taken place. Sir [Chris.] Perkins, Master of Requests, tells him that Sir [John] Kidderminster has a memorial for Langley. Unless Carleton can induce the King to revoke the memorial, can do nothing more than promise him the reversion of Wraysbury, for a small fine. Sends three copies of his second volume, for the States General, the Prince of Orange, and Carleton. Italian.
Jan. 16.
18. Promise by the King, at request of Buckingham, of the reversion of the Mastership of the Rolls, now held by Sir Julius Cæsar, to Sir Hen. Wotton.
Jan. 17. 19. Answer of John Howell to the bill exhibited against him by Sir John Walter, the Prince's Attorney General. Denies that he ever laid claim to the possession of the lands in Narberth, co. Pembroke, which he holds from the Prince, or refused to surrender them, or defaced the boundaries between them and his own freehold lands in Templetown, and withheld the records, as is complained of in the bill.
[Jan.] 18.
Essex House.
20. Sir Fras. Nethersole to [Carleton]. To be zealous in the cause of Bohemia is thought a fault in the eyes of those that govern. Audiences of Baron Dona. Count Gondomar is expected, and Sir Walter Aston is preparing for Spain, and is to justify Lord [Doncaster's] proceedings in Germany. Sir Robt. Mansell is to be Admiral of the Fleet against the pirates, which will go out in Spring. The Council busy in erecting an Exchange for moneys, to prevent the export of silver by the goldsmiths, who have been the offenders, and will be heavily fined. Sir Lionel Cranfield has become a Councillor, and is married to a kinswoman of Buckingham, who is himself to marry the Earl of Rutland's daughter. Marquis Hamilton has refused the Captainship of the Gentleman Pensioners in favour of Lord Walden, that he might not seem to revenge an old grudge against him. Lord Purbeck is to succeed Sir Thos. Howard as Master of Horse to the Prince, and Chris. Villiers to succeed Purbeck as Master of the Robes. Sir Lionel Cranfield is added to the Treasury commission. Villeneuve, who brought the news of the French Queen's accouchement, is returning.
Jan. 18.
21. Bp. of Chester to the Council. Repeats his letter of the 14th. John Preston absolutely refused to discover where the child was, except on promise that he should be left in the hands of some of his kindred; which promise being made, he engages to deliver him up. Has bound Preston in 2,000l. to appear before their Lordships when required.
Jan. 18. 22. Account of the increase of receipts of revenue, since Oct. 19, 1619, total 10,754l., and of increase of issues 13,298l., with sources of future probable increase of receipts.
Jan. 18. 23. Statement of the revenue as presented to the Council, showing a balance, in ordinary receipts over issues, of 61,555l., to be spent on extraordinaries, when the sums anticipated on the revenue are discharged.
Jan. 18. 24. State of some of the King's pressing debts, viz., anticipations on the revenue, and loans of merchant strangers, and of the city of London; total 203,961l.
Jan. 18. 25. Note of anticipations made upon the revenue of 1619, 1620, and 1621; total 89,535l.
Jan. 19. Grant to Sir Thos. Bludder of the imposition on coals, for twentyone years. [Grant Bk., p. 281.]
Jan. 20.
26. The Duke of Lenox to Lord Zouch. Requests him to stay Sir Edw. Baynton and Mr. Duns, who intend to cross the seas to fight, if they attempt to pass by the Cinque Ports.
Jan. 20.
27. Sir John Killigrew to Carleton. Hopes to get a patent to compel contributions [for his lighthouse]; is in Buckingham's hands; has been much bound to Sec. Naunton.
Jan. 20. 28. Denial by Wm. Ward, Goldsmith, of Cheapside, that he seduced John Maria dell' Acqua, Glassmaker, from the service of Sir Robt. Mansell. Annexing,
28. i. Confession of John Maria dell' Acqua. Was sent for from Venice by Sir Robt. Mansell, and worked under him for two years; on some discontent, Mr. Pickayes came and offered him, in Mr. Wards name, the post of master of the glass works in Scotland; served Ward awhile, then Mr. Crawford, and lastly Mr. Orde, on contract, but the contract not being fulfilled, returned to London, and is now out of employment.
28. ii Deposition of Agmondesham Pickayes. Did not offer to John Maria dell' Acqua, to be master of the glassworks in Scotland. Acqua offered himself to enter the service of Wm. Ward, and said he left Sir Robt. Mansell because his work was increased but not his wages.
28. iii. Declaration of Jas. Orde. Paid good wages to John Maria [dell' Acqua] and Bernard Tamerlayne, who broke their contract to work for him, and stole away to England. Their witnesses are suborned or interested; is willing to pay their expenses back again, in order that the case may be tried before the Lord Chancellor and Clerk Registrar of Scotland, who were appointed referees in case of any dispute about the contract.
Jan. 22.
29. Chamberlain to Carleton. Lady Bingley gone to Newmarket to solicit against her husband's loss of his place, for which he has a life patent, but she will fail, the place being given to Robt. Pye, a creature of Buckingham. Audley End was found entirely stripped of furniture, at which the King is much displeased, and threatens the Earl of Suffolk with another Star Chamber Bill; the Earl is 50,000l. in debt, and will have hard work to pay his 30,000l. fine; he hopes for favour, as the King and Buckingham are standing sponsors for [his grandchild] Lord Walden's son. Sir Thos. Lake is to make his personal submission in the Star Chamber, and to confess the justice of the sentence against him. The merchant strangers are still in the Fleet, and the debts owing to them are taken up for the King. Burlamachi has made his peace for 10,000l. ready money. Sir Thos. Rotherham and the Earl of Ormond's son and heir are cast away at sea. Night funeral at Westminster of old Lady Mary Rogers, sister of the Earl of Hertford, and wife of Sir Hen. Peyton. No rejoicings, as usual, at the birth of the Bohemian Prince; the King said to be a strange father, who will neither fight for his children nor pray for them.
Jan. 23. 30. Matthias Pase to Jose Croppenberg. Has seen much good iron ordnance cast at Liege and Courland, and thinks English ordnance will hereafter be in little request. Minute.
Jan. 24.
31. Thos. Godfrey to Nicholas. The bailiff has stayed his suit on receipt of Lord Zouch's order. Particulars of proceedings in the unequal taxing of the parish. Hopes for the Judges' opinion as to whether a land tax per acre with a house tax is lawful.
Jan. 24.
32. Wm. Hannington to the Same. Requests favour respecting his brother's bond, and his place in [Arch-cliff] Bulwark. The captain refuses his brother's pay to his deputy.
Jan. 24.
33. Sir Rich. Bulkeley to the Council. Has paid in 592l. for his would-be son's widow, and is willing at their Lordships' desire to allow her 40l. a year, but not to settle it on her, lest she should marry again.
Jan. 24. Grant to Thos. Ball of the office of an extent of 40,000l. [Grant Bk., p. 281.]
Jan. 24. Grant to Geo. Marquis of Buckingham and others, of licence to make gunpowder. [Grant Bk., p. 281.]
Jan. 25. 34. Justices of Warwickshire to the Council. The complaint of the bailiff, &c. of Stratford-upon-Avon against Geo. Badger, Wm. Shaw, and John Beesley, for thatching their houses, was unjust, it being done before the orders against thatching arrived. The complainants are themselves living in thatched houses, and repairing them when decayed.
Jan. 25.
35. Sir Thos. Edmondes to [Carleton]. On the arrival of Baron Dona it was expected that the Elector Palatine would have been acknowledged King of Bohemia, but nothing is done; he went to the King to answer a Spanish paper against the acceptance of that Crown. The King was displeased with the Earl of Suffolk for trying to escape his fine of 30,000l., by conveying away his lands and hiding his goods, but the Earl has submitted, and promised to pay.
Jan. 25.
36. Chamberlain to the Same. The King and Prince were entertained by Visct. Doncaster, a bountiful and complete gentleman, yet some wish England had never seen him. Sec. Calvert and Sir Lionel Cranfield joined to the Treasury Commission. Projected creations, and changes of office. The King is at Theobalds, and will go to Newmarket, if the snow will let him. There was a false report of a quarrel between Hamilton and Buckingham, because of some remarks made by the former about the debasing of ancient nobility by new advancements. The Bp. of London told his clergy that the King had ordered them to inveigh vehemently in their sermons against women wearing broad-brimmed hats, pointed doublets, short hair, and even some of them poniards, and if pulpit admonitions fail, another course will be taken.
Jan. 27. 37. [Deputy Lieutenants of Sussex] to the Earls of Arundel, Nottingham, and Dorset, Lords Lieutenant. Report improvements in the musters, owing to defaulters having been called to account. John Bish, of Brighthelmstone, always contemptuously refuses to attend the musters, and his example does harm. Inclose,
37. i. Note of defaulters at the last musters, in Sussex, particularly of John Bish, of Brighton.
Jan. 27.
38. Dr. John Gosling to Sir Clement Edmondes. Details proceedings in the case of Goodwin v. young Cotton, during his Vice Chancellorship. Old Cotton, with his family, rescued the son by force when he was arrested, and he refuses to acknowledge the authority of the Commissary's Court; has no personal malice in the case.
Jan. 27. Creation of Sir Fras. Bacon, Lord Verulam, Lord Chancellor, to the rank of Viscount St. Albans. [Grant Bk., p. 283.]
Jan. ? 39. Petition of the Drapers of Shrewsbury and Oswestry to the Council, that they would summon Thos. Davies, draper of London, to answer for trading in their markets, which he first pleaded a right to do as a freeman of Oswestry, and afterwards changed his pretence, and appealed to the Mayor, &c. of London, to support his right to free trade, as a freeman of London.
Jan. ? 40. Petition of the Drapers of Shrewsbury and Oswestry to the Council. Complain of the intrusion of Charlton and Harby into their trade, by countenance of the city of London, who wish to engross all markets; pray that their trade be not diverted, as that would ruin them, and little benefit the Londoners.
Jan. ? 41. Petition of the Citizens of London to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen, to intercede with the Council for revocation of their decree, issued at suit of the drapers of Shrewsbury and Oswestry, depriving the Londoners of their ancient privilege of buying cloths in the Welsh markets. Signed by a great number of the citizens.
[Jan. 28.] 42. Petition of the Mayor, &c. of London to the Council, for examination into and repeal of an order in Council, prohibiting the freemen of London from buying Welsh cottons, &c., in the markets of Shrewsbury and Oswestry, the order being obtained by the misrepresentations of the drapers of those towns, who wish to engross the trade, and being already revoked in behalf of all other cities and towns.
Jan. 28. 43. Form of submission required from Sir Thos. Lake, acknowledging the justice of the King's sentence against him, for credulity and ignorance in countenancing his daughter, Lady Roos, in a cause foul and odious to the world and scandalous to the Countess of Exeter, and also for abusing the privilege of his office as Privy Councillor, by imprisoning Luke Hatton and Geo. Guillims, for his own private ends. Craves pardon of the Countess, and His Majesty's mercy.
[Jan. 28.] 44. Copy of the above.
Jan. 28.
45. Sir John Killigrew to Carleton. Hopes small good of his labours, if the case is to be left to Capt. Moy Lambert, a mere creature of Barnevelt, who has a grudge against him. The Lizard Light will be most useful to the Hollanders, often enabling them to gain their own ports, instead of standing out to sea, or running into English harbours, and saving them from frequent shipwreck. Hopes Carleton will settle the business, or his project will be ruined and himself with it.
Jan. 28.
Durham House.
46. The Bp. of Durham, Lord Lieutenant of Durham, to [the Council]. Has never encouraged the collection of Capt. Hodson's fees as Muster-master, because he refuses to train the troops; found no trained bands in the county, and neither foot nor horse are well furnished with arms. Capt. Hodson claims 50l. or 60l. per ann., but he is not needed, as each of the four wards has two deputy lieutenants and a captain, to train the troops and survey arms. Hopes to raise the footbands from 800 to 1,000, and the horse from 50 to 100. Has persuaded the county to compound for the King's household purveyance.
Jan. 28. 47. Petition of John Thornton, of Lydd, to Lord Zouch, for leave to proceed in his suit against the overseer, for wrongful taking away of his cattle for an illegal poor rate, imposed by the bailiff without consent of the churchwardens, and contrary to the usual custom.
Jan. 28.
48. Wm. Wyatt, Bailiff, and Wm. Chandler, Chief Alderman, of Stratford-upon-Avon, to the Council. Their accusations against Geo. Badger, Wm. Shaw, and John Beesley, for thatching houses contrary to an Order in Council, are substantially correct. Can prove that Beesley persisted in thatching his house, after many warnings, saying he would not tile his house to save his neighbour's apricot tree from burning, &c. The others refused to change their thatch for tiles, as has been or will be done by all who certify against them, &c. Annexed are,
48. i. Names of those who have thatched houses in Stratford-onAvon, since the orders to the contrary, viz., Geo. Badger, draper; Wm. Shaw, clothier; John Beesley, alias Coxe, carpenter.
48. ii. Wm. Shaw's bill for his journey to London and back, including the bill of the messenger sent down to serve the warrant on him; total 6l. 16s. 8d.
48. iii. John Coxe [alias Beesley's] bill for fees due to the messenger, 4 l. 4s. 8d.
48. iv. Geo. Badger's bill for going up to London, messenger's fees, &c.; total 5 l. 12s. 2d.
Jan. 28.
49. Sir Edwin Sandys to Sec. Naunton. Asks warrant from the Council to enforce the transportation of the hundred children to be sent to Virginia, at the expense of the City of London, there to be apprenticed and advantageously settled; some of the worse disposed of whom the City is desirous to be disburdened being unwilling to go.
Jan. 28. Creation of Fras. Baron Norris to the rank of Earl of Berkshire. [Grant Bk., p. 281.]
Jan. 28. Licence to Fras. Cotton to erect mills upon barges, &c., for twentyone years, for the rent of 4l. yearly. [Ibid., p. 273.]
Jan. 28. Grant to Hen. Visct. Mandeville and others, of all fines for licences of alienations in Chancery, for seven years. [Ibid., p. 302.]
Jan. 29. Grant to Amb. and Toby Dudley of the office of collecting the subsidies and customs in the port of Newcastle-on-Tyne, for life. [Ibid., p. 273.]
Jan. 30. 50. Certificate that Thos. Berry, Fras. Munn, Robt. Hodgkin, and Hen. Ireland, made their appearance in the Star Chamber to answer the charges of the Attorney General, and have entered into recognizances to remain as long as required.
Jan. 30.
51. Petition of Philip Jones, of London, to the King, for a patent to search all sacks of hops, home-grown or imported, to prevent deceits in the packing, the Act of Parliament for preventing sale of unwholesome hops having lapsed. With reference thereon to the Council. Incloses,
51. i. Statement of abuses in the modes of packing, gathering, and drying hops; of the expediency and legality of the King's erecting an office of survey; with request by the petitioner for a reasonble allowance for expenses of survey, &c.
Jan. 30.
52. The King to the Council. To direct letters to all places pleading privilege of exemption from the jurisdiction of the Knight Marshal, to admit Sir Edw. Zouch to execute his office, and to stay all suits against him therefor, until they have proved their exemption before the King's learned counsel, to whom the case is referred by the Earl Marshal's Commissioners.
Jan. 31. Licence to John Jack to make coaches, waggons, and instruments for sowing corn, for the rent of 13l. 6s. 8d. [Grant Bk., p. 277.]
Jan. 31. Grant to Wm Smithsby and others, for the annual rent of 20l., of all forfeitures upon a statute, made in 1 Eliz., for not unlading Malmsey wines at the port of Southampton. [Ibid., p. 279.]
53. Bailiff and Jurats of Seaford to Lord Zouch. The reason of the increased proportion of taxation on Lady Gratwick and her son Edward is, that the extent of their property is better known than it was; they are now only charged their just proportion, but no dues can be got from them without much trouble.
Jan. ? Grant to Sir Jas. Erskine of fines imposed in the Court of Star Chamber, viz., 8,000l. on Arnold Lulls, and 7,000l. on Jacques de Beste, for unlawful transporting of gold, silver, and coin. [Sign Man., vol. IX., No. 42.]
Jan. ? 54. Note that the King's reservation to himself in his printed book of all profits, alienations, fines, recoveries, &c., on his tenures, is a sufficient answer to the petition. Indorsed, "Mr. Nevill."
Jan. ? 55. Petition of the Merchants and Shipowners of Bristol to the Council, that the 500l. which they have paid in may be accepted in full discharge of their first payment towards suppressing pirates.
Jan. ? 56. Petition of Ingram Marton, of Westminster, to the Same, to procure payment to him from Sir John Bingley of 90l., balance of 100l. left for him in Sir John's hands by Ant. Reynoldes. Complains that Sir John's allegations against him are untrue; is well known in Westminster as honest and well-behaved. Annexed is,
56. i. Statement [by Sir John Bingley to the Same] that one Stevens was executor to Ant. Reynoldes, Commissary of Musters in Ireland; that he himself has nothing to do with the business, and that the complainant, Marton, is a lewd person, and refuses the Oath of Allegiance. Dec. 6, 1619.
Jan. ? 57. Bp. of Durham to Sir Clement Edmondes. Gives a full account of the present condition of the work at Berwick Bridge, with details of its erection; 10,000l. and 600 tons of timber, worth 24s. per ton, have already been spent upon it, exclusive of what was spent by the Earl of Dunbar from 1608 to 1611, and 2,000l. and 400 tons of timber are required for its completion.