James 1 - volume 121: May 1621

Pages 251-260

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: James I, 1619-23. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1858.

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May 1621.

May 1.
1. Mayor and Jurats of Sandwich to the towns of the Cinque Ports. Request them to join in an application to have their common charter, with all their privileges and liberties, confirmed by Parliament. Hope they will join to bear the expense, and will influence their several barons to further the cause.
May 1. 2. Speech of Sir Hen. Yelverton in the House [of Lords]. Was in a strait about the patents for gold and silver thread, and for inns, because Sir Giles Mompesson threatened him that Buckingham would have him displaced in a month, if he did not conform to his wishes. Thinks this an assumption of regal power, and would remind his Lordship of Hugh de Spencer's case (here he was interrupted). Suffers now by his opposition to Buckingham; acknowledges the justice of his Star Chamber sentence.
May 1. 3. Copy of the above.
May 2.
4. The Council to Lord Zouch. Edw. Sherburn, the collector of subsidies, will be ready at York House, Charing Cross, to receive 40l., as his payment of one entire subsidy granted by Parliament, of 4s. in the pound, which is to be paid in before May 10.
May 2.
5. Chamberlain to [Carleton]. Accusations accumulate against Sir John Bennet and the Lord Chancellor, chiefly from their own creatures. The latter made large offers to Kilvert, the proctor, to desist from his charges, but Kilvert only told the House of the offers. His Lordship lies languishing, and defers his appearance. The accusations and evidence against him are sent to him in writing. His first submission was too qualified, so he sent one more absolute; he tries to gain time. He could not be called before the House whilst he held the Great Seal, because it was not decorous that he should have it carried before him to the bar; it is now in the King's hands. Sir Hen. Yelverton's speech was chiefly aspersions on Buckingham, comparing his tyranny to that of the De Spencers, at which the Prince asked leave of the Lords to interrupt him for scandalizing his father's government; he is close prisoner in the Tower, the King being more angry than ever with him. The Lower House entangle themselves with needless business, but the King is very patient with them: they quarrel amongst themselves. Both the towns and universities of Oxford and Cambridge are unrepresented, Sir Fras. Blundell and the Mayor of Cambridge, returned for the towns, being cashiered, Sir John Bennet, member for Oxford University, in disgrace, and Sir Robt. Naunton appearing not for that of Cambridge. Sir Edw. Coke was reproved for putting Cambridge before Oxford. Floyd, an obscure lawyer, sentenced to the pillory, &c., for contemptuous words against the King and Queen of Bohemia, but respited because the King thinks it better to suppress such scandals than to blaze them abroad by punishment. The Lord Treasurer, Lord Chamberlain, Duke of Lenox, and Earl of Arundel were sent to fetch the Seal from the Lord Chancellor; and they, with the Lord Chief Justice, are to hold it in commission. Lady Lake, after many shifts, is at last driven to a complete submission. The merchants are ordered, though reluctant, to keep up their fleet [against the pirates] till Nov. 10.
May 3. 6. Order in the Court of the Levant Company, consenting to allow three months' additional victuals for the ships employed against the pirates, on condition that the rates of levying the tax for payment may be continued as first laid on, not as they have been since modified.
May 4. 7. Submission of Wm. Whately, vicar of Banbury, co. Oxford, revoking the assertions in his work called Bride-bush, that either adultery or long desertion dissolves marriage. Is convinced by the reasons alleged in the High Commission Court of their falsehood. [Indorsed by Laud.]
May 4. 8. Copy of the above.
May 4. 9. Matt. Nicholas to Edw. Nicholas. Private affairs. Desires a curate of honesty and ability. Is quite unfit to try for a doctor's degree.
May 4. Special licence to the [Muscovy] Company to transport to Russia as many Spanish ryals as shall amount to 3,000l. [Grant Bk., p. 346.]
May 4.
10. Ant. Hill to Nicholas. Requests commissions for Ansell Nathly, as Captain of the select band, and for Thos. Smith, of the general band at Hastings; that of the former to be made somewhat large, because he delights in training soldiers. Wishes Lord Zouch would allow more frequent exercising; once a year is very insufficient, &c. Mr. Newman consents to be Captain of Pevensey.
May 5.
11. The Same to the Same. Sends money for a debt. Commends Mr. Elfick, who would be glad to explain to Lord Zouch the quarrel between him and the Gratwicks.
May 5.
12. Chamberlain to Carleton. The Lord Chancellor sentenced to 40,000l. fine, imprisonment in the Tower during pleasure, and disability ever to bear office, &c.; he escaped degradation by only two votes. Sir Fras. Michell sentenced to a fine of 1,000l., imprisonment, and degradation. The Lower House attended the King to plead their privilege to punish Floyd. His Majesty said they could not condemn a man judicially whose guilt was unproved, but as Floyd had confessed to him, he would take care he should not go unpunished. The House retired dissatisfied; bold speech of Sir Edw. Cecil thereon. The Upper House also displeased, because the King has taken the punishment of Sir Hen. Yelverton out of their hands.
May 5. 13. Locke to [the Same]. The Archbp. of Spalato thanks him for his intended present of 100l. Sir Fras. Michell is imprisoned in the same chamber in Finsbury Gaol to which he was wont to commit others. The Lower House questioned the creation of Baronets, as being an honour bought with money. They fell on the grievances of Ireland, but the King sent them word he would have the honour of reforming that kingdom. Floyd was sentenced to the pillory by Parliament for saying that Lady Bess must come home to her father, and that the King of Bohemia had no right to his title; but the Spanish Ambassador having spoken to the King, he stayed the sentence, sent for the House, told them they had exceeded their bounds in passing a censure without the Upper House, and bade them attend to the despatch of important business; he told them to deliver their mind to him in a petition. Sir Edw. Villiers was sent out of the House for wishing to speak about a patent in which he is concerned, but will be admitted at other times. Lady Lake is released. Sends the Lord Chancellor's submission.
May 8 ?
Tenterden. Tuesday.
14. Ant. Hill to Nicholas. To give the 5l. enclosed to Mr. Dyer, if he is in London.
May 8. 15. Note of a speech, by Lord Spencer [in the House of Lords] that [the Earl of Arundel] had little cause to speak against a certain motion [for Sir Hen. Yelverton to be heard in his own defence, see May 19], two of his ancestors having been unjustly condemned in Parliament. With the Earl's reply, that, whilst his ancestors suffered for services to King and country, his Lordship's ancestors were keeping sheep. Also of an apology made by the Earl for this remark, to the House, and to Lord Spencer.
May ? 16. Supplication by Anne, widow of Sir Hen. Day, of Banham, and Thos. Downes, of Bodney, both co. Norfolk, for reversal, by Act of Parliament or otherwise, of a transfer by Robt. Hogan, the King's ward, of all his manors, &c. in Norfolk, value 11,000l., to his mother, Anne Hungate, then widow, now wife of Sir Julius Cæsar, Master of the Rolls; showing the fraudulent manner in which the transfer was effected, and the damage that will ensue both to King and subject, by admitting fraudulent conveyances of wards.
[May 9.] 17. Recital of part of a Bill in Parliament, preferred by Anne Day and Thos. Downes, cousins and next heirs of Robt. Hogan, who died under age, that a deed, by which, under colour of a fine, he conveyed the manor of Hamonds and other lands in Norfolk, his whole estate, to his mother Anne Hogan, may be set aside, on plea that the deed was unlawful, he dying under age.
[May 9.] 18. Digest of the above, and of other clauses in the Bill, on the impropriety of allowing to wards the disposal of their lands, &c.
[May 9.] 19. Copy of the above digest.
May 9 ? 20. Proposal that to prevent the secret export of money, the King shall keep a register of all bills of exchange; that to obviate frauds in customs, all bills of lading be registered on oath, and all vessels obliged to give in bills of lading, and also that all waggons and carts in seaport towns, which may convey prohibited goods, be searched and registered; that all charter-parties between merchants and owners of shipping be registered, to avoid contentions between them; that both merchants and owners enter bonds not to trade with the enemy, nor export more money than needful; and that all ordnance, munition, provisions, &c. be registered, vessels often carrying much more than they require, and selling it to the enemy.
May 9. 21. Inquiry by Mr. Mould, into the best remedy for the loss sustained by the English in their commerce with the Dutch, in point of exchange.
May 9 ? 22. "Answer to Mr. Mould's arguments concerning the undervaluation of our money in exchange," and the "settlement of the exchange at par pro pari," to prove that it would be disadvantageous, and that by the present mode of exchange, the English are gainers, and not losers.
May 9 ? 23. Project by Mr. Barrett to increase the customs and to restore trade, by making Spanish and French coins current in England, at their full value. With answers to objections.
May 9 ? 24, 25. Two copies of the above, slightly varied.
May 9.
26. Ant. Hill to Nicholas. The Jurats of Winchelsea slight his Lordship's recommendation, and purpose to elect two factious men as Jurats.
May 9. 27. Jurats and Freemen of Winchelsea to Lord Zouch. Robt. Butler and Giles Waters are incompetent for election as Jurats, because they do service in Camber Castle, and are therefore exempt from town duties; request leave to make a free election, if more Jurats are to be chosen.
May 10.
28. Mayor of Winchelsea to the Same. The Jurats have no wish to increase their number. Their excuse that Butler and Waters belong to the castle is invalid, castle officers having often been mayors and officers of towns.
May 10.
Gray's Inn.
29. John Philpot to Nicholas. Regrets the Lord Warden's displeasure about his cause with Tassell, &c. Has paid 10l. to Sir Thos. Wynn, and wishes to pay all honestly.
May 10. 30. Petition of Thos. Elfick to Lord Zouch, to bind Edw. and Thos. Gratwick to keep the peace towards him, an injunction being issued to stay proceedings on their former recognizances, whereby his life is in danger from them.
May 11. 31. John King and others to [the Commissioners for the Navy]. Certify the good qualities of the cordage and materials for cordage at Woolwich.
May 12. 32. Petition of Thos. Gratwick to Lord Zouch. Thos. Elfick, after long delaying to answer to his bill, which was referred to commissioners, has entered a counter bill against him and his friends at the Court of Chancery of Dover. Requests a conclusion on the former bill, and dismissal or stay of proceedings on the latter.
May 12. 33. Edw. Misselden to Sir Albert Morton. It was decided that, of the 8,500l. to be raised towards the suppression of pirates by the Turkey and Spanish merchants, the former should raise 4,000l. and the latter 4,500l. Mr. Leate opposes this order, and pretends that the Spanish merchants have bribed Sir Clement Edmondes and others to obtain it.
May 12. 34. [Proposed] Act for the better making of serges and perpetuanies, regulating their length and breadth, and appointing overseers in each manufacturing town, to inspect them and seal them according to quality.
May ? 35. Answers to certain articles relating to the manufacture of cloths, perpetuanies, and other sorts of new drapery, in the west of England, and the avoidance of deceits therein.
May ? 36. Report [by Sir Robt. Heath] founded on the certificates of Norwich, Colchester, and Exeter, concerning the new drapery, that it must be made of a prescribed length, breadth, and weight, and be submitted to sundry searches specified, to test its goodness.
May 14.
37. Order to Sir Ferdinando Dudley to obey the injunction of the Court of Exchequer, and yield up certain messuages and lands called the Old Park, in Sedgley, co. Stafford, to Martha Gravenor, widow. Latin.
[May 14]. 38. Arguments on the privilege of freedom of trade, claimed by the Cinque Ports and denied to them by the Merchant Adventurers.
May 14.
Edmund Hall, Oxford.
39. Matt. Nicholas to Edw. Nicholas. Fears the curate he recommends countenances dancing, but will try him, and allow him 20l. per ann. if he will not preach better than himself; hopes also that Mr. Evelyn will allow him his diet, for teaching his younger son. Has taken lodgings at Dean, at 4l. a year, which is too much for them.
May 16.
Sir Geo. Calvert to Carleton. Parliament nearly over. There has been "some justling, in point of jurisdiction, between the two Houses;" the Lower House having shown extraordinary zeal in punishing one Floyd, who spoke lewd words of the King and Queen of Bohemia, the King and House of Lords disapproved the punishment, as being out of the province of the Commons. [Holl. Corresp., May 16, 1621.]
May 17.
40. Petition of Peter Blancart, of Sandwich, to Lord Zouch, to dissolve an injunction in the Court of Chancery, for stay of process against Sir Wm. Monings, who tries to defraud him of a debt of 100l., Sir William refusing to submit to the decision of the arbitrators appointed.
May 17. 41. Locke to Carleton. No money is to be issued out of the Exchequer till Lord Digby is supplied. Parliament is about to adjourn. The Attorney General's sentence is imprisonment during pleasure, and to pay 10,000 marks to the King, and 5,000 marks to Buckingham for damages; Buckingham forgave him his fine at once, and promised to ask the King to remit the rest. The Bp. of Salisbury lately dead. Dr. Davenant likely to succeed him, &c.
May 17. Grant to Wm. George of the Clerkship of the Wardrobe, for life. [Grant Bk., p. 344.]
May 18. 42. Receipt by Wm. Hatcher, from Sir Clement Edmondes, of a Privy Seal warrant, granting to [Thos.] Boorne and [Hugh] Richardson the office of Searcher of Battery wares.
May 18.
43. Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London to the Council. Have rated the Grocers and Apothecaries' Companies together at 500l., for the contribution for recovery of the Palatinate. The Grocers paid 300l., leaving 200l. for the Apothecaries, which they absolutely refuse to pay, as being too large a proportion.
May 19.
44. Chamberlain to Carleton. The dispute about Floyd's punishment was ended by an agreement between the two Houses that it should not be used as a precedent; that about the Attorney General, by the King's remitting the case to the Lords. The Attorney's defence was so weak, with little but tears and protestations of good meaning, that his very friends were ashamed of him. Buckingham stands firmer than ever, and rejoices at being found Parliament proof. The Earl of Arundel urging warmly that Yelverton should be condemned without further hearing, Lord Spencer reminded him of sentences similarly passed on his ancestry, on which he retorted that Lord Spencer's ancestry were shepherds then. [See May 8.] Arundel was called to the bar of the House, but only consented to apologize in the place where he sat, wherewith Lord Spencer not being satisfied, he was sent to the Tower, where he was welcomed by the Earl of Northumberland, and is much visited by Buckingham and others. Clement Cooke was also committed, but is released on his submission to the House and to Sir Chas. Morrison. Death of the Bp. of Salisbury and Sir Thos. Tracy. Report that the Duke of Lenox has married the Countess of Hertford. The Bp. of London having relieved some poor priests in his last illness, the Papists declare that he died a Catholic.
May ? 45. Inventory of goods delivered out of the wardrobe for the Queen of Bohemia, viz., a crimson velvet bed with hangings and appurtenances, and bedroom furniture, en suite.
May 19. 46. Locke to Carleton. Wrote him by John Green, who took the hangings for the Queen [of Bohemia]. The Earl of Arundel was three times requested to apologize, which he was willing to do to the House, but not to Lord Spencer. The contest arose from Arundel's opposing Sir Hen. Yelverton's desire to explain himself. The Earl of Northumberland has petitioned the House of Lords to be admitted to sit as a Peer, and his request is said to be granted.
May 20 ? 47. Thos. Fulnetby to Lord Zouch. A bark laden with lead, belonging to Sir Rich. Gravenor, of Westchester, was sunk near Margate, but the lead and other merchandise saved, and though she is now brought into the pier, yet, as six or seven tides washed over her, thinks she should be considered a wreck. The Deputy of Margate lays claim to her as the King's wreck. Annexed is,
47. i. Memorandum that a bark laden with lead ran aground, between St. Nicholas and Reculver, out of the liberties of the Cinque Ports, and that the boatmen insisted on taking out more lead than the master wished, and were upheld by Wm. Coppin, the Lord Warden's servant. Indorsed [by Nicholas], "Sir R. Gravenor." May 20.
May [20 ?] 48. List [by Sir Robt. Heath] of Patents for Monopolies, some of which are condemned by the Commons, but referred by the King to the Council, some are surrendered, some still under discussion, and some to be decided on by the King.
May 20 ? 49. List [by the Same], of seven patents, condemned by the House of Commons, but referred by the King to the Council, and of seventeen patents still under debate; with notes of other similar patents, and memoranda of transactions in Parliament relating to some of them.
May 21.
Edmund Hall, Oxford.
50. Matt. Nicholas to Edw. Nicholas. The Bp. of Salisbury, just dead, was a good friend to them. Many deaths in that see. Thanks for the curate recommended. Will give him a larger salary rather than miss him.
May 22.
51. Jurats and Freemen of Winchelsea to Lord Zouch. Thanks for his permission to choose other Jurats; elected Barth. Pitt and Geo. Matthew, but the Mayor refused them, and swore in Robt. Butler and Giles Waters, without their consent. Beg that their own election may stand, or a fresh one be made.
May 22.
52. Sir Robt. Heath to Sir Geo. Calvert. Cannot find any reason to suppose that Thos. Middlecote, late Mayor of Boston, was concerned in cutting off the crosses from the maces, since he used them with the crosses, both before the damage, and as soon as they were mended, which was done at once by his order. Incloses,
52. i. Examinations of Thos. Middlecote and Wm. Jenkinson, late Mayors of Boston; of Thos. Brown, Wm. Bennet, and Thos. Shaw, residents; Ann Howet, a servant, Wm. Pury, of Lincoln's Inn, John Spring, of Freestone, Lancashire, and others [previously examined on April 7], to the same purport as those examinations. David Lewis, the complainant in the matter of the maces, professed to be the King's servant; the letter sent him to request him to stay his complaint never reached him, he having left London. Mr. Cotton, the Vicar of Boston, not likely to be guilty, as he condemned the Act. May 21.
May 24. 53. Account of mourning cloaks given at Lady Periam's decease, [to the Archbp. Abbot and his household].
May 25. Grant, in reversion, to Sir Wm. Harrington, of the office of Lieutenant General of Ordnance, &c., for life. [Grant Bk., p. 345.]
May 26. 54. Locke to Carleton. The Earl of Arundel prefers enduring restraint in the Tower to acknowledging his error to Lord Spencer; the King has written to him, and Buckingham and others visited him. Lord Digby is setting out, and has 40,000l. allowed. Floyd's punishment is increased by the Upper House; he is fined 5,000l., sentenced to be whipped to the pillory at Westminster and Cheapside, to be branded in the face, and imprisoned at Newgate. The Comptroller [Visct. Falkland] is to be Deputy of Ireland, and to be succeeded in the Comptrollership by Lord Fielding.
May 28.
55. Mayor and Jurats of Dover to Lord Zouch. John Waad has been reported to let slip words tending to the dishonour of Parliament. Inclose,
55. i. Declaration of John Waad, that his true meaning in calling the Court of Equity a court of iniquity, in a quarrel with John Broome and John Finnis, about parish affairs, was that they had long held a court of iniquity, by slandering their minister and others. May 21.
55. ii. Depositions of John Broome and others, that on the Bench of Jurats of Dover, in discussing some parish business, John Waad called the court a court of iniquity, but that he did not thereby mean the Court of Parliament. Guildhall, Dover, May 25.
May 29.
Admiral Ship.
56. Sir Robt. Mansell to Capt. John Pennington of the Zouch Phœnix. The road of Algiers is their place of rendezvous, and the Admirals are to hang out their lights so as to keep together; no vessel is to be chased unless the fleet can be regained that night.
May 29. 57. [Lord Admiral Buckingham] to Thos. Wilbraham. Directs him to take command of the ship Victory, going on the service against pirates. Annexing,
57. i. Instructions for management of the ship and crew: they are to proceed, in company with the Dreadnought, to join Sir Robt. Mansell's Fleet at Gibraltar.
May 29.
58. Clothiers of North Wales to the Council. Request that the staple for the sale of Welsh cottons may be re-established at Oswestry, the drapers of Shrewsbury trying to draw all trade to that town, which will be their ruin.
May 29. 59. Commissioners of the Navy to Robt. Pye. The 800l. allowed for the Navy for May is to be paid to Sir Wm. Russell, the Treasurer.
[May 30.] 60. Petition of thirty-two Ministers of Norwich to the Council, for renewal of orders issued fifteen years before, that they may have a certain maintenance from the English in the town, — as already granted them from the Dutch and French inhabitants,—of 20d. in the pound on the rent of their houses; they are at present dependent on the pleasure of the people. [See June 1.]
May 30 ? 61. List of days appointed by Ant. Hill for musters to be held at the different towns in the Cinque Ports, from April 30 to May 29.
May 31. 62. Musters of all the trained and untrained bands in the Cinque Ports; also certificate of provisions, ammunition, the state of the beacons, &c.
May. 63. Estimate [by the Ordnance officers] of the stores necessary for furnishing the ship Happy Entrance. Total cost 9l. 14s.
May ? 64. Propositions for erection of an Office of Pomp, to promote home manufactures by preventing our imports from exceeding our exports; to repress pride by levying taxes on all articles of luxury, &c. Imperfect.
May ? 65. Proposition that the King should save the treasure of his subjects by a Proclamation prohibiting banquettings at christenings, by which 100,000l. is now yearly expended on sugar, at an average of 5l. per christening, an expense which most people would gladly avoid, if not compelled to it by custom; also prohibiting wine to be drunk at taverns, whereby money would be saved, and quarrelling and drunkenness prevented.