Elizabeth: August 1573

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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'Elizabeth: August 1573', in Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574, (London, 1876) pp. 396-413. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/foreign/vol10/pp396-413 [accessed 2 March 2024]


August 1573

Aug. 1. 1109. Disbursements for Secret Intelligence.
Sir W. Drury, Marshal of Berwick, prays allowance for money by him disbursed for secret intelligence and sundry causes tending to the Queen's service, from the 17th February to 1st August 1573, amounting to the sum of one hundred and ten pounds. Signed.
Endd. P. 1.
Aug. 1. 1110. Captain Cockburn to H. Killegrew.
Saw Sir Walter Mildmay the day he departed, who "took well with him." On the "morn at night" came to York, when the Lord President looked at the date of his letters, "speirret" his age and marvelled. Departed from York at nine in the morning, supped with the Dean of Durham, and lay that night in Newcastle. On the morn came to Sir John Foster, who treated him well and made him good cheer; he read not his letters by reason he was playing at the tables. Came that night to Berwick; the treasurer treated him very well, thereafter to Coldinghame; he and his wife were away; came by Clerkington and supped in Ormiston, and delivered the tokens to her and the others. Thereafter came to his bed in Edinburgh, and in the morning heard that the Regent was in Aberdour, and would be in Edinburgh that Thursday at night. Met his Grace on Wednesday at the Queen's Ferry and there spake at length. He and all that fear God wish him here again, the ministers long for him. He has heard of Captain Robson's great success; there is great number to follow, and embarking daily. Montgomery has passed from the Lord Cathcart and other young noblemen, to know the state and return with speed. Lord Seton is excommunicated, and Athol has a short day to run or else to be excommunicated. The Earl of Argyle marries the Earl of Glencairn's daughter shortly. "The good Regent here is ever the longer the better loved." On the last of July John Dury preached before the Regent, and failed not to recommend the folks he knows, the King of France and his mother. There is a little book set out of their innocency, if it be of effect it will be thought that the Regent and Burghley have done them great wrong, but they have the better end of the staff. Understands a young woman of late has borne a bairn to Grange, and that he yesterday sent a love letter to her. Doubts not but he will cause his services to be commended to the Earl of Leicester, the Lord Treasurer, &c. Edinburgh, 1 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Aug. 1. 1111. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Cannot as yet get audience with the King, whether it be done on purpose, or whether their longing be satisfied by the Queen's letters, before the receipt whereof they were "with child" to hear the Queen's news. Has written his doings with the Queen Mother at large, so that the Queen may not only see the words, but also what by them may be gathered. Thinks the King of Poland will find the league of the Easterlings to be necessary to him.—Paris, 1 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P 1.
Aug. 1. 1112. Dr. Dale to the Queen.
The King has been so busy receiving the King of Poland, and the Queen Mother has had so much ado to compass money for this entry and the voyage of her son, that he cannot as yet have audience of them all, but the Queen Mother sent for him on Thursday last. First he opened at large her Majesty's care for the continuance of the amity, and that she found many difficulties that counterpoised her good affection to stay the earnest request of M. de la Mothe, and that she (the Queen Mother) might perceive her good meaning by the draft of the safe conducts he supposed she had seen. She said that it was the suit of her son to see her (the Queen), and if her son was not liked of as she wished, yet that the amity might continue as it had done; if she would give her son some general word of comfort they would be very glad, and all her doubt was she was determined not to marry, but if it were not utterly to forbear marriage, then they would adventure the rest. He said that it did not stand to her honour to give any further comfort than presently she found cause, and that it was far from her nature to give any ear to the suit if she were resolutely minded not to enter into marriage; he moved also that if passage was accorded to the Duke that it might not be bruited abroad, and that it might be under coverture of the King's repair to the seaside, or otherwise as a matter not of purpose but rather presented by occasion. Told her that passage had been granted to a gentleman to pass to Scotland, and desired that it might be one that would do good, and so declared Her Majesty's honourable dealing in that country, and that all her forces were retired. She passed that matter over as one that does not take it so much to stomach as some men would have her do, or else dissimuling it for the advancing of her present suit. Declared her contentment and that of her subjects at the peace that was passed, and how glad she would be if the rest were at repose. She said all was ended; but when he begun to press her that she perceived he understood the contrary, she said Montaubon had rendered, and that she thought Nismes would likewise be contented. She granted that they of Sancerre were yet besieged because they were obstinate. He said he trusted the King would not mislike if he made suit to him, not only for the care of his subjects, but for the quiet of his whole realm, and desired she would put her helping hand thereunto.—Paris, 1st Aug.
Copy. Pp. 6½. Enclosure.
Aug. 1. 1113. Occurrents in France.
The Protestants are possessed of a town in Languedoc called Aiguesmortes, one of the best havens in that sea, and a town of great force. The soldiers that came from Rochelle are arrived in Normandy, where the principal of them are selected, and others levied to furnish the number of 4,000 by M. de Milleray. The King has sent to desire passage by the land of the Turk, if need be, to Wallachia, and so by that way to Poland. The ambassador of Spain, understanding that a courier coming from Spain towards Flanders had been spoiled of his letters by the way, made suit to the King, of whom he had answer that the courier was going towards England with letters and jewels to the Queen and not towards Flanders.
P. 1.
Aug. 2. 1114. Robert Montgomery to Killegrew.
He shall not find him unthankful for all that he has obliged him where his ability and power may extend. Is directed by the Regent to go towards Flanders to offer the Prince of Orange 1,000 horsemen and 2,000 footmen to assist him in the general cause under Lord Cathcart. Prays he will inform the Queen, so that if they should arrive upon any of her coasts in their voyage they may find her favour and goodwill towards them upon their expenses.—Edinburgh, 2 Aug. 1573. Signed.
Add. P. ½.
Aug. 2. 1115. Dr. Valentine Dale to the Queen.
Had audience with the King and declared her goodwill towards his crown, and how earnestly she desired him to consider of those points of difficulty opened to his ambassador, and always be careful this treaty might not breed any mis contentment of any part. He answered that he had many ways perceived her goodwill towards him; but forasmuch as she did speak somewhat ambiguously touching his brother's matter, he would write his mind to De la Mothe, to be by him declared to her at large. He (Dale) further declared what good contentment she and all her subjects had of the peace, and how glad she would be to hear that the whole realm was in quiet. The Queen Mother in effect used the same speech the King had done, saving that she added she must needs desire her to be resolute, and though it were wisdom to take counsel in all things, yet in this she should follow her own resolution. He said mildly that because the matter touched her so near she had most cause to be well advised. At his departure he recommended the quiet of the poor men of the religion, whereunto she said nothing but as she was wont, "Il ne tient qu'a eulx."—Paris, Aug. 1573.
Copy. Pp. 2½.
Aug. 2. 1116. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Upon better advice they do not conceive much hope. They consider la honte the Duke might have if he should miss, and it is like they will be importunate to get some further word of comfort, and upon that determine whether the Duke shall come over; as for himself, he is ready to all things. He looked to have had some news, and showed himself glad to do anything he should be appointed. His pockholes are thick but not great, as are seen in many men, whose faces are little disfigured with them if the trait of the visage and the colour of the face do otherwise like. He was bashful and blushed at parting; his speech is not so fast, and seems more advised than his brothers'; "statura mediocre." The King of Poland thanked him for the Queen's letters of congratulation, and said he would have the like goodwill to her at all times, and acknowledged how necessary the Queen's favour was for his greatness and safety. Franciotto takes upon himself to be a dealer in the great matter, and will come over into England about it. The Poles do not greatly long for the 4,000 Gascons that were to pass there, and therefore it is thought they shall pass not at all.—Paris, 2 Aug. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Aug. 5. 1117. The Regent of Scotland to Killegrew.
On Monday the 3rd, Grange, his brother James, with Mosman and Cokky, the goldsmiths that made the counterfeit money, were executed. Sends the offers made for Grange's life, which are as large as possibly might have been offered; yet considering what has been and is daily spoken by the preachers, that God's plague will not cease till the land be purged of blood, and having regard that such as are interested by the death of their friends, the destruction of their houses, and the awaytaking of their goods, could not be satisfied by any offer made to him in particular, he deliberated to let justice proceed. Has written to Lady Lennox to crave at the Marshal of Berwick's hands the jewels of the King, which he is bound by promise to deliver; it may be that he will use them liberally at Court and make friends by them, therefore prays him advise her in what order it is best to handle the matter. Has caused Grange and Lord Home to be examined upon the report in print of their defection from the Earl of Murray. He shall receive their examination by Captain Cockburn. Trusts all letters they had will be deciphered speedily. There is a long one from Lethington to the Bishop of Ross at the time of Sussex being on the Border, wherein is enough of matter little worth the hearing. If Peter Young finds any difficulty he will direct them to him. Is well in hand with Border matters, having with him the principal of the Borderers and sundry of the chief thieves awaiting to see what appointment they can find. John Maitland, Lethington's brother, has declared that the French King, as fearing the dissolution of the amity between this realm and his crown, is altogether enemy to the King's estate, and would do what he is able to compass the overthrow thereof, as he would have uttered in effect if by the keeping of Rochelle his forces had not been diverted; that there is a league between the Pope, the Emperor, and the Kings of France and Spain, whereby they are bound with joint forces to assail this isle. The Pope seemed to be the procurer thereof, under the pretext of re-establishing the Catholic religion, but in effect was moved by the King of Spain for particular respects. There was a practice of marriage between Don John of Austria and the Queen of Scots, the course whereof by her restraint has been interrupted, but is yet entertained by ministers on both parts who are awaiting till occasion shall serve to prosecute further. The foreign nation in whom the Castle had greatest confidence was France, wherefrom they should have had threescore thousand francs by the year; that which Chisholm brought was the first quarter. The reason wherefore the King of France was so earnest to maintain that faction is that he thinks not only that he has lost through the King's party the amity and good intelligence so long continued between this realm and his crown, but also has received divers foils and been constrained to suffer great indignities of England; so he intends, having quieted his own country, to subvert the present state and alter the government here, which he thinks would be easy to compass either by force or by capitulation, or compounding differences with the Queen of England. Has sent a cast of falcons to the Lord President, and as many to Lord Scrope, and desired that the Earl of Leicester shall send direction to some at Berwick to receive such hawks as he will send.—Holyrood House, 5 Aug. 1573. Signed.
Endd. Pp. 2¼.
[August.] 1118. Offers for Grange's Life.
Fivescore gentlemen, the least of them having heritage worth 500 marks Scottish in the year, kinsmen, friends, and well-willers of Grange, offer to the Regent in their names and his that they will become servants, themselves and their offspring, perpetually to the houses of Angus and Morton, by giving of their bond and man-rent, and should hold their whole heritage of those houses, and for more thraldom shall pay 20l. annually. They offer, for satisfying of costs made by the Regent, 20,000l., to be paid betwixt this and Michaelmas. In case Grange shall in any time hereafter come in the contrary of the King's service, they offer that they may lose their heritage and all other things that may serve for satisfying. There are jewels of the Queen's in sundry hands to the value of 20,000l., which they offer to be delivered. Signed: Barnbowgall, for sundry gentlemen, who hereafter shall give their names in writing.
Copy. Endd. P. 1. Enclosure.
August 5. 1119. The Regent of Scotland to Lady Lennox.
Advertises her of the execution of Grange and others. Of the plate and jewels little was left in the Castle, but dispersed and engaged for money to entertain the war, yet the inventory and manner of their disposition fell into his hands. Has since used his goodwill and diligence to recover such again as were recoverable, amongst others such as the Marshal of Berwick has as appears by Grange's deposition. Has thought good to let the craving of them from him now being in the south be by her, whereby he shall be the rather moved to do that which he is "debtbound" by accord and promise. It may be that he will be liberal of this gear and thus think to acquire favor at Court, wherein Mr. Killegrew shall give her his best advice, being well acquainted with the Marshal's dealings in this and other matters.—Holyrood House, 5 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
August 5. 1120. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Perceives upon the hearing of his last account to Michaelmas 1571 touching the allowance of the fees of himself, the Controller, and the Surveyor in the books of the works, a special caveat has been entered to restrain his allowance from thence, until a new warrant were obtained from the Queen for the same. The knowledge of the restraint came not until Candlemas last, and the Controller and Surveyor had received allowance according to the former warrants from Michaelmas 1571 to Christmas last, and therefore is a humble suitor that he may not be abridged of any of the allowance until the time of the warning given to him. The same was granted to him on the breaking up of the fortifications, in consideration of the bargain for the victualling of the town, as without which he would not have adventured therein, being so hard a reckoning as he does every year spend thereon all manner of his own allowances and a good portion more, to the decay of his living formerly gotten, by reason of continual repair of decayed places in the weakened walls, wherein every year one piece or another of the old wall falls in. The Controller has not been there for two or three years, and the Surveyor not occasioned to send to any place out of the town. The bridge is presently in hand, wherein he has had somewhat ado with Mr. Johnson, the surveyor, to travail therein with his advice and attendance by reason of the restraint of his allowance, having besides no living of the Queen but eight pence by the day as master mason; beseeches for his encouragement to have letters to continue the payment of twenty-two pence per diem granted to him, which with the said eight pence makes two shillings and six pence per diem, wherewith he would be well contented, until he should be employed for any new fortification.—Berwick, 5 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
August 6. 1121. Robert Melvil to Lord Burghley.
Understands how the Queen has been favorable to him in suiting for his life, and that he has been his special good lord in remembering the old favor shown to him at all times, and will return the same with service and good will.—Lethington House, in prison, 6 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
August 8. 1122. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Cavalcanti told him that a great man, one of the most secret of the Council, conferred with him touching the Duke, and cast many doubts that the Queen should mean not to conclude this way, and what disgrace and dishonour it should be to them here, and what grief and offence it was like to breed, and that they would gladly know further of her mind before they went further, and therefore did mind to send some one better to feel her inclination, and to declare to her in secresy what dangerous enterprises had been purposed which they for good will had forborne, and what dangerous matter might be avoided by the amity; they doubted whether they should send him (Cavalcanti) alone, or the great man in post, and him to go before to know if it should be her pleasure that the great man should come, in which thing he asked his mind. Made answer he had no commission to deal in any such thing and therefore could say nothing thereon; howbeit to discourse as a friend he said the King and Queen Mother did best know how often the Queen by mouth, by letter, by him, by Mr. Horsey, and by all means declared her care lest this matter might breed unkindness, how they did not only protest that this matter should not diminish any amity of their side, the Queen Mother adding she would remain in amity though the Queen would the contrary; she would never give ear to their suit if she were determined to the contrary. One thing he would advise them well to beware lest they pressed her over much, for fear that while they went about to win some further point of her, they might break off all; for himself he never saw better way to do good than frankly to trust to her good nature. Advised him not to deal in this matter alone, but to have some man to help bear the blame if things were not well taken of either side. The Duke has been sick this three or four days and is thought to be upon recovery. Has sent the Secretary the very true copy of the peace of Rochelle, which is kept so secret here that they dare not shew it. They of Nismes have demanded respite to advise themselves whether they will accept the peace, and Languedoc remains in arms. M. de Valence is arrived with the ambassadors from Poland, except those stayed by the Duke of Saxony, who are released and are looked for at Metz shortly. The two Huntleys are arrived with great countenance, and Gondy sent word there are other two Scotchmen passed in haste from Spain into Flanders, to the intent he might inquire who they are and what their errand might be. Such is their jealousy with Spain, but the Spaniards are even with them, for they are ready to advertise any practise that may be wrought against England by them, for which purpose he does the more entertain the ambassador of Spain by message to and fro.—Paris, 8 August 1573. Signed.
2. P.S.—As far as he can gather it is the Count de Retz they mind to send; he shall come to Calais either for the setting forth of the ships for the King of Poland, or at least for the countenance thereof, and so take his passage and make his return before it be known. If he misses of the person or they change their determination prays him to help make his excuse, for in such a case he would rather advertise what he can gather than nothing at all. Upon his persuasion Cavalcanti said they are resolved not to press to win any further matter of the Queen, but that this man shall do all good offices of courtesy and persuasion. Franciotto is already towards England, and says he will do somewhat both in this matter and for them of the religion there.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
August 8. 1123. Thomas Wilkes to Walsingham.
One Mr. Gordon a Protestant, and servant of the King, and in times past preferred in England to the late Duke of Norfolk by the Lord Treasurer, and suspected of dealing between the Duke and the Queen of Scots, he being a Scot born, and times past servant to the Queen of Scots, came to the Court and told him that while the Queen Mother was at Charleval she took occasion to demand of him certain things touching the state in England, and particularly of the Queen's life and disposition. He gave that commendation of her virtues that he knew in his conscience to be true. Then she likewise asked him what he thought would be the success of their suit to her. He answered that the Queen would the rather accept their suit, as she would make the surer knot of amity between England and France, as not any way trusting the Spaniard, although she were now in league with him, and she would the sooner give ear to them, considering the state of England were to receive alteration, if it should please God to take her away without issue, she yet being in sufficient plight to bear children, and desiring the quietness and long weal of her state. What was of the greatest force and efficacy to prove the sequel was that the Earl of Leicester and the Lord Treasurer, who have borne the greatest sway under her since the beginning of her reign, and received great advancement, to the discontentation of those of the contrary religion, would by all means add their goodwills to the advancing of such a one by whom they might be defended from all storms of fortune, for the Duke has always been well affected towards the Hugenots, and it is likely will prove one if he come over into England, which argument was very well liked of the Queen Mother. These things he insinuated to him that the Lord Treasurer might know his goodwill towards England, and him particularly, and herewithal began to excuse himself of the suppositions had of him for dealing between the Duke and the Queen of Scots, and purge himself of the book that is written in the defence of the Queen of Scots, which he protests he never knew of. He offered to come over and abide the Lord Treasurer's disposition, and also to give such intelligence from time to time as he might without the prejudice of his credit where he is, he being a gentleman of the King's chamber. It is reported that Languedoc after a truce taken for certain days to deliberate whether they might accept the peace, are in the end yielded thereunto. Dauphiny requires four towns for their surety, and otherwise will not accept the peace, and therefore they have determined to cool them by force if they can. The entry for Poland is hastened sooner than it should have been by eight days, and it is thought he will take his journey through Germany. There was 50,000l. given for the preparation of the ships, which are called in again. There is great talk here of the setting forth of the Queen's navy. Sends copy of an oration pronounced by the Rochellois to the King of Poland on his departing thence.— Paris, 8 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
August 11. 1124. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
They have done nothing for matter of counsel touching their sending to the Queen, but have gone to make merry in this town and St. Germains, where there happened one thing very offensive in the house of De Prat, Provost of Paris, who was hostage with the Queen; his horses were taken out of his stables, and a few crowns borrowed of him in sport. Yesterday the Queen Mother desired him to advertise that the Duke had been sick for eight days of a fervent fever, and that now he was better amended, and the pourpres did appear upon him, and was like to do well shortly, which was the cause they had not sent any word to De la Mothe. Has spoken again with the King of Poland, who gives great thanks to the Queen's Majesty, and entertains all them that come to congratulate him, with such general words of thanks, without moving any particular matter.—Paris, 11 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
August 12. 1125. R. Melvil to Lord Burghley.
Is not able to acquit himself of the great favour shewn to him in need, but to his utter power shall wish him all prosperity and be thankful for his benevolence. Prays him to be a mean to the Queen to solicit the Regent that he may find favour, as he has enemies who are busy to hinder him. Has written to the Queen to give her thanks for his life. Prays him present his commendations to his lady for her kindness to him in his misery.—Lethington House, 12 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
August 14. 1126. Robert Melvil to Lord Burghley.
Prays him to continue in requesting the Queen to write in his favour to the Regent, and to write himself, for he has good hope in the Regent's goodness, but he has particular enemies that travail in the contrary, burdening him with knowledge or consent to every murder or bloodshed, but is fallen in this trouble for the promise made to the Queen being moved by others to deal therein. Killigrew will inform him of his part, and at his power he is willing to be a faithful servant to the King.—Lethington House, 14 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
August 14. 1127. Rowland Johnson to Lord Burghley.
1. Sir Valentine Browne shews him that he has been commanded to pay no more the 22 pence a day that was added to his poor fee of eight pence a day for his better relief; he humbly beseeches him to stand his good lord in the same, for he is a poor man, and may very evil travail in any long suit. When he was given a special charge for the building of the bridge when it was broken down with the great tempest, he must remember in what miserable case it then was, and for that he had special commandment, he searched his poor wit to do the best, and also the pains and diligence that lay in him to accomplish it according to the Queen's expectation, as Sir Valentine Browne can declare, who took no small pains in the same, for that he did see the work not only huge but chargeable and dangerous, being water work, and by his good relief to the poor workmen made them the more willing to apply themselves. For the wage of the last year's work, the Treasurer says that it is stayed, and if any of them all deserve any wage in the work, it was deserved the last year, for there wanted not all manner of pains and diligence that they could do. Beseeches him to signify his pleasure therein to Sir Valentine Browne that his favourable answer and direction may be known. Berwick, 14 August 1573. Signed.
2. P.S.—Till such time as his full resolution come in these causes, they can make no reckoning with Sir Valentine Browne, either for victuals or wages.
Add. Endd. P. 12/3.
August 15. 1128. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The Duke is on recovery, but he cannot learn if they have made any further resolution touching his matter, but stand upon their former intention. They make hard shifts for money at the Italians' hands, who have marvellous gain in bargains of offices and other revenues of the King. It is secretly spoken there should be some quarrel at Dantzic between them of the town and young Lansac's men, which is the more like because they of Dantzic are a free city, who of late years have found themselves grieved with the King of Poland for that he did proffer to usurp upon them; and now they may well doubt by the example of Metz, that if they should admit the French, they would make themselves masters of that town to receive such forces as may come from time to time by sea. If they of Dantzic will not suffer their forces to land there, they have no good mean to bring any power of men from hence to Poland. Peradventure he shall think it good that the Dantzic men may be warned to stand upon their guard, and so let all the enterprises the French may have by sea. The peace of Rochelle is newly published in the Court of Parliament. The Duke of Longueville is dead, and the Prince of Condé sick. Paris, 15 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
August 16. 1129. Nicholas Guildenstiern to Lord Burghley.
Excuses his delay in answering his letter. Has endeavoured to obtain repayment of the money owing to the merchants, but the war with the Muscovites and other difficulties have interfered with his success; but trusts that the matter may be settled on the return of peace. Stockholm, 16 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. P. ½.
August 16. 1130. Thomas Morgan to Lord Burghley.
Encloses the particulars of their late success. The Duke pending his attempt upon Zealand, committed the direction of the affairs by land to Mondragon, by sea to Bevois, who with 40 hoys and 14 great ships, addressed for the victualling of Middleburgh, descended the river and landed near Campvere, at a place called the Hague. Flushing, 16 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
August 18. 1131. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Sends a packet from Robert Melvil brought to him that morning by Captain Home. To-morrow the Regent takes his journey from Holyrood to Peebles towards Annandale, opposite the West Marches, for taking order with the thieves of those parts. Has sent 40 soldiers of the garrison to watch that none of the rebels resort to these Marches for succour. Berwick, 18 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
August 18. 1132. Dr. Valentine Dale to [Lord Burghley].
Two Poles, mentioned in a letter from Sturmius, showed him a procuration of them of the religion in Poland to deal with the French King and the King of Poland for them of the religion in France and Poland, and said in good Latin speech, that for as much as they could not compass the election of a Protestant, they were constrained rather than choose the Muscovite or one of the House of Austria, to choose one that was farthest off, who might be best ruled and do least harm. They had made a general league among themselves not to permit any innovation to the prejudice of religion, the King promising to confirm it at his coronation. They of Germany and Switzerland have also presented certain requests to be obtained for them of the religion. He answered that he could not do any service more to the Queen's contentation than to travail for the common cause of religion, and the quietness of all Christendom. Shewed unto them what peace had passed at Rochelle, and had been done at Montauban and at Nismes, and how they of Dauphiny and Languedoc remained in arms, and that men doubted of the execution of the peace here as of the performance of things promised in Poland, specially because the Pope had sent an ambassador to congratulate the King of Poland, and another with a rose of gold, and a third to follow the King into Poland to solicit him to continue in his old disposition, the Spanish ambassador did nothing else but persuade the same, and the Cardinals here would never suffer them of the religion to live in peace. Thought they had need to take heed lest the French should possess themselves of some seaport town by color of passage by sea, and so bring to pass practices with the Papists, further to consider whether the amity of the French with the Turk might not bring such inconvenience in Poland as had happened in Hungary and Transylvania. They were glad to hear of the state of things. Touching the surprising of their ports, they hoped the King of Denmark would not suffer any number of men to pass that way. They doubted not the Turk because this King was chosen against his mind, and they thought the King of Poland would make himself strong against him to keep his own State. Put them in remembrance that the French take the King of Denmark to be their pensionary, and if they were never so strong yet by factions many things might happen, and warned them that the French would have secret counsels and practices which they should be the last to know of. He will see that the King had promised liberty of religion and how secretly it is kept, to the intent to bring them of the religion to as slender covenants as may be, and yet have they not granted so much as they promised, and if they could have gotten by force would not have granted anything at all. Prays for directions how to govern himself to the Kings of France and the King elect and the ambassadors of Poland. The two Scottishmen that went through France into Flanders were two Hamiltons, whereof one slew the Regent. It is now spoken from the Count de Retz that he goes to England shortly. There is a great faction at the court between the friends of the Prince of Condé and the Duke of Nevers for the government of Picardy, void by the death of the Duke of Longueville. The Prince of Condé is so sick that some doubt of his recovery. The Duke of Alençon is yet very weak of his sickness.—Paris, 18 August 1573. Signed.
Endd. Pp. 3½.
August 19. 1133. The Regent of Scotland to Lady Lennox.
Thanks her for the great care and goodwill she shews to the furtherance of the King's affairs. Trusts to hear shortly what expedition she is likely to find in the suit for the jewels, wherein that man's dealing he hopes will not be allowed or found honest. The pieces mentioned to have been delivered by Archibald Douglas are delivered in the hands of Sir Valentine Browne, who has disbursed the money for which they lay in pawn. Stands unresolved of a great part of the matters delivered to Henry Killegrew at his departing.— Holyrood House, 19 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
August 19. 1134. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Has good cause to acknowledge with thankful heart and action Killegrew's honest and true part towards him; as he has found better dealing with none of that nation of his quality, would be most glad if it were the Queen's pleasure to return him here. Prays him to be a good mean in furthering the Queen's answer and resolution of that which was before unanswered, and of that which he has newly written.— Holyrood House, 19 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
August 19. 1135. Alexander Hay to Killegrew.
The Regent looks for more full resolution upon his reply, reposing chiefly on his good will and travails. Huntley means truth and peace, and could have wished his brother to have tarried at home or passed another way, but having a greater charge of attendants than his rent might bear, was constrained to cross the sea, by which he might be discharged of his burden. It may be that he shall not find such golden hills in France, but come home unpaid of his pension as many of his countrymen do; it shall not be evil done if the ambassador in France be warned to take heed of his state and behaviour. The Queen's advice concerning the murders condemn those folks to despair, and gives them matter to think what will be their relief when the King comes to perfect age. The general assembly of the ministry has plainly denied to discharge the Earl of Huntley of the thirds during the troubles, and has allowed the order for distributing the present ministry over all parts of the realm, which may help the policy of the Kirk, but not greatly enrich the King. There is no pnblic trouble presently saving between Athol and Macintosh, and betwixt the Laird of Johnstone and the Grahams. The Regent has obtained many of the jewels that were dispersed in this realm, saving the piece that was in the Queen's hands, which in the end it is thought she will deliver, before the which she will not find greater favour. At Stirling the charge of the King's house is committed to Alexander Erskine. His presence here would do great good to their estate, and entertain the amity better than any other means.—Edinburgh, 19 August 1573. Signed.
Endd. by Burghley. Mutilated. Pp. 1½.
August 21. 1136. Sir John Forster to Lord Burghley.
Has made repair to the Regent at Edinburgh and had conference with him according to the tenor of the Queen's letters. The Regent is now at Peebles, and he shall use his whole power and force for the maintaining of his Grace's action. "At my house nigh Alnwick," 21 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
August 19. 1137. The Regent of Scotland to Sir John Forster.
Will be at Peebles on the 20th, and Langholme on the 24th, and would wish their meeting to be on the 25th, letting him know of the time and place he thinks most convenient. Prays him to join with the Lord Scrope, for the power of the thieves has grown so strong within the West Wardenry, that the Warden of himself is not able to destroy them, or to give them (the Scotch) sufficient concurrence, not having his assistance.—Holyrood House, 19 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½. Enclosure.
August 22. 1138. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The coming of the Marshal de Retz is now to be a solemn embassy and many come with him. His coming is to feel the Queen's mind so far that they may resolve with themselves whether it be best the Duke shall come over. The Queen Mother is marvellously desirous of the matter. The Poles of the religion are bent to demand the things they have been promised in the articles. Touching the coming of the Count de Retz, the Queen Mother made a smooth tale that because his sickness let the voyage of the Duke even as he was coming, and he was not yet strong, they sent the Marshal to declare the desire they had to continue the suit, and also to visit the Queen, seeing she came to the seaside towards this realm. Entreated her earnestly for the poor men of Sancerre; she answered shortly that they had yielded and the King had taken them to mercy. Has at length gotten a letter to the Queen from the King of Poland; he gives as good general words as may be. The Prince of Condé has escaped his extremity and is like to have his office withal, more by the temperance of his competitor than otherwise; the people were marvellously sorry when it was said that he was dead; he has the pourpres as the Duke had.—Paris, 22 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
August 24. 1139. The Duke of Alencon to the Queen.
His sickness has up to the present time prevented his writing, and has hindered him from seeking the interview he so much desires. Has prayed his cousin the Marshal de Retz to go and bear witness to her of his great grief thereat, and the sincerity of his friendship and affection. Beseeches her to credit him as himself.—Paris, 24 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
August 26. 1140. Charles IX King of France to Lord Burghley.
He has the good affection of a Prince who has a perpetual remembrance of him and will be at all times pleased to tell him how much he loves and admires him, in his efforts to uphold the ancient amity and good intelligence between England and France. Prays him to continue in such good offices as will serve the common good of both kingdoms.— Paris, 26 August 1573. Signed. Charles. Brulart.
Add. Endd.: "By the Marshal de Retz." Fr. P. ½.
August 28. 1141. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The Queen Mother has cast out some words that there should be some practice in hand for the King of Spain to convey the King of Scots into Spain by the help of a gentlewoman, and therefore was in the more jealousy of the two Scottish men that passed into Flanders. There has been some talk here among the French and Scottish men that there should be some practice in hand from hence against the person of the Regent. Has made a motion to have some learned men appointed for the hearing of the causes of Her Majesty's subjects; otherwise things be done but by message, and never debated, and so put off with a fair word or letter without any effect. The merchants of Rouen desire confirmation of a patent he got for them when he was here last, but this King has made a grant of those things to an Italian. Has given the Marshal of Retz his advice to deal with secrecy, and not to press her further than may come of her own inclination. The King said he chose this man to declare to her the bottom of his heart, which he knows above all others. They understand how needful the Queen's amity is to the Poles, and therefore have given the Marshal instructions to speak some fair words to her from the King of Poland. They make the Poles believe that the siege of Sancerre will be raised at once; if it be true it is a good deed, for it is said the poor men were brought to such necessity that they had cast lots to eat each other, or were very near so to do. They of Dantzic would not consent to the election till such forces as were near them were removed.—Paris, 28 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
August. 1142. Dr. Dale to Dr. Sturmius.
Has heard what has been promised to the Poles, and knowing how great a difference there is between words and deeds, sees slight hope of future tranquillity. The Queen of England will exert her authority most freely for the benefit of all afflicted Christians.
Draft. Lat. Pp. 1½. Enclosure.
August. 1143. Plan of Scarborough.
Rough sketch of Scarborough in ink and pencil, showing the castle and harbour, ships, and batteries.
P. 1.
[August.] 1144. Proclamation on the Scottish Borders.
Proclamation by the Regent, in the name of the King of Scotland, against all transgressors of the laws of both countries at present hiding in the borders. It is thought expedient that Sir James Home of Coldingknowes, Warden of the East Marches, should meet with the opposite Warden of England, and proceed in the delivering of all attempts committed since the Regent's acception of the regency, without discharge or prejudice of all attempts committed before the said day, which shall be redressed as shall be accorded upon between the wardens. Commands that these letters be read by open proclamation at the market cross, that none pretend ignorance, and that all shall assist him in the punishment of open transgressors, as they will answer upon their obedience.—Holyrood House, 1573.
Endd. P. 1.
August 30. 1145. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
1. Has so travailed with the disordered people inhabiting the frontiers as he hopes good surety shall arise therefrom, wherein he has found the ready goodwill and concurrence of the wardens. It rests that the Queen's commandment be renewed to them to hold hand, that the work now begun may be with the like goodwill and affection prosecuted; specially that none declared traitors to the King find resort in England, or be furnished with victuals in the Harlaw Woods, where they have withdrawn themselves, and at this hand they shall find no ease. Prays he may know the Queen's pleasure what shall be thought meet to be done of him.—Kelso, 30 August 1573. Signed.
2. P.S.—Wishes the commandment to be sent to all the wardens.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
August 31. 1146. M. Du Plessis to Lord Burghley.
The Duke of Alençon has commanded his brother, whose letter he encloses, to inform the Queen that the Queen of Scots makes great practices to have the same matins as those of Paris, and that she has given advertisement in France that it will be very soon. It would be well to take order therein without loss of time, as doubtless some of the greatest people are mixed up in it. Prays to be excused presenting the letter personally, as the French Ambassador is in court.—London, last day of August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. Fr. P. 1.
July 28. 1147. "Le Doyen" to M. Du Plessis.
Wishes to see him again a good Catholic, and has no doubt that in looking over his books again he will see how greatly he is mistaken. They are preparing the palace for the entry of the King of Poland.—Paris, 28 July 1573. Signed.
Postscript in sympathetic ink, and almost illegible, containing the information from "la damoiselle" to "sa bonne amye" regarding "la prisonniere" mentioned in the preceding letter.
Endd. Fr. P. 1. Enclosure.
[August] 1148. Passage of the King of Poland.
As by reason of the great distance and uneasy passage by land the King of Poland has determination to go thither by sea, and by contrary weather or some other accident may have to seek some port in England, the French King having required her favour in that case, the Queen wills that he shall be suffered quietly so to do, and his company courteously used and supplied with victuals for their reasonable money. Commands all captains of ships, commanders of castles, mayors of towns, &c., to suffer them to pass along the coasts, and in case of landing to abide till by convenient weather they may depart, and to yield him honour, favour, and assistance, under pain of punishment with all extremity.
Endd. P. 1.