Elizabeth I: volume 180, June 1595

Pages 321-334

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1592-1596. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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June 1595

Vol. CLXXX. 1595. June.

June 1. Dublin.

1. Sir Geff. Fenton to Burghley. Good Knowledge of the bearer, Mr. Ware, who was trained up by the late auditor, Jenyson, in the accounts of this realm. Autog. p. ½.

June 1. Standishe.

2. Sir H. Winston to Sir R. Cecil. For the Governor's room in the town of Knockfergus, said to be void. Autog. p.½.

June 3. Newry.

3. Sir Robert Salesbury to Burghley. Attacks made on his party in the expedition for the relief of Monaghan by the Earl of Tirone. If the Scots be holden from him this summer his end will be soon. [On the back of this letter is sketched a genealogy of the writer by Burghley, showing his marriage with Sir Henry Bagenall's daughter. Misdated May 3.] Holog. pp. 2.

June 4. Dublin.

4. Lord Deputy, Sir J. Norreys, and Council, to the Privy Council. The bearer, Captain Dearinge, to have the leading of the 100 horse now written for. Autogs. p. ½.

June 4. Dublin.

5. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Relief of Monaghan by Marshal Bagenall. Skill of the rebel's soldiers and captains. He has compounded for 4,000 Scots. Intend to invade the rebel's country. Feagh M'Hugh sore wounded. Treasure. [Misdated May 4 in orig. The endorsement corrected by Burghley May into June.] pp. 2. Inclose,

5. I. Marshal Bagenall and the Captains at the Newry to the Lord Deputy. May it please your Lordship, according to your direction, having performed the victualling of Monaghan, we are returned back hither, where being ascertained that the Earl of Tirone with all his forces is laid for us between this town and Dundalk, we made search of our companies and found a general want of munition, Marshal Bagenall's store not being able to furnish the fourth part of our army with every man but a pound a piece, for that we have already borrowed some part of him which was spent in this service, and therefore knowing we shall be holden in continual skirmish till we come to Dundalk, and being experienced by our former skirmishes that we had with them, we thought it not fit to pass with this army without munition, he having possessed himself already of the passes and other straights in the way, whereby it cannot be chosen, but we must needs receive great loss, and yet be able to do the enemy but very little harm; the captains and gentlemen have all thought it meet to make their stay at the Newry until such time as they may receive a supply from your Lordship, and for that purpose have entreated this gentleman [Lieutenant Tutcher Perkings] to repair thither [by sea] praying your Lordship's speedy return of him therewith. By reason of the Scarcity of the town, which is very bare through the wasting of the country round about, and that we are very burdensome to the poor people, we humbly beseech you to help us with some supply of money to pay for such things as we have had. Sir Henry Bagenall, Sir Edw. Yorke, Edw. Russell, William Warren, Richard Mansell, Wm. Clarcke, Sir Henry Duke, Sir Edward Herbert, John Chichester, T. M. Wingfield, Hugh Mostyn, Chas. Willmot, Christopher Collier, Sir Henry Norreys, Richard Cuny, Thomas Harcourt, Edward Brett, and Nicholas Merriman. 1595, May 30, Newry. Copy. p. 1.

5. II. Declaration of Lieutenant Tutcher Perkings sent by Sir Henry Bagenall, General, and the rest of the commanders to report to the Lord Deputy on the late service of relieving Monaghan. All their powder (10 barrels) being spent they crave a supply. Impossibility of their returning except by sea. [Calendared at full, Carew, p. 109, No. 154.] 1595, June 4. pp. 2.

June 4. Dublin Castle.

6. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The relief of Monaghan. The Earl of Tirone's opposition with 1,000 horse and 14,000 foot. He spent 20 barrels of powder. He has 300 shot in red coats like English soldiers. Deputy prays for reinforcements of 1,000 foot and 200 horse. Also victual to store at Strabane, the Derry, Knockfergus, and Armagh. Upon Friday last, the 30th of May, were two heads brought in from Feagh M'Hugh, which were said to be both fosterbrothers of his, and of very good reckoning with him; at the same time that they were lighted upon by some of Captain Streetes company Feagh himself was shot in the thigh, and hurt with a skeyne in the body ; for confirmation of this it is affirmed that at the time they got his helmet, target, and the sword out of his hand, which he threw down to be the lighter for carriage. We have upon Sir John Norreys's coming to us the thirtieth of the last, resolved with the general hosting to be at Dundalk the 12th of this present, and the 15th at the Newry, where all our forces late sent for the relieving of Monaghan yet remain, for that having spent their munition they could not return without a supply, which was sent them upon Monday morning by sea with direction that they should not hazard the coming by land, the enemy being laid for them now in his greatest strength, but rather the foot to come by sea, and the horsemen to stay there for our coming thither. After the writing of this letter I received yours of the 29th ult., and thank you for remembering us with money, although it will but serve till the last of July. Autog. pp. 4. Incloses,

6. I. List of 31 slain and 109 hurt, among them Sir Edward Herbert's brother slain. pp. 3.

6. II. Half years book for receipts and payments out of Her Majesty's revenues. 1595. pp. 23½

June 4. Dublin Castle.

7. Lord Deputy to Sir R. Cecil. The valiant service of Marshal Bagenall. Autog. p. 1. Incloses,

7. I. A brief of the soldiers that were slain 31, hurt 109. pp. 2.

June 4. Dublin.

8. Sir J. Norreys to Burghley. The state of the northern rebels far different from that it was wont to be, their numbers greater, their arms better, and munition more plenty with them, whereof there can be no greater proof than that there being at this present 1,700 of the best footmen in Ireland, and near 300 horse at the Newry, they dare not undertaken to march from thence to Dundalk, which is but eight miles, and the way not very ill, but that they are fain to be sent for by water. The whole country much altered from their wonted disposition to obey Her Majesty's laws. Holog. pp. 2.

June 4. Dublin.

9. Sir J. Norreys to Sir Robert Cecil. I advertise your honour from Waterford how I was fallen again into a feeling of my ague after my passing of the sea, which hath been the cause that I could not so soon arrive here by five or six days as I desired, and at my coming within three miles of this town I met with another mishap by my horse falling, which hath made me neither able to ride nor go, but now somewhat mended, I had sent my Lord Deputy his letters before to the end his Lordship might consider of them; at my first conference with his Lordship I acquainted him with such instructions as Her Majesty had given me, and then delivered unto him that Her Majesty expected presently from him, by the advice of the Council, a project of such course as his Lordship should think fittest to be followed for the suppressing of this rebellion, his Lordship delivered unto me that sometime past he had made motion to Her Majesty to be supplied with 3,000 footmen and 200 horse, with which force, together with the ordinary garrisons he purposed to assail the Earl in three parts, viz., with two armies, each consisting of 1,500 footmen and 200 horse, by the way of Tirone and Fermanagh ; and Sir R. Bingham with such forces as he could assemble in Connaught and 500 of the new forces that should be sent him to attempt the Earl by another way; and that after the good expected success of this journey, whereby the rebel should be driven out of the field to the terror of his adherents, and compelled to separate his forces in the woods, that then his Lordship would attend to the placing of all these forces in garrison in such places as should be found "most fittest" to annoy the enemy; and this surely is the course that must be held, with good order in the execution, to overthrow the rebel.

But a new fallen out event I think will cause him to alter this opinion, for your Honour shall understand that soon after the assurance of the loss of Enniskillen, my Lord Deputy not willing that Monaghan should fall in any distress, determined to have it revictualled, and for that purpose caused to be assembled the chief of all the force of horse and foot that might be employed in that part, which amounting to 1,500 and near 300 horse, were committed to the charge of Marshal Bagenall, the place was victualled, and the army returned to the Newry in such sort as your Honour shall perceive by the Lord Deputy's letters. After the return of the forces to the Newry it was long are we received any advice from them; but at length Lieutenant [Tutcher Perkings] was sent to make particular report of the success of the journey, with letters from Marshal Bagenall, signed by all others that had any command, excusing the not coming of the forces from the Newry to their garrisons, as was appointed, for want of munition; but upon more particular questioning with the said lieutenant, he confessed that if they had had all the munition in Ireland they would not have undertaken to come to Dundalk, which is but eight miles from them; for that they understood the rebels attended them on the way, being at the least 8,000 or 10,000 footmen and 1,000 horse. Hereupon the Lord Deputy hath given order to fetch the footmen away by sea, and the horsemen to remain there till the general hosting.

Now here is the consideration; if this force being the flower of all the English that can be assembled in the country, were so entertained by the rebel (all his force not being then together), and they without any impediment of baggage, that they make difficulty to march eight miles, doubting they are not strong enough to make their own way, what may be expected that the Lord Deputy shall be able to do upon them with his army, which he cannot increase with above 500 English, when he must seek them in their chiefest strength, and shall be embarrassed with an infinite number of carriages, this effect is already wrought that there is no more opinion of dividing the army, and consequently no great appearance that the enemy will be much annoyed, or any great effect performed, if it be not the building again of the Fort at the Black water, for doing whereof there is neither money nor provision. This day's council will draw a general resolution what shall be thought necessary to be desired from Her Majesty for the prosecuting of the war. And yet I must let you understand that the Lord Deputy having acquainted the Councillors of the long robe that Her pleasure is the counsels of the war shall be managed by men of the sword, hath so distasted them that they will scarce give any voices. To deliver my own opinion I must confess that these forces already entertained are not sufficient to do the enemy speedily any great hurt, for although the Lord Deputy do supply the companies that came out of Brittany to their appointed number of 2,000, yet shall not he be able to make any division of his army, which is the way to do most hurt, nor to enter so far into the country as to place garrisons in those places that are fittest for it. I dare not undertake to nominate such a proportion as would overthrow the enemy, because I know all motions of increase of charge are displeasing, and therefore I will leave it to my Lord Deputy; only that your Honour will please to remember, that if any delay be used in sending such supply as shall be thought fit, there can little service be performed this year, for if the garrisons be not placed and accommodated before winter, the incommodity of the time will not suffer it to be done; the whole country is perplexed with the report of the enemy's strength, and how smoothly soever the lieutenant delivereth the performance of this last journey, many others that were present affirm that they had all their hands full and were glad to be rid of the match. The Bretagne soldiers have acquitted themselves of the opinion of their "unableness," for a good part of the reputation of the service is imputed to them, and those few old companies that were there are very well reported of; but the most part of the soldiers last sent out of England have showed themselves new come to the wars. The state of the treasure will be sent over by my Lord Deputy, whereby you may perceive that all the money already sent over as well for the new men last sent out of England as for those that came out of Brittany, with 1,000l. borrowed in this town will do no more but pay the army till the end of this month; so that from that time, it must be entertained with such money as is expected Sir H. Wallop shall now bring with him. As time shall make me acquainted with anything worthy to be advertised, I will not fail to write it. I cannot yet send over the muster of my horse company, because upon the alarm of the enemy's coming towards the borders, my Lord Deputy ordered them to march the nearest way towards Dundalk. I must end with continuance of my importunity to you'to remember Her Majesty of my suit, whereof if I have not speedily an assurance I shall be constrained to bewray my "unableness" to Her Majesty, and humbly to crave Her permission to employ some time to do myself good. P.S.—I find by my Lord Deputy's letters now written that he hath by former letters demanded a supply from Her Majesty of 1,000 footmen and 100 horse, and now pursueth the same demand. I do not doubt but he shall have cause enough to employ them. But I have entered into consideration that the time of the year spending apace, that supply may come so late, as then it will be very difficult to place any garrison far from the borders as well for want of carriages, which at that time will be impossible to be gotten, as by the incommodity of the winter, and therefore you may advise whether it were not better that this supply were directly sent from England into Lough Foyle, and thence placed in O'Donnell's country, being provided of all necessaries and victuals for four months at the least; and to be there with as much speed as conveniently might be made, whereby they might have means to spoil the enemy's harvest. I think this the better way, and could fortify it with many reasons, and if it shall be liked by Her Majesty, and that it will please her, I think my brother Henry worthy to be employed in that service. I will send him presently over, instructed for that purpose, and accompanied with some captains acquainted with that country, for whom some charges of the men may be reserved, though they be provided in the meantime. I have not acquainted the Lord Deputy with this proposition, neither do I think it necessary it should be known to be my motion, last that may make it find some crossing. Holog. pp. 7.

June 4. Cavan.

10. Philip O'Reilly to T. Jones, Bishop of Meath, and the Commissioners. Sir John O'Reilly is dead. Defers their meeting from June 7 to June 21. Sir G. Fenton has promised to deliver up his son, who was taken as pledge upon O'Neill's peace. Complains that no poor man can escape from the market, but his goods are taken by the soldiers. Signed Misi O'Raghalle. Autog. p. 1.

June 4. Chester.

11. Geo. Beverley to Burghley. 1,300l. sent to Ireland for providing victual. Instructions to be delivered to him for taking the charge of victualling. Holog. pp. 2. Incloses,

11. I. Brief of the prices of corn at Chester market. 1595, May 31. p. 1.

11. II. Certificate of corn and victuals laden and in loding at Chester. 1595, June 4. p. 1.

June 4. Chester.

12. Fowlke Aldersey, Mayor, to Burghley. Touching the 100 men under Captain Trevor. Autog. p. ½.

June 6. Dublin.

13. Andrew White to Burghley. His adversary Ittchingham has proceeded to England to procure the countermand of the letters from the Privy Council relative to the suit touching the Abbey of Dunbrody. Autog. p. 1.

June 6. Dublin.

14. Andrew White to Sir Rob. Cecil. Against any revival of Itchingham's suit for Dunbrody. Autog. p. 1.

June 7.

15. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy. Tipperary to be joined in the composition for cess. The Commissioners for granting Escheated Lands in Munster. Draft. pp. 2. Sends,

15. I. Commission to the Bishop of Cork, the Vice-President of Munster, and others for renewal and enlargement of the Composition for Cess in Munster. 1595, June 7. Draft. [Printed in Morin, p. 355, No. 65.] pp. 2.

June 7. Athlone.

16. Sir R. Bingham to [Sir R. Cecil.] His cousin's ensign bearer, Ulick Burke, with 20 of the company, all Clanricarde men, fell suddenly on their captain, George Bingham, as he sat writing in his chamber in Sligo Castle. The sheriff, Nicholas Martine, wounded and laid in prison. Has had little help but from the Irishry in the several rebellions of the province. Hard to make the father fight against the son, or the brother against the brother. Has written to the Lord Deputy to send English forces to recover Sligo Castle and take in Ballyshannon. O'Donnell was kept from joining Tirone by the sea attack of Sir George Bingham. Autog. pp. 4.

June 7. Dublin.

17. Sir Geff. Fenton to Burghley. Overwhelming force of the Ulster rebels. Cannot fight till the 1,000 foot and 100 horse written for by Capt. Deering arrive. Plot of the rebels to surprise Dundalk. Autog. p. 1¼. Incloses,

17. I. List of the whole forces of Ireland, and how many may be called into the field for the service of the north. 1595, June. 7. pp. 2.

17. II. Francis Stafforde to Sir Geff. Fenton. The Earl of Tirone had certain intelligence 10 days before their coming to the Newry of their intention to relieve Monaghan. Severe skirmish at Crosdanolye. Skirmish for eight hours at Clantubbrett. Tirone has broken the bridge and made ditches in the road to Dundalk. 1595, June 4, Newry. Autog. pp. 2½.

June 7. Dublin.

18. Sir Geff. Fenton to Burghley. The bearer, Capt. Mince, is of good understanding in the wars and well acquainted with the country of Tirconnel. His suit for the port corn and 100 marks per annum that Sir William Weston had. Autog. p. 1.

June 7. Dublin.

19. Sir. R. Lane to Burghley. Ireland never stood in greater danger of being utterly lost. The Brittaine bands did carry themselves most valiantly and skilfully in the fight. Example of Tirone's generalship. He will fight if he have double our numbers. Burghley's goodness to William Lane. Original. pp. 3.

[June 8.]

20. Note by William Becher and George Leycester of the victual delivered to the soldiers that were transported out of Bretagne into Ireland from 17 Feb., 1594–5, to 8 June, 1595. p. 1.

June 8.

21. Note of the provision for 2,000 footmen and 100 lances, part of Her Majesty's forces in Brittany appointed to be transported into Ireland. p. 1.

June 9. Dublin Castle.

22. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The rebels have been forced to leave the place where they lay to impeach our forces. Deputy's desire to accept the offer made by Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne. The Earl of Ormond is very sick and cannot go this journey. p. 1½. Incloses,

22. I. Capt. Sir Will. Clarke to the Lord Deputy. The Earl of Tirone forced to break up his camp and give them way. Sent their hurt men by water. They have been most careful to hold the honour of the state. 1595. June 6, Droghedagh. Copy. p. 1.

22. II. Sir Richard Bingham to the Lord Deputy. Murder of his cousin Captain George Bingham, and seven gallant English gentlemen by Ulick Bourke, his ensign bearer. Sligo Castle and a great store fallen into the hands of the rebels. 1595, June 6. Copy. pp. 2.

22. III. Sir H. Harrington to the Lord Deputy. Dealing with Feagh M'Hugh for the delivery of Morish MacThomas FitzGerald to taste of the same cup with his son Tyrlagh, the instigator of the murder of Sir Piers FitzJames. Feagh is old and sickly and not to be reckoned of if these were gone. 1595, June, 1, Newcastle. Copy. p. 1.

June 9. Dublin.

23. Sir Ralph Lane to Burghley. The readiness and perfection of 2,000 shot of the rebel. The skirmish maintained for eight hours. Cornet Sedgrove slain by Tirone and O'Cahan's son, after a valiant endeavour to make the Earl Prisoner. A report that Sir Richard Bingham had invaded Tirconnel and laid battery to Donnegal made Tirone rise from the pass, and not want of victuals as was reported. Captain George Bingham, with 200 soldiers, did land upon the islands of Tirconnel. Murder of Captain G. Bingham deplored. The bearer, Captain Joseph Myncheo, is a soldier of approved honesty and valour. Autog. pp. 4½.

June 9.

24. Auditor Chr. Peyton to Burghley. The victualler's allowances for waste. Autog. p. 1. Incloses,

24. I. Certificate by the Auditor of Ireland of the wastes allowed to the victuallers. 1595, June. p. 1.

June 10.

25. Lord Deputy to Sir R. Cecil. To further the suit of one Parsons for a company. Autog. p. ½.

June 10. Kilkenny.

26. Earl of Ormond to Burghley. His sore pang and extreme ague. Has committed his companies of horse and foot to the Viscount Mountgarret and the Baron of Dunboyne. Has advertised the Lord Deputy Russell of Her Majesty's instruction to Sir W. Fytzwylliam not to pardon Sir Charles O'Carrol for the wilful murder of Ric., Walter, and Jas. Cantwell. Autog. p. 1.

June 11. Drogheda.

27. Robert Newcomen to the Lord Deputy Russel. Estimates that he has provision to serve 3,000 men but for 18 days. p. 1. Incloses,

27. I. Abstract of victuals sent from George Beverley since the 1st of February, 1594–5. p. 1.

June 11.

28. Account of Rob. Newcomen for 500l. received from Mr. Beverley, as imprest for victualling. p. 1½.

June 12. Dublin.

29. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Certify to their Lordships the willing minds of the Corporation of Waterford to further Her Majesty's service in every respect wherein they have been required, and when they have had occasion to borrow money of them, they have been ready to satisfy their demands, and have also of late entertained the forces which arrived at Waterford with good respect. Autogs. p. ½.

June 12. Dublin Castle.

30. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The bearer, Walter Donnoghe, recommended for one of the next companies to be sent over. Autog. Seal with arms. p. ½.

June 13. Dublin.

31. Lord Deputy and some of the Council to the Privy Council. The murder of Captain George Bingham. They are unable to send the soldiers required by Sir Richard Bingham for the recovery of Sligo Castle. The judges have dissented from the opinion of the Councillors who subscribe this letter on the subject of taking in Feagh M'Hugh. Feagh himself was not at the murdering of Sir Piers FitzJames, nor at the burning of Cromlyn. Feagh's body unwieldy and spent with years. Autogs. pp. 3. Inclose,

31. I. Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne's message of demands and offers to Sir Henry Harrington, to be delivered to the Lord Deputy. He offers to put in Woanye M'Rorye Oge O'Moore, his sister's son by Rory Oge O'Moor, as a pledge for performance of his offers. 1595, June 7. p. 1.

June 13. Dublin Castle.

32. Lord Deputy to Burghley. To have directions speedily touching Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne's offers. Sir Richard Bingham's demand for 6 companies and 50 horse to quiet Connaught. Wishes Mr. Beverley may be sharply reprehended. Autog. pp. 2. Incloses,

32. I. The Bishop of Meath to the Lord Deputy. On Monday the archtraitor assembled all his councillors at a rath near Stranishedery. They gather victuals for five weeks. The M'Mahons are gathered in Ferney intending to spoil the English Pale. Turkill M'Elin has sent for 1,000 Scots. An English priest is the principal stirrer of all the wars in Ulster. 1595, June 12, Ardbrachan. Copy. p. 1.

32. II. Mayor of Waterford to the Lord Deputy. Report of an army of 50,000 men being raised in Spain. All the King's treasure has safely arrived, being 60 millions. 1595, June 10, Waterford. Copy. p. 1.

June 13. Dublin.

33. Sir J. Norreys to Burghley. It is feared the rebels will break Sligo Castle. Vexatious interference of Wallop's officers with the revenue of Munster. The composition. Some allowance towards the maintenance of the table of councillors. Holog. pp. 3.

June 13. Dublin.

34. Sir J. Norreys to Sir R. Cecil. The offers of Feagh M'Hugh most impugned by those of the Council whose profession is to embrace peace. Report that the Earl of Tirone will make large offers. Prays to be instructed how to deal with him. The 1,000 men to be sent from England into O'Donnell's country. Mr. Kingsmill and the bearer, Captain Donough, to have companies. Holog. pp. 3.

June 13. Dublin.

35. Sir Geff. Fenton to Burghley. A project to attempt the House of Dungannon. If the offers sent on the behalf of Feagh M'Hugh may be accepted, the forces now serving against him may be converted into Connaught. Ballynecorr to be kept in Her Majesty's hand. p. 1¼.

June 16. Waterford.

36. Charles Carty to Sir Robert Cecil. To write to Sir Robert Dillon touching his suit, which is referred to the Common Pleas. p. ½.

June 16.

37. Petition of Charles Cartie to Sir Robert Cecil. The lands of his father,. Sir Cormcok M'Teig, occupied by his uncle, Callaghan Cartie, and cormock M'Diermond. Prays that he may be restored to the possession of the said lands until by due course of law they shall be evicted from him. p. 1.

June 16.

38. Note of Counties for levying 1,000 men. [On the back are memoranda of 30 June relative to the dispatch of letters. p. 1.

June 17.

39. Note of counties for levying the 1,000 men for Ireland, and where those formerly sent were levied. pp. 2.

June 17. Fleet Street.

40. William Udall to Sir Robt. Cecil. His long continued sickness both in Ireland and England. Has learned many secrets during his attendance on the Earl of Kildare which may import the state of both realms. His wish to impart them to Cecil before he comes to the Court. Holog. p. ¾.

June 18. Mellefont.

41. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne has sent his son Turlough M'Feagh O'Byrne. Deputy will put him to some extraordinary manner of death. Autog. pp. 2. Incloses,

41. I. Confession of John Bellewe, servant to Patrick Gernon of Dundalk. Report in Spain of a great army ready to go for Ireland. A priest with great rolls of parchment and seals upon them came over in the ship with Bellewe. 1595, June 17. p. 1½.

June 18. Mellifont.

42. Lord Deputy to Sir Robert Cecil. The risings out have come in slowly. The intention of Spain to aid the treacherous Earl. His confidence in performing the service as becometh. Autog. pp. 2.

June 19. Neston.

43. Sir H. Wallop to Burghley. Has agreed with Beverley to carry over this money wholly. Three new erected footbands under Garret, Butler, and Pettit. Shipping to transport the new levies to Ireland. His son Henry Wallop. Corn fallen. Autog. pp. 2. Incloses,

43. I. Declaration of the issue of a Privy Seal of 5,000l. dated 8 March 1594–5. pp. 5.

43. II. Declaration of 4,827l. 6s. 9½d . required to answer a month's imprest to the army appointed to attend the Lord Deputy into the north. 1595, June 5. pp. 6.

June 21. Chester.

44. George Beverley to Burghley. Robert Newcommen has written that there will be bread corn for the garrisons for 21 days, so as if the barks he has laden may have wind there will be no want of victual. Sir Henry Wallop takes over the 1,000l. into Ireland that should have been delivered to Beverley. Holog. p. 1¼. Incloses,

44. I. Particulars of the ladings of three barks. p. 1.

June 21. Water's side.

45. Mr. John Talbot to Sir Robert Cecil. Staying here at the waterside for an easterly wind, I thought it not amiss to exercise the license it pleased your Honour to give that my letters might have access unto you, and that you would vouchsafe the reading of them. I must crave you to pardon also what tediousness may happen in them through want of skill. The news in particular of the encounter of our soldiers, in the relieving of Monaghan, with the rebels I doubt not but you have heard. It has been seldom seen since our ancestors did first conquer in Ireland under the crown of England that ever any Irish enemies would willingly show their faces to such a company of good soldiers as we had there. The traitors are grown strong and bold through too long sufferance. There hath been two barques not long since taken, as it is thought by some Spanish pirate that hath been on the coast betwixt this and Ireland, the one of Liverpool, the other of Drogheda, a town on the sea coast 20 miles from Dublin. It may be doubted that the Spaniards should have some intent to be busy on that coast, and that they should send before to get pilots and intelligence, but I hope there will be watch on the sea to prevent the worst. It is too well known that our northern traitors have been long practising that way. Sir, I am persuaded that if Her Majesty had some in Scotland that were faithful [and] friendly unto her, there might be good service done by them on the traitors. Shane O'Neill, that maintained long war against her, was in the end slain by the Scots that took part with him (sic right.) This matter being strongly undertaken will be quickly ended, otherwise lingering may breed danger. I fear the want of victuals will not suffer our men to stay in the north. If they do not dwell there till the rebels be conquered it will be to small purpose. I am bold to trouble you with some needless discourse, because they be things that possess my mind much. I will be so bold herein to recommend my humble duty and service to my lady mistress your wife, whom I do exceedingly honour in my heart. Holog. p. 1½.

June 21.

46. William Udalle to Sir Robt. Cecil. Wishes his honest dispatch for Ireland. Wishes an interview. Holog. p. ½.

June 22. Malloe.

47. Sir Thomas Norreys to Burghley. In favour of the cause of the bearer, Mr. James Golde, second justice of Munster. Autog. p. ½.

June 24. The Pass mouth, near the Moyerge.

48. Sir Geff. Fenton to Burghley. The defence of the borders during the Lord Deputy's absence in Ulster left to the Earl of Kildare. Tirone is gathering his whole forces and has cut three months victuals upon the country. Thinks the Earl will stick to his bogs till the Scots come. Till Sligo Castle may be won again to Her Majesty, Connaught will grow more and more into disobedience. The Earl of Tirone is this day proclaimed at Dundalk, and in the camp, and other proclamations sent abroad to all the other corporate towns, that the people may take full notice thereof. I have sent your Lordship herewith one proclamation in English and another in Irish, together with the act of resolution agreed upon by the nobility for the defence of the borders. [N. B. The proclamation in Irish is not with this letter.] Autog. Seal with arms. p. 1½. Incloses,

48. I. Note of the rebel's forces in Ireland. Foot, 5,023; horse, 900, reported by Weston. 1595, June 22. pp. 2.

48. II. Proclamation against the Earl of Tirone and his adherents. Imprinted in the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Trinity, Dublin, by Wm. Kearney, Queen's Printer. English. Calendared at good length, Carew, p. 111., No. 155. See above the draft of the Proclamation, p. 48. April 9, p. 49, April 10, and p. 50, April 14. Carew gave it as date June 28, 1595. 1595, June 12, Dublin Castle. pp. 2.

June 24. Chester.

49. Fowlk Aldersey, Mayor, to Burghley. His proceedings in providing shipping. 400l. imprested to him by Sir H. Wallop. Sir H. Wallop's embarcation. Contrary winds. Autog. p. 1.

June 24. Limerick.

50. James Golde to Burghley. That Philip Cuffe be not allowed to have his land of Tarbert which he purchased of Sir John Holles. He has spent 184l. 15s. 4d. Autog. p. 1.

June 25. Chester.

51. Geo. Beverley to Burghley. His proceedings in the victualling. Sir Henry Wallop driven back by a storm at sea. Some skilful man to be employed about Bristol to take up wheat. Autog. pp. 2.

June 26. Fleet Street.

52. William Udalle to Sir Robert Cecil, respecting his intended service in Ireland. Holog. p. ¾.

June 27. Newry.

53. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. The Earl of Tirone proclaimed in the English and Irish tongues at Dundalk. A further special proportion of victuals to be sent by the midst of August to Carlingford. Captain Merriman sent to live at Strabane with Turlough Lynagh. The poppinjay sent to bring Turlough Lynagh. Deficiency in the risings out of the Irishry. At our coming hither, I, the Marshal, acquainted us that I had received the day before two letters sent by a messenger of the Earl of Tirone from the Earl, the one directed to me the Deputy, and the other to me the President of Munster, and forasmuch as the letters came the day after the proclamation was published, they were rejected, and not received nor read by us, thinking it not honourable for Her Majesty to receive letters from a traitor of his sort, especially so soon after he was proclaimed, and having before abused us, with breach of his oath and promise, and his submission made to the State at Dublin in August last; yet if he shall again press to offer conditions, inasmuch as we have no order from your Lordships to deal therein, we humbly beseech you by your next we may be directed and authorised how far we may proceed with him. Have sent English soldiers into Connaught. The band of Captain George Bingham, deceased, continued to Higham Bingham at Sir Richard's motion. Autogs. pp. 4. Inclose,

53. I. Remain of victual to serve the army for 21 days and no further. 1595, June 27. p. 1.

53. II. Certificate of the muster of men, 2,882, Her Majesty's army for Ulster. Under the hand of Sir Rafe Lane. 1595, June 27. Autog. pp. 6¾.

June 27. Newry.

54. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The foulness of the ways this wet and rainy season. Can take but 12 days' victual with them. Has sent Captain Merriman and his company by sea to Turlough Lynagh. Autog. pp. 3.

June 27. Camp near the Newry.

55. Sir J. Norreys to Burghley. Meeting between some Connaught forces and O'Donnell's near Sligo Castle. Exchange of two English gentlemen for the brothers and mother of the murderer. Some of the most assured of the mere Irish have taken arms, and amongst them O'Hara. Want of carriages and tools. Norreys's company is the fairest that ever came into Ireland. Holog. pp. 2.

June 28. In England.

56. Captain Anthony Deringe to [qy. Lord Burghley.] Requests that certain questions touching the tenures in Ireland drawn by Her Majesty's solicitor there in Ireland may be considered by the judges here in England. Their opinions to be certified. Certain opinions in the margin. Autog. p. 1.

June 28. Newry.

57. Sir R. Lane to Burghley. More hurt men in the late service than was convenient to declare. Captain Merriman was forced to put out a sleeve of pikes for lack of munition to charge upon Tirone's shot. Desires the charge of new forces to be landed at the Skerries about Coleraine. Muster of the Lord General, Sir John Norreys's, horse band. Autog. pp. 2¼.

June 29. Fleet Street.

58. William Udall to Sir Robert Cecil. His examination by Lord Buckhurst. It were a good course for Her Majesty to grow inquisitive with the Countess of Kildare about me [Udall], and to tell her that she meant to have me tried. The bearer, Hevy, is to deliver the Earl of Kildare's petition. Holog. p. ¾.

June 29.

59. Petition of Henry, Earl of Kildare, to the Privy Council. Desires (upon examination by Commissioners) to be restored to lands formerly his ancesters. With Sir Julius Cæsar's opinion to refer it to the Lord Burghley. p. 1.

June 30.

60. Burghley to Sir R. Cecil. I send you letters worth the reading, though they are of some old date. The information for invasion of Ireland is worthy observation, and written over probably but for the Earl of Ormond, whose name I think is rather used to incite the Spaniard than upon sure ground, all the rest are very [likely] and over probable, and therefore Her Majesty's actions must not be protracted. Your loving Father. Holog. p. ½. Incloses,

60. I. Memorial for Ireland delivered to the King of Spain by an Irish rebel. The Irish nobility are great Catholics, but are simple and have very little understanding. Their capacity is never able to set down any ground for any thing they do. There are divers brave men in the country, but few of them soldiers. In England all men would rather be hanged than come for Ireland, and especially towards winter, which begins in September. The King of Spain to send over 6,000 men, and especially Sir William Stanley. Copy, or probably translation, in the hand of Mr. Fr. Bacon. 1595, June 25–July 5. pp. 6.

June. (see May 23).

61. Discourse by Capt. J. Goringe on the rebellion. The form of war and forces necessary. Why the 3,000 men are not sufficient to suppress the rebels. No meat to be had in the North of Ireland but what you carry with you. Weakness of the horses taken from the plough. The cessing of Irish forces will do more hurt in one week than the like number of Her Majesty's forces in three months. Sir R. Bingham might do good service with 1,000 foot and 200 horse. Four companies of foot and 100 horse to be placed at Knockfergus. Two hundred horse to be sent over from England. The Spaniard above all other nations loveth the Irish. Dregs of the last rebellion remain in Munster. pp. 10½.


62. Warrant of Privy Seal for the pay of 1,000 foot and 100 horse, ordered to be sent into Ireland. Minute. p. 1.


63. Declaration of corn, &c. provided in Cheshire by George Beverley. A better store of butter in the beginning of summer than in March and April. Such wheat as remains is in the hands of gentlemen, rich farmers, and such as have purchased tithes. p. 1½.