Hanmer Papers

Pages 661-687

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1601-1603, with Addenda. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1912.

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In this section

Dr. Meredith Hanmer's Collection of MS. (fn. 1)

Verses and Notes on Waterford.

Doggerel history of the City of Waterford in the following metre:

God of his goodness, praised that he be,

For the daily increase of thy good fame,

O pleasant Waterford, thou loyal citie,

That five hundred years receivest thy name

Ere the later conquest unto thee came,

In Ireland deservest to be peerless.

Quia tu semper intacta manes.

Therefore Henry the Second, that noble King,

Knowing thy prowess and true allegiance,

Assigned thy franchises and metes, naming

All thy great port with each appurtenance,

Commanding his son their honour to advance

With gifts most special for thy good ease.

Quia tu semper intacta manes.

The doggerel continues in this strain for 24 verses referring to the grants of various municipal privileges given to the City of Waterford by successive Kings of England from Henry II to Henry VIII, including the gift of a sword by Henry VIII. (fn. 2)

Pp. 4.

Notes relating to similar matters in the history of Waterford. Pp. 2.

Draft of Commission granted by King Henry VIII to the Mayor &c. of Waterford against the Earl of Kildare and the inhabitants of the City of Dublin, under his Privy Seal.

Refers to the rebellion of "our rebel, the Earl of Kildare," in conjunction with the inhabitants of the city of Dublin. Proceeds: The Earl and the citizens are still rebellious. We thank you for your loyalty, and hereby authorise you to seize and arrest any such rebels as you may be able to lay hands upon by sea or by land, with all manner of their ships and goods which you find to be carried to Dublin for any other place, and to the parts thereabout. You may employ the same on behalf of the common weal of the city of Waterford. You shall continue to execute these commands until the Earl and the citizens aforesaid desist from their rebellion. All our subjects shall assist in this matter. Given under our Privy Seal at Warwick Castle, 23 October, (fn. 3) 1511.

P. 1. In all pp. 7. S.P. Ireland 214, 1.

Further Extracts relating to the History of Waterford.

Copy of the Act procured by the Earl of Kildare, Lord Deputy of Ireland, and others of the North of Ireland to be passed in Ireland by the King's authority against Waterford and other cities of Munster in King Henry VIII's time.

Praying the Commons that whereas at the suggestion of the mayors and commons of Waterford, Limerick and Youghal, King Henry VII granted to these cities and towns by letters patents, inasmuch as their walls were very ruinous and their streets unpaved, not only their fee farms but all manner of King's customs, cockqueates [cocketts] and poundages within them, which were worth 1,000 marks a year to the Crown, and whereas the said cities &c. have made great profits in years past by the said fee farms &c. and are now well paved and walled and do nothing with the said revenues but distribute them amongst themselves, everyone striving every year there to be Mayor or ruler, so as to receive for his own use the said revenues, and whereas some times too little custom, or none at all, is charged upon merchant strangers, "to the intent to have all resort of merchant strangers to themselves, knowing thereby to have their merchandizes the better cheap at their wills, insomuch that whereas the greatest resort of strangers in time past . . . have been to . . . Dublin and . . . Drogheda and Dundalk, to the great refreshing of the King's English subjects within the four obeysant shires, now come thither few or no merchant strangers there, where they have to pay the King's customs," but continually resort to Waterford, Limerick and Youghal, which render the English citizens of Dublin, Drogheda, Dundalk and the four obeysant shires destitute of salt, wine, iron and other merchandize which is brought from abroad; and whereas they can have none of these except what they buy from Waterford; moreover, [whereas] the men of Waterford &c. having the custom of the same by the King's grant to their own use, "do not only [not] forbear to buy and sell with the King's enemies, as Frenchmen, and others affirming themselves to have liberties by the King's grants so to do, but also do grant unto such enemies safe conducts to resort amongst them for trade of merchandize," which brought about great dangers and will bring more if not prevented; and whereas the King and his progenitors have also made grants of the Royal manors &c. to sundry persons.

Be it therefore ordered &c. by authority of the present Parliament that all such grants of the King's revenues, whether made by letters patents or by legislation or by release or confirmation to the said persons, by whatsoever name, since the last day of King Richard II's reign, be resumed, repealed and deemed void in law. (fn. 4)

Pp. 1.

The Mayor of Waterford and his brethren to King Henry VIII, sent by Sir James Quemerford [?], his chaplain.

We pray for a continuance of the favour shewn by your noble progenitors to our city. King Henry VII, recognising our loyalty, confirmed our charter and gave us additional privileges, as well for the safeguard of this city as for the common weal of the inhabitants. We hear that your Majesty has been asked to give authority to the Lord Deputy, the Earl of Kildare, to hold a Parliament here. If permission for this is granted we pray that, if we "be not provided (fn. 5) in the grant of the said Parliament," your Majesty will send letters under your Privy Seal to the Lord Deputy and Lords of the same, commanding them not to attempt to proceed against this your city in any point contained in their charters, but to permit us to enjoy the privileges thereby granted as freely as in times past; and also to send other letters under your Privy Seal to the Mayor and bailiffs of this city commanding us to retain all such revenues and grants according to our charter. Without these privileges we would not be able to maintain this great city and garrison in any wise, having no help in the same but God and your Majesty's grace, as the bearer, to whom we ask your Majesty to give credence in our behalf, will shew.

Written at Waterford, 13 January. Copy.

P. 1. Followed by:

The King to the Mayor &c. of Waterford.

Advertises them of the permission given to the Earl of Kildare to hold a Parliament in Ireland and of the restrictions put upon its legislation for the preservation of the liberties of the city of Waterford, as requested in the foregoing.

P. . Copy, Dated: Greenwich, 28 February,

The King [Henry VIII] to the Lord Deputy.

For staying of any Act of Parliament to pass against any of the liberties of the city of Waterford.

The heading sufficiently shews the purport of the letter.

P. . Copy, Dated: Greenwich, 28 January, 1516. Followed by:

A "placcard" sent by the King [Henry VIII] to the Lord Deputy and Lords Spiritual and Temporal of Ireland for staying of Parliament against the city of Waterford.

This "placard" is addressed to the Lord Deputy, Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons and all others that have place in the Court of Parliament. It prohibits them from legislating against the liberties of Waterfordas the last document.

P. . Copy. Dated as foregoing.

In all pp. 4. S.P. Ireland 214, 2.

Historical and Geographical Notes relating to Ireland.

A loose collection of notes. Deals with the following subjects:

1. Gives a list of 70 havens of Ireland. (fn. 6)

2. Gives an account of the imposition of coyne and livery by James, Earl of Desmond, grandfather of him that now is about fifty year upon the King's subjects in his country. The rest followed "until they all came to nought, the King's laws being exiled and the subject no better than Irishmen."

Gives an account of the power of the Lords of Ulster, of the imposition of coyne and livery in Louth, Dublin and Kildare, and of its devastating effects.

A "betagh town" [ballibetagh] contains 960 acres.

Gives number of cantreds and ballybetaghs in the various provinces of Ireland.

3. Gives names of the principal Irish chieftains in the various parts of Irelandabout 70 names.

List of Irish names of districts in Desmond, Thomond and Meath.

4. Relates the custom of electing chiefs, and how the chief divides the clan lands among the clansmen, who must maintain him, and from whom he takes whatever he pleases.

5. List of Englishmen who became Irish in Desmond, Waterford, Connaught, Ulster and Meathabout 32 names.

6. English counties which pay tribute to the Irish yearly.

l. s. d.
Lecale Barony pays to the Captain of Clandeboye 10 0 0
Meath pays to "Conghar [Connor, or O'Conor] Ophaly" 300 0 0
The County of Urill [Uriell] to O'Nele, called "black rent" 10 0 0
The Exchequer to McMurrogh 53 6 8
Co. Wexford to McMurrogh and Art boy 10 0 0
Co. Kilkenny and co. Tipperary to Kerrull [Carroll] 10 0 0
Co. Kildare to O'Knochour [O'Connor] a black rent of 20 0 0
The co. Limerick pays to O'Breyne and to Brein Araghe, each 10 0 0
The co. Cork to Cormack McTeige 10 0 0
Total, 430l.

7. Notes on the power of the Irish in Ireland, the scarcity of people who obey the King's laws, the power and forces of the Irish chieftains. Details of their forces given: Thus in Desmond McCarthy More can muster 40 horse, "2 battayle," and 2,000 k[erne]; McCarthy Renagh, Lord of Carbery, can muster 60 horse, 1 bat[tayle] and 2,000 kerne; McTeige McCormicke, Lord of Muskerry, 40 horse, 1 bat[tayle], 200 k[erne], and so forth. The country of the Earl of Desmond and his kin extends for 120 miles. They muster 40 horse, 8 ba[ttayles], 1 battayle of crossbowmen and gunners, and 3,000 kerne. His country has the King's laws, so they give no aid.

8. Notes on the conquest of Munster by King Henry II and its subsequent history. Describes the legislation of the Parliament of Kilkenny, temp. Edward III. Other notes on Irish history at this period.

9. Loyal Irishmen in Meath:

O'Melaghlin, calls himself Prince of Meath. Lord of Clincolman [Clancolman]. (fn. 7) He has 24 horse and 100 kerne.

O'Molmory. Lord of Fercoill [Fercall]. Has 20 horse and 100 kerne.

Magohegan. Lord of B[a]lnaliagh [Ballynalagh, co. Westmeath]. Has 24 horse and 80 kerne.

Synnagh. Lord of Montirhagan. 6 horse and 40 kerne.

McCawle. Lord of Kalrie [Calry, co. Westmeath]. Has 4 horse and 24 kerne.

O'Brene. Lord of Brahone [Brawny, co. Westmeath]. Has 60 kerne.

McCoghlan. Lord of Delvin. Has 8 horse and 20 kerne.

10. A "battayle" of galloglass is 60 or 80 harnessed men on foot, with spears. Every one of these men has his knave to bear his harness, whereof some have spears and others bows. Every hath a bow and a sheef [sheaf of arrows], or three spears, without harness, and every two have a boy to bear their necessaries. Every horseman has two horses, and some have three, a jack well harnessed, for the most part a sword, a "skene," a great spear and a dart. Every horse hath his knave, and their chief horse is ever led, and one of his kernes ride[s] always and bears his harness and spears if he has harness. (fn. 8)

They are for the most part good and hardy men of war, and can hard[i]ly suffer great misery, and will adventure themselves greatly against their enemies. Other details. These men hate the King's laws, and, notwithstanding any gifts, will on occasion do their best for their own advantage. They make themselves strong and take the goods of other subjects when they please, as their own proper goods.

When the lord dies the strongest succeeds: and the son seldom succeeds the father. "They get many children besides their lawfully begotten, whereof all be gentlemen." Their father's lands, purchases and farms are divided equally between them. They teach their sons to be men of war from the age of 16, and "continually practised in feats thereof." They provide for them benefices from Rome, though they can scarce read: the profit whereof they spend among us; but God sendeth constantly dissension among them."

11. Paces [passes] to be cut. List of some 33 places where passes should be made.

12. Breviate of the getting of Ireland and of the decay of the same.

This is an account of Irish affairs, beginning with the conquest by Strongbow. Explains the decay of the English Garrison, their falling into Irish habits &c. Considers the difficulty of conquering Ireland now as compared with that of the original conquest, and concludes that owing to the number of "castles and piles" which now exist, and the knowledge which Englishmen possess of the country, the task would be easier now than it was then.

The beginning of the reformation should be in Leinster, in the angle between Waterford and Dublin. Here the only Irish of importance are the Connaghes [Cavanaghs], of whom Mc'Moreghowe [McMorrogh] is captain, who cannot make 200 horsemen. The Byrnes and Tholes have about 100, "besides the Irish inhabitants of their countries, which be but naked men and Kernes."

Describes the country proposed to be reformed, its frontiers of Kildare, Kilkenny, Dublin, &c., its chief abbeys and manors.

13. Notes on the pedigrees of Fitzgerald, Burke, McWilliam and Darcy.

In all 14 long narrow pages. S.P. Ireland 214, 3.

Remedies [for Irish incursions], and the Benefits which will accrue from them.

1. Enclosures [must be made] with ditches and quickset hedges, so as the ways may all be brought to pass through the towns. These [should be] "fenced with turnpike" and watched by night, and also all the day times when any cry is raised, whereby thieves or suberne [?] roders [raiders] will be prevented from getting their prey out of such encumbrances. Thereby also the country, which is void of wood, will be supplied.

2. The King must order by proclamation that no landlord receive any Irishman as a tenant. Tenants of English birth or of English race, and not degenerate, will hire their land for rent and service reasonable, to be "arbitred" by the Lord Deputy or Lord Justice and Council.

3. The King must expressly order that "no such tenant of English birth or English race as aforesaid which hath or shall have bestowed [his] (fn. 9) travel in such sort of enclosure or in planting of trees shall be put off without the reasonable value thereof first recouped [?] (fn. 9) by the landlord or by the tenant next to succeed him, w[hich] was the order of the marches (fn. 10) of Callis [? Calais], extending also unto buildings." The value to be arbitred by the Lord Deputy and Council.

4. The Lord Deputy or Lord Justice and Council are authorised by statute to let at a rate such waste lands as the landlords, for greediness of great rents, do not occupy or let. The King's pleasure should be signified that they do so, and where[as] no husbandman dare manure such lands for neighbourhood of the Irish borders there should be a proclamation that any man who will dig and sow any parcels of such land with flaxen seed shall have his seed lent him on a contribution of the country.

5. There is excessive dearth in the Pale. Handicraftsmen and soldiers cannot live of their earnings. This is due to greedy taking up of land more than to the scarcity; and to the keeping stores needlessly in order to raise prices.

6. The Scots, if unable to support themselves in their own country, come over here and disturb the peace of Ireland, encouraging those that are willing to rebel. The timber of which their gallies are made comes chiefly from Wexford, Wicklow and Arklow. The men of these places either sell their timber directly to the Scottish merchants, or, if they fail, sell to merchants in Dublin, who "trock" the same to the Scottish merchants for Scotland. Some timber is sent to Carlingford and Carrickfergus to be sold, but not so much as in Dublin. It is easier for the Scots to get timber from Ireland than from their own isles.

7. For remedy of this, commissioners should be appointed to see the markets served, and no licence at all to be granted for carriage forth of grain or victual but as the statutes do licence. Details as to steps to be taken and penalties to be imposed to prevent the exportation of corn and of timber except for the making of fishing boats on the coasts.

In all pp. 3. S.P. Ireland 214, 4.

Note on the Abbeys of Claneboy.

The Gray Abbey, a house of monks.

Moyvylly [Movilla or Moville], a house of canons.

The Abbey of the Newtown, a house of St. Dominic's order.


The Abbey of Bangor, a house of canons.

The Cumber [Comber], a house of monks.

Ardneknishe [Ardicnise, now Hollywood], a Franciscan house.

All these are abbeys within the Ard [Ards].

The abbeys below Balfershede [Belfast] are as follows:

The Abbey of Godborne [Goodbourne] beside Carrickfergus, a house of canons.

The Friary of Carrickfergus.

The Abbey of Mockomyer [Muckamore] in Moylynge [Moylinny], a house of canons.

The house of Masrony, east of Loughneagh, is a Franciscan house.

The house of Lynnbeg [Lambeg] is of the same.

Inverlarne [St. Mary's, Glenarm], Glenarm Abbey and Bowmargie are of the same.

The Abbey of Keallbeg [Killybegs], a house of canons.

There is a friary at Cowlrayn [Coleraine].

P. . With fragmentary notes on the Monastic Orders in Ireland. Endd. S.P. Ireland 214, 5. (fn. 11)

Account of the Coronation of Lambert [Simnel] in Dublin. [1487.]

Lambert was an organ maker's son and was crowned in Dublin as King of England and Lord of Ireland. The Earl of Kildare, then Governor, with the assistance of all the lords spiritual and temporal and commoners of the north part of Ireland, assembled in Dublin Castle, crowned the same boy and proclaimed him as aforesaid. "The crown they took off the head of our lady of Dam. (fn. 12) and clapt it on the boy's head. The Mayor of Dublin took the boy in his arms, carried him about the city in procession with great triumph. The clergy went before, [then] the Earl of Kildare, then Governor, then Walter, Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor; and the nobility, Council and citizens followed him as their King. All the north of Ireland gave obedience to him. Shortly after the Earl, as tutor and protector of the King, wrote to John Butler, Mayor of Waterford. (fn. 13) and to all the citizens a strait charge to be prepared to receive their young King and Lord with all their forces, to assist him in his journey to Munster, where he and his Council were to take order in affairs of great moment. The Mayor, wishing to gain time for deliberation, said 'I will send you an answer by one of my own men.' Within a few days he, after deliberation, framed and sent the following answer:

"All loyalty and subjection to our Sovereign Lord Henry VII, King of England and Lord of Ireland; and health to your honourable person. With the advice of my brethren, having weighed in the balance of loyalty your imperial and peremptory command, with one consent and being directed by them that are experienced [and] well seen in the laws of both realms and are not to seek much in Royal affairs concerning the time, this is what we have to say:That he, whosoever he be, taking upon him the imperial crown or name to be King of England and is crowned in Dublin by a subject, the Earl of Kildare, and inhabitants of the City of Dublin, having no right thereto, the City of Waterford accepteth and denieth such a one, and all such as embrace and further such a coronation and proclamation made in Dublin, to be nude enemies and traitors and rebels to the right Prince and King of England."

Proceeds to describe the hanging of the messenger &c. as described in Smith's Waterford (1774), p. 121, then the sending of the Earl of Kildare's herald demanding compliance of the city of Waterford, the bold answer of the Mayor, concluding with the words "and thou, Herald, get out of our sight!" States that the Mayor then sent messages to the Butlers and Brenys (Byrnes) and to the towns of Carrick, Clonmell, Callan, Kilkenny, Fitherth [Fiddert?], Gawran, Balamackanden and Ross in Wexford, promising to support them in defending the cause of King Henry VII. The Butlers promised 500 horse and 1,000 foot, and more if required, at their own charge, to support King Henry. The Brenys offered all kindness, together with the aforesaid towns. When all were in arms and in great fear as to what would happen, a wind brought forces from England, which landed some at Skerries, some at Clontarf and some at Dalkey, which daunted the traitors; and the counterfeit King, the Earl his tutor, Walter Archer of Dublin and many others were taken and brought to the Tower of London to receive condign punishment.

During this pageant the city of Waterford, not daring to address the Deputy, wrote to Walter, Archbishop of Dublin, in English rhyme as follows:

"O thou most noble pastor, chosen by God, Walter, Archbishop of Dublin.

Pp. 2. Imperfect. S.P. Ireland 214, 6.

Account of Lambert Simnel's Imprisonment.

Gives an account of Lambert Simnel's and Father Symond's arrival in Dublin, as in Ware, Annals of Ireland. (fn. 14) Describes briefly the coronation of Lambert and his being carried to the Castle "on tall men's shoulders that he might be seen and noted, as he was sure an honourable child to look upon." Relates the defeat of Lambert's forces at Stoke, &c. Relates briefly the attempt of the Earl of Lincoln to seize the throne [in 1487]. Other brief notes on Sir Edward Poyning's deputyship and Warbeck's capture and confession.

Pp. 2. Endd. Ibid, 7.

Account of Perkin Warbeck's Visit to Ireland. [1497.]

On 23 July, 1495 [sic] (fn. 15), Morice, Earl of Desmond, with the army of the Earl of Lincoln, of about 23,000, besieged Waterford on the west side and continued the siege eleven days. During that time there arrived at Passage eleven ships of the rebels, ready for the sacking of the city. Robert Butler, then Mayor, is greatly commended for his valour and discretion. The citizens, securing such help as they could, skirmished with them daily and slew many of them. The enemy discharged two of their ships at Lumbard's wear and there landed many men, whereon the city sent out a band well armed, which foiled the enemy, took prisoners and slew many men. The prisoners were brought to the market place and their heads cut off and set up on stakes, "and when by reason of their stench, the number being many and the weather hot, they began to corrupt the air, they were taken down and cast into the town ditch, which, in remembrance of that act, now beareth the name."

Proceeds to relate the raising of the siege on 3 August, the retirement of Warbeck to Cork and his escape to Cornwall &c. as related in Smith's Waterford. (fn. 16)

P. 1. S.P. Ireland 214, 8.

List of Mines in Ireland.

A mine of alum in McMoris' [?] country, 40 miles west of Limerick.

In the isle of Dorsay [Dursey], a silver mine.

At Glanneroghe, in the haven of Ardeghe in McCarty More's country, a silver mine.

At Bannentrie [Bantry] within Berehaven, copper.

At Mary, three miles from Galway, lead and copper mines.

Near Ardglass, a mine of lead.

At the fair of Forland [sic], a mine of lead.

In Donald O'Flaherty's country, eight miles from Galway, lead mines.

In Kildare, between Themalin [Timolin] and Leghlin bridge, divers mines unknown.

In O'Loghline's country, by his castle in Borrein, a silver mine.

At Clontarf, beside Dublin, a mine of lead.

At Moygrane, besides Malahide, a mine of lead.

At Killenboy, in O'Brien's country, divers mines of lead.

At an island called Lemcarrick, sixty miles N.W. of Galway, lead mines.

How to try mines of silver or gold.

To test for gold or silver you must "take thereinto a portion ten times as much of the filing of iron and of argyl, which is called iron [?] stone; and put there a four double portion of fine lead that holdeth no manner silver and a small portion of sandiver and muddle your mine. These gear well together. Set it upon your test, when that your said test is hot, driving clear in your said test. And thereby shall you know verily what portion of gold and silver your said mine doth bear and thereupon make your reckoning."

Other details. The silver mine at Glanneroghe is three miles from the head of the haven of Athird in O'Sullivan's country, where there is a sufficiency of wood and water. O'Sullivan has in his country the following havens:








Other mines in Ireland are as follows:

In co. Wexford at Clonemene [Clonmines].

In co. Kilkenny at Killeghen.

In the co. Waterford:

Against Waterford at the [illegible], a mine of silver.

A silver mine at Knockdrin.

In the Pohers' country at Dunhall [?], mines of lead.

Near Islandbrick, mines unknown.

At the Rock of Tristan, unknown.

At Ross and Inistiocke [Inistioge, co. Kilkenny], mines unknown.

At Girrepont [Jerpoint, co. Kilkenny], a mine of copper.

In co. Limerick:

Oaules [Oolahills].

Raghoe [Ragh].

Carrigkettel [Carrigkirrell].

anyne [imperfect], alias Thomomonia, in O'Brien's country.

In Kerry there are two mines of silver and nine miles from Limerick there is a mine upon the river of Desmond's country.

At Kilmaloge [Kilmallock] there is a mine of lead.

At KnockKylleny [Knockilley] [and] Conniogh Tirrelagh, [Coonagh ?] [in] O'Brien's land, one mine of silver.

Pp. 2, followed by an index [apparently] of notes on Irish and Anglo-Irish families.

In all pp. 4. S.P. Ireland 214, 9.

Note on the Conduct and Suppression of the Bernes.

On 18 March, 159, Sir Pierce Fitzjames of the Geraldines was burned, with his castle, wife and children, within three miles of Athy by Walter Rewgh and the sons of Feach [?] McHugh. Such a one was accounted the most faithful of the Queen's subjects of Irish birth. He cold [sic] away with neither kerne, roge, rhymer nor wandering horseboys. He had done great service against Feagh McHugh, Walter Rewgh and divers rebels, and offered in his lifetime, with small aid of the Queen, to bring in the heads of these and such like traitors; or, if he might have licence, he would, with the aid of the counties, drive them into the sea. It was refused.

The counties of [blank] offered to subdue them all if they might have leave, but it was not granted.

Sir Henry Harington, Sir Thos. Masterson and others, brave and substantial men, offered to take the land of Feagh McHugh of the Queen at 3d. an acre and on their own cost, with 100 men of the Queen, to bring in his head or drive him into the sea. It would not be granted.

The City of Dublin offered to supply the 100 men in ease of her Majesty for a year; but it would not be granted.

The gentlemen of the Pale offered for 3d. an acre to subdue them; but it was not accepted.

Feagh McHugh is made Justice of the Peace and, when he comes to Dublin, is accepted and guarded with the Lord Chancellor's sons. He was pardoned [six] or seven times.

P. . Endorsed with notes on Irish chronicles, Alexander, Archbishop of Dublin (temp. Edward III), and to which is attached other rough notes on Irish history.

In all Pp. 2. S.P. Ireland 214, 10.

Note on the Lands of the Abbeys in the Ards.

Gives list of the temporal and spiritual possessions of the Abbeys of Bangor, [illegible], the Grey Abbey and the Black Abbey.

P. (small). Endd. Ibid, 11.

Notes on Irish and Anglo-Irish History.

1. Refers to Pandar's work Salus Populi, written in the time of Henry VIII. Mentions the Irish chieftains in Meath, the rule of succession "by fortmayne and election," the distribution of lands, and the duties of the temporary owner to his chief, "so that the landlord is but a daily beggar and the tenant continually beggared."

2. More than thirty great captains of the English race at this day follow the Irish custom and make war and peace on one another at their wills, without licence of the King or Lord Deputy. These are the Earl of Desmond, the Knight of Kerry, Fitzmaurice of the same, Sir Thomas and Sir John of Desmond, Sir Garrott of Desmond and his sons of the co. Waterford, Lord Barry, Lord Roche, the young Lord Barry, otherwise called Barry Oge, the White Knight, the Knight of the Valley, the Poers of the co. Waterford, Sir William Burke of the co. Limerick and others.

3. I have to complain of many rebel families in Connaught. Mentions Lord Bourke "de Com. Kegholole" [Culeagh?], Lord Bourke of Clanricarde, Lord Bermingham of Anry [Athenry], Lord Nangle and others. Mentions as rebellious in Ulster Sir Rowland Savadge of Lechahill [Lecale ?] and others; in Meath the Dillons and others. Gives list of counties which have no justice nor sheriff under the King. The English subjects would be loyal if they were protected against their Irish enemies. They are driven to join the rebels by neglect.

4. Many English counties pay to the Irish a tribute called the "black penny."

The barony of Lechahill [Lecale?] pays to the Captain of Clancheneboy [Clandeboye] or to O'Neale or whichever of them is strongest, 40l.

The co. of Uriell pays 40l. yearly to the Great O'Neale. Meath pays 300l. yearly to O'Conogher. [List continues as above, pp. 6645.]

5. It grieves me to say that there are as many Justices of the King's Bench and Common Pleas and Barons of the Exchequer and as many ministers and clerks in each of the said Courts as have been since the land was under the King's laws; but that nevertheless the subjects are so vexed with the extortions of the said Courts that they sell their freeholds "rather than further endure the vexation after the example of the March where the King's laws are not obeyed, and rather than endure the extortion of conny and livery, the exaction of hosting, carriage and cartage, the King's annual great subsidy, the black rent to the King's Irish enemies, more exacted of the King's Irish enemies in cos. of Dublin, Kildare, Meath and Uriell than elsewhere, more by the sea-coast than in the March."

6. Can any nation under the cope of Heaven be compared with the commons of England for riches, freedom, prosperity and all hearts' ease? They increase the King's wealth, multiply in number, and his enemies, if any arise, are quickly subdued by them. "If he call subjects to aid, as the sands of the sea they sally to environ him. The crafty clergy are fed with the clouten shone [shoes]. Apes are fed with a bit and a knock; let the priest say the word, the plowman obeyeth. Say but dirige, placebo will follow. Let the priest say, exaltabo, the plowman is in his de profundis. Let the lawyer shave his beard he will be reputed a priest, that is his credit. Let him call the plowman to the law he will relinquish his right rather than be vexed with the course."

7. "Oh, Ireland, thou art far wide!" It is an old saying Qualis rex talis populus.

It is true in England, but in Ireland there are only petty kings and tyrants. "The strong hand holdeth up, the weak goeth to the wall; the commons savage, filthy, naked, hungry, the priest an ass, the people a beast. The holy woman Brigitt . . . inquired of the good angel of what Christian land were most souls damned. He answered, Of a land in the west of the world; for there is continual war, murder, shedding of blood, envy, malice, all manner of vice contrary to charity, and he shewed to her the lapse of the souls into hell as thick as hail showers."

There is much robbery &c. in Ireland and this is a sore incurable. The land was peaceful when first conquered by England, but has since been rebellious for near two hundred.

Let him who can search out some salve for this festered sore.

8. Cause of the Irish Miseries.

Some think that the pestilence has devoured the English race, for they fly not therefrom, but that the Irish by running away, escape it, for they increase and the others decrease. Others have noticed, and Cambrensis marvelled at it, Richard, Earl of Pembroke, William, Earl Marshal, and his sons, Sir John Coursy, Earl of Ulster, and such great conquerors of this land died without issue male, and left the land, as it were by Divine providence, to the Irish septs to possess.

9. Some hold that the King is reckless and hath been this 200 years, having his hands full at home and abroad with France and foreign countries; and although he sent forces there to his great charge yet prevailed they naught,served their own turns and returned, as many as the bogs receive not, as wise as they came; and left the land in worse case than they found it. This is an obvious fact which flatterers cannot conceal.

10. Some urge that the Lord Deputy is to blame, for whereas he formerly went about with a strong guard of spears and bows appointed after the English fashion he now goes with "Irish galloglasses, Irish kerne, Irish spears, Irish horseladdes, doing no service, sparing his purse (not the King's treasure) with extortion of conny and livery, consuming the commons and devouring the King's subjects." It is also objected that he maketh great rodes [inroads] to the other provinces, drawing the King's subjects with him by compulsion and compelling them to bring with them victuals for three weeks or more and carriage at their own charge, "licensing the nobles to take cess on the King's subjects, taking the fine of the defect in the hosting of 100 or 200 absent to himself, returning without any hurt done to the King's enemies and hurting more in the return by his oppression than in the going forth; his followers being so proud [?] that when ordinary fare would serve they must have chickens and when grass is plenty they must have oats or malt for their horses. . . When they have all their desire they must have money. When they are best used then the good man, the good wife and the household folk are beaten if not worse used."

11. Some say that the nobility of English race foster and marry with the English-Irish enemies, from which disadvantages arise. As the Lord Deputy does this himself he cannot punish others who do it.

12. Some say that the nobility, English and Irish, give themselves to extortions and all sorts of licentious life in Ireland, that they will not and cannot leave it, and that they hold their territories "tyranically by imperial sword," not acknowledging, but in shew, any superior power.

13. Some say that the Deputy's advisers are "corrupt men, bribers, flatterers, carnal and dissolute persons," and who dares rebuke them but the Deputy who is of their own disposition ? And so all tends to the ruin of the land.

14. Some people attribute these evils to the indolence of the beneficed clergy. None of these, high or low, English or Irish, ever preach, but only the begging friars; and as they are poor in outward show so are they simple lettered, feeding the people with tales. The clergy of this land study only the canon law, and care more for transitory lucre and the plow rustical than the plow celestial. Where there is no preaching, teaching or serving of God, there can be nothing but utter destruction.

15. Some say that these evils arise because the statute laws are not put in execution.

16. Some say that "commanders of countries and petty captains have so many horseboys, hoores and dogs following them in idle life that they do nothing where they come but like wolves raven, extort and spoil the country."

17. Some say that the King was wont to send 5,000 or 6,000 marks out of his treasure in England here besides the local revenue (which is at its worst) for the defence of the land and that the country of itself is not able to defend itself and that therefore it is meet that the Deputy and captains do use conney [coyne]. livery &c. and so every man must patiently endure this extortion.

18. Some say that never since the conquest have the King's enemies in armskernes, galloglasses, horse and Scotsbeen so many and so well armed as now. As [they say] the subject is not able to defend himself it is better for him to be cessed upon and defended than that the enemy should destroy him.

19. Some regret that the English who, after their country manner, used to use bows, arrows, swords, bucklers, jacks and salets and foil the enemy therewith have now abandoned these and use Irish bows and darts; where[by] the enemy, being far more now in number and more expert, speedily reduce the subject to a weak state.

20. To remedy these evils a man must have the help of God, the power of the King, "the brawn of man's arm and the dint of the sword. So far Pandar."

Pp. 4. With fragmentary notes on old Irish history gummed on to the back. S.P. Ireland 214, 12.

Note touching the state of Connaught.

First, let your lordship have a regard for the confirmation of the Kellys' country, seeing that the end of the composition is at hand [and] almost expired, for the inhabitants are unable to pay such cess as they have hitherto paid, and are afraid to be "placed" with soldiers.

Also it is convenient [to question] of Bryen McDermody of Moylorige [Moylurge] what grievances he had with Mr. Thomas Dillon at Roscommon the 5th of this [-s month] (fn. 17) October, 1598 [or 1578], touching the conquest of the Denmarks, "alleging that the oppression of the soldiers is worse to them than the said Denmarks."

Four letters should be sent to the several sheriffs of the province of Connaught commanding that four of the best and chiefest gentlemen of the baronies come to your lordship to examine them touching the state of the country. Otherwise they are afraid to open their griefs except they be compelled thereto.

O'Rourke should be asked why he stayed the rent after it was reared [arreared].

Sir John Borck [Burke], otherwise McWilliam Eughterie, [would be of service] if authorised to correct Walter Fady's[?] sons and the rest of the rebels joining with them. Your lordship should step over and take their pledge for the observation of peace, otherwise, as "greyhounds do fight at the end of their victuals" they must fight by reason of the oppression of the soldiers.

The sons of Gilleduff were traitors at Galway about midsummer last. They bear greatly on (fn. 18) the Earl's sons and the fort which John Bourke made standeth upon [their] (fn. 18) land.

P. 1. Endd. S.P. Ireland 214, 13.

Safe Conduct given by the Lord General.

Desiring all whom it may concern to allow Richard Fitzgerald and the rest of the persons undermentioned (fn. 19) to pass them quietly and without hindrance during the period of [blank], they behaving themselves peacefully during the time and causing no burden to the loyal subject of the Pale, nor taking meat or drink from them contrary to their wills. This safe conduct shall not protect murderers.

P. . Copy. Dated Dublin, 7 May, 1598. With notes on the O'Neales underwritten and on the back. Ibid, 14.

List of, and notes on, the Havens of Ireland.

1. List of seventy havens.

This is a list of the principal and smaller havens in Ireland, beginning with Loughfoyle and the Bann and going successively round the east, south and west coasts of Ireland, finishing at Sligaghe [Sligo].

P. . Endd., with notes on the cess of coyne and livery by the Earl of Desmond and Ulster, divisions of land in Ireland, &c.

2. Notes on some of the ports mentioned in the foregoing list. Thusinter alia,

Loughfoyle is a "royal flood west south west [flowing] 20 miles [in]to the land and a branch to the east. It divides the territories of O'Kan [O'Cahan] and O'Dogherty."

The Bann: Runs W.S.W. and is a barre [bar] haven. Great fresses [freshes] of water, fauling [falling] mountains and hills called an Irish [in Irish] "Assrouagh." "Salmons leaping and with nets taken afore they fall." Ships of 40 to 60 tons will lade themselves in two months with salmon. O'Dogherty and James McHenry have castles there.

Wolderfryth [Olderfleet]. Runs west six miles. James McSurley of the east side has a castle.

The Sound of Roughlen [Rathlin] consisting of two islands, right north of Ireland.

Carrickfergus. Flows twelve miles to a place called 'Beelfast' compassing three islands. The islands are called Topeman isles, where the abbey of Banchorie [Bangor ?] lieth. Yet Carrickfergus runneth west. Carrickfergus [is] the ancients [ancientest] castle and ancients [ancientest] manor in Ireland.

Strangforda "real haven" wherein there is thought to be an island for every day in the year. Runs W.N.W. for 30 miles. On the north side is McNeale Oge's castle and on the south side the abbey of Dun Patricke [Downpatrick].

Ardglassa crib for small boats.

Holyhavenfor small ships. An island in the midst.

Dounedrumme [Dundrum], for small boats and barks for timber and other commodities for Dublin.

Carlingford. Flows W.N.W. 16 miles up to Newry. Bagnall [has ?] the Green Castle. On the north side a bayly [?] town.

Dundalka shole bay.

Kilclogh or Kilkealea key for fisher boats.

Dunany [or] the Kilclogher.

Droghedaa bar haven.

Nanyea bar haven for fishermen.

Old Patrick [Holmpatrick]an island, being the key of Skerries, having three islands within belonging to it and right east a rock called Rock an Bell [Rockabill].

Rusha key for fishermen &c.

Malahidea bar haven: Rogerstown of the south side of Malahide.

Mentions Baldoyle, Howth and Braymore. P. 1.

3. Further list in continuation of and amplifying No. 1 above. Pp. 4.

4. Further list of 40 havens. Adds no important information to the above. Pp. 2.

In all pp. 8. S.P. Ireland 214, 15.

Manuscript Book containing Notes and Information on the following matters.

1. Captains or chiefs in Ulster; captains and districts in Leinster; chiefs in Munster; chiefs in Thomond; districts in Desmond; districts in Thomond; chiefs in Connaught; chiefs and districts in Meath. Pp. 12.

2. List of Englishmen in various parts of Ireland who became Irish. Repeats the Pohers of Waterford. Further notes, as in paragraphs 3, 4 and 5 of the "Notes" on pp. 6723 above. Pp. 24.

3. Description of the power of Irishmen in the various provinces of Ireland. Pp. 49.

4. A breviate of the getting of Ireland and the decay of the same.

This contains a review of early Irish history from Strongbow's conquest to Edward III and the statutes of Kilkenny. Pp. 912.

Relates how the statutes of Kilkenny were not observed and of the evils which followed from this non-observance. Notes on Hugh de Lacy's pedigree &c. Pp. 1214.

5. Genealogy of the Earls of Kildare, various branches of the Bourkes, Darcys &c. Pp. 1617.

6. List (repetition) of Irish havens (fn. 20) and repetition of the other matters mentioned in this entry. Pp. 1945.

In all pp. 45. Endd. S.P. Ireland 214, 16.

Also three copies of the "breviate of the getting of Ireland by Englishmen and of the decay of the same."

These copies are all somewhat fuller than the copy in the book calendared immediately above. The writer attributes the loss of the English power in Ireland to disrespect of the Statutes of Kilkenny, the lawless power of Butlers and Geraldines and the growth of coyne and livery. He refers to the loss of Connaught, after the death of Lionel, Duke of Clarence. It fell to the Burkes, who gradually fell to Irish order. The possibility of the recovery of English influence is discussed. Suggests the suppression of the abbeys of Dunbrody, Tyntern, Duske, co. Carlow, [Dousk or Griguenemanagh, co. Kilkenny], Greane [Grany ?], co. Kildare, and the abbey of Baltinglass and giving them to lords and knights from England who shall dwell upon them. Suggests the building of numerous castles and 'piles' [details].

Pp. 7, 7 and pp. 17, the first two adhering together. On is headed to show that the "breviate" was offered to Henry VIII. To the last of the copies are appended notes on the divisions and chieftains of Ireland. Pp. 4. Ibid, 17, 18 and 19.

Two Maps of Limerick.

These are very rough sketch maps. One shows the Bishop's Palace, Castle and St. Nicholas' Church, the Island, base town, Newgate, Bridgegate at the south and the Shannon on the west and a Key on it, also a bridge at the north west. The other shows the Key of Limerick, a bridge, the Shannon, the West Gate, (fn. 21) North Gate, New Gate and base town.

Pp. 2, with notes on the acreage of the Irish provinces attached and a list of the following prebends:Donaghmore, Balicahan, Kilbeacon, Tolloughbracket [Tullabracky], Killydie, Croagh, Effinge, Desert [Dysert], Engus, Nichtany [Nantonan].

In all pp. 3. Ibid, 20 and 20A.

Note on the family of Eustace of Castle Martin.

Their descent from Eustace a son of Godfrey of Bouillon, the rule of the Eustaces in Sicily, their landing in Ireland and assumption of the name of Power on King John's arrival, "of whom they had great command from Dungarvan to Laghlen [Leighlin]."

Pp. 2. Ibid, 21.

Table of contents.

Relates to documents bearing various dates between 1515 and 1599. Pp. 2.

Further list of documents relating to Irish history. Pp. 2.

Notes on the O'Briens, Clanricardes, and list of persons of the kindred of Henry VIII, of the house of York, whom Henry caused to be attainted and executed. Pp. 2.

Historical notes regarding Ireland in the 13th, 14th and 15th century. Pp. 3.

Notes on martyrs and martyrology. Pp. 2.

In all pp. 11. S.P. Ireland 214, 22.

Scrap notes on early Irish ecclesiastical history and on O'Rourke of Connaught. P. .

Myth of the mark of St. Cataldus' head and of his healing of his mother &c.

Pp. 1. Ibid, 23.

Note on Strongbow. Undertaking to keep the peace in Ireland, dated 30 Oct., 1598. Note on Henry VI's marriage; on Edward VI and Malachi, Bishop of Lismore and Malachi [same] Bishop of Connor. Pedigree of the Eustaces.

Six small pp. Ibid, 24.

St. Patrick's prophecy about Dublin. Notes for a sermon on Acts iv., 32, sq. Other fragments.

Pp. 2. Ibid, 25.

List of chiefs and districts in Ireland.

P. 1. Ibid, 26.

Account of the battle between the Poers and O'Driscolls and the citizens of Waterford. (fn. 22)

Notes on the pedigrees of the Gormanstowns and the house of Decies.

Notes on the House of Kildare, Edward III's children, William of Wickham and the alleged illegitimacy of John of Gaunt, and the Fitzgeralds of Desmond.

In all pp. 8, with attached fragments or scraps. Ibid, 27.

Synopsis of Early Irish History and Legend.

Begins with the year after the Flood and ends in the time of King John, and with the marriages and portions of the daughters of William, Earl Marshal of England, and Isabel, daughter of Richard, Earl of Pembroke, and an enumeration of the Irish estates which were held by these daughters and their descendants and the taxes or Crown rents paid for them. Other notes on early Irish history.

In all pp. 45. The contents taken from the chronicles. Ibid, 28.

Notes taken from Giraldus Cambrensis, on Irish monasteries. Fragment on barony of Cahir.

Notes for a sermon on Epistle to the Philippians, ii. 14.

Legend of the coming of three men and fifty women to Ireland before the Flood.

Other fragments. About pp. 5. S.P. Ireland 214, 29.

Extracts from Irish histories and other sources on early and medieval history of Ireland. Concludes with list of Lords Lieutenant and Lords Deputies and Justices from Richard Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke (1174), to Loftus and Gardiner (1598), and with another list of these officers from 1403 to 1598.

In all pp. 25, with some blank pages. Latin. Ibid, 30.

Note for a sermon on the text, "I have found David my servant. With my holy oil have I anointed him." Pp. 1. Endorsed with names of Kings of Scotland from Duncan to James VI.

Note on early life of St. Patrick. P. 1.

List of mythical Scottish Kings. Pp. 2.

Pp. 4. Ibid, 31.

Note on the reform of government in Ireland, administration of justice, management of the revenue, obtaining sureties from landlords &c. List of passes to be kept open.

Dialogue on farming land, shewing that landlords are heavily taxed, whilst farmers make a good profit, and on other economic matters. Note on the taking of coyne and livery in Kilkenny and Tipperary: on the Earl of Ulster and his daughter's marriage to Lionel, Duke of Clarence.

In all pp. 7. Ibid, 32.

Note on the killing of Captain Mackworth, temp. Arthur [Lord] Grey; on Arthur [Lord] Grey's refusal to deliver the Sword, and on Sir Nicholas Malbie who "drove Desmond to rebellion." He "was the rarest Secretary in Ireland."

Calendar of Saints' Days [observed in Ireland].

Pp. 12. Ibid, 33.

Division of Ireland into provinces and dioceses. P. 1.

List of Archbishops of the four Irish provinces, 11521600.

List of officers of the Exchequer. Thomas, Earl of Ormond, High Treasurer, Sir Henry Wallop, Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer at Wars, Thomas Molyneux, Chancellor &c.

Other fragmentary notes.

In all about pp. 6. Ibid, 34.

Chronological table of Kings of England, 10661558; with brief notes on the events in some of their reigns, their children &c.

Pp. 2 (large). Ibid, 35.

Pedigree [part of] of the De Courcys. Note on the De Courcy title to the kingdom of Cork.

Notes on Papists and Puritans or schismatics.

Examination of the assertions of the Conventiclers.

Notes and references to events in the reign of Henry VIII. Also another fragment.

Pp. 4. and some blank pages. Endd. S.P. Ireland 214, 36.

Notes of legislation in 1413 and 1417 (I and IV Henry V) for sending Irish beggars out of the realm [of England] and for prohibiting the election of Irishmen to high ecclesiastical preferment in Ireland.

Account of the capture of O'Driscoll and his men by Simon Wicken, Mayor of Waterford, in 1413.

Similar to the account given in Smith's History of Waterford (1774), p. 114. (fn. 23) States that when the Mayor of Waterford arrived at the Castle and demanded admittance, the porter brought back word that he was welcome. The porter opened the gate "and himself by the Mayor was presently bound and put aside. The Mayor entered the great hall, where O'Driscoll, his kinsmen and friends sat expecting their supper, commanded O'Driscoll and his company not to stir or fear, that his determination was not to draw there any one drop of blood, but to drink, dance and so depart.

"The Mayor drank, led the dance, O'Driscoll and his son, the Prior of the Friary, O'Driscoll's wife, his uncle and three brethren followed. In the dance the Mayor commanded his men to lay hands upon them all and a carol to be sung; the which being effected, they took them all on ship board, and the Mayor delivered they should go with him to Waterford, sing their carol there and be merry with them that Christmas." They arrived at Waterford on St. Stephen's Day, "where they were with great joy and solempnity received, so that not only the houses but the churches opened and furnished them with lights."

Pp. 2. Endd. with notes on Henry V's reign. Ibid, 37.

Notes on Waterford. Mentions Cambrensis' report; Hook and Crooke, York's bulwark, the weighhouse &c.

Notes of massing in every house, and on the sayings of different persons thereone that he would believe St. Jerome before any of the Evangelists; another that he would believe the Church before Christ. P. 1 (small).

Faceti Hibernensium. Notes of Irish stories. These are coarse, dealing with the love of a man of O'Rorke's for ale when he discovered it on going to the Parliament in Dublin, his making ale in a primitive way [described] when he got home, drinking till he was sick (over his mother), a tripe-eating match between a porter and another, in which the porter won by employing (fn. 24) a mastiff to eat for him P. 1 (small).

An Irish song, interlined with English translation, as follows:

You and I will go to Finegall.

You and I will eat such meats as we find there.

You and I will steal such beef as we find fat.

I shall be hanged and you shall be hanged. What shall our children do?

When teeth do grow unto themselves as their fathers did before ? P. (small).

Also other fragments of verse on Irish manners. P. 1 (small).

Antiquarian notes. The crown of Christ. The character of the Irish. P. .

In all pp. 5. S.P. Ireland 214, 38.

Irish customs. These are taken from Spencer's view of Ireland or from the same source. Suggestions as to better government, for giving security to landlords, enclosure of lands to prevent preying on cattle &c.

Pp. 3. Ibid, 39.

Note on the order of entries when the Corporation of Waterford grant any farm. A number of specimen entries follow, recording the fact that certain persons have in the mayoralty of X. or Y, as in the first &c. year of this or that king, taken lands of the city to farm. P. 1 (imperfect).

Note on Sir William FitzWilliam's services as Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer of Ireland (temp. Edward VI), or as Lord Justice (temp. Elizabeth). Remarks on his five several appointments as Governor of Ireland. Pp. 2. Endd.

Speeches in verse of three brothers, of whom one is of the order of preachers, the second of the order of donkeys, and the third of the order of thieves. (fn. 25) A ribald rhyme. P. 1. Latin.

Notes on the Kildare pedigree, the family of Alonzo IX of Castile, and other matters. Fragments, much perished. Pp. 3.

Ribald rhyme denouncing Roman Catholic friars, nuns and canons, and rejoicing at the downfall of the abbeys. P. .

In all about pp. 8. Ibid, 40.

Table of contents of a book containing notes, pedigrees, letters &c. relating to Irish history.

P. 1 (imperfect). Endd. Ibid, 41.

Fragmentary notes on Irish history, temp. Edward II. Edward Bruce's claim to the English throne. Fighting of Irish and Scots in Ireland. Pp. 3.

Estimate of the Papal tithe paid in Edward [II's] time by the dioceses of Cloyne, Limerick, Ossory, Ardfert, Waterford, Lismore, Killaloe and Cork, by the province of Armagh and the dioceses of Down and Connor. P. .

Taxation of the benefices in the diocese of Kilmacduagh after its separation from the diocese of Tuam. Taxation of the benefices in the dioceses of Kildare, Clogher, Cloyne, Killaloe, the province of Armagh, and dioceses of Down and Connor. Pp. 5.

Note of ancient writers (Isidorus, Hegesippus, Bede and others) concerning Scotland and Ireland. P. .

Notes on the Irish character, quotations from Bede &c. Notes on falcons in Ireland. Further notes on character and habits of Irish. Pp. 65.

In all pp. 20, including some blank pages, bound together. S.P. Ireland 214, 42.

Fragmentary notes on Irish history, 13201500. Pp. 3. Ibid, 43.

Book containing a number of Notes and Memoranda on Irish History.

1. "A consideration of peace."

This is a scheme for a speech or monograph on the above subject. The scheme consists of dividing and subdividing the subject until it is at last divided into a great number of sub-heads like the branches of a genealogical tree. Thus, to take a single branch, it is worked out as follows:

In peace is to be considered of (a) the taking and (b) the defending.

(a) Taking. Here must be considered (1) offering conditions so as to avoid all offence and (2) accepting conditions made. (1) Offering: here must be considered (a) times, (b) persons, (c) the conditions themselves. Under (c) the conditions; these must be neither (1) hard and intolerable, nor (2) proud and disdainful, nor (3) dishonourable.

The rest of the scheme is worked out in this elaborate way. Pp. 2.

2. List of the war cries of the Irish clans.

Butler Aboe Ormond.
Crom Aboe Kildare.
Shanytt Aboe Desmond.
Galreogh Aboe Clanricard
Lagh Yarg Aboe Thomond.
Kerelader Aboe Upper Ossory.
Gonlan Aboe O'More.
Faliagh Aboe O'Connor.
Choyk Aboe O'Carroll.
Kinshelagh Aboe Cavanagh.
Shilela Aboe Byrne.
Fennock Aboe Toole.
Puckansack Aboe Shortall.
Poeragh Aboe Le Poer.
Geraldagh Aboe Decies.
Cloghechey Aboe [blank].
Rochestagh Aboe Roch.
Barragh Aboe Barry.
Barnearegan Aboe Slane.
Shuyrym Aboe Co. Louth.
Ardchully (fn. 26) Aboe O'Hanlon (fn. 26) [?].
Killele Aboe Dowles [Tooles] of Arcklo.
Fynsheog Aboe Delvin.
Keartlevarry Aboe Mackena [Trough].
Poer Aboe Baltinglass.

The names of Maguire, O'Rourke, the O'Ferralls, O'Reylie, McMahon and Clancarty are also given, but no cry given for them. Pp. 1.

3. Notes of English legislation, temp. Henry III-Edward VI, for keeping order and peace, repressing robberies &c. P. .

4. Notes on the policy of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland. His views as a Lord of the Isles. His advice of dilatory tactics in fighting England. P. .

5. Fragmentary notes and verse.

6. Notes for a sermon. [The text is lost.]

7. How a bullock should be divided:

The head, tongue and feet to the smith.

Neck to the butcher.

Two small ribs that go with the hind quarter to the tailor.

Kidney to the physician.

Udder to the harper.

Liver to the carpenter: a piece to the garron keeper.

Sweetbread to her that is with child.

Proceeds to allot all parts of the bullock to different people, apparently according to the Irish custom. P. 1.

8. Fragmentary notes. Coyne and livery. Habits of the Irish &c.

9. Note of Irish places to which English names have been given:Lough Sidney, Mountnorris, Mountrussell &c. P. .

10. Fragmentary notes of events in the reigns of Edward IV, Henry IV, Henry VI, Edward V, and Richard III. Pp. 2.

11. Note of conflicts between the mayor and citizens of Waterford and the Poers and O'Driscolls, who hated the Waterfordians with "an engrafted hatred." Describes an indecisive battle on 19 June, 1452, in which both sides lost heavily. Fowke Comerford, Mayor of Waterford, (fn. 27) and 31 citizens were killed, thirty-six Poers and O'Driscolls killed, and when night came on "no man knew his own safety."

Describes a similar battle in 1460. (fn. 28) The reason for the Mayor of Waterford's victory was that the O'Driscolls had had a drinking bout at Ballymacdavie and were surprised by the Mayor, who found them "no better than drunk."

Note of the statute 1 Henry VI, cap. 3, (fn. 29) for voiding out of the kingdom people born in Ireland, and repairing to Oxford.

Note on further anti-Irish legislation (c. 2 Henry VI, cap. 8). Pp. 2.

12. Verses prophetic of English history. Pp. 3.

Extracts of prophecies of English history. Pp. 1.

Verses as before. Pp. 5, with fragment.

13. Prophecies regarding Welsh history. Pp. 3.

14. Saints and prophets who have prophesied upon a king whose name is Edward.

Prophecies of Becket, Merlin, John the Hermit, D'Albion of Alman, Maligeus Abbot of Ireland, Sibbell, McThomas of Sorrye and others. Pp. 3.

15. Notes and descriptions of some English places: Pethrell Stone, near Carlisle; Ravensbrook, near Newcastle &c.

Prophecies of the victory of the Red Rose over the White.

Prophecies regarding Welsh history. The uprising of Wales. Pp. 1.

16. Verses on the history of France [?].

The state of France as there it stands

Is like primire at my hands.

Some do vie and some do hold,

The best assured may be bold.

The King was rash without regard,

And being flush would needs discard. (fn. 30)

And first he post it to the goyes [sic],

And of nowght [?] straightway it vies.

Queen mother standing at the back

And taught them all to make the pack;

And we that saw them at their play

Left them there and came our way.


The Lords do crave all;

The King accords all;

The Parliament passeth all;

The Chancellor doth seal [?] all;

Queen Mother doth rule all;

The Cardinals do bless all;

The Pope doth pardon all;

And, without God's help, the divill will have all.

P. .

17. Note of [Hanmer's?] writings and compositions, with dates, 1581, 1585, 1587. P. .

18. Records of the history of Waterford.

In the same year (fn. 31) it was agreed that the Mayor and Council might make ordinances and statutes for the improvement of the city, and that these should be binding as if consented to by the whole city. Ordinances as to tallage are excepted.

Mayoralty of Robert Lincoln, 13 Henry VI (fn. 32) : ordinance that citizens and denizens bought merchandize from strangers and did not pay the Mayor, bailiffs should pay the denizens and recover from the defaulter twice the sum so paid, or, in default, imprison the debtor.

William Lincoln (fn. 33) Mayor, and Milo Sawt and William Rope bailiffs. Ordinance made regarding evidence in litigation [details]. In the same year ordinances made restricting the sale of goods by retail by Waterford merchants in Carrick, Clonmel and Thomastown. [Details.]

20 Henry VI. William Lincoln, Mayor, and John Corre and Nicholas Molgan, bailiffs. Further ordinance as to rights of litigants at Waterford. [Details.] (fn. 34)

Robert Lincoln, Mayor, and Nicholas Molgan and John Corre, bailiffs. Ordinance forfeiting goods sold by strangers to strangers in Waterford. If a citizen sells (as agent) one stranger's goods to another he shall forfeit his liberty, and shall pay 40s. to the reparation of the city walls. The informer to have one-third of the goods.

Same year. Ordinance forbidding any citizen to maintain a stranger in an action against his [the citizen's neighbour]. No citizen to receive any strangers in pledge unless he has them in his house and custody. They shall [in such case] not walk in the city.

Fulk Quemerford, Mayor, John May and John McGilmor [?], bailiffs, 27 Henry VI. (fn. 35)

Ordinance as to recovery of debts. After judgment, if the judgment is not answered, the Mayor and bailiffs shall pay it; and the plaintiff shall be put to no oath if there be so much owing to him or no. Other regulations made as to covenant, trespass and account. [Details.]

Nicholas Gogh, Mayor, (fn. 36) William Lincoll and Peter Hunt, bailiffs, 24 Henry VI.

Ordinance regarding those who give refuge to fugitives for debt. Those who receive such fugitives may be charged with the debt.

Proceeds with many further extracts from the records of the ordinances of the city of Waterford similar to those given above. The last ordinance entered in the book was passed when Patrick Rope was Mayor and Fulke Comerford and Thomas Sheth, bailiffs, in 5 Henry VII. (fn. 37) It ordained that all foreigners dwelling in the city should "wear gowns and go still in English array," on pain of 6s. 8d. fine for each offence; and that no landlord should let any house in the city to any foreigner without he first present him to the Mayor to be sworn to the city, and that he [the foreigner] go in English array. Penalty: forfeiture by the landlord to the Crown of the rent due from the foreigner up to the date of the offence. Pp. 23, partly in Latin.

19. Notes on Irish history.

Pestilence of 1390. Visit of Richard II in 1392. Murder of Thomas Butler, brother of the Earl of Ormond, by O'Shane FitzThomas at Waterford in 1396.

Other brief notes of earlier and later events. Pp. 4, very much perished.

The whole book [divided above into 19 heads] is 88 pp., (fn. 38) some of which are blank. S.P. Ireland 214, 44.

Notes on the customs of Ireland, witchcraft, the Brehon laws &c.

Children delivered to mares, cows, sows or sheep to nurse for increase to half.

References to Stainhurst and Strabo.

They condition, when they let houses to English, that they should build no chimneys. Smoke. Men and women, especially of the common sort, look old quickly. They fare hard, lie on the ground, and keep smoky houses.

Wicked customs and observances.

On May Eve they drive their cattle upon their neighbours' corn and eat it up. They were wont to begin from the East, and especially upon the English churl . . . . Unless they do so upon May Eve the witch will have power over the cattle all the year following. The churls will steal and eat up an Englishman, and when they let and set [?] to the Englishman and the English have planted a while, they suddenly attack him and rob and spoil.

Passing [?] (fn. 39) of doors upon May morning to keep the fairies away.

Notes on the Brehon laws.

They intercept letters. They are so idle that they constantly ask news. Note on the custom of Tanistry, the election of a successor to a dead chief &c.

About pp. 1. S.P. Ireland 214, 45.

Note on St. Patrick's Purgatory.

Notes for a sermon on 2 Cor. iv, vv. 3 and 4. P. .

References to Bede and Stainhurst.

Note on Sir Hugh Lacy, the marriage of his daughter with Walter de Burgo, who was then Earl of Connaught in his own right and of Ulster in that of his wife. Note on their issue. P. .

Note on the size of Ireland, which is said to be larger than England, the chief lords, the overlordship of the King of England. Possibilities of a revenue to be drawn from Ireland if it were conquered. P. .

Notes on the Statute of Absency, on the name Dundalk. The giant [?] Dealken [?] built a mound or fort there, which is in Irish, Dune; others think the name comes from another giant. (fn. 40) Note on the counties of Ulster, Munster and Leinster, and Meath. Note on the towns, &c. in the Nore and Barrow. Pp. 2.

List of geographical divisions of Ireland, and of some Scottish counties and places. Pp. 2.

About pp. 6. Ibid, 46.


  • 1. For some introductory remarks on these papers see the Preface.
  • 2. See Smith's History of Waterford (1774), p. 128.
  • 3. Smith (op. cit., pp. 1223) gives the letter in extenso, but dates it 20 Oct., 1511.
  • 4. This Act is not in Statutes at Large (Ireland).
  • 5. i.e. made the subject of a proviso.
  • 6. As to these see below, pp. 676, 677.
  • 7. This was O'Melaghlin's country bar Clonloman, co. Westmeath.
  • 8. "His" and "their" are used alternatively here. The writer is evidently describing the armed horseman's outfit.
  • 9. The document is imperfect where the asterisk appears.
  • 10. An early suggestion of compensation for improvements.
  • 11. Dr. Flood has helped me with several identifications in this document.
  • 12. See Gilbert, History of Dublin (1859), Vol. II, p. 1.
  • 13. This account tallies with that given in Smith, History of Waterford (1774), p. 121 sq., but adds some interesting particulars and is therefore given here. Smith says Simnel was a baker's son; but this document says his father was an organ maker.
  • 14. Ed. 1705. Annals of Henry VII, p. 4.
  • 15. Warbeck landed at Cork 26 July, 1497. See Ware's Annals of Ireland for that year. Smith gives the date as 23 July, 1497.
  • 16. (1774), p. 124.
  • 17. Document imperfect here.
  • 18. Document imperfect here.
  • 19. No names are underwritten.
  • 20. See above, pp. 676 and 677, for these.
  • 21. The West Gate is placed on the wrong side in the second map, which is a very poor representation. The first map is recognisable.
  • 22. This account is similar to that in Smith's History of Waterford (1774), p. 113.
  • 23. But differs in some respects from the account in Smith, and, so far as it differs, is given here.
  • 24. The document is imperfect here, but I think this is the sense.
  • 25. The word here is "briborum." Cowell's Interpreter gives "bribor" as 'one that pilfereth other men's goods.' A rare word.
  • 26. The document is perished here and one or two lines lost.
  • 27. He appears as Mayor in 1448 in Smith's Waterford (1774), p. 155.
  • 28. The account tallies with that given by Smith, in the year 1461, ibid, p. 117.
  • 29. Statutes of the Realm, II, 214.
  • 30. The writer uses metaphors taken from card-play, which gives some interest to the doggerel.
  • 31. Probably early in Henry VI's reign (see next paragraph). The paragraphs are numbered with large numbers, but the first entry is numbered 27, as though the copyist took up the record at that point.
  • 32. Lincoln was Mayor in 1428. See Smith's Waterford, p. 155.
  • 33. He was Mayor in 1426 and 1449. Ibid, pp. 155, 156.
  • 34. The document is partly perished here. As to the Mayoralty the writer is in error. Sattadel was Mayor in 1442 and Molgan or Mulgan in 1443.
  • 35. Quemerford [Comerford] was Mayor in 1448. See Smith, op. cit., p. 155.
  • 36. He was Mayor in 1441. Ibid, p. 155.
  • 37. Rope was Mayor in 1491. Ibid, p. 156.
  • 38. The pages had been separated into two parts, and one or two of them severed by some person since the document was written. I have replaced them for binding according to their original numeration, which is apparently contemporary with the contents.R.P.M.
  • 39. Document imperfect here.
  • 40. The writing is much obliterated here.