James I: April 1606

Pages 441-462

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1603-1606 . Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1872.

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James I: April 1606

681. Establishment for Ireland. [April 1.] S.P. Ireland, vol. 218, 35.

Copy of Establishment, expressing the number of officers, general and provincial, warders of forts, pensioners, officers of musters, &c. for Ireland, with their several rates of entertainment, excepting certain horse and foot, to begin from the last day of March.

Pp. 6. Vellum, large.

682. Comparison of Old and New Establishments. [April 1.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 36.

Comparative abstract of the old and new Establishments, showing the amount saved by the latter.

P. 1.

683. List of Horse and Foot in Ireland, April 1606. [April 1.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 37.

A list of horse and foot as they are garrisoned in Ireland.

Carrickfergus Lord Deputy 25
Lord Deputy 50
Sir Foulke Conwaie 50 — 100
Loughfoyle Sir Henry Dockwrae 50
Sir Henry Dockwrae 50
Sir Richard Hansard 50 —100
Ballishannon Sir Henry Folliott 25
Sir Henry Folliott 50
Sir Thomas Roper 50 —100
Connaught Sir Edmon Wenman 12
Earl of Clanrickard 50
Sir Thomas Rotheram 50 —100
Munster Lord President 50
Lord President 50
Sir Charles Wilmot 50
Sir Richard Morrison 50 —150
King's County alias Ophaley. Sir Edw. Herbert 12
Sir Francis Ruishe (Rushe) 50
Queen's County alias Leix. Sir Richard Wingfield 50
Sir Richard Wingfield 50
Sir Henry Power 50 —100
Leacale Lo. Crumwell 10
Lo. Crumwell 30
Monaghan Sir Edward Blaney 50
Charlemount Sir Tobias Caulfield 50
Mountjoye Sir Francis Roe 50
In all—Horse 234
Foot 880

1 April 1606.

Pp. 2. Not signed or add.

684. Sir A. Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. [April 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 38.

Since his former letter, which has been stayed by contrary winds, has received Salisbury's of the 22nd of March, with the proclamation signifying the King's safety. Those came to his hands on the 30th of the same, and he has sent the proclamation with the discovery of the occasion, according to the contents of his Lordship's letters, into the provinces and to certain lords, and has published them in this city, and in Tredagh [Drogheda]; the matter having been bruited abroad, and muttered suspiciously up and down the country the day before the receipt of the letter, and every blast breeds alterations in the minds of these wavering and inconstant people.

These and sundry other remembrances are apparent marks of his (Salisbury's) honourable and extraordinary care of the welfare of this kingdom, and of Chichester himself, to whom the charge of the same is for the present committed.

To keep the ill-disposed in their indignation, and the better affected in fear, it is lately given out upon all the northern borders, on the alleged authority of two priests lately come from beyond the seas, that Henry, second son to the Earl of Tyrone, and now with the Archduke, will come into the land this summer, in command of 4,000 of this nation, who went to the King of Spain and Archduke; and that there will be greater troubles and garboils in this land than ever heretofore. Thinks this is grounded upon the late supposed Bull, for he sees no other reason; but likes not that young man's being with the Archduke, and so many of the loose men of this nation flocking unto him. If there be any such priests in Tyrone, he will be sure to understand of them. By reason of the garrisons they have good espial in those parts.—Castle of Dublin, 4 April 1606.

P. 1. Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "Lord Deputy of Ireland to the Earl of Salisbury."

685. Sir A. Chichester to the Earl of Devonshire. [April 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 39.

Has seen letters of the King, written to Sir Wm. Usher before the death of the late Queen, in which His Majesty was pleased to take notice of him. This encourageth him to propound a reasonable suit regarding the fee farm of certain lands which he holds from the King by lease; some of long continuance and for many years to come, which amounts yearly to 27l. sterling, or thereabouts, the rest by a later lease for 21 years only, and of the value of 62l. 13s. by the year; amounting in the whole to 89l. 13s., or thereabouts. He has sent his son to be an humble suitor in his behalf, he himself, by reason of his place, being otherwise tied to give attendauce here.—Dublin Castle, 10 April 1606.

P. 1. Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Devonshire."

686. Earl of Ormond to the Earl of Salisbury. [April 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 40.

Thanks his Lordship for favouring his suit for the spiritualities. Requests that the time of payment of 2,000l. fine, which his son-in-law, Viscount Butler, had agreed to for a lease, may be deferred.—Carrick, 10 April 1606.

P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "E. of Ormond to the E. of Salisbury." Encloses,

687. Earl of Ormonde's Spiritual Possessions. S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 41a.

A note of such spiritual possessions as the Earl of Ormond holdeth of the King for 19 years yet to come, without the rent specified.

P. 1. Endd.: "E. of Ormond's spiritual possessions."

688. Earl of Ormond's Spiritual Possessions. S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 41a.

Duplicate of No. 687.

P. 1. Endd.: "E. of Ormond's spiritual possessions."

689. Earl of Ormond's reserved Rent payable to the King. S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 41 B.

Note of the amount of rent reserved to the King, payable by the Earl of Ormond for the spiritual possessions held by him in Ireland.

P. 1. Endd.

690. Earl of Ormond's Lands held of the King. S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 41 c.

Note of such lands as the Earl of Ormond holdeth of the King's Majesty unto him and the heirs males of his body.

P. 1. Endd.

691. Earl of Ormond's Lands. S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 41 D.

Another paper of the same tenor as the above.

P. 1. Endd.

692. Recent Grants of Land in Ireland. [April ?] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 41 E.

Note of such lands as were lately past from His Majesty in Ireland, some in fee simple, some in fee farm, principally land of religious houses.

Pp. 2. Endd.

693. Recent Grants of Land in Ireland. [April ?] Ibid.

Copy of the above.

Pp. 2. Endd.

694. The Earl of Thomond to the Earl of Salisbury. [April 16.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 42.

Has thought good to inform Salisbury that John Downing, lieutenant to Sir Francis Barckley, a very bloody murderer and unrespective man, meeting upon the Sunday with an innocent poor man of his (Thomond's) in the way going to his sister's, and having his pass, hanged him. Wrote of this to the Deputy and Council, certifying the whole of the fact. His Lordship willed him to prosecute the matter at the sessions, which he did accordingly, and procured the Lord Justices of Assize's warrant to apprehend him (Downing), to be brought before them; but he came with much ado, and upon his coming a bill was preferred to the grand jury, which they found "billa vera;" whereat the Lord President stormed very much, and in choleric manner said to my Lord Wellsh, (fn. 1) that he had rather give 1,000l. than the matter should be found. Upon the finding of the bill, he (Thomond) went with the judges to his Lordship's chamber, and offered to give him the best contentment he might, making no doubt but that, if he would hear him examine the truth of the matter, he would in honour and conscience prosecute it as far as he did, if not farther; but his Lordship called all his kindness compliments, and would not once confer with him about it. Proceeding farther to a jury of trial, who were of the best gentlemen of the country, they were for the most part by the prisoner rejected, whom the Lord President at the Bench publicly instructed and countenanced, as far as he could, to answer to all objections. A second jury of trial being empanelled, which with much ado, were gotten, the prisoner was found guilty of murder, the most of the jury being English. This urged the Lord President to further choler, whereby he used such speeches as beseemed not a judge sitting in his place, for which he refers to the report of my Lord Welsh, Sir John Davys, Sir Richard Boyll, Sir Dominick Sarsefield, and all the rest that sat at the Bench; but he (Thomond) respecting his duty, and the place he held, answered nothing which might discontent him.

Has, as near as he could, sent to his Lordship a breviat of the words which he most distemperately uttered at the Bench. The prisoner being found guilty, no judgment was given, the judges seeing him in that choler, though he (Thomond) demanded the same.

Intreats that direction may be sent to the Deputy and Council, that the matter may be effectually examined, in order that justice may go forward. Desires permission to spend two months in England.—Limerick, 16 April 1606.

Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "The Earl of Thomond to Salisbury." Encloses,

695. Proceedings against John Downing. [April 11.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 42 I.

Proceedings at the assizes at Limerick against John Downing, indicted for high treason.

Pp. 2. Endd.

696. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy of Ireland. [April 16.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 61.

Lord Cromwell having a company of foot in His Majesty's pay in Ireland, and having been absent from thence attending Parliament and some special business of his own, and being of good merit, the charges that have been or shall be imposed upon him and his two men, during their stay in England until the last of the present month, are to be paid out and remitted to his Lordship.—Court at Whitehall, 16 April 1606.

Signed: R. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Canc., Notingham, Suffolke, J. T. Dorset, Gilb. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Salisbury, E. Zouche, W. Knollys, E. Wotton, J. Popham, J. Herbert.

P. 1. Orig. Add. Endd. in Sir Arth. Chichester's hand.

697. The King to the Lord Treasurer. [April 17.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

To the Lord Treasurer for a grant of the patronage of Orsett to the Earl of Salisbury.

698. The King to the Lord Deputy of Ireland. [April 17.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

To the Lord Deputy for Attorney and Solicitor in Ireland directing the advance of the Attorney to the place of a judge in the Court of Common Pleas, and to his place of Attorney that of Sir John Davys, Knt., now the Solicitor.

Pp. 1½. Draft.

699. Lord Deputy and Council to the Lords [of Council]. [April 23.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 43.

By their letters of 7 March gave an account to their Lordships of their proceeding on some points of their Lordships letters of 24 January last, and especially on one which concerned Sir Patrick Barnewell; whom they should have sent thither before this time, according to their Lordships' directions, but that partly he was stayed till now to prepare himself for his journey and to have time to settle his affairs here during his absence, and partly out of their own consideration, thinking the time there would be more fit, about the end of the Parliament, and that likewise, before he could be ready, the judges were ridden on their circuits and not returned till now. His carriage heretofore hath already given the Council a sufficient taste of his honour; and, as their Lordships have well observed him, so they themselves can say no less of their experience than that they find him a chief head and ringleader among this people, from whom he hath won such popularity that they make his advice a direction unto them in all their doings, and especially their opposing against the reformation begun. By which their Lordships may consider how unmeet it is he should stay here, unless he shall in that respect be better qualified and reduced to more conformity. Are persuaded he will allege in his excuse that he made not the first draft of the petition, that he kept upon the borders in order to shun intermeddling in that business, and that likewise he altered and refined, in a more quiet spirit, the form and letter of the petition, when it came to his hands from the first draft made by Newtervill. To these his allegations, although by Newtervill's confession and other testimonies it appeared that he wrote not the first draft of the petition, yet was he from the beginning an encourager, adviser, and councillor in the same; for it was spoken of and seriously thought upon before his repairing to the borders, where he kept, not so much, in their opinion, to shun intermeddling in that matter, as to show and make publicly known the great voice and power he had above the rest, who, without him, could not or would not proceed, which their so often writing and sending for him doth sufficiently testify. And as for his mildness used in altering and refining the petition, their Lordships have truly observed that it proceeded rather from the spirit of opposition than of petition; so that it is needless to trouble them with any more words therein.

It remains to establish the point of their first letters, touching his obstinate and indecent manner of defending the petition and the carriage of it. First, for his obstinacy;— besides his countenancing the delivery, he very peremptorily justified the manner and course of the petition, and preferring of it to be lawful and fit for subjects, using for proof thereof some examples of foreign nations whose states and governments were far differing from that which His Majesty's kingdoms do enjoy. Whereunto, this being added, that since his first commitment he never made any manner of submission, but rather conceives that he suffers wrong by his restraint, it will not only convict him of obstinacy but manifestly declare him to be more deep in the offence than he who first wrote it, or any other in the kingdom. His indecent manner of defending the petition will be understood from his answers to some of the writers in particular, as occasion was offered them to speak unto him. And first, to begin with the Deputy. He advised him to consider with himself how long the petition lay framed, resolved, and agreed upon before it was delivered, and that upon the first wind that could bring news from England an unusual number of noblemen and gentlemen made their repair to the city, countenancing the delivery of the petition; and that after there was a day fixed to consider of it and to give their answers, they pressed the Deputy for an answer, with such multitudes and in so indecent a fashion, as if they meant rather to enforce than crave it. Upon which ground the Deputy told him that he saw reasons for thinking that some priests and others in this kingdom had intelligence with the traitors and treasons in England; and that, if that odious and detestable plot had taken effect as they desired, they were at that time so combined and gotten together, in order to surprise the Lord Deputy and Council, being without a sufficient guard, or at least to have done them a mischief. To this he said, "That the Deputy's speech was wiredrawing, and without probability or likelihood." And soon after, being pressed by the Chancellor in some points of the religion he professeth, and among many arguments touching the soundness of the established religion and His Majesty's zeal to the same, happening in course of speech to call it the King's religion, he forthwith interposed, "That is a profane speech." Whereupon, the Chief Justice putting him in mind how far he had transgressed in framing and defending the petition after he understood the King's pleasure in that point of their conformity and obedience, and laying open unto him how far he had incurred the penalty of a contempt by his speeches formerly delivered, he presently, without any regard of the place, bade the Chief Justice "leave his carping," and therewith, very unreverendly, struck the cushion before the Deputy sitting in Council, and held his hand thereon till he was reproved for it. Hope that from all this their Lordships will think they have had good cause to write as they did, at least of his obstinate and indecent manner of defending the petition. And finding now that his letters into England have not sorted to his desire, it is said that he gives it out that he is brought into trouble and question for the public cause of religion, and therefore the country ought to bear the charge of his expense and travel; whereupon, they are informed, some collections, not only in the Pale, but in Munster and elsewhere, have been made for him, and where present money is not to be had, bonds of debt are taken to his use. The sum demanded is 1,200l.; with which he undertakes to effect much, as well for a toleration of their religion as in other civil matters for the general good and benefit of the whole kingdom as he pretends.

From this they doubt not their Lordships will have a thorough feeling of this gentleman's disposition and carriage in these matters, and of the extreme mischief which it may be foreseen will of necessity befall this miserable realm, especially in the matter of reformation and settling the truth of the Gospel in it, if he receive any favour. For the eyes of all these recusants do diligently attend and follow his proceedings; and so malicious and subtle are these Jesuits and priests, that upon the least favours they will build infinite untruths to hold this people in their blindness and superstition. As for any collections he hath made against the Chief Justice, if he hath made any, which he doth refuse to discover upon his examination, other than such as were reported in their last communication, they assure their Lordships they are only strained to maintain his former error.

This much only at this present they think meet to write in this matter; not doubting but their Lordships will call to remembrance the points of their former letters and of their proceedings both in the Castle Chamber and in King's Bench, sent with their letters. And having been desirous that Sir Patrick Barnewall should give them some reasons for the imputations he laid upon them, they advised that he should be examined upon some interrogatories, to many parts of which he hath refused to answer. A true double thereof, with so much as he hath answered thereto, they herewith send. And if he shall now, upon his repair thither, prefer any new articles against any of this board, they pray their Lordships that his articles may not be secreted from them, but may be sent hither to be answered here by such as they shall concern, and afterwards proceeded with as their Lordships shall think fit.

Advertised them in their last of the apprehension of one Lalor, a priest. Could not then write anything more particularly of him; but having twice since examined him, find, by his own confession that he hath incurred the penalty of the old statute of præmunire and of the first offence of the statute of the second of the late Queen in this kingdom. The matters of the recusants here stand as they did at their last writing, saving that many of the meaner sorts do in sundry parts of the kingdom reform themselves and resort to church, and that divers priests and friars, where they are dealt withal by advice and persuasion of the bishops and other learned men, have renounced the orders they received from Rome, and have taken new from the lawful bishops, or have utterly abjured their former professions; so that if the course now begun be well proceeded in, and good care taken for amendment of some bishops, and planting of a learned and sufficient clergy, there will soon ensue much good to this people, whose ignorance and obstinacy hath grown chiefly from the remissness and negligence of those kind of men.

Purpose the next long vacation to go in hand with the business of Monahan, Cavan, and Fermanagh, and to use their best endeavours to raise some benefit to His Majesty out of those countries, especially of Monahan, according to the former division.—Dublin, 23 April 1606.

Signed: Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Canc., Roger Midensis, James Ley, Anth. Sentleger, Ol. Lambert, Jeff. Fenton, Henry Harington, Edmund Pelham, G. Moore.

Pp. 7. Signed. Add. Endd.: "From the Deputy and Council in Ireland to the Lords." Encloses,

700. Interrogatories administered to Sir Patrick Barnewell, Knight. [April.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

1. Imprimis. Set down the time that the petition of the Lords and gentlemen of the Pale was sent to you, being in the frontier, and remotest part of the Pale; by whom was the same sent to you, and from whom, and what was the cause of your being in the remotest parts, and how long had you been there before the sending of the petition ?

2. Item. Whether had you and others conference before the petition was rough drawn and sent unto you of any such petition or course to be taken ? and with whom had you such conference, and what were their names, and where was the same; and whether was there any priest or priests privy or present at such conference, and what was his or their names ? Declare hereof the whole truth.

3. Item. What moved you presently after the proclamation made to make a hunting journey into divers parts and shires, and to gather divers gentlemen and others to you under the colour of hunting, which you never used before ? Show hereof some good cause or reason, the same being so unusual.

4. Item. Have you any allowable cause to except unto some of the Council of Ireland ? who are they, and what are those allowable causes of exception ?

5. Item. What cause had you to suspect any hard course would be taken with you upon your committal, or any other or harder course than with others who subscribed to the petition ? and what arbitrable course in discretion did you doubt would be held with you ?

6. Item. Whether were the commandments under the great seal sent of purpose to draw men into the Star Chamber, or else to induce them to give their attendance upon the Lord Deputy or the church ? Set down your knowledge and opinion herein, and the reason of such your knowledge or opinion.

7. Item. Did all the learned in the laws in Ireland affirm that the fining of the aldermen and others in the Star Chamber was contrary to the law ? What are their names that so affirmed, and to whom did they affirm the same; and when did you confer with them thereof ? Were their opinions delivered before or after the sentence in the Star Chamber ?

8. Item. How do you know that the intention of the mandates and proceedings in the Star Chamber is solely ascribed to Sir James Ley ? By whom had you intelligence thereof, and what particular persons have notified the same unto you, whose opinion is the same, and what reasons can you yield of such opinion ?

9. Item. Whether is Sir James Ley a man generally hated throughout the kingdom ? How doth the same appear to you to be true ? Can you charge him with injustice, corruption, oppression, extortion, partiality, intemperance, extremity, or any other just cause of hatred ? Who, and what are they that do hate him, and what is the cause thereof ? What complaint have you heard or known to be made against him ? Do you yourself hate him, and what is the cause thereof?

10. Item. Have you had conference with Henry Browne about the demanding or denial of copies of an indictment found against him for recusancy ? Whether did you or any other by your procurement, advise or direct him, by yourself or others, to demand the copy of any indictment, or did he complain to you of the denial of such copy ? Why did he complain thereof to you ? Hath he often repaired, to you or to your lodging ? Do you know or have you heard that he standeth indicted and convicted for disturbing a minister for saying of divine service in Dublin ?

11. Item. Whether is the execution of the judgment in the Star Chamber preposterous, or so thought to be, and by whom is the same so thought to be ? Do you think it to be preposterous, and what is your reason ?

12. Item. What cause have you to fear that there was, at the writing of your late letter to the Earl of Salisbury, even then laid down the foundation of some future rebellion? In whom is that foundation laid down, and in what sort of peoples' hearts is the same laid down? and how are you privy thereunto ? Declare what you know or suspect therein, upon your allegiance, and the causes and reasons of such your knowledge or suspicion.

Signed: Anth. Sentleger, W. Lambert, Jeff. Fenton.

Pp. 2½. Endd.: "Copia vera. Ex. per Ste. Perse."

701. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. [April 23.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 44.

Has now, according to his Lordship's former directions, sent over Sir Patrick Barnewall with his steward. They have bound him in recognizance of 1,000l. to pass over in his company, and to appear before his Lordship, and not to depart without licence. The cause of his delay to this time, and what they have to allege in support of their former advertisements of him, shall be delivered of him in their general letter.

Is unwilling to aggravate the offence of any man; but, seeing he did not restrain to lay unjust imputations upon their most upright judges and councillors, they do him no wrong by any discovery of his miscarriage; and yet, if he (Chichester) saw any appearance of good that should follow the tolerance with his offence, he would rather extenuate than increase it. They live here among a proud, obstinate, and disobedient people, who, fixing their eyes and dependency wholly on that State, do esteem meanly and badly of this; and so far are they miscarried with pride, that some conceit that, by means and mediation of friends, this gentleman shall rather receive grace than reproof. Being a nation much guided by report, it is given out that he is called thither for that purpose, and in order to understand what he can say against the Lord Deputy and Council; it is asserted that, upon his return, there will be a toleration of the Romish religion and great alterations in this kingdom's government; and it is generally reported that commandment is already come to recall the President of Munster and the Lord Chief Justice. These and many other surmises are bruited by the priests, who violently labour to uphold their profession, and to discourage such as labour in the reformation and kingdom's settlement; among whom he regards the Chief Justice as a principal member, and worthy to receive countenance and supportation. Of him none can speak ill but such as shun reformation; for he is an upright and uncorrupted judge. Sir Patrick is called thither to make good his own informations, which he cannot effect except by the testimony of men of his own faction. If he object anything against this State in general, or any member of the same, entreats his Lordship to favour them with a sight thereof, that they may answer thereto before his colourable pretences receive impression of truth.—Dublin Castle, 23 April 1606.

Pp. 2. Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "Lord Deputy to the Earl of Salisbury."

702. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Devonshire. [April 23.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 45.

Has sent over by the bearer, his steward, Sir Patrick Barnewall, according to former directions. He [Barnewall], by his letter to Lord Salisbury, hath laid very unjust and surmised imputations upon the Chief Justice and their proceedings. His disposition is well known to the Earl, and he hath so good an opinion of himself, that he is conceited, and would draw others to believe that his endless parts procure him malice and dislike, which is the cause he is now selected to answer for the whole; whereas he is indeed called thither to answer his own lavish information with better judgment than his own, who can reprove and punish as there is cause. Sends herewith such advertisements as are come unto him since his last, from Sir Foulke Conwaye. These strengthen the former, sent in February. They are full of plots and apt to take the first opportunity to declare themselves, either upon breach with Spain, or other alteration in England, being the most unsettled, giddy people under the sun. Thinks well that the Earl of Tyrone is and will be ever a discontented man; and yet knows not why he should be so, unless it be that he has lost the title of O'Neale, and that he hath not so tyrannical a jurisdiction over the subjects as his predecessors were wont to assume to themselves. If they be in any reasonable manner supported, and enabled to strengthen and furnish their forces and garrisons, no great harm can be done to them without a general revolt. Many forts and places of import are greatly in decay, and others remained unfinished upon Sir Josias Bodley's going from hence. He had hoped to have had directions in these points, that being the cause why he was called thither. Of himself he can do nothing, being so scanted in money that it is hard to relieve the necessity of the army; and yet true it is that these fortifications are as needful as keeping of life in the soldier. But this he must leave to his Lordship's consideration. Remembers them at this time, because Sir Josias Bodley is called to another charge, and it may be hath forgotten this.

The Irish Lords are great opposers of justice and the King's proceedings; for, being absolute Lords within themselves, and no man to contradict them, they will not suffer any writs to be served or execution of justice but what themselves like of, which can hardly be helped, seeing whole countries are passed unto them without reservation of freehold to any other; and where men live to be advanced or beggared at the will and discretion of the Lord, they will observe and please him even in matters unlawful, and the poor oppressed dare not to complain for justice; neither can the Lord be punished but upon the people's charge, for having no goods of his own, fines or other impositions must be raised upon the poor people who live under him. His Lordship is well acquainted with these courses of this country, and unless their miscarriage be severely punished, there is small hope of the kingdom's reformation. Has given directions to the King's learned Council to proceed this term against some of them, who have violently rescued distresses, and bodies arrested by the sheriffs; but to deal plainly with his Lordship, since it was discovered by the copy of Sir Patrick Barnewall's letters to my Lord of Salisbury, that the Chief Justice was principally noted to be the chief adviser of the course which has been held for recalling men to conformity and obedience, and therefore was generally hated in this kingdom, he finds a coldness in prosecution and advice; and according to the old custom, some will be contented to run with the time, which heretofore hath been the blindness and undoing of this kingdom. Wherefore he thinks it most requisite that the Chief Justice should be supported against the slanderous conjectures maliciously cast upon him, for he is a wise and uncorrupted judge.

It is said Sir Henry Docwra hath done away his place of command at Loughfoyle. His Lordship knows that charge is not to be managed by a mere justice of the peace, and he (Chichester) hopes that the gentleman who shall succeed him is otherwise qualified. Fears the care of this kingdom is less and less, which makes those who know it best weariest of it. Desires to be freed from the charge of this realm before the account grow too heavy, for to ride a headstrong horse with a twine thread is dangerous, and to labour against the stream will weary a good swimmer, &c.—Dublin Castle, 23 April 1606.

Pp. 3. Hol. Endd.: "Lord Deputy of Ireland to the Earl of Devonshire." Encloses,

703. Sir Richard Greame to Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy. [April.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 451.

An Advertisement received the 14th April 1606, from Sir Richard Greame.

My Lord,

Upon Tuesday last, the 8th instant, a man arrived from the north with intelligence that the Earl of Tyrone had very lately sent one Conohore O'Duberike, a friar, and a bishop called the Pope's Bishop of Down, unto the Pope and the King of Spain, upon divers great occasions, requesting their favours, and withal directing that when they should send any letters of news concerning matters of moment, the letters should be unsealed; that, in the case of news not worth the writing of, those letters should be sealed, and that both should be sent together; and that then presently, upon the receipt of those letters, he would repair unto the Lord Deputy and the rest of the Council, and there protest and vow that he never brake open any letter, and that there never came any sealed to his hands but those that he will bring to the Lord Deputy; and so the unsealed letters he, or some for him, will receive, and will acquaint him with the privity of it. This is one of the chiefest practices he hath sent with this friar, and upon the coming up of this intelligencer, the Earl sent this friar upon his own yellow horse as far as the Fewes in the night, where another nag met him, and two other priests, and two boys in their company; and they went to Tredagh, thinking to take shipping, where they stayed three or four nights in a merchant's house, whose name he (Greame) does not remember, but will learn and will impart to his Lordship; and, when they could not get shipping, they went back again to Ever M'Cowley, to Farney, but whether they be returned or gone out of the land since, the party knows not.

This party further informs Greame, that one Art Bredagh O'Hagan, his son, who went over into Spain with the Earl's son, and had a company under his command with the Archduke, is come into England under a show and colour that he is much discontented with the Earl's son, and hath cast him off his company; and the intelligencer thinks strange that the Lords of England do no better conceive him, for there is no such matter. But he hath brought over letters, and, as the party thinks, some of them either are or will come to your hands, but they will be to no effect, for he saith they will not trust the letters; but the ground is, that they should consult and confer together upon matters between themselves, which is worthy to be prevented.

Thus much hath been told him in private, and he has thought good to acquaint the Lord Deputy with all, and he can bring the intelligencer to him, should he think it desirable.

"These I received the 14th April 1606, and this is a true copy verbatim."

Advertisement from Sir Francis Barkley. [April 23.] Ibid.

Another advertisement out of Munster, received 23rd April 1606, from Sir Francis Barkley.

Having some conference lately with a man of good understanding in the county, was told by him that it is confidently reported by the priests, that if the wicked plot in England against His Majesty had taken place, all the Irish soldiers in the Low Countries would presently have been shipped for Ireland; and the man told him besides, that the priests make the people believe there will be shortly some trouble in England, and that O'Sullivan Beere and John M'Thomas of Desmond, and other Munster men, are kept in Spain, and are to be in readiness to be shipped for Ireland upon the first occasion.

Further, he told him that the priests had made offer to the King of Spain and the Pope to provide victuals for 600 men for three year's, so the Pope and the King of Spain will give them money.

"This is a true copy of so much.—Arthur Chichester."

Pp. 2. Hol. Endd.: "An advertisement received the 14th of April 1606, with an other of the 23rd."

704. Henry O'Neale to the Earl of Salisbury. [April 24.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 46.

Details the heavy losses which he sustained in the time of rebellion by the Earl of Tyrone, who dispossessed him of his lands, and to whom they had been unjustly confirmed; prays for relief under this injustice, and solicits the means to return to Ireland.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Henry O'Neyle to the Earl of Salisbury."

705. A List of Horse and Foot discharged in Ireland. [April 24.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 47.

Lord Lieutenant 50 150
Sir John Jephson 50
Sir Oliver Lambert 25
Sir Richard Trevor 25
Lord Deputy 50 300
Lo. Crumwell 50
Sir Richard Percie 50
Sir Ellis Jones 50
Sir Raffe Conestable 50
Cap. Thomas Phillips 50

P. 1. Endd.

706. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [April 24.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 148.

Sends over an Establishment, signed by his hand, reducing his forces, prepared with the advice of the Earl of Devonshire before his death; with liberty, however, to the Deputy to raise from 1,000 to 2,000 men, should any sudden emergency arise, without waiting for order from England.

A serjeant-major, a scoutmaster, and two corporals of the field contained in the late establishment, which have been officers not always maintained as an ordinary charge, but only paid when in the field, are not to be discharged, but they are to receive their former pay as pensions, and are to execute the duties of provost marshals. Three provost marshals are discharged as needless, viz., one at Carrickfergus, one at Loughfoile, and one at Balleshannon. The horse is abated by 140, and the foot reduced to 880, to be divided into 18 several bands according to a list therewith sent. He had reduced the remainder of the horsemen to the ancient rate of pay, viz., 12d. a piece by the day.

The Treasurer at Wars and Master of the Ordnance are to have each a band of footmen, according to ancient practice, for their better security, though the same had been lately taken from them, by what authority he knew not. Sundry captains and officers lately discharged, but retained as a charge upon the late establishment, most of whom are absent (contrary to his (the King's) expressed pleasure), some in the service of other Princes and States, and others in receipt of pensions out of the Exchequer in England, are thenceforth all discharged.

When any pensioners in receipt of larger pensions than the ancient allowance of 4l. 9s. 2d. by the day shall happen to die or to alienate their pensions, the pension shall not be filled up, but the sum of 4l. 19s. 2d. by the day unabated shall remain at the Deputy's disposal to reward deserving servitors. Prohibits for the future an ill custom that had crept in, of pensioners, when they grew old, disposing of their pensions to younger persons, whereby seldom any became void for the reward of servitors. Signifies it as his pleasure that all the abatements specified shall take place, as from the last day of March preceding; and the new establishment to begin from the 1st of April last past; only the horse and foot to be continued in pay till the day of their discharge. The same course to be held with those foot that were discharged last year by the establishment beginning the 1st day of April 1605, which arrived not till the following May.—Westminster, 30 April, in the fourth year of the reign.

Pp. 2. Orig. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the last of April 1606. From the King's Majestie, tuching His Highness's establishment of that tyme; and to raise men upon occasion for His Maties service. Receaved the 10th of May following, in which is declared His Maties pleasure concerning pensioners by letters patents and by establishment." Enclosing,

707. A List of Horse and Foot now standing, viz.:— James R. Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 148.

Lord Deputy 25
Lord President of Munster 50
Sir Richard Wingfield 50
Sir Henry Docwra 50
Sir Henry Folliott 25
Sir Edward Harbert 12
Sir Edmond Wenman 12
Lord Crumwell 12 —236
Munster Lord President 50
Sir Charles Wilmott 50
Sir Richard Morisson 50 —150
Connaught Lord President 50
Sir Thomas Rotherham 50 —100
Balleshannon Sir Henry Folliott 50
Sir Thomas Roper 50 —100
Loughfoile Sir Henry Docwrae 50
Sir Richard Hansard 50 —100
Carrickfergus Lord Deputy 50
Sir Foulke Conwaye 50 —100
Newrie Lord Crumwell 30
Leinster Sir Richard Wingfield 50
Philipstown Sir Henry Power 50
Sir Francis Ruishe 50 —150
Monaghan Sir Edward Blayney 50
Charlemont Sir Tobias Caulfield 50
Mountjoy Sir Francis Roe 50

708. Sir Jeffrey Fenton to the Earl of Salisbury. [April 25.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 48.

The news of the death of the Lord Lieutenant is confidently reported here by some passengers arriving this day with the treasure upon this coast, though the ship, by reason of contrary weather, could not reach Dublin. His loss is greatly to be bemoaned. Takes this occasion to put Salisbury in mind that, since the Lord Lieutenant's death, such portions of the allowances due to this State and reserved by his Lordship, are now reverted to His Majesty, and in his disposition. And as that portion was taken out of the general entertainments usually allowed to the State, and as the Lord Deputy has ever since undergone the whole burden and charges of the place out of the portion which was left, and thus has greatly engaged his private estate, he requests that his Lordship, for the better maintenance and support of the Deputy, would induce His Majesty to order that that part of the entertainment reserved to the late Lord Lieutenant might be again restored and converted to his Lordship that now is, and that thus the whole allowances anciently due unto the estate might be made entire, as they have been always in former times, and so be available for the ordinary defrayments of the place, and particularly the table of estate, being one of the greatest honours that belongeth to this government. It is well known to all the Council here, who are daily eye-witnesses thereof, that the Table of Estate, and all other things incident to the honour of the place, is by his Lordship as royally and thoroughly maintained for His Majesty's honour, as hath been done by any his predecessors heretofore.—Dublin, 25 April 1606.

Pp. 2. Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Jeffrey Fenton to the Earl of Salisbury."

709. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. [April 25.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 49.

The wind changing when Sir Patrick Barnewall was ready to embark, the woeful news of the death of the Earl of Devonshire arrived. This event is very grievous to him (Chichester), both in respect of the place he had held under his superintendence, and also for his Grace's particular affection towards him, which he ever found to be great and very firm. From his first entrance into this office he has ever transmitted the intelligence and state of this kingdom unto him, with such observations and advices as he thought meet for the present and future government. Heartily wishes that all his papers were in Salisbury's hands, for to the rest of that Council he is almost a mere stranger.

Foresees that upon this accident there will be some alteration in the form of this kingdom's government, and Salisbury will do him an exceeding favour by reducing him to a private man, so it stand with the King's good allowance. He is fitter to do His Majesty service in a meaner office, and in this place his labours are not seen; nor can they bring forth that fruit which is expected. Besides, his fortunes are poor, not having a foot of lands or inheritance but such as His Majesty gave him in the north, of which he makes small benefit; and his expense last year greatly exceeded his allowance. The state and greatness of this place brings with it much extraordinary charge; the eye of all the subjects of the land is upon it; and, if the principal minister lives basely, it will draw on contempt; which makes him wish that a man better able to support it might be thought on, rather than that his own allowance should be increased. Desires further to understand to whom he is henceforth to transmit the state and affairs of this kingdom, whilst he holds this place; and, were it not for the infinite businesses with which he knows his Lordship is daily burdened, could wish it might be to himself. Had written to the Earl of Devonshire before he understood of his death, which letters he thought fit to let pass to his (Salisbury's) view, and for further directions he will attend his Lordship's pleasure.

The Earl of Devonshire, by his letters received the 13th of January last, acquainted him with a resolution taken there for diminishing His Majesty's charges in this kingdom, upon which he required his opinion, how it might be done with most safety. This he sent unto him soon after; and before there be a new Establishment, he wishes those papers were perused by Salisbury, which would give him some light therein. How to reduce the foot to less than a thousand he knows not, leaving the places reasonably guarded, which of necessity are to be continued; and some, if not all, of the horse troops of 50 may be brought to 25, and the entertainments of the officers whose 50 horse may be now disposed as it shall seem best, may be somewhat increased. If it could be so brought to pass that Sir Christopher St. Lawrence and Sir Garratt Moore might have each of them 25, knows that, by reason of their friends and their own settlement, they might answer the service at all times upon a sudden with a full number; which their ill payments will not enable the English to do. Will not trouble him with needless repetition, hoping the papers are come to his hands ere this.

The Chief Baron hath been ill a long time, and so remains, without amendment. He desires license to resort to the Bath, which he (Chichester) thinks may be accorded him, for, being unable to sit in the court, he can give little furtherance to the business here. Wishes Salisbury were fully informed in the state and affairs of this kingdom, which cannot well be without conferring with some men of judgment and extraordinary observation. For that service, knows none so fit as the Chief Justice, Sir James Ley, and he suggests that this next long vacation will be a fit time for him to go and return. Would bring under his notice Mr. Secretary Fenton's great pains and attendance, in which he finds good assistance in all busisiness, when most others are absent. Endeavoured by his letters to reconcile to him the Earl of Devonshire, who by misinformation was incensed against him; although he ever found his carriage upright and full of respect to his Lordship, and thinks him a worthy servant to His Majesty, and deserving of encouragement in these his old days.

Hears a man of his hath some letters at the seaside, and will trouble his Lordship no further until they come unto him. —Castle of Dublin, 27 April 1606.

P. 1. Hol. No add. Endd.: "Lord Deputy of Ireland to the Earl of Salisbury."

710. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. [April 27.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 50.

The enclosed letters are in the behalf of Sir William Usher, clerk of this Council, a man of great sufficiency and uprightness. He was well known to the late Lord Lieutenant, and humbly desires to the King's and his Lordship's service. Prays to be excused, in that he suffers such letters as he formerly directed to his Lordship to pass to Salisbury. Never wrote anything unto his Lordship, but that he desired likewise it might be known to Salisbury.—Castle of Dublin, 27 April 1606.

P. 1. Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury."

711. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy of Ireland. [April 27.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 67.

Remit to his consideration the petition of one Cornelius alias Connogher Clancy of the county of Clare, who complains that Moriertagh Lieth M'Clancy wrongfully entered into the moiety of the castle and lands of Ourlen [Urlan] some 16 years since, and that they are still detained by his (Moriertagh's) son, Donagh Clancy, though the petitioner's father and grandfather died seised as he allegeth. He likewise complaineth of Heroth Roe M'Clancy, who also hath wrongfully dispossessed the petitioner, during the time of his minority, of the remnant of his land so descended to him.

If the petitioner's allegations prove true, the Lord Deputy is to take order that he be restored; leaving, notwithstanding, the free course of law and justice open to any other subject that may find himself aggrieved by this proceeding.—Court at Whitehall, 27 April 1606.

Signed: J. T. Dorset, Nottingham, Suffolke, Gilb. Shrewsbury, Salisbury, E. Zouche, E. Wotton, J. Popham, J. Herbert.

P. 1. Orig. Add. Endd.

712. The King to the Attorney or Solicitor-General for Ireland. [April 29.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 175.

Warrant for fiat of grant of the office of constable of the fort of Duncannon in the county of Wexford to Sir Lawrence Esmonde, Knight, in as ample a manner as Sir John Dowdal, Sir John Brockett, Sir Carie Renoldes, and Sir Joseph Bodley, Knights, held the same.—Dublin, 29 April 1606.

P. 1. Orig.

713. Lord Deputy and Council to the Lords of His Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council. [April 29.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 51.

By the last arrival, the 26th of this month, which brought the treasure, they understood, by reports only, of the lamented death of the Lord Lieutenant. Are forced to acquaint their Lordships how much they are troubled for a place to hold the terms in;—Sir George Carey, the treasurer here, having set to Sir Thomas Ridgeway, who, as he saith, will succeed him in his said office of treasurer, his house which he built for a hospital, but in which, since Michaelmas last, the terms have been kept; as they must also be kept this term likewise, by reason of the shortness of the time to adjourn it. He, Sir George Cary, is not unwilling it should be retained for that use, so he might be compounded with for the charge he hath been at in building of it, which he values to be above 4,000l. Think it very inconvenient that His Majesty should be at that charge, as they have found a place near the magazine, where the victuals were, which they will undertake for 1,600l. of sterling harps, to make a great deal more convenient for keeping the terms, and besides fit to hold the Parliament in, when His Majesty shall be pleased to appoint the same; for which latter purpose only His Majesty must be at a great part of the charge, though the terms should be still kept in the hospital, by reason the places here wherein the Parliament have been used to be kept, were ruined by the blast of powder, and still remain so. Recommend the employment of this 1,600l. in building a place fit both for terms and for Parliament. To bring the courts of law again into this Castle were to draw them just over the store of munition, which not only by practice (as formerly hath been attempted), but by using fire for burning prisoners in the hand, is exposed to be fired and this Castle ruined. They know it to be so dangerous (and at no time more than now) that they cannot almost without an inevitable hazard adventure upon it. Her late Majesty and the Privy Council had a like feeling; and accordingly direction was sent hither for removing the terms out of this Castle, but on some change of Deputies this was neglected. If they receive by this bearer His Majesty's directions and the money, they hope that by Michaelmas term the place may be built for the terms. They are now greater than usually they have been; and therefore neither the hospital or Castle is great enough for that purpose, but only serve for necessity.—Dublin, 29 April 1606.

Signed: Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Canc., Roger Midensis, James Ley, Anth. Sentleger, Jeff. Fenton.

Pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "From the Lord Deputy and Council to the Lords."

714. Sir H. Brouncker to the Earl of Salisbury. [April 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 51 I.

Recommends to his Lordship's favourable offices the claims of his cousin Hyde, in his suit against Condon.—Cork, the last day of April 1606.

P. 1. Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Henry Brouncker to the Earl of Salisbury."

715. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy of Ireland, and the rest of the Council there. [April 30.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 63.

Apprise them of the death of the Earl of Devonshire, late Lieutenant of Ireland, and a worthy member of this table, in regard of both which qualities, especially the former, the greatest part of the directions from the Lords of the Council to the Council of Ireland had come. His experience and merit in Ireland were such that His Majesty and the Council intermeddled little in most particulars.

They must now have recourse to the practice of former times. They promise them their care, and this much further comfort, that they will not be wanting in the true report and recommendation of all their endeavours.

1. They are to understand that the Lords account it a proof of their good discretion that they have so well concurred with His Majesty's intention concerning this late course with those that showed so public contempt to the religion professed by His Majesty and the State. The first part of the Lord Deputy and Council's proceedings by proclamation, were for preventing the mischiefs begotten by false opinions which were conceived and factiously spread of His Majesty's purpose to grant toleration of Popery in Ireland. They approve of their proceedings towards particular persons whom they find so contemptuous and seditions as to make themselves prolocutors for multitudes, to avow harbouring and using of priests, and thus publicly to refuse outward obedience and respect, so as it calleth the greatness of His Majesty's power into contempt, and implieth a purpose in them to affront the true religion. His Majesty is of opinion that conformity must be wrought by time, and by the care of the Lord Deputy and Council to enlarge the passage of God's word by plantation of sufficient and zealous men to teach and preach the same to His Majesty's people, rather than by any sudden and violent course.

2. With regard to the remains of the standing army in Ireland, His Majesty hath already provided for those officers whose bands have been cast.

They now send the new establishment as agreed on by the late Lieutenant, though the perfecting of it was prevented by his untimely death. They are to put it in execution with all convenient speed, and to make it appear that they have not so respected profit as not to have had any eye to merit, that they are not insensible of the value and use of men of martial profession, and that they are as ready to represent and favour their honest desires to His Majesty as they were in the times when there was the greatest necessity to employ them.

3. As to the arrears of the army, they are to endeavour to stretch the treasure now sent, which is admittedly inadequate, as far as possible. They will send a further supply. For the future, the reduction of charge by the new establishment will make it more easy and certain to be provided for. As to the charges which pass by concordatum, as they consist much of transport of victuals by sea and land from place to place, they will now cease. The Council desire an estimate of the future charge of the army.

4. As to the Lord Deputy and Council's late proclamation restraining the importation of armour and munition without licence, and their demand for powder from England, with their suggestions that many unnecessary kinds in store in Ireland may be sent into England, His Majesty hath approved of it. With regard to their demand for a supply of guncarriages, they think that there are many pieces of great ordnance, carried to Ireland in the time of the Earl of Essex, that are fitter to be returned to England than to have any new charge for carriages bestowed upon them.

5. They send a list, by which may appear what order they have taken concerning the former mode of compounding for pensions.

6. They will shortly receive further help by the arrival of Sir Richard Cooke, His Majesty's secretary. A gentlemen of very good sufficiency, lately appointed Treasurer at Wars, Sir Thomas Ridgeway, will arrive about August.

7. Notwithstanding the reduction in the establishment of the army, the Lord Deputy and Council are empowered to levy 1,000 men or more on any sudden irruption.

8. They shall understand that those parts about London and elsewhere are exceedingly pestered with a multitude of beggars of that country, being most of them peasants with wives and children. The disorder must needs proceed by negligence of the officers of the ports, and owners of barks. Pray them to take better order, and severely to punish all offenders; considering how great a dishonour it is, that strangers should behold them in the highways and streets; and what a great eyesore and burden it is to His Majesty's subjects in this kingdom.

9. Lastly, whereas His Majesty, for the better quietness of the middle shires between England and Scotland, thinks it convenient to have some families, especially of the surname of Graimes, transported from thence into Ireland, they have thought it good to advertise his Lordship of it, and to require him to advise with the Council how the same families might be conveniently dispersed, and what lords or persons would be willing to entertain them.—Court at Whitehall, the last of April 1606.

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., J. T. Dorset, Notingham, Suffolke, Gilb. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Salisbury. E. Zouche, W. Knollys, J. Popham, J. Herbert.

Pp. 5. Orig. Add. Endd. in Sir Arth. Chichester's hand.


  • 1. Sir Nicholas Walsh, Chief Justice.