James I: June 1606

Pages 490-507

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1603-1606 . Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1872.

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James I: June 1606

748. Lord Deputy to Attorney and Solicitor General for Ireland. [June 1.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 217.

Warrant for a fiant of a grant to Captain Henry Skipwith of licence to plant and dress woad and madder in any part within the province of Munster, during 11 years from the date of the grant.—Dublin, 1 June 1606.

P. 1. Orig.

749. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Lords of the Privy Council.[June 3.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 65.

Their letter of last April apprised him of the care taken of the kingdom upon the death of the Lord Lieutenant [the Earl of Devonshire]. As it was his (Chichester's) duty during his lifetime to address himself to the Lord Lieutenant, and to receive directions from him, he was more sparing of writing to the Lords; but henceforth he will address himself to them, according to the King's and their own directions.

For matters of reformation in points of religion, the Lords have discovered what the Council have found in Ireland by experience, that the aged were obstinate and so carried by their views and the views of the priests, that there was little hope of working their good. The better sort for wealth and substance were so afraid to be scandalised, as they termed it, that they would rather hazard their souls than forsake their error. With the meaner sort the pecuniary punishment would prevail, and if it were fully put in execution it would work much with others; but their better hopes must be in the next age, by the good education of the children; to which end he wished His Majesty would be pleased to be at some charge for placing them in the college there. He had given order for reducing the forts and the King's charge according to the establishment. The horse and foot could not be so suddenly cast as he would wish, by reason they lay in places so remote and dispersed. Their Lordships have noted the aptness of the Irish to alteration, and as they were up on a sudden, so might they as quickly be put down if they were taken in season ; which made him remind the Lords with the convenience of having a good head of foot, and especially of horse about the Deputy and State, in order to be in readiness to give heart to the well-affected, and opposition to such as should perturb them or the quiet of the kingdom. But, as they were left by the list, they were very weak, and in that case ill-provided, having none but the Marshal's 20 horse in all the province of Leinster (for his other 30 were without check, and parcel of his entertainment). Sir Edward Herbert's 12 men were given unto him as a reward for his service, and did only attend about himself. It thus appears how weak they were left, and how fit it was they should be strengthened. Being unwilling to put the King to an increase of charge, he suggests it might be done by abatement of the list of Munster and Loughfoyle, in each of which places were 50 horse ; but in that time of abatement of the charge, so many might supply both places, and this [the neighbourhood of the State] might be strengthened with the remainder. These he would bestow upon two worthy gentlemen to attend the service there ; namely, Sir Oliver Lambeart, who had formerly 50, being then wholly discharged,—albeit, Chichester knew few more efficient or of like understanding in military actions, —and Sir Christopher St. Lawrence, who had well deserved, and who during his father's life had small maintenance, and by reason of his friends dwelling near hand, could better keep them in readiness for the service with the present pay than any in that kingdom.

Upon His Majesty's pleasure lately signified unto him by the late Lord Lieutenant, at the death of Sir Samuel Bagnall, to increase his 50 foot to 100, he did so with some extraordinary charge in apparelling and furnishing them, as it was meet for such men, giving attendance in the eye of the State, where they remained as a guard upon all occasions. As he intended to hold his journey into the countries of Cavan, Monaghan, and Fermanagh soon after the next term, he made bold to continue that 50 to attend him in the same, hoping the Lords would be a means to His Majesty that they might so continue unto him during his employment in that office, for he could not well remove the 50 from Knockfergus, it being a country much subject to troubles and alteration. In this last establishment the governors are not mentioned, all of them holding their places by letters patents, some of long continuance, and some of late erected by His Majesty's special directions. He desired particular instructions for their continuance and discharges.

The Lords had mentioned the sending thither of some of the artillery brought over in the time of the Earl of Essex. If there were a purpose to erect citadels at Waterford and Cork (which was a work of import), there would be use of them there, which he thought meet to remember them before they further disposed of them.

It was an act of princely bounty in the King towards the Irish horse and foot, that albeit they were discharged by the last establishment, yet he was pleased to continue some for a time, and such as were most in want thereof; for they had been so improvident (hoping for the continuance of their pay) that they were as yet but meanly settled to live, and from their friends (who were in rebellion) they could expect no favour. He had set down such as were of best desert, and most unable to live of themselves, for whom it might please them to procure allowance by way of pension, as they were not discharged, by which the mouths of the rest were stopped.

Acquaints them how hard and impossible it was for a horseman attending the service (and having no other trade or occupation) to furnish himself and his horse with the entertainment of 12d. sterling of this now coin, which is but 9d. in substance ; for most necessaries appertaining to food and apparel were dearer there than in England, insomuch as himself without a horse can hardly live by that pay. They must therefore break or oppress the country, or else attend the service of musters only, and at all other times apply themselves to their private business, whereby they should be unprovided to answer the service, if any sudden occasion called upon them, which is the principal reason of their continuance at this time.

Few repine at the reductions, believing that the King's coffers are not so well stored as they all might wish; and such is the loyalty of his poor men of war, that they are not only content to forego their entertainment, but to bestow the rest of their fortunes and lives for His Majesty's safety. He is therefore a suitor that their arrears may speedily be paid them in Ireland, where most of them would gladly settle themselves, and might upon occasion be ready for fresh employments ; or in England, soon after their repair thither, and by that means they could have therewith to carry them to other services. There are some half a dozen captains and officers old and unable to seek new fortunes, whom for charity sake he would recommend to be continued.

There hath of late been sundry small parties of lawless kern put out (as the Council conceive) as forerunners, in sundry corners of the kingdom, and incensed by the priests to disturb the quiet and raise troubles, promising them aid this summer from the Pope and Spain, as hath been confessed by some of them who have been taken and executed. None of these parties have been left unprosecuted, and most of the principals have been killed, taken, and hanged; and albeit the kingdom is poor, God be thanked it is in peace and quietness, the law and courts of justice are greatly frequented from all parts, most men are desirous to settle their estates in certainty, which gives some hope of their future obedience. By law or by authority freeholders must be brought into Ulster, where whole countries are given away to the lords and chieftains, whereby the King's service is greatly hindered, and the country left to alteration upon every discontent of the principal lords thereof. He had already begun therein, and would endeavour still to bring it to better perfection.

With regard to sending hither some families of the Greames, he asks further time for consideration, and to deal with some principal men of Munster, Leinster, and Connaught to receive them, and to pass lands unto them at easy rates, for they would hardly relish Ulster, or live honestly there, being an unreformed country and open to their misdemeanors, and whence they would soon pass back again into Scotland. If the Lords would inform him of the numbers of the families, and how they would come provided to settle, with the price they would give by the acre or town-land, he doubted not to find room for many families. They should be over about March, in order to have all the summer before them, to build and settle before winter.

The use of provost marshals is so necessary, that for a year or two he is forced to move the continuance of one in every shire or in every two shires.

Is thankful for His Majesty's bestowing the pay of former Deputies upon him; but, considering that by reason of the coin it was lessened by a fourth part, and his charge little inferior to many others that had gone before him, and that by this this last reducement, besides the 2,000 marks allowed to him during Lord Devonshire's time, he had also lost his pay of serjeant-major, 50 of his foot, and 6d. from each of his horsemen by the day, it would be found he had had small increase of advantage upon that alteration. This he recommends to their consideration, together with the honour of the place, which ought to be upheld with some extraordinary supportation of entertainment, the kingdom affording few other honest helps towards the defraying of the charge thereof, and by God's grace he would leave it with unpolluted fingers, having no other ends but the advancement of God's glory, his master's service, and the kingdom's reformation.—Dublin Castle, 3 June 1606.

Pp. 7. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Arthur Chichester to the Lords of the Privy Council."

750. Governors and Commanders left out of the last Establishment. [June 3.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 65. I.

Governors and commanders of forts within the realm of Ireland holding by letters patent during pleasure, and left out of the establishment of the 1st April 1606.

Governors and Commanders of Counties and Forts; viz.

The Earl of Kildare, of the King's County. Before His Majesty's time, and since confirmed.
The Earl of Thomond, of the county of Clare.
Sir Henry Power of the Queen's County.
Sir Richard Percy of Kinsale. By late letters from His Majesty.
Sir Richard Morrison of the city of Waterford and town and county of Wexford.
Sir Charles Wylmot of the county of Kerry.

All these at 10d. a day durante bene placito.

Such Irish as are recommended to be continued the entertainments hereunder written,—

s. d.
Irish to be continued these entertainments. Tyrloe M'Arte O'Neyle at 3 4 18s. 8d.
Bryen Modder O'Neyle, for himself and some of his kinsmen at 6 8
Owyne M'Hugh O'Neyle at 3 4
Edward Grome M'Donnel at 2 0
Denys O'Mollan 3 4

A remembrance to your Lordships concerning the Commissaries of Musters.

Suggests that instead of two commissaries of musters, viz., John Maynard and Antony Reynolds, each at a noble a day, that sum should content four, of which one to be for Munster, one for Connaught, and two for Ulster; Leinster to be looked into by the Muster-master-General. The two first are worthy of their places, and recommends Hugh Norton and Baptist Johns for the void places.

Touching the horsemen.

Propounds the doubling of the officers' and captain's pays ;— a small matter, without which they will deceive the muster master, and abase the King in the service.

Touching the pensioners.

Desires to know what pensioners of the old list who had been long absent from that kingdom he should continue in the list, the rest being discharged that others might be entered who would give attendance.—3 June 1606.

Pp. 3. Signed. Endd.: "Governors of counties and places omitted in the last establishment, 1606."

751. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. [June 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 66.

Has placed one John Strowd to give attendance at the Court, for dispatch of such business as they should transmit thither. Suggests that he have the reversion of the office of Comptrollership of the victuals in that kingdom, now supplied by Sir George Beverly, by letters patent, with the fee of 10s. by the day.

Has received His Majesty's letters to make Sir John Davys his Attorney, and Mr. Robert Jacobe his Solicitor, which he had performed accordingly, and doubted not but they would prove worthy and profitable servants in their places. Sir Charles Calthorpe had been advanced to the place of a judge in the Court of Common Pleas. "He affects the place, but not the fee, being half less than the Attorney's." Chichester would endeavour to help him other ways with small charge to His Majesty, and thanks him for settling those offices.—Dublin Castle, 4 June 1606.

P. 1. Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury."

752. An Estimate of the Charge. [June 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 67.

An estimate of the monthly and yearly extraordinary charges in Ireland besides the establishment.—4 June 1606.

Pp. 2. Endd.

753. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. [June 5.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 68.

Thanks him for his consolations after the loss of so great a friend. (fn. 1)

Communicates what is necessary for the time to the Lords, but reserves his private advertisements for Salisbury, which in this open time he cannot with safety or [without] drawing offence upon him deliver to any other. Hopes he will give him directions to send over, in the next vacation, Sir James Ley, the Chief Justice, who shall come instructed in what they propose. Concerning the distribution of the forces, in which His Majesty must be at some extraordinary charge in fortifications and strengthening of places of import, the expense will be repaid in keeping the fewer men to defend them ; and, calling to mind with what travel, hazard, and expense they attained places of advantage in those late troubles, and how apt the cities and towns were to revolt upon the alteration of the late Queen's death, he holds it good husbandry to strengthen and maintain them in the days of peace, to which the people of that land are by nature enemies.

Urges again his desires concerning the strengthening of the State, by laying more horse within the province of Leinster. There are placed by the list 75 horse in Tyrconnel, whereof 50 at the Dyrrie under Sir H. Docwra, and 25 at Ballashanan under Sir H. Folliott, which are triple the number assigned to attend the State ; and he has propounded in his letters to the Lords that 50 be removed near the State. Recommends Sir Oliver Lambeart for the command of 25 of them by reason he had formerly 50, and being now omitted, he is much grieved ; and desires he may be cherished and kept in heart, for if there were cause to employ him, the King had but few soldiers better seen in the affairs of war. The reasons that moved him to recommend Sir Christopher St. Lawrence for the other 25, were his birth and other good deserts in the late troubles, having small maintenance here during the life of his father, and having been summoned by some of his friends with the Archduke to repair thither. With this he acquainted Chichester, and he, finding him bent, by reason of his wants, to undertake that course, he had staid him upon hope of procuring him some employment or maintenance from His Majesty ; and in his opinion there are too many of that kingdom there already, and one friend draws on another, and those of the principal houses of the Pale and other parts.

The Lord President of Munster was there, and he had reconciled a difference between him and the Earl of Thomond. They were then good friends and perfectly reconciled, the matter being of no great moment.

If the discharged officers were paid the balance due to them, there many of them would settle and remain in Ireland ; but he cannot help them, being himself behindhand of five months entertainment, and over and above his private debts, was by bonds engaged with the rest of the Council for 10,500l. for the use of the forces and servitors, and after the end of that month, knew not how to relieve them or himself. Upon their return from the North in October last, they sent a declaration of their observations and proceedings. Thinks their letters have miscarried, as they had received no answer; which had caused him to transmit copies of them, and he had quoted upon the margin what they had perfected of those businesses since that time.

Concerning himself and his own entertainment, though the Lords had observed what a portion of the Deputy's allowance he had spared, yet by reason of the coin all would not serve to answer the charge and support the honour of the place, and he foresaw that through the expense of the same he should be in worse state to live when he left it, than when he was first called unto it. During the late Lieutenant's time he had the use of much of his stuff there, which was then demanded from him. Begs for some money on account of his entertainment, in which point the Lord Treasurer was very sparing, and would not otherwise allow it to his servants.

Would send him by this passage a brace of the fairest dogs in that kingdom, thinking he would have occasion to dispose them upon the coming of the King of Denmark.—Dublin Castle, 5 June 1606.

Pp. 4. Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury."

754. Lord Deputy Chichester to Attorney and Solicitor General for Ireland. [June 6.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 248.

Warrant for fiant of pardon to Thomas Gregory, of the city of Dublin, gent.—Dublin Castle, 6 June 1606.

P. 1. Orig.

755. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [June 7.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 153.

Sir Richard Moryson, an ancient servitor in Ireland, with good commendation, being by a late establishment discharged of some entertainments he had there, which was rather for example's sake, than that the King did not purpose that men of his desert should have at his hands reward and encouragement to service, he is to receive a pension of 10s. by the day in silver harps, for his life, to begin from the 1st April last past. And for his experience he is to be admitted one of the King's Council.—Greenwich, 7 June, in the fourth year of the region.

P. 1. Orig. Add. Inrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester's clerk: "His Maiestie's Lr̃es of ye 7th of June 1606. In the behalfe of Sr Rd, Moryson, for giving him the othe of a Counceller, &c."

" Enrolled in ye Councell Book also.—Pa. Fox."

756. Instructions for Ireland. [June 7.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

The instructions given to the late Lieutenant of Ireland, when he was first sent from thence to take that charge, being applicable to the state of that realm as then it stood, in disorder and rebellion, which by his valour was suppressed and finally and fully accomplished by His Majesty's succession to the Crown, whereas the people now were all in an universal obedience, those former directions could be of little use. And although Chichester had already at sundry times received some directions in many points, especially since he and the Council there had sent over Cooke, one of the secretaries, and Davys the attorney, to inform the King and his Privy Council there of the state of affairs, yet had the King thought it convenient, seeing that since the death of his said Lieutenant he had not given him any general instructions as His Majesty's Deputy, to send him the particulars following, as memorials whence to gather the general scope which the King would have him propose to himself in the course of his government.

The King's chief end being the preservation of peace, enlarging of civility, and of knowledge of God, to which end there is no way either so sure or so ready to attain as the due and upright execution of justice to all his subjects, so has he great hope it will in short time breed good effects there; since he understood that the little taste of the fruits of justice exercised in some of the remoter parts had already bred in them a great affection to it, and a desire to be preserved from violences and injuries of each of them to other. This disposition he (Chichester) is to cherish, by making them often to have the benefit of justice exercised among them; and for his better assistance therein, His Majesty is purposed to increase the number of judges upon both of the benches there.

Touching matter of religion, having already received some direction from thence, he has nothing further to add at that time, but that he should look into the state of the ecclesiastical livings there, especially of the most eminent places, as bishopricks and deaneries ; and should inform himself how they had been diminished, and might be repaired again and brought to such competent means of maintenance as that from thence the King might send and prefer to them such persons of learning and judgment as by their gravity and good carriages might draw the people's minds into a better affection towards religion than hitherto they had had. He should also stay the ministers of the Ecclesiastical Commission, some of whom had been accustomed to summon persons upon pretence of Popery, and then to take certain fees and dismiss them, serving only their own gain.

Charges him with the articles following: To look carefully to the Court of Exchequer, and to require from it certificates at least once a year of all such rent or casualties as it cannot levy by the ordinary process of that Court, according to instructions sent thither in the late Queen's time, which are to be still duly observed. That he and the Council be very sparing in giving concordatums out of His Majesty's treasure, revenue, lines, intrusions, alienations, forfeited bonds, recognizances, or other casualties whatsoever. That such as may be given be upon very special ground, and agreed upon only at the Council table. To be very sparing also in granting of pardons and peti- tions, and that only at the Council table. That set times be appointed for passing of wardships, letting of lands, installing or remitting of debts, and for the new passing of lands upon weak or defective titles, for which commission now was sent. That when the treasure sent from England should fall short to pay the marshal[martial]men and others, it be disposed of by way of dividend at the Council table, for the better content- ment of all parties, as had been usual theretofore on the like occasion. That the Court of Exchequer be enjoined to forbear the instalment of any manner of debts, as there had been ap- pointed a special commission both for installing and remitting debts. That no pension be from henceforth granted but only during pleasure, unless by special warrant from us, nor any new office or grant that may be a charge unto us. That the Lord Bourke's pension of 100l. per ann. should cease, being given but by the late Queen during her pleasure, if he (Chichester) should find that he had received any other help from the King. Is to inquire into all fees and offices; and if there should be any that hold only during pleasure, and of no use since the peace, they should not be continued unless granted for extraordinary services; and such as hold for life, both the offices and enter- tainments are to cease as they die. And he should not there- after recommend to the King the continuance of any of them by reversion, or joint patency, or reviving, when the posses- sioners were dead. The names of the officers and fees are then given, comprising, the Judge Marshal; the Clerk of the Casualties ; Surveyor and Comptroller of the Victuals; the Victualler in Munster; the Victualler in Conaght; Comp- troller and Controller of the Imposts; four soldiers that belong to the Castle of Dublin, that never attend; the Keeper of the Records in Brimingham's tower; Walter M'Edmund, Godfrey M'Donnell, and Hugh Boy M'Donnell, for them and their septs; Mr. Ware's increase of 10s. per diem; the Seneschal, Justice, Receiver, and servant, of the liberties of Wexford. All paymasters, all new made ministers of the ordnance, and petty victuallers to cease presently, and all other officers charge- able to the King, unless they have patents for life or good behaviour. That the 1,000l. per ann. allowed for wards may presently cease, considering that in the late establishment the commissioners have had care of providing for wards. Last of all, he was to understand that there had of late years many poor, idle, and vagrant persons of that nation trans- ported themselves into France and other foreign parts, pre- tending to be banished for cause of religion ; and though they in truth used it but for a colour to move commiseration, yet thereby they had raised a scandal to the Governors there with- out cause; and in the end were so multiplied in France that they proved such a burden to them, as that, by public authority there, they had ordered them to be shipped into England, but that by the ambassador's information to the King, the course was changed, and now they would be sent out of that realm into some part of Mounster, from whence they came. He is therefore to give order in that province, that, when they were arrived, they might be dispersed into the places of their birth. And that some straight course be taken by him and all other ministers in that kingdom, as well with merchants' as passengers' ships, that they shall not receive any more of that kind of people to be transported either into England or any other Prince's dominion, in order to avoid as well the charge as the slander that was raised thereby.

Pp. 13. Endd.: "7o June 1606. Instructions for Ireland."

757. [Duplicate of the above.] [June.] Philad. p., vol. 1, p. 156 a.

Pp. 3. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Instructions from the King's Majestie, which came with His Highness's letter of the 25th June 1606. Received on the 10th of July."

758. Lord Deputy Chichester to Attorney and Solicitor General for Ireland. [June 12.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 249.

Warrant for fiant of the office of King's Serjeant of the county of Louth, to John Plunket, gent., during good behaviour.—Dublin Castle, 12 June 1606.

P. 1. Orig.

759. State of the Coin current in Ireland. [June 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 69.

A consideration of the state of the moneys of Ireland, not only as now they are current by the King's proclamations, but also as since that time they are and have been, as well to the army as to the officers of justice, and otherwise to the subject in general.

Proc. 11 October 1603. By the King's proclamation, made at Dublin, on the 11th day of October 1603, it is established, in these words, viz.:

That the new standard for moneys of Ireland shall be 9 oz. fine silver, being the ancient standard of that kingdom, and that each piece of the new standard, bearing the name of a shilling, shall go current and be taken for 12d. sterling.

That all other pieces of the said new standard shall go current, and be taken rateably according to the proportion of the said piece.

That all the former base mixed moneys of 3 oz. fine shall be called down to a third part, with due proportion betwixt the base mixed moneys and the said new standard.

According unto which, by the same proclamation, it is particularly established,—

That the former piece of 12d. being made of base mixed money shall go current for 4d. of the said new standard; and all other pieces of the said base mixed moneys shall go current after the same rate.

That moneys of copper, as pence and halfpence, shall be current at the same rates they were at time of the said proclamation.

Provided nevertheless, that no man be bound to take or receive of the said copper pence or halfpence in any payment above 6l. in the 100l., and after that rate in less or greater sums, viz., the fortieth part of any payment.

Provided also, that sellers of victuals and other commodities for relief of the poor, shall not be bound to receive at one time of the said 'poor for victuals, or any commodities sold unto them, above 4d. of the said pence and halfpence at one time.

Proc. 22nd Jan. a° 2° Ja., a° 1604. By the King's proclamation, made at Dublin, 22 January 1604, it is established, in these words, viz.:

That the base mixed moneys formerly called down to a third part, shall now be called down to a fourth part. According to which the piece first made 12d., and after 4d., is and shall be from thenceforth current for 3d. of the said, new standard of silver.

That all other pieces of the said base mixed moneys shall go current after the same rate.

Touching the use of payment in Ireland since the late proclamations, it appeareth thus, viz.:

The horseman of Ireland, who, by the establishment, is to have for his pay, per diem, 12d., Irish.

He is paid, accordingly, viz., one harp shilling, which is. 12d., Irish.

The footman of Ireland, who, by the establishment, is to have for his pay, per diem, 8d., Irish, and so for three days' pay is to have 2s., Irish.

He is paid accordingly, viz., two harp shillings, which is 2s., Irish.

The subject is likewise paid in the same manner.

All which payments are made according to the rate of Irish moneys established by the said proclamations.

But it is to be noted, that by a late proclamation His Majesty hath established,—

That all the King's farmers and tenants in the payment of their rents into the King's Exchequer in Ireland.—

The harp shilling, which is current but for 12d., Irish, shall go for payment from them in discharge of His Majesty's rents for 12d., Irish.

And so rateably all other current moneys of Ireland in the like case.

And by the same proclamation it is likewise established,—

That the King may pay all his officers of justice with Irish harps, and other current coins after the same rate, viz, every harp shilling at the value of 12d., Irish, and so rateabley all other current coins at the like value.

Note hereby, that only the King's farmer hath benefit, but the King hath loss.

For the farmer gaineth a fourth part in the payment of his rents to the King, and yet he sells all his commodities to the King as dear as any other. But the King's Majesty increaseth his revenues in the value of their receipt from the farmers by this advancement to a fourth part more, namely, thereby to the yearly rent of 16,000l., Irish.

And his payment to the officers of justice, arising according to that rate, but to the yearly sum of 12,000l, Irish.

There remaineth then in the King's hands more than can be uttered to the officers to the yearly sum of 4,000l., Irish.

Which being issued to any other than to the officers of justice, doth bring loss to the King to the value of a fourth part, which grows to the yearly sum of 1,000l., Irish.

Therefore it is necessary that this last proclamation of raising the harp shilling, and rateably all other moneys current, in favour of the King's farmers and tenants to a fourth part more, be called in, and that a uniform rate of moneys universally to be proclaimed, and established to all the subjects of that kingdom.

Pp. 3. Endd.: "Concerning the coin of Ireland."

760. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. [June 12.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

Had received His Majesty's letters of the 7th April last, for Mr. Andrews, to pass him a patent of the clerkship of the Crown in the King's Bench after the death or avoidance of Mr. Gerard Dillon, and his Lordship's own letters on Mr. Andrew's behalf therein. Had found by Mr. Dillon's petition and by conference with the judges, that Mr. Dillon in the beginning of His Majesty's reign had been made third Justice of the King's Bench by his Lordship (the Earl of Devonshire) to supply the then present necessity of the service, with this proviso entered in the Council book, that the accepting of that judicial office should not impeach him for any ministerial office he held in that Court; that nevertheless in law the office of clerk of the Crown had thereby become void in presenti; Mr. Andrews, however, not seeking to take advantage, Chichester and the Council, by his consent, had made a new order for the continuing of Mr. Dillon in the office ; and had passed Mr. Andrews letters patent in reversion, de bene esse, according to the tenor of His Majesty's letters. But because Mr. Andrews' letters patents being grounded upon Mr. Dillon's, would in law become void (as the judges say), if Mr. Dillon's were adjudged void, Chichester requests the Earl of Devonshire to favour Mr. Andrews in the suit he is about to make, to have His Majesty's letters renewed to pass him new letters patent in form of law of this office, if the same now be or hereafter shall be void, for any other matter or cause than Mr. Dillon's accepting that third justiceship.—Dublin Castle, 12 June 1605.

Signed: Arthure Chichester.

P. 1. Sealed. Add.: "To the Right Honorable my very good L. the Earl of Devonshyre, L. Lt of Irlande." Endd.: "From the L. Deputy."

761. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. [June 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 70.

Wishes that Mr. Hamilton, who twelve months since was recommended thither by letters from His Majesty for passing (amongst others) the lands of the Upper Clandeboy and Great Ardes, were countenanced in his courses to plant and settle them. The lands are for the most part mere waste and wilderness, and the planting of them with civil people will be a principal service to His Majesty in that corner of the kingdom. He is the more to be favoured for his willingness to pleasure some English gentlemen and officers, in passing their estates in fee farm in other lands in the Lower Clandeboy, which he passed upon his book to His Majesty's advantage in raising a good rent, besides a clause for building of castles. The rent will be assuredly paid henceforth, which was formerly but promised, and the castles will be a great countenance and strength to the country, which hath been waste of long time. The business has been effected, without grudge or offence to any of the Irish Lords or gentlemen formerly pretending title to the same, by reason they had passed good quantities to themselves at easy rents by virtue of His Majesty's letters. If the like course had been taken with the Roote and Glynnes before it had been wholly passed to Sir Randall M'Donell, there would have been as great hope of the perfect reformation of that government as of any in the kingdom; and His Majesty would have had the hearts and services of many his good subjects within that country, where now that gentleman is neither thankful nor obedient, as some late actions of his brothers, upon his command, hath laid open, as Mr. Hamilton could at large inform Salisbury. Chichester, for some respects, had borne with him and his misdemeanors theretofore ; but conceived that there would be means found to enforce him to what was fitting, to the better settlement thereof, by creating to be freeholders immediately from the King, some of the ancient inhabitants who then were as slaves unto him, and yet leaving large quantities of land to himself. By this means all the seaside on the eastern parts from the river of the Bann to this city, would be civilly planted, and His Majesty's rents increased and truly answered, whereas he is a suitor to have them daily abated. Induced by His Majesty's letters requiring him to be favourably used, Chichester had granted him two years' rent, which was 320l.; yet he was not satisfied, but immediately sought to have 40l. of his yearly rent abated for ever, when the whole is but 160l., for 16 toughes or small baronies containing above 30 miles in length lying together, and as good as any in those parts of the kingdom. This he had gotten from His Majesty by mere suggestion, as his ancient inheritance, whereas his father held only four toughes of the M'Quyllins' lands by grant from the Deputy, which by right (if any were) should have descended to the son of his elder brother Sir James, the dispossessing of whose children and thrusting the M'Quyllins clean out of all, would in time raise trouble in those parts ; yet (as in some former letters he had signified to Salisbury), Chichester had given the M'Quyllins some poor contentment by seating them in a toughe of land in the Lower Clandeboy. Refers him to Mr. Hamilton for more particular information.—Dublin Castle, 14 June 1606.

Pp. 3. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury."

762. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [June 14.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 155.

Permission to Sir Josias Bodley to resign the charge of keepership of the fort of Duncannon, in the county of Wexford, to Sir Laurence Esmond, to hold during good behaviour, in as ample manner as Sir John Dowdall, Sir John Brockett, Sir Cary Reynoldes, or Sir Josias Bodley held the same.— Greenwich, 14 June, in the fourth year of the reign.

P. ½. Orig. Add. Inrol. Endd. in Sir Arthur Chichester's hand: "From the Kinge's Mtie in the behalfe of Sr Laurence Esmonde, Knight, for the fort of Dungannon."

763. The Earl of Tyrone to the King. [June 17.] S. P., Ireland, vol. 218, 71.

Had presumed by his letters written in December last, to complain to His Majesty of the hard courses held against him before the present Lord Deputy's time, by sundry persons that have pryed so nicely into his late patent, that, unless it please His Majesty to explain his royal meaning in expounding his patent, those courses would work the overthrow of his estate. For divers offices has been found and returned without the privity of the Lord Deputy then governing, by juries impannelled unawares of him (Tyrone). But having received no answers to his letters, and finding the now Lord Deputy very upright, he renews his most humble suit. And inasmuch as the chief ground of such as sought to take his living from him, rose upon colour of terming divers parcels of his inheritance to be monasteries, friaries, and of abbey land ; and as the Bishops of Clogher and Dirry, where their predecessors had only chief rent, would now have the land itself; he besought the King to stop any such mean courses, and force them to be contented with what their predecessors had formerly enjoyed these many years past.—Dungannon 17 June 1606.

P 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "The Earl of Tirone to the King's Majesty."

764. The King to the treasure and chamberlains of the Exchequer. [June 18.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

Warrant to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer for payment of moneys due to subjects serving in Ireland, viz., to officers, general and provincial, troops of horsemen, and bands of footmen, warders, pensioners, and others comprised in sundry establishments and lists.

Signed: T. Dorset.

P. 1. Endd.: "Draught of the privy seal for payment of the horse & foot in Ireland, subscribed by the L. Tr̃er."

765. Sir Arthur Chichester to Sir John Davys, AttorneyGeneral. [June 19.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 250.

Warrant for fiant of pardon to 3.5 persons, at the suit of Sir Christopher St. Lawrence, Sir Thos. Roper, and Capt. Richard Tyrrell; Edmund M'Kenna, of the Trugh, in the county of Fermanagh, gent., being the first.—Dublin Castle, 19 June 1606.

Pp. 2.

766. The King to the Lord Deputy. [June 19.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

Recommending the suit of the Earl of Ormond.

P ¾. Draft. Endd.

767. The Earl of Tyrone to the Earl of Salisbury. [June 20.] S. P., Ireland, vol. 218, 72.

On the same subject as No. 763, of 17 June, and nearly a verbatim copy.—Dublin, 20 June 1606.

P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "The Earl of Tirone to the Earl of Salisbury."

768. Commission for taking the Treasurer's Accounts of the Revenues of Ireland yearly. [June 21.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

Commission for taking the accounts of Sir George Carey, Vice-Treasurer and Receiver-General of the revenue in Ireland, the Master of the Ordnance, the Ministers of the Victuals, the Clerk of the Works and Buildings, the Clerk of the First Fruits and Twentieths, the Clerk of the Fines and Casualties of the province of Munster.—21 June 1605.

Signed: Chr. Peyton. Salisbury.

Pp. 1¾, Broad sheets. Endd.: "7 June 1606. Copy of the commission for taking the accounts under Mr. Peyton's hand."

769. Lords of the Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. [June 24.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 75.

Enclosing the complaint of the Earl of Kildare against Mr. Justice Palmer; and though they (the Lords) did not conceive any doubts of the Justice's integrity or due proceeding, yet they pray their Lordships to have the matter heard and determined with expedition according to justice, that they be no further troubled.—Greenwich, 24 June 1606.

Signed: Suffolke, Gilb. Shrewsbury, J. E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Salisbury, W. Knollys, E. Wotton, J. Stanhope, J. Herbert.

P. ½. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "From the LLs. of the Counsell, tuchinge Justice Palmer upon the complaint of the Earle of Kyldare. Re. in Nov. 1606. The Earle of Kyldare did never prosecute his complainte or sought other remedie, nor would not." Encloses,

770. To the Lords and others of His Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council. Ibid, p. 77.

The humble petition of Gerald Earl of Kildare.

Humbly showing, that whereas Mr. Justice Palmer, one of the justices of the Court of Common Pleas in Ireland, and another gentleman, were appointed Commissioners for the examination of the older Countess of Kildare, touching the validity of the deed of feoffment made by Gerald, late Earl of Kildare, in the eighth year of the late Queen, which she hath in her custody, and whereby she holdeth her jointure, and the lands of the earldom are entailed to the petitioner's father, and the heirs males of his body, after the death of the said late Earl without issue male.

So it is, Right Honourable, that upon the said Countess her examination, she answered that she held her jointure by the conveyance or feoffment which they would discredit; which answer of the said Countess the said Justice Palmer would not enter, but then advised her to remember herself, till at length she answered doubtfully that she held it by conveyance, and so much only was entered; neither would the said Justice Palmer examine the said Countess upon her oath, as in justice he should have done.

That petitioner humbly beseecheth your Lordship to direct your letters to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland, requiring them to examine the said Justice Palmer's said proceedings, and finding the information to be true, that he may receive such condign punishment as the State there shall thought (sic) fit.

771. The Answer of Justice Palmer to the scandalous Bill of Complaint exhibited against him in England. Ibid, p. 78.

The defendant answereth, that the said complaint is in matter most untrue, and only devised against him upon some malicious and sinister information sent the plaintiff into England by some of his agents in Ireland, to work the defendant's disgrace and discredit without desert or lawful occasion, who hitherto, without correction, hath uprightly executed his office as justice, well known, and so hereby also (as the defendant thinketh) to further the plaintiff's secret purpose in some other matter which is to be so taken, because the other Commissioners who were all present at the examination, and consenting thereunto by subscribing and returning the same commission, are omitted in the said bill, whereof one is, and hath been reported, specially employed by the complainant in his affairs, albeit a professed recusant. And as to the words mentioned in his said bill, supposed to be spoken by the said Countess to this defendant, and by him to her at her examination, and his refusal supposed, he utterly denieth the same, and for true knowledge thereof, this defendant referreth himself to the interrogatories, and her examination taken, and to the knowledge of the other Commissioners. And as to the examination of the said Countess, upon her honour, without oath, this defendant saith, that what moved him and them thereunto, do appear in his and their several certificates in writing concerning the same, delivered by them about one year past by the special commandment of the Lord Deputy and Council for that purpose, to which certificate he also referreth himself.

772. Sir A. Chichester to Sir J. Davys. [June 26.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 172.

Warrant for fiant of a grant of the Master Gunner's office of the Castle of Dublin, with the fee of 16d. sterling per day, to Thomas Home, to begin immediately after the death of Richard Langford, late Master Gunner.—Dublin Castle, 26 June 1606.

P. 1. Orig.

[Recorded by Erck, Calendar, p. 296.]

773. Lord Deputy to Attorney and Solicitor-General for Ireland. [June 30.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 218.

Warrant for fiant with grant of free and general pardon (treason and murder only excepted) unto the persons hereunder written, being in number 24, (Moyses Hill, Captain Hugh Clotwortby, and John Waldron from the said exception of wilful murder only excepted), the first of the list being Moses Hill of Hillesborough in the county of Antrim, Esq.— Dublin, the last day of June 1606.

P. 1. Orig.

774. Savings by reducing the Officers of the Army. [June 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 74.

Note showing what has been saved by discharge of part of the officers and army, since the coming of Sir Arthur Chichester as Lord Deputy.

Pp. 3. Endd.

775. Charge of the Army in Ireland. [June 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 218, 74

Statement of the charge of the army in Ireland for 10 years and three quarters, beginning 1 Oct. 1595, and ending the last of June 1606.

Pp. 3.

776. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. [June.] S. P., Ireland, vol. 218, 73.

There had been at Knockfergus two wards of long continuance, the one of the castle, the other of the palace, each having a constable and 20 warders by letters patent.

By the establishment of the 1st of April 1605, 20 of the warders being discharged, and the other 20 left, to be disposed for defence of both houses, as the Deputy should think fit, he had ordered 15 to the castle, as it is a place of principal importance, and five to the palace, which is a storehouse lately rebuilt, and fitted to receive a magazine of victuals for furnishing the whole force in Ulster, when there might be occasion. As regards the allowance of pay to each constable, he propounds that the constable of the castle should remain at the ancient allowance, and for the palace the constable to have the keeping of the house, with five men at 8d. each by the day, and 5s. sterling for himself, during his life. Has appointed the bearer (Mr. Dobs) to attend his answers therein, beeause the constables are so importunate.—Dublin Castle, [ ] June 1606.

Pp. 2. No date. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury."


  • 1. The death (apparently) of the Earl of Devonshire.