James I: April 1603

Pages 9-32

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1603-1606 . Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1872.

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James I: April 1603

9. Sir Henry Docwra to Sir Robert Cecil. [April 5.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 8.

By the last advertised Cecil of an enterprise that was undertaken for Tyrone's head. There was great appearance of effecting it, but has since found that little trust is to be put in these promise-makers. Two other parties undertook the like matter, and yet attempted nothing in the end. This later course held by my Lord [Deputy] for taking him in, will bring about a happy conclusion; "for though the country lie waste in all parts, save where Her Majesty is outwardly obeyed, yet by the secret affection of the people and commodity of inacessible woods to lurk in," it would be "difficult to get his own person." Has often delivered his opinion of Sir Neale O'Donell, who has now created himself O'Donell after the Irish fashion, contrary to the advice of his counsellors, that it would be offensive to the State. "In matters even directly against my Lord Deputy, he hath not hitherto stuck to carry himself with that arrogancy and self-will which he hath been ever accustomed to use unto others; yet now at last he strikes his sail." The course to be taken with him "lies only in my Lord's hands, to whose presence he is going within very few days."

One of the army, hiring a Scotch boat for his own private necessity of business, to put him over for England (for of English there comes not, nor will come, any amongst us,) he (Docwra) could not but take the opportunity for doing his duty."—The Derry, 5 April 1603.

Hol. Pp. 2. Sealed and add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

Coiners in Ireland. [April 5.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 8a.

"The Examination of Sir John Brockett, Knight, taken this 5th of April 1603, at the Gatehouse."

Had conference with George Mille, of Develyn, goldsmith, touching the coining of foreign coin. Told Myll his purpose was not to utter any, but only in foreign nations, and that he desired to be taught to cast metals in a mould, and to see the form of moulding tools. Myll gave him the necessary instructions, recommending for the moulds sand which was to be found at Catherlough. Lay at Myll's house about 12 days, where many trials were made. John Rowe, one of this examinate's servants, offered to utter a counterfeit Spanish piece in Waterford about seven weeks afore Christmas, and was apprehended thereupon, but was discharged as guiltless. Denies having counterfeited any current money either of this realm or of any foreign nation. Melyn, one of his servants, counterfeited the said Spanish coin in the fort of Duncannon, but without his privity. Denies having caused or known any English money to be coined. Tregle, another person employed by deponent, had known divers Englishmen both in England and the Low Countries, who knew how to coin. Roger Marshall, a soldier remaining about this town, could coin, "and taught one Coxe that skill, who was convented for the said offence in Ireland."

Signed: John Brokett. (fn. 1) "Examined before us: (Signed) Roger Wilbraham, Edw. Coke." Orig. Pp. 3. Endd. Encloses,

II. Contemporary, fair copy. Ib. No. 8B.

Pp. 2. Endd. Ib. No. 8c.

III. "Interrogatories to be ministered to Sir Jo. Brockett." (1, 2.) Touching Peter Hooper and Thomas Tregle. (3.) "Why did you cause John Smith to break brass out of a piece of ordnance ?" (4.) "Why did you imprison Henry Mylne and Jasper Ronan, of Waterford, goldsmiths, in the fort of Doncannon?" (5, 6.) Did you wish Mylne to learn from a friend in London, how "to mix metal so as to make it show like current silver?" (7–13.) Touching George Mylle, of Dublin. (14, 15.) Touching Richard Mellyng and Thomas Trygle, and the casting of Spanish pieces. (16.) "Why did you tell the same Melling that the taking of the same to your bay at Waterford, in uttering the piece of eight reals, would be 200l. out of your way?" (17.) Did you not thereupon melt divers Spanish pieces? (18.) "To what purpose did you procure a lease of the Tower at Hooke, and how came you by the instruments found in your desk, and what were they, and to what purpose provided?" (19, 20.) Touching Trygle and Melling, and their imprisonment by Brockett. (21.) Why did you put "copper pence of Irish coin in a melting pot?"

Pp. 2. In Sir John Popham's hand. Endd.

10. The Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. [April 6.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 9.

Receipt of their letters of the 25th ult, by Sir Henry Davers, on the 5th inst.; "a letter very sorrowful to them for the loss of their late dear Sovereign, were it not that God, out of his wonted mercy, hath recomforted us again by raising so rare, worthy, and complete a Prince to sit in her place." As the Privy Council had proclaimed "our now most rightful and undoubted Sovereign James the Sixth, King of Scotland," the writers have done the same in Dublin, within an hour after the receipt of the letters, the Mayor and [his] brethren being present, and a great confluence of people out of the country. Other proclamations of that tenour are to be imprinted, "to the end general notice may be taken of His Majesty's most just and rightful title to the Imperial crowns of England and Ireland." Many enemies, foreign and domestic, are conspiring against both the realms. "Out of the assurance they have of his absolute right and title to the crown, they will not fail (to the uttermost of their strength), to spend their lives and fortunes in the defence of his sacred Majesty and his right." Have written [to him "of some wants in this kingdom both for the better carrying of the wars and administration of the civil affairs," the present authorities being but provisional till he prescribe some settled orders. Desire expedition in this matter, and in the negotiation committed to the President of Munster (Sir Geo. Carew). Have also written to the King of the Earl of Tyrone's submission, the relation whereof they leave to Sir Henry Davers, who has performed many honourable services in this kingdom, "and hath received more wounds in his body by the rebels than any other captain or commander of his rank." As the State is now destitute of a settled government, the Council is about to elect the Lord Deputy as Lord Justice, according to Act of Parliament and ancient usage. This is the best way to bridle enormities and keep the country in order until the King establish the government otherwise. —Dublin, 6 April 1603.

Signed: Mountjoy, Ad. Dublin, C., Tho. Midensis, George Cary, R. Wingfelde, Edmund Pelham, Henry Haringeton, Anth. Sentleger, F. Stafforde, Geff. Fenton. Orig. Pp. 2. Add.: "To the right honorable the Lords and others, late Privy Councillors to our late Sovereign Queen Elizabeth." Endd.

11. [Petition of the Council of Ireland.] [Probably] [April 6.] S.P., Ireland. vol. 215, 10.

"It is humbly desired — (1.) That it will please His Majesty to give warrant for the Lord Deputy's [Mountjoy] coming over; and, lest the country (yet unsettled) should conceive (as usually they do), that he will return no more thither, and thereupon break out into new disorders, as they are very apt to do, mistrusting hard measure from every new Deputy till they have experience of his sincerity, it may further please His Majesty, by new letters patents, to make the now Deputy his Lieutenant, with authority to leave a Deputy in his absence, whereby they will easily take assurance of this Deputy's return into Ireland, and in confi dence thereof forbear to stir, as if he were present still among them.

"(2.) That it will please His Majesty to give warrant to the Lord Deputy to pass unto the Earl of Tyrone his pardon, with whatsoever else is promised him by virtue of late directions from the Queen's Majesty deceased. And that His Majesty's pleasure be signified to the Lord Deputy for the bringing over of Tyrone or his son, as he shall think fittest, for the King's security and settling of the North of Ireland.

"(3.) To signify his pleasure whether the rebels now out, whose names of most note are, O'Rourke, Maguyre, O'Suyllivan, Bryan M'Cart, and Tirrell, (all beaten out of their countries, or places of longest continuance), shall be prosecuted still, or received to mercy.

"(4.) To give warrant for the passing to the Irish lords of countries such estates of their lands as have been promised them.

"(5.) To recommend unto the Council at London the speedy sending over of victual, munition, and money, according to a note sent by the Lord Deputy.

"(6.) That it will please His Majesty to give directions for sending over a new Great Seal, seals for the King's Bench, Common Pleas, and Exchequer, two signets, and three Council seals for the State at Dublin, and the provinces of Munster and Connaught.

"(7.) To give order that Sir Arthur Chichester, Sir William Godolphin, and Sir Henry Dockwra, or at the least the two first of them, may be sworn of His Majesty's Council in Ireland, to give assistance in the Deputy's absence, for the better carrying of all matters of war."

Pp. 2. Endd.

12. Sir Geoffrey Fenton to Cecil. [April 6.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 11.

His grief for the loss of his late dear Sovereign, and comfort in the succession of so gracious and rare a prince. Desires Cecil to make his services known to the King. Has served 24 years in this land, and is 64 years of age, having spent his best time in the heavy and toilsome businesses of the State. Wishes to end his days in Cecil's good opinion, "as he began with Cecil's most noble father."—Dublin, 6 April 1603.

Orig. P. 1. Signed, sealed, and add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

13. Hugh Earl of Tyrone to Cecil. [April 7.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 12.

Having repaired hither unto Dublin to do his duty to the right hon. the Lord Deputy and Council, and having put his hand to proclaim the King's Majesty King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, he will (in the maintaining thereof) spend his life and living; and, renouncing all other princes for his sake, will give His Highness sufficient assurance for the continuation of his loyalty. Begs Cecil to be a mean unto the King to bestow the same on him which he has possessed by virtue of the letters patents of the late Queen of famous memory, deceased, for which he will serve His Highness at all assays. Is informed by the Lord Deputy, and lately by Sir Henry Davers, that Cecil has been the only man that hath won Her Majesty to receive him into her mercy. —Dublin, 7 April 1603.

Orig. P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

14. Tyrone's Submission. [April 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 13.

"The Humble Submission of the Earl of Tyrone before the Lord Deputy and Council, at Dublin, the 8th April of 1603."

Prostrates himself at the royal feet of King James, and appeals only to his gracious clemency, without presuming to justify his disloyal proceedings. Doth religiously vow that the first motives of his unnatural rebellion were neither practice, malice, nor ambition, but induced, first, by fear of his life (which he conceived was sought by his enemies' practice) to stand upon his guard, and after most unhappily led to make good that fault with more heinous offences, which, since it is impossible for him even with his life to make satisfaction for them, he doth most humbly desire His Majesty to pardon. Sues to be restored to his former dignity and living, and vows he will continue a loyal subject to the King's person, crown, prerogative, and laws, "utterly renouncing and abjuring the name and title of O'Neale." Will deliver pledges for the performance hereof, and of the following articles.

Renounces all kind of dependency on any foreign power, to serve the King against all invaders, and to divulge any practices he shall know of against the King's person or his crowns. Especially abjures all dependency on the King of Spain. Renounces "all challenge or intermeddling with the uriaghes." Will be conformable and assistant to the King's magistrates, for the advancement of his service and the peaceable government of this kingdom, "as namely for the abolishing of all barbarous customs contrary to the laws, being the seeds of all incivility, and for the clearing of difficult passages and places, which are the nurseries of rebellion, wherein he will employ the labours of the people of his country, and will endeavour for himself and the people of his country to erect civil habitations, and such as shall be of greater effect to preserve against any force but the power of the estate."

Signed: Hughe Tirone.

"This submission was delivered by the Earl upon his knees in the castle of Dublin, in the presence of the Lord Deputy and Council, solemnly swearing upon a book to perform every part thereof, as much as lies in his power; and if he could not perform any part thereof, he vowed to put his body into the King's hands, to be disposed at his pleasure."

Signed: George Cary, R. Wingfelde, F. Stafforde, Garret Moore, Henry Hoveden (or Hovenden). Orig. Pp. 3. Endd.

15. II. Contemporary copy. Pp. 3. Endd. [Ib., 14.]

16. III. Draft of the same. [Ib., 15.]

The following article is struck out:—"I do resign all claim or title to any lands but such as shall be now granted unto me by Her Majesty's letters patents."

In reference to this the following memoranda are added at the end:—"Memorandum, that, before the Earl's submission, he was promised by the Lord Deputy and Council to be restored to his title of Earl of Tyrone, and all the lands that he enjoyed before by virtue of his letters patents, save only that country now possessed by Henry Oge O'Neale, and the Fues possessed by Turlagh M'Henry, which were exempted and reserved in His Majesty's power to dispose of, with 300 acres of land to the fort Mountjoy, and as much to Charlemount; which last was only during the King's pleasure.— Memorandum, that Henry Oge O'Neale and Turlagh M'Henry were promised their countries (to hold immediately of the Queen) long since, at the time of their coming in."

Pp. 4. Endd.

17. IV. Copy of the preceding draft and memoranda. [Ib., 16.]

Pp. 3. Endd.

18. V. Copy of the memoranda above quoted, signed by the Lord Deputy Mountjoy. [Ib., 17.]

P. 1. Endd.

19. VI. Another copy of the memoranda, also signed by Mountjoy. [Ib., 18.]

P. 1.

20. Sir Henry Docwra to Lord Deputy Mountjoy. [April 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 19.

Has received Mountjoy's letter from Millefant [Mellefont], the 3rd inst., concerning Sir Neale O'Donnell. Suspects that a letter which he wrote on that subject has miscarried. Sir Neale is very humble, and wishes he had never taken the name of O'Donnell upon him; which he was advised by some of the wiser sort about him to forbear, or at least to ask counsel of Docwra. He (Sir Neale) and Capt. Bingley will go to Mountjoy. It was false that he made two lords; all the rest he doth not deny. "But now Rorie O'Donnell is come home, and begins to lay about him to get back his creaghts from Neale Garve, he flies unto him (Docwra) for succour, and swears and cries, and offers bribes to have him for his patron; promises so he will hereafter carry himself like a good subject, indeed to stand firmly unto him. This day both Rorie and Neale will arrive together, and Capt. Windsor and Capt. Ghest come in company with Rorie, and he hopes to appease all things to both their contentments. For the cows and followers, Sir Neale promiseth to deliver back, as also to make restitution of all things to Shane M'Manus." On his coming, Mountjoy may bind him further. The writer is troubled with a headache and some inclination to a fever.—The Derry, 8 April 1603.

Copy, Pp. 2. Endd: " Received 14th," &c. Also endorsed by Mountjoy:—"Touching the terms that Neale Garve stands upon."

21. Bryan O'Rourke to Lord Deputy Mountjoy. [April 10/20.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 20.

Since his escape out of England, has always sued for Her Majesty's mercy unto Her Highness's officers, as Sir William Fitz Williams, Sir Richard Bingham, and others, who continually denied him thereof; which mightily grieved him, to continue such misery as of long time he did, until others of greater calling than himself did combine with him, and he with them, in this action, by oath and all manner of assurance, which caused him to continue this loathsome life. Wherefore he would desire Mountjoy not to think the worse of him for any answer he has returned. Would perform any oath that he should be joined unto; now that he has cleared his oath, prays Mountjoy to receive him unto Her Majesty's mercy, and to send his safe-conduct towards [] (fn. 2) to bring him unto his honourable presence, as (fn. 3) Sir Francis Rushe and the sheriff of co. Longford. — Loughneconvie, 20 April 1603.

Copy. P. 1. Endd.: "20 April 1603, stilo novo: received 15th, stilo veteri, &c." Also endorsed by Mountjoy: "I send you O'Rourke's letter, because he is the only lord of a country now in rebellion, yet in effect clean beaten out of his country. Tirrell hath done good service upon him, and is coming unto me."

22. Sir Richard Wingfelde to Cecil. [April 11.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 21.

Regards Cecil as having been the means of his preferment. Had desired to see his Sovereign Mistress before her death, hoping she would graciously accept his long service. Is comforted in that God hath "left so noble and worthy a prince to succeed her." Prays Cecil to make him known to the King.—Dublin, 11 April 1603.

Hol. P. 1. Sealed and add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

23. The Mayor and Bailiffs of Cork to the Mayor of Waterford. [April 11.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 22.

Have seen the original of the enclosed copy; and as the same is directed as well to the Mayor of Waterford as to them, and as they are near the State and the advertisements from England, they have sent this bearer, Stephen Galwey, to be advertised from them, in neighbourly and brotherly love, what they have done in that behalf, and what certain intelligence they have of Queen's Elizabeth's decease and of the succession."—Cork, 11 April 1603. (fn. 4) Signed by Thomas Sarsfield, mayor, and John Roch and Philip Gowld, bailiffs.

P.S.—Have also seen a proclamation of that matter, which they doubt not came to the hands of the Mayor of Waterford, being well assured that both he and they shall always stand for the Crown of England in all duty and loyalty, as their predecessors have ever done. Have changed the bearer's name unto Stephen Galwey for certain causes.

Copy. P. 1. Endd.

24. Sir Francis Stafforde to Cecil. [April 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 23.

Sorrows much the loss of their gracious and sacred Princess, and yet is revived and comforted in that God hath been pleased to provide so renowned and zealous a king for them. Desires Cecil to remember him.—Dublin, 12 April 1603.

Orig. P. 1. Signed, sealed, and add. Endd.

25. Bryan O'Rourke to the Lord Deputy. [April 12/22.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 24.

After he had despatched his man with the request for a safe-conduct, heard that the Queen was dead; "which news peradventure would cause such as desire not to live in subjection to prolong their submission and desire of pardon." Had always desired to submit, but could not violate his oath and promise to O'Neale. Now that O'Neale has been with the Deputy, holds himself freed of his oath. Prays for the Deputy's and Council's protection, that he may repair thither and make his submission.—Inishemore, 22 April 1603.

Copy. P. 1. Endd: "22 Apr. 1603, stilo novo; received 15th, stilo veteri."

26. Sir Henry Danvers to Cecil. [April 13.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 26. (fn. 5)

The desire he had to have delivered these letters with his own hands, and uncertain reports that His Majesty's Council were come to York, hath brought them this far out of their way. Was to have imparted to Cecil all his Lord's business, which now, out of necessity, he must deal in blindly and without direction. Will suspend the most important till he can return and attend his Honour.—Wetherbye, 13 April 1603.

Hol. P. 1. Signed, sealed, and add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk: "With letters for the Lord Deputy."

27. Sir Geoffrey Fenton to Cecil. [April 13.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 27.

Wrote three or four days past by Sir Anthony Standen Now sends over his servant, to deal in some provisions for his house and other necessaries which cannot be had here. Has charged his servant to follow all Cecil's directions "in this great mutation of State," and to show him the double of the letter sent by Standen. "Sees that sundry here, from the highest to the lowest, are diligent to send out to seek this star risen in the North, and to carry myrrh and frankincense to it; everyone seeking to a St. Peter to lead him to Christ, and for a friend about His Majesty to present their oblations." He only reposes in Cecil to give him his way to His Majesty's good opinion and favour, out of consideration of his deserts and the long time he had served his late Sovereign in this kingdom.—Dublin, 13 April 1603.

Orig. P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

28. Stephen Duff, Mayor of Drogheda, to [the Lord Deputy and Council]. [April 13.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 28.

According to their letters of 8th April, King James has been proclaimed. Understands, by another letter of the 11th, that their Lordships have been informed that public mass is said in the parish churches of the town. Marvels what meant the informer in telling their Honours other than the truth; "for truly, right honorable," he adds, "there was no mass said in our town, since Her Majesty's departure to this time, other than accustomed, but in a chapel where priests were wont to say mass in the greatest restraint: therefore the informer is seditious. And since your Honours suppose we do not our duties, we do refer the same to God, and to the Lord Primate's oath; when that his Lordship told us that, on Friday last, being the 8th of April, one did but say he hoped to have mass in St. Peter's Church within a while, the party was committed by us, till such time as the said Lord Primate came with his hat in hand, humbly requiring the party's release, which with great difficulty he obtained of us. Since the Conquest we were never spotted with the least jot of disloyalty, nor never will be, by God's grace. And we hope that your Lordships will not hardlier deal with us than with others of our profession, for our consciences. Yet for our more justification, we brought before the Lord of Meath the vicars of both our churches, who did upon their book-oaths declare to my Lord of Meath (notwithstanding Mr. Mayor of Dublin his false report,) that there was no mass said in any of the said churches, nor sword borne before me, as was said."—Tredagh [Drogheda], 13 April 1603.

P.S.—Desires to know what course is to be taken as to this [new] coin, "for many do refuse it."

Copy. P. 1. Endd.: "Received 14th," &c. Also endorsed by Mountjoy: "I send you the copy of this letter, because I think this will be the satisfaction that the rest of the towns will give me for their disorder."

29. Sir Henry Docwra to Cecil. [April 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 29.

Upon the news of Her Majesty's death the whole country was like to have run into rebellion, and O'Cane (whom Docwra thought himself surest of, of any man in the kingdom) was the first that discovered himself; notwithstanding Docwra has the best pledges in his [Docwra's] hands that possibly he could give. Sir Neale O'Donell having proclaimed himself, O'Donnell would undoubtedly have done the like, but that Docwra prevented his purpose by laying hands both on himself and all the chief men of his country; so as now that side is clear. But on the other, he hears Tyrone's son is this day to proclaim himself O'Neale, and most of the country affected to follow him; and among the rest Cormak O'Neale (whose son and three of his best men are in Docwra's hands for pledges of his loyalty), is already gone to join with him; and this cannot be prevented, for beyond solemn and deep oaths, together with their pledges, there is not any assurance to be had of any of them: for their creates (were there never so many men to watch them), they would drive away (and have done) in the night time, "even from under our noses and amidst all our garrisons." For themselves, their victual, at the most, will not last them above the end of this month; and bread they begin to want already in their nearest garrisons, because, whatsoever might happen, he furnished the remote with all the store beforehand which he was able to send them.

Thus may Cecil understand the state of this province, which the King might easily redress, by sending some Scots to inhabit the country, if the multitude of his other business would permit him to cast his eye this way; and if he do not so in time, all things will come into as bad an estate (almost) as ever they were, for their companies are but very weak. After this ship is gone, he will have no means of communication. Professes dependence on Cecil's favour.—The Dery, 15 April 1603.

Hol. Pp. 3. Sealed. Add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

30. Henry and Conn, sons of Shane O'Neyle, to Cecil. [April 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 30.

"Your noble father was our chiefest patron and friend under God and Her Majesty, unto whom we have to our powers performed what services we might, as partly can be testified by the Earl of Kildare. Much more we would have done, but for our restraints, being long time kept in captivity, as is well known. We think we have right unto much lands in Ulster, for which we were suitors unto our late Sovereign Lady and Queen; and now we have thought good to renew the same unto the King his Highness, and sent this bearer to attend the same."—Dublin, 15 April 1603.

Orig. P. 1. Signed. Add.; "To, &c., Sir Robert Ceisell, at the Court." Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

31. Sir Nicholas Walshe to Cecil. [April 16.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 31.

Sorrow for the decease of the late Queen is turned into joy and gladness for the succession of her "true heir, the King that now is." The Lord Justice (late Lord Deputy) caused like proclamation to be printed here as in England, "and sent his letters to the Earl of Ormond to publish it with speed in these parts, who hath directed letters to the Mayor of Waterford, and sent these, together with copies of the proclamation and of the Lord Justice's letters, enclosed in a letter from his Lordship to him (Sir Nicholas), wishing his repair to Waterford to the same end. But when he came thither, and delivered the Mayor his own letter and acquainted him with the rest, the Mayor sent for his brethren, requiring their opinions whether he should execute the same as he was directed; of whom the majority advised him not to proclaim it till immediate direction should come to himself. All his [Walshe's] persuasions to the contrary could take no place. Pointed out the harms that might come by delaying it, and putting them in mind of divers public disorders committed within three days before in that city—in breaking church doors, in converting a dissolved priory, which had been since the 30th year of King Henry VIII. an hospital for poor men, to be again a friary, and forcibly depriving the sexton of the cathedral church of the keys thereof, with many other like abuses. Felt it his duty to require the Mayor either to publish it himself, or to give assistance to him. But the Mayor neither did so, nor sent to the commons; whereby they in most violent manner set upon Walshe, dragging him to and fro, and some endeavouring to snatch the proclamation out of his hand, facing and outfacing him, and using hard speeches towards him and his company; while he in the mean time used no other words to them, but that "it should be known by the end whether this were well done." And where they forbare to strike him, most of them being armed, he finds that was more in respect of his nearness in blood to some of the principal rioters, than for any spark of duty. Has complained of this, as well to my Lord Justice as to the Earl of Ormond. As this late change requires "a renewing of patents of them that bear office, and a new swearing of such as have place in the Council," he desires to be continued in his office of Chief Justice of Common Pleas and in his place in the Council of this realm, having obtained the former by Cecil's help, and the latter through Cecil's father.—Clonemore, 16 April 1603.

Orig. Pp. 2. Signed and sealed. Add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

32. David Viscount Buttevant to Cecil. [April 17.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 32.

Owing to the tumults consequent on the late news, he has been fain to stay, contrary to his expectation, "by the means of his bad neighbours the Irish, who are ready to advance themselves." Hopes to be the means of interrupting their design, or at least of bridling some of them by his presence. As he means now to settle his eldest son in some part of his waste living, bordering to the said Irishry, he would desire Cecil's honourable favour for his son's speedy dispatch unto him, whereby he may be the better enabled to serve against those that shall transgress. Even if his desire were to main tain his son in England, it is beyond his ability, since Irish money is not current there, neither can he get the same banked here. Prays Cecil to "further him to all the lands of Fynen M'Oven M'Carty, of Iniskyne, and Dermod Moel M'Carty, of Cairbry, slain in action of this last rebellion, so that he and his may be the better encouraged."—Castellyons, 17 April 1603.

Orig. P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk: "Lord Barry to my Lord."

33. Lord Deputy Mountjoy to Cecil. [April 19.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 33.

The proclamation of the King has been received in most parts of this kingdom with general applause and satisfaction. The mayor and citizens of Waterford made some opposition to the proceedings of the Earl of Ormond and Sir Nicholas Welsh; but upon receiving orders from Mountjoy, they obeyed, as all others had done before. At Cork they likewise opposed the Council there. Understands that in both these cities and at Kilkenny, the friars, assisted by some disorderly people, and not resisted by the magistrates, have taken possession of certain churches and publicly celebrated divers masses therein. Heard the like of the citizens of Tredagh, but found that information false, and received very good satisfaction from the mayor of his contrary proceedings. (fn. 6) They would fain excuse or mitigate this their attempt, as being only meant to declare their religion to His Majesty and the world in that time between two reigns, at which interval they suppose it to have been lawful or at least less dangerous. Has written to their magistrates to desist from such insolent proceedings, and to apprehend the principal offenders; and has charged them to perform it upon their allegiance. Expects shortly to receive their answer, and in case they obey his directions, will take no great knowledge of that is past; otherwise he purposes either to send forces, or to go in person, to suppress and punish their insolency; yet desires to know fully His Majesty's pleasure how far he shall proceed with them, if they continue obstinate; though he presumes that his pleasure is to tolerate no public exercise of that religion, especially set up by their own authority; and if they do not presently reform it, thinks it his duty to reform them by advice or otherwise, by the uttermost effects of His Majesty's power. —Dublin, 19 April 1603.

Orig. Pp. 2. Signed and sealed. Endd. by Cecil's clerk: "Received 22nd," &c.; with an epitome.

34. Sir William Godolphin to Sir George Carew. [April 19.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 34.

Is commanded to give Carew an account of Tyrone's submission. Soon after Carew's departure from Dublin, my Lord [Mountjoy], foreseeing the danger from Spain, being moreover advertised of Her Majesty's indisposition, and having then received a new offer of submission from Tyrone, entreating with all humbleness to be admitted to his Lordship's presence, directed Sir Garrett Moore to acquaint the Earl that he [Godolphin] was sent into those parts, with a protection for himself and his natural followers of Tyrone, with particular warrants to the garrisons for the safeguard of his [person] and goods, and with a secure convoy to bring him up; and that, if he desired to obtain Her Majesty's mercy, he must beg the same upon his knees in such place as his Lordship should direct. These conditions, though seeming at the first hard and dangerous for his person (whose head was set to sale by a public Act not yet reversed) were by him accepted; when, signing himself with the cross, he uttered these words; "Well, if there be no other remedy but that needs I must, in the name of the Father, &c., I will fulfil his Lordship's pleasure in all things, being well assured that he will never be drawn to stain his honour in the overthrow of so poor a man as myself." Then gave commandment that none about him should presume to contrary his purpose, and sent Godolphin word to Charlemont that he would meet him the next day five miles beneath Donganon, to receive his protection. Found him accompanied by his chief partisans, guarded by 200 foot and some few horse; when, withdrawing himself from the company, he first began to excuse his taking up arms, protesting that his life was indirectly sought, that he had never held intelligence with foreign power, that mere extremity did at last enforce him to make his dependencies on Spain, that being now brought to the lowest degree of misery, the Lord Deputy's just and honourable proceedings with all men gave him assurance. Then, after receiving his protection, came with a very small train to Mellyfant, where, in a great presence, he first presented himself upon his knees unto my Lord. The conclusion was, that he came not to give but to receive conditions, and on those terms had promise of his pardon. From thence he attended my Lord to Tredagh, and so to Dublin, being the only nobleman of this kingdom present at the proclaiming of His Majesty. For those that had run his fortune, and held out with him to the last, he could do no less than speak; and speak for them was all he did, not presuming to condition for himself; but to hold and retain him a good subject will be impossible without reasonable treatment. —Dublin, 19 April 1603.

Hol. Pp. 3. Sealed. Add.:" To the Right Hon. Sir George Carew, Knight, Lord President of Munster, these, at the Court." Endd. by Carew.

35. Sir Geoffrey Fenton to Cecil. [April 19.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 35.

Received Cecil's packet of the 7th on the 14th, and delivered the letters enclosed to the Lord Deputy and Mr. Treasurer (Cary). The printed proclamation (fn. 7) was published in Dublin on the 15th, "and others of the like tenour put to the print, to be divulged in all parts of this realm, whereby notice might be given to all His Majesty's subjects of his princely disposition towards them to continue them in their places which they held at our late Sovereign's death," instead of inquiring into abuses and misdemeanours. As in England, so in Ireland, there is no opposition to His Majesty's right. Calls Cecil's attention to the preparations in Spain, kept on foot still, and near the time of their breaking out; though, till the summer be well advanced, they will find here no forage for horses or food for men. One Mr. Leigh, a gentleman of Lancashire, has just arrived by the way of Knockfergus, who brought two letters from His Majesty, one to the Lord Deputy alone, the other to the Lord Chancellor [Abp. Loftus] and Council, consisting of matters gratulatory from His Majesty towards the subjects, and directions to have the Council and other officers sworn to His Majesty. Fenton is driven to keep his apartment through a deep cold and ague. Leigh is this day dispatched to His Majesty with letters from the Lord Deputy and Council. —Dublin, 19 April 1603. Signed.

P.S. (In his own hand).—Desires Cecil to make him known to the King. Others of this State use other means to seek favour of His Majesty. Now that Tyrone is received to mercy, all the rest are inclined to come in, so that this long rebellion will come to an end.

Orig. Pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk: "Received 22nd," &c.

36. R. Boyle [Secretary of the Munster Council] to Sir G. Carew. [April 20.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 36.

The letters of the Commissioners and Council [of Munster] are sent by this passage. The humours of these people, and their minds towards Carew, have been discovered by this alteration. The bearer, Boyle's brother, Brown, attended Sir Charles Wilmot in this successful expedition into Kerry. None in Munster are in action, saving M'Morris, whose force is but seven horse and 12 foot, and they have fed on garrans' flesh these eight days. He is creeping out of his den, to implore mercy from the Lord Deputy, "in that he saith he never offended the King." Munster was never more peaceable than now. The insolencies of Cork have infected all the neighbouring cities, inciting all the country about them to stand for the liberty of their consciences. Expected better things from his good friend Mr. Wm. Mead, the recorder. Their contempt should be sharply visited. Is willing that his opinion may never be believed, except they defend the city against the King, and condition with His Majesty for liberty of religion and a general pardon; and, which is to be doubted, they will possess themselves of the King's magazine remaining here of victuals and munitions. They have taken the fort-portes off, and brought them into the town, that the place might be made less tenable. They are daily grieving at the port of Halebowling. The first pretext they alleged to keep us from victualling thereof was, because two pieces of ordnance (which they unjustly challenge by Her Majesty's gift) were carried into the fort without the mayor's licence. Proffer was made them that, if they would suffer two other pieces of the King's ordnance that was in Cork to be laid aboard their boats, with the proportion of victuals and munitions formerly appointed to be sent thither, those boats should bring back the two pieces they pretended interest in, and deliver them into the mayor's custody; and that they should keep Mr. Justice Cumerford, Mr. Attorney, Captain Flowr, or himself (Boyle), which one of them they would, as a pledge for the performance thereof. They refused, their object being to have their own ordnance drawn away, and whilst the fort was destitute to attempt the surprising of the fort. Told them publicly in plain terms that the fort should be relieved without any conditions; and that it was a great indignity to the King's Majesty, and presumption in them, to capitulate in that fashion, and thereupon dispatched a messenger to Sir Richard Peercye to Kinsale, praying him to send out of his store a month's victuals and four barrels of powder, by boat from thence to the fort, which he willingly yielded; which when they perceived, then they were contented to let the ordnance be carried first hence, and the other to be brought up in that boat, upon Sir George Thornton's word, which he gave against his [Boyle's] will. The ordnance was exchanged accordingly; but yet they will not suffer to be sent out of the King's store above one week's victuals at once, "for so many men as are there by poll."

Never looks to have this place obedient to the Crown of England till the other fort be ended, and ordnance in it, or some such curb put upon it as the castle of Limerick is to the city, and until the mayor and recorder of this city be sent for into England or to the State in Dublin, and made an example of; which they now only hope to escape by drawing all other corporations to be equally culpable with them, so that the King must either punish all, or pardon all; whereas, if they only had been faulty, it had been easy for his Majesty to make them an example. Another evil which seems to threaten the quiet of this province, is an impatient humour wherewith the Butlers are possessed through the delaying of the intended marriage; and fears that, if the old Earl, who is sick, should die ere things were well settled, that country would break forth into outrage.—Cork, 20 April 1603.

Hol. Pp. 3. Add. and sealed. Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

37. Sir Henry Docwra to Cecil. [April 24.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 37.

The day after he had writ his last letters, O'Cane came in again and made his submission; and Sir Neale O'Donell broke out of prison, but he (Docwra) pursued him so presently and close, that he recovered his creates, took one of his brothers prisoner, being hurt with a shot, beat him clean out of the country without leaving him one cow to live upon, and wrested the castle in M'Swynedoe's [M'Swyne-na Doe] country from out of the hands of Owen Oge, that ought (owned) it, and so is possessed of the country of Tyrconell for the King. His Majesty is not tied to the former promise made him, seeing he has entered into arms against the State. All he now requests is leave to go to the Lord Deputy, either to submit himself in hope of favour, or to complain as being injured. The report of Tyrone's son's intent to create himself O'Neale was false. "The Earl himself is returned, all that side of the country being in quiet subjection, though they which had long been with the Queen are exceedingly discontented upon an order come from my Lord [Deputy] that every man should be restored again to his own land under command of the Earl; which hath mightily discouraged all men from serving the State, and cleaving to the Irish, seeing themselves abandoned in the end to the mercy of their angry lords, and no ways protected nor countenanced by the King's authority." —24 April 1603.

Hol. Pp. 2. Add. Endd. by Cecil's clerk: "From Loughfoyle," &c.

38. Lord Deputy Mountjoy to Cecil. [April 25.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 38.

Directs Cecil to select out of his (Mountjoy's) discourse upon His Majesty's business here, whatever he thinks fittest to present unto him. Ulster, wherein at his first coming he found not one man in subjection, hath now not one in rebellion; only Neale Garve, whom, to make all sure upon making himself O'Donell, he commanded Sir Henry Docwra to apprehend, is ill-favouredly escaped from him; yet all the chief men or lords of Tyrconell addicted to his party are still in Mountjoy's safe keeping. This accident falls not out ill for the King's service, for Neale Garve would never be made honest; and if it shall please the King to bestow so much as he shall think good on Rury O'Donell of that country, he (Mountjoy) thinks His Majesty will have a most firm subject of him, and one that with his own power will be able utterly to suppress Neale Garve; so that if the King may have one assured in Tyrconell and another in Tyrone, as he believes both Rury and the Earl will be, there was never so great likelihood of assurance of all the north. Has divided the country, till the King's pleasure be further known, among the M'Gwires, the M'Mahownes, and the O'Releys. These and all the rest of the Lords of the north continue in obedience, but expect the farther confirmation of such lands as formerly they enjoyed. Brian M'Arte, the chief man of action and reputation, is now a subject; but some course must be taken with him to allow him some land to live on, or else he is the likeliest man to disturb all; and that may be easily done in some such place whereof there may hardly any other good use be made.

In Connaught all is quiet, except O'Rurke's country, who is already reduced to fly as a wood-kerne from place to place with not above some three score men. His brother, the legitimate son of the old O'Rurke, (for this man is a bastard,) is now with him (Mountjoy) at Dublin. He has already prosecuted his brother, and is more mighty far than he, and with a little help will be able utterly to banish him. So that although O'Rurke sueth for mercy, he (Mountjoy) thinks it no policy to receive him; for his brother, that has more right, would be more able to do harm if he were not contented; and it is fit for some of that blood to have that country whom the people will best obey; and it is good for no man else, for none but devils would dwell in such an hell. He has only promised Tiege O'Rurke to be a means to the King to bestow the country upon [him], reserving what shall be thought fit.

In Leinster there is scarce a Moore or a Connor to be heard of, either of which septs before his (Mountjoy's) coming would fight with the army, and did put them hard to it when it was at the greatest, in Essex's time. The Byrnes, the O'Tooles, the Cavanaughs, and all the rest continue good subjects; and scarce in all Leinster is there as much as a thief stirring, nor one rebel. Tirrell, who of all that were in rebellion, next to Tyrone, was the most dangerous, being the most sufficient soldier and of the greatest reputation through all Ireland, is now with the Deputy; hath bound himself by the highest oaths that may be to continue faithful to the King against all the world; and conditions for nothing, but desires only to be employed in the King's service. Thinks him better able to perform anything in this country than any captain they have. His chief ambition is to carry the idle swordmen off this country into some foreign wars in the King's service; and would to God the country were so both rid of him and them, for it can hardly be free from stealths and petty eruptions, till it be delivered of these idle swordmen; and although there be no rebellion, yet necessity will make them war upon somebody.

Last and most important is the report which he has to make, as to how Munster, and some of the towns adjoining, stand. All or most of the towns in Munster, and Killkennye and Wexforde in Leinster, have, with some insolence, set up the public exercise of the mass. Unto these he has written commanding them, on their allegiance, to desist. As yet he has not received their answer, but within these two days he is going towards them with some 2,000 men, to set them in better order. If they have done this with no intelligence with Spain, there is no great danger in the matter; but he fears they would not be so bold, now all is quiet, without some assurance of a speedy succour from thence. To prevent the worst, he makes all expedition to be amongst them, and by fair means or foul, hopes to leave the towns commanded by the King's garrisons, although he was never worse provided, if they make resistance; for at this time he thinks all the garrons in the kingdom will not draw one cannon. Has little powder, and no tools at all; but thanks God he has gone through many difficulties, and hopes to make a shift with this. In his particular letter to the Lords by the President of Munster, he expressed a fear that the miseries and ill disposition of this country might make the towns cast themselves into the protection of Spain. Prays God they have not done it, for he hears that this is a general combination amongst them, and confirmed by a solemn oath. The discontentment of the coin is infinite, and now unsupportable, for it is generally refused. Knows no way to make it current where he goes but the cannon; and, rather than the King's service shall be omitted, will coin that too, and make them take it.

The companies are grown exceeding weak of English, for the miseries of this war are so intolerable, especially by this new coin, that all the best men forsake them, and no providence can prevent it; neither can they subsist any longer without some ease of the incommodities that arise thereby. If he can but put men into these towns, he might more safely come over [to England]; and this he desires for many public respects, but for nothing more than to have the happiness to kiss His Majesty's royal hands. Yet will not conceal his own private ends. Is tired with wrestling with this generation of vipers, and cannot hope to bring things to any better pass than they are already, but with a long time, that must polish what he has rough-hewed, which he hopes the King will appoint to be the work of some other man. This kingdom is now made capable of what form it shall please the King to give it, and in time it may be made no small ornament and addition of honour and commodity to the Crown of England.

Although His Majesty have many high and weighty considerations, yet, let not Ireland be forgotten; there is now no possibility for the army to subsist without victuals from England. Cannot do better than to refer to the relation of the President of Munster. God give them the happiness long to enjoy their most worthy King.—Dublin, 25 April 1603.

P.S.—In Corke, where they are most insolent of all other places, and keep out the King's forces, is all or the greatest part of the store and munition of Munster. At Limerick they stand upon the like terms; and what there is in that place he knows not, for he has scarce had time to think of Munster since the President's departure. At Dublin they have little powder and no tools, nor victuals for a few days. Prays him to procure some victuals to be presently sent from the coast of Wales and Chester, with as great a quantity of tools from that place as can be suddenly provided. These things may be well addressed to the forts of Duncannan, in the mouth of the haven of Waterforde, and to Halebolinge, in the river of Corke. If he should come away, there must needs be some of more authority in Munster; and if it be God's will that he should quiet these wicked towns, begs, for God's sake, to be permitted to stay no longer here."—25 April.

Hol. Pp. 5. Add. and sealed. Endd. by Cecil's clerk.

39. Lord Deputy Mountjoy to the Privy Council. [April [26].] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 39.

Has received, by their letters of the 17th inst., further information respecting his appointment as privy councillor in England and the confirmation of his deputyship of Ireland, as previously intimated by the King's letters. Expresses his thankfulness, and acknowledges many favours showed him by the Privy Council, by which he has "been better enabled to sustain and repair the weighty burthen, imposed upon him by their late Sovereign, of this maimed and disjointed government." Since his last dispatch he has received advertisements, from all parts in this kingdom, of His Majesty's proclamation being generally received and published with all joyful applause and solemn signs of contentment, especially in all the garrisons, and even in the countries of the late submittees, to which number almost all the late rebels are now received, except some few. Reports regarding O'Rourke his brother, Teig Brian MacArt, and other "loose men," as also regarding the towns of Munster and Leinster, the same particulars as are contained in the letter to Cecil.—Castle of Dublin,—April 1603.

Orig. Pp. 2. Signed, sealed, add., and endd.

40. Lord Deputy Mountjoy to Cecil. [April 26.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 40.

Since the sealing of his letters has received answer from some of the cities concerning the disorders which he had signified. Sends herewith copies of these answers. By letter and by their agents they labour to give him satisfaction, and make show to be very conformable and obedient to His Majesty's pleasure; yet he hears credibly that they have made a combination for perseverance and joint action to make good what they have done for the public profession of their religion; and that some of them are so bold as to speak of the title of the Infanta. Will not give too much credit to either, till he comes himself amongst them.—Dublin, 26 April 1603. Signed.

P.S. (in his own hand).—The agents of Cork and Wexford especially assure him that they will obey his directions in all things. If they do, means to leave so many men in the principal towns as shall make them ready to receive what punishment the King will be pleased to lay upon them.

Orig. P. 1. Add. and sealed. Endd. by Cecil's clerk. Encloses,

II. Thomas Sarsfield, Mayor of Cork, to the Lord Deputy.

Having written of their preparations for the proclamation, has now (13th of this instant April) published the same with the greatest solemnity so short a time could afford. Has also written concerning the fort in the river; and now is driven to complain of certain abuses committed by such disordered persons as are guarding thereof, by shooting at their fishers and other small boats which come up the river. The corporation would undertake the safe keeping thereof, if the charge were committed unto them. Mr. John Meade, the lawyer, can give information of the abuses of the soldiers.— Cork, 13 April 1703.

Copy. P. 1. Endd.: " Received the 25th," &c.

III. Ro. Walshe, Mayor of Waterford, to the Lord Deputy.

Has received the Lord Deputy's letters, dated 17th April. A copy of the proclamation was brought to Waterford; but as no direction had been received from the Deputy, the citizens thought meet to await it, "and thereby such as would have proclaimed the same had some impediment given them." On the receipt of the proclamation in print, signed by the Deputy and the rest, it has been proclaimed with all allegiance, love, and dutiful subjection to King James, in which they mean to live and die. In reference to the religious disturbances, he continues. "Also, where your Lordship is informed of the priests, true it is that some of them, upon the news of our late Sovereign's death, entered into the churches here, and the people (being, as your Lordship do partly know, always given and, inclined to the old religion,) do flock daily unto them; giving out that they are in good hope the King's Majesty will be pleased to let them have the liberty of their conscience, and that the manifesting of the same is no breach of His Majesty's laws, nor any disturbance of his quiet or peace; considering that the citizens of this city have always lived in quiet, perfect, and due subjection under the Crown of England, without spot, as well in the time of the old Catholic religion, as at other times, when they were restrained of the liberty of their consciences, which now also they do and will always continue. This place is in good peace and tranquillity." The proclamation sent unto him (the Mayor) from your L. for the continuing of all officers, and the other for the continuance of the new standard coin, he has accordingly proclaimed.—Waterford, 23 April 1603.

Copy. Pp. 2. Endd.: "Received the 25th," &c.

IV. Francis Bryan, Sovereign of Wexford, to the Lord Deputy. [Ib.]

Supposes that the Lord Deputy has been informed by the Lord Bishop of this diocese that he (the Mayor) with the masters and commons of this town, entered into all the churches of this town, especially into St. Mary's, taking thither men armed, dispossessing the ministers, not naming the Bishop but an ordinary man, and having mass said in the churches openly: whereupon your L. and others of the King's Majesty's Privy Council directed warrant and commandment to him for redress of the premises. For answer whereof it may please your L. to be advertised that long before the decease of our late Sovereign Queen Elizabeth, and since, mass was daily and openly said in certain houses, whereunto all the inhabitants of this town (very few excepted) did resort; which of long time, as also the priests themselves and the places of their abode, have been well known to the Lord Bishop of this diocese, who never accused any priest dwelling here of any traitorous crime, of which he (the Mayor) never knew any of them guilty. And after the joyful proclamation that was made here of their most mighty and undoubted King James that now is, whose Majesty, by common judgment of all men here, few excepted, is thought to be Catholic, and by reason of the great multitude of people which resorted into those houses wherein formerly mass was said, and had not sufficient room, they (the Mayor and commons), without armour, or any opprobrious words used towards the said Lord Bishop or any others, entered with a priest unto the churches; and in one church named St. Patrick, which was ruinous (the rest continuing as before), mass is said, which the people think will be graciously accepted of his most royal Majesty, and will in no way be hurtful to His Highness or to the state or good government of this his realm, without either meddling with tithes or any livings of the church by any Catholic priest, or other man whatsoever. And in so much as the people here had such great liberty of conscience long before the death of our late Sovereign Queen Elizabeth, they expect no less gracious favour and liberty from their most excellent and Sovereign Lord the King that now is: which he (the Mayor) is not able of himself to redress, by reason of the multitude that daily use resort to mass, and most incessantly, as all other good subjects, pray for the prosperous reign of his most excellent Majesty. And as for himself, he was not present at the entering into any of the churches. Assures his L. of the most firm obedience and loyalty of this poor corporation to His Majesty, &c.—Wexford, 23 April 1603.

Copy. P. 2. Endd.: "Received 2.5th," &c.

41. Grant of the Office of Treasurer and Receiver General of Ireland. [April 25.] Grant Book, p. 4.

Grant to Sir George Cary, of the office of Treasurer and Receiver General of Ireland.

42. Muster of the Army. [April 27.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 41.

"An Abstract of the several Companies hereafter following, as they were viewed and seen the 26th and 27th of April, 1603, at the Nace" (Naas).

Sir Geo. Cary, in list 150. Present: 4 officers, 3 targets, 24 armed men, 32 shot. Absent: surgeon, preacher, cannonier, 6 dead pays. Total, 76, "whereof Irish 30, and of them, wanting swords, 5. The remainder, being 31, is to answer the sick and deficients."

Similar accounts of the companies of Sir Garrett Harvie, 150; Sir Edw. Wingfield, 200; Capt. Henry Barkeley, 150; Capt. Tho. Catch, 150; Sir Ri. Wingfield, 150; Sir Fra. Stafford, 200; Capt. Raphe Cunstable, 100; Capt. Josias Bodley, 150; Capt. Legg, 100; Capt. Fisher, 100; Capt. Ellis Jones, 150; Sir Francis Rushe, 150.

Sum total of the list, 1,963. Present: 88 officers, 71 targets, 397 armed men, 718 shot; 1,186. Absent: surgeons, preachers, cannoniers, dead pays, and in wards at Reban (Rebane), (20), Drumuskin (Dromiskin) (6), Narrowater (Narrow-water) (10), and Newcastle (10); 279. The remainder 410 "are for men sick and deficients." Of the 1,186 present, 179 want swords, and 405 are Irish.

P. 3. Endorsed by the Lord Deputy:—" I do send you [Cecil?] a copy of this muster taken by Burchensaw, because you shall see with what a stout army I was fain to go to govern these towns. I had only my own company of foot more, and 200 horse. Signed: Mountjoye."

43. The Army. [April 27.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 42.

"A Brief of the present state of His Majesty's Army, at Loughfoile, according to a muster taken 27° Aprilis 1603."

Horseband:—Sir Henry Docwra, in list 100, 3 captains and officers, 74 able men, 11 sick and absent, a preacher and a cannonier, 6 dead pays, 7 deficient.

Footbands of Sir Henry Docwra, 150; Capt. Rafe Bingley, 100; Sir Matthew Morgan, 150; Capt. Lewis Orrell, 100; Capt. Edm. Leighe, 100; Capt. Basil Brooke, 100; Capt. Nich. Pynner, 100; Capt. John Vaughan, 100; Capt. John Sidney, 100; Capt. Rich. Hansarde, 200; Capt. Tho. Badby, 100; Capt. Roger Atkinson, 100; Capt. Ellis Lloydd, 100. Total, 1,500; sc., 82 captains and officers, 1,055 able men, 182 sick and absent, 30 preachers and canoniers, 90 dead pays, 143 deficient.

"Ex. per. Anth. Raynolds."

P. 1. Endd.

44. Hugh, Earl of Tyrone, to the Lord Lieutenant (Mountjoy). [April 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 43.

Has received his letters of the 25th of this April and is very well contented. Understanding that his L. hath received full authority out of England to proceed with him according to his former instruction from thence, came towards Louith [Louth], to have gone unto his L.; where, having conference with Sir Garrett Moore and with Shane O'Neale's sons, who came thither also, the 500 cows which they complained to have been taken by his men from them fell out to be no more than 80; whereof he has promised restitution unto them, they giving him restitution of so many cows as they detained from his men. Many complaints will be made upon him by reason of the poverty of his people, to which he beseeches his L. not to give credit until such time as he (Tyrone) shall come unto him, which will be immediately after his L. coming to Dublin, or if anything be amiss with his L. in Munster, he will repair unto him.—Lissaghrom, last of April 1603.

Copy. P. 1. Endd.:" Received 15 May," &c.

45. "The Office of the Exchange in England and Ireland. [April 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 44.

"A brief declaration, as well of such treasure as hath been received by the agent of Sir Geo. Cary, knight, master of the said office, as also of the issue of the same by virtue of several bills of exchange therein directed, viz., between the first publishing of the proclamation for the new coin in Ireland, beginning in mid-June 1601 unto the feast of Easter, 1603."

Ready money received out of the receipt of the Exchequer in England by Tho. Wattson, deputy for the Exchange at London, 126,362l. 1s. 8d. Out of Ireland, in sterling money, from the master of the Exchange and his ministers there, by Richard Parkins, agent for the Exchange at Chester, 19,787l. 19s.; by Walter Willson, agent for the Exchange at Bristol, 8,954l. 14s. 6d. Total, 155,104l. 15s. 2d.

Paid here in England on bills of exchange to the Lord Deputy, chief officers, and army in Ireland, 46,218l. 12s. 1d.; to noblemen, gentlemen, and other persons residing there and in England, 15,893l. 19s. 9½d.; to merchants, mariners, and artificers in England and Ireland, 92,985l. 14s. 1½d. Total, 155,098l. 6s. 3d.

"And so remaineth unissued but 6l. 8s. 11d."

P. 1. Endd.

46. The Office of the Exchange. [April 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 45.

"A brief collection of all such sums of money as remain due and unpaid to divers persons, upon sundry bills of exchange passed in Ireland by the master of the said office and his ministers there; whereof particular entry hath been taken here by Thomas Wattson, deputy for the Exchange at London, viz., between the midst of June 1601 until the last of April 1603."

Debts of the Exchange at London:—To the army in Ireland, 3,762l. 7s. 9d.; to merchants and tradesmen of London, 15,789l. 12s. 10d.; to merchants in divers maritime counties of England, 4,939l. 6s. 6d.; to merchants of Ireland, 6,984l. 10s.; to certain of the Council of Ireland, officers of the four courts of justice, and sundry gentlemen there, 3,761l. 5s.; to merchant strangers, 1,299l. Total, 36,536l. 2s. 1d.

Debts of the Exchange at Chester:—To merchants, sailors, mariners, and tradesmen inhabiting there, 7,084l. 9s. 1d.

Ditto at Bristol, 11,447l. 17s. 4d.

Sum total, 55,068l. 8s. 6d. Signed; Tho. Wattson.

P. 1. Endd.

47. Wm. Udall to Captain Edw. Fisher. [April.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 46.

Is told by his keepers that, without a warrant for his discharge by my Lord Deputy, and payment of fees and other charges, they will not suffer him to depart. Prays Fisher to acquaint Sir Richard Wingfield and Sir Geffray Fenton with this course, as his departure so deeply imports both His Majesty's services and the Right Hoble Mr. Secretary in England. It is more than time that he were at court; he ought not to be stayed now, after a resolution for his departure. Prays him, as he honours Sir Robert Cecill, to be careful in this matter. Tuesday morning.

Hol. P. 1. Add. Endd. by Cecil: "Udall to Fysher, who brings him over, and is arrived in Wales."


  • 1. If this is Brockett's own signature, the whole document, which was much castigated in correction, must be his handwriting. The copy states that the original is "subscribed by the examinate."
  • 2. Blank in MS.
  • 3. Sic.
  • 4. See Walshe's letter of 16 April.
  • 5. There is no 25.
  • 6. See Letter of Stephen Duff, supra, p. 17.
  • 7. Seemingly that printed by Erck, Patent Rolls of James I., p. 17, No. 36.