Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610. Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1874.
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James I: May 1609
356. Commission to sell Crown Lands in Ireland. [May 10.] Grant Book, p. 58.
Commission to the Lord Chancellor, Salisbury, and others, to sell divers of the King's lands in Ireland.
357. The King to the Lord Deputy. [May 11.] Docquet Book, May 11.
Directs the Lord Deputy to grant to John King the office of Muster-master-General and Clerk of the Cheque of His Majesty's army and garrisons in Ireland, upon the surrender of Sir James Fullerton, Knight.
358. Commission to hear Suits in the Ulster Plantation. [May 11.] Dom. P., James I., vol. XLV., No. 46.
Commission [to Sir Roger Wilbrabam, Sir Robert Gardiner, and others] to examine all suitors to the Council on matters relating to the plantation in Ulster, to settle minor points, and to refer difficult cases to the decision of the Council.
[See Domestic, James I., Vol. XLV., No. 46.]
359. The King to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor. [May 13.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 320.
Directs them to accept the joint and several surrender of Richard Archdeacon of Corballymoore, in the county of Waterford, and of his kinsman Richard M'Odo, of Baronmore, in county of Kilkenny, of all their castles, lands, and tenements within the realm of Ireland, and to re grant the same, to be held in free and common soccage, and not in capite, reserving a yearly rent of 6d. for every ploughland, and also the King's composition sent during the continuance thereof.—Westminster, 13 May, in the seventh year of the reign.
P. 1. Orig. Sealed. Add. Endd. Enrol.
360. The King to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor. [May 13.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 322.
Had formerly granted to Sir Daniel Norton, of Tysted, a lease for certain years of the late dissolved monastery of Ballybeg, now in the hands of Sir John Jephson, and had also directed a grant of the said dissolved monastery in fee-farm to be made to the said Sir John Jephson at the former reserved rent. The sufficiency of this grant being now doubted, His Majesty directs that a new grant in fee-farm be passed to Sir John Jephson, reserving the ancient and accustomed rent as aforesaid.—Westminster, 13 May, in the seventh year of the reign.
P. 1. Orig. Sealed. Add. Endd. Enrol.
361. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [May 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 73.
Sir John Davys landed here on the 5th of this instant, by whom he received divers letters, some from the King and others from the Lords of his Council;—all which rather require execution than answer, which shall be performed with all convenient expedition. Not intending to have troubled his Lordship until greater occasion should have invited him to write, he this morning acquainted Mr. Dudley Norton with something which he prayed him to impart to his Lordship at some convenient time. But the enclosed coming to his hands before the departure of the passage, thought it fit to transmit the same, albeit there is no other ground but the abundance of priests lately arrived and the parties' own declaration to give it credit. This Woods is a Scottishman, well known to the Bishop of Dyrrie, and was called to appear before him (Chichester) about a year and a half or two years since upon some complaints made of his carriage and of his misdemeanor, among which it was said that, notwithstanding he made show to be of the religion of the true and Apostolic Church, yet among the Papists and recusants he declared himself to be a disciple of the Church of Rome; and at that time he confessed his familiarity with men of that profession, which, as he said, was to discover their practices, and that by the allowance of Sir Henry Brouncker whilst he lived. Upon which, and his submission to the bishop, he dismissed him at that time, with allowance to return to his place and to the charge of the cure at Kyllmallocke; and this is all he has heard from him since that time.
Among other letters from the King, one made mention of His Majesty's pleasure to bestow on him the lands of the late traitor O'Doghertie, for which he can return no more but the protestation of his humble and faithful service, with the thankful acknowledgment to His Majesty and to his Lordship that procured it for him.—Dublin, 14 May 1609.
Pp. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
362. The King to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor. [May 15.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 324.
His Majesty is pleased to grant to Richard Harding, in consideration of his faithful service, all the monasteries, abbeys, priories, castles, lands, and other possessions in the realm of Ireland, which he now holds for certain years yet to come, by lease under the great seal, in virtue of a grant of the late Queen Elizabeth, at the yearly rent of 40l.; and directs that a grant be made of the same to him in fee-farm, to be holden of the King's Castle of Dublin, in free and common soccage, and not in capite, at the same reserved rent of 40l. yearly.— Westminster, 15 May, in the seventh year of the reign.
P. 1. Orig. Sealed. Add. Endd. Enrol.
363. Sir Thomas Ridgeway to Salisbury. [May 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 74.
Deems it his duty to attend the joint letter sent from the Lord Deputy and this Council, concerning Bryan-ne-Savagh M'Mahon's late lands, with these few lines to his Lordship only. Prays his support of their and his mutual request;—that barbarous and remote corner being left waste and depopulate (some portion excepted, which was mortgaged by Bryan, and must be compounded and paid for by His Majesty's grantee); and this last month being the only time both of retaining those in place and of drawing thither honest tenants and inhabitants for this year ensuing, unless otherwise it be left (as heretofore) at large, and subject to be made a den and receptacle of thieves and rebels upon every occasion.
There appeared to the Lord Deputy and Council a necessity so to settle it speedily, that at once the King's rent might be secured and increased, the place civilized and strengthened, the stomach of the country thereabouts stayed, and some good exemplary beginning made in this kind of cases for the better future service of His Highness. Upon which motives principally what has been done here, is done, and that desired to be done there, is now desired.
All which he humbly and willingly submits to his Lordship's grave judgment and best liking, with resolution of modesty and patience where he finds unexpected rubs, and of a true measure of hearty and effectual thankfulness and endeavour to deserve better, where he finds favour. — Rathfernham, 15 May 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
364. Sir Francis Shaen to Salisbury. [May 16.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 74 A.
Has been long a suitor for grants according to the King's letters, and also for the 1,000l. arrear of the 1,700 rent-beeves of Granard. Renews his suit.—Dublin, 16 May 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
365. Sir John Davys to Salisbury. [May 17.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 75.
Since his return into this kingdom, the 5th of this month, has heard of no new accident here of any note or importance. Found the term begun and the town full of people, which concur out of all the parts of this kingdom hither, rather to hear news than to prosecute suits in law; whereof the courts of justice are almost empty, by reason that the priests, who now swarm in this realm more than ever, by spreading rumours of war and troubles, make the people believe that the times are very doubtful, though otherwise there was never a more universal inward peace than now.
Their martial men, for the most part, take exceptions to the project for the plantation of Ulster, because they have not the privilege, every one to choose his own seat or portion. If this were granted to them, they do not now so much quarrel with the project, as they would then quarrel one with another. But the Lord Deputy, since he showed him a copy of the instructions which are to be annexed to the commission for plantation, is very well satisfied.
Neal Garve and O'Cahane have been arraigned upon their indictments since his coming, and are to receive their trial the next term, because the juries of those remote countries, where their treasons were committed, cannot be returned before that time. The evidence against Neal Garve to prove him guilty of the treasons committed after he was protected by the Marshal, is made more clear and strong every day, by new discoveries and confessions, so that there will be little doubt of his conviction.
His Majesty's book (fn. 1) was here in many men's hands before his arrival, and is much admired by men of all sorts; the matter not only being full of strength and sinews, but the form and phrase thereof so princely, that the book which was published in King Henry VIII.'s name against Luther, seems a very pedantical declamation in comparison.—Dublin, 17 May 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
366. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [May 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 76.
Recommends the bearer, Sir Henry Harrington, who has long served the State.—Dublin Castle, 18 May 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
367. Baron Delvin to Salisbury. [May 21.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 77.
Is already bound to his Lordship as much as his life and fortunes are worth, both which (being all he has) are unfeignedly at his command; being well assured that, being so disposed, they are subject to such an inclination as will employ the one and the other honourably, he means not for his own private, so much as for the public good. Wherein if his Lordship (who sees all that can be seen therein) holds him an able instrument, he prays him to spare not to expose him to the hardest trial. Will attempt it, and (if his life may be a pledge) will endure it. Thanks the King for the mercy shown to him and to those who relieved him.
It having lately happened that one Grome, a friar, who was apprehended soon after his own restraint, being lately accused upon his confession then made to the Lord Deputy, has received his judgment to die; he prays humbly that his Lordship would advise that he should be pardoned or banished, or, if he be permitted to remain within the kingdom, that he should put in sufficient security to answer for any misdemeanor which he shall hereafter incur. Suggests, first, that he cannot be dangerous; next, he may prove an instrument to good purpose; thirdly, if he suffer, it will hinder the intelligence that may be had hereafter by such, especially to himself, who will be accounted the cause of his death. But though this be his desire, leaves it to his Lordship's judgment, which can best apprehend and determine matters of this nature. —Dublin, 21 May 1609.
P. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
368. Edward Fitzgerald to Salisbury. [May 23.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 78.
The petition here enclosed was sent to him out of Ireland, subscribed by many gentlemen of good account in the county of Kildare, and also the first petition with the articles thereunto annexed, which was preferred to his Lordship and the rest of the Lords of the Council here against one Robert Nangle, for many misdemeanors and wrongs committed by him upon His Majesty's subjects there. It appears by these several petitions, and by other writings upon complaint made to his Lordship in the second year of the King's reign, against the said Nangle, that he was rejected at the Council board, and so went unto Ireland; and now, understanding that there is a suit preferred in behalf of the said Nangle and like to take effect to draw some benevolence from His Majesty in consideration of service, he has thought it his duty to recommend the humble suit of those gentlemen in the enclosed petitions, in procuring a commission to certain commissioners in Ireland, to call upon them, and to examine them touching the misdemeanors and carriage of the said Nangle.—23 May 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
369. Sir Humphrey Winche to Salisbury. [May 26.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 79.
He (Sir Humphrey) and the Barons of the Exchequer received the 15th of this May a letter from his Lordship and others of the Council in behalf of David Roche of Kynsale, with his complaint there enclosed, that, contrary to the express order of that court and his long possession, a commission was awarded to put him out of possession of the manor of Cullin in the county of Cork. The truth and cause of their proceeding therein, they have certified in the letter herewith sent. The object was to recontinue His Majesty's revenues, which were suppressed by negligence, and, he hears, by corruption. They found the King's manor of Glynney, called by a rich bordering freeholder, Cullin; and to many in the county of Cork it is as well known to be the King's, as any land in Cullin is known to be Roche's.
Has not seen fairer records for any inheritance the King has here, than for this manor of the Glynney. Upon the first process served upon Roche for intruding into this manor, offered to be a means to procure him a lease thereof for the old rent, which he refused; yet more was offered to have had the suit stayed and the King's title suppressed. In the proceeding they used no haste, but yielded Roche all favours fitting; only they urged him to plead his title (if he had any), and thought not fit to hazard the King's manor upon the general issue to a jury in that county, because the affections of jurors here sway more with them than any record, whereof they want no experience. Their desires were to do their duties to His Majesty without wrong to the petitioner, who may yet, for very small charge, have a lease of the manor, if he will become tenant to His Majesty. But that he will not, so long as any means is left him to continue his former wrongs; which would be heavy to him if they look back to the intrusion, which has not been attempted.—Dublin, 26 May 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
370. Sir Humphrey Winche, and the Barons of the Exchequer, Cooke, Oglethorp, and Elyot, to the Privy Council. [May 26.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 80.
To the same purport as the above.—Dublin, 26 May 1609.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add.
371. The King to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor. [May 26.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 332.
His Majesty had authorised the late Earl of Devonshire and Sir John Carey, Lord Deputy, to pass by letters patent to John Wakeman, in fee-simple, 100l. of the King's lands, whereof the abbey of St. Mary, near Dublin, was part. Some doubt of the validity of the grant having arisen, His Majesty, at the suit of Henry Earl of Southampton, one of the overseers of the will of the Earl of Devonshire, directs that a grant of the said monastery be passed to the said John Wakeman, to be holden by such tenures and services as are mentioned in the aforesaid letters patent.—Westminster, 26 May, in the seventh year of the reign.
P. 1. Orig. Sealed. Add. Endd.
372. Plantation of Derry by City of London. [May 28.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 85.
Motives and reasons to induce the City of London to undertake plantation in the north of Ireland.
1. The late ruined city of Derry, situate upon the river of Lough Foyle, navigable above Derry, and another place near the Castle of Coleraine, situate on the river Ban, navigable with small vessels only, by reason of the bar a little above Coleraine, seem to be the fittest places for the City of London to plant.
2. With small charges, these places (especially Derry) may be made impregnable.
3. His Majesty offers to grant to these two places charters of incorporation; the whole territory betwixt them, however, which is above 20 miles in length, bounded by the sea on the north, by the Ban on the east, and the river Derry or Lough Foyle on the west, (out of which 3,000 acres or more may be allotted to each of the towns for their commons), to be planted with such undertakers as the City of London shall think fit, paying only for the same the easy rent of the undertakers.
4. These towns to have the benefit of all the customs on goods imported or exported, as also tonnage and poundage, and the great and small customs, for 21 years, paying yearly 6s. 8d. Irish as an acknowledgment.
5. That His Majesty would be pleased to buy from the possessors the salmon fishing of the Ban and Lough Foyle, and bestow the same upon these towns.
6. Also license for free export of all goods growing on their own lands.
7. That the Admiralty jurisdiction in the coasts of Tyrconnell, now supposed to be in the Lord Deputy by the Lord High Admiral's grant, may be transferred to them for 21 years.
The Land Commodities which the North of Ireland affords.
1. The country is well watered, and supplied with fuel either of trees or turf.
2. It supplies such abundance of provisions as may not only sustain the plantation, but may furnish provisions yearly to the City of London, especially for their fleets, as beeves, pork, fish, rye, bere, peas, and beans, and in some years will help the dearth of the city and country about, and the storehouses appointed for the relief of the poor.
3. It is fit for breeding of mares and for cattle, and thence may be expected store of hides, tallow, &c.
4. The soil is suited for English sheep, and if need were, wool might be had cheaply out of the West of Scotland.
5. It is fit in many parts for madder, hops, and woad.
6. It affords fells of red deer, foxes, sheep and lambs, cony, martens, squirrels, &c.
7. It grows hemp and flax better than elsewhere, and thus might furnish materials for canvas, cables, cordage, and such like requisites for shipping. Also for thread, linen cloths, and stuffs made of linen yarn, which is finer there and more plentiful than in all the rest of the kingdom.
8. Timber, stone, lime, and slate, and building materials are to be had, and the soil is good for making bricks and tiles.
The goodliest timber in the woods of Glanconkein and Kelleitragh may be had, and may compare with any in His Majesty's dominions, and may be brought to the sea by Lough Eagh and the Ban. Fir masts of all sorts may be had out of Loughnaber in Scotland (not far from the north of Ireland) more easily than from Norway.
9. All materials for building of ships (except tar) is there to be had in great plenty, and in countries adjoining.
10. There is wood for pipe staves, hogshead staves, barrel staves, hop staves, clap boards, wainscot, and dyeing ashes, glass and iron work; copper and iron ore are there found abundantly.
11. The country is fit for honey and wax.
The Sea and River Commodities.
1. The harbour of Derry is very good, and the roads at Portrush and Lough Swilly (not far distant from Derry) tolerable.
2. The sea fishings are plentiful of all manner of fishes, especially herrings and eels. Yearly, after Michaelmas, above seven or eight score of sail of the King's subjects and strangers are there for loading, besides an infinite number for fishing and killing.
3. There are great fishings in the adjacent islands of Scotland, where many Hollanders do fish all the summer, and plentifully vent their fishes into Spain and within the Straits.
4. Much train and fish oil may be made upon the coast.
5. As the sea yieldeth fish, so the coast affords abundance of sea fowl, and the rivers great store of fresh fishes, more than any of the rivers of England.
6. There be store of good pearls upon the coast, especially within the river of Loughfoyle.
7. These coasts are ready for traffic with England and Scotland, and lie open and convenient for Spain and the Straits, and fittest and nearest to Newfoundland.
The Profits that London shall receive by this Plantation.
If multitudes of men were employed proportionally to these commodities, many thousands would be set at work, to the great service of the King, the strength of his realm, and the advancement of several trades. It might ease the city of an insupportable burthen of persons, which it might conveniently spare, all parts of the city being so surcharged that one tradesman is scarce able to live by another; and it would also be a means to free and preserve the city from infection, and consequently the whole kingdom, which of necessity must have recourse hither, and being pestered and closed up together can never otherwise or very hardly avoid infection.
These colonies may be a means to utter infinite commodities from London to furnish the whole North of Ireland and Isles of Scotland, which may be transported by means of the river Ban and Loughfoyle into the counties of Coleraine, Donegal, Tyrone, Armagh, and Antrim.
The city of Dublin being desolate by the slaughter of the Easterlings, who were the ancient inhabitants thereof, was given by King Henry the Second to the city of Bristol to be inhabited, which, without any charge to the King, Bristol performed, whose posterity continues there to this day.
This plantation, thus performed to the eternal commendation of Bristol, was not the least cause of civilizing and securing that part of the country.
It were to be wished this noble precedent were followed by the City of London in these times, with so much the more alacrity as they excel Bristol in ability and means. And so much the rather, since the commodities which the City of London will reap hereby far surpass the profits which could redound to Bristol by the other.
Pp. 4. Not signed or add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "The 28th of May 1609. Motives and reasons to induce the Citie of London to undertake plantation in the North of Ireland."
"Re. the 29th of August 1609."
373. Earl of Kildare to the King. [May 29.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 81.
Expresses his confidence in His Majesty's protection under all his necessities, and especially in matters of justice, and his reliance on the due course of His Majesty's laws, the true execution of which is the chief good and principal inheritance that his subjects are born and by their birth are entitled unto.
Although loth in any kind to be troublesome to His Highness, yet he is constrained to appeal to him for relief, the whole state of his poor living and birthright being brought into question by the undue courses of Sir Robert Digby, who has these many years past unjustly vexed him in the Court of Castle Chamber. Yet by the censure of that court he is clearly acquit of the matters wherewith he was untruly charged by him, and the principal cause between them was referred to the common law, the right mean for trial of matters touching land. Notwithstanding he has of late proponed a suit in His Majesty's Chief Bench against him (Lord Digby) for a parcel of his inheritance, which being ready to come to a trial (and the law by all likelihood to pass on his side) the suit was staid both by an order from the Council Board and by an inimition [inhibition] out of the Chancery, and his counsel and solicitors were thereby forbidden to plead or further to prosecute his suit in that place. Prays the King, therefore, in regard of his long service to His Majesty's late sister, and his willingness ever to continue his true and faithful servant to the hazard of himself and the expense of his poor patrimony in His Majesty's service, to direct letters hither requiring that no extraordinary courses contrary to the law may be permitted against him, but that all suits between Sir Robert Digby and him concerning title of land and inheritance may be determined by the ordinary course of common law.
Professes himself His Majesty's bounden, grieved, and perplexed servant, in that he is utterly barred from all employments under His Highness whereby he might express himself according as he is in duty obliged, His Majesty's most humble servant in all dutiful subjection.—Dublin, 29 May 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
374. Earl of Kildare to Salisbury. [May 29.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 82.
Details the same grievance, and requests his Lordship's aid in furtherance of his suit.—Dublin, 29 May 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
375. Petition of Alexander Spicer to the Privy Council. [May 31.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 82 A.
Expresses his desire to further the intended plantation of Ulster, and prays to be admitted into the number of undertakers.
Mem. signed by Salisbury: "Referred to the Commissioners appointed for the Ulster plantation, the last of May 1609."
376. Reasons proving that the deferring of the Plantation in Ulster until the next spring is most convenient for the King's Majesty, for the Undertakers, and for the general service. [May.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 226, 83.
First. The Commissioners may this summer proceed to make a more exact survey than the former was, wherein they may supply the omissions, assure the quantities, divide and plot the proportions, and make a model ready for casting the lots.
Secondly. By reason of the monastery lands, Termon lands, bishop's lands, and church lands, which lie intermixed with the escheated lands, and are now to be assigned in specie to the owners, the casting out of the proportions will become very difficult, and will require longer time than if the first intended project of exchanges had stood.
Thirdly. If the undertakers shall repair thither this summer, they will be forced to attend the execution, which cannot be done before Michaelmas at the soonest, the same being to be sped in six counties; so that they will not only spend their stock by lingering all the summer in a country where is neither lodging nor provision for them, but may also by contrary weather be compelled to spend a great part of the winter time in that kingdom, by which they may be disappointed of the next summer's preparation.
Whereas now all things will be so made in readiness against the next spring, that the undertakers may, in the beginning of the season, enter into and sit down, every man in his proportion, and have the summer before them for preparation of buildings and other supplies.
Fourthly. Many have been and daily are petitioners to be admitted undertakers; but, because they dwell in remote countries, their abilities cannot be known until the summer vacation, that inquiry may be made thereof in the countries.
Fifthly. The natives yet dwell dispersedly over all the countries, who are to be drawn into certain limits before the undertakers can begin any plantation; which restraint must be effected by the countenance and power of the Lord Deputy this summer.
Sixthly. The English plantation and the servitors' plantation must begin together, and strengthen each other, by reason that the servitors in Ireland have forborne to undertake at all, the English cannot proceed until some other course be taken, for except the servitors defend the borders and fastnesses and suppress the Irishry, the new planters, who neither know the country nor the wars nor the qualities of that people, can never prosper.
Seventhly. There is a common report in England, and a strong expectation in Ireland, that the Earl of Tyrone or his sons will draw certain forces into Ulster this summer, which is no small discouragement of the plantation, and will not be cleared until experience hath satisfied the same.
Eighthly. It has been thought fit to mitigate some of the conditions in the project of the plantation, which mitigation is to be published, which cannot so speedily be done but that this season will be partly over past.
Bishop of Armagh.
Pp. 3. Endd.: "May 1609, Ireland. Reasons for deferring the plantation till the next summer."