Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610. Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1874.
This free content was digitised by double-rekeying. All rights reserved.
James I: March 1610
641. Earl of Thomond to Salisbury. [March 3.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 46.
Amongst other kindnesses he (Salisbury) procured for him a grant in fee simple of 100l. per ann. in this kingdom (in exchange for so much of his own inheritance here), among which parcels by special warrant he has passed the town and lands of Catherlogh, thinking by good endeavours to have settled a strong plantation of English there, and upon that plantation to put up his rest, whatever charges it would drive him to, only to crush and bridle the rebels on either side bordering those lands, namely, the Kavanaghs, Moores, and Connors, who have always been evil neighbours to that town. Has been much disappointed and his courses diverted, by reason of a long lease which Sir William Harpole has in being of the premises, and by the cross dealings of Sir Adam Loftus. And although he might have had advantages at law, the lease having been passed contrary to orders of the late Queen, inhibiting the passing of any long estate of Catherlogh to any without special orders, yet he thought it more convenient to compound with Sir William Harpole for his interest, and having agreed to pay about 1,500l., Sir Adam Loftus came to him and declared that there was a debt due to him by Sir William Harpole, and what inconvenience it was, and besought him to stay the bargain until he had settled with Sir William, or if he (Thomond) would let him deal in the bargain for him, he wonld husband it to his profit, and repass it to him without any profit or advantage to himself; whereupon, assuring himself that a gentleman of his rank would keep his word, he put his business into his hands, thereby to recover him (Loftus) his moneys. Shortly afterwards he was sent into England by the Deputy and Council, where he stayed some six weeks, and upon his return tendered Sir Adam Loftus his moneys laid out upon that business according to their agreement, but he refused, and pleaded possession. Sir Adam has not only so used him, but carries himself very disrespectfully before him, as the Deputy and Chancellor can testify. Assures him that he has never received like words at any man's hands before, but he is a councillor and a gownsman, and he will observe him accordingly. His suit is, that his Lordship will write a letter to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor, requiring them to publish their order therein, and to certify the words uttered by Sir Adam Loftus, in their presence, which no man can deliver better than he himself (Thomond), with their certificate, and therefore he wishes him to write that he may come over.—Dublin, 3 March 1609.
Pp. 3½. Signed. Endd.
642. Connaught Chiefries and Connaught Concealments. [March 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 47.
Extract of a letter of the 20th February 1609.
Wishes the composition for Connaught to be maintained, because one M'Nemara has brought some letters about these old chiefries, which the composition abolished, and Lord Clanricard upon a letter of surrenders has found divers of them due to him in the counties of Galway, Roscommon, and Mayo, which the composition abolished, albeit they are now raised by my Lord's greatness, and the unworthy dealing of the unworthy justice there, who will countenance anything that concerns the Earl; and although these things were never taken up by any Earl of Clanricard, yet they are passing them as a rentcharge to tie all the subjects of Connaught to him.
The Vice-President of Connaught, contrary to the tenor of the composition, send out their warrants to take up "beefes, muttons, and porckes," for their provisions at the King's rate, and when they have done, sell the same, for they are poor housekeepers, and yet the King gives good allowance for a table.
Extract of a letter of the 4th of March 1609.
Prays his help to ease them of this racking for concealments, for these people begin to think that little by little they mean to root them out utterly. Sir Oliver Lambert is now in Connaught attending the escheator there for the same purpose, having got notice of some escheated and attainted lands, which lie fit for his manor of Clann-I-Banne. If he have forgotten how he (Sir Oliver) came by that land, it was thus: Hugh M'Tirlaugh Roe O'Chonner [O'Connor] (yet living), being at an open session at Roscommon, condemned of treason, had his judgment accordingly, and they, with many more, saw him on the car on his way to execution, but by mediation of friends he was reprieved, and afterwards pardoned; after which his lands were surveyed at above 20l. per ann., and so passed to himself for 21 years; and afterwards Sir Richard Boyle passed a reversion thereof upon a book of Sir William Taaffe's; but Sir Oliver in this Lord Deputy's time, under pretence of commiseration to Hugh M'Tirlaugh Roe, found means that his attainder was judged nothing, because the clerk had forgotten to enter judgment, and when he had once gone so far, he got the land from Sir Hugh for himself, and enjoys it to this day. In his opinion another man were fitter to have done this than a councillor.
P. 1. Endorsed by Carew: "Commission for concealments determined."
643. Sir Richard Morison to Salisbury. [March 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 48.
Pursuant to orders from the Deputy, has apprehended the deputy vice-admiral of the province, Captain Hull, Masselyne Lanen a butcher, and Cade a mariner, and has delivered them to the care of Sir William St. John, who is now leaving this coast for England with 24 prisoners more. Captain Hull was in England when the direction for apprehending him came to his hands; but he hears now he is returned a commissioner in the inquiry after others, and has authority to parley and go aboard any pirates, the better to enable him to give accounts of their proceedings. If it be so, it cannot be but hurtful to the service, for they will never be able to constrain this misunderstanding people to think commerce a fault with them, when they shall see any by authority converse with them.
The time of year promises their continual resort to this coast, some are already arrived and keep aloof, waiting the departure of Sir William St. John, &c.—Waterford, 4 March 1609.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Sir Richard Morrison by Sir William Seint John."
644. Pirates apprehended in Munster. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 48 A.
A note of such pirates now apprehended in Mounster, with a brief with whom they were at sea.
P. 1. Endd. by Chichester: "A list of pirates lately taken at Munster."
645. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [March 7.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 377.
Warrant to make Richard Deane, now Dean of the Cathedral Church of Kilkenny, Bishop of Ossory.—Westminster, 7 March, in the 8th year of the King's reign.
P. ½. Signed at head. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 7 of March 1609. From the Kinge's Matie, signifieing his pleasure for Mr. Deane to be Bishop of Ossory. Re. 12th of April 1610."
646. The Examination of James White and Bennett White, of Clonmell, merchants, taken before Theobald Buttler, Lord Viscount of Tulloe, and others, at Clonmell, 8th March 1609. [March 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 49.
At Cales [Cadiz] they met with Captain Stainhurst [Stanihurst], a gentleman of the county of Dublin, who had charge of 150 Irish soldiers who were shipped in four Dunkercke ships of war belonging to the Archduke, which arrived here about two months and a half ago, with stores of munition and other warlike furniture for 12,000 or 15,000 men. That three weeks before, 18 other Dunkercke men-of-war arrived at Cales, having another 150 Irish soldiers on board, whose captain they heard say was a Spaniard, which eight ships were fitting and preparing to go to St. Luker's, and they saw them fall down from Pointall [Portugal ?] to the bay of Cales. Heard there that the munition was to furnish the King of Morocoe's brother, who had obtained several millions of trea sure with some thousands of men from the King of Spain to fight against the King of Marocoes (sic). Being examined what they heard of Tyrone, they said that his eldest son was dead, and it is reported that ever since he himself is sickly and languishing, and that without doubt O'Swillevan's son, who was one of the King of Spain's pages, among other his fellows, pushing an iron bar lighted . . . . (fn. 1) by which he received such a mortal wound that within a month after he died; there died also (as it was reported) three other Irish gentlemen, lately about Tyrone, whose names they know not. They heard that Tyrone's second son was in the Court of Spain, but they know nothing further of him.
(Signed) Nicholas White, Mayor of Clonmell.
Pp. 2. Endd.
647. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [March 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 50.
Is informed that Brian Kearny, the titular Archbishop of Cashel, left this kingdom some time ago to find out the traitor Tyrone. His sister's son, one Father Wall, a Jesuit, has returned here from foreign parts and landed in Ulster. He (the Archbishop) sent direction by him to his brother, Paul Kearney, a merchant of Cashel, to collect as much money as he could from the priests in his diocese of Cashel, and with the same to make his repair to London, where the Archbishop has promised to meet him, and to come in the train of some ambassador sent from Spain. Paul Kearney has received the money and has departed to London. The Archbishop might be arrested upon his arrival, for his brother is well known to most Munster men, and a watch upon him will discover the bishop.
Sends him some other information; and though he only takes it to be the seed sown by the Jesuits and seminaries to prepare and misguide this people, yet he finds it works strange effects in this nation, who affect nothing more than change and alteration, and these rumours are no sooner spread than believed. It is the custom of the priests and Jesuits to flock hither at this time of the year, and in order to prepare their welcome, they make these reports their forerunners, and when they come, by their indulgences, pardons, and other trumperies, they gather the wealth of the land, and depart with it at their pleasure. They have been giving out that it is the King's pleasure they shall exercise their religion, but not publicly in the churches; and when an officer or a soldier lays hold of a priest within their garrison, the young men and women of the city make a rescue with ill usage and blows.
The renewing of their charters there and increasing their liberties without the recommendation of the State has increased their pride, and made the Government of less respect with them, for they are a people who seldom make other use of favours done them.
If any such storm as those papers speak of is intended they are ill provided to encounter it, many forts being weak and unfinished, none victualled, and not a pound in the Treasurer's hands. Hopes the proposition which he has always made to have the forts built and victualled, and money to lie here in readiness, will take effect upon Mr. Treasurer's return.— Dublin Castle, 10 March 1609.
Pp. 2. Hol. Add. Endd.
648. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [March 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 51.
Encloses a paper with the matter in difference between the Earl of Thomond and Sir Adam Loftus, and prays direction what course to hold for settling it.
Suggests that he (Salisbury) should direct the London undertakers to go more roundly on with what they have undertaken, and to send all things needful, for they are great gainers by the King's grant to them. They are to have some things of his, with which, seeing it is the King's pleasure, he willingly departs, and for the recompense to be made him he has directed his servants to submit to his pleasure.—Dublin Castle, 10 March 1609.
Pp. 2. Hol. Sealed. Add. Endd.
649. Earl of Thomond to Mr. Dudley Norton. [March 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 52.
Has sent a letter to the Lord Treasurer, acquainting him with the wrongs done him by Sir Adam Loftus, and has sent him (Norton) a petition to be referred to the Lords of the Council, if the Lord Treasurer thinks fit. The Lord Deputy and Lord Chancellor should be required to declare publicly what order they have made between them touching the manor of Catherlogh, and to certify to England Sir Adam Loftus's usage and insolent language towards him. And whereas Sir William Harpole has the constableship of Catherlogh but upon his good behaviour, that upon proof of his misbehaviour before the Lord Deputy and Council, he (Thomond) may be settled in the constableship according to the King's grant passed to him in reversion. The treasons of Sir William Harpole are as follows.—12 March 1609.
Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. Encloses,
650. Earl of Thomond's Petition. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 52 I.
Petition of the Earl of Thomond to the Lords of the Privy Council, in regard to Sir Adam Loftus and Sir William Harpole, &c.
651. The Misdemeanors and Treasons of Sir William Harpole in his Constableship at Catherlogh. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 52 II.
First, he kept within the castle of Catherlogh the traitor Feagh M'Hughes' wife, named Rose O'Towell (O'Toole), in the heat of the rebellion, when Sir William Russell, then Lord Deputy, persecuted Feagh M'Hugh and his wife, and offered great sums of money for their heads.
That he delivered up the castle of Blackfoord in Queen's County, to Owheny M'Rory (an archtraitor) being a strong place and of great importance, fit for relieving and securing the King's garrisons and servitors there, and a place of restraint upon all occasions relieving and victualling the King's fort of Leise. The yielding up of the castle has lost many soldiers to the King.
At the same time Harpole promised to marry the said traitor's sister, now wife to Captain Tirrell, and thereupon to betray the whole garrison of Catherlogh, and to yield up the King's castle into the hands of the said traitor.
That he has divers times furnished the traitors with armour and munition out of the King's stores at Catherlough, as evidently will be proved.
652. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [March 13.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 452.
On the intercession of Lord Danvers, President of Munster, with the King, representing the good carriage of the inhabitants of Cork towards him, and their good affection to His Majesty's service, the King remits the rest of the fines, amounting to about 42l., imposed upon them for matter of recusancy.—Whitehall, 13 March 1609.
Signed: R. Salisbury, Notingham, T. Suffolke, Gilb. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester, W. Knollys.
P. ½. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 13th of March 1609. From the Lls. of the Councell, requiringe the remittal of the remayns of the fynes of the recusants of Cork, to wit, 42l. &c. Re. the 8th of May 1610."
653. Memoranda on the Plantation. [March 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 53.
Remembrances given by the Lord Deputy to the Treasurer on the 27th January 1609, concerning the plantation.
Duplicate of Art. 587, p. 355.
"This is a true copy of the Deputy's remaining advices or remembrances concerning the plantation of Ulster.
"Signed Th. Ridgeway."
Pp. 5. Endd.
654. Sir Thomas Ridgeway to Salisbury. [March 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 54.
The maps of the six escheated countries being now newly bound in six several books, he sends them to his Lordship, with desire to receive some advice from him, by Mr. Norton, whether he shall set down in the plain leaf at the fore-front of each book, the contents of the same shire in the very form of the inclosed summary note of calculation, or leave it unwritten, to be filled up as any alteration of the course now in hand may produce.
Presents him also for his own use six like books of his own which he extracted at the camp and at his own house. Also sends him the Irish-conceived pedigrees of their great lords.— From my lodging in the Strand, 15 March 1609 (99).
P. 1. Hol. Add. Sealed. Endd. Encloses,
655. Summary of the Contents and the County of Armagh, and Explanation of Conventional Signs on the Map. S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 54 A.
The division of the county of Ardmagh.
The whole county of Ardmagh consists of 835 balliboes of several contents, making in all 81,160 acres, whereof
Ecclesiastical land, coloured green in the maps.
|Fewes||30½ of 100 acres the ballibo||3,050|
|Ardmagh||63 " "||6,300|
|Orrier||7 " "||440|
|Loghrany||64 " "||6,400|
|O'Nealan||16 " "||1,600|
Abbey lands distinguished with this [circle with two superscript crosses] mark, and coloured green.
|Fewes||13||of 100 acres the ballibo||1,330|
|Orrier||10||of 120 "||1,200|
|O'Nealan||10||3 of 60 acres and 7 of 100||880|
Temporal land already granted, left white in the maps and marked ☩
|Fewes||35||of 100 acres to Tur. M'Henry||3,500|
|Ardmagh||2||of 100 acres to Charlemount||200|
|Orrier||31||of 120 acres to Newry Mountnorris||3,720|
|Loghrany||49||of 100 acres to Sir Henry Oge O'Neale||4,900|
|Balliboes, in all||330½||Acres, in all||33,890|
Which sum of 330½ balliboes, making 33,890 acres, being deducted out of the whole content of the county, there remains 504½ balliboes, making 47, 280 acres, to be disposed of in several proportions, and other allotmonts, as follows:—
Every proportion circumscribed on the maps with red lines.
Great in yellow colour marked ⊚
Middle in violet ⊝
Small in carnation ⊙
The land laid out in the maps for corporate towns, freeholds.
College of Dublin, and such like, remain white, unmarked.
1 large sheet. Endd.
656. A Summary of the Contents of the Six Counties. S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 54 B.
|Counties, 7; baronies, 32; parishes, 159.|
|Irish countries, (fn. 2); persons presentative, 139.|
|Vicars presentative, 138; curates, 12.|
|Errenagh land.—Ardmagh, 27,120; Derry, Rapho Clogher, 30,142; Kilmore, 3,228. In all||60,490|
|Demesnes.—Kilmore, 120; Rapho and Derry, 4,148; Clogher, 320; Ardmagh, 3,390 In all||7,978|
|Ecclesiastical land.—Bishops' demesnes, 7,978; Errenagh and Termon, 60,490.||68, 468|
|Temporal land granted with that added to Castlre (sic)||38,214|
|Proportions with glebe land lying together, viz.||Great,||31||215||284,829|
|Corporate towns, freeholds and college lands||10,682|
|Odd remains to be added to proportions||1,664|
In all, 424,643, which exceeds the former survey 38,345 acres.
P. 1. Endd. 1609 (101).
657. The Distribution of Precincts to the various undertakers. S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 54 C.
|Great||1||8||1,000 (fn. 3)|
|Servitors and Natives.|
|Fermanagh||Coote and Tircanada||Great||0||10||10,000|
|Total of proportions||85||103,500|
It is to be observed that whereas the inequality of the precincts will not admit an equality of division among the Britons (Britaines), and that the precincts cannot be broken; what is wanting in one county shall be added to another.
Corporate Towns and Free Schools.
Total: Precincts, 28. Proportions, 221. Acres, 284,282.
The Britaines' portion is one and a half to the proportion jointly allotted to the servitors and natives, and 7,500 acres more, which is allowed, to avoid breaking the precinets and the portion of the natives being severed from the servitors is one and a half to the portion of the servitors.
P. 1. large sheet. Endd.: "Division of the precincts, 1609."
658. Division of the Precincts for English, Scottish, and Servitors, Natives, &c. S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 54 D.
This document is the same as No. 54 c, with this addition, viz.:—
Places of intercourse and meeting of the English and Scotch in the several counties aforesaid.
At the markets of—1. Ardmagh; 2. Mountnorris; 3. Charlemont; at the quarter sessions and assizes held at Ardmagh.
At the markets of—1. Dunganon; 2. Mountjoy; 3. Clogher; 4. Omey; at the quarter sessions held at Dunganon, where they shall be joined in juries and other public services, and the like in all other counties.
P. 1, large sheet. No date.
659. A Brief View of the County of Ardmagh, according to surveys taken in Ulster, which county contains five baronies. S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 54 E.
P. 1, large sheet. No date.
660. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [March 19.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 454.
To make stay of any presentation to the vicarage of Granard, the vicarage being now vacant by the death of the incumbent, until the grant of the abbey of Granard is perfected to Sir Francis Shane, notwithstanding some question raised by the O'Ferralls against Sir Francis Shane.—Whitehall, 19 March 1609.
Signed: R. Salisbury, Gilb. Shrewsbury, W. Knollys, L. Stanhope, J. Herbert.
P. ½. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 19th of March 1609. From the Lls. of the Councell, in the behalfe of Sr Francis Shane, for that nothing given unto him by the Kinge should be passed to his prejudice in wch there is mention made of the advowson of the vicarage of Granard. Re. the 9th of Aprill."
661. Sir Edward Brabazon to Salisbury. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 55, 56.
By the Lord Deputy's project he is possessed of the last northern proceedings, the captains purposing to become undertakers in the best parts of the north, but in such a large measure that their expectations must be countermanded or no secure plantation can be settled, for estates depending on pay work uncertainty to the plantation; for the captains wishing for war to supply them, and the undertakers for peace, are two contrarieties which can hardly be brought into fashion unless the martial men may be placed by themselves, albeit the proportion were very large to allow them, so they might be contained in any one part of the province. The Irish in Ulster are the caterpillars of this kingdom, and it is hoped they may be removed by his Lordship's noble plot for the service of Denmark, which in substance works peace. If the captains procure those abbey lands in Ulster by lease before the division, then they shall be possessed of the best and most fruitful places in the province, and will be dispersed without contradiction.
For albeit the King's laws must prevail, yet as long as the martial discipline bears sway, they will still find means to maintain their pay, and will overrule the rest of their neighbours, except some of the English nobility will join in the plantation, where by their directions all factions may be suppressed.
But if the raising of the cities take effect, that noble work will suppress all other constructions, the more divisions the securer plantation, and if it pleases him to give direction that no lands belonging to the King's forts be granted in lease or in fee-farm, it will be the means to ease the King's charge; for not long since the ruins of the fort called Maryborrow, in lease, cost 900l. to repair, and the lands belonging to the same let for 100l. per annum, and the fort called Phillipstown stands in the same sort. The under ministers of all forts strive who shall gain fastest, especially the victuallers, which has raised one of them that he (Brabazon) knows, of no estate, (fn. 4) to purchase lands in England in fee simple to the value of near 400l. per annum, and in Ireland 2,300l. due from the King, if it be not already paid, besides he receives for his deceitful service a pension of 10s. per diem.
The general surveyor now in England with the treasurer, has raised his fortunes from nothing to great estate; he is sometimes the escheator's deputy, and thereby "cheateth" well for himself and his friends. About three years past he procured his pardon, and at this moment has his "fyant" signed for another pardon.
There is one passed over with the Treasurer to become a suitor for recompense of service. He is of small desert, though he has followed the Deputy in some services; he has granted him a pension of 5s. per diem; and in the time of Sir George Carey's government, he had bestowed upon him one intrusion granted forth of the lands of Mr. Lutterel's for which Lutterel was forced to give 300l., and since he has got 140l. from Mr. Saesewell (sic), and now he has Mr. Dillon in suit expecting greater benefit from him concerning the same suit.—No date.
Pp. 2. Hol. Add. Endd.: "Rec. 21 March."
662. Henry O'Neill, son of Shane O'Neill, to Salisbury. [March 16.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 57.
Has long been a suitor. Desires to become tenant to his Lordship if he shall have lands in Ulster.—London, 16 March 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
663. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [March 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 58.
In favour of the bearer, Sir Thomas Coates, who served well in the wars of Ireland. That he be remembered for some parcel of land in the northern plantation.—Dublin, 18 March 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
664. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [March 19.] Add. P. Ireland. P.R.O.
For want of money to complete the works of the fort of Castleparke has obtained two shillings out of every ploughland from the gentry of co. Cork. Recommends the bearer, Captain Skipwith, the commander of the said fort. The inhabitants of co. Limerick have made a like concession for finishing the Castle of Limerick.—Dublin Castle, 19 March 1609.
P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add.
665. A Brief of the Proceedings of the Commissioners for the plantation in Ulster since July last, as well in Ireland as in England. [March 19.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 59.
In Ireland.—About the end of July last they began their journey into Ulster, where they lay in camp nine weeks, and during that time performed two principal things.
1. They took inquisitions in every county whereby they distinguished the crown lands from the ecclesiastical lands consisting of the bishop's demesne and mensal lands, and of termon and errenagh lands, and therein supplied divers omissions in the former surveys touching the quantity of lands belonging to the King and to the Church, but touching the title, the termon and errenagh lands were found for His Majesty, and that the bishops had only rent and pensions out of the same.
2. The counties being divided into baronies, they made a description of every barony in a several map and card as well by view as by the information of the inhabitants, which is so exactly and particularly done, that the name and situation of every ballibo, tate, and poll is expressed, besides every castle, fort, mountain, lake, river, brook, wood, bog, and all other notorious landmarks and distinctions, so as the most obscure part of the King's dominions is now as well known and more particularly described than any part of England. These two services they performed in their journey, besides the sessions of justice which were held in every county, wherein pretended titles were examined, possessions quieted, and many causes heard and ended, and withal 1,000 loose and idle swordsmen were sent away into Swethen (Sweden), which tended very much to the preparation of the plantation.
After their return, they finished their former work in three principal points.
1. An abstract was made out of many records as well of the King's titles as of his subjects' titles to all the lands within the escheated counties, which are reduced into a book of cases signed by the chief judges and the Attorney-General, wherein appear what lands the King may dispose to undertakers by a good and just title.
2. The inquisitions were drawn into form of law, examined by the bishops, engrossed and returned, and lastly exemplified under the great seal of England.
3. The maps were finished, and therein as well the proportions for undertakers of all sorts as the church lands and lands already granted and assigned to forts, corporate towns, free schools, &c., are distinguished by sundry marks and colours.
All which, viz., 1. The book of cases; 2. The inquisitions exemplified; 3. The maps, together with sundry advices from the Lord Deputy touching the plantation, are transmitted by the hands of the commissioners now sent out of Ireland.
Since the coming over of the commissioners, business has proceeded in this order:
The commissioners for Irish causes residing here, with those sent over, were called before the Lords to consider of the Church lands, which are of two kinds, demesne and mensal lands, and termon and errenagh lands.
1. For the demesne and mensal lands there arose no doubt; the bishops are possessed of them without controversy.
2. For the termon and errenagh lands it was resolved (albeit, they were not found to be the bishops' lands but the King's), that the bishops should have those lands entirely, as of His Majesty's free donation, whom they are to acknowledge not only as a patron, but a founder in regard to this endowment. But because it was conceived by the Lords that a great inconvenience would arise to the plantation, if so great a scope of land (60,000 acres) should be possessed only by the Irish without any other civil plantation, the Bishop of Derry was moved to confer with the commissioners and to propound how much of those lands he would plant with Britons, and upon what conditions.
Upon conference the bishops consented to plant one-third of the errenagh lands with Britons, according to the project; and, if the septs of the errenaghs were not sufficient to manure the other two parts, they would also plant the surplusage with Britons, so as His Majesty would give liberty to the bishops to grant leases of those lands for 60 years, but afterwards they are to be restrained from granting any larger estates than leases for three lives or 21 years.
Touching the temporal lands which are to be distributed to Britons, servitors, and natives, they have proceeded thus far—
1. They have divided those lands into 28 great precincts which have several names and quantities. Of these 28, it is thought convenient to allot to the Britons 16, viz., eight to the English and eight to the Scottish undertakers.
2. That the other 12 be allotted to the servitors and natives who are to be planted together in every precinct, for three reasons:—
1. Because the servitor knows the disposition of the native and can carry a better hand and eye over him than the Briton.
2. The servitor has been so used to command in Ulster that, if he be placed with the new undertaker, he will seek to predominate over him, whereupon dissensions will arise and hinder the plantation.
3. The plantation of the Britons is to be without Irish, but the servitor will plant with Irish.
Thus far have the commissioners proceeded, so that now there only remain two things to be done for the conclusion of the business here in England.
1. A particular distinction is to be made what great precincts by name are to be allotted to the English and to the Scottish severally; to the servitors and to the natives jointly. When this is done,
2. The King may be pleased to name eight principal undertakers of the English precincts and eight more of the Scottish, who are to draw other undertakers to plant with them, which inferior undertakers are, notwithstanding, to hold directly from His Majesty; of whose estates and sufficiency the commissioners may consider; and touching the servitors, because all that are named in the list neither can nor will undertake, the King may be pleased upon perusal of the list to make choice of such as are of best merit and ability, and for the natives to refer their choice to the Lord Deputy and the commissioners.
This is as much as is needful to be done here in England, the rest is to be performed in Ireland.
Pp. 4. Written by Sir John Davys.
666. Plantation Commissioners' Proceedings. [March 19.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 60.
A Brief of the Proceedings of the Commissioners for the plantation in Ulster since July last, as well in England as in Ireland.
Pp. 4. Copy of the above. Endd.
667. A copy of the above, commencing at "Touching the temporal lands which are to be distributed," &c. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 61.
Pp. 2. Endd.
668. Salisbury to the Lord Deputy. [March 26.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 62.
Touching the dispute between the Earl of Thomond and Sir Adam Loftus, concerning the Earl's manor of Catherloughe [Carlow]. If Sir Adam Loftus does not retract the expressions he made use of towards his Lordship, he is to be sent over to England to answer, "as well his undutifulness to you as the indignity he hath offered my Lord of Thomond."—From the Court at Whitehall, 26 March 1610.
Pp. 2. Copia vera. Endd.
669. Advices how the titles of the Bishop and Dean, &c., inhabitants of the Island and City of Derry, may be cleared. [March 26.] Carew Papers, vol. 630, 18 a.
The Bishop to have a fit site for a residence within the island, and in or near Derry, to be set out by the Lord Deputy and Commissioners.
The Dean the same. The residue of the Bishop's and Dean's lands to be disposed of to the Londoners in performance of the King's word. The inhabitants dwelling as commoners on their lands to be settled elsewhere and made citizens. But others of the better sort to be preferred to the country plantation as servitors.
Satisfaction to be made to any of the inhabitants that have paid fines for any estate not expired in any houses or lands within the city; and 200l. is to be paid to the meaner sort, having respect to their charges in building since the burning of the city, and of their continual and present abode, out of the 5,000l. allowed to the city of London for redemption of titles.
Signed: Sir Roger Wilbraham, Sir Thos. Ridgeway, Sir Anthony St. Leger, Sir James Ley, Sir James Fullerton.
P. 1. Copy.
670. Conditions to be observed by the Servitors and Natives of the Escheated Lands in Ulster. [March.] Carew Papers, vol. 630, 19.
Three principal points, viz.:—
1. What they shall have of the King's gift.
2. What they shall of their parts perform.
3. In what manner their performance shall be.
4. Condition of the servitors.
Pp. 3. Copy.
671. The Humble Petition of Sir Donell O'Cahan to the Lords of the Privy Council. [March 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 63.
Shows that he has been held prisoner in Dublin these two years; he knows not wherefore. He has only heard of many secret practices to indict him, and a show made to arraign him at the bar, but neither would they suffer him to have his trial or hear his justification. In the meantime he has been deprived of the profits of his lands without any grounds of law that he knows of, therefore he has appealed to the King and Privy Council that he may have justice. He prays their Lordships to be truly informed of his behaviour, and to consider how he withdrew himself from dependence upon Tyrone, surrendering the land (which his ancestors had held for 40 descents in a direct line) to hold it from the Crown, and to that end delivering a custodiam that he had from the Queen, and Tyrone's grant, which afterwards he was forced to take up to the Lord Deputy and Council that, according to their promises (having assured him they would be his friends) they might take them to the King, to whom he would have come in person, but could not get leave. Whereupon by the advice and consent of the Council of Ireland, he sent one Rice Gilmore to follow his business, but Gilmore never mentioned, but disgracefully got one of the best pieces of his land for himself and returned without doing anything for him, and still refuses to restore the money he gave him to effect his business, in which wrongs he was not only backed, but had the "shrifery" of the county bestowed on him, whereupon he came and broke open his castle, and drove out his lady and children, one of whom was almost drowned in a ditch. All which Gilmore did notwithstanding the Lord Deputy's warrant, which he (Sir Donell) had for his lands, houses, and moveables, and which was shown to Gilmore as he was breaking open the door. Now for the conditions which he made with Sir Henry Docwra at his first submitting, viz., never to have any dependence of Tyrone, and for the above said surrender Tyrone became his enemy.
He prays them to consider how little likelihood there is that he should partake with him now, or be ignorant how unable he is to stand against the King's power. "But the truth is, they that gape after poor Irishmen's lands, do what they can to have a colour to beg them." He beseeches them to be good to that poor country, and to let him know what he is accused of, and he will answer for it.
P. 1. No date. Endd.
672. Sir Donell O'Cahan to Salisbury. [30 March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 64.
Coming to Dublin to complain of great injuries and oppressions offered to him and his tenants two years since, and to take a grant of his land from the King, wherein Tyrone pretended a title of chiefry, he was suddenly taken prisoner, to this day he knows not why. Was threatened to be arraigned of treason and brought to the bar, but in the meanwhile his wife and children are thrust out of his house and go begging for anything he knows; he has appealed to the King and his Council in England, hoping to have been heard long before this. Beseeches him that he may plead his innocence before him, being ready and willing to satisfy the King and State with his conformity in matter or course concerning his country as he thinks requisite.—Tower of London, 30 March 1610.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
673. Petition of Sir Donell O'Cahan, prisoner in the Tower of London, to the Lords of the Privy Council. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 65.
Containing same statements as in the previous petitions.
P. 1. Endd.
674. Petition of Sir Neal O'Donell and Sir Donell O'Cahan, Knights, to the King. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 66.
P. 1. Endd.
675. Petition of Sir Neal O'Donell, prisoner in the Tower of London, to the Lords of the Privy Council. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 66 A.
P. 1. Endd.
676. Petition of Sir Neal O'Donell, Knight, to the Lords of the Privy Council. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 67.
Pp. 2. Endd.
677. Notes out of a Letter from the King to the Lord Deputy of Ireland, in behalf of a suit touching wines and usquebagh. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 67 A.
The Lady Arabella for the space of 21 years to have the benefit of all such penal laws as shall be made by the Deputy and Council's authority in that kingdom touching the rating of wines as given in 11 Eliz., respect being had to the statute 31 Ed. 1, and all the forfeitures and penalties for breach of any statutes made or to be made in that kingdom touching the premises.
That she have the licensing of all taverns for the sale of wines and usquebagh.
That this letter shall have all liberal construction for the Lady Arabella's good, and that these her affairs shall be settled and dispatched with expedition, and that a special agent of hers be protected for following her affairs, and the rest countenanced and helped.
Pp. 2. No date.
678. Petition of Margaret, widow of Edw. Corbett, to the Council. [March 31.] Add. P. Ireland. P.R.O.
Her husband being slain, and she barbarously ill-treated, and her estate ruined by the rebel Sir Cahir O'Doghertie at the siege of Lough Foyle, she begs for relief and money to carry her back to Ireland.
With a reference to the King, 13 March 1609; a renewed appeal from the petitioner to His Majesty; a reference thereon to the Lord Treasurer, 22 March 1609; and a final order to the Lord Treasurer of Ireland to pay her a pension of 8d. per diem.
679. Privy Council of England to the Lord Deputy. [March 31.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 68.
Although the licence to Sir George St. Paule and Henry Yelverton, Esq. to appoint any two whom they may think fit during their lives successively two by two, for the space of 21 years, to sell wines and usquebagh in Ireland, was passed under the name of the said Sir George St. Paule and Mr. Yelverton, yet he (Chichester) may conceive that a suit of this nature would not have been procured from the King but by a personage of extraordinary rank and estimation, as is the Lady Arabella Stuarte, near in blood, and in special grace and favour with His Highness, and to whose use and benefit it is wholly intended. And because they know it to be his pleasure that this gift should be extended to as much benefit for this noble lady as may be, they thought fit to recommend the same and those she may employ to his (Chichester's) especial favour.—Last of March 1610.
Signed by the Lord Treasurer, Lord Privy Seal, Lord Chamberlain, Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Wotton, and Lord Stanhope.
P. 1. Endd.
680. Particular Questions concerning the Plantation. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 69.
Considerations for the Church.
1. Whether the termon lands are only to be conferred upon the bishops, or upon them and the members of their cathedrals ?
2. If only upon them, whether there shall be a dean and chapter, and what shall be their maintenance, or no dean and chapter, but as it is [at] Meath, where the archdeacon and clergy at a meeting each half year, supply the place of the dean and chapter ?
3. If it shall not be found fit to erect so many parishes as the project intends, how shall the glebes allotted out of the King's land for such parishes be bestowed ?
For Corporate Towns.
If tradesmen be not pressed out of England, shall there be any corporation directed or not ? If not, how shall the land be bestowed, which is allotted to them, which in [all] the counties will extend to 9,600 acres ?
Whether it were not convenient to write to the Lord Deputy to deal with such noblemen in Munster and Connaught, as he shall think good, to receive some of these men, that a preparation may be made for the plantation ? Whether it were not requisite to send 500 or 1,000 of them into Sweden with those captains who have commissions to levy some men for that service, and for that purpose to write to the Lord Deputy that men of best credit amongst them may effect their voluntary removal ?
Answers. (fn. 5) —1. Touching the Church of Derry.
Though the Bishop of Derry appropriate all to himself, and that the termon lands are allotted in general terms to the bishops, yet because the Bishop of Derry claims the same only as given at first to the church, and that by the name of the church, the cathedral church is intended, which consists not only of a bishop, but of a dean and chapter, viz., dignitaries and prebends, which make the ecclesiastical council, according to the first institution of bishoprics, it were fit that some part of that great scope of land which is allotted to the bishops should be distributed to deans and chapters to be newly erected, the rather because the King makes a new foundation and purposes to set up cathedral churches acccording to the form of the churches of England. It is fit that a special commission be awarded to assign the portions of the deans and chapters, and that the commissioners be part of the clergy and part of the laity, of special place and credit; and this course of allotment is no new thing, for we find it in the book of our law, that upon the first endowments of cathedral churches, the possessions of the bishops, deans, and chapters were entire and undivided, and that afterwards, by consent, the bishops had their portions assigned by themselves, the deans by themselves, and the prebendaries each by himself, whereupon the reason of the law is grounded that none of these can alien their lands without the consent and confirmation of the other.
If it be thought fit to unite divers parishes, yet it is not amiss that the glebes should be also united to make the livings more competent for sufficient ministers.
2. For the Corporate Towns.
Though tradesmen are not pressed out of England to inhabit the towns, yet, it is fit they should be erected and endowed with reasonable liberties, for that will draw the tradesmen who will come over with the undertakers and others. Besides, the new corporate towns are to be made boroughs and to send burgesses to Parliament, which upon the new plantation will consist of Protestants, and strengthen the lower House very much.
3. Touching the Plantation.
1. It were convenient not only to write to the Lord Deputy, but also to the Earls of Ormond, Thomond, and Clanrickard and some other lords of Munster, to receive the transplanted natives.
2. It is to be wished that the swordmen, not only of Ulster but of Connaught, were transmitted upon this occasion to Swethen or Virginia.
Pp. 3. Endd.
681. A Note of the Number of Acres allotted to the Bishops and Incumbents in the Escheated Counties of Ulster. S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 70.
In the former project there were 227 proportions, whereof there is deducted 15 proportions, viz., of the greatest, 2; of the middle, 2; of the least, 11; for glebe land.
P. 1. Endd.
682. The Number, Names, and Quantities of the Great Precincts in the Escheated Counties, which may be clearly disposed to Undertakers. S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 71.
P. 1. Endd. No date.
683. A Book of the Charges of His Majesty's army and garrisons in pay, with the checks imposed on them in the said realm for half a year, containing 182 days, beginning 1st October 1609 and ending last of March next following. In Annis 1610. 8° Jas. I. [March 31.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 73 c.
684. A Book of Entertainments. S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 73 E.
A book of such entertainments as have grown due to all the officers general and provincial, warders in several forts and castles, bands and companies of horsemen and footmen, pensioners, almsmen, and others appointed to serve His Majesty in the said realm according to his establishment 1st Oct 1608, and ending ultimo Martii following. In Annis 1610. R. Jacob Primi 8°. (fn. 6)
685. A Pedigree of John O'Reily. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 72, 73.
[Footnote in image above] (fn. 7) ]
P. 1. Endd.
686. Mr. Tokefield's project for erecting Ironworks in the Province of Munster. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 73 A.
Showing what may be gained yearly by the disbursement of 1,000l., how the great woods may be destroyed, many Englishmen planted there, all well armed, without charge to the King and be in readiness to do his service.
Pp. 2. Endd. No date.
687. Sir Thomas Ridgeway in favour of the project for establishing Ironworks in Munster. (fn. 8) [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 73 B.
Pp. 3. Endd.
688. Petition of John Crowe to the Earl of Salisbury. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 73 D.
For the reversion of the place of the Second Remembrancer of the Exchequer of Ireland after Christopher Bisse.
689. The Commissioners Proceedings in the Plantations since their last being before the Lords. [March.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 228, 74.
The conditions to be performed by the British undertakers set down and published in print.
The conditions to be observed by the servitors and natives set down in writing.
They have chosen out of the list of servitors brought over by the Treasurer and commended by the Deputy, the fittest men, in their opinion, for the plantation, and have added certain rules and observations.
Advices for the proportions and places to be assigned to certain principal natives which the Lord Deputy desires to be done here (in England).
Have set down the form of assignation of precincts from the lords. Warrant to the surveyor for particulars. Warrant to Mr. Attorney for the patents.
Condition of the undertakers' bonds.
The order of proceeding in passing the letters patent.
Have set down orders, and made compositions for divers pretended titles, namely, with the Lord Deputy, City of Derry, Lord Bishop of Derry, Sir Tho. Phillipps, Lady Pawlett, Mr. Rowley, Mr. Whyte, Nicholas Weston, Patricke Conley.
P. 1. Endd.