BHO

Index: S

Pages 598-608

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 10, 1603-1607. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1900.

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Citation:

S

Sacheverel, , noted pirate, in Dutch service, 331.

Sackville, Thomas, Lord Buckhurst, Earl of Dorset, Lord Treasurer, his, and his sons, representations, on behalf of English Captain, to Venetian Agent, 22;

Sir George Hume associated with, in office, 55;

his opinion of French, 90;

his gentleness, 132;

created Earl of Dorset, 201;

Anglo-Spanish peace Commissioner, 229;

signs treaty of peace, 268;

presents to, from Archduke, 365.

Sacra. See Ships.

Sagredo, , Venetian Councillor, 419.

-, Nicolo, Venetian Senator, 1.

Saier, Vespasian, English sea captain (pirate), 226.

St. Andrew, , English knight, aboard pirate, 285.

St. Bartholomew's Fair, 261, 268, 569.

St. Benedict, Order of, members of, sent to England, 324.

St. Germains, 444.

St. Iago, Order of (Spanish), to be conferred on Sir Anthony Sherley, 698, 703.

Salamander. See Ships.

Salamon, Marco, of Candia, supercargo of the Spelegato, deposition by, 285.

Salignac, M. de. See Gontaut.

Salis, Hercules von, Ambassador of Grisons in Venice, 690 and note, 696.

Salisbury, Court removed to, from Winchester, on account of plague, 142, 160;

discomforts of, 164;

dearth of provisions at, 167;

King visits in progress, 573.

-, despatches dated from, 160, 164, 166, 167, 169, 170, 171, 172.

Salisbury, Earl of. See Cecil, Robert.

Sal, 728.

Salonica, 103, 470.

Salt fish. See Trade.

Salt pans in Cyprus, 134.

- in Corfu, 196.

Salter, Nicholas, 129.

Saltpetre, Venetian government seek to buy, in England, 34;

its history in England, 35;

quantity of in England at conclusion of war with Spain, 236;

commission from Venetian government to buy, 260, 274, 313.

Salvetta. See Ships.

Sambier, M., Maltese commander, 196.

San Cancian, Venice, 612.

San Germano, Marquis of, Special Embassy of, from Spain, to congratulate King James on escape, 460, 468, 474, 488, 499, 500, 501,

arrives in Paris, 513,

in England, and departs again, 522;

at home again, 545.

San Gerolamo, church of nuns of, in Venice, 611.

San Giorgio Maggiore, in Venice, 77.

San Giovanni and San Paolo, church of, Venice, 641.

San Giovanni Battista. See Ships.

San Giovanni Grisostomo, bridge of, Venice, 612.

San Marco, Seminary of, Venice, 696.

San Spirito, Venice, Island of, 275.

Sandoval, Francis de Roxas de, Duke of Lerma, 452, 571;

interview with, as reported to Venetian Ambassador in Spain by Sir Charles Cornwallis, pledging Spain to support of Pope, 679.

Sandwich, massacre of men of, by Dutch, retaliation, 251.

Sanjak, Turkish officials called, 13, 14, 29, 30, 47, 48, 49, 50, 65, 71, 88, 89, 218, 224, 226, 231, 252, 262, 263, 269.

Sanquhair, Lord. See Crichton, Robert.

Sant Antonio. See Ships.

Santa Cruz, Marquis of, his slight on Venetian authority, 577.

Santa Giustina, in Padua, 77.

Santa Maria. See Ships.

Santa Maura, Sanjak of, 13, 29.

Santa Severina, Duke of. See Spinola.

Santorio, Doctor, employed by English Embassy in Venice, 696.

Sanudo, Alvise, Vice-Doge, 441.

Sapienza, 15, 25, 634, 639.

Saraceni, Canon, 554 and note.

Saragosa. See Syracuse.

Sardines. See Trade.

Sarmiento, , Spanish fleet under destroyed, 385n.

Sarpi, Peter, Venetian Servite Friar, Father Paul in religion, his book, 505,

esteemed in England, 583, 584, 589, 590;

Papal citation to, 625;

protection afforded to, by Republic, commended by Sir Henry Wotton, 720B.

Savari, Franois, Sieur de Breves, French Ambassador in Turkey, charters ship to attack English vessels in Levant, the ship in action, 88, 115, 126;

retires (1605) to Jerusalem, 342.

Savii alia Mercanzia, sentence against, in favour of English merchant, 600, 604.

Savoy, Duke of, proposal for match between his children and King James', 81,

between him and Arabella Stuart, 164;

Ambassador from, slighted by King James, as to precedence over Florentine Ambassador, 182, 185,

departs, 185;

urges match between his daughter and Prince of Wales, 290;

piracy by ship of, 494;

court paid by, to King James, 591;

seeks to be appointed General to Pope, 594;

seeks Spanish approval of match between his son and a daughter of England;

English appreciation of his ancient lineage, 663;

urges match between his daughter, and the Emperor, 673;

to go to Venice as Imperial Ambassador, 696, 704, 705,

arrives, 717, 719;

his relations to England, 739 (p. 520).

Savoyards, English pirates call themselves, 286;

English ship taken by, after fight, 470;

piracy by, 681,

under Maltese flag, 682.

Saxony, precedence of Ambassador of, 40;

promise of Duke of, to support James I.'s claim to English crown, 91;

service of Sir Henry Wotton at Ducal Court of, 665.

Scarulaglio, 595n.

Scaramelli, Giovanni Carlo, Venetian Secretary in England, despatches from, to Doge and Senate, 6, 12, 22, 34, 35, 36, 40, 55, 56, 66, 69, 72, 73, 78, 81, 87, 90, 91, 96, 97, 101, 102, 104, 105, 10910, 111, 113, 118, 125, 128, 132, 135, 136, 141, 142, 145, 147, 180, 184.

-, -, despatches to, 18, 43, 79, 94, 117.

-, -, credentials for, 43, 80.

-, -, reports from, 282, 505, 509.

-, -, private nature of his English mission, its success, his consequent lack of money for expenses, his payment by commission, 22, 55, 78;

message to, from King, 56;

received in audience, 64;

hindered by non-arrival of credentials and limited scope of original commission, 69;

received in audience, 78;

his expenses to be defrayed by Republic, 79;

his audience with King, at Hampton Court, 102;

his recall, 117;

his audience with King at Woodstock, 141;

his usual activity, 151, 157;

takes leave of King, 169;

present at Council, 170;

departs for home, 175;

stays at Antwerp, inspects Ostend, 180;

at Venice, in communication with Sir Henry Wotton, 275, 282,

report of interview with, 505, 509;

interview referred to, 609, 611.

Scheldt, The, Dutch flotilla on, 11.

Sciarra, Marco, case of, cited by Sir Henry Wotton, 720B.

Scoghmorton, Arthur. See Throckmorton.

Scotland (1603), many natives of, resident in Paris, their satisfaction at quiet succession of James I., 10.

- -, troops raised in, for Netherlands, delayed, 11,

sail, 12.

- -, French negotiations with, in Queen Elizabeth's lifetime, 12;

French opposition to union of crowns, 12.

- -, Papal Agent in, during Queen Elizabeth's life, 16.

- -, feuds among nobility of, pacified by James I., 17.

- -, popularity in, of King's accession to English throne, 32, 33.

- -, rebellious nature of people of, inclines King to peace policy abroad, 36.

- -, Scottish guard of French King disused, 38.

- -, ministers of religion in, ordered in King's absence to refer themselves to Council in, 38.

- -, disorder among nobility of, at King's accession to English throne, 40.

- -, advancement for grandees of, in England, 55.

- -, French Scottish guard advise retention in Scotland of Prince of Wales, 66.

- -, taxable value of, increased by Spanish commerce;

foreign trade of, previously, chiefly with Brittany and Denmark, 69.

- -, pro-French party in, 69.

- -, Scotsmen in Spain go into England, 76.

- -, Scottish members of English Privy Council bribed by Spain, 83.

- -, value to, of peace with Spain, 91.

- -, book against Roman doctrine published in, reprinted in London, 93,

suppressed in Paris, 108.

- -, Government of, to be entrusted to Council of twenty, a device of English Privy Council to get rid of Scottish rivals, 97.

- -, troops from, for Dutch, 97, 101, 104, 112, 113, 136, 147.

- -, Scottish members of English Privy Council bought over by English, 101.

- -, collisions on frontiers of, between English and Scots, 101.

- -, Scottish interfere to protect English from French soldiery in Dutch camp, 118.

- -, details of proposed union of, with England, 132;

attitude of Scottish nobility to, 147.

- -, enlistment in, for Dutch service, of unruly borderers, allowed, to clear country of, 147.

- -, Scottish in Spain, take service under Archduke, 161.

- (1604), Scottish guard of French King, to be re-organized under Prince Charles, with title of Duke of Albany, 205.

- -, the union between, and England, difficulties re peerage and taxation, 214.

- -,, Parliament meets in;

view held that England ought to sue humbly for the Union, 223;

jealousy in, of Scotsmen sworn of English Privy Council, 227;

commissioners for Union appointed by, 233,

to come to London, 243, 274, 278, 288,

arrive, 292,

with the exception of the Earl Marischal and another, 292, 295;

some lose their luggage on way, 292,

which King orders they shall receive compensation for, 295;

terms of Union, 307.

- -, French treaty, offensive and defensive, negotiated with King of Scots, with clause for payment by French of their contingent, voided by use of new title Britain, 301,

negotiations for renewal, 325.

- -, proposition that Archbishop of Canterbury should be primate of Great Britain, 312.

- (1605), a gold mine at Closeburn, 341.

- -, Puritan excesses in, 347.

- -, execution of a Scottish forger in England, attributed to English hatred of the race, 396.

- -, resistance in, to Bishops and King, 433,

almost a rebellion, 440,

King to visit, 453.

- -, King's reliance on Scottish subjects after discovery of Gunpowder Plot, 445;

Anglo-Scottish relations embittered, 456.

- (1606), troops raised in, for Arch-duke, their transit stopped, 464.

-, religious disturbances in, 487,

over trial of the ministers, 534.

-, Scottish garrison for Bergen-op-Zoom, 527,

reported slaughter of, 579.

- -, sympathy in, with Venice, 532.

- -, reported removal of Chancellor and President in, 534.

- -, reported acceptance in, of King's views of Church government, 564.

- -, plague appears in, 564.

- -, ecclesiastical reform in, considered by King a preliminary to Union;

Bishops arrive in London to discuss, 578,

the proceedings stormy, 592;

even Scottish Ecclesiastical business cools down, 599;

to be discussed in Parliament, 608;

compulsion resolved on by King, 632,

together with personal exercise of authority there, 643.

- (1607), Union between, and England, further discussed in English Parliament;

English M.P. committed to Tower for speaking against, and to disparagement of Scottish nation, 699.

- -, abandonment by of French alliance, an English condition to acceptance of the Union, 699.

- -, continued opposition in, to Union, 713,

promoted by French, 718.

- -, demand that King, or his son, should reside in, 713.

- -, rising on West coast, to be suppressed by Earl of Argyll, 737, 738.

-, Hereditary Constable of. See Hay.

-, Treasurer of. See Hume, George, knt.

Scott, Walter, knt., Lord Scott of Buccleugh, to command Scottish levies to aid Dutch, 97, 101, 136;

crosses with, to Holland, 147, 188.

Scotti, Dutch trade in, with England, 233.

Scottish Guard, in France, 38, 66, 75, 739 (p. 517).

Scrofula. See King's Evil.

Scudi, value in ducats, 469.

Search, right of, at sea, Venetian assertion of, 328, 338, 339.

Sebastian, Don of Portugal, 297.

Secretary (Scottish) of King James. See Elphinstone, James.

Segbert, King of the East Saxons, 36.

Seget, Thomas, a young Scot under arrest in Venice, case of, 277, 304;

condemned to imprisonment, 305, 367, 371, 389, 394, 401, 409, 419, 421, 423, 424,

acquitted, 425, 429.

Selvago, Artur Georgeartur, 101.

Sempill, Colonel, 161.

Sequins, 13, 329, 494.

Sessa, Duke of, 521.

Seton (Seaton), Alexander, Lord Fyvie. Earl of Dunfermline, Governor of Prince Charles, his action re the Union, 147;

reported removal of, from office of Lord Chancellor of Scotland, 534 and note, 547;

a friend of Giustinian, the Venetian Ambassador, 599,

who sends him pamphlets on quarrel between Pope and Venice;

Seton's opinion adverse to Pope, 659.

Sevile, 438.

Seymour, Edward, Earl of Hertford, secures son's adhesion to James I., 6;

Ambassador to Flanders, 333, 360, 363, 368, 373.

-, Edward, styled Lord Beauchamp, 6.

Shaw, , Roman Catholic priest, 397.

Sherley, Anthony, his arrest at Venice, 1,

his papers seized, 2,

removed to larger prison, 5;

enquiry at Venice, as to his share in his brother's booty, 19;

order for his release, 37;

leave given him, on medical certificate, to stay on in Venice, 44, 45, 46;

King James' representations to Venetian Agent in favour of, as kinsman and partizan of Earl of Essex, 56;

resolutions concerning, forwarded to England, 79;

further representations by King in favour of, 102;

the like, by Cecil, 104;

decree of exile from Venice rescinded in compliment to King James, 123, 141;

expelled from Venetian territory with four days' notice, 299;

at the Imperial Court, 382;

associated with Dr. Whorwelle, 459;

appears at Madrid in character of Agent of the Emperor;

hostile attitude towards, of English Ambassador, 607;

his alleged frauds, 607;

alleged redemption by, of Portuguese slaves, 631;

endeavours to secure port in Morocco for Spain, 638, 670;

falls into discredit, pursued by creditors in Madrid, who received encouragement from English Ambassador, 670;

his credit with Spanish Government revives, his salary increased, Order of St. Iago destined for;

to be employed in naval command;

he goes on taking everyone in, 698;

cross of St. Iago conferred on, 703;

seeks command of Spanish fleet;

Spanish distrust of him, 734.

-, Henry, in Persia, 55.

-, Thomas, the buccaneer, his brother's connexion with, 19;

prisoner to Turks, at Zea, recommended by King James to Doge and Senate, 56;

return of a ship of his to England, 78;

mentioned by King, 102;

released by Turks, 466.

Sherley, (Thomas, knt.,) intercedes with King James at Theobalds for (his sons), 56;

debts to Crown remitted, 72.

Ships, Adventure, H.M.S., 436 note.

Alsecho, English ship, 125.

Angel, captured by Venetians of Zante, an English ship, 88 and note;

chartered by Ambassador of King of Fez, 126 and note;

memorial of owners of, 129,

Venetian comment on, 328, 330;

case of, 356.

Balbi, of Venice, 414.

Balbiana, captured off Cyprus by mixed crew of French, Dutch, and English, from Rochelle, 20, 72;

captain responsible detected, 125, 128;

affair of, 132, 134, 135, 141, 145, 166, 174, 331.

Bonaventura, English, sent by Governor of Zante to rescue shipping blockaded by pirates in Modon, 697.

Carminati, a berton from Nauplia, to Venice, plundered successively by Savoyards and English, taken westward by latter, 682.

Compass, The, a berton of Nauplia, plundered by Savoyard, and again by English berton and taken to Barbary, 681.

Davis, case of, 449.

Foscarina, sent by Governor in Zante to relieve blockade of Modon by pirates, 697.

Geopandita, Venetian ship, plundered by English, 141.

George Buonaventura, case of, 109.

Ghirarda, Venetian, plundered by English, 271.

Grace, The, English ship arrested at Zante, case of, 109.

Grassa, marciliana, of Venice, attacked by English pirate, 286.

Greyhound, English ship, smuggles currants out of Zante, 194, 208, 221, 232.

Ima, plundered, 170.

Jesus, trading from Venice to Zante, 9.

Legion, of Dartmouth, captain of arrested by Venetians, 51.

Liona, Venetian ship, burnt by pirates, Venetian application to Turkish officials for compensation, refused, 676,

portion of cargo bought by English Consul at Patras, 681;

Turkish opposition to restitution of goods in, 700.

Little Phnix, engaged in Venetian trade, 118;

alleged smuggling by, at Zante, 194, 208.

Lucky Elizabeth, of London, sold to Venetian, 309.

Marita, seized at Venice, 309.

Martinenga, Venetian, 252.

Marubin, or Marubbin, plundered by English, 153, 156.

Mema et Constantina, Venetian trader, 26, 54, 57, 60, 221.

Merchant Royal, takes Turkish galleon, 470, 483, 517 and note, 537, 539, 540, 541, 553 and note.

Moresina, fired on, by English pirate, 287.

Moresini, or Morosini, called the Santa Maria, with goods of governor of Zante aboard, plundered by English, 302, 336, 338.

Pearl, English ship trading to Constantinople, expelled from Zante, 209.

Pirona, attacked by English pirate, 284.

Ponte, prize taken by Dutch, 184.

Rabuca, English ship, 125.

Royal Merchant, Capt. George King, conveys goods restored by English, from London to Venice, 22, 248.

Rubbi, taken by English, 633, 639, 682.

Sacra, English, refuses to be searched by Venetians, 328.

Salamander, English vessel, in Levant, 57, 60;

taken by French, 88.

Salvetta, ships soldiers for protection, 57.

San Giovanni Battista, Venetian, captured by English, 21.

Sant' Antonio, trading from Marseilles to Sicily, 4, 7.

Santa Maria. See Moresini, above.

Spelegato, galleon, of Candia, attacked by English pirate, 285.

Speranza, the affair of, occasions Scaramelli's mission;

its successful conclusion, 22, 55, 87.

Sultana, Turkish galleon taken by English, 470, 483, 517 and note.

Thomas, of London, sails for Leghorn and Levant, 23,

case of, 109, 418.

Thomas William Good Fortune, trading from London to Leghorn, 3, 4.

Thomasina, stopped at Venetian customs, 555.

Trial, arrested by Spaniards at Messina, 707 and note;

demand for release of, 714;

released, on payment made, 718.

Ulysses, trading from London to Levant, 8.

Veniera, case of, 13, 29, 42, 55;

memorial on, presented to King James, 66;

owners of, arrested, 72;

her arrival at Plymouth, 87;

approval by Venetian Senate of Secretary's action in matter of, 94;

the ship recovered for owners, 96;

case of mentioned to King, 102, 166;

wound up, 125;

case of, 181.

Veniera (No. 2), prize taken by Dutch, 184.

Vidala, captured by English, 224 (cf. 218), 226.

Vidalla, 494.

White Horse, English, from Plymouth, 225.

See Bertone, Marciliana, Tartana.

Ships, Big, sold by English upon peace being made with Spain, 236.

Sicily, corn exported from, to France, 3, 4.

-, ship captured off, by English (1597). See Whitbrook, Hugh.

-, letter from King of Spain to Vice-roy of Naples, in favour of English commerce, under treaty, 480, 481,

ineffectual, 571.

-, proposed surrender (1607) of Papal claims over, to Spain, 658.

-, troops raised in, to support Pope against Venice, 679.

-, English pirate at, 681.

Sidney, Robert, Lord Sidney, Viscount Lisle, Earl of Leicester, Queen's Chamberlain, ex-Governor of Flushing, appointed Ambassador to Flanders, 160;

his creation as Viscount Lisle, 368 and note;

his accidental disgrace, 416,

clears himself, 427.

Sieur, James le, English Agent to Denmark, his return;

censured for support of De Bouillon, 188.

Silk. See Trade.

Sillery, Nicholas Brulart de, 200.

Sixtus V., Pope, his controversy with Republic of Venice, 720b

Skoffi Sinan, appointed Lieutenant Grand Vizier, 329.

Sluys, siege of, 227, 233, 234, 243, 248, 251, 259;

falls, 261, 266;

effect of fall, in Flanders, 267;

Spanish attack on, repulsed, 534, 538;

alleged plot to capture, 553 (see Neuce, William).

Small-pox, very common in England, 435.

Smuggling, 194, 198, 209, 232 (cf. 248), 448.

Smyrna, Venetian trade with, 141.

Soldi, Venetian, value in exchange, 35, 43, 598.

Somerset, Edward, Earl of Worcester, Marshal (16034) of England, bribed by Spaniards, 189;

sent (1605) to pacify Roman Catholic rising in Herefordshire, 390, 397, 408;

a Gunpowder Plot Commissioner, 454.

Somerset House, the Spanish embassy lodged in, 207, 229,

gorgeous decoration of, for reception of Spanish special envoy, 261.

Sopheme, Eliseo, English resident in Venice, 728n.

Sophia, Queen of Denmark, daughter of Ulric, Duke of Mecklenburg, 91.

Soranzo, Francesco, Venetian Ambassador in Germany, despatch from, to Doge and Senate, 382.

Souburg, 73.

Southampton (Antona), 125, 128, 135, 141 (bis), 142, 145, 147 (bis), 149, 151;

water of, too shallow for Venetian galleon, 159;

ancient trade between, and Venice, 170;

trial of pirates at, 174,

their execution, 181.

Southampton, despatches dated from, 157, 158, 159.

-, Earl of. See Wriothesley.

-, Vice-Admiral of, 132.

Southwark, great Italian garden in the Borough, 55.

Spahis, Chief of the, 256.

Spain (1603). Sicilian corn seized as Spanish, by English vessel, 3, 4.

- -, English relations to, in Netherlands, speculations concerning, 12.

- -, Turks willing to buy goods of, from privateers, 15.

- -, peace between, and England, expected from James I.'s conversion, 16.

- -, theft by ships of, from Venetian, 21.

- -, consul of, at Zante, Venetian support of, 23.

- -, relations of, to England, as altered by accession of James I., reviewed, 31;

question of Flanders;

scheme to bribe England to surrender fortresses mortgaged by Dutch, 31, 70.

- -, relations with, of James I., before accession, 34.

- -, policy of Queen Elizabeth for Venetian alliance against, 34.

- -, Ambassador from, to attend Coronation of James I., 34, 61.

- -, peace between, and England, opposed by France, 36,

by Dutch Agent, 36, 55.

- -, inclination of King James for peace with, 55, 61.

- -, fleet designed to harass, stopped by King James, 55, 61.

- -, anxiety in, for peace with England, orders not to molest English shipping, 61.

- -, Ambassador from, to England, appointed, 62, 66.

- -, good understanding with, reckoned impossible in England, 63.

- -, French attitude to, touching England and Holland, 64.

- -, personal obligations to, of James I. and his wife, 69.

- -, importance of trade with, to Scotland, 69, 91.

- -, prospect of peace with England improves, advice of Nuncio to, to arm, 70.

- -, King James' scheme of peace with, including settlement of Low Countries, 73.

- -, Infante of, childless, 73.

- -, Scotsmen in, leave for England, to further negotiations for peace, 75.

- -, growing hopes in, of peace, and of recovering Flanders, i.e., Netherlands, 82, 83.

- -, bribery by, of Scottish members of Privy Council in England, amount sent, and channel, 83;

bribery by, of English Ministers, 137.

- -, money sent from, to foment insurrection in Ireland, 83,

returned by Earl of Tyrone, 95.

- -, present of money from, to King James, to balance loss of money advanced by England on guarantee towns in Holland, in event of his agreeing to peace, 83.

- -, aid furnished by France, in time of peace, to enemies of, i.e., Dutch, 90.

- -, English order making prizes taken from, after one month after Queen Elizabeth's death, illegal, 96;

proof of King's desire for peace with, 96.

- -, demands upon, as price of peace with England, 107.

- -, question of peace with England, 111, 114;

bribery by, of English ministers, 112, 139, 144, 154;

modus vivendi arrived at, viz., no succours to leave England for Dutch, English trade to be free in Flanders and Spain, 113, 136.

- -, secret treaty between France and England known to, and resented by, 139.

- -, conditions of peace between, and England, on either side, 142.

- -, operation of Inquisition in, on English trade, 142.

- -, denial by, to King James, of title of Lord of Ireland, 142, 147.

- -, intrigue in, against the Arch-duke Albert, 148, 193.

- -, peace with, spoken of as certain by King James, 166.

- -, (1604), Raleigh's conspiracy not abetted in, 179.

- -, peace commissioner with full powers leaves, 181.

- -, ships trading south of Tropic of Cancer treated by, as hostile;

Dutch deductions, 184.

- -, gold sent from, for King James and his ministers, 186, 189, 229.

- -, proposals by, to King James, for peace conference outside England, 181,

repudiated by King, 186,

renewed, 188, 191, 193,

and refused, 202, 203,

abandoned, 205.

- -, objections in, to English trade with Portuguese Indies, 186, 191.

- -, reinforcements from, for Flanders purposely delayed, 193.

- -, Ambassador of, in England, disputes French Ambassador's precedence, 201. See Precedence.

- -, eagerness of King James for peace with, 205.

- -, excuses for non-arrival in England of plenipotentiary of (the Constable of Castille), proposal to proceed without, 217,

the conferences, 223, 229, 233, 236, 241;

summary of terms of peace, 242, 246, 248, 251, 257, 259, 261;

treaty of peace between, and England, ratified, 266, 268, 276;

proclaimed in, 296;

special mission from England to receive the oath to, 301 (see Howard, Charles);

signed at Valladiolid, 383;

conduct of special mission impugned, 411.

- -, acceptance by, of English demands, 240.

- -, negotiations between, and France, parallel to English, for free trade, 245, 259, 274, 292, 333.

- -, money lavished by, on contrivers of Anglo-Spanish peace, 259, 261.

- -, payments in, to English traders, made in copper, 265.

- -, desire of, to raise troops in England, 242, 266.

- -, immense quantity, and value, of presents made on behalf of, in England, at ratification of Anglo-Spanish peace, 266, 267 and note, 288, 427.

- -, interpretation of clause in Anglo-Spanish treaty touching East Indian navigation, 291.

- -, horrible outrage by natives of, on English, in West Indies, 307.

- -, English special embassy to, 301,

its splendour, 312.

- -, proposal to marry Infanta of, to Prince of Wales, with Low Countries as her dower, 313, 325, 399.

- -, (1605), customs levied on English merchants in, contrary to treaty, 325,

and ship seized in Levant, special mission from England occasioned by, 333,

compensation demanded, 398,

refused, 560, 564.

- -, attempt by, to raise troops in England, excuse for bribery, difficulty of transhipping them, 326, 346, 360, 365, 369, 374, 385, 391, 393, 397, 404, 408, 410, 416, 426.

- -, men of Dunquerque drown Lithuanian Envoy to England;

representations to, concerning, 345.

- -, vessel of (Portuguese), taken by Dutch in the Downs, case of, 348.

- -, Sir Charles Cornwallis appointed Ambassador to, 348.

- -, King James' goodwill doubted in, 362;

representations to touching Dutch blockade of Flanders, and levy of English recruits for Archduke, 369, 397.

- -, troops from, on way to England, 362, 370,

destined for Flanders, 375,

fleet with, destroyed by Dutch off Dover, 385, 391.

- -, false professions of, to England, 399.

- -, pensioners of, in England, 399, 404.

- -, English Ambassador, and his complaints, neglected at Court of, 405.

- -, indictment of conduct of Lord Nottingham in, 411.

- -, value attached in, to English alliance, instance, 413.

- -, resentment in at King James' action in refusing convoy to Spanish troops sheltering at Dover, 428;

they finally cross to Dunquerque, 456.

- -, English ministers in pay of, 434.

- -, recruiting for, in Ireland, 440.

- -, suspected complicity of, in Gunpowder Plot, 450, 451,

disproved, 454.

- -, plot in, to seize Marseilles, 451.

- -, reception in, of news of Gunpowder Plot, 452.

- -, special embassy from, to congratulate King James on escape;

present for King, 460, 463.

- (1606), trial of cases in, to which Englishmen are parties, 468, 481.

- -, letter from King of, to Viceroy of Naples, for better observance of Anglo-Spanish treaty, 480, 481,

fruitless, 571.

- -, all recruiting by, in England, to be stopped, 487.

- -, English children sent to, to be educated, 487.

- -, outrage by Spaniards on English, in West Indies;

West Indian trade claimed by England, 511.

- -, King's proposed change of title, 521.

- -, implicated in Neuce's conspiracy, 550, 553, 558, 581.

- -, declaration by, in favour of Pope in his quarrel with Venice, 552, 560, 561, 564, 569, 577, 591, 594.

- -, English fury against, 553, 556, 564.

- -, failure of Sir Thomas Wilson's mission to, see Wilson.

- -, lack of money in, 560.

- -, deputation of English merchants to King James, to complain of outrages by, 564,

further remonstrances, 570.

- -, proposal to raise money in, by taxing, Jews, clergy, and silver, 568.

- -, Roman Catholics arrested leaving chapel of Ambassador of, in London, 569.

- -, English Ambassador in, unable to procure restitution of goods taken from English merchantmen by Spanish and Sicilian vessels;

privateering the only remedy, 571.

- -, peace with England a necessity to;

unable to resent, by war, the assistance given to the Dutch;

consequent haughtiness of English, 573.

- -, mission to, from Emperor, of Sir Anthony Sherley, on behalf of Pope against Venice, 607, 638.

- -, Spanish troops in Flanders mutiny, the cause, 608 and note, 618.

- -, bad plight of affairs of, in Flanders, 618.

- -, rising temper against, in England, 623, 635, 659.

- -, match between Infanta of, and Prince of Wales urged by English Ambassador in, 638.

- -, a port in Morocco for, Sir Anthony Sherley's scheme, 638.

- -, alarm in, at Dutch and English naval preparations for West Indies, 643, 652.

- -, false translation circulated in, by Jesuits, of English penal legislation against Roman Catholics, 647, 653.

- -, orders issued from, to Count Fuentes to raise troops to assist Pope, 651.

- -, English Ambassador in, instructed to avoid quarrel with, 653.

- -, (1607), alleged proposal by to Pope, to surrender for cash, the claims of his Church over Naples and Sicily, 658.

- -, Ambassador of, in England, asserts determination of his government to preserve peace in Italy, 659.

- -, reply of, through Ambassador, to complaints of English merchants, 660, 665.

- -, arms against Venice, threatens Crema, 661.

- -, dislike in, to Anglo-Savoy marriage, 663.

- -, Spanish present for English bride, 665.

- -, war with Dutch fomented by Franquezza, his fall, 668.

- -, her greed for extension, in Italy, causes her to encourage Pope in arming against Venice, 672.

- -, Sir Henry Wotton's discourse upon the liberation of Italy from yoke of, 673.

- -, proposed issue of English letters of marque against, in default of satisfaction from;

promises of Ambassador of, 674.

- -, distrust in, of English attitude, negotiations with Cornwallis closed;

the Archduke instructed to negotiate truce with States;

English alarm and threats, 678.

- -, determination of, to support the Pope against Venice;

consequent necessity of peace, or truce, with Dutch;

English disaffection to the latter, and encouragement of Venetians in their attitude, condemned as unfriendly by Duke of Lerma;

reply of Sir Charles Cornwallis, 679.

- -, English perception of the close dependence of Dutch affairs on policy of, in Italy, 680.

- -, enthusiastic desire in England for war with, 680.

- -, bribery by, in England, 680, 683.

- -, joint complaint by Ambassadors of, and of the Archduke Albert, to English Privy Council;

reply of Lord Salisbury dwelling on English grievances and threatening war;

great anxiety of Spain to keep peace, 683.

- -, preparations of, in Italy, reconcile Henry IV. to active policy there, in conjunction with Venice, Italian Princes, and England, 684 and note.

- -, proposed Anglo-French-Italian league against, answers to Venetian representatives concerning, in London and Paris, 686, 687, 688, 689;

analysis of French and English attitude to, 690.

- -, position of, solely dependent on revenue from Indies;

statement of de Rosny, 688.

- - -, attitude of, to the Grisons, 690,

an excuse for France to intervene on behalf of Venice, 691.

- -, expressed opinion of Lord Salisbury that there was a sincere desire in, for accord between Pope and Venice, the better to prosecute war in Flanders, 692.

- -, France ready to break with, 693.

- -, reports spread in, by English Ambassador, of rupture between Venice and Pope, and of negotiation of Anglo-Venetian League, 698.

- -, patronage of Sir Anthony Sherley in, his proposed employment by, at sea, 698.

- -, negotiations by, for accord with Dutch, attributed to designs of, in Italy, 699.

- -, reported declaration by, to King James, of support to be given by, to Pope, against Venice, 702.

- -, King James thought worthless. and his ministers venal in, 703.

- -, honours and pensions conferred in, on English refugees and visitors, 703.

- -, release of Englishmen imprisoned in, for trading in Indies, refused by, 709.

- -, popular indignation in England against;

reparation for English merchants demanded, or the right of private reprisal to be revived, 714, 718.

- -, Lord Northampton a friend of, his efforts at an accommodation between, and England, 714.

- -, King's consent given to conditions laid down by Dutch as preliminary to truce, 716.

- -, reported success by, over Dutch, in Island of Terranata in East Indies, 716.

- -, bribery by, of English Privy Council, alleged by King James as cause of English neglect of Dutch interests, 717.

- -, Lord Salisbury's views on significance of truce between, and Dutch, 727.

- -, relations to, of Henry IV. of France, English jealousy of, 732.

- -, naval victory by Dutch over, 737, 738.

- -, English shipping sequestrated in, 737, 738.

- -, review of Anglo-Scottish relations with, 739 (pp. 518519).

- See Austria, Archduke of;

Philip III.;

Velasco, Ferdinando de.

Spanish Armada (A.D. 15878), Historical Narrative of composition and causes of destruction of, Appendix III. (p. 525).

Spelegato. See Ships.

Spencer, Robert, Lord Spencer of Wormleighton, coronation peerage, 105n.

Speranza. See Ships.

Spinola, Don Gaston, intended Envoy from Flanders to England (1603), 28, 36, 39.

-, Frederico, 108.

-, Marquess of, brother of Frederico, 90;

created Duke of Santa Severina, appointed to conclude siege of Ostend, 108, 148,

his mound, 180,

captures the Porcupine, 227,

his further success, 233, 242;

sent to relieve Sluys, 248, 251,

fails, 259, 261, 266;

his command, 268;

arrives in Spain (after fall of Ostend), 310;

opposed to Count Maurice at Antwerp, 385;

English desert to, from Count Maurice, 395;

mentioned, 427;

success over Count Maurice, 436;

mentioned, 538;

threatens Bergen-op-Zoom, 547;

his successes, 556, 560, 570;

his rumoured capture of Bergen-op-Zoom, 579;

mutiny in his camp, 608 and note, 618;

forces Count Maurice to retire, 642;

his powerlessness in face of mutiny, 652.

Stag hunting, 384.

Staines, co. Middlesex, despatch dated from, 132.

Standen, Sir Anthony, Knt., his antecedents, sent on mission (1603) to Venice and Tuscany, 81, 87, 91, 96;

arrives in Paris, 99;

received at Venice, 119, 120, 121, 122, 141;

Papal overtures to, in Florence, 154;

takes portrait of James I. to Venice, 164;

committed to Tower on his return, for treasonable correspondence with Pope, 188;

enquiries into case of, 190,

favourable to, 259;

his release from Tower, 259;

interview with, 491;

his reception at Venice, Appendix I. (p. 524).

Standish, Roman Catholic priest, 397.

Stanford, Roman Catholic priest, 397.

Stanhope, John, Knt., Vice-Chamberlain, created Lord Stanhope of Harrington, 368,

put on Privy Council, 416 and note.

Stanley, Edward, brother of William, at Milan, in Spanish service, 661;

present at attempted surprise of Crema, 673.

Stanley, Thomas, appointed Colonel of levies to be raised in England for the Archduke, 369;

member of Council of War in Flanders;

his suspected complicity in Gunpowder Plot, 454, 487.

Stanley, William, brother of Edward serving in Flanders, his services requested by Pope, 661, 673.

Stara, 595n, 598n.

Steffano, piratical Frenchman, 655.

Stewart, James, Earl of Moray, opposes Union, 292.

Stewart, Francis, quondam Earl of Bothwell, in Spain, 161.

Stillyard, 408n.

Stirling Castle, Prince of Wales at, 66.

Stor, Stephen, supplies Pope with gunpowder, 708.

Stourton, Edward, Lord Stourton, Roman Catholic, sent to Tower, 454,

fined 1,000l., 539 and note.

Stratico, Vocabolario di Marina, cited, 376.

Strivali, Strivale, 26, 271, 272, 285, 286, 311.

Stuart, Arabella, submits to James I., 6;

to appear at Queen's funeral as sole Princess of the Blood, 22, 34;

her negotiations with Flanders, 36n;

not present at Queen's funeral, 40;

offered, in 1588, as bride to Duke of Parma's son, 66;

a regular termagant, visits King James, his disposition to marry her, in event of wife's decease, 66;

encouragement of, by French Ambassador, 73;

alleged complicity of, in Raleigh's plot, 101;

summoned to Court, 113;

Raleigh's plot in favour of, 164;

her proposed marriage to Duke of Savoy, 164;

accompanies King and Queen in State entry into London, 201;

sponsor to Queen's daughter, 368;

her position at Court, 739 (p. 514).

-, Catherine, born de Balsac, relict of Esm, Duke of Lennox, pensioned by James I., 189 and note, 327 note, 348 and note.

-, Esm, Duke of Lennox, 189 note, 327 note.

-, Lodovic, Duke of Lennox, mentioned, 36;

appointed President of the Council, 55, 81;

goes to Scotland to quiet Queen, 66, 69;

created K.G., 81;

report of his conversation with King, 102;

his Roman Catholic leanings, in King's confidence, 147;

attends King, at banquet, 169;

the only existing Duke, 201;

to raise troops in Scotland, for French King's Scottish guard, 205;

jealousy of, in Scottish parliament, on account of appointment to English Privy Council, 227;

appointed Ambassador Extraordinary to France, 288, 312, 320,

arrives there, 327;

received by Henry IV., intercedes for his cousin, the Marquise de Verneuil, 335;

her brother and father respited out of courtesy to, 343;

complains of his reception at French Court, 345,

French reply, 348;

takes leave, obtains pardon for the Marquise de Verneuil and her father, 351;

attends Imperial Ambassador, 404;

receives King Christian of Denmark, 556;

mentioned, 707.

-, Mary, Queen of Scots. See Mary.

Stuckley, Thomas, Irish refugee (1588) in Spain, Appendix III [p. 533).

Suda, 285.

Suffolk, Earl of. See Howard, Thomas.

Sugar. See Trade.

Sully, Due de. See Bthune.

Sultana. See Ships.

Sultanini, 329.

Sulz, Baron. See Zouche.

Sumachi, Georgio, Sig., arrested by Turks, 152, 153.

Sunbury, co. Middlesex, despatches dated from, 101, 102, 104, 105, 109, 111, 113, 118, 125, 128.

Sur, Count de, proposed as Flemish Ambassador to England, 39.

Sweden, Duke Charles of, 199, 202, 583.

Swiss, the, disquisition on, 644;

troops raised among, by Spain, for attack on Venice, 651, 661.

Sword blades. See Trade.

Sydney, Robert. See Sidney.

Syracuse (Saragosa), 9.

Syria, English trade with, and the Venetians, 109.