BHO

Index: P

Pages 741-752

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 24, 1636-1639. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1923.

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Citation:

P

Pacheco, Juan, marquis of Cerralbo, Ceralvo, chief steward of the Cardinal Infant, Spanish ambassador to the emperor :

sails in Bonaventura with Chevreuse, 404
-, Oate asks that may have same ship for Dunkirk, 407.

Padua [Prov. Padova, Italy] :

Fielding travelling by, 383.

paintings
-, See pictures
-, portraits.

Palatinate :

origin and history of dispute over, 305-307.

1636 :

complete restitution impossible, 2.

suggested exchange of Lorraine against, 3, 5, 15, 279.

French wait to hear of Taylor's negotiations upon, 5
-, question to be discussed at Ratisbon, 7.

Arundel demands whole from emperor, 17
-, asks for definite reply about, 65.

Bavaria's conditions for restoring, 18
-, Spaniards and Bavaria will not cede, 35, 36.

Ballarino speaks to Arundel about, 35
-, Arundel to see Saxony about, 43.

Senneterre shows need of joint effort to recover, 54
-, proposed co-operation with France for, 64.

Spain professes readiness to yield, 65
-, English think as much of Lorraine, 76.

English bitterness against Austria over, 80
-, negotiations revived, 93.

England ready to make alliance with France about, alone, 82.

quarrel with Dutch makes Austrians easy about, 86
-, Oate discountenances surrender of, 117.

1637 :

parliament would grant supplies for recovery of, 125.

French want free exercise of Catholic religion in, 147.

France to fight Austria until recovered, 152
-, dispute over terms upon between French and English, 179, 180.

French unlikely to secure conquest, 198
-, English want conquests in Flanders used as pledge for, 218.

question of stands in way of general peace, 221
-, Spaniards anxious to treat with England about, 290.

Denmark likely to enter coalition upon, 244.

1638 :

a reason for union with France, 372
-, Melo asks Giustinian to help in negotiations upon, 401.

Olivares holds out hopes of satisfaction about, 418
-, supposed mission from Cardinal Infant upon, 457.

Swedes want peace to include restitution, 463.

Spain offers to restore if France gives up Lorraine, 474
-, Cardenas claims to be negotiating settlement, 477.

1639 :

possible resumption of negotiations at Brussels about, 540
-, Spanish offers of restitution, 541.

Bellievre tries to stop separate negotiations for, 551
-, hope of Weimar recovering destroyed by death, 562.

Palatinate, Lower :

Bavaria offers to give up claims to, 306
-, part given to Bavaria, 306.

1636 :

suggested surrender as compromise, 18
-, Taylor offered alliance for surrender, 35
-, Wirtemberg suggested as substitute for, 43.

English claim for restitution, 56
-, Spaniards offer to surrender, 78.

suggested surrender for help against Dutch, 93
-, Dutch do not believe in emperor's sincerity about, 94.

Arundel reports offer of, 103, 116, 118.

1637 :

Spain claims compensation for surrendering, 163
-, emperor puts in hands of Philip IV, 174
-, suggests offering equivalent for, 178.

surrender offered, 181, 193, 198, 209
-, obstacles in way of surrender, 191.

Oate's offer of a fraud, 215
-, oath of fealty to Spain, 241, 242.

restoration promised, if France surrenders Lorraine, 258.

1639 :

to be restored to Palatine, 503, 599.

Palatinate, Upper :

English claims for restitution, 56
-, restoration promised if France surrenders Lorraine, 258.

Bavaria wanted in exchange for Austria, 306
-, given to Bavaria, 306
-, England agrees to Bavaria keeping, 503.

Palatine
-, Elector, Prince, of the Rhine. See Charles, Louis
-, Frederick IV
-, Frederick V.

-, princes. See Edward
-, Elizabeth daughter of Frederick V
-, Gustavus
-, Maurice
-, Philip
-, Rupert.

-, princess. See Elizabeth, queen of Bohemia.

Palatine House
-, Palatine family
-, Palatine princes, king's nephews :

worst enemies of Catholic faith, 306.

1636 :

English method of serving interests, 2
-, English urge claims on emperor, 3, 55.

French say English care nothing for, 7
-, losing hope of Polish match, 9.

nuncio claims to be heard in any settlement about, 10
-, Austrians claims to have done enough for, 18.

no hope of Polish match unless reconciled with emperor, 15.

emperor promises restitution to Taylor and to king James, 17.

Bavaria demands revenues from time of Charles IV, 18.

hollowness of English support of, 20
-, France's interest in, 55.

imperialists want to prevent becoming too powerful, Arundel's demands for, 35.

English do not wish to prejudice by harshness to Dutch, 50
-, prejudice caused by, 58.

Senneterre urges joint effort for, 54
-, hopes of joint effort for, 71.

Arundel presses claims on emperor, 78
-, terms demanded of, for restitution, 102
-, difficulty in recovery of vote for, 103.

too much demanded of France for, 106
-, French say Charles means to drop, 114.

electors to decide cause, 118
-, emperor recognised Arundel's devotion to, 127.

articles in French treaty concerning, 129.

1637 :

Venice will support interests at Cologne, 152
-, interests call for English minister at Cologne, 212.

claims against France for old debt, 155, 174, 188
-, fear French growing tired, 166.

dispute with Dutch over naval claims prejudices cause, 159.

say French manuvring for time, 181
-, Venice expresses esteem for, 244, 247, 250, 253, 261.

Oate proposes alternate vote for, 182.

France not to make peace without including, 233
-, treaty with France concerns, 246, 250.

Denmark expresses intention to help, 244
-, hope for liberal supplies from England, 287.

king's desire for peace governed by interests of, 250.

armistice against interests of, 255
-, English want to commit French to support of, 284.

Poland professes friendship to, 271
-, advantage to Austria of settlement with, 320.

Gordon accused of betraying, 271
-, Brandenburg's service to, 337.

cannot support burden of Hesse's army, 311
-, Poland professes desire to serve, 348.

1638 :

English ambassadors complain of French slights to, 366
-, French sorry for but withold help, 470.

thanks for Venetian protection, 381
-, Venetian regard for, 489.

Roe a servant of, 401, 410, 413
-, Roe to look after interests at Lubeck, 441.

Mainz urges need of reconciliation with Bavaria, 417.

France may make peace without including, 473
-, Spaniards offer satisfaction for, 481.

1639 :

Denmark's claim on England for help to, 484
-, Denmark promises to include in peace, 488.

reported negotiations at Brussels for, 489.

French offer to support, 498
-, English agreement with Bavaria about, 503.

ill success of negotiations in France for, 510
-, France wants England free to relieve, 512.

Fleming to make agreement with Saxe Weimar for, 516
-, Roe's departure from Hamburg would prejudice, 521
-, Venetian protection desired for, 540.

Leicester tries for permission to go to Cologne, 526
-, Spaniards open fresh negotiations for, 541
-, English would be glad if question of delayed peace congress, 543.

negotiations with Austria for excused, 548
-, Austrians wish to press on negotiations for, 559.

Leslie offers to serve in Germany, 554
-, pleased at Scottish settlement, hopes from gathering of fleet, 556
-, little hope of benefit for, 560.

apprehensions for, from negotiations with Spaniards, 570
-, ministers insist upon neutrality about, 573.

Denmark promises offices with emperor for, 576
-, Fleming to urge Swiss to support, 580.

Craven devotes fortune to, 580
-, Curtius looked after interests in England, 600.

Cardinal Infant urges settlement of question, 596.

Pallandt. Floris, count of Culenborgh, count of Colemberg :

assures assembly that English did not escort Spaniards to Dunkirk, 70.

Pandolfini, Giovanni Domenico :

mediates for peace between Spain and Parma, 157n.

Panzani, Gregorio, doctor and priest of the Oratory, papal minister in England :

introduces Conn at Court, 39
-, not to leave at Conn's arrival, 69.

activities of, reconciles regular and secular religions, 68
-, tries to get bishop of Chalcedon reinstated, 68, 69, 302.

reports reception of legate by Venice, 78.

moves deliberately in secret transactions, 92
-, unsuspected negotiations, 302.

obtains pope's permission to return, 97
-, leaves, 119.

Venice glad to know of operations, 135.

pope sends to end dissensions among Catholics, 301
-, efforts to get oath changed, 302
-, negotiations for reunion, 303.

papal legate. See under ambassadors.

papal nuncios. See under ambassadors.

papists. See Catholics, English.

Paragon, Parangon, merchantman :

exports currants from Zante, 452, 453.

Parella, San Pareilli, Marquis de Parelli, Count Parella, Savoy ambassador to England :

sent to impart duke's death, 334, 344.

states reasons for exclusion of Cardinal Maurice and asks help, 348.

taking leave, 352, 356
-, report on French in Piedmont, 354.

remark on royal claims, 356
-, tries to get royal title, 406.

passes through Paris, sees king and queen, 360.

Parganotto :

captures Henry Hyde, 443.

Paris, France, 22, 215, 342, 373, 422, 486, 553.

news from, 523.

despatches dated at, 1, 4, 10, 15, 19, 23, 36, 48, 56, 64, 65, 72, 79, 95, 101, 108, 112, 114, 117, 129, 132, 164, 175, 180, 192, 195, 204, 221, 234, 236, 240, 244, 255, 257, 260, 263, 268, 275, 280, 284, 290, 308, 312, 325, 329, 342, 346, 355, 358, 360, 366, 372, 375, 379, 383, 389, 391, 394, 402, 405, 409, 411, 423, 425, 428, 429, 432, 438, 441, 457, 470, 478, 480, 487, 494, 496, 502, 505, 508, 511, 513, 526, 533, 539, 540, 597, 601, 605.

Zawadski leaves for, 15.

Battyer sent back to, 86, 230.

Pere Joseph treating secretly with Leicester at, 89
-, treaty discussions at, 147.

Monsieur and Soissons leave secretly, 107n
-, Avaux leaves, 210.

dispute between English and Swedish ambassadors at, 160.

Charles favours general congress at, 222
-, finishing touches of alliance to be put at, 241.

uncertain if treaty signed at, 235
-, negotiations at about Pearl, 357.

nuncio proposes armistice at, 270.

books against bishop of Chalcedon condemned at, 301.

couriers for weather bound at Rye, 340.

Palatine's brothers at, 360
-, Vosberghen leaves, 362.

proposed conference at, programme for, 230.

arrangements for campaign made at, 364.

queen mother's jewels pawned at, 365.

Giustinian travelling through, 388, 428, 433.

Venetian ambassadors prejudice Savoyard at, 519.

Fielding at, 539, 540
-, Leicester returns to, 572
-, Palatine writes from, 587.

Lord Craven and Fleming stopped at, 592.

Admiralty of, sentence upon Pearl case, 380.

parliament, 300 :

quarrel with Austria cannot be kept up long without, 87, 123
-, king must appeal to, if wishes war, 99.

difficult to replenish treasury without, 96
-, Danby urges calling of, 111.

Spaniards think attack unlikely because of king's disagreement with, 102
-, the French think same, 114.

hopes of allaying popular clamour for, 113
-, outcry increases, 121.

embarrassment caused by king's determination to do without, 119.

king avoids for fear of prejudicing authority, 122
-, cannot suffer mention of, 124.

Warwick urges king to summon, 124, 125
-, leading men determine on petition for, 125
-, secret meetings upon, 136.

Spaniards foment demand for, 126.

king's policy for Palatine avoids calling of, 141
-, war hoped as means of committing king to, 146, 288
-, king cannot wage war long without, 152.

oath of allegiance cannot be altered without consent, 149, 302.

judges pronounce king can levy taxes without, 153, 167.

Laud intends to prove church independent of, 156.

Suffolk magistrate imprisoned for saying taxes should be levied through, 167.

Charles's policy of doing without, 297
-, because hard with him, 298.

nature and origin of powers, 297, 298
-, claim to grant tonnage and poundage, 298.

king obliged to call because of debts for Cadiz and Rochelle expeditions, 298.

England cannot undertake war without, 307, 309
-, difficulty of opening, 310.

king's power increased by freedom from, 308.

appeal to against king, 332
-, decree of in favour of king's right to levy taxes, 338.

dangerous dissatisfaction through suspension of, 350
-, will revoke impositions imposed by king, 388.

judges define power in taxation, 409, 419.

Scots demand calling of, 457
-, Scots refer quarrel to judgment of, 506.

king tries to win people by hint of, 477
-, ministers urge king to summon, 496.

Olivares counts on devotion to Spain, 498, 503.

people become bolder in demanding, 500
-, oath required of army can only be drawn up by, 536.

only means of meeting expenses of war, suggested at York, 533.

English use Scottish troubles to force king to concede, 559
-, king gives way and grants, 563, 601
-, expected removal of Puritan officials, in view of, 571.

Dutch do not fear king without support of, 591.

king consults Council who unanimously approve calling, 601
-, emotions caused by announcement, 602
-, troops gathering to overawe, 605.

-, of Scotland. See under Scotland.

parliamentarians :

aim at deposing Laud and abolishing his innovations, 125
-, circulate idea that will do everything to please king, 602.

Parma [Prov. Parma, Italy] :

Fielding travelling through, 491.

-, duke of. See Farnese, Odardo.

Pasha, the. See Beiramp, Grand Vizier of Turkey.

Patras [Morea, Greece] :

Whetcombe dies of plague at, 42
-, Hyde proposes to divert English trade from, 58
-, Hyde made consul at with sole buying of currants, 549n.

English cloth for, 403.

increase of currant plantations at, 438
-, Hyde at, and English trade, 451.

Pea, Italy, 482.

peace, general, 82, 243 :

1636 :

Arundel to treat for, 3, 10
-, hope still entertained of, 47.

pope fears Arundel may take negotiations out of his hands, 10.

English ambassadors discuss with Scudamore, 15.

Palatine expected to profit by negotiations for, 20, 21
-, English build upon for reinstatement of Palatine, 39.

Ossalinsky to unite with Arundel about, 43.

Senneterre points out France's interest to conclude, 54.

negotiations for about to begin, 67.

French believe England does not want, 76
-, England not so anxious for as in past, 100.

1637 :

English eager for, 131
-, French taking steps for, 158.

Charles thinks not time for, 182
-, Venice commends efforts of Charles for, 189.

Charles shares desire of Venice for, 221, 222, 250, 269
-, question of Palatinate stands in way of, 221.

suspicion of English attitude to, 230
-, office of Fielding upon, 231, 233, 239.

Oate views upon, 237
-, English feel sure will not be concluded, 251.

Oate talks of, 252
-, not to advantage of England, 270
-, idea detested, 274.

intrigues for congress upon, at Rome, 274.

delay renders doubtful, 280
-, Venice ready to co-operate for, 317.

1639 :

France and Sweden insist on Palatine's inclusion in, 489.

Palatine excluded from congress on, 493
-, emperor consents to admit him, 585.

England to unite with Austrians for, 503.

Venetian efforts for, 514
-, Charles offers to join with Venice for, 515.

England would be glad if congress for delayed, 543.

Pearl :

French agree to restore as a favour, 48
-, offer to restore declined, 328.

particulars of, 329n.

Bellievre's office upon, 342
-, Wannerton despairs of settling case, 357.

Bellievre tries to settle, 373
-, settlement of, 378-380, 385
-, dissatisfaction over, 380.

peat :

price raised, 167.

Pecchis, Zuanne, fiscal controller at Zante, 454.

Pelegrini, Pelegnini, Andrea, count of Pelgia, consul general for the English nation in Italy :

Talbot asks for reply about, 482
-, report of 5 Savii on, 482, 483
-, patents recognised by Venice, 485
-, Fielding asks Venetian protection for, 527.

Pelican, merchantman :

captured by Dutch, 427n.

Pembroke and Montgomery, earl of. See Herbert, Philip.

Pennington, Sir John, Vice Admiral of the fleet :

sails to Irish waters, 73
-, Turks avoid, 77.

to rejoin main fleet to resist Dutch, 77
-, may have charge of whole fleet, 91.

keeps sea with small squadron, 107
-, sent to Barbary coast against pirates, 116.

convoys merchantmen to Dunkirk, 209, 389n
-, left in charge of fleet, 278.

reports Tromp in the Downs, 328n
-, reports on fleet at Dunkirk, 363n, 386.

letter to Windebank, 329n
-, letters of Smith to, 393n, 495n.

brings Maurice Wynne from Dieppe, 365n
-, to send ship for Giustinian, 433.

ordered to watch French and Dutch fleets off Flanders, 419.

convoys ships with powder to Dunkirk, 421n, 424, 425, 427.

ordered to Scottish waters, 458, 460.

seizes 5 Dutch warships off Folkestone, 561n.

to take Conn to Dieppe, 572n
-, to provide ship for Prince Maurice, 597n.

Dutch charge with conniving at escape of Spanish ships, 575n, 579.

force with, in Downs, 577n
-, informs Tromp that will help Oquendo if attacked, 583.

Tromp informs of intention to attack, asks for instructions, 584
-, fired as protest against fight but weakened by absence of many merchantmen, 586, 587.

Cardenas complains of behaviour, 587, 589
-, clears himself, 594.

to remain in Downs and arrest Tromp, 589.

Pentz, Benck, Christian, Count of, governor of Gluckstadt, Danish envoy to emperor :

English resent mission of, 220.

Pera (Constantinople), Vigne of :

despatches dated at, 10, 57, 139, 250, 397, 409, 431, 445, 448, 466, 471, 558.

Percy, Algernon, earl of Northumberland, commander of the ship money fleet :

1636 :

instructed to take ships flying French flag, 6
-, reports encounter with Joachimi's ship, 7.

captures Black Bull, 8, 14
-, withdraws fleet to Plymouth, 16.

reports taking toll from Dutch fishermen, 52, 91
-, to exact toll rigorously, 173.

sends Stewart to Dunkirk with specie, 59n
-, puts back, appears at Court, 84, 91.

1637 :

king confirms as commander of fleet, 158
-, ordered to support Palatine, 174.

remains at Court, 213
-, departure delayed, 218
-, goes to fleet, to sail before Belaw returns, 227.

not to molest Dutch fishermen, 231, 235
-, but takes licences for them, 235
-, to treat them amicably, 237.

letter of Popham to, 234n.

number of ships under command, 252
-, remains idle in Downs, 256.

reported move to exact licences from Dutch fishermen, 261
-, sails north, 266.

back in Downs awaiting orders, impatient of idleness, 271
-, leaves Pennington in charge of fleet, 278.

1638 :

to command fourth ship money fleet, 377
-, created Lord High Admiral of England, 394
-, installed with pomp, 398.

serious illness, 419
-, letter of quoted, 440n.

to put to sea at end of June, 419
-, sent to meet queen mother, 460, 463.

1639 :

authorised to make reprisals on Dunkirkers, 512n.

orders to take fleet to Newcastle, 521.

forbids merchantmen to transport troops to Flanders, 534
-, withdraws prohibition, 539.

letter to Pennington on charges against, 575n
-, to join Pennington with reinforcements, 577n
-, order to Pennington not to allow troops from Oquendo's fleet to be taken across, 579n.

added to Cabinet council, 590.

orders Pennington to provide ship for Prince Maurice, 597.

Pernambuco, Brazil, 357n.

Pero, John, captain of Dunkirk frigate :

Dutch representations against, 21n.

Peron, M. di. See Noel, Jacques le.

-, Cardinal di. See Davy, Jacques, cardinal du Perron.

Perron, Cardinal du. See Davy, Jacques.

Persia and Persians, 40 :

obligations of Lord Denbigh to, 34.

war with Turkey, 497, 498
-, effect on attitude of Turks, 497
-, reported victory over Turks, 549.

Persia :

merchant of, in England :

his arrival, 14
-, Correr's efforts for, 16, 34
-, received at Court, 25.

dispute with Gatwood, 25, 26, 34
-, case decided against, 39
-, expects to indemnify self in Persia, 40.

case of pocket pistols from Venice for, 53, 111, 116.

waiting for passage home, 83
-, takes leave of king, 177
-, satisfied with Court but irritated by merchants, 178.

shah of. See Sufi.

Pesaro, Italy :

bishop of. See Baglioni, Malatesta.

Pesaro, Avogador :

to decide case of Hobson, 232, 239, 240.

Pesaro, Pesari, Zuane, Venetian ambassador to the congress of Cologne :

Correr tells Charles of selection, 100
-, Beveren asks about, 104
-, Arundel speaks highly of, 118
-, Charles asks about, 172
-, Oate asks about, 264.

promise of co-operation with English minister, 189
-, excused from going to Cologne, 237.

Venetian ambassador in England, 100n.

Pesieux, Seigneur de :

sent by duchess of Savoy to Prince Tomaso, 356.

Peter Andrew, merchantman :

exports currants from Zante, 452, 453.

Peterson, , a Fleming :

tries to bring English trade to Ancona, 228n.

Pett, Phineas :

builder of the Sovereign of the Seas, 282n.

Pezze, count of. See Cisa, Benot.

Philip II, king of Spain :

defeat of Armada of, 574.

Philip IV, king of Spain, the Catholic :

Egmont fled from punishment by, 427
-, English agreements with abrogated treaty of Southampton, 600.

1636 :

ready to yield part of Palatinate, 65
-, English ministers bought by, 66.

values English friendship, 80
-, possible orders for Oate to recognise Correr, 94.

hostile measures of Anglo French alliance against, 96
-, feared league against, 103.

superiority over Venice claimed, 97
-, refusal of levies to will not hurt empire, 117.

1637, 231 :

Oate protests desire for peace, 127
-, Oate protests will break with England, 153, 213.

letters to, from England, 163
-, writes to tell emperor of desire to satisfy England, 178.

claims compensation for giving up Lower Palatinate, 163
-, emperor places Lower Palatinate in hands of, 174.

willing to accept mediation of Venice, 172
-, desires general peace, 237.

horses to take news of treaty to, 193.

bid for English alliance, 198
-, cannot treat for surrender of Palatinate, 215.

orders for parity to be given to Venetian ministers, 233.

Lower Palatinate takes oath to, 242
-, promises emperor to put a term to Palatine's claims, 253.

orders Cardinal Infant to approach Count of Soissons, 243
-, Soissons uses Prince Tomaso to mediate with, 254.

not called upon to be father protector to Italian princes, 252.

directs Oate to seize reals of Franchi, 263.

Chevreuse informs of arrival, 279
-, sends to meet her, 295
-, honours to, 341, 363, 366.

favours giving Mantuan regency to Infanta Margaret, 311.

1638, 413, 444 :

able to make serious trouble in England, 354.

league with Grand Duke to drive French from Italy, 362, 365.

presents for queen of England, 366
-, presents to Chevreuse, 372
-, delays sailing of Chevreuse, 396.

grants subsidy to emperor for force in Flanders, 374.

will confer with Oate before sending successor, 378
-, remonstrance at treatment in Franco affair, 383
-, money on ship pertained to, 384.

enlistment of English soldiers for, 385.

Aston takes leave of, 399
-, expectation of message from by Chevreuse, 405.

England would follow if gave Savoy royal title, 412
-, equal treatment of Venetian ambassadors, 434, 435.

offers pension to Holland, 417
-, Egmont desires reconciliation with, 434.

suspected of fomenting Scottish troubles, 418.

arrangement with Denmark about Baltic, 429
-, paid for transport of powder, 461.

Hopton's first audience of, 434
-, present to Giustinian, 458.

intimacy of Chevreuse with, 464
-, pension to Chevreuse, 469.

proposals to England about Palatinate, 474.

export of gunpowder for stopped, 479
-, English serving in Flanders, 488.

1639 :

asked to recall Cardenas, 489
-, curiosity about reception of Cardenas' defence, 497
-, desires his restoration to confidence, 559, 577.

Hopton to threaten about Palatine, 489, 490.

declares interlopers in Indies pirates, 507
-, English threaten subjects with reprisals, 512.

Annibal Gonzaga sent to for approval of Brussels negotiations, 517
-, wants troops taken to Flanders by English ships, 525.

interests will suffer by Chevreuse leaving England, 537
-, offer of naval help to in return for concessions to Palatine, 541.

English do not wish to exclude negotiations with, 549
-, Hopton sees about proposed alliance, 549.

consulted about queen mother returning to Flanders, 566.

Charles urged to use Spanish fleet against, for Palatine, 577
-, excuses sent to about disaster to fleet, 589.

secret designs with leading English lords, 581
-, Dutch claim to have destroyed ambitious designs, 597.

Cardenas says will give satisfaction for outrages on fishermen, 584.

Charles hands over guns and tackle of defeated fleet to, 594
-, perturbed by news of defeat, 595.

Cardinal Infant urges to settle differences about Palatine, 596.

Dutch complain of English assistance to, 602
-, Hopton treats with about marriage, 604.

offers to induce English merchants to take men and money to Flanders, 606.

-, -, son of. See Balthasar.

Philip, Archduke of Austria :

treaty with Henry VII, of England (Intercursus Magnus), 224.

Philip, Prince Palatine :

goes to Paris, 360n.

Philips, Robert, Father Philip, confessor of Queen Henrietta Maria :

Panzani operates by means of, 68
-, Panzani and Conn have frequent intercourse with, 92
-, close relations of Conn with, 120.

efforts to proselytise, 150
-, Conn stimulates with prospect of red hat, id.

directs proselytising in du Perron's absence, 218.

Philipsburg, Udenheim, Filisburgh [Baden, Germany] :

French contemplate investing, 578.

Phillips, Augustine :

letters of marque granted to, 427n, 440n
-, case referred to Admiralty court, 467.

physicians :

pessimistic about spread of plague, 143.

Piacenza [Prov. Piacenza, Italy] :

duke of Parma besieged in, 147n.

Picardy, France :

success of Spaniards in, 54, 60
-, Charles anxious for news of, 64, 100
-, Orange offers to make diversion for, 204
-, French queen betrays weakness to Austrians, 260
-, French occupied in, 307.

-, lieutenant general of. See Bellefouriere, Maximilian de, sieur de Soyecourt.

Piccolomini, Ottavio, imperialist general :

Cardinal Infant sends for, 243
-, to succed Prince Tomaso, 363
-, offers German horse against Scots, 545.

Pickering, William, of Stanton Lacy :

punished for calling king a papist, 424.

pictures, paintings :

Charles discourses about, 45.

Arundel talks about, 79, 122
-, Polish ambassador presents to Arundel, 270.

Fielding exports from Venice, 406, 423, 426, 428.

-, See also portraits.

Piedmont, Italy, 519 :

news from, 405.

Cardinal Maurice starts for, 318n
-, but forbidden to enter, 344, 348.

Fielding going to, 343, 351, 363
-, Parella returns to, 356.

Spaniards apprehensive of French in, 354
-, people will not contribute for war, duchess unpopular in, 370, 371.

great preparations for war in, 377
-, Cardinal Maurice might do mischief in, 427.

Charles promises to unite with Austrians for restitution, 503.

tragic events in, 523
-, overrun by forces of Cardinal Maurice and Prince Tomaso, 526n
-, requires friendship of Venice, 527.

Piedmontese :

Fielding's servants defend against Venetians, 276n.

Pighetti, Advocate :

report of meeting with Fielding, 505.

Pilaro. See Pylaros.

Pinerolo, Pinarolo, Pinerollo, [Prov. Torino, Italy] :

Oate opposed to restitution, 252
-, French garrison in, 354
-, Venetian ambassadors urged France to attack, 519.

pirates :

illicit sale of oil by, 42.

depredations about Ireland, 73, 116, 256, 377
-, sail away on approach of fleet, 77.

French fleet captures three Turkish, 82
-, Pennington sent against, 116.

Dutch rescue English ship from, 86
-, English slaves redeemed from, 294.

captured off Barbary, 256
-, Venetian capture 16 galleys at Valona, 444.

losses of English shipping through, 377
-, English fleet sent after, 458.

Bailo arrested as concession to, 470.

-, See also Algiers
-, Barbary
-, Bizerta
-, Tunis
-, Turkey.

Pirna [Saxony, Germany] :

Baner takes, 556n.

Pisani, Andrea, Savio alla Mercanzia, 439.

Pisani, Antonia, Venetian General in the Ionian Islands :

judgment in case of English merchants, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32
-, Senate confirms judgment, 44.

-, Piero, Savio alla Mercanzia, 564.

-, -, Avogadore, 530.

pistols, pocket :

sent by Venice for Persian merchants, 16, 53, 111, 116.

plague, 39n :

1636 :

spreading in London, 6, 34, 53, 88
-, beginning to decline, 116.

king's movements affected by, 26n, 34, 40, 44, 53.

at Patras, 42.

Oxford free from, 61
-, rife about Windsor, 64.

cause of Oate's reserve, 81.

1637, 246, 249 :

diminishing rapidly, 135
-, slight increase, 137
-, black outlook, 143.

trade of Spain with London forbidden because of, 154
-, in Oate's house, 174, 177, 181.

alarm at spread of, 177
-, still considerable, 216.

king moves to avoid, 236, 239
-, garter ceremony postponed because of, 288.

making considerable progress, 239
-, almost ceased, 282, 312.

Venetian precautions against, 286.

1638 :

raging in Europe, 445.

1639 :

progressing in London, 562.

Pleiades, merchantman :

escorts Rusdorf to Holland, 234n.

Plessis, du. See Duplessis.

Plymouth, co. Devon :

fleet withdraws towards, 16
-, Pennington at, with squadron, 107.

Wolf of Medemblik carried into, 446, 449.

La Valette at, 469.

English ships reach, with Spanish troops, 553, 574
-, galleon from Oquendo's fleet at. 594.

Sound :

Jupiter attacked and burned in, 442.

captain of. See Astley, Sir Jacob.

Poigny. See Angennes, Jean d'. marquis of Pougny.

Poissy [Seine et Oise, France] :

despatches dated at, 455, 458, 465, 466, 470.

Poix, prince of. See Blanchefort de Crequy, Charles de.

Poland :

disputes with Sweden, Charles mediates, 8.

consciences free in, 12
-, limit to royal power in, 348
-, royal house excluded from Swedish match, 351.

clergy urge king to marry Cecilia Rene, 168.

coalition to expel Sweden from Germany, 194.

French remonstrate against Pesaro going to, 237.

threat to expel Scots from, 273.

Danzig under protection of, 343.

terms of treaty with Sweden about Baltic, 351.

ships off Danzig captured by Danes, 357, 360.

disagreement of nobles with king, 429.

Egmont to travel in, 430.

Venetian ambassadors have equal honours in, 434
-, Venice writes to in vernacular, writes to Venice in Latin, 534.

Radzivil supposed to bring advances from, 566.

estates of :

insist on princess being Catholic, 11, 12
-, desire to evade match, 13
-, approved of Palatine match, 271
-, opposed Palatine match, 348.

parliament resembles, 297.

king of. See Uladislaus IV.

prince of. See John Casimir.

secretary of state. See Rey, Andreas de Naglowi.

Polhill, Nicholas :

letters of marque granted to, 440n
-, attacks and burns Jupiter, 442.

accused of precipitancy, 443
-, case referred to Admiralty Court, 467.

Pomerania, Germany :

offered to Sweden in fee, 167
-, Brandenburg's opposition to, 173.

England willing for Swedes to keep, 236
-, Sweden will not give up, 244
-, Sweden's claim to, 337.

Swedes to keep part, Spaniards indemnifying duke, 290.

Brandenburg appeals to England about, 337.

Sweden will make peace if conceded to, 347
-, Swedish successes in, 393
-, Swedish troops land in, 429.

Gallas master in, 364
-, imperialists evacuating, 373.

Leslie taking family to, 373
-, and troops, 398.

-, duke of. See Burgislaus XIV.

Ponchini, Andrea, courier, 166.

Ponickau, Bonica, gentleman of Duke Bernard of Saxe Weimar :

sent to England for help and levies, 57
-, goes on to Paris, 114.

Pontanus, John Isaac, professor at Harderwick, Historiographer to the king of Denmark :

book against "Mare Clausum" suppressed in England, 190n.

pope, Roman pontiff, 319 :

power of dispensing from oath, 301
-, power of deposing princes, 302.

Anglicans ready to admit supremacy, 303.

Great Britain free from subjection to, 307.

granted lordship of Adriatic to Venice, 394n.

-, See Urban VIII.

Popham, Capt. Edward, of the royal navy :

letter to Northumberland, 234n.

Porte. See Turkey.

Porte, Pierre de la, groom of Anne, queen of France :

compromising paper found on, 260.

Portland, co. Dorset, 552 :

English rescue defeated Dunkirkers from Dutch off, 241.

portraits :

of princesses of Bourbon and Mantua, Zawadski takes away, 107.

of Queen Henrietta Maria, for pope, 119.

Portsmouth, co. Hants :

Black Bull sent into, 6n
-, gentleman sent to, about duchess of Chevreuse, 281
-, Chevreuse lands at, 404n.

Spanish soldiers for Flanders landed at, 553n.

Portugal, 311 :

government offered to Prince Casimir, 429.

Posamanna, Laura Montagnana :

mutilated by man at door of San Moise, 185, 188, 201, 202
-, Correr tells king of, 206
-, Fielding's account of, 208.

Pougny, marquis of. See Angennes, Jean d'.

Povey, Capt. John :

conveys Ludovic Stuart to Dieppe, 535n.

powder. See gunpowder.

Poygne, Poygni, Poyne. See Angennes, Jean d', marquis of Pougny.

Prague, Bohemia :

Arundel staying at, 26, 34
-, Arundel to confer with Saxony at, 43.

peace of :

invalidity protested, 134, 145, 152
-, Charles owes Brandenburg grudge for, 338.

English efforts to upset, 465.

Pree, M. di, Scottish captain (?) :

sent to offer German horse against Scots, 545.

Pretorio, , chancellor at Zante, 531.

priests, Catholic, in England :

enjoy unprecedented liberty by king's connivance, 69
-, to recognise papal minister as sole superior, 120
-, celebrate mass in private houses, 217
-, of Venetian ambassador arrested, 162.

bishop said to be unnecessary for, 301.

Prince William, Dutch warship :

seized by English fleet, 561.

Priuli, Michiel, Savio alla Mercanzia, 133.

Privy Council. See Council.

Privy Seal, keeper of the. See Montagu, Henry, earl of Manchester.

proclamations :

forbidding importation of foreign glass, 40, 41n.

restraining withdrawal from Anglican church and attending mass, 354, 355n :

chagrin of Conn at, reasons for, 358
-, queen tried to prevent, 359.

Scottish protests against, 389, 392.

to restrain transport of passengers to New England, 412.

directing all noblemen etc. to repair to houses and lands in north, 499.

concerning sedition of Scots, 509.

progress, the king's :

1636, 26, 33, 34, 44, 56 :

upset by plague, 53.

1637, 246, 249, 257, 282.

1638, 416, 433, 434, 441 :

modified by Scottish troubles, 436.

Prospero, merchantman :

arrives from Crete with wine, 399.

Protestants (Anglican) :

Puritans dislike rites of, 300.

become Puritans from fear of Catholicism, 301, 304
-, ritualistic innovations render suspicious, 304.

party among emigrants in America, 304, 305.

-, See also church, English.

-, of continent :

have cause to suspect Roman activities in England, 303.

-, princes. See under Germany.

Providence, pinnace :

sent to join Salee expedition, 252n
-, brings over Maurice Wynne, 365n.

-, merchantman :

takes gunpowder to Dunkirk, 421n.

captured and taken into Dunkirk, 490
-, Dunkirkers seized, as compensation for, 501.

conveying Spanish troops for Flanders, 553n.

Prudence, merchantman :

to serve in Palatine's fleet, 173n.

Prussia, Germany :

news from, 11.

Prynne, William :

punished for libelling Laud, 242, 304.

Puckering, Sir Thomas :

letter of, quoted, 128n.

Puritans or Calvinists :

hostility to Conn and Catholic tendencies, 120.

Laud's aim to destroy party, 151, 217
-, king tries in vain to extirpate, 242
-, royal persecution strengthens, 301.

fomented by Spaniards, 242.

a danger to the realm, 242, 246, 300, 350
-, rise and constitution of party, 300, 301.

suspicions of Conn, 273
-, fury at revival of ritual, 303, 304
-, repressive measures against, 304.

emigration to America and arrangements there, 304, 305.

measures of bishops against rendered worse, 305
-, number threefifths of population, 387
-, strongest party in the kingdom, 479, 559.

Laud tolerates Catholics in order to reduce, 358.

pleased at appointment of Essex, 479
-, Scottish deputies all extreme, 595.

propaganda of Scots among, 536
-, joy at composition with Scots, 554
-, sympathy with Scots, 563.

aspiration for parliament, 559
-, changes in royal offices to weaken, 571.

scandalised by compliments of Cardinal Barberini to king, 570
-, delight at calling of parliament, 601.

Pylaros, Pilaro, Cephalonia :

unsuitable as port of lading, 30.