Venice: October 1526

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 3, 1520-1526. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1869.

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'Venice: October 1526', Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 3, 1520-1526, (London, 1869), pp. 611-616. British History Online [accessed 19 June 2024].

. "Venice: October 1526", in Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 3, 1520-1526, (London, 1869) 611-616. British History Online, accessed June 19, 2024,

. "Venice: October 1526", Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 3, 1520-1526, (London, 1869). 611-616. British History Online. Web. 19 June 2024,

October 1526

Oct. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 131. 1418. Gasparo Spinelli to the Doge and Signory.
Has spoken with the Cardinal, who chooses (vuol) the King to accomplish the marriage before joining the league; and his Majesty is for continuing the war, as he will not fail to assist the Pope.
London,—October. Registered by Sanuto, 10th November.
Oct. 4. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 55. 1419. Andrea Rosso to the Doge and Signory.
On receiving the Signory's account of the stir made at Rome by the Colonna faction and the Spaniards, went to the King and read the letters to him. His Majesty desired the Papal Nuncio, Roberto Acciaoli, and him (Rosso) to write warmly to England for assistance for the Pope; saying also that he, the King, would go to Lyons, send Renzo da Ceri post to Rome, and remit 50,000 crowns.
Subsequently received news of the capture of Cremona, and went to tell the King, who was out hunting. Such was his joy that he kissed the secretary, and gave 100 crowns to the courier who brought the letters, saying he had received good news. Then proceeded to Madame, who has the gout, and when the news was told her she made great rejoicings, and gave a ball, which lasted till the sixth hour of the night. Moreover, the King said that when the Signory chooses to act in earnest, he would rather be leagued with them than with all the other Powers; and Mons. de Lautrec said, “Had the Signory acted thus in my time, it would have been very beneficial.“The King thanks the Proveditor Pesaro for this acquisition, praising him much, and saying that he knew him when he was in prison at Pizzighettone, where he saw him from a window, and Pesaro made a sign to the King whereby he knew that no agreement had been made with the Viceroy. The King also said that he would invade Flanders.
Amboise, 29th September and 4th October. Registered by Sanuto on 18th October.
Oct. 6. Lettere del Collegio (Secreta), File no. 10. 1420. The Doge and College to Gasparo Spinelli, Secretary in England.
By virtue of the capitulation of Cremona the Signory's proveditor general with the Venetian troops entered the city on the 1st. To acquaint the King with the surrender of that city, and with the departure for Germany of the 1,700 Lansquenets who were of the garrison, they being all very efficient troops; and the Spaniards were to leave for Naples on the morrow.
Being of opinion that this intelligence will gratify the King and Cardinal, to communicate it in the Signory's name.
Oct. 6. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 56. 1421. Andrea Rosso to the Doge and Signory.
The King has sent the portraits of his sons, now prisoners in Spain, to the English King, exhorting him to effect their release as conservator of the league; informing him also that he has received news of the capture of Cremona. A courier from Spain, who had been detained, was set at liberty by the King that be might convey this intelligence thither; and his Majesty said to him (Rosso), “We will expel these Turks from Italy, and then go against the real Turks.”
Amboise, 6th October. Registered by Sanuto on the 19th.
Oct. 7. Navagero Despatches, Cicogna Copy. 1422. Andrea Navagero to the Signory.
The affairs of England proceed very slowly. The English ambassador Lee is both a learned and a very worthy person, and most firmly believes that all the fair promises made to him will take effect, as is perhaps the case, and may God grant it. At any rate, in the meanwhile, should the French ambassador receive any reply and authority to act, and demand his (Navagero's) co-operation, knows not what to do unless he receive further instructions from the State. Is sure that Lee will not accompany them to the Emperor without orders from his King, whereas he (Navagero) is commissioned by the State to go, should the English ambassador do so.
Having been once without the English ambassador, purposes going again should the Nuncio go, and believes such to be the intention of the State, but would be very glad to hear more clearly what is wished.
Reported at Granada that the King of France stopped an ambassador on his way from the Emperor to England, although he had given a safeconduct, and that the ambassador has been detained; (fn. 1) so it is intended to despatch another ambassador, a Flemish gentleman of the Emperor's chamber.
Granada, 7th October 1526.
Oct. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 79. 1423. Marco Antonio Venier, Ambassador to England, to the Signory.
Conversed with the King about inducing the King of England to join the league, which was the cause of his (Venier's) appointment.
“Visited Madame, the King's mother, and praised her for having been the cause of the league.
Will depart for England next Monday.
Blois, 8th October. Registered by Sanuto on the 27th.
Oct. 13. Lettere del Collegio (Secreta), File no. 10. 1424. The Doge and College to Gasparo Spinelli, Secretary in England.
Wrote to him on the 24th ult., that the Pope, having withdrawn into Castle St. Angelo, to secure himself against the Imperialists and the Colonna faction, had been compelled to make truce with them. The latter continue to raise troops, and his Holiness has given orders for the advance to Rome, from the camp, of 2,000 Switzers, with a detachment of horse and foot. The Signory is nevertheless convinced of the Pope's readiness and anxiety to accomplish the undertaking in Lombardy. At present the war must be carried on by the Signory single handed. To request the Cardinal to call to mind how frequently he has urged the State strenuously to prosecute the undertaking. To insist on the King's joining the league, as should his Majesty do what is expected of him, the Pope will adhere to the same most readily, and the most Christian King also act with greater warmth. Have announced the surrender of Cremona. The army which has been under Cremona with the Signory's captain-general will join the Marquis of Saluzzo, and the Swiss and French troops, besides other Venetian forces now under Milan; so the Emperor will be the more disposed towards the general peace, and the loss of Hungary will so affect him as to make him admit that the preservation of Christendom depends on him.
The Signory's ambassador at his Imperial Majesty's Court, in date of the 30th August, wrote to Secretary Rosso in France, that the English ambassador there [Edward Lee] had laid before the Emperor his King's most sage letter, with loving exhortations in favour of peace, towards which the Emperor was well disposed; so that after having dismissed the Venetian ambassador, he recalled him, thus evincing his pacific bias, although he had not yet heard of the loss of Hungary, and that his own territories adjoining that kingdom were in peril. Therefore he will not only be ready but anxious for peace.
To urge the King and Cardinal to induce the Emperor to make the general peace.
The Duke of Milan, after the surrender of Cremona, wished to reside in that city. Answered he might go when he pleased, but that he must keep good guard, and repair such part of the fortifications as had been damaged.
An ambassador arrived lately at Venice from the Grand Turk (Sigr. Turco). He presented letters from his Lord as by the enclosed copy, announcing the victory obtained over the Hungarians. (fn. 2)
Replied in loving terms, despatched the envoy as usual, and have elected the nobleman Marco Minio as their ambassador.
Oct. 17. Lettere del Collegio (Secreta), File no. 10. 1425. The Doge and College to Gasparo Spinelli, Secretary in England.
Informed that his most Christian Majesty was writing to his ambassador in England to urge the King to join the league, owing to the loss of Hungary, or that he should furnish the league with 150,000 crowns, to be repaid on fair terms. To confer with the French ambassador, and perform such offices as are calculated to obtain this effect.
The Venetian army, having quitted Cremona, is on its march to join the French and Swiss troops and the rest of the Signory's forces under Milan.
Oct. 18. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. pp. 59,60. 1426. Pisani and Pesaeo, Proveditors General in the Venetian Camp, to the Doge and Signory.
The French envoy, on arriving in the camp, and hearing that Guicciardini was gone to Piacenza, went thither to speak to him by order of the King.
Today an accident occurred in the camp. A certain Ipolito da Lucha, a military commander recommended to the Signory by the King of England, and sent by him to the camp, went to speak with the Procurator Pisani. On his way back he met Zanim de' Medici, (fn. 3) who, for certain words uttered, as Zanim says, by the said Ipolito about him (Medici) in England, struck Ipolito with . . . . . . . and slew him; a very piteous case, for he was a brave man.
Lambra, 18th October. Registered by Sanuto on the 20th.
Oct. 19. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 185. 1427. Gasparo Spinelli to the Doge and Signory.
When the King heard what the Colonna faction had done at Rome, he sent the Pope 2,500 (sic) ducats, and wrote to him he greatly regretted such a catastrophe, encouraging his Holiness by assurances of every assistance. With regard to joining the Italian league, he says he would fain be mediator to make the peace with the Emperor; that the duchy of Milan should be placed in his hands, and he would send a delegate of his to rule it until it should be decided who was to have it; and that the Duke of Ferrara should be made King of Naples, ceding to the Pope Rubiera, Reggio, and Modena, and be appointed captain-general of the undertaking. The King also wishes to marry his daughter to the most Christian King. He will not make an attack beyond seas for the present, and awaits the Emperor's reply to his proposal about negotiating a peace. He exhorts the Papal Nuncio in London to urge his Holiness to act courageously.
London, 19th October. Registered by Sanuto, 21st November.
Oct. 19. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 190. 1428. The Same to the Same.
The King, on hearing by the Pope's letters what had taken place at Rome, sent his Holiness 2,500 (sic) crowns; but Cardinal Wolsey told him (Spinelli) the Emperor had written to the King that he offers fair terms to his most Christian Majesty, complaining that none of the promises made had been kept, and that still less would he abide by an agreement, the Pope and the Signory acting in like manner. The Emperor therefore requests the King of England and Cardinal Wolsey to be mediators for peace, so that the Emperor may attack the Infidels.
Cardinal Wolsey told the Papal Nuncio and him (Spinelli) to write these particulars, and that it would be well to make a general peace.
London, 19th October. Registered by Sanuto, 23rd November.
Oct. 20. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 60. 1429. The Venetian Governors of Brescia to the Doge and Signory.
The two ambassadors from Scotland have arrived here. They are going to Venice, and from thence to Rome.
Brescia,—. Registered by Sanuto on the 20th.
Oct. 22. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 185. 1430. Marco Antonio Venier, Ambassador to England, to the Doge and Signory.
Announces his arrival there.
Dover, 22nd October. Registered by Sanuto, 21st November.
Oct. 23. Comuni Consiglio X., v. ii. p. 79, tergo. 1431. Venetian Embassy in England.
Order for the cashier of the Council of Ten to pay from “ the Ambassadors' Fund” to D. Pandolpho Ciniani, 26l. 7s. 7d., equal to 121 broad golden ducats and four-fifths, for the expenses incurred in England by the secretary, Gasparo Spinelli, for the household of the deceased ambassador.
Ayes, 25. Noes, 0. Neutral, 1.
Oct. 23. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 234. 1432. Gasparo Spinelli to the Doge and Signory.
Unimportant news and gossip (zanze). The King and Cardinal exhort the Signory to follow up the undertaking. The ambassador Venier having embarked on shipboard, with an intention to cross the Channel and come to England, was nearly drowned.
London, 23rd October. Registered by Sanuto, 2nd December.
Oct. 24. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 124. 1433. Advices from France, dated 24th October.
Letters from the Archduke [Ferdinand] to Madame Margaret in Flanders have been intercepted. He informs her that he has made a truce with the Great Turk, and will send troops to invade the territory of the Venetians, because they agreed with the Turk that he should seize the kingdom of Hungary.
Advices from England. The King and Cardinal, on hearing what took place at Rome, sent money to the Pope. His Majesty will not join the league until after the conclusion of his daughter's marriage.
Registered by Sanuto, 8th November.
Oct. 28. Sanuto Diaries, v. xliii. p. 205. 1434. Gasparo Spinelli to the Doge and Signory.
Came hither to meet the Ambassador Venier, who crossed the Channel with only three attendants, and is awaiting the rest of his household and his horses, on whose arrival they will proceed to London.
The King has written to the Pope to take his revenge for the injury done him [by the Colonna faction], and besides the twenty-five thousand crowns already remitted, his Majesty will send a further supply. He has despatched ambassadors [Clerk and Ghinucci] to the most Christian King, and wishes to negotiate an agreement, stipulating the surrender to him of Boulogne, whereupon the King of England will renounce the title of King of France.
[Canterbury ?], 28th October. Registered by Sanuto, 26th Nov.


  • 1. This ambassador seems to have been Don Iñigo de Mendoza, who was confined during four months in the “Castle of Hane.” See State Papers, vol. vi. p. 545 and p. 515.
  • 2. Battle of Mohatz in Hungary, 29th August 1526.
  • 3. Giovanni de' Medici, captain of the Black Bands. In date of this year, 1526, Guicciardini (vol. iv. p. 156) writes of him “apparisse molto la sua ferocia,” &c, but does not allude to the murder of Ipolito of Lucca. Giovanni de' Medici died on the 30th November 1526 at Mantua; so the murder of Ipolito da Lucha was one of his last acts of ferocity.