Venice: July 1533

Pages 430-441

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 4, 1527-1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1871.

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July 1533

July 5. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 245. 932. Giambattista Casal and the Bishopric of Belluno.
The English ambassador, Prothonotary Casal, came into the College Hall to obtain possession of the bishopric of Cividal di Belluno. The College deferred hearing him.
July 5. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 320. 933. Proclamation by Henry VIII.
Proclamation ordered by the King's Highness with the approval (parer) of his Council, whereby his subjects are warned in certain cases to shun the perils and penalties of the Statute of “Provision” and “Praemunire.”
Whereas the non-legitimate marriage between the King's Highness and the Lady Katharine Princess, relict-widow of Prince Arthur, has been legitimately dissolved by just ways and opinions, the divorce and separation having been made between his said Highness and the said Lady Katharine by the Right Reverend Father in God the Archbishop of Canterbury, Legate, Primate, and Metropolitan of all England; and therefore the King's Majesty has espoused (disponsata) and taken for his wife, according to the laws of the Church, the truly high and excellent Princess, the Lady Anne, now Queen of England, having had her solemnly crowned and anointed, as becoming the praise and glory and honour of the omnipotent God, the security of the succession and descent of the Crown (pasterità del Regno) and to the great pleasure, comfort, and satisfaction of all the subjects of this realm; all the which things have proceeded methodically (con fondamento) and took such good effect, by the common consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and of the Commons of this realm, by authority of the Parliament, as in like manner by the assent and determination of the whole clergy in its constant convocations held and celebrated in both the provinces of this kingdom.
It has been ordered, amongst other things, for the perfect and secure establishment of what is aforesaid, that no person or persons, whatever their state, grade, or condition, shall attempt or seek any sort of provision, or do or instigate (movere) any act or acts, or derogate from any of the said processes, sentences, and determinations as they stand and have been made, both concerning the said divorce, as also the solemnity of the legitimate marriage contracted and concluded been the King's Highness and the said Queen Anne, under pain of incurring the penalties and provisions comprised in the Statute of Provision and Præmunire, made in the sixteenth year of the late King Richard II., which inflicts no less penalty on the offenders than that of being beyond the protection of the State, as is more largely expressed by the said Act.
By reason whereof, and because the said divorce and separation is now made and finished, and the King's Highness is legitimately married, as afore heard, it is a thing therefore evident and manifest that the said Lady Katharine may not for the future have or use the name, style, or title, or dignity of Queen of this realm, nor be in any guise reputed, taken, or inscribed (seritta) by the name of Queen of this realm, but by the name, style, title, and dignity of Princess Dowager, which name it is fitting she should have, because she was legitimately and perfectly married and conjoined with said Prince Arthur; and all the officials, ministers, bailiffs (barizelli) receivers (riscositori) factors, servants, keepers of parks or forests of the said Princess Dowager, or any other person or persons, of whatever state, grade, or condition, who, acting contrary to what is aforesaid, shall style, repute, acknowledge (aceterà) and address (scriverà) or in any guise obey the said Lady Katharine in virtue of any sort of security, (fn. 1) or shall write to her, addressing her by the name of “Queen,” or attempt to do or move any other act or acts, or any other thing or things to the impediment or derogation of such acts and processes as have been determined and completed, both by the celebration and confirmation of the said legitimate marriage, justly accomplished and concluded as aforeheard, will clearly and manifestly incur the said great pains and penalties comprised and specified in the said Act.
Considering which, the King our most excellent lord, whom we ought greatly to fear, although he in nowise suspects his loving-subjects of having attempted any act or acts, or any other thing that can be done, moved or said, contrary to the true intent of the said Act, and of the legitimate excusations (excusationi) and processes in the matters aforesaid; nevertheless, in order that his said humble and loving subjects may have clear, open, and manifest notice of the great perils, damages, and penalties which are specified in the said Act, so that they may be able to avoid the prejudices of this matter, his Majesty, of his most gracious and most benign goodness, desiring rather the good obedience and conformity of his said subjects, than to increase in severity owing to their offences and contempt [of the law ?] (fn. 2), according to the opinion of his Council, has ordered a proclamation to be made for the open clearness and publication of the aforesaid things, so that all his loving subjects, as likewise others, if they choose, may escape and avoid the said great pains, perils, and punishments above specified. Wherefore it is the pleasure and high commandment of his Grace, that for the future every person take good heed and regard to his perils; and it is moreover not less the pleasure of the most gracious King that the said Lady Katharine be well greeted (accolta) obeyed, and treated, as becoming her honour and noble lineage (parentado) according to the name, title, state, and style of Princess Dowager, both by all her officials, servants, and ministers, as in like manner by others his [Majesty's ] humble and dear subjects, in all her legitimate necessities as here understood, in nowise contrary to this proclamation.
God save the King.
London, 5th July. Registered by Sanuto 31st July.
This document was contained in the despatch of Carlo Capello, dated London, 12th July, 1533.
July 5. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 315. 934. Marin Giustinian to the Signory.
The King departed hence on the 28th ult., and remained at a place six leagues off, owing to a rheumatic pain in his shoulder, accompanied with fever. It is said he will proceed on the 7th or 8th towards Auvergne and Languedoc, a perilous journey, by reason of the very bad air in the month of July.
Today D. Antonio, secretary of the Papal Nuncio the Bishop of Como, dined with me. He says the conference will most certainly take place, as also the marriage of the niece, and that the Pope chooses to witness the consummation of the marriage with his own eyes, and in this matter will not trust his Majesty. For dower he will give him property (beni) in France, but nothing in Italy, not even of what belongs to the Medici family, nor had any demand been made of him to that effect.
I hear that today the most Christian King commenced his journey.
News has been received from England of the death of the King's sister, the Duchess of Suffolk, widow of the late King Lewis of France.
Lyons, 5th of July. Registered by Sanuto 31st July.
July 6. Sanuto Diaries, (Originals), v. lviii. 935. The Same to the Same.
Tomorrow the Duke of Norfolk will be with the King, who is at a distance of 16 leagues hence. The Lord Steward has ordered us ambassadors, with the exception of Sir John Wallop, who follows his Majesty, to go straight to Notre Dame de Puy.
Lyons, 6th July. Registered by Sanuto 31st July.
July 7. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 271. 936. Marco Venier to the Signory.
The Imperial ambassador urging the despatch of the matter of England, Consistory assembled last Friday. The excusator wished to excuse the King, but was not admitted to speak (admesso a parlar). The English ambassadors spoke, saying they would prove by public documents, against the process, that what the Queen has proved is not true, and King Henry VII. to make the second marriage (sic) (fn. 3) and [that at the time ?] there was peace with the Catholic King; and that [Consistory and the Rota ?] should proceed with circumspection, time being required to inform the right reverend Cardinals. They were answered that they [Consistory and Rota?] would proceed with the utmost consideration, and it was proposed (parlato) that Capizucchi should tell the Pope the opinion of the Rota, and have it intimated that they were to attend the next Consistory prepared to give judgment (et intimato si venisse il primo consistorio resoluti).
The Pope seems to urge despatch, in consequence of the new laws (ordeni) made in England, that those who shall henceforth obtain [Church] benefices are not to come to the Court [of Rome] to receive the confirmation; that excommunication [decreed] against England be not obeyed, and that the clergy (li religiosi) may celebrate the [divine] offices.
The Pope has had it intimated, that on Wednesday the Cardinals are to come to a decision. (Il Papa ha fatto intimàr che li cardinali mercore vengano risoluti)
The French Cardinals prayed his Holiness to proceed circumspectly in this matter, as at the congress to be held with the most Christian King at Nice, the parties will act in such a way as will be to the honour of this See, and the Duke of Norfolk has a mandate from his King to this effect.
Rome, 7th July. Registered by Sanuto 12th July.
July 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 257. 937. Prothonotary Casal in the College Hall.
The English ambassador came about his bishopric of Cividale [di Belluno], He could not be heard today, as the sages were in consultation.
July 8. Lettere Secrete, Capi Cods. X. File 3. 938. The Chiefs of the Ten to Alvise Gritti, at Constantinople.
Our letters from England inform us that the new Queen has been solemnly and pompously crowned, so that the divorce from the late Queen being effected, to the vexation and no slight resentment of the Emperor, whose aunt she is, the English will not be without some suspicion of his waging war on them, on this account.
Letters received by us today, in date of Lyons the 22nd ultimo, announce a truce between the Kings of England and Scotland, through the mediation of his most Christian Majesty.
July 9. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 271. 939. Marco Venier to the Signory.
The Pope said he should go to Nice, with the galleys of the most Christian King, and so early as to be able to return to Rome before the winter.
Yesterday in Consistory, concerning the matter of England, the Cardinals heard the arguments and the canonists (fn. 4), and determined by the majority of votes, that the Pope may dispense etc.; thus approving the dispensation given by Pope Julius. The English ambassadors (fn. 5) presented a process made in partibus by the Cardinals of York and Campeggio, by authority of the Apostolic See, which, after much debate, was at length admitted; and they (the Cardinals) demanded that, for the hearing of this cause, the Rota should not observe the vacations; which the English opposed, so that nothing was done.
Rome, 9th July. Registered by Sanuto 12th July.
July 10. Sanuto Diary (Originals), v. lviii. 940. Basadona to the Signory.
There are advices from Barcelona that the Empress was in a bad way (in mali termini) and had received the holy oil; the Emperor did not give audience, and had returned, riding post, to Barcelona.
Letters dated the 22nd June have been received from Robio, secretary of the Duke of Milan in France; it is believed there, that the peace between England and Scotland will be concluded, and that the King of England would wish the most Christian King to give his daughter to the King of Scotland, that he may not take the daughter of the King of Denmark, who is the niece of the Emperor.
The Duke of Norfolk was to be at Lyons on the 4th of July, and would proceed thence to the Court.
Milan, 10th July. Registered by Sanuto 12th July.
July 11. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 267. 941. Giambattista Casal and his Bishopric.
The English ambassador came about his bishopric, and it was arranged to give him and the “party” [the defendant Barozzi?] audience, next Monday.
July 11. Sanuto Diaries (Originals), v. lviii, 942. Marin Giustinian to the Signory.
Nothing is heard about the conference between the most Christian King and the Duke of Norfolk, as we four ambassadors, namely, I and those from Ferrara and Milan, as also the one from the Turk, were desired to come hither; and Barbarossa will have audience during our absence from the Court. I arrived here yesterday, and it is said the most Christian King will come on the 7th (sic) [17th?], (fn. 6) when I will endeavour to learn something.
Notre Dame de Puy, 11th July. Registered by Sanuto 31st July.
July 12. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 127. 943. Carlo Capello to the Signory.
Letters received from Rome announce that in Consistory the Pope determined that his Majesty's “excusator,” concerning the matter of the divorce, should not be heard. The King relied on the adjustment of the affairs at the Congress of Nice; he now sees the contrary.
On the 5th, he had a proclamation made in various parts of London, which was subsequently printed and affixed on the walls, concerning the mode of living, and treatment, of Queen Katharine. This document I have had translated most faithfully out of English into Italian, and enclose it.
The Queen will never act otherwise than as Queen. When the proclamation was read to her, and she was told this was the immutable resolve of the King, she replied that everything belonged to his Majesty, including her own person, of which he might dispose at his pleasure, but she neither could nor would cede her rights. She said she always prayed God for his Majesty, as for her own true husband, requesting him to be pleased to remember that the Pope alone is legitimate judge in this cause, and also that in the time of Cardinal Campeggio he consented that his Holiness should be the judge, and of this she had seven witnesses.
The affairs of Scotland are not yet adjusted. According to letters from Monsieur de Beauvoir, the difficulty proceeds from the refusal of the King of England to surrender to the Scottish King a fortress (castelletto) in Scotland seized by the Earl of Angus, and which is now being fortified.
An envoy arrived here lately from the Prior of Rhodes, requesting succour from the King, for the defence of Coron, as the Emperor purposes giving that island to the knights of St. John's (a quella Religione). He was told, in reply, to go to the most Christian King, whose decision will be adopted by the King of England.
The stir between the Flemings and the Easterlings has been quieted; they have made a truce for six months.
A few days ago, here, in London, they burnt two heretics, one of whom was very learned in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew literature. Both one and the other died with the greatest constancy (L'uno el l'altro morse costantissimamente). (fn. 7)
London, 12th July. Registered by Sanuto 31st July.
July 12. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 332. 944. Marin Giustinian to the Signory.
Robbio, the secretary of the Duke of Milan, informs me that the Papal Nuncio, the Bishop of Faenza, told him that after the congress, the most Christian King (sic) [the Pope ?] will proceed to the censures against the King of England, from which act the King of France had hitherto restrained him; and that with regard to his niece's dower, the Pope will give her jewels and money, and perhaps the duchy of Milan, after the death of the present Duke, should he die without heirs.
Notre Dame de Puys, 12th July. Registered by Sanuto 4th August.
July 13. Sanuto Diaries, v. Iviii. p. 291. 945. Marco Venier to the Signory.
On the day before yesterday Consistory assembled. The Pope said that on that day the audience of the Rota terminated, and the Cardinals were accustomed to go out of Rome on account of the great heats and malaria, so he would inform them how he had been lately requested by the most Christian King to confer with him, for the benefit of the Christian religion, and for the honour and profit of the Apostolic See, and to find some method (forma) for the Lutheran affairs, to make provision against the Infidels, and to form some good resolve with regard to the Council, on which the King greatly insisted. His Holiness, therefore, called a congregation of certain Cardinals, who, considering that it was not a thing to neglect, were of opinion that it would be well for his Holiness to hold the conference after these heats, and that he should send the Bishop of Faenza to the most Christian King, who went accordingly; so that on the cessation of this hot weather, his Holiness will go, nor will anything be discussed, save the above written matters; and he therefore purposes going to Nice, lest in case of any disturbance the cause be assigned to him. The old Cardinals are to remain, and he will appoint a smaller number to accompany him, and such as are better able to bear the expense. Concerning the marriage of his niece he said nothing. The French Cardinals confirmed this statement, declaring the good intention of their King in desiring the congress for the benefit and profit of the Christian religion, and that he wished for the continuance of the present peace, and did not choose the Marquis of Saluzzo to make any innovation, for the avoidance of an outbreak of war. This announcement was universally commended.
The Pope then stated the case of the marriage of England, and its importance, and that it had two points (capi) one touching the validity of the marriage with Queen Katharine, which is the merit (che il merito) the other concerning the things attempted (attentate) by the King of England. The first article had several points, and the English ambassadors produced the process drawn up in England; and his Holiness had a consultation of canonists, and all the writings were well examined. There is not sufficient time, but it does not seem fit to him to prorogue the Consistories for this, and he was minded to make provision with regard to these attempts (sopra li atentati). Thereupon the Imperial Cardinals insisted that the cause should be despatched, and the process admitted, without reading; and the Cardinals gave their votes, commending the opinion of the Pope; who then said that two years ago he issued two briefs, one of which, addressed to the King, charged him to continue cohabiting with the Queen (continuar et cohabitar con la Regina) and to make no innovation whatever; and that should he not do so, he would incur excommunication, and might be compelled by the secular arm. (fn. 8)
It being then proposed to take the votes, the French Cardinals said that they were proceeding too far in the cause of a most Serene King, and that they should hold him in account, and despatch the matter after maturity; and the Imperial Cardinals said that the judgment should be delivered according to justice; (fn. 9) so the Imperial Cardinal, the Archbishop of Bari, said that they would easily find one who would execute the sentence. The French Cardinal de Grammont, who is indisposed, said that the Emperor also, like other sovereigns, had need to remain at peace; and that it was notorious how little he had done for his brother-in-law the late King of Hungary, and for his other brother-in-law the King of Denmark, and of late for his brother the King of the Romans; and that, should it be requisite, a brisk war would be waged against him in Spain. Then, when about to commence voting, the Cardinals suggested that it would be well to give the English King farther time, during the whole of September, to enable him to tender obedience, notifying that should he not do so, he would be excommunicated without giving him other notice or intimation. A long debate took place about this, between the French and Imperial Cardinals, neither one side nor the other being satisfied; and the Imperialists proposed that this might be done by a separate brief. They were answered that this could not be done, and that it must be terminated by the Concilium Fratrum. The Imperial Cardinals, approving this sentence, retracted, and gave their votes, the French Cardinals also doing the like.
The judgment thus passed has given satisfaction to the whole Court, and in this matter the Pope has shown a firm mind (un animo costante) to the honour of this See.
The Cardinal de Grammont then took leave of the Pope to return to France, and will depart in three or four days. He told me what had been treated in Consistory in conformity with the foregoing narrative, and complained of the Emperor for having prevented the French fleet from accompanying the Imperial naval forces to succour Coron, after having first urged the junction. He says the congress will take place, and that the Duke of Albany will he here with the fleet on the 8th or 10th of August, and that it will consist of 18 old galleys, and twelve built by the King. His Lordship said he did not know whether the young Duchess would go to Nice by sea or land, should it be chosen to send her in advance; and as the fleet can not make two voyages, he thinks she will accompany the Pope.
Rome, 13th July. Registered by Sanuto 22nd July.
July 14. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 281. 946. Prothonotary Casal and the See of Belluno.
In the morning the English ambassador came into the College Hall for audience, about the bishopric of Cividal di Belluno, and he was told that by reason of affairs of State, he could not be heard today, and that he was to come. . . . . .
July 17. Sanuto Diaries (Originals), v. lviii. 947. Marin Giustinian to the Signory.
The Duke of Milan has caused Captain Meraveglia, equerry of the most Christian King, to be beheaded, for the murder of one of the chief noblemen of Milan, a member of the Castiglione family.
Last evening Sir John Wallop came and supped with me, and spoke about this, saying he understood the most Christian King would avenge the injury, and guarantee the life of the Duke's secretary here, Robbio, but not his liberty.
Notre Dame de Puys, 17th July. Registered by Sanuto 5th August.
July 18. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 333. 948. The Same to the Same.
The English ambassador [Sir John Wallop] tells me that the Duke of Norfolk has been with the most Christian King, who did him great honour, and desired him to go to Avignon and then to Nice; and that his Majesty would speak to the Pope in favour of his King,
Notre Dame de Puys, 18th July. Registered by Sanuto 5th August.
July 18. Sanuto Diaries (Originals), v. lviii. 949. News from France.
Advices presented to the College by the secretary of the Duke of Milan, and the French advices from the secretary, Robbio, dated Lyons 22nd and 23rd June.
That the peace between England and Scotland is considered settled by mutual agreement; and with regard to the marriage the King of England is less averse to the Scottish King's taking the daughter of the most Christian King, than the daughter of the King of Denmark. That the ambassadors of the two Kings embraced each other in the presence of the Court.
That the most Christian King was to quit Lyons for Toulouse on the 7th July, going by way of Auvergne, until it is time to attend the congress at Nice, and he has written to the Duke of Norfolk to be here at Lyons on the 4th, that they may travel together.
July 19. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 253. 950. Marin Giustinian to the Signory.
The English ambassador [Sir John Wallop] has confirmed to me the news of the truce made with Scotland, and the ambassadors are to confer together.
Concerning the Congress of Nice, he [Wallop] said that the Pope, as dower for his niece, will give the Duke of Orleans Parma and Piacenza, and nothing else; and with great difficulty was he brought to consent to this.
Lyons, 19th July. Registered by Sanuto 6th July (sic).
July 19. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 333. 951. The Same to the Same.
Has conversed with the English ambassador, who hopes that at this congress, his most Christian Majesty will arrange the affairs of the King with the Pope; and concerning the marriage of his niece, he says his Holiness does not give any town in Italy as dower, nor would he give so much as one span (palmo) of land.
Notre Dame de Puys? 19th July. Registered by Sanuto 5th August.
July 19. Sanuto Diaries (Originals), v. lviii. 952. — Basadona, Venetian Ambassador in Milan, to the Signory.
On the 2nd the Duke of Norfolk arrived at the French Court, and was lodged at a distance of two leagues [from Lyons ?]. Milan, 19th July. Registered by Sanuto 24th July.
July 19. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 288. 953. Note by Sanuto.
By letters from the ambassador at Rome, dated the 15th (sic) it was reported that in Consistory on Friday (11th) it was determined that the most Serene King of England must repudiate his second wife and take back the first by the end of September; otherwise that he remain excommunicated (come venere adi . . . . in consistorio erra sta deliberato eh'el Serenissimo Rè di Anglia per tutto Settembrio habbi ripudià la seconda moglie e tolto la prima, aliter resti excomunicato).
July 21. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 288. 954. Prothonotary Casal in the College.
The English ambassador came about his bishopric of Cividal di Belluno. He was answered. . . .
July 21. Sanuto Diaries (Originals), v. lviii. 955. Recovery of the Empress.
The Emperor's ambassador came into the College saying he has letters from Barcelona, to the effect that after receiving the holy oil the Empress recovered. The Emperor has made great vows.
July 21. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 370. 956. Carlo Capello to the Signory.
On the 14th the Papal Nuncio departed hence, (fn. 10) his Majesty having presented him with silver vessels (vasi) to the amount of 600 crowns.
On the 16th the King received letters from France from the Duke of Norfolk, and another letter was brought by a certain individual on the 18th, the reply being sent by an express who took nothing else.
The English Government (questi) distrust the most Christian King; they fear his making an agreement with the Emperor. The King of Scotland is urging the King of France to give him his daughter to wife. They are apprehensive of this.
On the evening before last Mons. de Beauvoir, the French ambassador, returned from Scotland. I have not been able to speak to him; he went to the Court at Windsor. It is not yet known whether the truce with Scotland has been made, but eight days ago the Scots plundered the whole of the Isle of Man, situated between Scotland, England, and Ireland, sixteen miles long, and fifteen in breadth, of which the Earl of Derby (fn. 11) is King, but dependent on (sottoposto a) his Majesty.
Some twenty-four days ago there commenced appearing here at about the second hour of the night, in the E.N.E. a star with a mane (fn. 12) like a horse's tail, which to the naked eye seemed ten yards in length, its summit traversing the milky way; and whereas at first it stretched towards the south-west by south, so now does it seem to have declined towards the south-east by south. (fn. 13)
Writes at great length about the appointment of his successor.
London, 21st July. Registered by Sanuto 17th August.
July 24. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 305. 957. Prothonotary Casal and the Bishopric of Belluno.
The English ambassador came into the College to obtain possession of the bishopric of Cividal. He was answered, that at present there is not time to discuss the question.
July 25. Sanuto Diaries (Originals), v. lviii. 958. Basadona to the Signory.
The King of England has incurred the censures on account of the new marriage.
Milan, 25th July. Registered by Sanuto 31st July.
July 27. Sanuto Diaries (Originals), v. lviii. 959. Marin Giustinian to the Signory.
Travelled hither from Puy, with the English ambassador [Sir John Wallop], who told me his King was on good terms with his most Christian Majesty, seeing him ill-disposed towards the Emperor, which tendency the English King encourages.
An English gentleman, Sir Francis Bryan, arrived post-wise at Rodez, having come to France with the Duke of Norfolk; he went to the Court with the English ambassador [Sir John Wallop].
Toulouse, 27th July. Registered by Sanuto 27th August.
July 28. Sanuto Diaries (Originals), v. lviii. 960. Marco Venier to the Signory.
The Duke of Norfolk had arrived at Lyons and was going to the King; he did not then know what had been done against the English King in Consistory.
Rome, 28th July. Registered by Sanuto 1st August.
July 28. Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 367. 961. Marin Giustinian to the Signory.
The Lord Steward says the Pope has pronounced sentence against the King of England, proclaiming the first Queen, Queen, and this new one, and her offspring, illegitimate, and the kingdom excommunicated. Also that the conference with the Pope will certainly take place either at Nice or elsewhere; but that the Duke of Norfolk will very probably depart (si potrà ben partir). This evening, the King of England will have news of the sentence, which is, however, suspended until October or November. I asked him whether the congress would take place in France or in Italy. He said in France.
Toulouse, 28th July. Registered by Sanuto 17th August.


  • 1. “Per virtù di alcuna sorte di cautione.”
  • 2. Both in Sanuto's autograph Diaries, and in the copy, the passage in italics is written as follows, “che di avanzare da resistere per le l'horo offensione et disprecij.”
  • 3. “Quello ha provà la Regina non è vero, et il Rè Henrico 7mo a fur il 2do matrimonio, et era pace con il Rè Cattolico.”
  • 4. “Le raxom e le canonisti.”
  • 5. Boner, Benet, Ghinucci, and Gregory Casal?
  • 6. Francis I. “took his journey from Vie le Comte towards Nostre Dame de Puys on the Monday preceding the 15th July 1533.” (See letter from Sir W. Poulet to Cromwell, dated Courpiere, in Auvergne, 15th July 1533, published in “State Papers,” vol. vii. part 5, continued, p. 482.)
  • 7. From a paragraph in Froude's History of England (vol. i. p. 459, ed. 1856), I infer that these two martyrs were the scholar Frith and the tailor Andrew. See also Ellis, first series, vol. ii. p. 40.
  • 8. In vol. vii. “State Papers,” pp. 480, 481, Boner's last letter from Rome to Cromwell is dated 12th of July 1533, and contained enclosures addressed to the King which were “not found.” It may be inferred that they narrated what took place in the consistory on the 11th of July in the mode described by Marco Venier.
  • 9. “Che juste si faccia. la judichatura.”
  • 10. Qu. Silvestro Dario, a native of Lucca, who had also been sent to Scotland by Clement VII. in the summer of 1532, as seen by Capello's letter dated 11th June in that year.
  • 11. Edward Stanley, third Earl of Derby, then in his twenty-third year. See his biography in Collins (vol. iii. pp. 67–79), in which no allusion is made to this attack on the Isle of Man.
  • 12. “Una stella crinita.” This “manedstar,” or “comet star” is mentioned in Coronelli's “Crunologia” and was a comet, visible in the year 1533, as the close of July, and in August, not very far from Perseus, traversing [retrocedendo the signs Gemini, Taurus, and Aries.
  • 13. “Et come prima si extendeva verso Ostro-Garbim, cussi hora par che sia declinata verso Ostro-Sirocho.”