Appendix: Miscellaneous 1490

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 4, 1527-1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1871.

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'Appendix: Miscellaneous 1490', Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 4, 1527-1533, (London, 1871), pp. 455-477. British History Online [accessed 25 June 2024].

. "Appendix: Miscellaneous 1490", in Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 4, 1527-1533, (London, 1871) 455-477. British History Online, accessed June 25, 2024,

. "Appendix: Miscellaneous 1490", Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 4, 1527-1533, (London, 1871). 455-477. British History Online. Web. 25 June 2024,

Miscellaneous 1490

1490. Jan. 12. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 994. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores (Prothonotary), to Pope Innocent VIII.
The Bailli of Senlis? (Sylcaneteñ) having returned from England, where he left his colleagues, the French ambassadors, bringing with him a secretary from the King of England as ambassador to the King of France, was sent to the Count de Bourbon (ad Illmo. de Borhonio) (fn. 1) to discuss the articles brought by him from England; and after his return from Moulins, some presidents and councillors of the Parliament of Paris were sent for to consult with them about the despatch of the Bailli and the secretary. Of these articles the most difficult is one whereby the English claim the pension which King Lewis promised and paid to King Edward, as they would fain not render France tributary to the English, who, they nevertheless pretend (quos tamen affectant), are to evacuate Britanny pacifically. On this account the King has remained hitherto at Orleans, nor until the settlement of this affair of England will he depart to continue his journey in the Bourbonnais.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Orleans, 12th January 1490.
[Original. Latin, 4¼ pages, paper.]
Jan. 27. St. Marks Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 995. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
After the Bailli of Senlis (together with the English secretary) obtained the most Christian King's decision, he returned from Orleans to England.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Orleans, 27th January 1490.
[Original. Latin, 2 pages, paper.]
Jan. 29. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcvrn. 996. The Same to the Same.
Have received the Papal brief, dated 26th December, concerning the departure of Chieregato for England, with copy of the briefs sent heretofore to the King, to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and to the Papal Collector, as also the credentials in the person of Chieregato, addressed to the Kings of France and England and to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Received moreover the hortatory brief to the King of France about the peace with England, and the other concerning the expedition against the Turks. On the morrow they communicated to the Chancellor what seemed fit to them in such form as to increase his respect for the Pope, and the hope he places in him.
The Chancellor greatly commended the Pope's intentions, both with regard to seeking the peace with England and maintaining that with Germany.
Next day they repeated the same office with the King, remarking to him expressly that lest the discord between England and France impede the expedition against the Turks, the Pope exhorted him most warmly to conclude the peace, as would appear by the hortatory brief, which they consigned to him. They added that the Pope had commanded them to use their utmost exertions to effect this peace, for which purpose, supposing it to be necessary for one of the two to go to England, he had charged Chieregato to execute this commission; and they presented the credentials for that purpose.
In conclusion, they said that the Pope had already sent similar hortatory briefs to the King of England, to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and to his Collector, for which personages he had also sent Chieregato the necessary letters of credence. The King replied through the Chancellor, greatly commending the Pope's pious resolution to send an ambassador to England for the adjustment of the peace, and moreover praising the choice of Chieregato, whom he prayed to assume this burden willingly, for the sake of so good a result, and to go over to England as speedily as possible, which Chieregato expressed his readiness to do, although the season was unfavounable, most especially as he had to cross a stormy sea.
The French ministers regret that the Pope's orders concerning the affairs of England did not reach Orleans when they despatched the Bailli of Senlis and the English secretary, as written to the Pope in a former letter, so they requested Chieregato to depart immediately after the consecration of the Bishop of Clermont, and out of obedience to the Pope he will do so, although at the cost of great inconvenience.
That the Pope may comprehend that what he did about the English was what the French desired, they add that on the day before their departure from Orleans the Chancellor, in a long discourse, endeavoured to prove to them how beneficial it would be for the Pope and the Apostolic See for France to be at peace, and he stated in what manner his Holiness might treat the peace, both with the King of England and the Archbishop of Canterbury, who rules everything (qui omnia regit).
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Moulins, 29th January 1490.
[Original. Latin, 4 pages, paper.]
Feb. 10. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 997. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
A herald who arrived yesterday from England announced the arrival there of the Bailli of Senlis.
The English are said to have taken a certain fortress in Poitou (in p~ria Pietaveñ).
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A Flores.
Moulins, 10th February 1400.
[Original. Latin, 2¼ pages, paper.]
Feb. 13. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 998. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to Pope Innocent VIII.
On arriving at Nevers received from his colleague Flores, the Papal brief, and all the papers and instructions concerning the Neapolitan affairs. The perusal of these documents encourages him to perform this English journey, as it is necessary for the French to be at peace if they are to assist the Pope, or if Ferdinand is to stand in awe of them.
His Holiness has need of peace, both for the affairs of Italy and also for those of the Gallican Church. Chieregato will exert himself to the utmost to accomplish the peace. His most Christian Majesty is grateful to the Pope.
Signed: Humillimus Servulus, L. Concordien.
Nevers, 13th February 1490.
[Original. Latin, 1 page, paper.]
Feb. 21. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 999. The Same to the Same.
Six days after his departure from Moulins arrived in Paris. Had to arrange with the Capponi [banking] house for his travelling expenses. They accommodated him with a loan of 250 crowns, and with a letter of credit for 600, payable in England. The expenses are great. Nothing was offered him in the name of his most Christian Majesty, in order not to diminish the authority and effect of the legation, for which same reason he would not have accepted anything, and thus did he answer the Chancellor, who went to visit him on the day of his departure from Moulins, offering him in his own private name (private) tamen nomine), money, horses, every- thing. He replied that the Pope supplied him with everything in abundance.
Is not losing his time in Paris; confers with many members of the Parliament, and with many doctors of the university, and finds them better disposed than ever. Those who gave him the fairest hopes were the Archbishop of Narbonne and his nephew, king's advocate (adrocatus regins), on whom much, if not everything, depends for the good result of the [ecclesiastical?] affairs.
The Pope's wish for the pacification of the kingdom satisfies them greatly, and if peace can be concluded between England and France, hopes on his return to do some good with the members of the Parliament; and should the peace be made, his Holiness will dictate the law to be observed henceforth by the ecclesiastics in France. Their chief complaint is about the taxes payable in Rome, and of this he reminds the Pope beforehand that provision may be made.
Signed: Humillimus Servulus, L. Concordien.
Paris, 21st February 1490.
[Original. Latin, 2 pages, paper.]
March 1. St. Mark's Library, Cl xiv. Cod. xcix. 1000. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Arrived yesterday with great difficulty at Boulogne, whence he is endeavouring to pass in safety to Calais, from which port he is recommended to take his passage to England, the Channel being much infested by pirates.
On his way, met the French ambassadors, who had returned from England, and they approved to the utmost his going thither, as most sagely ordained by his Holiness.
P. S.—Before closing this letter, received one from the Governor of Calais, informing him that he had sent an escort to the French frontier for his safe conveyance to that city; so he will depart tomorrow.
Although the sea is stormy, he will endeavour to cross the Channel as soon as possible.
Signed: Ilumillimus Servnlus, L. Concordien.
Boulogne, 1st March 1490.
[Original. Latin, 19 lines, paper.]
March 9. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1001. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, to A. Flores, Papal Referendary and Ambassador at the Court of France.
Whilst waiting to cross the Channel, the English ambassadors accredited to the King of France arrived, and on being informed by Chieregato of the excellent qualities of Flores and of the commissions received by him from the Pope, were much pleased. Chieregato urges Flores to do his utmost to effect the peace, and exhorts him to honour the ambassadors, who are great personages and the King's intimates (ac intimos Regiœ Maiestati).
Signed Films L. ep's Concordien.
Calais, 9th March 1490.
[Original. Latin, ½ page, paper.]
April 7. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1002. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to Pope Innocent VIII
Apologises for not having written either from Moulins or Paris, especially because precisely at the moment of his departure from the Court, the Chancellor of France declared to him that a treaty of perpetual peace would take too long to negotiate, it sufficing if possible to conclude it for two years, during which period the King of England should receive 200,000 francs. Did not write from Calais owing to the unexpected arrival there of the English ambassadors accredited to the King of France, namely, the Bishop of Exeter, keeper of the Privy Seal, the Lord Chamberlain of the Queen, and the Prior of Canterbury. On hearing that the Prothonotary Flores was remaining in France as Papal mediator for peace between the two kings, they greatly rejoiced at Chieregato's mission to England. They banqueted each other, and the English envoys then proceeded on their way to France, Chieregato to England. Omitted also to mention that on his journey he met the French ambassadors returning from England, who congratulated themselves on Chieregato's embassy, and vastly praised the. beneficent wisdom of the Pope. Chieregato, however, could not write all this because of the great impediments of the journey, and by reason of the letters from Flores and others, which he had to answer on the way; the visits which it behoved him to pay in Paris, and the preparations for his journey, having also hindered him. From Dover he announced his arrival to the King, to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Chancellor of England, and to the Collector. They replied that his arrival was most agreeable to the King, who, out of respect for the Pope, chose to receive him with very great honour. He sent his almoner the Dean of York to meet him, and to express the pleasure which his Majesty felt at the arrival of an envoy from the Pope, requesting Chieregato to rest at Gravesend until the Marquis of Berkeley, (fn. 2) the Bishop of Salisbury, and the Earl [Viscount?] of Lisle should come with the royal barges (navibus) to conduct him from Gravesend up the Thames to London. The King, being at a distance of seven miles thence, had arranged for those three personages and the Almoner to take Chiercato thither, and to prepare his lodging at the Carthusian monastery, in the same place where the King himself was; but, after giving audience to the ambassadors of the King of the Romans, who had arrived a short time previously, he determined—for the purpose of giving Chieregato a more stately reception—to come back in person to London, that the magistracy of the city (magistralus hujus urbis) might be present there, as also the. ambassadors from Spain and from the Duchess of Britanny, and certain princes and prelates detained by him for this purpose. So on the morning after the Kings arrival Chieregato was conducted in the royal barge by the aforesaid personages to the King in his palace of Westminster, the apartment being royally furnished; and in addition to the aforesaid persons there were also present the ambassadors from the King of the Romans and many very illustrious and learned men, besides a great multitude of inquisitive spectators.
The King being seated on his throne, Chieregato presented the papal brief, which was received with extreme veneration, and then stated the object of his mission. The King replied courteously, and said he was ready to hear the embassy either publicly or privately at Chieregato's option. The King was much pleased at his preferring the public form; whereupon, being seated opposite the King, between the Collector and Perseo Malvezzi, the Papal Nuncio, we (Chieregato) set forth the perils and dangers proceeding from the Infidels, and the necessity for concord amongst Christians, especially between England and France, adding suitable exhortations in the name of the Pope. The discourse, although impromptu, as Chieregato was not prepared for it, greatly pleased the King, who answered through the Chancellor, praising [it] and returning thanks, declaring himself ready as a Catholic Prince to combat the Turks when his own affairs were pacified, justifying the defence assumed by him of Flanders and Britanny, and showing himself ready for peace, especially through the mediation of the Pope, who would certainly not make any demand derogatory to the honour of England.
Thus spoke the right reverend Chancellor [John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury], but more at large, choosing to show himself, as he is, a learned man. When he finished speaking, all rose, and Chieregato approached the King, thanked him, and said that, as the hour was late, he would not then reply, but that if the King pleased, the business which had been commenced in public might be concluded privately. The King approved, and gave orders for Chieregato to be taken by the Bishop of Salisbury and the Almoner into a most handsomely furnished chamber, where shortly afterwards a truly regal dinner was served him; after which the King sent for him (the Chancellor and many other Lords being present;, and commenced speaking very blandly in the French tongue, with which he is thoroughly acquainted. He thanked the Pope for the honour conceded him, and praised his proposal for peace, which he said had moved him much. He said that in the midst of the perils of Christendom, he was very much inclined towards peace, especially when mediated by the Pope, whom, above all other Princes, he was ready to please, provided respect were had for his own honour and rights. He then desired the Chancellor to acquaint Chieregato with his claims to the crown of France, and to several provinces in that kingdom, justifying also his expedition into Britanny and Flanders, and saying moreover that, contrary to the advice of many persons, he abstained from invading the French territory.
Much was said on both sides, and by the King's desire the conversation was protracted until night; but perceiving that the negotiation of a perpetual peace would be very tedious, Chieregato commenced treating a long truce, during which the peace might be discussed, grounding his proposal on the Popes brief to the King (to whom he then presented it), dated last August, apologizing for its so tardy delivery. This project encountered many difficulties; first of all, by reason of the delay in enforcing the King's rights; in the next place, because certain Princes offer him their assistance, giving great security to that effect, nor would he lose the opportunity; and finally, because the King does not choose to be inferior to Edward IV., who received 50,000 crowns annually, whereas the King of France will not give more than 200,000 francs in three years. Chieregato respectfully endeavoured to remove these obstacles; and the King made especial inquiry whether he had any other commission from the Pope, and whether the French had given him a more ample mandate than the one consigned to their own ambassadors. In conclusion, the King said that the affair was important and deserved consideration, and that were he to do anything, it would be out of regard for the Pope, to whom he was greatly bound, rather than for the sake of any other sovereign in the world.
For that evening, the King then dismissed Chieregato, who next day sent the Collector (who is in great favour) to the Chancellor, to tell him many things which when thus announced took more effect, by reason of De Giglis' intimacy with his Right Reverend Lordship; and the Chancellor invited Chieregato to dinner, requesting him to come a few hours beforehand, for the transaction of business. They in fact discoursed much, and so earnestly, that the Chancellor, on being summoned by the King, sent word to him that he could not stir as he was conferring with Chieregato. They at length settled to meet the next morning in the King's presence, when something should be determined. Amongst other things, Chieregato had said that if King Henry would not accept the truce on the terms proposed by the French, he was to declare his intention openly, and not keep him in suspense, as he had many things to negotiate for the Pope in France; but that if King Henry wished, before concluding anything, to receive a reply from his ambassadors accredited to King Charles, he (Chieregato) would delay his departure. Having at length conferred with the King, the truce, after many difficulties, was stipulated for three years, according to the copy of the letter addressed to the Chancellor of France, which Chieregato sends to the Pope with the present despatch. The King of England is to announce this conclusion to his ambassadors in France, by a herald; and Chieregato is writing in like manner to King Charles, to Monsr. de Bourbon, and to the Chancellor of France. Chieregato had much conversation alone with the King, and was indeed prevented from departing immediately as he wished, as his Highness desired him to wait a day, expressing a wish for his permanent residence in England, that he might communicate everything to him. Next day, as agreed, Chieregato showed the King the letters he was sending to France; they were approved of, and after much confidential discourse, he dismissed Chieregato, allowing him to return to his lodging, which from his first arrival had been decently prepared in the house of the Dean of London.
Does not send the Pope copy of the letters written to the King of France and to the Bourbon Princes (Illmos. D. de Borbonio) (fn. 3), because they are in French, and of the same tenour as the one addressed to the Chancellor; neither does he send copy of his proposal, because it is still in draft, nor has he had time to transcribe it, and was therefore unable to give it to the King, who asked for it, but will send it to his Highness before he quits England, and to the Pope, immediately on his return to France. Hopes to pass his Easter at Canterbury (fn. 4), with the Right Reverend Chancellor, who requested him to do so; the King also wishing it. Will afterwards proceed to the sea-side to await a fair passage. After despatching the public business, he recommended to the King the affair of the Turcopolier [Sir John Kendal], (fn. 5) and obtained the desired assent.
In conclusion, says that in England great honour was done him by everybody.
Signed: Humillimus Servulus, L. Concordien.
London, 7 April 1490.
[Original. Latin, 4 pages, paper.]
April 13. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1003. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Letter of recommendation for the Prior of the Carthusians of Sheen, a person very dear to the King of England, who greatly loves that order. The Prior wishes to regulate the discipline of his monks in England. The subject will please the Pope, to whom the King wrote warmly, recommending both the Prior and his order.
Signed: Humillimus Servulus, L. Concordien.
Canterbury, 13th April 1490.
[Original. Latin, 12 lines, paper.]
April 16. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1004. Antonio Flores, Papal Nuncio in France, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Three ambassadors from the King of England (a Bishop, an Earl, and an Abbot) conferred with the Bishop of Concordia [Lionel Chieregato], (fn. 6) concerning the peace between France and England. Chieregato gave them a letter for Flores, who, on its delivery, exerted himself to further the peace, so that in accordance with the Pope's wish, the two Kings may subsequently turn their forces against the Turks. Flores asked them in what the difficulties of this peace consisted. They replied that there was no dissension between France and England, as the differences about the pension paid by Lewis XI. to the late King (alteri Regi) of England, and certain other subordinate matters (dependencie), will be easily adjusted, and indeed they said they were settled by the three years' truce. The question about the Duchess of Britanny, whose interests are protected by England, is more serious. Flores observed, that peace having been made between the most Christian King and the Duchess, he did not comprehend what England could require. They replied, that in the peace between France and the Duchess, and between the King of the Romans and the French King, there are two articles; one, that the English be expelled Britanny, and that the four chief places which the King of France obtained by war (fn. 7) be placed in deposit (deponerentur); the other, that the judicial inquiry (coguicio), whether Britanny belong to the King of France or to the Duchess, be made in the course of the following year.
Concerning the first article, they say that the Duchess could not stipulate anything to the prejudice of the King of England, as he has incurred and continues incurring Great cost to maintain the war for the defence of the Duchess; on which account she gave him two fortresses (duo castra) in Britanny as security. Until the debt be paid, the English are not bound to evacuate either the fortresses (castra) or Britanny, even should the Duchess wish it. Moreover, should the Duchess dismiss the English before the King of France makes the cession of those four places, she would remain without any garrison, and the deposit would perhaps never be made. Touching the second article, the English demand, in the name of the Duchess, that the term of one year, which expires in three or four months, be prorogued, as it is impossible to decide so great a suit in so short a time. The King of England desires nothing for himself in this matter, save the cessation of war, and that Britanny “reponatur in pristinum statum
Flores promised to advocate the peace. He then communicated the whole to the Chancellor, who replied that England disturbed the peace made with the Duchess, and that if the English retain the two mortgaged castles, the King of France will not place his four towns in deposit, as he consented to do so from love of peace, and in order that the English might evacuate Britanny. Concerning the prorogation, it would prejudice the peace made by France with Maximilian and the Duchess. Flores rejoined that as the question related to distinct articles, the alteration of one would not invalidate the others, provided it was made by mutual consent, and that he would therefore urge the English for the interest of the peace; and proposed to him that the King of France should pay England the sum for which the two fortresses are mortgaged to him, retaining them until repayment, and placing the other four in deposit as agreed; or else that all six be deposited, until it be juridically decided to whom the duchy belongs. They replied that England Avould not transfer her mortgage to France, but that if the Duchess wishes to pay her debt to England, the King of France may lend her the money, and England will surrender the two fortresses, and the Duchess will then dispose of them as of her own property. The ambassadors of the Duchess are expected here, namely, De Lebret, De Comminges, De Rios, and De la Val.
Knows nothing more of Chieregato save that he has arrived in England.
Signed: Deditissimum mancipiolum, A. Flores.
Amboise, 16th April 1490.
[Original. Latin, 2½ pages, paper.]
May 6. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1005. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to Pope Innocent VIII.
The Pope will (he supposes) have received his foregoing letter of the 7th April, of which he now repeats the summary, demonstrating the especial reverence of King Henry for his Holiness, and his disposition to combat the Turk.
Before the despatch of the aforesaid letter, the King desired to have some account of Chieregato's expenditure, which was really great. The horses were not in sufficient number, the passage was expensive, and in England the cost is far greater, for there they live most magnificently, so that every day seems a wedding day. Almost everything is dearer than elsewhere, and the high coinage (altitudo monetaram) raises the price. He had also to incur expense for raiment as well as for food, the apparel of the English being “honestissimus;” so he endeavoured to clothe himself and his retinue in such wise, that if not like the English in that respect, he and his attendants might at least save the Pope's honour in such quarters as necessary. The King sent him by his Almoner a silver-gilt “poculum,” called by them a “cuppa” worth 15 or 20 ducats at the utmost, half full of English nobles. Having determined by no means to accept it, the Collector dissuaded him from this resolve, declaring that the King would take it amiss, and reminding him that his Highness had made much greater presents to ambassadors from the King of France and other Princes, and that none of them had dared to refuse, because it was customary with these Princes, and especially in England; so he therefore accepted the present. But the 250 crowns received from the Capponi were already expended before he reached England, and as the King's gift did not suffice to cover the expenses incurred there, he would have had recourse to the Bardi lirm, to whom he had delivered the letter of credit received from the Capponi in Paris; but to avoid the heavy loss from the rate of exchange, he borrowed the money of his attendants until be got to Boulogne, where he again took money from a friend of the Capponi firm, and then returned to the Court of France awaiting the Pope's orders.
Remained in London until the despatch to France of the English herald, with whom he departed on Holy Thursday, the 8th ultimo. The herald proceeded from Rochester to Canterbury, and thence to the sea-side.
By the King's order, went to Canterbury on Good Friday, to keep Easter. He saw the Archbishop of Canterbury officiate and preach the Word of God most earnestly, celebrating in his vast and most wealthy cathedral the divine offices of Passion week (majoris hebdomada; and Easter, both by night and day, with the utmost solemnity, as becoming a good pastor, and most assiduously.
For the Pope's sake, the Archbishop received him (Chieregato) with all honour, and, knowing that he had to perform a toilsome journey, gave him, as well suited for it, a hobby-gelding, which he was compelled to accept, lest (according to the English fashion) he should offend the giver. Commends the Archbishop's ability, learning, and experience of business (rerumque erperientia), as also his reverence for the Apostolic See; wherefore respectfully counsels the Pope to promote him.
On Easter Tuesday, went to Sandwich to await a smooth and safe passage, as the pirates had taken two Spanish ships. He therefore warned the herald and his own messenger to wait, that they might take their passage together in safety; but the two, availing themselves of a small vessel, crossed alone, and he (Chieregato) who departed later, arrived at Calais before them. They however preceded him to Paris, and delivered their letters. Had an honourable reception at Calais and Boulogne, and was furnished with an escort. Did not stay in Paris, the persons with whom he was to treat about ecclesiastical affairs having been summoned to the King's presence; so by way of Normandy and Rouen he arrived at Tours on the 30th April. He was visited there by the principal personages, and King Charles complimented him in the same manner as the King of England, professing himself much obliged for the Pope's mediation. Hopes that something will be concluded, although certain difficulties have arisen which before he went to England were not considered at all important. Should any adjustment be effected, it will greatly benefit the Pope's interest. In the meanwhile, at the request of the French ministers, has given them copy of the proposal made to the King of England, and transmits also a second copy for the Pope. Apologizes should the statement prove somewhat defective on account of the inconvenience of his journey.
The ambassadors of the King of the Romans have quitted England; those of the Duchess of Britanny and of the Marshal of Britanny (Marescalli Britanniœ) remaining there.
The sudden departure of the courier, and the constant negotiations between the English and French, prevent Chieregato from being more diffuse.
Signed: Humillimus Servulus, L. Concordien.
Tours, 6th May 1490.
[Original. Latin, 3½ pages, paper.]
May 12. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1006. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Acquaint the Pope with the honours paid Chieregato by the King's orders, on his departure from England. The Almoner and one of the King's councillors accompanied him from London to Canterbury, from which place he proceeded to the sea, they returning to the King, to whom, both through their medium, and by letters, he returned thanks for the honour rendered him out of regard for the Pope. At Canterbury, likewise, amongst the other marks of distinction, the Archbishop chose him to be escorted to the sea-side by upwards of 25 of his attendants on horseback.
Since the departure of the last courier, have been intent on the affairs of England and Britanny, consulting about them at one time with the most Christian King, at another with the Royal Council in the presence of the Duke of Bourbon, or apart with the councillors, at other times with the English, and occasionally with both parties together in the King's palace. The French ambassadors in England proposed the truce for three years, believing it impossible to obtain anything more, or to overcome the difficulties about the annual pension (rem pecuniariam); but having conferred with the King of England, the affair of the money was arranged (quoad pecuniam acquievit), and he consented to the perpetual peace with France. On hearing this the French likewise incline to it, and the writers have now told the French ministry, and the English ambassadors, how much preferable peace was to a mere truce, especially as the Pope has announced the expedition against the Turks. Immediately after the arrangement of the truce with Britanny, the peace will therefore be treated with fair hopes of success; and perhaps on this account likewise, the truce with Britanny will be of easier accomplishment.
Wrote thus far on the 10th of the month, since when, the conference and negotiations with the French and English continued. The Chancellor gave an excellent reply (optimum responsum), so that they hope the form of truce with Britanny proposed by them (much to the honour of the Pope, to whom they purpose sending it) will be accepted, and that all parties will agree to the seven months during; which it is to last.
On the conclusion of this truce the perpetual peace with England will be negotiated under their mediation.
Signed: Humillimi Servnli, L. Concordien., A, Flores.
Tours, 12th May 1490.
[Original. Latin, 3¼ pages, paper.]
May 12. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1007. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Having written and consigned the previous letter, had a long interview with the Chancellor and the English ambassadors. The draft (formula) of the truce with Britanny was accepted, and they hope to have it stipulated tomorrow, when they will send the Pope the draft itself and the papers relating to it. They trust that this will facilitate the peace with England.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Tours, 12th May 1490.
[Original. Latin, ½ page, paper.]
June 4. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1008. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores (Prothonotary) to Pope Innocent VIII.
The King left the Chancellor and the other commissioners (deputatos) to negotiate with them (Chieregato and Flores), and with the English ambassadors, with whom the two nuncios arranged as already stated. Both parties had already accepted the draft for the truce with Britanny, as drawn up by the writers; but when transcribed in a public form, “aliqua variatio” arose, as usual, the business being also delayed for other reasons. Letters arrived from the Duchess of Britanny to the English ambassadors, desiring them to adopt rather a different form, and then came others charging them to delay until the arrival of the Duchess's ambassadors, who at length made their appearance. The draft (formula) was to be altered, because it had been drawn up when Mons. de Rieux, the Marshal of Britanny, was the Duchess's enemy, and having now become her friend, the subject-matter being changed, the draft likewise required alteration (itaque mutata materia subiecta etiam forma videbatur mutanda). In short, although they held frequent conferences both with the French commissioners ad hoc deputatis, and with the English ambassadors, the matter was procrastinated, but at length they devised another draft (demum conceperamus alteram formulam), which was sufficiently agreeable to both, sides, and the Archbishop of Sens took it to the King for his approval. In the meanwhile they negotiated the perpetual peace with England, for which purpose the most Christian King sent to Tours (where Chieregato and Flores were), M. de Cordes, M. de L'Isle, M. de Château-Neuf, a powerful Baron of Burgundy, M. Delia Volta (sic), with the Chancellor and the others.
On the 22nd May the commissioners went to hear mass in a chapel near the lodging of the two Legates, with the intention of going to them after the service, but the Legates went instead to the chapel, where they discoursed a long while about the peace with England. They then proceeded to the English ambassadors, and afterwards to the French commissioners, and it was agreed for all to meet together two days later in the house of the Legates, as they did on the 24th May. They had the hall prepared with sufficient decorum, and the presidency, as also priority of speech, was assigned them unanimously. They commenced with the Pope's wish for peace, both to remove the miseries of war, and in order to combat the Turks. They then passed to the perpetual peace which had been proposed between England and France, but which it was thought fit to postpone, on account of the truce with Britanny, and that being on the eve of conclusion, the parties might well consent to the peace. They next stated the reasons in favour of it, which the English admitted; adding that were the peace not concluded, the three years' truce, as already treated by the French ambassadors in England, and subsequently by Chieregato, should be ratified. The Chancellor likewise said that France would adhere to the peace, if made on just and reasonable conditions, but that they must consider whether it would be more advantageous to treat in full conference with the Papal ambassadors, or separately. As all preferred this last mode, the Legates consented to it, reserving to themselves the right of calling a full conference if necessary; and thus was it settled. The English ambassadors had promised to decide in two days about the truce with Britanny, and to ask the Duchess's ambassadors the object of their mission. On the 20th the French commissioners went therefore to Chieregato and Flores, inquiring what the English had done, and were told that the Legates having spoken to them, they apologized for being unable to resolve, because the Duchess's ambassadors would not negotiate with any one until after their audience of the most Christian King, who was still at a distance; and the English ambassadors also thought it fitting to await the proximate arrival of the envoys of the Marshal of Britanny, but who were coming in the name of the Duchess. He and Flores said they would nevertheless endeavour to hasten the business.
On the 24th the Legates, together with the English ambassadors, drew (concerpimus) some clauses for insertion in the perpetual peace, which were approved by the French, but nothing was accepted unanimously, the difficulty about the Duchess of Britanny being irremovable. In the meanwhile the King returned to Tours, and with a few words dismissed the ambassadors from Britanny, who demanded the restitution of the places occupied by him, which he refused, and two days before Whitsuntide went to Amboise. The ambassadors from Britanny returned home re infectâ, and the English ambassadors and the French commissioners, with Chieregato and Flores, remained at Tours, negotiating these affairs daily. With regard to the truce of Britanny, the English ambassadors replied that as the Duchess's ambassadors, surprised at the reply given them, had departed, they could say nothing to them on the subject, but that others were coming, from whom they should hear her will, and they requested delay until their arrival.
This difficulty is insuperable; but touching the perpetual peace, conferences were held daily in the house of the Papal ministers and under their mediation. The French wished fresh ambassadors to be sent to England to smooth the difficulties, and that Chieregato also should return thither. But on the 1st of June his most Christian Majesty ordered all the ambassadors to proceed to Amboise, where it was settled for the English ambassadors to go to Calais, that they might the more speedily communicate with their King and receive his replies; the French commissioners going to Boulogne, from which place his most Christian Majesty could receive despatches postwise in two days; and Chieregato and Flores, both, or either of them, going in like manner to towns within the boundaries, namely, of Calais and Boulogne, and to the intermediate places (Illisque tandem in unum congregates, conclusus est ille modus agendi, in locis confinibus, Calisice videlicet et Boloniœ, et in locis mediis, ubi nos quoque vel alter nrum adessemus); which they did not refuse to do by reason of the Pope's anxiety for the peace.
Yesterday the ambassadors expected from Britanny arrived, and the English ambassadors announced them immediately to Chieregato and Flores, asking them for the draft of the truce to communicate it to the Bretons. The English ambassadors also said that from their King they had good news which they would communicate to the two Legates, but they had not yet been able to confer together.
The Marshal of Britanny has expelled M. d'Albret and Madame de la Valle from the citadel of Nantes (exclusis Domino de Alebreto et Domina delta Valle ex arce Nannetense, and imprisoned eight great personages in a dungeon of that fortress, placing English guards at the gates of the town, on account of a certain suspicion.
The Duke of Orleans, who was under close custody, is enlarged to the gardens of his prison (fn. 8) (Dominus Aurleianeñ, sub exactiori custodia, relaxatus est ad viridaria arcis, ubi detinetur).
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Amboise, 4th June 1490.
[Original. Latin, 6¼ pages, paper.]
June 4. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1009. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Owing to some difficulty which arose lately about the treaty of perpetual peace between England and France, it seemed well to ascertain the will of the King of England, so his most Christian Majesty purposed sending his own ambassadors to England together with the English, and had it intimated to Chieregato that he wished him to accompany them. Chieregato said he was ready to do so, but could not until the ecclesiastical affairs were arranged, to effect which, the Chancellor promised to use his influence; but in the meanwhile it was arranged for the English and French ambassadors to go to Calais and Boulogne, as mentioned in the other letter.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Amboise, 4th June 1490.
[Original. Latin, 3 pages, paper.]
June 5. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1010. Convention between the French Commissioners and the English Ambassadors to meet at the “Hospice” near Marquise, and in other places between Boulogne and Calais, to negotiate perpetual peace under the mediation of [Chieregato] the Bishop of Concordia, on St. Peter's day next, or on the morrow, the day of the Commemoration of St. Paul.
Amboise, in the monastery of the Friars Minors, 5th June 1490.
[Original draft. Latin, 1½ page, peeper.]
June 9. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xix. Cob. xcviii. 1011. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Wrote on the 4th that it had been arranged for the English ambassadors to go to Calais, and the French commissioners to Boulogne, to negotiate the peace in those towns and intermediate places, under their auspices. On the next day, the 5th, the ambassadors and the commissioners assembled in the monastery of the Francisan Friars where Chieregato and Flores were lodged, and the ambassadors spoke to them about the Duchess of Britanny, to the effect that during the negotiation for peace between England and France, she was to be exempt from any act of hostility, and comprised in the Papal mediation; but the French commissioners said that they and the English ambassadors, Chieregato, and Flores, were then assembled to negotiate the peace between the two Kings, and not the affairs of Britanny. Chieregato replied that if they really wished to treat the peace with England, they must abstain from hostilities in Britanny, and that he would not go to Calais or Boulogne to discuss peace with angry negotiators (cum irritatis), as it would only cause greater confusion. The commissioners were at length persuaded, and made answer that the King bore himself peacefully (pacifice se habebat) towards the Duchess of Britanny, but the Marshal of Britanny, before his reconciliation to her, acted hostilely against the most Christian King, invading the French territory; but since the reconciliation they hoped he would be pacific, and his Majesty is ready to keep the peace of Frankfort with the Duchess; and they promised that during the negotiation of the peace with England, the hostilities against her should not be renewed. This they communicated to the English ambassadors, who had been somewhat disturbed, so they were marvellously pleased, and they, like the French commissioners, also offered to swear to the compact. Subsequently all the negotiators met together, and the French commissioners repeated what they had said, finally promising a cessation of arms and hostilities in Britanny, by word of mouth, as since the reconciliation of the Marshal to the Duchess, the agreement could not be reduced to writing by reason of difficulties on both sides. On this basis of the cessation of hostilities in Britanny, Chieregato and Flores proceeded to inculcate the necessity for peace in order not to diminish the forces of the Christian Princes; after which, the time, place, and other particulars concerning the Diet (Dictam) to be held between the French and English, were stipulated, as by the accompanying schedule drawn up by Chieregato and Flores, at the desire of the contracting parties.
The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of the King of England, the chief of the English embassy, protested however that he would return home unless he (Chieregato) would be present at this conference, which is fixed for St. Peter's Day. On the 6th of June, the English ambassadors quitted Amboise on their way to Calais, where, on the appointed day, they will expect the French commissioners and Chieregato. On quitting Amboise, the English ambassadors wished to go to Britanny, but Chieregato and Flores, knowing for certain that it would be forbidden them (the ambassadors having spoken about it in their presence to the French commissioners), persuaded them to renounce the idea, as they did to their honour, before receiving a reply.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Tours, 9th June 1490.
[Original. Latin, 5 pages, paper.]
June 11. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1012. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Chieregato has informed the Seneschal of Carcassone that he will not go to Boulogne and Calais until after the settlement of the affair of the tenths (de negotio decimœ). The French wish him to go immediately, the King having remarked how well he comported himself both with the French commissioners and the English ambassadors.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Tours, 11th June 1490.
[Original. Latin, 2½ pages, paper.]
June 19. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1013. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Chieregato insists on not going to the conference for the peace until after the settlement of the ecclesiastical affairs.
The Prince of Salerno told them in secret, that he had something important on hand, and went to them frequently to notify it move fully, but they were always occupied with the English ambassadors and the French commissioners, so that he could not speak freely with them, as he quitted the Court before the English ambassadors.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Tours, 19th June, 1490.
[Original. Latin, 6 pages, paper.]
June 22. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1014. The Same to the Same.
The ecclesiastical matters being arranged, Chieregato took leave of the King to go to the Diet of Boulogne and Calais, and his Majesty returned thanks to the Pope for having the pacification of France so much at heart; wherefore he unhesitatingly (confidenter) requested Chieregato to undertake the journey, to mediate between the English ambassadors and his commissioners.
In France they are about to preach the Crusade, (fn. 9) which may be detrimental to the affair of the tenth (decima.) The Pope will see whether they ought not to attend first to the tenth, and then to the Crusade, as in England much less was obtained from the Crusade [Bull?] than from the tenth.
The French commissioners are proceeding on their journey to the Diet of Calais or Boulogne. Chieregato will follow them tomorrow. In the meanwhile he has written to the English ambassadors to excuse his delay and that of the French commissioners, and to assure them that they will all come in a few days.
Commissioners (deputati) of the most Christian King to the Diet of Boulogne or Calais:—The Archbishop of Sens, the Marshal de Corcles, the “Bailli” of Senlis, the “Bailli” of Lisor (sic; Issoire?), the first President of the Parliament of Paris, the General of the Holy Trinity for the redemption of slaves, (fn. 10) Antoine Guarena, LL.D., and royal councillor.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Tours, 22nd June 1490.
[Original. Latin, 6 pages, paper.]
June 30. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1015. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Arrived in Paris yesterday. Heard that the Bailiffs of Senlis and Issoire (de Lisor) were gone to await their colleagues at Abbeville, and that the Archbishop of Sens, the first President of the Parliament, and the General of the Maturins, looked to him to precede them, he being the mediator. Although the season is very hot, he will continue his journey and omit nothing, so that the peace may be made according to the Pope's wish. Will go straight to Calais to the English deputies (with the consent of the French) to exhort them to peace and to bear this delay patiently, as the French commissioners will assemble at Abbeville, and then meet all together at the appointed place.
Signed: Humillimus Servulus, L. Concordien.
Paris, 30th June 1490.
[Original. Latin, 1 page, paper.]
July 21. St. Mark's Library. Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1016. The Same to the Same.
Arrived at Boulogne from Paris on the 5th July, and having heard that the English deputies were displeased because the French deputies delayed their arrival, to convince the English of his own neutrality, and to persuade them to have patience, went in person to them at Calais on the morrow. They received him with much favour, and out of regard for the Pope consented to wait. From Calais wrote letters to urge the coming of the French deputies, on whose arrival at Boulogne no little difficulty arose about the locus intermedius, which was considered not sufficiently safe. Prevailed upon three of the English deputies to go with him to Boulogne on the 12th of the month, and on the morrow the English and French deputies conferred with him in his own house, where, after much discussion it was agreed that two days later they should all meet at Marquise, an intermediate place, subject to France. After many exhortations from him (of which he sends copy to the Pope) the English declared that the difficulty of the peace or truce between the two Kings consisted in the affairs of Britanny, whose Duchess, as the ally of England, ought to be comprised in the peace or truce. The French replied that as the matter was serious, they would consider it, and reply another day. He (Chieregato) fixed the day for Saturday the 17th instant, when the English insisted on the reply, but he contrived that four of the principal Englishmen should go with him on that day, together with the French deputies, to Boulogne, where they remained until this day, Wednesday the 21st; and on Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday, morning and evening, they conferred with him, and also this morning. At length, after much debate and many difficulties, it was settled that he should in his own name draw up “acisamenta quœdam” for transmission by the deputies of either side to their Princes, to see whether they approved them. On receiving the reply they will all meet at Marquise, and determine what is to be done and where they are to assemble. The English will await the King's reply at Calais.
On the termination of this business, will go with all speed to the French Court, especially for the congregation about ecclesiastical affairs, which cannot assemble until after the settlement of the truce, as the congregation is to be attended by himself and four of the French deputies.
Signed: Humillirnus Servulus, L. Concordien.
Boulogne, 21st July 1490.
[Original. Latin, 2 pages, paper.]
August 4 St Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1017. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Arrived at Boulogne some days before the deputies from the most Christian King, and as the English resented the delay he went to Calais, requesting them to have patience out of regard for the Pope. When the Frenchmen came a great difficulty arose, as from certain circumstances which had occurred lately, the intermediate place appointed for the negotiation did not seem secure. After much labour, he removed the obstacle by assembling the deputies of either side in his lodging (hospitio) at Boulogne. By their desire he drew up certain articles, which they have sent to their respective Kings, and are awaiting their replies. On the return of the English to Calais there was a fresh difficulty, to remove which, Chieregato went yesterday to Calais, but as they have not yet decided, is unable to give the Pope any certain intelligence.
At Calais found Perseo Malvezzi, the Papal Nuncio, who comported himself admirably.
Calais, 4th August 1490.
P.S.—Dom. Giovanni de Giglis, late collector in England, has this same day (4th August) arrived at Calais. He will await here his colleague, “Dominum Magistrurn Rotulorum” (fn. 11) the two having been appointed ambassadors to the Pope by the King of England. Believes that they will go through Germany to Milan, and thence to Rome.
Signed: Humillirnus Servulus, L. Concordien.
[Original. Latin, 1¼ page, paper.]
August 7. St, Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1018. The Same to the Same.
Wrote to Flores and to Perseo Malvezzi the sequel of the affair, for them to communicate it to the Pope.
The King of France has not yet replied to the avisamenta. Has left no means untried to attain his object. Stated the calamities of the war, and the encouragement it would give to the Infidels. On the other hand, set forth the advantages of peace, and the profit to be derived by Christendom. In public and private has exhorted both parties to make peace, assigning special reasons and the Pope's authority, and of these exhortations he sends his Holiness a summary. Will pursue this course until receipt of a reply from the most Christian King, after which he will return to the congregation for the ecclesiastical affairs.
Flanders is somewhat disturbed on account of the change of the coinage, but the Pope will be more fully informed about this by de Giglis and Perseo Malvezzi.
At Calais heard from the Bishop of Exeter that one Giuliano, ambassador from King Ferdinand to King Henry, did not approve of the crusade lately suggested by the Pope. Confuted the calumny as he best might, and warned de Giglis to give account of this by letter to the collector Dom. Adrian [Castellesi of Corneto] before his departure from Calais, “ut illius nebulonis maledicta compesceret.”
Signed: Humillimus Servulus, L. Concordien.
Boulogne, 7th August 1490.
[Original Latin, 1¼ page, paper.]
August 26. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1019. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to King Henry VII.
Arduous business cannot be despatched quickly, so it is no wonder if the peace between England and France is not yet concluded, but that it may be delayed rather than broken, it seems fitting to return to the three years' truce. To this effect wrote “nonnulla avisamenta” in his character of mediator, and held a fresh conference between the ambassadors of France and England. Was convinced of the necessity for this conference by reason of the congregation to be held in France for ecclesiastical matters, which after being notified for the 1st of August was postponed until the 15th, and finally until the end of the month. At this congregation he (Chieregato) is to attend, as also the Bishop of Sens, the First President of the Parliament of Paris, and two of the French ambassadors appointed to the present conference. Sends therefore these avisamenta to his Highness, praying him, for the love of God, out of regard for the Pope and for the peace of Christendom, to approve them.
Calais, 20th August 1490.
[Original draft Latin, 30 lines, paper.]
Sept. 16. St. Mark's Library Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1020. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to Pope Innocent VIII.
Arrived at the French Court the day before yesterday. Has presented to the King a copy of the avisamenta, drawn up by him concerning the three years' truce. The King determined that his deputies should hold a fresh conference on St. Michael's day, and that in the meanwhile, in accordance with the avisamenta, the affairs of Britanny alone were to be reconsidered (nihil que extra Britaniam interea innovare: sicuti in eisdem avisamentis cavetur).
The King approved of what be had done at Boulogne and Calais, as also of his determination not to return immediately to Picardy; a resolve based on good motives; but lest the English should be surprised at his not going thither as they wished, he wrote a letter which he hopes will satisfy them. He has always comported himself as an equitable mediator, and both the English and French are under obligations to the Pope for the office assumed by him. Over- came great difficulties; all parties confess this, and he owns to having toiled greatly, before he could induce the English ambassadors to accept (passare) the avisamenta; but as they knew he was negotiating sincerely, they thanked and honoured him greatly, frequently declaring that they regretted his embarrassments. The Bourbon Princes likewise, and the other chief personages of France, gave him a good reception. In establishing the truce between the French King and the Duchess of Britanny (a truce which according to report will take effect) they abided by the period specified by him in the triennial truce, namely the 1st of May. All the articles in the avisamenta concerning the perpetual peace were accepted with the exception of two, one being rejected by the French, the other by the English. The French refused the 15 months' truce for Britanny, as too long; the English refused acceptance of a sufficiently large sum to be paid once for all in several instalments, declaring that they would not make the perpetual peace without an annual payment. Therefore does not send the articles to the Pope.
The English deputies wished him to send his secretary with letters to King Henry, but in order not to deprive himself of his attendants, he proposed sending them by the Pope's Collector [Adrian Castellesi].
Signed: Humillimus Servulus, L. Concordien.
Angers, 16th September 1490.
[Original. Latin, 2 pages, paper.]
Sept. 16. St. Mark's Library Cl. xiv. Cod. xcix. 1021. Lionel (Chieregato), Bishop of Concordia, to the Bishop of Exeter [Robert Morton].
To obey the Pope, who is intent on making peace between France and England, hastened to rejoin King Charles, who having betaken himself to Angers and subsequently beyond, their meeting was unavoidably delayed until today. Acquainted his Majesty with the avisamenta drawn up by him, and found that he was excellently disposed to form a friendship with King Henry, who will learn from the French ambassadors or deputies, that King Charles will respect the conference, during which no innovation is to take place.
Would willingly return to the conference to effect the adjustment, but as the time of meeting is so immediate and the journey long and toilsome, especially at the present season, he could not undertake it without risking his health, being very fatigued and languid; but hopes that even without his mediation matters will proceed pacifically at the next meeting, though should Exeter perceive the difficulties to be so great as to require the presence of Chieregato for their removal, he will endeavour to attend the conference.
Bequests the Bishop to announce these circumstances to the King and to the Chancellor, to whom he does not write, on account of the sudden departure of the messenger.
Vergy?, 16th September 1490.
[Original draft. Latin, 21 lines, paper.]
Oct. 16. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1022. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
A person arrived from England announces the proclamation there of a league between the Kings of Castile, of the Romans, of England, and of Denmark, and the Archduke Philip, son of the King of the Romans.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores. Moulins, 16th October 1490.
[Original. Latin, 2 pages 5 lines, paper]
Oct. 30. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1023. The Same to the Same.
The truce with Britanny is concluded, and will last until the first of May.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Lyons, 30th October 1490.
[Original. Latin, 2 pages, paper.]
Nov. 12. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1024. The Same to the Same.
The herald who was sent by the King of France to the King of England, to thank him for having accepted the Diet for Michaelmas Day, has returned, accompanied by a herald from the King of England to the King of France. Both heralds went to Chieregato, the English herald in the name of his King saluting him most courteously, and saying that the King and all his ministers would have been very glad had Chieregato gone in person to the Diet, hut on hearing of his indisposition accepted the apology. Although the English commissioners, having travelled rather more slowly to Calais, did not meet the French commissioners on the appointed day, they nevertheless assembled subsequently, and are still together.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Lyons, 12th November 1490.
[Original. Latin, 1 page 6 lines, paper.]
Nov. 18. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1025. The Same to the Same.
Their secretary, having returned from Britanny, brings word that the league between the Duchess, the Kings of the Romans, of Castile, and of England, and Philip Archduke of Austria, has been proclaimed; it being also added that should the King of France invade the territories of the Archduke Philip or of the Duchess of Britanny, the Kings of the Romans, of Castile, and of England would send their troops thither in such proportion as stipulated to defend them to the utmost. After this proclamation, which was very displeasing to the French, they also published the treaty lately stipulated at Tours and subsequently at Amboise.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Lyons, 18th November 1490.
[Original. Latin, 2½ pages, paper.]
Dec. 16. St. Mark's Library, Cl. xiv. Cod. xcviii. 1026. Lionel, Bishop of Concordia, and Antonio Flores, to Pope Innocent VIII.
It is said by persons in authority at the French Court that the King of the Romans has not only stipulated (contraxisse) his marriage with the Duchess of Britanny, but that it was also published there by one of the French ambassadors, who went into Britanny with the Archdeacon of Saintonge, and then remained there, the others returning to France, and finally to the King of the Romans.
Signed: Humillimi Servuli, L. Concordien., A. Flores.
Lyons, 10th December 1490.
[Original. Latin, 4 pages, paper.]


  • 1. Pierre de Bourbon Comte de Beaujeu, consort of Anne de Bourbon, sister of Charles VIII., and younger brother of the Duke of Bourbon. In date April 7, 1490, Chieregato writes, “Illmos. D. de Borbonio,” and therefore, as Anne de Beaujeu was prime minister, I translate “Bourbon Princes”
  • 2. William, Marquis of Berkeley, created 28th January 1489–90. Died 14th February 1491–92. (See Collins, vol. iii. p. 610.)
  • 3. Count of Bourbon, Anne, his consort, and the Duke of Bourbon.
  • 4. In the year 1490, the 11th April was Easter Day. (See l'Art de Verifier les Dates.)
  • 5. See also Venetian Calendar, vol. iii., No. 1475.
  • 6. See Venetian Calendar, vol. i. p. 184, No. 559.
  • 7. Saint Malo, Fougères, Dinan, and Saint Aubin. (See Père Daniel, vol. v. p. 219. Ed. Paris, 1724.)
  • 8. The great tower of the Castle of Bourges. (See Père Daniel, History of France.)
  • 9. “Ortus est rumor predicandum esse hoc in Regno Cruciatam”
  • 10. Robert Gaguin (see Lord Bacon's Henry VII. pp. 366–373, ed. London, 1854.)
  • 11. The mission to the Pope of Sir David Williams and John de Giglis has been already recorded in the Venetian Calendar, vol. i. p. 191, No. 573.