Translated extracts from Welsh and Latin records: Texts

Cardiff Records: Volume 5. Originally published by Cardiff Records Committee, Cardiff, 1905.

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'Translated extracts from Welsh and Latin records: Texts', Cardiff Records: Volume 5, (Cardiff, 1905), pp. 284-304. British History Online [accessed 19 June 2024].

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. "Translated extracts from Welsh and Latin records: Texts", Cardiff Records: Volume 5, (Cardiff, 1905). 284-304. British History Online. Web. 19 June 2024,

In this section

I. Brut y Tywysogion.

Ed. Williams. (Rolls Series.) Welsh.


Iosef, Teilo's Bishop (i.e., of Llandaff), died in Rome.


The building of Caer Dyf was begun.


(King John's war against Rhŷs and Owain.) Then the Seneschal of Kaer Dyf, a man who was leader of the host, and Rhŷs and Maelgwn, sons of the Lord Rhŷs, overcame the hosts by their valour; and they went unto Pennwedic.


(Rickert Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, in conjunction with the Welsh Princes) conquered these towns and castles, to wit, Kaer Dyf, and Aber Gefenni (&c.), and rased them all to the ground except Kaer Dyf.

Another version in the Myvyrian Archaiology, Gee's new ed., p. 700 &c.

1088. This year was fought the battle of the Little Heath on the confines of Cardiff, where Iestyn was put to flight.

1092. The Castle of Llanddunwyd (St. Donat's), and Trefufered and Kenffig, were begun to be built stronger than they were before; for before that, castles were made with wood.

1094. Paen Twrbil (Payn de Turberville) led his hosts as far as Cardiff, and began to storm the castle. And when Robert Fitz Hamon saw that, he asked the cause, and Paen Twrbil shewed it, to wit, that the Welsh desired to have back the rights and primitive customs of their country, and the laws of Hywel the Good, and to have their lands free; and so great was the host, that Robert saw best to do that and satisfy the Welsh; and then tranquillity was established in the land.

1105. Hywel ab Gronw was slain by the French, by the deceit of Gwgan ab Meuryg, his foster-father; and for fear of the men of the country Gwgan ab Meuryg fled to Sir Rhobert ab Amon, (fn. 1) who gave him a great reward of gold and silver for his work, and hanged him for his treachery.

1110. About this time died Robert Fitz Hamon. Then the King gave Robert's daughter, who was called Mabli, to his son Robert whom he had a bastard of Nest, daughter of Rhŷs ab Tewdwr. And this Robert would force the King's law upon the Land of Morgan. And when the Welsh knew of this, Ifor ab Cedifor, who is called Ifor Bach [the Little], put himself at their head; and they made an assault upon Cardiff Castle, and broke into it suddenly, and took Rhobert and his wife, and put them in prison until he [Rhobert] gave back to the Welshmen their freedom and their rights and their laws as they had been since the time of Hywel Dda [the Good]; and obtained of the King that his hand should be bound by his oath, that he would not do aught save kindness to the Land of Morgan, and desired him that he would not put either office or work or cymhorth [manorial service or tribute] upon anyone of the Welshmen, without giving to every man upon whom those things should be put, his land free and his rights duly, as was just to the Race of the Welsh.

1111. Robert built a wall round the fortified town of Caerdyf, and drew a river about the town and about the castle.

1146. This year died Uchtryd, Bishop of Llan Daf, a man of great learning and piety. He regulated the Sundays and holy-days, and the vigils of patron saints, and maintained them devoutly, where that was not done of will and custom.

1152. Geoffrey ab Arthur (fn. 2) (household priest to William Fitz Robert) was made a bishop, (fn. 3) but before he went in his state [sic literatim] he died in his house at Llan Dâf, and is buried in the church there. He was a man without his second for learning and knowledge and all devout exercises. And for his learning and his knowledge a Bachelor's degree was conferred on him in the church of Teilo at Llan Dâf, where he was a master of many scholars and nobles.

1172. King Henry went to Ireland; and he being at Caer Dydd, Rhŷs went thither, without taking man or servant with him; and asked the King to grant him what was necessary out of his (Rhŷs') property. And the King was agreeable thereto, and he confirmed unto Rhŷs the whole of his lands; and then the King went to Ireland.

II. Liber Landavensis.

New ed. Oxford. 1893. p. 27.


In the year from Our Lord's Incarnation 1126, was made this agreement between Urban, Bishop of Landav, and Robert Consul of Gloecester, concerning all the plaints which the said Bishop had against the aforesaid Consul and his men in Walis, and concerning those lands which they did not acknowledge that they held of the Bishop. The said Consul hath granted unto the Bishop one mill which William de Kardi made, and the land unto the same mill belonging; and one fishery in the Eley, across that river; and 100 acres of land in the marsh between the Taf and the Eley, for ploughing or for meadow, and so that the head of those hundred acres begin by the demesne land of the said Bishop and extend continuously along it; and common pasture with the Consul's men; and in the Consul's groves (except Kybor) material to the use of the church of Landav, and of the said Bishop and his clergy and all the men of the fee of the church; and grazing and pasture—the Bishop's Welshmen with the Consul's (fn. 4) Welshmen, and the Bishop's Normans and Englishmen with the Consul's (fn. 4) Normans and Englishmen, outside Kybor; and the chapel of Stuntaf (fn. 5) and the tithe of that vill, and the land which the Earl gives to the same chapel, for a priest to be able to live by the tithe thereof; provided that the parishioners at Christmas and Easter and Whitsuntide visit the mother-church at Landav, and that from the same vill the bodies of the dead be carried to the same mother-church to be buried. And because of these aforesaid things which the Consul giveth and granteth unto the Bishop, he the said Bishop doth remit and quit-claim unto the Consul all the plaints which he had against him and against his men, concerning all those lands which they avowed to the fee of the Consul. And if anyone of the Consul's men, of his own free will (whether he be in health or sick) shall wish to acknowledge that he holds the church's land and that he wishes to render it to the church and the Bishop, and shall have acknowledged this in the presence of the Consul or in presence of his sheriff or prevost of Kardi, the Consul granteth that he may render the same land unto the church and the Bishop. And the Bishop will so admeasure the sluice of his mill below Bishop's Bridge, that there shall always be a way through, unless it be impeded by increase of water or the flow of the sea. And the Consul will cause to be destroyed the sluice of his mill on the Eley. And the Earl's men, and any others, shall sell and buy food and drink at Landav, and there shall eat and drink them, and shall carry nothing thence in time of war. And all the men of the Bishop's fee shall have any commerce at Landav, for selling and buying in all times of peace. And judgments of iron shall be carried to Landav, and the judiciary pit of water shall be made in the Bishop's land nearer to the castle of Kardi. And if anyone of the Bishop's men shall sue a Consul's man or a man of his barons, concerning any thing whereof duel ought to be done, in their own courts shall pledges be given and judgments be drawn, and the duel shall be done in the castle of Kardi. And if any man shall sue a Bishop's man in a matter for which duel ought to be done, pledges shall be given and the judgments done in the Bishop's Court, and they shall do the duel itself in the castle of Kairdi, and the Bishop shall there have the same legal dues of that duel as he would have if it were done at Landav. And if the duel is between Bishop's men only, it shall be drawn and done in his court of Landav. And the said Bishop shall have his own Welshmen written in his writ by the sight and witness of the Earl's sheriff, and they shall be sent out, and the said Consul's sheriff shall have his counter-script of those Welshmen. And the Bishop shall have a counter-script of the Consul's Welshmen similarly. And the Consul quit-claims unto the Bishop and the men of his fee the moneys and all the customs which he claimed against them. This agreement was made in the presence of King Henry; these being witness: William, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Geoffrey, Archbishop of Rouen, and William, Bishop of Winchester, and Roger, Bishop of Salisbury, and Ralph, Bishop of Durham, and John, Bishop of Lyons, and Oinus, Bishop of Evreux, and Geoffrey, the Chancellor, and David, King of Scotland, and Roderick, Earl of Perth, and Roger, Earl of Warewic, and Brian fitz-Count, and Robert D'Oilli, and Milo of Gloecester, and Edward of Salisbury, and Walter fitz-Richard, and Payn fitz-John, and Richard De Aquila, and Robert de Sele, and Uchtred, Archdeacon of Landav, and Ysaac, the Bishop's chaplain, and Ralph, Sheriff of Kardi, and Payn de Turberville, and Robert fitz-Roger, and Richard de Saint Quintin, and Maurice de Londres, and Odo Sore, (fn. 6) and Geoffrey de Maisi, at Wodestoke. And Robert the Earl hath the counterpart of this charter. Witness, the same persons.

III. William of Malmesbury.

De Gestis Regum Anglorum. (Rolls Series.)

Gunc etiam contentio inter Bernardum episcopum Menevensem et Urbanum Landavensem de jure parochiarum, quas idem Urbanus illicite usurpaverat, aeterno fine sopita est: tot enim ad curiam Romanam appellationibus, tot itinerum expensis, tot causidicorum conflictibus multis annis ventilata, tandem aliquando morte Urbani apud Romam soluta, vel potius decisa est; nam et apostolicus, aequitate rei perpensa, religioni et justitiae Menevensis episcopi qua decebat sententia satisfecit.


Then also the strife between Bernard, Bishop of Menevia, and Urban, Bishop of Landav, concerning the right of parishes, which the same Urban had unlawfully usurped, (fn. 7) was set at rest for ever; and after so many appeals to the Court of Rome, so many expensive journeys, so many contests of lawyers, was, after lasting many years, solved, or rather, decided, by Urban's death at Rome. For the Pope, having thoroughly weighed the equity of the matter, satisfied the religion and justice of the Bishop of Menevia by the sentence which was fitting.

IV. Giraldus Cambrensis.

"Iter Kambricum." (Rolls Series.) Latin.

In this same town of Kaerdif, in the second year after the admirable passion and palm of our martyr Thomas, (fn. 8) because from that time began as well revelations as persecutions, on the King returning from Ireland along the maritime way through South Wales, he spent the night of Holy Saturday at the castle of Kairdif. And having heard Mass next morning, to wit Sunday, (fn. 9) when all had gone out of the chapel of Saint Piran (fn. 10) except the King, and he then remaining at his prayers perhaps longer than usual, when at length he went out and had mounted his horse at the chapel door, suddenly there stood before his face a man leaning on a post of the gate leading to the chapel from the hall, as though it served him for a spade; he was flaxen-haired and with a round tonsure, (fn. 11) his face thin, his stature somewhat tall, his age about forty years, clad in a white tunic closed at the neck and reaching to the feet, girdled with a belt, and his feet bare; who addressed the King in Teutonic (fn. 12) in words like these: "God houlde dhe, cuning" (fn. 13) [God protect thee, King.] And afterwards he proceeded in the same tongue as follows: "Christ and His Blessed Mother, with Saint John Baptist and the Apostle Peter, salute you, commanding you that throughout all the lands subject to your rule you strictly forbid the holding of markets on Sundays, and that no work be done on those days, except the Divine Office, (fn. 14) which is to be devoutly performed and heard, and the preparing of food for the day's use. Which if you shall do, you shall never begin anything which shall not come to good termination, and you shall die happy." The King said in French to a knight named Philip de Mercros, a native of those parts, who was holding the bridle of the King's horse and who himself truly related these things to us: "Ask that peasant whether he dreamed this." And when the knight had explained this in English, he [the peasant] added, in the former [i.e. the French] language: "Whether I dreamed this or not," says he (speaking to the King, not to the interpreter), "see what day this is; for unless thou do this and anon amend thy life, many and great troubles shall come upon thee within a year from this time." This having been said, the King, putting spur to his horse, proceeded towards the gate about eight paces; yet cogitating on what he had heard, he turned round in his saddle and said: "Call that good man to me." And though the aforesaid knight and a certain youth called William, who alone then remained in the town with the King, had called him and, not finding him, had enquired first in the chapel, then through the hall and all the inns, he never appeared. The King, seeing the man could not be found though he had awaited him some time longer alone in the town while the others sought him, somewhat sad and lamenting that he had not spoken more to him, resumed his journey towards Newport by the bridge of Remni.

[The prediction was fulfilled by the revolt of the King's sons, in Lent 1173.

In his Rerum Brit. Script., "De Principis Instructione," Giraldus relates the story in words almost identical with the above.]

V. Annales de Theokesburia.

(Rolls Edition.) Latin.


Our Priory of Kerdif, the monks being called home, is demised to farm, but not for a certain term.


The Lord Abbot demised to farm unto H., the chaplain, the weir of Kerdif, for five years from Michaelmas.

The Marshal retook Kerdif, in the taking whereof Warin Basset was slain, in the ides of October, and was buried at Landav. Thereupon came the Marshal to Kerdif, on the 12th of the kalends of November, and the Burgesses incurred a great curtailment of their liberties. The Earl Marshal took hostages as well from the barons and knights of Glamorgan as from the Burgesses of Kerdif.

Several ships of Kerdif and Newport in Wales, and of Bristoll in England, were equipped in the manner of galleys, to respectively attack each other; and ships of Bristoll and Avereford were then captured.


We granted unto the Lord Elias, Bishop of Landav, and to the Chapter of that place, the church of Lanedern with its appurtenances; retaining the tithes of Lanbordan to the use of the Prior of Kerdif, to whose table they are recognised as belonging.


[The Abbot was summoned to the Sheriff's Court of Kardif in a dispute concerning the presentation to the living of Cogan, a chapel of Landoch.


The Abbot was involved in litigation in the same Sheriff's Court, concerning the vicarage of Pennarh. On another occasion he came to Cardiff this year, and made peace between two belligerents, at the request of Richard de Clare; the disputants were Hoel ab Meredydd and De Turberville.]


The Archdeacon (fn. 15) of Landav wrongfully ordained a certain vicar in the chapel of Saint John of Kardif; on account of which injury Richard de Derby, then Prior of the said place, appealed in person to our Lord the Pope; and H., our Prior; went to the said place to obtain safeguard for the judges.


The Lord Bishop of Landav absolved the Prior of Kardif from a sentence by which he was held for the vicarage of Kardif. And the vicarage was taxed so that the vicar shall have all the money coming to his hands in the chapel of Saint John, rendering thereout unto the Prior 20 shillings a year for the drink of a priest at the Prior's table.


We paid unto Master Henry de Stratford 10 marks and one pipe of wine to the use of the convent, about Michaelmas, on account of a dispute raised between him and Roger de Boyfeld, one of our monks, about a certain agreement for corn, made between them at Kardif when the said Roger was Prior there.

VI. R.O. Printed Calendar of Papal Registers among the Vatican Archives.

(Rolls Series.)



Confirmation to the abbot and convent of Theokesbiri of an indult granted to them by W. and H., bishops of Llandaf, with the consent of their chapter, of the parish church of Saint Mary, Kerdif, with its chapels, free from all synodals and Easter and other dues.


Lateran. Confirmation to the same abbot and convent of the churches granted to them by their patrons, with the consent of the diocesan, into which, on their voidance, they entered by indult of Pope Honorius; namely Meresfeld, (fn. 16) and the parish church of Saint Mary, Kerdif, with its appurtenances within and without the burgh.


Orvieto. Mandate of Pope Nicholas IV. to the archdeacon of Llandaf to make enquiry and grant dispensation to Kynuric ap Gruffin and Eva Wenne of his diocese, who intermarried in ignorance that they were related in the fourth degree of kinship, to remain in the marriage so contracted, declaring their past and future offspring legitimate.

Orvieto. Mandate to William de Hothum, a Dominican friar, bishop elect of Llandaf, to obey the Pope's provision made to him of the see to which he is appointed, notwithstanding his having urged that he has been elected prior of the province and is almost ignorant of the language of the diocese.

VII. Taxation of Pope Nicholas IV.

About 1291.

Published by Government, 1802. In folio. Latin.

Taxation of the Churches in the Bishopric of Landav, according to the true value.

Names of the churches in the Deanery of Newport.

The Church of Rempney 10l.

Names of the churches in the Deanery of Landav.

The church of Landav with the chapel 20l.

The church of Saint Fagan 13l. 6s. 8d.

The church of Cardiff with the chapel 24l.

Small churches of the same Deanery.

The church of Lanedarn 3l. 13s. 4d.

The church of Pentrirk 3l. 6s. 8d.

The church of Pennard with the chapel 4l.

The church of Kayer 4l.

The church of Cogan belonging to the Abbot of Teukesburie 2l. 13s. 4d.

Bishopric of Landav.

Temporalities of the Landav Diocese.

The Bishop of Landav hath in his hands these manors underwritten, namely, Landaf where are three ploughlands worth, clear of necessary deductions, 6l. 13s. 4d.

And he hath there of rents of assize of freemen and bondmen yearly 9l. 8s.

From six mills there by the year 10l.

From meadows there yearly 1l. 18s. 6d.

From works 3s. 4d.

From the garden and herbage of the said manor 6s. 8d.

From the fishery of the said manor by the year 5s.

From the letting of pasture by the year 1l.

From pleas and perquisites of court by the year 5l. 6s. 8d.

Also he receives from a certain fulling-mill at Landaf 1l. 6s. 8d.

* * * * *

And from the services of workers by the year 2s. . . . .

Also he hath at Kerdif of rents of assize 4s.

Manors of the Canons and Chapter of Landav.

The Archdeacon of Landav for the time being hath at Landav fourteen acres of land, the price of each acre 3d. . . .

The Chancellor of Landav hath 20 acres of land at 5d.

The Treasurer of Landav hath 32 acres of land at 6d.

The Precentor of Landav hath 27 acres of land at 6d. . . . .

And the said Chapter hath at Landav 36 acres of land at 6d.

From the meadow there, three acres at 1s. 4d.

And there is assigned for the support of one chaplain who celebrates (Mass) for the soul of the Bishop in the church of Landav.

And the said Chapter hath 21 acres of land at 5d. . . . . .

And there is assigned for the support of one chaplain who celebrates the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Landav. . .

The Abbot of Keynesh'm hath at Reth one ploughland worth yearly 2l. 13s. 4d.

Also he hath at Kerdif, Reth & Neuberguk of rents of assize 4l.

From one water-mill 6s.

From the meadow of 4 acres at 1s. 8d.

From perquisites of court 3s.

From one weir 9s.

From the letting of pasture 6s.

From fallen wood yearly 8d.

From the herbage of the garden 1s.

Total 8l.5s.8d.

The Abbot of Saint Augustine's of Bristoll hath at Pennard three ploughlands at 13s. 4d.

From the meadow five acres 2s.

From rents of assize 1l. 10s.

From one dovecote 2s. . . . . .
Total 4l. 7s.

* * * * * *

The Abbot of Kerlyon hath. . . . . .at Lestalelond (fn. 17) from rents of assize 1s. 6d.

* * * * * *

The Abbot of Neht hath. . . . . .at Kaerdif from yearly rent nine shillings, and from pleas and perquisites sixty shillings, and from pannage three shillings.

* * * * * *

The Prior of Kardif hath from one weir of rent of assize 7s.

And from one curtilage there 1s.

Total 10s.

The Abbot of Margan hath . . . . . . in Kerdief [of yearly rent] 5s. 4½d.

Also the same hath at Listelbon (fn. 18) one ploughland of the value of 1l. 6s. 8d.

* * * * * *

The Abbot of Saint Augustine's of Bristoll hath at Holmes forty she-goats at a profit of 1l.

And two cows at a profit of 3s.

Total 1l. 3s.

VIII. Chronicle of Matthew Paris.

(Rolls Series.) Latin.


Also this year, on the 18th day of January, at Kaerfilli in Senghenith in Wales, Leulin Bren took the Lord William de Berkerole, Sheriff of Glammorgant, in the full Court of the King of England. And, with his accomplices, he there killed full 12 other Englishmen, who were there on behalf of our Lord the King of England. And they imprisoned the said Sheriff and the governor. And so began the war between the Englishmen and the Welshmen in those parts.


This year Leulin Bren was condemned at Kerdif, as he deserved; and afterwards he was drawn by horses as a traitor, then hanged, his entrails burned and scattered, his limbs cut off and sent through the whole of Glammorgant, to strike terror into other traitors.


Leuky Bren, wife of the aforesaid Leulin Bren, being brought from London under the guard of many armed men, with her three sons, came to Bristoll. She was sent to Kerdif by water, in a small vessel, under the same guard, to receive her punishment, as she deserved, for the above-mentioned war of Leulin. Of which war she herself had been the moving cause.


On the ninth day of February, to wit, the feast of Saint Teilo, bishop, Master Walter de Hereforde was chosen Abbot of Tinterne.


The Earl of Hereford, and others, stormed Kerdif and the castle by force and arms; and took those whom they found in the castle.

IX. Valor Ecclesiasticus

of King Henry the Eighth, being the Value of Ecclesiastical Property throughout England and Wales, assessed in the year 1535. Published by the Government, in folio, 1814. Vol. II. Latin.


County of Glamorgan & Morgant in Wales, Diocese of Landav.

Farm of Rectories and Chapels in Wales.


Farm of all tithes of sheaves and hay, and other profits, with the appurtenances, of the rectories of the churches of [amongst others] Cardiff.

Deductions [amongst others.]

Yearly pension paid to the capital cathedral church of Landav out of the churches of [amongst others] Cardiff, by the year.

Yearly pension paid to the Archdeacon of Landav out of the churches of Penmarke and Cardiff by the year.

Yearly pension paid to the curate of Roth by ancient custom 106s. 8d.

Yearly pension paid to the curate1 within our Lord the King's Castle of Cardiff by ancient custom 106s. 8d.

Cardiff & Roth.


Rents of assize as well of free as of customary tenants of the lord there by the year 7l. 15s. 8d.

Perquisites of one Court of the lord's manor held at Kerdyff by the year 20¼d.


Rents repaid to the Abbot of Neth for four burgages in Cardiff by the year 4s.

Fee of Hugh Jones, the lord's bailiff there, by the year 6s. 8d.

Clear yearly value 6l. 6s. 5d.

Landough Est.


Rents of assize as well of free as of customary tenants there by the year 103s.


Rents repaid to the heirs of Daldon by the year 22d.

Fee of Hugh Jones, bailiff there, by the year 6s. 8d.

Clear yearly value 4l. 14s. 6d.

Lanyssen & Lucyvayne, Diocese of Landav.


Farm of the mansion and barn and of all the tithes to the same belonging, by the year 4l.

Clear yearly value 4l.

Portions & Pensions with other things in the County of Glamorgan.

Charge [amongst others.]

Pension to the Vicar of the parish church of Cardiff in the said county by the year 53s. 4d.

Tithes of the water grist-mill by Cardiff in the said county by the year 30s.

Ib., Vol. IV., p. 345 et seq.:


The true Value of all the Rents and Income of the possessions of my Bishopric of Landav in ordinary years.

The Lordship of Landaffe 50l. 2s.

Pension of the cathedral church of Landav 10l.

Deductions in ordinary years.

Fees and Pension.

To Master Maunxell, Steward of Landaffe, 5l.

True Value of my Archdeaconry of Landav.

From Lewis Morgan for a farm in Landaffe beyond the river Taffe 23s. 4d.

Rents of tenements with Landaffe 6s.


True Value of the dignity of Treasurer of Landav with the Prebend to the same annexed.

Firstly from the glebe of the same being in his hands, as they lie in places called David Melans close and the close thereunto adjoining, and the close called the Smale close with the close thereunto adjoining, Pant Crappull and the close next adjoining thereto, and the close called y Weyn gron and the other close called Kae y Dyntur, 25 acres worth yearly 25s.

Also George Mathew holdeth one close called Kae & Goboye containing 12 acres of arable land, and two acres in a place called Kae Johan vergh Ievan Bagh, and renders yearly 18s.

Tenants at will.

Also Miles Mathew holdeth one close of land by the road called Mylstret and renders by the year 6s. 8d.

Also he the said Miles Mathew holdeth one acre of arable land in a place called Whitt close, and one parcel of arable land under Penhyll, and renders by the year for the same 2s. 8d.

Also the said Miles holdeth 3 quarters of land in a place called Hungrys Hyll and renders by the year 12d.

Tenants by indenture for term of years.

Lewis Thomas John holdeth 5 acres of meadow in the Heyn 9s.

The wife of John Gwyn of Canton holdeth 1 tenement of land and meadow 10s. 6d.

William Gwyn holdeth one house with a garden and half an acre of land, and one and a half acre of land at Penhill by copy of court roll 2s. 8d.

Jevan Gwyn holdeth 2 acres of land in Berland and renders by the year 3s.

Gwenllian vergh Howel, relict of Howel Canton, holdeth 3 acres of land at Canton and renders by the year 4s.

Also the Treasurer of Landav hath 4 acres of meadow in Saltmede.

Free Tenants.

George Mathew renders 4d.

Miles Mathew holdeth 3a. of land in Tyr y Cutler and renders by the year 3d.

Also the said Miles Mathew, for Saint Teilo's Acre 1d.


Also [the Treasurer] shall receive yearly one fourth part of the cursal tithes of sheaves of the parish of Landaff and of the chapel of Whittchurche.

Also he shall receive the oblations on Saint Teilo's day, (fn. 19) or on another day appointed therefor, and it is worth in ordinary years 8s.

Charges belonging to the said Treasurer.

Also he is bound, according to the statutes of the church from ancient times, to find the paschal candle and other torches and wax candles for use in the time of divine service, throughout the year, as well on festal as on ferial days, and the charges of this kind extend yearly to the sum of 3l and more.

Also for the fee of Master George Mathew, his Steward, 6s. 8d.

Also for the fee of Owen David, clerk of the Court, 3s. 4d.

Also for the fee of Jankyn Dyo, the bailiff, 3s. 4d.

Also for the ropes and clock yearly 10s.

True Value of The Cathedral Church of Landav in Ordinary Years, in Rents, Issues, Profits, Oblations and Emoluments Whatsoever, As Followeth:

Yearly repayment.

Also to the Prebendary of Warthcom for capons 8d.

Also to Master Treasurer for the maintenance of lights in the cathedral church, to wit, torches and candles 45s.

Also for the maund on Maunday Thursday 4s 4d.

[To the Prebendaries severally, for petty commons.]

Repayment in salaries.

Also to Master John Synger 4l.

Also to Thomas Synger 6l. 13s. 4d.

Also to Matthew David, chorister 20s.

Also to John Gogh, sacristan 53s. 4d.

Also to Richard Seis, clock-keeper 10s.

Also to Thomas Howell for keeping and cleaning the gutters of the cathedral church 13s. 4d.

Value of my Prebend of Wharthacum.

Also petty commons by the hands of the Proctor yearly to be paid, and for rents of the mansion there, 13s. 4d.

Also in two capons by the hands of the Proctor yearly to be paid 8d.

Also in certain acres of arable or pasture land at Landaf, commonly called Kae Goylym (fn. 20)

The Chantry of David Mathew in Landaff.

The value of or lady s'vice (fn. 21) of Landaff 3l. 19s. 7d.

Deanery Of Landaf.

Vicars. The Parish Church (fn. 22) of Kaerdyff, Saint John Baptist.

Firstly, tithes payable 13l. 14s. 3d.

Tithe thence 27s. 5¼d.

Parish Church of the Blessed Mary of Kaerdiff.

Firstly, tithes payable 4l. 5s. 10d.

Tithes thence 8s. 7d.

Parish Church of Penarthe.

Firstly, sheaves 3l. 6s. 8d.

Cows and calves 15s.

Demesne lands 3s. 4d.

Hay 9s.

Three oblations 7s. 6d.

Lambs, wool and other things 5s.

5l. 12s.

Deduct to the Bishop and Archdeacon 7s. 5d.

To the Abbot of Saint Augustine's 6s. 8d.

Parish Church of Lanedern.

Firstly, demesne lands 8s.

Calves, cheese, lambs, wool and other things 4l. 6s. 8d.

Three oblations 13s. 4d.

Offerings of candles 12d.

5l. 9s.

Parish Church of Llandough and Leckwythe.

Firstly, sheaves 3l. 6s. 8d.

Demesne lands 3s.

Cows and calves 13s. 4d.

Hay 10s.

Three oblations 6s.

Lambs, pigs, fishery and other things 7s. 4d.

5l. 6s 4d.

Parish Church of Cogan.

Firstly, demesne lands 26s. 8d.

Sheaves 26s. 8d.

Altarage 20s.

Parish Church of Pentyrgghe.

Firstly, demesne lands 9s. 8d.

Corn 8s.

Barley 20d.

Rye 10s. 8d.

Oats 58s. 4d.

Lambs 10s. 8d.

Wool 20s.

Calves 10s.

Cheese 20s.

Hay 3s. 4d.

Pigs 16d.

Geese 6d.

Oblations 10s.

The oblation of Saint Cadoc 4s.

Lady Day 16d.

Other things 6d.

8l. 11s. 2d.


More Grange 5l. 13s. 4d.

Lystellabon 40s.


  • 1. Robert fitz-Hamon.
  • 2. Called Geoffrey of Monmouth, from the town of his birth. His chief work was the Chronicon sive Historia Britonum, a picturesque mixture of tradition and fiction.
  • 3. of St. Asaph
  • 4. Consulis, not (I think) "Consulibus" as in the printed version. I go by the photographic facsimile of the original page, as reproduced in Mr. Gwenogvryn Evans' splendid book.
  • 5. Whitchurch, near Llandaff.
  • 6. soro; not "roro" as in the printed version; for in the original MS. the r has apparently been altered to s by a small erasure.
  • 7. From the Anglo-Norman point of view.
  • 8. Saint Thomas of Canterbury.
  • 9. Easter Sunday, 1172.
  • 10. See Vol. III., p. 338.
  • 11. An English cleric, no doubt.
  • 12. English in this case.
  • 13. Another version has "cuing."
  • 14. Saint Benedict termed this Opus Dei, "the work of God."
  • 15. He must have been a suffagran bishop, unless it means that he appointed a vicar to Saint John's.
  • 16. Marshfield.
  • 17. Llystalybont.
  • 18. Llystalybont.
  • 19. Or chaplain
  • 20. Cae Gwilym.
  • 21. The Mass of our Lady, celebrated daily in the above chantry.
  • 22. It appears, from these entries, that Saint John's had, even before the Reformation, obtained priority over Saint Mary's, and was now regarded as the premier parish. The difference in valuation seems to show a greater population in Saint John's.