Volume G 248: October 1649

Calendar, Committee For Compounding: Part 1. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1889.

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'Volume G 248: October 1649', in Calendar, Committee For Compounding: Part 1, (London, 1889) pp. 158-161. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/compounding-committee/pt1/pp158-161 [accessed 22 April 2024]

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October 1649

Oct. 1.
Goldsmiths' Hall.
79, 80. Order of the Committee for Compounding, that Mr. Trenchard and Edw. Ashe report to Parliament that the account of Col. Sanderson's regiment is just, and should either be paid by the 6,000l. now in their treasury lately paid in from Weavers' Hall, and the remainder out of the profits and arrears of sequestrations returned to Goldsmiths' Hall by order of Parliament, or otherwise the whole should be satisfied out of the said sequestrations and arrears. [2 copies.]
Oct. 9.
Lincoln.
81. W. Harvey, solicitor for sequestrations, co. Lincoln, to Mr. Leech. Our committee has not met since my coming from you, so that I cannot answer your desires. I have left space in the enclosed return to put in what every estate is let for at present, and will complete it on my coming to town this term. Our committee not sitting much obstructs business. I shall speedily send particulars of what I have received out of every estate for Ladyday last; say whether I may receive the Michaelmas rents before I come up. [½ page.]
Oct. 11. 82. Order of the Committee for Compounding on a Parliament order of 21 Aug. last,—referring it to them to consider how money may be raised for satisfying the remainder of the 42,000l. due to the persons in the respective lists, and whether the 9,100l. due to Col. Sanderson's regiment be part of such before-mentioned sum,—that Edward Ashe and Daniel Blagrave report that the committee finds that the 9,100l. is part of the 42,000l.; that 5,000l., part of the 11,000l. to be repaid out of Weavers' Hall to the treasury of this committee, is yet undisposed of, and may be used for present payment of the persons mentioned in Potter's List; and that the remainder may be paid out of the profits of sequestered estates not compounded for, and ordered, by several late votes, to be detained in the tenants' hands, and out of the profits of such estates as shall hereafter grow due, until the whole arrear of 42,000l. is satisfied. [¾ page.]
Oct. 11. 83. Draft of the above, with note by J. L[eech], secretary to the committee, to Thomas—to see the order to which this relates, and perfect this by it, "as the women will be clamouring here for it before 7 o'clock." [1 page.]
Oct. 12
Astbury.
84. Committee for Northwich Hundred, co. Chester, to the Committee for Compounding. We could not observe the time for sending up the rentals of delinquents' lands uncompounded for and under sequestration, but now enclose them. [½ page.] Enclosing
84. i. Accounts by Rich. Brooke and two others of the rack rents of the lands of delinquents and Papists in Northwich Hundred, total yearly value 332l. 13s. 2d. [5 pages.]
Oct. 18. 85. Order in Parliament that the Committee at Goldsmiths' Hall be required to sit this afternoon, and so daily, to prepare an account of the true state of the revenue and treasury there, and of the condition of the sequestrations, and what else may be requisite for settling this business. The quorum to be 3, and Mr. Trenchard is to take care thereof. [½ page; also G 9, p. 1.]
Oct. 19.
Goldsmiths' Hall.
86. Account of sums yet due between 31 Dec. 1644 and 18 Oct. 1649, on bonds from delinquents who made their first payment before 18 Oct. 1649; total 218,212l. 0s. 6d., to which should be added 3,000l. lent to the treasurers for sale of the late King's goods by Parliament order, for present relief of sick and maimed soldiers. [Book of 50 pages.]
Oct. 20. Order in the Committee of the Council of State for the Treasury, that Mr. Leech, clerk of the Committee for Compounding, certify in writing the state of the compositions, which have not given bond to the Treasury, and also an estimate what is likely to be raised in fines not yet set. With note of order to Leech accordingly. [G 97, p. 517.]
Oct. 23. 87, 88. Report of the Committee for Compounding, on the order of Parliament of 18 Oct., for a true account of their revenue and treasury, that the condition of the sequestrations is as follows—
£ s. d.
Due on delinquents' lands 213,325 9 4
The charges thereon are—
Out of particular fines 3,849 9 6
To Ald. Bunce and Weavers' Hall Treasurers, to pay officers *5,000 0 0
"            "               "                     "              to pay soldiers *6,000 0 0
" the State of Scotland, of which the navy is to have 2,000l. 50,000 0 0
" Chamberlain of London, for charges of the late treaty *14,000 0 0
" Widows and soldiers, per week *230 0 0
" Mrs. Needham *200 0 0
" Balance of 35,000l. for fortifying the Isle of Wight *32,571 10 0
Due on unpaid fines 156,447 0 0
Of which Lord Deincourt's fine is 18,287 0 0
" the Earl of Chesterfield's fine is 8,698 0 0
These depend upon the contingencies of their lives, and may be lost unless speedy course is taken.
John Scrope's fine of 7,000l. is lost, because he died before it was paid, and the sequestration is discharged.
As to sequestrations, the Committee for Compounding cannot report, the county returns being few and imperfect, and the decision of the House being needed as to the course with delinquents excepted from pardon, Papists in arms, and those who have lapsed the time for their fines. Also many estates have been granted away which have not been surveyed, and great numbers of cases are still depending before the Barons of the Exchequer.
The committee desire—
1. Some course for bringing in the Michaelmas rents, and those stayed in the tenants' hands.
2. Directions as to what shall be done with those who lapse the time for their fines, and those who will not compound ?
3. Orders to the barons to dispatch their cases, as many who have been very long sequestered, and are exempt from composition by their delays, file their petitions there, hoping the same rates as were granted by those who compounded before 1 Aug. last.
4. Inventories and rentals to be made of sequestered estates.
5. Accounts taken of receipts from sequestered estates granted to particular uses, and all sequestration receipts brought into one treasury.
6. The 24,000l. composition for North Wales to be disposed of towards this service.
7. Could not the delinquents' estates settled for advance of 50,000l. for Ireland be recalled, Ireland being otherwise provided for ?
8. Order needed as to what shall be done with the Prince Elector's estates, when the 6,500l. charged on them is satisfied.
[Also G 9, pp. 1, 2.]
Oct. 23–25. Order in Parliament upon the above report, continuing the charges to which an asterisk is prefixed, and deciding that after the charges now on Goldsmiths' Hall are paid, all sequestration money shall be applied to maintain the army, in order to abate assessments.
That no part of the 50,000l. be paid to the Scots [in Ireland] till further order. [G 9, p. 3.]
Oct. 25? [Propositions made to the Committee for Compounding] as to the "main business" of raising money, the best visible means of which, beside assessments, is the well managing estates under or liable to sequestration.
The present mode cannot conduce to the end, which is to raise considerable sums in a reasonable time, whereas now it comes in by driblets, passes through many hands, and comes in a dilatory way.
The old [county] committees should certify to this committee the names of every Papist and delinquent sequestered, and whether the sequestration is suspended or discharged, with details of the value of and incumbrances on their estates. Letters to this purpose have been thrice issued, but the returns are few and imperfect. In the directions given are so many useless particulars that they hinder progress.
In letting estates, no tenants are treated with except the commissioners below (i.e., the county commissioners) certify them to be fit tenants, and to have made the best offer, and then they have to come up [to London]—which they will never do—or stay till order is issued from [London] for letting.
Query, whether it would not be better to choose in every county 3 or 4 men of the best quality, who would undertake the business for its own sake, allowing them the wages of an auditor, treasurer, clerk, and agent, with power to let, after they have returned the full improved value of the estates; an auditor-general to be appointed here to correspond on this business. The present officers have business enough in allowing deeds, compounding, receiving discoveries, and hearing appeals, and this plan would avoid the confusion of having so many things under one management.
Also that officers in the country may let leases, take examinations against delinquents, and sequester them on testimony of 2 witnesses, but with consideration for those who, though formerly of the other party, have been faithful to Parliament the last 3 years. [G 63, pp. 807, 808.]
Oct. 25 ? Suggestions [by Reading] that it be declared what is a cause of sequestration, and what aiding, holding intelligence, &c., shall be cause to sequester any one.
That no one now well affected be sequestered for delinquency whilst under the power of the enemy, unless he voluntarily left his habitation to go into the enemy's quarters, or was active in bringing the forces into those parts. With marginal note that recusants will take off most of their estates by deeds before conviction; that taxes will be saved out of them, and that they cannot let but for a year, and so none will take them at half value. [G 63, p. 809.]
Oct. 25. Order in Parliament that all treasurers, sub-collectors, committees, and other officers of sequestrations in the several counties, be enjoined from henceforth not to make payment of any rents, issues, or profits of sequestered estates received by them, or any other person, save to the treasurers of Goldsmiths' Hall, or such as those treasurers shall appoint, on penalty of making good out of their own estates such sums as they pay contrary to this order. [G 1, p. 230.]
Oct. 26. Order in Parliament that the Committee at Goldsmiths' Hall present fit rules for quickening appeals of delinquents.
That the lands of Papists in arms and of persons excepted from pardon be sold, in order to abate assessments, and the committee is to prepare Acts accordingly.
That no Papist in arms shall be admitted to compound, saving on articles of war confirmed by Parliament. [G 9, p. 4.]
Oct. 30. Thos. Richardson to Mr. Leech. I beg you to peruse the enclosed, and help the poor widow all you can. [G 111, p. 17.] Enclosing,
i. Petition of Marg. Pratchet, of Wichmalbank, co. Chester, widow, to the Committee for Compounding. Had the judges' reference and the deputy-lieutenants' order for payment of 6l. half - yearly by the Committee of Nantwich Hundred, until repaid, 46l. 9s. 6d. arrears for quartering wounded, and maimed soldiers when Nantwich was a garrison, but has only received 12l., and now hears that by the order of 9 Aug 1649, the arrears due and in the tenants' hands are to be paid into Goldsmiths' Hall treasury, to be disposed of by appointment of Parliament. Is 75 years old, and has grandchildren to keep. Has lived in credit and sufficiency, and relieved others, but must go a-begging if her stock is detained from her. Begs an order for payment of the balance by 6l. half yearly. With certificate by Thos. Malbone and Thos. Hurwar, two of the county solicitors, to the truth of the petition. 23 Oct. 1649. [G 111, pp. 12, 13.]
Oct. 31. Order in Parliament that 2/3 of the estates of Papists and recusants in their own hands, or those of others in trust for them, be sequestered, any pretence of mortgage, &c., notwithstanding. [G 9, p. 4.]