Wills: 50 Edward III (1376-7)

Pages 186-193

Calendar of Wills Proved and Enrolled in the Court of Husting, London: Part 2, 1358-1688. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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Monday next after F. of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas [7 March].

Hale (Henry), fishmonger.—To be buried in the chancel of the church of S. Magnus. Bequests to the high altar (autentico altari) and ministers of the said church, the light of the H. Cross and the light of le Trendle (fn. 1) therein, the indulgence of S. Paul's, (fn. 2) the Prior of Bermondeseye, &c. To John Wade and John Claydon his apprentices he leaves cups of silver and of mazer and silver spoons. To Johanna his wife a shop with half a solar and a cellar in Breggestrete for life; remainder to the aforesaid John Wade and John Claydon for their lives, charged with the payment of a certain annual rent to the wardens of the Fraternity of Salve Regina in the aforesaid church, to which fraternity the same are to revert after the decease of the said devisees. Dated the morrow of the Annunciation of the V. Mary [25 March], A.D. 1375.

Roll 104 (15).

Rothyng (John de), vintner.—To be buried in the church of S. James de Garlekhithe in the centre of the belfry floor; and he desires that the bodies of Richard de Rothyng his father and of Salerna his mother be removed from where they lie and be reburied in the aforesaid place. Bequests to the belfry of the said church and for rebuilding a doorway. To the Prior and Brethren of the Hospital of S. John of Jerusalem in England he leaves the sum of two hundred and twenty pounds due to him from William Strete, the King's butler, for wine bought on the King's behalf, as well as a sum of money due from the companies of the Bardi and Peruzzi, (fn. 3) the bonds for which are to be delivered on his decease to the said prior. Bequests to Alice his daughter, John his son, Agnes his servant, Edmund de Sutton, and others, of money and chattels. To the right heirs of Henry, son of Edmund de Coventre, he leaves a certain tenement in the parish of S. James aforesaid, the rest of his lands and tenements in the City of London being devised to the rector and parishioners of the church of S. James aforesaid for the maintenance of a chantry, repair of church, observance of obit, &c. Further bequests to the rectors of London for their pittances, the inmates of Neugate, Flete, and the Marischalsea, the poor and decrepit in various hospitals, the lepers of le loke and S. Giles's Hospital; also for marrying poor maids, the repair of bridges and highways within twenty miles of the City of London, &c. William Halden, Recorder of London, appointed one of his executors, for which he is to receive one hundred shillings. Dated Wednesday, 23 May, A.D. 1375. Roll 104 (19).

Roger (John).—To be buried in S. Sepulchre's churchyard without Neugate. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof, and provision made for a chantry therein for the space of one year; also to the five orders of friars in London for celebration of a trental for the good of his soul, the souls of Alice his wife and others. All his lands and tenements in Secolane in the parish of S. Sepulchre aforesaid he leaves to his said wife for life; remainder in trust for sale for pious and charitable uses. Dated London, 29 July, A.D. 1375. Roll 104 (21).

Monday next after Feast of Apostles Philip and James [1 May].

Pembruge (fn. 4) (Richard de), Knt.—To be buried in the cathedral church of Hereford between two pillars of freestone (inter duo pilaria de libera petra) before the image of the Blessed Mary on the south side. Should he die abroad, he is to be buried where he dies, but a monumental effigy of him in stone with his arms (cum uno cheval-ritto [?] de petra cisso de armis meis) is to be set up in the said cathedral church, and enclosed with an iron railing (et cum ferro circumcluso), like that of John de Beauchamp (fn. 5) of Warewyk in S. Paul's. Directions given for funeral, and for masses to be celebrated for the good of his soul, the souls of Elizabeth his late wife, Alesia his sister, Roger and Hugh Tybriton, and others. To Henry de Insula, John de Eynesford, John de Worstede, Andrew de Seinthomers, Gyles de Normandie, John Wilcok, living near Aleinsmore, Richard "with the noose," living at Nadle, and many others, he leaves divers sums of money. Dated London, 31 May, A.D. 1368.

Roll 104 (40).

Herlawe (John).—To be buried in the church of S. Benedict de Grascherchestrete in the tomb where lies the body of Isabella his late wife. His funeral expenses not to exceed seven pounds. The residue of his goods to be divided into two parts, whereof one he leaves to Agnes his wife by way of dower; of the other part he makes bequests to the aforesaid church and ministers thereof, and to a chantry priest therein for the good of his soul, the souls of Peter his father, Amicia his mother, and others; also to divers orders of friars in London, the churches of "Pappay," All Hallows near London Wall, S. Paul, and S. Antony near Fyncheslane, the poor in various hospitals, the lazars near London, the work of the new chapel in the churchyard near Westsmethefeld, the monks at Estsmethefeld near the Tower, the work of the church of S. Katherine near the Tower, the master and brethren of the house of S. Thomas de Acres, the poor women and widows living in Lymstrete, to Friar John Ingram, a recluse at Swannesnest near the Tower, &c. Desires that some one should make a pilgrimage to Rome, and there remain for a period of forty days (per unam quadragesimam), at his expense. To the rector and churchwardens of the church of S. Benedict de Graschurche he leaves certain rents for the maintenance of a lamp and repair of the chapel of S. Mary in the said church. To Agnes his wife he leaves the tenement wherein he dwelt in the parish of S. Benedict aforesaid for life; remainder to the rector and churchwardens aforesaid, charged with the maintenance of a chantry in the said parish church; remainder, in case of default, to the Prior and Convent of the new Hospital of S. Mary without Bisshopesgate. Further bequests to the Fraternity of Salve Regina in the church of S. Benedict aforesaid, to the box of the Fraternity of Brewers, and to Stephen le Chaundeler, John Steven atte Crouche, William, John, and Richard Herlawe, and others, comprising sums of money, clothes, and silver plate. Dated London, Wednesday next before the Feast of Apostles Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], A.D. 1375. Roll 104 (43).

Monday the Feast of S. Augustine [26 May].

Madefrey (Thomas), Canon of Wells, and of the Chapel Royal of S. George in Windsor Castle, Rector of Bradenasche (fn. 6) and Canon of Glaseneye. (fn. 7) —Directions for his funeral and bequests for chantries, wax, &c. To the church of Bradenasche he leaves all his books, except his small portifory, and his vestments. To John Pylet in tail, his kinsman, the tenement in Distaflane in the parish of S. Nicholas Coldeabbey which he inherited from his father Hugh Madefrey; also the shop in Eldefisshstrete in the same parish which he inherited from his aunt Pentecost, late wife of John de Bixle; remainder to the church of S. Nicholas aforesaid for pious uses. Also to the said John a stone called "Rubye" set in gold, a girdle of blue silk with griffons of gold, a piece of tapestry for the hall with two costers (costis) of bluet with impressions of divers beasts and flowers, a large banker with two small palets of yellow and white, a bed of bluet of Worstede, and a bed of red say, with curtains of bluet de card (fn. 8) and other household goods, two horses and saddles, and all his armour. To Master Stephen Pympel, Dean of Welles, Roger Polford, John Cherchestyle, Alice, daughter of Henry Webbe, Sir William Wyke, his vicar at Welles, Sir Roger Bramchote, vicar in the chapel at the Castle of Wyndesore, the vicars of the churches of Welles and Glaseney, Robert Cross, his servants, and others, he leaves similar chattels, comprising cups of mazer, a piece of tapestry with a painting of Jealousy (? steynat' de Gelosye (fn. 9) ), a bed of white powdered with roses, a piece of tapestry powdered with leopards' heads and a piece with two costers painted with the history of the Prince of Wales, a ring set with a large sapphire, together with sheep, oxen, and pigs, and his store of wood in his mansion at Welles as well as in the vill and castle of Wyndesore. The rest of his goods to be devoted to pious uses for the good of the souls of Hugh Madefrey his father, Juliana his mother, Pentecost de Byxle his aunt, John de Yepeswich, and others. His testament sealed with the seal of the warden of the College of the Castle of Wyndesore, his own seal being but little known. Dated Wyndesore, 18 September, A.D. 1374. Roll 104 (63).

Monday the Morrow of H. Trinity [8 June].

Palle (Thomas), called "Sheres."—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Mary le Bow with Katherine his wife. To Richard Spencer and John Neuport, junior, he leaves rents and tenements in Colmanstrete in the parish of S. Stephen. To William and Philip his sons, John de Torkeseye his kinsman, and others, he leaves sums of money. Bequest of the sum of twenty-five shillings for three hundred masses to be said for the good of his soul, the souls of Roisia his first wife, Katherine his second wife, and others. Dated London, Monday next before the Feast of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary [25 March], 50 Edward III. [A.D. 1376]. Roll 104 (75).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Luke, Evangelist [18 Oct.].

Stodeye (John de), vintner.—To be buried in the church of S. Martin in the Vintry. To Master Nicholas de Drayton, parson of the said church, and his successors, he leaves an annual quitrent of twenty-two marks issuing out of certain tenements in le Brodelane in the parish of S. Martin aforesaid, charged with the maintenance of two chantries in the said church for the good of his soul, the souls of Johanna his wife, Laurence Hardel, John Hardel, and others. To William, son of William Stodeye his brother, he leaves his tenement at Vanchirch (fn. 10) in tail male; remainder over. One fourth part of the residue of his property not otherwise disposed of he leaves to Nicholas Brembre (fn. 11) and Ydonea, wife of the same; a similar portion he leaves to John Phillepot (fn. 12) and Margaret, wife of the same; a third to Henry Vannere and Margery, wife of the same, and the remaining fourth part to Johanna his daughter. Dated London, 22 March, A.D. 1375. Roll 104 (123).

Monday next after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.].

Lyndeseye (Gilbert), tiler.—To be buried in the church of S. Sepulchre without Neugate. Bequests to the said church and ministers therein, as well as for the purchase of spices, wine and ale wherewith to regale his neighbours on the day of his funeral, and for ale to be drunk at his Dirige. To Thomas his son he leaves his Tylhous with all tiles and utensils thereto appertaining, as well as all his servants who are tilers. To Sir William Stoteville, perpetual vicar of the church aforesaid, and certain others, he leaves his tenements at the corner of Chykenlane in the said parish of S. Sepulchre, so that they provide for Alice his wife as long as she may live. To Roger Bure a goun furred with otur; to Nicholas Campayn a cloak lined with bleu and grene, and a Pylche (fn. 13) of Bure; (fn. 14) and to Johanna, wife of his aforesaid son, a piece of linen cloth and the pair of sheets in which he shall have died. Dated 21 September, A.D. 1376.

Roll 104 (134).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Lucia, Virgin [13 Dec.].

Stanton (Alice, late wife of John de, Knt.).—To be buried in All Saints' Chapel in the parish churchyard of Reynham. Bequests to the said church, the Abbot and Convent of Lesnes, the orders of friars in London, and in aid of the chapel aforesaid, charged on his tenement in the parish of S. Dunstan near the Tower. To Isabella his daughter, Johanna de Septuant, and various servants he leaves sums of money or chattels. Dated London, in the parish of S. Andrew near Cristchurche, Tuesday next after the Feast of S. Mary Magdalen [22 July], A.D. 1364. Roll 104 (151).


  • 1. 1 A trendle or trindle was a taper consisting of a long thin coil of wax. They were expressly forbidden by the "Injunctions" of Edward VI.:—"Also, that they shall take away, utterly extinct and destroy all shrines, covering of shrines, all tables, candlesticks, trindles, or rolls of wax, &c." (Wilkins's 'Concilia,' iv. 7).
  • 2. 2 Indulgences were frequently granted for the rebuilding or repair of S. Paul's Cathedral.
  • 3. 1 The companies of the Bardi and Peruzzi were the merchants of King Edward III. To them were delivered the revenues and wools of England, out of which they paid the King's expenses. After the war with France the King found himself heavily in their debt. Either through greed or over-confidence both the Bardi and Peruzzi eventually became bankrupt, dragging down with them many of the smaller companies of Florence (Archoeologia, xxviii. 259-260).
  • 4. 1 Fought at Poitiers, and was Warden of the Cinque Ports. His directions as to place of burial appear to have been strictly carried out, for his tomb is situate between two of the piers which separate the nave of Hereford Cathedral from the south aisle. His effigies in close armour is recumbent on an altar monument, on the side of which are five shields in quatrefoils, and two others at each end, all of alabaster and bearing the arms of Pembridge. A tablet in the wall above the effigies describes him as the fifty-third Knight of the Garter. The whole is defended with iron rails (Duncumb, 'Collect. of co. Hereford,' i. 540; Archoeological Journal, vol. xxxiv.).
  • 5. 2 A representation of it is given by Dugdale ('Hist. of S. Paul's,' second ed. p. [51] ). Dr. Sparrow Simpson thus writes of it:—"Crossing the nave, at the eleventh bay on the right hand is the tomb of Sir John Beauchamp, Knight of the Garter, son of Guy, Earl of Warwick. There lies his recumbent figure clad in complete armour, and on the four panels at the side of the altar tomb, you may see the armorial bearings of his noble family. The common people call it Duke Humfrey's tomb, although Humfrey, Duke of Gloucester, lies honourably buried at St. Alban's, twenty miles away" ('Chapters in the History of Old S. Paul's,' p. 80).
  • 6. 1 Bradninch, co. Devon.
  • 7. 2 The College of Glaseney in Penryn, co. Cornwall, founded in the thirteenth century for secular canons and vicars (Lysons's 'Magna Brit.,' iii. 121).
  • 8. 3 See note supra, p. 37. Among the effects of Henry V. were "ij tentes de bloy carde, &c., avec j porche et j aley" (Way's 'Prompt. Parv.').
  • 9. 4 As to the introduction of cloth stained or painted in imitation of tapestry, see Rock's 'Textile Fabrics,' p. 101.
  • 10. 1 Fenchurch.
  • 11. 2 Mayor in 1377 at the accession of Richard II., having been elected in the place of Adam Stable, whom the king removed; was succeeded by John Philpot (of whom vid. inf.); was again elected Mayor in 1383, in succession to John de Northampton, the leader of the faction opposed to him. Notwithstanding his being accused of having unduly forced himself into that office, he continued Mayor for three successive years. In 1388 he was accused of treason, and sentenced in Parliament to be hanged. Further particulars of his life will be found set out by Mr. Horace Round in the 'Dictionary of National Biography' (vol. vi. pp. 255-256).
  • 12. 1 Served the office of Sheriff with Brembre in 1372. They were of the same political party, and supported the freemen fishmongers against the party of John de Northampton. For further information see notes to his will enrolled infra, Roll 118 (30).
  • 13. 2 A fur, or garment with the hair on (Lat. pellicium). The term is used by Chaucer for a warm wrapper. Caxton says in the 'Book of Travellers,' "me fyndeth furres of beuers, of lombes pylches of hares and of conyes."
  • 14. 3 Probably for beure, beaver.