Wills: 51 Edward III (1377)

Pages 193-197

Calendar of Wills Proved and Enrolled in the Court of Husting, London: Part 2, 1358-1688. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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Monday next after the Feast of S. Valentine [14 Feb.].

Faukys (Robert) de Beauchamp.—To be buried in the church of S. Martin Orgar under the marble slab where lies the body of Johanna his wife. Bequests to the church of Paternosterchirch in the Riole, ministers and beam light therein. To Richard Faukys his nephew and apprentice he leaves divers household goods, and releases him (the said Richard) from serving the remainder of his term. All his implements of trade are to be divided between his aforesaid nephew and John Faukys, brother of the same. Also to the said John he leaves his leasehold interest in a tenement in Candelwykstrete. To Sir Geoffrey atte Crouche, Rector of Abbechurch, he leaves the psalter pledged to the testator for twenty shillings or that sum of money itself. To Sir William Chestre, rector of the church of S. Martin aforesaid, and churchwardens of the same, a tenement in the parish of S. Martin aforesaid, so that they and their successors devote the issues to the chantry of Walter Papworth founded in the said church. Dated London, Thursday the Vigil of S. Thomas, Apostle [21 Dec.], A.D. 1375.

Roll 105 (4).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Peter in Cathedrâ [22 Feb.].

Triple (John de), fishmonger.—To Alice his wife for life certain lands, tenements, and rents which he took under the will of William Prodome, fishmonger, proved and enrolled in the Husting held on Monday next after the Feast of S. James, Apostle [25 July], 5 Edward III. [A.D. 1331]; (fn. 1) remainder to William his son in tail; remainder to the rector and parishioners of the church of S. Nicholas Coldabbeye, subject to certain charges, and in default to the Dean and Chapter of the free chapel of the lord the King of S. Martin le Grand. Also to his said wife, by way of dower, a moiety of his tenements and rents which he had by gift of Nicholas Triple his son and by devise of the aforesaid William in the parishes of S. Mary Mountenhaut, S. Nicholas Coldabbeye, and S. Mary Somerset; remainder to the aforesaid Dean and Chapter. The other moiety of the same he leaves to William his son in tail. To Alice his daughter an annual rent of four marks until the sum of twenty marks be paid, besides other bequests. His wife to have charge of his said son and daughter during minority without rendering any account. Bequests to his servants and others of money and clothes. Dated London, 23 February, A.D. 1375. Roll 105 (8).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Mathias, Apostle [24 Feb.].

Trente (Peter), "Botelmakere."—To be buried in the church of S. Thomas de Acon or in S. Paul's churchyard. Bequests to the church of S. Mary de Colcherche and ministers thereof, the Friars of S. Mary de Fletstrete and others for masses, &c., for the good of the souls of William his father, Agnes his mother, Alice his former wife, William de Trente, and others, and to the old work of S. Paul's. Desires to be buried without a coffin (sine cista), and leaves instructions for disposal of tapers after his funeral. To Deonisia his daughter ten pounds. To Margaret his wife certain rents in the parish of S. James de Garlekhethe for life; remainder to pious uses. Dated London, 7 April, A.D. 1375.

Roll 105 (16).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Mark, Evangelist [25 April].

Seintpol (fn. 2) (Marie de), "Contesse de Pembroc, dame de Weiseford et de Montignac."—To be buried in the church of Sisters Minoresses at Deneye, (fn. 3) her corpse being clothed in the habit of that order. The debts of Aymer de Valence, late Earl of Pembroc, her husband, to be discharged. Bequests to the Abbess and Sisters of Deneye; to Emma de Biauchamp, Abbess of Brusierd, (fn. 4) and house of the same, the Sisters Minoresses of London, the Provincial Priors of the Carmelite and Augustinian Friars, the Carthusian Friars of Henton (fn. 5) and of three other houses of the same order in England. To the Abbot and Convent of Westminster, for the maintenance of a chantry priest in the chapel near the tomb of her husband, she leaves a sum of money; also a gold cross with gold stand set with emeralds which William de Valence had brought from the Holy Land, two images, one of S. Peter and the other of S. Andrew, a gold chalice, and two tapestries of her husband's arms. Bequests also to the scholars in her hall at Cambridge, (fn. 6) and the work of the church of the Cistercian Abbey of Graces near the Tower of London. To the lord the King she leaves a ring of precious stones as a memento of her, hoping that he will assist her poor house of Deneye. To Sir Simon [Sudbury], Archbishop of Canterbury, a piece of the true cross set in gold with pearls and precious stones; and to the church of S. Paul in London one of her gold chalices and a silver-gilt image of S. Paul. To the King of France she leaves a sword qui est sanz pointe; and to the Queen of France a silver-gilt image of S. John, a relic, being the finger (le doi) of S. John, and also a Book of Hours which once belonged to the Queen of Scots. Her wishes as set out in certain schedules under her seal and locked up are to be carried out by her executors. Her goods and chattels on her several manors are to be distributed among the poor of the neighbourhood. Further bequests to divers religious orders in England, among them being that of a gold chalice and image of S. Louis of France to the high altar of the Friars Minors; also to the hospitals of Melton near Gravesend and Biggyng in Anesty, (fn. 7) to the Prior of Latton, (fn. 8) and to Aymar Dassell her nephew. Every religious house, abbey, or priory into which she had been received is to have some relic, image, or vestment as a memento of her, and such letters from their respective chapters as can be found. To her confessor she leaves twenty marks and her small breviary which the Queen gave to her. Her executors are to enjoy her hostel in the parish of S. Martin near Ludgate in the Ward of Nicholas de Farindon (fn. 9) for the space of two years, and then to sell the same in execution of her last will. Dated at her manor of Braxstede, co. Essex, 20 February, A.D. 1376.

A codicil follows, whereby she leaves divers sums of money to Friar William Morin, her confessor and Master in Divinity, Sir Arnald Pynkeney, Sir John de Shaftebery, her servants, and others. Dated at her manor of Braxstede, 13 March, A.D. 1376.

Roll 105 (21).

Petigrew (Richard), "ismonger."—To be buried in the church of S. Benedict Shorhog. (fn. 10) Bequests to the said church, and provision made for chantries therein; also to Sir Richard Vyncent the rector and the churchwardens of the same an annual rent, charged upon shops in the parish of S. Benedict aforesaid, to the use of the said church, which shops, so charged, he leaves to Johanna his wife for life; remainder to Idonya his daughter in tail; remainder in trust for sale for pious uses. Bequests to his servant and apprentice. Dated London, 5 March, A.D. 1376.

Roll 105 (35).

Monday the Morrow of H. Trinity [24 May].

Benyngton (John de), draper.—To be buried in the church of S. Nicholas Coldeabbey. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof; also for chantries for the good of his soul, the souls of Thomas Holbech, Katherine, wife of the same, and others. To Alice his wife he leaves his entire chamber with beds, sheets, and other appurtenances, also his vessels of brass and tin, his mazer and silver cups, together with a moiety of all his goods and chattels by way of dower. Further bequests of money to Nicholaa his sister, Simon Benyngton, "upholder," (fn. 11) of Cornhull, John Seles, John Tours, draper, and others, as well as to divers religious orders in London, and to the hermit shut up near the church of S. Laurence in Old Jewry. The reversion of certain tenements situate in the parish of S. Mary Aldermanbury, which come into possession on the decease of Sarah, wife of Thomas de Basyngstok, he directs to be sold and the proceeds devoted to pious and charitable uses. Dated London, Tuesday next after the Feast of Pentecost [17 May], A.D. 1377. Roll 105 (48).


  • 1. 1 Part I. p. 367.
  • 2. 1 Relict of Aylmer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, and daughter of Guy de Chastilioun, Earl of St. Paul.
  • 3. 2 Co. Cambridge. Part I. p. 637 n.
  • 4. 3 Brusyard, co. Suffolk.
  • 5. 4 Co. Somerset.
  • 6. 1 She was the foundress of Pembroke College in the University of Cambridge.
  • 7. 2 Co. Herts.
  • 8. 3 Or Lacton, co. Essex.
  • 9. 4 It is curious that this ward should still be associated with the name of one who disposed of all his rights to the aldermanry forty years before.
  • 10. 1 In Part I. of this Calendar (p. 413) a note was inserted to the will of a Benedict de Shorne to the effect that a fishmonger of that name was supposed to have given rise to the quaint title of S. Bennet "Shorhog," the name of a parish church in the City which was also known as "S. Osith." This was Stow's explanation, who conceived that "Shorne," the earliest name by which the church was known, was but a corruption of "Shorehog." Riley objected to attributing the name of the church to one who lived thirty or forty years after the church was thus known, and suggested that it probably took its name from the fact of hogs wallowing in the "shores" or ditches in its vicinity, which discharged themselves into the Wall-brook ('Memorials,' Introd. p. xix). On the other hand, Mr. Loftie has recently pointed out the existence of a "Willelmus Serehog" who lived in the vicinity of the church of S. Osith as early as the beginning of the twelfth century. Whether the church was called after a man of the name of "Serehog" or "Shorhog," and whether "Shorne" be a corruption of the name, may be open to doubt; but as to the meaning of "Serehog" or "Shorhog," and its improbable connexion with hogs wallowing in "shores," all uncertainty is set at rest by a suggestion made by Mr. J. A. Kingdon, a member of the Court of the Grocers' Company, to whom the public are indebted for a photographic facsimile of the earliest minute-book belonging to that company. He points out that the name has no connexion with hogs in the sense of swine, but rather is to be referred to the north-country term "hog," "hogget," or "hoggerel," by which a ram or tup is known after being weaned, the same animal, if cast rated, being called a "wether hog." After shearing, probably when a year and a half or two years old, it is called a "shearhog" or "shearling." It is curious to note that the property devised by the Benedict de Shorne just mentioned was situate in the parish most addicted to the wool trade—S. Mary de Wolcherchehawe.
  • 11. 1 Upholsterer or second-hand dealer, Fr. frippier. See Part I. p. 1, note 1.