Prebendaries: Whitchurch

Pages 75-76

Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 7, Bath and Wells. Originally published by Institute of Historical Research, London, 2001.

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Whitchurch (Som.): conf. to bp. Giso by kg. Edward Confessor May 1065 (Keynes, 'Giso' app. I no. 9). Not in DB.

Church of Whitchurch established as preb. by bp. Robert (EEA X no. 46, for which see below, app. 1). Papal confs. 22 Jan. 1158 and 15 June 1176 (chapel of Binegar) (PUE II nos. 101, 159). Gr. to preb. of lic. to make a close on north side of Whitchurch mill, before 7 Feb. 1250 (Cal. I 487). (fn. 1)

Preb. was patron of church of Binegar (ibid. pp. 135, 486).

Valuations 1291 £8 (Taxatio p. 200a); 1299 20m (Cal. I 255).


[Thomas of Earley alias Agnellus

Prob. to be identified with Thomas de Erlega clerk who occ. as witness to ch. of Simon abbot of Athelney, perhaps c. 1143 × 1147 (Cart. Athelney no. 65; see below, app. 1). Gained a preb., presum. this preb., by royal gr., which he passed on to his brother, Stephen of Tournai, 31 Aug. 1166 × 1170, on becoming archdcn. of Wells (list 11) and preb. Huish (Mansi, Concilia XXI 1090 = Jaffé no. 14130; list 43).]

Stephen of Tournai

Gained preb. from his brother, Thomas of Earley, 31 Aug. 1166 × 1170 (Mansi, Concilia XXI 1090 = Jaffé no. 14130): papal mandate that he was to surrender it for Master E. evidently ineffective. Occ. as this preb. late 1189 × 27 Nov. 1191 (Cal. I 486, (fn. 2) cf. ibid. p. 135). Occ. as can. several times. Occ. as S. of Tournai can. at el. of bp. Jocelin, early 1206 (below, app. 2 no. 55). Last occ., as parson of Wellington (Som.), 30 Nov. 1215 (Cal. I 48). Can. of Tournai: occ. as acolyte 18 Aug. and 17 Nov. 1189, as subdcn. Nov. 1194, and as den. 30 Sept. 1205; last occ. Aug. 1210; commem. 12 Apr. (Vleeschouwers pp. 531-3).

Henry de Bracton (fn. 3)

Occ. as this preb. before 7 Feb. 1250 (Cal. I 487), (fn. 4) and without title 1250/1 (ibid. p. 450). Clerk of William de Ralegh, royal justice, and royal justice himself by 1247 (Turner, Judiciary pp. 216-17, 234-5, 245). Also can. of Exeter and archdcn. of Barnstaple, coll. 21 Jan. 1264; chanc. of Exeter, coll. 18 May 1264 (Reg. Bronescombe II nos. 524, 547). Date of d. unknown, but presum. autumn 1268: his successor as chanc. coll. 3 Sept. 1268 (ibid. no. 692), his preb. in Exeter vacant by 4 Nov. 1268 (ibid. nos. 700-1), his church of Bideford (Devon) vac. 26 Dec. 1268 (ibid. no. 715). Commem. at Exeter 29 Oct. (BL Harley MS 863 fo. vv), at Wells in Michaelmas Term (Cal. II 10, 11; cf. ibid. I 110). For his role in revising the compilation of Bracton: De legibus et consuetudinibus Angliae, see Bracton on the Laws and Customs of England, ed. S. E. Thorne (4 vols., Selden Soc. 1968-77) III pp. xxx-xxxiii; cf. Sharpe, Handlist no. 436.

Next identified preb. is John de Grandisson, who occ. 10 July 1320; also archdcn. of Nottingham (Cal. I 191; and see 2 Fasti VIII 74).


  • 1. Before the d. of William Longespée.
  • 2. Temp. Alexander dean, list 3, and bp. Reginald, list 1.
  • 3. For his career, see Biog. Ox. 1 240-1 (where Bracton is identified as Bratton Fleming, Devon); DNB; and O. F. Robinson, 'Bracton and Hengham: the wages of virtue', Journal of Legal History xv (1994) 73-6.
  • 4. Before the d. of William Longespée.