Kirkby in Kendale: 1453-1530

Pages 47-62

Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 1. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1923.

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1453 Edmund Tudor of Hadham, uterine brother of Henry VI, was created earl of Richmond on 6 March, 1453, when he appears to have received a grant of lands within the lordship of Kendale. He died 3 November, 1456, leaving issue by Margaret his wife (born 31 May, 1443), daughter and heir of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset, an only son and heir, Henry, born 26 July, 1456; G.E.C., The Complete Peerage, s.t. Richmond.

1456–57 Confirmation to the king's esquire, Henry de Belyngeham, of letters patent of Edmund, earl of Richemond, deceased, appointing him for life as surveyor of his castles, manors, lordships, lands, officers and tenants in cos. Westmorland and Lancaster, taking £10 yearly in his lands, mills, rents and services in Appulthwayte, co. Westmorland; grant also of the office of receiver of the lordship of Kendale during the king's pleasure; Cal. Pat. R., 1456, pp. 335, 342.

1458 William Garnet, son of Robert Garnet, demised to the said Robert, his father, for life, all his lands and tenements in Kyrkeby Kendayle, Bradley, Cruke, Stavelay Godmund and Ristun, to hold for 6d. at "Qwitsonday" and 6d. "at Martynmes and yt be askyd." Dated 12 October, 37 Henry VI (1458); D. at Levens.

1459 Account of the tithe meal silver in the parish of Kirkby in Kendale: (fn. 1) tithe of the castle demesnes there, 13s. 4d.; Gallowbergh, 3s. 4d.; Myntfeld, 10s.; Kirkfeld, 15s.; tithe of Nicholas Redmayn at 2 bushels, 18d.; of Roger Gilpyn at 1 bushel. 9d.; tithe of the tillages of Thomas Docwraa, 2s.; of William. . . . . 4s. 8d.; tithe of the tillages of Barrahall at 2 bushels, 18d.; the tenement of Thomas Bethome at 1½ bushel, 13d.; tithe of the tillage of Thomas Chambre at 3 bushels, 2s. 3d.; Roll at Levens.

Assignment for life to Margaret, countess of Richmond, wife of Henry Stafford, son of Humphrey, duke of Buckingham, late the wife of Edmund, earl of Richmond, and daughter and heir of John, late duke of Somerset, of two parts of the lordships and manors of Kendale and Nether Wiresdale, in the cos. of York, Lancaster and Westmorland, besides other lands (specified), with the issues thereof from the death of her late husband; (fn. 2) Cal. Pat. R., 1457, p. 504. This grant was first made in 1457; ib., 368.

1460 Grant for life to Richard Tunstall, knight, king's chamberlain, of the office of steward of the lordship of Kendall, which office is in the king's hands by the rebellion of Richard Nevill, earl of Salisbury, taking such wages, &c. as the earl had by the grant of the late duke of Bedford; ib., 1460, p. 544.

1461 Confirmation by Edward IV to Richard Wydewyll, lord Ryvers, and Jaquetta, duchess of Bedford, his wife, for the life of the latter, of the dower assigned to her on the death of John, late duke of Bedford, her husband, namely inter alia the third part of certain profits in Thornton, Kneton and Middulton, co. York, the advowson of the church of Gresmere and divers lands and possessions with a third part of certain profits in Helsyngton, (fn. 3) Forsthwayte, Gresmere, Loghrygge, Langden, Hamelset, Troutebek, Appulthwayte Troutebek, bek, Milbek, Crossethwaite, Hoton, Casturton, Strikelond Ketull, Kirkeby Kendale, Littehous, Farlton, Berburn, Kir[k]slak, Hotonrofe, Strikelande, Moyserth, Bolteston, Berdesaland, Annotheth, Thornes, Bredeholm, Calerigge, Whittewell, Hiltonland, Warcopland, Strikeland Ketill, Grossewhayte, Sleddale, Wetherslake, Aldesteynton, Steynton, Likebarugh, Forsterfeld, Wynster, Ryggmayden, Bannandesdale, Kneton (sic), Tenleshed, Middulton, and elsewhere in co. Westmorland; ib., 1461, p. 169.

1464–65 Thomas Parre, knight, was seised of the castle and manor of Kirkby in Kendall, and of messuages, lands, tenements, rents and services in Stirkland Kettle, held of the king in chief by knight's service, worth 100 marks yearly. He died 1 Edward IV (1461–2). William Parr, knight, his son, is his next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m., 4 Edw. IV, n. 3.

1468 Licence for Robert Ingilton (fn. 4) to grant the castle, lordship or manor of Mynteshede alias Kendale, (fn. 5) 3000 a. arable, 100 a. meadow, 600 a. pasture, £8 yearly of rent, and a water-mill in Kendale, a moiety of a water-mill in Patton, and a moiety of a water-mill in Strikland Ketill, held in chief, to Richard earl of Warwick, William Parre, knight, and Joan his wife, Henry Sotehill, Thomas Middelton, esquire, Thomas Parr, esquire, and William Feynt and the heirs of the bodies of the said William Parre and Joan, with remainders to the heirs of the body of the said William and to the right heirs of Thomas Parre, knight, his father, to hold by the services of as many knights' fees and as many other rents and services as they were held before 4 March, 1 Edward IV (1461); (fn. 6) Cal. Pat. R., 1468, p. 106.

1469 Licence for Robert Ingelton to grant the same premises to George duke of Clarence, the first three persons named above, Richard Tunstall, knight, Richard Redmayne, knight, Henry Sotehill, John Katrike, Robert Wyclyff, Miles Metcalf, James Danby and William Faynte, &c. as above; ib., 177.

1472 Confirmation of a demise made by Henry Stafford, knight, son of Humphrey, late duke of Buckingham, and Margaret, countess of Richmond, his wife, late the wife of Edmund, earl of Richmond, to William Parre, knight, John Parre, knight, John Pylkyngton, knight, Christopher Moresby, knight, Thomas Strikland, knight, William Harington, esquire, and Thomas Metkalf, esquire, of their two parts of the lordships or townships of Gresmere, Loghrigge, Longdon, Casterton, Hamelsett and Troutebek with their members, the hamlets of Appulthwaite and Undermylnebek and all lands in them, the water of Kent, the manors, lordships or townships of Helsinton, Crosthwayt, Hoton, Frostwayt, Striklande Ketell, Whitington, Warton, Karneford, Assheton, Moreholme, Thorneton, Kneton and Middleton with their members, all lands in Scotford, the borough of Kyrkeby in Kendale, the bailiwick of the same borough, the office of serjeanty and bailiwick of Londesdale, the close or park of Calgarth, the herbage and pannage of the same, the fishery of or in the water of Wynandremere, the herbage of Le Dalehed, the toll, fair, and market with "Lez Wyndeles" and "lepes de le Weyle," "lez bothes," "shopes," "shamelles," bakery, "lez Bankes with "court housez" of the town of Kirkeby in Kendale, the borough and "Lethouse" in Kirkeby in Kendale with their farms and profits, the free farm of free tenants in Kendale, the orchard and park of Moreholme, the corn-mill of Appultwayte, the manor or lordship of Nether Wyresdale, with all advowsons, meadows, feedings, pastures, mills, stews, stanks, waters, fisheries, chaces, warrens, moors and forests, sometime parcel of the lordship of Kendale, and all their part with all lands, rents, services, knights' fees, &c. late parcel of the said lordship of Kendale, to hold from Whitsuntide last past for the life of the countess at a rent of £190 yearly. The said Henry and the countess have appointed William Flemyng esquire, Thomas Byggynges, clerk, John Dawney and Oliver Thorneburgh their attorneys to deliver seisin. Demise dated 20 July, 11 Edward IV (1471); ib., 1472, p. 334.

1472 Inquest taken at Kyrkeby Kendale 25 October, 12 Edward IV (1472), before Thomas Laburne, knight, escheator, by the oath of the jurors, who say that: Jaquetta, late duchess of Bedford, and formerly wife of Richard, earl Ryvers, held for the term of her life, of the king in chief, on the day she died, by reason of the king's grant by letters patent to the said duchess and Richard, dated 10 December, 1 Edward IV (1461) of a 3rd part of the lordship or township of Gressemer, a third part of the lordship or township of Langden, a third part of the lordship or township of Loghrig, a third part of the lordship or township of Hamelsed ("Hamihed"), a third part of the lordship or township of Troutebek with all their members, a third part of the lordship or hamlets of Apletwhait and Under Mylnebecke and of all lands and tenements in the same hamlets, of the water of Kente, of the manors, lordships or townships of Crossetwhait, Helsyngton, Forstwhait, Hoton, Casterton, Stirkland Ketle, the borough of Kirkby in Kendall, the bailiwick of the same borough, of the office of serjeanty and bailiwick of Londsdall, of the close or park of Calfegarth, of the herbage and pannage of the same, of the fishery of or in the water of Wynandermer, of the herbage of Daleheade, of the toll of fair and market, with "les wyndles, lepes, lez bothes, shoppes, shamelles," bakehouse with the courthouse of the vill of Kirkby in Kendall, Burgh and "le Lithouse" (fn. 7) in Kirkby in Kendall, with their farms and the profits of the corn mill at Apyltwhait, and the services and free farms of the tenants in the county of Westmorland, with the advowson or nomination of the church or chapel of Gressemer, with all the advowsons, meadows, pastures, feedings, mills, fishponds (vivaria), pools, waters, fisheries, chaces, warrens, moors and forests belonging to any of them, which were formerly parcel of the lordship of Kendall, with reversion to William Parre, knight, and his issue male, by grant of the king by letters patent dated 7 March, 12 Edward IV (1472), by which letters patent the king granted that all the above third part and the manors, lands and tenements which after the death of Jaquetta, duchess of Bedford, ought to revert to him and his heirs, should remain to the said William Parr for ever, to have and to hold, to him and his issue male, of the king and his heirs by the services therefor anciently due and accustomed and for want of heirs male of the same William, all the manors, lordships, lands and tenements shall remain to John Par, knight, his brother, for ever. The values of the premises are as follows:—

£ s. d.
Third part of Gressmere and advowson worth yearly clear 3 0 0
do. Loghrig 4 14 0
do. Langden 2 0 0
do. Casterton 1 6 8
do. Hamelsed and Troutbek 16 0 0
do. Appilthuayt and Under Milnebek 5 marks
do. water of Kent 3 4
do. Helsyngton, Crossthuayt, Hoton, Forsthauyt, Styrklandketill 8 0 0
do. fishery of Wynaundremer 13 4
do. herbage of Dalehed 3 4
do. Borough of Kirkeby in Kendale 10 0
do. Bailiwick of said Borough 6 8
do. Office of Serjeanty and bailiwick of Lonesdale 13 4
do. Calfegarth, &c. 1 0 0
do. toll, &c. 1 0 0
do. corn mill of Appilthuayt 13 4
do. services and free farm of tenants 2 14 4

All the premises are held of the king in chief by the service of a third part of a moiety of a knight's fee. Anthony, earl Ryvers, her son, aged 30 years, is her next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m., 12 Edw. IV, n. 49; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. i, file 225, n. 2.

1474 Grant by Robert Porter of Cragfergus, son and heir of John Porter, late of Kendal, to Sir William Parre, knight, of a tenement called "Le Comyn Bakhous" and "Comyn Kill" in Kirkland in Kirkby Kendall. Witnesses: . . . . Walleys, late mayor of Cragfergus, John Bekk, late mayor of Cragfergus, John Byrde, late bailiff of Cragfergus. Dated 1 June, 14 Edward IV (1474). And because the grantor's seal was unknown to many, at his special request, James Dokeray, esquire, (fn. 8) constable of the King's castle of Cragfergus, appended his seal (now destroyed); D. at Levens.

1475 Licence for Thomas Burgh, knight, (fn. 9) who is going to cross the sea with the king on his voyage and service, to grant a moiety of the barony of Midforde and many estates in Northumberland, all his lands and tenements in Kyrkby Kendall, co. Westmorland, and many other lands (duly specified) to 17 feoffees (named); Cal. Pat. R., 1475, p. 523.

Licence for William Parre, knight, who is going to cross the sea with the king on his voyage and service to grant the castle of Kendale, the manor of Grenerigge, the manor of Grenehede, the manor of Strikland Ketill and the hamlets of Hutton, Hay and Scalthwayterig, co. Westmorland, the manor of Laghogh, co. Lancaster, the vill of Cargoo, co. Cumberland, a third part of the township of Gresmer, the lordship or manor of Loghrig, the lordship or township of Longden, the lordship or township of Casterton, the lordships or townships of Ambleset and Troutbek, the hamlets of Appulthwayte and Under Milnebek, and the water of Kent, co. Westmorland; a third part of the manors, lordships or townships of Helsynton, Crosthwayte, Hutton, Frosthwayte, and Whittyngton, co. Westmorland (sic); a third part of the manors of Warton, Carneford, Assheton, and Moreholme, co. Lancaster, a third part of the manors of Thorneton, Kneton and Middilton with their members, co. York; a third part of all his lands and tenements in Scotford, co. Lancaster; a third part of the borough of Kirkeby in Kendale, the baliwick of the same borough, the office of serjeanty and the bailiwick of Londesdale, co. Westmorland; a third part of the close or park of Calgarth, the herbage and pannage of the same, the fishery of or in the water of Wynandremere, the herbage of Le Dale Hede, the toll, fair and market with "les wyndels" and "lepes" of "le weele," "lez bothes," "shoppes," "shamles," bakehouses, "lez Banks" with "courte houses" of the town of Kirkeby in Kendall, the Burgh and Lethous in Kirkeby in Kendall with their farms, profits, and appurtenances, co. Westmorland; a third part of the free farm of the free tenants in Kendall, the orchard and park of Moreholme and the mill of Appulthwayte, co. Westmorland; a third part of the manor or lordship of Nether Wyresdale, co. Lancaster; the manor of Burnolleshede, the hamlets of Creke (Crook), Lamberyg, Whitwell and Selshede and the manor of Casterton, co. Westmorland; and the castles, manors and lordships of Pendragon, Burgh, Appulby, Burgham, Mallerstange and Whynfell, the manor and lordship of Kirkeby Stephen, and the vill of Wynton, co. Westmorland; held in chief, to the king's kinsman, George, archbishop of York, John Conyers, knight, John Whelpedale, clerk, and Richard Glebra, chaplain, and their heirs, in accordance with the act in the Parliament at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV; ib., 1475, p. 531.

1478 General pardon to Richard Robynson, late of Kendall, co. Westmorland, "yoman," of all offences committed by him before 16 July same year; ib., 1478, p. 121.

1484 Grant for life to William Duket of the free chapel of St. Leonard by the town of Kirkby Kendall, void by the resignation of Sir Thomas Fell, chaplain, and in the king's gift by reason of the minority of Thomas Parre, son and heir of William Parre, knight, deceased; ib., 1484, p. 409.

Grant to all inhabitants within the lordship or barony of Kendall, co. Westmorland, that they shall be quit of toll, pavage, pontage, carriage, murage, cheminage, picage, passage, lastage, stallage, tallage and tarrage throughout the realm of England and the king's power; ib., 500.

1486 Grant for life to the king's knight, Richard Tunstall, of the office of steward of the lordship of Kendall and lands pertaining to the same in cos. Westmorland, York and Lancaster; ib., 1 Henry VII, 1486, p. 95.

1487 Grant for life to the king's mother, Margaret, countess of Richmond, of inter alia a third part of the lordships and manors of Kendale and Weresdale; ib., 1487, p. 155.

Grant for life to the king's servant, Peter Fillowe, groom of the king's privy spicery, of that part of the toll pertaining to the king in the town of Kendale, co. Westmorland, which is now void and in the king's gift, with the rights, profits, &c. thereof; ib., 175.

1490 Pardon to William Pykryng of Kyrkby in Kendale, "gentilman," of his outlawry in the hustings of London for not appearing before the justices of the Bench to answer Richard Gylpyn, touching a debt of £40, he having surrendered to the Flete; ib., 1490, p. 328.

1493 Similar pardon to Hugh Warde of Boston, co. Lincoln, "marchaunt," alias of Kyrkeby Kendale, of his outlawry in the county of the city of Coventry for not appearing before the justices of the Bench to satisfy Nicholas Brown, merchant of the staple of Calais, of a debt of £14 13s. 4d. and 4 marks damages, he having surrendered to the Flete and satisfied Nicholas, &c.; ib., 430.

1492 Grant by Henry Wilson of Kirkland in Kendale to John Mannyng, chaplain, and John Wilson of a burgage and one little pightell of land with a garden adjoining in the town of Kirkeby in Kendale in the street called Strawmondgate, lying between the burgage late of Thomas Tunstale on the north side and the burgage of John Dokwra on the south and abutting on the king's way towards the east and as far as the burgage of John Burgh on the west. William Standish, the grantor's bailiff, was appointed attorney to deliver seisin. Dated 29 May, 7 Henry VII (1492); D. at Levens.

1502 In Easter term, 17 Henry VII, John Wasshyngton and Elizabeth his wife impleaded Thomas Sherman of forcibly entering a close of land at Kyrkeby in Kendale; De Banco R., as above, m. 93.

1504 Grant by Thomas Tunstale of Dokare to Thomas Parre, esquire of the king's body, of his burgage or tenement, rent and service in Stramongate in Kirkeby Kendale, lying between the burgage of Robert Dawney, gentleman, on the east, and that of Robert Lorde on the west; and two tenements or burgages with the appurtenances in Fynkelstrete in Kirkeby aforesaid, lying between the burgage of William Briggs on the east and that of Richard Sleddale on the west. Sir Walter Strikeland, knight, and William Lambert, gentleman, were appointed attorneys to deliver seisin. Dated 4 June, 19 Henry VII (1504); D. at Levens.

1509 Appointment of Sir Thomas Parre, knight, to be steward of the king's lands in Kendall; Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII, i, 39.

Appointment of Thomas Hobson to be auditor of inter alia the barony of Kendall and all possessions, &c. now in the king's hands by reason of the death of the king's grandmother; with the appointment of all officers; ib., 52.

c. 1510 Rental of the priory of Conyngesheved. Kendall: John Colynson renders yearly, 6s. 8d.; Henry Beke . . . . ; Duchy of Lanc., Rentals, bundle 4, n. 4.

1511 Grant to Sir Thomas Parre, knight of the body, and his heirs, of free warren in the manor of Kendale; Letters and Papers, i, 240.

1512 Inquest taken at Kyrkby in Kendall, 16 August, 4 Henry VIII (1512), before John Flemyng, eschaetor, by the oath of William Thornbrugh, &c. who say that: king Henry VI was seised of a moiety of the barony, manor or lordship of Kendall and of the manor or lordships of Gresmer, Langden and Lowghryge; and the lordships of Amylsette, Trowtbek, Appulwhait, Under Milnbek, Crostwhait, Hotton, Striklandkettill, Helsyngton, Frostwhaitt, borough of Kyrkby in Kendall, bailiwick of the said borough, office of serjeanty and bailiwick of Lonysdayll, herbage of "Le Dalehed" and of a park called Calgarth, the lordships or manors of Casterton and Moreholme, the water of Kent; a moiety of the tolls, the fair and market (de medietate tolneti, feria et mercato) in Kendall; the fishery of the water of Wynandermyrre and "de lez Wyndels et lepes de le Wegle, lez bothes, shoppes, shamells, pistrina (bakehouse), lez Bankes et Crosbankes et de le Courthouse et Lethowse" of the town of Kyrkby in Kendall with their issues, fairs and profits, and also of the free farm and free rent and service of the free tenants in Kendall, as parcel of his barony, manor or lordship of Kendall, in his demesne as of fee. So seised, he, at the Parliament at Redyng, 6 March, 31 Henry VI (1453), by advise and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal and of the commons of his kingdom in the said parliament and by authority of said parliament, granted to Edmund, then earl of Richmond, the manor, lands and tenements aforesaid by the name of the lordship and manor of Kendall amongst other things and of all other the lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions which by and after the death of his uncle, John, late duke of Bedford, descended to him in the said county, together with knights' fees, wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats, advowsons or nominations of abbeys, priories, hospitals, churches, chappels, chantries and all other benefices of what church soever, warrens, fisheries, commons, court of view of frankpledge, franchises, liberties, fines, amercements, goods and chattels of felons and fugitives or persons outlawed with all other profits, &c., as the said late duke of Bedford had, to hold to the said Edmund earl of Richmond and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, to hold of the late king and his heirs by fealty only, &c., as by a transcript of the Act shown to the jurors appears. By virtue whereof Edmund the earl entered and was seised. Afterwards king Henry VI died (A. D. 1471), and Edmund earl of Richmond died (A. D. 1456), after whose death the lands, &c. descended to king Henry VII, as son and heir of the aforesaid Edmund, and he entered upon the premises and was seised thereof. So seised he, by letters patent dated at Westminster 22 March 2 Henry VII (1487), amongst other things granted the premises to Margaret, late countess of Richmond, by the name of Margaret his most dear mother, to hold for her life, and the countess entered upon the premises and was thereof seised in her demesne as of free tenement. Afterwards king Henry VII died (A. D. 1509), after whose death the moiety of the said barony and of the manors, &c., as parcel of the said barony, lordship or manor of Kendall, descended to the present king (Henry VIII); as son and heir of king Henry VII. Afterwards the countess of Richmond died, namely 14 July, 1 Henry VIII (1509), after whose death the king became seised thereof, and still is, in his demesne as of fee tail by form of the gift; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 118, n. 3.

1513 Grant to Sir Thomas Parre, knight of the body, for 40 years, at the yearly rent of £340, of the lordships of Amelsett, Troutbek, Apulwhait, Under Milnebek, Frostwhait, Langdon, Loughrig, Crostwhaite, Strikland Ketyll, and Helsyngton, the herbage of "Le Dalehed," the fishery of Wynandermere and a messuage with a park called Calgarth, co. Westmorland; the lordships of Thornton, Kneton and Medilton, co. York, Whetyngton, Nether Wyresdale, Scotford and Watford, co. Lancaster, all the king's possessions in Casterton and Moreholme, co. Westmorland (sic), and in Carneford and Assheton, co. Lancaster, the king's portion of the lordships of Gresmere and Hoton and the lordship of Kendall, the water of Kent, the borough of Kyrkby in Kendall, the bailiwick of Loinesdale, the tolls, fairs and markets in Kendall. Dated 1 March, 1513; Letters and Papers, i, 495.

1514 Brian Tunstall of Thurland, co. Lancaster, held at his death (in 1513) land in Warton and Yealand, held of the barony of Kendall. Grant to Cuthbert Tunstall, clerk, of wardship of Marmaduke son and heir of the said Brian and custody in reversion of the land which Isabel widow of the said Brian holds as dower; ib., 851.

1515 Pardon of outlawry for Hugh Warde of Kyrkeby Kendall for debt; ib., ii, 111.

1516 Will of Thomas Strickland of Siersard in Kendall, parson of Lowther. "My body to be buried in Kendall Kirke in Saynte Kateryne's quere in the same Kirke, at the left hand of the aulter in the same quere." Executors: Sir Thomas Par, "my nevewe Water Strikland and my brother Gervase Strikland." "Item, I will that my maister Sir Thomas Par have the best hors that I have fro the Kirke served first." "Item, I will that ilkon of my hynes be rewarded over theire hire xxd. Item, I will that Thomas Lamberte have my grey trotting mere and her fole. Item, I will that John Loncastre have my grey horse which was Bagley's. Item, I will that Sir Miles, my preste, syng for me oone yere at Saynt Kateryne's aulter in Kendall Kirke and he to have vii mark therfore." "Item, I will gif to Kendall Kirke xxs." "In . . . . recorde herof Sir Robert Tideman and Sir Nicholas Cartar, Thomas Lamberte and other mo. Yeven in the Natyvytie of Saynte John Baptiste in the yere of our Lorde God Jhesu Crist m.d.xvi." Proved 10 August; Test. Ebor. (Surtees Soc.), v, 76.

1517 Notification to Cuthbert Tunstal, Master of the Rolls, to cancel a recognizance of £40 made by (among others) Sir Roger Belyngeham of Burnelsede in Kendall; Letters and Papers, ii, 1202.

1517 Grant by Edward Bethom of Underbarra to Robert Tydeman and Edward Collynson, chaplains, of all his lands and tenements in Kirkby Kendale or elsewhere in co. Westmorland. Dated 6 February, 8 Henry VIII (1517); D. at Levens.

1518 Inquest taken at Kendall, 26 October, 10 Henry VIII (1518), before Launcelot Saukeld, escheator. The jurors say that Thomas Parr long before his death was seised of the manors of Kendall, Greynhed and Scalthwhaitrige and a moiety of the manor of Gresmere and 100 messuages, 5000 a. land, 1000 a. meadow, 2000 a. pasture, £14 of rent in Hutton, Hay, Gythwhaithrigge, Strikland, Hugill, Greynrige, Ullathornes, Ruston and Kyrkby in Kendall; so seised Richard, bishop of Winchester, Charles, earl of Worcester, knight, Thomas Lovell, knight, and Henry Wyat, knight, with Giles Dawbeney, knight, and Edmund Dudley, esq., now deceased, in Michaelmas term, 23 Henry VII (1507), at Westminster, before the justices of the Common Bench, recovered the said premises against the said Thomas Parr by the king's writ of "entry sur disseisin," and are still seised of the premises. The recovery was had to the use of the said Thomas Parr and his heirs for ever and to perform his last will. (fn. 10) And he by his writing, dated 7 November, 9 Henry VIII (1517), made his will as follows: I will that my recoverers and feoffees shall stand seised of all such manors, lands, &c. as I have within the realm of England, which late were of my father Sir William Parr, knight, and descended to me as his heir, shall stand so seised after my death to the use of Mawde my wife for her life, in full satisfaction of her dower of all my other manors, lands, &c. which I or any other to my use have within the realm of England. If my wife re-marry, or if she do recover or have her dower of any other of my manors, lands, &c. than here appointed, by writ of dower or otherwise, then her interest in all the manors, lands, &c. which were my late father's shall cease, except such lands, &c. as were my late father's, in Greynhed, Hay, Striklond Rogers, Greynrigge and in the borough town of Kendall, which I suppose to be of yearly value of 100 marks, which I will she have only for term of her life; to my servant Rouland Thornebrugh, after the death of his father, for term of his life the "Maister Forstership" of the old Park of Kendall with like fee as his father now has; to my cousin Rychard Duket the younger the same "ferme" he now has called "Garnet Howse" for term of his life, paying the old rent without fine or gressom; to my servant Cristofer Godmonde for term of his life the "ferme" called "Gylthwhaithrigge" at old rent without fine or gressom; to my cousin Garvis Strikland the same office he now has with like fee for term of his life.

The said manors, lands, tenements, &c. once were of Sir William Parr, knight, and descended to the said Thomas Parr, as son and heir; Matilda his wife is still alive. William Thornebrugh, father of the aforesaid Rouland, was Master Forester of the park of Kendall and had yearly for his fee 56s. William and Roland Thornebrugh are still alive. Gervase Strikland had, on the day of Thomas Parr's death, the office of Steward of Kendall and received yearly for his fee £13 6s. 8d. and he is still alive. The manors of Gylthwhaithrigge and Mattkynlaith are held of James Leyburn by service of socage and are worth yearly clear 20s. The manor of Greynhed is held of Walter Strikland of his manor of Syrsergh by service of socage, worth yearly clear 40s. John Hutham, knight, was seised in his demesne as of fee of 20 messuages, 20 tofts, 10 bovates of land, 200 a. land, 100 a. meadow, 1000 a. pasture, 100 a. wood, £4 of rent in Gresmer and Langden and so seised he, by indentures made between him the said John Huthom, knight, and John Huthom, his son and heir apparent, of the one part and the said Thomas Parr, then esquire, of the other part, for £181 13s. 4d. paid to him by the said Thomas Parr, sold all the said premises in Gresmer and Langden to him, to hold to him and his heirs for ever; by virtue whereof the said Sir John Huthom, knight, was seised thereof in his demesne as of fee to the use of the said Thomas Parre and his heirs for ever. Sir John Huthom, knight, died, after whose death the premises descended to John Huthom, his son and heir apparent, who entered and was seised of the premises to the use of the said Thomas Parre and his heirs. John Boste of Penrith, co. Cumb., gentleman, and Margaret his wife, Elizabeth Duket, Mabel Duket, younger, Margaret Phelipson, William Phelipson and Mabel Duket, elder, were seised of the manor of Gythwaithrigge in Skelmesergh and 20 messuages, 100 a. land, 60 a. meadow, 200 a. pasture, 20 a. wood, 40s. rent in Sleddayle, Respeton, Langden, Staveley and Hugill and so seised by indentures made between them of the one part and the said Sir Thomas Parr, knight, of the other part, for a certain sum paid to them, sold all the said manors, lands, &c. in Gylthwhaithtrigge, Skelmesergh, Sleddaill, Respetton, Langden, Staueley and Hugill to him, to hold to him and his heirs. Accordingly John Buste and the others were seised thereof to the use of the said Thomas Parr and his heirs. The parties in both sets of indentures so being seised, the said Thomas Parr, by his said will, amongst other things declared as follows: my executors to take the profits of my manors, lands, &c. which I late purchased and also of such manors, lands, &c. as late were in variance between Lord Scrope and me, to the yearly value of £30, and they also shall have such lands and tenements as I have in lease of the abbot of Saynt Mary Abbey without the city of York until the time that they have received £800, which sum I will to be equally divided between my daughters "Kateryn and Anne" towards their marriage; if any of them die before they be married she who survives to have the whole £800. "I will that yf my said two doughters or any of them be myn heyres or my sonnes heyres afore they be married that then they nor none of them shall have no parte of the said DCCCli. but I will that it shalbe bestowed uppon copes, vestmentes, chalices and other ornamentes necessary and conuenyent for the house and church of Garues, (fn. 11) wher I am founder, as it shalbe thought best by myn executours and the abbot of the said house of Gerues for the tyme being." To my servant John Warman during his life 26s. 8d. out of my purchased lands. To Edward Mountague during his life 66s. 8d. out of my purchased lands. To James Ruxbye, my auditor, during his life the same fee he now has. My recoverers and feoffees and others who now stand seised of such manors, lands, &c. whereof I have made my will to be so seised for the performance of my will.

John Warman and Edward Mountygewe still survive; James Ruxby received from Sir Thomas a fee of £6 and still survives; the manor of Kendall and the said [tenements] with the appurtenances and the moiety of the manor of Gresmer and all the said messuages; lands, &c. in Hutton, Hay, Strikland, Hugill, Graynrigge, Ullerthornyes and Kyrkby in Kendall are worth yearly clear 100 marks and are held of the king by knight service, to wit: by the 4th part of a knight's fee; the messuages, lands, &c. in Gresmer and Langdon are worth yearly clear 40s. and are held of the king, service unknown. The manors in Sl[e]dall, Respeton, Langden, Staueley and Hugill are worth yearly clear 30s. and are held of the king, service unknown. Thomas Parr died 12 [Nov]ember last (1517) and William Parr, esquire, is his son and next heir, aged 5 years; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 121, n. 7.

1520 Feoffment by Brian Warener of Helsington to Thomas Stoynbank and William Johnson, chaplains, of a burgage in Kirkby in Kendall, now in the tenure of James Tomson, of the yearly value of 40s., and two burgages there, of the yearly value of 20s., now in the tenure of John Willayn, and a yearly rent of 6s. 8d. arising from a burgage now in the tenure of William Warener; to the use of the said Brian and Sibyl his wife in survivorship. Robert Sadlere and Richard Collynson attorneys to deliver seisin. Witnesses: Nicholas Sadlere, Henry Wilson and Henry Haulbrede, chaplains; James Nuthude (?), James Thomson. Dated 29 June, 12 Henry VIII (1520); D. at Levens.

1523 The earl of Surrey in a letter to Cardinal Wolsey relates that he sent Lord Dacre to the stronghold of Fernherst (near Jedborough), which belonged to his mortal enemy, accompanied by Sir Arthur Darcy, Sir Marmaduke Constable, 700 men and some ordnance. "Fernherst stood marvellously strong within a great wood," which the two knights entered with 300 Kendal men and Wolsey's servant, Strickland. In the wood they were sorely handled by hardy men that would not budge a foot. The "other" two knights were compelled to call for more of their men, yet could not bring their ordnance to the fortress till Dacre and some of his horsemen dismounted. After a long skirmish they at last got it out, gained possession of the house and threw it down; Letters and Papers, iii, 1399.

1525 June 18. The King created his illegitimate son, Henry Fitzroy, duke of Richmond and Somerset (d. 1536), and in support of his titles granted him inter alia (the lordship of) Kendall (and bailiwick of) Londesdaill, (the lordship of) Wyresdaill, (the manors of) Warton and Kyrby in Kendall; ib., 673 note.

1525Among those who were placed on the commission of the peace for Westmorland were: Sir William Parre, Sir Robert Belyngeham, Sir Walter Strikelonde, Geoffrey Middelton, James Layborne, John Lambart, elder, and Richard Duket; ib., 722.

1526 Memorandum. The iijd day of Novembre, the xviij, yere of Kynge Henry the Eight, within the howse of Sancte John's Clerkenwell, in the Buttery of the same, my lord Sr Thomas Docwra, Priour ther, beyng the same tyme present, John Docwra, son and heir of Thomas Docwra of Kyrkeby Kendall in the countie of Westmerland, gentilman, beyng of the age of xviij yeres and more, and Margaret Turpyn, second doughter and heir of Edward Turpyn, late departed, of the countie of Leyceytour, gentilwoman, being of the full age of xiii years di. and more, of ther mere free will and mynde, withoute fere, drede or compulsion of any man, the said John toke unto his wiff the foreseid Margaret, and the seid Margaret toke unto hire husband the forseid John, and therunto either to other plighte and gave ther feythe and trewthe, desiryng and requyrynge witnesse for the same: Dame Elizabeth Chomley, Rowland Brugh, Thomas Chicheley, John Docwra, Thomas Darke and Willyam Bardesey with dyverse other at that tyme beyng present; Landsd. MS. 200, f. 1 (fly leaf); The Genealogist, N.S., xv, 192.

Lord Dacre writing to Lord Scrope, who had asked for his opinion on the articles of the marriage between his son and Lady Parr's daughter (Katharine), does not think he could marry him to so good a stock as Lady Parr's, considering her wisdom and the wise stocks of the Grenes whence she is come and of the Parrs of Kendal; for all wise men, when they marry their children, look to the wisdom of the blood they marry with. There is only one child between Lady Parr's daughter and 800 marks of land. He mentions this because of the possibility that fell to himself by marriage. Thinks it well that his son should live with Lady Parr for the next three years, he finding him clothing and a servant. He would learn there as well as in any other place "as well norture as French and other language"; Letters and Papers, iii, 1512. (fn. 12)

In a letter dated Kendal, 6 August, Sir William Parre writes to Lord Dacre asking him to write to the judges at the assizes in Appulby on behalf of John Warrener of Kendal, a poor man, whose farmhold being claimed by his brother, Dacre assisted him two years ago. His brother intends to make suit for it again with the assistance of Sir Roger Bellingham; ib., 1342.

1529 At Wolsey's request Sir William Parre writes that he sends Wolsey a presentation to the parsonage of Thornton, void by the death of Dr. Stillington and in his gift by grant of the barony of Kendall to his brother, Sir Thomas Parr, and now in his hands during the minority of his nephew; ib., iv, 2627.

1530 Licence to Sir Henry Wyat (fn. 13) to enfeoff Henry, earl of Essex, Thomas Vaus, lord Harrodon, Sir William Fitzwilliam, younger, Sir William Parre, Thomas, lord Brough, Sir Edward Darell, Edward Brough, Thomas Pykeryng, Thomas Butler, James Rokesby, Christopher Goodman and Alan Sheppard, clerk, of the manor of Cargo, co. Cumberland, and the manor of Kendall, the moiety of the manor of Gresmere and certain messuages and lands therein, and £14 of rent in Hutton, Haye, Gilthwaytrigge, Strikland, Hugyll, Greynrigge, Ullathornes, Ruston and Kyrkby in Kendall, to hold to the said earl and his fellow feoffees and their heirs for ever; ib., 2810.

Inspeximus and confirmation for Matilda Parre, widow, and William Parre of letters patent of 12 February, 4 Henry VI, inspecting and exemplifying Placita de quo waranto (fn. 14) concerning free warren and other liberties claimed by Ingram de Gynes and Christiana, his wife, in Kendale; and letters patent of 12 February, 15 Henry VII, inspecting and confirming a charter of 28 August, 3 Edward II, granting to Marmaduke de Twenge and William de Roos of Kendale a market and fair at Kyrkeby in Kendale; ib., 3052.

Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII: May 7th. Reward to a servant of lady Parre's for bringing a coat cloth of Kendal for the King, 4s. 8d.; June 11th. A coat of Kendal and doublet for Patche [the King's fool], 15s. 4d.; ib., 749–50.


  • 1. Some items may refer to Helsington, Bradley Field and other townships.
  • 2. King Edward IV confirmed this arrangement on 4th December, 1464; Cal. Pat. R. 1464, p. 362.
  • 3. See the rental of 1390-95 in the Appendix, and the inquisition taken after the death of Gilbert de Bronolvesheved in 1348.
  • 4. As feoffee.
  • 5. "Myntished in Kendal;" Cal. Pat. R. 1469, p. 177.
  • 6. The day of the accession of Edward IV.
  • 7. Leet (court) House.
  • 8. By letters patent under the great seal of Ireland, dated at Drogheda, 23rd February, 7 Edward IV (1468), the king granted for life to James Dokray, esquire, constable of the King's castle of Cragfergus, for his good service to the king's father and the king, and because the castle is a garrison of war and is surrounded by Irish and Scots without succour of the English for 60 miles, and the constable formerly had 24 soldiers for its safeguarding, but he keeps it alone with a force at his own expense, that he shall have 10 soldiers within the castle and 4d. daily for each of them, and grant of 40 marks from the lordship of Ardmulghan, etc. and the customs and cokets in the ports and franchises of Ardeglasse and Cragfergus and 45 marks elsewhere (specified); Cal. Pat. R. 1469, p. 161.
  • 9. The first Lord Burgh of Gainsborough. See The Genealogist, n.s., xii, 234.
  • 10. See Trans. C. & W. A. & A. Soc., ii, 187.
  • 11. Jervaulx abbey, co. York.
  • 12. See Matilda, Lady Parr's letter to Lord Dacre about this contemplated marriage with her terms, which were too stiff for Scrope; written from The Rye; ib., 1326.
  • 13. Presumably he was surviving feoffee of Sir Thomas Parr. The lands conveyed to new feoffees were of the Marquis Fee.
  • 14. Record Com. vol., p. 788.