Henry VIII: September 1513, 11-20

Pages 1012-1023

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 1, 1509-1514. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1920.

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September 1513

11 Sept.
Stowe MS. 146, f. 96. B.M.
"Money by way of reward delivered by [the King's almoner] (fn. 1) to the officers of my Ladyes house at the King's first being at Lile," 11 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
To the treasurer, 20l.; two stewards, 40l.; controller, 10l.; grooms and ushers of my Lady's chamber, 20l.; clerk of the kitchen and clerk of the office, 20l.; master cook and other three cooks, 20l.; pantry, 10l.; fruitery, 10l.; harbingers, 10l.; marshal harbinger, 10 mks; tapistriers, 20 mks.; porter, 3l. 6s. 8d.; cellar and buttery, 10l.; Governor of Bresse and President de la Roche, each 100 mks.; Mr. Charles de la Viridea, secretary of the audience, 10l.; Marignyes clerk, 10 mks.; the Governor of Bresse's wife, 40l.; my Lady's footmen, 3l. 6s. 8d.; the children of her chamber, 40s.; "the audiensarie for the making of the treaty of Tornay," 10 mks.; poor folk at the King's entry into Tornay, 33s. 4d.; keeper of the house where the King stood when the citizens made their fidelity, 3l. 6s. 8d.; the Lord Bagh, 100 mks.; four persons that brought the standards of the Frenchmen to the King, 40s.; espials at sundry times, 11l. 16s. 4d.; heralds from the Emperor, 4l.; guides, 52s. Total paid in presence of Mr. Almoner, 487l. 5s. 4d. Signed: Thomas Wulcy.
Pp. 2.
11 Sept.
Calig. D. VI., 330. B.M.
Paper headed: "Sensieult le declaration de la despence faicte par Bauduin Caudron, bailly de la Basterre, en ensuivant le commandement et ordonnance a lui faicte par Mons. le Gouvernieur de Bethune pour avoir chargie sur six navires l'artillerie du Roy d'Engleterre, et icelle amene et conduit jusques au rivage de Lille, et icelle artillerie desquerquu' desdictes navires et le mene en la Halle seant sur le merchie de la ville de Lille par les personnes ainsy que cy apres sera declairé; [que se fait a monnaie Artois] (fn. 2).
i. "Et premiers le xe jour de Septembre 1513, depences faicte à Bethune." Names of watchers at 3s. a night, and numerous labourers at 4s. a day and the amount each received, with a few other items such as "Pour pluiseurs despens soustenus et fais par les iiijes varletz et aultres compaignons serviters dudict Roy, qui estoient et conduissoient la dicte artillerie le xje jour Septembre audict an 1513, à le Gorghe au soupper en la maison dudict Bauduin en ce comprins mouton et demi-pain, bure, biere et aultres vivres que furent mis esdicts navires pour mengier leawe, 13l. 10s.," and the last entry: "A ung clercq pour son sallaire d'aver fait ce present compte et le mis en double, 18s."
French, pp. 12.
Ib., 336.
2. [4473.] "S'ensuit la declaration des sallaires desservis et fais par Jehan Bournage, navier dudit Charles, d'avoir mene sur six navires l'artillerie du Roy d'Engleterre depuis Bethune jusques a Lille; et se font les somes de deniers cy apres decla[rees] a monn[aie] Artois, en la maniere qui s'ensuit."
Payments to masters and mariners, &c. Some extra hands were engaged at le Gorghe upon a rumour that the French were coming. From Bethune to Gorghe is 7 leagues, thence to Deuslemons 9 leagues and thence to Lille 6 leagues.
At the end, in a different hand: "For bote hyre and costs of maryners from Bethon to Lyle as it apperith by the ..."
French, pp. 2, mutilated.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
230, f. 41. R.O.
2257. THE ARMY.
Memoranda for the month beginning 11 Sept., viz.:—13,339 men including officers; their pay 11,151l. 16s. 5d.; carriage of artillery "for the King's part" 1,214l. 5s. 4d.; besides carriage of victuals from Calais to the camp which is paid by Weldon out of money received of the victuals.
P. 1.
12 Sept.
Vitell. B. II., 49. B.M. Rym. XIII., 376.
The Pope was advertised on the 5th, by the Florentine ambassador resident at the French court, of Henry's victories over the enemies of the Church. Went next day to Cardinal Sinegal, and demanded the brief put into his keeping, for Henry, by Pope Julie. He acknowledged that, by this victory, the conditions were fulfilled; but refused to deliver it until he received order in writing from your Majesty, for so he was commanded by Pope Julie. He does not wish the Pope to know but that Henry had possession of it in Pope Julie's days. As the present Pope has confirmed all the indulgencies Bainbridge thinks that the King might demand it in more ample manner under lead. Encloses a letter from Sinegal. Thinks he ought to be recompensed with some promotion—after the brief has been received. As the Emperor is now with the King, the Venetian ambassador prays him to negotiate peace between him and the Signory and doubts not the Signory will address him on the subject. Though Cardinal Hadrian has anticipated him and the ambassador in reporting the brief of confirmation and the restitution of St. Cross and St. Severin, hopes he may not be thought more diligent than they are. The Cardinal bribed the secretary for a copy, that he might show his pretended diligence. He was much more active in bringing about the reconciliation of the schismastics. Rome, 12 Sept. 1513. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 2.
12 Sept.
Sanuto, XVII., 59.
2259. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 16 Sept. 1513.]
From the Ambassador at Rome, 12 Sept.—Sends two letters (fn. 3) which the French ambassador has received from Lyons. Tremouille has repulsed the Swiss in Burgundy. The Emperor has left the English camp, and gone against the Duke of Gueldres and the lanzknechts coming to aid France. Gurk expected at Rome, called thither by the Pope to treat with the Venetians. Item, there is a letter from Lyons, of the 8th, from Gian Giacomo, that says nothing.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, 306.
13 Sept.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 5, f. 32. R.O.
Have received his letters, dated the 10th, stating that it was too late to act upon their order to set such men on land as were infected within the ships, when they be sick. Had there been one sick in every ship it would not have been convenient to discharge the whole navy, for then the Scotch and French ships could annoy England by sea and land at their pleasure. Should be sorry that he or others were in jeopardy. "And where ye think it impossible to keep them on seaboard we should in vain desire you to keep them there, if it be (as ye write) impossible so to do. And if they should be on land, and have 16d. a week, and not to be in a sure readiness to do the King service when need shall require, both the time should be lost, and the same money misspended." They refer it to him, as he knows the fierceness of the plague there raging, and the chance of the crews returning. If he think they will return on having 16d. a week, will order John Dawtrey to pay them. Will be glad to know from him what preparations are going on at Brest and Honfleur. Is to keep his great ships together 14 days after the end of the month; then bring them to some haven, as Portsmouth, &c. Have given orders about the rigging. Are content with the 16 ships named by him for this winter; and also with the 1,500 men. Sir Whitstane Broune was appointed by the King, "being within this realm the last winter," captain for that winter, and since has been appointed for this winter by the Queen's grace, and the Council think the others ought to be contented with him. Wyndham must move them to be content; if they cannot be persuaded, he is "to take such one to be captain as the most part of the saddest and most discreet of the army there will choose." My Lord Admiral is landed at Newcastle to assist his father against the Scots. Send copy of letters they have written to my Lord of Arundel for the keeping of the King's great ships when brought into haven and for the keeping of the tower and blockhouse at Portsmouth. Richmond, 13 Sept. Signed: Willm. Cantuar.—John, abbot Westm.—John Fyneux—Robt. Rede—John Cutte—Ric. Cholmey—George Dalyson.
P. 2. Add.
13 Sept.
Milan Transcr., 2. R.O.
The King of England in Lille. Was presented to him yesterday morning. Spoke also with Winchester. Advance of the camp upon Tournay. The Queen of England has written to the King (with thanks for sending her the Duke of Longueville) that she has shown no less prowess; for her infantry have routed horsemen and an English lady has captured three Scottish horsemen; a duke is a great gift, but she (the Queen) hopes to send him a king. Lille, 13 Sept. 1513.
Italian, modern extracts, pp. 8. See Milan Calendar, I, No. 654.
[13 Sept.]
Walther, Die Anfänge Karls V., App. No. 9.
The Emperor and the King of England have been here two days making good cheer together. His presence has been much desired and the King of England, who is most gracious, has several times spoken of him.
13 Sept.
Ven. Transcr. 176, p. 138. R.O.
13 Sept. 1513.—Lately received his letters by the knights of St. John, Sir Th. Newport and Sir Th. Shefeld, and, for the King's sake, have promised them aid on their way to Rhodes. Doubtless they have reported what was said to them about the Signory's service in defence of the Faith. Have made every effort to have peace with the Emperor.
Latin. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
13 Sept.
Ib., p. 137b. R.O.
13 Sept, 1513.—Direct him to beg the Pope to interpose his authority to make the Emperor see the reasonableness of their petitions herewith. Approve his reply to the Cardinal of York, whom he shall thank, desiring him to justify the Signory's proceedings to his King, who is now with the Emperor, and help to make a good peace.
ii. The Same to the Same.
Justify their reluctance to give up Verona. It is not yet certain how French affairs with the English prosper. Approve his answer to the Bishop of Marseilles. The Spanish and German army is at Albare near Montagnano in the Veronese.
Italian. Modern transcripts, pp. 3.
14 Sept.
Sanuto, XVII., 189.
2265. VENICE.
[Copy of letters received 13 Oct. 1513.]
From Antonio Bavarin to the Pesari, London, 13 Sept.—Terouenne destroyed. Tournay to be taken; and afterwards the English will march towards Paris by High Picardy. The Count Palatine has joined the army with 800 horse and 12,000 foot. Strength of the English and despair of the French. No news from the quarter of Scotland as yet. From Antwerp is good news that the camp has removed from Padua. Hopes they did little damage. If the Signory wish an agreement with the Emperor, now is the time; for the Emperor loves the King more than a son. Indeed, to everyone the King seems a being descended from Heaven. Arrival of three more ships at Lisbon with spices and other goods, including tin.
14 Sept.—Letters have come from the Lord Treasurer with news (detailed) of the rout of the Scots. Within a few days our King has had three grand victories.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, Nos. 336–7.
14 Sept.
Calig. D. VI., 95. B.M.
2266. [4450.] _ to [HENRY VIII.].
Excusing himself, that at the request of the captain of Mortaigne some of his followers had entered the town in the King's name. Desires audience both to explain this and complain of the injuries done to his subjects in the Tournesis and Haynault, by the King's men of war. Marchienne, 14 Sept. 1513. Signature destroyed.
French. P. 1. Add.: Au Roy.
14 Sept.
Pet. Mart. Ep. No. 526.
The Russians and Tartars have attacked Poland, who has asked for aid from the Pope. Duke Maximilian is ill of a fever at Hasta. Miseries of Italy and dread of the Swiss, as they act like the Goths. Ferdinand sends Diego de Aquila, Commander of Calatrava, to Milan. The King of England has undermined Terouenne, which has only been saved by the incessant rain. The Emperor was in the camp, then on the north side, and open to the enemy; but its site has been changed by advice of the Emperor. Louis, though ill, was brought from Paris in a carriage, made his appearance, and sent the flower of his troops to the siege. A small body of Germans and English drove back the numerous forces of the French, and captured most of the leaders and standards. Valladolid, 14 Sept. 1513.
16 Sept.
Vesp. F. III., 15. B.M. Burnet, Ref. (Edit. Pocock), VI., 5. Ellis, 1 S. I., 88.
"My Lord Howard hath sent me a letter, open, to your Grace, within one of mine, by the which ye shall see at length the great victory that our Lord hath sent your subjects in your absence."—Thinks the victory the greatest honor that could be. The King will not forget to thank God for it. Could not, for haste, send by Rouge Cross "the piece of the King of Scots coat which John Glyn now bringeth. In this your Grace shall see how I can keep my promys, sending you for your banners a King's coat. I thought to send himself unto you, but our Englishmen's hearts would not suffer it. It should have been better for him to have been in peace than have this reward. All that God sendeth is for the best." Surrey wishes to know the King's pleasure as to burying the King of Scots' body. Prays for his return; and for the same is going to our Lady at Walsingham, "that I promised so long ago to see." Woborne, 16 Sept.
Sends a bill found in a Scotchman's purse of the instigation used by France to induce James to war with England. Begs he will send Matthew.
Hol., p. 1.
16 Sept.
Calig. B. VI., 35. B.M. Ellis, 1 S. I., 89.
Did not write to him by the last messenger, as she had not sure tidings of the battle with the Scots. Since then a post has come with news from Lord Howard, which she sends the King. Thinks it God's doing that his subjects should gain such a victory in his absence. When the King was at Calais "a great while ago" he sent her a letter touching "the matter betwixt my Lord of Canterbury and my Lord of Winchester." She showed it to Canterbury, before Sir Thomas Lovell and Mr. Englefeld, but until now could never get the answer from him, which she sends. Begs he will continue writing, as it is a great comfort to her. Wobourne, 16 Sept.
P.S.—Cannot send the archbishop's answer by this post, as the coffer in which it is has gone to her next lodging; but will send it to-night.
16 Sept.
Ven. Transcr. 195, f. 169. R.O.
Both by his letters and by his secretary, perceives his affection, which the Emperor had already declared; and thinks, therefore, that he will be glad to hear of the writer's successes. From the time he entered France has always had the better of his enemies, of whom he has captured many of the noblest. Took Terouenne, a very well fortified town, and thence moved camp to Tournay, where he arrived on the 15th inst. Has placed his guns and after firing a few shots has acceded to the citizens' request for two days in which to surrender. The King of Scots, unmindful of his affinity and treaty, sided with France and sent 10,000 Scots into England, who were routed by 1,000 English. The King then came himself with a huge army and, after taking a weak and ruinous little town (fn. 4) belonging to the Bishop of Durham, proceeded four miles into England. There the Earl of Surrey met him on the 8th (sic) inst. and, in a long and sharp battle, the English won, slaying a great number of the Scots and putting the rest to flight, capturing all their guns and the spoil of their camp. No Englishman of note is yet known to be missing. It is not yet known what has become of the King of Scots. Surrey signified the above to the Queen hastily when wearied with the long fight, promising to write soon more particularly. The Queen forwarded the letters to Henry, who has no other particulars as yet. Tournay, 16 Sept. 1513.
P.S.—Has certain news that the King of Scots was killed in the battle. His body has been found and carried to the nearest church.
Latin. Modern transcript from Milan, pp. 4. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 309.
16 Sept.
Milan Transcr., 2. R.O.
Conversation with Margaret of Savoy who promised great things from the alliance of the Emperor and England, and said the loss caused by the Viceroy of Naples abandoning Padua would soon be remedied. Reports of the battle of Flodden. Very many on both sides were slain. The King of Scots could not be found either alive or dead. The Earl of Acres and five other English cavaliers were slain. The English ambassador (with the Emperor) complains that his master is left alone in the war. Told him Milan would shortly be relieved of the charge of the Swiss and be able to help. Tournay not likely to surrender soon. Lille, 16 Sept. 1513.
Italian, modern copy, pp. 11. See Milan Calendar, I, No. 656.
16 Sept.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 230, f. 42. R.O.
Bill of receipt, 16 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII., by Ulric Ghinzing, the Emperor's treasurer, from John Daunce, of 2,000l. st., in 9,795cr. and 3s. 9d. st., for the entertainment of the Emperor for one month ending _ (blank), day of _ (blank). Signed: U. Phintzing.
Latin, p. 1.
16 Sept.
Sanuto, XVII., 72.
2273. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 21 Sept. 1513.]
From Ambassador Foscari, Rome, 15 and 16 Sept.—The Cardinal of England and Alberto da Carpi, Imperial ambassador, have sung mass and made bonfires for a victory, but the Pope says there is no reliable news. The affair of Scotland is not true. The English have destroyed Terouenne and gone against a town called Piovers (fn. 5). The King of England has gone towards Calais. The Scots have opened war and already 10,000 have invaded England. The Emperor was in camp on the 6th. The Swiss near Dijon. The Cardinal of England asked the Pope to fulminate censures against the King of Scotland; and his Holiness, after consulting the Cardinals, declined.
From Vetor Lipomano, Rome, 16 Sept.—News to the above effect.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, Nos. 314–15.
17 Sept.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 5, f. 34. R.O.
Certificate by the burgomaster and eschevins of Muyden and the waters of Flanders (oppidi de Muda et juris aquarum partium Flandrie), in behalf of George van Cutseghem, of the town of Sluyse, who, on the 16 March, sued George Nichol, an Englishman, for the sum of 15l. 3s. 3d. due to him for nine weeks' service with his ship in carrying provisions and warlike weapons, which he delivered to the said George Nichol, as a servant of the English admiral, in Sandwich; but was neither able to recover the money from the Admiral, who suffered shipwreck, nor distrain upon Nicol owing to the liberty granted by Philip king of Castile to the port of Muyden. 17 Sept. 1513.
Latin. Parchment.
17 Sept.
R.T. 137, f. 334. R.O.
2275. [4453.] LOUIS XII.
Patent appointing Louis de Rouville, grand veneur de France, as lieutenant general of the united fleet of France and Scotland against the English. Since the beginning of this year the ships prepared in Normandy and Brittany to resist the attacks of the English have been forced to keep in port because outnumbered by the enemy; but, now that the King of Scots has sent a number of ships well equipped, those of Normandy and Brittany have been prepared to join them in making some good exploit. Corbye, 17 Sept. 1513, reg. 16.
French. Modern copy, p. 4.
17 Sept.
Vitell. B. II., 50. B.M.
On the 13th received his letters from Terouenne, dated 31 Aug., and one for the Pope, giving an account of the victory. The French ambassador told the Pope that the Scotch King had entered England with 100,000 chosen men, leaving 100,000 at home; had taken the Lord Treasurer (Surrey) prisoner, with 15 other lords of coat armour, and slain 30,000 Englishmen. This was divulged and believed. The French and Scots at Rome were sought greatly; but when the King's letter came all their joy was turned into shame. On the 15th the writers, with Cardinal Surrentin and the ambassadors of the Emperor and of Aragon, were secretly with the Pope, desiring him to fulminate a new bull against the Scotch King for this breach. To avoid the displeasure of the French cardinals, his Holiness has arranged that Bainbridge should present, in the Consistory to-morrow, a bill of remembrance for the same, promising to remit the same to three cardinals, who would give it in the King's favor, namely Sinegal, Surrentin and St. Vitall. Meantime the French ambassador, through St. Severin, their protector, presented letters in the French King's name, praying the Pope to pass no censures on the Scots, as they were his allies. Bainbridge and Surrentin spoke for England, Cardinal Hadrian kept silence, although he calls himself protector of the Emperor and Lady Margaret. Many of the cardinals favor France. The Pope has promised that before Michaelmas he will send a resident orator to England, who shall bring with him the required censures under lead. Thinks that the Bps. of Durham and Carlisle, by force of Pope Julie's bull, have already fulminated the censures against the Scots. The Pope will send this bull without informing any of the Cardinals save Surrentin and Bainbridge, and he desires the King will keep silence till it arrives, lest, because of it, the French interrupt the coming of his said orator. The writers know not why the "powers temporal" have not been sent from Italy, unless it be owing to Cardinal Gurk and the Emperor. The Bp. of Murray's bulls (fn. 6) have been long expedited. Bainbridge did his best to stop them and the retention of Cottyngham. "The Pope's holiness is not only singularly well contented with the contents of your Grace's letters in the Latin tongue, but also doth very greatly praise the form and order of your secretary in the same, and, verily, so doth all other learned men [that] looketh upon them. There cometh no letters from any other prince unto his Holiness to be exhibited in the Consistory that be judged more elegantly written than they be." Beg the King to command Thomas Spinell to write the news. Rome, 17 Sept. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 3. Add.
17 Sept.
Vitell. B. II., 51*. B.M. Fiddes' Wol., c. 2.
The glory of the King for this victory is deemed immortal. Wishes he could be of their company in this their journey. Hears that the benefice of Cottyngham is vacant by the Bp. of Murray's promotion to Bourges. Would have been glad to have favored Wolsey in this matter. Would have opposed the Bishop, hoping his preferment would have fallen into Wolsey's hands. If the King succeeds, Murray will have but hard neighbourhood in his new promotion, "condign for his demerits." Rome, 17 Sept. 1513. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my right entirely loved brother in Christ, Master Thomas Wulsey, the King's almoner, and dean of my church in York."
18 Sept.
Sanuto, XVII., 232.
2278. VENICE.
[Summary of a letter received 21 Oct. 1513.]
From Lorenzo Pasqualigo to his brothers Alvise and Francesco, London, 18 Sept.—On the 3rd answered theirs of 25 June. Sends this by way of Rome under letters of Giovanni Cavalcanti. Defeat of French cavalry and capture of Terouenne. Tournay has now surrendered and its captain has had his head cut off, as reported by letters received yesterday. Believes the King will march on Paris. Reinforcements from Germany under the Count Palatine, and probability that the King will renew the name (fn. 7) of his uncle Henry VI. Details of defeat and death of the King of Scotland. Our Queen took the field with a numerous force 100 miles from London, but halted on hearing of the victory. Venice should have an ambassador with the King now that the Emperor is with him. The Ambassador here will not move, having no commission, and says he has had no letters from the Signory for six months. The plague raging. Bonvisi still talks of sending a ship (which is yet with the fleet) to Venice before Christmas. Hopes the King of Spain may soon be rewarded for his misconduct and breach of faith; by being sent to Aragon, leaving Castile to Prince Charles. The Queen widow of Scotland would make a match for the Emperor.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 340.
18 Sept.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 5, f. 36. R.O.
2279. [4457.] T. [RUTHAL] BP. OF DURHAM to WOLSEY.
Was afraid to be the first to write of the lamentable chances that have occurred. Understands Wolsey is informed of them both by his friends and his enemies. Heard at Calais of the King's glorious victory against the French, and sent news of it to the Queen. Four days afterwards lost 50 of his horses on the sea. On coming to the Queen, learned how valiantly Sir Wm. Bulmer, his sheriff, had discomfited the Scots, as Wolsey has doubtless heard. Then came word "that the King of Scots had sieged, 'saulted and in a great stormy night scaled and won the castle of Norham; which news touched me so near with inward sorrow that I had lever to have been out of the world than in it," especially as I had been assured of its security by Will. Pawne and others. He shall never forget it or recover from grief. Will trust, however, within five years, to set 10,000 marks upon it, though he take penance and live a more moderate life. "I never felt the hand of God so sore touching me as in this, whereof I most humbly thank Him, and, after the inward search of conscience to know the cause of this provocation of God's displeasure against me, I shall reform it, if it lie in my power, and regard Him more than the world hereafter." Durham, 18 Sept. (fn. 8) Signed.
Added in his own hand: "This letter was written before the battle, which I reserved in hope of better tidings, which God hath now sent."
Pp. 2. Headed in his own hand: "This letter is sorrowful, and the other comfortable.—Recedant vetera, nova sint omnia."
18 Sept.
Stowe MS. 146, f. 94. B.M.
Warrant to John Dauncy to pay Charowchou, merchant of Florence, for certain cloth of gold specified. Gyngate, 1 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII.
Small parchment, p. 1. Endorsed with acknowledgment by Nicholucio Vinacciesi, servant to Charowchou, of receipt, 18 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII., of 159l. 16s. 8d. in payment of the above.
18 Sept.
Milan Transcr., 2. R.O.
The King of England's visit to Lille last night. Camp before Tournay, and state of that city. French threatening Cambray. If it is necessary for the King of England to go home this winter, he will leave provision wherewith the Emperor may keep Tournay. The Prince coming to visit the King. Good rule in English camp. Lille, 18 Sept. 1513.
Italian, modern copy, pp. 5. See Milan Calendar, I, No. 657.
19 Sept.
Venetian Calendar, II. No. 312.
19 Sept.—News of death of the King of Scotland.
Abstracts from a Milan MS. See Milan Calendar, I, No. 657.
20 Sept.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 5, f. 41. R.O. Facsimiles of Nat. MSS. Part 2, No. 4.
2283. [4461–2.] RUTHAL to WOLSEY.
Need not rehearse his sorrow that his castle of Norham has been, "by the cruel tyranny of the King of Scots," razed to the ground. Will study how to renew it. The dungeon stands, and part of the wall. On the 9 Sept. the King of Scots was defeated and slain. Surrey, and my Lord Howard, the admiral, his son, behaved nobly. The Scots had a large army, and much ordnance, and plenty of victuals. Would not have believed that their beer was so good, had it not been tasted and viewed "by our folks to their great refreshing," who had nothing to drink but water for three days. They were in much danger, having to climb steep hills to give battle. The wind and the ground were in favor of the Scots. 10,000 Scots are slain, and a great number of noblemen. They were so cased in armour the arrows did them no harm, and were such large and strong men, they would not fall when four or five bills struck one of them. The bills disappointed the Scots of their long spears, on which they relied. Lord Howard led the van, followed by St. Cuthbert's banner and the men of the Bishopric. The banner men won great honor, and gained the King of Scots' banner, which now stands beside the shrine. The King fell near his banner. (fn. 9) Their ordnance is taken. The English did not trouble themselves with prisoners, but slew and stripped King, bishop, lords, and nobles, and left them naked on the field. There might be seen a number of goodly men, well fed and fat, amongst which number was the King of Scots' body found, having many wounds, and naked. Whilst the English were engaged in battle their tents were plundered and their horses taken "whether by Scots or Borderers I cannot say, but the bruit is that the Borderers did full ill."
Ib. No. 5. Continued in his own hand: This victory has been the most happy that can be remembered. All believe it has been wrought by the intercession of St. Cuthbert, who never suffered injury to be done to his Church unrequited. Has spoken to Sir Will. Scot, who is here with Sir Will. Bulmer, and others. They say, that after the King had attacked Norham, 20,000 of his men left him, foreboding mischief. The invasion proceeded of his own sensual mind, by the instigation of the Bp. of Murray, against the wish of the nobles. There is no wisdom or virtue in that prelate. Is contented to bear the pains of the injury done to Norham, considering what has ensued. The Scots might have done much more injury if they had not attacked St. Cuthbert. There was nothing to oppose them; they lacked no ordnance; they had been preparing for seven years. Trusts they will never be able to do the same while Scotland stands. My Lord Treasurer (Surrey) has taken the body of the King to York,—would not be persuaded to leave it at Durham; "my folks under St. Cuthbert's banner brought whom (home) his banner, his sword, and his qwyschys, that is to say, the harness for his thighs." After Surrey and Lord Howard no man did better than Sir Will. Bulmer; and "at the first voyage," with 700 or 800 men he vanquished the Chamberlain of Scotland [Hume] with 10,000 and took 400 or 500 prisoners. Sir Edw. Stanley behaved well. Some shrank, of whom Howard will tell him. His lordship has written an account of the battle to the King. Overtures have been made for a truce, by the Chamberlain, to Lord Dacre, who has written to the Queen about it. Fears they must assent; the weather is so foul, and their victuals deficient. The Borderers are not to be trusted. They have done much harm. They never lighted from their horses till the battle joined, and then they plundered both sides. The English have lost 1,000 men, but one only of eminence, Sir Jo. Bothe of Lancashire, howbeit five or six score have been taken prisoners. Sends a list of the Lords of Scotland that were slain in the field, and of the knights made by the Lord Treasurer. Begs him to show this letter to my Lord Privy Seal, to whom he has written. Wishes Wolsey and the King the same success where they are. Durham, 20 Sept.
Partly holograph, pp. 4. Enclosed in No. 2284.
20 Sept.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
5, f. 39.
2284. [4460.] T. [RUTHAL] BP. OF DURHAM to WOLSEY.
Thinks that the King should advance my Lord Treasurer to the honor of Duke, for his victory against the Scots, and that letters of thanks should be sent to him and other knights and lords who were at this happy day. "And if ye made 20 for lords with their styles, and the residue with trusty and well beloved, it would do very much good." The Lord Treasurer, Lords Howard and Dacre, Sir Will. Bulmer, and Sir Edw. Stanley must have special clauses. Is glad to hear of the King's victory. Written "as above" [20 Sept.].
P.S.—The Scotch ordnance was not carried to Berwick, but is at Etall. It is the finest that has been seen. Will send him further information of Norham in three days. The dungeon stands. The walls, gates, and ordance taken away, and the lodgings destroyed.
Hol., p. 1. Addressed: "[To the r]yght honourable and [my lovi]ng brother, maister Thomas [Wul]cy, the Kynges almoner."
20 Sept.
Stowe MS. 146,
f. 93.
Note of payments made by the King's command "by me John Daunce," viz.:—
To the Emperor's trumpets, in presence of Mr. Almoner, 26 Aug. 5 Hen. VIII., 10l. (signed: Thomas Wulcy). To Anthony Bernarde, comptroller of the Emperor's artillery, in prest for a further provision of spades, shovels, mattocks and pickaxes, 4 Sept., 300cr. at 4s. 1d., 61l. 5s. (signed by Bernarde). To Louis Baraton (sic), secretary to Lady Margaret duchess of Savoy, in presence of Mr. Almoner, 10 Sept., 40l. (signed: Thomas Wulcy). "To the Stradyottes for his costs and in reward," in presence of Sir John Pecche, 20 Sept., 50s. (signed: Sir John Pecche). To the Emperor, for provision of artillery, in presence of Mr. Almoner, (no date), 500cr. of the sun at 4s. 1d., 102l. 20d. (signed: Thomas Wulcy).
Pp. 2.
20 Sept.
Harl. MS. 3,462,
f. 32b.
Ellis, 3 S. I.,
Wrote last on the 17th of the great victory gained by the Earl of Surrey over the Scots. Yesterday the King was informed by the Earl that the King of Scots fell in the engagement, not a spear's breadth from him. The corpse was taken to Berwick, and the King has received the Scotch King's plaid (paludamentum). 12,000 Scots were slain; all their artillery, tents, and baggage taken. On the English side less than 500 fell. The most part of the Scotch chieftains were slain. None but the Treasurer returned into Scotland. Lord Sauarde (Howard) led the English van, the Earl of Surrey the rear. Lord Lisle at the siege of Tournay has obtained possession of one of the gates of the city, and carried off two images. The city is so much battered it has sent to the King to beg mercy, and will have an audience to-day. Of the Frenchmen who served in the Scotch army, some fell in the engagement, others were cut to pieces by the Scots, who reproached the French with being the cause of their destruction. Lille, 20 Sept.
Latin. Contemporaneous copy, in an Italian hand, p. 1.
20 Sept.
Sanuto, XVII.,
135 & 149.
2287. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 4 and 7 Oct. 1513.]
From the Ambassador Dandolo, Amiens and the French camp, 13 and 15 Sept.—French King and his army. The English going slowly to besiege Tournay. The Scots have broken with England. The Duke of Gueldres not yet arrived.
From the same, Amiens, 20 Sept.—News of the agreement with the Swiss.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 326.
Ib., 165. ii. [Part of a summary of news sent by the Duke of Ferrara, 6 Oct. 1513.]
From letters of James Bannisius dated Tournay, 17 Sept.—Battle with the Scots. The Queen of England has given birth to a son. Divided state of Tournay.
20 Sept.—The King of Scotland was taken prisoner, but died of his wounds; and his body was carried to Berwick. The coat (la veste) which he wore has been shown to the Emperor by the King of England. He left a son and daughter, the eldest aged four. The Earl of Surrey entered Scotland, burning everything; but the King has charged him to cease burning. Tournay is in parley with the Bishop of Winchester. The King of Scotland's iron gauntlets have been brought to the King of England. Pompous exequies were preparing for him. Tournay would be taken.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 332.
20 Sept.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
5, f. 37.
2288. [4458.] LEO X. to HENRY VIII.
Begs credence and safe conduct for Balthazar, his notary and secretary, sent with the concurrence of Cardinal Bainbridge to James king of Scotland, to arrange a peace, and the preliminaries of an expedition against the Turks. Rome, 20 Sept. 1513, 1 pont. Seal lost. Countersigned: P. Bembus.
Vellum. Latin. Add.


  • 1. These words in brackets have been struck out and "Sir John Daunce" substituted, but the word "Sir" has subsequently been struck out.
  • 2. These words inserted in the handwriting of § 2.
  • 3. See No. 2241.
  • 4. Norham.
  • 5. Venetian Calendar reads "Chiovers."
  • 6. Of the Archbishopric of Bourges.
  • 7. "Renovera el nome"; but "recuovera el reame" would be a more reasonable reading.
  • 8. "Newark, 8 Sept.," as it originally stood, has been altered to "Durham, 18 Sept."
  • 9. This sentence inserted by Ruthal.