Henry VIII: September 1513, 1-10

Pages 997-1012

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 1, 1509-1514. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1920.

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September 1513

1 Septg.
Eras. Ep. VIII. 19. [Edit. Allen, I. 273.]
2223. [4427.] ERASMUS to AMMONIUS.
Supposes Ammonius has received his letter. Was pleased to find that he had thought of him so kindly in his letter to John. His υγιεινα παραγγελματα, (fn. 1) dedicated to the master of the Rolls, has been lately printed at London. John promised to send Ammonius a copy. Begs his compliments to the master of the Rolls, and that Ammonius will show him the book if he is in camp. The sickness is as fierce in London as war there;—keeps therefore at Cambridge ready to flit. The University still retains in its hands the 30 nobles Erasmus expects at Michaelmas. Sixtinus is gone to Brabant. Is greatly bent on correcting St. Jerome. Has already done most part of it at incredible expense. Laughed heartily at the quaint description of life in the camp in his letter to John. Begs him, whatever he does, to fight where he will take no harm;—may slay with his pen as many thousands as he likes. If he visits St. Omer, Erasmus begs his compliments to the Abbot of St. Bertin, to Ant. Lutzenburg his steward, and Guibert (Ghisbertus) his physician. Begs him to ask what has become of Maurice. Knows he need not ask Ammonius to promote John's interests. Sends his compliments to Baptista;—expects nothing less than a Greek letter from him. London, kl. Sept. 1511.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
5, f. 25. R.O.
Requesting his assistance towards the payment of the huge stipend (immensum stipendium) for their Greek professor, [Erasmus,] whom they must otherwise lose.
Latin, p. 1. Printed by Allen in Erasmi Epp., I, App. X.
1 Septg.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 5, f. 26. R.O. St. P., VI., 23.
2225. [4429.] SPINELLY to HENRY VIII.
Wrote last on the 27th. The Emperor has since reported to the Archduchess the good and wise communications he has had with Mr. Almoner (Wolsey). If Berghes has not in her absence brought matters to a good resolution, she is ready to join her father and Henry at some convenient place. Letters from Burgundy of the 20 Aug. mention that 28,000 Swiss, besides the horsemen, had arrived within six leagues of the duchy. My Lady sends the originals to Lord Berghes. She considers this highly favourable to Henry's enterprise. Great part of the duchy is believed to have gone over to the Swiss, for the Emperor. It is very necessary for Henry to set forth and follow up the good beginning, as winter is so near. The Burgundians in Henry's service care not how long the war lasts, as they have no other living. Some of Lord Ligne's men have been here with passports. "Unto whom I spare not to speak; and whatsoever the said Lord Ligne saith unto your grace, I can believe none other but he or his lieftenaunt is condiscend to it." They will find plenty of excuses. Lord Isselstein and his company have gone towards the King. Most of them are Low Almains, retained at eight gildyrns. Henry should not engage them at a higher price; if more be demanded Isselstein should be told that Henry promised no more, and that my Lady must make up the deficiency, according to the bargain. As he has not kept his day there must be a new arrangement for the beginning of his term. Vadencort, a gentleman of Ligne's company, has brought hither some French prisoners, of whom one, named Mons. Darpaggion, is kinsman to the master of Rhodes, and spends 500 or 600 marks a year. Lisle, 1 Sept. 1513.
The Governor of Bresse arrived last night. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
2 Septg.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 5, f. 28. R.O. Ellis, 3 S. I. 152. Facsimiles of Nat. MSS. Pt. 2, No. 3.
2226. [4432.] QUEEN KATHARINE to WOLSEY.
Received his letter by post informing her of the coming hither of the Duke (Longueville), and that he is to be in her household. Has advised with the Council. There is none fit to attend upon him except Lord Mountjoy, who is now going over to Calais. Advises he should be sent to the Tower, "specially the Scots being so busy as they now be, and I looking for my departing every hour." Begs to have an answer from the King. Excuses herself, that being so bound to Wolsey, she had sent him no letter. Had written to him two days before by Copynger. Her greatest comfort now is to hear from Wolsey of the King's health and all the news. "And so I pray you, Mr. Almoner, to continue as hitherto ye have done; for I promise you that from henceforth ye shall lack none of mine, and before this ye should have had many mo, but I think that your business scantly giveth you leisure to read my letters." Pray God "to send us as good luck against the Scots as the King hath there." Richmond, 2 Sept. Signed: "Katherine the Qwene."
P. 1. Add.: "[To] Master Almoner." Endorsed.
2 Septg.
Archæol. XXVI., 475. Appendix. MS. apud Sir John Trevelyan.
2227. [4431.] GILES AP ... to the EARL OF DEVON.
The King had a goodly passage from Dover to Calais, where he remained three weeks. On the 20 July marched with his army into France, and on St. Anne's day, as he was coming towards St. Omer's, was informed of a great company of Frenchmen, who fled, although they were five to one. The King then went to the south side of St. Omer's, where he continued three days, and then to the east side. Sir Rice ap Thomas with some spears went back for one of the King's great guns, which he recovered, though it had been captured by the French. Thus the King came to Terouenne. The Emperor came to the King on the east side of the town, and was entertained in "a goodly tent with a gallery all of cloth of gold set up with a cobbord in the richest manner, and so continued unto the 16th day of August," when the King removed his field to Gyngat, a mile from thence. On the morning before setting forth, having heard that a large army of Frenchmen was coming to victual Tyroan, he advanced and followed them from morning till night to a place called Bomye, more than six miles from his "leger," and there attacked them. Although the odds were six to one on their side, they fled. At that time the Emperor was under the King's standard, and when required to spread his standard refused to do so, [saying] he would that day be the servant of the King and St. George.
There were taken,—the Duke of Longville, Marquis of Ruthelyn and Earl of Dunoys, Mons. de Cleremount, vice-admiral of France, the Lord Ymbercourt, captain of 100 spears, the Duke of Longvill's steward, the steward of the French King's house, the lieutenant of the Lord Nyon, Captain Bayard, captain of 100 spears, one called Mount Clere, one of the 200 gentlemen of the French King's house, one Gardif, a man of arms of the said house, Jenyn Frauncs, Frauncs de Sarran, Jenan de la Peyon, three of the gentlemen of the French King's house, six standards and their bearers, and three other standards unknown. My Lord Steward and Sir Rice have four standards. There were also taken 21 persons in cloth of gold and velvet, besides men of arms, archers on horseback, and others. It is said that above 3,000 Frenchmen were slain, and that the King has not lost above three men. "The chase of the same bickering endured four miles and above; and so, that done, being very near night, the King's highness with his said army returned again unto Gyngate, where he continued until the 20th day of August, and so removed unto the south side of the city of Tyroan."
On the 21st the captains of the city treated with the Lord Steward to move the King to allow them to depart with their lives; and on the 22nd the King, with the Emperor's consent, rode unto the walls and gave them mercy. The captains left the town on the 23rd, the soldiers in three guards. One guard had written in gold letters on their breasts, Heilly; the second, Sarcuz; the third, Picarde. The next day the King, with a goodly company of estates, men of arms, hynschemen, &c., all richly apparelled, rode into Tyroan, where the Emperor met him, bringing with him six hynshemen, dressed (like himself) in black velvet. The gates were opened by the Earl of Shrewsbury, who delivered the keys to the King, who kept them "a certain while," and returned them to the Lord Steward. The King entered the city, where the people met him in the streets, and cried in French, "Welcome, most merciful King!" He rode to the cathedral, and entered it with the Emperor. In the King's chapel they had an anthem of our Lady and another of St. George. The King then departed to his field, and the Emperor to St. Omer's.
On the 26th the King again removed his field to Gyngate, where he yet remains "according to law of arms, for in case any man would bid battle for the besieging and getting of any city or town, then the winner to give battle, and to abide for the same certain days." The King has and does set daily 800 or 900 laborers and miners to destroy the walls of Tyroan, so it is almost level, and all the towers are down. "Verily, my lord, it was a stronghold; the ditches on the outside were so deep that a man walking and looking into them feared for falling down to come nigh the banks, gaily wooded upon the banks and bushed with quick set every corner, and wide walls and other, full of great bulwarks, and besides the walls on the inside mightily fortified with great trenches, many bulwarks made with timber and earth, and in certain places of the said trenches sundry deep pits for to have made fumigations, to the intent that men upon the assaulting of the same should have been poisoned and stopped; and as for the houses within forth very sore beaten with guns, and such importunate and continual shot made with guns into the same, that no person might stir in the streets. And thus the King's highness and the Emperor be together, and have every others' counsel, with the most amiable and loving wise that can be thought." Gingate, 3 Sept. Signed.
3 Septg. 2228. THE SCOTS.
3 Septg.
Sanuto, XVII., 188.
2229. VENICE.
[Note of a letter seen 12 Oct. 1513.]
From [Nicolo di Favri] to Francesco Gradenigo, London, _ (blank) Aug. to 3 Sept.—Arrival of the Emperor at Terouenne and conference with the King on 10 Aug., St. Laurence's Day. On that day was, at London, a terrible storm of rain and wind, with great cold. News has since come of three victories (described) viz. (1) a great defeat of the French near Terouenne on 16 Aug., (2) capture of two French ships and (3) defeat of the Scots, who, amongst others, lost the lord of Fastcastle. The Ambassador's labours frustrated by the Signory's alliance with France. Plague in London and in the Ambassador's house. Upon hearing the loss of Terouenne the King of France fell ill of grief. On 3 Sept. letters reported the taking of Montauros, on the way to Paris.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 333.
3 Septg.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 5, f. 29. R.O. St. P. VI. 25.
2230. [4433.] SPINELLY to HENRY VIII.
Wrote last on the 1st inst. Berghes has since written that matters have gone on well, and that the King's army will remove on Monday next. The Archduchess is very glad, and expects to-night or tomorrow to know the Emperor's pleasure where she shall meet the King. No more news from Burgundy. The pensionary of Antwerp arrived this morning. The Duke of Gueldres has assembled 3,000 foot in the land of Kessyll, on the borders of Brabant, for the service of France. Louis Moreton (Maraton) complains that Henry has rewarded others of the Emperor's service, and neglected him. My Lady says he deserves better than any other, for he had often run in posts himself. The French prisoner, "which the Lord Walham hath not discovered," is Mons. de Busshy, nephew of the late Cardinal of Rouen, "and he is counted the best that was taken next the Duke of Longevile." The governor of Bresse has reported to my Lady the remonstrances used by the lords of Henry's council "unto him for the justification of the ambassador of Aragon's complaints." My Lady is satisfied "that all the default lieth in them, but she is always of opinion that your grace should dissemble, and cherish them, if any other way cannot be found." Lisle, 3 Sept. Signed.
Add. Pp. 2.
4 Sept. 2231. HENRY VIII.'s WILL.
Executors. See GRANTS IN SEPTEMBER, No. 4.
4 Sept.
Exch. Dipl. Doct., 746. R.O.
2232. [4435.] MAXIMILIAN.
Acknowledgment of his having received from Henry VIII. 100,000 crowns of gold in conformity with the treaty lately concluded between them. Aire, 4 Sept. 1513.
Vellum. Signed.
4 Sept.
Milan Transcr. R.O.
Demolition of Therouenne almost completed. The King's proposal to proceed against Boulogne opposed by the Emperor, whose plan was adopted and an agreement signed, 4 Sept. The King gave the Emperor a jewel. The King of Scotland, incensed at the defeat of his men, is about to take the field in person. Conduct of the French. Arras, 4 Sept. 1513.
Italian, modern copy, pp. 5. See Milan Calendar, I, No. 651.
4 Sept.
Sanuto, XVII., 14.
2234. VENICE.
Note of the reception by the Doge, on 3 Sept., of Sir Thomas Newport and Sir Thomas [Sheffield], knights of Jerusalem, going to Rhodes, and of the report made, on 4 Sept., by their host, of their saying that the King of England was the Signory's friend, and how he took amiss the King of Spain's making truce and kept his own promise to invade France.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, Nos. 285–6.
5 Sept.
Fr. Moore's sale, lot 511. (fn. 2)
Has received her ambassador De Berghes, who is about to return, having acquitted himself entirely to Henry's satisfaction. Commends his fidelity. Camp beside Therouenne, 5 Sept. 1513. Signed.
French, p. 1.
Le Glay,
Analectes Hist., p. 187.
2. Abstract from another copy.
5 Sept.
Stowe Ch. 585. B.M.
Papal dispensation to Miles Spensar, clk., of the see of Carlisle, sister's son of Card. Bainbridge, to hold two benefices now, in his 19th year, and a third when he reaches 23. Rome, non. Sept. 1 Leo X.
Latin. Endorsed as exhibited 28 June, 1537.
6 Sept.
Sanuto, XVII., 30.
2237. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 9 Sept. 1513.]
From the Ambassador at Rome, 6 Sept.—Letters from Amiens of the 26th and Lyons of 29th ult. report fall of Terouenne. Also a letter, dated in the English camp, from the Emperor to the Duke of Milan (who forwarded it to the Pope) announces a great rout of the French, with losses as follows:—
Sanuto, XVII.,
Prisoners: The Duke of Longueville, captain of 100 lances who is Marquis of Rothelin owing to the death of his brother, ... (blank) gentlemen of the King, Longueville's master of Household and 20 of his gentlemen, Clermont (vice-admiral), Angoulême's standard bearer, Imbrecourt, La Fayette, Bayard, the standard bearers of Framozelles and the Grand Esquire (gran scudier), "who is Galeazo di S. Severino" (each described as in No. 2173, § 3). "Compagni Erardo et uno trombeta."
Killed: the Baron of Beierna, Mons. de Bussi, the Bastard, and Mons. de Pieve, it is said.
Mons. de La Palisse gave his pledge to Jacques de Chimes with his sword.
The standard of Alençon, Angoulême, the Grand Esquire, D'Arminiach, Robert de Framozelles (Tramixelas), Bussi and Rupert de la Mark were captured besides others whose masters are not found.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, Nos. 293–4.
6 [Sept ?]. (fn. 3)
Calig. E. I., 15. [Calig. E. I. II. ?] B.M.
2238. [4174.] RONSAR[D] to SIR RICE AP THOMAS.
Had written to him a letter for the deliverance of his kinsmen Gilles le Sanglier and Francoyas, in exchange for David de Pouel, Ap Thomas's servant. Has since heard from the Deputy of Calais that Thomas intends to allow only one in exchange, contrary to the written engagement he had sent by Guisnes herald to Corbye, where the French King then was. Expects he will adhere to his written promise and make no difficulty in restoring the writer's kinsmen whose sole property is the place of a man of arms in the Dauphin's company. Blois, 6 ...
Hol., Fr., mutilated, pp. 2. Addressed: "A Mons. Mysire Riz ap Thomas, chevalier de l'ordre d'Angleterre."
7 Sept.
S.P. Scotl., Hen. VIII., vol. 1, f. 17. R.O. Ellis, 1 S. I. 86.
2239. [4439.] SURREY to JAMES IV.
Lately sent Rougecross to announce that he was come to repress the invasion of the Scots, and offer battle Friday next "on this half." Though James expressed himself by Islay as right joyous of the news, and ready to abide Surrey's coming, he had since withdrawn himself to a ground more like a fortress. Begs James will wait for him tomorrow on the Scotch side of the plain of Milfield, where Surrey will be ready to give battle between 12 o'clock and 3 in the afternoon, upon sufficient warning had from James by 8 or 9 o'clock in the morning. Begs James and his nobles will subscribe this engagement, as Surrey has done, and those with him. Written in the field in Wollerhaughe, 7 September, 5 o'clock in the afternoon.
[Signed:] Thomas Surrey.
[Countersigned:] Thomas Haward, Thom. Dacre, Clifford, Henerie [Scrope], (fn. 4) Ralphe Scroope, Rich. Latimer, William Conyers, J. Lomley, R. Ogle, W. Percye, [E. Stanley, William Molynex,]† Marmaduke Constable, W. Gascoigne, W. Griffith, [George Darcy,]† W. Bulmer, Thom. Strangwayes.
Contemporary copy, p. 1.
Calig. B. VI., 73.
2. Modern copy of the same letter.
P. 1.
Harl. MS. 289,
f. 13. B.M.
3. Contemporary copy, containing the names of all the signatories. (fn. 5)
Pp. 2.
Ib., f. 16. 4. Later copy, § 3.
P. 1.
7 Sept.
R.T. 137, f. 336. R.O.
2240. [4440.] THE WAR WITH FRANCE.
Commission for Louis de Bresze, comte de Mauleuvrier, the French King's seneschal and lieutenant in Normandy, for arming three ships stationed at Dieppe, to form part of the fleet of Honfleur against the English. Honefleur, 7 Sept. 1513. Signed.
French. Modern copy, pp. 2.
7 Sept. 2241. MONS. DE TURNOR, Governor of Lyons, to [the FRENCH AMBASSADOR AT] ROME.
Sanuto, XVII.,
Mons. de Luçon and he learn by letters from the Court at Amiens that an express messenger from the King of Scotland announces defeat of the English and capture of their Vice-roy and 15 of their principal men. Lyons, 7 Sept. 1513.
ii. Mons. de Luçon to the same.
Letters from Amiens, of the 3rd, announce certain news that the King of Scots has routed and almost annihilated 30,000 English, capturing their Vice-roy with 15 of their principal men. Lyons, 7 Sept. 1513.
Italian. Copies headed: Copia di do lettere venute a Roma. See Venetian Calendar, II, Nos. 306–7.
Sp. Transcr. I.,
5, f. 284. R.O.
Instructions to "his ambassadors at the Imperial Court and at the Court of the King of England and to Gabriel Orti, (fn. 6) his chaplain, or to any of them."
To tell the King of England that Ferdinand loves him sincerely and deplores his thinking ill of the truce made last April, when Ferdinand was expecting death and did not wish to leave his realms at war in his heir's absence. Hearing that the French tell a different story, he details at great length his rejections of the French attempts to get him to conclude a separate peace, in which Lautrec, the President of Toulouse, Etienne Petit, the French Queen and Quintana intervened. Has not been able to make war on this side the Mountains except in Bearn. But now the French have broken the truce, by capturing Spanish vessels, and he wishes to come to an early understanding about the conquest of Guienne, now or next spring. The ambassadors must persuade the King of England (1) that Ferdinand will never make peace without his allies, and (2) that he will assist the King's enterprise if it be well prepared. Hears from Rome that the King of France offers to marry his niece to the Pope's brother and, instead of asking for money (as, he hears, the allies do), to give the Pope money. Believes the Pope a true ally, but timid and peaceful by nature and also suspicious that England wishes a separate peace with France. The Emperor and King should immediately send ambassadors to Rome to reassure the Pope.
If, when Orti arrives, the armies of the Emperor and England have been victorious the ambassadors must see that war is continued; if not, and if peace with France seems necessary, that peace must include the Emperor, Queen of Castile, King of England, Ferdinand and Prince Charles as one party and France as the other party. Advises war with Venice at the expense of all the allies if she is not included in the peace. Shows that if France binds himself to assist the Emperor agianst Venice that assistance should be in money. The Pope should be included in the treaty and France renounce all claims on Naples.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 11. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 130.
Sp. Transcr. I.,
5, f. 290. R.O.
2. Instructions to the same for representations to be made to the Emperor and Madame Margaret.
They are to speak as to the King of England, but it seems unnecessary to warn the Emperor against French calumnies. As his heir and the Emperor's are the same person they have but one object, viz. to lower the power of France. The Venetians are the enemies of God and of peace among Christians and he knows they "will not become a party to the intended peace with France." To justify himself to the world the Emperor ought to empower Gurk to conclude peace with Venice on the conditions proposed by Pope Julius. On their refusal, as above, Ferdinand and the Emperor should destroy them. Is already preparing for this. Measures to be taken in Italy to conclude this league against Venice, which should include the Pope, Emperor, England, Milan, Florence, Sienna, Genoa and the Swiss.
After negociating the above the ambassadors shall tell the Emperor that, "in order that God may assist us in our enterprises, he and I must promise and make a vow to God our Lord that we will, after the conclusion of our present undertaking, wage war upon the Infidels and enemies of our Faith." The Emperor and King of England ought to persuade the Pope not to forgive the King of France except in the presence and with the consent of the confederates, after penance done.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 11. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 131.
8 Sept.
Exch. Accts., 417 (3). f. 9. R.O.
Warrant to the Great Wardrobe to deliver to Richard Justice, groom of the Wardrobe of Robes, two "standards of the lion crowned imperial according to my lord's standard and pattern," two banners with the arms of England, two with those of England and Spain, two with the cross of St. George, three of imagery (viz. of the Trinity, Our Lady and St. George), one coat of the arms of England for a herald and one for a pursuivant, 6 trumpet banners and 100 "penselles to be sett upon cariages, of diverse cognisances." Richmond, 8 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII. Signed by the Queen and countersigned by Canterbury, Rochester, Englefild and Southwell.
8 Sept.
Stowe MS. 146, f. 95. B.M.
Warrant to John Daunce to pay Sir John Carre his wages as a spear, at 40d. the day, for one year from 7 Sept. next. Field beside Turwyn, 2 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII.
Subscribed with Carre's receipt for 60l. 16s. 8d., on 8 Sept., in payment of the above.
Parchment, p. 1.
8 Sept.
Milan Transcr., 2. R.O.
The army of the Emperor and King of England left Therouenne on the 5th. Describes its subsequent movements and those of the French. Bethune, 8 Sept. 1513.
Italian, modern extract, pp. 3. See Milan Calendar, I, No. 652.
9 Sept.
S.P. Scotl., Hen. VIII., vol. 1, f. 18. R.O. St. P., IV., 1. Facsimiles of Nat. MSS. Pt. 2, No. 2.
2246. [4441.] BATTLE OF FLODDEN.
"Articles of the bataill betwix the K. of Scottes and therle of Surrey in Brankstone feld the 9 day of September."
When the two armies were within three miles of each other Surrey challenged the King of Scots to battle, by Rugecross; who answered he would wait for him till Friday at noon. At eleven on 9 Sept. Howard passed the bridge of Twyssell with the vanguard and artillery, Surrey following with the rear. The army was divided into two battles, each with two wings. The Scotch army was divided into five battles, each a bowshot distant from the other, and all equally distant from the English, "in grete plumpes, part of them quadrant," and some pikewise, and were on the top of the hill, being "a quarter of a mile from the foot thereof." Howard caused the van to stale in a little valley till the rear joined one of the wings of his battle; then both advanced in line against the Scots, who came down the hill, and met them "in good order, after the Almayns manner, without speaking a word." Earls of Huntley, Eroll, and Crawford met Howard with 6,000 men, but were soon put to flight, and most of them slain. The King of Scots with a great power attacked Surrey, who had Lord Darcy's son on his left. These two bore the brunt of the battle. James was slain within a spear's length of Surrey; many noblemen with him; no prisoners taken. At the same time, Lennox and Argyle joined battle with Sir Edward Stanley, and were put to flight. Edmund Howard was on the right wing of Lord Howard with 1,000 Cheshire and 500 Lancashire men, and many gentlemen of Yorkshire, who were defeated by the Lord Chamberlain of Scotland (Alex. lord Hume). Mr. Gray and Sir Humphrey Lyle are taken prisoners, Sir Wynchard Harbottle and Maurice Barkley slain; Edm. Howard was thrice "feled," when Dacre came to his relief and routed the Scots, after having eight score of his men slain. The battle began between 4 and 5 in the afternoon, and the chase was continued three miles with great slaughter; 10,000 more would have been slain if the English had been horsed.
The Scots were 80,000, of whom 10,000 were killed; the English lost only 400. ["The Borders not only stale away as they lost 4 or 5,000 horses, but also they took away the oxen that drew the ordnance, and came to the pavilions and took away all the stuff therein, and killed many that kept the same." (fn. 7) ] The English and Scotch ordnance has been conveyed, by the help of Dacre, to Etall Castle. The King of Scots' body is brought to Berwick. No great man of Scotland has returned, except the Chamberlain.
Pp. 2.
Hist. of Scotland (edit. 1779), II., 456.
2. A contemporary French translation of § 1, headed "Articles envouez aux maistres des postes du roy d'Angleterre par son serviteur de la fourme et maniere de bataille," &c., "lequel serviteur estoit a ladit bataille." The cancelled passage is included, the words "the Borders" being translated "les souldiers" and the words "des Escossois" added to explain "horses" and "many."
ii. Les nommes des nobles hommes d'Escosse qui estoient en la bataille avec le roy d'Escosse desquellz on ne oit point parlez quilz soient eschappez, fois le seigneur Chambellan dudit feu roy d'Escosse," viz. the King, &c. (in the same order as No. 2313 with inclusion of "De la Mote, françois," after Forbes).
Lambeth MS.
306, f. 204.
3. "Here folowyth the batyll betwyxte the kyng of Scottys callyd King Jamys and the noble eerele of Surrey fowghten yn Brampton Felde," 9 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII.
[This is another copy of the first paragraph of § I, with some verbal differences of which the principal are, (l. 2) "an officer of arms called Roger Crosse," (l. 17) "lord Dacar's son," (l. 21) Stanley "boldly met with them and put them both to flight," (l. 25) "and Richarde Harepotell slain," (l. 28), lord Dacars had about "800" men slain. It then continues:—
The Scots were above 80,000. "Borderars not only stole away horses but also the oxen," &c. (as in § 1). The ordnance is conveyed to Etall. The King of Scots' body carried to Berwick. "Also on the morrow after that the field was fought the lord Howard went into the field again where that the Scots' ordnance lay, with a small company," and there 800 Scots on horseback, coming to fetch away the ordnance, set upon him and there was a sore fray in which 200 Scots were slain "and of Englishmen I cannot tell. There was slain one gentleman called Morres Bakley (fn. 8) and one other called Warcoppe* with many other which be not yet known."
Pp. 2. Contemporary (or slightly later) copy leaving blanks for a few words which, apparently, the copyist could not read.
Proc. of Soc.
of Antiqu. of Scotland, VII., i., 141.
4. Contemporary account of the battle of Flodden, beginning "Hereafter ensue the trewe encountre." (fn. 9) Printed by "Richard Faques, dwellyng in Poulys Churche Yerde" (without date).
Surrey, at Alnwick on 4 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII., hearing that the King of Scots had removed, spoiling and burning, from Norham to Ford Castle, sent Rougecroix Pursuivant with a challenge to battle. The King detained Rougecroix. Surrey on 5 Sept. mustered at Bolton in Glendayll. On 6 Sept. the King sent Ilaye Herald to accept Surrey's challenge; who sent back offer to be bound in sureties to give battle by the Friday next if the King would likewise give sureties. Surrey detained Ilaye Herald till Rougecroix was sent back next day. Next day Surrey divided his army, giving his son Lord Howard, the Admiral, the vaunward and himself taking the rearward (under-captains and numbers of the two wards given) and moved to Woller Haghe, 6 miles. There, within three miles, could be seen the Scots on a high hill in the edge of Cheviot, the King having moved from Ford Castle over the water of Till. Their army lay enclosed on three sides by mountains and guarded on the fourth by guns, to wit 5 great curtalles, 2 great culverins, 4 sacres and 6 great serpentines, "as goodly guns as have been seen in any realm," besides small ordnance. Describes how Surrey tarried all day on 7 Sept. in a place called Mylnfelde and, by Rougecroix, sent another challenge to the King to meet him there at a place called Floddon. Next day, as the King of Scots seemed determined not to leave his fortress, Surrey crossed the Till and marching within two miles of the Scots, lodged that night beside Barmor Wode. Although the English had been without wine, ale or beer for four or five days they courageously advanced to get between the Scots and Scotland; whereupon the King caused his tents to be taken up and, "keeping the height of the mountain," removed towards Scotland, the crafty Scots setting fire to their filthy straw and litter so that the smoke hid them. Howard and Surrey then advanced quickly towards the Scots, who were formed in four divisions, and with ordnance compelled them to come down from the hills. Describes briefly the battle in which Mr. Edmond Howard (who slew Sir Davy Home) and Sir Edward Stanley distinguished themselves.
The following Scots were slain at the said battle and field called Brainston Moor, viz.:—The King, Archbishop of St. Andrews, bishops of the Isles and Caithness, abbots of Inchaffray and Kilwinning, earls of Montrose, Crawford, Argyle, Lennox, Glencairn, Cassillis, Bothwell and Arroll, constable, lords Lovat, Forbes, "Elweston," "Juderby" and Maxwell, Mackeyn, Mac Cleen, John of Graunte, the Master of Angwis, Lord Roos, Lord Sempill, Lord Borthike, Lord Askill, Lord Dawissie, Sir Alex. Setton, Sir John Home, Lord Culwen, Sir Davy Home, and Cuthbert Home of Fastcastell. Besides these, lord Dacre estimates 11,000 or 12,000 Scots slain and 1,200 prisoners among whom Sir William Scott, Councillor, Sir John Forman, brother to the bp. of Murray (which bishop is reported the chief procurer of this war), and Sir John of Coolchome. Others might have been taken but had shown themselves so "vengeable and cruel in their fighting" that Englishmen would give them no quarter. The fight began between 4 and 5 p.m. and night saved many more of the Scots from being slain or taken. On the English side all lords and knights are safe save Mr. Harry Gray and Sir Humphrey Lisle, both prisoners in Scotland, and Sir John Gower of Yorkshire and Sir John Boothe of Lancashire still missing. Advantages and determination of the Scots.
ii. Names of such as after the field were made knights by the Earl of Surrey, viz.:—
Lord Scrope of Upsall, Wm. Percy, Edm. Hawarde, George Darcy, Wm. Gascoigne the younger, Wm. Middelton, Wm. Malevoray, Th. Bartlay, Marm. Constable, the younger, Chr. Dacre, John Hoothome, Nic. Appleyarde, Edw. Goorge, Ralph Ellercar, the younger, John Wyliyby, Edw. Echinghame, Edw. Musgrave, John Stanley, Walter Stonner, Ninian Martynfelde, Ralph Bowes, Brian Stapleton of Wyghall, Guy Dawnay, Ralph Salwayne, Ric. Malleverey, Wm. Constable of Hatefelde, Wm. Constable of Carethorpe, Chr. Danby, Th. Burght, Wm. Rous, Th. Newtoun, Roger of Fenwyke, Roger Gray, Th. Connyers, Lord Ogle, Th. Str[a]ngewase, Henry Thiuates, Lord Lumley, Chr. Pekerynge, John Bulmer.
Add. MS.
29,506. B.M.
5. Contemporary account of "the order and behaviour" of the Earl of Surrey against the King of Scots printed "in Fletestrete at the sign of the George by Richard Pynson, printer unto the King's noble grace."
[This is almost verbatim, the account given in Hall's Chronicle, beginning with Surrey's parting from the King at Dover and ending with the same list of Scottish slain, the names of the English leaders, and the information that it was compiled by "one unworthy whom it pleased the said earl to have about him" in all the proceedings.
A note is added that the King advanced the Earl to be a Duke for this service.]
ii. Carmelianus' epitaph on James IV.
Copy, in a handwriting of the end (?) of the 16th century, of an imperfect copy, pp. 28.
"La Rotta de Francciosi a Terroana."
ii. "La Rotta de Scocesi."
Long Italian poems descriptive of Guinegate and Flodden printed at Rome, the former with the date 12 Sept. 1513, the latter without date.
Reprinted by Spencer for the Roxburghe Club (No. 37), London, 1825.
Harl. MS. 2,252,
f. 43b. B.M.
2. Poem of fifteen eight lined stanzas headed "The Lamentacion of the Kyng of Scottes," each stanza ending with the line Miserere mei Deus et salva me, supposed to be spoken by the ghost of King James; and apparently composed shortly after the battle of Flodden, as "King Lewys" still reigns in France and "The Church and he be not yet agreed."
Pp. 4. With marginal notes and suggested alterations in a later (Elizabethan ?) hand, the alterations being required by the altered state of relations with the Church of Rome.
ii. Poem of 26 eight lined stanzas descriptive of the battle of Flodden each stanza ending "By the help of St. George, Our Lady's knight." The doings of most of the principal gentlemen on the English side are recorded and the writer begs them to accept his "simple sayings."
Pp. 7. Ends: Explicit bellum de Bramston, Quod Fraunces Dyngley de Manston.
Salisbury MSS.
(Hist. MSS. Com.) I., p. 4.
3. [4443.] "Invocatio de inclyta invictissimi Regis nostri Henrici VIII. in Gallos et Scotos victoria, per Bernardum Andrée poetam regium, cum præfatione ejusdem," addressed "Ad sereniss. potentissimumque Angliæ et Franciæ Regem, Henricum Octavum, propter suam felicem ut sic dicam octavitatem, qua Octaviano Imperatore, ob res tam bello quam pace feliciter gestas, non est inferior, aliquot Senarii Iambici."
Begins: Dii maris et terre studium quibus angla tueri Septra favete pio nostro pia numina regi.
Ends: Quippe alias alio describam tempore laudes Tantaque pyeria bella sonabo tubo.
Pp. 18. The first page illuminated with the Royal arms.
Add. MS.
30,067. B.M.
4. Latin poem inscribed.
Ad invictissimum Henricum Dei gratia regem Angliæ et Franciæ ac dominum Hyberniæ Camilli Palæoti Bononiensis Sylva cui titulus amor.
Begins: Huc quoque ab extremis hominum penitusque repostis
Orbe alio, rex Magne, tui perlabitur aura.
Ends: Circumfert late et fines extendit amoris.
On p. 3.
Mox alacris graviore sono et majoribus ausis
Dicam acies, dicam arma tuis felicia semper
Auspiciis, domitosque gravi sub Marte Sicambros:
Undantemque armis Rhodanum Gallumque rebellem
Submittentem animum et dicto parere fatentem
Imperio, lætosque tua ditione Britannos.
Pp. 33. Illuminated at the commencement.
Vesp. F. XIII.,
74. B.M.
"My good Lady, I pray you remember a pon me in your gud prayers. Your loweng frende, Margaret the Qwuen of Scotts."
Hol., p. 1.
[9 Sept.]
Vitell. B. XX., 82. B.M.
"Une aduertence que mon[seigneur ... a]
fait a monsr. lausmonier ...
a acordet, aux ambassadeurs ...
Poninghe et Wintfilde &c."
(1) The Count de Fauken[berg] agreed to serve the King at 8fl. of gold a month for each [man and] that none should have 10fl. of gold, "quil les devoit ... Et sy nuls aultres capitaines de chevaucheurs, des p[ays de] per decha, heussent charge de pietons, il en auroit ... asseuroyent messieurs les ambassadeurs, a mond sieur sur leurs ... que nul nen avoit, ce quy est au contraire. Et qu[ant] ... au plat de 600fl. dor pour mondit Sieur et 200 florins d[or] pour son lieutenant, porteur densaigne, et aultres capitaines," he would make no conditions until he came to the King.
"Mon dit seigneur" represents that M. de Walham has 3,000 foot and gains on each payment a gold florin on each. He gives his lieutenant 130 gold fl., "quy est Bouton," and to his ensigns, captain of archers, &c., each 40 gold fl. Monsieur does the same, otherwise his people would not serve him. Not 500 gold fl. of the King's money comes into his purse. His entering the King's service has cost him in gifts, &c. more than 40,000fl.
Since his arrival he has lost 2 or 3 years' revenue [amounting to—] " ... mil florins de rente," and 10,000cr. "de doma[ige de ses] subgets et plus.
... mondit sieur est venu, sest advanchet de aller avec les aultres ... son corps et ses biens, et retournet sans perte et a lhonneur du ... tous. Dieu scet quy en fut cause."
On the morrow he thought that it was not to the honor of the King to leave the artillery behind, "et des le soir devant les gens du Roy lavoyent cuydiet rompre; ce que ne polrent." Next day he resolved to go thither and commanded his people to go and get it, and it was delivered into the King's hands in the camp near St. Othmer, beside the village of Arcques, He was present at the dispute between the English and Almains and used his efforts to settle it; "toutes fois jamais depuis lesdits Allemans ne ont [ ] (fn. 11) mondit Sieur"; yesterday, Thursday the 8th, they attempted to drive him out of his lodging.
Further at the battle, when it pleased God to give them good fortune, and when he thinks he and his people served the King well, his people were much hurt and one of his archers killed by the English.
On that day one of his archers took the Duc de Longheville; but he has never been able to obtain justice for his man; there is not a prince in Christendom who would not have done the right thing for it.
Those who stole their prisoners and let them off without saying anything and who have still in their hands "des principaules" have come off best.
By the King's order he was in the trenches, "envers le coste de milor chamberlan par aucune invention quil avoit trouvet," knowing that it would be to the King's profit to make Terouenne surrender without an assault for fear of losing men, and the great expense which he was at, bribing his lieutenant with great presents "disant quil ava ... parens, de la dedens pour venir a la a ... lieu que mondit Sieur devoit estre apell ... cest honeur ne quelque samblant du s ... Depuis mondit Sieur a requis quelque petite confis[cation] ... riens nen viendra, luy a este dissimulet ... que une confiscation de cent mil escuz ne luy heu ..."
He sees, moreover, when he is with the King, by the face the King shews him, "quil est mary de so[n] ..." and that he has no regard for him. Begs Wolsey to advise him how to act. Since the King does not regard him, desires permission for himself and his company to try their fortune against the enemy; for he knows fine enterprises to the honor and profit of the King.
The rest is in the first person, in the form of a letter to Wolsey. Begs Wolsey's good offices, else "je suys mis a lospital." If the King will put in practice something he can tell him, it will be greatly to his honor and profit. Begs Wolsey will help, as he lately promised, "defaire le mariaige du Roy et de moy, car je lespouseray comme le bon servi[teur] doit espouser son maistre." Only wants money to serve the King effectually. Others are getting rich, he poor.
P.S.—" [Mons. l'Ausmo]ur, vous vees pour toute ma recompense que on me soilli ... [d]evant Tournay, qui est mon pays, et en le me sellant ... fait dommaige dix mil escuz dor" for he would have provided for the King's honor and himself so as to gain praise for his service. Wolsey knows that four days ago the Estradiots burnt his town of Faukemberghe. It is a proof they want to get rid of him. If the King do not have pity on him, he is destroyed. He cannot go on upon 600 gold fl., which is scarce more than enough for one day.
Begs Wolsey will procure him the honour of going before into Tournesis to guard the passages. "Et vous me feres proffit et a vous ij ou iij mils escuz dor."
French, pp. 4. Mutilated.
9 Sept.
Sanuto, XVII., 47.
2250. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 12 Sept. 1513.]
From the Ambassador at Rome, 9 Sept.—The Pope's warning not to trust in France. The English ambassador told him his King wrote to the Signory long ago and received no answer; and that it would still be well to write, especially as the Emperor was there. On the 7th the Cardinals of Sorrento and England, lord Albert of Carpi and the ambassadors of Spain and Milan were with the Pope all the afternoon, supposed to be concluding some treaty. Report from France that as the Archduke would not marry the King of England's sister, who is 24 years old, the Emperor himself would take her.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 301.
10 Sept.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 230, f. 39. R.O.
Receipt, 10 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII., by Alex. Franklyn, from John Daunce, of 10s. reward paid by him to the Emperor's guides. Signed with a mark.
P. 1.
10 Sept.
Ib., f. 40. R.O.
Paid by me John Daunce, 10 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII., by the King's command, to Edward duke of Buckingham, for so much advanced to the Nuns of Ayre, in reward, 6l. 13s. 4d. Signed: E. Bukyngham.
Small paper, p. 1.
10 Sept.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 5, f. 31a. R.O.
2253. [4444.] LEO X. to HENRY VIII.
Begs credence for Raphael de Medici, Florentine merchant in England, his kinsman. Rome, 10 Sept. 1513, 1 pont. Seal lost. Countersigned: P. Bembus.
Latin, p. 1. Addressed.
10 Sept.
Sanuto, XVII., 42.
2254. VENICE.
Report, made 10 Sept. 1513, of the sayings of Sir Th. Newport and Sir Th. Sheffeld, viz.—That Ferdinand twice deceived their King, by failing to help the invasion of Guienne after he had obtained Navarre and by making truce with France; that the Emperor was considered fickle; that their King would make peace with France upon conditions including some good tribute; that the Flemings were averse to war with France, but, because the King sent 6,000 Englishmen against the Duke of Gueldres, who would otherwise have devastated Flanders and Brabant, Lady Margaret was supplying munitions and carriage; and that a marriage would take place between the Archduke and the King's sister.
Ib., 60. ii. [Copy of a letter, made 16 Sept. 1513.]
From the Signory of Florence to Peter Bibiena, Papal ambassador at Venice, 10 Sept.—Give the gist of their ambassador's letters of 18 to 26 Aug. Defeat of the French on 16 Aug., when the Marquis of Rothelin, of the blood royal and chief of the King's gentlemen, and Messrs. Bussi, Bayard and La Fayette were captured and from 120 to 400 men of arms taken or slain. Surrender of Terouenne. Mons. de la Palisse was captured, yet (how the thing happened is not known) he returned to camp the same night, free. French dispositions. Duke of Gueldres expected shortly with 10,000 men, some of whom have already reached Liège. The Scots have invaded England.
Ib., 68. iii. [Note of a letter seen 20 Sept. 1513.]
From Florence to the Duke [of Ferrara ?], _ (no date).—Letters from Amiens, of the 5th, report that the Scots have defeated the English, killing 6,000 and capturing their Viceroy and others; that the King of England was overthrowing the walls of Terouenne, had retired to the coast and would return to England; and that the Emperor had quarrelled with him and left the camp.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 298, 308, 313.


  • 1. Plutarch's. See No. 1550.
  • 2. See page 968. footnote.
  • 3. September is the earliest possible date (as Sanglier was taken at Guinegate) but the Spring of 1514 is more probable.
  • 4. Blank spaces have been left for these signatures which, apparently, the copyist could not read. They are here supplied from § 2.
  • 5. An additional name "J. L ... ", before "J. Lomley" seems to be lost by mutilation.
  • 6. Account books at Simancas show that Orti was despatched from Valladolid 7 Sept. 1513 and did not return till 10 April 1514.—Spanish Calendar, II., No. 129.
  • 7. This passage is scored out,—not printed in St. P.
  • 8. Inquisitions post mortem upon both Berkeley and Robert Warcop give the date of their deaths as 9 Sept.
  • 9. A defective copy of this had been reprinted by Haslewood in 1509 and by Galt, Life of Wolsey, 1512, App. p. 1, when the discovery of a manuscript fragment enabled the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland to print the whole tract.
  • 10. A number of other poetical effusions are cited by Dr. Wilhelm Busch in his masterly account of these wars contributed to the Historische Vierteljahrschrift for the year 1910.
  • 11. Word omitted.