Henry VIII: October 1513, 22-20

Pages 1055-1075

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 1, 1509-1514. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1920.

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October 1513

22 Oct.
Calig. B. VI., 42. B.M.
2386. [4520.] DACRES to HENRY VIII.
Has received his letters dated at Tournay, 30th Sept., commanding him to make two raids into Scotland, the one upon the West, and the other upon the Middle Marches; assigning him 1,000 marks for this service and intimating that Lord Darcy is to make a third raid upon the East Marches. The King's other letters of the 10th, commanding him (Dacres) to make the third raid with the help of the people of the bishopric of Durham, and assigning him another 1,000 marks, arrived this morning. Will endeavour to execute the first orders as soon as the moon and weather will serve; meantime making such small raids as shall be no less annoying to the Scots. It will be difficult to gather the people for the third raid, in consequence of the distance from the far side of the West Marches, viz. the castle of Millom belonging to John Huddilston in Cumberland, to Berwick, 105 miles and more. From the nearest part of the West Marches it is 60 miles. Thinks Darcy had better perform it, as he has taken in at Berwick a new crew of 250 soldiers, besides the 500 he had before, and as he is the King's officer for the shire of Bamborough and lordship of Dunstanborough, having command of the men there. If the writer were to bring the men of the West Marches, whom he needs for his own security, to the third raid, the country would be very weak, and the Scots would certainly know it before they could pass the Middle Marches. The friends he had left behind him in these parts when he departed to "this victorious field" were very much molested by the Scots. At the battle, his men not being strong enough to be a wing to my Lord Treasurer, he assigned him Bamboroughshire and Tynemouth, but they fled at the first shot of the Scottish guns, as my Lord Admiral can report. Thinks they will serve Darcy better. The late King of Scots' ordnance in Etall Castle, which the King commanded to be sent to Newcastle, has been conveyed to Berwick in safety by William Pawne and the men of Bamboroughshire and Elandshire. As to the King's orders for not ransoming Scottish prisoners who are gentlemen, he and his men took none, "for we were otherwise occupied making even work afore us." Those that were taken were ransomed without his knowledge before the King's orders were known. Has given warning, as commanded, as to those remaining, or "latten to suertie upon entre again"; and my Lord Treasurer made proclamation that no man should let any gentleman prisoner depart till the King's pleasure were known. Carlisle Castle, 22 October. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add.: To the King's grace. Endd.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
5, f. 69. R.O.
2387. [4482.] THOS. LORD DACRE to [RUTHAL BP. OF DURHAM]. (fn. 1)
Thanks for his writing and advice. Is averse to show his mind to any but his lordship; for my Lord Howard, in his letter to him and Dacre, is displeased at their writing to the Council for the coming up of Sir John Forman, brother to the Bp. of Murray, "which was devised by us for a good intent, and specially for displeasure of the said Bishop, who was the chief provoker of this business." Hears that he is slandered by lords and gentlemen who were on the field, because the Lord Treasurer and my Lord Howard took him into council in preference to others. Feels it would be too unwise to trust himself to strangers, especially those of the East Marches, considering that when Sir Will. Gascoigne and others were commanded, the day after the field, by my Lord Treasurer, to help the writer in securing and conveying the guns they all disobeyed and went home with seven days' wages in their purses. Signed.
P. 1.
22 Oct.
Exch. Accts., 56 (26). R.O.
2388. THE ARMY.
Brief declaration of the account of Sir Robert Dymmok, treasurer of the Rear Ward.
Showing how much he received from John Heron and Sir John Daunce and how much he paid month by month in "wages of war" and contingent expenses for five months ending 2 July, 30 July, 26 Aug., 24 Sept. and 22 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. Under the first month is a list of payments at various dates for provision, &c., such as to my lord Chamberlain for espial money, to Baron Curson for gunstones, and to others for tools, ropes, carriage, &c., and, in the later months, a few payments for trenching work and carriage as well as for wages of the men of Lord Lynye and Nowell Westeblie, his man. The total payments, of 22,643l. 1s. 4d. and two abatements amounting to 140l. 12s., leave 12,703l. 9s. 11d. in hand.
A paper roll mutilated at the beginning.
22 Oct.
Sanuto, XVII., 259.
2389. VENICE.
[Note of letters seen 26 Oct. 1513.]
From Vettor Lipomano, Rome, 22 Oct.—By letters from Amiens, of the 10th, the English army was at St. Quentin and the French at Amiens, 20 miles distant; and the Emperor and King of England at Tournay, making jousts for the victory. On the 20th the cardinals of Sorrento and England and the ambassadors of the Emperor and Spain were in close conference with the Pope and despatched a post to Gurk and the Viceroy. * * * The Pope sends nuncios to Scotland and England for peace. Letters from Verona, of the 19th, state that Gurk has left for Rome, and the Viceroy was encamped between Padua and Treviso burning the mills.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 343.
23 Oct.
Calig. B. III., 1. B.M.
2390. [4522.] DACRE to RUTHAL. (fn. 2)
Received by post, at 2 o'clock this morning, his right discreet letter, advising him to undertake raids into Teviotdale and the Merse. As he wrote lately, both to the King and Ruthal, intends a great raid in Teviotdale, besides the other raid upon the West March. Since meeting the Chamberlain on Saturday se'nnight, made four raids in Tevidale; one to the tower of Howpaslot, which he burnt, carrying off 28 score sheep with "insight" and goods; one to Carlangrick, which he burnt and won 80 head of cattle; a great raid made by the inhabitants of Tyndale and Riddesdale, who burnt Ancrom, and took 60 prisoners; and three raids on the West Marches in Annardale. Intends Tevidale shall be kept waking. The Marshe, in the East Marches, is beyond his power to deal with, being an angle betwixt Tevidale and the sea, fronting Berwick and Norham, and as far from hence as York. Has no intelligence, as reported, with the Lord Chamberlain of Scotland or any other Scot, but for the advancement of the King's objects, and will spare neither him nor his lands. Thanks Ruthal for his good mind towards him in this matter, and desires advice how to conduct himself so as to avoid misconstruction. Carlisle, 23 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my Lord of Durham.
Cleopat. C. v.
64. B.M.
2391. [4284.] DIARY OF JOHN TAYLOR, Clerk of the Parliaments.
i. Dedication to John Yong, master of the Rolls. Proposes to give a brief outline of events from the day of his arrival at Calais, 25 June 1513.
ii. On the 26th June was brought to Calais the body of the baron of Carewe, killed by a gun-shot before Terouenne, and buried in the chapel of the Resurrection in the church of St. Nicholas. On the 27th, 100 waggons with victuals and a garrison of 500 soldiers sent to the siege of Terouenne, were intercepted by the French near Ardes and the provisions carried off to Boulogne. The Duke of Buckingham and Earl of Northumberland went in pursuit, but were too late. On the 28th, news came that 200 Englishmen were slain in the encounter, that the French had carried off their dead, whose number could not be ascertained, had stripped the bodies, and so mutilated their faces that it was difficult to tell which were English or which French; nevertheless 20 fine horses of the French were found dead on the field. Has seen in the market-place of Calais some that were taken by the English in the fight, while the English did not lose a single horse. On the 29th, St. Peter's day, strong wind and continued rain towards evening; all the ships driven into Calais harbour by a north wind. Northumberland and Darcy set out for Terouenne. 30th, saw from the walls of Calais the King coming with his fleet (such as Neptune never saw before); saluted with such firing of guns from the ships and from the towers, you would have thought the world was coming to an end; conducted by a procession of the clergy to the church of St. Nicholas, thence to his lodging by the nobles. Ambassadors arrive from the Emperor.
1 July, the King heard mass in the church of St. Nicholas, and spent the afternoon with his Councillors. 3rd July, the King ratified certified articles, in the presence of the Imperial ambassadors, at the high altar in St. Mary's church. Great pageantry. 4th July, the town of Whitsand betwixt Calais and Boulogne was almost entirely destroyed by fire, having submitted to the English on the first coming of the King's lieutenant and afterwards plundered an English vessel driven upon their shores, and sent the crew prisoners to Boulogne. Just as was the punishment, every one was ashamed of the victory. Thinks the Almighty did not approve of it, for that night a terrible storm wrecked five vessels before their eyes, the crews of which perished after long struggling with the waves. 8th July, St. Thomas' day, came three ambassadors; viz., the chief officers of Ghent and Bruges, and a man of letters, from Lord Fynys, Governor of Flanders, to the King, who was practising archery in a garden with the archers of his guard. He cleft the mark in the middle, and surpassed them all, as he surpasses them in stature and personal graces. The ambassadors remained ten days. 16th, Lords Lisle, Darcy, Willoughby, Essex, Sir Wm. Sandes, Sir Maurice Berkeley, and 7,000 horse and foot, left Calais to prepare the way for the King. On the 17th arrived ambassadors from the Duke of Brunswick, more I think to do themselves good than us. On the 21st, the King left Calais with a magnificent army increased by 8,000 German mercenaries. Sir Henry Marney's leg was broken by the kick of a horse. Pitched their camp that night three miles from Calais, at Frodon near Calkwell, a place well fortified by nature with an impassable marsh on their left, and their artillery on the right. Such heavy rains fell in the afternoon and night, that the tents could scarcely protect them. The King did not put off his clothes, but rode round at 3 in the morning comforting the watch—saying "Well, comrades, now that we have suffered in the beginning, fortune promises us better things, God willing." Came on the 23rd to Hamswel. On the 25th, pitched their camp in the enemy's land near Ardes; that night the town was nearly consumed by fire. At day-break an alarm was raised that the French were at hand; for that day some citadels were mischievously burned by the Germans, who did not respect the churches. The King had three of them hanged that night. The King had twelve guns of unusual magnitude—each cast with the image of an apostle. One of them got upset in a pond; 100 workmen were sent to get it out, but, owing to their negligence in not setting a guard, they were attacked by the French, who killed or wounded most of them. Pitched their camp that night near Dornham. Had the French preoccupied it, might have sustained considerable injury. Next morning were called to arms. The fog was so dense they could scarce see each other. The King drew up his army in person, and arranged the places for the artillery, awaiting an attack from the French, who were said to be near; heard their spy had been slain, and the French decamped. Marched 3 miles, got sight of French, when a Frenchmen challenged an Englishman to single combat. Encounters on all sides—a pleasant sight, if a man's skin had not been in hazard. The French fled before Sir Rice ap Thomas. In the skirmishes that day fell one Englishman and 20 French; the army much fatigued with the long march and the heat. News that provisions sent from Calais had been intercepted. The lords of Lynye and Walen met the King with a large band of cavalry. Camped that night and all next day a mile from St. Omer. On the 29th the Earl of Essex and Sir Rice ap Thomas with 300 English horse, the Burgundians with their cavalry, a body of German foot, and some English archers, were sent to recover the guns, for the French had taken another of the apostles. Account of the engagement. The French never expose themselves.
1st August, pitched the camp at the first mile-stone from Therouenne; heavy rain in the night, which lasted day and night following, with violent wind; the soldiers up to their knees in mud. Some of the besieged made a sally and escaped—there never passed a day but they did some damage to the English. The French cut off the stragglers, and are always on the alert. 4th August, joined the besieging army. 5th, important secrets revealed by a deserter. On the 8th called to arms. A Stradiot brought in prisoner. The French captured an English standard and did considerable injury from a powerful rampart covered with turf, called the Green Rampart. On the 9th, two horsemen were taken by Lord Darcy; being brought before the King, they said a large force of French were fighting with the Burgundians two miles off; a body of light horse were sent thither, before whose arrival the French had slain the Sieur Barret; presently they decamped. Sir Rice ap Thomas made three prisoners, but lost two men. Heavy rains the whole night and the day following, which injured a tent woven of gold and purple for the reception of the Emperor Maximilian. Same day the King met the Emperor at Are, had but a short interview on account of the badness of the weather. On the day following a herald from the King of Scots exposed the perfidy of his master, declaring he would invade England unless the King desisted from the invasion of France. After a patient hearing, the King said he could not easily believe that his brother of Scotland would break his solemn oath, but if such were his intention, he doubted not he should repent it. This day the Bp. of Winchester was much hurt by the kick of his mule; for some days he could neither sit nor stand. 12 August, the weather improved; the Emperor visited the trenches, and returned the next morning to Are. He is of middle height, with open and manly countenance; pallid complexion; has a snub nose, and a grey beard. Is affable, frugal, an enemy to pomp. His attendants are in black silk or wollen. On Assumption day a fray took place between the Germans and the English, in which many were killed on both sides. The same evening their Majesties determined to advance the camp beyond the stream. Next day at dawn, as soon as the camp had been moved, an alarm was given that the French were at hand; they were seen from the top of a hill. Description of the battle of Bomy (Spurs). Prisoners taken: Duke of Longueville, Louis marquis of Rotelyn, Lord Cleremount vice-admiral of France, Lord Bayar lieutenant of the Duke of Lorraine (a page left blank for the other names). A quarrel arose between the English and Burgundians about the prisoners. On Sunday, 21st August, moved the camp from the east to the west side of Therouenne. A report spread that the French had sent victuals to the besieged—part of the prisoners sent to Are for safe custody. Afterwards the more important of them to England. 22nd, Lord Mountremy (Pontdormy), chief captain of the besieged, sent a messenger to demand a parley, and terms were agreed upon for the surrender of the town. Lord Talbot appointed captain. Next day, St. Bartholomew's eve, the garrison left the town, and passed through the King's camp in sight of the two generals to the number of 4,000—such soldiers as any prince would wish to have. On St. Bartholomew's day their Majesties entered Therouenne with great pomp. There is nothing worth mention in Therouenne, except the Cathedral. Description of it and situation of the town. One so fortified with ramparts and mines no age ever saw before. It was determined to demolish them. On the 27th, the demolition commenced; a violent storm in the night—many of the tents injured. The 29th, four Englishmen went to Are, raised some disturbance in the town, two of them, being brothers, were hanged, the other two, also brothers, were sent back to the tents.
About this time news arrived from England that the Scotch had besieged Norham, and invaded England, not without great damage to themselves. Having blown up the fortifications of Therouenne, by gunpowder, the camp removed on the 6th September. As the city belonged to the House of Burgundy, Lord Talbot promised it to the Emperor, whose soldiers cruelly destroyed it by fire. Slept that night at a place called Malenous, where news came that the King of Scots had taken Norham, and wasted the country. Next night, at Ferthyng in the dominion of Sieur de Bruere—next night at Verkamen—the next at Old Vendome near the bridge, a place well fortified by nature with an impassable marsh divided by a narrow causeway a quarter of a mile long, with room for one carriage only. The next march was over six miles of equally difficult ground. Came on the 12th of September to Lille, a place having much the appearance of an island in the middle of a marsh, which the King entered with as much pomp as ever he did at Westminster with his crown on, to visit Lady Margaret of Savoy. The people crowded out of the town to meet him in such numbers you would have thought none had been left behind; girls offered crowns, sceptres, and garlands; outlaws and malefactors with white rods (virgubas) in their hands besought pardon. Between the gate of the town and the palace the way was lined with burning torches, altho' it was bright day, and there was scarce room for the riders to pass. Tapestries were hung from the houses, a tent erected at frequent intervals, where histories of the Old and New Testament and of the poets were acted. The Emperor sent the King a great ox as a present. Taylor saw nothing worth notice in it except its unwieldly size. At this time Lord Lynye, a captain of Burgundians, obtained surrender to the King of the Castle of Morteyn, four miles from Tournay, which was next day taken from him by some Germans under Lord Walayn; the case was referred to the King's Council. On the 15th September pitched the camp near the walls of Tournay in a street (in vico) called Ork. That day Ponynges, Yong, and Sir Rob. Wingfield had an interview with the men of Tournay. A suspension of hostilities agreed to; nothing came of it. Lord Talbot prepared to lay siege to the city. Letters from the Queen of the defeat of the Scots. The 17th, mass celebrated in a pavilion of gold and purple for the victory, and Te Deum sung; Bp. of St. Asaph preached. The 21st, confirmation of the news of the defeat of James IV., by a messenger, who brought the Scotch King's plaid (paludiamentum seu tunicam) with the royal arms upon it. Reflexions on his fall.
To batter down the iron gates and stone towers of Tournay, guns came from Lille of immense magnitude, enough to conquer by the very sight of them. On the 21st, before they were tried, the city submitted, and next day handed over the keys. Lord Lysle, chief marshal of the army, was made Governor. On the 24th, the King entered it, met by the chief men of the city—their horses and mules having the English ensigns painted on paper before them. At the first gate the King passed under a canopy of gold and silk prepared by the citizens, and carried by six of the principal burgesses—others attending bearing wax torches conducted him to the Cathedral, where, after service, the King made several knights. After dinner in the market place a deputy chosen by the citizens offered the city, its inhabitants, and their goods, to Henry, on which the people shouted Vive le Roi. That day appeared in the sky a clear sun, a pale moon, and a bright star, which Taylor rose from dinner to look at. Next night the Emperor, Lady Margaret, and a splendid suite of ladies in chariots, with gentlemen on horseback, entered the city by torchlight.
Refrains from describing this magnificent city of Tournay, with its river Schalde, which Caesar mentions by the same name; its bridges, water-mills, and splendid building; no one can conceive its beauty who has not seen it. On the 4th October news arrived that the only child of the King of Scots had been crowned King. On the 5th Ponynges was appointed Lieutenant of Tournay. On the 10th the Prince of Castile, a boy of great promise, was received into the city with great pomp. Next day tournaments were held in the public place, but injured by the rains. The King and Lord Lisle challenged all comers—the King excelled every one as much in agility and in breaking spears, as in nobleness of stature. The 13th, after knighting several persons, the King left Tournay, where they were contracting great expenses, and the soldiers had remained too long inactive. That night came to Lille with the Archduke and Lady Margaret, and staid there three days. Left on the 17th. On the preceding night was a new kind of tournament. "In quodam enim amplo et oblongo triclinio per multos gradus a terrâ elevato ac quadrato lapide nigro marmori simillimo strato equites egregie armati lanceis concurrerunt. Quorum equi ne pedes laberentur vel nimio sonitu colliso pavimento perstreperent loco ferri thomate vel feltro armabantur. Effractis lanceis ensibus præacutis digladiabatur" The following night the King came to Ypres and rested at the monastery of St. Benedict. Thence to Bergues, the rain being persistent and the roads excessively heavy. Here is a monastery founded in honor of St. Gwinocus, son of a certain King of England, in which is buried the body of St. Oswald the King. That day a French prisoner named Ruyaulx escaped. On the 19th came to Calais, where they lost much time, as no vessels were ready, were attended thither by the Marquis of Banborogh (Brandenburg Counts of Nassau and Isylstyne, Lord of Wallayne, and the Bastard of Aymery. On the 21st the King embarked for England, leaving the chief of his Council to provide for the government of the borders; for on the day he came to Calais the French burned a church named Pitta, in the marches.
During this whole journey the Emperor shewed the greatest condescension, declaring publicly that he came to be of use to the King of England, and calling the King at one time his son, at another his king, and at another his brother. When they entered Therouenne together the King of England alone carried a flag of triumph before him—and in the Cathedral the Emperor yielded to him the place of honor, returning afterwards to Are like a private person. He also put off for some days his entry into Tournay, that he might not detract from the King of England's glory. The army was very fortunate in having fine weather on marching days, although at night, and when the camp stood still, there were great storms, which spoiled the tournaments at Tournay and the day of St. Luke. One thing must be noted to be guarded against in future: English money, which greatly excels foreign coinage in value, was recklessly thrown away, thus occasioning a great loss.
Latin, pp. 64, small quarto. Corrected by Taylor.
Cleop. C. v., 59. B.M. 2392. [4253.] THE BADGES OF THE CAPTAINS IN THE KING'S ARMY.
"Hereafter foloyn the names of the captayns and pety captayns, wyth the bagges in ther standerts of the aremy and vantgard of the Kyngis lefftenant, enteryng yn to Fraunce the 16th day of Jun, in the 5th yere of the reign of King Henry the VIIIth."
Geo. earl of Shrouesbury, lieutenant of the vanguard; in his standard, "gules and sable, a talbot silver passant and chevrons gold." Thos. earl of Derby, gold eagle, &c. (fn. 3) Lord St. John's, Lord Fitzwater, Lord Hastings, Lord Cobham (fn. 4), Sir Rice ap Thomas and Sir John Oghan in his retinue. Shropshire banneret, Sir Thos. Cornewell†, Baron of Burford, and Robt. Pole his petty captain. Stafford banneret, Sir John Aston†, and Thos. Kynersley, his petty captain. Nottingham banneret, Sir Will. Pierrepoynt†, and Roger Perpoynt his petty captain. Derby banneret, Sir Henry Saucheverell† and John Bradburn his petty captain. Shropshire banneret, Sir Thos. Leighton†. Shropshire banneret, Sir Thos. Blount†, and Edw. Blount his son and petty captain. (fn. 5) Leicester, Sir John Dygbe, marshal of the vanguard. Middlesex, Sir Sampson Norton, master of the Ordnance. Leicester, Sir Ric. Saucheverell†, treasurer of the vanguard. Stafford, Sir John Draycott, and Ric. Draycott his brother and petty captain. Stafford, Sir Lewes Bagott, and Robt. Cawrdyn his petty captain. Nottingham, Sir Thos. Sutton, and Roland Revell his petty captain. Nottingham, Sir John Dunham, and Charles Barnbe his petty captain. Shropshire, John Dod, and John Maynwaryng his petty captain. Notts, Ric. Savage, and Thos. Leyke baylle of Chesterfield, his petty captain. Notts, Sir Ric. Bassett (fn. 6), and John Wykersley his petty captain. Derby, Robt. Barley, and John Parker his petty captain. Derby, Nich. Fitherberd, and John Irton his petty captain. Stafford, Ric. Astley, and John Chetwen his petty captain. De. by, Sir John Leyk§, and Thos. Leyk his brother and petty captain. Worcester, Humphrey Rydyng, and Bykley his petty captain. Cheshire, John Pessall, and Will. Egerton his petty captain. Shropshire, John Cottes, and Ric. Cresset his petty captain. Shropshire, Will. Chorlton, and Will. Chorlton his petty captain. Shropshire, Sir John Maynwaryng§ of Eghtfeld, and Rondell Maynwaryng his petty captain. Shropshire, John Blount, and Ric. Laycon his petty captain. Derby, Sir Thos. Cokyn (fn. 7), and Robt. Cokayn his petty captain. Derby, Sir Will. Gresley*, and John Gresley his petty captain. [No county named,] Sir Gilbert Talbot the younger*, and Humphrey Butler his petty captain. Derby, Robt. Lynaker, and Geo. Palmer his petty captain. Derby, Thos. Twyford, and Roger Rolleston his petty captain. Derby, Sir John Sowch of Codnour*, and Dave Sowch his brother and petty captain. Derby, Arthur Eyr, and Thos. Eyr, his brother and petty captain. Cambridge, John More, and Edmund Everyngham his petty captain. Derby, Ralph Leych and Ric. Leych his petty captain. Stafford, Ric. Myners and John Wyscott, jointly bearing Sir John Aston's standard as above. Stafford, Will. Chetwen, and Philip Chetwen his brother and petty captain. Stafford, Edw. Lyttylton, and Edmund Acton his petty captain. "Walsh," Meredith ap Matheu, and his son petty captain. Notts, Sir Ric. Bossom*, and Robt. Knyfton baylle of Ashburn, his petty captain. Derby, John Cursson of Croksall, and Edw. Cumburford his petty captain. Cheshire, Thos. Bulkley, and Rondyll More his petty captain. Hereford, Sir Edw. Croft*, and Thos. ap Guylham his petty captain. Shropshire, Humphrey Kynaston and Thos. Trentham, without standard. Stafford, Francis Cradok, and Thos. Bromley, his petty captain. Will. Vernon, bare the banner of St. George. John Leych, bare the banner of the lieutenant's arms. Thos. Rolleston, bare the standard of the talbot and "shafrons."
In the middle ward of the King's army, Lord Herbert, lord Chamberlain, the King's lieutenant, and in his company the Earl of Northumberland, the Earl of Wiltshire, the Earl of Kent, Lord Audley, Lord Broke, Sir Robt. Dimmok, treasurer, Sir Randell Brurton, marshal, Baron Carew, master of the Ordnance, slain at the first coming to Tirwn, the Baron Cursson, and others.
ii. "The progress of the vauntgard into Fraunce, anno 5o Hen. VIII." On 13 June, from Calais to Neunham Bridge. On the 15th entered Picardy, all the above standards displayed, and lodged at Lullingham, thence to Margysson thence to Lysk, from which to Dornham; from Dornham to Cordes, from Cordes to Tirwyn, where they remained from 27 June till 6 Sept., when the King and the whole army removed. Mons. Pont-Remy was captain of Tirwyn, and left the town with 4,000 soldiers (468 of whom were men at arms on horseback), on which the walls were cast down. On 6 Sept. the army removed nigh to the castle of Cotteney, and so to Losenmarle; from thence to Lanuce near to Betten, a walled town, and so to Pont Avandyn, leaving St. Omer, Ayryth, and Beten, walled towns of the Archduke, two miles on the left hand. From Pount Avandyn to Seclyng, thence to Pount Abovyn, leaving Lille two miles on the left hand; from Pount Abovyn to Hardyn, and so to Aree 1½ mile from Tournay, six days before the town was entered, which was on 23 Sept., where the King and his armies rested till 13 Oct. At the jousts before the Archduke and Duchess of Savoy, and others of Flanders, the King broke 15 spears the same day; when the Archduke and Lady Margaret were present. On 13 Oct. the vanguard left Tournay, and lodged at Hardyn, from which to Cauwey, thence to Yper. From Ypern to Dykesmeu, thence to Fourn, from Fourn by Dunkirk, and so to Gravelines and Calais on 22 Oct. The Emperor Maximilian continued with the King throughout this journey, and left him at Tournay. There were also the Lords Wallen, Leny, Emere, and Isylsteyn.
iii. "The names of the French prisoners taken beside Tirwyn, 16 Aug. in the 5th year of the reign of King Henry the"—The Duke of Longueville, captain of the 100 gentlemen of the French King's house. The steward to the French King "and 20 gentlemen in his charge." The Lord Clermont, vice-admiral of France, lieutenant of the Dauphin's company. The Dauphin's standard-bearer. The Lord Fayette, lieutenant of the Duke of Alençon's company. The Captain Bayart. The standard-bearer of Robynet Framgelly's company. The standard-bearer of the Great Squire of France. The Lord Brye. The Lord Robert of St. Severyn. And 12 of the French King's guard.
"The names of part of them that were slain."—The Lord Bushy, The Great Bastard of Vendôme, and others.
"The standards that were taken the same time."—The Dauphin's, The Duke of Alençon's, The Great Squire of France, The Seneschal of Armaygant [Armagnac], Robynet Framgelles, The Lord Busshy, and of Sir Robert De la March.
Pp. 12.
23 Oct.Sp. Transcr., I., 5, f. 317. R.O. 2393. FERDINAND KING OF ARAGON.
Instruction for Monsieur de Borne in answer to the proposals of the Queen of France of which he was the bearer.
Thanks for the Queen's good offices concerning the Spanish ships captured off Brittany. The King of France should have concluded the truce immediately after the English troops left Spain (fn. 8), as Ferdinand begged him to do; but he refused from love of the King and Queen of Navarre who were never his friends. When, at last, the truce was concluded the King of England did not like to waste his preparations and both the Emperor and he reproached Ferdinand for concluding truce when they thought France unable to defend herself. The King of France did not seem inclined to peace, for, notwithstanding his promise not to trouble the peace of Christendom, he made alliance with Venice (published there on 5 April), the enemy of the Church, and offered a particular peace with Ferdinand. Begs her to learn her husband's conditions for a general peace, and hopes it may be made before the truce expires. Approves marriage of Madame Renée with the Infante. Endd: "Con el Señor de Borne en Valbuena 23o de Otubre de '513. Partio el a 24."
Spanish. Modern transcript from Paris, pp. 5. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 140.
24 Oct.
Calig. B. VI., 40. B.M.
2394. [4523.] RUTHAL to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for his loving letters, the more comfortable to him from the obloquies of his enemies. Ascertains by them the King's great victories, the more joyous "considering the reports of some folks touching you and me as authors of that voyage." Received a letter from the King at the same time. Had advised, after the victory, both the following of it up and the appointing of some captain in these parts; which was not well taken, but, if adopted, had led to good effect. Those who seek to give good counsel often suffer blame undeservedly. Has, in compliance with the King's wish, sent to Lord Dacres to learn what men and aid he will require in the "raids and winter wars against the Scots." Has not yet had his answer; he has, however, like a wise captain, made large musters, and done much injury to the Scots, as will be seen by his letters, which the Bishop encloses. Ruthal will urge him to attack the East Marches. Is not surprised at his disliking to do so, as already many reports have been circulated to his dishonor. Advises that a letter should be sent from the King to Dacres for his encouragement. The Scotch herald sent to the King passed without Ruthal's knowledge. His mission is kept secret; it is probably known to Wolsey by this time. Friar Langley, sent by the Queen's grace to the Queen of Scotland, goes by Carlisle, and therefore Ruthal will not see him to give him advice.
As for Norham castle, "thanked be God and St. Cuthbert," it is not so ill as he supposed. The dungeon and inner ward will shortly be renewed, and, if not hindered by the Scots, hopes they will be in better case than ever by Whitsuntide. His smiths are working on the iron gates and doors, his carpenters upon roofs, his masons preparing stones for rebuilding the said dungeon and inner ward and his limeburners at work. He intends applying to the King for commissions to take workmen "ayenst the time of year for re-edifying of the castle"; on which he will spare no money, but make all his friends assist, and "live a poor life" till it be finished. "But, Maister Almosner, the hospitalitie of this countray agrethe not with the buyldyng so greate a worke; for that I spend here wold make many towris and refreshe my ruynous howses, the lyke whereof I trow never Cristenman lokyd on, onlesse thay had be pullyd down by men of warre." Had he not "refreshed" them from year to year, before his coming, he might as well have lodged in the open field as in them. Should be better able to build the castle, if he were removed from "this chargeful country." Till it be finished "I purpose not to keep any great sail, but get me to a corner and live upon you and other my friends emendis suffragiis, as my Lord of York did when he was Bishop here. For the love of God, Maister Almosner, remember this matter, and keep it secret, using policy,—scio cui credidi et certus sum quia potens est depositum servare."
Will arrange in his absence that Sir William Bulmer shall be always ready to do the King service. After he has seen the King, will return hither, "if the wars continue here, and that it be his pleasure," though he spend all and more too. Has written about this to the King. Brought with him eight tuns of wine, "and, our Lord be thankyd, I have not two tunne left at this howre. And this is fayre utterance in two monethys. And schame it is to say how many befis and motons have been spent in my hows sens my cummyng, besides other fresh acats, whete, malt, fysche, and suche baggages. On my faith ye wold marvayle." Had not his pastures been "somewhat stored before," he would have been much behind hand; "for 300 persons some day is a small number," and he has had many such days and 60 or 80 beggars besides at the gate; "and this is a way to keep a poor man in state." Akland, 24 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: [To my] worshipful [Master Almoner to t]he King's grace. Endd.: My Lord of Duresme and the Lord Dacre's lettres.
24 Oct.
Roman Transcr., I., 31, f. 292. R.O.
2395. IRELAND.
Schedule witnessing how Leo. X., 24 Oct. 1513, pont. 1, referente C. Card. S. Praxedis, provided to the church of Armagh, void by death of Octavian, John Rylhde (sic for Kyte), canon of Salisbury and of Cerdington, Exeter dioc., rector of St. Stephen in Walbruk, London dioc., with retention of his said benefices.
Latin. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
24 Oct.
Sanuto, XVII., 321.
2396. VENICE.
[Summary of news received 14 Nov. 1513.]
Corbeil, 24 Oct.—On Thursday morning the King of England left "Borgoburg presso de Cocharcha"; and embarks for England where the Scots give him great trouble. The King has had news that the King of Scotland is dead; the Scottish ambassador that he is not dead. The Earl of Douglas means to avenge him. On the 21st Mons. de Reax, who had been prisoner of the English, returned saying that he saw the King and his army preparing to embark that day. Captain Bayard has paid 1,200 ducats ransom and is in Court. The inhabitants of Tournay pray the King to retake the town, saying that it was betrayed by four merchants. Hope of its recovery. Captain Louis d'Arz followed the rear of the English, but could do no hurt. On the 20th the King arrived at Corbeil and resolved to send the Duke of Bourbon to Burgundy with 900 men of arms and 10,000 foot, including the 600 of the Duke of Gueldres.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 352.
25 Oct.
Ib., 266.
2397. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 28 Oct. 1513.]
From the Ambassador at Rome, 25 Oct.—Cardinal of Strigonia made legate of Hungary on the 24th. The Pope has written to all potentates for peace, and complained to the ambassadors of the Emperor and Spain of the cruelties practised by their men. Report, by letters from Amiens of the 15th, that the King of England is at Calais about to cross to England leaving the Emperor to continue the war.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 344
25 Oct.
Pet. Mart. Ep. No. 529.
2398. [4525.] PETER MARTYR to LUD. FURTATO.
Fortune smiles upon England, but scowls upon France. The King of Scotland had built for aid of Louis a large ship with five others, which the English have taken and scuttled, and, besides, a large Danish ship which was sailing to join them. The Scots have been defeated and their King slain. To complete his good fortune John Astil says that his King has got into his hands the Prince of Ireland (fn. 9) who kept the greater part of that island from him. * * Leo has created four Cardinals, much to the dislike of the Order, who voted for him on condition of the number being reduced. * * Ferdinand is in the abbey of Valbona, hunting the stag. He does not yet look well. Three things keep him from perfect recovery; old age, for he is now 62, a wife that never leaves him, and hunting and living in the woods. Valladolid, 25 Oct. 1513.
26 Oct.
Dumont, IV. i., No. 81.
2399. LOUIS XII.
Louis XII.'s confirmation of the submission and adhesion to the Lateran Council made for him at Rome, 6 Oct. 1513. Corbie, 26 Oct. 1513, reg. 16.
Harl. MS. 3462, f. 64. B.M. 2. Copy of the above.
Latin, pp. 5. Headed as received from Peter Bembus, the Pope's secretary, and presented by Claude de Seyssell, elect of Marseilles, and Lewis Forbini, lord of Solerys, the King's ambassador with Leo X.
See No. 2290, note.
27 Oct.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 230, f. 78. R.O.
Bill for 11s. by Ric. Wattes for boat hire, from 2 to 27 Oct., about shipping 500 tons of beer for the King's army at Barwhek, the shipes "a bydyng wt then the tymes (within the Thames) for wynd yfftar they war lodon the spase off 3 whekes."
Hol., p. 1.
27 Oct.
Hart's Hist. et Cartul. Glouc., III., p. xxxix.
"Articles to the King and his Council against the burgesses of Gloucester, of outrages (specified), on Monday, Wednesday and Thursday in Whitsun week, upon the property and servants of the abbot.
ii. Letters missive to the mayor, aldermen and sheriffs of Gloucester to enquire into the late riots against the King's chaplain, John abbot of Gloucester, attach offenders and make return in Chancery; or else appear personally in the star chamber at Westminster. Greenwich, 9 June.
iii. A further complaint that on the day after the delivery of § ii., viz. 18 June 5 Henr. VIII., and on divers days up to 16 July following, the burgesses impounded the abbot's cattle, pastured horses among his hay etc. The "King's judges "were in Gloucester at the latter date.
iv. Arbitrament by Richard abbot of Wynchecombe and Edmund prior of Lanthony by Gloucester in the above dispute, witnessed by the Abbot and by Th. Taylowe, mayor, Wm. Cole and six others, aldermen. Gloucester, 27 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII.
28 Oct.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 230, f. 79. R.O.
2403. THE NAVY.
Bill of receipt by Wm Houssey, clerk of the ordnance in the Army Royal by Sea, from Sir Thomas Wynddam, treasurer of that army, from 1 June "till this day," 7l. Written 28 Oct. 5 Henry VIII.
Hol., small paper, p. 1.
29 Oct.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 5, f. 78. R.O.
"The book of payments of waggons and other charges in the King's voyage a-war beyond the sea, by Roger More, clerk of the King's Larder, anno quinto Regis Henrici Octavi."
i. Receipts from Mr. Dauncy by the hands of John Ketilby, sergeant of the Chaundry, and Allen King, one of the purveyors of wine, the Mayor of Calais, and Will. Brown, junr.; from Rich. Gibson, yeoman of the Tents, by Roger More; and from John Morley: at Turreyn, 18th Aug. and 16th Sept., and at Calais, 16 and 20 July. Total, 2,126l.
ii. Payments to 28 waggoners (named) of Bruges, Mechlin, Brussels, Ghent, Peperyng, Ostend, Calais, Gravelyng, and Wandom, for the carriage of the King's tents, toyle and standards belonging to the Guard; at 3s. 4d. a day each wagon, for four months of 28 days. Total, 451l. 12s. 8d. for 31 wagons. 4l. 1s. 8d. for jackets; 31s. for messengers.
iii. Payments for waggons that serve the King's household in the several departments, viz. Mr. Amner, The Garde, The Stable, The Ewre, The Chaundry, The Spicery, The Squillery, Wardrobe of Robes, Mr. Chambre, The Closet, Mr. Clerk of the Kitchen, The Cofferer, The Celer, The Chapel, The Poticary, Groom Porter and Pantry, Wardrobe of Beds and carriage of beer, The Larder, Carriage of Wood, The Buttry and Picherhous, Mr. Daunce, Cornyshe, Mr. John the King's surgeon, Mr. Mercellus and his fellow surgeons, The Henxmen, The Laundre and carriage of coals, The Surgeons of London, "The Scalding House, Boyling House, Pultre and other," carriage of wine for the King, The Pastrey and Saucery, The King's new house (from 21 Aug.), The Jewelhouse (from 21 Aug.). To 61 waggoners of Ipur, Mechlin, Antwerp, Colom, Sukyrke, Castyll besides St. Homer's, London, Dunkirk, Brunarde, Bavynco, Heryngham, Dowey, Poperyng, Lovere, Namur, &c., for the same period. Wages per month, 4l. 13s. 4d.
iv. Wages of two carters at 6d. a day for the King's bows and arrows: John Ketilby, sergeant of the Chaundry, at 2s. a day; Thos. Jakes and Edw. Chamberlain, carters of the bakehouse, at 6d. a day; John Sharpe, Roger More, John Tirrell, Henry Acres, Robt. Dyker, and John Gough, for providing waggons for the King's removal from Calais at 3s. 4d. each; and to 31 carters (named) for the second and third months (of 28 days), commencing 6th Aug. and 3rd Sept.
v. Special payments to Valentine Haryson, Will. Pole, &c., for necessaries, shoeing, &c. Mutilated and illegible.
vi. Fourth month's wages to the above carters, beginning 1 Oct.
Pp. 54.
29 Oct.
Lit., Cantuar. (J. B. Sheppard), III. 437.
On the 27th inst. received the King's letters dated Tournay, 29 Sept. Has to all the King's letters made such answer as law, reason and good conscience require, and offered (as he now does) to obey all commandments, his oath to his Church and the rights of that Church saved. His counsel and other learned men think that a plainer answer cannot be devised, unless he would declare himself wilfully perjured, as the bp. of Winchester wishes. Doubtless the Queen sent the answer which he made to her. Until he may appear personally, begs the King not to credit Winchester's surmises but command him to write to Warham in his own name. Mortelake, 29 Oct. (fn. 10)
Wilkins, III. 653. 2. Statement of what has been done in the disputes about jurisdiction, and especially probate of wills, between the archbishop of Canterbury and the suffragans of his province; and the offers of the suffragans.
Latin. From the bp. of Exeter's register (year 1512 ?).
29 Oct.Calig. B. III., 11. B.M. 2406. [4529.] DACRE to RUTHAL.
Has received by post his letters dated at Akeland, the 22nd, 25th, and 26th. Thanks him for his news of the King's coming home to Richmond. The Council of Scotland has assembled this week in St. John's Town. Sent 60 of his tenants to Eskdale Moor "upon the Middle Marches," and burnt seven houses, on Tuesday night last; on Wednesday afternoon his brother Sir Christopher assembled subjects under his rule, and rode all night into Scotland where on Thursday morning they burnt the Stakehughe the manor place of Irewyn, and the hamlets down Irewyn burn, being the Chamberlain of Scotland's own lands, and continued burning from break of day till 1 in the afternoon; slew two men and wounded others. The weather is very contagious and in their return they were in jeopardy from the floods. Kirkoswald, 29 Oct., 2 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my Lord of Duresme.
29 Oct.
S.P. Scotl., Hen. VIII., vol. 1, f. 14. R.O.
2407. [4572.] THE EARL OF ANGUS to [HENRY VIII.]. (fn. 11)
Has received his message by his servitor Edward Cuyk, which he had already intented to execute. In good faith my mind was already set on it and now I am the more addicted thereto because "your good Grace" trusts in me. I send my servitor David Menzeys with credence to the fulfilment of which, your Grace fulfilling your promise by Edward Cuyk, I oblige myself by this writing under the seal of my arms. You may pass to London or where you please and take no thought for this matter, which shall be ended as you desire. Edinburgh, 29 Oct. Signed: Zowris Erl of Angus.
P. 1. Seal lost. Not addressed. Begins: "Sehir, plessit zoure guyd Grace."
29 Oct.
Le Glay, Corresp. de Max. et de Marg., II., 210.
Advertised him of the order which, in pursuance of the agreement between him and the King of England, was taken as to the government of her nephew's person; but has received no answer. Knowing that complaints have already been raised and that Doctor Mota will shortly be with him about that matter, she begs him, for her sake, to do or say nothing therein until he has learnt the whole affair from the ambassadors Don Pedro Urrea and Messire Robert Wingfilde, now on their way thither, and Maître Loys Marraton who is with them. To ensue the advice of the said King it were necessary that the Emperor should write to Corteville to prepare for the journey to Spain. * * * Begs him to hasten his coming as much as possible. Ghent, 29 Oct. 1513.
31 Oct.
Add. MS. 18,826, f. 33. B.M.
Warrant to the Great Wardrobe for broadcloth for gowns, &c., to Simon Welden, one of the King's priests singing in the chapel within Richmond manor. Windsor, 31 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1.
31 Oct.
Sanuto, XVII., 334.
2410. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 22 Nov. 1513.]
From Ambassador Dandolo in France, 31 Oct.—The King will in nowise make the agreement with the Swiss as taken by Mons. de la Tremouille. * * The Scots have entered upon the country of England and crowned as king the infant son of the late King.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 357.
31 Oct.
Milan Transcr., 2. R.O.
2411. BART. TICIONO, Count of Clarasci, to the DUKE OF MILAN.
Reported words used by the King of England to the Emperor when news of the agreement of the French King with the Swiss arrived. Asti, 31 Oct. 1513.
Italian, modern extract, pp. 2. See Milan Calendar, I, No. 673.
Sanuto, XVII., 317.
2412. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 14 Nov. 1513.]
From London,—Oct.—Deaths by plague reach 300 or 400 daily. Two of the Venetian ambassador's household are dead and himself gone into the country.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 353.
Exch. T.R.
Misc. Book, 2, p. 83. R.O.
Account by John Warde of payments made for carriage of the King's ordnance of the middle ward of his army royal.
i. Receipts: From Sir John Daunce 8 and 17 July, 7, 23, 24 and 31 Aug., 10 and 20 Sept., 1, 4, 8, 11 and 21 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. From George Broke, Wm. Brown and Wm. Raif, money paid in prest to certain waggoners. From Sir Richard Karewe by the hands of Lord Barners, money paid to certain gunners at Calais. From John Clifford by the hands of Methwold, his host, dwelling in Andewarp, towards presting ships. Total 11,134l.
ii. Liber Primus. Payments (detailed) for month 14 July to 11 Aug. 5 Hen. VIII. to pioneers, carters, waggoners, smiths, bowyers, fletchers, masons, joiners, wheelwrights, harness makers, gunners and others. Total 2,527l. 16d.
iii. Liber Secundus. Like payments for the month 11 Aug. to 8 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII. Total 3,225l. 8s. 6d.
iv. Liber Tercius. Like payments, 8 Sept. to 6 Oct. Total, 3,049l. 14s. 8d.
v. Liber Quartus. Like payments, 6 Oct. to 3 Nov. 5 Hen. VIII., together with separate accounts, each page signed by Lord Berners, for (1) stuff bought in Flanders, (2) carriage by water from Gravelines to St. Omer, (3) rewards to waggoners going home, (4) wages paid for carriage of ordnance from Tournay to Calais, some of it by way of Antwerp. Total 2,292l. 4s. 6½d.
Pp. 180.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 6, ff. 1–259. R.O. 2414. [4534.] EXPENSES OF THE WAR.
Indentures, bills and other evidences of payments made by Sir Robert Dymmoke, treasurer of the Rearward, by command of C. Somerset lord Herbert, captain general of the same, between June and October 5 Hen. VIII, The following (as now numbered) are lists of pioneers, &c., bills of payments, &c., connected with the ordnance and signed by the master of the ordnance of the Rearward, viz., Sir Edmond Carew, until 24 June, and Sir Robert Curson lord Curson from 28 June onwards, or by Lord Herbert himself, viz., Nos. 1–9, 11, 14, 15, 16, 18–23, 37, 39, 47–52, 54, 56, 59, 67, 69–72, 77–8, 81–3, 86, 90, 112–3, 115–6, 118–9, 123–8, 130, 151, 156–7, 164, 166, 168–73, 176–82, 200, 211, 215–21, 227–38, 240, 242–51, 254–9. Among these are lists of men supplied by Thomas Prout, mayor of Calais (Nos. 7, 113), Lincolnshire (No. 59), the Earl of Wiltshire (Nos. 112, 115), Lord Berners (Nos. 170–1), Curson's own men (Nos. 50, 90, &c.), a payment to Nic. Marland (No. 157) and full muster lists for the ordnance and pioneers for several months (Nos. 243–51, 255).
The following are receipts, signed by the captains, of the regular monthly wages of themselves and men of the months commencing 2 July, 31 July, 28 Aug. and 25 Sept., viz.:—Sir Ric. Wentworth (24, 100, 152, 205), Sir John Werburton (25, 97, 150, 194), John Tychett lord Audeley (26, 89, 154, 213), Thomas Philips, esq. (27, 133, 186), John Ralye, petty captain of the retinue [led by] Sir Edmond Carew (28, 41) "admitted captain" to the retinue of Sir Edm. Carew, dec. (108, 136, 206), Sir Thomas West (29, 95, 138, 199), Sir Randolph Brereton, marshal of the Rearward (30 and 46 signed by his son Richard, 104, 111, 143, 145, 184, 204, 224), John Sutton, esq., s. and h. of Edward lord Dudley (signature "John Dudley," 31, 110, 147, 192), Richard earl of Kent (32, 94, 137, 209), Edmond Bray, esq. (33, 102, 153, 203), Sir Alex. Bayneham (34, 142, 196), Wm. Morgan, esq. (35, 140, 197), Sir David Owen (36, 93, 131, 198), George Seyntleger, esq. (38, 121, 174, 222), Arthur Hopton, esq. (40, 101, 161, 188), Henry Stafford earl of Wiltshire (42, 106, 159, 202), John Savage, esq. (43, 141, 193), John Zouche, esq. (44, 99, 132, 191), Sir John Husye (45, 107, 134, 195), Sir Henry Willoughby (53, 92, 149, 190), Sir Thomas Fynes lord Dacre (60, 109, 129, 135, 187), Sir Piers Eggecombe (61, 91, 144, 207), Sir Robert Willoughby lord Broke (62, 65, 155, 212), Edward Grevyle, esq. (63, 88, 146, 185), Sir John Arundell (64, 96, 139, 208), Henry earl of Northumberland (66, 75, 201), Sir Charles Somerset lord Herbert (103, 158, 163, 183).
The following are for payment of espial money, keeping watches and local expenses (such as in No. 13 a payment for six sheep taken by men unknown) mostly signed by John de Lusy, lieutenant to the Prince of Castile, or his provost Gerard de Fromont, or by Noel de Westebly, servant of the Earl of Fawconbrigge, viz., Nos. 10, 13, 17, 57–8, 68, 73–4, 79, 80, 84–5, 87, 105, 114, 120, 122, 160, 162, 165, 167, 214, 223, 239, 252. "Anthony earl of Faulquemberghe, baron of Ligne, lord of Baylleul, of Monstroeul, of Relly" (signature Anthoine de Ligne) acknowledges receipt of 1,200l. on 19 July (No. 76) and 120l. on 9 Aug. (117). Nos. 55, 98, 210 are mere fly leaves. No. 225 is an order for appointment of miners to the trenches for one night, undated, countersigned: C. Somerset.: Henre Wyllughby. No. 226 is a cancelled memorandum "Total of charges of the joists, 125l. 10s. 4d." No. 253 is an estimate of wages of certain Burgundians, viz.:—
i. Retained by Sir Edward Punynges and Sir Ric. Wingfeild at Brussels 27 May: The lieutenant of the Archduke Prince of Castell, called John de Luysy, at 100 "pety florens of gold" per month, 11l. 2s. 2d. st.; the provost, called Pierkyn Sansaux at 25 "florens of gold," that is 35 "pety florens" or 3l. 17s. 8d. st.; Gerrat de Fromont, conductor, at 25 fl.; ... le Brasseur, the drawer and greaser of the [carts and] guns, at 8 fl.
ii. Gunners retained at Brussels 6 June by the same Commissioners: Henry le Grand and four names. Waiters and greasers, two.
iii. Retained by the Lord Chamberlain, captain general of the Rearward, Sir Ric. Wingfield and John de Luysy, 15 June: Hansse Frank, trenchmaker, at 2s. a day, seven gunners and five not classed.
iv. Men retained by John de Luysy and Sansaux, 20 June 5 Hen. VIII.: "Mistre Franche Carpenter" and four others, one being their chaplain (name and wage not stated).
File of 258 (there is no No. 12) separate papers many of which are very faded and mutilated.
Exch. Accts.,
60 (26). R.O.
A muster roll of 103 pioneers headed "Pyoners. John Pullen, capten," and signed by John lord Berners.
P. 1.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
230, f. 80. R.O.
2. List of 19 pioneers under John Ward. Signed by John lord Berners.
Small paper, p. 1. Endd.: John Pullen, captain.
Ib., f. 81.
3. Petition to Lord Berners by Wm. Mawmsbyrry, labourer, "which was prisoner at Mottrell," to be good to him for his month's wages. Signed by Berners.
Small paper, p. 1.
Ib., f. 82.
Bill of Th. Lawrence, freemason, for making doors and windows "where the Frenchmen should be kept in ward within this the King's Tower of London." Signed by Sir Ric. Cholmeley.
P. 1.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
9, f. 100. R.O.Eras. Ep. (Edit. Allen), I. 276.
2417. [5733.] ERASMUS to GONELL and HUMPHREY.
"Ego cum hac bellua loqui non possum; vos ei persuadete ut intelligat me illi plusquam pater fuisse tum in animo curando tum corpore." He has made greater progress than he would have done in any school. Begs they will have his horse shoed as he will probably have a long journey before him. On Wednesday will be there with Watson. "Bene valete, et asino huic mea causa nonnihil humanitatis exhibite." Wishes Humphrey, if he has leisure, would put the following in English and send it by John for Erasmus to sign:—
"Salve, Roberte Smith, amice singularis." Has not found another servant, but nevertheless he sends John to him to whom Erasmus has been more than a father; as he is determined to be guided by Smith in all things. Has not altogether lost his labor, for the lad (?) has made more advance in Latin than he would have done in three years under Roger ("in ludo Rogeriano"). If a better master can be found for him Erasmus will be glad.
Headed: Erasmus G.S. et O.S. (Gonello suo et Omfredo suo ?). Subscribed; M. G. et Omphredo amicis unicis.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
9, f. 100. R.O. Eras. Ep. (Edit. Allen), I. 275.
ii. [5734.] ERASMUS to [WILLIAM GONELL].
Matters here are such that he is undecided whether to fly back thither. Another has died not far from the College and the doctor Bont is dead in the country and a little girl of the house. Will be glad if he does not change the beds for the next four days: ("si non transferes lectos intra quatriduum"). If he comes will come with Watson. Subscribed: Honorato viro G., ludi magistro, amico singulari.
Latin. Letter book copies, p. 1.
[Eras. Ep.
Edit. Allen, I.279.]
The letter in Vol. II, No. 770 (mentioning the plague, loss of Gonell's purse, John's departure, and Lupset) is probably of the year 1513; and the date London, "1515," an error. The marginal "July" is, of course, a misprint and the expression "Winter is not far off" (instat Hyems) points to an autumn date.
Er. Ep. VIII. 43.
[Edit. Allen, I. 277.]
2419. [5731.] ERASMUS to ROGER WENTFORD.
John's father has told Erasmus that he wishes at Allhallows tide to take away his son, and put him under the care of some one else. Erasmus has no objection notwithstanding the father's indecision. Erasmus has brought the boy up, and though he has not made the proficiency desired, he knows more Latin than if he had been educated for three years in any school, not excepting Lily's. The father complained of his backwardness, and attributed it to Erasmus's ignorance of English. When the father spoke of this matter Erasmus was almost sure of a servant, who however has changed his mind and gone over to Brabant, intending to return before Christmas. Would like the boy left with him till after the 1st Nov. when he proposes going to Brabant. Desires Wentford to persuade the father to leave his son with Erasmus till the other's return. Headed: Erasmus Rogerio Wentfordo ludi Antoniani moderatori literatissimo s. d.
R.M.S. 13 B. II.
223. B.M. Ep. Reg. Sc., I. 184.
2420. JAMES V to LEO X.
William, bp. of Aberdeen, being transferred to the Archbishopric of St. Andrew, has consented to letters of exemption being given to Andrew, bp. of Caithness (Cathanensi) who is to succeed him at Aberdeen. Desires that he may hold the see exempt from every archiepiscopal right.
Adv. MS., 411. 2. Another copy.
Pp. 2.
Anfänge Karls V., App. 12.
[Instructions for a declaration to the Emperor.]
Upon the late order (fn. 12) touching the person of the Prince and his affairs (which are the more important now that the amity of the Emperor, Aragon and England has been reconfirmed) to declare my Lady's motives, so that neither First Chamberlain nor any other may suspect an intention to put them out of office. False reports have been made to the Emperor such as that she ignored his commands and prevented the entertainment of the Duke of Brunswick, by which he has been greatly incensed; and therefore she might well defer to his desire to have some good personage of his blood in attendance on the Prince. The similar desire of the King of Aragon is equally reasonable, since the Prince is his heir, to counteract endeavours of Spanish fugitives (substituted for Don Juan Manuel and his followers) to animate the Prince against him. It was even said that she put them into the Prince's household (substituted for the Prince was persuaded that she and the ambassador of Aragon meant to make him sign a resignation of the Spanish succession). Consented to the King of England's being represented by a person who is the Prince's own subject (fn. 13), seeing that his amity is necessary to the Low Countries; and he was being told that the Prince was dissuaded from the marriage with his sister, in favour of that with France, and that she (the writer) forbade subjects to these countries to serve him in the war.
* * *
2422. GRANTS IN OCTOBER, 1513.
1. William Ferrys, felmonger of London, alias merchant adventurer. Protection, going to the war; granted by Queen Katharine. Westm., 4 Oct. French Roll, 5 Hen. VIII. m. 10. [4488.]
2. Richard Atcok, clk. Presentation to the church of Brynkeley, Ely dioc., void by resignation of William Cadiov. Walsingham, 23 Sept. 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Oct. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23. [4489.]
3. William Appreis, of London, draper. Protection, going to the war; granted by Queen Katharine. Westm., 6 Oct. French Roll, 5 Hen. VIII. m. 10. [4493.]
4. The King's return. Mandate to the Abp. of Canterbury, Chancellor, to make writs to the Cinque Ports to be in readiness with their ships at Calais, by the 15th instant, for the transporting of the King and his army to the towns of Dover and Sandwich. Tournay, 7 Oct. Del. Heron, 7 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. [4492.]
5. Commission of Gaol Delivery. Canterbury.—John Broker, mayor, John Roper, Thos. Wode, John Hales, Hen. Gosebourn, Wm. Crumpe, and Thos. Wainflett. Westm., 8 Oct. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 4d. [4495.]
6. John Merbury, clk. Presentation to the church of Alscote, Linc. dioc., void by death. Heron, 6 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Heron, 8 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23. [4496.]
7. William Hattclyff. Pardon and release as clerk of accounts of the Household of the King and his father, and one of Henry VII. s commissioners in the Western Counties for trying and making compositions by fine with the adherents of Michael Joseph and Peter Warbek. Also grant of the issues of his messuage and 40 acres of land in Leuesham, Kent, from the time that they were distrained into the hands of King Henry VII. Del. Mortlake, 10 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23. [4498.]
8. Tho. Steynton, of London, draper. Revocation of protection granted, 1 June 5 Hen. VIII., to the said Thomas while serving in the war; he being still in London, as certified by John Dawes and John Brugge, sheriffs of London. Teste Regina, Westm., 12 Oct.Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21d. [4503.]
9. Sir John Raynesford. To have the custody and stewardship of the forest of Essex, which John earl of Oxford, deceased, held in fee, with the appointment of officers, in as ample a manner as the said Earl and his ancestors, viz: "a riding forster" in the whole forest and three "yeomen forsters," in the three bailiwicks of Heynold, Onger and Wodefarde of the said forest, and another forester under the nomination of the Abbot of Waltham Holy Cross; during the minority of John now earl of Oxford, son of George brother of the said late Earl.
Also annuity of 9l. 2s., during pleasure, out of the issues of the manor and lordship of Ralegh, Essex, which was granted to the said late Earl by patent 2 Dec. 5 Hen. VII. Del. Westm., 12 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. (injured). Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22. [4504.]
10. Manuell Rise. Warrant for his protection, according to the Act, as retained by lord Edward Grey to serve in the war in France. Tournay, 13 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. (signed: "lord Edward" and also, in the same hand: "Sir Edward Grey, broder to my Lord Marquys."). [4505.]
11. Margaret Pole, sister of Edward late Earl of Warwick and Salisbury. Grant, to her and her heirs for ever, of the possessions of Richard late earl of Salisbury, her grandfather, son and heir of Alice countess of Salisbury, and husband of Anne countess of Warwick, which came into Henry VII.'s hands by attainder of the said Edward; this grant not to extend to any possessions held by the said Earl Richard in right of his wife, the said Countess Anne, which descended to her on the death of Henry duke of Warwick, her father. Del. Mortlake, 14 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24. [4507.]
12. Walter ap Rice, of London, draper, alias vintner. Protection; going in the suite of Sir Gilbert Talbot, Deputy of Calais. Tournay, 6 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Oct. P.S. [4514.]
13. Robert White, merchant. Licence to import 40 tuns of Gascon wine. Windsor Castle, 18 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 Oct. P.S. [4515.]
14. Lawrence Nicholles, of London, merchant. Appointment to pass and repass with victuals for Sir Edward Ponynges, lieutenant of Tournay, and the King's garrison in Tournay; for one year. 21 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. (signed: Edward Ponynges). [4519.]
15. William Compton, esq., Richard Dycons, esq., and John Chamber, clk. Grant of the next presentation to the church of Myvot, St. Asaph's dioc. Del. Mortlake, 22 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23. [4521.]
16. Master Thomas Legh, M. A., the King's chaplain. Grant of the canonry or prebend of Underton in the collegiate church of Brigenorth, void by death of Henry Narbon. Windsor Castle, 12 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Mortlake, 24 Oct. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23. [4524.]
17. Sir William Compton. To be, for life, keeper of the manor and park, bailiff of the lordship, minister of the hospital, and steward of the manor of Donyngton, Berks. Del. Mortlake, 29 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 5. [4530.]
18. Ralph Ryveley, gentleman, and Robert Bell, yeoman. Pardon, as of Dodyngton, alias of Eland, alias of Norham, Northumb., in the liberty of the bishopric of Durham. Westm., 29 Oct. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24. [4531.]
19. Ranulph Chalnar. Custody of the lands and wardship and marriage of William, son and heir of Nicholas Aiston; granted by patent 13 Nov. 3 Hen. VIII. to Robert Moreton, who forfeited it by waste. Del. Mortlake, 31 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23. [4532.]


  • 1. Headed by Ruthal, "The third."
  • 2. Headed by Ruthal, "The fourth."
  • 3. All badges are given.
  • 4. Made knight at Tournay.
  • 5. All bannerets made at this time.
  • 6. Made knight at Lille.
  • 7. Made knight at Lille.
  • 8. In October 1512.
  • 9. The Deputy, Kildare, who had been raiding among the "rebels," was himself killed on 3 September 1513; and this may be some misunderstanding of news that the office of Deputy was in the King's hands.
  • 10. Here the letter-book states "And so end the answers of my lord of Canterbury to the foresaid four letters of the King's concerning the prerogative in probate of testaments."
  • 11. Probably addressed to Henry VII. in A.D. 1491. See Accounts of Lord High Treas. of Sc., p. 182, also Calendar of Scots Docts., IV. No. 1,578. But see Thorpe's Calendar of St. P. Scotl., I., p. 1.
  • 12. See No. 2378 (2), footnote.
  • 13. Ysselstein.