Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 1, 1509-1514. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1920.
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|1 April.||1733. ST. FRIDESWIDE'S PRIORY, OXFORD.|
|Election. See GRANTS IN APRIL, 1513 (4 Hen. VIII.), No. 5.|
Stowe MS. 146, f. 52. B.M.
|Bill, made 1 April 4 Hen. VIII., of receipt by Thomas Warde, one of the King's harbingers, of 66s. 8d. from John Daunce, as reward to him and his fellow, Wm. Creswelle, for "making of harbygage" for the King's army royal sent by sea. Signed.|
|Small paper, p. 1.|
Calig. B. VI., 56. B.M.
|1735. [3838.] NIC. WEST to HENRY VIII.|
|Received on Sunday; 20 March, his letters dated Greenwich, the 15th, with copies of three briefs, one, monitory, to the King of Scots, another to the Bishop of Murray, a third to the King of Denmark; also a copy of the bull executorial and a commission for abolition. Will not see the King till Monday; for, all this week, he keeps within the Observants at Stirling. On Sunday Unicorn and Jok a Barton came from France, and went straight to the King with news of the Pope's death. Their ship is laden with wheat, gunstones, and powder. Monday my Lord of Murray sent him word that the Pope was surely dead. West contradicted it, by Rougecroix, and sent copies of letters of Peter Griphus. My Lord of Murray replied that he had a copy of the letters sent by the College of Cardinals to the King of France; that the Cardinal of St. George would probably succeed; and told Rougecroix that if he (Murray) had been suffered to pass through England he had been cardinal; showing two briefs, one to the King and another to himself, with that promise. On Wednesday rode from Edinburgh, and on Thursday reached Stirling, the provost of Cryghton keeping him company; on Friday was brought into the King's chapel, and, after a sermon upon the Passion, the Queen sent for him to her traverse. Delivered his letters to her great joy, she saying, "If I were now in my great sicknes again this were enough to make me whole." She trusted that Henry had not cast her away. On Saturday, Easter even, the Queen was houseled; that day West came not to Court, as his servants were busy also to serve God. Sunday morning, just before high mass, the King sent for him, told him of the Pope's death, and promised him an audience on Monday. Dined that day with the Queen. She asked many questions about her brother, "specially of your stature and goodly personage," and the labour you took in preparing your army for sea. After dinner she set her down in a chair, had a long communication with West, who told her of the King's design to pass with his army to France, at which "she was right heavy." He prayed her to use all means to preserve a good understanding between the two crowns. She asked for her legacy. West said he was ready to pay it if the King would promise to keep the peace, but not otherwise. When the King came in, their communication ceased; who, after some conversation, went to the sermon, and West "departed for that night."|
|On Monday Sir John Ramsay accompanied West to the Court. The King sent for him to his traverse, and spoke of the briefs monitory and bull executorial, blaming the Cardinal of York, albeit, he said, it was by information given from England, which West denied. It was the Pope's own motion, helped on by the Cardinal. James declared he would send the Bp. of Murray to Rome and appeal against it. He would never "do obedience to Pope" if he condemned him unheard; the Bp. of Murray was gone home to prepare (howbeit the Bp. had told West, two days before, "that he would go home to keep his seyn"); that if he wished to make war upon England, the Pope should not stop him, but he would not do it without ample warning by herald. West asked him to whom he would appeal, and he answered laughing that he would appeal to Preter John. The same day West dined with the King, and on asking whether he would keep the peace in Henry's absence, he professed he would if the King would do him justice. West told him that commissioners had been sent to the Borders for that purpose. James complained of them, saying that Master Drury, sitting upon the bench, declared no Scotch ship should go to sea without being taken. West told him Hob a Barton and others had done Englishmen so much harm that they were much excited against him. He laid the blame of it on England; but if the King would do him justice he would answer for Hob a Barton, "albeit he were titled in France," and for every Scotchman in his realm. West proposed an act of abolition if he feared obtaining justice, and 1,000 marks if he would keep the peace. "He said he had no need of your money, and he would not sell his gayr, with much other void communication." His Council, however, should commune with West about it next Tuesday. On his complaining of the nonpayment of the Queen's legacy, West proffered it if he would keep the peace, otherwise England would both withhold it and take from them the best towns they had; at which he chafed mightily, saying, "the Queen should lose nothing for his sake, for he would pay her himself"; that the sum was greater than West mentioned; "that your grace had made an heir apparent"; both which West denied. "Then the Dean of the Chapel came to him, and said the Frere tarried the sermon for him; and so he departed."|
|Tuesday he met at the Observants the Abp. of Glasgow, the Earl of Argyle, the Secretary, and Sir John Ramsay. Wednesday, West perceiving they began to "trifle him forth," went to the Court uninvited. On his entering the Chapel, the King sent for him, saying he was about to send the Secretary for him. Fell into talk of his voyage to Jerusalem, commanding the Secretary to fetch the papers he had of the French King for that purpose. He brought "a litell quayr of iiij. sheets of paper sowed together, and signed at the end with the Frenshe Kyngs hand," containing articles; sc. grant of a whole disme "throughout all his realm, on this side and beyond the Mountains, to be levied by the King of Scots within a year after the peace is made"; also a number of men of arms and shipping. After reading it the King said to him, "Now you see wherefore I favour the French King, and wherefore I am loth to lose him; for if I do I shall be never able to perform my journey." West said France had made him fair promises, but would never perform them; and, demanding a decisive answer, was deferred till the afternoon. In the afternoon could not bring the King to any resolution. Sometimes he would say West knew his mind well enough; at other times, he could make his answer well enough. On his professing readiness to keep the peace if the King would do him justice, West begged him to write it down; he said he would not, "for you should have no letter of his, nor no new bond to show in France, whereby he might lose the French King." West said it was only desired that Henry might know how he would behave in his absence. He answered "he would make no mention neither of your absence nor of your presence; for if he should it were no more to say but that he should bid your highness to goo overrynne the Frenshe King." West said that if he did not give a clearer answer Henry would take it for a negative. Then he said that West knew his mind well enough. West said he knew neither him nor his mind; at which he was "sore moved and chafed." On being pressed for a determinate answer, he said he had but a letter of credence from England, and he would give West his answer by credence, which West refused, saying he was not his ambassador. He said he would send an ambassador; but afterwards coming "somewhat to himself" he said that if West would put the demands in writing he would answer them in writing. Departed and told all this to the Queen, who said that, although Henry was unkind to her, she would do her best for peace. Put his demands in writing and sent it to the Secretary.|
|On Thursday, finding they trifled with him, went to the Court and demanded an audience. The King deferred his answer till the afternoon, at which time the Earl of Argyle, the Secretary, and Master James Henryson came to the Grey Friars; but without any result, they saying no answer could be given till they knew what justice they should receive from England, for the King would not condescend to abolition; West might have his despatch next day and the King would send his determination later, by an officer of arms. On this West paused, asked if this was the King's determinate answer, and on their affirming it, said he marvelled, seeing it was not an answer to his charge and was as much as to say James would break the peace if he had not justice, which he could not do without perjury; that if they gave no clearer answer it would be considered as a negative; that they did but trifle with him, and he might waste a twelvemonth in this way. On Friday, 1 April, Sir John Ramsay and the provost of Cryghton fetched him to the Court. There he found the Archbps. of St. Andrew's and Glasgow, and many other lords, in Council. The Earl of Argyle gave him for answer that they would keep the peace if England would do the same; and as touching any kindness to England, they would give an answer when they knew how justice should be ministered on the Borders. They refused West's request to give it in writing. He asked to write it himself, and read it before the King, as he would not trust his own memory in so weighty a matter. They said he might write it with pleasure, but not read it before the King or them, for their King needed to make no new promise, being bound by the treaty. On the King coming in West desired the Earl of Argyle to repeat the answer before the King; which he did, but not so plainly as before. Then West repeated it as it was given him, and the King said that was his answer for that time. On his further request that he might write it and read it before the King, for his discharge, the King said he should not, as he trusted him well enough. He then told West apart that he was obliged to speak sharply before his Council, as they would certify it to France, and he should lose the French King if he professed too much friendliness to England; but he would not care to lose him if Henry would make him the same promise as France had done. On West's request that he should send some substantial ambassador to England, he refused, for fear of losing the French King. West will state what he thinks of this when he comes to England. The Bp. of Murray took shipping for France yesterday, Thursday. Many sharp words have been between himself, the King, and his Council, too long to write. This Friday, coming home to dinner, received letters from England, dated Greenwich, 26 March. Went to the Court, told the King that if he would keep the peace, Henry was content that Scotch merchants should have free intercourse by sea provided they did not associate with the French, and that he did not send his great ship to the aid of France; with this he was satisfied. The commissioners on the Borders have made redress for Banaster's ship and that of Berwick. West has denied the report that Henry should say to the Scotch herald, that his master's "words and deeds agreed not." He declined to assent to Henry's demand for his great ship, "so well and lovingly written," that West read it to him word for word. He should offend the French King by so doing, who had also required her of him since West's coming thither. West said he trusted the French should not have her. The King said he wist not. Desires to return home. Had rather be commanded to tarry for so long in Turkey, "this country is so myser and the people so ungracious." The longer he stays there, the prouder they get, "that almost they know not themself." Stirling, Friday, 1 April.|
|Pp. 16. Add. Endorsed by Ruthal: "Letters from the Dean of Windsor out of Scotland."|
Rymer, XIII., 350.
|1736. [3839.] THE TRUCE. (fn. 1)|
|Declaration by Odet de Fuxo, Lord of Lautrec, Commissioner for Louis XII. (power dated Blois, 8 Feb. 1513), and James de Comchillos, bp. of Catania, for the King of Aragon and the Emperor (power dated Medina del Campo, 25 Feb. 1513) of a truce made by them for one year between the belligerents, Maximilian, Henry VIII., Ferdinand of Aragon, Charles Prince of Spain, on the one side, and Louis XII., James of Scotland, Charles Duke of Gueldres, on the other.|
|"In arce Hurtubiæ parrochiæ Durrimhæ." Friday, 1 April, 1513. Latin.|
|S.P. Hen. VIII., 7, f. 99. R.O.||2. [4818.] Commencement of § 1 containing the preamble down to the words "Karolum Hyspanie Principem et Karolum Gueldrie Ducem, bonam" _|
|Lat. Fragment, pp. 2. In a contemporary hand.|
Ser. I., 5, f. 202. R.O.
|1737. FERDINAND KING OF ARAGON to LUIS CAROZ. (fn. 2)|
|Wrote on 18 Jan. of the league concluded by the Pope and Emperor, excluding the Venetians. Afterwards by letter sent herewith, answered his despatch brought by Muxica. When this second letter had been written, the Provincial of the Observant Friars of Aragon went by land towards England, to be confessor to the Queen, and was taken prisoner in France. On account of his reputation, the Queen of France sent for him and persuaded him to return to Spain with a message (described) urging the conclusion of a truce including both England and the Emperor, although the latter had reconciled himself to France. Reviews at great length the political situation as regards the conquest of Guienne and Normandy, the position in Italy, need of reformation of the Church, the French fleet of 300 vessels which, John Stile says, is threatening England, and the pressure which, by this truce, can be put upon the Pope and the Italians. Concluded it not only for himself but for the Emperor and England, and the King is to be told that Ferdinand never would have concluded it had he not been convinced that it was advantageous to England; and he begs the King of England to ratify it. Would never conclude a peace without the King's consent. Other reasons for the truce. The same messenger who brings the ratification of it, by the King of France, to England should take back the King of England's ratification to France, and then the King should write to the Italians that, in consequence of their dissensions, Ferdinand and he have postponed their invasion of France, but, as soon as they agree and conclude a league with the Emperor, England and Spain the invasion shall go forward. Caroz must see that the King chooses for ambassador a person who has the reformation of the Church much at heart, and sends him without delay to meet the Imperial and Spanish ambassadors at a place where the three may afterwards be joined by the ambassador of France, to whom they shall deliver in writing their sovereigns' complaints. When these have been adjusted the four ought to conclude a general peace and alliance for (1) a radical reformation of the Church by a General Council and by the Pope himself and (2) a common war upon the Infidels. It is absolutely necessary that the ambassadors do not treat with France separately.|
|Sends this courier in post, by land. If the King ratifies the truce it must be published in his seaports without delay. Sends the treaty concerning the common invasion of France, for which it is always desirable that they should be prepared.|
|Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 15. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 89.|
544, f. 133. B.M.
|2. Another modern copy.|
Ser. I., 5, f. 210. R.O.
|1738. THE SAME to THE SAME.|
|After writing the other letters sent by this courier it seemed best to conclude the truce for this side the Mountains. Negotiations for peace will be easier if all the allies take part in them; and the Italians will be more tractable when they alone are left in war. Concluded the truce (copy enclosed) on 1 April. Caroz shall tell the King that the Italians, divided among themselves by Pope Julius, being of no use to the allies, and the Emperor being inclined to make peace separately, the best thing was to conclude this truce; and Ferdinand begs the King to ratify it. Will not enter negociations for peace without England's consent, but desires the King to have ambassadors ready. Thinks the new Pope a good man and begs the King to make him great offers respecting the Church and the Medicis family with a request to him to reconcile the Italian states with one another and with the allies. Above all the King should ratify the truce. One of the main reasons for concluding it was that the King of France promised to end the schismatic Council.|
|Spanish. Modern transcripts from Simancas, pp. 5 and pp. 6. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, Nos. 93, 94.|
|Simancas MS.||1739. FERDINAND KING OF ARAGON to the VICEROY OF NAPLES.|
|Explains why he made the truce of 1 April. Gives directions for carrying on, simultaneously, negociations with the Cardinal of Gurk for a league between the Emperor, England, himself and France, and an alliance between himself and the Italian princes.|
|See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II. No. 95.|
|Sp. Transcr., Ser. I., 5, f. 217. R.O.||1740. FERDINAND KING OF ARAGON to PEDRO DE UREA, his Ambassador with the Emperor.|
|The Emperor is bent on destroying Venice while the Pope and Venetians are secretly working to drive both Ferdinand and him out of Italy. If, therefore, the Emperor persists in his efforts against Venice, Ferdinand cannot continue war with France on the side of Spain. Urea shall tell the Emperor that Ferdinand has always desired his friendship and shared his views, their principal aim being reformation of the Church as the work most well pleasing to God. Urea wrote that the Emperor wished to be reconciled to France so as to be free to destroy Venice. Has answered, by Beltrian, that he approves of this and the opening of negociations to remove the differences which the Emperor, Ferdinand and England, severally, have with France, to be followed by a league of all four for reformation of the Church; and after that the enterprise against Venice may safely be undertaken. Summer is approaching and, if war continue, the recovery of the French provinces which England claims might be attempted; but the presence of armies would be an obstacle to the conclusion of peace. To avoid this, has concluded a truce with France in his own name and that of the Emperor and England. Explains reasons for this truce. Begs the Emperor to ratify it and to believe that on no consideration would he have concluded a peace without first consulting the Emperor and England. The Emperor should name Gurk or some other zealous servant of the Church to meet (fn. 3) ambassadors of France, England and Spain, when the four, after adjusting differences between their sovereigns, may conclude a peace and league to secure a good reformation of the Church, and afterwards to carry out the Emperor's designs against Venice. Urea and Gurk, if not with the Emperor, must go to him at once and tell him that to obtain favourable conditions from France two negociations should be opened, one with France and the other with the Italian States. Explains reasons. To sow dissension between the Emperor and Ferdinand, the King of France speaks of a certain marriage being arranged by him who was Cardinal of Santa Croce; and news is spread that Prince Charles is coming to Spain "but not in a manner befitting a good son."|
|Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 10. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 96.|
544, f. 186. B.M.
|2. Another modern copy.|
|Sp. Transcr., I., 5, f. 226. R.O.||1741. FERDINAND KING OF ARAGON to HIERONYMO DE VICH, his Ambassador at Rome. (fn. 4)|
|Wrote on 11 Jan. his opinion of the league between the Pope and the Emperor. Wrote later that he and England were preparing to invade France; and asked that peace between the Emperor and the Venetians might be concluded and a league formed for defence of Italy and suppression of schism. Ill behaviour of the Italians. To put pressure upon them, has concluded a truce with France. Explains his intention, one part of which is that the Pope and Venetians shall pay the Emperor the expenses of 8,000 foot for the conquest of Burgundy. If the Italian league is concluded Ferdinand, the Emperor and England will invade France and so weaken her that she will never again think of conquest in Italy; if it is not concluded neither Ferdinand nor England will invade France.|
|Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 6. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 102.|
Caligula E., I., 180 (131). B.M. Navy Records Soc., x., 99.
|1742. ADMIRAL OF THE FRENCH FLEET to CAPTAIN OF GUERNSEY.|
|Has received his letter in which he writes that he might have taken prisoner the gentleman whom the Admiral sent ashore. Reminds him that the gentleman had a safeconduct whereas the Captain's messenger had none, and used threats to the Admiral in his own ship. As to remaining here ten days, if he had time to remain it should not be for the Captain's profit whom he would teach that he is no briber and never received the bribe in question. The Captain may have his man back for 2 nobles. Saturday night.|
Galba B. III., 68. B.M.
|1743. [3847.] SIR ROBERT WINGFIELD to FREDERIC COUNT PALATINE, DUKE OF BAVARIA.|
|Received by the hands of his servant Pedrasche, at Newport in Flanders, on the 24th March, his letters, dated Worms, the 9th. Was sorry he did not receive them when in the realm of the King his master, as he could not make answer before this (devant asthure). The ambassadors of the King his master are here, charged to treat with Madame and those appointed by the Emperor, on the subject referred to. Has made enquiry of them as openly as he could, but cannot see how the thing he desires is to be accomplished; for the King does not wish to have, either through the Emperor or otherwise, horsemen after the manner of Germany. Will write to the King of the Count's courteous offer. Hopes shortly to be where he is. Malines, 2 April 1513.|
|French, copy, pp. 2.|
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. on Various Collections, vol. II., p. 307.
|1744. HENRY VIII. to SIR GILBERT TALBOT.|
|Has written to Sir Richard Carew, lieutenant of Calais Castle, or his deputy, to deliver Talbot such money as remains in the King's chest there (key sent herewith). He shall receive the money in presence of such persons, being there, as indented at the receipt of the last part of it, viz. Sir Hugh Conway, treasurer, Robert Wotton, porter, and Walter Culpeper, under-marshal. Of this money, he shall then pay Sir John Wilshire what is required for presting ships and other charges committed to Wilshire in Flanders. Greenwich, 3 April 4 Hen. VIII.|
|Add.: Deputy of Calais.|
Galba B. v., 167. B.M.
|1745. [3849.] SIR EDWARD PONYNGES and SIR RICHARD WYNGFIELD to HENRY VIII.|
|Received, on 2nd April, his letters, dated Greenwich, 30 March, in answer to theirs of the 19th, sent by Lancaster. Have not received instructions when the 4,000 Almayns are to enter into wages; they have been accustomed to receive their pay immediately, not to be prested. Will have to take them by companies as they come, even though it be before the 15th May, the day Henry has appointed for his horsemen; otherwise they might go over to France. Will endeavour to get the subs . . of the Almayns harnessed, though it is not the custom. If they retain, as instructed, the men of arms, with their "custrells" and pages, they will, according to the opinion of experienced men, have only 500 out of the 1,500 horse effective, for the custrell will be the horse keeper, and the page a lad. The order used here would give many more able men, viz. fewer men of arms and many more demilances, who are as well horsed and armed save for leg harness as men of arms. Th[ree] hundred such horse will [not] refuse to encounter 100 men of arms of France, "which be 500 horses." Think Termont, the master of the Prince's ordnance, would be very essential to Henry's service in this voyage; but he will not be retained under 26s. 8d. a day. Did not include in the 800 florins of gold specified in the French schedule the demands of gifts for lieutenants, standard bearers, halberdiers and archers; that schedule contained only their demands for diets. Enclose a letter from Lord Dissilstein about the wages of his horsemen, and excusing his not offering personal service. Received last night, by Thomas Par[tridge], 7,000l. from the Deputy; it will not be sufficient to prest the men at arms for two months, and pay the captains their diet, and the 4[,000] footmen one month. Malines, 3 April. Signed.|
|Pp. 3, mutilated"; Add. Endd. before the fire: "Poynings, Boleyn, Wyngfield"; but no room appears for Boleyn's signature.|
S.P. Hen. VIII., 3, f. 144. R.O.
|1746. [3848.] LEO X. to HENRY VIII.|
|In commendation of Henry's ambassador, the Bp. of Worcester. Rome, 3 April 1513.|
Sanuto, XVI., 133.
|[Note of letters received 9 April, 1513.]|
|From the Ambassador at Rome, 3 April.—The Pope's demonstration of favour towards Venice and desire to rid Italy of barbarians. The Duke of Ferrara and Hannibal Bentivoglio expected that day. By letters of the 22nd, from Blois, the agreement between the Signory and France was not concluded, Andrea Gritti and the Secretary who had come thither staying upon the Signory's wish not to lose Cremona, &c. The Pope has lent the Religion of Rhodes 25,000 ducats. Sends a letter of 20 Feb. from England stating that the fleet had sailed. The Pope declined to give 10,000 ducats to the Spaniards.|
S.P. Hen. VIII., 3, f. 149. R.O. Ellis, 3rd S., I., 145.
|1748. [3857.] SIR EDWARD HOWARD to WOLSEY.|
|Is now in Plymouth Road. Has sent a ship of Compton's to bring in such of the King's ships as are now at Hampton. Has no news of the Spaniards in the Thames. Expects an engagement within five or six days, as he hears that 100 sail are coming towards him. Trusts in God and St. George to have a fair day on them. The victuals are bad and scanty, and will not serve beyond 15 days. Has been much troubled in victualling the Katharine Fortileza, no provisions having been sent for her. Would he had never a groat that he might keep the West till he and the enemy meet. Begs him, for God's sake, to make provision of biscuit and beer, that they not be compelled to go into the Downs, and so the French escape. Bedell, the carpenter, bored so many holes in the Katharine Fortileza that she leaks like a sieve. The hoyes sent to take the pipes are not to be trusted; all the pursers were left in London. Atclif had ordered the stewards should be paid 4d. for drawing every tun—a perilous example! Wishes the victual should come to Dartmouth; there is plenty at Sandwich, and three or four Spaniards will carry much. Begs Wolsey will commend him to the King, and desire his Grace to trust no tidings till he hears from the Admiral, who, if he lives, will be the first to write. "Sir, I pray you, recommend me to the Queen's noble grace; and I know well I need not pray her to pray for our good speed; and to all good ladies and gentlewomen; and to my fellows, Sir Charles and Sir Henry Gilforde; and, Sir, specially recommend me to my Lord my father, beseeching him of his blessing." In the Mary Rose, 5 April.|
|P.S.—Never saw worse storms, but only one galley is lost. Sends in this packet a letter for his wife.|
|Copy, pp. 4. Endd.|
S.P. Hen. VIII., 3, f. 147. R.O.
|1749. [3856.] SIR ROBERT WINGFIELD to WOLSEY.|
|Wrote a letter to the King on the 3rd. Would have written to Wolsey at the same time, but there was no news. The night before the ambassadors here received the King's letters. Expected one for the President here, and another for the Bp. of Gource. One to the Bp. is necessary; and the President is able to further the King's affairs here, and showed friendship to the writer both in the Emperor's Court and here. Sends copy of a letter from Frederic Count Palatine, second brother to the Elector. He was brought up with King Philip, and speaks good French. Has, by advice of Mr. Controller, written him a letter, of which he sends a copy. Is exposed to many chargeable chances. Malines, 5 April 1513.|
|Hol. pp. 2. Addressed: "T[o] the right rev. [and hon]orable master [almo]snyer these be delivered." Endorsed.|
Galba B. III., 69. B.M. Rym., XIII., 354.
|1750. [3861.] HOLY LEAGUE.|
|Concluded by Sir Edward Ponynges, John Yong, Sir Thomas Boleyn, and Sir Richard Wyngfeld, on the part of England, with the Pope, Margaret of Savoy (on behalf of the Emperor) and Ferdinand of Aragon, against Louis king of the French. The parties, within 30 days, to declare war; and, within two months, the Pope to invade Provence or Dauphiny; the Emperor, the realm of France or countries obedient to the French King outside Italy; Henry, Aquitaine, Picardy, and Normandy; the King of Aragon, Bearne, Languedoc and Aquitaine. The Emperor is to recal his authority granted to the schismatic Cardinals; the Pope to fulminate ecclesiastical censures against all who oppose the League; England to pay the Emperor at Gravelines 100,000 cr. in three instalments. List of the confederates to be admitted.|
|Present: John lord Berges, Laur. de Gorrevod, Gerard de Playne, Thomas Spynelly. Mechlin, 5 April 1513.|
|Added in the margin in a later hand: "Confirmatus erat iste tractatus, 3 die Maii 1513, anno 5 H. 8."|
|Lat., copy, abbreviated as regards powers and signatures, pp. 10. Mutilated.|
|* This is more fully described in Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 97, from a copy at Simancas. It is printed in Dumont, IV, p. 173, from Rymer.|
Doct. 741. R.O.
|2. [3859.] The same, as concluded by Margaret of Savoy; reciting the powers on both sides, viz. Maximilian's, dated Cologne, 22 Aug. 1512, and Henry's, dated Westm., 20 Dec. 1512. Mechlin, 5 April 1513. Signed and sealed by Margaret.|
|Lat., large parchment. Seal appended.|
|Exch. Dipl. Doct. 744. R.O. Rym., XIII., 358.||3. Confirmation of the above on behalf of Ferdinand, made to Thomas earl of Surrey as Henry VIII.'s Commissioner (commission recited, dated Westm., 12 April 4 Hen. VIII.). Signed by Carroz. London, Baynard Castle, 18 April 1513.|
|Simancas MS.||4. Like confirmation on behalf of Henry VIII. made, to Luis Caroz de Villaragut, by Thomas earl of Surrey. Powers of T. earl of Surrey dated 12 April 4 Hen. VIII., and of Villaragut, dated 20 July, 1512, recited. Baynard Castle, 18 April 1513. Signed by Surrey.|
|See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 101.|
|Exch. Dipl. Doct. 743. R.O. Rym., XIII., 363.||5. Oath of Ferdinand to the above, by his proctor Lud. Carroz. Done in St. Paul's, London, 25 April 1513.|
|Lat. Described also in Spanish Calendar, II, No. 103, from a copy at Simancas.|
|Harl. MS. 1064, f. 24b. B.M.||6. [3861.] The articles of the above Treaty.|
|Lat. Modern copy, pp. 7.|
|Galba B. VI., 243. B.M.||7. Later abbreviation of the articles.|
|Add. MS. 30,662, f. 142b. B.M.||8. Another abbreviation.|
|Lat. Modern copy, pp. 9.|
|S.P. Miscell., 138, f. 56b. R.O.||9. [3649.] Extracts from the same Treaty.|
|Lat. Modern copy, pp. 3.|
|S.P. Hen. VIII., 3, f. 151. R.O.||10. [3860.] Earlier draft of the same treaty headed: "Articuli traditi per Serenissimam Dominam Margaretam Archiducissam Austriæ, oratoribus Serenissimi et Potentissimi Regis Angliæ, nomine Cæsareæ Majestatis et sub ejus bene placito." The Emperor is to recal his authority granted to the bishops assembled at Pisa; and receive from the King of England 125,000 golden crowns, while Henry is to send men to the defence of the Low Countries if invaded.|
|Lat. Draft, pp. 11. The articles numbered in Wolsey's hand.|
|Madrid MS.||11. Another copy of § 10, endorsed as "The clauses which Madame has concluded with the English ambassadors in Flanders."|
|See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 84.|
Analectes Hist., f. 185.
|12. Note of another copy of § 10, at Lille.|
|Exch. Dipl. Doct. 1405. R.O.||13. Abstracts in a somewhat later hand of (1) the treaty of intercourse dated 28 July 1502. (Rymer XIII. 12) and (2) the Holy League of [5 April] 1513 (Rymer XIII. 354).|
|Lat., pp. 5.|
Sanuto, XVI., 246.
|[Note of letters received 13 May 1513.]|
|From Zuan Badoer, ambassador in Spain, Medina del Campo, 1 March to 5 April.—The King has told him that, his daughter, the Queen of England, asking for a friar confessor, he sent her one (fn. 5) who could not get passage by San Sebastian and therefore went through France, and at Blois spoke with the Queen of France. She said, "It would be well that these two realms should make peace and exert themselves against the Infidels." Thereupon the Friar, with a Frenchman, returned to the Catholic King with offer of truce for one year, and he was now in treaty about it. The news of the present Pope's creation so rejoiced the King that the fever which troubled him is gone. At Lisbon a terrible earthquake has ruined the castle. Truce with France is published, including the Kings of Romans, England and Scotland and the Duke of Gueldres.|
Exch. Accts., 202 (18). R.O.
|1752. STAPLE OF CALAIS.|
|Account of shipments of wool and woolfells to the Staple of Calais from 6 April, 24 Hen. VII., to 6 April, 1 Hen. VIII., showing the quantity, with the amount of the custom and subsidy thereon, sent from London (in three shipments, viz. 25 June, 6 and 26 March ao 1o), Boston (27 June and 4 April), Hull (26 June and 28 March), Ipswich (24 June and 4 April), Sandwich (between 18 April, 24 H. 7, and 28 June, 1 H. VIII, and also on 28 March, 1 Hen. VIII), and Pole (9 July). Total custom and subsidy, 12,075l. 6s. 10d. Whereof paid to Sir Hugh Conway, treasurer of Calais (in part payment of 10,022l. 4s. 8d.), 8,160l. 7s. 11½d.; to Ric. Cholmeley and Wm. Bulstrode, collectors of custom and subsidy in the port of London, and John Shirley, comptroller there, 100l.; to the King's justices, serjeants at law and attorney, in part payment of their fees, wages, rewards and vesture, 666l. 13s. 4d.; for safe conduct of the wools and fells to Calais, 473l. 6s. 8d. Also paid to Ant. Nele, clerk or surveyor of repairs of the town and marches of Calais, for repairs and buildings of the King there, 550l. 8s. 6d.; to Wm. Copland, of London, upon expenses of the King's affairs beyond sea, 1,200l.; by two tallies levied at the Receipt of the Exchequer 10 Feb. 3 Hen. VIII., 790l.|
|ii. Like account for the year ended 6 April 2 Hen. VIII. Shipments were from London 16 April, 20 June, 20 March, from Boston, 1 April, from Hull, 26 June, from Ipswich, 14 April, 24 June, 31 March, from Sandwich, 29 June, 24 March, and from Pole, 10 July. Total custom, &c., 11,280l. 9s. 3¾d. Whereof paid to Conway (the full 10,022l. 4s. 8d.), the customers and lawyers as before, and for safe conduct 421l. 13s. 4d.|
|iii. Like account for the year ended 6 April 3 Hen. VIII. Shipments: London, 5 May, 28 June; Boston, 24 April, 20 June; Hull, 26 April, 28 June; Ipswich, 10 April, 25 June; Sandwich, divers times (not specified); Pole, 12 July. Total, 10,348l. 11s. 6½d. Whereof paid as before, and for safe conduct, 263l. 6s. 8d.|
|iv. Like account for the year ended 6 April 4 Hen. VIII. Shipments: London, 26 April, 16 Aug., 11 March; Boston, 20 May; Hull, 10 March; Ipswich, 4 May; Sandwich, divers times; Pole, 12 June. Total, 12,799l. 17s. 3¼d. Whereof paid as before, and for safeconduct, 150l.|
|Leaving upon these four accounts a debt of 1,460l. 19s. 3¼d.; which by certain allowances (specified) is reduced to 300l. 17s. 4¼d. which was paid to John Heron, treasurer of the Chamber, 9 June 7 Hen. VIII.; and so the mayor, constables and fellowship of the Staple quieti sunt.|
|Latin. Vellum, pp. 12.|
Roman Transcr., I., 52 B., f. 431. R.O.
|1753. BISHOP OF LINCOLN.|
|Certificate by Raphael [Card. of St. George, Papal chamberlain] of visitation [of the Pope,] by Brian Higdon, LL.D., on behalf of Wm. bp. of Lincoln, 6 April 1513.|
|Latin. Modern extract.|
Sanuto, XVI., 167.
|[Note of letters received 17 April 1513.]|
|From Andrea Griti, Blois, 3 and 6 April.—* * * The King says he wishes Griti to enter into all their consultations, and that he keeps 1,200 lances and many foot in France because of England; for it is understood that that King will move, although the King of Spain has promised that he will do nothing.|
S.P. Hen. VIII. 229, f. 130. R.O.
|Indenture of receipt, 7 April 4 Hen. VIII., by Sir John Cutte, under-treasurer of England, from John Daunce, of 6,000l., upon warrant, of 30 March 4 Hen. VIII., for provision of ordnance and artillery. Signed by Daunce.|
Adv. MS., 403.
|1756. JAMES IV. to LEO. X.|
|Has received his briefs concerning the indulgence granted by Julius for a church of St. Peter and a Jubilee, with Indulgence for sins, by commissioned Friars Minors. Gilbert Nycholas, of the said Order, was accordingly ordered to take the necessary money, collected in Scotland, to Rome, and now desires a colleague. Has been for some years expecting the indulgence, and heard that it was sent, but had been detained in England, as the Archdeacon of Murray will show. Asks also for a renewal of the indulgence granted by Julius for the hospital at Montrose. Ex palatio nostro, 7 April 1513.|
|Lat., copy, p. 1.|
|Ib., 385.||1757. JAMES [IV.] to the POPE [LEO X.].|
|Andrew abbot of the Augustinian monastery of Cambuskenneth, St. Andrew's dioc., "qui nobis a juventute familiariter inservierat," is dead. Recommends that the abbey be granted to his Secretary Patrick Paniter and that two years be allowed him to make his profession (ad professionem emittendam) and assume the habit. Edinburgh.|
|Lat., copy, p. 1. Wit h note: A similar letter to the Cardinal.|
Lettres de Louis XII., iv., 98.
|1758. GATTINARA to MARGARET OF SAVOY.|
|* * * As to the Englishman, prisoner here, of whom she writes it were well to send someone to prosecute and to see the accounts. * * * Dole, 7 April 1513.|
Roman Transcr., I., vol. 1, f. 157. R.O.
|1759. LEO X.|
|Brief to Laurence Taillefer, M.A., vicar of the parish church of Kuhpatrik, Glasgow dioc., now in his 24th year, dispensing for two years with his taking holy orders. Rome, 7 (fn. 6) April 1513, pont. 1.|
|Latin. Modern transcript, pp. 2.|
Sanuto, XVI., 147.
|[Note of letters received 13 April 1513.]|
|From the Ambassador at Rome, 8 April.—* * * Letters from England of 20 March state that the King's fleet had left to invade France carrying 12,000 foot. The King will cross in person. Letters from Blois, of 25 [March,] report that the agreement of the Signory and the King was made or shortly to be made. * * *|
|Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 232.|
Stowe MS., 146, f. 53. B.M.
|1761. JOHN CLYFFORD, Governor of the Merchant Adventurers, to JOHN DAUNCE.|
|"Mayster Dawncy," upon your and my lord of Winchester's letters to assist Dyryk Nytyngale about the making of 12 great pans and certain kettles of copper, &c., some of which were shipped from Armew, 28 Feb. last, in a Spaniard; as I wrote you in a letter sent with the letters of our Company "to the wardens of the Mercery at Seynt Thomas of Acres." Nytyngale then departed hence. His reckoning and the money received of Jerom Fryscobald will be declared by Wm. Jonys, mercer, of St. Lawrans Lane. Specifies the articles and the money received to be repaid this Pase Mart at 25s. 6d. Fl. the sterling pound, which is now "good money." Jerome's desire to do the King pleasure. Commendations to Winchester. Anddewarppe, 9 April 1513.|
|P.S.—Wrote to Winchester but could not then send reckoning as the pans and kettles were not weighed.|
|Hol., pp. 2.|
Sanuto, XVI., 195.
|[Extract from letters read 30 April 1513.]|
|From Antonio Bavarin to the Pesari, London, 9 April.—In Holy Week 69 ships left this and have been joined by 10 from Hampton. Describes the ships and men, and the liveries which the King gave them. An innumerable land force will be ready by the middle of May. The new Pope has written animating the King against France. Composition of the army, and trappings of the Kings own chargers.|
|Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 237.|
Galba B. III., 74. B.M.
|1763. [3873.] MARGARET OF SAVOY to HENRY VIII.|
|Requesting leave for Estienne de Brixia, vicar [general] of the order of Carmelites, to visit the houses of the said order in England for the purpose of correcting abuses. Malines, 10 April 1513. Signed.|
|French, p. 1, mutilated. Add.|
Galba B. VII., 278. B.M.
|1764. POYNINGS, YOUNG, BOLEYN and SIR RICHARD WINGFIELD to [HENRY VIII.].|
|Wrote last on the 6th telling you of the conclusion made in your causes, of which we send a copy, showing how we have passed every point. This morning, at 6 a.m., received your letters, having delivered the treaty to my Lady the day before, sealed and subscribed by us and received the like from her, so that your letters were too late. Hope nevertheless you will not be dissatisfied, as there are few points that differ from your mind. As to the 30 days granted to the Emperor, they could not get my Lady to agree otherwise, for, she said, the Emperor was determined to send letters of defiance to the French King by a herald, and we think rather to the intent that his declaration may not be long before his entry into actual war, which must be within two months. We beg you will send a commission to Sir Robert Wingfield to receive the Emperor's oath to the treaty. Brussels, 10 April. Signed.|
|P. 1, mutilated.|
Otho C. IX., 10. B.M.
|1765. [3874.] GUIDO DE BLANCHEF[ORT], Grand Master of Rhodes, to HENRY VIII.|
|Was elected to the mastership of Rhodes, on the death of his predecessor a few days ago. The Turks have just elected unanimously the most cruel enemy of the Christians, Bisfa ... who is preparing a fleet in the Hellespont against the possessions of the Knights. They call upon the princes of Europe to make peace among themselves, and assist in preventing the excesses which must necessarily ensue. Begs the King's leave that he may command R ... the Grand Prior, the Bailey of the Eagle (venerabilis bajulivus aquille), and all other preceptors of their Order in England to hasten to their relief. Ex Burgo Novo, die decimo ... Aprilis 1513. Signed.|
|Lat., badly mutilated, pp. 2.|